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48511883 Retail Banking

48511883 Retail Banking

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Published by: Ashish Anil Matai on May 03, 2013
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Retail Banking in India

―Retail banking is typical mass-market banking where individual customers use local branches of larger commercial banks. Services offered include: savings and checking accounts, mortgages, personal loans, debit cards, credit cards, and so‖

Retail Banking environment today is changing fast. The changing customer demographics demands to create a differentiated application based on scalable technology, improved service and banking convenience. Higher penetration of technology and increase in global literacy levels has set up the expectations of the customer higher than never before. Increasing use of modern technology has further enhanced reach and accessibility

The market today gives us a challenge to provide multiple and innovative contemporary services to the customer through a consolidated window as so to ensure that the bank‘s customer gets ―Uniformity and Consistency‖ of service delivery across time and at every touch point across all channels. The pace of innovation is accelerating and security threat has become prime of all electronic transactions. High cost structure rendering mass-market servicing is prohibitively expensive.

Present day tech-savvy bankers are now more looking at reduction in their operating costs by adopting scalable and secure technology thereby reducing the response time to their customers so as to improve their client base and economies of scale.


Retail Banking in India
The solution lies to market demands and challenges lies in innovation of new offering with minimum dependence on branches – a multi-channel bank and to eliminate the disadvantage of an inadequate branch network. Generation of leads to cross sell and creating additional revenues with utmost customer satisfaction has become focal point worldwide for the success of a Bank.


Retail Banking in India

Retail banking is, however, quite broad in nature - it refers to the dealing of commercial banks with individual customers, both on liabilities and assets sides of the balance sheet. Fixed, current / savings accounts on the liabilities side; and mortgages, loans (e.g., personal, housing, auto, and educational) on the assets side, are the more important of the products offered by banks. Related ancillary services include credit cards, or depository services. Retail banking refers to provision of banking services to individuals and small business where the financial institutions are dealing with large number of low value transactions. This is in contrast to wholesale banking where the customers are large, often multinational companies, governments and government enterprise, and the financial institution deal in small numbers of high value transactions

The concept is not new to banks but is now viewed as an important and attractive market segment that offers opportunities for growth and profits. Retail banking and retail lending are often used as synonyms but in fact, the later is just the part of retail banking. In retail banking all the needs of individual customers are taken care of in a well-integrated manner. Today’s retail banking sector is characterized by three basic characteristics:

a) Multiple products (deposits, credit cards, insurance, investments and securities) b) Multiple channels of distribution (call center, branch, internet) c) Multiple customer groups (consumer, small business, and corporate.


Retail Banking in India

The future of retail banking: A global perspective
AS we have been working with our existing bank clients inside and outside the country, we have been struck by the rapid and provocative changes facing the retail sector. While the pace and direction of change seems to vary somewhat from country to country, retail banks everywhere are working vigorously to address new technological, regulatory and competitive realities. Collectively, they are trying to determine strategies and tactics needed to secure their franchises and their futures. This project addresses three questions from a global perspective. First, what are the key factors driving the almost universal changes in retail banking? Secondly, where will these drivers take the industry in the future? Thirdly, what are the general strategies that retail banks can undertake to succeed over the next decade?

This study is not an academic exercise. Rather, it has grown out of a common thread of themes which are emerging from client assignments worldwide. These themes have been assessed and micro-economic analysis undertaken in order to understand how they operate and where they are taking the industry.

Trends underway: So what are the trends that we see in retail banking? Our core conclusion is that the retail banking industry, owing to a variety of factors, is currently not susceptible to scale economies. By this, we mean that retail banks do not seem to get anymore efficient as they get larger. If anything, the reverse appears to be the case. However, there are a number of strong reasons to suppose that this will change in the future. We believe that retail banking will increasingly be susceptible to scale economies. In turn, this will create pressure for the industry to restructure.

Retail Banking in India
Analogies from other industries support this train of thought. We have assessed two recently deregulated industries -the power industry, and the

telecommunications industry -- and noted that the forces which drove their restructuring, and the consequences. Modifying the driving forces for these industries to those circumstances which are particular to retail banking, we have been able to come to a vision of how the retail banking industry is likely to restructure over the coming decade. We have also looked at other trends. Technology in particular will change the retail banking industry fundamentally in the years to come. The first key consequence is that banks will lose their monopoly as centres for money transmission. In other words, the activity of transmitting money from one person or company to another will increasingly be able to be carried out be a variety of providers. As with telecommunications, vigorous cost competition will result. The second key consequence of technology will be the proliferation of distribution channels for retail banking products. Whereas in the past, the bank branch was the only channel for distributing most financial services products, in the future a number of different channels will continue to erode the branch's predominance. Many of these we are currently familiar with -- telephone, especially Mobile phone, ATM's, email etc. In addition, however, new channels are slowly emerging from the primordial soup of the information superhighway. Although we can only guess at how they will affect the distribution of retail banking products, we are confident that these will ultimately supplement the other alternative channels and further erode bank branch's share. Consequences of these trends: The consequences of the above will be wholesale restructuring. We believe that retail banking will disaggregate into an interlinked

Industry Services: Increasingly the support functions which are at present woven in to the fabric of the bank will be seen as peripheral supporting activities. In addition. This means that not only does the retail banking industry in different countries start from a different point.Retail Banking in India portfolio of activities with three broad categories:s l. 3. Customer Gateways: We believe that there will be an opportunity for an intermediary to capitalise on superior customer knowledge and efficient delivery channels to sell and service a range of products to individual customers through a range of delivery channels of the customer choosing.The bank of the future will not win by creating a single strategy. 2. and spun off to either separate divisions within a bank or to third party "outsource" providers. each of its activities within products.a legacy of historical market evolution and regulation. for delivery either direct to clients or to intermediaries. the manner and rate at which markets will be deregulated in the future will also vary. with new providers offering a broad range of support activities. Rather. The evolution outlined above will vary significantly by country. This will eventually create an industry for bank services. and support services will be the subject of a discreet "business unit" strategy. customer channels. which will be benchmarked against market-segmented customer 6 . but that its change trajectory in the future will also vary as the result of nationally-idiosyncratic deregulation. This is firstly because the structure of the retail banking industry today is different in each nation -. Product Formulators: Within retail banking there will increasingly be divisions or stand-alone companies who focus on formulating products such as mortgage or savings.

As a result. the above conclusions are broad and must be interpreted by any financial institution in the light of its unique circumstances. much more people visit store than the bank branch. migrating their customers to alternate channels where appropriate. Winning banks will actively address this issue. how many people/customer visit departmental store a day? Answer is simple. Nevertheless. and in absolute numbers. Let's site an example i. 7 .Retail Banking in India demand and profitability. What does it mean and who has more information in this respect? Naturally the store has much more information compare to the bank. their numbers will decline both as a percentage of all banking transactions. As with any global-oriented study. we are confident that the answers to the questions posed will be of value to banks and to other financial industry executives as they ponder their strategic alternatives in the future.e. A corollary of this evolution will be that branches will increasingly be but one of a number of channels of distribution to customers. and competitors' businesses in this area.

It has become more difficult to identify the traditional retail bank —a bank that funds itself through customer deposits and lending—because retail banks now often combine retail and wholesale banking. Some operate solely via the internet and do not have facilities to serve customers at physical outlets. investment advice and broking. Retail banks perform two crucial functions for customers: firstly. and loans and mortgages. It is therefore more relevant to toda y‘s banking structure to regard retail banking as a series of processes rather than as an institution. have now entered the banking sector and also offer a wide range of banking services. 8 . banks pay customers interest.Retail Banking in India Retail Banks: Their Structure and Function Definition :Retail banks offer a range of services to individual customers and small businesses. Traditionally. retail banks have provided these services directly to the customer via branches. Other organizations. and secondly. which they can then invest. While many still do this. such as supermarkets. they enable customers to bank their money securely. savings accounts. rather than to large companies and other banks. In return for holding customers‘ funds. they provide access to additional money to fund large purchases. access it easily. retail banks now offer their services by telephone and the internet as well. such as buying a home. The services can include current accounts. and conduct transactions.

adjusting interest rates. checks. lending to different types of borrower.) mean that they have to make funds available to customers at very short or immediate notice. maintaining a cushion of capital. and screening potential borrowers (credit scoring). etc.Retail Banking in India The intermediation services offered by retail banks (such as looking after customers‘ money and making loans) and the payment services (allowing customers to make transactions using debit cards. 9 . This inevitably means that a retail bank has to manage the risk that more money will be requested by customers than it has available and of customers defaulting on loans. Banks do this by holding stocks of liquid assets.

you may only find out about it afterwards —for example if you accidentally go overdrawn without permission. 10 . you will need to contest it to recover the money. This means that you can keep a close eye on your finances and avert many potential problems. Your bank may be able to offer you competitive deals in return for your loyalty as a customer. If the bank decides to apply charges to your account (within the terms of the account). be paid. Disadvantages  Banks are a business. and sell things without cash changing hands. and they need to make money from looking after yours. such as mortgages and insurance. If you disagree with a charge.  The bank you are familiar with and which knows you can also offer you a wide range of other services.Retail Banking in India Advantages  Your money is much more secure than in a box under your bed and you can buy goods. most notably via internet banking.  Retail banks offer a variety of ways you can access your account and manage your money.

commercial banks have witnessed development in the form of retail lending. evolving macroeconomic environment. Opportunities and Challenges in Indian Retail Banking The subject matter of retail banking is of prime importance. The market research reports that were made exclusively for the Indian retail banking market indicated. One of the key contributors for the boom in the Indian retail banking industry is. The housing sector is undergoing a boom in its credit. India has also experienced growth in the field of retail banking. The retail loan accounted for approximately one-fifth of the entire bank credit. This indicates that the retail loan market has shown phenomenal growth and development over recent years. It further indicated that retail banking market is a booming sector in India. when it was difficult to get loans from the bank.Retail Banking in India 2. The growth in the field of retail lending is primarily because of the speedy advancement in the IT sector. numerous micro level demand and supply side factors and financial market reform. it is also comfortable acquiring personal debts as compared to their older generations. This criterion is based on the market research report on retail banking. The number of people who fall in the category of the middle class is increasing rapidly. The retail loan market has detrimentally undergone a change. the increasing ratio of the Indian middle class. In recent years. The time is no more the same. This dual combination of increased purchasing power and comfort acquiring personal loans has contributed majorly in the development of the retail loan sector in India 11 . from the sellers market to the buyers market. all over the world. that India offers tremendous opportunities in this field. The younger population of the country has increased not only its purchasing power.

Out of these. The study has also outlined other issues like customer information and distribution network. How far the retail 12 . namely. 74% expect the interest rate to increase by 0. a report by Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry (Ficci) pointed out. the challenges are equally daunting.has identified these two areas as the factors which may affect the future of retail banking in India. foresee a rise in the interest rates in the future. A report of Ficci. The study has said majority of the respondents do not anticipate any fall in demand due to hike in interest rates. Further growth and success of the retail market (in the banking sector) will depend upon the capacity and ability of the banks to meet with the challenges and make the best use of the opportunities. The increased interest rates are likely to have an adverse impact on the corporate sector lending to some extent. ―While retail banking offers phenomenal opportunities for growth. the areas banks need to address. as highlighted by 62% of the banks. These challenges are listed in the market research reports made on retail banking. ‗Status of the Indian Banking Industry‘ . The biggest challenge faced by the Indian banks in the field of retail banking is going to be the rising indebtedness and lack of technological advancements. it also offers challenges on the other hand. The technological base and efficiency in operations would give the retail banking market a competitive edge and will contribute in the success of the business in India. On the interest rate front. especially AAA rated borrower.5% and the remaining expect it to increase by 1%.Retail Banking in India If retail banking on one hand offers development opportunities. 64% interviewed. Prime importance has to be given to consumer interest.

‖ the report said. About 53% of the respondents of the study have said that they will increase their retail portfolio by more than 25% in the year 2005-06. though 73% of the bankers interviewed felt that the lending rate for the housing sector is going to rise. is expected to continue the momentum.Retail Banking in India banking is able to lead growth of the banking industry in future would depend upon the capacity building of the banks to meet the challenges. 13 . Housing finance. India is as the second most attractive retail destination of the most 30 emerging economies of the world with a retail market growing at a rate of 33% (compound annual growth rate). one of the largest the retail component in terms of growth with a rate of 112% over the last year. Over 50 million people of the country are now credit card holders and the sector is growing at rate of 30%.

14 . responsible lending.Increase in the purchasing power.´ Nuclear family concept is gaining much importance which may lead to large savings. Tax benefits are available for example in case of housing loans the borrower can avail tax benefits for the loan repayment and the interest charged for the loan.Retail Banking in India 3. India has 200 million households and 400 million middleclass population more than 90% of the savings come from the house hold sector. This document analyzed the key policy issues relevant to the retail banking sector and highlighted the role of financial inclusion. access to finance. Now People Want To Save Less and Spend More. It is in this context that that one is reminded of the needs to develop the standards and codes for banking.by-day increasing. large number of banking services to be provided are day. The rural areas have the large purchasing power at their disposal and this is an opportunity to market Retail Banking. Falling interest rates have resulted in a shift.SCOPE FOR RETAIL BANKING IN INDIA All round increase in economic activity. and consumer protection.

together with the institutional mechanism to monitor them.S. The codes would establish the banking industry is key commitments and obligations to customers on standards of practice. therefore. The codes will bring about greater transparency in the system and also tackle the issue of information asymmetry. Perhaps due the confidential nature of banker-customer. Second.Retail Banking in India The contribution of the Committee on Procedure & Performance Audit on Public Services(CPPAPS) (Chairman: Shri S. sharing of information about the credit history of households is extremely important as far retail banking is concerned. Tarapore) has been invaluable and has provided great insight. The Board would function as an industry-wide watchdog of the banking code and ensure that the banks comply with the banking codes. are expected to enhance the quality of customer service. Credit Bureaus have been established not only in countries 15 . The codes and standards. The Board will monitor compliance with the Codes by the affiliated banks. disclosure and principles of conduct for their banking services. banks have a traditional resistance to share credit information on the client. Globally. The database maintained by these institutions can be accessed by the lending institutions. Credit Information Bureaus have. the Annual Policy Statement for 2005-06 announced the decision to set up an independent Banking Codes & Standards Board of India on the model of the mechanism in the UK in order to ensure that comprehensive code of conduct for fair treatment of customers is evolved and adhered to. Based on the recommendation of the CPPAPS. not only with one another. to the individual customer in particular. but also across sectors. been set up to function as a repository of credit information -both current and historical data on existing and potential borrowers.

Bangladesh and the Philippines. With the increasing market orientation of the financial system and to cope with the competition as also to benefit from the technological innovations such as. In Indian case. the banks are making increasing use of ―outsourcing" as a means of both reducing costs and achieving better efficiency. 16 .Retail Banking in India with developed financial systems but also in countries with relatively less developed financial markets. A recent BIS Report on Outsourcing in Financial Services´ developed some high-level principles. Mexico. Application of these principles in the Indian context is under consideration. Sri Lanka. such as. the Credit Information Bureau (India) Limited (CIBIL). aims at fulfilling the need of credit granting institutions for comprehensive credit information by collecting. A basic requirement in this context is that a regulated entity seeking to outsource activities should have in place a comprehensive policy on outsourcing including a comprehensive outsourcing risk management programme to address the outsourced activities and the relationship with the service provider. incorporated in 2000. collating and disseminating credit information pertaining to both commercial and consumer borrowers. ebanking. At the same time banks must exercise due diligence before declaring a borrower as defaulter. outsourcing has become an important issue in the recent past. management and compliance to third parties who may not be regulated. While outsourcing does have various cost advantages. Third. it has the potential to transfer risk.

scope and cost of services need to be monitored to assess whether there is any denial. the pensioners. implicit or explicit. It is in this backdrop the Annual Policy for 2005-06 pointed out issues relating to financial exclusion and had announced that the RBI would implement policies to encourage banks which provide extensive services while disincentivising those which are not responsive to the banking needs of the community. self-employed and those employed in unorganized sector . In the whole story of retailing one should not forget the role played by retail depositors. 17 . the nature. including the underprivileged. the retail shop keeper. retail banking does not refer to lending only.Retail Banking in India Finally. Furthermore. The home maker.all need to get a place in the banks. of basic banking services to the common person and banks have been urged to review their existing practices to align them with the objective of financial inclusion.

with its registered office in Mumbai. Business Focus :HDFC Bank's mission is to be a World-Class Indian Bank. HDFC Bank commenced operations as a Scheduled Commercial Bank in January 1995. Promoters:HDFC is India's premier housing finance company and enjoys an impeccable track record in India as well as in international markets. HDFC has developed significant expertise in retail mortgage loans to different market segments and also has a large corporate client base for its housing related credit facilities. a strong market reputation. as part of the RBI's liberalisation of the Indian Banking Industry in 1994. India. the Corporation has maintained a consistent and healthy growth in its operations to remain the market leader in mortgages.Retail Banking in India 4. 18 . large shareholder base and unique consumer franchise. and to achieve healthy growth in profitability. Since its inception in 1977.HDFC BANK The Housing Development Finance Corporation Limited (HDFC) was amongst the first to receive an 'in principle' approval from the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) to set up a bank in the private sector. The bank was incorporated in August 1994 in the name of 'HDFC Bank Limited'. HDFC was ideally positioned to promote a bank in the Indian environment. Its outstanding loan portfolio covers well over a million dwelling units. The objective is to build sound customer franchises across distinct businesses so as to be the preferred provider of banking services for target retail and wholesale customer segments. consistent with the bank's risk appetite. The bank is committed to maintain the highest level of ethical standards. With its experience in the financial markets.

Distribution Network HDFC Bank is headquartered in Mumbai. 459. HDFC Bank's business philosophy is based on four core values . Capital Structure :The authorized share capital of the Bank is Rs.Retail Banking in India professional integrity. The paid-up capital as on said date is Rs.All branches are linked on an online real-time basis. The Bank at present has an enviable network of 1. 550 crore. Being a clearing/settlement 19 . The HDFC Group holds 23. Customer Focus. 27.69.Operational Excellence.07.45% of the equity is held by Foreign Institutional Investors (FIIs) and the Bank has about 4.725 branches spread in 780 cities across India. 10/.33.703 equity shares of Rs.96. corporate governance and regulatory compliance.90. The shares are listed on the Bombay Stock Exchange Limited and The National Stock Exchange of India Limited. Customers in over 500 locations are also serviced through Telephone Banking.05 % of the equity is held by the ADS Depository (in respect of the bank's American Depository Shares (ADS) Issue).(45. Product Leadership and People.63 % of the Bank's equity and about 17. The Bank's expansion plans take into account the need to have a presence in all major industrial and commercial centres where its corporate customers are located as well as the need to build a strong retail customer base for both deposits and loan products.078 shareholders.030/.each). The Bank's American Depository Shares (ADS) are listed on the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) under the symbol 'HDB' and the Bank's Global Depository Receipts (GDRs) are listed on Luxembourg Stock Exchange under ISIN No US40415F2002.

Mr. administration. A retired IAS officer. Senior executives representing HDFC are also on the Board. and before joining HDFC Bank in 1994 was heading Citibank's operations in Malaysia. Management :Mr.Retail Banking in India bank to various leading stock exchanges. Mr. Moreover. HDFC Bank‘s ATM network can be accessed by all domestic and international Visa/MasterCard. Government of India. The Bank's Board of Directors is composed of eminent individuals with a wealth of experience in public policy. including Finance Secretary. Executive Director. has been a professional banker for over 25 years. Vasudev has been appointed as the Chairman of the Bank with effect from 6th July 2010 subject to the approval of the Reserve Bank of India and the shareholders. Mr. Plus/Cirrus and American Express Credit/Charge cardholders. C. the Bank has branches in the centres where the NSE/BSE have a strong and active member base.393 networked ATMs across these cities. Given the professional expertise of the management team and the overall focus on recruiting 20 . The Managing Director. Visa Electron/Maestro. The Bank also has 4.M. industry and commercial banking. World Bank and Government nominee on the Boards of many companies in the financial sector. Vasudev has had an illustrious career in the civil services and has held several key positions in India and overseas. Senior banking professionals with substantial experience in India and abroad head various businesses and functions and report to the Managing Director. Aditya Puri. Vasudev has been a Director of the Bank since October 2006.

expertise and technology to create a competitive advantage and build market share. 21 . The Bank's business is supported by scalable and robust systems which ensure that our clients always get the finest services we offer. In each of its businesses. All the bank's branches have online connectivity.Retail Banking in India and retaining the best talent in the industry. Multi-branch access is also provided to retail customers through the branch network and Automated Teller Machines (ATMs). the bank believes that its people are a significant competitive strength. The Bank has prioritized its engagement in technology and the internet as one of its key goals and has already made significant progress in web-enabling its core businesses. Tecnology HDFC Bank operates in a highly automated environment in terms of information technology and communication systems. to build the infrastructure for a world class bank. which enables the bank to offer speedy funds transfer facilities to its customers. The Bank has made substantial efforts and investments in acquiring the best technology available internationally. the Bank has succeeded in leveraging its market position.

Retail Banking services :The objective of the Retail Bank is to provide its target market customers a full range of financial products and banking services. companies from the domestic business houses and prime public sector companies. transactional services. as 22 . The products are backed by worldclass service and delivered to customers through the growing branch network. For these customers. the Bank provides a wide range of commercial and transactional banking services. etc. the Bank has made significant inroads into the banking consortia of a number of leading Indian corporates including multinationals. The bank has three key business segments: Wholesale Banking Services:The Bank's target market ranges from large. cash management. which combine cash management services with vendor and distributor finance for facilitating superior supply chain management for its corporate customers. including working capital finance. giving the customer a one-stop window for all his/her banking requirements. mutual funds.Retail Banking in India BUSINESS HDFC Bank offers a wide range of commercial and transactional banking services and treasury products to wholesale and retail customers. stock exchange members and banks. It is recognized as a leading provider of cash management and transactional banking solutions to corporate customers. The bank is also a leading provider of structured solutions. trade services. blue-chip manufacturing companies in the Indian corporate to small & mid-sized corporates and agri-based businesses. Based on its superior product delivery / service levels and strong customer orientation.

Bill Payments.000 Point-of-sale (POS) terminals for debit / credit cards acceptance at merchant establishments. net banking and Mobile banking. With the liberalization of the financial markets in India. Treasury :Within this business. Loans. information and advice on various investment avenues. advice and product structures. and Equities. the bank is 23 . the bank has three main product areas . Local Currency Money Market & Debt Securities. By March 2010. Personal Loans and Loans for Two-wheelers. Loans against marketable securities. The HDFC Bank Preferred program for high net worth individuals. etc. To comply with statutory reserve requirements.Foreign Exchange and Derivatives. The Bank is well positioned as a leader in various net based B2C opportunities including a wide range of internet banking services for Fixed Deposits. HDFC Bank was the first bank in India to launch an International Debit Card in association with VISA (VISA Electron) and issues the Mastercard Maestro debit card as well. The Bank also has a wide array of retail loan products including Auto Loans. The Bank is also one of the leading players in the ―merchant acquiring‖ business with over 90. the bank had a total card base (debit and credit cards) of over 14 million. corporates need more sophisticated risk management information. These and fine pricing on various treasury products are provided through the bank's Treasury team. The Bank launched its credit card business in late 2001.Retail Banking in India well as through alternative delivery channels like ATMs. the HDFC Bank Plus and the Investment Advisory Services programs have been designed keeping in mind needs of customers who seek distinct financial solutions.

Retail Banking in India required to hold 25% of its deposits in government securities. The Treasury business is responsible for managing the returns and market risk on this investment portfolio 24 .

Ltd. has assigned the rating "AAA (ind)" with the outlook on the rating as "stable". In each of the cases referred to above. with the outlook on the rating as "stable". (100% subsidiary of Fitch Inc. CRISIL has assigned the rating "AAA / Stable" for the Bank's Perpetual Debt programme and Upper Tier II Bond issue. carrying negligible investment risk". Fitch Ratings India Pvt. This rating indicates "highest credit quality" where "protection factors are very high" The Bank also has its long term unsecured.) has assigned the "AAA ( ind )" rating to the Bank's deposit programme. The Bank's Fixed Deposit programme has been rated 'CARE AAA (FD)' [Triple A] by CARE. CARE has also assigned "CARE AAA [Triple A]" for the Banks Perpetual bond and Upper Tier II bond issues. CARE has assigned the rating of "CARE AAA" for the subordinated Tier II Bonds while Fitch Ratings India Pvt.Retail Banking in India RATINGS Credit Rating:The Bank has its deposit programs rated by two rating agencies . CARE has also rated the bank's Certificate of Deposit (CD) programme "PR 1+" which represents "superior capacity for repayment of short term promissory obligations". Ltd. which represents instruments considered to be "of the best quality. 25 .Credit Analysis & Research Limited (CARE) and Fitch Ratings India Private Limited. the ratings awarded were the highest assigned by the rating agency for those instruments. subordinated (Tier II) Bonds rated by CARE and Fitch Ratings India Private Limited and its Tier I perpetual Bonds and Upper Tier II Bonds rated by CARE and CRISIL Ltd.

order a cheque book. HDFC Bank not only has the perfect solution for you. easy and convenient way of transacting through your account Accounts & Deposits:Banking should be effortless. ATM :Withdraw cash. all at your own convenience. You can open an account at any branch nearest to your residence or office and access it at any branch in the city or anywhere in the country. we are confident that you will find the perfect banking solution. we have a range of solutions that are second to none. but also can recommend products that can augment your planning . With HDFC Bank.Retail Banking in India Branch Services Welcome to the networked world of HDFC Bank. the efforts are rewarding. check your balance. No matter what a customer‘s need and occupational status. Whether you‘re employed in a company and need a simple Savings account or run your own business and require a robust banking partner. from any of the over 4. Open an account in your name or register for one jointly with a family member today.393 HDFC Bank ATMs across the country. Savings Accounts:These accounts are primarily meant to inculcate a sense of saving for the future. 26 . The fast. accumulating funds over a period of time. Whatever your occupation.

That's where we come in.725 branches in 780 cities. thus fulfilling your needs as well as keeping your savings secure. An alternative to simply applying for loans. Fixed Deposits:Long-term investments form the chunk of everybody's future plans. At HDFC Bank.Retail Banking in India Current Accounts:Now. also that your business needs are constantly evolving. experience the freedom of multi-city banking! You can have the power of multi-location access to your account from any of our 1. with an HDFC Bank Current Account. we understand that running a business requires time and money. 27 . you can do most of your banking transactions from the comfort of your office or home without stepping out. Not only that. We provide you with a choice of Current Account options to exclusively suit your business . fixed deposits allow you to borrow from your own funds for a limited period. We make it our business to help you with your business by offering you a Current Account with all the benefits you need to stay ahead of your competition.whatever the size or scope.

Hong Kong. 40. ICICI (Industrial Credit Investment Corporation of India) promoted the ICICI bank in 1994 with its stake reducing to 46% after the IPO in 1998. Qatar and Dubai International Finance Centre and representative offices in United Arab Emirates.518 ATMs in India and presence in 18 countries. To understand about this big bank. ICICI is a well-known name in India along with IDBI and was formed in 1955 at the initiative of the World Bank. The Bank currently has subsidiaries in the United Kingdom. we need to understand how it became so big a force to reckon with. branches in United States.Retail Banking in India ICICI Bank is India‘s second-largest bank with total assets of Rs. Singapore. Sri Lanka. life and non-life insurance. Indian Government and Indian Industries.035 branches and about 5. South Africa. 2010 and profit after tax Rs. 2010.25 billion (US$ 896 million) for the year ended March 31. Thailand. 28 . Our UK subsidiary has established branches in Belgium and Germany. Bangladesh. Russia and Canada.634. ICICI Bank‘s equity shares are listed in India on Bombay Stock Exchange and the National Stock Exchange of India Limited and its American Depositary Receipts (ADRs) are listed on the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE).00 billion (US$ 81 billion) at March 31. Malaysia and Indonesia. 3. Bahrain. China. venture capital and asset management. The Bank has a network of 2. ICICI Bank offers a wide range of banking products and financial services to corporate and retail customers through a variety of delivery channels and through its 28pecialized subsidiaries in the areas of investment banking.

which kind of substantiates their mediocre performance today. This was a tough marriage and I guess they are still suffering from this hiccup. 29 .Retail Banking in India Both of these institutions have an exceptional brand-image and one of the highest possible ratings from CRISIL and other rating organizations. in my perspective. This and the merger with the ICICI Corporation have caused some management strain and some tough merger time. In 2001 it underwent a tight marriage with Bank of Madura in a stock-only amalgamation. I could only wish they come over this and serve the customers in a better manner. ICICI can be considered an oligopolistic corporation along with IDBI (please M2M me. if you want to discuss this!). ICIC listed in NYSE in 2000.

Over the years. ICICI Venture has the distinction of managing a large number of exits in the country.3 bn (March 31. strategic sale and/or mergers. ICICI Venture is a subsidiary of ICICI Bank. ICICI Venture has built an enviable portfolio of companies in the sectors of information technology. media and retail thereby delivering value consistently to its investors. India‘s second-largest bank with total assets of about US$ 56.8 bn (June 2006). 30 . pharmaceuticals. 2006) and market capitalization of about USD 10.Retail Banking in India ICICI Bank Groups ICICI Venture is the largest and one of the most successful private equity and venture capital management companies in India with aggregate funds under management in excess of USD 2 billion. With over 100 liquidity events. biotechnology. the organization has reaped rich experience and is well positioned to handle IPOs.

The capabilities of the team. structure of the organization. emphasis on value creation and performance evaluation matrices enable ICICI Venture to extract superior returns from its investments. which include domestic investors such as public sector banks.Retail Banking in India ICICI Venture has a wide network of third party investors. 31 . financial institutions and insurance companies. The company has over 40 qualified professionals with experience across sectors and functions. A significant portion of the fund‘s corpus is also from international development financial institutions and international funds.

Commercial Vehicle Loans:We have extended products like funding of new vehicles. ICICI Bank brings banking at your doorstep. Simplified Documentation and Guidance throughout the Process. Network of more than 1000 channel partners in over 200 locations. Coupled with convenience of networked branches/ ATMs and facility of Echannels like Internet and Mobile Banking. Tie-ups with all leading automobile manufacturers to ensure the best deals. top up on existing loans. Flexible schemes & quick processing. Home Loans:The No. finance on used vehicles. ICICI Bank Home Loans offers some unbeatable benefits to its customers .Retail Banking in India Loans ICICI Bank offers wide variety of Loans Products to suit your requirements. 1 Home Loans Provider in the country. Car Loans:The most preferred financier for car loans in the country. 10 lakhs. 32 . your search ends here. Hassle-free application process on the click of a mouse.Doorstep Service. It's really easy ! Personal Loans:If you're looking for a personal loan that's easy to get. ICICI Bank Personal Loans are easy to get and absolutely hassle free. With minimum documentation you can now secure a loan for an amount upto Rs. working capital loans & other banking products. Select any of our loan product and provide your details online and our representative will contact you for getting loans.

All you have to do is pledge your securities in favour of ICICI Bank. We will then grant you an overdraft facility up to a value determined on the basis of the securities pledged by you. 33 .Retail Banking in India Loans against Securities:You don‘t have to sell your securities.

Retail Banking in India Accounts & Deposits ICICI Bank has designed a gamut of accounts and deposits to cater to your unique banking needs. and experience banking at its best. internet and doorstep banking. Internet Banking at ICICI Bank allows you to connect your Credit Card. You may also use your debit card to directly make purchases through a Visa/Mastercard POS (Point of Sale) machine available at most stores! This will help you access your money from anywhere. Dream Deposits:A unique offering of four term deposit plans that enable you realise your dreams at every stage of your life. 34 . We also offer online access to your Fixed Deposits through our Internet Banking channel. Add this to our extensive branch & ATM network and facilities like mobile. Fixed Deposit:Fixed Deposits at ICICI Bank comes with nomination facility. Savings Account:Debit-cum-ATM Card – With ICICI Bank Savings Account you will get a debit card that you can use to withdraw cash from any ATM. Loan and your Fixed Deposit with your savings account. phone.

Once you are done with your 'banking'. You can even shop with him / her at Young Stars Shopping Page. Child Education Plan:ICICI Bank presents ―Child Education Plan‖. You can transfer pocket money into your child's account. These senior citizen benefits are exclusively for customers above 60 years of age.from checking the child‘s savings account balance to guiding through fun zones and special pages on the Internet Banking channel. a unique way to save for your child's future.Retail Banking in India Life Plus Senior Citizen Services:ICICI Bank‘s ‗Life Plus‘ Senior Citizen Services have been designed to empower senior citizens to independently carry out the day-to-day banking transactions with dignity and confidence. It makes banking a pleasure and teaches your child to manage his or her personal finances through a savings account. To fulfil your child's dream & aspirations. begin by making small investments in a 35 . Young Stars:Banking can be fun ! At Young Stars. we will guide your child through the world of banking . You can also open a recurring deposit in your Child‘s name. you can access your child's account with all the fun links to special zones designed to suit your child's area of interests and also impart knowledge on the current events of the world.

36 .Retail Banking in India Recurring Deposit for a short tenure and receive regular payouts for the rest of the tenure in your child's ―Youngstar Savings Account―.

37 . Our ATMs are located in commercial areas. Call Centre and Internet Banking . anywhere and from anyplace. please click on the topic of your interest mentioned in the left menu. ATM:ICICI Bank's 24 Hour ATM network is one of the largest and most widespread ATM Network in India. ICICI Bank ATMs features user-friendly graphic screens with easy to follow instructions.Credit and Debit cards. To learn more about the various channels. Thus. one can access the various services ICICI Bank has to offer at anytime. near railway stations and other places which are conveniently accessible to our customers. residential localities. etc.Retail Banking in India Bank Branch You can find a host of ICICI retail products at our widespread Bank Branch network-Bank Accounts. Bonds. Anywhere Banking:ICICI Bank is the second largest bank in the country. ATMs. It services a customer accounts through a multi-channel access network. Demat Accounts. This includes branches and extension counters. airports. major petrol pumps. We have introduced ATMs which interact with customers in their local language for increased convenience. Loans against Shares.

25.Retail Banking in India Following are the features available on our ATMs.  PIN Change : Change the Personal Identification Number (PIN) of ATM or Debit card..  Balance Enquiry : Know your ledger balance and available balance  Mini Statement : Get a printout of your last 8 transactions and your current balance. which can be accessed from anywhere at anytime. buying internet packs. making donations to temples / trusts.per day from your account (50.000/.000 for HNI's).  Funds Transfer: Transfer funds from one account to another linked account in the same branch. Fast Cash option provides the facility of withdrawing prefixed amounts.3000/. airtime recharges for prepaid mobile phones and much more. Customers can deposit both cash and cheques. 38 . Cash deposited in ATMs will be credited to the account on the same day (provided cash is deposited before the clearing) and cheques are sent for clearing on the next working day.  Deposit Cash / Cheques : Available at all full function ATMs. Ultra Fast Cash option allows you to withdraw Rs.in one shot.  Cash Withdrawal: Withdraw upto Rs..  Payments : The latest feature of our ATMs. this functionality can be used for payment of bills.

Always log out of ICICI Bank. the system would prompt for change in passwords. We recommend you to change both transaction and login password. Check that the pin mailers arrive in a sealed condition. Key in the user id and password on the website and press GO. After you request for a new password. You would receive two pin mailers from ICICI Bank a Internet Banking User id. Passwords are case sensitive.  Your internet banking account is locked in case of 5 wrong tries on entering user id and password. else please contact our 24 hour Customer Care Centre. b Login password and Transaction password. 5. 3.com when you have finished your activities 39 . 2. Your password must be atleast 8 characters. 4. 7.Retail Banking in India Start Internet Banking Steps to Login 1. 6.

all your transactions are protected by a Atm Pin . Self Phone Banking (IVR) access Mechanisms are as follows:  For Deposits --The customer would need to key-in his ATM/Debit Card Number and its corresponding ATM PIN.Retail Banking in India ICICI Bank Phone Banking .  For Demat Account Holders -The customer would need to key-in his 14 Digit Demat Account Number and its TPIN.  For Bond Account Holders -The customer would need to key in his Bonds holder Number only.  For Credit Cards -The customer would need to key-in his 16 digit Card Number and its corresponding ATM PIN. 40 . But if you do need any assistance our officers will be glad to help you.The Personal password to your Banks & Credit card Account and Tpin for your Demat Account .Why Walk When you Can Talk A user friendly automated service menu offers you convenient access to your account coupled with security as.

By January 2000. 41 . The DNA of the strategy:ICICI Bank began its retail banking venture in mid-1999.000 crore (Rs 180 billion). grows at a measured pace. ICICI Bank thinks big. ICICI Bank also leads HDFC Bank in almost every segment they are present in.000 crore (Rs 560 billion). The merger of the erstwhile financial institution ICICI Limited with the bank in April 2002. In comparison. the tally for HDFC Bank is Rs 18. is all for growth and hungry for marketshare.Retail Banking in India 6. HDFC Bank is more conservative and cautious.000 crore (Rs 100 billion) of restructured assets for which it had to make provisions. the bank started building a branch and an ATM network. But that's just the current update. ICICI Bank's headquarters in suburban Mumbai [ Images ] is a huge. without taking any undue risks. Realising the need for a bigger retail deposit base. imposing edifice in glass and granite. Who's the Retail banking king? ICICI or HDFC? Even their offices reflect their attitudes. gave it a ready-made corporate clientele. ICICI Bank's assets in the retail space stand at Rs 56. The flip side was that ICICI Bank had Rs 10. car loans. HDFC Bank's office in central Mumbai is comparatively smaller and more sedately furnished. personal loans and credit cards. it had moved on to introducing home loans. The acquisition of Bank of Madura in March 2001 added 263 branches. many of them in cities where ICICI Bank did not have a presence. The two banks have carried forward their style statement in their approach to business.

Our provisioning is very strict. credit and market risk. it will show up in the very first year of the loan. ―If your screening is not tight. ―We believe that a sales cycle is not completed till the asset comes back to us. a year before ICICI Bank. We may have grown slower than our peers. home loans are 46 per cent of its retail assets. but the risks were lower. So we were not aggressive in those products where we perceived the risks were higher. though it has been originating them in the past one-and-a-half years. A banking consultant observes that ICICI Bank is far more aggressive. HDFC Bank was handicapped because it could not sell home loans (because its parent HDFC was in the business). Says Kalpana Morparia [ Images ]. ICICI Bank. we were able to cross-sell products so that the overall returns were better.‖ However. its credit cards were launched only two years ago. targeting the top-end of the market. Reminisces Paresh Sukthankar. But in products like credit cards. deputy managing director. HDFC Bank kick started its operations in 1995 with a focus on corporate banking. Though ICICI executives do not admit it. industry sources observe that ICICI ‘s pricing has been far more competitive. According to some industry experts. head. it was slow to get off the mark. For instance. ICICI Bank denies this. so any defaults would show up in the non-performing 42 . For ICICI Bank. which probably brought it more customers. Says Sukthankar. HDFC Bank.Retail Banking in India On the other hand. By then ICICI Bank had been present in the credit card business for nearly three years. growth for ICICI Bank may have come at the cost of quality.‖ HDFC Bank ventured into retail lending in 1998. ―Although the asset yields may have been lower.

‖ Better pick-up:The numbers tell the story. Says Morparia. ICICI Bank commands 30 per cent of the market. HDFC Bank's retail deposits are about Rs 23. 43 . HDFC's share.000 crore (Rs 600 billion) and in FY05. Our home loan NPLs are just 0.25 per cent.45 per cent.000 crore (Rs 230 billion). Even in home loans. having eaten into housing finance pioneer. ICICI Bank's retail deposits are nudging Rs 60. "The convenience proposition together with the geographical reach has paid off.Retail Banking in India loans (NPLs). while for car loans they are 0. it grew its deposits by 47 per cent compared with the industry deposit growth of 14 per cent. We rolled out ATMs far ahead of the others and were able to crosssell our products.

4 0.2 4.000 56.Retail Banking in India Mar-09 HDFC ICICI Bank Bank 467 565 Branches ATMs Cities Retail assets (Rs crore) Deposits crore) Car crore) loans (Rs (Rs 1.000 99.500 11.500 Credit cards (Mn) 1.2 2 44 .000 211 371 18.000 38.147 2.3 Retail customers (Mn) Cost of deposits (%) Net interest 3 6.5 margin (%) Net NPLs (%) 3.800 2.7 3.4 13.2 2.

Also. industry observers point out that ICICI Bank's effective users for credit cards may not be high. Says Morparia. the numbers will still be strong. is just 2.2 per cent is way higher than that of ICICI Bank's 2. ICICI Bank has issued 3 million credit cards -. ICICI Bank commands a two-thirds marketshare.Retail Banking in India Even in the number of customers ICICI Bank leads by a distance. "We are the largest distributors of mutual fund products and RBI Bonds.4 per cent. Nonetheless. HDFC Bank is valued at 3. Nearly 14 million customers bank with ICICI Bank.5 times price to forward book (valuation based on estimated book value in FY 06 of Rs 165). With NPLs of less than 0.at the current price of Rs 585. its books are definitely in far better shape. it is able to 45 .2 per cent. The multiple for ICICI Bank that quotes at Rs 415. HDFC Bank's operations are also more profitable -. The reason: the impeccable quality of HDFC Bank's balance sheet.its net interest margin at 3." 'Tell all' street:The stock market has always valued HDFC Bank at a huge premium -. Even in businesses like online trading where the risks are relatively low. they concede that even with a discounted customer base.1 (estimated book value Rs 194). while the number for HDFC Bank is less than half (6. However. compared with 2 per cent for ICICI Bank.that is more than twice the number of HDFC Bank's credit card users.4 million).

9 per cent that it posted in FY04. it becomes difficult to get visibility or economies of scale. too.5 per cent. It's because we have more NPLs and we have assets like Dabhol on our books. On an average. has come down by 90 basis points to 4. it's not necessary that you're always doing the smart thing. "When you opt for a high growth strategy. net NPLs at 2 per cent in FY05 were down from 2.9 per cent in the previous year. We had a legacy of high NPLs of 5 per cent." 46 . Its net interest margin in FY05 at 2.2 per cent while ICICI Bank shells out 4. "We understand why the market gives a lower valuation.Retail Banking in India access deposits at a lower cost. In the past the markets rewarded you for profitability. Says an analyst." Given its legacy. Moreover." Sukthankar says. Says Morparia." Poised for take off:Does sheer size tilt the balance in favour of ICICI Bank? Observes a consultant. success is also measured by other attributes such as margins and asset quality. We have grown fast enough and reached a threshold level at which we have economies of scale. "While size and growth are important." He adds.5 per cent.4 per cent was an improvement from the 1. Now they will reward you for both growth and profitability. ICICI Bank's cost of deposits. Scale has to be built with profitability otherwise it is not a sustainable advantage. "If you are not in the top three. it pays an interest of 3. ICICI Bank has not done a bad job. "Things are changing. Size beyond a point becomes less important.

"While HDFC Bank has about two years to get ready for the future. But round one of the banking sweepstakes has clearly gone to ICICI Bank.Retail Banking in India However." Should HDFC Bank and its parent be merged. it could catapult them to a new league. ICICI Bank probably has three years. 47 . Says a banking consultant. consultants believe that HDFC Bank could have leveraged its parent's customers far more effectively to cross-sell products and grow faster.

India has around 3. although the revolution in retail banking has changed the face of the Indian banking industry as a whole. FUTURE OF RETAIL BANKING Retail banking has significant past and glorious future over the years. and mobile phones are ideal to utilize Internet banking services without customer accesses to PC. according to a report.It may prove possible. Operationally. there is a possibility that technology go beyond merely reducing the cost & improving the quality of current products. it has still miles to go.4 million smart card users and it is estimated that by the end of 2004 it will reach 14. even profitable. looking ahead. the prospects of retail banking are brighter than ever and the bankers have to give continued thrust to this area of banking. Smart cards can store information.7 million 48 . So. At present. is likely to grow at a CAGR of 28 per cent till 2010 to Rs 97. Smart card revolution will further change the face of retail banking. to combine functions in new ways. Indian retail banking. with the consumers ever multiplying needs there is definitely a vast scope for the furtherance of the retail banking business.Thus. By a tacit acceptance India has around three million mobile phone users and this number is expected to reach to eight million by 2003.00 billion. Mobile telephone market is penetrating. carry out local processing on the data stored and can perform complex calculations. The future of retail banking lies more in mobile banking. On the whole.Retail Banking in India 7.

There is huge market to cover so banks have greater opportunity.1 bank dealing with retail operation in country. Banks have to come with the new innovative products and service to retain market. There is a need for constant innovation in retail banking.CONCLUSIONS Retail banking is the fastest growing sector of the banking industry with the key success by attending directly the needs of the end customers is having glorious future in coming years. the amount of transations done at branch is just 28% but it is not at all dead and it can‘t be replaced by any other delivery channel. In current scenario. 49 .promising a forever sunshine in future of Retail Banking. bank need to equip themselves with internal capabilities and build efficient and viable business models to create the advantage of new opportunities available into a long terms sustainable competitive advantages. There is scope for the development of new innovative products. There has been a significant change in demographic profile of customers. Which will help them capture the words thus . In current situation the branch banking is dead.Retail Banking in India 8. Retail Banking is a booming sector. It is dynamic in nature. ICICI Bank for many reasons can be said as a No. In future.

icicibank.com 50 .vedamna.Retail Banking in India BIBLIOGRAPHY News paper referred  Economic times  Times of India Books Referred  Retail Marketing management .hdfcbank.RBI.By David Gilbert  Retail management .reports.rbi.com  www. Web Sites Visited  www.By Gibson.com  www.in  www.org.

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