TECHNICAL CALCULATION AND ESTIMATOR'S MAN-HOUR MANUAL

Marko Buliæ

Marko Buliæ

TECHNICAL CALCULATION AND ESTIMATOR'S MAN-HOUR MANUAL

ERECTION OF PROCESS OR CHEMICAL PLANTS

I. II. III. IV. V. VI. VII. VIII. IX. X.

PIPING ABOVE GROUND PIPELINES STEEL STRUCTURES PROCESS EQUIPMENT STORAGE TANKS CYLINDRICAL AND SPHEROIDAL WELDING AND FLAME CUTTING CORROSION PROTECTION THERMAL INSULATION ESTIMATES PIPING ABOVE GROUND ESTIMATE POINTS FOR BUILD-IN ITEMS XI. WEIGHT FACTORS XII. TECHNICAL CALCULATION MANNER OF DATAS COMPILING XIII. MAN HOURS FOR OVERHAULS IN PETROCHEMICAL PLANTS XIV. FACTORS AND MAN HOURS FOR PIPING AND STEEL STRUCTURE WORKS IN CALL FOR TENDERS OF “TECHNIP” COMPANY XV. APPENDIX

ZAGREB, 2003. (Completed edition)
All right reserved. This book, or parts thereof, may not be reproduced in any form without permission of the author.

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2. I II III IV V VI VII VIII IX X XI XII XIII XIV

EACH CHAPTER PIPING ABOVE GROUND - 36 pages + 20* PIPELINES - 7 pages + 20* STEEL STRUCTURES - 7 pages + 20* PROCESS EQUIPMENT - 10 pages + 20* STORAGE TANKS - CYLINDRICAL & SPHERICAL - 11 pages + 20* WELDING AND FLAME CUTTING - 18 pages + 20* CORROSION PROTECTION - 3 pages + 20* THERMAL INSULATION - 3 pages + 20* ESTIMATES - 11 pages + 20* PIPING ABOVE GROUND - ESTIMATE POINTS FOR BUILD-IN ITEMS - 76 pages + 20* WEIGHT FACTORS - 7 pages TECHNICAL CALCULATION MANNER OF DATA COMPILING - 4 pages MANHOURS FOR OVERHAULS IN PETROCHEMICAL PLANTS - 16 pages + 20* FACTORS AND MANHOURS FOR PIPING AND STEEL STRUCTURE WORKS IN CALL FOR TENDERS OF “TECHNIP” COMPANY - 3 pages + 20* US$ 180 US$ 75 US$ 80 US$ 70 US$ 80 US$ 75 US$ 35 US$ 35 US$ 100 US$ 130 US$ 15 US$ 6 US$ US$ US$ US$ 300 120 130 110

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PREFACE

All 40 years of my working life, I spent on erection of different process plants most of which were oil industry projects in the country and abroad, in Europe and North Africa. Since 1978 with occasional interruptions because of simultaneous involvement in several different projects, I worked mostly on technical calculations. I have made hundreds and hundreds calculations based on all kinds of tenders and erection of mech anical equipment. The tenders were written in various foreign languages and alphabet, even in Cyrillic. I am fully aware of the problems an estimator encounters when working on technical calculations for specific technologies. Very often tenders were not complete and not detailed enough, and the time required for a good technical calculation is getting every day shorter. It is not easy to present exact technical figures and quantities for the equipment or operations not fully defined, hard to comprehend, or even unknown to the estimator. Technical terms and expressions written in different languages and dialects are often incorrect and specific for individual branches. Enormous experience is needed, an ability to assess and estimate, and even the courage to write down the technical quantities and figures. That was the reason for collecting various technical bibliography, standards, catalogues, man hours and rates from the European and USA countries. I have made the analyses, comparisons, simulations, new measures, and manhour tables. A great deal of that was verified in practice during the plant erection. I surveyed the results and analyses of as-built designs. On many occasions, I sought a compromise between different opinions and standpoints. Too many things collected on too many places. Finally, I decided to write this manual for discriminative estimators. It is important to understand that there are no identical projects or jobs in this business, that each project is specific and that no automatism or copying is possible. Approach to any job should be serious and professional and a technical calculation should be made with the assistance of this Manual. Many people try to include the man hours from the tables into the computer systems, which I oppose. Those are the people, which instead of using a computer, a computer uses them. An estimator himself must choose the values and define the man hours taking into account all the elements that might have any influence on them. Only when the relevant man hours are estimated and selected, a computer can be used. A saying “Switch on your brain before switching on the computer” should be followed. The most complex work in developing these man hours was the work on the man hours for piping above ground. A basis I used was a system for estimating the value of erection works of a German Company LINDE, which I completed and modified. Generally, for elaboration of the man hours for erection/installation of process equipment, I used the English man hours of the Oil and Chemical Plant Constructors Association, but I used other sources as well. The source or the author was noted for other tables and if I modified them, I provided the modification basis. Where there are no such notes, I am the only author. A complete edition of this manual in the Croatian language and its sections were published in 1997 and 2000. This is why I have not given a unified percentage of the production efficiency but each chapter has its own.

Marko Buliæ

Zagreb Croatia, 2003

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................3 3................... SMALL FITTINGS.................................................31 LAP JOINT + STUB END.3...... NIPOLETS.......................INSTALLATION ON PIPE RACK OR SLEEPER WAY.........................................................................................................................................................................................................21 STEAM TRACING (ANSI & DIN).............................................................................................11 ABBREVIATIONS & UNITS...28 3............................ 2.................17 REDUCERS ......31 SOCKET WELDING..........................................5 1........24 TEES...............................................................................23 INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL PIPING..............................................................................................................1 2.2 2........................................3 2......1 2....................................................INSTALLATION IN PROCESS PLANT.....................................................................................................................17 STRAIGHT TEE................... FITTINGS (DIN)..................................................................................................32 FITTINGS WITH SOCKET ENDS.............................................................31 ORIFICE COMPLETE.......18 1..........................................................................................................................................................32 THREADED FITTINGS........13 CHAPTER I.............4 ELBOWS...24 CAPS....................4 3...... FLANGES.........................24 2...........................................1 2......................................................................................................................... PIPES (DIN 2448/2458)..............5 3.....16 CAPS....2 2..............................................23 STEAM DISTRIBUTORS AND CONDENSATE COLLECTORS FABRICATED FROM READY MADE DISTRIBUTORS FOR 4 CONNECTIONS..........................3 2.....................................................................2 1...........30 WELDING NECKS................1 4............................................................................23 2.........................................................................15 FITTINGS (ANSI B................. 36...............................................................................................2 2............16 TEES........................................6 PIPE ............. SOCKOLETS..............................2 4.....................................CONCENTRIC AND ECCENTRIC..................................................................................................................................................31 4......1 3.......................... etc.................................31 BLIND.................................... PIPING ABOVE GROUND.......14 DERIVED OPERATING TIME STANDARD FOR TABLES FACTOR OF BASIC ASSEMBLY 1............... 16............................4 1...2 3..................................14 1..........................CONTENTS page PREFACE..............................14 PIPE ..............................................3 4........4 3......23 STEAM DISTRIBUTORS AND CONDENSATE COLLECTORS FABRICATED FROM PIPES AND FITTINGS.... PIPES (ANSI B......................3...................................INSTALLATION ON PIPE RACK OR SLEEPER WAY........................................................................................CONCENTRIC AND ECCENTRIC............9)...................32 WELDOLETS..........................2 INTRODUCTION....................................32 3 .....2 2..........................................19 PIPE .............................ON.....INSTALLATION ON PROCESS PLANT..........................................17 REDUCED TEE............................................................32 HALF COUPLINGS FOR WELDINGS..................................................3 1................30 SLIP .........................16 ELBOWS.................................10)...19 PIPE .........................................26 REDUCERS ..................................................................................................1 1........................................4 1.............6 4...................................................................1 1......................

.......5 8...53 WRAPPING...... 11.................... 7............7 9...............51 BENDING OF PIPES.....5............39 AVERAGE DIAMETER . VALVES..................................................... 2......................................................................48 INSTALLATION OF PIPING ABOVE ............BASED ON INCH-DIAMETER (ID).53 SPECIAL POINTS...4 8........35 MANHOUR ESTIMATE FOR INSTALLATION OF PIPING........................................................................................................................1 5...................MEAN VALUE.56 PRELIMINARY AND FINISHING WORKS.............................. 3......................33 VALVES WITH WELDING ENDS..........6 8.49 CHAPTER 1................. 2............................ 6.............................39 RATES FOR INSTALLATION OF POLYETHYLENE PIPING......52 WELDING..................................................................5 2.............38 VALVES .................................................43 RATES FOR UNITS OF OPERATION ...34 VALVES FOR THREADED ENDS...........55 PUTTING UP PIPELINE MARKERS.........Manner of Calculation....................................................................54 BORING UNDER ROADS AND RAILROADS...............................................................................................54 CROSSING WATERCOURSES... PIPELINES................................50 PIPE STRINGING..............1 2.........37 FITTINGS (CARBON STEEL) .........53 LAYING IN TRENCH.........................................46 MAN HOURS FOR WELDING OF PIPING......................... 5...........3 8............5 1..41 PIPING MADE OF STEEL AND GREY CAST-IRON.......................................................................2 5...........34 RATES FOR TENDER CALCULATIONS..........................35 EFFECT ASSESSMENT FOR QUICK CALCULATION.......50 PIPE TRANSPORT.......... 8....................3 2.36 PIPING IN PROCESS PLANT............................................ 8.........................................................51 PIPE JOINTING............. 12..........................34 THERMOMETERS............................................................................................56 4 ..............................................................................34 PRESSURE GAUGES...........................................................39 PIPE SUPPORTS........1 8....... 8.................................................................. 10..............MAN HOURS FOR PIPING MODIFICATION AT SITE...MEAN VALUE............................2 8..33 5.........................................................MEAN VALUE.......................... ..........................................................4 2..........................................................36 PIPES (CARBON STEEL ..............................6 3......................................... VALVES WITH FLANGED ENDS............. 10............... 7...................................... ....................NOT INSULATED) ........................42 RATES FOR PIPING BASED ON INCH-DIAMETER (ID)........................ 4.............................................40 RATES FOR ERECTION OF PVC & FRP PIPING............................55 INSTALATION OF CLEANING STATIONS.................4 5............................................................3 5........................................................................................................................................................................................... II................................................................................................. 2..............................................................................................54 BREAK OUT OF ROADS.............................................. 6................. 5.........................................................................................................41 CARBON STEEL PIPING CEMENT LINED INSIDE.......55 OTHER SPECIAL POINTS..................................................................................GROUND Prefabrication and installation breakdown....55 PRESSURE TESTS..............................................................................2 2......................................... 9....................44 RATES FOR PIPING WELDING..................................................... 4.............................47 WORK CALCULATION ....................................................................................................................................................54 CONNECTING PIPELINE SECTIONS...........................................................................

.............................................61 4...................................................................................UNIT....... .62 REMOVAL OF STEEL STRUCTURE AND MISCELLANEOUS ITEMS..................9 2.................2 ERECTION OF STEEL STRUCTURES .................................................... ERECTION OF MISCELLANEOUS STEEL STRUCTURES................66 IV.......................................................................4 1........59 4...............................................67 ELECTROSTATIC PRECIPITATORS.4 4.................................... ERECTION OF EQUIPMENT IN PETROCHEMICAL INDUSTRY......................................61 5...2 1.......61 PIPE HANGERS AND SUPPORTS.......67 BRIDGE CRANES. ERECTION AND DISMANTLING OF MISCELLANEOUS STEEL STRUCTURES.....57 STRUCTURE ERECTION........3 1...........................................2 5...................................68 CENTRIFUGAL PUMPS......62 MISCELLANEOUS STRUCTURES.......2 2.........................5 1....1 2................................3 CHAPTER 1.1 2.......57 PRE-ERECTION OF STRUCTURE.............................2....................70 COMPRESSORS DRIVEN BY ELECTRIC MOTOR............................................................................. STEEL STRUCTURES IN OIL REFINERIES AND PETROCHEMICAL PLANTS..58 2.......2 1......................................57 1...................................................................................3 1...59 3............... CORRECTION FACTORS........58 REAMING OF HOLES.............................2. STEEL STRUCTURE ERECTION.......9 2........ BASIC MAN HOURS .67 TOWERS CONSISTING OF MORE PIECES.....................................6 1....................................................................................CHAPTER 1.............4 1............1 1..............5 LIGHT STRUCTURE (to 30 kg/m).5 TON.............................7 1......................................................67 TOWERS above 0.........61 HEAVY STRUCTURE (above 60 kg/m)...................57 TRANSPORT OF STRUCTURE TO ERECTION PLACE............................................6 1..........57 SORTING THE STRUCTURE..........................68 MARINE LOADING ARMS........................................................68 2.........................5 TON..................................................................................................................62 5.....................61 MISCELLANEOUS STRUCTURES................................................67 LIFTS................................58 INSTALLATION OF WIRE ROPE CLAMPS................................................................................ ROTARY EQUIPMENT...........3 2............................................................................... TO THE WEIGHT.......................5 1..........1......1 2..............................69 MAN HOURS BASED ON THE CAPACITY........... ..................................8 1...70 COMPRESSORS DRIVEN BY GAS TURBINE........................................................68 MAN HOURS BASED ON POWER [kW]........57 INSTALLATION OF LOST FORMWORK............................................................................................7 1..........................67 ALL EQUIPMENT TO 0..............................................1 4.........1 1..........................................................................1 III.................................................67 OTHER EQUIPMENT...................................1....70 5 .....................................................................................58 BOLTING FROM SCAFFOLDING.........................68 MAN HOURS BASED ON WEIGHT [kg]...........................1...............................................................2 2................................ .........67 1..............2 4.....67 PACKAGE UNIT.........................................................69 COMPRESSORS.............3 4.......................................59 BASIC MANHOUR RATES...1 5...........................................................................................................8 1...............................61 MEDIUM-WEIGHT STRUCTURE (31 ÷ 60 kg/m)...................................................................57 INSTALLATION OF ANCHOR BOLTS........................................................................................................................................ STATIONARY EQUIPMENT......................................................................................ACC..........................

.........103 SAND BLASTING AND PAINTING OF PIPING.................................................................................... WEIGHTS AND ERECTION EFFECTS OF CYLINDRICAL STORAGE TANKS.9 2. CHAPTER 1....................... 3...........................................................INSTALLATION OF INTERIOR COMPONENTS & EQUIPMENT...3 3................................................................. STORAGE TANKS ..................SMAW.......................1 4............................................................................................83 ERECTION OF SPHERICAL AND SPHEROIDAL STORAGE TANKS.....10 3..85 SUBMERGED ARC WELDING....................77 WIND BINDINGS .100 MANUAL GAS CUTTING AND GAS CONSUMPTION.............................7 2.......... TOWERS & VESSELS ..............................78 FLOATING ROOF. 2.......76 STORAGE TANK BOTTOM.....71 3.................................................... 1..............................3 2................2 2............................................................................................... 4..........................................104 SAND BLASTING AND PAINTING OF STORAGE TANKS................................108 6 ....................................................................................................................................................................................3................... 2...............72 PATENT SCAFFOLDING..................................79 AUXILIARY STRUCTURE..........................................................1 2........................... 3.RINGS FOR SHELL STIFFENING.........................95 WELDING OF SPHERICAL STORAGE TANKS............................................................................2 CHAPTER 1...........4 4. LADDERS AND FLOOR GRIDS..77 FIXED ROOF..73 V......................DETAILS................75 ERECTION OF CYLINDRICAL STORAGE TANKS ........................6 2.................81 STORAGE TANK EQUIPMENT...................... 5............74 APPROX.....................................................1 2........103 SAND BLASTING AND PAINTING OF STEEL STRUCTURES....................2 3..........................................................8 2...........................................................................................80 CONNECTIONS AND OPENINGS.......... EQUIPMENT SCAFFOLDING..72 TUBULAR SCAFFOLD....................... 2.106 THERMAL INSULATION FOR PIPING......74 STATISTICAL PARTICIPATION OF STORAGE TANK COMPONENTS IN TOTAL WEIGHT........................................................................................... 2...........5 2............................... THERMAL INSULATION.................................................................................................71 VESSELS & TOWER PACKINGS..........106 THERMAL INSULATION OF VESSELS AND KILNS...........................90 WELDING WITH SEMIAUTOMATIC (GMAW).................1 3................................71 OPENING AND CLOSING OF MANHOLES......102 VII.................................... CORROSION PROTECTION.....................76 PRELIMINARY WORKS...................71 ERECTION OF PLATFORMS.......................................CYLINDRICAL AND SPHEROIDAL...............84 VI............................ INSTALLATION OF TRAYS AND DEMISTERING PADS...................85 MANUAL ARC WELDING OF CYLINDRICAL TANKS .....................4 2........................................82 FINISHING WORKS.......... CHAPTER 1............................................................................................................................................................... CHAPTER 1.......................... WELDING AND FLAME CUTTING...76 STORAGE TANK SHELL....105 VIII......72 4.........................................

....................113 3....................................................................................116 6............................................120 ERECTION OF CYLINDRICAL STORAGE TANKS....... ESTIMATE OF SCAFFOLDS....................125 7 ................. ESTIMATE OF CONSUMPTION OF FUEL AND LUBRICANT........................109 ESTIMATE OF SCAFFOLDING WHEN DONE BY AN ERECTION COMPANY.................121 PROCESS EQUIPMENT. TEMPORARY WORKS...............................................2 9......... ESTIMATE OF WELDING ROD CONSUMPTION AND ADDITIONAL WELDING MATERIAL...................................... ESTIMATE OF ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION...............................122 AREA NEEDED................................................. .......................................................... 1......................... 3.... ESTIMATE OF CONSUMPTION OF TECHNICAL GAS AND GRINDING PLATES..................110 2............................. ESTIMATE OF THE NUMBER OF WELDS AND RADIOGRAMS FOR PIPING...........120 ERECTION OF STEEL STRUCTURE....................................................... HANDLING AND SORTING OF THE MATERIAL.118 SELECTION OF THE LARGEST CRANE................................................... ESTIMATE OF ERECTION TIME.............. 2.121 MATERIAL FOR PIPING.............. 2...........................................................................................113 EQUIPMENT IN PETROCHEMICAL INDUSTRY.................. TOOL COST ESTIMATE AT THE JOB SITE.............. 4........................................................121 11. SELECTION OF HOISTING MACHINERY............................................. UNLOADING............FITTINGS AND FLANGES ONLY................ 2.................PIPES..CHAPTER 1................... 5..112 PIPING....................122 TEMPORARY WORKS.....................................................124 ESTIMATE OF BUTTWELDS BASED ON THE PIPING LENGTHS......................4 9........................................117 8....................................................120 INSTALLATION OF PROCESS EQUIPMENT................................ 2......................................................................2 10....... ....119 PIPING BETWEEN PLANTS.......... SPACE REQUIRED AND CONNECTIONS AT THE SITE................................109 1.......1 9.........................109 ESTIMATES OF SCAFFOLDING WHEN CONTRACTED TO A SPECIALIST FIRM........115 5............... 1.....................3 10.................. IX...................... 2................................................................125 ESTIMATE OF TOTAL WELDS (ALL TYPES)........................................................................................................... 4........................................................114 4............................. ESTIMATES...........112 STEEL STRUCTURES.....116 LUBRICANT CONSUMPTION......6 9... 3.................................................4 1...................123 12..............................................................117 9.................................................... ESTIMATE OF SAFETY AT WORK MEANS.............................................................................................................................................123 CONNECTIONS NEEDED. 9.....120 10.................1 10..........................5 9.......................... FITTINGS AND FLANGES.....................................................................................................3 9.................116 FUEL CONSUMPTION............................................................................................................125 ESTIMATE OF RADIOGRAMS ON THE PIPING................121 STEEL STRUCTURE...................................................120 PIPELINES..............................................121 CYLINDRICAL STORAGE TANKS.......................7 10......................... 3......................................................119 PIPING IN PLANTS............................113 CYLINDRICAL STORAGE TANKS...........................................................................117 7..............124 ESTIMATE OF BUTTWELDS BASED ON A LIST OF MATERIAL .......................... 1...............124 ESTIMATE OF BUTTWELDS BASED ON A LIST OF MATERIAL ......................................................

.......3 3.........INSTALLATION AND WELDING.................................... PIPING ABOVE GROUND EXPLANATION TO THE ERECTION ITEMS....... ...........127 1...............131 DISASSEMBLING Item 4.............................. BENDING OF PIPES...................................................................................................................................3 2.....................131 THREADED CONNECTION MAKE-ON......................................................................132 HYDRANT INSTALLATION..... BLANKING PLATES..........131 5.......................130 4........................................... AIR).......................................................132 DISMANTLING OF VALVES....1 ÷ 4.........................................................3 4...132 6.......................................................................2 INSTALLATION OF MEASURING ORIFICES.........................................129 SEAL RING MAKE-ON AND WELDING (ACC..................................................0 FITTING.............................................................................................129 WELDOLET.........131 SAFETY VALVE INSTALLATION.............6 4............... NIPOLET ................127 2...............128 BUTT WELD MAKE-ON AND WELDING..................................4 4.........128 MITRE WELD MAKE-ON AND WELD.............6 5.................................1 1......129 INSERT RING (FOR AL ONLY)......................9 6...........8 5...........................................8 5...........127 1.............3 3...........0 PIPEWELD MAKE-ON AND WELDING........................1 5.....................4 5.....................................1 ÷ 4......127 ADJUSTMENT OF FITTINGS WITH ONE CONNECTION END........................128 ADJUSTMENT OF FITTINGS WITH TWO CONNECTION ENDS...........132 PRESSURE TEST.....................4 and 4.................................1 6................129 NOZZLE WELD MAKE-ON AND WELDING............................................................130 PREPARATION OF THREADED ENDS........................2 5.............................................1 2..............130 PIPE BENDING...................................................128 FILLET (SOCKET) WELD ......................7........................10 PIPE INSTALLATION IN PLANTS..................................6 3.....................7 5...........127 PIPE INSTALLATION ON PIPERACKS....................2 1..............................................131 VALVE INSTALLATION WITH ACTUATORS (SOLENOID....................1 3...........................................................................................................................................7 3...............................8 3.............................128 ADJUSTMENT OF FITTINGS WITH THREE CONNECTION ENDS......130 MATERIAL MULTIPLIER FACTORS (f)............................................0 FLANGED AND THREADED JOINTS............0 VALVES................................PERFORMANCE AND WELDING...129 REINFORCEMENT PAD MAKE-ON AND WELDING.............................131 BUTTERFLY VALVE INSTALLATION........................130 WELD CUTTING FOR MODIFICATIONS.......9 3..........................CHAPTER X................128 3.......................................... etc...................0 PRESSURE TESTING....................................................3 5.......132 SPINDLE EXTENSIONS............................................................................131 VALVE INSTALLATION (WITH AND WITHOUT HAND DRIVE)..............2 3................................127 PIPE DISMANTLING.................132 8 .............................................132 SERVICE TEST..........................5 4.......................0 PIPING.............5 5...................................7 4..............2 2................... TO DIN 2695)...........131 CONTROL VALVE INSTALLATION......130 FLANGED JOINT................................131 BUTTERFLY VALVE INSTALLATION WITH ACTUATOR.......................................................130 4............................................5 3..........................................................4 3.......

............5...........4 8............... 9 ...136 8...1.............................................4 8.....................................................................................................................................135 PREFABRICATED WELDS AT INSTALLATION OF PREFABRICATED SECTIONS (SPOOLS)......................................................2.....................................................2 8......4 8.....................3....................................................133 SPATIAL SHIFTING OF PIPES.................................1 8.136 HANGERS..........134 MEASURING ORIFICES ...................................135 REPLACEMENT OF BOLTS..........................................136 ROTATING THE VALVE INSTALLATED...............................2..............................................................................................................132 SUPPORT INSTALLATION (WITHOUT FABRICATION)...1 8....2.....133 MAKE-ON OF OUTSIDE PIPE FOR A DOUBLE-WALL PIPING (JACKETED PIPING).............................134 WELD COMPENSATOR.............................136 CHANGE IN ISOMETRY PRIOR TO THE CLIENT'S APPROVAL FOR FABRICATION..........132 INSTALLATION OF SPRING HANGERS AND SUSPENSIONS........................135 LONGITUDINAL WELDS ON PIPE HALF SHELLS.............................................1 8..7........136 WALL PASS FOR PIPES.......3.....133 INSTRUMENT CONNECTION ........5 8............................................3 8........................5 8.........0 ACTIVITIES DERIVED FROM BASIC ITEMS.........3 8.......................135 VALVES..............................................134 MISCELLANEOUS FITTINGS..................................4...........................8.....................................135 WELDING....................2 8...............................................3...........134 HALF COUPLINGS..................133 GRINDING OF EXCESS MATERIAL ON WELDING ROOTS.......................................................5 8..................135 THERMOMETER BRANCH (TI).............................1...................3 8.....7..... AND SUPPORTS...............................................................7...................................1..............................................133 8...3....8 8...2.......2 8........................1 8.........133 PIPES...................... HANGERS...........................2...133 PIPE HANDLLING AND CUTTING IN PREFABRICATION......2 8.......134 WELD METER RUNS..............FABRICATION AND WELDING................................................. ..........................7 SUPPORTS ...............4 8....134 MAKE-ON AND INSTALLATION OF LINE PIPING DN 20/25 ON JACKETED PIPING.....1...................................136 CHANGE IN BILL OF QUANTITIES BEFORE THE CLIENT'S APPROVAL FOR FABRICATION...................................1.....6 8...........0 MISCELLANEOUS..............1 7................ FABRICATION AND INSTALLATION OF PIPE HOLDERS.......1 8......DRILLING...1..........2 DISMANTLING OF PIPE HOLDERS..............136 8..... AND SUPPORTS (to 100 kg per item)...................................................8....................................................5..........MEASURING FLANGES...............................136 MISCELLANEOUS....................................134 PREFABRICATED OF SPOOLS FOR WELDING.............................................................................................................................................................135 FLANGED JOINTS..136 EXPANSION JOINTS WITH FLANGED ENDS...3 8.........................................................................135 TACK WELDING ON VALVE SIMULATORS.........133 INSTALLATION OF PREFABRICATED SPOOLS.....................................2 7.....................7....................................................2 8............................................................1 8...........................3 8.....................3 7..2 8.....................4 7.......................5 8.....................................1 8..136 HOLE DRILLING IN CONCRETE.................................... .......................136 EXTRAS.....132 7.............................

...8.......................................142 1.....................0 6......... KIND OF MATERIALS..........................................143 VALVES........142 FITTINGS............7 8...........................................0 4....................................... 3................................ PRIMER COAT ON PIPING..203 STEEL STRUCTURES..................................................................0 8.214 MAN HOURS FOR OVERHAUL OF EQUIPMENT IN PETROCHEMICAL PLANTS..................... 4......................5 8...SURFACES OF SECTIONS in m2/m.. FACTORS FOR DIFF..................................................................139 FORMS FOR CALCULATION OF MAN HOUR RATES..................................................................................................................0 3............. G........ 4....................................142 FLANGES................. FACTORS AND MAN HOURS FOR PIPING AND STEEL STRUCTURE WORKS IN CALL FOR TENDERS OF "TECHNIP" COMPANY.............137 FACTORS FOR CALCULATION OF MAN HOURS FOR PREFABRICATION AND INSTALLATION OF PIPING....................137 UNDERGROUND PIPING........................................................................................8.235 PIPE AND FITTINGS DIMENSIONS ...........................10 SUMMARY OF PIPE SCHEDULED SIZES... 2........209 XII........................................................................10 MULTIPL.... 5....................3 8.......................................0 5...........................................8............................................................................................................................................................. 3.............8..............206 PROCESS EQUIPMENT..........................................................................0 CHAPTER 1............................................8. 2......... PIPES............137 PIPING MODIFICATION.......4 8..........147 XI.................................. 2......0 7.......TABLE MANUAL...........210 XIII..................................8................233 ISO R7 DIN 2448/2458 SUMMARY OF PIPE SCHEDULED SIZES....................................................237 CONVERSIONS BETWEEN ENGLISH AND (SI) STANDARDS UNITS.......230 PIPING BETWEEN PLANTS AND IN PLANTS...........144 PIPE EXPANSION JOINTS AND FLOWRATE METERS..................138 TABLE Item.... APPENDIX........................................6 8...........................233 ANSI B 36........................208 CYLINDRICAL STORAGE TANKS....238 10 ......... WEIGHT FACTORS...........................................................143 SMALL FITTINGS...................137 INSTALLATION OF MISSING MATERIAL........145 OTHER INSTALLATION WORKS...........................................................232 XV.........................................230 STEEL STRUCTURE ERECTION.. B.0 2... CHAPTER CHAPTER 1........ 3................ AND PIPE SUPPORTS..............8 HAND DRAFTING OF ISOMETRY ACCORDING TO THE CLIENT'S INSTRUCTION............. CHAPTER A......................214 PIPING ERECTION AND DISMANTLING. TECHNICAL CALCULATION MANNER OF DATA COMPILING...........236 STEEL STRUCTURE ........................................229 XIV................8......203 PIPING................................ PIPING....................................137 SAND BLASTING HANDLING........... CHAPTER 1................................ MAN HOURS FOR OVERHAULS IN PETROCHEMICAL PLANTS.....................145 ESTIMATE POINTS FOR BUILD-IN ITEMS OF A.........

PROCESS EQUIPMENT IN PL ANTS PEP = average 70% 85 % 5. The man hours (Mhr) do not refer to any condition or PRODUCTIVITY EFFICIENCY PERCENTAGES (PEP.CYLINDRICAL ST ORAGE TANKS PEP = very good 6. Low 41÷60% 3. the estimator will calculate hourly time requirements i. Leistungsfähigkeit .e.2Calculation based on man hours and ef fects for quick calculation and special man hours PEP = high average 75% 1. Average 61÷80% 4.INTRODUCTION With proper and conscientious application of these data for making estimates.PIPELINES PEP = high average 75 % 3.WELDING AND CUT TING PEP = average 7.1Calculation based on the estimate points of basic erection items and man hours and ef fects derived thereby PEP = high average 80% 1. Very low 10÷40 % 2. the man hours required for the erection. but to precisely determined below stated PEPs.STEEL STRUCTURES PEP = high average 75 % 4. The standard ranges of productivity efficiency percentages are: 1.Prozentsatz). CORROSION PROTECTION PEP = high average 80 % 8. PIPING ABOVE GROUND IN PLANTS 1.3Calculation based on man hou rs for piping per inch . Extraordinary 101÷120% Man hours in this Manual refer to the following Productivity Efficiency Percentages: 1.4Calculation based on man hours f or units of operation PEP = very good 2.diameter (ID) PEP = high average 80% 1. THERMAL INSULATION PEP = very good 85 % 11 70 % 85 % . Excellent 91÷100% 6. Very good 81÷90% 5.

the Productivity Efficiency Percentage should be determined. John S. 3. before the labour value is calculated. estimate the percentage according to the PEP table. and will you have good maintenance and repair help? The qualifications and experience of crane and other operators? The plant-hire company for the machinery? Past experience? Estimate the percentage according to the PEP table. 12 . The number of hours can be either increased or decreased. Weather Conditions What were past weather conditions for the area? If necessary. or do you have ample time to complete the work? What is the condition of the site? Is it low and muddy. and hard to drain. Weather Conditions 6. 5. or is it high and dry? Does it involve a plant already in operation? Will there be tie-ins to the existing systems? What will the relationship be between the pr oduction personnel and office personnel? Will most of the operations be manual or mechanized? What kind of material procurement will you have? Estimate the percentage according to the PEP table. food. which I shall not consider) 1. Machinery and Equipment 5. Page (USA) stated six production elements that have an impact on PEP determination. Labour Conditions 3. Project Management and Supervision Has the company alr eady executed such pr ojects? How often? What is the calibre of your supervision? Are skilled and experienced staff available? What can you afford to pay them? Will they be satisfied with the accommodation? Will they be satisfied with the salaries? Will you have enough money at the site (down payments)? After evaluating these questions.For each project. This is done by the project manager with the assistance of his collaborators. this is a leading element.Zagreb? Estimate the percentage according to PEP table. P. Labour Conditions Does the company have a good labour relations man? Has the company sufficient number of skilled and trained labour? What are the foremen like? Will they be satisfied with their salaries? Will they be satisfied with accommodation. 2. When we have considered and analysed all the percentages. Job Conditions What is the scope of the work and just what is involved in the job? What is the schedule? Is it tight. transport? How often will they be able to visit their families? Estimate the percentage according to the PEP table. can they be checked? What future weather forecasts? Will there be much rain or snow? What differences are expected in the weather with regard to Central Europe . Dividing the PEP declared by the average PEP we obtain a factor. General Economy (for J. They are: 1. Project Management and Supervision 2. Machinery and Equipment Do you have ample equipment to finish your job? What kind of shape is it in. we have to divide the total sum by five to arrive at an average percentage of productivity that is the Productivity Efficiency Percentage (PEP). 4. S. Job Conditions 4. This factor is multiplied by the calculated man hours (MHr) and will give actually needed man hours (MHr).

s.ABBREVIATIONS & UNITS PEP = Productivity efficiency percentage Mhr = Man Hours mm = millimeters = 0.281 feet km = kilometers = 0. gal kg = kilogram = 2.03531 cu feet = 0.2642 u.03937 inches m = linear meters = 3. 764 feet m3= cubic meters = 35.3048 meters l = liters = 61.314 f eet ft = linear feet = 0. = minimum ø = phi ( Greek) = round kW = kilowatts = 1.5 psi ( lb/sq in) Dn = diametar nominal OD or do = outer diametar ID = inch diametar MID = meter inch diametar t = thickness mm V = volume max.341 horse power kWh = kilowatthours kVA = kilovoltampers kg/Mhr = kilograms per man hour Mhr/m = man hours per meter f = factor k = coefficient Notice: Decimal numbers are listed with a comma (European way).4536 kg t or ton = metric tons = 1000 kg ea = each pc = piece PN = pressure nominal or NP bar = 14.023 cu inches = 0.6214 miles m2= square meters = 10. 13 . = maximum min.2046 lbs lbs = pound = 0.

4 42.9 114.pressure testing - Materials: alloy steel prewrapped galvanized aluminium alloy [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] k x 1.ABOVE GROUND Sch 40 Sch 60 XS Sch 80 Sch 100 Sch 120 Sch 140 Sch 160 FOR PREFABRICATION : 8% FOR INSTALLATION : 92% Dn-mm 15 20 25 32 40 50 65 80 100 125 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 700 750 800 850 900 ø-Inch 1/2” 3/4” 1” 1 1/4” 1 1/2” 2” 2 1/2” 3” 4” 5” 6” 8” 10” 12” 14” 16” 18” 20” 22” 24” 26” 28” 30” 32” 34” 36” OD-mm 21.3 141.3 60.9 355.7 33.3 73 88.10 x 1.3 168.1 273 323. PIPING ABOVE GROUND DERIVED OPERATING TIME STANDARD FOR TABLES FACTOR OF BASIC ASSEMBLY POSITION CHAPTER X.10) 1.I.1 PIPE INSTALLATION ON PROCESS PLANT [Mhr/m] CARBON STEEL .2 48.welding .on-site transport .6 406.70 x 0.15 (underground install.handling . ACCORDING TO FORMS ON PAGE 142 ÷ 146 Productivity efficiency percentage (PEP) = 80% 1.3 219.4 457 508 559 610 660 711 762 813 864 914 Sch 10 Sch 20 Sch 30 Std XXS Sch 5S STAINLESS STEEL Sch 10S Sch 40S Sch 80S ø -Inch 1/2” 3/4” 1” 1 1/4” 1 1/2” 2” 2 1/2” 3” 4” 5” 6” 8” 10” 12” 14” 16” 18” 20” 22” 24” 26” 28” 30” 32” 34” 36” 14 Man hour included next activities : .erection .3048 = Mhr/ft .prefabrication .3 26.NONWRAPPED .) x 0.85 Mhr/m x 0. PIPES (ANSI B 36.

erection .4 1 1/4” 42.welding .on-site transport .6 16” 406.galvanized .9 14” 355.1.3048 = Mhr/ft .10 [Mhr/m] x 0.7 1” 33. PIPES (ANSI B.3 8” 219.alloy steel .prefabrication .3 2 1/2” 73 3” 88. 36.3 6” 168.85 Mhr/m x 0.3 3/4” 26.3 5” 141.4 1 1/2” 48.aluminium alloy k [Mhr/m] x 1.2 INSTALLATION ON PIPE RACK OR SLEEPER WAY [Mhr/m] CARBON STEEL NONWRAPPED Sch 60 XS Sch 80 Sch 100 Sch 120 FOR PREFABRICATION : 8% FOR INSTALLATION : 92% STAINLESS STEEL Sch 10S Sch 40S Sch 80S Dn-mm 15 20 25 32 40 50 65 80 100 125 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 700 750 800 850 900 ø Inch OD-mm 1/2” 21.pressure testing Materials: .handling .10) 1.3 2” 60.4 18” 457 20” 508 22” 559 24” 610 26” 660 28” 711 30” 762 32” 813 34” 864 36” 914 Sch 10 Sch 20 Sch 30 Std Sch 40 Sch 140 Sch 160 XXS Sch 5S ø Inch 1/2” 3/4” 1” 1 1/4” 1 1/2” 2” 2 1/2” 3” 4” 5” 6” 8” 10” 12” 14” 16” 18” 20” 22” 24” 26” 28” 30” 32” 34” 36” 15 Man hour include the next activities: .1 10” 273 12” 323.9 4” 114.70 [Mhr/m] x 0.

80 1.9 14” 355.60 1.9 4” 114.7 1” 33.25 .3 2” 60.3 3/4” 26.S.2.40 ÷ 1.Alloy steel Ni .3 5” 141.1 ELBOWS [Mhr/ea] CARBON STEEL XS Sch 80 Sch 100 FOR PREFABRICATION : FOR INSTALLATION: 85% 15% DN-m m 15 20 25 32 40 50 65 80 100 125 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 700 750 800 850 900 ø -Inch OD-mm Sch 10 1/2” 21.2 1 1/2” 48.4 18” 457 20” 508 22” 559 24” 610 26” 660 28” 711 30” 762 32” 813 34” 864 36” 914 2.3 2 1/2” 73 3” 88. FITTINGS (ANSI 36. alloy steel .50 16 [Mhr/ea] x Materials: .3 6” 168.6 16” 406.Aluminium alloy . f 1.Cr-Mo alloy steel .Copper alloy .3 8” 219.4 1 1/4” 42.10) 2.2 CAPS Sch 20 Sch 30 Std Sch 40 Sch 60 Sch 120 Sch 140 Sch 160 XXS Sch 5S STAINLESS STEEL Sch 10S Sch 40S Sch 80S ø-Inch 1/2” 3/4” 1” 1 1/4” 1 1/2” 2” 2 1/2” 3” 4” 5” 6” 8” 10” 12” 14” 16” 18” 20” 22” 24” 26” 28” 30” 32” 34” 36” f 1.Killed C.20 1.High temp.00 ÷ 1.00 ÷ 1.60 1.1 10” 273 12” 323.

Killed C.3 219. f 1.50 .2.60 1.S.Auminium alloy f 1.7 33.4 48.25 .3.2 REDUCED TEE [Mhr/ea] x Materials: .40 ÷ 1.00 ÷ 1.3 73 88.36.3 26.9 355.3 168.Cr-Mo alloy steel .3 TEES 2.3 141.20 1.6 406.3.1 STRAIGHT TEE [Mhr/ea] CARBON Sch 40 Sch 60 STEEL XS Sch 80 FOR PREFABRICATION : FOR INSTALLATION : 85% 15% Dn-mm 15 20 25 32 40 50 65 80 100 125 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 700 750 800 850 900 ø -Inch 1/2” 3/4” 1” 1 1/4” 1 1/2” 2” 2 1/2” 3” 4” 5” 6” 8” 10” 12” 14” 16” 18” 20” 22” 24” 26” 28” 30” 32” 34” 36” OD-mm Sch 10 21.10) 2.60 1.00 ÷ 1.80 1.High temp. alloy steel .Alloy steel Ni .9 114.4 457 508 559 610 660 711 762 813 864 914 Sch 20 Sch 30 Std Sch 100 Sch 120 Sch 140 Sch 160 XXS Sch 5S STAINLESS Sch 10S Sch 40S STEEL Sch 80S ø -Inch 1/2” 3/4” 1” 1 1/4” 1 1/2” 2” 2 1/2” 3” 4” 5” 6” 8” 10” 12” 14” 16” 18” 20” 22” 24” 26” 28” 30” 32” 34” 36” 17 2.Copper alloy . FITTINGS (ANSI B.3 60.1 273 323.4 42.

80 1.9 4” 114.erection .50 .9 14” 355.Cr-Mo alloy steel .7 1” 33.3 5” 141.Aluminium alloy f 1. FITTINGS (ANSI) 2.1 10” 273 12” 323.3 2 1/2” 73 3” 88. alloy steel .Copper alloy .pressure testing Materials: .20 1.6 16” 406.2 1 1/2” 48.3 6” 168.25 .3 2” 60.4 1 1/4” 42.CONCENTRIC AND ECCENTRIC [Mhr/ea] CARBON STEEL Sch 80 Sch 100 FOR PREFABRICATION : FOR INSTALLATION: 85% 15% Dn-mm 20 25 32 40 50 65 80 100 125 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 700 750 800 850 900 ø -Inch OD-mm 3/4” 26.Killed C.40 ÷ 1.00 ÷ 1.60 1.4 18” 457 20” 508 22” 559 24” 610 26” 660 28” 711 30” 762 32” 813 34” 864 36” 914 Sch 10 Sch 20 Sch 30 Std Sch 40 Sch 60 XS Sch 120 Sch 140 Sch 160 XXS Sch 5S STAINLESS STEEL Sch 10S Sch 40S Sch 80S ø -Inch 3/4” 1” 1 1/4” 1 1/2” 2” 2 1/2” 3” 4” 5” 6” 8” 10” 12” 14” 16” 18” 20” 22” 24” 26” 28” 30” 32” 34” 36” 18 Man hour include next activities: .3 8” 219.High temp.S f 1.4 REDUCERS .2.welding .on-site transport .handling .Alloy steel Ni .00 ÷ 1.60 1.prefabrication .

8 10 11 12.9 3.3\12.welding .6\2.2\3.8 450 457 6.5 mm 2.WALL THICKNESS 2 .3\10 500 508 6.6 40 48.6\7.3 73.6 5.9 2.1.8 900 914 10 2 2.3 26.9 2\2.1 750 762 8 800 813 8 850 864 8.10 x 1.2 100 114.9 5.3 60.1 2.4 2\2.1 2.3 7.70 x 0.5\6.Std|Ext 15 21.6 50 60.2 3.9 355.9 80 88.5 OD-mm 21.3 FOR PREFABRICATION : FOR INSTALLATION : 8% 92% Dn-mm OD-mm t .1\14.7 3.ABOVE GROUND .7 168.9\3.9 65 76.1 88.12. PIPES (DIN 2448/2458) 1.6 4 4.1 76.3 300 323.6\2.prefabrication .9 33. alloy steel Prewrapped Galvanized Aluminium alloy [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] k x 1.6 125 139.1 273 323.3 219.6 6.NONWRAPPED .7 42.3 25 33.7 2\2.6 32 42.4 48.5 650 660 7.3 250 273 5\6.6 2.3048 = Mhr/ft .3 139.5 600 610 6.3 2\2 20 26.9 114.handling .on-site transport .) x 0.1 INSTALLATION IN PROCESS PLANT [Mhr/m] CARBON STEEL .3 3.3\12.1 4.85 Mhr/m x 0.3\11 550 559 6.3 2.3 4\4.15 (underground install.6 406.erection .3 2.1 8 8.3\8.5 200 219.pressure testing - Materials: Stainless steel High temp.6\8 400 406.3\2.9 65 73.3\2.2 700 711 7.4 6.6\4 150 168.1 350 355.5 5 5.4 457 508 559 610 660 711 762 813 864 914 19 Man hour include next activities: .10 x 1.

60 mm 17.3\10 6.3 219.9 2.2 2\2 2\2.5 7.1 5.6\4 4\4.1 273 323.1 273 323.NONWRAPPED .15 0.9\3.ABOVE GROUND .3048 = Mhr/ft .3 26.9 2.6\7.6\8 6.4 457 508 559 610 660 711 762 813 864 914 20 Man hour include next activities: . PIPES (DIN 2448/2458) 1.6 2.1 76.3 73.1 INSTALLATION IN PROCESS PLANT [Mhr/m] CARBON STEEL .6 2.2 3.4 48.3\12.5 6.3\11 6.70 0.6 3.3\2.welding .3\2.9 114.1. alloy steel Prewrapped Galvanized Aluminium alloy k [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] x x x x x 1.1 88.7 42.1\14.3 139.5 20 22.Std|Ext 14.on-site transport .5 4.2 .9 2.9 33.7 168.4 48.erection .9 355.8 6.3 5\6.3 139.3 219.3\8.1 88.handling .1 8 8 8.WALL THICKNESS 14.6 406.9 114.85 Mhr/m x 0.6 406.3 60.2 7.7 42.9 355.pressure testing - Materials: Stainless steel High temp.3 60.3 73.prefabrication .5\6.8 10 16 45 50 55 60 65 70 OD-mm 21.7 168.1 76.6\2.6\2.4 457 508 559 610 660 711 762 813 864 914 t .9 33.10 1.3 26.3 2\2.3 5.3\12.6 2\2.2\3.10 1.2 25 28 30 32 36 40 FOR PREFABRICATION : 8% FOR INSTALLATION : 92% Dn-mm 15 20 25 32 40 50 65 65 80 100 125 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 700 750 800 850 900 OD-mm 21.

6 125 139.2\3.8 900 914 10 2 2.1 4.3 73.3 2\2 20 26.9\3.5 5 5.1.9 2.3 139.6\7.3 60.5 650 660 7.9 114.1 76.9 355.5\6.4 48.6 40 48.Std|Ext 15 21.3048 = Mhr/ft .3 219.3 2.NONINSULATED .prefabrication .3 2.3 3.3\8.6\4 150 168.1 FOR PREFABRICATION : 8% FOR INSTALLATION : 92% Dn-mm OD-mm t .3\2.6 6.1 2.3\12.3\10 500 508 6.5 200 219.6 5.1 350 355.5 mm 3.1\14.9 80 88.pressure testing - Materials: Stainless steel High temp.7 3.1 2.erection .10 x 1.9 33.4 457 508 559 610 660 711 762 813 864 914 21 Man hour include next activities: .1 750 762 8 800 813 8 850 864 8.3 4\4.2 INSTALLATION ON PIPE RACK OR SLEEPER WAY [Mhr/m] CARBON STEEL .on-site transport .6\2.7 168.6 2.9 65 73.7 2\2.3\12.7 42.6\8 400 406 6.2 700 711 7.6 4 4.1 273 323.handling .3 25 33.6\2.5 OD-mm 21.5 600 610 6.4 2\2.9 65 76.9 8 8.12.8 450 457 6.2 3.9 2\2.85 Mhr/m x 0.2 100 114. alloy steel Prewraped Aluminium alloy [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] k x 1.1 88.6 406.8 10 11 12.WALL THICKNESS .3 7.9 5.3 2.6 32 42.6 50 60.welding .3\11 550 559 6.3\2.2 mm .10 x 0.3 250 273 5\6.70 x 0.3 300 323. PIPES (DIN 2448/2458) 1.3 26.

3 60.7 168.7 42. alloy steel .7 168.3 73.4 457 508 559 610 660 711 762 813 864 914 t .9 2.8 10 16 17.2 2\2 2\2.3\8.welding .2\3.2 INSTALLATION ON PIPE RACK OR SLEEPER WAY [Mhr/m] CARBON STEEL .Aluminium alloy k [Mhr/m] x 1.3 60.6 2\2.3 26.1 8 8 8.1 76.5 20 45 50 55 60 OD-mm 21.2 .1 5.2 3.WALL THICKNESS 14.3 5\6.6 406.handling .70 [Mhr/m] x 0.1 76.9 114.2 25 28 30 32 36 40 FOR PREFABRICATION : FOR INSTALLATION : 8% 92% Dn-mm 15 20 25 32 40 50 65 65 80 100 125 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 700 750 800 850 900 OD-mm 21.6 2.1 273 323. PIPES (DIN 2448/2458) 1.5 7.3048 = Mhr/ft [Mhr/m] x 0.6 3.9 2.on-site transport .3\11 6.pressure testing Materials: .1.2 7.3\2.3 5.Std|Ext 14.9 33.6\2.erection .6\7.4 457 508 559 610 660 711 762 813 864 914 22 Man hour include next activities: .5 6.10 Mhr/m x 0.1 88.1\14.1 273 323.6\4 4\4.prefabrication .1 88.8 6.6\2.7 42.NONINSULATED .9 355.3\12.4 48.High temp.5\6.3\2.9 114.6 406.60 mm 22.3 219.3\12.3 139.3\10 6.3 26.9 33.6\8 6.Stainless steel .85 .3 73.6 2.3 139.3 219.5 4.9 355.4 48.3 2\2.Galvanized .9 2.9\3.

3 2\2 20 26.24 38 20 0.6.6 50 60.27 42 COPPER TUBES .9\3.20 30 16 0.3 2.3 STEAM TRACING [Mhr/m] Dn-mm 15 20 25 32 40 50 65 80 ø-Inch OD-mm Sch 10 1/2” 21. steam supply and condensate return) ø number [Mhr/m] Dn tracer of tubes (proc.6.4 INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL PIPING All activityes on installation and supporting these lines.9 Std ( Values in this table apply only to piping in plants.3 7.1 STEAM DISTRIBUTORS Fabrication : [Mhr] x number of connections Erection : [Mhr/ea] (supporting included) 1.2 1 1/2” 48.14 25 14 0.5.1 2.9 2.12 22 12 0.3048 = Mhr/ft .) CARBON STEEL STAINLESS STEEL Sch 40 XS Sch 80 Sch 160 XXS Sch 5S Sch 10S Sch 40S Sch 80S STEAM TRACING ON PROCESS LINES (manhour per meter of process line incl.2 CONDENSATE COLLECTORS Fabrication [Mhr/ea] + [Mhr/ connect.3 2 1/2” 76.9 3.STRONG : x [Mhr/m] 23 1.4 1 1/4” 42.3\2.18 28 15 0.4 2\2.3 2” 60.6 40 48.21 35 18 0.1 mm 2.3 2. 8 or 12 connections) 1.2 3. For steam tracing of pipe lines on piperacks or sleepeways other table for the installation of pipes on piperacks are applied.DUCTILE OD-mm Mhr/m OD-mm 10 0.9 2\2.2 CONDENSATE COLLECTORS Fabrication: [Mhr] x number of connections Erection: [Mhr/ea] (supporting included) Mhr/m x 0.6\2.7 2\2.9 65 73 2.3\2. are included.6 2.6 6.9 65 76. also sizes to 1/2".] Erection [Mhr/ea] (supporting included) 1.7. Lines to 3 m ( 10 ft ) [Mhr] totally Lines above 3 m ( 10 ft ) [Mhr/m] 1.1 COPPER TUBES .3 25 33. PIPES (ANSI and DIN) 1.) to 3" 1/2” 1 4” ÷ 8” 3/4” 1 10” ÷ 16” 3/4” 2 18” ÷ 36” 3/4” 3 above 36 ” 3/4” 4 Dn-mm OD-mmt -Std|Ext 15 21.6 32 42.1.6\2.5 STEAM DISTRIBUTORS AND CONDENSATE COLLECTORS FABRICATED FROM PIPES AND FITTINGS 1.WALL THICKNESS 2 .6 4 4.6 STEAM DISTRIBUTORS AND CONDENSATE COLLECTORS FABRICATED FROM READY-MADE DISTRIBUTORS FOR 4 CONNECTIONS (ready-made distributors for 4.3 3/4” 26.5.9 80 88.] Erection [Mhr/ea] (supporting included) 1.5 5 5.2 2 2.3 CARBON STEEL .1 3” 88.7 1” 33.1 STEAM DISTRIBUTORS Fabrication [Mhr/ea] + [Mhr/connect.

6 3.6 406.6 2.9\3.5 5 FOR PREFABRICATION : FOR INSTALLATION: 85% 15% Dn-mm 15 20 25 32 40 50 65 65 80 100 125 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 700 750 800 850 900 OD-mm 21.2 7.High temp.3\12.00÷1.80 1.2\3.9 33.1 5.3 139. alloy steel .9 355.2.3 2\2.6\4 4\4.2 CAPS ?Std|Ext 2\2 2\2.3 60.3\10 6.1 ELBOWS [Mhr/ea] CARBON STEEL .3 73.1 76.9 114.1\14.3\12.1 273 323.5 OD-mm 21.3 26.Copper alloy .8 10 2 2.60 1.6 6.7 42.12.3 5\6.Killed C.00 ÷ 1.1 88.2 3.50 .1 273 323.60 1.6\2.8 10 11 12.9 114.3 73.6\8 6.3 219.25 .1 8 8.5 6.4 457 508 559 610 660 711 762 813 864 914 24 [Mhr/ea] x Materials: .9 355.3\2.6 406.4 457 508 559 610 660 711 762 813 864 914 2. FITTING (DIN ) 2.4 48.1 76.WALL THICKNESS 2 .3 2.6\7.5 7.5 4.3 60.20 1.7 42.6 2.9 2.5\6.3 7.3\11 6.7 168.2 3.1 8 8 8.9 33.9 5.9 2.Alloy steel Ni .7 168.8 6.3 219.3\2.S f 1.5 mm 3.6\2.Cr-Mo alloy steel .3 26.Aluminium alloy 1.6 2.6 2\2.1 88.3\8.4 48.3 139.3 5.9 2.6 4 4.40÷1.

6 60.1 ELBOWS [Mhr/ea] FOR PREFABRICATION : 85% FOR INSTALLATION : 15% Dn-mm 15 20 25 32 40 50 65 65 80 100 125 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 700 750 800 850 900 OD-mm t .3\2.1 2.2\3.2 .25 1.2 711 7.8 457 6. FITTINGS (DIN) 2.6 139.5 610 6.9 355.3 2.00 ÷ 1.5 660 7.3 273 5\6.7 42.3 323.1\14.3 2\2 26.1 4.7 2\2.6 406.60 mm 22.4 48.4 6.9 73.00 ÷ 1.5\6.1 355.6\2.9\3.4 457 508 559 610 660 711 762 813 864 914 1.60 1.9 76.2 16 17.9 33.1 2.6\2.5 20 CARBON STEEL .25 Stainless steel High temp.3 3.6 42.4 2\2.6 5.3\8. alloy steel Alloy steel Ni Aluminium alloy .9 114.2.3 73.20 1.60 1.WALL THICKNESS 14.6 48.3 2.S f 1.9 2.3\11 559 6.3 219.Std|Ext 21.3 60.1 762 8 813 8 864 8.50 25 [Mhr/ea] x Materials: .80 1.7 168.1 76.3 33.3\10 508 6.40 ÷ 1.1 88.8 914 10 2.2 114.3\12.1 273 323.2 25 28 30 32 36 40 45 50 55 60 OD-mm 21.6\4 168.9 88.3 139.Copper alloy Killed C.6\8 406.3\12.3\2.3 26.Cr-Mo alloy steel .9 5.7 3.9 2\2.6\7.5 219.3 4\4.2 CAPS 14.

6\2.3.3.6 4 4.40 ÷ 1.5 219.3\10 508 6.50 .9 CARBON STEEL .9 33.00 ÷ 1.9 114.25 1.2 711 7.1 4.7 3.4 6.6 2.20 1.Std|Ext 21.1 273 323.4 2\2.2 3.2\3.3 139.3 2.1 2.3 219.9 5.3\2. FITTINGS (DIN) 2.3\12.5 OD-mm 21.6 139.2 REDUCED TEE 2 2.Cr-Mo alloy steel .7 42.5 5 5.8 457 6.9 76.2.60 1.3\8.2 114.3 33.4 457 508 559 610 660 711 762 813 864 914 26 [Mhr/ea] x Materials: .60 1.1 2.8 914 10 2.7 2\2.3\11 559 6.6 5.Aluminium alloy 1.Killed C.4 48.3 273 5\6.3 73.9 355.80 1.3 TEES [Mhr/ea] 2.6\2.3 3.1 88.9 88.High temp.5 660 7.9 73.1 355.3 7.3\2.1 76.9 2.6\8 406.3\12.00 ÷ 1.5\6.3 2\2 26.3 2.6\7.6 60.1\14.3 4\4.9 2\2.12.S f 1.25 .6 6.WALL THICKNESS 2 mm .6\4 168.3 60.Alloy steel Ni .3 323.1 STRAIGHT TEE Dn-mm 15 20 25 32 40 50 65 65 80 100 125 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 700 750 800 850 900 OD-mm t .7 168.3 2.3 26.5 mm 3.6 42.6 406.8 10 11 12.5 610 6. alloy steel .1 762 8 813 8 864 8.Stainless steel .Copper alloy .6 48.9\3.1 8 FOR PREFABRICATION : FOR INSTALLATION: 85% 15% 8.

50 27 [Mhr/ea] x Materials: .4 48.6\2.S f 1.3 2.8 457 6.3.3 323.9 33.6\2.3\2.2 REDUCED TEE 16 17.1 4.3\12.1 2.9 88.6\7.9 2\2.9 2.3 26.3 139.9\3.9 76.Std|Ext 14.3\2.4 6.2.8 914 10 2.6 406.5 219.Cr-Mo alloy steel .1 762 8 813 8 864 8.4 457 508 559 610 660 711 762 813 864 914 1.5 610 6.25 1.1\14.3 33.2 114.6 48.3 TEES 2.1 355.6\8 406.00 ÷ 1.3\11 559 6.00 ÷ 1.5\6.60 1.1 76.3\12.3 3.9 5.80 1.20 1.40 ÷ 1.7 3.3 4\4.3\8.3 60.60 1.2 .25 - Stainless steel High temp.1 2.9 73.4 2\2.6 5.2 711 7.6 42.6 60.2 25 28 30 32 36 FOR PREFABRICATION : 85% FOR INSTALLATION : 15% Dn-mm 15 20 25 32 40 50 65 65 80 100 125 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 700 750 800 850 900 OD-mm t .3 2.3 73.1 273 323.7 2\2.Killed C. alloy steel Alloy steel Ni Aluminium alloy .1 88.9 355.2\3.7 42.3 219.Copper alloy .9 114.3 273 5\6.3.2 21.WALL THICKNESS 14.60 mm 22.1 STRAIGHT TEE [Mhr/ea] CARBON STEEL .5 20 40 45 50 55 60 OD-mm 21.7 168.6 139.3 2\2 26.6\4 168.5 660 7.3\10 508 6.

2 3.3 219.1 88.5 6. f 1.60 1.60 1.prefabrication . FITTINGS (DIN) 2.1 8 8 8.3 219.00 ÷ 1.9 2.3 5\6. alloy steel Alloy steel Ni Aluminium alloy 1.5 7.6 2\2.WALL THICKNESS 2 .1 5.3 5.erection .3\2.9 2.2\3.9 2.7 42.6 4 4.3\11 6.4 457 508 559 610 660 711 762 813 864 914 t .6\7.9\3.6 FOR PREFABRICATION : FOR INSTALLATION: 85% 15% Dn-mm 15 20 25 32 40 50 65 65 80 100 125 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 700 750 800 850 900 OD-mm 21.9 355.5 OD-mm 21.6\8 6.9 355.7 168.8 10 11 12.3 139.1 88.Copper alloy .3 73.9 114.3\12.3 60.9 33.Killed C.5\6.4 48.4 457 508 559 610 660 711 762 813 864 914 28 Man hour include next activities: .9 6.3 73.6 2.1\14.40 ÷ 1.7 42.6 406.8 10 2 2.25 1.9 33.3\10 6.12.Cr Mo alloy steel .1 76.1 273 323.6 3.S.2 7.pressure testing Materials: .on-site transport .4 48.6 2.1 8 8.80 1.3 60.5 mm 3.3 7.6 2.6 406.1 273 323.3 139.6\2.CONCENTRIC AND ECCENTRIC [Mhr/ea] CARBON STEEL .Std|Ext 2\2 2\2.4 REDUCERS .3\2.00 ÷ 1.6\2.3 26.handling .20 1.25 - Stainless steel High temp.9 114.5 5 5.3\12.7 168.3 2\2.1 76.welding .3 2.3 26.5 4.6\4 4\4.50 .3\8.2 3.2.8 6.

3 2\2.1 273 323.2 -60 mm 22.3\10 6.S.6\8 6.on-site transport .5 6.welding .25 1.6\7.4 457 508 559 610 660 711 762 813 864 914 1.25 - Stainless steel High temp.3 60.4 457 508 559 610 660 711 762 813 864 914 t .9 355.3 5\6.1 88.3 219.2 25 28 30 32 FOR PREFABRICATION : 85% FOR INSTALLATION : 15% Dn-mm 15 20 25 32 40 50 65 65 80 100 125 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 700 750 800 850 900 OD-mm 21.Std|Ext 2\2 2\2.40 ÷ 1.20 1.6\2.5 4.prefabrication .1 88.2 3.pressure testing Materials: .Killed C.50 29 Man hour include next activities: .6 2\2.9 33.7 42.4 REDUCERS .1 76.handling .3\2. FITTINGS (DIN) 2. alloy steel Alloy steel Ni Aluminium alloy .7 168.1 5.6 406.9 2.3 73.9 114.3 5.8 10 14.erection .4 48.80 1.3 73.60 1.00 ÷ 1.3 26.Copper alloy .00 ÷ 1.6\2.1\14.5 7.CONCENTRIC AND ECCENTRIC [Mhr/ea] CARBON STEEL .3\2.3 139.Cr Mo alloy steel .9\3.9 355. f 1.3\12.2\3.9 2.60 1.8 6.3\8.2 16 17.6 2.6\4 4\4.7 42.3\11 6.9 114.6 3.3 139.3\12.5 20 36 40 45 50 55 60 OD-mm 21.6 2.5\6.2 7.7 168.6 406.3 26.3 219.1 8 8 8.2.4 48.WALL THICKNESS 14.1 76.9 33.1 273 323.3 60.9 2.

0 131.0 84.3.4 4.pressure testing kg x 0.80 1.7 11.0 134.4 8.0 51.0 113.0 136.8 2.5 9.9 1.welding .0 31.50 3.0 1170.9 1.0 66.0 143.0 64.Killed C.0 49.4 5. for to 24” and BS-3293-1960 (1) for26” ÷ 36” 1/2” 3/4” 1” 1 1/4” 1 1/2” 2” 2 1/2” 3” 4” 5” 6” 8” 10” 12” 30 Man hour include next activities: .0 14” 16” Notice: Unit weights in this table refer to welding neck flanges acc.0 18.0 275.3 6.0 197.0 261.1 23.0 43.5 2.5 15.0 159.prefabrication .7 14.0 300# 400# PN25-40 PN64 [kg] [Mhr/ea] [kg/Mhr] [kg] [Mhr/ea][kg/Mhr] 0.2 1.0 20.erection .0 26” 480.3 3.0 168.S.0 34” 795.9 2.0 105.1977.00 ÷ 1.0 240.5 7.0 485.2 7.9 3.5 1.9 1.0 304.0 211.5 0.5 1.0 545.6 4.2 2.3 25.5 30.0 110.0 400.0 367.0 26.1 4.6 3.8 3.0 60.0 44.0 28” 560.0 6.0 24.0 50.9 1. FLANGES 3.4536 = lbs kg/Mhr x 2.0 204.0 975.0 58.6 1.9 14.0 465.handling .0 30” 680.0 670.0 123.0 19.0 150.8 2.8 0.0 190.7 1.0 119.0 190.0 16.5 238.40 ÷ 1.1 1. to ANSI B 16-5.0 88.4 3.0 715.3 1.0 373.0 9.0 20” 330.7 5.2 3.0 37.on-site transport .Copper alloy .5 22” 365.0 186.0 172.0 303.5 18.0 730.0 30.Cr Mo alloy steel .0 840.20 1.0 168.0 236.0 32” 750. 1500# PN250 [kg/Mhr] [kg] 2500# PN320 [Mhr/ea] [kg/Mhr] ø-Inch [kg] [Mhr/ea][kg/Mhr] [kg] [Mhr/ea] [kg/Mhr] [kg] [Mhr/ea] 0.5 8.0 40.0 39.0 680.0 36.1 6.2046 = lbs/Mhr .6 2.60 1.0 78.0 103.0 204.25 Stainless steel High temp.0 590.7 1.0 13.0 24” 404.0 224.0 70.7 11.0 Materials: .1 11.5 232.0 20.0 526.0 400. alloy steel Alloy steel Ni Aluminium alloy 1.0 88.0 1375.5 15.0 19.0 111.0 54.60 1.1 6.0 1565.0 340.00 ÷ 1.25 1.0 510.7 4.0 71.6 4.0 90.0 171.6 4.0 590.0 522.0 300.5 119.1 WELDING NECK [Mhr/ea] CARBON 150# PN6-16 [Mhr/ea] [kg/Mhr] STEEL 600# PN100 900# PN160 FOR PREFABRICATION : 80% FOR INSTALLATION: 20% Dn-mm 15 20 25 32 40 50 65 80 100 125 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 700 750 800 850 900 ø -Inch 1/2” 3/4” 1” 1 1/4” 1 1/2” 2” 2 1/2” 3” 4” 5” 6” 8” 10” 12” 14” 16” 18” 20” 22” 24” 26” 28” 30” 32” 34” 36” [kg] 0.0 422.0 36” f 1.4 6.0 454.0 18” 295.

4 3.8 55.1 39.4 0.5 37.0 295.1 1.8 0.60 1.6 18.0 93.0 208.0 354.8 19.Cr Mo alloy steel .5 6.0 14” 142.8 29.0 106.pressure testing Stainless steel 1.3 12.7 24.0 608.4 1. f 1.welding .0 352.0 1.00 ÷ 1.0 70.0 258.40 ÷ 1.8 17.handling .0 408.0 140.25 High temp.25 - 31 SOCKET WELDING LAP JOINT + STUB END BLIND ORIFICE COMPLETE Man hour include next activities: .0 50.0 20” Notice: 268.0 76.4 5.0 71.0 179.6 10.0 214.8 1.0 522.1 1.4 2.0 123.1 7.0 105.4 13.0 86.0 255.0 2.1 3.60 Aluminium alloy 1.0 480.0 34” for 26” ÷ 36” 726.0 133.0 58.Copper alloy .0 398.0 321.0 264.0 692.0 24” to slip on flanges 425.0 601.5 22” Unit weights in this table refer 315.0 817.7 3.0 205.0 15.1 5.0 465.4 11.1 11.0 407.0 7.4 3.7 1.0 46.0 18.1 1.0 64. alloy steel 1.0 1135.0 100.6.9 3.3 4.7 0.0 152.0 12.0 175.7 .4 2.3.5 170.6 3.ON [Mhr/ea] CARBON 150# PN6-16 Dn-mm ø-Inch 15 1/2” 20 3/4” 25 1” 32 1 1/4” 40 1 1/2” 50 2” 65 2 1/2” 80 3” 100 4” 125 5” 150 6” 200 8” 250 10” 300 12” 350 14” 400 16” 450 18” 500 20” 550 22” 600 24” 650 26” 700 28” 750 30” 800 32” 850 34” 900 36” 3.9 8.6 4.0 82.0 28” ANSI B 16-5.0 133.0 168.00 ÷ 1.0 36.7 1.20 1.5.5 14.4 4.50 .0 18” 221.3 2.2 3.0 3.0 [Mhr/ea] x [Mhr/ea] x [Mhr/ea] x [Mhr/ea] x [kg [Mhr/ea] [kg/Mhr] [kg] [Mhr/ea] [kg/Mhr] [kg] [Mhr/ea] [kg/Mhr] [kg] [Mhr/ea] [kg/Mhr] 0.0 362. 3.prefabrication .8 1.0 100.3 11.0 1521.0 462. FLANGES 3.0 26” acc.erection . 300# PN25-40 400# PN64 kg x 0.0 218.3 5.0 184.0 70.0 52.3.0 126.4 5.0 1.0 24.7 9.1 2.0 5.0 97.5 14.on-site transport .0 104. 3.S.8 27.4 0.0 50.0 152.2 61.80 Alloy steel Ni 1.8 9.4.6 24.0 43.4 5.0 308.6 1.7 13.4536 = lbs kg/Mhr x 2.2046 = lbs/Mhr STEEL 600# PN100 900# PN160 FOR PREFABRICATION: 80% FOR INSTALLATION : 20% 1500# PN250 2500# PN320 ø -Inch 1/2” 3/4” 1” 1 1/4” 1 1/2” 2” 2 1/2” 3” 4” 5” 6” 8” 10” 12” [kg] [Mhr/ea] [kg/Mhr] [kg] [Mhr/ea] [kg/Mhr] [kg] [Mhr/ea] [kg/Mhr] 0.0 29.0 16” 175.0 142.1 19.0 126.0 36” Materials: .8 2.5 185.1 6.0 89.0 30” for to 24” 624. 1977.0 317.0 36.Killed C.0 573.5 41. 533.0 32” and BS-3293-1960 681.6 3. to 470.0 540.0 3. 3.0 1339.2 SLIP .0 942.5 32.5 28.5 7.

3 50 2” 60.Cr Mo alloy steel 1.25 .Copper alloy 1.3 20 3/4” 26. SMALL FITTINGS [Mhr/ea] 4.3 65 2 1/2” 73 80 3” 88.9 114.6 406.2 48.3 73 88.2 40 1 1/2” 48.80 .4.4 457 508 559 610 660 711 762 D n -m m 15 20 25 32 40 50 65 80 100 ø -Inch 1/2” 3/4” 1” 1 1/4” 1 1/2” 2” 2 1/2” 3” 4” OD-mm 21.2 HALF COUPLINGS FOR WELDING CARBON STEEL 3000# 6000# XS XXS FOR PREFABRICATION : FOR INSTALLATION: 85% 15% Dn-mm 15 20 25 32 40 50 65 80 100 125 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 700 750 ø -Inch 1/2” 3/4” 1” 1 1/4” 1 1/2” 2” 2 1/2” 3” 4” 5” 6” 8” 10” 12” 14” 16” 18” 20” 22” 24” 26” 28” 30” OD-mm 21.pressure testing 4.3 26. NIPOLETS.3 4.60 .3 219.50 WITH 2 ENDS x 2 WITH 3 ENDS x 3 4.S.welding .Stainless steel 1.2 40 1 1/2” 48.Alloy steel Ni 1.3 32 [Mhr/ea] Man hour include next activities: .3 26.4 32 1 1/4” 42.7 25 1” 33.erection .3 Materials: (FOR WELDED FITTINGS ONLY) f .1 CARBON STEEL WITH ONE END Dn-mm ø -Inch OD-mm 15 1/2” 21.4.3 50 2” 60.1 273 323.1 WELDOLETS.4 32 1 1/4” 42.4 42. etc.7 33.3 "HERMETO" COUPLINGS VALUES IN TABLE 4.3 141.7 33.3 60.9 355.handling .00 ÷ 1.4.2 NON-FERROUS METALS VALUES FOR CARBON STEEL x 4.3 168.3 73 88.2 48.High temp.9 100 4” 114.20 .7 25 1” 33.00 ÷ 1.3 FITTINGS WITH SOCKET ENDS CARBON STEEL WITH ONE END Dn-mm ø -Inch OD-mm [Mhr/ea] 15 1/2” 21.1 x . CARBON STEEL 1500# 3000# 6000# Std XS XXS 4.Aluminium alloy 1.3 65 2 1/2” 73 80 3” 88.prefabrication . 1.4.3 60.4 42.60 .4 THREADED FITTINGS 4.3 20 3/4” 26.Killed C.9 114.4.40 ÷ 1. alloy steel 1.on-site transport .9 100 4” 114. SOCKOLETS.25 .

5. VALVES 5.1 VALVES WITH FLANGED ENDS 5.1.1 GATE, GLOBE, CHECK, SWING CHECK, BONNET, BALL, BUTTERFLY, FILTER, etc [Mhr/ea]

VF - Factor for installation of flanged valves

for flanged valves Dn-mm 15 20 25 32 40 50 65 80 100 125 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 700 750 800 850 900 ø -Inch 1/2” 3/4” 1” 1 1/4” 1 1/2” 2” 2 1/2” 3” 4” 5” 6” 8” 10” 12” 14” 16” 18” 20” 22” 24” 26” 28” 30” 32” 34” 36” 150# PN6-16 300# 25-40 400# PN64 600# PN100 900# PN160 1500# PN250 2500# PN320 PN PN PN PN PN PN PN 6 ÷ 16 25 ÷ 40 64 100 160 250 320 150# 300# 400# 600# 900# 1500# 2500#

Dn to 100 ø to 4”

Dn 125 ÷ 200 ø 5” ÷ 8”

Dn above 250 ø above 10”

(included in table)

33

5.1.2 CONTROL VALVES 5.1.3 SAFETY VALVES 5.1.4 HYDRANTS 5.1.5 FLOW RATE METER 5.1.6 LEVEL GAUGES 5.1.7 CONDENSATE SEPARATORS 5.1.8 SIGHT GLASS 5.1.9 VENTURI TUBE 5.1.10 VALVES WITH E.M. DRIVE

[Mhr/ea] x [Mhr/ea] x [Mhr/ea] x [Mhr/ea] x [Mhr/ea] x [Mhr/ea] x [Mhr/ea] x [Mhr/ea] x [Mhr/ea] x

5. VALVES 5.2 VALVES WITH WELDING ENDS 5.2.1 BUTT WELD

[Mhr/ea] 5.2.2 VALVES WITH SOCKET ENDS 5.3 VALVES WITH THREADED ENDS

Dn-mm 15 20 25 32 40 50 65 80 100 125 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 700 750 800 850 900

CARBON STEEL ø -Inch OD-mm 1/2” 21,3 3/4” 26,7 1” 33,4 1 1/4” 42,2 1 1/2” 48,3 2” 60,3 2 1/2” 73 3” 88,9 4” 114,3 5” 141,3 6” 168,3 8” 219,1 10” 273 12” 323,9 14” 355,6 16” 406,4 18” 457 20” 508 22” 559 24” 610 26” 660 28” 711 30” 762 32” 813 34” 864 36” 914

150# PN6-16

300# 25-40

400# PN64

600# PN100

800#

900# PN160

1500# PN250

2500# PN320

Dn-mm 15 20 25 32 40 50 65 80 100

CARBON STEEL ø -Inch OD-mm 1/2” 21,3 3/4” 26,7 1” 33,4 1 1/4” 42,2 1 1/2” 48,3 2” 60,3 2 1/2” 73 3” 88,9 4” 114,3

[Mhr/ea]

ø -Inch 1/2" 3/4” 1” 1 1/4” 1 1/2” 2” 2 1/2” 3” 4”

OD-mm 21,3 26,7 33,4 42,2 48,3 60,3 73 88,9 114,3

[Mhr/ea]

34

5.4 PRESSURE GAUGES 5.5 THERMOMETERS

[Mhr/ea] [Mhr/ea]

Man hour include next activities: - handling - on-site transport - prefabrication

- erection - welding - pressure testing

Materials: - Cr Mo alloy steel - Copper alloy - Killed C.S. - Stainless steel - High temp. alloy steel - Alloy steel Ni - Aluminium alloy

f 1,40 ÷ 1,60 1,20 1,00 ÷ 1,25 1,25 1,00 ÷ 1,80 1,60 1,50

RATES FOR TENDER CALCULATIONS 1. MANHOUR ESTIMATE FOR INSTALLATION OF PIPING BASED ON DIAMETERS AND WEIGHTS (FOR CARBON STEEL ONLY) (Origin: Technical Journal "3R International" of April 4, 1985) Productivity Efficiency Percentage (PEP) = 75% TypeAS TypeAF Type BS ø -In ch [Mhr/ton] [kg/Mhr] [Mhr/ton] [kg/Mhr] [Mhr/ton] [kg/Mhr] 1” 417 1 1/4” 359 1 1/2” 330 2” 286 2 1/2” 246 3” 209 4” 165 5” 135 6” 111 8” 93,6 10” 75,9 12” 63,2 14” 59,5 16” 50,6 20” 43,8 24” 38,9 40” 20,8 TypeBF
[Mhr/ton] [kg/Mhr]

Dn-mm 25 32 40 50 65 80 100 125 150 200 250 300 350 400 500 600 1000

Type AS Piping in the plant with prefabricated weld joints Type AF Piping in the plant with prefabricated flanged joints Type BS Piping outside the plant (pipe racks, sleeper ways, etc.) with prefabricated weld joints Type BF Piping outside the plant (pipe racks, sleeper ways etc.) with prefabricated flanged joints

35

kg/Mhr x 2,2046 = lbs/Mhr

Above standards do not include: - storing and store handling site grading and facilities - decrease effect of due to bad weather - scaffolding - radiographic inspection - performance tests

(calculate separately) (add %) (add ÷ %) (calculate separately) (calculate separately) (calculate separ ately)

Time allowance for - space obstruction to % - connection to the existing lines to - erection at higher elevations (above 4 m)

÷ ÷

% %

2. EFFECT ASSESSMENT FOR QUICK CALCULATION 2.1 PIPING IN PROCESS PLANT Prefabrication and erection [kg/Mhr] Dn-mm 15 20 25 32 40 50 65 80 100 125 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 700 750 > 800 ø -Inch 1/2” 3/4” 1” 1 1/4” 1 1/2” 2” 2 1/2” 3” 4” 5” 6” 8” 10” 12” 14” 16” 18” 20” 22” 24” 26” 28” 30” > 32” OD-mm Sch 10 21,3 26,7 33,4 42,2 48,3 60,3 73,0 88,9 114,3 141,3 168,3 219,1 273 323,9 355,6 406,4 457 508 559 610 660 711 762 > 813 Sch 20 Sch 30 Std

(Use only if not possible acc. to man hours derived from basic estimate points) Productivity efficiency percentage (PEP) = 75% Sch 40 Sch 60 XS Sch 80 Sch 100 Sch 120 Sch 140 Sch 160 XXS ø -Inch 1/2” 3/4” 1” 1 1/4” 1 1/2” 2” 2 1/2” 3” 4” 5” 6” 8” 10” 12” 14” 16” 18” 20” 22” 24” 26” 28” 30” above 32”

36

Included: pipes, fittings, flanges, valves and supports Material: carbon steel Approximate division of hours for prefabrication and erection Prefabrication Erection to 11/2” % % 2” ÷ 5” % % 6” ÷ 10” %

Piping between plants: ON PIPE RACKS [kg/Mhr] x 1,35

kg/Mhr x 2,2046 = lbs/Mhr
ON SLEEPER WAYS [kg/Mhr] x 1,50

6 16" 406.3 6" 168.01-19.01-25.01-29.12 1.0 33.37 1.01-37.3048 = Mhr/ft kg/Mhr x 2.01-33.0 11.1 10" 273 12" 323.25 2.01-31.50 5.0 23.00 9. RATES FOR QUICK CALCULATION 2.00 7.88-1.0 19.01-35.76-2.38-1.0 17.4 18" 457 20" 508 22" 559 24" 610 26" 660 28" 711 30" 762 32" 813 34" 864 36" 914 38 966 40" 1016 42" 1066 44" 1118 46" 1168 48" 1219 FOR " TECHNIP" COMP.01-23.0 21.2.2 1 1/2” 48.01-27.3 2 1/2” 73 3" 88.75 1.9 4" 114.76-3.0 29.0 15.9 14" 355.51-7.0 25.2046 = lbs/Mhr .3 5" 141.67-0.0 31.01-9.01-39.3 8" 219.01-11.51-4.NOT INSULATED) MEAN VALUE (Used only when such data provided in tendering documents ) [Mhr/m] [ kg/Mhr] Productivity Efficiency Percentage (PEP) = 75% Dn-mm 15 20 25 32 40 50 65 80 100 125 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 700 750 800 850 900 950 1000 1050 1100 1150 1200 ø -Inch OD-mm 1/2" 21.13-1.50 4.51-5.3 2” 60.7 1" 33.01-13.0 >39.2 PIPES (CARBON STEEL .0 27.75 2.4 1 1/4” 42.26-2.0 37.3 3/4" 26.66 0.01-15. Sch 10 Sch 20 Std Sch 40 XS Sch 80 Sch 120 Sch 160 Average [Mhr/m][kg/Mhr] [Mhr/m][kg/Mhr] [Mhr/m][kg/Mhr][Mhr/m][kg/Mhr] [Mhr/m][kg/Mhr] [Mhr/m][kg/Mhr] [Mhr/m] [kg/Mhr] [Mhr/m] [kg/Mhr] diameter[inch] Mhr/ ton* < 0.01-17.0 37 *Mhr/ton for one millimetre of average wall thickness Mhr/m x 0.01-21.0 13.0 35.87 0.50 3.

25 1.3 219.01-27.01-25.0 23. *[Mhr/ton] for one millimetre of average wall thickness 38 Materials: Stainless steel High temp.87 0.0 25.26-2.80 1.60 1.0 17.0 >47.51-5.01-21.75 2.01-47.00 7.3 73 88.0 41.01-15.01-31.66 0.01-35.01-39.01-19.9 114.3 60.9 355.3 26.0 45. socket fittings to Ø 1 1/2" are used in petrochemical plants.01-13.2 48.0 27.7 6 -2 .3 FITTINGS (CARBON STEEL) .01-11.51-7 .00 ÷ 1.50 5.00 9.51-4.6 406.67-0. (Used only if such data provided in tendering documents) FOR "TECHNIP" COMP.0 39.88-1.3 168.50 4. EFFECT ASSESSMENT FOR QUICK CALCULATION Productivity efficiency percentage (PEP) 75% 2.0 31.0 19.0 43.2 5 2.0 35.MEAN VALUE [kg/Mhr] All types of fittings included.0 15.20 1.01-45.01-9.40 ÷ 1.3 141.1 273 323.2046 =lbs/Mhr .0 33.50 3. Average diameter [inch] [Mhr/ton]* XS Sch 80 Sch 120 Sch 160 XXS "SOCKET" < 0.01-43. alloy steel Killed C.0 21.0 37.01-29.38-1.50 kg/Mhr x 2.60 1.7 33.4 42.S Cr Mo alloy steel Alloy steel Ni Copper alloy Aluminium alloy f 1.01-41.12 1.01-37.4 457 508 559 610 660 711 762 813 864 914 966 1016 1066 1118 1168 1219 Note: Generally.75 1 .0 Dn-mm 15 20 25 32 40 50 65 80 100 125 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 700 750 800 850 900 950 1000 1050 1100 1150 1200 ø -Inch 1/2” 3/4” 1” 1 1/4” 1 1/2” 2” 2 1/2” 3” 4” 5” 6” 8” 10” 12” 14” 16” 18” 20” 22” 24” 26” 28” 30” 32” 34” 36” 38” 40” 42” 44” 46” 48” OD-mm Sch 10 Sch 20 Std Sch 40 21.01-33.01-23.76-3.37 1.0 29.01-17.00 ÷ 1.13-1.25 1.0 13.0 11.2.

1.5. ø -Inch 1/2” 3/4” 1” 1 1/4” 1 1/2” 2” 2 1/2” 3” 4” 6” 8” 10” 12” 14” 16” 18” 20” 22” 24” 39 Installation WITH WELDING ENDS 2.2046 = lbs/Mhr AVERAGE DIAMETER ..4.1.2.2.1.2 DIVISION BASED ON THE PIPING DIAMETER Fabrication 2. SOCKET WELDING: [Mhr/kg] x DN [kg/Mhr] [kg/Mhr] 15 ÷ 50 ½” ÷2” 65 ÷ 100 2 ½” ÷4” 125÷150 5”÷6” 200÷350 8”÷14” above 350 above 14” 2.2.4536 = Mhr/lbs kg/Mhr x 2. 2. .2.5..4 VALVES MEAN ALUE V (ALL KINDS OF VALVES INCLUDED) Productivity Efficiency Percentage (PEP) = 75% 2.5 PIPE SUPPORTS Productivity Efficiency Percentage (PEP) = 80% PARTICIPATION IN THE PIPING QUANTITY to be estimated with % 2.5.6 Fabrication+ installation [kg/Mhr] Mhr/kg x 0. (Dn1x l)1 + (Dn x2l) + 2 (Dn x l)3+ .2. FABRICATION AND INSTALLATION 2.5.2.4.2.5.4.2. WITH FLANGED ENDS [Mhr/kg] 150# NP6-16 300# NP25 600# NP40 900# NP64 1500# 100-160 2.3 EFFECT OF SUPPORT FABRICATION AND INSTALLATION WITH ALREADY KNOWN AVERAGE DIAMETER OF PIPING The effect of the fabrication and installation [kg/Mhr] is to the average diameter in inches.Manner of Calculation Average diameter of all pipings in the plant or on the project shall be calculated in the following way: Sum of the multiplication product of the diameter and length of each pipe shall be divided by the sum of all pipe lengths.1 DIVISION BASED ON THE UNIT WEIGHT OF SUPPORT Unit Fabrication Installation Fabrication+ weight installation [kg/pc] [kg/Mhr] [kg/Mhr] [kg/Mhr] to 5 5 ÷ 20 20 ÷ 50 50 ÷ 75 75 ÷100 100÷150 above 150 Spring supports 2.2... BUTT WELDING: [Mhr/kg] x 2. Dn-mm 15 20 25 32 40 50 65 80 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 2. 3 l1+ l 2 +l+ 3 .4.

4 12.42 0.2 7.60 [Mhr/ea] PIPES Straight pipes Coils [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] Bends [Mhr/ea] Tees [Mhr/ea] FITTINGS AND VALVES Reducers Caps [Mhr/ea] [Mhr/ea] Flanges [Mhr/ea] Valves [Mhr/ea] 2.41 10.2 20.8 3.9 20.3.7 6.29 0.10 40 3.0 2.2 11.3 2.8 25.07 6.60 4.70 21.3048 = Mhr/ft .55 10.27 0.1 0.2 15.38 2.5 28.7 14.3 2.9 17.0 2.4 18.6 4.1 PE Pipes DIN 8074 PN 6 Dn-mm 16 20 25 32 40 50 63 75 90 110 140 160 180 200 225 250 280 315 355 t [mm] [kg/m] t [mm] 2.6 16.47 2.70 32.0 2.5 5.33 5.04 3.8 8.8 14.2 10.43 0.50 13.30 25.77 8.17 0.11 3.6 4.15 0.10 16.14 5.12 0.7 32.3 PN 10 [kg/m] 0.2 Rates for installation of PE reinforcement pads for branch connection PIPE Dn-mm 40 63 90 110 125 160 180 200 225 BRANCH 32 20 25 40 50 63 mm x 0.03937 = inch kg/m x 0.68 0.20 20.5 22.3 5.66 8.1 6.9 9.17 0. RATES FOR INSTALLATION OF POLYETHYLENE PIPING Productivity Efficiency Percentage (PEP) = 80% 3.1 10.65 1.40 13.672 = lbs/ft Mhr/m x 0.0 12.45 6.97 1.9 3.20 16.03 1.

(HYPALON ®) CHLORSULFONYLPOLYETHYLENE PEHD -POL YETHYLENE HIGH DENSITY PRFV -POL YESTER RESIN FIBREGLASS REINFORCED. INTERNAL CORE OF PVC FRP - Dn-mm 150 200 250 300 350 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 ø -Inch 6” 8” 10” 12” 14” 16” 20” 24” 28” 32” 36” 40” 44” 48” [Mhr/m] [Mhr/cut. CARBON STEEL PIPING (SCH 40) CEMENT LINED INSIDE Productivity Efficiency Percentage (PEP) 80% Pipes Socket handling joint Dn-mm ø-I nch [Mhr/m] 15 1/2” 20 3/4” 25 1” 30 1 1/4” 40 1 1/2” 50 2” 65 2 1/2” 80 3” 100 4” 150 6” 200 8” 250 10” 300 12” 350 14” 400 16” 450 18” 500 20” 550 22” 600 24” 650 26” 700 28” 750 30” 800 32” 850 34” 900 36” 950 38” 1000 40” [Mhr/ea] Nozzle at Valves 90° and PVC reinforce housing ment (handling) [Mhr/ea] [Mhr/ea] SYNTHETIC MATERIALS ABBREVIATIONS & INTERPRETATION Pipes handling Pipe cutting Butt weld Sleeve joint with two fillet welds Nozzle at 90° Repair of concrete lining on joints FIBREGLASS RESIN POLYESTER PE POLYETHYLENE PVDF -POL YVINYLDENFLUORIDE PVC . to be calculated proportionally to 40” Mhr/m x 0. RATES FOR ERECTION OF PVC & FRP PIPING Productivity Efficiency Percentage (PEP) 80% 5. Piping of synthetic materials to be calculated acc.NITRIL INDIAN RUBBER IIR BUTYL INDIAN RUBBER CSM .(TEFLON ®) POLYTETRAFLUORETHYLENE PVC-C -POL YVINYLCHLORIDE.3048 = Mhr/ft . HARD PP POLYPROPYLENE FPM . to the tables for PE or PVC piping 2.POLYVINYLCHLORIDE.4. For diameters larger than 40” (1000 mm). ADDITIONALLY CHLORINATED PB POLYBUTENE POM .(VITON A ®) FLUOR INDIAN RUBBER (KAUTSCHUK) EPDM -(APTK) ETHYLENE PROPYLENEINDIAN RUBBER CR (NEOPRENE ®) CHLOROPRENE INDIAN RUBBER PTFE .POLYXYMETHYLENE NBR .] [Mhr/ea] [Mhr/joint] [Mhr/ea] [Mhr/joint] 41 Note: 1.

Q. FF. MQ. According to these man hour rates only the pipes are determined according to the unit of length whereas the man hour rates for all other fittings should be calculated acc. Just to mention that his man hour for a socket joint is 1/3 lower than the man hour in this table. Tpiece with a flange at one end and a socket at two ends should be calculated as 1 x flanged end and 2 x socket end. 6 6 6 42 [Mhr/m] * * Note: According to John S. Nominal diameter DN 80 (3”) 100 (4”) 125 (5”) 150 (6”) 200 (8”) 250 (10”) 300 (12”) 350 (14”) 400 (16”) 450 (18”) 500 (20”) 600 (24”) 700 (28”) 800 (32”) Socket end [Mhr/ea] Flanged end [Mhr/ea] Pipe length [m] 3. Productivity efficiency percentage (PEP) = 80% 6. FFR.2 FITTINGS (DIN: A. 5 3. Page's manual each joint between the pipes is also added man hour for the socket joint.3 VALVES Valves to be estimated by considering the handling as for the piping above ground and by adding 2 x Mhr/ea for a flanged end. T. E. to the type and number of joints.3048 = Mhr/ft 6. TT. . 5 3. except for the straight end. 4. 4. MMA.1 CAST IRON PIPES Nominal diameter DN 80 (3”) 100 (4”) 125 (5”) 150 (6”) 200 (8”) 250 (10”) 300 (12”) 350 (14”) 400 (16”) 450 (18”) 500 (20”) 600 (24”) 700 (28”) 800 (32”) 6. MMK. 4. PIPING MADE OF STEEL AND GREY CAST-IRON I made an exception and included steel and grey cast piping in the Chapter Piping Above Ground although they are in most cases laid underground. X. I do not agree with that. MMR. 5 3. U. N) When calculating man hours for each fitting each end is calculated according to its type. MMQ. Mhr/m x 0. 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5. This could apply only if the fittings are not calculated separately. MMB. For example.6. FFK. 4. F. K.

only the factors for the activities that are required by tenderin documents are summed up.prefabrication .prefabrication .DIAMETER (ID) CORRECTION FACTORS: .5 Mo) 1. 3.diameter (or average diameter) of piping in inches ACTIVITY FACTORS . .installation .pneumatic 43 - PIPES PIPES FITTINGS FITTINGS FLANGES FLANGES VALVES PRESSURE TEST PRESSURE TEST ELEVATION IMPACT IMPACT OF SPACE OBSTRUCTION Sum Every company has its own way of listing the prices for each activity in its call for tenders. Fabrication and installation of pipe supports is considered separately according to the tables on page 39.Sleeper way .25 Cr 5 Cr 9 Cr Composite pipe Non-ferrous material Plastic resin CS pipe ..cement lined inside .Type of joint: Butt weld 90° Nozzle weld 90° Reinforced nozzle weld Socket weld Seal weld Threaded joint Root pass Fillet weld Mitre weld (Sockolet.resin (Lining CS):glass .prefabrication .installation .Different materials CS Low alloy (0.Estimate points for butt joint of a relative diameter and wall thickness( Chapter X.installation .Prefabrication . Therefore. P ages 147 ÷ 201) . etc. coupling.7.1 x F = Mhr D ID Item 3.5 Ni SS 304 SS 316 SS 321 SS 347 Item 3.) Tie-in to existing piping Productivity efficiency percentage (PEP) 80% Some world companies ask in their call for tender for a price review according to inchdiameter (ID) and inclusion of all the operations and works involved in installation of piping.Place of installation: Above Ground Under Ground Pipe rack Bridge Around equipment Line pipe . weldolet.1 F D .sum of factors for the activities required (see below) .installation .hydrostatic . RATES FOR PIPING BASED ON INCH.

Schedule .Shop fabrication .Std .Schedule .Schedule 100 .Schedule .Field fabrication [Mhr/ID] [Mhr/ID] [Mhr/ID] [Mhr/ID] [Mhr/ID] [Mhr/ID] [Mhr/ID] [Mhr/ID] [Mhr/ID] [Mhr/ID] [Mhr/ID] 1.Schedule .Schedule 80 .Schedule .Schedule .Shop fabrication .Field fabrication .Schedule .Schedule .Schedule 40 .Schedule .2. bevels and welds 1.8.Schedule .Schedule .1 Cuts and bevels .Schedule .Shop fabrication .Schedule 60 .Schedule .Field fabrication 44 10 20 40 60 80 100 120 160 [Mhr/ID] [Mhr/ID] [Mhr/ID] [Mhr/ID] [Mhr/ID] [Mhr/ID] [Mhr/ID] [Mhr/ID] [Mhr/ID] [Mhr/ID] [Mhr/ID] 1.Schedule .Schedule .2 Stainless steel .Schedule . Cuts.Field fabrication 1.Std .2.all materials .Schedule .Schedule .Schedule .Schedule . RATES FOR UNITS OF OPERATION (BASED ON INCH-DIAMETER) Productivity efficiency percentage (PEP) = 80% 1.Schedule 10 .Schedule .XS .Schedule .Schedule 20 .XS .2.XXS .2 Welding 1.XXS 10 20 40 60 80 100 120 160 [Mhr/ID] [Mhr/ID] [Mhr/ID] [Mhr/ID] [Mhr/ID] [Mhr/ID] [Mhr/ID] [Mhr/ID] [Mhr/ID] [Mhr/ID] [Mhr/ID] .XS .Schedule 5S 10S 20 40S 60 80S 80 100 120 160 [Mhr/ID] [Mhr/ID] [Mhr/ID] [Mhr/ID] [Mhr/ID] [Mhr/ID] [Mhr/ID] [Mhr/ID] [Mhr/ID] [Mhr/ID] .Schedule .Schedule 160 .Shop fabrication .3 Alloy Steel .Schedule .Schedule 120 .Std .XXS .Schedule .1 Carbon Steel .

Shop fabrication .Handling Based on MID (meter-inch-diameter) 3.1 Temporary Items .Field fabrication 3. Miscellaneous 3.3 Bending of pipe Mhr/k g x 0.Shop fabrication % .Field fabrication % .4536 = Mhr/ft .2 Tapering Wall Thickness for Fittings and Flanges 45 - to 5 mm 5 ÷ 10 mm 10 ÷ 15 mm 15 ÷ 20 mm 20 ÷ 25 mm % % [Mhr/ID] [Mhr/ID] [Mhr/ID] [Mhr/ID] [Mhr/ID] . RATES FOR UNITS OF OPERATION (BASED ON INCH-DIAMETER) 2.Temporary Spacers [Mhr/kg] [Mhr/kg] 3.Bending of pipe to 1 1/2” [Mhr/bend] .8. Pipe .Temporary Supports Schedule Schedule Schedule Std Schedule Schedule XS Schedule Schedule Schedule XXS 10 20 40 60 80 100 120 160 [Mhr/MID] [Mhr/MID] [Mhr/MID] [Mhr/MID] [Mhr/MID] [Mhr/MID] [Mhr/MID] [Mhr/MID] [Mhr/MID] [Mhr/MID] [Mhr/MID] .

) . Stainless steel 3. 9. to type of weld 10 20 30 Std 40 60 XS 80 100 120 140 160 XXS ø -Inch 1/2” 3/4” 1” 1 1/4” 1 1/2” 2” 2 1/2” 3” 4” 6” 8” 10” 12” 14” 16” 18” 20” 22” 24” 26” 28” 30” 32” 34” 36” Factors for different kinds of materials 1. S. Nozzle weld 90° Nozzle weld 90° w. 10. etc. 3. sockolet. 2. RATES FOR PIPING WELDING. 5. Chromium-Molibden steel 46 1. reinforcement Weldolet. reinforcement Nozzle weld bevelled Nozzle weld bevelled w. 4. 7. 6.(Fitter's work not included) BUTT WELD (C.9. Carbon steel 2.COMPLETE [Mhr/weld] Productivity efficiency percentage (PEP) = 90% ø -Inch 1/2” 3/4” 1” 1 1/4” 1 1/2” 2” 2 1/2” 3” 4” 6” 8” 10” 12” 14” 16” 18” 20” 22” 24” 26” 28” 30” 32” 34” 36” Factors for calculating the rates acc. 8. nipolet. Fillet weld Fillet weld Fillet weld Fillet weld Mitre weld "socket weld" "dummy" 90° "dummy" on elbow closing dummy .

SMAW [ Mhr/weld] Std 40 60 XS 80 100 120 140 160 XXS ø -Inch 1/2” 3/4” 1” 1 1/4” 1 1/2” 2” 2 1/2” 3” 4” 6” 8” 10” 12” 14” 16” 18” 20” 22” 24” 26” 28” 30” 32” 34” 36” 47 . MAN HOURS FOR WELDING OF PIPING BUTT WELD .GTAW [Mhr/weld] 10 20 30 FILLER AND COVER PASSES .ROOT PASS AND FILLER PASSE ø -Inch 1/2” 3/4” 1” 1 1/4” 1 1/2” 2” 2 1/2” 3” 4” 6” 8” 10” 12” 14” 16” 18” 20” 22” 24” 26” 28” 30” 32” 34” 36” Root pass .10.

48 .

2. spectacle blind and the like Valves -all kinds.All br anch welds 6. Bolts and gaskets .3.48" to 48" above48" to 1 1/2" 2".GROUND Unit standards as per integral elements Prefabrication and installation breakdown (Technical calculation manual.Elbows and mitre bends prefabricated to 2.not to be taken into account % % % % 49 . % % % % % % % % % % 6.12. half . types pad bores Pipe supports to 2" 3" . Miscellaneous 6.2.5.1.) 1.6" 8". 3. 2.1. 2. 1.1.36" % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % Caps .couplings and the like Flanges Flanges . orifice plates. Fittings 2.2.1. INSTALLATION OF PIPING ABOVE . Blind flanges. year 2003.Stiff ener rings and reinforcing pads 7.48" above 48" % % % % Installation % % % % 1. 3. 5. 1.48" to1 1/2" 2".14" 16" and above % % % % 4.2.pieces to Reducing pieces completed to 1 1/2" 2" .Mitre bends to be manufactured 2.for welding all types and bores.4. Tee . 3.2. Pipes Pipes in the plant Prefabrication to 1 1/2" 2".2. 1.all bores O' lets. 1.Elbows 2. Pipes on pipe rack 2.

..a temporary pipe storage.. [Mhr/ton] The basic rate changes with the conditions by adding or deducting the following rates: Distance: Roads: for each kilometre more than 5 km... minus [Mhr/ton] .... and on “inch-meter” respectively..... 5... In principle.... plus . particularly for estimators lacking experience in the laying and installation of such pipelines.2 BORING UNDER ROADS OR RAILROADS BREAK OUT OF ROADS CONNECTING PIPELINE SECTIONS CROSSING WATERCOURSES INSTALLATION OF CLEANING STATIONS PUTTING UP PIPELINE MARKERS PRESSURE TESTS PRELIMINARY & FINISHING WORKS PRELIMINARY WORKS FINISHING WORKS To make an estimate for laying a pipeline is a very “sensitive” operation.. 4.plus [Mhr/ton] .... PIPELINES ...plus [Mhr/ton] 50 ...1 10.....trailer with HIAB............. 10.......... 3......... not considered ÿ.......... not considered ................... not considered .......3 8............ plus [Mhr/ton] .....asphalt roads above 50 %.........1 8......... there are many variables to be taken into account and evaluated by the estimator in order to foresee in detail the conditions under which the works may be executed.Basis for calculation of man hours Productivity efficiency percentage (PEP) = 75% Contents: 1... not considered ...1 6..... A widely recognized manual for that purpose is John S...crane used also for loading.loading by HIAB.........plus [Mhr/ton] Unloading: .. They can assist estimators in making their estimates..4 8.......... 2.II.unloading by a special crane to ..city roads+.... PIPE TRANSPORT STRINGING BENDING JOINTING WELDING WRAPPING MACHINE WRAPPING HAND WRAPPING LAYING IN TRENCHES SPECIAL POINTS 8. Since our company does not specialize only in pipelines.......................... The impact of climate..special crane for loading. and when and which rates to apply.. 10......unloading with pipe stringing along the right-of-way by a special crane......... 1. ground and the state is quantified empirically....... call for tenders do not provide all the elements needed to determine precisely the time needed for erection/installation/laying... Page's Cost Estimating Manual for Pipelines and Marine Structures................. these rates cannot substitute an estimator.... World recognized companies specializing in this kind of work have empirical rates based on diameter and length.plus [Mhr/ton] .. we developed rates and elements for calculation of the time needed.. The estimator has to make an accurate estimate of the rates.......... Therefore..........tracktor with a trailer [Mhr/ton] Means of transport: Loading: ..6 9.... PIPE TRANSPORT Basic rate for pipe transport is.............. 6.asphalt roads to 50 %........... Similarly.2 7...... he can change them depending on the case.....unloading and pipe stringing by HIAB.........2 8.................5 8.......minus [Mhr/ton] ............ However.............. 8. 6......... plus [Mhr/ton] ......trailer truck long vehicle.....

..................... PIPE STRINGING [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] If pipe stringing is done as a separate operation by stringing pipes along the right-of-way from the reference storage.................................. .....plus [Mhr/ pc] 22” and above.................................................... 6” ÷ 8”.................................. it should be estimated.......................................Bending for special points is not calculated according to this rate but is included under special points.............................................. 16” ÷ 20”................................... 3.... [Mhr/bending] [Mhr/bending] [Mhr/bending] [Mhr/bending] [Mhr/bending] [Mhr/bending] .......Pipe bending on the right-of-way to 3”.....................................plus [Mhr/ pc] 6” ÷ to 8”..............not considered ........................................wrapped. The manhour does not include transport of temporary timber supports.............minus ........plus [Mhr/ pc] If no data is available on the number of pipes.... BENDING OF PIPES ....................acc....plus [Mhr/ton] Continuity of continuous transport:......................with occasional stoppagesnot considered .........minus [Mhr/ton] ÷ 16”................. to circumstances...not considered ÷ 12”......not wrapped..................................................... the following rates apply: to 3” ......plus [Mhr/pc] to 4”.... 51 .......plus [Mhr/ pc] 16” ÷ to 20”........minus [Mhr/ton] ............................. 4”...........minus [Mhr/ton] and above.plus [Mhr/ton] ÷ 8”.......plus * Crane operators and drivers included in the price of machinery 2....................plus [Mhr/ pc] 10” ÷ to 14”....................minus [Mhr/ton] ÷ 24”.. Drivers and crane operators are not included.......Shop bending: contractors ...... 22” and above.................Pipe Diameter: 6” 10” 14” 18” 26” Pipe Type: to4” ..... 10” ÷ 14”....................... ......................

... % Total + % [Mhr/joint] + %= [Mhr/joint] The final manhour rate is a sum of the basic rate 52 ..b..........near trench on temp.c........ Welding is not included...... 16”... Right-of-way quality: ......... 8”.....pipe laying machine + % % e.longer than 8 m + % % Example: pipe Ø 6" basic rate is 1.......... [Mhr/joint] [Mhr/joint] [Mhr/joint] [Mhr/joint] [Mhr/joint] [Mhr/joint] 14”.............. Average pipe length: ...75 [Mhr/joint] ..city street .......... % + ...... 20”.... 22”... Means of production: ........in trench + + % % % b...................... 18”........4. [Mhr/joint] [Mhr/joint] [Mhr/joint] [Mhr/joint] [Mhr/joint] [Mhr/joint] The rate for pipe joining is calculated by increasing or decreasing the basic rate by the following percentages: a...... 12”....dry rocky right-of-way .crane ..... .. % + ..Basic rates: 3”....... 10”. timber supports ...... 24”........ Place of jointing: ..................iron pipes ...... + % ..........a...e... + % ............... 4”.... PIPE JOINTING It includes pipefitter works for joining of pipes......prewrapped pipes + % % c....d...... 6”....along a road ...above trench .........shorter than 8 m ..... Type of pipe: .possible mud + + % % % % d.

............ LAYING IN TRENCH This kind of laying is considered only when the pipeline is hand wrapped near a trench or above a trench............ t John S.................3048 = Mhr/ft 7........... Page) Ø [Mhr/m] Ø [Mhr/m] to 2” 20” 3” 22” 4” 24” 6” 26” 8” 28” 10” 30” 12” 32” 14” 34” 16” 36” 18” I find above values overestimated.................. I suggest that the following percentages of the above values are considered........ Man hours include also collection and tr ansport of timber supports and possible installation of concrete weights in case of an underwater pipeline........ ÷ 16”........... t ................. WELDING SMAW SMAW ver t i c al up (conventional): Mhr/weld= X x Ø x t / verical down (Fallnaht): Mhr/weld= X x Ø x t / X = values from below table............................ which is based on my monitoring the wrapping works..... [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] 6” 10” 14” 18” 53 ......................................... ÷ 8” ÷ 12”....... Ø = pipe diameter in inches....................................... ÷ 24”........ . to 4”.....wall thickness in mm X-value table Ø 3” 4” 6” 8” 10” 12” X Ø 14” 16” 18” 20” 22” 24” above 24” X 6.1 MACHINE WRAPPING (acc.................. WRAPPING 6.... above 24”..........2 HAND WRAPPING Single-layer wrapping: Machine wr apping x Double-layer wrapping: Machine wr apping x Weld wrapping: Mhr/weld= Mhr/m for hand wrapping Mhr/m x 0......... Diameter 2"-8" 10"-16" 18"-24" 26"-36" % % % % % Mhr/m2 Mhr/sqft 6............5.. Therefore......................................

..... The special points are: 8................ [Mhr].........3 CONNECTING PIPELINE SECTIONS This item includes the works on interconnecting two pipeline sections............................................................................... .................. 18” ÷ 24”........ [Mhr]...... with traffic [Mhr] [Mhr] [Mhr] [Mhr] [Mhr] [Mhr] with traffic [Mhr] [Mhr] [Mhr] [Mhr] [Mhr] [Mhr] The connection to the header is included.......................................................................... above 24” Connection to the header is included............ ..........................................................1 BORING UNDER ROADS AND RAILROADS Generally......................... [Mhr]....................... the erection company does not perform the boring............ The erection company performs the following activities: Supply of the material needed for protection and header pipe Cutting of protection conduit to the length dictated by a boring team Protection conduit welding Protection conduit wrapping Header pipe assembling and wrapping Header pipe leak test Installation of spacers and pulling in the main pipe Installation of "Z" seals (sleeve) Construction of air vents on both sides of the road/railroad Putting up necessary signs for the road/railroad works ................................. [Mhr]........... [Mhr].......... 4” ........................................ This requires special teams for executing such works............................................................ [Mhr]........................8....................................................................................................... above 24” ......................... 6” ÷ 8” 10” ÷ 12”..................................... 18” ÷ 24”....................................................................................... 24”............... w/o protection pipe to 4”........ ........... 6” ÷ 8” 10” ÷ 12”.... to ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ [Mhr] [Mhr] [Mhr] [Mhr] [Mhr] [Mhr] 6” 10” 14” 18” 8......................... [Mhr] [Mhr] [Mhr] [Mhr] [Mhr] [Mhr] 54 ........ SPECIAL POINTS The term “special points” means the works on pipelines where a point crew cannot do the work and the special points are left for later on........................2 BREAK OUT OF ROADS These special points can be performed without stopping the road traffic or by bypassing the traffic............................. above 24” w/o traffic [Mhr]............................................................... [Mhr].............. 8” 12”.................. ..................... above 24” with protection pipe to 4”.................................... [Mhr]............................... 8...................................... 18” ÷ 24”........ w/o traffic [Mhr].......... 14” ÷ 16”........................................................... 6” ÷ 8”.......... [Mhr]........... 14” ÷ 16”............... to 4” ... 14” ÷ 16”....... [Mhr]........... This rate does not include the excavation and repair of the right-of-way........... 10” ÷ 12”................................................ ........................... 16”...................................................

.Make-on of branches on a pipeline ...... [Mhr] ..........8. [Mhr]......................... [Mhr] ....... specialist firms undertake the works on river crossings whereas crossings under streams and canals are executed by erection companies..... [Mhr] ..... Bending Connecting & welding of sections Leak test of sections Wrapping .............Backfilling (Other works are the responsibility of a civil contractor) Stream with water [Mhr] [Mhr] [Mhr] [Mhr] [Mhr] [Mhr] Canal Canal w/o water with water to 4”.......Laying in trench ....the other side according to the rate for “Connecting Pipeline Sections” 8........ ...............................4 CROS SING WATERCOURSES The watercourses are rivers.. The following operations are included under this item....Installation of measuring and control stations ........ 14” ÷ 16”. 6”÷ 8”. [Mhr] . 6” ÷ 8”... which undertake also the str aight sections. [Mhr] ........................ [Mhr].......... Generally... above 24”..............one side included ........................... 18” ÷ 24”................................. etc..Bridge crossings ................................. 14”÷ 16”.................Installation of condensate drain stations ................5 INSTALLATION OF CLEANING STATIONS This item includes the installation of pipes coming out of the ground and installation of a pig launcher and a pig trap........................................ Their fabrication is not included....................... streams and canals with or without water...................... 18”÷ 24”........... 10”÷ 12”......... [Mhr]........... [Mhr] .........Installation of concrete weights ... [Mhr]........Connecting to the header: .......... above 24”. [Mhr/station] [Mhr/station] [Mhr/station] [Mhr/station] [Mhr/station] [Mhr/station] 8... The construction of the station is not included but it can be rated as prefabrication: to 4”...........6 PUTTING UP PIPELINE MARKERS This item covers all the operations relating to putting up the pipeline markers..................................................................Watercourse crossings Man hours for these special points are calculated according to the manhour rates for fabrication and installation of the piping in plants......... Each marker = [Mhr] 8............. [Mhr]. 10” ÷ 12”.. 55 .................... [Mhr].......................Installation of reducing stations ...........................7 OTHER SPECIAL POINTS .........

.Setting up warehouses and stores ...... PRESSURE TESTS Generally..Each kilometre longer than 5 km or 3 miles....Setting up a camp .... The section length depends on the pipeline right-of-way configuration.. and other debris .9.. This rate determines the time needed to test a 5 km (3 miles) long section..Other finishing works The rate for the finishing works is % of manhours for preliminary works. 56 . timber supports.Setting up workshops . The team must be provided with all necessary equipment. the pressure tests on the pipelines are performed by teams specialized for this kind of work....... The following time allowances to be considered for longer sections: . which start and end at a stream that is at a place with sufficient water to wash and test the pipeline washing and testing...Dismantling temporary works . 10....plus [Mhr] [Mhr/km] or [Mhr/mile] 10....= ..Construction of auxiliary devices The rate for the preliminary works is % of the total man hours for the works f rom 1 through 9...... 10......2 FINISHING WORKS The finishing works include: -Cleaning the right-of-way from residual material... construction material. pipes..Erection of necessary fences ......... The pipelines are constructed in sections.1 PRELIMINARY AND FINISHING WORKS PRELIMINARY WORKS They include: ..Loading the equipment and material ....Pipeline section to 5 km or 3 miles..Setting up offices ..Preparation of machinery ..

5. b Columns and beams 1.5.4.b Binding joists 1.b Lattice supports by masts 1.2.5.5.1 Sorting the structure and preparation for erection and pre-erection 1.6.b Beams " " " " 1.c Staircase treads [Mhr/ea] [Productivity efficiency percentage (PEP)=75%] Unit weight of elements in [t] and man hours [Mhr/ton] 0. a Beams and columns 1.c Binding joists 1.2. diagonals & small items pcs.2 Pre-erection of structure a) by crane: 1.a Beams 1.3.5 0.5.2.3.1.2.3.5.c Columns by supporting arms 1. BASIC MAN HOURS .2 0.3.6.3.c Beams " " " " 1.2.5.5 Structure erection (hoisting and putting up the structure) a) by crane: 1. construct. STEEL STRUCTURE ERECTION (Acc. a Columns 1. b Lattice beams 1.1.2.c Floor grids and chequered sheets 1.5.5.5. Small structure 1.1 0.b Columns by supporting arms 1.5. Lattice beam 1.c Wall windows 1.- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - .2.05 0.2.2.5.a Columns 1. 1.1.15 0.b Floor grids and chequered sheets c) By hand operated winches or haulage cranes: 1.5.7.b Longitudinal beams 1.UNIT Kind of Work 1.III.a Different diagonal small items b) by el.9.a Lattice beam 1. 1980) 1. a Lattice beams b) by hand: 1.4.3.8.25 8 - 10 - 12 - 15 - 20 - - - - - - - - - - - - 57 - - - - - - - .4.3 Transport of structure to erection place 1.3.5.c Trusses supports by sup.5.5.4 Installation of anchor bolts and break in 1.1.5.2.8 1 2 3 4 5 0. winches: 1.5. to MONTMONTAŽA Co. Columns and beams 1.1.c Misc.5.1.35 0.2.5. arms 1.c Longitudinal beams 1.5.3.

8 m.75 mm t = 0.3 to 1000 sqft Mhr/m2 Mhr/m2 Mhr/m2 100 ÷ 500 m2 1000 ÷ 5000 sqft Mhr/m2 Mhr/m2 Mhr/m2 500 ÷ 1000 1000 ÷ 10000 10000 ÷ 50000 above m2 m2 m2 50000 m2 5000 ÷ 10 000 10000 ÷ 100 000 ÷ above 500 000 sqft 100 000 sqft 500 000 sqft sqft Mhr/m2 Mhr/m2 Mhr/m 2 Mhr/m 2 2 2 2 Mhr/m Mhr/m Mhr/m Mhr/m 2 2 2 2 Mhr/m Mhr/m Mhr/m Mhr/m 2 1.Sheets are fastened by nails driven in by pistols.6.7 INSTALLATION OF WIRE ROPE CLAMPS Mhr/ea ø Mhr/ea 26 ÷ 30 mm 31 ÷ 35 mm ø Mhr/ea 36 ÷ 40 mm 41 ÷ 45 mm ø Mhr/ea 46 ÷ 50 mm 51 ÷ 55 mm ø Mhr/ea 56 ÷ 60 mm > 60 mm ø to 20 mm 21 ÷ 25 mm 1.0929 = Mhr/sqft kg/m2x 0. 58 . 1.manhour/hole b) by a reamer .03937 = inch m x 3.25 mm t = 1. If site welded.5 15.2048 = lbs/sqft When tightening the bolts by a torque wrench. width 700 ÷ 800 mm) to 100 m2 weight [kg/m2] t = 1. the rate of % is added.88 mm t = 1. or el. Steel brackets for trapezoidal plates (Stahlknagge) are generally shop welded.0 19.MANHOUR PER 100 PIECES M 22 M 24 M 27 M 30 M 36 M 42 M 48 M 56 M 64 mm x 0. manhours are multiplied by Note: The above manhours do not include scaffolding.6 ÷ 5. Above rates include also placement of Z sections and seal caps.2 to 1000 sqft Mhr/m2 Mhr/m2 Mhr/m2 100 ÷ 500 500 ÷ 1000 1000 ÷ 10000 10000 ÷ 50000 above m2 m2 m2 m2 50000 m2 1000 ÷ 5000 5000 ÷ 10 000 10000 ÷ 100 000 ÷ above 500 000 sqft sqft 100 000 sqft 500 000 sqft sqft Mhr/m2 Mhr/m2 Mhr/m2 Mhr/m2 Mhr/m 2 Mhr/m2 Mhr/m2 Mhr/m2 Mhr/m2 Mhr/m 2 Mhr/m2 Mhr/m2 Mhr/m2 Mhr/m2 Mhr/m 2 Note: 1.man hour/hole 1.8 REAMING OF HOLES M 20 M 22 M 24 M 27 M 30 M 36 M 42 M 48 M 56 M 64 a) by pn.4 13.6 INSTALLATION OF LOST FORMWORK Trapezoidal sheets for concrete slabs .50 mm 12.1 Type "HOLORIB" or "MONTANA" (length c.9 M 20 BOLTING FROM SCAFFOLDING .0 mm t = 1.0 mm 11. drilling machine from scaffold . factor. 2.8 16.6.2 Type "KRUPP HÖSCH" (length 3.Bolting of binding beams is performed by the manufacture the structure supplier.1.28 = ft Mhr/m2 x0. width 620 mm) to 100 m2 weight [kg/m2] t = 0. 1. 4 m. .

1. ERECTION OF MISCELLANEOUS STEEL STRUCTURES 2.1.13 Port crane 2.1.10° C (-10)° C ÷ (.1.1.5 Tower structure for chimney or similar 2.1. CORRECTION FACTORS The rate for calculation is computed by multiplying the basic rate by a medium correction factor.12 Portal crane 2.16 Piping bridges (outside oil refinieres) Light Mhr/ton Medium Heavy Structure: light to 30 kg/m.1.9 Conveyor bridges 2. The medium correction factor is computed by adding up all selected factors and dividing them by 10.1.4 Stairs structure 2.5)° C ÷ 30° C above 30° C kg/m x 0. medium-weight 30 ÷ 60 kg/m. heavy above 60 kg/m 3.15 Stationary crane 2.3 Towers for transmission lines 2.1.1. : K2 : below .1.14 Construction crane 2. Type of structure 2. K1 Weather impact Month : K1 : I II III IV V VI VII VIII IX X XI XII K2 Abnormal impact of temperature Average temp.10 Crane tracks outside buildings 2.11 Bridge crane 2.5)° C (.1.1.TOTAL (PEP = 75%) 2.7 Single member support 2.8 Bridging between the buildings 2.1 BASIC MANHOUR RATES .2046 = lbs/m 3 59 .1 BUILDINGS AND CANOPY FRAMING Cubic weight [kg/m3] 2 4 6 8 10 Cubic weight [kg/m3] 12 14 16 18 20 Cubic weight [kg/m3] 22 24 26 28 30 Cubic weight [kg/m3] 35 40 45 50 55 Rate [Mhr/ton] Rate [Mhr/ton] Rate [Mhr/ton] Rate [Mhr/ton] Cubic weight [kg/m3] = Structure weight [kg] Width [m] x Length [m] x Height [m] .1.2 Equipment & bridging supports 2.1.672 = lbs/ft kg/m3x 2.1.2.6 Antennas and torches 2.

very complex K9 Impact of the structure complexity .fill ground without drainage .very simple .only erection process with written instruction .welded plate structure .pre-erection not possible K8 Impact of the structure design .assembled for special transport 60 .hard and flat ground .complex .restricted . 90 % welded joints .rolled sections structure .pipe structure K10 Impact of the component bulking .K3 Impact of elevation at which the works are executed Heght in [m] to: K3 : 15 25 35 45 60 75 80 100 K4 Impact of the job site ground .basic assembling .simple .normal .levelled out ground without drainage .min.pre-erection possible .fill ground consolidated by a roller and provided with drainage .documentation not developed K6 Impact of installation joint type . 90 % riveted joints K7 Impact of pre-assembling practicability .documentation fully developed .assembled for normal transport .loose ground with drainage .delivery in bulk .smooth .min.muddy ground K5 Impact of the structure engineering level . 90 % bolted joints .pre-erection possible .min.

4.3 HEAVY STRUCTURE (above 60kg/m) 4. supports on prepared foundations [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] 4.3 Structure on towers 4.1.10 ÷ 20 m .2.1 Pipe racks 4.installation 4.sandwich elements .1.2 MEDIUM-WEIGHT STRUCTURE (31 ÷ 60 kg/m) 4.above 20 m [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] 4.5 Torch structure 4.2.2. trestles.2 Chequered plate flooring .1 Ladders and step irons 4.3.5.1 Air coolers 4.2.5 PIPE HANGERS AND SUPPORTS 4.1.treads 4.span to 10 m .3 Lining of large workshops and hangars .6 Pipe supports.fasade [Mhr/m2] [Mhr/m2] [Mhr/m2] [Mhr/m2] [Mhr/m2] [Mhr/m2] 4.4 Staircases 4.4.3 Light platforms and landings 4.3.3.roof .2 Floors .corrugated sheets .1 LIGHT STRUCTURE (to 30 kg/m) 4.fabrication .3 Spring supports erection [kg/Mhr] [kg/Mhr] [kg/Mhr] (Classification of steel structures acc.4.5.5.2.2 Medium platforms and landings 4.4.2 Kiln structure 4.sandwich elements .1. to UHDE Dortmund) 61 .4 Railing .1 Fabrication 4.4 MISCELLANEOUS STRUCTURES 4.4 Large workshops .1 Floor grids 4.2 Erection 4.round (PEP = 75%) [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] or [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] or [Mhr/ton] or [Mhr/ea] [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] 4.straight Railing .2. STEEL STRUCTURES IN OIL REFINERIES AND PETROCHEMICAL PLANTS 4.3 Reactor and regenerator structure 4.3.

unloading .2 STEEL OVERHEAD PIPE. positioning and temporary bolting [Mhr/ton] Structure weight Unloading and on-site hauling [Mhr/ton] Structure fastening [Mhr/ton] welding of bolted joint welding of bolted joint welding of bolted joint welding of bolted joint welding of bolted joint welding of bolted joint welding of bolted joint welding of bolted joint welding of bolted joint welding of bolted joint welding of bolted joint TOTAL [Mhr/ton] to 20 tons 20 ÷ 50 tons 50 ÷ 100 tons 100 ÷ 250 tons 250 ÷ 500 tons 500 ÷ 750 tons 750 ÷ 1000 tons 1000 ÷ 1500 tons 1500 ÷ 3000 tons 3000 ÷ 5000 tons above 5000 tons Above man hours do not include painting and scaffolding. 5.bolted design Man hours do not include covering. positioning and temporary bolting fastening: .bolted design Total:-welded design .2.2.2 MISCELLANEOUS STRUCTURES 5.joist system Man hours do not include covering. hoisting.ACC. ETC. painting and scaffolding.stud system . ERECTION AND DISMANTLING OF MISCELLANEOUS STEEL STRUCTURES (PEP = 75%) 5. [Mhr/m 2] [Mhr/m 2] [Mhr/m 2] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] 62 .bulking. painting and scaffolding. TO THE WEIGHT Bulking.1 STRAN STEEL FRAMING . BRIDGES.rafter system . 5.1 ERECTION OF STEEL STRUCTURES . .5. raising.welded design .

erection and fastening Total: [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] Man hours do not include erection of equipment.unloading .catwalk framing .fabrication cutting out . 5.erection: .unloading .2.5.field erection 1067 mm (3' 6”) wide . 5.fastening: .field erection 915 mm (3' 0”) wide .unloading miscellaneous steel items a) stairs: .erection and fastening Total: b) partition framing .unloading .unloading .2.fabrication cutting out . positioning and temporary bolting .erection and fastening Total: d) equipment supports .5 BAR JOISTS.unloading .2.platform framing . 5.bolted design [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] Man hours do not include covering.erection and fastening Total: c) monorails . painting and scaff olding. MONORAILS AND EQUIPMENT SUPPOR TS a) bar joists .field erection 1220 mm (4' 0”) wide .4 PLATFORMS AND FLOORS .6 STAIRS & LADDERS .3 DOCK AND CANOPY FRAMING . painting and scaffolding.raising.unloading .2.chequered floor plate [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [kg/Mhr] or Man hours do not include painting and scaffolding.fabrication of all sizes .welded design .landing fabrication [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] 63 .welded design . PARTITION FRAMING.bolted design Total: .

2.straight runs fabrication.b) ladders .Wall Attached: fabrication 1 1/4” & 1 1/2” pipe erection 1 1/4” pipe erection 1 1/2” pipe erection of wall brackets [kg/Mhr] or [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/m]* [Mhr/m]* [Mhr/ea] c) Standard Angled Iron Handrail .For handrails with expanded metal panels.35 mm x 150 (6”) [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m]* refers to the length of handrail and not the length of a pipe or a section.straight free standing erection 50x50x6 mm .rung erection ø 19 mm (3/4”) Man hours do not include painting and scaffolding.straight free standing erection 1 1/2” pipe .7 HANDRAILS a) Standard Pipe Handrails .unloading .angled free standing erection 1 1/2” pipe .erection of ships ladders .fabrication .8 DOOR. .Angles runs are those with all connecting members at an angle larger or smaller than 90 .5 mm x 150 (6”) 4.2046 = lbs/Mhr Mhr/m x 0. . .1067 mm (3' 6”) High fabrication .Straight runs are those with all connecting members at 90o angles.angled runs erection 1 1/4” pipe .For erection of handrails made of light tubes and solid round and flat sections.erection of straight ladders .1067 mm (3' 6”) High fabrication 1 1/4” & 1 1/2” . .angled runs erection 50x50x6 mm .erection of safety cages . o .fabrication of straight ladders .angled free standing [kg/Mhr] or [kg/Mhr] or [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/m]* [Mhr/m]* [Mhr/m]* [Mhr/m]* d) STANDARD TOE OR KICK PLATES 3. kg/Mhr x 2.angled free standing erection 50x50x6 mm .3048 = Mhr/ft 5.straight free standing erection 1 1/4” pipe .Man hours do not include painting.2.fabrication of safety cages . LOUVER AND DUCT FRAMES a) Door Frames .76 mm x 150 (6”) 6. [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] 5.fabrication of ships ladders .angled free standing [kg/Mhr] or [kg/Mhr] or [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/m]* [Mhr/m]* [Mhr/m]* [Mhr/m]* b) Single Pipe Handrail .straight free standing erection 50x50x6 mm .straight runs fabrication 1 1/4” & 1 1/2” . use the man hours for angled handrails.installation [kg/Mhr] [kg/Mhr] [kg/Mhr] or or or [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] 64 . increase angle iron man hours thirty (30) percent.

erection c) Metal Thresholds .unloading .Grating installation g) Curb Angles .Unloading .fabrications .unloading .installation h) Steel Curbing .installation kg/Mhr x 2.fabrication .2.unloading .unloading .Installation f) Trench Covers .erection b) Miscallaneous Hangers .2046 = lbs/Mhr [kg/Mhr] [kg/Mhr] [kg/Mhr] or or or [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [kg/Mhr] [kg/Mhr] or or [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ea] [Mhr/ea] [kg/Mhr] [kg/Mhr] [kg/Mhr] or or or [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/m2] [Mhr/m2] [kg/Mhr] [kg/Mhr] [kg/Mhr] or or or [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [kg/Mhr] [kg/Mhr] [kg/Mhr] or or or [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [kg/Mhr] [kg/Mhr] or or [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [kg/Mhr] [kg/Mhr] or or [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] k) Ledger Angles .Plates installation .fabrication . 5.9 MISCALLANEOUS IRON & STEEL a) Bins & Hoppers .erection [kg/Mhr] [kg/Mhr] [kg/Mhr] or or or [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [kg/Mhr] [kg/Mhr] [kg/Mhr] or or or [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] Man hours do not include painting and scaffolding.installation j) Anchor Bolts .installation i) Pipe Sleeves . or or or [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] 65 .unloading [kg/Mhr] .b) Louver Frames .Fabrication .installation [kg/Mhr] Man hours do not include painting and scaffolding.installation e) Trench Framing .fabrication .fabrication .Installation d) Wheel Guards .fabrication .erection c) Duct Frames .fabrication .fabrication [kg/Mhr] .fabrication .unloading .

Miscellaneous Fence of three strand barbed wire Fence of five strand barbed wire Chain link fence Guard rail [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] [Mhr/ea] [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m2] [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m2] [Mhr/m2] [Mhr/m2] [Mhr/m2] Man hours do not include loading.80 25.1 x 3.94 .82 57.welding of curb angles . 5.45 x 4.76 mm 28.Machinery: light heavy .52 50.2048 = lbs/ft Mhr/m2x 0.straight and diagonal cutting .3 x 4.05 x 4. kg/m2x 0.straight and diagonal banding .section aluminium plates .22 44.Fabrication and modification of floor grids: .) to 2” 3” ÷ 6” 8” ÷ 12” 14” ÷ 16” 18” ÷ 24” 26” ÷ 36” .8 x 4.Installation of floor grids Grating Bar Size Weight [kg/m2] 19.Steel structure .5. 5.11 SIDING OF LARGE WORKSHOPS AND HANGARS .10 STEEL GRATING .18 mm 36.15 x 4.76 mm 37.1 x 4.2.2.18 mm 25.76 mm 61.3 REMOVAL OF STEEL STRUCTURE AND MISCELLANEOUS ITEMS .76 mm 85.76 mm 44.S.04 x 4.39 25.2046 = lbs/ft 66 .76 mm 53.stainless steel sheets .64 63.13 38.circular cutting .circular banding .0929 = Mhr/sqft Mhr/m x 0.92 38.5 x 4.Miscellaneous steel items .section sheets .11 31.3 x 3.18 mm 30.3048 = Mhr/ft kg/Mhr x 2.rounding of curbs by grinding Man hours do not include painting and scaffolding.Railroads: Ties and tracks Turnouts .76 mm 77.76 mm 69. transport and unloading and scaffolding.Pipes (C.04 x 3.76 31.insulation boards (sandwich) Man hours do not include sealing and scaffolding.

5 ÷ 2 tons : 2.........Hoisting by usual hoisting means .. 4 ÷ 6 m....7 Lifts [Mhr/m2] shaft + Mhr per meter of elevation [Mhr/ea] or [Mhr/ea] + [kg/Mhr] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ea] + [Mhr/ton] + joint [Mhr/m] of joint circumference [Mhr/ea] + [Mhr/ea] + [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ea] + [Mhr/ea] + [Mhr/ea] + [Mhr/ea] + [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] span [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] 67 .....Position inspection TIME ALLOWANCE FOR ERECTION OF EQUIPMENT AT ELEVATION All stated below.......... reactors... STATIONARY EQUIPMENT (towers..4 Package Unit to 10 tons : above 10 tons : 1.3 Towers consisting of more pieces: Joint: 1. Apply the following factors for higher elevations: Elevation Factor 0 ÷ 2 m......... heat exchangers..5 ton 1...........Hauling from storage to the place of erection ....6 Bridge Cranes ..............5 ton 1..... man hours for erection of equipment are applicable when the equipment base is at an elevation of up to 2 m above the site zero level....... air coolers.......... Man hours include: .. above 10 m.....IV.........) These man hours include the erection of equipment delivered as a whole or in sections that are completed but not fully assembled because of their overall dimensions (transport)................Unloading ... etc..........5 Other Equipment 0.........Positioning of connection points . 6 ÷ 10 m..............Erection of crane with a trolley and a drive 1.........Putting up to the design elevation ......... ERECTION OF EQUIPMENT IN PETROCHEMICAL INDUSTRY Productivity Efficiency Percentage (PEP) = 75% 1.......1 ÷ 10 tons : 10....... 1..........1 ÷ 20 tons : above 20 tons : 1..2 Towers above 0..........1 All Equipment to 0......Erection of crane track (rails) .. regenerators........ small storage tanks............. 2 ÷ 4 m............

Machine positioning and inspection .Placing onto previously built foundations .Vertical positioning .Hauling from storage to the place of erection . fans. to John S.9 Marine loading arms (acc. ÷ 2.8 Electrostatic Precipitators Weight [ton] to 100 ton/unit 100 ÷ 250 ton/unit above 250 ton/unit 1. ROTARY EQUIPMENT (pumps.1 MAN HOURS BASED ON POWER [kW] Power [kW] to 10 kW 10 ÷ 50 kW 50 ÷ 100 kW 100 ÷ 150 kW 150 ÷ 200 kW 200 ÷ 250 kW above 250 kW [Mhr/kW] + + + [Mhr/ea] Minimum hours 68 . inch 4” 6” 8” 10” 12” 14” 16” 18” 20” 24” to 6 Total length of loading arm (meters) 6÷9 9 ÷ 12 12 ÷ 15 15 ÷ 18 18 ÷ 21 21 ÷ 24 24 ÷ 27 27 . mixers.3048 = Mhr/ft 2.30 NOTE: I find above man hours for loading arms too stringent. etc.1. arm diam.) These man hours include the following: . blowers. compressors. Page) .281 = ft kg/Mhr x 2.2046 = lbs/Mhr Mhr/m x 0.1 CENTRIFUGAL PUMPS 2.assembling and erection [Mhr/ea] Effect [kg/Mhr] Load.Installation of guards and covers .Completion with pertaining parts m x 3.1. so I suggest they are increased by %.

1÷ 200 200.1÷300 300.1÷280 280.1÷ 190 190.1÷260 260.1÷ 170 170.1÷ 240 240. perform the calculation on both bases and take the mean value.2 MAN HOURS BASED ON WEIGHT [kg] Weight [kg] to 100 101 ÷ 200 201 ÷ 300 301 ÷ 400 401 ÷ 500 501 ÷ 600 601 ÷ 700 701 ÷ 800 801 ÷ 900 901 ÷ 1000 1001 ÷ 1250 1251 ÷ 1500 1501 ÷ 2000 2001 ÷ 2500 above 2500 Effect [kg/Mhr] Min.1÷250 250.1÷270 270.1÷ 220 220.1 ÷ 30 30.1.4536 = lbs kg/Mhr x 2. drive motors and reduction gears supplied separately Vertical pumps Fans Blowers Gear pumps Mixers Compressors to 200 kW x x x x x x x x x 2.1 ÷ 110 110.1 ÷ 60 60.1 ÷ 70 70.1 ÷ 90 90.1 ÷ 50 50.1 ÷ 100 100.1 ÷ 160 3 Mhr x [m/hr] 3 [m/hr] 160.1÷290 290.1 ÷ 120 120.1 ÷ 40 40.1 ÷ 20 20.1÷750 above 750 3 Mhr x [m/hr] 3 69 .1 ÷ 150 150.3 MAN HOURS BASED ON THE CAPACITY [m/hr] (FOR LIQUID MEDIA ONLY) [m/hr] to 10 10.1 ÷ 130 130.1÷ 210 210.- Pumps supplied with a coupling on one pedestal Pumps and drive motors supplied separately Pumps.1 ÷ 80 80. [Mhr/ea] - vertical pumps fans blowers gear pumps mixers compressors [kg/Mhr] x [kg/Mhr] x [kg/Mhr] x [kg/Mhr] x [kg/Mhr] x [kg/Mhr] x kg x 0.2046 = lbs/Mhr NOTE: If the data on power and weight are available. 3 2.1÷ 180 180.1.1 ÷ 140 140.1÷ 230 230.

7 = m3/hr cfphr x 0.227 = m3/hr cfpm x 1. (min. (min.1.2.6 = m3/hr US gallons per minute: Cubic feet per minute: Cubic feet per hour: l/min x 0.2 2. (min. to Table 2. (min. (min. Mhr) Mhr) Mhr) Mhr) Mhr) Mhr) Mhr) Mhr) Mhr) Mhr) Mhr) Mhr) Mhr) Mhr) Mhr) 70 . (min. (min.06 = m3/hr US gpm x 0. (min. (min. (min. (min.1 C OMPRESSORS COMPRESSORS DRIVEN BY ELECTRIC MOTOR to 200 kW 201 ÷ 300 kW 301 ÷ 500 kW 501 ÷ 750 kW 751÷ 1000 kW 1001 ÷ 1500 kW 1501 ÷ 2250 kW 2251 ÷ 3000 kW 3001 ÷ 4000 kW 4001 ÷ 5000 kW above 5000 kW Acc. (min. (min.283 = m3/hr 2. (min. (min. (min.2 COMPRESSORS DRIVEN BY GAS TURBINE to 250 251 ÷ 350 351 ÷ 450 451 ÷ 600 601 ÷ 750 751 ÷ 900 901 ÷ 1100 1101 ÷ 1300 1301 ÷ 1500 1501 ÷ 1750 1751 ÷ 2000 2001 ÷ 2500 2501 ÷ 3000 3001 ÷ 4000 above 4000 kW kW kW kW kW kW kW kW kW kW kW kW kW kW kW [Mhr/kW] [Mhr/kW] [Mhr/kW] [Mhr/kW] [Mhr/kW] [Mhr/kW] [Mhr/kW] [Mhr/kW] [Mhr/kW] [Mhr/kW] [Mhr/kW] [Mhr/kW] [Mhr/kW] [Mhr/kW] [Mhr/kW] (min. (min.Conversion of Units l/s x 3. (min. Mhr) Mhr) Mhr) Mhr) Mhr) Mhr) Mhr) Mhr) Mhr) Mhr) 2.1 [Mhr/kW] [Mhr/kW] [Mhr/kW] [Mhr/kW] [Mhr/kW] [Mhr/kW] [Mhr/kW] [Mhr/kW] [Mhr/kW] [Mhr/kW] (min. (min.2. (min. (min. (min. (min.

the man hours should be decreased by %.2046 = lbs/Mhr 71 .15 600#x 1.1 INSTALLATION OF TRAYS AND DEMISTERING PADS Tower Diameter [mm] to 1000 1001 ÷ 1200 1201 ÷ 1400 1401 ÷ 1600 1601 ÷ 1800 1801 ÷ 2000 2001 ÷ 2250 2251 ÷ 2500 2501 ÷ 2750 2751 ÷ 3000 3001 ÷ 3250 3251 ÷ 3500 above 3500 [Mhr/m2] 1. 5. 2. Demisting pads* *If the bottom and roof of a demisting pads are already installed. Single downflow valve type trays 2. Double downflow bubble cap type trays 5.3 OPENING AND CLOSING OF MANHOLES ON VESSELS AND TOWERS Manhole Size to 14” 16” 18” 20” 24” 28” 30” 32” 36” 40” 42” [Mhr/ea] Class : 150#x 1. Single downflow bubble cap type trays 4. Double downflow valve type trays 3. 4.02831 = Mhr/cuft kg/Mhr x 2. Sieve or perforated type trays 6.30 Mhr/m2x 0.0 300#x 1.0929 = Mhr/sqft Mhr/m3x 0. 3.2 VESSELS & TOWER PACKING Packing the vessels and towers with different solid packings in bulk condition: towers : vessels : [Mhr/ea] + [Mhr/ea] + [Mhr/m3] or [Mhr/m3] or [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] 3. 1. 3.3. TOWERS & VESSELS .INSTALLATION OF INTERIOR COMPONENTS & EQUIPMENT 3. 6. * [kg/Mhr] 6.

4. 4.02831 = Mhr/cuft m3x 35.1 ÷ 60 m above 60 m [kg/m2]* [Mhr/m2]* * These data should be regularly monitored and occasionally revised. Elevation to 10 m 10.1 ÷ 30 m 30. ladders and floor grids It is calculated per [m2] of the shell surface area (without bottom and roof).1 Erection average effect : [kg/Mhr] 3.3.2046 = lbs/Mhr kg/m2x 0.0929 = Mhr/sqft Mhr/m3x 0.1 ÷ 25 m 25.4. EQUIPMENT SCAFFOLDING 4. LADDERS AND FLOOR GRIDS ON VESSELS AND TOWERS (PREDRESSING) 3.4 ERECTION OF PLATFORMS.2Estimate of quantit y of platforms.1 ÷ 20 m 20.1 Tubular scaffold (for each piece of equipment separately) to 10 m Scaffold erection [Mhr/m ]or [Mhr/m ] Scaffold dismantling [Mhr/m ]or [Mhr/m ] Total Elevation factor at which the scaffold is erected or dismantled: 0 ÷ 5m 5 ÷ 10 m 10 ÷ 15 m 15 ÷ 20 m 20 ÷ 25 m 25 ÷ 30 m above 30 m 2 3 2 3 3 10 ÷ 50 m 3 50 ÷ 100 m 3 100 ÷ 500 m 3 500 ÷ 1000 m 3 above 1000 m 3 kg/Mhr x 2.32 = cuft 72 .1 ÷ 35 m 35.1 ÷ 40 m 40.2048 = lbs/sqft Mhr/m2x 0.1 ÷ 50 m 50.1 ÷ 45 m 45.1 ÷ 55 m 55.1 ÷ 15 m 15.

1.2.1.4.5 m Length Manhours per section One or Two Sections High Erection Dismantling Total Erection More Than Two Sections High Dismantling Total One to Two Sections Long Three to Five Sections Long Six and More Sections Long 73 .5 m 5 feet.2 Patent Scaffolding Sections: Length : Width : Height : 7 feet.1 m 5 feet.

000 67.325 50.000 22.400 29.300 75.400 241.800 119.500 8.000 12.740 11.800 36.800 174.000 182.440 12.000 36.600 20.650 61. APPROXIMATE WEIGHTS AND ERECTION EFFECTS OF CYLINDRICAL STORAGE TANKS (The weights are based on already designed storage tanks.000 12.200 1. [kg] [kg/Mhr] Weight c.800 2.500 58.450 21.000 157.000 3.000 5.400 1. STORAGE TANKS .000 351.150 47.800 217.600 160.600 52. mostly pursuant to API-650.200 353.100 60.200 2.200 111.000 131.500 72. storage tanks are also designed according to other standards so some 75% storage tanks have smaller weight.200 63.000 2. Nowadays.000 147.400 2.350 17.295 48.500 7.CYLINDRICAL AND SPHEROIDAL Productivity Efficiency Percentage (PPE) = 85% 1. [kg] [kg/Mhr] Fixed + Floating Roof Weight Erection c.000 10.900 172.000 54.000 215.200 83.400 67.000 135.400 72.000 16.400 190.500 1.800 66.800 44.100 123.100 9.000 56.400 121.600 372.000 7.000 420.100 96.000 288.300 40.300 57.000 188.600 86.000 15.000 62.980 36.900 107.000 1.200 99.600 194.500 6.750 23.000 143.000 170.000 Fixed Roof Conventional [kg/Mhr] Floating Roof Weight Erection c. [kg] 4.000 11.000 74 .000 53.500 2.00 77.000 87.) RATED VOLUME [m3 ] 50 100 150 200 250 300 400 5 00 600 700 800 900 1.000 Bygging* [kg/Mhr] 14.000 35.500 109.400 75.900 170.900 51.000 158.000 13.700 33.300 88.100 295.500 5.600 3.000 4.000 262.500 26.000 97.000 283.470 59.300 17.625 31.400 14.200 145.600 261.000 200.800 19.300 29.500 40.000 278.820 52.715 8.700 26.500 380.600 131.950 22.500 305.000 6.000 342.000 474.600 44.400 201.500 4.850 15.800 26.800 78.000 86.V.

Shell . then acc.500 660..Supporting structures .520.500 684..500 25. % accounts for the shell and 75 .000 540. to man hours in the table .148.000 766.000 100..000 500...Inside tank is calculated acc.000 22.000 m ..32 = cu ft kg x 0. c.000 804. [kg] 566...600 1....500 1....000 50.000 594.000 1..a series of identical storage tanks: each next storage tank x up to the maximum % effect increase Effect of storage tank erection with a steel berm (double shell and bottom) ...2046 = lbs/Mhr 1.. c..000 Fixed + Floating Roof Weight Erection c..710. c.. [kg] c....151..x m3 x35.100 1......000 40.500 1. to man hours in the table ..890.000 60...Effect for the berm acc.. c... % for the bottom...Roof .x .000 Weight c..RATED VOLUME 3 [m] 20. [kg/Mhr] 460.000 90..000 70.000 *Bygging a method of erection by hydraulic jacks .002.500 872..4536 = lbs kg/Mhr x 2..If the total weight is known.000 80. % of the inside storage tank weight of which c...500 tons.700 552.000 35. [kg] [kg/Mhr] 449........Bottom .360.000 1.. 300 m to 3 80. Storage tanks with a berm: The berm weight is c.Nozzles and manholes c.000 742.000 30. to man hours in the table ...1 STATISTICAL PARTICIPATION OF STORAGE TANK COMPONENTS IN TOTAL WEIGHT Based on the analysis of 33 cylindrical storage tank projects of total 16.000 1.. % % % (of which: steel sections roofing plates %) % % 3 %...300 Fixed Roof Conventional [kg/Mhr] Bygging* [kg/Mhr] Floating Roof Weight Erection c. an average participation of the components in the storage tank total weight is as follows: .000 976.000 622.

Similarly.Material disposal . It is often the case that a very detailed erection estimate is required for already completed projects. Impact of average outside temperature .Fill ground consolidated by a roller provided with drainage .0929 = Mhr/sq ft kg/Mhr x 2.3 76 . measurement.Inspection and take over of foundation.Unloading plates . and other: [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] Tank diameter to 15 m 16 ÷ 25 m 26 ÷ 40 m 40 ÷ 50 m above 50 m [Mhr/m2] factor factor factor factor factor factor factor factor factor mm x 0. type and method of erection.281 = ft Mhr/m2 x 0.2. not consolidated provided with drainage .Fill ground.Ground levelled out without drainage 2.2.2 Corrosion protection of plates (underside) Tank diameter [Mhr/m2] to 15 m 16 ÷ 30 m 31 ÷ 50 m above 50 m Weld vacuuming on the tank bottom [Mhr/m] 2.Fill ground consolidated by a roller without drainage . ERECTION OF CYLINDRICAL STORAGE TANKS .1 STORAGE TANK BOTTOM Installation of tank bottom Installation w/o welding [kg/Mhr] Installation and welding* [kg/Mhr] plate thicknness 6 mm 6. the following correction factors should be considered: 1. Impact of the job site ground . For some storage tank components.3048 = Mhr/ft 2.03937 = inch m x 3.5° C to +10° C 10° C to 30° C 30° C to 40° C above 40° C 2.Annular ring to be computed with the effect for the central part decreased by 25 % * welding: 10 % SMAW. In that case the welding should be computed and estimated according to the man hours for welding under the Chapter WELDING AND FLAME CUTTING. man hours are given only for erection without welding.1 PRELIMINARY WORKS .Hard and flat ground .2.2.2 2.DETAILS The above table defines approximate effects of complete erection of cylindrical storage tanks according to the volume.5 mm 7 mm 8 mm . 90 % automated machine 2.2046 = lbs/Mhr Mhr/m x 0. This could be done if you follow this chapter.

4.0929 = Mhr/sq ft kg/Mhr x 2.Correction factor according to the plate length as under item 2.2046 = lbs/Mhr Mhr/m x 0.Correction factors according to the plate length: Length [m] Factor to 5 6 7 8 9 10 12 .Con ventional (from bottom to top) [Mhr/plate] Plate thickness [mm] Course 1.3048 = Mhr/ft 2.Welding not included . 2.3.1 .4 WIND BINDINGS .Placing angle piece with conventionally installed shell and no walkway .Placing angle piece with conventionally installed shell and a walkway [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] . 36 32 28 24 20 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 .3. 9.Installation of hydraulic jacks [Mhr/ea] . 10.RINGS FOR SHELL STIFFENING Erection w/o welding [Mhr/m] Erection and welding (SMAW) [Mhr/m] 2.2.3Weld grinding on the inner side of shell (storage tank with a floating roof) [Mhr/m] or [m/Mhr] mm x 0. 6.281 = ft Mhr/m2 x 0. 3. from top to bottom) 27 [Mhr/plate] 24 20 16 15 Plate Thickness [mm] 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 . 2.2Erection of shell plates (by h ydraulic jacks) ("Bygging" hydraulic jacks. 7. 4.1Shell Erection .Welding not included.03937 = inc m x 3.3. 8.1Top angle piece .Removal of hydraulic jacks [Mhr/ea] 2.3.3 STORAGE TANK SHELL 2. 5.Placing angle piece with a shell installed by hydraulic jacks [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] 77 .

2Structure er ection with a shell installed by hydraulic jacks Erection w/o Erection and welding welding* [kg/Mhr] [kg/Mhr] 2.03937 = inc m x 3.50 6.2. all windscreens not used as walkways [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] Erection and Welding (SMAW) w/o reinforc. from the bottom up nd 2 windscreen.00 5. [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] 2. from the bottom up 3rd windscreen.281 = ft Mhr/m2 x 0. with reinforc.2 Primary windscreen with a walkway Erection w/o welding [kg/Mhr] Erection and welding [kg/Mhr] 2.4.1Placing windscreens with conv entionally erected shell Erection w/o Welding w/o reinforec.5.3.5.1Erection of the structure with a con ventionally installed shell Erection w/o Erection and welding welding * [kg/Mhr] [kg/Mhr] 2.5 2. with reinforc.0929 = Mhr/sq ft kg/Mhr x 2.2Placing windscreens when a shell is er ected by hydraulic jacks Erection w/o Welding w/o reinforc.50 * welding: 50 % SMAW.3.3 Secondary and additional windscreens 2.1.2 Installation of roofing plates Erection w/o welding effect [kg/Mhr] Erection and welding * [kg/Mhr] mm x 0.3048 = Mhr/ft plate thickness[mm] 5.4. with reinforc.1 FIXED ROOF Erection of roof and support structure 2.4.5.00 6.1.2046 = lbs/Mhr Mhr/m x 0. [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] 2.4. with reinforc. 50 % semiautomatic (MAG) 78 . 1st windscreen.5. from the bottom up [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] Erection and Welding (SMAW) w/o reinforc.

welding not included 2.6.0 6.0929 = Mhr/sq ft kg/Mhr x 2.0 5.6.50 6.3 Erection of roofing plates (upper slab) Erection w/o welding plate thickness [mm] efect [kg/Mhr] 5.03937 = inch m x 3.6.5 Erection and welding (SMAW) [Mhr/ea] [Mhr/ea] 79 . 40 % automated machine 2. 40 % MAG.1.0 5.6 FLOATING ROOF 2.50 7.1. 40 % automated machine 2.6. 50 % MAG 2.2On a "spider net" steel structure Above effects to be increased by % .manhole to the floating roof chambers [Mhr/ea] .50 7.1 For raising to the surface (water/air) Erection w/o welding plate thickness [mm] effect [kg/Mhr] 5.2.6. 50 % MAG.50 6.10) 2.0 Erection and welding* [kg/Mhr] * welding: 10 % SMAW.manhole to the storage tank through the floating roof [Mhr/ea] .2046 = lbs/Mhr Mhr/m x 0.281 = ft 2 Mhr/m x0.6.2 Erection of concentric rings.3048 = Mhr/ft Erection and welding* [kg/Mhr] * welding: 20 % SMAW.4 Installation of sleeves and reinforcements for the floating roof supports (legs) Erection w/o Erection and welding welding (SMAW) [Mhr/ea] [Mhr/ea] Installation of manholes on the floating roof Erection w/o welding .0 6. radial partitions and supporting channels Erection w/o Erection and welding welding * Storage tank diameter effect [kg/Mhr] [kg/Mhr] to 20 m 20 ÷ 30 m 30 ÷ 40 m above 40 m * welding: 50 % SMAW.0 mm x 0."spider net" installation not included (Item 2.6.6.1 Erection of plates for the floating roof lower slab 2.

10Erection of supporting structure (“spider net”) The supporting structure (“spider net”) is generally made of the remaining pipes or sections.281 = ft Mhr/m2 x 0.03937 = inch m x 3.6 Foam wall installation Erection and welding [kg/Mhr] mm x 0.Erection and dismantling effect: c.6.9 2.7.000 ÷ 30.000 m 3 20. ÷ [kg/m2 ] [kg/Mhr] m3 x 35.3048 = Mhr/ft 2.7 Preparation and raising the floating roof to the surface Storage tank capacity to 10.2046 = lbs/Mhr Mhr/m x 0.3 Erection and welding of vertical stairs and ladder cages [kg/Mhr] 2.8 Installation of floating roof supports (legs) Erection and welding (SMAW) [Mhr/ea] Placing the packers under the legs Erection and welding (SMAW) [Mhr/ea] 2. 1500 mm.2 Erection and welding of inclined stairs and landings [kg/Mhr] 2.000 m 3 = = = = = [Mhr/ea] [Mhr/ea] [Mhr/ea] + + + Mhr/1000m 3 Mhr/1000m 3 Mhr/1000m 3 Mhr/1000m 3 Mhr/1000m 3 2.7.2.7 AUXILIARY STRUCTURE 2. .1 Erection and welding of spiral stairs and landings [kg/Mhr] 2.000 m 3 above 50.6.6.7.0929 = Mhr/sq ft kg/Mhr x 2.7.6 Erection and welding of prefabricated railings [kg/Mhr] [kg/Mhr] 2.000 m 3 30.6.000 ÷ 50.6.000 ÷ 20. To estimate the quantity of the supporting structure.Steel structure quantity: .2048 = lbs/sqft 2.7.000 m 3 10.4 Erection and welding of sliding stairs with a bearing and a guide Erection and welding of a foam ejector holder [kg/Mhr] 2. It is made to the elevation at which the floating roof is supported on its supports or min.5 80 .7.32 = cuft kg/m2 x 0. the roof load of 110 ÷ 130 kg/m2 should be considered (total roof weight to be divided by the lower slab surface area).

2) 48” x 48” (1219.4 Connection points with a thread on the shell Ø 3/4” 1” 1 1/2” 2” 3” .3 Connection points with a flange on the shell Ø 1 1/2” 2” 3” 4” 6” 8” 10” 12” 14” 16” 18” 20” 22” .0) 24” (609.8.2.Welding included [Mhr/ea] Ø 24” 26” 28” 30” 32” 34” 36” 38” 40” 42” 44” 46” 48” [Mhr/ea] 2.8.2 x 1219.6 x 609.2) 2.4 x 1219.6) 36” x 48” (914.8.8.1 Manholes on the shell (generally welded during prefabrication) Installation and welding (SMAW) [Mhr/ea] Manhole Ø 20” 24” 30” 36” 2.8.2 x 406.Welding included [Mhr/ea] 2.5 Manholes on the roof Ø 20” (508.4) 24” x 24” (609.8 CONNECTIONS AND OPENINGS 2.2 Installation [Mhr/ea] Cleaning door (generally welded during prefabrication) Installation [Mhr/ea] Installation and welding (SMAW) [Mhr/ea] Dimensions 8” x 16” (203.6) Installation [Mhr/ea] Installation and welding (SMAW) [Mhr/ea] 81 .

9.9.8.8.2.9.9 STORAGE TANK EQUIPMENT 2.2046 = lbs/Mhr 82 .7 Connection points with a thread on the roof Ø 3/4” 1” 1 1/2” 2” 3” 4” .on floating roof Installation of sampling and inspection holes [Mhr/ea] 2.3 [Mhr/ea] [Mhr/ea] 2.for floating roof .1 Floating roof guide railing Installation and welding [kg/Mhr] 2.6 Connection points with a flange on the roof Ø 1 1/2” 2” 3” 4” 6” 8” 10” 12” 2.on fixed roof .9.2 Installation of floating roof drainage .4 2.Welding included [Mhr/ea] [Mhr/ea] 2.9.6 Installation of level indicators -for fixed roof .connections not included [Mhr/package] [Mhr/ package] kg/Mhr x 2.Installation of a flexible drain hose of synthetic material Installation of air vent valves .Installation of a flexible steel pipe assembly .5 Placing davits and welding [kg/Mhr] [Mhr/ea] [kg/Mhr] [Mhr/ea] 2.Installation of precipitation drain valve with a lever .9.

10.000 m3 5.000 ÷ 30."Hydroseal" .3048 = Mhr/ft kg/Mhr x 2.1Stor age Tank Hydrostatic Testing Volume to 5.Hydrostatic testing performed with water from the hydrant network . 2.Tite seal" 3.Seal "SR .000 m3 20."Hammond Spring ."Hammond Tubeseal" .Seal "SR .5" .000 m3 10.000 m3 2.Seal "SR .10 FINISHING WORKS 2. supporting and tests included.2.Hydrostatic testing performed with silt water Hours [Mhr/ea] + [Mhr/ea] + [Mhr/ea] + 3 Mhr/1000m 3 Mhr/1000m 3 Mhr/1000m 3 Mhr/1000m 3 Mhr/1000m 3 Mhr/1000m 3 Mhr/1000m [Mhr/m2] tank bottom surface area [Mhr/m2] tank bottom surface area 1000 m3 = 35320 cu ft Mhr/m x 0. General American Transportation Corporation / Wiggins .000 ÷ 50.Seal "SR .Bending."Safety seal" 2.000 m3 30.9. Pittsburgh Des Moines Steel Comp.1" .10.000 m3 above 50.000 ÷ 10.000 ÷ 20.0929 = Mhr/sq ft 83 .9.Seal "SR .Seal "SR .2046 = lbs/Mhr 2 Mhr/mx 0.000 ÷ 40.7" .9.9 Installation of an energy-saving heater .8 Installation of the storage tank bottom heating Pipe Diam.2Stor age Tank Final Cleaning .9" [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] 2. [Mhr/m] 1 1/2” 2” 3” . welding.7 Erection and welding of a floating roof seal 1.3" .Welding also included [kg/Mhr] 2. Chicago Bridge & Iron Company .8" .000 m3 40. .

000 gallons (757 m3). Only John S. Hydrostatic Testing [Mhr/m3] hours at least 84 . ERECTION OF SPHERICAL AND SPHEROIDAL STORAGE TANKS For this kind of works I neither had available nor was familiar with any bibliography that would provide me with practical parameters and man hours for a technical calculation. I did it in the following way: 1.000 gallons (3.3. Shell welding Calculate the weld runs and determine the hours according to the tables under the Chapter VI/4 Welding of Spherical Storage Tanks ÷ [Mhr/ton] 3. During my practice I had to make the calculations for such storage tanks many times.028 m3) and spherical storage tanks to 200. I found his manhour calculation too stringent. Placing and welding the connections and equipment Use man hours for cylindrical storage tanks and other respective items 5. Page (USA) provided some tables for spheroidal storage tanks to 800. They allow for too few hours for erection. Unloading & storing material 2. Assembling prefabricated plates and supports of tank Shell welding manhours x 4.

03937 = inch kg/m x 0.5 Deposit weight [kg/m] 0.1 8.75 1.4 7.0 5.8 3. WELDING AND FLAME CUTTING Productivity efficiency percentage (PEP) = 70% 1.5 8.9 10.07 0.281 =ft/Mhr Mhr/m x 0.672 = lbs/ft m/Mhr x 3.1 15.18 0.6 17 17.04 1.1 2.SMAW (Man hours for calculation) 1.52 2.6 6.9 3.33 0.09 0.3 12.18 1. "b" [mm] 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 12 14 15 16 18 20 22 24 25 Weld reinforc.1 Fillet joint Overlap joint Plate thickn.5 4. "a" [mm] 2.7 14.13 0.2 5.6 11.VI.41 0.25 0.14 2. MANUAL ARC WELDING OF CYLINDRICAL TANKS .1 FILLET 2F [m/Mhr] [Mhr/m] VERTICAL 3F [m/Mhr] [Mhr/m] OVERHEAD 4F [m/Mhr] [Mhr/m] mm x 0.62 2.5 0.33 1.3048 = Mhr/ft 85 .

15 1.26 0.58 3.2 Single "V" butt joint Distance thickn.3048 = Mhr/ft 86 .14 2.03937 = inch kg/m x 0.53 0.33 0. OVERHEAD weight 1G 3G 2G 4G [kg/m] [m /M h r ] [M h r /m ] [m /M h r ] [M h r /m ] [m /M h r ] [M h r /m ] [m /M h r ][M h r /m] 0. VERTIC. "s" "b" [mm] [mm] 3 1 4 1.41 1.5 5 2 6 2 7 2 8 2 9 3 10 3 11 3 12 3 14 3 16 3 18 3 20 3 22 3 25 3 28 3 Plate Angle " 60° 60° 60° 60° 60° 60° 60° 60° 60° 60° 60° 60° 60° 60° 60° 60° 60° Deposit HORIZONT AL VERTICAL HORIZ.67 0.87 s mm x 0.2 3.2 0.12 0.c b 1.41 0.08 0.281 =ft/Mhr Mhr/m x 0.78 0.672 = lbs/ft m/Mhr x 3.9 1.96 2.

In that cases standard is calculated with value for single ”V” butt joint. 2G [m/Mhr] [Mhr/m] [m/Mhr] [Mhr/m] NOTE : Double ”V” butt joint can also appear under different angles.76 2. also under irregular.79 4.3.34 1.1.94 1.53 2.77 0.57 0.86 0.3048 = Mhr/ft 87 .45 3.51 0.13 3.03937 = inch kg/m x 0.-VERTIC.85 3.13 2.12 1.56 1.281 =ft/Mhr Mhr/m x 0.26 2.Double "V" butt joint Plate thickn. mm x 0.45 0.57 VERTICAL 3G HORIZ. "s" [mm] 10 11 12 14 15 16 18 20 22 24 25 26 28 30 32 34 36 40 Distance "b" [mm] 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 Deposit weight [kg/m] 0.672 = lbs/ft m/Mhr x 3.

57 3. .56 1.4 Double bevel butt joint Plate s mm 10 12 14 15 16 18 20 22 25 30 35 40 Angle " 50° 50° 50° 50° 50° 50° 50° 50° 50° 50° 50° 50° b 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 MEASURES [mm] c s1 2 13 2 15 2 18 2 19 2 20 2 22 2 24 2 26 2 29 2 36 2 41 2 46 Area [mm²] 81 104 139 153 168 199 233 269 327 479 609 755 Deposit Weight [kg/m ] 0.78 5.25 x s1 x 2tg ") + ( s x b ) 1.3048 = Mhr/ft 88 .32 1.83 2.82 1.63 0.93 HORIZ .672 = lbs/ft m/Mhr x 3.281 =ft/Mhr Mhr/m x 0. In that case a mean value is used for operating time.VERTICAL 2G [m/Mhr] [Mhr/m] NOTE : When horizontal joints of the tank shell are welded by SMAW process.11 2.76 4.S1 S c b 50° Area = ( 0.09 1.2 1. mm x 0.03937 = inch kg/m x 0. two different thickness mostly are used.

426 HORIZ.922 1.079 1.8 0.31 1.5 Single bevel butt joint "s" [mm] 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 12 14 15 16 18 20 22 24 "b" [mm] 1÷2 1÷2 1÷2 2÷3 2÷3 2÷3 2÷3 2÷3 2÷3 2÷3 2÷3 2÷3 2÷3 2÷3 2÷3 2÷3 Weight [kg/m] 0.281 =ft/Mhr Mhr/m x 0. .624 1.672 = lbs/ft m/Mhr x 3.313 0.971 3.464 1.58 0.244 0.3048 = Mhr/ft 89 .547 2.VERTICAL (2G) [Mhr/m] [m/Mhr] mm x 0.s = 45° b s1 1.154 2.793 2.03937 = inch kg/m x 0.686 0.41 0.

5 80 70 60 50 38 1 1 1 1 1 v = travel speed 2.2 ø 3 mm v [cm/min] Number of Passes [Mhr/m] [m/Mhr] [Mhr/m] [m/Mhr] 8 9 18 14 3 3 8 9 13.5 5 5.5 6 6.2 Welding of fillet joint ( bottom shell.2 ø 3 mm s a [mm] [mm] v [cm/min] Number of Passes [Mhr/m] [m/Mhr] [Mhr/m] [m/Mhr] 5 5.1 Welding of overlap joint Wire EPP .5 4 4. SUBMERGED ARC WELDING (Data for calculation) 2. internal site ) Wire EPP .5 4 4.2 ø 4 mm a [mm] v [cm/min] Number of Passes a [mm] a Wire EPP .03937 = inch kg/m x 0.5 7 3.5 3 3 mm x 0.5 10.3048 = Mhr/ft v = travel speed 90 .2 ø 4 mm s [mm] a [mm] v [cm/min] Number of Passes s s a Wire EPP .5 7 3.5 85 75 65 54 42 1 1 1 1 1 5 5.1.5 5 5.1.672 = lbs/ft m/Mhr x 3.2.281 =ft/Mhr Mhr/m x 0.1 Welding machine "Lincoln Lt-3" 2.5 6 6.

2.2 ø 4 mm s [mm] a [mm] v [cm/min] Number of Passes s s a Wire EPP .5 5 5.5 80 70 60 50 45 1 1 1 1 1 v = travel speed 2.5 7 3.5 6 6.5 4 4. "ESAB A-2T" 2.5 5 5.3048 = Mhr/ft 91 .2 ø 3 mm a [mm] v [cm/min] Number of Passes a a [mm] [Mhr/m] [m/Mhr] v [cm/min] Number of Passes [Mhr/m] [m/Mhr] 8 9 18 14 3 3 8 9 13.2.2 ø 3 mm s [mm] a [mm] v [cm/min] Number of Passess [Mhr/m] [m/Mhr] [Mhr/m] [m/Mhr] 5 5.03937 = inch kg/m x 0. inside of tank ) Wire EPP .5 3 3 v = travel speed mm x 0.5 85 75 65 55 50 1 1 1 1 1 5 5.2 ø 4 mm Wire EPP .5 6 6.2 Machine welding.2.5 7 3.672 = lbs/ft m/Mhr x 3.2 Welding of fillet joint ( bottom shell.5 10.1 Welding of overlap joint Wire EPP .281 =ft/Mhr Mhr/m x 0.5 4 4.

2.7 10 9.8 Mhr/Vertical Weld Height of One Vertical Weld [mm] to 1600 1800 2000 2200 > 2400 s s s v = travel speed When calculating the welding time for one tank shell.7 9.7 13.3048 = Mhr/ft 92 .6 12.1 8.1 10 11.6 13.7 16.3 6.9 15.1 10.7 11.6 10.3 9.3 8.9 10.9 20 20 7 8.281 =ft/Mhr Mhr/m x 0. flux cored welding rod .8 7.Shifting welding machines from one tank shell to another tank shell Mhr Mhr Mhr mm x 0.1 14.4 11.outershield s mm 36 35 32 30 28 25 24 22 20 20 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 20 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 TY PE OF JOINT a b b a a a mm 3 3 3 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 13 12 11 11 11 11 11 11 11 11 11 b mm 17 16.672 = lbs/ft m/Mhr x 3.5 8.3 v cm/min 6.5 11.2 9.Lifting welding machine on tank shell .5 6.7 9.7 11.8 17 18.3 19.7 11.3 Welding with Vertomatic "ARCOS" Gas shielded. the following to be added: .5 19 15 12.03937 = inch kg/m x 0.6 15.6 11.7 14.2 7.Taking off welding machine from tank shell .

2.4 Welding with Circomatic "ARCOS" When calculating the welding time for each horizontal joint, to be added: Positioning and taking off welding machine: Mhr

platenumber travel speed mm of passes [cm/min] 6 6 1 60÷75 6 8 1 60÷70 8 10 1 60÷65 10 13 1 55÷60 2÷3 13 45° 16 1 50÷55 16 18 1 45÷50 18 22 2 22÷27 22 25 3 12÷15 45° 27 30 4 9÷11 35 40 6 6÷8 Root pass, SMAW using Ductilend 55 stick welding rod
0÷1

TYPE OF JOINT

rate [m/Mhr] [Mhr/m]

22 45° 25 5 8÷10 27 30 6 6÷8 35 40 9 4,5÷5,5 Root pass will be calculated acc. to the man hour for SMAW.
÷3

5

0÷1

0÷1

mm x 0,03937 = inch kg/m x 0,672 = lbs/ft m/Mhr x 3,281 =ft/Mhr Mhr/m x 0,3048 = Mhr/ft

93

2.5 Welding with Circomatic "ESAB" Welding with flux-cored welding rods outershield. TYPE OF JOINT
BEFORE FILLING WITH SAW, FIRST PASS WILL BE WELDED BY SMAW OR GMAW PROCESS
0÷1

Plate mm 8 10 10 12 12 14 14 17 17 20 20 23 23 26 26 30 8 8 8 10

Number of Passes 2

Travel Speed Rate [cm/min] [m/Mhr] [Mhr/m] 30÷35

2 4 6 6 8 10 12 2 2

30÷35 14÷20 10÷15 9÷12 6÷9 5÷8 4÷6 34÷36 34÷36

2

45°
0÷1

45°
3

ROOT PASS FULL PENETRATION - SMAW

2

3

45°

10 13 13 16 16 18 18 21 21 24

4 4 4 6 7

17÷20 16÷19 15÷18 9÷11 7÷10

Root pass full penetration will be calculated according to SMAW or GMAW process. When calculating the welding time for each horizontal joint, to be added: - Each shifting of welding machine (the number of shifting is defined by weld eng.) - Positioning and taking off - When two welding machines are used (simultaneos from both sides) positioning and taking off Mhr

3

Mhr

mm x 0,03937 = inch kg/m x 0,672 = lbs/ft m/Mhr x 3,281 =ft/Mhr Mhr/m x 0,3048 = Mhr/ft

Mhr

94

3. WELDING WITH SEMIAUTOMATIC (GMAW) (Data for calculation) 3.1 Semiautomatic - GMAW (CO) 2

3.1.1 Welding of fillet joints

a

s mm 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24

a mm 2,1 2,8 3,5 4,2 5 5,6 6,4 7,1 8,5 8,9 11,3 12,7 14,1 15,6 17

Deposit Weight [kg/m] 0,07 0,09 0,13 0,18 0,25 0,33 0,41 0,5 0,75 1,04 1,33 1,62 2,14 2,52 2,9

S

HORIZONTAL (2F) [Mhr/m] [m/Mhr]

a

S
VERTICAL (3F) [Mhr/m] [m/Mhr]
mm x 0,03937 = inch kg/m x 0,672 = lbs/ft m/Mhr x 3,281 =ft/Mhr Mhr/m x 0,3048 = Mhr/ft

95

3.1.2 Welding of single "V" butt joint

60°

b

s mm 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 14 16 18 20

Angle

"
60° 60° 60° 60° 60° 60° 60° 60° 60° 60° 60° 60° 60°

b mm 1,5 2 2 2 2 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3

Deposit Weight [kg/m ] 0,12 0,2 0,26 0,33 0,41 0,53 0,67 0,78 0,9 1,15 1,41 1,76 2,14

HORIZONTAL (1G) [Mhr/m] [m/Mhr]

s

VERTICAL (3G) [Mhr/m] [m/Mhr]

mm x 0,03937 = inch kg/m x 0,672 = lbs/ft m/Mhr x 3,281 =ft/Mhr Mhr/m x 0,3048 = Mhr/ft

96

59 0.86 0.73 1.3048 = Mhr/ft 97 .13 b VERTICAL (3G) [Mhr/m] [m/Mhr] s mm 12 14 15 18 20 22 24 25 26 28 30 32 34 36 40 VERTICAL (3G) [Mhr/m] [m/Mhr] mm x 0.52 0.94 1.14 2.77 0.25 2.03937 = inch kg/m x 0.2 1.92 1.45 3.57 s b mm 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 = 45° Deposit Weight [kg/m] 0.6 3.1.56 1.3 Welding of double "V" butt joint s mm 12 14 15 16 20 22 24 25 26 28 30 32 34 36 40 b mm 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 = 60° Deposit Weight [kg/m] 0.34 1.07 1.77 0.3.672 = lbs/ft m/Mhr x 3.79 4.95 2.85 3.13 3.281 =ft/Mhr Mhr/m x 0.53 2.76 2.55 1.46 1.37 2.39 0.13 2.57 0.

281 =ft/Mhr Mhr/m x 0.8 0.31 1.57 5.62 3.27 4.06 1.82 0.69 4.14 3.63 0.75 4.63 0.672 = lbs/ft m/Mhr x 3.03937 = inch kg/m x 0.2 1.27 2.96 1.04 0.94 0.03 2.27 1. .5 1.47 0.2 4.73 3.55 0.62 0.5 3.26 3.12 5.3 2. .VERTIC.3.08 1.54 0.81 3.1.88 4.26 5.14 2.92 3.94 2.V E RT I C .4 4.43 1.4 Welding of double-bevel butt joint mm x 0. s b mm mm 0 1 2 0 1 2 0 1 2 0 1 2 0 1 2 0 1 2 0 1 2 0 1 2 0 1 2 0 1 2 0 1 2 ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 18 20 22 24 Deposit Weight [kg/m] 0.36 3.74 0.0 4.97 4.59 2.86 1.13 4.2 2.68 1. (2G) [Mhr/m] [m/Mhr] s mm b mm 0 1 2 0 1 2 0 1 2 0 1 2 0 1 2 0 1 2 0 1 2 0 1 2 0 1 2 0 1 2 0 1 2 ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 25 26 27 28 30 32 34 35 36 38 40 Deposit Weight [kg/m] 2.82 5.18 1.54 4.75 2.93 1.71 0.3048 = Mhr/ft S b =50° S1 When hori zontal joints of the tank shell are welded two diff erent thicknesses mostly occur ( S = S1 ) in which case a mean value is used for the man hour time.42 5.84 0.69 2.08 2.49 2.48 4.75 1.89 HORIZ.72 0.46 H O R I Z .98 3. (2G) [Mhr/m] [m/Mhr] 98 .6 1.

233 2.455 0.205 0.542 1.506 1.624 1.3048 = Mhr/ft s = 45° When the tank shell horizontal joints are welded.059 5.281 =ft/Mhr Mhr/m x 0.971 3.793 HORIZ.208 1.64 5.049 3. .03937 = inch kg/m x 0.31 5.545 0.244 1.106 1. b s1 s mm 5 6 7 b mm 0÷1 1÷2 0÷1 1÷2 0÷1 1÷2 0÷1 1÷2 2÷3 0 ÷1 1÷2 2÷3 0÷1 1÷2 2÷3 0÷1 1÷2 2÷3 0÷1 1÷2 2÷3 0÷1 1÷2 2÷3 0÷1 1÷2 2÷3 0÷1 1÷2 2÷3 0÷1 1÷2 2÷3 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 Deposit Weight [kg/m] 0.872 2.991 4.426 3.744 4.8 0.672 = lbs/ft m/Mhr x 3. .VER TIC.749 0.509 4. In that case a mean v alue is used for manhour calculation.079 1.211 4.505 3.354 1.013 2.39 2.721 0.685 0.1.168 3.625 2.561 5.154 2.315 0.31 1.643 0.431 4.464 1.98 5.517 0.891 0.615 0.985 1.237 3.913 3.744 3.244 0.667 1.469 3.709 3.798 2.835 0.665 3. two different thickness of plate are mostly used ( S = S1 ).VERTIC.273 3.956 4.922 0.355 0.547 2.5 Welding of single bevel butt joint mm x 0. (2G) [Mhr/m] [m/Mhr] s mm b mm 0 1 2 0 1 2 0 1 2 0 1 2 0 1 2 0 1 2 0 1 2 0 1 2 0 1 2 0 1 2 0 1 2 ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 18 20 22 24 25 26 27 28 30 32 34 Deposit Weight [kg/m] 1.174 HORIZ.41 0.3.907 6. (2G) [Mhr/m] [m/Mhr] 99 .58 0.267 0.389 1.

31 1. WELDING OF SPHERICAL STORAGE TANKS Upper section Upper strip Horizontal Equator Vertical Lower strip Lower section 4.97 4.1 4.11 1.23 4.4.3048 = Mhr/ft 100 .56 Rate [Mhr/m] Plate Thickness [mm] 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 Deposit Weight [kg/m] 1.1 Manual welding of slices of lower and upper section Plate Thickness [mm] 14 15 16 17 18 20 22 Deposit Weight [kg/m] 0.79 0.73 Rate [Mhr/m] Plate Thickness [mm] 32 34 35 36 37 38 40 Deposit Weight [kg/m] 3.93 1.82 1.03937 = inch kg/m x 0.73 0.281 =ft/Mhr Mhr/m x 0.65 3.94 2.43 2.0 1.77 Rate [Mhr/m] mm x 0.12 2.48 3.04 3.54 2.26 2.672 = lbs/ft m/Mhr x 3.

3048 = Mhr/ft 4.3 Manual welding of horizontal joints Plate Thickness [mm] 14 15 16 17 18 20 22 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 32 34 35 36 38 40 LOWER SECTION LOWER STRIP [Mhr/m] LOWER STRIP EQUATOR EQUATOR UPPER STRIP [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] UPPER STRIP UPPER SECTION [Mhr/m] 101 .4.03937 = inch kg/m x 0.2 Manual welding of vertical joint of Equator. upper and lower section Plate Thickness [mm] 14 15 16 17 18 20 22 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 32 34 35 36 38 40 EQUATOR [Mhr/m] UPPER STRIP [Mhr/m] LOWER STRIP [Mhr/m] mm x 0.281 =ft/Mhr Mhr/m x 0.672 = lbs/ft m/Mhr x 3.

0227 0.0249 0.0174 0.0221 0.0264 0.126 0. NOTE: Man hours [Mhr/m] are used for cutting only to 30 m. to Živèiæ-Remenar) kg/m x 0.226 0.115 0.304 0.3 0.096 0.0202 0. 102 .0272 0.015 0.1745 0.0215 0.186 0.0323 0.0715 0.672 = lbs/ft The consumption of gas for manual cutting is c.0123 0.1375 0. To estimate the oxygen and acetylene needed for manual gas cutting double the above values.106 0.244 0.0625 0.018 0.0073 0.281 = ft/hr * Theoretical consumption of gas for machine gas cutting Mhr/m x 0.318 Acetylene [kg/m]* 0.207 0.0161 0.0244 0.079 0.0285 mm x 0.0104 0.0208 0.295 0.0135 0.311 0. % higher.279 0.0195 0.03937 = inch m/hr x 3.0082 0.5.237 0.009 0.308 0.197 0.0256 0.0875 0.0117 0.0466 0.1525 0.29 0.0268 0.273 0. MANUAL GAS CUTTING AND GAS CONSUMPTION Plate Thickness [mm] 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 Cutting Speed [m/hr] Rate [Mhr/m] Oxygen [kg/m]* 0. Man hours for larger lengths to be estimated according to the cutting speed [m/hr].0167 0.0111 0.259 0.0097 0.252 0.0281 0.0145 0.0277 0.2175 0.014 0.04 0.0238 0.316 0.314 0.3048 = Mhr/ft (acc.14 0.0064 0.0188 0.0259 0.266 0.0525 0.0155 0.0233 0.285 0.0121 0.

020 0.054 0.1 RATES FOR PIPING ELEMENTS .3 219.52 3.5d [m2] 0.390 0.757 2.056 0.9 355.011 0.003 0.007 0.460 0.020 1.670 0.600 Reducer [m2] 0.Reducers: .230 1.015 0.43 1.065 0.800 0.067 0.Pipes: above table .083 0.3 60.878 1.24 0.163 4.470 0.36 0.023 0.312 1.124 0.920 1.31 4.92 2.185 3.035 0.035 0.220 2.043 0.067 0.800 3.338 11.105 0.545 1.957 2.891 5.252 2.320 5.420 0. SAND BLASTING AND PAINTING OF PIPING Dn-mm 15 20 25 32 40 50 65 80 100 125 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 700 750 800 850 900 950 1000 1050 1100 1150 1200 1350 1500 ø -Inch 1/2” 3/4” 1” 1 1/4” 1 1/2” 2” 2 1/2” 3” 4” 5” 6” 8” 10” 12” 14” 16” 18” 20” 22” 24” 26” 28” 30” 32” 34” 36” 38” 40” 42” 44” 46” 48” 54” 60” OD-mm 21.451 2.094 0.3 73 88.VII.039 0.100 RATES FOR PIPES Blast and First Coat [Mhr/m2] Two Middle Coats [Mhr/m2 ] TOTAL TOTAL Coat Four Coats Four Coats [Mhr/m2] [Mhr /m 2] [Mhr/m] Covering ø -Inch 1/2” 3/4” 1” 1 1/4” 1 1/2” 2” 2 1/2” 3” 4” 5” 6” 8” 10” 12” 14” 16” 18” 20” 22” 24” 26” 28” 30” 32” 34” 36” 38” 40” 42” 44” 46” 48” 54” 60” 103 1.2 48.626 1.223 3.350 0.732 3.300 0.182 6.60 1.980 0.147 0.033 0.040 1.600 0.800 0.390 0.741 4.080 0.4 457 508 559 610 660 711 762 813 864 914 965 1016 1067 1118 1168 1219 1372 1524 Productivity Efficiency Percentage (PEP) = 80% SURFACE AREA OF PIPING ELEMENTS Pipe 1m [m2] 0. to Item 2 (page 104) m x 10764 = sq ft Mhr/m2 x 0.639 7.28 1.71 2.002 0.797 1.9 114.83 4.050 0.022 0.28 0.560 0.663 1.630 0.220 3.820 6.Elbows: [Mhr/m2 ]x .12 1.186 0.302 0.3048 = Mhr/ft 2 .740 0.996 13.840 0.53 0.012 0.754 3.780 0.35 3.017 0.936 1.7 33.230 0.095 10.790 2.520 3.307 1.502 7.210 0.297 0.552 0.265 5.550 9.520 0.79 Elbow r=1.460 0.149 7.581 1.019 0.058 0.700 0.120 0.222 1.820 5.6 406.005 0.013 0.004 0.639 8.871 8.732 0.1 273 323.013 0.910 2.570 1.86 1.3 141.330 4.405 1.66 3.312 2.132 0.342 2.75 1.450 7.178 0.342 2.008 0.848 6.3 26.758 3.023 0.776 0.20 3.005 0.097 0.017 0.642 4.050 0.036 0.046 0.488 1.138 0.490 0. CORROSION PROTECTION 1.4 42.920 3.173 0.890 1.260 0.006 0.120 0.170 0.19 0.891 7.333 0.660 0.0929 = Mhr/sq ft Mhr/m x 0.39 2.009 0.683 5.490 0.acc.44 0.297 4.151 0.065 Flange [m2] 0.136 1.187 TEE [m2] 0.425 10.56 2.02 1.24 2.88 3.69 0.Valves: [Mhr/m2 ]x [Mhr/m2 ]x [Mhr/m 2]x 1.190 1.07 2.003 0.Tees: [Mhr/m2 ]x .030 0.661 0.472 0.850 4.120 Valve [m2] 0.930 17.524 6.3 168.082 0.096 0.030 0.027 0.827 14.410 0.03 3.144 2.003 0.2 MATERIAL CONSUMPTION .Flanges: .185 0.

2.1 Time allowances for job conditions Work at elevations to 2 m 2÷ 4m 4 ÷ 10 m above 10 m Work inside . 2. Paint consumption depends on the corrosion pitting.2 2.3. 2.3. Consumption of the abrasive material depends on the corrosion pitting of the structure. wind.with ventilation .no ventilation 2. coat thickness.1 SAND BLASTING AND PAINTING OF STEEL STRUCTURES Sand blasting and primer: Material Consumption: — siliceous sand for the purity grade SA 2 1/2 ÷ [kg/m2] or: — corrund (Al2O3) for the purit y grade SA 2 1/2 ÷ or: [kg/m2] [Mhr/m2] + [Mhr/m2] = [Mhr/m2] — ground dross for the purity grade SA 2 1/2 ÷ [kg/m2] — hot (metal sand) ÷ [kg/m2] or: 2.3 2.2 104 . and the manufacturer's instructions.3.2 Above 100 microns: Material consumption: NOTE: 1.3 Work in lumbered rooms (space obstruction) + + + % % % — — — — no allowances + % + % + % 2.2.2. wind. 2. space and the possibility of regeneration of the abrasive used.1 Next Coats Up to 100 microns: by brush by spray gun colour by brush by spray gun [Mhr/m2] [Mhr/m2] [kg/m2] [Mhr/m ] 2 [Mhr/m ] [kg/m2] 2 Material consumption: 2.

II + III + IV coat 400 µ : Total = 440 µ : RAGE TANKS [Mhr/m2] [Mhr/m2] [Mhr/m2] [Mhr/m2] [Mhr/m2] [Mhr/m2] 3.Flat sheets: .First coat 40 µ : .Second coat 40 µ : .Light structure .1 MEASUREMENT AND CALCULATION OF QUANTITIES FOR CORROSION PROTECTION Machines.4.4.Sand blasting SA 2 1 2 : .2. 105 .Sand blasting SA 2 1 2 : . pumps.Floor grids: .1 SAND BLASTING AND PAINTING OF STO Outer surfaces of storage tank .4 2.Heavy structure .Third coat 125 µ : .Fourth finishing coat 50 µ : Total = 290 µ : Inner surfaces of storage tank .3 Pipe Supports . motors. conveyors A surface area of parallelopiped shape x 2. 3.for piping .2 Steel Structure .Corrugated sheets: (above 60 kg/m): (31 ÷ 60 kg/m): (to 30 kg/m): length x width x length x width length x height x actual painting area actual painting area x ÷ ÷ ÷ [m2/ton] [m2/ton] [m2/ton] 2.Mesh railings: .4.for piping to 4” above 4” [m /ton] 2 [m /ton] 2 3.Medium-weight structure .Ladders and step iron: .2 [Mhr/m2] [Mhr/m2] [Mhr/m2] [Mhr/m2] NOTE: These man hours refer to the climate conditions prev ailing in the Centr al Europe.First coat 75 µ : .

except for pipe bends is included. .VIII. installation of sheets and sealing with durable elastic compound.Insulation of valves not included. THERMAL INSULATION FOR PIPING Prefabrication of the insulation holders. THERMAL INSULATION Productivity Efficiency Percentage (PEP) =85% Generally. mm x 0.1 Pipe insulation Manhours per linear metre [Mhr/m] Piping ND Ø 25 1” 32 1 1/4” 40 1 1/2” 50 2” 65 2 1/2” 80 3” 100 4” 125 5” 150 6” 200 8” 250 10” 300 12” 350 14” 400 16” 450 18” 500 20” 600 24” 700 28” 800 32” 900 36” 1000 40” Insulation Thickness [mm] 60 80 100 30 40 50 120 150 . aluminium foil cladding.Insulation of pipes and fittings.03937 = inch Mhr/m x 0. 1.3048 = Mhr/ft 106 . When the scope of insulation is not so great or the bidding time is very tight. sheet cutting. That is why I worked out the manhour rates for insulation based on the manhour rates of several specialized German insulation contractors. . an estimator for the mechanical works should also provide the calculation elements for the insulation. This rule also applies if insulation accounts for a large portion of a project. specialized companies make calculations for insulation. 1.Scaffolding not included. placing mineral wool.

1 Piping insulation based on the surface area Surface area calculation The pipe surface area is calculated by adding two insulation thicknesses to the pipe diameter.3 Valve Insulation ND 25 32 40 50 65 80 100 125 150 200 250 Ø 1” 1 1/4” 1 1/2” 2” 2 1/2” 3” 4” 5” 6” 8” 10” [Mhr/ea] ND 300 350 400 450 500 600 700 800 900 1000 Ø 12” 14” 16” 18” 20” 24” 28” 32” 36” 40” [Mhr/ea] Factors acc.14 1000 [mm] [mm] t = insulation thickness 107 .4 1.2 Insulation of pipe bends [Mhr / ea] Piping ND Ø 25 1” 32 1 1/4” 40 1 1/2” 50 2” 65 2 1/2” 80 3” 100 4” 125 5” 150 6” 200 8” 250 10” 300 12” 350 14” 400 16” 450 18” 500 20” 600 24” 700 28” 800 32” 900 36” 1000 40” Insulation Thickness [mm] 60 80 100 120 30 40 50 150 1. to Insulation Thickness 30 mm x 40 mm x 50 mm x 60 mm x 80 mm x 100 mm x 120 mm x 150 mm x 1. do = pipe OD [m ] 2 A= ( do + 2t ) x 3.4.1.

both side painting.pipes .scaffolding Division based on the operations .Sheets % % % . smooth aluminium sheets. 2. Insulation thickness 80 mm 100 mm 120 mm 150 mm 180 mm Scaffolding not included. [Mhr/m2] mm x 0..281 = ft m2 x 10.3 .Mineral wool and al.4.0929 = Mhr/sq ft 108 .all fittings . durable elastic sealing including substructure Insulation Thickness 80 mm 100 mm 120 mm 150 mm 180 mm [Mhr/m2] 2.03937 = inch m x 3.Erection % % % % 2.Valve surface area Surface area of 1 m pipe x 1.1 THERMAL INSULATION OF VESSELS AND KILNS Insulation with mineral wool.2 Manhour rates [Mhr/m 2] Insulation Thickness [mm] [Mhr /m2] Included: 30 40 50 60 80 100 120 150 Not includes: 1.Pipe bend surface area A = ( d+ 2t ) ( 2d +t) x o o [m] 2 do= pipe OD [m] t = insulation thickness [m] .valves .insulation holders . foil .Prefabrication .764 = sq ft Mhr/m2 x 0. durable elastic sealing substructure included. trapezoidal galvanised E 40 sheets.Insulation holders .Prefabrication .2 Insulation with mineral wool.Erection . 1-mm thickness.4.

Rental: .Type : [m3/t] piping weight ÷ standing scaffolds hanging scaffolds cantilever scaffolds platforms landings ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ % % % % [m3 ] [m3 ] .same categorization as for erection c) Rental .32 = cu ft m2 x 10764 = sq ft . ESTIMATES 1. 1.Quantity: .Type : Option I Pipe rack surface area Option II [m3/t] piping weight standing scaffold hanging scaffold cantilevel scaffold platforms floors ÷ average months ÷ [m2] scaffold % % % % ÷ ÷ .hanging scaffolds b) Scaffold Dismantling .Rental: 1. the dimensions and what is most important they do not have enough time to perform a proper calculation. the quantity for erection in [m3] and an average erection height are determined.1 PIPING IN PLANTS . Will they be used for erection only. 1.platform floors [m 3] [m 2] 1.Type : ÷ [m3/t] structure weight ÷ standing % ÷ hanging % ÷ cantilever % ÷ platforms floors % average m ÷ average weeks 109 m3x 35.standing scaffolds . the rental period is longer but in that case the expenses can be shared. ESTIMATE OF SCAFFOLDS Quick estimates of scaffolding and the scaffolds are very difficult to make and not reliable.Quantity: .same categorization per week and month The price of erection and dismantling of scaffolding varies by its height every ÷ m. ESTIMATES OF SCAFFOLDING WHEN CONTRACTED TO A SPECIALIST FIRM The most usual categorization and the rates of the scaffolding specialist firms are: a) Scaffold Erection .IX. they have to make quick estimates of the quantities starting first with a decision on who is going to undertake the scaffolding.Height : .Quantity: .cantilever scaffolds .2 PIPING ON PIPERACKS . Estimators usually do not have the drawings. When estimating the scaffolding quantity. or for painting and insulation works as well? If there are several users.Height : . Therefore.3 STEEL STRUCTURES . Will they subcontract this job to a specialist firm or do the scaffolding themselves? It is also necessary to see who will use the scaffolds.

m3 x 35.1 Tubular scaffold material Total scaffolding: [m ] + [m ] 3 2 = 2 m3 or m The scaffolding quantity to round up to hundred (100). its height.4 2 When the scaffolding quantity is calculated in [m3] or [m]. The best way is to calculate all the equipment individually for each unit. 2. but it is required for erection of connection piping. If used. electrical installations.1 2. one should also determine the type of scaffolding. ESTIMATE OF SCAFFOLDING WHEN DONE BY AN ERECTION COMPANY This kind of scaffolding erection is used less and less. and the rental time.Type: standing % platform floors % .4 EQUIPMENT IN PETROCHEMICAL PLANTS When estimating the scaffolding for equipment erection one should know who is going to use the scaffolding.Height: m ÷ . For instance.2 PIPING IN PLANTS: ÷ [m3/ton] piping quantity PIPING ON PIPERACKS: Option I Pipe rack surface area = [m2] scaffold Option II [m3/ton] piping quantity STEEL STRUCTURES: EQUIPMENT IN PETROCHEMICAL INDUSTRY: (If used for the equipment erection only) ÷ ÷ [m3/ton] structure quantity [m3/ton] equipment quantity 2. 2. it could be calculated in the following way: .5 TUBULAR SCAFFOLDING There are sets of tubular scaffolding with a list of material needed such as tubes and clamps for 500 m3 (Iron Works Sisak). the following calculations should be considered: 2. Similarly.Quantity: [m3/ton] equipment weight ÷ . insulation or painting.1. which is more or less the sam e we should estimate the material needed for tubular or patent scaffolding. no scaffolding is required for erection of towers.3 2. When the scaffolding is used for the equipment erection only.5. If it is expected that the scaffolding will be erected and dismantled several times during the works execution.32 = cu ft m2 x 10764 = sq ft 110 . the scope of scaffolding should be estimated in the same way as for the first case.Rental: month 2.

2. 111 . determine the labour needed for scaffolding and the means of transport.6 SCAFFOLDING LABOUR Determine the number of scaffolding hours by calculating: 2 Erection + dismantling = [Mhr/m3] or m x elevation factor (for average elevation) (See "Equipment Scaffolding". page 72 .2 Planking tops for scaffolding Scaffold quantity / = m3 planking tops 2.73) After that.5.

783 5.42 Sch 160 0.263 0.18 1.562 1.835 1. then the calculation should be done as follows: 1.633 Sch 40 0.215 2.017 Sch 20 Sch 30 0. 0 907 .625 0.009 0.28 4.042 5.2.501 1.1 with a final ÷ increase of % (for smaller modifications.393 0.72 12.213 0.73 1.821 1.2 7.45 0.3 0.83 1.19 5.0 2.2.3 Piping quantity per inchdiameter (ID) Welding rod weight = [kg/ID] 112 .56 31.719 2.27 3.338 1.58 2.36 1.67 Sch 120 0. ESTIMATE OF WELDING ROD CONSUMPTION AND ADDITIONAL WELDING MATERIAL 1.39 0.409 Std 0.).935 3.674 6.45 1. 28 .61 24.27 1.998 1.542 1.0 3.576 0.2 Welding rod weight = % piping weight or [kg/ton] ÷ ÷ (Higher percentage is inversely proportionate to the pipe weight in relation to the total weight of piping).161 0.635 0.003 Sch 80 0.717 0.59 17.336 2.844 6.086 0.0 19.36 1.56 1.061 1.255 0.412 3.057 0.45 0.83 1.77 11.717 0.164 4.39 0.011 0.39 0.726 1.576 0.172 2.2 4.303 0.337 0. 1.1 WELD DEPOSIT [kg/weld] ø 2” 3” 4” 6” 8” 10” 12” 14” 16” 18” 20” 22” 24” 26” 28” 30” 32” 34” 36” Sch 10 0.907 0.376 0.776 8.43 3.84 2.413 0.2 PIPING IN PLANTS The most difficult job for installation of this t ype of piping is to estimate welding rod consumption with regard to the piping weight.383 0.726 0.2. 1.085 0.807 0.104 0.554 XS 0.5 1.2046 = lbs/weld 1. Since this estimate is not used for the welding rod procurement but f or calculation of price only.94 21.208 0.554 3.504 2.33 XXS 0.493 0.92 4.345 3.061 1.17 1.633 0. PIPING 1.717 1.42 Sch 60 0.45 1.92 9.58 12.81 kg/weld x 2.086 0.558 0.565 2.84 2.026 0.089 1.4 9.186 0. repairs.674 3.1 If the number of welds is known then they are calculated according to the T able 1. etc.67 1.67 1.558 0.336 2. 1.743 10.043 0. 0 992 .089 2.563 4.03 3.506 2 671 .255 3.27 1.4 3.34 1.81 5.54 1.085 0.5 1.671 2.449 0 505 .17 1.459 1.303 0.057 0.172 2.043 0.22 1.576 3.026 0. If the number of welds is not known and it cannot be deter mined within a reasonable time.375 0.208 0.84 3.239 0.2.215 2.003 0.52 15. losses. higher departures than the actual needs are allowed.

4 PIPING (C.2046 = lbs/ton Welding rod weight= 113 .1 and increased by %.Medium-weight structure . The calculation will be done with the weights from T able 1.For this type of pipelines the number of joints on the header line should alwa ys be calculated. 1. CYLINDRICAL STORAGE TANKS ÷ % storage tank weight Welding rod weight = 4.S.1 increased by %.) . If only the total piping weight is known: % of the piping weight or [kg/ton] 1.1.5 PIPELINES .The best way is to estimate the number of joints and to use the Table 1.6 1.Light structure %or %or %or [kg/ton] [kg/ton] [kg/ton] 3.TOWN NETWORKS .6.Heavy structure .1 for the quantity of welding rod.2 Welding rod weight = 1.6.2 Support Installation ÷ % support weight or ÷ [kg/ton] Welding rod weight = 2.3.1 PIPING BETWEEN PLANTS AND PIPING ON PIPERACKS If the piping quantities are listed according to their diameters then the weld is assumed to come on average every 6 meters of the piping length.3 1.3. The number of joints estimated to be multiplied by the values from Table 1. 1.1 PIPE SUPPORTS Support Fabrication ÷ % support weight or ÷ [kg/ton] Welding rod weight = 1. EQUIPMENT IN PETROCHEMICAL INDUSTRY ÷ % equipment weight kg/ton x 2. and to apply the increase of %. STEEL STRUCTURES Fabrication Erection %or %or %or [kg/ton] [kg/ton] [kg/ton] .

) kg (max.* The quantity of argon depends on the welding method and use of different types of materials.3. 200 bar = .Propane .4 m3 = 8.Acetylene40 l bott le. 2. 150 bar = 50 l bottle. Technical Gas Data: . If the quantity of stainless steel is known. 60 bar= small bottle (27.2 l) large bottle (79 l) small bottle (27.) kg (max. 200 bar = 50 l bottle.5 m3 = 8. 200 bar = 114 . ÷ 3.Nitrogen40 l bott le. of steel petrochemical storage structures plants tanks 1. The above ÷ data of kg/t is taken into account when there is some % of stainless steel and when the root on carbon steel is welded by TIG process.) kg kg .1 m3 = 6. 200 bar = 40 l bottle. 15 bar= . and CO2 are negligible and I leave it up to the estimator to estimate their quantities or not. The quantities of other technical gas such as hydrogen.Argon 40 l bottle.*) Grinding & cutting plates [kg/ton] [kg/ton] [kg/ton] [pc/ton] P I P I N G Piping between plants and town networks Pipelines Pipe supports Erection Equipi ment Cylindr .Oxygen 40 l bottle. 150 bar = 50 l bottle. nitrogen.) kg (max.CO2 .Butane .2 l) large bottle (79 l) 6 m3 = 10 m3 = 6. 150 bar = 40 l bottle. ESTIMATE OF CONSUMPTION OF TECHNICAL GAS AND GRINDING PLATES In plants Oxygen Acetylene Argon (2. than the calculation is done by kg/ton.8 m3 = 10 m3 = 6m = = = = = 6 m3 = 10 m3 = 3 kg kg kg kg kg kg kg kg kg (max. 15 bar= 50 l bottle.

55 = 31 bottles 4.1 In plants 1. then he will estimate only the part of electricity consumption from the power grid. Piping 1.7 [J/kgK] EXAMPLE: A 50 m3 system should be tested to 10 bars. 150 bar : 232.7 = 232.44 kg the number of 40 l bottles. ESTIMATE OF ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION The client often requires an estimate of electricity consumption it has to provide and the estimator must fulfil that request. 17 °C (290 °K).000 2 p 1 TxR [kg] kg x 2.44 / 7. The pressure can be increased to 6 bars by air compressor.4. Calculating the quantities of nitrogen or air required for pressure testing The quantity of nitrogen or air is calculated by the following formula: m= (p) x V x 100.3 Pipelines 2.2 Piping between plants 1.000 290 x 296. Erection of steel structure 3.0 [J/kgK] Rnitrogen = 296. The total power requirements should be calculated on the basis of an estimate of the welding rods needed. Outside temperature is c.15) R = gas constant [J/kgK] Rair = 287 .4536 = kWh/lbs 115 .2046 = lbs where: m = gas weight [kg] p2 = final pressure [bar] p1= starting pressure [bar] V = system volume (to be tested) [m3] T = temperature [K] ( = °C + 273. If he finds that the contractor will use its own power sources from generators and generating sets. Storage tank erection [kWh/kg] welding rod quantity [kWh/kg] welding rod quantity [kWh/kg] welding rod quantity [kWh/kg] welding rod quantity [kWh/kg] welding rod quantity [kWh/kg] welding rod quantity kWh/kg x 0. How much nitrogen and how many bottles do we need? m= (10. Equipment erection 4.6 ) x 50 x 100. 1.

gal 116 . Such data can be used only if the motor operates continuously under the load foreseen by the manufacturer. Tractor 53 kW (72 HP) 6. Power Plant 125 kW 2. Truck 7. Tank truck 10. 2. Passenger van 8 + 1 seat 15. Diesel Welding Set 400 A 3. ESTIMATE OF CONSUMPTION OF FUEL AND LUBRICANT The manufacturer provides the technical data on fuel consumed by the machinery. LUBRICANT CONSUMPTION Since oil and grease are also used for other purposes at the job site and not only for the machinery.S. 1. this is not the case in practice because there are stoppages in operation and the machinery operates under different loads. Pickup 14. the price of lubricants can be calculated as % of the fuel prices. FUEL CONSUMPTION Machinery/Means 1. Truck 10 t 12. Trailer truck 13. Fork Lift 3 t 8. shovels. Diesel Compressor 7 m 3/min 4.Pipe Laying Machine 5. Tractor 88 kW (120 HP) 7. Passenger car Fuel Diesel oil Diesel oil Consumption l/h l/h ÷ % use % % ÷ ÷ l/day l/month Diesel oil Diesel oil Diesel oil Diesel oil Diesel oil Diesel oil Diesel oil Diesel oil Diesel oil Diesel oil Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline l/h l/h l/h l/h l/h l/h l/100 km l/100 km l/100 km l/100 km l/100 km l/100 km l/100 km ÷ % % % % % % km/day km/day km/day km/day km/day km/day km/day ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ NOTE: The fuel consumption for other machinery (cranes.5.5 t 11. Below is an estimate of the percentage use of the machinery and the means of transport that the estimator can evaluate at his discretion.2642 = U. dredgers and the like) is not calculated because the price of fuel and lubricants is already contained in the rental fee. l x 0. Fork Lift 5 t 9. However.

.3 where D = erection time in weeks (50 hour week) tm= hours requir ed acc.....US$ 8.......3 x 117 ... 4.........................[US$/h] in 2002 1......protective goggles .. TOOL COST ESTIMATE AT THE JOB SITE It is not either possible or necessary to make detailed lists of small tools to be used at the job site...... Piping... It can also be taken into account that c................. 3... *There are more tools and devices used at erection of storage tanks that are not included in this table....goggles .2 piping between plants........ 7.....climate warmer than in Croatia ... In the magazine "3 R" of April 1985.welding aprons ......climate similar to Croatia .... Costs per labourer/year: ........ 60 ÷ 70 % of tools will be left in good condition and reused (or sold)............... to the calculation My opinion is that this formula should be used to calculate the erection time only for the works up to 10.........welding masks ..000 hours .protection masks .........etc....... only 50% of tools is purchased for a specific job and c. 2.rubber boots .......000 hours the erection time should be increased by c.......1 in plants..... ESTIMATE OF SAFETY AT WORK MEANS The means for safety at work are: 1.US$ . there is a formula for calculating the time required for erection of piping: D = tm 0.....glass .. In practice.............6...... Equipment erection.. For the works above 10... 20% in the following way: D = tm0.................. F ........... ESTIMATE OF ERECTION TIME When the erection time is not mentioned in the call for tenders.........................3 pipeline.............welding gloves .......... Storage tank erection *..........welding clothes ............... the estimator should estimate it....belts .......... For that reason....protective helmets or protection at different jobs .........climate colder than in Croatia .protective clothing ..............raincoats or overalls .... The estimator should evaluate the yearly costs per each labourer for maximum number of labourers. 1.. Erection of steel structure.......protective gloves ....waistcoats ........ For personal protection2.protective shoes ..... the cost of tools should be calculated in the following way: Type of job 1..................US$ ..... 1.... 50% of tools is used from the previous job sites.......................

There are no tables for any of these methods.000 1. It is not a problem to determine the type of individual hoisting machine. forklift and the like.000 25. the cranes can be grouped from the cheapest to the most expensive.500 4.000 100.000 6. It is therefore very important to make a careful and realistic estimate of the type of crane.000. I thought something should be done about it so I tried to describe the way I did it in my calculations and estimates hoping that younger colleagues would elaborate this better in future. As for the operating costs. During all the years of my service. the costs of hoisting equipment have a significant impact.The table below contains the erection time in weeks (a 50 hour week) for a range from 1.000 1.000 40. I never found any trace of that issue.000 Erection time Weeks Months 9. FORK LIFTS.000 400. Total Manhours 1.500 2. the time and the power required for hoisting a given piece of equipment but this job is much more difficult when it has to be done for the entire project.) When determining manhour rates.000 hours of work.000 650. When selecting the cranes care should be taken of the crane type because of very different rental costs.000 15.000 to 1. Others take into account the number of labourers and say that one crane should be sufficient for serving 6 to 20 labourers. number of cranes and the time of use of the crane.000 65. Some make estimates based on weight and they consider that a crane should lift between 150 and 300 kg/hour. TYPE CAP OF CRANE BUILDING CRANES 10 t 4 20 t 4 30 t 45 t 5 1 2 4 3 5 1 3 4 2 CAPACITY 60 t 80 t 100 t 150 t >150 t — 1 3 4 2 — — 2 3 1 — — 2÷3 2÷3 1 — — 2 3 1 — — 3 2 1 TOWER PORTAL 1 1 CRANES MOBILE CRANE 3 3 PROJECTION MOBILE CRANE 2 2 trussed boom CATERPILL AR — — trussed boom (They are grouped according to "Montage Gerätebuch".000.500 10. SELECTION OF HOISTING MACHINERY (CRANES. Issue 1985) 118 . Talking to colleagues of mine I heard different opinions and methods for making estimates.000 150.000 250. ETC.

a smaller crane of to tons and HIAB truck could be used of which for prefabrication and for erection.The most suitable trucks for up to 2-ton cargo are those with a hydraulic jack. To make an optimum selection of the cranes. The time for using the largest crane should be estimated by lifting the heaviest pieces of equipment (above tons if possible). From time to time. it is important to fully familiarize with the project for which a calculation is made.2. The use of one forklift of ÷ tons could be considered. This type of calculation applies when there are not enough data or time to make a calculation. lifting technology. The estimator should devise a concept of the erection method and possible erection technique as well as probable work organization.2 9.forklift 3 ÷ 5 t . 9.truck with "HIAB" .to % . possible access to the crane. For technical calculations. rental possibilities. The cranes of larger capacity are required for larger outreach and height otherwise relatively smaller cranes could satisfy the requirements. Before selecting the cranes.to % .1 SELECTION OF THE LARGEST CRANE Any erection project should be firstly identified the heaviest equipment and cargoes. The means for hoisting should be determined in the following way: . access roads. the crane type and capacity are selected (or a combination of two cranes) thus identifying the largest and the most expensive crane. etc. Twenty five labourers should be allocated to one piece of lifting equipment. 9. 9.2 ERECTION At piping erection.to labourers per forklift labourers per truck labourers per crane of which t capacity t " t " 119 .2. elevation. One truck with HIAB for ÷ labourers but only its Crane capacity to be determined as follows: % to t % to t % to t 9.1 PIPING IN PLANTS PREFABRICATION The use of a crane is not important during the piping prefabrication. which is the most often case. both prefabrication and erection are considered together. Thereupon. Forklifts are very suitable for the cargoes from 2 to 8 tons. the larger the piping diameter the greater need for a crane. Twenty labourers per crane.mobile crane % .2.3 PREFABRICATION AND ERECTION . an average number of production labourers should be determined. In this case the next largest crane that will stay longer at the job site could be of smaller capacity (c. Care should be taken of the place of erection. ÷ tons) and as a result thereof its monthly rental fee would be lower as well. working time.

pipe stringing and performance of special points.for t cr anes %. diameter. Generally. if possible and necessary. %. which should be elaborated separately. Generally.7 ERECTION OF CYLINDRICAL STORAGE TANKS Special attention should be paid to the selection of a crane for erection of cylindrical storage tanks. and therefore the calculation should be made as follows: . car crane renting should be avoided whenever a continuous work is not possible. All manuals for calculations of pipeline erection provide for special elaboration of each activity from pipe transport to pressure testing. On average. A mobile crane with a truss boom of maximum -ton capacity is the most adequate when we install one storage tank. 120 .medium-weight steel structure . This type of crane cannot be selected according to the number of labourers but according to the type. an adequate erection concept is required and each activity should be supported with an adequate crane.light steel structure ÷ ÷ ÷ labourers per crane labourers per crane labourers per crane 9.6 INSTALLATION OF PROCESS EQUIPMENT At installation of process equipment firstly we should identify the largest crane (item 9. etc.3 PIPING BETWEEN PLANTS Lower capacity cranes will mostly satisfy the requirements for erection of this kind of piping.to t capacity 9. and the number of storage tanks. ÷ labourers should be allocated per one crane. The cranes for other equipment to be calculated as follows: 1 crane on ÷ labourers of which: %. If there is a group or a series of storage tanks. If there are several storage tanks.for the second largest cr ane (c.truck with "HIAB" labourers per truck . we should consider using tower cranes of sufficient reach and on tracks. This refers particularly to the works on right-of-ways where the pipe layers and trucks with HIAB are used.4 PIPELINES At pipeline laying special cranes are used for unloading.5 ERECTION OF STEEL STRUCTURES Erection of steel structures is not actually possible without cranes. The truss boom cranes are suitable because of lower rental costs and the tower building cranes for their very high efficiency and outreach. The costs of machinery account for the largest portion of the man-hour rate. The use of truss boom cranes and particularly tower building cranes is possible. height. arrangement. The cranes should be calculated as follows: .) and then decrease the total number of hours and the average number of labourers for the foreseen heavy equipment respectively. loading. 9.for t cr anes ÷ t) 9. estimator can rely on crane for some activities only.heavy steel structure .9. Consequently. When erecting spherical storage tanks (balls) the same measures for crane selection apply.1. The scope of prefabrication is smaller. we shall need another smaller crane for loading and unloading the plates and getting them closer.car crane labourers per crane of which %-to t capacity %.

2 [Mhr/ton] (above 60 kg/m) (31 ÷ 60 kg/m) (to 30 kg/m) [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] 10. handling and sorting of the material.Unloading: .Sorting near foundationabov Equipment . HANDLING AND SORTING OF THE MATERIAL Almost all manhour rates include the erection activities from withdrawal of the material and equipment from the investor's store to the completion according to detail design.10. We shall often come across a request in tendering documents to offer unloading. (The quantity/volume ratio see page 213.Handling and sorting: [Mhr/ton] 60 % 60 % 60 % and above and above and above [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] 10.3 to 5 [t/pc] 5 ÷ 10 [t/pc] above 10 [t/pc] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] to 5 [t/pc] 5 ÷ 10 [t/pc] e 10 [t/pc] above 10 [t/pc] 10.Sorting at store CYLINDRICAL STORAGE TANKS .Handling and sorting: Piping in plants Piping between plants Pipeline STEEL STRUCTURE .Unloading: .4 near foundation in store [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] 121 .1 MATERIAL FOR PIPING .Unloading: . UNLOADING.) 10.Handling and sorting: .Unloading: Bulk material (packings) Equipment Equipment Equipment .Handling and sorting: Heavy structure Medium-weight structure Light structure PROCESS EQUIPMENT .Handling and sorting: Bulk material (packings) Equipment Equipment Equipment .

m2 On principle. mechanic) 122 .10 CANOPIES FOR TECHNICAL GAS 1.m2 Maximum number of workers x 0. TEMPORARY WORKS.11.2 SITE OFFICES 1.1 MANAGEMENT SITE OFFICES 1.9 MAINTENANCE WORKSHOP 1.m2 No of foremen x =………. mechanic) Average number of workers x =……….11 ENCLOSED STORE FOR CAPITAL EQUIPMENT OPTION 1 OFFICE BUILDINGS & CANOPIES [ m2 ] Average number of staff x =……….6 SANITARY FACILITIES 1. the investor is responsible for providing such store) The store area to be determined as follows: Total weight of erection equipment (piping + steel structure + equipment) in tons 2 x m/ton OPTION 2 CONTAINERS [pc.4 TOOLS STORE 1.m2 m2 for each maintenance worker (electrician.m2 Average number o workers x =……….7 MESS ROOMS 1.m2 Average number of workers x =………. TEMPORARY WORKS 1.m2 Average number of workers x =……….] 1 container for 1 container for office workers foremen 1 container for direct labourers 1 office + 1 cargo container for direct labourers 1 cargo container for direct labourers 1 container for workers 1 container for maintenance workers (electrician.5 ENCLOSED STORE 1. SPACE REQUIRED AND CONNECTIONS AT THE SITE 1.m2 1 container for workers Average number of workers x =……….3 LOCKER ROOM 1.8 PREFABRICATION HANGAR 1.3 = ……….

2 OUTDOOR AREA FOR WORKSHOPS AND BULKING OF EQUIPMENT 2.5 OUTDOOR AREA FOR PARKING MACHINERY 2.2.1 POWER CONNECTIONS 1.4 SEWERAGE CONNECTIONS 3. The area for that purpose would be: ÷ m2 Job sites to: above: direct labourers direct labourers direct labourers m2 m2 m2 2. On each plant the contractor needs a fenced area for storing the capital equipment and consumables. Quantity: ÷ litre/man/day Connections: every sanitary facility connection for each sanitary facility telephone lines at least 3.3 OUTDOOR AREA FOR SORTING PREFABRICATED ITEMS 2.1 + 1.2 PROCESS WATER CONNECTIONS 3. storing in water storage tanks or supply by tank lorries.4 OUTDOOR STORE AT THE JOB SITE Generally. every job site has a few plants. AREA NEEDED 2.4 + 1.5 TELEPHONE LINES 123 .3 + 1.10 increased times Double the area of item 2.7 increased times A sum of net area from each item: 1.9 + 1.6 + 1. CONNECTIONS NEEDED 3.6 OUTDOOR REA FOR STORING CAPITAL EQUIPMENT 3.8 + 1.1 OUTDOOR AREA FOR THE JOB SITE MANAGEMENT SITE OFFICE BUILDINGS METHOD OF CALCULATING THE AREA IN [m²] A sum of net area from each item: 1.5 m2 per ton of capital equipment METHOD OF ESTIMATE 1 main connection: maximum number of welding rectifiers x kVA Connections at the plants: at least off kVA power connection for each plant If there is a hydrant network: determine the quantity required.3 DRINKING WATER CONNECTIONS ÷ 3. If there is no hydrant network: determine the quantity needed.

this cannot be calculated without complete detail documentation.6" 8"-10" 12"-14" above 16" 1 1 1 1 1 weld/ weld/ weld/ weld/ weld/ m m m m m . ESTIMATE OF BUTT WELDS BASED ON A LIST OF MATERIAL . The quantity of butt welds can be estimated in several ways: 1.FITTINGS AND FLANGES ONLY Bends Tees Pipe caps Reducers Weldolets Neck flanges weld/piece weld/piece weld/piece weld/piece weld/piece weld/piece The pipe-to-pipe welds are not considered because it is deemed that the quantity of such welds is deemed to be similar to the number of fitting-to-fitting welds. To make a technical calculation an estimator needs the data on the number of welds. Of course.2. it should be calculated in the following way: . If he wants to estimate the quantity of radiograms. FITTINGS AND FLANGES Piping in plants 1. ESTIMATE OF BUTT WELDS BASED ON A LIST OF MATERIAL .3. If applied.1. Piping between plants piperacks and sleeper ways pipes pipes pipes pipes pipes to 3" 4".1. ESTIMATE OF THE NUMBER OF WELDS AND RADIOGRAMS FOR PIPING Data on the number of welds are not often given in the call for tenders. ÷ ÷ % % 124 .fittings and flanges: as for the piping in a plant (item 1. If the estimator can estimate proportional relations of two kinds of piping then he can make the calculation with other piping lengths as well. he should know only the quantity of butt welds and if he wants to calculate precisely the quantity of welding rods and electric power.2. Combined piping (in plants and between the plants) If there are no separate lists of materials for piping in the plant and for the piping between the plants. c.12.Piping in the plant: decrease the weld number by . the quantity of butt welds should be calculated as follows: Pipes: calculate 1 weld to the lengths that are twice the length of the piping between the plants (item 1. This is the most widely used method for estimating the butt welds. .Combined piping (in plants and between the plants): increase by c. the estimator can base on the butt welds quantity. I know from experience that this method is not a reliable one.).1) 2. but we know there are both of them. Pipe Bends Tees Pipe caps Reducers Weldolets Neck flanges weld/24 m weld/piece weld/piece weld/piece weld/piece weld/piece weld/piece 1. The estimate of the quantity of other types of welds such as nozzle welds and socket welds.) 1.PIPES. he should know the quantity of all types of welds.Fittings and flanges: As for the piping in plants (item 1.

m x 3.Piping in plants: . the fittings are mostly with the socket welds and therefore there are fewer butt welds. Once the quantity of butt welds is calculated by any of previously described methods. the estimator i. the process engineer determines the percentage of radiographic tests and include them in the piping line list. ESTIMATE OF TOTAL WELDS (ALL TYPES) This estimate can be used for calculation of welding rod consumption (item 2.Town networks: ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ % % % % 5. working temperature.Combined piping: . page 115). working pressure. materials and special safety regulations.e.3. The percentages are different and can vary from 5% to almost 200%. Generally.MEASURED ON THE LINE AXIS 1 butt weld/length [m] Line Combined Diameter to 1 1/2" 2" 3" 4" 6" 8" 10" 12" 14" 16" 18" 20" 24" 28" 30" 32" above 34" Plant * Town network *In the case of to 11/2" piping. ESTIMATE OF RADIOGRAMS ON THE PIPING The number of radiograms depends on the media. 125 . (200% is in special cases when highly alloyed materials are used and the radiography is required before and after thermal treatment of the weld). This is done in such a way that the quantity of butt welds is increased by the following percentage: .Piping between plants (piperacks and sleeper ways): . page 112) and the power consumption costs (item 4. ESTIMATE OF BUTT WELDS BASED ON THE PIPING LENGTHS . the quantity of other welds can be calculated as well.2281 = ft 4.

5" (100-140 mm) 10 X 16 6" .STEEL LOW TEMPERATURE Mo . material and class.STD.3 1/2" (50-90 mm) (ellipse) 10 X 16 4" . WORKING TEMPERATURE [° C] 20 ÷ 100 101 ÷ 300 301 ÷ 400 .40" (900-1000 mm) 10 X 48 42" . Chapter VI If we know the quantity of butt welds according to their diameter. Testing and Technology .46" (1050-1150 mm) 10 X 48 48" . The number of radiograms and lengths of films according to API .Zagreb) Outside Number of Film diameter radiograms size to 1 1/2" (40 mm) (ellipse) 10 X 12 2". Because of that the estimator will monitor and develop statistics of the projects executed. Petroleum Refinery Section ANSI B31.20 ÷ 450 451 ÷ 580 .7" (150-190 mm) 10 X 24 8" .Institute for Welding.52" (1200-1300 mm) 10 X 48 cm cm cm cm cm cm cm cm cm cm cm cm cm cm When the quantity of radiograms is calculated.18" (360-450 mm) 10 X 48 20" (500 mm) and more: Number of films depends on diameter 10 X 48 20" . he will calculate the number of radiograms according to the table below. it should be increased by: % % % % % for weld repair for incorrectly issued orders or undefined needs and samples for certifying processes and welders Total 126 . When the estimator determines the percentage.34" (750-850 mm) 10 X 48 36" .100 TYPE OF STEEL CARBON STEEL C .11" (200-280 mm) 10 X 32 12" .3. then it will not be difficult to determine the number of welds to be tested.13" (300-360 mm) 10 X 40 14" .STEEL AUSTENITE STEEL (STAINLESS) - 10% 30% 30% Source: Code for Pressure Piping.20 ÷ 300 301 ÷ 450 .45 ÷ .1104 ("ZIT" .22" (500-550 mm) 10 X 48 24" .STEEL Class 3 125 lb 150 lb 0% 5% 0% 5% 150 lb 5% 5% 10% 5% 5% 10% 30% 30% Class 2 300 lb 5% 10% 30% 10% 10% 30% 30% 100% 30% 30% 100% Class 1 >900 lb 600 lb 10% 100% 30% 100% 30% 100% 30% 30% 100% 100% 100% 30% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% —— —— —— —— —— 0% —— —— 5% CrMo . and decide for an average percentage of radiography. however this information is not available and cannot be determined within the scheduled time.The following table is mostly used to determine the percentage of radiographic inspection.28" (600-700 mm) 10 X 48 30" . he will ask for professional opinions of more experienced colleagues.99 ÷ 500 501 ÷ 700 196 ÷ . In most cases.21 .

The influence of different material is calculated by the material multiplier factors (factors for different kind of materials) (f) for items 2. hauling to the erection site. By way of an exception. nipolets. sockolets. valves. pressure test).1 to 7.5. Any intermediate value can be calculated for the needs of an estimate or derived by interpolation. Fittings are considered only those MITRE BENDS that are delivered ready for installation. einforced nozzles. half couplings. The tables contain the values of erection items for dimension used most frequently in erection of piping. the estimate points and the related activities are given for items 1. etc.2 to 3. alignment. If this is the case.3. EXPLANATION TO THE ERECTION ITEMS (Basic Erection/Installation Items) 1.1 ÷ 8. If reductions are made on the pipe directly. temporary supporting and fastening are calculated on the basis of listed lengths excluding fittings. flanges. The rate for reducer is taken for the biggerr diameter. The section FORMS FOR CALCULATION OF MAN-HOUR RATES contains the erection items on which basis the time required for installation of each piping element is calculated. Compensation: per linear meter of pipe 1. not valid for fittings with a socket joint and thread. which means they are listed in the bill of material as a finished part. PIPING ABOVE GROUND ESTIMATE POINTS OF BASIC ERECTION ITEMS The estimate points of basic erection items are used for payment and monitoring of the works progress during erection of piping above ground.2 PIPE INSTALLATION ON PIPERACKS The work is identical to PIPE INSTALLATION IN PLANTS. it is considered as a fitting with two welds).8) provides the method for calculating the activities derived from basic items. welds.3 PIPE DISMANTLING Dismantling works including necessary reconditioning work for parts to be reutilized.0 FITTING Valid only for welded fittings. Under the section EXPLANATION TO THE ERECTION ITEMS. The same section (items 8. Compensation: per linear meter of pipe 1. the calculation should be made according to the table (pipe laying. hauling to a storing place and unloading.8. These forms have been used to calculate all man hour rates in the section. the factors (k) on the page 142 are used for items 1.1 to 1. Not valid for parts such as weldolets.X. One estimate point equals one man hour (Mhr) at Productivity Efficiency Percentage (PEP) of 90% for unit quantity and for carbon steel. etc. 127 .1 PIPING PIPE INSTALLATION IN PLANTS Withdrawal from the store. Similarly. Compensation: per linear meter of pipe 2. Mitre bends contracted for field fabrication will be considered as pipes from which the bends must be made.0 1.

Weld joint at installation of prefabricated sections: 2 x Item 3. if necessary correction work matching by cutting. check o f ovality of ends. reduction and mitre elbow (bends made from pipe segments). check.2 FILLET (SOCKET) WELD . angularity and ovality check of ends.3 ADJUSTMENT OF FITTINGS WITH THREE CONNECTION ENDS It includes a check of dimension.MAKE-ON AND WELDING It includes the same activities as for BUT T WELD .9 mm t = 6. bevelling.2. temporary supporting. It refers to T-piece and Y-piece.1 BUTT WELD MAKE-ON AND WELDING Measurement.all materials PN to 160 bar PN to 320 bar Above DN to 80 or 3” : . remo val of paint.Cr Ni Ti . cleaning and fitting. adjustment.0 PIPE WELD MAKE-ON AND WELDING It includes all necessar y preheating and possible protection from inclement weather . Heat treatment in terms of stress relieving not included.1 3.steels PN to 100 bar or to 600 lbs : PN abov e 100 baror abov e 600 lbs : (Schedule) t = Sch10S t = STD or 3000 lbs : or 6000 lbs : t = 3. This refers to pipe elbow. It includes also possible stress relieving at flanges. cleaning. tack welding.2 ADJUSTMENT OF FITTINGS WITH TWO CONNECTION ENDS It includes measurement. deburring. Compensation: per weld . bend. cleaning and fitting. 3. is included in welding so it is not compensated separately. ). a pipe cap or a flange for instance. bevelling. sock et couplings. 2. etc. check of one angularity .4 mm 128 . and welding. Following fix ed wall thicknesses ar e valid f or different outside diameters of pipes: to DN < 80 or < 3”: . if necessary correction works (possible cutting as well) matching by cutting.1 ADJUSTMENT OF FITTINGS WITH ONE CONNECTION END Adjustment of fittings with one connection end. It applies to the items with socket weld end connection (sock et weld flanges. alignment. placing and sortin g of pies. marking of cut ting line. Compensation: per item 2. cut ting. Compensation: per item 3.

Compensation: per weld 3.5 WELDOLET.6 REINFORCEMENT PAD MAKE-ON AND WELDING Fabrication of reinforcement pad according to to drawing: cutting out from the remaining pipe (pipe same as header line). matchingup weldolet.INSTALLATION AND WELDING Header line measurement. For calculation of a joint with a branch connection. take the outside diameter and the wall thickness of the branch connection. Nozzles with reinforcement are considered according to the larger outside diameter and larger w all thickness. tack-welding. 129 .all other material PN to 100 bar PN above 100 bar or to 600 lbs : or above 600 lbs : t = STD t = XS Slip-on flanges according to ANSI B16. They are printed in the tables only once per diameter of pipe. This value is then added the v alue of the REINFORCEMENT PAD. matching-up. marking of bore. cutting of bore. TO DIN 2695) Cleaning of seal ring faces. Compensation: per item 3.5 and plain flanges according to DIN 2655 and 2656 will be compensated twice. Factor for this item is considered for outside diameter of branch connecting and the wall thickness of reinforcement pad. the bolts will be removed and retightened. matching up branch. removal of paint. sockolets and thredolets to DN 80 or 3”.7 SEAL RING MAKE-ON AND WELDING (ACC. marking of bore. grinding.. The value for inclined nozzle joints is increased by 50%. etc.4 NOZZLE WELD MAKE-ON AND WELDING Header line measurement. edge working. cutting of bore.0 mm Wall thickness as for SOCKET JOINT is valid above DN 80 or 3”. levelling and welding. Compensation: per item 3. positioning of seal ring. Compensation: per item (without flanged joint) Basis for the number of factors is a standardized wall thickness of 4 mm. welding. paint cleaning. drilling and threading of vent hole. welding closing of vent hole with mastic. the following will be used instead of the connecting branch wall thickness: PN to 3000 lbs : PN to 6000 lbs : t = 4.. After connecting two flanges and tightening: tack welding and welding of interfacing seal rings.3 MITRE WELD MAKE-ON AND WELDING As for BUTT JOINT Compensation: per weld 3. alignment.3 mm t = 6. sockolet. NIPOLET . Nozzles without reinforcement are considered according to the outside diameter and the branch wall thickness. tack welding. The flange joint is compensated subject to the nominal pressure. levelling. With nipolets. tack-welding. Because of welding. For a complete reinforced branch connection with pad NOZZLE JOINT should be added. tack welding and welding. Compensation: per weld 3.

5 PIPE BENDING 1. 4. fitting and tightening of bolts. Compensation: per item . This item is considered once only for each weld to be cut.3 x 1. etc.4 INSTALLATION OF MEASURING ORIFICES. and preparation of the cutting face for joining. For different kind of materials a special table is given under the section MATERIAL MULTIPLIER FACTORS (3. Values for higher pressure are obtained by multiplying item 4. Values are compensated per [m of bending angle]. (For pipes above DN 50 or 2” to DN 200 or 8”) These pipes are mostly bent for fire protection of cylindrical storage tanks. lubrication of bolts with graphite grease. Make-on as for FLANGED JOINT. 130 . 3.1 ÷ 4.0 FLANGED AND THREADED JOINTS. bending according to the standards.10MA TERIAL MULTIPLIER FACTORS (f) All values in the tables are valid for carbon steel. 4.3 x 1. Additional installation of all intermediate rings and plates such as blanking plates.10).3 x 2. measuring rings. marking of cutting line. Compensation: per item Basis for the number of factors is a standardized wall thickness of 4 mm. Compensation: per joint This item includes all flanged joints regardless of the flange t ype. BLANKING PLATES. machine cutting. removal of paint. measuring orifices and the like.3.2 for PN 320 ÷ 400 ANSI 2500 4.7 for PN 250 ANSI 1500 Item 4. preparation and positioning of gasket. 3.3 value by the following factors: Item 4. They are printed in the tables only once per diameter of pipe.8 INSERT RING (FOR ALUMINIUM ONLY) Cutting of insert rings to necessary length and matching up.3 for PN 160 ANSI 900 Item 4.cutting. welding of longitudinal seams and tack welding to the pipe. This item is only an addition to the flanged joint values. It is used only when the piping parts are reutilized. Valid for items 3. 2.3 FLANGED JOINT Cleaning of flange faces. removal of remaining welding seam.1 to 3.9 WELD CUTTING FOR MODIFICATIONS Measurement.8 only. It is calculated by multiplying the carbon steel value by the factor (f) from the table 3. BENDING OF PIPES 4. safety rings.10. (For pipes to DN 50 or 2”) Pipe measurement.

8 DISASSEMBLING Item 4. gate v alves. cocks. lev el controllers. etc. Additional: special protection and dismantling for pressure tests Compensation: per item 131 . f aucets. tr ansport of dismantled material to the advised storing place and unloading. Compensation: per item 5. dampers. and tightening. remo val of possible f oreign objects. floats. Compensation: per item 5. level indicators. thr ead and cut deburring. placement. cutting.1 VALVES VALVE INSTALLATION (WITH AND WITHOUT HAND DRIVE) Valves.0 5.). screwing in. This item is compensated only f or complete valves including actuator.3 BUTTERFLY VALVE INSTALLATION WITH ACTUATOR As for VALVE WITH ACTUATOR Compensation: per item For this position. str ainers.4 BUTTERFLY VALVE INSTALLATION As for VALVE. Checking. AIR) A valve with an actuat or means all pneumatic-. non-return v alves.7 Joint disconnection. fastening of hand wheel or installation of hand wheels or handles.2 VALVE INSTALLATION WITH ACTUATORS (SOLENOID.1 ÷ 4.4 and 4.4. mot or or manual gear oper ated valves for openclose operations. Activities are the same as f or the V ALVES. dismantling. marking the spooling length. blowing ou t. check open/close operations.5 CONTROL VALVE INSTALLATION As for VALVE. 5.6 PREPARATION OF THREADED ENDS Pipe handling. supporting. Compensation: per joint This item will also be compensated for dismantling of threaded connection (unions with gasket. Compensation: per item Same as under BUTTERFLY VALVE WITH ACTUATOR. measurement. only one flanged joint will be compensated. Compensation: per item 4. Compensation: per item 5. threading. preparation of thread according to specification. etc. 4.7 THREADED CONNECTION MAKE-ON Thread cleaning. 5.

cleaning by blowing or purging. air.FABRICATION AND WELDING Fabrication. flange and threaded joints . 132 . In case of pneumatic or gas test all connections are to be leak tested with a foaming agent. transport and unloading at an intermediate storage place. inert gas. it will be compensated according to the nominal diameter of the pressure side (inlet). Disassembling of connections will be compensated as for DISASSEMBLY OF PIPE CONNECTIONS.9 DISMANTLING OF VALVES The scope of works includes: dismantling. filling and venting of system. welding. Fabricated from the remaining pipes.1 MISCELLANEOUS SUPPORTS .0 6. Unlock spring hangers and spring supports.7 HYDRANT INSTALLATION As for VALVE. Remove temporary piping test components. It is done when not performed with the pressure test and when required by the specification. placing the insulating parts. The values are the manhour rates that is the man hours per kg respectively.6 SAFETY VALVE INSTALLATION As for VALVE. removal of blanking plates. bolts and nuts have to be tightened. complete welding and possible adjustment. Compensation: per meter of pipe 7. Additional: dismantling for calibration and reassembling. Removal of temporary supports included as well. Compensation: per item 5. It includes the make-on of provisional connections for filling and draining.2 SUPPORT INSTALLATION (WITHOUT FABRICATION) Installation of supplied supports fabricated by other contractors.5. which were removed prior to pressure test and installation of flange unions with specified gaskets. For safety valves.2 SERVICE TEST Service test is a leak test with air or gas at a low pressure setting. Pressure and leak test to be applied to all welds. Compensation: per item 5. installation of parts. or steam. Carrying out the inspection of tests following the regulations. draining of system. Compensation: per item 5. removal of items exempted from pressure test. bolting. installation of blanking plates. Compensation: per item 7. Compensation: per item 6. pressure increase to specified level. Compensation: per meter of pipe 6.0 7. matching up.1 PRESSURE TESTING PRESSURE TEST Pressure test with water and water mixtures.following the regulation.8 SPINDLE EXTENSION According to the dimensions it refers to the extensions between 1 and 3 meters.

.5 INSTRUMENT CONNECTION . 8.1 x no of points Item 1.1 = = = = [hours per linear meter of pipe] [hours per linear meter of pipe] [hours per linear meter of pipe] [hours per linear meter of pipe] Valves and pipe supports will be compensated separately.3 SPATIAL SHIFTING OF PIPES Spatial shifting of already installed piping. only the lengths of straight run pipes included in the bill of quantities are compensated (cutting lengths as listed).1 ACTIVITIES DERIVED FROM BASIC ITEMS PIPES In the following items. Fittings.1. flanges and the like will not be compensated.2) Make-on: Compensation: 133 . It will be compensated only if another company does the prefabrication. installation of additional steel packers.1.2 INSTALLATION OF PREFABRICATED SPOOLS Installation as for Item 1. Transport to a spools storing place.0 8. This is particularly used with rubber-lined piping and with installation of measuring flanges.1. Transport from the spools storing place to the place of installation.7.1 (1. dismantling and installation of holders.1 = [hours per meter of pipe] Make-on: Compensation: It is compensated only if the installation is not done by the prefabrication labour. removing grinding dust. deburring of instrument connection in pipe according to the given bore in flange.1. Make-on: Compensation: Ø 2” ÷ 5” Ø 6” ÷ 10” Ø 12” ÷ 14” Ø above 16” x no of points Item 1. 7.Alternative: Activity 8.2.4 GRINDING OF EXCESS MATERIAL ON WELDING ROOTS Careful grinding of excess material on welding roots of specified welds. x number of points Item 1. Compensation: per drilled hole 8.3 INSTALLATION OF SPRING HANGERS AND SUSPENSIONS The installation is the same as for the SUPPORT INSTALLATION.1. x no of points Item 1.1 PIPE HANDLING AND CUTTING IN PREFABRICATION Prefabrication as for Item 1.4 8. In addition adjustment of prestressing.1 x no of points Item 1.1 x no of points Item 1. removal of drilling chips.DRILLING Drilling. Compensation: per weld 7. 8.

It is compensated only if another company does the prefabrication.6 mm or 13. placement.2) for union fittings on valves and fittings 8. measurement. The following points for nominal diameter of half-coupling or adequate outside diameter of connecting pipe (not the header pipe) and wall thickness are used: PN to 3000 lbs : PN to 6000 lbs : t = 10.Alternative: Activity 8.2 [Mhr/spool] Make-on: Compensation: Valves and pipe supports are compensated separate.4 MAKE-ON OF OUTSIDE PIPE FOR A DOUBLE-WALL PIPING (JACKETED PIPING) Make-on: Cutting.1 (1.2.2. positioning. placement positioning and supporting of weld meter runs x no of points Item 2.6 mm t = 13. Compensation: x no of points Item1. Item 3.1.2 Make-on: Compensation: 8.4 PREFABRICATED OF SPOOLS FOR WELDING Finding of pref abricated piping sections.2) for union fittings between the jacketed pipes Make-on: Compensation: x no of points Item 1.8 mm dependent on the halfcoupling category. and fastening x no of points Item 2. a butt weld according to Item 3. The result is the points for a joint between the half coupling and the header pipe.3 WELD METER RUNS Measurement. 8. supporting of weld compensators x no of points Item 2. placement.1.2.2 Make-on: Compensation: 8. positioning. Therefore. the points for the closest thickness are taken and divided with that thickness and multiplied by fictitious thickness of 10. tr ansport.2) It is compensated only if the installation is not done by the prefabrication labour.8.8 mm NOTE: The wall thicknesses considered for compensation are fictitious.1 (1.1 (1. To allow for the additional work as drilling the hole etc. supporting. .1.5 MAKE-ON AND INSTALLATION OF LINE PIPING DN 20/25 ON JACKETED PIPING As for Item 1.1 will be compensated. There are no points for these thicknesses.2 8. positioning the outside pipe with double-wall piping (jacketed piping).1 x no of points Item 1.2 is followed for compensation of next socket joint of pipe.2 134 .2. Compensation: Points per item 8.1 MISCELLANEOUS FITTINGS HALF COUPLINGS The connecting seam between a half coupling and a header pipe is a fillet weld.2 WELD COMPENSATOR Measurement.

4 Grinding and removal of drilling chips on the measuring line connection according to the nominal diameter of flange. x Item 7.1 Compensation: x no of points Item 3.2 or 4.1 (4. 4.4 PREFABRICATED WELDS AT INSTALLATION OF PREFABRICATED SECTIONS (SPOOLS) Performance:As Item 3. and tightening.1 8.5 8.3 135 .1 Compensation: x no of points Item 3.1 Compensation: x no of points Item 3.1 FLANGED JOINTS REPLACEMENT OF BOLTS Performance:Take out of bolts.3 8. Compensation: x no of points of corresponding Item 4 .3. Drill holes for instrument connection for slip-on flanges and remove drilling chips.4 In addition the points for the following to be included: Grinding of excess material on the welding root along the flange seam according to the nominal diameter of the flange. weld outgoing instrument connections and close off (watertight welding) the flange hole not used.2 (s = 6.8.2 or 4 .3.2 LONGITUDINAL WELDS ON PIPE HALF SHELLS Make-on: As Item 3.3) + Item 4. preparing them f or reutilization.4. Weld both flanges according to the existing specification of the measuring orifice and grind the excess material on the welding roots. bolt greasing. which is assembled at the site from individual parts excluding the measuring orifice plates and the meter runs delivered as an assembly.1 8.3. Compensation: Points per item 8.5 MEASURING ORIFICES .1 WELDING TACK WELDING ON VALVE SIMULATORS Make-on: as Item 3.3. placing. make-on of flange joint by installing a measuring orifice.2.MEASURING FLANGES This item includes the operations for performance of a flanged measuring orifice. (Battery limits of the works marked on drawing) Compensation of instrument connection assembly: x Item 4.1.3 THERMOMETER BRANCH (TI) Welding of a thermometer branch to a pipe DN 150 and abov e is compensated instead of a nozzle joint x socket joint of corresponding Item 3.4 mm).4 8.1 for both longitudinal welds 8. x Item 7.

1 Make-on: Compensation: 8. 5. 5.1 x no of points Item 5.6 or 5. 5.5. fastening x no of points Item 5.2 if the Client supplies the material x no of points Item 7.6 WALL PASS FOR PIPES Make-on: Fabrication and installation of wall passes.7.2 EXPANSION JOINTS WITH FLANGED ENDS As Item 5.8.8 8. Use of larger diameter pipes or sheet metal bending.2 if the Client supplies the material 8.5.2 inclusive of fabrication according to the Client's drawings.7. Compensation: x no of points Item 3.3 HOLE DRILLING IN CONCRETE Performance: Drilling a hole and inserting a screw anchor Compensation: x points for holes to 10 mm x points for holes x points for holes 8. wall breaking. HANGERS AND SUPPORTS Performance: Dismantling holders and return the usable parts to the store. Compensation: x no of points of corresponding Pos 7.8.8. 5.1 VALVES ROTATING THE VALVE INSTALLED Positioning.5 8. Compensation: x no of points Item 7.4.5.3. 5.2.1 for corresponding diameter of he header line 8.2 DISMANTLING OF PIPE HOLDERS.7 8.1 MISCELLANEOUS FABRICATION AND INSTALLATION OF PIPE HOLDERS.1.7 Make-on: Compensation: 8. supporting.2 CHANGE IN ISOMETRY PRIOR TO THE CLIENT'S APPROVAL FOR FABRICATION points per pipe item Compensation: The change in isometry is compensated by 136 .2 8.7. 12 ÷ 16 mm above 16 mm Compensation: The change in bill of quantities is compensated by 8. setting the pass in position and fastening.1 EXTRAS CHANGE IN BILL OF QUANTITIES BEFORE THE CLIENT'S APPROVAL FOR FABRICATION points per piping item. HANGERS AND SUPPORTS (to 100 kg per item) Make-on: as Item 7.

AND PIPE SUPPORTS Designation of prefabricated sections and pipe supports on the protected side. Preparation of piping for sandblasting and application of primer. 137 . Co-ordination and work with sandblasting/painting company. 8.8. For handling only the straight run pipes are considered. 8." Page 48 8.6 SAND BLASTING HANDLING.8. Make-on: Compensation: OPTION I: Modification on finished and installed piping is paid according to the calculation x number of points of that item. Compensation: Sandblasting handling and corrosion primer is compensated at prefabricated material.8. They are calculated as the piping above ground with a % increase. the insulation shall be calculated separately.8. If the pipes are not prewrapped. 8. Compensation: Subsequent installation of the piping parts is compensated by x number of points of corresponding installation item and the installation and/or welding item.5 PIPING MODIFICATION Modification works on already installed piping at the Client's request. PRIMER COAT ON PIPING.8.4 INSTALLATION OF MISSING MATERIAL Make-on: Subsequent installation of the piping parts in already prefabricated and installed piping. As-built documentation of the modifications made in isometry and bill of items.3 HAND DRAFTING OF ISOMETRY ACCORDING TO THE CLIENT'S INSTRUCTION points per Hand drafting (sketches) of isometry including a bill of quantities is calculated with sketch and bill. A precondition is that the pipes are already wrapped in which case there is no need to calculate separately the wrapping of joints separately. Performance: Transport of piping to the sandblasting and painting site. OPTION II: Calculation according to the table "Man hours for piping modification at site.8.7 UNDERGROUND PIPING [Mhr/ton] of This refers to the piping laid in an excavated trench in the plant but it is not valid for pipelines. Protection of sealing surfaces and bevelled welding edges against damage and protection against ingress of sand into the piping.

3) Prefabrication: Installation: factor factor 3. JOINTS .2.1 5. Prefabrication: Installation: 2.8.1.2.5) Prefabrication: factor Installation: factor OPTION: According to the unit rates per each component. which is done in the following way: 1. FLANGES AND OTHER (Item 4.WELDING (Item 3.(Item 7. TESTS (Item 6. VALVES INSTALLATION (Item 5. which is performed both in prefabrication and in installation. 8. That is why the estimate points and the rates have to be divided. MISCELLANEOUS .8. 2.2) Pipe handling is one installation item. 7. a division to pref abrication and installation. 1.8 FACTORS FOR CALCULATION OF MAN HOURS FOR PREFABRICATION AND INSTALLATION OF PIPING The estimate points for basic erection items and the rates derived for the piping elements will give the total values for prefabrication and for installation. PIPES (Item 1.1.(Item 7.4.1 3.3) Prefabrication: Installation: factor factor 7.1) Prefabrication: factor Installation: factor .1 4.7) Prefabrication: Installation: factor factor 5.3) Prefabrication: no Installation: factor . 6. ( ( %) %) factor factor FITTINGS (Item 2. 7.8) Prefabrication: Installation: factor factor (exception) 6.(Item 7. Sometimes the rates are requested to be given separate for prefabrication and separate for installation. 138 . page 49.9) Prefabrication: Installation: factor factor 4.

A312 Gr.No 1.0305 1. 304. B A181 Gr. WP304H STAINLESS STEEL CN X2 CrNi 19 11 (X2 CrNi 18 9) 1.0112 1. 3. CB60 CB65 A182 Gr. A403 Gr.1 TO 3.TP304. TP304.material A53 A106 Gr. F304L. alloy steel (W). TP316L.4435 1. A269 Gr. A234 A105. TP316L.TABLE Item. (TT) ÷ Stainless steel (CN) High temp.0308 1. A358 Gr.8 H II WS . A234 Gr.0402 1.0038 1.0174 1. AISI Gr.WP304L A269 Gr.8 St 37-2 RSt 37-2 RRoSt 37 -2 St 42-2 RSt 42-2 St 45 St 45. WPB A105 A181.WP304.4306 X2 CrNiMo 17 13 2 (X2 CrNiMo 18 10) X2 CrNiMo 18 14 3 (X2 CrNiMo 18 12) X2 CrNiMoN 17 13 X5 CrNi 18 10 (X5 CrNi 18 9) 1. WPA A53 Gr.491 1. CA55. (W3) ÷ Nickel alloy (NI) Aluminium alloy (AL) (f ) CARBON STEEL GM CS DIN . C (killed) A285 Gr. A403 Gr.MATERIAL St 35 St 35. A312 Gr.4301 139 . 316N A182 Gr. B (killed) A53 Gr. TP304L. B.8 (f) Group of materials (GM) Carbon steel (CS) Chrom-molybden alloy steel (CR) ÷ Copper alloy (CU) Low temp.10 (pages 147 ÷ 202) MULTIPLIER FACTORS FOR DIFFERENT KIND OF MATERIALS FOR ITEMS 3. (W2). F304. II A671 Gr.0432 1. B A135 Gr. A312 Gr.0405 1. Class 60 A53 A106 Gr.8 C 21 C 22 C 22. B.0132 1.4404 1. (N1). A269 Gr. A A135 A283 Gr.0425 ASTM . (W1). A.046 1. A181 Gr. alloy steel (N). TP304L.0408 1. A234 Gr.0042 1. 316L AISI Gr.

A358 Gr.4571 1. WP316 AISI Gr. LF3. TP321. TP321.0356 1. 8. A403 Gr. A403 Gr. WP348 A182 Gr.C71500 ASTM . TP316.0356 1.0882 ASTM .No 1.No 1. 316 A789 ? ? A182 Gr. TP316.0488 1.No 2. A269 Gr TP347.material B466 .Mo ALLOY STEEL GM CR DIN . 347. A403 Gr. A403 Gr. A420 GR. A269 Gr. 8.0566 140 . WP321. A358 Gr. F316. A312 Gr. 1 A350 Gr. A350 Gr. F347. CMSH70 (f ) GM LOW TEMPERATURE STEEL N DIN .4922 ? All customary steels with head alloying element "Cr". 6.MATERIAL 10 Ni 14 WS .MATERIAL CUNI 10 FE CUNI 30 FE WS .5637 14 Ni 6 N1 TT X8 Ni 9 TTSt E29 TTStE35 TTSt 35V TTSt 41V TTSt E41 TTSt E36 1. 3. 321 X2 CrNiMoN 22 5 X5 NiCrMoCuNb 20 18 X6 CrNiNb 18 10 (X10 CrNiNb 18 9) 1. referes to key for steels. A420 Gr. 321. WPL6 A333 Gr. LF1 A350 Gr. WP321H A312 Gr. A691 Gr. A312 Gr.0872 2. A334 Gr.C71500 B466 . CD70. (f ) COPPER ALLOY GM CU DIN .0437 1.material A182 Gr. 9. A403 Gr. 348.6903 (f ) Cr . A403 Gr.No ASTM .455 X6 CrNiTi 18 10 X10 CrNiNb 18 9) 1. WPL8 A333 Gr. 3.C70600 SB111 .4462 1.(f ) STAINLESS STEEL GM CN DIN .material A333 Gr. A334 Gr. TP316H A333 Gr. A269 Gr.5622 1. A358 Gr. 6. A334 Gr.material X20 CrMoV 12 1 1. A420 Gr.MATERIAL X5 CrNiMo 17 12 2 (X5 NiCrMo 18 10) WS . WP347. 1. F321.4401 ASTM .MATERIAL WS . A358 Gr.4541 X6 CrNiMoTi 17 12 2 (X10 CrNiMoTi 18 10) X10 CrNiTi 18 10 1.4505 1. LF2 A420 A671 GR. WPL3 A333 Gr.0437 1. A334 Gr. TP316H.5622 1. 9. A334 Gr.

4988 1.7715 WS . WP1.7766 1. A335 Gr. CM65 A182 Gr. T9 A182 Gr. A335 Gr. P12.6368 1. P2.No 3.material A182 Gr.4856 NI 141 . WP11.No 1. A691 Gr.4876 2. A335 Gr. A234 Gr.4858 2.5 Mn ALMG 5 DIN .7386 1.No 1.material Incoloy 800 Incoloy 825 Incoloy 625 12 CrMo 19 5 1.4981 1. A335 Gr. A335 Gr. WP22 A335 Gr.738 ASTM . 1CR ? ASTM . WP5. F9 A213 Gr. A691 Gr.MATERIAL ALMG 3 ALMG 4.7276 1.7779 1.7335 W3 GM ALUMINIUM ALLOY AL 14 MoV 6 3 DIN . P1.4961 1.MATERIAL X10 NiCrAlTi 32 20 NiCr 21 Mo NiCr 22 Mo 9 Nb 1.3535 GM NICKEL ALLOY WS .MATERIAL 10 CrMo 11 10 CrMo 9 10 WS . P11 A335 Gr. F5.5415 W2 13 CrMo 44 1. P21 A335 Gr.7362 15 NiCuMoNb 5 17 CrMoNb 10 20CrMoV 13 5 X8 CrNiNb 16 13 X8 CrNiMoNb 16 16 X8 CrNiMoVNb 16 13 X12 CrMo 9 1 W1 15 Mo 3 1. P22 A182 Gr. F12 A234 Gr. P5d ? ? ? ? ? ? A182 Gr. A335 Gr. F5A A182 Gr.material Alloy 5052-0 Alloy 5083-0 ? ASTM . P5b.(f ) GM HIGH TEMPERATURE ALLOY STEEL W DIN . F22 A234 Gr. F1.

) galvanised aluminium 2.5 = [Mhr/m] MATERIALS carbon steel stainless steel alloy steel prewrapped (undergr.10 1. install.8) x f = [Mhr/ea] 2.1 x k + Item 3.2 ON PIPE RACK Item 1.4 REDUCERS CONCENTRIC AND ECCENTRIC (Item 2.3.2 x k + Item 3.1 PIPES IN PLANT Item 1.75) x f = [Mhr/ea] 2.3 STEAM TRACING (Item 1.00 1.1/6 x k + Item 6.85 Mhr/ m x 0.1) x f = [Mhr/ea] 2.10 1.8 (f) page 139 ÷ 141 142 .1 for Ø + Item 3.2REDUCED TEES (Item 2.1 x 2.3 + Item 3.3 = [Mhr/m] 1.FORMS FOR CALCULATION OF MANHOUR RATES (Derived Erection Items) Productivity Efficiency Percentage (PEP) = 80% 1.1 + Item 6.3) x 2.3048 = Mhr/ft (Item 2.1 TO 3.3.1 for ø) x f = [Mhr/ea] MATERIALS (f) See section FACTORS FOR DIFFERENT MATERIALS FOR ITEMS 3.2/2 + Item 3.70 0.2 + Item 3.PIECES 2.2 + Item 3.0 1.1 x 2.3 = [Mhr/m] 1.1/6 x k + Item 6.1 FITTINGS PIPE BENDS ELBOWS 45° and 90° (k) 1.1 + Item 6.1STRAIGHT TEES (Item 2.15 0.2 PIPE CAPS (Item 2.1 x k + Item 3.1/24 x k + Item 6.5) x f = [Mhr/ea] 2.3 TEE .0 2.1 + Item 6.1 x 1.3 + Item 3.

1 + Item 4.5 x f = [Mhr/ea] 4.0 4.85 x f = [Mhr/ea] 4.3. NIPOLETS Item 2.2WITH TWO ENDS (Item 2.3 x 1.2 HALF COUPLINGS FOR WELDING Item 2.3.9 x f = [Mhr/ea] 3.2 x 2 + Item 4.2 + Item 3.2 x 0.1 ÷ 4.3 SOCKET (Item 3.1 ÷ 4.2 (for "XS") x 2) x f = [Mhr/ea] 4.3.3.4 + Item 7.3) x f = [Mhr/ea] 3.1 ÷ 4. PLAINE (Item 3.5 + Item 3.1 ÷ 4.3) x f = [Mhr/ea] 3.5 x 0.1 + Item 7.2 (for "XS")) x f = [Mhr/ea] 4.3 FITTINGS WITH SOCKET ENDS 4.1WITH ONE END (Item 2.5 BLIND FLANGE Item 4.2 (for "XS") x 3) x f = [Mhr/ea] 143 .1 ÷ 4. SOCKOLETS.2 + Item 3.handling only 20% of [Mhr/ea] 4.0 3.3) x 0.6 MEASURING ORIFICE ASSEMBLY (Item 4.4) x 2 x f = [Mhr/joint] 3.5 + Item 4.3) x f= [Mhr/ea] 3.1 + Item 4.3WITH THREE ENDS (Item 2.1 ÷ 4.2 SLIP-ON.1 FLANGES NECK (Item 3.7 FLANGES .3 + Item 3.3 + Item 3.4 FREE FLANGE + CIRCUMFERENCE (Bördel) (Item 3.1 SMALL FITTINGS WELDOLETS.2 + Item 3.3 = [Mhr/ea] 3.2 + Item 4.

61 WITH WELDING ENDS BUTT WELD 5. COCKS.7 = [Mhr/ea] 4.90 2.29 1.32 1.44 1.7 x 2 = [Mhr/ea] 4. STRAINER Item 5.1 VALVES WITH FLANGED ENDS 5. DAMPERS. FILTERS.7 x VF = [Mhr/ea] VF .1. NON-RETURN VALVES.00 1.6 x 1.6 x VF = [Mhr/ea] 5.2.4 FITTINGS WITH THREADED ENDS 4.4.7 x 3 = [Mhr/ea] 5.2NP 160 . GATES.41 1.16 1.15 1.5 + Item 4.5 + Item 4.4.1.1.1) x f = [Mhr/ea] 144 .45 1.3SAFET Y VALVES Item 5.21 1. LB 900 (Item 3.00 1.00 1.0 5.1 (for "STD") x 2 + Item 5.1) x f = [Mhr/ea] 5.1 WITH ONE END Item 4.1.3 WITH THREE ENDS Item 4.76 ND above 200 ø above 10” 1.2.6 x 0.1VAL VES.33 1.21 1.3NP 250 ÷ 320 .5 x VF = [Mhr/ea] 5.60 1. LB 150 ÷ 600 (Item 3.10 1.4.Factor for installation of flanged v alves NP 6 ÷ 16 150 # NP 25 ÷ 40 300 # NP 64 400 # NP 100 600 # NP 160 900 # NP 250 1500 # NP 320 2500 # 5.1 (for "XXS") x 2 + Item 5.2.66 1.1) x f = [Mhr/ea] 5.4.46 1.4HYDRANTS Item 5.19 ND 125 ÷ 200 ø 5” ÷ 8” 1.6 + Item 4.1 (for "XS") x 2 + Item 5.2CONTROL V ALVES Item 5.2 ND to 100 ø to 4” 1.1NP 6 ÷ 100.1 x VF = [Mhr/ea] 5.2 WITH TWO ENDS Item 4. LB 1500 ÷ 2500 (Item 3.

4 x f = [Mhr/joint] 7.2.1.190° BRANCH C ONNECTION Item 3.4 + Item 3.1 = [Mhr/ea] 6.7 x 2 + Item 5.1) x 2.1) x f = [Mhr/ea] 5.1.above 2000 mm) Item 4.4 WITH THREADED ENDS Item 4.6) x 2 x f = [Mhr/joint] 7.2 PIPE BENDING 7.3 WITH WELDING ENDS SOCKET WELD (Item 3.3 x 2 + Item 5.2.4 x 2.4INCLINED BRANCH C ONNECTION WITH REINFORCEMENT (Item 3.0 7.3 x f = [Mhr/ea] 7.2 WITH WELDING ENDS (Item 2.1.1.5EXTRUDED BRANCH C ONNECTION Item 3.4 + Item 3.5 x f = [Mhr/joint] 7.1 PIPE EXPANSION JOINTS AND FLOWRATE METERS WITH FLANGED ENDS (Item 4.1BENDING BY A PIPE BENDING MACHINE Item 4.2 + Item 3.1 ÷ 4.5 = [Mhr/m] m = length of pipe bent part 145 .2 (for "XS") x 2 + Item 5.5 = [Mhr/bending] 7.3INCLINED BRANCH C ONNECTION Item 3.5.0 6.5 = [Mhr/ea] 6.6) x f = [Mhr/joint] 7.4 x 2 x f= [Mhr/joint] 7.2BENDING ALON G RADIUS (r .1) x 1.1 OTHER INSTALLATION WORKS MAKE-ON OF BRANCH CONNECTION 7.1.290° BRANCH C ONNECTION WITH REINFORCEMENT (Item 3.

7.5 x 1.2 = [Mhr/ea] 7.3 STRESS RELIEVE IN CONNECTION PIPING ON ROTARY EQUIPMENT Item 5.4.2 = [Mhr/joint] 146 .4.5 = [Mhr/ea] 7.1 x 3 = [Mhr/ea] 7.4 FIELD FABRICATION OF CONCENTRIC AND ECCENTRIC REDUCERS 7.2 ECCENTRIC REDUCER Item 3.1CONCENTRIC REDUCER Item 3.5 FABRICATION OF MITRE BENDS FROM PIPES Item 3.3 x 1.

8. ESTIMATE POINTS FOR BUILD-IN ITEMS OF ABOVE-GROUND PIPING Item 1.1 1.2 1.3 2.2 2.3 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.8 3.9 3.10 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.7 4.8 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 5.7 5.8 5.9 6.1 6.2 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 7.5

Nominal diameter [mm=inch] Outer diameter ø [mm] Wall thickness t = [mm] Schedule || [kg/m] Unit Build-in Items m PIPE - LAYING IN FIELD m PIPE - LAYING ON RACK m PIPE - DISMANTLING piece TWO - END FITTING - ALIGNMENT piece THREE - END FITTING - ALIGNMENT each BUTT WELD each FILLET (SOCKET) WELD each MITRE WELD each NOZZLE WELD piece WELDOLET, NIPOLET - WELDING piece SADDLE REINFORCEMENT - WELDING each SEAL RING - WELDING piece INSERT RING (ONLY FOR ALU) piece WELD CUTTING IN ALTERATIONS multipl.MATERIAL MULTIPLIER FOR ITEM 3.1 TO 3.8 each FLANGE BOLTING-UP NP 6 ÷ 16 bar, ANSI 150 lbs each "" "" NP 25 ÷ 64 bar, ANSI 300 ÷ 400 lbs each "" "" NP100 bar, ANSI 600 lbs each ORIFICE PLATE INSERTING bend PIPE BENDING FOR below 45°, FOR > 45° x 2 piece PIPE THREADING each MAKING ON THREADED CONNECTION multipl.DISASSEMBLY : 0,7 x PTS. ITEM 4.1 TO 4.4 AND 4.7 piece VALVE - INSTALLING piece VALVE WITH DRIVE - INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE WITH DRIVE - INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE - INSTALLING piece CONTROL VALVE piece SAFETY VALVE piece HYDRANT piece VALVE SPINDLE EXTENSION LENGHTS 1-2-3 m piece DISASSEMBLY : 0,7 x PTS. ITEM. 5.1 TO 5.8 m PRESSURE TEST (WATER, AIR, STEAM, GAS) m SERVICE TEST piece SUPPORT FABRICATION kg SUPPORT INSTALLATION kg SPRING SUSP. AND HANG. - BUILD-IN AS ITEM 7.2 piece WELD ROOT GRINDING piece GAUGE CONNECTION DRILLING

1,2 10S 0,27

6 = 1/8" 10,3 1,7 2,4 1,7 40 STD 80 XS 10S 0,36 0,47 0,50

8 = 1/4" 13,7 2,2 3,0 1,7 40 STD 80 XS 5S 0,63 0,79 0,65

2,0 0,75

10 = 3/8" 17,1 2,3 2,6 40 STD 0,84 0,93

2,9 1,02

3,2 80 XS 1,10

0,56 0,70 0,78 0,11 0,19 0,10 0,09 0,10 0,14 0,06 0,02 0,39 0,44 0,19 0,56 0,04 0,03 0,26 0,21 0,11 0,10

0,57 0,71 0,79 0,11 0,19 0,11 0,09 0,13 0,18 0,08 0,03 0,51 0,58 0,26 0,56 0,04 0,03 0,26 0,21 0,11 0,11

0,57 0,71 0,80 0,11 0,20 0,11 0,10 0,16 0,22 0,10 0,03 0,64 0,72 0,32 0,56 0,04 0,03 0,26 0,21 0,11 0,11

147

0,78

1,00

0,78

1,00

0,78

1,00

8. ESTIMATE POINTS FOR BUILD- IN ITEMS OF ABOVE-GROUND PIPING Item 1.1 1.2 1.3 2.2 2.3 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.8 3.9 3.10 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.7 4.8 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 5.7 5.8 5.9 6.1 6.2 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 7.5

Nominal diameter [mm=inch] Outer diameter ø [mm] Wall thickness t = [mm] Schedule Unit Build-in Items || [kg/m] m PIPE - LAYING IN FIELD m PIPE - LAYING ON RACK m PIPE - DISMANTLING piece TWO - END FITTING - ALIGNMENT piece THREE - END FITTING - ALIGNMENT each BUTT WELD each FILLET (SOCKET) WELD each MITRE WELD each NOZZLE WELD piece WELDOLET, NIPOLET - WELDING piece SADDLE REINFORCEMENT - WELDING each SEAL RING - WELDING piece INSERT RING (ONLY FOR ALU) piece WELD CUTTING IN ALTERATIONS multipl.MATERIAL MULTIPLIER FOR ITEM 3.1 TO 3.8 each FLANGE BOLTING-UP NP 6 ÷ 16 bar, ANSI 150 lbs each "" "" NP 25 ÷ 64 bar, ANSI 300 ÷ 400 lbs each "" "" NP100 bar, ANSI 600 lbs each ORIFICE PLATE INSERTING bend PIPE BENDING FOR below 45°, FOR > 45° x 2 piece PIPE THREADING each MAKING ON THREADED CONNECTION multipl.DISASSEMBLY : 0,7 x PTS. ITEM 4.1 TO 4.4 AND 4.7 piece VALVE - INSTALLING piece VALVE WITH DRIVE - INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE WITH DRIVE - INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE - INSTALLING piece CONTROL VALVE piece SAFETY VALVE piece HYDRANT piece VALVE SPINDLE EXTENSION LENGHTS 1-2-3 m piece DISASSEMBLY : 0,7 x PTS. ITEM. 5.1 TO 5.8 m PRESSURE TEST (WATER, AIR, STEAM, GAS) m SERVICE TEST piece SUPPORT FABRICATION kg SUPPORT INSTALLATION kg SPRING SUSP. AND HANG. - BUILD-IN AS ITEM 7.2 piece WELD ROOT GRINDING piece GAUGE CONNECTION DRILLING

10 = 3/8" 17,1 4,0 4,5 5S 1,29 1,40

1,7 10S 0,82

2,0 0,95

2,1 1,00

2,3 40 STD 1,08 1,20

15 = 1/2" 21,3 2,6 2,8 1,28

2,9 80 XS 1,32

3,2 1,43

3,7 1,61

3,9 1,68

0,57 0,71 0,80 0,11 0,20 0,11 0,10 0,16 0,22 0,10 0,03 0,64 0,72 0,32

0,59 0,74 0,82 0,12 0,22 0,12 0,10 0,24 0,34 0,14 0,05 0,96 1,08 0,48 0,56 0,05 0,03 0,26 0,20 0,12 0,12

148

0,78

1,00

0,04 0,028 0,26 0,21 0,11 0,11

8. ESTIMATE POINTS FOR BUILD-IN ITEMS OF ABOVE-GROUND PIPING Item 1.1 1.2 1.3 2.2 2.3 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.8 3.9 3.10 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.7 4.8 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 5.7 5.8 5.9 6.1 6.2 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 7.5

Nominal diameter [mm=inch] Outer diameter ø [mm] Wall thickness t = [mm] Schedule Unit Build-in Items || [kg/m] m PIPE - LAYING IN FIELD m PIPE - LAYING ON RACK m PIPE - DISMANTLING piece TWO - END FITTING - ALIGNMENT piece THREE - END FITTING - ALIGNMENT each BUTT WELD each FILLET (SOCKET) WELD each MITRE WELD each NOZZLE WELD piece WELDOLET, NIPOLET - WELDING piece SADDLE REINFORCEMENT - WELDING each SEAL RING - WELDING piece INSERT RING (ONLY FOR ALU) piece WELD CUTTING IN ALTERATIONS multipl.MATERIAL MULTIPLIER FOR ITEM 3.1 TO 3.8 each FLANGE BOLTING-UP NP 6 ÷ 16 bar, ANSI 150 lbs each "" "" NP 25 ÷ 64 bar, ANSI 300 ÷ 400 lbs each "" "" NP100 bar, ANSI 600 lbs each ORIFICE PLATE INSERTING bend PIPE BENDING FOR below 45°, FOR > 45° x 2 piece PIPE THREADING each MAKING ON THREADED CONNECTION multipl.DISASSEMBLY : 0,7 x PTS. ITEM 4.1 TO 4.4 AND 4.7 piece VALVE - INSTALLING piece VALVE WITH DRIVE - INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE WITH DRIVE - INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE - INSTALLING piece CONTROL VALVE piece SAFETY VALVE piece HYDRANT piece VALVE SPINDLE EXTENSION LENGHTS 1-2-3 m piece DISASSEMBLY : 0,7 x PTS. ITEM. 5.1 TO 5.8 m PRESSURE TEST (WATER, AIR, STEAM, GAS) m SERVICE TEST piece SUPPORT FABRICATION kg SUPPORT INSTALLATION kg SPRING SUSP. AND HANG. - BUILD-IN AS ITEM 7.2 piece WELD ROOT GRINDING piece GAUGE CONNECTION DRILLING

15 4,0 160 1,71 4,3 1,81 4,8 1,96 5,6 2,17

= 1/2" 21,3 6,0 6,3 7,1 XXS 2,27 2,33 2,49

7,5 2,56

10,6 5S 2,80

13,8 10S

20 = 3/4" 26,7 1,7 2,1 1,05 1,28

0,59 0,74 0,82 0,12 0,22 0,12 0,10 0,24 0,34 0,14 0,05 0,96 1,08 0,48

0,60 0,75 0,84 0,12 0,24 0,13 0,11 0,32 0,44 0,19 0,06 1,26 1,42 0,63 0,55 0,05 0,03 0,25 0,20 0,12 0,13

149

0,77

0,05 0,03 0,26 0,20 0,12 0,12

8. ESTIMATE POINTS FOR BUILD-IN ITEMS OF ABOVE-GROUND PIPING Item 1.1 1.2 1.3 2.2 2.3 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.8 3.9 3.10 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.7 4.8 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 5.7 5.8 5.9 6.1 6.2 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 7.5

Nominal diameter [mm=inch] 20 Outer diameter ø [mm] Wall thickness t = [mm] 2,9 3,9 Schedule 40 STD 80 XS Unit Build-in Items || [kg/m] 1,70 2,20 m PIPE - LAYING IN FIELD m PIPE - LAYING ON RACK m PIPE - DISMANTLING piece TWO - END FITTING - ALIGNMENT piece THREE - END FITTING - ALIGNMENT each BUTT WELD each FILLET (SOCKET) WELD each MITRE WELD each NOZZLE WELD piece WELDOLET, NIPOLET - WELDING piece SADDLE REINFORCEMENT - WELDING each SEAL RING - WELDING piece INSERT RING (ONLY FOR ALU) piece WELD CUTTING IN ALTERATIONS multipl.MATERIAL MULTIPLIER FOR ITEM 3.1 TO 3.8 each FLANGE BOLTING-UP NP 6 ÷ 16 bar, ANSI 150 lbs 0,60 each "" "" NP 25 ÷ 64 bar, ANSI 300 ÷ 400 lbs 0,75 each "" "" NP100 bar, ANSI 600 lbs 0,84 each ORIFICE PLATE INSERTING 0,12 bend PIPE BENDING FOR below 45°, FOR > 45° x 2 0,24 piece PIPE THREADING 0,13 each MAKING ON THREADED CONNECTION 0,11 multipl.DISASSEMBLY : 0,7 x PTS. ITEM 4.1 TO 4.4 AND 4.7 piece VALVE - INSTALLING 0,32 piece VALVE WITH DRIVE - INSTALLING 0,44 piece BUTTERFLY VALVE WITH DRIVE - INSTALLING 0,19 piece BUTTERFLY VALVE - INSTALLING 0,06 piece CONTROL VALVE 1,26 piece SAFETY VALVE 1,42 piece HYDRANT 0,63 piece VALVE SPINDLE EXTENSION LENGHTS 1-2-3 m 0,99 piece DISASSEMBLY : 0,7 x PTS. ITEM. 5.1 TO 5.8 m PRESSURE TEST (WATER, AIR, STEAM, GAS) 0,05 m SERVICE TEST 0,03 piece SUPPORT FABRICATION 0,25 kg SUPPORT INSTALLATION 0,20 kg SPRING SUSP. AND HANG. - BUILD-IN AS ITEM 7.2 piece WELD ROOT GRINDING 0,12 piece GAUGE CONNECTION DRILLING 0,13

4,3 2,38

5,6 160 2,92

= 26,7 6,0 3,07

3/4" 7,1 3,44

20 26,9 7,8 10,6 XXS 3,64 4,21

13,8 4,40

2,0 1,23

2,3 1,40

2,6 1,56

0,60 0,75 0,84 0,12 0,24 0,13 0,11 0,32 0,44 0,19 0,06 1,26 1,42 0,63 0,55 0,05 0,03 0,25 0,20 0,12 0,13

150

0,77

0,99

13 0.MATERIAL MULTIPLIER FOR ITEM 3.12 2.06 6. ANSI 600 lbs each ORIFICE PLATE INSERTING bend PIPE BENDING FOR below 45°.6 3.52 25 = 1" 33.72 20 26.20 0.2 5.1 5.7 piece VALVE .04 0. GAS) m SERVICE TEST piece SUPPORT FABRICATION kg SUPPORT INSTALLATION kg SPRING SUSP.20 1.DISASSEMBLY : 0.9 4.11 0.5 5.08 1.8 m PRESSURE TEST (WATER.09 4.87 0.4 5.8 3.WELDING each SEAL RING .LAYING IN FIELD m PIPE . AND HANG.78 0.84 3.0 4.WELDING piece SADDLE REINFORCEMENT .05 0.LAYING ON RACK m PIPE .3 5.12 0.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE WITH DRIVE .ALIGNMENT each BUTT WELD each FILLET (SOCKET) WELD each MITRE WELD each NOZZLE WELD piece WELDOLET.4 160 4.6 4.15 0.1 6.3 3.ALIGNMENT piece THREE . NIPOLET .33 2.7 x PTS.13 0.3 3.05 0.5 80 XS 3.9 6. ANSI 150 lbs each "" "" NP 25 ÷ 64 bar.BUILD-IN AS ITEM 7.63 0.1 1.8 3.9 3. STEAM.3 7.49 6.IN ITEMS OF ABOVE-GROUND PIPING Item 1.5 2. ANSI 300 ÷ 400 lbs each "" "" NP100 bar.76 0.24 0.8.5 4.WELDING piece INSERT RING (ONLY FOR ALU) piece WELD CUTTING IN ALTERATIONS multipl.2 7.75 0.2 piece WELD ROOT GRINDING piece GAUGE CONNECTION DRILLING 2.1 7.3 2. ITEM 4.7 3.7 5.1 4.77 0.9 1.4 AND 4.98 0.5 Nominal diameter [mm=inch] Outer diameter ø [mm] Wall thickness t = [mm] Schedule Unit Build.1 TO 5.55 0. ITEM.4 3.8 5.END FITTING .15 151 0.57 1.4 3.5 3.7 4. ESTIMATE POINTS FOR BUILD.4 7.10 4.21 6.INSTALLING piece VALVE WITH DRIVE .2 1.in Items || [kg/m] m PIPE .07 2.INSTALLING piece CONTROL VALVE piece SAFETY VALVE piece HYDRANT piece VALVE SPINDLE EXTENSION LENGHTS 1-2-3 m piece DISASSEMBLY : 0.78 0.4 10S 40 STD 2.6 5.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE .DISMANTLING piece TWO . FOR > 45° x 2 piece PIPE THREADING each MAKING ON THREADED CONNECTION multipl.44 0.12 0.13 0.END FITTING .7 x PTS.2 7.4 4.2 4.8 5.84 0.39 0.55 0.3 4.9 3.24 0.3 2.13 0.25 0.26 1.62 0.1 TO 3.42 0.1 TO 4.27 0. AIR.27 0.06 1.25 0.19 0.8 each FLANGE BOLTING-UP NP 6 ÷ 16 bar.20 0. 5.3 3.60 0.13 .7 5S 1.31 0.2 3.6 4. .03 0.1 3.2 2.

6 3. ESTIMATE POINTS FOR BUILD.77 0. 5.10 4.39 0.98 0.6 5.1 TO 5.2 3.4 AND 4.WELDING piece INSERT RING (ONLY FOR ALU) piece WELD CUTTING IN ALTERATIONS multipl.08 1.7 piece VALVE .LAYING ON RACK m PIPE .15 152 0.7 x PTS.76 0.1 3.DISMANTLING piece TWO . ITEM.END FITTING .05 0.2 5.78 2.78 0.WELDING each SEAL RING .2 7. AND HANG.39 0.7 4.1 6. ITEM 4.6 4.13 0.0 1.5 Nominal diameter [mm=inch] Outer diameter ø [mm] Wall thickness t = [mm] Schedule Unit Build-in Items || [kg/m] m PIPE .61 25 = 1" 33. ANSI 150 lbs each "" "" NP 25 ÷ 64 bar.4 5.15 .8 m PRESSURE TEST (WATER.15 0.04 0.78 0.20 0.INSTALLING piece CONTROL VALVE piece SAFETY VALVE piece HYDRANT piece VALVE SPINDLE EXTENSION LENGHTS 1-2-3 m piece DISASSEMBLY : 0.78 0.4 4.57 1.54 5.78 0.8 each FLANGE BOLTING-UP NP 6 ÷ 16 bar.1 TO 3.7 4.00 3.ALIGNMENT each BUTT WELD each FILLET (SOCKET) WELD each MITRE WELD each NOZZLE WELD piece WELDOLET.41 25 33.15 0.08 1. .9 6.0 3.57 2.27 0.24 0.25 0.68 2. FOR > 45° x 2 piece PIPE THREADING each MAKING ON THREADED CONNECTION multipl.46 5.2 piece WELD ROOT GRINDING piece GAUGE CONNECTION DRILLING 7.7 3.2 4.IN ITEMS OF ABOVE-GROUND PIPING Item 1.55 0.3 4.8.1 4.3 7.57 1.8 6.6 XXS 5.13 0.24 0.87 0.LAYING IN FIELD m PIPE .87 0. ANSI 600 lbs each ORIFICE PLATE INSERTING bend PIPE BENDING FOR below 45°.5 3. GAS) m SERVICE TEST piece SUPPORT FABRICATION kg SUPPORT INSTALLATION kg SPRING SUSP.5 5.WELDING piece SADDLE REINFORCEMENT .INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE WITH DRIVE .13 0.8 5.1 10. AIR. STEAM.2 1.3 4.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE .6 2.55 0.BUILD-IN AS ITEM 7.76 0.3 3.5 4.MATERIAL MULTIPLIER FOR ITEM 3.25 0.ALIGNMENT piece THREE .89 6.1 TO 4.0 2.3 5.DISASSEMBLY : 0.26 0.7 x PTS.8 5. NIPOLET .2 2.13 0.3 1.3 3.93 5.05 0.7 5.2 2.9 3.4 7.3 2.62 0.55 0.END FITTING .97 13.8 3.1 7.4 9.1 4.1 5. ANSI 300 ÷ 400 lbs each "" "" NP100 bar.20 0.1 1.6 3.04 0.62 0.2 7.INSTALLING piece VALVE WITH DRIVE .13 0.4 3.13 0.27 0.

19 4.66 1.6 3.3 5.8 5.55 0.ALIGNMENT piece THREE .06 0.87 0.8 each FLANGE BOLTING-UP NP 6 ÷ 16 bar.IN ITEMS OF ABOVE-GROUND PIPING Item 1.59 0.1 TO 5.7 4.3 3.08 1.6 3.DISASSEMBLY : 0.2 2.4 AND 4.WELDING piece SADDLE REINFORCEMENT . 5.13 0.3 7.3 4.3 2.32 0.02 4.78 0.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE .END FITTING .24 1.4 160 5.4 3.9 3.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE WITH DRIVE .8 3. STEAM.7 5S 1.05 0.03 0. ANSI 600 lbs each ORIFICE PLATE INSERTING bend PIPE BENDING FOR below 45°.1 1.10 1. ITEM 4.5 4.2 7.2 5.2 piece WELD ROOT GRINDING piece GAUGE CONNECTION DRILLING 25 33.78 0.0 5.70 2. GAS) m SERVICE TEST piece SUPPORT FABRICATION kg SUPPORT INSTALLATION kg SPRING SUSP.50 0.36 6.69 32 = 1 1/4" 42.13 0.7 x PTS.1 7.0 4.51 6.8 5.8.WELDING piece INSERT RING (ONLY FOR ALU) piece WELD CUTTING IN ALTERATIONS multipl.2 4.4 4.99 2.2 4.14 0.2 7. AIR.2 1.9 80 XS 4.66 0.24 0. ANSI 150 lbs each "" "" NP 25 ÷ 64 bar.13 153 0.17 0.76 0.13 0.MATERIAL MULTIPLIER FOR ITEM 3.LAYING ON RACK m PIPE .3 3.7 3. .1 3.62 0.4 5.8 m PRESSURE TEST (WATER.13 0.BUILD-IN AS ITEM 7. AND HANG.1 TO 4.5 5.7 piece VALVE . NIPOLET . ITEM.25 0.INSTALLING piece CONTROL VALVE piece SAFETY VALVE piece HYDRANT piece VALVE SPINDLE EXTENSION LENGHTS 1-2-3 m piece DISASSEMBLY : 0.9 40 STD 3.1 4.LAYING IN FIELD m PIPE .7 5.77 4.15 .43 3.5 Nominal diameter [mm=inch] Outer diameter ø [mm] Wall thickness t = [mm] Schedule Unit Build-in Items || [kg/m] m PIPE . FOR > 45° x 2 piece PIPE THREADING each MAKING ON THREADED CONNECTION multipl.9 6.00 0.5 3.70 0.27 0. ESTIMATE POINTS FOR BUILD.1 6.39 0.66 0.8 1 0S 2.57 1.5 4.81 1.25 0.04 0.6 4.72 3.7 x PTS.WELDING each SEAL RING .7 7.82 0.4 7.20 0.1 4.2 3.ALIGNMENT each BUTT WELD each FILLET (SOCKET) WELD each MITRE WELD each NOZZLE WELD piece WELDOLET.DISMANTLING piece TWO .END FITTING .30 0.04 0.15 0.1 TO 3.1 5.INSTALLING piece VALVE WITH DRIVE .3 3.10 4.6 5.92 0.20 0. ANSI 300 ÷ 400 lbs each "" "" NP100 bar.

82 0.8 each FLANGE BOLTING-UP NP 6 ÷ 16 bar.20 0.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE WITH DRIVE . .6 5.4 4.1 3. ANSI 600 lbs each ORIFICE PLATE INSERTING bend PIPE BENDING FOR below 45°.30 0.9 6.59 0.1 TO 5.WELDING piece INSERT RING (ONLY FOR ALU) piece WELD CUTTING IN ALTERATIONS multipl.4 AND 4.3 3.END FITTING .00 0.8 3.68 2. ITEM 4. 5.14 0.66 0. ANSI 300 ÷ 400 lbs each "" "" NP100 bar.3 5.17 0.4 7.70 0.25 0.MATERIAL MULTIPLIER FOR ITEM 3.50 0.8.31 0.99 2.5 4.1 7.00 0.50 0.92 0.1 6.BUILD-IN AS ITEM 7.6 3.7 piece VALVE .56 32 42.WELDING piece SADDLE REINFORCEMENT .70 0.2 1.7 5. STEAM.3 2.06 0.31 0.1 5.8 m PRESSURE TEST (WATER.00 2.5 Nominal diameter [mm=inch] Outer diameter ø [mm] Wall thickness t = [mm] Schedule Unit Build-in Items || [kg/m] m PIPE .7 3.45 4.13 0.2 3.INSTALLING piece CONTROL VALVE piece SAFETY VALVE piece HYDRANT piece VALVE SPINDLE EXTENSION LENGHTS 1-2-3 m piece DISASSEMBLY : 0.13 154 0.92 0.30 0.21 5.15 32 = 1 1/4" 42.8 9.6 2.ALIGNMENT each BUTT WELD each FILLET (SOCKET) WELD each MITRE WELD each NOZZLE WELD piece WELDOLET.4 2.6 4.2 4.4 3.1 4.2 7.7 10.83 3.62 0.66 0.IN ITEMS OF ABOVE-GROUND PIPING Item 1.7 4.81 1.10 1.7 x PTS.04 0.78 8.3 4.3 2.3 3.24 1.6 XXS 7.ALIGNMENT piece THREE . ITEM.6 2. ANSI 150 lbs each "" "" NP 25 ÷ 64 bar.END FITTING .DISMANTLING piece TWO .1 TO 4.1 1.25 0.10 1. GAS) m SERVICE TEST piece SUPPORT FABRICATION kg SUPPORT INSTALLATION kg SPRING SUSP.WELDING each SEAL RING .7 x PTS.0 2.82 0.1 TO 3.17 0.5 4.INSTALLING piece VALVE WITH DRIVE .5 5.03 0.9 3. NIPOLET .9 3. AIR.8 5. FOR > 45° x 2 piece PIPE THREADING each MAKING ON THREADED CONNECTION multipl.LAYING IN FIELD m PIPE .4 5.10 4.5 3.06 0.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE .8 5.2 piece WELD ROOT GRINDING piece GAUGE CONNECTION DRILLING 7.13 .1 6.99 2.28 2.24 1.2 5.2 7.09 6.6 5. ESTIMATE POINTS FOR BUILD.LAYING ON RACK m PIPE .13 0.2 9.DISASSEMBLY : 0.14 0. AND HANG.20 0.3 5.3 7.27 13.2 2.

AIR.4 5.2 piece WELD ROOT GRINDING piece GAUGE CONNECTION DRILLING 1.25 0.WELDING piece INSERT RING (ONLY FOR ALU) piece WELD CUTTING IN ALTERATIONS multipl.86 0.14 0.5 3.3 7.ALIGNMENT each BUTT WELD each FILLET (SOCKET) WELD each MITRE WELD each NOZZLE WELD piece WELDOLET.7 4.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE .07 4.2 3.3 5.20 0.0 2.5 5.7 x PTS.07 0.8 5.8 5.67 40 4.29 2.2 5.DISMANTLING piece TWO .2 1.3 4.2 3.1 6.MATERIAL MULTIPLIER FOR ITEM 3. STEAM.0 5.86 0.3 3.DISASSEMBLY : 0.1 TO 3.6 3.9 4.2 7.36 0.6 5.END FITTING .3 3.5 4.15 3. ITEM 4.7 3.12 2.4 AND 4.85 1. GAS) m SERVICE TEST piece SUPPORT FABRICATION kg SUPPORT INSTALLATION kg SPRING SUSP.45 2.3 10S 40 STD 3. FOR > 45° x 2 piece PIPE THREADING each MAKING ON THREADED CONNECTION multipl.BUILD-IN AS ITEM 7.4 7. ANSI 150 lbs each "" "" NP 25 ÷ 64 bar.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE WITH DRIVE .3 2. .3 2.6 4.4 3.14 155 0. ANSI 300 ÷ 400 lbs each "" "" NP100 bar.23 0.2 2.7 piece VALVE .ALIGNMENT piece THREE .WELDING each SEAL RING .69 0. ITEM.9 6.1 80 XS 5.LAYING ON RACK m PIPE .96 0.07 .INSTALLING piece CONTROL VALVE piece SAFETY VALVE piece HYDRANT piece VALVE SPINDLE EXTENSION LENGHTS 1-2-3 m piece DISASSEMBLY : 0.2 4.61 2.1 TO 5. 5.96 2.2 7. NIPOLET .05 0.28 4.56 4.6 2.1 5.INSTALLING piece VALVE WITH DRIVE .61 0.END FITTING . ANSI 600 lbs each ORIFICE PLATE INSERTING bend PIPE BENDING FOR below 45°.5 4.9 3.20 0.1 TO 4. ESTIMATE POINTS FOR BUILD-IN ITEMS OF ABOVE-GROUND PIPING Item 1.WELDING piece SADDLE REINFORCEMENT .8 3.8. AND HANG.10 4.1 1.63 0.35 5.8 each FLANGE BOLTING-UP NP 6 ÷ 16 bar.87 5.37 0.1 4.1 7.LAYING IN FIELD m PIPE .44 0.3 2.5 Nominal diameter [mm=inch] Outer diameter ø [mm] Wall thickness t = [mm] Schedule Unit Build-in Items || [kg/m] m PIPE .1 3.7 x PTS.17 0.76 1.4 4.8 m PRESSURE TEST (WATER.93 = 1 1/2" 48.7 5.7 5S 1.8 3.7 3.

07 0.14 0.07 0.WELDING piece SADDLE REINFORCEMENT . ESTIMATE POINTS FOR BUILD.1 TO 3.87 11.8 each FLANGE BOLTING-UP NP 6 ÷ 16 bar.10 4.02 0. 5.3 10. AND HANG.69 0.15 156 0.2 4.7 5S 2.WELDING each SEAL RING .19 0.7 3. .8 m PRESSURE TEST (WATER.BUILD-IN AS ITEM 7. ITEM 4.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE .46 2.8 5.END FITTING .3 2.3 7.DISMANTLING piece TWO .6 13.7 x PTS.73 0.9 3.27 6.2 7.2 3.15 3.4 5.5 4.61 0.ALIGNMENT each BUTT WELD each FILLET (SOCKET) WELD each MITRE WELD each NOZZLE WELD piece WELDOLET.4 4.76 1.68 0.36 0.1 TO 4.2 160 XXS 7.20 0.1 3.3 5.1 1.50 0.14 . ITEM.8 10S 3.45 0.6 3.2 2.1 TO 5.9 6.3 7.12 0.1 4.98 2.75 1.7 4.8 1.2 7. STEAM.38 1.6 5.4 AND 4.0 6. NIPOLET .20 0.LAYING ON RACK m PIPE .6 3.37 0.5 3.15 0.96 0.86 0.4 7.END FITTING .5 Nominal diameter [mm=inch] Outer diameter ø [mm] Wall thickness t = [mm] Schedule Unit Build-in Items || [kg/m] m PIPE .11 0.8.7 piece VALVE . ANSI 150 lbs each "" "" NP 25 ÷ 64 bar.IN ITEMS OF ABOVE-GROUND PIPING Item 1.17 0.7 x PTS. FOR > 45° x 2 piece PIPE THREADING each MAKING ON THREADED CONNECTION multipl.8 10.WELDING piece INSERT RING (ONLY FOR ALU) piece WELD CUTTING IN ALTERATIONS multipl.ALIGNMENT piece THREE .1 5.22 8. AIR.58 9.45 2.91 1.70 2.24 0.43 0.05 0.05 0.3 6.1 7.0 2.60 50 = 2" 60.INSTALLING piece CONTROL VALVE piece SAFETY VALVE piece HYDRANT piece VALVE SPINDLE EXTENSION LENGHTS 1-2-3 m piece DISASSEMBLY : 0.24 0.8 9.3 3.23 0.90 1.3 3.2 piece WELD ROOT GRINDING piece GAUGE CONNECTION DRILLING 6.8 5.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE WITH DRIVE .LAYING IN FIELD m PIPE .25 0.7 5.9 4.6 4.2 1. ANSI 300 ÷ 400 lbs each "" "" NP100 bar.53 40 = 1 1/2" 48.DISASSEMBLY : 0. ANSI 600 lbs each ORIFICE PLATE INSERTING bend PIPE BENDING FOR below 45°.88 2.1 6.86 0.MATERIAL MULTIPLIER FOR ITEM 3.1 8. GAS) m SERVICE TEST piece SUPPORT FABRICATION kg SUPPORT INSTALLATION kg SPRING SUSP.20 0.4 3.00 3.5 5.INSTALLING piece VALVE WITH DRIVE .2 5.3 4.05 0.12 2.8 3.

50 157 0.20 7. . GAS) m SERVICE TEST piece SUPPORT FABRICATION kg SUPPORT INSTALLATION kg SPRING SUSP.5 4. ESTIMATE POINTS FOR BUILD-IN ITEMS OF ABOVE-GROUND PIPING Item 1.0 2" 6.7 4.1 7.2 1.WELDING piece INSERT RING (ONLY FOR ALU) piece WELD CUTTING IN ALTERATIONS multipl.95 3.75 1.2 piece WELD ROOT GRINDING piece GAUGE CONNECTION DRILLING 3. NIPOLET .7 piece VALVE .END FITTING .1 6.8.3 7. ITEM 4. ITEM.4 7.24 0.1 1.44 = 5. ANSI 300 ÷ 400 lbs each "" "" NP100 bar.3 3.END FITTING .2 5.WELDING piece SADDLE REINFORCEMENT .LAYING IN FIELD m PIPE .7 x PTS.43 0.1 8.2 7. AIR.15 .1 5.8 5.3 4.1 TO 3.24 0.05 0.51 3.4 3. FOR > 45° x 2 piece PIPE THREADING each MAKING ON THREADED CONNECTION multipl.5 Nominal diameter[mm= inch] Outer diameter ø [mm] Wall thickness t = [mm] Schedule Unit Build-in Items || [kg/m] m PIPE .3 7.8 each FLANGE BOLTING-UP NP 6 ÷ 16 bar.2 4.7 160 10.5 5.8 3.10 4.43 5.2 3.3 3.6 6.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE .9 3.4 4.15 0.7 x PTS.2 4.8 m PRESSURE TEST (WATER. ANSI 150 lbs each "" "" NP 25 ÷ 64 bar.00 3.8 5.45 0.04 5.WELDING each SEAL RING .LAYING ON RACK m PIPE .2 7.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE WITH DRIVE .05 0.ALIGNMENT piece THREE .1 3.3 4.5 5.19 0.6 4.15 3.02 0.6 0.5 3.73 0.3 2.3 5.MATERIAL MULTIPLIER FOR ITEM 3.6 5.20 0.9 6.91 1.7 5.DISASSEMBLY : 0. AND HANG.INSTALLING piece VALVE WITH DRIVE .4 AND 4.DISMANTLING piece TWO .5 80 XS 6.1 4.07 0.6 3.2 2.4 5.BUILD-IN AS ITEM 7. 5. ANSI 600 lbs each ORIFICE PLATE INSERTING bend PIPE BENDING FOR below 45°.INSTALLING piece CONTROL VALVE piece SAFETY VALVE piece HYDRANT piece VALVE SPINDLE EXTENSION LENGHTS 1-2-3 m piece DISASSEMBLY : 0.9 4.3 40 STD 5.38 1.ALIGNMENT each BUTT WELD each FILLET (SOCKET) WELD each MITRE WELD each NOZZLE WELD piece WELDOLET.1 TO 4. STEAM.6 50 60.1 TO 5.7 3.

19 0.END FITTING .8 m PRESSURE TEST (WATER.END FITTING .30 1.00 1. ANSI 300 ÷ 400 lbs each "" "" NP100 bar.80 1.31 0. STEAM.34 0.3 3.5 4. ANSI 150 lbs each "" "" NP 25 ÷ 64 bar. AIR.8 3.26 0.0 160 XXS 8.2 7.3 7.2 5.24 0. GAS) m SERVICE TEST piece SUPPORT FABRICATION kg SUPPORT INSTALLATION kg SPRING SUSP.5 5.1 7.1 40 STD80 XS 3.0 5. ESTIMATE POINTS FOR BUILD.WELDING piece INSERT RING (ONLY FOR ALU) piece WELD CUTTING IN ALTERATIONS multipl.MATERIAL MULTIPLIER FOR ITEM 3.66 65 76. .17 0.45 0.LAYING ON RACK m PIPE .12 0. FOR > 45° x 2 piece PIPE THREADING each MAKING ON THREADED CONNECTION multipl.DISMANTLING piece TWO .4 3.57 0.4 2.75 0. NIPOLET .76 0.BUILD-IN AS ITEM 7.1 4.6 3.16 158 0.91 0.68 5.51 0.2 2.7 5.96 1.02 0.2 4.1 TO 5.4 7.1 3.00 3.10 4.57 0.2 7.19 5.1 TO 3.9 14.30 1.7 x PTS.6 5.91 0. ANSI 600 lbs each ORIFICE PLATE INSERTING bend PIPE BENDING FOR below 45°.8 5.8 5.1 5.3 11.1 1.7 piece VALVE . AND HANG.INSTALLING piece CONTROL VALVE piece SAFETY VALVE piece HYDRANT piece VALVE SPINDLE EXTENSION LENGHTS 1-2-3 m piece DISASSEMBLY : 0.3 4.15 0.16 0.2 piece WELD ROOT GRINDING piece GAUGE CONNECTION DRILLING 50 = 2" 60.91 1.ALIGNMENT piece THREE .4 4.3 5.06 0.8 2.82 4.9 6.LAYING IN FIELD m PIPE .19 3.35 65 = 2 1/2" 73.16 0.6 4.7 3.1 13.ALIGNMENT each BUTT WELD each FILLET (SOCKET) WELD each MITRE WELD each NOZZLE WELD piece WELDOLET.WELDING piece SADDLE REINFORCEMENT .08 0.9 4.06 0.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE WITH DRIVE .8.1 3.3 2.0 20.26 0.INSTALLING piece VALVE WITH DRIVE .50 0. ITEM 4.24 0.1 6.96 1.05 0.73 0.2 3.97 1.19 0.24 0.WELDING each SEAL RING .82 4.05 0.2 5.97 1.2 1. 5.12 0.3 2.8 5S 10S 13.5 15.9 3.0 3.75 0.19 3.38 1.5 3.34 0.5 14.8 each FLANGE BOLTING-UP NP 6 ÷ 16 bar.08 0.1 TO 4. ITEM.7 x PTS.17 0.4 9.43 0.7 4.3 3.51 0.31 0.16 0.5 Nominal diameter [mm=inch] Outer diameter ø [mm] Wall thickness t = [mm] Schedule Unit Build-in Items || [kg/m] m PIPE .71 11.75 1.24 0.00 1.07 0.1 2.4 5.15 3.19 0.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE .15 .2 7.IN ITEMS OF ABOVE-GROUND PIPING Item 1.4 AND 4.DISASSEMBLY : 0.20 0.24 3.80 1.

9 7. ANSI 150 lbs each "" "" NP 25 ÷ 64 bar.23 4. NIPOLET .16 .59 0.91 0.1 2.2 piece WELD ROOT GRINDING piece GAUGE CONNECTION DRILLING 65 3. ESTIMATE POINTS FOR BUILD-IN ITEMS OF ABOVE-GROUND PIPING Item 1.MATERIAL MULTIPLIER FOR ITEM 3.1 8.3 10.09 0.69 0.8 3.88 1.18 2.ALIGNMENT piece THREE .0 13.END FITTING .8.06 0.2 5.DISASSEMBLY : 0.10 1.3 2.19 3. AND HANG.00 1.BUILD-IN AS ITEM 7.16 0.9 3. AIR.6 6.1 12.2 7.4 4.5 6.DISMANTLING piece TWO .4 3.60 5.4 AND 4.0 5S 4.0 8.1 TO 3. ITEM.18 159 1.78 76.26 0.7 5.04 1.8 5.WELDING each SEAL RING .8 5.44 4.3 3.12 5.1 1.80 1.LAYING ON RACK m PIPE .8 m PRESSURE TEST (WATER.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE .6 9.83 0.INSTALLING piece CONTROL VALVE piece SAFETY VALVE piece HYDRANT piece VALVE SPINDLE EXTENSION LENGHTS 1-2-3 m piece DISASSEMBLY : 0.3 4.END FITTING .ALIGNMENT each BUTT WELD each FILLET (SOCKET) WELD each MITRE WELD each NOZZLE WELD piece WELDOLET. 5.33 0.4 7. .1 6.23 0.6 5.17 0.5 2.LAYING IN FIELD m PIPE .30 1.23 0.2 3.5 5.5 4.31 0.3 5.51 0.50 4.96 1.24 0.1 4.WELDING piece INSERT RING (ONLY FOR ALU) piece WELD CUTTING IN ALTERATIONS multipl.07 0.3 3. ANSI 600 lbs each ORIFICE PLATE INSERTING bend PIPE BENDING FOR below 45°.5 3.6 3.34 0.5 Nominal diameter [mm=inch] Outer diameter ø [mm] Wall thickness t = [mm] Schedule Unit Build-in Items || [kg/m] m PIPE .34 1. STEAM.5 5. ANSI 300 ÷ 400 lbs each "" "" NP100 bar.WELDING piece SADDLE REINFORCEMENT .2 2.2 7.1 TO 4.29 80 = 3" 88.4 5.18 0.92 2.27 3.12 0.1 3.1 TO 5.40 0.7 x PTS.10 4.2 4.7 3.1 5.15 1.61 0.2 1.57 0.16 0.7 x PTS.1 7.08 0.9 2.3 7.7 4. FOR > 45° x 2 piece PIPE THREADING each MAKING ON THREADED CONNECTION multipl.30 0.7 piece VALVE .6 4.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE WITH DRIVE . GAS) m SERVICE TEST piece SUPPORT FABRICATION kg SUPPORT INSTALLATION kg SPRING SUSP.1 5.9 6.INSTALLING piece VALVE WITH DRIVE .0 7.82 4.3 4. ITEM 4.26 0.8 each FLANGE BOLTING-UP NP 6 ÷ 16 bar.75 6.

INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE WITH DRIVE .3 12.8.3 11.58 80 = 3" 88.1 21.10 1.23 4.MATERIAL MULTIPLIER FOR ITEM 3.09 0.15 1.61 0.8 each FLANGE BOLTING-UP NP 6 ÷ 16 bar.10 4.3 7.2 piece WELD ROOT GRINDING piece GAUGE CONNECTION DRILLING 2.6 7.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE .7 3.23 0.2 4.1 4.3 0.18 2.38 11.4 7.1 6.INSTALLING piece CONTROL VALVE piece SAFETY VALVE piece HYDRANT piece VALVE SPINDLE EXTENSION LENGHTS 1-2-3 m piece DISASSEMBLY : 0.6 40 STD 9.3 3.6 5.DISASSEMBLY : 0.2 3. ITEM 4.3 2.18 0.7 x PTS.8 7.2 6.5 Nominal diameter [mm=inch] Outer diameter ø [mm] Wall thickness t = [mm] Schedule Unit Build-in Items || [kg/m] m PIPE .7 piece VALVE .END FITTING . AIR.8 5.1 10S 6.69 0.60 5.6 4.18 .1 5.34 1.INSTALLING piece VALVE WITH DRIVE .1 7. .1 TO 5.4 AND 4.23 0.3 3.1 TO 3. STEAM. ESTIMATE POINTS FOR BUILD.07 0.ALIGNMENT piece THREE .8 160 17.IN ITEMS OF ABOVE-GROUND PIPING Item 1.5 5.DISMANTLING piece TWO .ALIGNMENT each BUTT WELD each FILLET (SOCKET) WELD each MITRE WELD each NOZZLE WELD piece WELDOLET.6 3.6 15. FOR > 45° x 2 piece PIPE THREADING each MAKING ON THREADED CONNECTION multipl.BUILD-IN AS ITEM 7.9 3.5 4.5 5.7 x PTS.LAYING ON RACK m PIPE .57 3.2 5.5 3.1 80 XS 14. NIPOLET .5 5. ANSI 300 ÷ 400 lbs each "" "" NP100 bar. AND HANG.40 0.END FITTING . ANSI 600 lbs each ORIFICE PLATE INSERTING bend PIPE BENDING FOR below 45°.1 1.2 2.2 7.WELDING each SEAL RING .88 1.3 8.9 4.54 3.3 7.8 3.8 m PRESSURE TEST (WATER.4 11.9 6.59 0. 5. GAS) m SERVICE TEST piece SUPPORT FABRICATION kg SUPPORT INSTALLATION kg SPRING SUSP.5 6.2 1.4 4.30 160 0.4 5.16 0.LAYING IN FIELD m PIPE .77 3.3 4.2 7.WELDING piece SADDLE REINFORCEMENT .3 5.4 3.6 5.8 5. ANSI 150 lbs each "" "" NP 25 ÷ 64 bar.7 5.WELDING piece INSERT RING (ONLY FOR ALU) piece WELD CUTTING IN ALTERATIONS multipl. ITEM.1 3.7 4.1 TO 4.

11 0.2 piece WELD ROOT GRINDING piece GAUGE CONNECTION DRILLING 80 = 3" 88.3 3.7 3.07 0.1 5.28 5.6 7.60 5.1 4.09 0.9 7.83 0.1 3.5 5.82 2.0 10.8 each FLANGE BOLTING-UP NP 6 ÷ 16 bar.7 x PTS.18 0.07 0.4 4.9 5.6 4.0 5.1 5S 5.INSTALLING piece VALVE WITH DRIVE .98 100 = 4" 114.21 1.34 0. ITEM 4.52 0.0 40 STD 16.1 TO 4.8 m PRESSURE TEST (WATER.2 7.34 1.10 4.50 6.2 3.1 TO 5.6 15.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE WITH DRIVE .2 5.7 piece VALVE .8 5.12 1. ITEM.69 0.WELDING piece INSERT RING (ONLY FOR ALU) piece WELD CUTTING IN ALTERATIONS multipl.51 9.55 2.ALIGNMENT each BUTT WELD each FILLET (SOCKET) WELD each MITRE WELD each NOZZLE WELD piece WELDOLET.0 13.WELDING piece SADDLE REINFORCEMENT .6 5.DISMANTLING piece TWO .23 0.18 2.7 2.30 0.4 AND 4.LAYING IN FIELD m PIPE .4 7.3 5.4 5. FOR > 45° x 2 piece PIPE THREADING each MAKING ON THREADED CONNECTION multipl DISASSEMBLY : 0.3 7.0 0. AND HANG.74 0.17 2.23 4. .19 0. ESTIMATE POINTS FOR BUILD.5 4.6 3.90 0.84 4.38 1.23 0.1 TO 3.MATERIAL MULTIPLIER FOR ITEM 3.END FITTING .1 3.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE .7 4.BUILD-IN AS ITEM 7.8 3.9 6. GAS) m SERVICE TEST piece SUPPORT FABRICATION kg SUPPORT INSTALLATION kg SPRING SUSP.5 Nominal diameter [mm=inch] Outer diameter ø [mm] Wall thickness t = [mm] Schedule Unit Build-in Items || [kg/m] m PIPE .END FITTING .2 2.19 161 1.1 6.61 0.15 0.WELDING each SEAL RING .3 3.8 5.2 7.88 1.4 3. ANSI 150 lbs each "" "" NP 25 ÷ 64 bar.3 2. 5.3 3.35 0.15 1.10 1.2 1.6 10S 8.7 x PTS.0 6.9 3. ANSI 300 ÷ 400 lbs each "" "" NP100 bar. STEAM.9 15.44 1.IN ITEMS OF ABOVE-GROUND PIPING Item 1.1 1.5 3.96 1.ALIGNMENT piece THREE .2 4.5 5.3 4.LAYING ON RACK m PIPE .1 7.8.7 5. ANSI 600 lbs each ORIFICE PLATE INSERTING bend PIPE BENDING FOR below 45°.16 0.40 0.2 XXS 27. NIPOLET .18 .93 0.59 0.75 0.INSTALLING piece CONTROL VALVE piece SAFETY VALVE piece HYDRANT piece VALVE SPINDLE EXTENSION LENGHTS 1-2-3 m piece DISASSEMBLY : 0. AIR.19 2.

69 0.52 0.INSTALLING piece VALVE WITH DRIVE .8 5.5 5.4 3.28 0.1 120 160 22.5 33. ANSI 300 ÷ 400 lbs each "" "" NP100 bar.1 TO 4.11 0.1 1.ALIGNMENT piece THREE .33 6.80 3.6 8. ANSI 150 lbs each "" "" NP 25 ÷ 64 bar.28 5.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE .50 6.12 0.8 28.21 1. NIPOLET .1 5.4 AND 4.1 3.74 0.6 17.DISASSEMBLY : 0.07 0.75 1.END FITTING .5 Nominal diameter [mm=inch] Outer diameter ø [mm] Wall thickness t = [mm] Schedule Unit Build-in Items || [kg/m] m PIPE . AND HANG.96 1. GAS) m SERVICE TEST piece SUPPORT FABRICATION kg SUPPORT INSTALLATION kg SPRING SUSP.2 1.6 10.1 41.7 piece VALVE .2 2.9 9.3 3.7 x PTS.WELDING piece INSERT RING (ONLY FOR ALU) piece WELD CUTTING IN ALTERATIONS multipl.1 4.2 5.4 25.4 5.21 1.7 5.8 each FLANGE BOLTING-UP NP 6 ÷ 16 bar. STEAM.85 0.4 13.2 3.IN ITEMS OF ABOVE-GROUND PIPING Item 1.8 5.80 125 139.WELDING each SEAL RING .83 0.19 0.3 16.35 0.2 4.2 7.0 2.6 3.7 4.57 7.35 1.99 0.5 XXS 31. 5.ALIGNMENT each BUTT WELD each FILLET (SOCKET) WELD each MITRE WELD each NOZZLE WELD piece WELDOLET. ITEM.3 5.93 0.3 12.LAYING IN FIELD m PIPE .1 6. ESTIMATE POINTS FOR BUILD. .44 1.2 piece WELD ROOT GRINDING piece GAUGE CONNECTION DRILLING 6.22 0.4 7.2 10.MATERIAL MULTIPLIER FOR ITEM 3.10 4.WELDING piece SADDLE REINFORCEMENT .19 .08 0. ITEM 4.8 3.1 TO 5.1 80 XS 18.4 4. FOR > 45° x 2 piece PIPE THREADING each MAKING ON THREADED CONNECTION multipl.9 6.99 0.30 0.DISMANTLING piece TWO .3 4.7 3.6 5.END FITTING .8 7.0 100 = 4" 114.3 2.5 3.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE WITH DRIVE .64 2.BUILD-IN AS ITEM 7.39 3.3 8.0 11.13 0.6 4.2 7.3 7.3 3.22 162 1.1 TO 3.59 1.8 0.51 0.43 0.8 8. AIR. ANSI 600 lbs each ORIFICE PLATE INSERTING bend PIPE BENDING FOR below 45°.9 3.15 0.5 4.7 x PTS.38 1.0 21.08 1.INSTALLING piece CONTROL VALVE piece SAFETY VALVE piece HYDRANT piece VALVE SPINDLE EXTENSION LENGHTS 1-2-3 m piece DISASSEMBLY : 0.19 2.1 7.8.8 m PRESSURE TEST (WATER. 7 2.LAYING ON RACK m PIPE .

7 5.3 5. ESTIMATE POINTS FOR BUILD.3 3.WELDING piece INSERT RING (ONLY FOR ALU) piece WELD CUTTING IN ALTERATIONS multipl.33 6.2 8.3 18. ANSI 150 lbs each "" "" NP 25 ÷ 64 bar.4 4.8 3.END FITTING .08 1.INSTALLING piece CONTROL VALVE piece SAFETY VALVE piece HYDRANT piece VALVE SPINDLE EXTENSION LENGHTS 1-2-3 m piece DISASSEMBLY : 0. ITEM 4.6 12. FOR > 45° x 2 piece PIPE THREADING each MAKING ON THREADED CONNECTION multipl.3 3.1 4.0 12.ALIGNMENT each BUTT WELD each FILLET (SOCKET) WELD each MITRE WELD each NOZZLE WELD piece WELDOLET.1 TO 4.8 5.2 1.1 TO 5.59 163 2.5 3. .8 each FLANGE BOLTING-UP NP 6 ÷ 16 bar.2 7.13 0.12 0.99 0.7 3.0 8.4 3.WELDING piece SADDLE REINFORCEMENT .7 x PTS. AND HANG.51 0.INSTALLING piece VALVE WITH DRIVE .END FITTING .MATERIAL MULTIPLIER FOR ITEM 3.6 3. ITEM.4 10.1 23. GAS) m SERVICE TEST piece SUPPORT FABRICATION kg SUPPORT INSTALLATION kg SPRING SUSP.57 7.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE WITH DRIVE .1 1.10 4.6 5.28 0.69 0.DISMANTLING piece TWO .35 1.8.IN ITEMS OF ABOVE-GROUND PIPING Item 1.LAYING ON RACK m PIPE .6 4. AIR.4 4.0 13.0 5.4 5.5 5.3 1.2 5. NIPOLET .INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE .2 3.22 0.4 7.7 5.LAYING IN FIELD m PIPE .9 3.4 AND 4.7 x PTS. 5.5 20. STEAM.1 5.7 piece VALVE .8 7.8 m PRESSURE TEST (WATER.2 7.2 2.8 5.0 32.3 7.1 6.85 0.8 28.1 TO 3.0 16.08 0.1 3.5 39.3 4.2 piece WELD ROOT GRINDING piece GAUGE CONNECTION DRILLING 3.30 0.0 26.ALIGNMENT piece THREE .5 Nominal diameter [mm=inch] Outer diameter ø [mm] Wall thickness t = [mm] Schedule Unit Build-in Items || [kg/m] m PIPE .6 6.5 15.1 4.5 4.WELDING each SEAL RING .0 11.39 3.9 6.7 4.2 4.6 125 139.1 7.22 . ANSI 600 lbs each ORIFICE PLATE INSERTING bend PIPE BENDING FOR below 45°.DISASSEMBLY : 0. ANSI 300 ÷ 400 lbs each "" "" NP100 bar.BUILD-IN AS ITEM 7.3 2.0 35.

2 44.4 AND 4.39 3.0 2.ALIGNMENT piece THREE .35 1.4 11.6 4.3 7.WELDING piece INSERT RING (ONLY FOR ALU) piece WELD CUTTING IN ALTERATIONS multipl.7 14.50 8.51 0.5 4.2 4.5 Nominal diameter [mm=inch] Outer diameter ø [mm] Wall thickness t = [mm] Schedule Unit Build-in Items || [kg/m] m PIPE .3 2.07 0. AIR.6 3.64 2.9 3.4 3.33 6. 5.INSTALLING piece VALVE WITH DRIVE .6 150 = 6" 168.8 m PRESSURE TEST (WATER. .95 0. AND HANG.5 5. NIPOLET .LAYING ON RACK m PIPE .44 3.2 5.69 0.8 1.1 TO 3.51 0. GAS) m SERVICE TEST piece SUPPORT FABRICATION kg SUPPORT INSTALLATION kg SPRING SUSP.2 7.28 1.67 0.49 1. ESTIMATE POINTS FOR BUILD-IN ITEMS OF ABOVE-GROUND PIPING Item 1.99 0.64 2.12 0.7 x PTS.13 0.28 0.END FITTING .99 0.19 1.35 1.8 5S 9.3 3.1 4.2 2.22 0.1 TO 5.24 164 1.8 2. ANSI 600 lbs each ORIFICE PLATE INSERTING bend PIPE BENDING FOR below 45°.29 1.7 x PTS.4 5.43 1.DISASSEMBLY : 0.08 1.13 0. ITEM 4.3 5.2 7.8.21 11.1 1.33 6.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE WITH DRIVE .51 0.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE .END FITTING .88 0.38 7.6 5.30 0.ALIGNMENT each BUTT WELD each FILLET (SOCKET) WELD each MITRE WELD each NOZZLE WELD piece WELDOLET.7 3. STEAM. ITEM.30 0.1 3.13 0.1 7.57 7.MATERIAL MULTIPLIER FOR ITEM 3.DISMANTLING piece TWO .6 9. ANSI 300 ÷ 400 lbs each "" "" NP100 bar.1 6.2 piece WELD ROOT GRINDING piece GAUGE CONNECTION DRILLING 125 139.75 1.13 0. ANSI 150 lbs each "" "" NP 25 ÷ 64 bar.99 0.57 7.3 4.BUILD-IN AS ITEM 7.4 10S 11.85 0.WELDING piece SADDLE REINFORCEMENT .3 6.9 160 49.59 1.2 19.8 5.7 piece VALVE .4 7.0 30.12 0.1 TO 4.22 0.88 2.1 XXS 57.69 0.5 12.INSTALLING piece CONTROL VALVE piece SAFETY VALVE piece HYDRANT piece VALVE SPINDLE EXTENSION LENGHTS 1-2-3 m piece DISASSEMBLY : 0.LAYING IN FIELD m PIPE .3 3.7 4.1 5.09 0.3 2.22 1.22 .85 0.WELDING each SEAL RING .75 1.9 6. FOR > 45° x 2 piece PIPE THREADING each MAKING ON THREADED CONNECTION multipl.6 125 = 5" 141.8 3.24 0.08 0.10 4.2 1.8 each FLANGE BOLTING-UP NP 6 ÷ 16 bar.63 1.58 3.7 5.0 2.08 0.2 3.39 3.12 0.3 15.9 5S 8.8 5.08 1.9 40.7 40 STD80 XS 120 22.5 3.21 1.59 1.4 4.

1 1. ANSI 600 lbs each ORIFICE PLATE INSERTING bend PIPE BENDING FOR below 45°. ITEM.2 7.8. GAS) m SERVICE TEST piece SUPPORT FABRICATION kg SUPPORT INSTALLATION kg SPRING SUSP.7 10.50 8.1 3.5 4.44 3.END FITTING .88 0. FOR > 45° x 2 piece PIPE THREADING each MAKING ON THREADED CONNECTION multipl.7 3.3 7.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE WITH DRIVE .2 150 = 6" 168.2 5.1 5.LAYING ON RACK m PIPE .95 0.0 20.2 7.2 4.5 7.13 0.1 11.9 3.09 0.BUILD-IN AS ITEM 7. ITEM 4.1 6.2 3.INSTALLING piece VALVE WITH DRIVE .4 3.5 3.4 7.7 piece VALVE .7 4.13 0.67 0. .2 piece WELD ROOT GRINDING piece GAUGE CONNECTION DRILLING 3.7 1.DISASSEMBLY : 0.LAYING IN FIELD m PIPE .38 7.12 0.2 4.5 5.4 AND 4.0 39.3 3.1 40 STD 25.0 16.6 14.1 7.7 x PTS.4 10S 13.WELDING each SEAL RING . AIR.2 1.6 3.3 22.75 165 0.4 4.0 31.ALIGNMENT each BUTT WELD each FILLET (SOCKET) WELD each MITRE WELD each NOZZLE WELD piece WELDOLET.6 5.5 18. ANSI 300 ÷ 400 lbs each "" "" NP100 bar. STEAM.ALIGNMENT piece THREE . ANSI 150 lbs each "" "" NP 25 ÷ 64 bar.8 m PRESSURE TEST (WATER. 5.63 1.8 3.1 4.8 3.DISMANTLING piece TWO . AND HANG.3 5.1 TO 4.WELDING piece SADDLE REINFORCEMENT .INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE .3 5.10 4.19 1.WELDING piece INSERT RING (ONLY FOR ALU) piece WELD CUTTING IN ALTERATIONS multipl.2 5. ESTIMATE POINTS FOR BUILD-IN ITEMS OF ABOVE-GROUND PIPING Item 1.9 6.2 2.MATERIAL MULTIPLIER FOR ITEM 3.24 .8 34.3 3.8 each FLANGE BOLTING-UP NP 6 ÷ 16 bar.6 4.1 TO 3.INSTALLING piece CONTROL VALVE piece SAFETY VALVE piece HYDRANT piece VALVE SPINDLE EXTENSION LENGHTS 1-2-3 m piece DISASSEMBLY : 0.49 1.1 TO 5.75 1.3 8.5 Nominal diameter [mm=inch]] Outer diameter ø [mm] Wall thickness t = [mm] Schedule Unit Build-in Items || [kg/m] m PIPE .3 2.3 4. NIPOLET .88 2.2 28.8 5.END FITTING .6 6.7 8.4 5.24 0.7 5.6 4.0 80 XS 42.8 5.7 x PTS.

13 0.4 3.9 5S 79.1 150 = 6" 168.33 0. NIPOLET . GAS) m SERVICE TEST piece SUPPORT FABRICATION kg SUPPORT INSTALLATION kg SPRING SUSP.8 21.1 TO 3.8 m PRESSURE TEST (WATER.2 4.2 1.10 4.3 2.3 7.24 .0 3.7 4.1 3.92 2.8 each FLANGE BOLTING-UP NP 6 ÷ 16 bar.5 23.INSTALLING piece VALVE WITH DRIVE .1 TO 5.7 piece VALVE .6 3. ANSI 150 lbs each "" "" NP 25 ÷ 64 bar.4 60.6 5.9 31.ALIGNMENT each BUTT WELD each FILLET (SOCKET) WELD each MITRE WELD each NOZZLE WELD piece WELDOLET.8 5.5 120 48.2 5. STEAM.5 3.3 3.3 5.END FITTING .9 3.1 3.4 5.5 Nominal diameter [mm=inch] Outer diameter ø [mm] Wall thickness t = [mm] Schedule Unit Build-in Items || [kg/m] m PIPE .1 200 = 8" 219.8.4 7.4 4.3 160 XXS 54. ITEM 4.3 16.5 4.20 166 2.54 1.7 3.WELDING each SEAL RING .INSTALLING piece CONTROL VALVE piece SAFETY VALVE piece HYDRANT piece VALVE SPINDLE EXTENSION LENGHTS 1-2-3 m piece DISASSEMBLY : 0.44 3. 5.6 4.ALIGNMENT piece THREE .2 7.8 5.50 8.1 1.55 1.13 0.3 3.67 0.50 1.MATERIAL MULTIPLIER FOR ITEM 3. AND HANG.DISASSEMBLY : 0.25 5.WELDING piece SADDLE REINFORCEMENT . . FOR > 45° x 2 piece PIPE THREADING each MAKING ON THREADED CONNECTION multipl.END FITTING .31 1.88 2.LAYING IN FIELD m PIPE .00 1.1 5.00 11.BUILD-IN AS ITEM 7.7 5.1 6.2 2.38 7.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE .09 0.24 0. ANSI 300 ÷ 400 lbs each "" "" NP100 bar.3 4.12 0.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE WITH DRIVE .2 3.6 3. AIR.16 0.8 15.2 7.2 20.88 0.1 4.1 TO 4.5 5.19 1.7 x PTS.DISMANTLING piece TWO .12 0.8 3.0 18.2 17.50 0.LAYING ON RACK m PIPE .31 1.2 2.50 10.5 5. ANSI 600 lbs each ORIFICE PLATE INSERTING bend PIPE BENDING FOR below 45°.WELDING piece INSERT RING (ONLY FOR ALU) piece WELD CUTTING IN ALTERATIONS multipl.9 6.IN ITEMS OF ABOVE-GROUND PIPING Item 1.3 14.4 AND 4.1 1.12 0.1 7.7 x PTS.17 0.49 1.8 5.6 29.8 10S 19.2 piece WELD ROOT GRINDING piece GAUGE CONNECTION DRILLING 12.63 1. ITEM.77 0.95 0.75 1.2 4. ESTIMATE POINTS FOR BUILD.75 1.50 3.2 67.

WELDING piece INSERT RING (ONLY FOR ALU) piece WELD CUTTING IN ALTERATIONS multipl.1 1.2 1.0 80.8. ANSI 600 lbs each ORIFICE PLATE INSERTING bend PIPE BENDING FOR below 45°.DISASSEMBLY : 0.0 30 36.7 8.92 2. ITEM.1 16.7 piece VALVE .INSTALLING piece CONTROL VALVE piece SAFETY VALVE piece HYDRANT piece VALVE SPINDLE EXTENSION LENGHTS 1-2-3 m piece DISASSEMBLY : 0.7 x PTS.2 8.50 1.7 x PTS.4 3.1 8.7 10.0 41.8 40 STD 42.4 7.WELDING each SEAL RING . ANSI 300 ÷ 400 lbs each "" "" NP100 bar.4 AND 4.ALIGNMENT piece THREE .50 3.6 4. ITEM 4.1 12.INSTALLING piece VALVE WITH DRIVE .2 71.1 TO 3.2 5.7 5. FOR > 45° x 2 piece PIPE THREADING each MAKING ON THREADED CONNECTION multipl.9 3.5 4.3 4.7 4.9 6.1 TO 5.31 1.1 100 76.50 10.8 each FLANGE BOLTING-UP NP 6 ÷ 16 bar.16 0.2 2. STEAM.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE . AND HANG.ALIGNMENT each BUTT WELD each FILLET (SOCKET) WELD each MITRE WELD each NOZZLE WELD piece WELDOLET.31 .1 TO 4.5 3.7 45.50 0.LAYING ON RACK m PIPE .3 120 90.2 7. 5.END FITTING .6 7.2 3.8 5.7 14.3 2.BUILD-IN AS ITEM 7.2 18.3 7.1 6. .00 0.7 1.1 4.3 33. AIR.8 15. GAS) m SERVICE TEST piece SUPPORT FABRICATION kg SUPPORT INSTALLATION kg SPRING SUSP.DISMANTLING piece TWO .3 5.5 5.4 4.7 80 XS 64.6 3.6 5. NIPOLET . ESTIMATE POINTS FOR BUILD.7 200 = 8" 219.3 3.4 20 33.4 5.LAYING IN FIELD m PIPE .2 7.17 0.MATERIAL MULTIPLIER FOR ITEM 3.8 5.END FITTING .2 piece WELD ROOT GRINDING piece GAUGE CONNECTION DRILLING 6.7 3.00 11.10 4.8 m PRESSURE TEST (WATER.20 167 2.25 5.3 60 53.1 6.IN ITEMS OF ABOVE-GROUND PIPING Item 1. ANSI 150 lbs each "" "" NP 25 ÷ 64 bar.5 Nominal diameter [mm=inch] Outer diameter ø [mm] Wall thickness t = [mm] Schedule Unit Build-in Items || [kg/m] m PIPE .WELDING piece SADDLE REINFORCEMENT .2 4.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE WITH DRIVE .3 3.12 0.54 1.12 0.8 3.1 5.1 3.1 7.

FOR > 45° x 2 piece PIPE THREADING each MAKING ON THREADED CONNECTION multipl.39 2.16 0.LAYING ON RACK m PIPE .1 1.00 4.50 3.6 5.2 4.7 4.3 5.8 each FLANGE BOLTING-UP NP 6 ÷ 16 bar.80 2.8 5.1 3.2 3.17 0.25 5.INSTALLING piece CONTROL VALVE piece SAFETY VALVE piece HYDRANT piece VALVE SPINDLE EXTENSION LENGHTS 1-2-3 m piece DISASSEMBLY : 0. STEAM.WELDING each SEAL RING .5 3.20 0.1 TO 4.00 19.4 7.2 7.31 1.6 140 101 200 = 8" 219.2 10S 27.4 5.DISASSEMBLY : 0.14 0.8 3. ESTIMATE POINTS FOR BUILD.5 Nominal diameter [mm=inch] Outer diameter ø [mm] Wall thickness t = [mm] Schedule Unit Build-in Items || [kg/m] m PIPE .6 37.7 5.2 1. AND HANG.9 5.1 TO 3.85 17.55 0.0 1.LAYING IN FIELD m PIPE .7 3.2 7.7 x PTS. 5.1 5.2 2.38 168 2.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE .54 1.3 3. ITEM.68 0.6 4.INSTALLING piece VALVE WITH DRIVE .12 0.95 2.50 0. ITEM 4.5 4.4 4.END FITTING .8.2 23.0 33.3 3. AIR.BUILD-IN AS ITEM 7.3 4.0 XXS 160 108 111 28.6 4.6 250 = 10" 273.0 132 2.2 5.END FITTING .ALIGNMENT each BUTT WELD each FILLET (SOCKET) WELD each MITRE WELD each NOZZLE WELD piece WELDOLET. GAS) m SERVICE TEST piece SUPPORT FABRICATION kg SUPPORT INSTALLATION kg SPRING SUSP.5 5.ALIGNMENT piece THREE .50 1.92 2.3 3.9 19.38 1.2 piece WELD ROOT GRINDING piece GAUGE CONNECTION DRILLING 20.25 5.12 0. ANSI 600 lbs each ORIFICE PLATE INSERTING bend PIPE BENDING FOR below 45°.20 1. ANSI 300 ÷ 400 lbs each "" "" NP100 bar.9 3.50 10.1 4.1 5.DISMANTLING piece TWO .9 26.8 m PRESSURE TEST (WATER. NIPOLET .4 5S 22. ANSI 150 lbs each "" "" NP 25 ÷ 64 bar.7 x PTS.0 23.58 0.1 TO 5.4 3.50 1.1 7.4 AND 4.10 4.8 5.13 8.0 3.3 7.7 piece VALVE .WELDING piece INSERT RING (ONLY FOR ALU) piece WELD CUTTING IN ALTERATIONS multipl.MATERIAL MULTIPLIER FOR ITEM 3.3 2.6 3.1 6.92 2.31 . .1 22.9 6.00 11.2 21.6 4.3 3.IN ITEMS OF ABOVE-GROUND PIPING Item 1.02 0.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE WITH DRIVE .10 0.WELDING piece SADDLE REINFORCEMENT .

8 30 51.7 piece VALVE .ALIGNMENT each BUTT WELD each FILLET (SOCKET) WELD each MITRE WELD each NOZZLE WELD piece WELDOLET.END FITTING . ITEM 4.3 5.1 4. .85 piece CONTROL VALVE 17. ANSI 150 lbs 1.2 7.6 7.14 piece SUPPORT FABRICATION kg SUPPORT INSTALLATION 0.3 4. STEAM.MATERIAL MULTIPLIER FOR ITEM 3. AIR.3 81.6 12.END FITTING .INSTALLING 4.1 7. GAS) 0.0 14.3 2.4 7.DISMANTLING piece TWO .10 kg SPRING SUSP. FOR > 45° x 2 piece PIPE THREADING each MAKING ON THREADED CONNECTION multipl.LAYING ON RACK m PIPE .13 piece HYDRANT 8.1 8.ALIGNMENT piece THREE .8 3.9 6.2 7. NIPOLET . ITEM.0 52.95 piece BUTTERFLY VALVE WITH DRIVE .7 x PTS.9 3.8 5.4 3.10 4.1 1. ANSI 300 ÷ 400 lbs 2.LAYING IN FIELD m PIPE .0 8.39 each "" "" NP100 bar.1 6.INSTALLING 0.INSTALLING 5.3 7.6 3.92 each "" "" NP 25 ÷ 64 bar.8 each FLANGE BOLTING-UP NP 6 ÷ 16 bar.9 11.1 5.7 169 .38 bend PIPE BENDING FOR below 45°. 5.68 each ORIFICE PLATE INSERTING 0.7 3.55 piece BUTTERFLY VALVE .DISASSEMBLY : 0.4 20 42.3 Schedule Unit Build-in Items || [kg/m] 41.2 5.1 TO 4.7 5.20 m SERVICE TEST 0.6 5.8.3 250 = 10" 273.1 TO 3.5 5.2 4.2 piece WELD ROOT GRINDING 0.WELDING piece SADDLE REINFORCEMENT .7 80S 60 77.1 46.8 m PRESSURE TEST (WATER.WELDING each SEAL RING .0 64.1 TO 5.8 9.1 3.5 Nominal diameter [mm=inch] Outer diameter ø [mm] Wall thickness t = [mm] 6.00 piece SAFETY VALVE 19.INSTALLING 2.6 12.2 3.3 40 STD 10.4 5.2 2.5 m PIPE .4 4.5 3. ESTIMATE POINTS FOR BUILD-IN ITEMS OF ABOVE-GROUND PIPING Item 1.3 3.38 piece GAUGE CONNECTION DRILLING 6.2 1.0 71.7 4.BUILD-IN AS ITEM 7.2 57.4 AND 4.8 5.5 4.WELDING piece INSERT RING (ONLY FOR ALU) piece WELD CUTTING IN ALTERATIONS multipl.2 XS 90.7 x PTS. AND HANG.25 piece VALVE WITH DRIVE . ANSI 600 lbs 2.50 piece VALVE SPINDLE EXTENSION LENGHTS 1-2-3 m piece DISASSEMBLY : 0.4 60.1 7.6 4.3 3.

6 25.3 4.4 3.END FITTING .7 piece VALVE .95 2.95 10.BUILD-IN AS ITEM 7.WELDING piece INSERT RING (ONLY FOR ALU) piece WELD CUTTING IN ALTERATIONS multipl.92 2.13 8.6 3.4 7.8 5.68 0.2 5.2 7.85 17.7 x PTS.END FITTING .2 1.2 4.9 3.5 110 18.10 0.38 .8 3.2 2.1 TO 3.46 2.IN ITEMS OF ABOVE-GROUND PIPING Item 1.7 3.06 0. .7 4.00 19.3 3.8 each FLANGE BOLTING-UP NP 6 ÷ 16 bar.5 4.10 0.ALIGNMENT each BUTT WELD each FILLET (SOCKET) WELD each MITRE WELD each NOZZLE WELD piece WELDOLET.LAYING ON RACK m PIPE .1 4.WELDING piece SADDLE REINFORCEMENT .2 3.2 7.2 3.10 4. AIR.06 1.4 155 28.5 3.8 m PRESSURE TEST (WATER.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE WITH DRIVE . GAS) m SERVICE TEST piece SUPPORT FABRICATION kg SUPPORT INSTALLATION kg SPRING SUSP.7 5.5 5.9 6.DISMANTLING piece TWO .31 2.14 0.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE .8 5.3 28.1 7.9 3. ITEM 4.DISASSEMBLY : 0.20 0.4 120 133 22.3 3.40 22. STEAM.ALIGNMENT piece THREE . AND HANG.4 4. ANSI 300 ÷ 400 lbs each "" "" NP100 bar. ITEM.0 113 250 = 10" 273. ANSI 150 lbs each "" "" NP 25 ÷ 64 bar.24 0. ANSI 600 lbs each ORIFICE PLATE INSERTING bend PIPE BENDING FOR below 45°.20 1.6 5.MATERIAL MULTIPLIER FOR ITEM 3.25 5.2 137 25.WELDING each SEAL RING .2 piece WELD ROOT GRINDING piece GAUGE CONNECTION DRILLING 15.3 7.38 2.17 0.5 140 XXS 160 1.1 1.46 170 4.8. 5.39 2.1 80 96.0 18.89 3.5 Nominal diameter [mm=inch] Outer diameter ø [mm] Wall thickness t = [mm] Schedule Unit Build-in Items || [kg/m] m PIPE .1 5.LAYING IN FIELD m PIPE .0 102 17.02 20.1 TO 5.6 4. NIPOLET .50 5.1 3.14 3.2 16.6 173 300 = 12" 323.INSTALLING piece CONTROL VALVE piece SAFETY VALVE piece HYDRANT piece VALVE SPINDLE EXTENSION LENGHTS 1-2-3 m piece DISASSEMBLY : 0. FOR > 45° x 2 piece PIPE THREADING each MAKING ON THREADED CONNECTION multipl.INSTALLING piece VALVE WITH DRIVE .7 x PTS.84 0.55 0.3 2.1 6. ESTIMATE POINTS FOR BUILD.3 5.4 AND 4.0 100 115 125 21.1 TO 4.10 7.3 20.24 0.4 5.

2 5.8 79.4 7.24 0.8 3.7 4.3 2.1 1.4 20 50.0 85. ANSI 300 ÷ 400 lbs each "" "" NP100 bar. ITEM.6 44.3 3.MATERIAL MULTIPLIER FOR ITEM 3.6 4.3 5.LAYING IN FIELD m PIPE . ITEM 4.0 6.0 55. FOR > 45° x 2 piece PIPE THREADING each MAKING ON THREADED CONNECTION multipl.2 1. ANSI 150 lbs each "" "" NP 25 ÷ 64 bar.7 5.4 AND 4.WELDING piece INSERT RING (ONLY FOR ALU) piece WELD CUTTING IN ALTERATIONS multipl.3 3. AND HANG.24 0. GAS) m SERVICE TEST piece SUPPORT FABRICATION kg SUPPORT INSTALLATION kg SPRING SUSP.6 10S 36.7 piece VALVE .2 piece WELD ROOT GRINDING piece GAUGE CONNECTION DRILLING 4.02 20.5 62.2 7.3 7. ESTIMATE POINTS FOR BUILD.2 4.0 5S 31.06 1.6 3.END FITTING .8 5.1 8.10 4.2 3.6 5.5 3.5 10.2 7.1 7.0 2.5 4. AIR.LAYING ON RACK m PIPE .9 6.5 Nominal diameter [mm=inch] Outer diameter ø [mm] Wall thickness t = [mm] Schedule Unit Build-in Items || [kg/m] m PIPE .ALIGNMENT piece THREE .0 39.5 73.INSTALLING piece VALVE WITH DRIVE . NIPOLET .95 10.4 5. STEAM.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE WITH DRIVE .8 11.1 3.1 4.40 22.1 5.BUILD-IN AS ITEM 7.1 TO 3.20 2.46 171 5.89 3.10 7.4 8.4 9.1 TO 5.WELDING piece SADDLE REINFORCEMENT .7 x PTS.INSTALLING piece CONTROL VALVE piece SAFETY VALVE piece HYDRANT piece VALVE SPINDLE EXTENSION LENGHTS 1-2-3 m piece DISASSEMBLY : 0.4 4.2 300 = 12" 323. ANSI 600 lbs each ORIFICE PLATE INSERTING bend PIPE BENDING FOR below 45°.DISMANTLING piece TWO .4 30 65.4 3.ALIGNMENT each BUTT WELD each FILLET (SOCKET) WELD each MITRE WELD each NOZZLE WELD piece WELDOLET.WELDING each SEAL RING .46 .17 0.1 6.8 8.DISASSEMBLY : 0.3 4.3 40S STD 40 68.9 7.14 3.10 0.8 each FLANGE BOLTING-UP NP 6 ÷ 16 bar.5 5.7 x PTS.9 3.8 5. .8 m PRESSURE TEST (WATER.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE .IN ITEMS OF ABOVE-GROUND PIPING Item 1.28 0.1 TO 4.7 3.4 5.END FITTING .3 5.8.2 2.31 2.6 4. 5.

78 11.19 0.6 m PIPE .2 2.8 5.2 4.10 kg SPRING SUSP.40 piece SAFETY VALVE 22.3 3.2 7.33 3.10 4.INSTALLING 1.1 TO 3.ALIGNMENT piece THREE .1 7.31 .INSTALLING 5.02 piece CONTROL VALVE 20.6 4.4 5.INSTALLING 7.10 0.6 27.WELDING each SEAL RING .7 x PTS.6 3.4 7. ANSI 150 lbs 2. 5.5 4.6 5.8. .7 3.4 4.MATERIAL MULTIPLIER FOR ITEM 3.14 piece BUTTERFLY VALVE WITH DRIVE .3 7.LAYING IN FIELD m PIPE .DISMANTLING piece TWO .09 0. GAS) 0.WELDING piece SADDLE REINFORCEMENT .95 8.6 140 209 33.27 0.IN ITEMS OF ABOVE-GROUND PIPING Item 1.1 4.BUILD-IN AS ITEM 7.73 3.46 bend PIPE BENDING FOR below 45°.LAYING ON RACK m PIPE .3 4.1 5.4 120 XXS 187 28.END FITTING .7 Schedule 80S XS Unit Build-in Items || [kg/m] 97.1 TO 4.46 piece GAUGE CONNECTION DRILLING 14. NIPOLET .20 piece VALVE SPINDLE EXTENSION LENGHTS 1-2-3 m piece DISASSEMBLY : 0.55 2.24 m SERVICE TEST 0.42 3.2 5.5 Nominal diameter [mm=inch] Outer diameter ø [mm] Wall thickness t = [mm] 12.7 x PTS.7 4.INSTALLING 3.4 AND 4.3 5.57 1.0 21.19 23.80 26.9 6.7 5.8 each FLANGE BOLTING-UP NP 6 ÷ 16 bar.95 piece HYDRANT 10.WELDING piece INSERT RING (ONLY FOR ALU) piece WELD CUTTING IN ALTERATIONS multipl.8 5.6 3.2 3. ITEM. ANSI 300 ÷ 400 lbs 2.2 165 25.0 122 17. FOR > 45° x 2 piece PIPE THREADING each MAKING ON THREADED CONNECTION multipl.5 5. AND HANG.24 each ORIFICE PLATE INSERTING 0.DISASSEMBLY : 0.9 20.2 7. STEAM. ITEM 4.3 3.17 piece SUPPORT FABRICATION kg SUPPORT INSTALLATION 0.06 piece BUTTERFLY VALVE . ESTIMATE POINTS FOR BUILD.5 3.9 3.5 80 132 300 = 12" 323.8 3.1 3.1 6.89 each "" "" NP100 bar.ALIGNMENT each BUTT WELD each FILLET (SOCKET) WELD each MITRE WELD each NOZZLE WELD piece WELDOLET.2 3.4 100 150 160 22.83 0.8 m PRESSURE TEST (WATER.8 31.10 piece VALVE WITH DRIVE .3 60 109 16.3 160 239 350 = 14" 355.55 172 5.1 1.90 2.2 1.END FITTING . ANSI 600 lbs 3. AIR.2 piece WELD ROOT GRINDING 0.1 TO 5.3 2.31 each "" "" NP 25 ÷ 64 bar.7 piece VALVE .3 2.4 3.

AND HANG.2 7.7 3.4 4.2 7. 5.2 piece WELD ROOT GRINDING piece GAUGE CONNECTION DRILLING 4. ANSI 300 ÷ 400 lbs each "" "" NP100 bar. ITEM 4.3 3.95 8.7 4.1 TO 3.IN ITEMS OF ABOVE-GROUND PIPING Item 1.MATERIAL MULTIPLIER FOR ITEM 3.9 6.LAYING IN FIELD m PIPE .6 5.8 each FLANGE BOLTING-UP NP 6 ÷ 16 bar.1 TO 4.1 TO 5.8 5.19 0.1 5.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE .1 1.4 12. STEAM. .6 7.3 7.7 XS 108 14.8 10S 41.6 5.6 3.WELDING each SEAL RING .3 2.2 4. ANSI 600 lbs each ORIFICE PLATE INSERTING bend PIPE BENDING FOR below 45°.WELDING piece SADDLE REINFORCEMENT .27 0.3 5.42 3.19 23.8.90 2.7 x PTS.1 67.7 5.5 Nominal diameter [mm=inch] Outer diameter ø [mm] Wall thickness t = [mm] Schedule Unit Build-in Items || [kg/m] m PIPE .1 7.7 x PTS.10 4.6 48.INSTALLING piece VALVE WITH DRIVE . ANSI 150 lbs each "" "" NP 25 ÷ 64 bar.2 11.5 4. ESTIMATE POINTS FOR BUILD.55 173 5.3 3.4 5.4 3. AIR.7 4.3 4.INSTALLING piece CONTROL VALVE piece SAFETY VALVE piece HYDRANT piece VALVE SPINDLE EXTENSION LENGHTS 1-2-3 m piece DISASSEMBLY : 0.DISMANTLING piece TWO .4 6.8 8.78 11.DISASSEMBLY : 0.7 piece VALVE .ALIGNMENT each BUTT WELD each FILLET (SOCKET) WELD each MITRE WELD each NOZZLE WELD piece WELDOLET.2 2.END FITTING .8 3.2 1.1 6.4 7.8 9.WELDING piece INSERT RING (ONLY FOR ALU) piece WELD CUTTING IN ALTERATIONS multipl.1 4.1 7.8 m PRESSURE TEST (WATER.1 40 94.6 4.57 1. GAS) m SERVICE TEST piece SUPPORT FABRICATION kg SUPPORT INSTALLATION kg SPRING SUSP.4 AND 4.2 120 2.1 3.4 81.5 3.0 43.0 5S 34. FOR > 45° x 2 piece PIPE THREADING each MAKING ON THREADED CONNECTION multipl. NIPOLET .5 30 STD 75.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE WITH DRIVE .83 0.BUILD-IN AS ITEM 7.3 5.4 10 55.2 3.53 0.8 5.ALIGNMENT piece THREE .80 26.9 3.55 .END FITTING .73 3. ITEM.2 5.5 5.33 3.10 0.LAYING ON RACK m PIPE .9 20 61.2 350 = 14" 355.

4 3.55 3.5 4.1 3.3 2.9 6.8 39. ITEM. ANSI 300 ÷ 400 lbs each "" "" NP100 bar.78 11.DISASSEMBLY : 0.8 120 225 31.35 0.8 3.INSTALLING piece CONTROL VALVE piece SAFETY VALVE piece HYDRANT piece VALVE SPINDLE EXTENSION LENGHTS 1-2-3 m piece DISASSEMBLY : 0.19 0.BUILD-IN AS ITEM 7.17 3.55 .7 piece VALVE .1 TO 3.1 4. GAS) m SERVICE TEST piece SUPPORT FABRICATION kg SUPPORT INSTALLATION kg SPRING SUSP.10 4.0 100 183 195 204 27.5 5.7 x PTS.ALIGNMENT each BUTT WELD each FILLET (SOCKET) WELD each MITRE WELD each NOZZLE WELD piece WELDOLET.8 5.9 3.2 2.3 7.8 25.3 3.60 2.8 each FLANGE BOLTING-UP NP 6 ÷ 16 bar.2 5S 35.7 2.1 TO 4.LAYING IN FIELD m PIPE .WELDING piece SADDLE REINFORCEMENT .31 0.2 4.73 3.63 174 5.6 5.7 4.5 Nominal diameter [mm=inch] Outer diameter ø [mm] Wall thickness t = [mm] Schedule Unit Build-in Items || [kg/m] m PIPE .6 3.60 13. ANSI 600 lbs each ORIFICE PLATE INSERTING bend PIPE BENDING FOR below 45°.33 3.LAYING ON RACK m PIPE .8. .80 26. STEAM.95 8.2 piece WELD ROOT GRINDING piece GAUGE CONNECTION DRILLING 15.2 7.5 3.7 41.1 80 159 350 = 14" 355.END FITTING .ALIGNMENT piece THREE .83 0.57 1.8 5. ESTIMATE POINTS FOR BUILD.END FITTING .2 1.20 30.80 9. AND HANG.36 27.21 0.27 0.97 4.2 23.8 140 254 35.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE .5 146 19.0 4.4 3.2 3. FOR > 45° x 2 piece PIPE THREADING each MAKING ON THREADED CONNECTION multipl. ITEM 4.1 6.1 60 127 17.57 2.44 0.52 4.WELDING piece INSERT RING (ONLY FOR ALU) piece WELD CUTTING IN ALTERATIONS multipl.1 7.42 3.7 5.1 5.8 m PRESSURE TEST (WATER.19 23. NIPOLET . 5.MATERIAL MULTIPLIER FOR ITEM 3.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE WITH DRIVE .4 5.10 0.7 160 282 400 = 16" 406.6 4.2 5.INSTALLING piece VALVE WITH DRIVE .DISMANTLING piece TWO .79 0.3 5.3 3.1 1.WELDING each SEAL RING .7 3. AIR.4 7.08 0.6 22.4 4.IN ITEMS OF ABOVE-GROUND PIPING Item 1.6 4.4 AND 4.7 x PTS.90 6.1 TO 5.63 2. ANSI 150 lbs each "" "" NP 25 ÷ 64 bar.08 1.3 4.2 7.

8. ESTIMATE POINTS FOR BUILD-IN ITEMS OF ABOVE-GROUND PIPING Item 1.1 1.2 1.3 2.2 2.3 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.8 3.9 3.10 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.7 4.8 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 5.7 5.8 5.9 6.1 6.2 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 7.5

Nominal diameter [mm=inch] Outer diameter ø [mm] Wall thickness t = [mm] 4,8 Schedule 10S Unit Build-in Items || [kg/m] 47,6 m PIPE - LAYING IN FIELD m PIPE - LAYING ON RACK m PIPE - DISMANTLING piece TWO - END FITTING - ALIGNMENT piece THREE - END FITTING - ALIGNMENT each BUTT WELD each FILLET (SOCKET) WELD each MITRE WELD each NOZZLE WELD piece WELDOLET, NIPOLET - WELDING piece SADDLE REINFORCEMENT - WELDING each SEAL RING - WELDING piece INSERT RING (ONLY FOR ALU) piece WELD CUTTING IN ALTERATIONS multipl.MATERIAL MULTIPLIER FOR ITEM 3.1 TO 3.8 each FLANGE BOLTING-UP NP 6 ÷ 16 bar, ANSI 150 lbs 3,17 each "" "" NP 25 ÷ 64 bar, ANSI 300 ÷ 400 lbs 3,97 each "" "" NP100 bar, ANSI 600 lbs 4,44 each ORIFICE PLATE INSERTING 0,63 bend PIPE BENDING FOR below 45°, FOR > 45° x 2 piece PIPE THREADING each MAKING ON THREADED CONNECTION multipl.DISASSEMBLY : 0,7 x PTS. ITEM 4.1 TO 4.4 AND 4.7 piece VALVE - INSTALLING 6,80 piece VALVE WITH DRIVE - INSTALLING 9,52 piece BUTTERFLY VALVE WITH DRIVE - INSTALLING 4,08 piece BUTTERFLY VALVE - INSTALLING 1,36 piece CONTROL VALVE 27,20 piece SAFETY VALVE 30,60 piece HYDRANT 13,60 piece VALVE SPINDLE EXTENSION LENGHTS 1-2-3 m piece DISASSEMBLY : 0,7 x PTS. ITEM. 5.1 TO 5.8 m PRESSURE TEST (WATER, AIR, STEAM, GAS) 0,31 m SERVICE TEST 0,21 piece SUPPORT FABRICATION kg SUPPORT INSTALLATION 0,08 kg SPRING SUSP. AND HANG. - BUILD-IN AS ITEM 7.2 piece WELD ROOT GRINDING 0,63 piece GAUGE CONNECTION DRILLING

5,6 55,4

6,4 10 63,2

7,1 70,0

7,9 20 77,7

400 = 16" 406,4 8,8 9,5 11,0 30 STD 86,4 93,1 107

12,7 40 XS 123

14,2 138

16,0 154

16,7 60 161

175

8. ESTIMATE POINTS FOR BUILD-IN ITEMS OF ABOVE-GROUND PIPING Item 1.1 1.2 1.3 2.2 2.3 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.8 3.9 3.10 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.7 4.8 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 5.7 5.8 5.9 6.1 6.2 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 7.5

Nominal diameter [mm=inch] Outer diameter ø [mm] Wall thickness t = [mm] Schedule Unit Build-in Items || [kg/m] m PIPE - LAYING IN FIELD m PIPE - LAYING ON RACK m PIPE - DISMANTLING piece TWO - END FITTING - ALIGNMENT piece THREE - END FITTING - ALIGNMENT each BUTT WELD each FILLET (SOCKET) WELD each MITRE WELD each NOZZLE WELD piece WELDOLET, NIPOLET - WELDING piece SADDLE REINFORCEMENT - WELDING each SEAL RING - WELDING piece INSERT RING (ONLY FOR ALU) piece WELD CUTTING IN ALTERATIONS multipl.MATERIAL MULTIPLIER FOR ITEM 3.1 TO 3.8 each FLANGE BOLTING-UP NP 6 ÷ 16 bar, ANSI 150 lbs each "" "" NP 25 ÷ 64 bar, ANSI 300 ÷ 400 lbs each "" "" NP100 bar, ANSI 600 lbs each ORIFICE PLATE INSERTING bend PIPE BENDING FOR below 45°, FOR > 45° x 2 piece PIPE THREADING each MAKING ON THREADED CONNECTION multipl.DISASSEMBLY : 0,7 x PTS. ITEM 4.1 TO 4.4 AND 4.7 piece VALVE - INSTALLING piece VALVE WITH DRIVE - INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE WITH DRIVE - INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE - INSTALLING piece CONTROL VALVE piece SAFETY VALVE piece HYDRANT piece VALVE SPINDLE EXTENSION LENGHTS 1-2-3 m piece DISASSEMBLY : 0,7 x PTS. ITEM. 5.1 TO 5.8 m PRESSURE TEST (WATER, AIR, STEAM, GAS) m SERVICE TEST piece SUPPORT FABRICATION kg SUPPORT INSTALLATION kg SPRING SUSP. AND HANG. - BUILD-IN AS ITEM 7.2 piece WELD ROOT GRINDING piece GAUGE CONNECTION DRILLING

17,5 80 168

20,0 191

21,4 203

400 = 16" 406,4 22,2 25,0 26,2 100 120 140 211 235 246

31,0 160 287

36,5 333

40,5 366

450 = 18" 457,0 3,6 4,0 5S 40,3 44,7

4,2 47,0

3,17 3,97 4,44 0,63

3,63 4,53 5,08 0,73

176

6,80 9,52 4,08 1,36 27,20 30,60 13,60

7,65 10,71 4,59 1,53 30,60 34,43 15,30 2,60 0,34 0,24 0,08 0,73

2,82

3,04

0,31 0,21 0,08 0,63

8. ESTIMATE POINTS FOR BUILD-IN ITEMS OF ABOVE-GROUND PIPING Item 1.1 1.2 1.3 2.2 2.3 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.8 3.9 3.10 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.7 4.8 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 5.7 5.8 5.9 6.1 6.2 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 7.5

Nominal diameter [mm=inch] Outer diameter ø [mm] Wall thickness t = [mm] Schedule Unit Build-in Items || [kg/m] m PIPE - LAYING IN FIELD m PIPE - LAYING ON RACK m PIPE - DISMANTLING piece TWO - END FITTING - ALIGNMENT piece THREE - END FITTING - ALIGNMENT each BUTT WELD each FILLET (SOCKET) WELD each MITRE WELD each NOZZLE WELD piece WELDOLET, NIPOLET - WELDING piece SADDLE REINFORCEMENT - WELDING each SEAL RING - WELDING piece INSERT RING (ONLY FOR ALU) piece WELD CUTTING IN ALTERATIONS multipl.MATERIAL MULTIPLIER FOR ITEM 3.1 TO 3.8 each FLANGE BOLTING-UP NP 6 ÷ 16 bar, ANSI 150 lbs each "" "" NP 25 ÷ 64 bar, ANSI 300 ÷ 400 lbs each "" "" NP100 bar, ANSI 600 lbs each ORIFICE PLATE INSERTING bend PIPE BENDING FOR below 45°, FOR > 45° x 2 piece PIPE THREADING each MAKING ON THREADED CONNECTION multipl.DISASSEMBLY : 0,7 x PTS. ITEM 4.1 TO 4.4 AND 4.7 piece VALVE - INSTALLING piece VALVE WITH DRIVE - INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE WITH DRIVE - INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE - INSTALLING piece CONTROL VALVE piece SAFETY VALVE piece HYDRANT piece VALVE SPINDLE EXTENSION LENGHTS 1-2-3 m piece DISASSEMBLY : 0,7 x PTS. ITEM. 5.1 TO 5.8 m PRESSURE TEST (WATER, AIR, STEAM, GAS) m SERVICE TEST piece SUPPORT FABRICATION kg SUPPORT INSTALLATION kg SPRING SUSP. AND HANG. - BUILD-IN AS ITEM 7.2 piece WELD ROOT GRINDING piece GAUGE CONNECTION DRILLING

4,8 10S 53,6

5,6 62,4

6,4 10 71,2

7,1 78,9

7,9 20 87,6

450 = 18" 457,0 8,8 9,5 STD 97,4 105

11,1 30 122

12,7 XS 139

14,3 40 156

16,0 174

17,5 190

3,63 4,53 5,08 0,73

177

7,65 10,71 4,59 1,53 30,60 34,43 15,30

0,34 0,24 0,08 0,73

8. ESTIMATE POINTS FOR BUILD- IN ITEMS OF ABOVE-GROUND PIPING Item 1.1 1.2 1.3 2.2 2.3 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.8 3.9 3.10 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.7 4.8 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 5.7 5.8 5.9 6.1 6.2 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 7.5

Nominal diameter [mm=inch] Outer diameter ø [mm] Wall thickness t = [mm] Schedule Unit Build-in Items || [kg/m] m PIPE - LAYING IN FIELD m PIPE - LAYING ON RACK m PIPE - DISMANTLING piece TWO - END FITTING - ALIGNMENT piece THREE - END FITTING - ALIGNMENT each BUTT WELD each FILLET (SOCKET) WELD each MITRE WELD each NOZZLE WELD piece WELDOLET, NIPOLET - WELDING piece SADDLE REINFORCEMENT - WELDING each SEAL RING - WELDING piece INSERT RING (ONLY FOR ALU) piece WELD CUTTING IN ALTERATIONS multipl.MATERIAL MULTIPLIER FOR ITEM 3.1 TO 3.8 each FLANGE BOLTING-UP NP 6 ÷ 16 bar, ANSI 150 lbs each "" "" NP 25 ÷ 64 bar, ANSI 300 ÷ 400 lbs each "" "" NP100 bar, ANSI 600 lbs each ORIFICE PLATE INSERTING bend PIPE BENDING FOR below 45°, FOR > 45° x 2 piece PIPE THREADING each MAKING ON THREADED CONNECTION multipl.DISASSEMBLY : 0,7 x PTS. ITEM 4.1 TO 4.4 AND 4.7 piece VALVE - INSTALLING piece VALVE WITH DRIVE - INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE WITH DRIVE - INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE - INSTALLING piece CONTROL VALVE piece SAFETY VALVE piece HYDRANT piece VALVE SPINDLE EXTENSION LENGHTS 1-2-3 m piece DISASSEMBLY : 0,7 x PTS. ITEM. 5.1 TO 5.8 m PRESSURE TEST (WATER, AIR, STEAM, GAS) m SERVICE TEST piece SUPPORT FABRICATION kg SUPPORT INSTALLATION kg SPRING SUSP. AND HANG. - BUILD-IN AS ITEM 7.2 piece WELD ROOT GRINDING piece GAUGE CONNECTION DRILLING

19,1 60 207

22,2 238

23,8 80 255

450 = 18" 457,0 25,0 29,4 100 267 310

34,9 120 364

39,7 140 409

45,2 160 460

2,9 36,2

500 = 20" 508,0 4,0 4,5 49,8 55,9

4,8 5S 59,6

3,63 4,53 5,08 0,73

4,10 5,12 5,74 0,82

178

7,65 10,71 4,59 1,53 30,60 34,43 15,30

8,50 11,90 5,10 1,70 34,00 38,25 17,00 2,86 0,38 0,26 0,08 0,82

3,08

3,30

0,34 0,24 0,08 0,73

GAS) m SERVICE TEST piece SUPPORT FABRICATION kg SUPPORT INSTALLATION kg SPRING SUSP.3 78.8 each FLANGE BOLTING-UP NP 6 ÷ 16 bar.3 7.8 m PRESSURE TEST (WATER. ANSI 600 lbs each ORIFICE PLATE INSERTING bend PIPE BENDING FOR below 45°.8 108 9.9 3. ESTIMATE POINTS FOR BUILD-IN ITEMS OF ABOVE-GROUND PIPING Item 1.DISMANTLING piece TWO .82 .90 5.0 6.4 4.5 3.26 0.2 173 4.1 87.10 1.2 7.10 5.0 8.1 TO 5.8 5.2 3.LAYING ON RACK m PIPE .00 0.0 62. ITEM 4.8 5.1 1.08 0. AND HANG.2 piece WELD ROOT GRINDING piece GAUGE CONNECTION DRILLING 5.END FITTING .7 30 XS 155 14.8 3.38 0.10 4.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE WITH DRIVE .1 7.5 10.2 5.WELDING piece SADDLE REINFORCEMENT . 5.0 8.1 5.2 4.3 5. AIR.8 500 = 20" 508.3 4.4 5.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE .6 3.50 11.5 5. ANSI 300 ÷ 400 lbs each "" "" NP100 bar.4 AND 4.70 34.8.6 5.WELDING piece INSERT RING (ONLY FOR ALU) piece WELD CUTTING IN ALTERATIONS multipl.7 4. FOR > 45° x 2 piece PIPE THREADING each MAKING ON THREADED CONNECTION multipl.9 6. STEAM.WELDING each SEAL RING .INSTALLING piece VALVE WITH DRIVE .3 3.1 3. .2 1.7 x PTS.6 4.2 2. NIPOLET . ITEM.82 179 8.INSTALLING piece CONTROL VALVE piece SAFETY VALVE piece HYDRANT piece VALVE SPINDLE EXTENSION LENGHTS 1-2-3 m piece DISASSEMBLY : 0.1 TO 4. ANSI 150 lbs each "" "" NP 25 ÷ 64 bar.00 38.2 6.MATERIAL MULTIPLIER FOR ITEM 3.4 10 79.7 piece VALVE .5 4.5 10S 68.0 135 12.4 3.74 0.1 6.7 3.2 7.LAYING IN FIELD m PIPE .1 4.1 5.4 7.1 TO 3.BUILD-IN AS ITEM 7.3 3.7 5.END FITTING .8 98.0 20 STD 117 123 11.7 x PTS.5 Nominal diameter [mm=inch] Outer diameter ø [mm] Wall thickness t = [mm] Schedule Unit Build-in Items || [kg/m] m PIPE .12 5.ALIGNMENT each BUTT WELD each FILLET (SOCKET) WELD each MITRE WELD each NOZZLE WELD piece WELDOLET.3 2.DISASSEMBLY : 0.3 7.25 17.ALIGNMENT piece THREE .

MATERIAL MULTIPLIER FOR ITEM 3.1 TO 5.4 3.7 piece VALVE .10 1.7 x PTS.2 25.1 4.74 0.BUILD-IN AS ITEM 7.7 3.1 TO 4.0 160 565 4.50 11.3 4. ITEM.12 5.WELDING piece SADDLE REINFORCEMENT . ANSI 300 ÷ 400 lbs each "" "" NP100 bar.1 6.2 7. ANSI 600 lbs each ORIFICE PLATE INSERTING bend PIPE BENDING FOR below 45°.00 0.1 5.26 0.5 4.7 5.2 4.4 140 508 50.5 Nominal diameter[mm=inch] Outer diameter ø [mm] Wall thickness t = [mm] Schedule Unit Build-in Items || [kg/m] m PIPE .4 4.0 22. AND HANG.00 38.INSTALLING piece CONTROL VALVE piece SAFETY VALVE piece HYDRANT piece VALVE SPINDLE EXTENSION LENGHTS 1-2-3 m piece DISASSEMBLY : 0.2 1.2 piece WELD ROOT GRINDING piece GAUGE CONNECTION DRILLING 15.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE WITH DRIVE .70 34.0 194 17.1 120 442 44.1 1. STEAM.1 7. GAS) m SERVICE TEST piece SUPPORT FABRICATION kg SUPPORT INSTALLATION kg SPRING SUSP. ANSI 150 lbs each "" "" NP 25 ÷ 64 bar.1 TO 3.3 2.08 0.10 5.3 7.DISMANTLING piece TWO .8 5.90 5.2 3. NIPOLET .5 100 382 38.4 7.38 0.6 4.7 x PTS.LAYING ON RACK m PIPE .DISASSEMBLY : 0. .2 80 312 32.6 3.ALIGNMENT each BUTT WELD each FILLET (SOCKET) WELD each MITRE WELD each NOZZLE WELD piece WELDOLET.8 3.0 266 298 26.3 5.10 4.8 each FLANGE BOLTING-UP NP 6 ÷ 16 bar.2 7.5 3.8 m PRESSURE TEST (WATER. 5.9 3.INSTALLING piece VALVE WITH DRIVE .2 2.ALIGNMENT piece THREE .7 4.3 3.25 17. ITEM 4.4 5.8.WELDING each SEAL RING .2 5.9 6.3 3.0 241 20. AIR. ESTIMATE POINTS FOR BUILD-IN ITEMS OF ABOVE-GROUND PIPING Item 1.5 212 20.4 AND 4.5 5.WELDING piece INSERT RING (ONLY FOR ALU) piece WELD CUTTING IN ALTERATIONS multipl. FOR > 45° x 2 piece PIPE THREADING each MAKING ON THREADED CONNECTION multipl.6 60 248 500 = 20" 508.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE .1 3.82 180 8.82 .1 40 184 16.END FITTING .LAYING IN FIELD m PIPE .END FITTING .6 5.8 5.

4 5.1 TO 5.1 1.92 181 9.END FITTING .5 4.DISASSEMBLY : 0.3 550 = 22" 559.58 5. ESTIMATE POINTS FOR BUILD-IN ITEMS OF ABOVE-GROUND PIPING Item 1.11 0.8 5S 65. FOR > 45° x 2 piece PIPE THREADING each MAKING ON THREADED CONNECTION multipl.8 109 8.INSTALLING piece VALVE WITH DRIVE .INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE WITH DRIVE .2 3.3 7. ANSI 150 lbs each "" "" NP 25 ÷ 64 bar.33 3.3 4.4 3.6 5. .7 5.2 2.48 3.BUILD-IN AS ITEM 7.42 0.ALIGNMENT piece THREE . ANSI 600 lbs each ORIFICE PLATE INSERTING bend PIPE BENDING FOR below 45°. ANSI 300 ÷ 400 lbs each "" "" NP100 bar.74 37.2 5.5 10S 75.8 m PRESSURE TEST (WATER.LAYING ON RACK m PIPE .LAYING IN FIELD m PIPE .MATERIAL MULTIPLIER FOR ITEM 3.92 3.9 6.29 0.08 0.7 5.41 0.2 7.3 3.INSTALLING piece CONTROL VALVE piece SAFETY VALVE piece HYDRANT piece VALVE SPINDLE EXTENSION LENGHTS 1-2-3 m piece DISASSEMBLY : 0.8.4 4.8 each FLANGE BOLTING-UP NP 6 ÷ 16 bar.6 4.70 3.4 AND 4.ALIGNMENT each BUTT WELD each FILLET (SOCKET) WELD each MITRE WELD each NOZZLE WELD piece WELDOLET.0 7.2 1. 5.2 6.5 20 STD 129 11.9 3.8 5.7 3.2 191 4.6 4.40 42.1 3.7 30 XS 171 14.8 3.5 3.09 7.WELDING piece INSERT RING (ONLY FOR ALU) piece WELD CUTTING IN ALTERATIONS multipl.08 18.1 4. ITEM 4.1 7.7 4. NIPOLET .73 6.DISMANTLING piece TWO .1 5.55 .5 5. STEAM.7 x PTS.7 piece VALVE .WELDING each SEAL RING .1 TO 4. GAS) m SERVICE TEST piece SUPPORT FABRICATION kg SUPPORT INSTALLATION kg SPRING SUSP.6 3.WELDING piece SADDLE REINFORCEMENT .3 2.5 61.2 7.7 x PTS.0 68.0 96.3 3.10 4.END FITTING .1 8.5 Nominal diameter [mm=inch] Outer diameter ø [mm] Wall thickness t = [mm] Schedule Unit Build-in Items || [kg/m] m PIPE . ITEM.2 piece WELD ROOT GRINDING piece GAUGE CONNECTION DRILLING 4.8 120 9.4 7.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE .8 5.4 10 87. AND HANG.4 5.2 4.1 TO 3.35 13. AIR.0 149 12.1 6.3 5.

11 1.5 234 20.DISASSEMBLY : 0.1 5. ESTIMATE POINTS FOR BUILD.08 18. ITEM.9 6.6 80 330 375 34.48 3.INSTALLING piece CONTROL VALVE piece SAFETY VALVE piece HYDRANT piece VALVE SPINDLE EXTENSION LENGHTS 1-2-3 m piece DISASSEMBLY : 0.6 3.09 7.80 45. . ANSI 150 lbs each "" "" NP 25 ÷ 64 bar.6 5.INSTALLING piece VALVE WITH DRIVE .5 5.92 5.1 TO 3.16 4. AIR.5 59.4 3.2 3.9 100 452 41.42 0.2 1.1 7.0 28.9 40 213 17.4 4.1 6.3 7.WELDING piece INSERT RING (ONLY FOR ALU) piece WELD CUTTING IN ALTERATIONS multipl.0 266 22.9 3. ANSI 300 ÷ 400 lbs each "" "" NP100 bar.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE WITH DRIVE .8 each FLANGE BOLTING-UP NP 6 ÷ 16 bar.7 4.7 x PTS.0 4.40 3.3 2.08 0.08 6.45 0.4 AND 4.02 182 9.8 5.1 TO 4.59 0.8.90 20.5 Nominal diameter [mm=inch] Outer diameter ø [mm] Wall thickness t = [mm] Schedule Unit Build-in Items || [kg/m] m PIPE .9 67.2 4.35 7. ANSI 600 lbs each ORIFICE PLATE INSERTING bend PIPE BENDING FOR below 45°.1 4.92 .0 25.7 x PTS.5 4.LAYING ON RACK m PIPE .2 7.6 140 601 54.58 5.40 42.ALIGNMENT piece THREE .4 5.2 piece WELD ROOT GRINDING piece GAUGE CONNECTION DRILLING 15. AND HANG.3 120 528 47.8 m PRESSURE TEST (WATER.LAYING IN FIELD m PIPE .08 40.5 3. NIPOLET .MATERIAL MULTIPLIER FOR ITEM 3.31 0. GAS) m SERVICE TEST piece SUPPORT FABRICATION kg SUPPORT INSTALLATION kg SPRING SUSP. FOR > 45° x 2 piece PIPE THREADING each MAKING ON THREADED CONNECTION multipl.8 5.70 10.10 4.3 3.ALIGNMENT each BUTT WELD each FILLET (SOCKET) WELD each MITRE WELD each NOZZLE WELD piece WELDOLET.73 6.37 0.WELDING piece SADDLE REINFORCEMENT .74 37.2 7.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE .3 4.02 3.29 0.3 5.35 13.8 3.20 14.3 4.1 3.3 3. 5.0 4.08 1. ITEM 4.END FITTING .41 0.2 60 294 550 = 22" 559.1 1.WELDING each SEAL RING .7 piece VALVE .28 8. STEAM.BUILD-IN AS ITEM 7.6 4.1 TO 5.IN ITEMS OF ABOVE-GROUND PIPING Item 1.7 3.4 7.END FITTING .0 160 673 600 = 24" 610.2 2.7 5.DISMANTLING piece TWO .2 5.

DISASSEMBLY : 0.20 14. 5.1 TO 5. GAS) m SERVICE TEST piece SUPPORT FABRICATION kg SUPPORT INSTALLATION kg SPRING SUSP.3 30 210 5.1 5.6 4.5 10.4 600 = 24" 610.2 3.1 6.9 3.BUILD-IN AS ITEM 7.81 0.08 6.LAYING IN FIELD m PIPE .1 TO 3.6 3.1 3.08 1.0 20 STD 141 148 12.8 5.3 3.16 4. NIPOLET . FOR > 45° x 2 piece PIPE THREADING each MAKING ON THREADED CONNECTION multipl.02 .6 83. ANSI 300 ÷ 400 lbs each "" "" NP100 bar.4 AND 4. ANSI 600 lbs each ORIFICE PLATE INSERTING bend PIPE BENDING FOR below 45°.7 XS 187 14.0 106 119 8.INSTALLING piece VALVE WITH DRIVE .7 piece VALVE . ANSI 150 lbs each "" "" NP 25 ÷ 64 bar.2 4. AIR.28 8.4 5.31 0.LAYING ON RACK m PIPE .11 1.4 4. STEAM.1 5.4 7.35 7.80 45.WELDING each SEAL RING .7 5.2 7.INSTALLING piece CONTROL VALVE piece SAFETY VALVE piece HYDRANT piece VALVE SPINDLE EXTENSION LENGHTS 1-2-3 m piece DISASSEMBLY : 0.ALIGNMENT piece THREE .4 10 95.9 6. AND HANG. ESTIMATE POINTS FOR BUILD-IN ITEMS OF ABOVE-GROUND PIPING Item 1.5 5S 82.2 piece WELD ROOT GRINDING piece GAUGE CONNECTION DRILLING 5.08 40.7 3.2 7.ALIGNMENT each BUTT WELD each FILLET (SOCKET) WELD each MITRE WELD each NOZZLE WELD piece WELDOLET.6 5.02 183 10.8 m PRESSURE TEST (WATER.MATERIAL MULTIPLIER FOR ITEM 3.5 Nominal diameter [mm=inch] Outer diameter ø [mm] Wall thickness t = [mm] Schedule Unit Build-in Items || [kg/m] m PIPE .2 1. ITEM.5 3.DISMANTLING piece TWO .END FITTING .7 4.0 74.5 5.7 5.1 1.8 each FLANGE BOLTING-UP NP 6 ÷ 16 bar.1 TO 4.3 3.90 20.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE WITH DRIVE .4 3.7 x PTS.45 0.8 131 9.2 2.3 5.2 5.8 5.1 8.3 2. .1 7. ITEM 4.0 7.END FITTING .3 93.3 4.8.3 7.WELDING piece INSERT RING (ONLY FOR ALU) piece WELD CUTTING IN ALTERATIONS multipl.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE .9 6.6 6.1 4.5 4.8 3.7 x PTS.WELDING piece SADDLE REINFORCEMENT .10 4.40 3.

END FITTING .9 3.INSTALLING piece VALVE WITH DRIVE . FOR > 45° x 2 piece PIPE THREADING each MAKING ON THREADED CONNECTION multipl.MATERIAL MULTIPLIER FOR ITEM 3.1 4.LAYING ON RACK m PIPE .7 piece VALVE .7 x PTS.20 14.2 piece WELD ROOT GRINDING piece GAUGE CONNECTION DRILLING 16.6 5.2 322 24.4 140 721 59.1 6.5 5.31 0.3 4.9 100 549 46.DISMANTLING piece TWO .5 4. NIPOLET . ANSI 600 lbs each ORIFICE PLATE INSERTING bend PIPE BENDING FOR below 45°.1 5.8 each FLANGE BOLTING-UP NP 6 ÷ 16 bar.ALIGNMENT piece THREE .3 3.END FITTING . 5.4 3.ALIGNMENT each BUTT WELD each FILLET (SOCKET) WELD each MITRE WELD each NOZZLE WELD piece WELDOLET.5 40 256 20. .WELDING piece INSERT RING (ONLY FOR ALU) piece WELD CUTTING IN ALTERATIONS multipl.0 291 22.35 7.8 5. ESTIMATE POINTS FOR BUILD-IN ITEMS OF ABOVE-GROUND PIPING Item 1.90 20.7 4. ITEM.2 4.7 x PTS. ANSI 150 lbs each "" "" NP 25 ÷ 64 bar.2 2.80 45.5 Nominal diameter [mm=inch] Outer diameter ø [mm] Wall thickness t = [mm] Schedule Unit Build-in Items || [kg/m] m PIPE .1 1.LAYING IN FIELD m PIPE .8 5. AND HANG.7 5.1 TO 4.3 7.4 7.2 5.6 4.4 5.4 4.28 8.0 120 641 52.WELDING piece SADDLE REINFORCEMENT .9 6.5 160 809 5.3 5.1 3.1 7.WELDING each SEAL RING .2 3.4 AND 4. ITEM 4. STEAM.8 m PRESSURE TEST (WATER.1 TO 3.2 7.10 4.02 .45 0.3 3. ANSI 300 ÷ 400 lbs each "" "" NP100 bar.1 TO 5.08 6.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE .02 184 10.INSTALLING piece CONTROL VALVE piece SAFETY VALVE piece HYDRANT piece VALVE SPINDLE EXTENSION LENGHTS 1-2-3 m piece DISASSEMBLY : 0.7 3.0 25.BUILD-IN AS ITEM 7.0 31.08 1.16 4.0 235 17.3 2.8 3.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE WITH DRIVE . AIR.40 0.6 60 356 600 = 24" 610.2 7.0 80 361 443 38.08 40.11 1.DISASSEMBLY : 0.8.2 1. GAS) m SERVICE TEST piece SUPPORT FABRICATION kg SUPPORT INSTALLATION kg SPRING SUSP.6 3.5 3.

9 5.20 49. ESTIMATE POINTS FOR BUILD-IN ITEMS OF ABOVE-GROUND PIPING Item 1.3 102 7.9 3.1 TO 5.34 0.0 80.END FITTING .48 0.3 3.7 x PTS.1 7.8 3.4 5.DISMANTLING piece TWO .ALIGNMENT each BUTT WELD each FILLET (SOCKET) WELD each MITRE WELD each NOZZLE WELD piece WELDOLET.2 1.4 4.6 4. FOR > 45° x 2 piece PIPE THREADING each MAKING ON THREADED CONNECTION multipl.2 4.2 3.1 4. ANSI 300 ÷ 400 lbs each "" "" NP100 bar.10 4.4 7.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE WITH DRIVE . ANSI 150 lbs each "" "" NP 25 ÷ 64 bar.WELDING each SEAL RING .12 3.47 8.1 TO 3. ITEM.08 1.9 6.3 3.73 22.4 3.5 6.7 5.8 9.0 8.84 4. AND HANG.0 176 12. 5. ANSI 600 lbs each ORIFICE PLATE INSERTING bend PIPE BENDING FOR below 45°. GAS) m SERVICE TEST piece SUPPORT FABRICATION kg SUPPORT INSTALLATION kg SPRING SUSP.5 STD 142 153 11.BUILD-IN AS ITEM 7.2 5.1 1.1 3.4 AND 4.1 5.99 7.1 114 7.42 44.INSTALLING piece CONTROL VALVE piece SAFETY VALVE piece HYDRANT piece VALVE SPINDLE EXTENSION LENGHTS 1-2-3 m piece DISASSEMBLY : 0. AIR.3 4.06 .ALIGNMENT piece THREE .MATERIAL MULTIPLIER FOR ITEM 3.7 4.84 4.2 2.83 1.2 piece WELD ROOT GRINDING piece GAUGE CONNECTION DRILLING 5.2 35 5.6 90.9 10 127 650 = 26" 660.63 0.7 3.WELDING piece INSERT RING (ONLY FOR ALU) piece WELD CUTTING IN ALTERATIONS multipl. NIPOLET .INSTALLING piece VALVE WITH DRIVE .1 TO 4.WELDING piece SADDLE REINFORCEMENT .INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE . STEAM.7 x PTS.5 4.3 7.8.5 5.5 Nominal diameter [mm=inch] Outer diameter ø [mm] Wall thickness t = [mm] Schedule Unit Build-in Items || [kg/m] m PIPE .7 20 XS 203 14. ITEM 4.1 6.5 278 22.LAYING IN FIELD m PIPE .10 3.8 5.2 226 17.END FITTING .3 2.DISASSEMBLY : 0.5 3. .8 m PRESSURE TEST (WATER.59 6.05 15.3 5.2 7.2 7.8 each FLANGE BOLTING-UP NP 6 ÷ 16 bar.LAYING ON RACK m PIPE .12 185 11.7 piece VALVE .8 5.6 5.6 3.

2 5.1 7.WELDING piece INSERT RING (ONLY FOR ALU) piece WELD CUTTING IN ALTERATIONS multipl.0 7.8 5.0 12. ANSI 150 lbs each "" "" NP 25 ÷ 64 bar.END FITTING .1 1. 5.WELDING piece SADDLE REINFORCEMENT .90 16.2 4.LAYING IN FIELD m PIPE .4 AND 4.8 m PRESSURE TEST (WATER. .60 53.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE WITH DRIVE .8 5.55 23.5 165 10.7 x PTS. ANSI 600 lbs each ORIFICE PLATE INSERTING bend PIPE BENDING FOR below 45°. STEAM.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE .2 2. ITEM 4.0 173 11.1 TO 3.3 2.7 5.1 4.5 4.11 7.MATERIAL MULTIPLIER FOR ITEM 3.0 87. ESTIMATE POINTS FOR BUILD-IN ITEMS OF ABOVE-GROUND PIPING Item 1.22 186 11.2 3.6 5.80 3.3 7.5 5.56 1. GAS) m SERVICE TEST piece SUPPORT FABRICATION kg SUPPORT INSTALLATION kg SPRING SUSP.5 3. NIPOLET .4 5.8 3.6 4.10 4.8 each FLANGE BOLTING-UP NP 6 ÷ 16 bar.37 0.1 5.6 97.52 0.6 3.7 4.1 TO 5.ALIGNMENT piece THREE . AND HANG.INSTALLING piece VALVE WITH DRIVE .9 3.BUILD-IN AS ITEM 7.8. FOR > 45° x 2 piece PIPE THREADING each MAKING ON THREADED CONNECTION multipl.7 3.7 piece VALVE .2 7.WELDING each SEAL RING .2 1.10 4.3 3.1 6.32 .7 20 XS 190 219 6.1 TO 4.INSTALLING piece CONTROL VALVE piece SAFETY VALVE piece HYDRANT piece VALVE SPINDLE EXTENSION LENGHTS 1-2-3 m piece DISASSEMBLY : 0.0 69.2 5.2 7.9 6.3 3.64 8.1 7.66 9.DISASSEMBLY : 0.8 5.52 4.08 1.4 7.END FITTING .3 110 700 = 28" 711.ALIGNMENT each BUTT WELD each FILLET (SOCKET) WELD each MITRE WELD each NOZZLE WELD piece WELDOLET.3 5. ITEM.88 0.8 STD 153 9.4 4.3 4.5 Nominal diameter [mm=inch] Outer diameter ø [mm] Wall thickness t = [mm] Schedule Unit Build-in Items || [kg/m] m PIPE .LAYING ON RACK m PIPE .2 piece WELD ROOT GRINDING piece GAUGE CONNECTION DRILLING 4. AIR.7 x PTS.9 10 123 137 8.22 4.DISMANTLING piece TWO .5 6. ANSI 300 ÷ 400 lbs each "" "" NP100 bar.4 3.1 3.0 104 6.76 47.

FOR > 45° x 2 piece PIPE THREADING each MAKING ON THREADED CONNECTION multipl.8 164 9.4 3. ANSI 300 ÷ 400 lbs each "" "" NP100 bar.22 6.38 25.0 7.4 5.13 0.1 4. AIR.3 118 6.1 7.39 0.END FITTING .6 5.1 TO 5.2 5.2 1.7 5.6 105 6.1 TO 3.35 4.4 4.5 Nominal diameter [mm=inch] Outer diameter ø [mm] Wall thickness t = [mm] Schedule Unit Build-in Items || [kg/m] m PIPE .5 3.7 piece VALVE .65 8.8 5.5 4.2 piece WELD ROOT GRINDING piece GAUGE CONNECTION DRILLING 14.4 7.9 17.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE .LAYING IN FIELD m PIPE .2 244 700 = 28" 711.1 7.5 30 273 300 20.60 53. STEAM.0 341 5.7 x PTS.56 1.3 7.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE WITH DRIVE .50 4.6 3.WELDING piece SADDLE REINFORCEMENT .WELDING piece INSERT RING (ONLY FOR ALU) piece WELD CUTTING IN ALTERATIONS multipl.2 7.2 2.8 5.8.08 1. ANSI 600 lbs each ORIFICE PLATE INSERTING bend PIPE BENDING FOR below 45°.66 9.80 12.5 STD 177 11.3 3. ANSI 150 lbs each "" "" NP 25 ÷ 64 bar.3 4.INSTALLING piece CONTROL VALVE piece SAFETY VALVE piece HYDRANT piece VALVE SPINDLE EXTENSION LENGHTS 1-2-3 m piece DISASSEMBLY : 0.10 51. GAS) m SERVICE TEST piece SUPPORT FABRICATION kg SUPPORT INSTALLATION kg SPRING SUSP.DISMANTLING piece TWO .52 0.10 4.57 0.2 4.1 5.BUILD-IN AS ITEM 7.ALIGNMENT piece THREE .7 x PTS. ESTIMATE POINTS FOR BUILD. ITEM 4.1 6.55 0.DISASSEMBLY : 0.4 AND 4.33 187 11.90 16.00 57. 5.3 2.08 1.1 1.LAYING ON RACK m PIPE .76 47.7 4.75 17.9 3.9 10 132 147 8.INSTALLING piece VALVE WITH DRIVE .4 5S 119 750 = 30" 762.2 3.ALIGNMENT each BUTT WELD each FILLET (SOCKET) WELD each MITRE WELD each NOZZLE WELD piece WELDOLET.85 10.33 4.6 4.2 7.0 15.5 5.1 3.22 . .31 9.0 204 6.31 1.7 3.END FITTING .64 8.1 TO 4.8 m PRESSURE TEST (WATER.11 7.WELDING each SEAL RING .8 3.3 3.8 each FLANGE BOLTING-UP NP 6 ÷ 16 bar.55 23.MATERIAL MULTIPLIER FOR ITEM 3.52 4. ITEM.20 5.IN ITEMS OF ABOVE-GROUND PIPING Item 1.3 5. AND HANG. NIPOLET .9 6.36 0.

9 6.1 TO 4.3 2.INSTALLING piece CONTROL VALVE piece SAFETY VALVE piece HYDRANT piece VALVE SPINDLE EXTENSION LENGHTS 1-2-3 m piece DISASSEMBLY : 0.6 4.0 79.5 4.LAYING ON RACK m PIPE .33 .41 0.2 1. 5.3 4.5 5.5 Nominal diameter [mm=inch] Outer diameter ø [mm] Wall thickness t = [mm] Schedule Unit Build-in Items || [kg/m] m PIPE .1 3.55 0.65 8. .3 3.0 366 4.7 piece VALVE .9 10 157 6.DISASSEMBLY : 0. STEAM. ITEM 4.2 15.2 5.ALIGNMENT piece THREE .1 141 7.1 TO 3.4 5.61 4.7 20 XS 235 750 = 30" 762.00 57.7 3.2 7.9 5. ANSI 150 lbs each "" "" NP 25 ÷ 64 bar.4 7.6 3.8 800 = 32" 813.85 10. ANSI 300 ÷ 400 lbs each "" "" NP100 bar.0 6.INSTALLING piece VALVE WITH DRIVE .04 10.1 TO 5.3 5.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE WITH DRIVE .LAYING IN FIELD m PIPE .DISMANTLING piece TWO .50 13.8 each FLANGE BOLTING-UP NP 6 ÷ 16 bar.6 5.ALIGNMENT each BUTT WELD each FILLET (SOCKET) WELD each MITRE WELD each NOZZLE WELD piece WELDOLET.8 3.END FITTING .9 17. GAS) m SERVICE TEST piece SUPPORT FABRICATION kg SUPPORT INSTALLATION kg SPRING SUSP.07 1.39 0.1 5.9 3.7 5.WELDING piece SADDLE REINFORCEMENT .99 10.4 AND 4.10 4.44 188 12.31 1. NIPOLET .8 m PRESSURE TEST (WATER.1 1.1 6. ESTIMATE POINTS FOR BUILD-IN ITEMS OF ABOVE-GROUND PIPING Item 1. AND HANG.1 4.59 0.20 27.40 61.31 9.6 6.7 4.2 piece WELD ROOT GRINDING piece GAUGE CONNECTION DRILLING 12.0 99.20 4.20 5.8.10 51.2 3.2 4.0 14.08 1.3 112 120 125 7.88 5.WELDING piece INSERT RING (ONLY FOR ALU) piece WELD CUTTING IN ALTERATIONS multipl.5 3.08 1.60 19.END FITTING .75 17.7 x PTS.2 2.19 8.33 7.0 5.8 5.4 4.3 7.BUILD-IN AS ITEM 7.44 54.5 30 262 293 322 20. FOR > 45° x 2 piece PIPE THREADING each MAKING ON THREADED CONNECTION multipl. AIR.WELDING each SEAL RING .MATERIAL MULTIPLIER FOR ITEM 3.3 3.8 5.38 25.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE . ITEM. ANSI 600 lbs each ORIFICE PLATE INSERTING bend PIPE BENDING FOR below 45°.44 4.4 3.2 7.39 0.1 7.83 0.7 x PTS.

AIR.3 4.04 10.INSTALLING piece VALVE WITH DRIVE .08 1. AND HANG.5 STD 188 10.2 2.8 5.0 218 800 = 32" 813.2 7.0 198 11.8 5.7 piece VALVE . GAS) m SERVICE TEST piece SUPPORT FABRICATION kg SUPPORT INSTALLATION kg SPRING SUSP.8 175 9.3 2.59 0.ALIGNMENT piece THREE . 5. .5 5.44 .INSTALLING piece CONTROL VALVE piece SAFETY VALVE piece HYDRANT piece VALVE SPINDLE EXTENSION LENGHTS 1-2-3 m piece DISASSEMBLY : 0.4 5.8.3 3.6 4. ANSI 600 lbs each ORIFICE PLATE INSERTING bend PIPE BENDING FOR below 45°.40 61.3 3.6 3.19 8.7 14.7 3.1 133 150 7.9 6.5 40 344 20.45 20.9 30 313 17.23 11.1 4.20 14.2 20 XS 251 280 15.WELDING each SEAL RING .2 piece WELD ROOT GRINDING piece GAUGE CONNECTION DRILLING 8.5 4.7 x PTS.2 5.7 x PTS. ITEM.55 4.55 189 13.9 3.44 7.03 28. STEAM.7 4.1 3.1 6.5 3.90 4.END FITTING .WELDING piece INSERT RING (ONLY FOR ALU) piece WELD CUTTING IN ALTERATIONS multipl.60 19.WELDING piece SADDLE REINFORCEMENT .1 TO 5.2 3.MATERIAL MULTIPLIER FOR ITEM 3. ANSI 300 ÷ 400 lbs each "" "" NP100 bar. ESTIMATE POINTS FOR BUILD-IN ITEMS OF ABOVE-GROUND PIPING Item 1.08 1.3 7.7 5.2 7.88 5.2 4.1 1.3 7.56 5.1 7.4 AND 4.0 392 22. NIPOLET .86 0.85 1.8 m PRESSURE TEST (WATER.68 10.1 TO 4.ALIGNMENT each BUTT WELD each FILLET (SOCKET) WELD each MITRE WELD each NOZZLE WELD piece WELDOLET.62 0.LAYING IN FIELD m PIPE .0 6. FOR > 45° x 2 piece PIPE THREADING each MAKING ON THREADED CONNECTION multipl.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE WITH DRIVE .8 each FLANGE BOLTING-UP NP 6 ÷ 16 bar.64 0.6 5.2 1.4 3. ANSI 150 lbs each "" "" NP 25 ÷ 64 bar.07 1.20 27.2 434 850 = 34" 864.80 65.99 10. ITEM 4.1 TO 3.78 57.41 0.LAYING ON RACK m PIPE .0 12.75 9.4 7.10 4.43 0.1 5.4 4.BUILD-IN AS ITEM 7.5 Nominal diameter [mm=inch] Outer diameter ø [mm] Wall thickness t = [mm] Schedule Unit Build-in Items || [kg/m] m PIPE .INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE .3 5.8 3.44 54.DISASSEMBLY : 0.DISMANTLING piece TWO .END FITTING .

DISASSEMBLY : 0.END FITTING .1 TO 3.1 1.4 4.WELDING piece SADDLE REINFORCEMENT .30 21.90 0.1 5.1 TO 5.LAYING IN FIELD m PIPE .5 3.4 AND 4. ANSI 300 ÷ 400 lbs each "" "" NP100 bar.0 12.4 5. .55 15.43 0.1 4.0 5.6 4.3 4.4 3. 5.2 7.1 7.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE .08 1. NIPOLET .6 3.9 10 167 8. ESTIMATE POINTS FOR BUILD-IN ITEMS OF ABOVE-GROUND PIPING Item 1.60 4.68 10.23 11.80 65.2 20 XS 267 298 15. ANSI 150 lbs each "" "" NP 25 ÷ 64 bar.1 TO 4.75 9.08 1.8 3. ITEM 4.6 112 126 7.END FITTING .8 m PRESSURE TEST (WATER. FOR > 45° x 2 piece PIPE THREADING each MAKING ON THREADED CONNECTION multipl.BUILD-IN AS ITEM 7.WELDING each SEAL RING .9 6. AND HANG.3 5.66 190 14.4 7.7 14.0 5.24 6.85 1.5 5.5 STD 200 11.DISMANTLING piece TWO .45 20.7 piece VALVE .8 each FLANGE BOLTING-UP NP 6 ÷ 16 bar.78 57.LAYING ON RACK m PIPE .6 5.3 7.WELDING piece INSERT RING (ONLY FOR ALU) piece WELD CUTTING IN ALTERATIONS multipl.12 5.39 11.INSTALLING piece VALVE WITH DRIVE .0 232 850 = 34" 864.56 5. ITEM. ANSI 600 lbs each ORIFICE PLATE INSERTING bend PIPE BENDING FOR below 45°.62 0.2 2.8 5.ALIGNMENT each BUTT WELD each FILLET (SOCKET) WELD each MITRE WELD each NOZZLE WELD piece WELDOLET.7 4.5 4.0 417 4.46 0.66 0.10 4.1 3.2 7.2 piece WELD ROOT GRINDING piece GAUGE CONNECTION DRILLING 7. GAS) m SERVICE TEST piece SUPPORT FABRICATION kg SUPPORT INSTALLATION kg SPRING SUSP.INSTALLING piece CONTROL VALVE piece SAFETY VALVE piece HYDRANT piece VALVE SPINDLE EXTENSION LENGHTS 1-2-3 m piece DISASSEMBLY : 0.MATERIAL MULTIPLIER FOR ITEM 3.34 .12 61.9 3.31 10.42 12.5 Nominal diameter [mm=inch] Outer diameter ø [mm] Wall thickness t = [mm] Schedule Unit Build-in Items || [kg/m] m PIPE .INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE WITH DRIVE .66 5.9 900 = 36" 914. STEAM.9 30 333 17.8 186 9. AIR.0 89.3 3.7 5.ALIGNMENT piece THREE .7 3.64 1.1 6.55 8.08 0.90 5.7 x PTS.85 30.03 28.7 x PTS.20 68.8 5.5 40 366 20.8.2 3.2 1.2 4.3 2.3 3.2 5.

2 1.DISASSEMBLY : 0.1 6.1 159 7.66 191 15.8 each FLANGE BOLTING-UP NP 6 ÷ 16 bar.7 piece VALVE .3 2.9 6. GAS) m SERVICE TEST piece SUPPORT FABRICATION kg SUPPORT INSTALLATION kg SPRING SUSP.WELDING piece INSERT RING (ONLY FOR ALU) piece WELD CUTTING IN ALTERATIONS multipl.INSTALLING piece CONTROL VALVE piece SAFETY VALVE piece HYDRANT piece VALVE SPINDLE EXTENSION LENGHTS 1-2-3 m piece DISASSEMBLY : 0. .66 0. ITEM 4.2 7.60 0.8 5.39 11.6 3.WELDING piece SADDLE REINFORCEMENT .5 Nominal diameter [mm=inch] Outer diameter ø [mm] Wall thickness t = [mm] Schedule Unit Build-in Items || [kg/m] m PIPE . ITEM.6 4.5 4.12 61.8 5.0 245 12.46 0.4 3.1 TO 5.64 1. ANSI 300 ÷ 400 lbs each "" "" NP100 bar.ALIGNMENT each BUTT WELD each FILLET (SOCKET) WELD each MITRE WELD each NOZZLE WELD piece WELDOLET.MATERIAL MULTIPLIER FOR ITEM 3.LAYING IN FIELD m PIPE .2 piece WELD ROOT GRINDING piece GAUGE CONNECTION DRILLING 6.5 3.8 m PRESSURE TEST (WATER.4 7. NIPOLET .7 x PTS. STEAM.1 4.31 10.1 5.2 7.1 TO 3.10 4.7 20 XS 283 14.1 3.6 5.3 5.1 7.WELDING each SEAL RING .66 .7 4.2 3.0 179 8.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE WITH DRIVE .5 10.LAYING ON RACK m PIPE .3 7.DISMANTLING piece TWO .8 3.1 1.7 3. AND HANG.4 5.7 x PTS.8 197 900= 36" 914.20 68.30 21.9 30 353 17.4 4.5 5.9 10 177 8. AIR.2 316 15.2 2.2 5.ALIGNMENT piece THREE . ANSI 150 lbs each "" "" NP 25 ÷ 64 bar.3 3.4 AND 4.85 30. FOR > 45° x 2 piece PIPE THREADING each MAKING ON THREADED CONNECTION multipl.42 12.8.0 9.2 4.9 3.1 TO 4.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE .3 3.7 5.END FITTING .5 387 8. ANSI 600 lbs each ORIFICE PLATE INSERTING bend PIPE BENDING FOR below 45°.END FITTING .08 1. 5.INSTALLING piece VALVE WITH DRIVE .BUILD-IN AS ITEM 7.3 4.0 STD 212 223 11.24 6. ESTIMATE POINTS FOR BUILD-IN ITEMS OF ABOVE-GROUND PIPING Item 1.3 141 7.

2 2.1 20.DISASSEMBLY : 0.85 0.2 7.7 x PTS.08 1.26 1.4 4.1 4.51 0. ITEM.84 13.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE WITH DRIVE .4 3.2 40 422 442 489 5.3 4.3 3.MATERIAL MULTIPLIER FOR ITEM 3.0 7.1 1.3 7.1 TO 5.7 4. ESTIMATE POINTS FOR BUILD-IN ITEMS OF ABOVE-GROUND PIPING Item 1.5 5.50 34.66 .0 177 199 8.9 3.2 1.42 12.BUILD-IN AS ITEM 7.5 Nominal diameter [mm=inch] Outer diameter ø [mm] Wall thickness t = [mm] Schedule Unit Build-in Items || [kg/m] m PIPE .31 10.00 5. AND HANG.41 0.1 TO 4.8 m PRESSURE TEST (WATER.WELDING piece SADDLE REINFORCEMENT . STEAM.0 125 5.0 22.7 5.6 3.24 6.66 0.47 11.6 4.4 5. NIPOLET .LAYING ON RACK m PIPE .2 7.5 3.60 17.4 7.2 3.20 68.7 3. .8 5.1 TO 3.5 4.4 AND 4.60 6.DISMANTLING piece TWO .46 0.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE . ITEM 4. ANSI 300 ÷ 400 lbs each "" "" NP100 bar.1 5.8. FOR > 45° x 2 piece PIPE THREADING each MAKING ON THREADED CONNECTION multipl.63 5.WELDING piece INSERT RING (ONLY FOR ALU) piece WELD CUTTING IN ALTERATIONS multipl.6 5.7 piece VALVE .85 30.ALIGNMENT piece THREE . ANSI 600 lbs each ORIFICE PLATE INSERTING bend PIPE BENDING FOR below 45°.1 6.00 76.END FITTING .3 157 1000 = 40" 1016.30 21.8 219 9.ALIGNMENT each BUTT WELD each FILLET (SOCKET) WELD each MITRE WELD each NOZZLE WELD piece WELDOLET.3 3.8 each FLANGE BOLTING-UP NP 6 ÷ 16 bar.0 248 11. ANSI 150 lbs each "" "" NP 25 ÷ 64 bar.9 6. GAS) m SERVICE TEST piece SUPPORT FABRICATION kg SUPPORT INSTALLATION kg SPRING SUSP.6 140 6.80 13.3 5.1 3.12 61.8 3.00 23. 5.INSTALLING piece VALVE WITH DRIVE .3 2.39 11.10 4.2 4.08 1.INSTALLING piece CONTROL VALVE piece SAFETY VALVE piece HYDRANT piece VALVE SPINDLE EXTENSION LENGHTS 1-2-3 m piece DISASSEMBLY : 0.0 273 8. AIR.0 19.89 192 15.1 8.1 7.73 0.8 5.66 9.89 5.2 5.5 STD 236 10.64 1.80 68.2 piece WELD ROOT GRINDING piece GAUGE CONNECTION DRILLING 900 = 36" 914.LAYING IN FIELD m PIPE .7 x PTS.WELDING each SEAL RING .END FITTING .

73 0.1 TO 5.47 11.1 5.1 3.70 5. 5.INSTALLING piece VALVE WITH DRIVE .50 34.7 piece VALVE .0 492 22.INSTALLING piece CONTROL VALVE piece SAFETY VALVE piece HYDRANT piece VALVE SPINDLE EXTENSION LENGHTS 1-2-3 m piece DISASSEMBLY : 0.MATERIAL MULTIPLIER FOR ITEM 3.4 4.58 14.9 6.END FITTING .1 6.08 1.26 1.89 10.3 2.88 6.BUILD-IN AS ITEM 7.5 STD 248 9.8 m PRESSURE TEST (WATER.60 6.7 XS 315 1000 = 40" 1016.3 165 7.10 0.09 2.80 68.WELDING each SEAL RING . ESTIMATE POINTS FOR BUILD-IN ITEMS OF ABOVE-GROUND PIPING Item 1.10 4.01 193 17.3 5.01 5. ITEM.66 0.5 3.3 4.2 piece WELD ROOT GRINDING piece GAUGE CONNECTION DRILLING 12.1 7. AND HANG.28 7.3 3. AIR.76 0.5 4. ANSI 300 ÷ 400 lbs each "" "" NP100 bar.0 14. .1 1.4 7.00 23.2 5.40 80.7 3.WELDING piece SADDLE REINFORCEMENT .8 5.06 12.99 14.0 17.1 TO 4.53 0. ANSI 600 lbs each ORIFICE PLATE INSERTING bend PIPE BENDING FOR below 45°.8 209 230 9.7 5.5 Nominal diameter [mm=inch] Outer diameter ø [mm] Wall thickness t = [mm] Schedule Unit Build-in Items || [kg/m] m PIPE .6 5.3 7.2 7.7 4.LAYING ON RACK m PIPE .6 3.2 16.89 . STEAM. ANSI 150 lbs each "" "" NP 25 ÷ 64 bar.END FITTING .80 13.7 x PTS.LAYING IN FIELD m PIPE .4 3.5 351 395 431 20.9 3.8 each FLANGE BOLTING-UP NP 6 ÷ 16 bar.00 17.14 71.6 4.51 0.2 1.7 x PTS.85 24.5 310 12.DISASSEMBLY : 0.2 4.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE WITH DRIVE .2 3.4 5.3 3.4 AND 4. FOR > 45° x 2 piece PIPE THREADING each MAKING ON THREADED CONNECTION multipl.0 8.08 2.0 8.84 13. ITEM 4.33 35.8.2 545 6. GAS) m SERVICE TEST piece SUPPORT FABRICATION kg SUPPORT INSTALLATION kg SPRING SUSP.DISMANTLING piece TWO .2 7.8 3.ALIGNMENT each BUTT WELD each FILLET (SOCKET) WELD each MITRE WELD each NOZZLE WELD piece WELDOLET.5 5.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE .00 76.1 4.WELDING piece INSERT RING (ONLY FOR ALU) piece WELD CUTTING IN ALTERATIONS multipl.8 5. NIPOLET .1 TO 3.2 2.ALIGNMENT piece THREE .1 186 1050 = 42" 1067.

80 0.43 0.1 5.2 7.1 4. ITEM 4.18 14.2 3.7 5.92 0.15 37.3 3.2 5.2 4.0 9. FOR > 45° x 2 piece PIPE THREADING each MAKING ON THREADED CONNECTION multipl.01 .BUILD-IN AS ITEM 7.16 81.65 2.4 3.58 14.89 14.8 5.01 10.INSTALLING piece CONTROL VALVE piece SAFETY VALVE piece HYDRANT piece VALVE SPINDLE EXTENSION LENGHTS 1-2-3 m piece DISASSEMBLY : 0.66 13.8 m PRESSURE TEST (WATER.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE WITH DRIVE .6 5.93 2.1 TO 3.10 4.7 3.INSTALLING piece VALVE WITH DRIVE .1 9.86 16.3 5.1 TO 4.1 TO 5.87 0.40 28.5 3.7 x PTS.28 7.5 4.5 Nominal diameter [mm=inch] Outer diameter ø [mm] Wall thickness t = [mm] Schedule Unit Build-in Items || [kg/m] m PIPE .7 x PTS.56 16.3 2.4 7.76 0.5 12.80 6.WELDING piece INSERT RING (ONLY FOR ALU) piece WELD CUTTING IN ALTERATIONS multipl. ANSI 150 lbs each "" "" NP 25 ÷ 64 bar.2 piece WELD ROOT GRINDING piece GAUGE CONNECTION DRILLING 11.WELDING piece SADDLE REINFORCEMENT .2 1. STEAM.7 STD XS 195 260 347 7. AND HANG.80 40.53 0.8.38 6.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE .1 7.2 7.8 3.4 5.8 5.14 6.7 STD XS 284 307 378 15.36 20.END FITTING .1 1.85 24.2 2.40 80.9 472 10.7 piece VALVE . . ESTIMATE POINTS FOR BUILD-IN ITEMS OF ABOVE-GROUND PIPING Item 1.33 14. ANSI 300 ÷ 400 lbs each "" "" NP100 bar.48 74.1 3. GAS) m SERVICE TEST piece SUPPORT FABRICATION kg SUPPORT INSTALLATION kg SPRING SUSP.5 454 1100 = 44" 1118. AIR.3 3.09 2. 5. NIPOLET .70 18.3 4.4 AND 4.LAYING IN FIELD m PIPE .6 4.80 84.33 35.LAYING ON RACK m PIPE .9 3.99 14.1 6.7 14.8 each FLANGE BOLTING-UP NP 6 ÷ 16 bar.87 0.1 212 1200 = 48" 1219.60 91.3 7.61 0.13 6.7 4.96 7.WELDING each SEAL RING .56 0.13 11. ITEM.5 5.0 7.40 5.70 26.4 4.65 6.0 287 1050=42" 1067.ALIGNMENT each BUTT WELD each FILLET (SOCKET) WELD each MITRE WELD each NOZZLE WELD piece WELDOLET.5 10.08 2.MATERIAL MULTIPLIER FOR ITEM 3.END FITTING .32 8.DISMANTLING piece TWO .06 12.38 194 17.ALIGNMENT piece THREE .3 12.08 2.0 12.9 6.14 71.2 XS 331 369 17. ANSI 600 lbs each ORIFICE PLATE INSERTING bend PIPE BENDING FOR below 45°.DISASSEMBLY : 0.6 3.08 2.

WELDING each SEAL RING .2 4.DISASSEMBLY : 0.8 each FLANGE BOLTING-UP NP 6 ÷ 16 bar.1 6.30 2.1 TO 3.0 9.0 6.38 13.44 18.63 22.7 STD XS 266 320 426 15.18 91.87 0.LAYING IN FIELD m PIPE .END FITTING .76 14.84 88.8 5.01 0.ALIGNMENT each BUTT WELD each FILLET (SOCKET) WELD each MITRE WELD each NOZZLE WELD piece WELDOLET.2 1.65 6.8.6 4.15 16.94 0.0 239 10.5 5.6 5.40 99.94 0.60 7. ANSI 300 ÷ 400 lbs each "" "" NP100 bar.16 81.68 8.66 0. AND HANG.5 12.END FITTING .43 0.5 12.INSTALLING piece CONTROL VALVE piece SAFETY VALVE piece HYDRANT piece VALVE SPINDLE EXTENSION LENGHTS 1-2-3 m piece DISASSEMBLY : 0.87 22.2 5.0 8.2 7.5 3.1 TO 5.3 7.7 x PTS.08 2.08 2.7 5.5 Nominal diameter [mm=inch] Outer diameter ø [mm] Wall thickness t = [mm] Schedule Unit Build-in Items || [kg/m] m PIPE . ESTIMATE POINTS FOR BUILD-IN ITEMS OF ABOVE-GROUND PIPING Item 1.2 3.3 4.WELDING piece SADDLE REINFORCEMENT .63 23.80 103.9 532 1400 1420.16 7. ANSI 600 lbs each ORIFICE PLATE INSERTING bend PIPE BENDING FOR below 45°.7 STD XS 593 308 410 1350=54" 1372.19 7.1 TO 4.80 33.3 2.DISMANTLING piece TWO . .WELDING piece INSERT RING (ONLY FOR ALU) piece WELD CUTTING IN ALTERATIONS multipl.86 16.4 7.52 95.8 m PRESSURE TEST (WATER.2 2.08 2.MATERIAL MULTIPLIER FOR ITEM 3.4 3. ITEM 4.38 6.94 17.97 0. ANSI 150 lbs each "" "" NP 25 ÷ 64 bar.90 7.04 9.7 x PTS.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE WITH DRIVE .4 AND 4.28 45.BUILD-IN AS ITEM 7.0 7.76 7. ITEM. GAS) m SERVICE TEST piece SUPPORT FABRICATION kg SUPPORT INSTALLATION kg SPRING SUSP.1 4.3 5.20 107.10 47.8 3.40 28.36 9.0 229 1300=52" 1321.1 1.80 6.ALIGNMENT piece THREE .7 3. NIPOLET .10 30.7 4.1 5.5 4.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE . 5.32 19.89 14.63 13.24 19.9 3.67 1.1 3.95 32.2 7.LAYING ON RACK m PIPE .70 0. FOR > 45° x 2 piece PIPE THREADING each MAKING ON THREADED CONNECTION multipl.79 17.08 2.20 6.13 18.9 9.3 3.56 16.68 0.60 91.4 5.44 18.3 3.INSTALLING piece VALVE WITH DRIVE .0 150 1200 1220. AIR.9 .21 2.3 220 7.41 0.2 piece WELD ROOT GRINDING piece GAUGE CONNECTION DRILLING 5.9 6.89 195 20.45 44.1 248 11.45 7.1 7.41 2.7 piece VALVE .65 2.8 5.32 8.61 0.4 4.10 4. STEAM.04 20.80 40.0 20.6 3.

89 piece DISASSEMBLY : 0.9 3.10 piece HYDRANT 47.0 Schedule Unit Build-in Items || [kg/m] 279 m PIPE .70 piece SUPPORT FABRICATION kg SUPPORT INSTALLATION 0.8 each FLANGE BOLTING-UP NP 6 ÷ 16 bar.1 5.INSTALLING 9.DISMANTLING piece TWO .MATERIAL MULTIPLIER FOR ITEM 3.5 5.04 9.5 12.4 3.LAYING IN FIELD m PIPE .1 TO 5.44 each "" "" NP 25 ÷ 64 bar. ITEM. ANSI 300 ÷ 400 lbs 18.8 3. ITEM 4.67 1.BUILD-IN AS ITEM 7.8 307 10.8.3 STD XS 331 442 497 14.0 11.3 2.1 1.3 7.4 AND 4.2 7.32 19.7 5.0 12.08 kg SPRING SUSP.8 m PRESSURE TEST (WATER.7 3.21 2. ESTIMATE POINTS FOR BUILD-IN ITEMS OF ABOVE-GROUND PIPING Item 1. NIPOLET .04 20.3 4.4 7.3 3.2 3.5 383 434 14.2 1.END FITTING .1 3.1 TO 3.0 691 1400 = 56" 1422.7 x PTS.8 5.5 4. ANSI 600 lbs 20. AIR.89 bend PIPE BENDING FOR below 45°.INSTALLING 33.01 m SERVICE TEST 0.INSTALLING 19.2 7.0 348 1400 1420.80 piece VALVE WITH DRIVE .21 each ORIFICE PLATE INSERTING 2. STEAM.7 14.9 6.7 piece VALVE .7 x PTS.1 6.3 5.8 5.WELDING piece INSERT RING (ONLY FOR ALU) piece WELD CUTTING IN ALTERATIONS multipl.LAYING ON RACK m PIPE .INSTALLING 23.END FITTING .89 7.3 3.20 107.2 493 16.0 555 17.2 2.0 9.2 piece WELD ROOT GRINDING 2.5 3. ANSI 150 lbs 14. . FOR > 45° x 2 piece PIPE THREADING each MAKING ON THREADED CONNECTION multipl.89 .60 7. AND HANG.10 47.6 4.1 4.5 Nominal diameter [mm=inch] Outer diameter ø [mm] Wall thickness t = [mm] 8.20 piece SAFETY VALVE 107.60 piece VALVE SPINDLE EXTENSION LENGHTS 1-2-3 m 7.10 4.6 5.70 0.89 piece GAUGE CONNECTION DRILLING 8.6 3.04 each "" "" NP100 bar.5 606 20.44 18. GAS) 1.01 0.1 7.ALIGNMENT each BUTT WELD each FILLET (SOCKET) WELD each MITRE WELD each NOZZLE WELD piece WELDOLET.DISASSEMBLY : 0.89 196 23.WELDING each SEAL RING .2 5.1 TO 4.80 33.4 4.32 piece BUTTERFLY VALVE WITH DRIVE .WELDING piece SADDLE REINFORCEMENT .7 4.08 2.4 5. 5.04 piece BUTTERFLY VALVE .45 7.ALIGNMENT piece THREE .52 piece CONTROL VALVE 95.52 95.2 4.

75 piece HYDRANT 51.50 piece VALVE WITH DRIVE . NIPOLET .80 0.INSTALLING 25.09 21.75 0.1 3.7 4.0 318 8.1 7. 5.END FITTING .6 3.8 each FLANGE BOLTING-UP NP 6 ÷ 16 bar.1 5.40 25.40 54.LAYING ON RACK m PIPE .15 bend PIPE BENDING FOR below 45°.2 528 9.40 10.3 7. ESTIMATE POINTS FOR BUILD-IN ITEMS OF ABOVE-GROUND PIPING Item 1.00 114. FOR > 45° x 2 piece PIPE THREADING each MAKING ON THREADED CONNECTION multipl.1 6.05 each ORIFICE PLATE INSERTING 3.3 4.50 35.40 piece BUTTERFLY VALVE .6 4.3 XS 474 533 15.40 27.5 4.7 3.15 piece GAUGE CONNECTION DRILLING 8.8 5.0 199 1600 1620. STEAM.LAYING IN FIELD m PIPE .4 4.75 piece SUPPORT FABRICATION kg SUPPORT INSTALLATION 0.ALIGNMENT piece THREE .36 23.47 1.20 38.42 8.7 x PTS.3 2.8 5.1 4.6 5.MATERIAL MULTIPLIER FOR ITEM 3.2 7. GAS) 1.DISASSEMBLY : 0.18 1.8 3. AIR. ITEM.08 21.2 4.18 8.2 1.9 6.70 piece BUTTERFLY VALVE WITH DRIVE .0 373 12. AND HANG.4 3.3 5.WELDING each SEAL RING .1 TO 3.5 5.96 8.9 3.42 197 8.1 TO 4.8 328 1500 1520.76 10.INSTALLING 20.5 3.2 7.7 5.0 12.15 17.15 0.END FITTING . ANSI 600 lbs 22.2 5. ANSI 150 lbs 15.20 102.1 TO 5.93 3.00 piece VALVE SPINDLE EXTENSION LENGHTS 1-2-3 m 7.7 14.0 10.75 19.4 7.0 8.0 Schedule Unit Build-in Items || [kg/m] 299 m PIPE .WELDING piece SADDLE REINFORCEMENT .BUILD-IN AS ITEM 7.2 2. .69 each "" "" NP100 bar.3 3.8.80 122.2 piece WELD ROOT GRINDING 3.9 592 5.DISMANTLING piece TWO .2 3.96 piece DISASSEMBLY : 0.00 piece SAFETY VALVE 114.08 3.INSTALLING 35.75 each "" "" NP 25 ÷ 64 bar.8 350 15.05 3.5 STD 355 1500 = 60" 1524.08 3.7 piece VALVE .5 Nominal diameter [mm=inch] Outer diameter ø [mm] Wall thickness t = [mm] 8.8 m PRESSURE TEST (WATER. ITEM 4.08 m SERVICE TEST 0.WELDING piece INSERT RING (ONLY FOR ALU) piece WELD CUTTING IN ALTERATIONS multipl.15 8.4 5.08 kg SPRING SUSP.INSTALLING 10.69 8.88 108.69 22.ALIGNMENT each BUTT WELD each FILLET (SOCKET) WELD each MITRE WELD each NOZZLE WELD piece WELDOLET.7 x PTS.10 4.08 0. ANSI 300 ÷ 400 lbs 19.5 465 14.91 .70 20.4 AND 4.20 piece CONTROL VALVE 102.00 7.40 8.75 51.1 1.3 3.

2 7.76 10. GAS) 1.1 1.INSTALLING 38.5 4. 5. AND HANG.2 7.42 0.80 piece SAFETY VALVE 122.INSTALLING 27.8 5.2 4.8.3 2.1 3.3 4.0 12.6 4.84 3.80 122.7 5.85 0.5 STD 403 1700 = 68" 1727.9 6.WELDING piece SADDLE REINFORCEMENT .90 40.8 each FLANGE BOLTING-UP NP 6 ÷ 16 bar.36 23.22 9.BUILD-IN AS ITEM 7. NIPOLET .20 38.36 each "" "" NP100 bar.08 piece BUTTERFLY VALVE WITH DRIVE .DISMANTLING piece TWO .20 1.7 x PTS.8 3.INSTALLING 21.80 piece SUPPORT FABRICATION kg SUPPORT INSTALLATION 0.2 2.1 TO 4.3 3.10 4. ITEM. ANSI 300 ÷ 400 lbs 21.80 57.ALIGNMENT each BUTT WELD each FILLET (SOCKET) WELD each MITRE WELD each NOZZLE WELD piece WELDOLET. ITEM 4.END FITTING . FOR > 45° x 2 piece PIPE THREADING each MAKING ON THREADED CONNECTION multipl.0 634 9.7 14.1 TO 5.08 kg SPRING SUSP.69 198 27.69 8.7 3.15 m SERVICE TEST 0.4 4.4 7.09 each "" "" NP 25 ÷ 64 bar.2 piece WELD ROOT GRINDING 3.42 bend PIPE BENDING FOR below 45°.WELDING piece INSERT RING (ONLY FOR ALU) piece WELD CUTTING IN ALTERATIONS multipl.3 5.80 8.12 11.0 12.1 5.4 3.42 18.5 STD 379 1600 = 64" 1626.5 5.MATERIAL MULTIPLIER FOR ITEM 3.40 54.56 115. ESTIMATE POINTS FOR BUILD-IN ITEMS OF ABOVE-GROUND PIPING Item 1.5 14. ANSI 150 lbs 17.7 x PTS.98 9.INSTALLING 10.1 7.08 3.60 57.08 21.5 3.3 XS 506 569 15.LAYING IN FIELD m PIPE .93 3.2 3.46 23.46 23.4 AND 4. STEAM.2 496 563 16.40 piece VALVE SPINDLE EXTENSION LENGHTS 1-2-3 m piece DISASSEMBLY : 0. .1 6.LAYING ON RACK m PIPE .8 m PRESSURE TEST (WATER.40 8.76 piece BUTTERFLY VALVE .2 5.93 each ORIFICE PLATE INSERTING 3.ALIGNMENT piece THREE .07 25.1 4.5 Nominal diameter [mm=inch] Outer diameter ø [mm] Wall thickness t = [mm] 10.3 XS 538 605 17.47 1.7 piece VALVE . ANSI 600 lbs 23.7 4.09 21.3 3.6 5.3 7.20 piece VALVE WITH DRIVE .1 TO 3.DISASSEMBLY : 0.88 piece CONTROL VALVE 108.40 piece HYDRANT 54.7 14.6 3.91 28.42 piece GAUGE CONNECTION DRILLING 1600 1620.0 12.69 .0 Schedule Unit Build-in Items || [kg/m] 398 m PIPE .9 632 9.END FITTING .42 8.15 0.4 5.2 1. AIR.9 3.8 5.WELDING each SEAL RING.08 3.88 108.

3 4.40 137.1 TO 4.52 13.48 12.8 each FLANGE BOLTING-UP NP 6 ÷ 16 bar.85 24. AIR.2 4.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE . .6 4.77 4. 5.00 10.5 Nominal diameter [mm=inch] Outer diameter ø [mm] Wall thickness t = [mm] Schedule Unit Build-in Items || [kg/m] m PIPE .3 2.49 1.3 STD XS 451 601 676 1950 = 78" 1981.9 6.5 779 1800 = 72" 1829.71 30.INSTALLING piece CONTROL VALVE piece SAFETY VALVE piece HYDRANT piece VALVE SPINDLE EXTENSION LENGHTS 1-2-3 m piece DISASSEMBLY : 0.97 9.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE WITH DRIVE .18 66.08 3.DISASSEMBLY : 0.7 14.WELDING each SEAL RING .2 2.END FITTING .20 145.5 5.81 27.39 0.0 9.97 21.ALIGNMENT piece THREE . ITEM.2 3.22 1.41 26.95 0.24 122.2 1.LAYING IN FIELD m PIPE .6 3.48 30.1 TO 3.24 122.30 10.10 4.5 12.4 3.25 21.79 3.97 19.LAYING ON RACK m PIPE .INSTALLING piece VALVE WITH DRIVE . FOR > 45° x 2 piece PIPE THREADING each MAKING ON THREADED CONNECTION multipl.84 24.49 1.20 9.4 5.0 14.7 x PTS.4 AND 4.ALIGNMENT each BUTT WELD each FILLET (SOCKET) WELD each MITRE WELD each NOZZLE WELD piece WELDOLET.2 7.3 5.97 9.MATERIAL MULTIPLIER FOR ITEM 3.END FITTING .36 0.7 piece VALVE .5 3.5 12.40 199 30.2 piece WELD ROOT GRINDING piece GAUGE CONNECTION DRILLING 1800 1820.1 6.60 42.WELDING piece SADDLE REINFORCEMENT .8.71 32. ITEM 4.48 12.47 1.70 61.22 25.25 10. STEAM.77 4.25 33.8 5.20 9.8 3.84 12.1 7.93 10.81 27.7 5.DISMANTLING piece TWO .1 3.3 STD XS 462 617 694 19.4 4.2 7.8 m PRESSURE TEST (WATER.9 3.2 5.92 129.08 3.97 0.26 26.58 29.1 1.40 137.7 4.70 61.08 4.5 4.3 7.BUILD-IN AS ITEM 7.84 24.79 3.93 9.90 0.85 24.7 3.2 447 633 17.26 132.4 7.0 9.30 45.3 3. ANSI 600 lbs each ORIFICE PLATE INSERTING bend PIPE BENDING FOR below 45°.90 0.98 27.1 TO 5. ANSI 150 lbs each "" "" NP 25 ÷ 64 bar.69 .60 42.15 46.7 14.35 64.44 10.7 14.29 0.WELDING piece INSERT RING (ONLY FOR ALU) piece WELD CUTTING IN ALTERATIONS multipl.0 9.40 10.3 STD XS 427 570 641 1900 = 76" 1930.60 149.7 x PTS.1 4. ESTIMATE POINTS FOR BUILD-IN ITEMS OF ABOVE-GROUND PIPING Item 1.6 5.1 5.3 3. GAS) m SERVICE TEST piece SUPPORT FABRICATION kg SUPPORT INSTALLATION kg SPRING SUSP.08 4.5 12.60 9.8 5. ANSI 300 ÷ 400 lbs each "" "" NP100 bar. NIPOLET .29 0.0 10. AND HANG.

FOR > 45° x 2 piece PIPE THREADING each MAKING ON THREADED CONNECTION multipl. GAS) 1.54 piece GAUGE CONNECTION DRILLING 20.70 each "" "" NP 25 ÷ 64 bar.8.69 10.94 139.7 14.20 .0 9.5 4.7 x PTS.ALIGNMENT each BUTT WELD each FILLET (SOCKET) WELD each MITRE WELD each NOZZLE WELD piece WELDOLET.4 5.0 12.95 1.LAYING IN FIELD m PIPE .2 5.2 piece WELD ROOT GRINDING 4.3 3.20 13.76 1.INSTALLING 47.2 7.95 piece DISASSEMBLY : 0.3 STD XS 474 633 712 2050 = 82" 2083. 5.WELDING each SEAL RING .70 28.7 3.DISMANTLING piece TWO .70 10.43 1.00 68.9 3.7 4.54 bend PIPE BENDING FOR below 45°.00 piece VALVE WITH DRIVE .DISASSEMBLY : 0.WELDING piece INSERT RING (ONLY FOR ALU) piece WELD CUTTING IN ALTERATIONS multipl.79 27.5 12.54 23.LAYING ON RACK m PIPE .43 29.5 16.5 Nominal diameter [mm=inch] 2000 Outer diameter ø [mm] 2020.7 14.3 7.08 kg SPRING SUSP.46 1.3 5.00 piece VALVE SPINDLE EXTENSION LENGHTS 1-2-3 m 10.2 3.9 6. ANSI 600 lbs 31.00 piece SUPPORT FABRICATION kg SUPPORT INSTALLATION 0.3 STD XS 486 649 730 22. ITEM 4.7 x PTS.3 3.8 5.6 4.60 136.38 31.10 4.60 piece BUTTERFLY VALVE WITH DRIVE .4 156.00 0.6 3.1 4.1 1. .60 piece CONTROL VALVE 136.6 5.98 11.8 m PRESSURE TEST (WATER.00 piece SAFETY VALVE 153.85 48.78 each ORIFICE PLATE INSERTING 4.1 6. ANSI 150 lbs 22.ALIGNMENT piece THREE .51 10.1 TO 4.8 5.08 4.20 piece BUTTERFLY VALVE .02 0.00 153.00 47.00 piece HYDRANT 68.54 34.7 5.4 7.88 13.0 Schedule Unit Build-in Items || [kg/m] 546 620 792 m PIPE .1 7.2 7. AIR.4 4. STEAM.0 988 2000 = 80" 2032. ITEM.43 m SERVICE TEST 1.3 4.BUILD-IN AS ITEM 7.80 4.00 10.4 3.INSTALLING 27.69 200 34.51 10.INSTALLING 34. ESTIMATE POINTS FOR BUILD-IN ITEMS OF ABOVE-GROUND PIPING Item 1. NIPOLET .END FITTING .7 piece VALVE .4 AND 4.0 Wall thickness t = [mm] 11.8 69.MATERIAL MULTIPLIER FOR ITEM 3.8 each FLANGE BOLTING-UP NP 6 ÷ 16 bar. AND HANG.08 4.0 9.73 10.38 each "" "" NP100 bar.60 27.1 TO 5.WELDING piece SADDLE REINFORCEMENT .29 32.2 4.END FITTING .INSTALLING 13.1 5.8 3.2 2.5 12.73 10.78 4.2 1.5 3.1 TO 3. ANSI 300 ÷ 400 lbs 28.5 5.1 3.3 2.

1 5.1 6.40 71.0 Wall thickness t = [mm] 9.0 546 12.9 3.LAYING ON RACK m PIPE .1 TO 5.WELDING each SEAL RING .9 6.8 m PRESSURE TEST (WATER. STEAM.50 m SERVICE TEST 1.0 773 871 17.0 1086 25.20 30.80 142.98 49.4 5.1 TO 4.70 piece VALVE WITH DRIVE .3 4. ANSI 150 lbs 24.1 4.13 201 37.6 3.END FITTING .97 .24 11.2 7.4 4.INSTALLING 28.8 3.83 4.1 TO 3.56 piece BUTTERFLY VALVE .WELDING piece SADDLE REINFORCEMENT .DISASSEMBLY : 0.7 3.7 x PTS.8 5.DISMANTLING piece TWO .92 14.83 piece GAUGE CONNECTION DRILLING 10.82 33.7 piece VALVE .65 160.65 piece HYDRANT 71. FOR > 45° x 2 piece PIPE THREADING each MAKING ON THREADED CONNECTION multipl.5 5.56 28.82 each ORIFICE PLATE INSERTING 4.28 14.2 7.BUILD-IN AS ITEM 7.ALIGNMENT piece THREE .08 kg SPRING SUSP.60 168.6 4.98 piece BUTTERFLY VALVE WITH DRIVE .0 14.57 1.3 7.2 3.END FITTING .16 each "" "" NP 25 ÷ 64 bar.5 681 2200 2220.05 1.4 3.INSTALLING 14.ALIGNMENT each BUTT WELD each FILLET (SOCKET) WELD each MITRE WELD each NOZZLE WELD piece WELDOLET.1 3.96 149. ITEM 4.10 4.3 3.1 1.08 0.5 12.05 35.2 1.36 29.83 bend PIPE BENDING FOR below 45°.64 32.4 AND 4.3 2.LAYING IN FIELD m PIPE .13 11.8.75 1.3 3.7 4. 5.05 piece SUPPORT FABRICATION kg SUPPORT INSTALLATION 0.4 7.INSTALLING 49.80 11. AND HANG. ITEM. ANSI 600 lbs 33.8 5.5 4. . GAS) 1.70 35.40 52.MATERIAL MULTIPLIER FOR ITEM 3.90 5.08 5.40 piece VALVE SPINDLE EXTENSION LENGHTS 1-2-3 m 11.2 16.2 piece WELD ROOT GRINDING 4. NIPOLET .WELDING piece INSERT RING (ONLY FOR ALU) piece WELD CUTTING IN ALTERATIONS multipl. ANSI 300 ÷ 400 lbs 30.7 x PTS. AIR.7 14.02 11.7 5.46 piece DISASSEMBLY : 0.8 each FLANGE BOLTING-UP NP 6 ÷ 16 bar.83 4.80 piece SAFETY VALVE 160.50 1.2 4.3 5.20 each "" "" NP100 bar.53 11.10 0.5 Nominal diameter [mm=inch] 2100 = 84" Outer diameter ø [mm] 2134.2 5. ESTIMATE POINTS FOR BUILD-IN ITEMS OF ABOVE-GROUND PIPING Item 1.2 2.5 3.INSTALLING 35.1 7.3 Schedule STD XS Unit Build-in Items || [kg/m] 498 665 748 m PIPE .28 piece CONTROL VALVE 142.5 952 20.6 5.30 74.16 24.

4 3.9 6. STEAM. FÜR > 45° x 2 bend PIPE BENDING FOR to 45°. savijanje SAVIJANJE CIJEVI ZA DO 45°. ANSI 300 ÷ 400 " "" "" NP 25 ÷ 64 bar. NOSAÈI I OVJESI .1 DO 5.1 4.3 3.4 7.5 Nominal diameter [ mm/inch ] 8. ROHRLEITUNGEN Wanddicke t [mm] Schedule Schedule Pos Einh.4 AND 4.3 5. CJEVOVODI NADZEMNO VRIJED.6 " SICHERHEITSVENTIL " SAFETY VALVE 5.4 4. POZ.9 " TRENNSCHNITT BEI ÄNDERUNGEN " WELD CUTTING IN ALTERATIONS 3. 7. ZA > 45° x 2 kom NAREZIVANJE NAVOJA spoj NAVOJNI SPOJ .8. BÖCKE MONT.7 x FAKT.4 3. ø [mm] Deblj.3 2. KAO 7. ARMAT. MOSTU " " " .2 5.2 piece WELD ROOT GRINDING 7.7 verb. 5.7 3.4 4.5 NO / NV [ mm/" ] Vanj.1 DO 3.8 5. t [mm] Schedule Jed. NIPOLET .1 verb.2 7.5 stück WELDOLET.5 55.3 " EINKL.3 3.2 " KEHLNAHT " " " "" (SOCKET) " " 3. ANSI 150 lbs " "" " " NP 25 ÷ 64 bar. AUSSCHL.2 4.6 5. FLANSCHVERB.4 " STECKSCHEIBE EINSETZEN " ORIFICE PLATE INSERTING 4.8 5.5 4.1 6.IZRADA I ZAVARIVANJE kg MONTAŽA SUPORTA (BEZ IZRADE) " OPR.IN AS ITEM 7. M.5 " MESSLEITUNGABGANG DURCHBOHREN 8.8 " DISASSEMBLY : 0.MATERIAL MULTIPLIER FOR ITEM 3.9 3.8 5.3 " FEDERHÄNGER U.WERKSTOFFMULTIPLIKATOR FÜR ITEM 3. ITEM 5.7 kom ARMATURA (VENTILI) .8 6. ITEM 4.5 4. promj. Montageposition || [kg/m] Unit Buildin Items || [kg/m] 1. ANSI 300 ÷ 400 " "" " " NP100 bar.4 i 4. GEWINDE EINDICHTEN each MAKING ON THREADED CONNECTION DEMONTAGE : 0. AUFMASSFAKTORS VON Nennweite [ mm/" ] Outer diameter ø [mm] MONTAGEPOSITIONEN Auß.7 4. ANSI 300 ÷ 400 lbs 4.1 7.1 5.9 " DEMONTAGE : 0.2 stück FORMSTÜCK MIT ZWEI ENDEN EINPASSEN piece TWOEND FITTING ALIGNMENT 2.8 5. AIR. ANSI 600 lbs 4. NIPOLET SCHWEISSEN piece WELDOLET.2 kom BRUŠENJE POVIŠENOG KORIJENA ZAVARA " MJERNI PRIKLJUÈCI .6 " V RING SCHWEISSEN " SADDLE REINFORCEMENT WELDING 3.3 4.2 1.5 3.6 5. BODOVI OSNOVNIH MONTAŽNIH POZICIJA Poz.7 3.2 1. ITEM. ANSI 150 each FLANGE BOLTINGUP NP 6 ÷ 16 bar.8 3.7 5. .3 " " " MIT DREI ENDEN " " " THREEEND " " " " 3. ANSI 600 " UGRADNJA MJERNE BLENDE.2 2. MATERIJALE ZA POZ. 1. FOR above 45° x 2 4.1 BIS 4.1 m ROHR VERLEGEN IM FELD m PIPE LAYING IN FIELD 1.10 multipl.3 3.1 BIS 3.2 7. Montažna pozicija || [kg/m] m CIJEV .B.7 5. ZRAK.MONTAŽA NORM.10 4. WURZEL ÜBERH.7 x VRIJED.2 5.1 3.1 7.3 7.1 BIS 5.3 " SEGMENTNAHT " " " "" MITRE " " 3. RUNDNAHT AUSFÜHRUNG UND SCHWEISSUNG each PIPE BUTT WELD 3.5 3. " VALVE SPINDLE EXTENSION LENGHTS 1-2-3 m 5.3 4. PLIN) " SERVISNI TEST kom POTPORANJ . NP 6 ÷ 16 bar. GAS) 6.8 multipl.2 kg HÄLTERUNGEN (UNTERST.2 4.8 m TLAÈ NA PROBA (VODA.9 3.7 verb. ESTIMATE POINTS FOR BUILD-IN ITEMS OF ABOVE-GROUND PIPING Item 1.3 7.8 5.8 " SPINDELVERLÄNGERUNG BL=1/2/3 MET.1 stück ARMATUR EINBAUEN piece VALVE INSTALLING 5.1 TO 5.2 3.2 " ARMATUR M.4 5.6 3.4 " T STUTZENNAHT " " " "" NOZZLE " " 3. PARA.2 " SPRING SUSP. " GAUGE CONNECTION DRILLING 7.3 " "" " " NP100 bar.DEMONTAŽA kom FITING S DVA KRAJA .1 4.UGRADNJA " " " S POGONOM (EM.4 stück SCHW.8 spoj PRIRUBNIÈKI SPOJ NP 6 ÷ 16 bar.Durchm.3 5.9 6.6 4.1 5.2 " " " " " ROHRBRÜCKE " "" " " ON RACK 1.6 4.6 stück GEWINDE SCHNEIDEN piece PIPE THREADING 4.7 DISASSEMBLY : 0.) " " " LEPTIR ZAKLOPKA " " " " " " " " " " " . 3.4 7. WIE ITEM 7. 5. stij.8 4.3 2.IZVEDBA DEMONTAŽA : 0. ø [mm] Wall thickness t [mm] OBERIRD.1 DO 4.2 7.2 " DICHTHEITSPROBE (SERVICETEST) " SERVICE TEST 7.IZVEDBA I ZAVARIVANJE kom USADNI PRSTEN (SAMO ZA ALUMINIJ) " ODREZIVANJE ZAVARA KOD PREINAÈ ENJA faktor FAKTOR ZA RAZL.UGRADNJA " REGULACIJSKI VENTIL " SIGURNOSNI " " " HIDRANT " PRODUŽENJE VRETENA VENTILA DUŽINA 1-2-3 m " DEMONTAŽA : 0. ANTRIEB " " " BUTTERFLY VALVE WITH DRIVE INSTALLING 5.1 verb.5 5. ITEM 4.7 " HYDRANT " HYDRANT 5. AND HANG.4 5.8 3.7 x PTS.2 7.3 " " " DEMONTIEREN " " " DISMANTLING 2.5 " STEUERUNGSVENTIL " CONTROL VALVE 5.2 2.1 m DRUCKPROBE MIT WASSER ODER GAS m PRESSURE TEST (WATER.UGRADNJA I ZAVARIVANJE " SEDLASTO OJAÈ ANJE . NIPOLET WELDING 3. PNEUM.1 3.POLAGANJE U POSTROJENJU " " " " " NA CJEV. ANSI 150 " "" " " NP 25 ÷ 64 bar. SCHWEISSRING DICHTUNG each SEAL RING WELDING 3. ANSI 600 " "" "" NP100 bar.IZVEDBA I ZAVARIVANJE " USADNI SPOJ (SOCKET) " " " " " SEGMENTNI SPOJ " " " " " UBODNI SPOJ " " " " kom WELDOLET.1 1. 4.2 4.BUŠENJE 202 .) MONT.7 4.IZRADA I ZAVARIVANJE spoj BRTVENI PRSTEN .4 UND 4.1 stück VERSTEIFUNGSSTEG ANFERTIGEN piece SUPPORT FABRICATION kg SUPPORT INSTALLATION 7.4 " EINKLEMM ARMATUR " " " BUTTERFLY VALVE " " 5.1 1.7 x VRIJEDNOSTI POZ.mj.8 stück EINLEGERING (NUR BEI ALU) piece INSERT RING (ONLY FOR ALU) 3.5 biegung ROHR BIEGEN FÜR BIS 45°.6 3.1 TO 4. ANTRIEB " " " VALVE WITH DRIVE " " 5.UPASIVANJE " " " S TRI KRAJA " " spoj SUÈ EONI SPOJ .7 x FAKT.10 4. ŠTEKŠAJBE I SL.7 4.3 3.7 x PTS.1 TO 3.2 3.1 6.

2.Small parts.Final inspection and takeover % % % % 203 .Transport . installation of valves and other small parts . PIPING 1.Withdrawal of material from store .1 PIPING IN PLANTS above 2” PREFABRICATION .Final inspection and takeover % % % % 1. alignment and welding % % % % % 1.1 1. tack welding.1.Hoisting.Supporting % % % % % 1.Supporting % % % % % 1.XI.2 1.Transport . WEIGHT FACTORS (acc.2 ERECTION .2.Welding .3 TESTING .Inspection of piping and removal of defects .Pressure test and purging . installation of valves and other small parts .1.Cutting and tack welding .Welding .Hoisting.1.Pressure tests .2 ERECTION .Inspection of piping and removal of defects . tack welding.Withdrawal of material from the store .Welding .3 TESTING .ALL DIAMETERS PREFABRICATION .1 PIPING IN PLANTS .Small parts.2. to LURGI Company from Germany) 1.Welding .Cutting and tack welding . alignment and welding % % % % % 1.

Cutting and tack welding .3.Supporting % % % % % 1. installation of valves and other small parts .1.3.Valve installation .2 PREFABRICATION .Final inspection and takeover 1.5. alignment and welding % % % % % 1.4.SEPARATE .3 1.Small parts.1 LINE PIPING ON PIPE RACKS AND SLEEPER WAYS PREFABRICATION .Cutting and tack welding .5 1.Excavation .Supporting % % % % % 1.Welding .Final inspection and takeover % % % % 1.Backfilling % % % 1.1 PIPING IN PLANTS to 2” ERECTION .Laying.4 1.Welding .Welding .2 ERECTION .4.Pressure tests .Withdrawal of material from the store .OPTION 1 EARTH WORKS .5.Inspection of piping and removal of defects .Withdrawal of material from the store and transport .Inspection of piping and removal of defects .2 TESTING % % % % .Cutting.Withdrawal of material from the store .Small parts.1 UNDERGROUND PIPING . tack welding and welding .3 TESTING . alignment and welding % % % % % 204 .4.Transport . tack welding.

7.4 TESTING .Small parts. tack welding.INCLUDED .Laying.3 INSTALLATION .7 1.Transport .Corrosion protection and puncture tests .OPTION 2 EARTH WORKS .Withdrawal of material from the store .Pressure testing .Supporting % % % % % 1.6.Pressure testing .Steam manifolds .Corrosion protection.Excavation . installation of valves and other small parts .6 1.Welding .Preliminary inspection .Backfilling % % % 1. alignment and welding % % % % % 1.Preliminary inspection .Condensate collectors .Transport .6.3 INSTALLATION .Laying. installation of valves and other small parts .Final inspection and take over % % % % % 1. puncture test . tack welding.5.Cutting and tack welding .Connecting piping to 1 1/2” % % % % 205 .1 PIPING STEAM TRACING PREFABRICATION .Supporting % % % % % 1.Welding .5.2 PREFABRICATION .Final inspection and take over % % % % % 1.4 TESTING .1.1 UNDERGROUND PIPING .6.Welding .6.

walkways. railings .Platform plating (Bühnenbeläge) .7. joists . possible repair and finishing .Positioning and bolting .Crane supports and rails .Condensate collectors .Bunker welding .Columns.Preliminary inspection .Inspection.Steam pipe bundles . platforms . beams.Roof supports . beams.Final inspection and take over % % % % % % % % 100 % 2.Stairs.7.Connection piping to 1 1/2” . joists .2 INSTALLATION . BUNKER INCLUDED .Roof supports .Positioning and bolting . walkways.Doors and windows .Columns.Platform girder (Bühnenträger) % % % % 206 . beams.Pressure testing and take over % % % 2.Final inspection and take over % % % % % % % % % 100 % 2. railings . 2.3 TESTING .Doors and windows .Platform girders (Bühnenträger) . ladders.4 BUNKER BUILDINGS.Final inspection and take over % % % % % % % % 100 % 2.Columns.3 PROCESS PLANT BUILDING STRUCTURES .Crane supports and rails . ladders. joists .Steam manifolds . joists .Doors and windows .Bunker erection .1.1 STEEL STRUCTURES LARGE WORKSHOP STRUCTURES WITH A CRANE TRACK . beams.Railings .Stairs.Inspection. ladders. possible repairs and finishing .Condensate pipe bundles .Positioning and bolting .Steam tracing % % % % % % % 1.Columns.Stairs.Inspection and possible repair and finishing .2 LARGE WORKSHOP STRUCTURE WITHOUT CRANE TRACK .

Inspection and possible repair and finishing . beams.Positioning and bolting .Final inspection and take over % % % % % % 100 % 2. ladders.Final inspection and take over % % % % % % 100 % 207 . railings .Final inspection and take over % % % % % % % 100 % 2.Walkways.8 PIPE AND CABLE RACKS .Final inspection and take over % % % % % % 100 % 2.Inspection and possible repair and finishing . stairs.Doors and windows . stairs.Walkways.Racks preliminary installation and columns .7 PROCESS EQUIPMENT SUPPORTING STRUCTURE .Platform girders (Bühnenträger) . joists . ladders. joists . ladders railings . joists . ladders.Stairs.Columns. ladders railings .Positioning and bolting . ladders.Walkways.Columns.Final inspection and take over % % % % % 100 % 2.Columns.Columns.9 BELT CONVEYOR STRUCTURE .6 MACHINE SUPPORTING STRUCTURE . railings . beams. railings .Walkways.5 CRANE TRACKS EXTERIOR .Inspection and possible repairs and finishing .Stairs. railings .Inspection and possible repairs and finishing .Positioning and bolting -Inspection and possible repairs and finishing .Final inspection and take over % % % % % 100 % 2.Positioning and bolting . beams.Inspection and possible repairs and finishing . beams.Platform plating (Bühnenbeläge) .Crane supports and rails .Racks installation .Platform plating (Bühnenbeläge) .. joists .Positioning and bolting .Positioning and bolting .

Installation of chequered pipe bundles .Inspection and possible repairs and finishing . motors . HEAT EXCHANGERS . .Floor grids.Drive installation incl.Drive installation incl.Steel structure erection .P ositioning. ETC.Steel structure erection . final inspection and take over % 100 % % % % % 3. unloading .Installation of louvers and siding .Preparing the place for installation.Preparing the place of installation. etc. LADDERS ONEQUIPMENT. . REACTORS. unloading .Installation of chequered pipe bundles .Brackets. checking vertical position.Hauling equipment to the place of installation . final inspection and take over % 100 % % % % % % 208 .Finishing and remaining works. walkways . etc. take over report. STORAGE TANKS. ladders. supports. motors . baskets.Foundations steel structure preparation levelling of packers . levelling. permission to connect the piping % 100 % % % % % % % % 3.Unloading equipment at the place of hoisting . VESSELS .Final measurement.10 STAIRS.Inspection and possible repairs and finishing .Scaffolds. holders . 3.Finishing and remaining works.Final inspection and take over % % % % % % % 100 % 3.Hoisting and putting onto found ations . WALKWAYS.2.Railings . PL ATFORMS. ribbed sheets .1 PROCESS EQUIPMENT TOWERS.Anchor bolt tightening .Stairs. .2 AIR COOLERS without louvres .3 AIR C OOLERS with louvers .

) -Final testing and tak e over % % % % % 100 % 209 .Accessories: burner control dampers service and inspection doors explosion-proof dampers soot blowers .Pipe system . etc.Enclosure (shell. top) . tightening of anchor bolts. heating.Roof with openings and connections -Equipment (stairs.Steel structure . bottom. platforms. final inspection and take over % % % % % % 100 % 3.3.Welding . permission to connect the piping -Positioning of drive coupling -Final inspection and take over % % % % 100% 4. railings.Inspection.4 OIL REFINERY KILNS .5 ROTARY EQUIPMENT PUMPS AND COMPRESSORS -Preparation and levelling of foundations -Placing on foundations. firefighting piping. CYLINDRICAL STORAGE TANKS (All kinds of roofs) -Bottom -Shell with openings and connections .

He will provide written data for calculation of the manhour rate in the following way: To be written on the top: name of project.2. Months _____________________ Total: 210 .3 weeks = 215 hours/month 2. name of client.. the estimator shall also provide the data required for calculation of a manhour rate. hours required and the effect. the estimator shall make some sort of estimate or exact calculation of the quantities tons.Fitters. and other data for the project identification. the estimator will estimate the time on the basis of his experience and from the tables on the page 118. skilled . skilled . highly skilled .1 OFFICE STAFF Management Number . Each group will be entered the basic data. place of works.Welders. This is not always easy to do because of insufficient data contained in the call for tenders. it is 50 hours/week x 4.3 Maximum number: Foresee maximum number at top production (c. he shall state the total weight. These quantities shall be given for a group of works. each group of works shall be assigned a productivity efficiency percentage (PEP) and finally an average PEP for all the works (acc. .Foreman . Finally.Fitters. etc.1 PRODUCTION MANPOWER Average number: total hours _____________________ month x hours/month 2.Hours per month: this should be agreed with the project manager . type of works. to page11).1. QUANTITIES AND MAN HOURS REQUIRED The estimator will record the quantity of works mostly in kg or tons. kind of material. Usually.Others . date. Anyhow. size and the like.Hours required: Item 1 . TECHNICAL CALCULATION .MANNER OF DATA COMPILING When the call for tender is received and the installation/erection technology selected. MANPOWER . + 30 %) Manpower structure (at average number) Number . buildings.Works Schedule: If the time for execution of works is not stipulated in the call for tender or some other document.Welders.XII.1 2. and hours required. and when man hours for the works ar e calculated.Tehnician .2 2. Similarly..Others _____________________ Total: (Average number) 2. rates or effect.Manager . highly skilled . Each item is assigned the number of hours per each unit and the total number of hours which is written in a special place in the document.2 2.Engineer .1. kg. 1.1. 2.

2 4.Camp facilities .2 Auxiliary staff in production Number .Welding rods estimate acc. number.Workshops .Generating sets .1 MACHINERY AND MEANS OF TRANSPORT Cranes and forklifts Capacity. TOOL COSTS AT THE JOB SITE Estimate the costs according to the estimate on page 117 . to page 116 .Trailers .Grinding and cutting discs estimate acc.Trucks .Pumps . days) of use Means of transport .Mechanics . 3.Store workers .Trailer trucks .Others _____________________________ Total: Months 3. 211 .Small buses . TEMPORARY WORKS AT THE JOB SITE .Etc.Containers Estimate acc.Electricians . to page 114 .Mobile power units .2.Contingencies: 10 ÷ 15 % to add to the above 7. months (weeks.Winches . to the table on pages 122 ÷123 6.Technical gas estimate acc. AUXILIARY MATERIAL AND CONSUMABLES . 5. to pages 112 ÷ 113 .Appurtances .Drivers .Passenger cars .Buses .Compressors .Others The number of vehicles and time of use 3. to page 114 ÷ 115 . VITAL MEANS OF PRODUCTION .Tractors .2.Other .Pickups .Vehicles .Fuel and lubricants estimate acc.

1 TYPE Truck-mounted crane -Telescope " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " "TATRA" Forklift " Truck " " " " with "HIAB" Bus 50 seats Small bus 8+1 seats Passenger car Tractor 120 KS " 75 KS Trailer 20 T " 10 T Container 2 x 2.5 4.2 7.6 VOLUME [m3 ] 230 180 160 140 120 90 85 80 75 70 60 48 17 8 62 57 40 30 60 94 20 14 17 13. SPACE REQUIRED Estimate according to the estimate on pages 122 ÷ 123 12. 212 .5 x 6 m CAPACITY [t] 300 150 100 60 40 32 20 18 15 12 10 8 5 3 10 5 3 1.5 24 23 20 18 13 6 4 7 5 3. 9.5 47 38 36 24. 14. SAFETY AT WORK COSTS Estimate the costs according to the estimate on page 117.5 7 5. CONNECTIONS REQUIRED Estimate according to the estimate on page 123 13.6 1.5 8 WEIGHT [t] 330 132 88.8 2 4 12 3 1. SCAFFOLDS AND SCAFFOLDING Estimate according to the estimate on pages 109 ÷ 111 11.8. TRANSPORT OVERALL DIMENSIONS AND WEIGHTS Calculate the weight [ton] and the volume [m3] with the data given in the table below. 14.5 96 26 30 Weights and volumes are different and depend on the type and manufacturer of the means for hoisting and transportation. POWER CONSUMPTION COST According to the estimate on page 115 10. CERTIFICATION OF WELDERS Estimate the number of certified welders.

The estimator's name and surname."S" .Maintenance and servicing .Other (including pipe supports) = = = = = 15.Steel structure (prefabrication) . PROGRESS DIAGRAM . SERVICES BY OTHER CONTRACTORS . If possible.Equipment for installation . 16. include the manpower diagram at its bottom.CURVE It is made if requested by call for tenders and in agreement with the project manager .14.Connections . 17.30 m3 3 0.Etc.50 m6. his signature and date should be written at the end 213 .00 m3 2.00 m3 1. WORKS SCHEDULE AND MANPOWER DIAGRAM It is given if requested by call for tenders and in agreement with the project manager.Material for storage tanks (prefabrication) . The works schedule can be made in a form of a bar chart with concentrated number of activities (15 ÷ 20).Material for piping .Security guard service .Transport .Waste transport .2 MATERIALS Weight 1 ton 1 ton 1 ton 1 ton 1 ton Volume 2.Geodetic measurement .55 m3 .

17. .54 5.FABRICATION & WELDING SADDLE NOZZLE (SWEEPOLET) .21 Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u 1 1/2" 1 1/2" 2" 48.2.61 1.7 33.91 3. 9.2500# 214 .400.3 21. PRESSURE TEST WELDING SLIP-ON FLANGES . 17.28 1. 18. 7.160. ø [mm] Wall thick.2 11.0 73.NO PRESSURE TEST WELDING MEASURING FLANGE INCL.55 40 STD 80 XS 40 STD 80 XS 40 STD 80XS 1.3.7 26. 14.00 5.20 7.3 4.70 2.1.43 Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u 2" 21/2" 21/2" 3" 3" 60. MANHOURS FOR OVERHAULS IN PETROCHEMICAL PLANTS 1.4. 6. 19.1. 19.NO REINFORCEMENT REINFORCEMENT PAD .1 9.4 2. 3. t [mm] Schedule Weight [ kg/m ] 1/2" 1/2" 3/4" 3/4" 1" 1" 21.3 Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u Item 1.PRESTRESSING GRINDING OF WELD ROOT EXCESS REDUCER FABRICATION. 2 DN SMALLER REDUCER FABRICATION.9 5.16 3.50 7. dia.16.MAKE-ON & WELDING SOCKET WELD .NO REINFORCEMENT COUPLING (MUFFE) .60 80 XS 40STD 80 XS 40 STD 80 XS 7.77 3.0 88. 3 DN SMALLER PIPE BENDING < 45o PIPE BENDING 45oo . 600# .1 1.3 60. 19.2 3. 5. 19.XIII.90 PIPE BENDING 90o -o180 FLANGED FLANGED FLANGED FLANGED JOINT JOINT JOINT JOINT NP 6 . 300# .HANDLING INSTALLATION OF FITTING WITH THREE ENDS . 15. 13. 16. [ inch ] Outer dia.3 3.2 11.40 11.MAKE-ON & WELDING WELDING NECK FLANGES WELDING SLIP-ON FLANGES INCL. Unit m m m pc pc pc weld weld weld weld weld weld weld weld weld weld pc pc weld weld pc ea ea ea ea ea bend bend bend joint joint joint joint A.90 3.4 33. PREFABRICATION AND ERECTION PIPE LAYING WITHOUT PRIMER PIPE LAYING WITH PRIMER LAYING OF PROCESS PIPE IN PROTECTION CONDUIT INSTALLATION OF FITTING WITH ONE END .9 88. PIPING ERECTION AND DISMANTLING UNIT MAN HOURS PER ACTIVITIES Productivity Ef ficiency Percentage PEP=90% Nom.2. 18.3.2 10.1.1 11.73 2.70 5. 17. 18.3 48.3 26.INSTALLATION & WELDING EXPANSION U-BEND .1 10.3.INSTALLATION AND WELDING WELDOLET. etc.90 40 STD 80XS 40 STD 4.20 2.900# NP 250 .400# NP 100 .44 5.HANDLING INSTALLATION OF FITTING WITH TWO ENDS .40 4.52 3.MAKE-ON & WELDING SEAL WELD (THREADED JOINT) MITRE WELD .NO PRESSURE TEST 90o BRANCH CONNECTION . 150# NP 25 . 1500# .44 8.3 12. PRESSURE TEST WELDING MEASURING FLANGE . .2 2.64.07 5. 8.71 11.2.INSTALLATION AND WELDING INCLINED BRANCH CONN.HANDLING BUTT WELD .3 73. 1 DN SMALLER REDUCER FABRICATION.3 15.1 3.

24. .BLANKING PLATE 1500#-2500# PLACING OR TAKING OUT RTJ .BLANKING PLATE 600#.77 40 STD 1.4.2. 32.3 Mhr/u Mhr/u 3" 88.1. 23.1. ÷ 26.400# INSTALLATION OF BLIND FLANGE NP 100 -160.4 33. 28.3 2. Unit ea ea ea ea joint ea ea ea ea ea ea ea ea ea ea ea ea ea pc pc pc pc pc pc pc ea ea ea ea A.900# PLACING OR TAKING OUT RF .40 11. 150# INSTALLATION OF BLIND FLANGE NP 25 .NOZZLES MAKE-ON.400# PLACING OR TAKING OUT RF .3 60.90 5. . dia.50 80 XS 40 STD 11. DRAIN OR VENT VALVE WITH TWO REINF. 21.2500# FLANGED JOINT. 27.3. TIGHTENING WITH TORQUE WRENCH factor at item 19.2.3 5.9 7. PIPING ERECTION AND DISMANTLING UNIT MAN HOURS PER ACTIVITIES Productivity Ef ficiency Percentage PEP=90% Nom.0 88. and 23.9 7. 30.4. 600# .20 2. MAKE-ON OF BRANCH CONNECTION -" HOT TAP" DRILLING PROCESS PIPE FOR "HOT TAP" 1/2" 21.INSTALLATION MEASURING ORIFICE 1500#-2500# .2.16.4.1.4 INSTALLATION OF SAFETY VALVES factor to items 26. 30.43 7. 22.BLANKING PLATE 600#-900# PLACING OR TAKING OUT RTJ . 20.1.71 Mhr/u 21/2" 3" 73.BLANKING PLATE 150# PLACING OR TAKING OUT RF .3. PLACING OR TAKING OUT factor to items 22.7 33.07 Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u 1 1/2" 2" 2" 48.1.1. 150# INSTALLATION OF VALVE WITH FLANGED END NP 25-64. 29. 300# .BLANKING PLATE 300#-400# PLACING OR TAKING OUT RTJ . 25.73 2.20 40STD 8. MEASURING ORIFICE 150# . ÷ 23.2. 23.1.4. t [mm] Schedule Weight [ kg/m ] Item 20. 25. 25. ÷ 26.2. 20.3. 23.54 80XS 40 STD 80 XS 5.55 3.21 4. .61 1. ø [mm] Wall thick.900# INSTALLATION OF BLIND FLANGE NP 250 -400.4.3 Mhr/u 215 .28 Mhr/u 1/2" 3/4" 21. 25. PREFABRICATION AND ERECTION INSTALLATION OF BLIND FLANGE NP 6 .2. ÷ 26. 31.1. 1500#.4 INSTALLATION OF CONTROL VALVES factor to items 26.16 3.3. 26. 23. [ inch ] Outer dia.4.1.1500#-2500# INSTALLATION OF MOTOR DRIVE VALVE factor to items 26.44 5.4. 20. 300# .16. 600# .60 80 XS 15.40 4.44 Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u 21/2" 73.0 5.1.1.64.INSTALLATION MEASURING ORIFICE 300#-400# .3.INSTALLATION INSTALLATION OF VALVE WITH FLANGED END NP 6 .91 3. 26.&WELD.3 3. 26.90 80 XS 40 STD 1.4 DRAIN OR VENT VALVE WITH ONE REINF NOZZLE MAKE-ON & WELD.1. 22.4 48.4 and 20.400# INSTALLATION OF VALVE WITH FLANGED END NP100-160.3 60.00 5. 22.1.BLANKING PLATE 150# PLACING OR TAKING OUT RTJ .INSTALLATION MEASURING ORIFICE 600#-900# .4 RF . 22.52 3.BLANKING PLATE 300#. 26.7 3.3 26.BLANKING PLATE 1500#-2500# PLACING OR TAKING OUT BLANKING PLATE SPECTACLE.1.70 Mhr/u Mhr/u 3/4" 1" 1" 1 1/2" 26.900# INSTALLATION OF VALVE WITH FLANGED END NP250-400.70 80 XS 40 STD 80XS 40 STD 2.

40 11. flanges included FLANGED JOINT ON TRACER LINE INSTALLATION OF STEAM TRACING PIPING WITH SPACERS STEAM MANIFOLDS FOR 4 CONNECTIONS STEAM MANIFOLDS .2. VOLUME 10 -15m3 VESSEL PRESSURE TEST. 33. 38. ø [mm] Wall thick.5. 33.00 5. 38. t [mm] Schedule Weight [ kg/m ] A.54 5. 33. 38. . LENGTH FROM 200 TO 500m SYSTEM PRESSURE TEST.28 1. flanges included VALVE TRACING under 2".61 1. 40. 46. 44. PREFABRICATION AND ERECTION PREPARATION OF EQUIPMENT FOR PRESSURE TESTING SYSTEM PRESSURE TEST.2.8.3. 36. 34.43 7.0 73.9. VOLUME TO 10m3 VESSEL PRESSURE TEST.70 5. CONDENSATE COLLECTORS FOR 4 CONNECTIONS CONDENSATE COLLECTORS ALLOW. 38.3 Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u 216 .COLD PIPE CUTTING . 38.9 2.1.90 3.16 3.3 26.7 33. 39.4. INSTALLATION OR REMOVAL OF BLANKING PLATES AT PIPE END INSTALLATION OR REMOVAL OF DIRT MESH IN PIPING WELD PICKLING ON STAINLESS STEEL EXECUTION OF PASSES THROUGH WALLS OR SLABS PIPE CUTTING .3 73. 33. flanges included VALVE TRACING 2" and above. Unit test m m m m m3 m3 m3 m ea ea ea m m ea ea ea ea ea joint m ea ea ea ea m ea ea ea ea cut cut kg kg Nom. 45.4.2.3. 45.20 7. LENGTH TO . 39.FABRICATION PIPE SUPPORTS . STEAM TRACING ON Cr Ni PROCESS PIPE factor to items 38. 38.70 2.07 5. VOLUME ABOVE 15m3 PRESSURE TEST WITH AIR OR NITROGEN PIPE THREADING FABRICATION OR DISASSEMBLING OF THREADED JOINT WELD ANNEALING BY GAS BURNER PROCESS PIPE STEAM TRACING SUPPLY OR RETURN PIPE OF STEAM TRACING FITTING TRACING (freezing protection) FLANGED JOINT TRACING 2" and above VALVE TRACING 2" and above . PER CONNEC. 35. 38.4.2.44 5.73 2. . [ inch ] Outer dia.60 40 STD 80 XS 40 STD 80 XS 40 STD 80XS 40 STD 80XS 40 STD 80 XS 40 STD 80 XS 40 STD 80 XS 1.71 11.1.52 3.(FROSTSCHUTZ).1.4 48. dia. 42.1. 46.1.3. ABOVE 4 CONECT. LENGTH ABOVE .77 3.20 2.38.44 8. 33.3 15.3 60.1.3 21.3 48.55 3. 43. 38.8.6.1.GAS BURNER PIPE SUPPORTS . LENGTH FROM 100 TO 200m SYSTEM PRESSURE TEST. 39. 37.50 7.0 88.ERECTION 1/2" 1/2" 3/4" 3/4" 1" 1" 1 1/2" 1 1/2" 2" 2" 21/2" 21/2" 3" 3" 21. 33.7 26.9 88.40 4.2. PIPING ERECTION AND DISMANTLING UNIT MAN HOURS PER ACTIVITIES Productivity Efficiency Percentage PEP=90% Item 33.100m SYSTEM PRESSURE TEST.4 33.500m VESSEL PRESSURE TEST. 39.5.21 4.ADDITION TO CONNECTION ABOVE 4 CONNECT.3.6.7.3 60. 38.90 5.7. 41. 7.91 3. 38. 33.

07 Mhr/u 1 1/2" 2" 48.40 11.40 80 XS 40 STD 2.1.7 3.1.1.4 3.4. ÷ 52. 52.4.20 2. 51.3.4 4.1.4.3 Mhr/u Mhr/u 3" 88.1.900# FLANGED JOINT DISMANTLING FOR REUTILIZ. 49.1.4. 52.1. ø [mm] Wall thick.3.4.3 Mhr/u 217 .0 5. ÷ 20. 52.71 Mhr/u Mhr/u 21/2" 3" 73.4. 53. DISMANTLING CONTROL VALVE FOR REUTILIZATION factor to items 52. 47. 600# . DISMANTLING VALVE WITH MOT. ÷ 52. ÷ 52.7 33.0 88.44 5. 52.4.1.3 3.73 2. 55.3 73. 57. 1500#-2500# FLANGED JOINT DISMANTLING FOR USEFUL WASTE factor to items 48. 58. ÷ 52. t [mm] Schedule Weight [ kg/m ] Item 47.3 26.16 3.3 5.20 80 XS 40STD 7. ÷ 52.55 80XS 3.4. 56. 48.21 Mhr/u 1 1/2" 48. PIPING ERECTION AND DISMANTLING UNIT MAN HOURS PER ACTIVITIES Productivity Ef ficiency Percentage PEP=90% Nom. DISMANTLING SAFETY VALVES FOR USEFUL WASTE factor to items 52.90 80 XS 40 STD 1.4.1.61 1. ÷ 20. PIPING DISMANTLING PIPE DISMANTLING FOR REUTILIZATION PIPE DISMANTLING FOR USEFUL WASTE FLANGED JOINT DISMANTLING FOR REUTILIZATION 150# FLANGED JOINT DISMANTLING FOR REUTILIZ.1 ÷ 48.91 3.1.4.77 40 STD 1.9 7.400# FLANGED JOINT DISMANTLING FOR REUTILIZ. DISMANTLING CONTROL VALVE FOR USEFUL WASTE factor to items 52.4. BLIND FLANGE DISMANTLING FOR REUTILIZATION factor to items 20.1. 48. 1/2" 21. 59. DRIVE FOR USEFUL WASTE factor to items 52.90 80XS 40 STD 5.900# DISMANTLING VALVE FOR REUTILIZATION 1500#-2500# DISMANTLING VALVE FOR USEFUL WASTE factor to items 52.70 Mhr/u Mhr/u 3/4" 1" 26. DRIVE FOR REUTILIZ. 48. 48.54 5.28 Mhr/u 1/2" 3/4" 21. FLANGED JOINT DISMANTLING FOR USEFUL WASTE factor to items 20. 300# . DISMANTLING SAFETY VALVES FOR USEFUL WASTE factor to items 52.2.60 80 XS 15.43 Mhr/u Mhr/u 2" 21/2" 60.3 60.50 80 XS 40 STD 11. ÷ 52.2.1.3 2.00 5. Unit m m ea ea ea ea ea ea ea ea ea ea ea ea ea ea ea ea ea ea B. factor to items 52.44 8. dia. 54. DISMANTLING VALVE FOR REUTILIZATION 150# DISMANTLING VALVE FOR REUTILIZATION 300# .1.9 7.70 40 STD 4. [ inch ] Outer dia. or 50. 50. ÷ 52.4. DISMANTLING VALVE WITH MOT.2.400# DISMANTLING VALVE FOR REUTILIZATION 600# .52 Mhr/u Mhr/u 1" 33.

30 12.3 219.4.3 Wall thickness t [mm] 6.2 11. 1 DN SMALLER REDUCER FABRICATION.2 3.1 273. 15.7 36. 300# .9 323.1 11. 2 DN SMALLER REDUCER FABRICATION.90 PIPE BENDING 90oo -180 FLANGED JOINT NP 6 .D.10 Schedule 40 STD 80 XS 40 STD Weight [kg/m] 16. 19.60 7.1.3 114. 8.7 Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u 8" 10" 10" 10" 219. 90o . 6. PREFABRICATION AND ERECTION PIPE LAYING WITHOUT PRIMER PIPE LAYING WITH PRIMER LAYING OF PROCESS PIPE IN PROTECTION CONDUIT INSTALLATION OF 1-END FITTINGS END .1. 3. Unit m m m pc pc pc weld weld weld weld weld weld weld weld weld weld pc pc weld weld pc ea ea ea ea ea bend bend bend joint joint joint joint A.NO REINFORCEMENT SADDLE REINFORCEMENT PERFORMANCE & WELDING SADDLE NOZZLE (SWEEPOLET) .38 9.1 10.1.09 8.NO REINFORCEMENT COUPLING INSTALLATION AND WELDING WELDOLET I.MAKE-ON AND WELDING SEAL WELD (ON THREADED JOINT) MITRE WELD . 18. INSTALLATION AND WELDING INCLINED BRANCH CONNECTION . 17.3 12. 600# .3 168.2.PRESTRESSING GRINDING OF WELD ROOT EXCESS REDUCER FABRICATION.HANDLING BUTT WELD . 17.1 219.1 1.2 2. 19.3.70 XS30 40S STD 80S XS 65.16.6 Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u 12" 12" 12" 323.3 4.2500# Nom.0 22. PIPING ERECTION AND DISMANTLING UNIT MAN HOURS PER ACTIVITIES Productivity Efficiency Percentage PEP=90% Item 1.4 73.1 273.00 7.3.1 9.7 51.2 10. [ inch ] 4" 4" 6" OD ø [mm] 114.1 273.50 12.2 11.900# FLANGED JOINT NP 250 400.4 28. 18. & WELDING EXPANSION U-BEND.2.MAKE-ON AND WELDING SOCKET WELD .2.9 8.NO PRESSURE TEST BRANCH CONN.HANDLING INSTALLATION OF 2-END FITTINGS . 18. 17.70 7. 16.1.8 97.3.INSTALL. 7.00 8.HANDLING INSTALLATION OF 3-END FITTINGS .1 3.6 81.7 42. 1500# . 5. 19. 14.1 60. 19.400# FLANGED JOINT NP 100 160. 3 DN SMALLER PIPE BENDING < 45o PIPE BENDING 45oo .3 Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u 6" 8" 8" 168. 13.1 12. dia. 9.1 11. 150# FLANGED JOINT NP 25 64.20 80 XS 30 40 STD 42.T.NO PRESSURE TESTING WELDING MEASURING FLANGE & PRESSURE TEST WELDING MEASURING FLANGE .MAKE-ON AND WELDING WELDING NECK FLANGES WELDING SLIP-ON FLANGES & PRESSURE TEST WELDING SLIP-ON FLANGES .9 323.70 80 XS 30 40 STD 80S 60 64.6 Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u 218 .80 9.

4.1. NOZZLES.3 Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u 6" 168.3.16. 23. and 23.30 12.1.3 11.70 12" 323.70 40S STD80S XS 40 STD 80 XS 40 STD 80S 60 XS 30 42. 28. 25. 29. 26.1 12. .SPECTACLE.2. 27.7 51.20 8" 219.2500# FLANGED JOINT. 23. MEASURING ORIFICE 150# . 30.4.0 22.4 28.2.60 7. 26. [ inch ] 4" 4" 6" OD ø [mm] 114.4 and 20. .16. 24.9 323. 25.INSTALLATION INSTALLATION OF FLANGED-END VALVE NP 6 .BLANKING PLATE 300#.BLANKING PLATE 1500#-2500# PLACING OR TAKING OUT BLANKING PLATE . 23. PIPING ERECTION AND DISMANTLING UNIT MAN HOURS PER ACTIVITIES Productivity Efficiency Percentage PEP=90% Item 20.4 INSTALLATION OF CONTROL VALVE factor to items 26.4. 21.38 12" 12" 323.3 168.1. 26. NOZZLES MAKE-ON & WELD. 22.4.70 10" 273.BLANKING PLATE 150# PLACING OR TAKING OUT RTJ . 25.400# INSTALLATION OF BLIND FLANGE NP 100 -160.1 8.1. 600# .6 65. ÷ 26.80 30 10" 10" 273.3.4. & WELD. PLACING OR TAKING OUT factor to items 22.1 60. MAKE-ON OF BRANCH CONNECTION -" HOT TAP" DRILLING PROCESS PIPE FOR "HOT TAP" Nom. TIGHTENING WITH A TORQUE WRENCH factor to items 19. 300# .3.INSTALLATION MEASURING ORIFICE 600#-900# .1500#-2500# INSTALLATION OF MOTOR DRIVE VALVE factor to items 26. 31.9 8.2.900# INSTALLATION OF FLANGED-END VALVE NP250-400.400# PLACING OR TAKING OUT RF .1. 22.4 RF .1. 30. 23.BLANKING PLATE 300#-400# PLACING OR TAKING OUT RTJ .1.MAKE-ON.10 Schedule 40 STD 80 XS 40 STD Weight [kg/m] 16. 600# .1 273.2.1 7.9 9. ÷ 26.64.3 Wall thickness t [mm] 6.00 80 XS 8" 219. 20. .7 36. 20.BLANKING PLATE 600#-900# PLACING OR TAKING OUT RTJ .3 114.4.7 64. Unit ea ea ea ea joint ea ea ea ea ea ea ea ea ea ea ea ea ea pc pc pc pc pc pc pc ea ea ea ea A.09 30 8" 219.00 8.BLANKING PLATE 1500#-2500# PLACING OR TAKING OUT RTJ .1 7.2. 150# INSTALLATION OF FLANGED-END VALVE NP 25-64.6 81.1.3. 150# INSTALLATION OF BLIND FLANGE NP 25 .1.3.4 Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u 73.1.8 97. 25.BLANKING PLATE 150# PLACING OR TAKING OUT RF . PREFABRICATION AND ERECTION INSTALLATION OF BLIND FLANGE NP 6 . dia.900# PLACING OR TAKING OUT RF .1 9.4 DRAIN OR VENT VALVE WITH REINF.4 INSTALLATION OF SAFETY VALVE factor to items 26. 22. 26.400# INSTALLATION OF FLANGED-END VALVE NP100-160.INSTALLATION MEASURING ORIFICE 300#-400# .1.900# INSTALLATION OF BLIND FLANGE NP 250 -400. 22.4. ÷ 26. DRAIN OR VENT VALVE WITH 2 REINF.INSTALLATION MEASURING ORIFICE 1500#-2500# . 32.50 12. 300# . 1500#.1.6 Mhr/u Mhr/u 219 .1.2. 20. .1.BLANKING PLATE 600#.7 42.

2.FABRICATION PIPE SUPPORTS .70 10" 273.7.1. .7 42.1. 38.4 73. ABOVE 4 CONNEC.09 30 8" 219.COLD PIPE CUTTING .80 30 10" 10" 273.2. 33. 34.ALLOWANCE PER EACH CONN.0 A.2.10 6" 168.8. 42. LENGTH from 200 . 33. dia. flanges included FLANGED JOINT ON TRACER LINE LAYING OF STEAM TRACING PIPING WITH SPACERS STEAM MANIFOLDS FOR 4 CONNECTIONS STEAM MANIFOLDS . LENGTH from 100 .9. 33.100m SYSTEM PRESSURE TEST. 45.3 Wall thickness t [mm] 6.3 168. .2 64. 46. PIPING ERECTION AND DISMANTLING UNIT MAN HOURS PER ACTIVITIES Productivity Efficiency Percentage PEP=90% Item 33.6. 38.ERECTION 4" 6" 114. 33.1 7. Unit test m m m m m3 m3 m3 m ea ea ea m m ea ea ea ea ea joint m ea ea ea ea m ea ea ea ea cut cut kg kg Nom.1. 33. 38.3 8.4. . STEAM TRACING ON Cr Ni PROCESS PIPE to items 38. 39.20 8" 219. 38. 38. 38.2.9 8.00 8" 219. 33. 37.3. 39. 40.500m VESSEL PRESSURE TEST. 36.60 7.1. 39.4.9 9. 38. 45. 38. VOLUME to 10m3 VESSEL PRESSURE TEST.1 7. 33. 35. 43.3 11. factor 41.50 12.70 40 STD 80S 60 XS 12" 323. 38. INSTALLATION OR REMOVAL OF CAPS AT PIPE END INSTALLATION OR REMOVAL OF DIRT MESH IN PIPING WELD PICKLING AT STAINLESS STEEL EXECUTION OF PASSES THROUGH WALLS OR SLABS PIPE CUTTING . 46. PREFABRICATION AND ERECTION Mhr/u PREPARATION OF EQUIPMENT FOR PRESSURE TESTING SYSTEM PRESSURE TEST.6 65.3. LENGTH to .38.1.8. flanges included VALVE TRACING 2" and above. VOLUME above 15m3 PRESSURE TEST BY AIR OR NITROGEN PIPE THREADING FABRICATION OR DISASSEMBLING OF THREADED JOINT WELD ANNEALING BY GAS BURNER PROCESS PIPE STEAM TRACING SUPPLY OR RETURN PIPE OF STEAM TRACING FITTING TRACING FLANGED JOINT TRACING 2" and above VALVE TRACING 2" and above.6 Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u 220 . CONDENSATE COLLECTORS FOR 4 CONNECTIONS CONDENSATE COLLECTORS .2. 39.30 12.7. 44.6.4 28.00 Schedule 40 STD Weight [kg/m] 16.1.GAS BURNER PIPE SUPPORTS .(FROSTSCHUTZ).7 36.5.9 323.4.1 60. 7. LENGTH above .3 42. VOLUME from 10 to 15m3 VESSEL PRESSURE TEST. flanges included VALVE TRACING under 2". [ inch ] 4" OD ø [mm] 114. ABOVE 4 CONN.ALLOWANCE PER EACH CONN.6 81.1.200m SYSTEM PRESSURE TEST.7 51.1 8.38 30 12" 12" 323.3.3.1 12. 38.70 40S STD 80S XS 80 XS 40 STD 80 XS 40 STD 80 XS 22.1 273.5.500m SYSTEM PRESSURE TEST.1 9.8 97.

400# DISMANTLING FLANGED JOINT FOR REUTILIZATION 600#. DISMANTLING BLIND FLANGE FOR USEFUL WASTE factor to items 20.4. ø [mm] Wall thick.1. ÷ 20. 47. ÷ 52.7 64.38 30 12" 323. 50. 56. 48.4 73. ÷ 20.70 97.4. DISMANTLING SAFETY VALVE FOR USEFUL WASTE factor to items 52. 52.900# DISMANTLING FLANGED JOINT FOR REUTILIZATION 1500#-2500# DISMANTLING FLANGED JOINT FOR USEFUL WASTE factor to items 48.2.4.1 8. ÷ 52. DISMANTLING MOTOR DRIVE VALVE FOR USEFUL WASTE factor to items 52.7 36.4.1 60. DISMANTLING MOTOR DRIVE VALVE FOR REUTILIZATION factor to items 52.4. 54.1.8 Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u 221 . 59. 16. ÷ 52. 48.1 7. DISMANTLING SAFETY VALVE FOR REUTILIZATION factor to items 52.1. 48. ÷ 52. DISMANTLING CONTROL VALVE FOR REUTILIZATION factor to items 52.3 42.900# VALVE DISMANTLING FOR REUTILIZATION 1500#-2500# VALVE DISMANTLING FOR USEFUL WASTE factor to items 52.0 22.80 30 10" 273. [ inch ] Outer dia. 52.6 81.3 6. 52. 49.1 7.9 12.4.9 9.1.10 40 STD 6" 168.4.1. 53.00 80 XS 8" 219.4 28.4. VALVE DISMANTLING FOR REUTILIZATION 150# VALVE DISMANTLING FOR REUTILIZATION 300# .00 40 STD 4" 114. ÷ 52. ÷ 52.50 12" 323.7 51.1. 52.1. PIPING ERECTION AND DISMANTLING UNIT MAN HOURS PER ACTIVITIES Productivity Efficiency Percentage PEP=90% Nom.3 11. 57.7 42.30 10" 12" 273. Unit m m ea ea ea ea ea ea ea ea ea ea ea ea ea ea ea ea ea ea B.2. DISMANTLING CONTROL VALVE FOR REUTILIZATION factor to items 52.400# VALVE DISMANTLING FOR REUTILIZATION 600# . dia. 51.1 9.9 12.3 8.1 219.3.2.4.4. 48. PIPING DISMANTLING DISMANTLING PIPES FOR REUTILIZATION DISMANTLING PIPES FOR USEFUL WASTE DISMANTLING FLANGED JOINT FOR REUTILIZATION 150# DISMANTLING FLANGED JOINT FOR REUTILIZATION 300# . DISMANTLING BLIND FLANGE FOR REUTILIZATION factor to items 20.09 30 8" 8" 219.4. ÷ 52.1.4.3 7.1.1.3. ÷ 48.1.60 80 XS 6" 168.6 65.1. or 50. t [mm] Schedule Weight [ kg/m ] 4" 114. 55.1.1.1 323. 58.70 8.6 Mhr/u 40 STD 80S 60XS 40S STD 80S XS Item 47.70 40 STD 80 XS 10" 273.20 12.

0 12.MAKE-ON AND WELDING WELDING NECK FLANGES WELDING SLIP-ON FLANGES & PRESSURE TEST WELDING SLIP-ON FLANGES .6 7.50 40 XS 20 STD 123.3. dia.4 406. 19.2 11.0 559.7 93.0 508.2 3. 3 DN SMALLER PIPE BENDING < 45o PIPE BENDING 45oo . Unit m m m pc pc pc weld weld weld weld weld weld weld weld weld weld pc pc weld weld pc ea ea ea ea ea bend bend bend joint joint joint joint A.70 7. 19. 18. 13.8 81. t [mm] Schedule Weight [ kg/m ] Item 1.2 Mhr/u Mhr/u 14" 16" 16" 355. ø [mm] Wall thick.1 9.2 11. 16.2 508.70 6. 17.93 9.2.2 10. 150# FLANGED JOINT NP 25 .6 406. 17.70 7.1. 1500# . 19.64.50 XS 20 30 STD 108.3 12. 9.1 11.2 2.6 105.NO REINFORCEMENT COUPLING INSTALLATION & WELDING WELDOLET ETC.INSTALLATION & WELD.93 9. PIPING ERECTION AND DISMANTLING UNIT MAN HOURS PER ACTIVITIES Productivity Efficiency Percentage PEP=90% Nom. 19.1.0 Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u 18" 20" 20" 457.90 PIPE BENDING 90oo -180 FLANGED JOINT NP 6 .HANDLING INSTALLATION OF 2-END FITTINGS .35 30 XS 10 155 87.3.1.3 4. 15. 5. 8.1 3.900# FLANGED JOINT NP 250 .NO PRESSURE TEST WELDING MEASURING FLANGE & PRESSURE TEST WELDING MEASURING FLANGE . EXPANSION U-BEND PRESTRESSING GRINDING WELD ROOT EXCESS REDUCER FABRICATION. 300# .4 12.2. 600# . PREFABRICATION AND ERECTION PIPE LAYING WITHOUT PRIMER PIPE LAYING WITH PRIMER LAYING OF PROCESS PIPE IN PROTECTION CONDUIT INSTALLATION OF 1-END FITTINGS . 3.400# FLANGED JOINT NP 100 .4 457. 14.400.0 87.93 9.2 12.2 457.HANDLING BUTT WELD MAKE-ON AND WELDING SOCKET WELD MAKE-ON AND WELDING SEAL WELD (AT THREADED JOINT) MITRE JOINT .0 77. 18.40 9.4.6 355.2.1 1. INSTALLATION & WELDING NOZZLE WELD.BEVELLED NO REINFORCEMENT SADDLE REINFORCEMENT FABRICATION & WELDING SADDLE NOZZLE (SWEEPOLET) .0 12. 1 DN SMALLER REDUCER FABRICATION.0 78. 7.3. 6.160. 2 DN SMALLER REDUCER FABRICATION.16.70 6.1.1 10.HANDLING INSTALLATION OF 3-END FITTINGS .50 XS 10 20 STD 139.3 Mhr/u Mhr/u 222 .NO PRESSURE TEST NOZZLE WELD 90o .0 117 Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u 20" 22" 508. 18.2500# 14" 14" 355.53 20 30 STD 67.1 Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u 16" 18" 18" 406. [ inch ] Outer dia. 17.

1. 32. 23.400# PLACING OR TAKING OUT RF . 4 RF .4.6 406.4 DRAIN OR VENT VALVE WITH 1 REINF.INSTALLATION MEASURING ORIFICE 300#-400# .0 78.70 6. DRAIN OR VENT VALVE WITH 2 REINF. 26.3.0 6.16.93 9.4.BLANKING PLATE 1500#-2500# PLACING OR TAKING OUT RTJ . t [mm] Schedule Weight [ kg/m ] Item 20.MAKE-ON & WELD.4 and 20.50 40 XS 20 STD 123.64.1.BLANKING PLATE 300#-400# PLACING OR TAKING OUT RTJ . TIGHTENING WITH TORQUE WRENCH to items 19. 25.BLANKING PLATE 600#-900# PLACING OR TAKING OUT RTJ . 26.0 Mhr/u 22" 559.0 Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u 20" 508.0 117. PREFABRICATION AND ERECTION INSTALLATION OF BLIND FLANGE NP 6 .4. Unit ea ea ea ea joint ea ea ea ea ea ea ea ea ea ea ea ea ea pc pc pc pc pc pc pc ea ea ea ea A.6 105. 29.BLANKING PLATE 1500#-2500# PLACING OR TAKING OUT BLANKING PLATE .53 20 30 STD 67. 20. 300# . 22. 31. 28. 24.0 77.BLANKING PLATE 150# PLACING OR TAKING OUT RF . and 23.3.900# INSTALLATION OF FLANGED END VALVE NP250-400.2500# FLANGED JOINT. 26. 150# INSTALLATION OF BLIND FLANGE NP 25 .400# INSTALLATION OF FLANGED END VALVE NP100-160.1.1.2 Mhr/u Mhr/u 14" 16" 16" 355.1500#-2500# INSTALLATION OF MOTOR DRIVE VALVE factor to items 26. PLACING OR TAKING OUT to items 22.0 87.6 7.2.16. 22.0 508.3.0 Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u 18" 20" 20" 457. 20.4.2.70 7. 23.400# INSTALLATION OF BLIND FLANGE NP 100 -160.BLANKING PLATE 600#.2.4. 600# . 30. [ inch ] Outer dia. 20.1.4 457.50 XS 20 30 STD 108. MEASURING ORIFICE 150# . 150# INSTALLATION OF FLANGED END VALVE NP 25-64.0 12.900# INSTALLATION OF BLIND FLANGE NP 250 -400.4 12.3 Mhr/u 223 .2 508. factor 25.2. ø [mm] Wall thick.4. 23.0 12.1.2 457.INSTALLATION MEASURING ORIFICE 600#-900# . 27.INSTALLATION INSTALLATION OF FLANGED END VALVE NP 6 . 25.1 Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u 16" 18" 18" 406. 30.40 9.3.1. PIPING ERECTION AND DISMANTLING UNIT MAN HOURS PER ACTIVITIES Productivity Efficiency Percentage PEP=90% Nom. NOZZLES MAKE-ON.1. ÷ 26.INSTALLATION MEASURING ORIFICE 1500#-2500# . NOZZLE. ÷ 26.1.93 9.1. 22.50 XS 10 20 STD 139.1.35 10 87.70 30 XS 155. 300# .7 93.70 7.2 12.1. & WELD MAKE-ON OF NOZZLE WELD -" HOT TAP" GRINDING OF PROCESS PIPE FOR "HOT TAP" 14" 14" 355.4 406.3. 1500#.1.4. .2.2.BLANKING PLATE 300#.SPECTACLE. .4 INSTALLATION OF SAFETY VALVES factor to items 26. dia. ÷ 26.BLANKING PLATE 150# PLACING OR TAKING OUT RTJ .4 INSTALLATION OF CONTROL VALVES factor to items 26. 21.900# PLACING OR TAKING OUT RF . 23.93 9. 600# .1. 25. 26. . factor 22.8 81.6 355.

70 6.0 Mhr/u 20" 508.7 93.3. INSTALLATION OR REMOVAL OF CAPS AT PIPE END INSTALLATION OR REMOVAL OF DIRT MESH IN PIPING WELD PICKLING AT STAINLESS STEEL EXECUTION OF PASSES IN WALLS OR SLABS PIPE CUTTING . 33.(FROSTSCHUTZ).93 9.8.ERECTION 14" 14" 355.0 Mhr/u 20" 22" 508.1 123. ø [mm] Wall thick.0 12.1. LENGTH TO .8.1. 34. 40.5.2. 46.50 20 STD 117.6 355.4.2.8 81. 33. 38.3. 33.50 12. LENGTH from 100 to 200m SYSTEM PRESSURE TEST.7.2 12.3 Mhr/u Mhr/u 224 .70 XS 139.5.100m SYSTEM PRESSURE TEST.1.1.0 6. 44.50 XS 20 30 STD 40 XS 20 STD 108. 38. CONDENSATE COLLECTORS FOR 4 CONNECTIONS CONDENSATE COLLECTORS .4 457.COLD PIPE CUTTING .GAS BURNER PIPE SUPPORTS .0 87. ABOVE 4 CONN.4. dia.0 9. [ inch ] Outer dia.1. flanges included FLANGED JOINT ON TRACER LINE LAYING STEAM TRACING PIPING WITH SPACERS STEAM MANIFOLDS FOR 4 CONNECTIONS STEAM MANIFOLDS . 35.9. LENGTH above 500m VESSEL PRESSURE TEST. 33. 43. 38.FABRICATION PIPE SUPPORTS .2. VOLUME above 15m PRESSURE TEST BY AIR OR NITROGEN PIPE THREADING MAKE-ON OR DISASSEMBLING OF THREADED JOINT WELD ANNEALING BY GAS BURNER PROCESS PIPE STEAM TRACING SUPPLY OR RETURN PIPE OF STEAM TRACING FITTING TRACING FLANGED JOINT TRACING 2" and above VALVE TRACING 2" and above .3. 38.2. 45.4 406.4 406. 45.40 10 78. VOLUME 10 -15m VESSEL PRESSURE TEST.ALLOWANCE PER EACH CONN.6 7.ALLOWANCE PER EACH CONN. STEAM TRACING ON Cr Ni PROCESS PIPE factor to items 38.53 20 30 STD 67.4.6 105. 39. flanges included VALVE TRACING 2" and above.1. ÷ 38. PIPING ERECTION AND DISMANTLING UNIT MAN HOURS PER ACTIVITIES Productivity Efficiency Percentage PEP=90% Nom.6 406. 38.2. Unit test m m m m m33 m33 m33 m ea ea ea m m ea ea ea ea ea joint m ea ea ea ea m ea ea ea ea cut cut kg kg A. 33.0 Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u 18" 457. 38.2 Mhr/u Mhr/u 14" 16" 16" 16" 18" 18" 355.0 87.70 7.0 77.2 457. 41. 33.0 Mhr/u 20" 508.1. LENGTH from 200 to 500m SYSTEM PRESSURE TEST. 39.0 559.2 12.35 30 XS 10 155. ABOVE 4 CON.93 9. 39. . PREFABRICATION AND ERECTION PREPARATION OF EQUIPMENT FOR PRESSURE TESTING SYSTEM PRESSURE TEST. 38. 38.93 9. 46. 36.3. t [mm] Schedule Weight [ kg/m ] Item 33. 33.6.70 7. 7. VOLUME to 10m VESSEL PRESSURE TEST. 39. 42. 38.7. flanges included VALVE TRACING under 2".6. 38. 37.

0 12.0 508.93 40 XS 20 123.50 STD 105.70 XS 108.4. ÷ 52. DISMANTLING CONTROL VALVE FOR USEFUL WASTE factor to items 52.70 7. PIPING ERECTION AND DISMANTLING UNIT MAN HOURS PER ACTIVITIES Productivity Efficiency Percentage PEP=90% Nom. ÷ 20.4 457. DISMANTLING CONTROL VALVE FOR REUTILIZATION factor to items 52.4. ÷ 52.900# DISMANTLING VALVE FOR REUTILIZATION 1500#-2500# DISMANTLING VALVE FOR USEFUL WASTE factor to items 52.2 9.1. B. ÷ 48. 59. DISMANTLING OF PIPING DISMANTLING PIPES FOR REUTILIZATION DISMANTLING PIPES FOR USEFUL WASTE DISMANTLING FLANGED JOINT FOR REUTILIZATION 150# DISMANTLING FLANGED JOINT FOR REUTILIZATION 300# .93 9.4. ø [mm] Wall thick.4 7.6 12.2.2 508.4.4.1.6 7.1. Unit m m ea ea ea ea ea ea ea ea ea ea ea ea ea ea ea ea ea ea 52.0 87.3.2 Mhr/u Mhr/u 14" 355. DISMANTLING BLIND FLANGE FOR USEFUL WASTE factor to items 20.6 Mhr/u Mhr/u 18" 457. or 50.1.1.2.1.1.1. 48.7 93.4. ÷ 52. 48.70 6.1. 52. 54. 47. 50. 48.50 20 30 STD 77.50 XS 10 20 STD 139.4.1.2.53 20 30 STD 67.1.0 117 Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u 20" 508. 55. [ inch ] Outer dia.0 Mhr/u 16" 16" 406. 52.0 78.0 12.2 12.3.4 406. 53. 48.70 30 XS 155 Mhr/u 225 . DISMANTLING BLIND FLANGE FOR REUTILIZATION factor to items 20.4.0 Mhr/u 18" 20" 20" 457. 52.4. 58. ÷ 52.40 9. dia.4.1. DISMANTLING SAFETY VALVES FOR USEFUL WASTE factor to items 52. 49. DISMANTLING MOTOR DRIVE VALVE FOR USEFUL WASTE factor to items 52.4. DISMANTLING SAFETY VALVES FOR REUTILIZATION factor to items 52.6 355.1. ÷ 20. t [mm] Schedule Weight [ kg/m ] Item 47.1. ÷ 52.400# DISMANTLING FLANGED JOINT FOR REUTILIZATION 600# .93 9. 14" 14" 355. DISMANTLING MOTOR DRIVE VALVE FOR REUTILIZATION factor to items 52.400# DISMANTLING VALVE FOR REUTILIZATION 600# . 57. 56.8 81. 51. ÷ 52.4.900# DISMANTLING FLANGED JOINT FOR REUTILIZATION 1500#-2500# DISMANTLING FLANGED JOINT FOR USEFUL WASTE factor to items 48. DISMANTLING VALVE FOR REUTILIZATION 150# DISMANTLING VALVE FOR REUTILIZATION 300# . ÷ 52.1 Mhr/u Mhr/u 16" 18" 406.

13.2. 1500# .900# FLANGED JOINT NP 250 .2.35 9.2 11.53 XS STD 187 153 Mhr/u Mhr/u 28" 30" 32" 36" 711. 600# .INSTALLATION & WELD.1.1. 8.0 9. 5.53 9.0 6.1 1. 300# .4.1 9.2 11.INSTALLATION & WELDING WELDOLET ETC. 14.1 10. t [mm] Schedule Weight [ kg/m ] Item 1. Unit m m m pc pc pc weld weld weld weld weld weld weld weld weld weld pc pc weld weld pc ea ea ea ea ea bend bend bend joint joint joint joint A.3 4. 2 DN SMALLER REDUCER FABRICATION. EXPANSION U-BEND PRESTRESSING GRINDING WELD ROOT EXCESS REDUCER FABRICATION. 150# FLANGED JOINT NP 25 . 19.3 12. 9.2 10.4 141 Mhr/u Mhr/u 24" 26" 609. 6.53 10 20 STD 87.0 559.1 11. 15.1.2 812. ø [mm] Wall thick. 18. 18.3. PREFABRICATION AND ERECTION PIPE LAYING WITHOUT PRIMER PIPE LAYING WITH PRIMER LAYING PROCESS PIPE IN PROTECTION CONDUIT INSTALLATION OF FITTING WITH 1 END .160. 18.50 10 20 STD 95. 1 DN SMALLER REDUCER FABRICATION.53 STD STD STD STD 165 177 188 212 Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u 226 . 16.2 2.1.6 6.70 9.MAKE-ON & WELDING WELDING NECK FLANGES WELDING SLIP-ON FLANGES & PRESSURE TESTING WELDING SLIP-ON FLANGES NO PRESSURE TESTING WELDING MEASURING FLANGE & PRESSURE TESTING WELDING MEASURING FLANGE .HANDLING INSTALLATION OF FITTING WITH 2 ENDS .0 12. 19. 19.2500# 22" 22" 559.70 30 XS 171 Mhr/u 24" 24" 609. dia.53 9.HANDLING BUTT JOINT MAKE-ON & WELDING SOCKET WELD MAKE-ON & WELDING SEAL WELD (AT THREADED JOINT) MITRE WELD .2 762. 7.45 PIPE BENDING 90 o-180o PIPE BENDING 90 FLANGED JOINT NP 6 . 17.3 129 Mhr/u Mhr/u 22" 559.3. INSTALLATION & WELDING INCLINED BRANCH CONNECTION NO REINFORCEMENT SADDLE REINFORCEMENT MAKE-ON & WELDING SADDLE NOZZLE (SWEEPOLET) .400.1 3.6 609. [ inch ] Outer dia.35 9. 3. 17.HANDLING INSTALLATION OF FITTING WITH 3 ENDS .NO REINFORCEMENT COUPLING . 3 DN SMALLER PIPE BENDING < 45o o o .2.53 9.6 660.16.3.NO PRESSURE TESTING BRANCH CONNECTION 90o .2 3.0 12.8 914.64.400# FLANGED JOINT NP 100 . 19. 17. PIPING ERECTION AND DISMANTLING UNIT MAN HOURS PER ACTIVITIES Productivity Efficiency Percentage PEP=90% Nom.

400# INSTALLATION OF BLIND FLANGE NP 100 -160. 1500#.53 9.400# INSTALLATION OF FLANGED END VALVE NP100-160.4 INSTALLATION OF CONTROL VALVES factor to items 26.0 559. [ inch ] Outer dia. MAKE-ON OF BRANCH CONNECTION -" HOT TAP" GRINDING OF PROCESS PIPE FOR "HOT TAP" 22" 22" 22" 559.1.INSTALLATION INSTALLATION OF FLANGED END VALVE NP 6 .400# PLACING OR TAKING OUT RF .2 9.INSTALLATION MEASURING ORIFICE 300#-400# .MAKE-ON & WELD.1500#-2500# INSTALLATION OF MOTOR DRIVE VALVE factor to items 26.3.BLANKING PLATE 1500#-2500# PLACING OR TAKING OUT BLANKING PLATE . 25.4 INSTALLATION OF SAFETY VALVES factor to items 26. 22.1. 300# . NOZZLES MAKE-ON & WELD.2500# FLANGED JOINT. 29. 600# .SPECTACLE.3.4 RF . 26. 22. PIPING ERECTION AND DISMANTLING UNIT MAN HOURS PER ACTIVITIES Productivity Efficiency Percentage PEP=90% Nom.6 609. 26. MEASURING ORIFICE 150# .3.3 129 171 Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u 24" 24" 24" 609.53 STD STD 188 212 Mhr/u Mhr/u 227 .1.70 10 20 STD 30 XS 87.6 6. 150# INSTALLATION OF FLANGED END VALVE NP 25-64. . Unit ea ea ea ea joint ea ea ea ea ea ea ea ea ea ea ea ea ea pc pc pc pc pc pc pc ea ea ea ea A. PREFABRICATION AND ERECTION INSTALLATION OF BLIND FLANGE NP 6 .BLANKING PLATE 600#. t [mm] Schedule Weight [ kg/m ] Item 20.900# INSTALLATION OF BLIND FLANGE NP 250 -400.4 141 187 Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u 26" 660. 21.1. dia.4. 27.2.16.INSTALLATION MEASURING ORIFICE 1500#-2500# . 20.1. and 23.4. 25.4.0 559. 23.0 6.6 609. 25.INSTALLATION MEASURING ORIFICE 600#-900# . 24. 20. 30.8 914.4. 150# INSTALLATION OF BLIND FLANGE NP 25 . 22.35 9.2. 32.53 9.4.1. ÷ 21.0 9. TIGHTENING WITH TORQUE WRENCH factor to items 19. 26.900# PLACING OR TAKING OUT RF . 28.70 10 20 STD XS 95. 23. ÷ 26.BLANKING PLATE 300#-400# PLACING OR TAKING OUT RTJ .1.1.53 12. 25.4. 23.900# INSTALLATION OF FLANGED END VALVE NP250-400.4 and 20.1. ÷ 26.2. . 300# .53 STD 153 Mhr/u 28" 30" 711.BLANKING PLATE 600#-900# PLACING OR TAKING OUT RTJ .16. ÷ 26.3.1.64.50 12.0 9.1. 22.2. PLACING OR TAKING OUT factor to items 22. NOZZLE.2.2. 30. . 600# .2 762. DRAIN OR AIR VENT WITH 2 REINF. 20.BLANKING PLATE 150# PLACING OR TAKING OUT RTJ . 23. ø [mm] Wall thick.1. 26.BLANKING PLATE 1500#-2500# PLACING OR TAKING OUT RTJ .4.53 STD STD 165 177 Mhr/u Mhr/u 32" 36" 812.1.BLANKING PLATE 150# PLACING OR TAKING OUT RF .BLANKING PLATE 300#.35 9.4 DRAIN OR VENT VALVE WITH 1 REINF.1. 31.3.

0 559. ABOVE 4 C.35 9.70 6.6 12.4 141 Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u 24" 609.53 9.COLD PIPE CUTTING .70 XS 187 Mhr/u 26" 28" 30" 32" 36" 660.3. 39.100m SYSTEM PRESSURE TEST.1. 45. VOLUME to 10m VESSEL PRESSURE TEST. VOLUME 10 ÷ 15m VESSEL PRESSURE TEST. 38.4. 33. 33. 42.3. ÷ 38. 37. LENGTH to . 38.6 12.53 9. LENGTH from 100 to 200m SYSTEM PRESSURE TEST.2 762.1. 39.4. PIPING ERECTION AND DISMANTLING UNIT MAN HOURS PER ACTIVITIES Productivity Efficiency Percentage PEP=90% Nom. 39.0 6.53 STD STD STD STD STD 153 165 177 188 212 Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u 228 . CONDENSATE COLLECTORS FOR 4 CONNECTIONS CONDENSATE COLLECTORS . 46.1. flanges included VALVE TRACING under2".5. 36. ABOVE 4 CONN.3 129 Mhr/u Mhr/u 22" 24" 24" 559.GAS BURNER PIPE SUPPORTS .3. 38.0 9. 44.2.0 711.8. 38.2. factor 41. flanges included VALVE TRACING 2" and above. 35. 43. 38. [ inch ] Outer dia. INSTALLATION OR REMOVAL OF CAPS AT PIPE END INSTALLATION OR REMOVAL OF DIRT MESH IN PIPING PICKLING STAINLESS STEEL WELD EXECUTION OF PASSES THROUGH WALLS OR SLABS PIPE CUTTING .8 914.1.ERECTION 22" 22" 559.53 9. 38. 38. LENGTH from 200 to 500m SYSTEM PRESSURE TEST. 7.500m VESSEL PRESSURE TEST. PREFABRICATION AND ERECTION PREPARATION OF EQUIPMENT FOR PRESSURE TEST SYSTEM PRESSURE TEST. 38.4. 34.7.50 30 XS 10 20 STD 171 95.1.2. 45. 46. 40. Cr Ni PROCESS PIPE STEAM TRACING to items 38.9.6. 33. ø [mm] Wall thick.7.35 9.1.6. 38.ALLOWANCE PER EACH CONN.8. (Frostschutz). flanges included FLANGED JOINT ON TRACER LINE LAYING OF STEAM TRACING PIPING WITH SPACERS STEAM MANIFOLDS FOR 4 CONNECTIONS STEAM MANIFOLDS .6 609.2.5.FABRICATION PIPE SUPPORTS . 33.ALLOWANCE PER EACH CONN.2 812.3. 38.1. dia. LENGTH above . VOLUME above 15m PRESSURE TEST BY AIR OR NITROGEN PIPE THREADING MAKE-ON OR DISASSEMBLING OF THREADED JOINT WELD ANNEALING BY GAS BURNER PROCESS PIPE STEAM TRACING SUPPLY OR RETURN PIPE OF STEAM TRACING FITTING TRACING FLANGED JOINT TRACING 2" and above VALVE TRACING 2" and above.53 9. 33.53 10 20 STD 87. Unit test m m m m m33 m33 m33 m ea ea ea m m ea ea ea ea ea joint m ea ea ea ea m ea ea ea ea cut cut kg kg A. 39. 33. t [mm] Schedule Weight [ kg/m ] Item 33.0 609.2. . 33.

36" [Mhr/ea] DN 1000 .Extraction of pipe bundle .3. TO TABLE 3.25m3 [Mhr/m3] 25 . PRESSURE TESTS: 1. CLOSING AND PRESSURE TESTING to 1m3 [Mhr/ea] 1 . Type .75m3 [Mhr/m3] 3 above 75m [Mhr/m3] DISMANTLING PLATES AND DEMISTERS AND REASSEMBLING TO CALCULATE ACC.3m3 [Mhr/m3] 3 .1.1. 22.2.24" [Mhr/ea] DN 700 .5.4] X SPECIAL PRESSURE TESTING OF PIPE BUNDLE AND PIPE CLOSING TO CALCULATE AT OVERHEADS HOUR OR: Mhr for 10 mm of heat exchanger diameter Mhr for each pipe 1. 2. 2. 1.3.Opening and disassembling of heat exchanger head .2.50m3 [Mhr/m3] 50 . MAN HOURS FOR OVERHAUL OF EQUIPMENT IN PETROCHEMICAL PLANTS (PEP = 90%) 1.Cylinder washing . HEAT EXCHANGERS 1.12 m 12 .REBOILER WITH EXPANSION (TYP REBOILER MIT KOMPENSATOR): Mhr for 10mm of heat exchanger diameter WORKS INCLUDED: .STANDARD (HAARNADEL) : Mhr for 10mm of heat exchanger diameter 1. PRESSURE VESSELS OPENING OR CLOSING OF MANHOLES ON VESSELS AND TOWERS DN 500 .4] X 2. 1.10m3 [Mhr/m3] 10 .5. INSIDE INSPECTION.32" [Mhr/ea] DN 900 .2.1.5.Possible removal of branch piping and reinstallation PLACEMENT OR REMOVAL OF BLANKING PLATES MAN HOURS FOR PIPING OVERHAUL [ITEM.2m3 [Mhr/m3] 2 . WORK AT HIGHER ELEVATION (ABOVE A STABLE FLOOR) VALID FOR PIPING AND EQUIPMENT OVERHAUL ELEVATION FACTOR in a canal 0-3m 3-6m 6-9m 9 .Reassembling and completing . 2. 3.1. 1.Bolt cleaning and lubrication with graphite grease .1.40" [Mhr/ea] OPENING PASSAGES.20" [Mhr/ea] DN 600 .4.PLUG: 2.2.4m3 [Mhr/m3] 4 . ÷ 22.5m3 [Mhr/m3] 5 .1 ON PAGE 71 (CHAPTER IV: ERECTION OF EQUIPMENT IN PETROCHEMICAL PLANTS) INSTALLATION OR REMOVAL OF BLANKING PLATES MAN HOURS FOR PIPING OVERHAUL [ITEM 22.4.WITH A FLOAT HEAD (SCHWIMMKOPF): Mhr for 10mm of heat exchanger diameter Type . Type .Transport of pipe bundle to cleaning . CLEANING.28" [Mhr/ea] DN 800 .15 m above 15 m 229 .Pressure tests of the assembly . ÷ 22. PIPE CLOSING .

to table on page 49 2. teflon lined . to the material multipliers.Galvanized C. cement lined . 2.1. ebonite lined . epoxy lined .MATERIAL: Factor . MAN HOURS FOR PIPING AND STEEL STRUCTURES IN "TECHNIP" TENDERS A.Carbon steel . FACTORS FOR % RADIOGRAPHIC INSPECTIONS (NDE /RT) (Calculated to the material multipliers) Cost (NDE/RT) not included Cost (NDE/RT) included to 10% 20% 50% 100% FACTOR FOR HEAT TREATMENT (PWHT) If heat treatment is foreseen.Alloy steel 12 Cr .C.S.S. PIPES (PEP = 75%) MAN HOURS .S. 230 .1. calculate with the factor of This factor includes the man hours for PWHT 1.Alloy steel 1 Cr . . PREFABRICATION / INSTALLATION RATIO: acc. PIPING BETWEEN PLANTS AND IN PLANTS CALCULATION FACTORS Calculate a uniform factor for each item by multiplying below factors and enter it in front of each item.S.S. S .C. 1.5 Mo .0.5 Ni .Alloy steel 2.2. . with prewrapping with prewrapping 1. page 37 Take the manhour [Mhr/ton] for 1-mm wall thickness for relative average diameter and enter it in the pipe weight column.25 Cr . 3.0. PREFABRICATION / INSTALLATION RATIO: acc.0.5 Mo . it shall be estimated. or Alloy Wet H2 S nace (Calculated to the previous factor) - 1. Multiply the average wall thickness by the manhour and total weight in tons.XIV.TABLES FOR FITTINGS. 3.Alloy steel 1.25 Cr . 3.0.1. If each item is not identified the wall thickness.1.Alloy steel 3. Jacketed inox GR 1: HPVC(high vinylpolyethylene) GR 2: KS Resin (Vinyl ester resin) Factor 1.threaded (THD)1.S.C.5 Mo .5 Ni . FACTORS FOR UNDERGROUND INSTALLATION (Calculated to the material mulpltipliers) .0 Mo . rubber lined .Alloy steel carbon moly (0. to table on page 49 FITTINGS (PEP = 75%) MAN HOURS .3.5 Mo .C.C.Alloy steel 3 Cr .2.4. 2.S.1.Alloy steel 9 Cr .S.50 Aluminium alloys . MATERIAL MULTIPLIERS MATERIAL Stainless steel AISI 304-304H-304L Stainless steel AISI 309-309S Stainless steel AISI 310-310S Stainless steel AISI 316 + Titanium Stainless steel AISI 317-317L Stainless steel AISI 321-347H Stainless steel AISI 329 Stainless steel AISI 347 Aluminium alloys welded (BW/SW)1.Alloy steel 2.Alloy steel 9 Ni .Alloy steel 5 Cr .TABLE FOR PIPES.Not wrapped pipes: no prewrapping .Killed C.00 Cooper alloys Nickel alloys Monel Inconel Incoloy Hastelloy Titanium Jacketed C. . Jacketed inox /C. .1.C. page 38 Procedure as under item 2.S.Prewrapped pipes: no prewrapping .0 Mo .5 Mo) .2.

0" .15" .% . Ø ton kg = Mhr 8.4. 5.% 2.2. VALUES UNDER 5. to table on page 49 BRANCH CONNECTION BRANCH 90°.2 TO BE INCREASED 6.1.% . SOCKET WELDING AND THREADED JOINTS (SW/THD) Since in practice the most frequently used valves are < 2" and pressure 300-800#.2. INSTALLATION 100% (PEP = 75%) This item includes all other unlisted piping elements. BW /SW BRANCH 90°. Ø = Mhr/ ea X aver. If the quantity is given in tons [Mhr/kg].% .3.10" 10".14" 14". Ø 1 = kg Mhr or = aver. 5.Ø or aver. 4. multiply by 1000. 1 Mhr 1000 Mhr Calculate as follows: = or = or aver.1. I suggest the calculation is made with the manhour: [Mhr/ kg] or 6. The effect of installation [kg/Mhr] is equal to the average diameter in inches.4.% 231 .) Table for valves on page 39 Manhour [Mhr/kg] to be selected for the nearest diameter and assumed pressure.07. Ø = Mhr/ ea X aver. If the calculation is based on PEP = 75%. BRANCH 45°.% . MISCELLANEOUS. PIPING SUPPORTS 8.2.1.6" 6" . WITH WELDING ENDS 6. Ø 1000 = ton Mhr A DIVISION OF HOURS TO FABRICATION & INSTALLATION HOURS SPLIT UP FABRICATION INSTALLATION to 2" . If the quantity is given in tons [Mhr/kg] multiply by 1000. Ø = Mhr/ ea % 4.1. PREFABRICATION 100% (PEP = 75 %) to 1 1/2" Mhr /ea 2" . PREFABRICATION / INSTALLATION RATIO: acc. VALVES.% 4. 5. FLANGES MAN HOURS . kg Calculate as follows: Mhr = aver.1. Ø aver.TABLE FOR FLANGES.3. the manhour should be multiplied by 1.2. 6.2. FOR BUTT WELDING (BW): Triple the man hours acc. page 30 and 31 (PEP = 80%) Manhour [Mhr/kg] to be selected for the nearest diameter and assumed pressure.1" . MAN HOURS (PEP = 75%) 8.1 to be increase times or [Mhr/ kg] 7. 100% INSTALLATION (PEP = 75 %) WITH FLANGED ENDS (FLG. to item 6.8. BW. to item 6.1.1" .2. Ø = Mhr/ ea average Ø = Mhr/ ea X aver.20" above 20" X aver. 6.% 8. BASED ON AVERAGE DIAMETER: The effect of fabrication and installation [kg/Mhr] is equal to the average diameter in inches.% .1" .1.0" .1. [Mhr/ ton] (PEP = 75% ) CONTROL AND SAFETY VALVES (ON/OFF) Man hours acc. BW (N° OF BRANCH).% above 15" . Ø kg aver. 5. 6.

06E STEEL STRUCTURE Steel piperack Structure . .Supports 5.14E 1814.Spring supports -----B. sad.Supports 50. . Prep.Supports 25.11E 1814.50 kg/pc.07E 1814.06E 1814.01E 1822. Galv.16E 1814.1.15E 1821.01E 1811. Galv. Prep. .Small supports to 1.09E 1814.02E 1813.02E 1822.5 kg/pc. Steel Sheet 8/10 Roofing type Prep.Type IV Steel grating for straight platforms Steel grating for circular platforms Stair steps in steel grating Chequered plate for straight platform Chequered plate for circular platform Straight railing Sloped railing Circular railing Vertical ladder with safety cage Vertical ladder without safety cage Steel sheeting for roofing Steel sandwich panels for roofing Steel sheeting for siding Steel sandwich panels for siding Fiberglass translucid sheeting Galvanized steel gutter Steel downspout Cast iron downspout terminal Steel Structures-Type 1 (Trestle) (M) Steel Structures-Type 2 (Pipe rack) (H) Steel Structures-Type 2 (Structures) (H) Steel Structures-Type 3 (Platforms) (L) Steel Structures-Type 4 (Count.2.01 .01E 1812.) (L) Handrails. Sandwich Panels Siding Corr.02E 1822. straight (L) Handrails for sloped stair (L) Handrails circular (L) Galvanized grating straight flooring Galvanized grating circular flooring Galvanized grating stair steps Chequered plate straight flooring (L) Corrugated steel plate for flooring (L) Chequered plate circular flooring (L) Chequered plate stair steps (L) Ladders with safety cage (L) Ladders without safety cage (L) Roofing Corr.5 kg/pc.Type II Steel shelter Structure .01E 1821. -----.03E 1823.01E 1814.Type II Steel process Structure . .BASED ON UNIT WEIGHT OF SUPPORTS (PEP =75%) FABRICATION [Mhr/kg] INSTALLATION [Mhr/kg] .Supports above 1. STEEL STRUCTURE ERECTION Productivity Efficiency Percentage (PEP) = 75% Item 1811. Sandwich Panels Fiberglass translucid double sheet & frame Galvanized steel standard doors Galvanized steel sliding doors Galvanized steel rolling doors Galvanized steel window Metal louvers type adjustable Continuous ridge vent on top roof Unit kg kg kg kg kg kg kg kg kg kg u kg kg kg kg kg kg kg sqm sqm sqm sqm sqm m m u kg kg kg kg kg kg kg kg kg kg kg kg kg kg kg kg kg sqm sqm sqm sqm sqm sqm sqm sqm sqm sqm m 8.08E 1814.02E 1812.05E 1823. . Galv.01E 1813.Type III Steel structure .05E 1814.01 -100 kg/pc. TOTAL [Mhr/kg] Mhr/ Unit 232 .10E 1814.Type II Steel structure .51 .Type I Steel piperack Structure .Type I Steel shelter Structure .5.02E 1815.12E 1814. Galv. Steel Sheet 8/10 Siding type Prep.Supports 1.01 .Type I Steel process Structure .04E 1823.25 kg/pc.0 kg/pc.

9 3.61 3.6 7.72 2.8 20.56 4.38 3.86 2.5 67.5 6.6 112 2 2.6 51.6 46.8 21.4 55.2 41.9 2.4 16 21 26 31.02.53 8.7 40.6 106 114 123 132 141 150 159 7.21 4.61 7.4 16.86 6. For ferritic stainless multiply by 0.11 8.4 1.94 3.4 15.5 19.6 78.81 7.11 5.6 2.7 63.53 7.37 5.8 87.6 1.8 17 25.6 3.7 168.6 1.55 6.57 9.6 6.4 83.9 3. WALL THICKNESS AND UNIT MASS [kg/m] Wall thick.4 34.1 29.5\6.1 5.5 35.2 7.2 5 2.21 9.57 2.9 93. Std|Ext 2 0.3\10 6.1 8 8.93 3.55 9.6 80.2 15 18.9 28.8 10 Wall thick.7 18.3\12.08 5.2 37.29 5.21 4.2\3.4 10.7 44.4 75.76 8.6 57.8 35.3\12.31 9.9 84.39 10.9 17.4 22.9 85.3 219.5 25.6 31.3 5.49 3.57 11.38 8.2 23.5 64.8 26.97 9.9 31.4 76.3 69.8 102 109 117 125 133 141 6.16 8.4 39.44 7.95 10.1 41.1 36.43 1.3 39 49.01 5.32 11.29 4.4 55.3 39.97 2.2 107 110 123 135 148 160 173 185 198 211 223 10 10.3 18.24 6.2 23.83 12.1 14.3 108 119 130 141 152 163 175 186 196 8.3 62.7 3.3 48.5 90.3 28.6\4 4\4. Dn-mm 15 20 25 32 40 50 65 65 80 100 125 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 700 750 800 850 900 Dn-mm OD-mm 21.4 29.9\3.3 5\6.16 6.95.71 5.3 73 76.99 2.7 4.5 4.09 3.9 355.2 13.3\2.3 2\2.8 4 1.6 45.51 5.87 2.4 34.8 87.6 3.5 33 44 43.4 68.55 2.2 48 80.3 13.3 7.45 12.18 2.38 10.6 86.2 1.32 1.5 22.88 3.51 4.79 2.6 2.65 3.5 16.35 2.3\8.5 7.7 49. Std|Ext 2\2 2\2.2 3.74 11.5 1.8 10 11 12.5 50.77 10.6 62.19 7.9 7.3 106 137 153 168 184 200 215 231 247 262 278 12.6 4 4.4 48. APPENDIX 1.3 12.25 4.1 99.4 104 112 125 5.2 26.9 33.77 10.6 44.27 2.6 2\2.15 7.5 121 121 135 149 162 176 190 204 218 231 245 11 11 14.3 77.9 70 77.55 1.2 3.84 5.3 1.56 1.3 74.3 3.7 25.2 1.6 20.5 2.1 28 34.9 2.3 26.2 28.3 61 78.3\11 6.3 139.26 2.75 6.5 33.23 1.1\14.19 4.1 8 8 8.78 11.7 32 39 56.7 62 68.4 97.3 88.8 12. kg/m x 0.3 2.6\8 6.76 2.8 3.8 13. For austenitic stainless steel multiply by 1.07 2.7 4.8 6.4 457 508 559 610 660 711 762 813 864 914 OD-mm ISO R7 DIN 2448/2458 SUMMARY OF PIPE SCHEDULED SIZES.3 4.6 109 119 129 139 149 159 169 179 8 8.4 16.3 97.71 2.1 14.9 42.79 4.37 12.5 54.34 6.2 55.2 55.51 5.6\2.91 6.9 85.1 88.01 4.6 406.21 5.97 5.4 42.5 15 18.6\2.1 96 93.7 71.95 9.6 98. 67197 = lbs/ft .54 2.5 5 5.1 7.7 23.6 2.6 52.XV.3 44.6 31.4 27.5 4.5 3.95 1.9 2.9 13.1 21.9 61.8 39.61 6.61 5.1 13.44 3.08 1.82 3.3 60.7 96.3 68.9 1.1 273 323.8 13 19.2 4.3 69.28 2.8 9.03 6.6\7.8 23.5 12.01 2.3\2.9 114.8 16.2 62.8 97.9 49.65 4.6 21.82 8.5 233 Above weights are for carbon and alloy steel pipe only.

5 20 22.(CONTINUATION ISO R7 DIN 2448/2458 PIPES) Dn-mm 15 20 25 32 40 50 65 65 80 100 125 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 700 750 800 850 900 Dn-mm OD-mm 21.9 33.2 7.1 87 110 132 146 168 190 212 234 256 277 299 321 343 365 387 17.3 2\2.3 60.6 406.6 3.5 7.3\12.6 2. Std|Ext 2\2 2\2.4 48.3 73 76.6 26.6 2.3\12.8 38.1 98.3\10 6.8 6. kg/m x 0. For ferritic stainless multiply by 0.2\3.1 88.8 90.1 101 121 134 154 174 194 214 234 254 274 294 314 335 354 16 41.7 42.6\2.1 5.3\2.3\2.9 355.6 108 120 137 155 173 191 209 226 244 262 280 298 315 14.3 139.95.2 3. 67197 = lbs/ft .3 5.2 16 17.2 28.6 2\2. Std|Ext 14.4 457 508 559 610 660 711 762 813 864 914 OD-mm Wall thick.2 25 28 30 32 36 40 45 50 55 60 65 70 16.6\7.7 168.3 26.9 54 71.2 35.3 5\6.9 2. For austenitic stainless steel multiply by 1.9 2.1 8 8 8.3\8.5 73.1 80.8 65.9 2.1 273 323.1 43.8 60.5\6.5 6.3 219.9\3.3\11 6.1\14.5 4.2 25 28 30 32 36 40 45 50 55 60 65 70 Above weights are for carbon and alloy steel pipe only.9 114.1 20.6\2.2 125 150 166 191 216 241 266 291 316 341 366 391 416 441 20 80 108 137 165 183 210 238 266 294 322 349 120 153 184 204 235 266 298 329 361 132 169 204 226 261 296 331 367 402 234 217 241 278 316 354 391 429 230 255 295 335 376 416 456 284 329 374 419 464 510 361 411 462 512 562 457 514 570 627 565 628 691 684 753 814 433 488 22.8 10 Wall thick.02.6\8 6.6\4 4\4.

235 .

05 3.18 9.9 146 158.19 4.70 12.3 127 127 139.38 3.5 215.05 21.4 98.96 4.70 12.4 42.62 24.9 79.40 27.70 12.40 3.4 85.6 406.3.11 2.09 18.52 9.70 14.80 8.3 298.79 30.36 32.8 355.82 9.05 20.35 6.01 7.5 628.6 406.55 4.78 4.26 21.27 18.16 5.12 19.7 161.35 6.56 3.5 d H 1" 1 1/4" 1 1/2" 2" 2 1/2" 3" 4" 5" 6" O 8" 10" 12" 14" 16" 18" 20" 24" F C A d A E B K F H G l d d d d 0 max d 0 min N 0 max M 0 min N N TEE-PIECE STRAIGHT d d Y d S WELDING NECK FLANGE R.11 2.44 25.1 117.95 22.8 76. ANSI B.4 57.4 120.2 508.52 7.8 476.14 8.4 190.5 685.3 26.52 9.52 11.24 50.54 38.70 14.40 3.02 15.65 1.3 219.5 d K ELBOW 45° R = 1.1 273.78 5.7 98.35 O 150# 16 16 16 16 16 20 20 20 20 23 23 23 26 26 29 29 32 32 35 6.19 4.9 241.54 STUD BOLTS 150# 12x65 12x65 12x70 12x70 12x75 16x85 16x90 16x95 16x95 20x100 20x100 20x110 22x120 22x120 24x135 24x140 30x150 30x160 33x180 STUD BOLTS 300# 12x70 16x75 16x85 16x85 20x95 16x90 20x100 20x110 20x115 20x120 20x125 22x140 24x160 30x170 30x180 33x190 33x195 33x210 39x235 7.92 7.3 73.3 127 149.44 23.01 59.70 12.3 141.4 12.6 52. OF BORE 300# 4 4 4 4 4 8 8 8 8 8 12 12 16 16 20 20 24 24 24 80 100 120 140 160 4.2 508.70 15.8 355.70 Y 300# 52.49 45.22 25.4 457.4 361.09 17.3 60.3 69.96 34.77 2.3 69.70 12.9 63.0 88.88 18. DIMENSIONS .09 17.40 28.75 36.34 35.27 O 300# 16 20 20 20 23 20 23 23 23 23 23 26 29 32 32 35 35 35 42 9.56 6.71 40.54 7.7 577.35 6.77 2.10 46.78 5.02 NR.05 3.49 6.04 7.76 4.44 23.35 6.54 6.35 7.4 55.9 114.9 101.13 12.77 2.3 200 234.67 44.11 2.2 88.70 10.49 15.19 29.58 31.8 514.6 A 38 29 38 48 57 76 95 114 152 190 229 305 381 457 533 610 686 762 914 B 48 43 56 70 83 106 132 159 210 262 313 414 518 619 711 813 914 1016 1219 C 29 22 29 37 44 58 73 87 116 145 175 233 292 350 408 467 525 583 700 E 76 57 76 95 114 152 191 229 305 381 457 610 762 914 1067 1219 1372 1524 1829 F 16 11 22 25 29 35 44 51 64 79 95 127 159 190 222 254 286 318 381 G 15 11 15 19 22 30 37 44 59 74 89 119 149 178 208 238 268 297 357 H 10 8 10 15 20 32 41 61 82 102 123 143 163 183 204 245 J 10 8 10 13 15 20 25 30 40 50 60 80 99 119 139 159 179 199 239 K 22 17 22 33 44 66 88 132 176 220 264 308 352 396 440 528 L 15 20 25 30 39 49 59 79 98 119 158 197 237 276 316 355 394 473 M -38 51 51 63 76 89 89 102 127 140 152 178 203 330 356 381 508 508 J 236 max 175x114 181x114 197x141 216x141 222x168 251x168 279x219 308x219 340x273 362x273 410x324 422x324 451x356 486x356 515x406 540x406 550x457 595x457 605x508 655x508 720x610 775x610 .54 ø 10S 2.5 69.52 10.40 Schedule XXS ELBOW 60° R = 1.92 9.4 88.TABLE MANUAL ELBOW 90° .8 76.70 12.2 539.3 40 60 Schedule XS and 80S 3.5 88.7 152.77 2.10 SUMMARY OF PIPE SCHEDULED SIZE .26 23.35 7.82 26.3 141.55 7.57 4.5 152.9 65.77 2.68 3.74 9.56 9.6 114.1 61.77 2.5 d 3/4" ELBOW 30° R = 1.05 3.9 88.2 387.1 68.8 10.48 S 300# 66.09 9.7 33.3 219.7 144.9 330.3 168.85 5.3 168.52 9.35 ø min 1/2" 3/4" 1" 1 1/4" 1 1/2" 2" 2 1/2" 3" 4" 5" 6" 8" 10" 12" 14" 16" 18" 22" 3/8" 3/8" 1/2" 1/2" 3/4" 1" 1 1/4" 1 1/2" 2" 2 1/2" 4" 4" 5" 6" 8" 10" 12" 16" N 25 29 38 48 57 64 76 86 105 124 143 178 216 254 279 305 343 381 432 6.24 17.92 7.52 39.9 168.27 15.01 28.0 609.19 30.52 9.82 26.40 3.3 60.4 457.27 15.9 98.65 1.47 7.38 9.96 GASKET 150# 48x21 57x27 67x33 76x42 86x49 105x60 124x73 137x89 15.52 9.13 12.91 4.2 168.13 13.62 8. 16-5 REDUCER DN [mm] 1/2" 3/4" 1" 1 1/4" 1 1/2" 2" 2 1/2" 3" 4" 5" 6" 8" 10" 12" 14" 16" 18" 20" 24" OD d 21.11 8.3 26.0 323.1 61.6 57.35 6.3 571.35 6.3 450.97 12.11 2.11 2.52 S 150# 60.8 635 749.92 38.9 431. F.2 48.45 52.52 9.77 3.37 NR.26 21.4 111.07 14.6 139.08 5.7 82.3 10 20 30 21.2 79.91 5.5 d ANSI B 36.6 101.65 2.65 1.9 269.65 1.1 273.16 11.8 69.2 142.64 19.58 33.31 12.61 Y 150# 47.78 5.4 114.73 3.19 4.8 812.62 25.89 GASKET 300# 54x21 67x27 73x33 83x42 95x49 111x60 4 130x73 4 149x89 4 8 8 8 8 12 12 12 16 16 20 20 11.96 3.3 73.52 11.02 6.47 19.78 4.35 6.05 21.40 25.87 3.5 130. OF BORE 150# 4 4 4 4 4 20.70 14.9 98.WALL THICKNESS [mm] DN [inch] 1/2" OD d [mm] 5S 1.4 42.0 88.6 Schedule STD and 40S 2.13 12.70 14.180° R = 1.77 3.65 1.2 48.0 609.09 16.9 114.52 9.0 323.31 11.27 10.7 33.

237 .

314 6. GPM = 3.79 l degrees Fahrenheit (°F) °C = 5/9 (°F -32) pounds (f) inches [lbs(f)-in] 1 Nm = 8.452 0.471 = = = = = = sq inches x sq inches x sq feet x sq yards x sq milesyardsx acres x 645.03531 0.016387 28.12 cfm pound (f) or lb (f) (force) 1 lb (f) = 4. CONVERSIONS BETWEEN ENGLISH AND (SI) STANDARD UNITS QUANTITY Length Pressure* Pressure** Flow*** Flow+ Force Mass Time Volume*** Temperature Torque Power Shaft speed Frequency Displacement Kinematic viscosity Velocity millimeter (mm) bar (bar g.609 1.8 1093. GPM)1 U.0929 0.387 29.3048 0.8361 2.3226 6.3381 61. ***Liquid.79 l/min 3 cubic feet per minute (cfm) 1 dm/sec = 2.5. cu met.158162 0.1104 = = = = = = = = = cu inches fl ounces cu inches cu feet U.853 = = = = = = = = = mm cm cm meters meters Km Km Km Km AREA sq mm sq cm sq meters sq meters sq Km hectares x x x x x x 0.28 fps NOTES: *Pressure above atmospheric.4047 = = = = = = sq mm sq cm sq met. sq Km hectares VOLUME cu cm cu cm liters liters liters liters cu meters cu meters cu meters x x x x x x x x x 0.6214 0.) x x x x x x x x x 16.22 35.6 0.4 2.S.5 psi inches of mercury (in Hg) 1 in.061 cipr Saybolt Universal Seconds (SUS or SSU) cSt = (4.2 6. gallons per minute (U.03937 0.635) (SSU)++ feet per second (fps) 1 m/s = 3.Hg = 25. sq met.44 N pound (m) or lb (m) (mass) 1 Kg = 2.155 10.2642 0. **Pressure below atmospheric.S.3861 2. Factor is 4.02832 0. 238 .4 mm pounds/sq.061023 0.S.S.667@99°C LENGTH mm cm meters meters meters Km Km Km Km x x x x x x x x x 0.S.9144 0.0936 3280. cu met.785 4. gal) 1 U. or bar a) mm or mercury (mm Hg) liters per minute (l/min) 3 cubic decimeters/sec (dm/sec) Newton (N) kilogram (Kg) second (sec) liter (l) degrees Celsius (°C) Newton-meters (Nm) kilowatt (kw) revolutions per minute (rpm) Hertz (Hz) millimeters/revolution (ml/rev) centistokes (cSt) meter per second (m/s) inch (in) 1 inch = 25.2 lb (m) second (sec) gallon (U.196 0.37 3.54 0. gal = 3.4 mm Hg U.544 0.S.88 lb (f)-in horsepower (HP) 1 kw = 1. in.57 0.00155 0.023 0.3937 39.317 3.0003048 0.34 HP revolutions per minute (rpm) cycles per second (cps) 1 Hz = 1 cps cubic inches per revolution (cipr) or (cir) 1 ml/rev = 0. +Gas.254 0.0009144 1.764 1.281 1. gal Imperial gal cu feet barrel (oil) barrel (Eng.5397 = = = = = = = = = inches inches inches feet yards feet yards miles sea miles x x x x x x x x x 25.59 0.163656 = = = = = = = = = cu cm cu cm liters liters liters liters cu met. ++@38°C. (psig or psial) 1 bar = 14.

1 0.317 227.785 28.0001628 = = = = = ft lbs inch .00134 1.8967 1.2 1016.07031 0.1416 x Volume of Sphere = 0. gpm cfm U.05486 1.80 0.22 14.27 2.i.31 0.03531 0.000984 19. avoir-dupois lbs U.i.2832 x radius 3.S.0508 0.1416 x Area of Circle = 0.i.1416 x (radius) 239 .0648 28.07031 0.S.069 = = = = = gr/sq cm Kg/sq cm Atmosphere Atu bar UNIT VOLUME liters/min x liters/min x liters/hr x cu m/min x cu m/hr x cu m/hr x 0.9863 = = = = = hp hp Btu/sec Ctu/sec hp x x x x x 745.001102 0.06804 0.0353 35. (lb/sq in) p. x x x x x 0.684 22.432 0.lbs Btu Ctu x x x x x 0.2046 0.02835 0.4536 907.314 0.0044 35. avoir-dupois oz.s. (lb/sq in) p.lbs inch .70 14.1383 0.7457 1.MASS (WEIGHT) grams x grams x Kg x Kg x Kg x Kg x tons (metric) x tons (metric) x 15.22 14.2271 = = = = = = liters/min liters/min liters/hr cu m/min cu m/hr cu m/hr POWER Watts Kw Kw Kw cheval vap.s.233 86.046 = = = = = = = = grains oz. (lb/sq in) p.35 0. WORK/TORQUE mkp (mkg) x mkp (mkg) x cmkp (cmkg) x Kw/hr x Kw/hr x 7.4028 = = = = = = U.0115 1.7854 x Area Sphere = 3.06804 atmospheres dia (dia) 2 2 (dia) 2 (dia) 2 = = 6. (lb/sq in) p.6992 0. gpm cfm cfm U.048 0.948 0.S.15 3413 6143 = = = = = mkp (mkg) mkp (mkg) cmkp (cmkg) Kw/hr Kw/hr MISCELLANEOUS Circumference of cyrcle = 3.0139 = = = = = Watts Kw Kw Kw cheval vap.s.2642 0.5272 0. tons long tons cwt (Eng.S.04536 = = = = = = = = grams grams Kg Kg Kg Kg tons (metric) tons (metric) PRESSURE gr/sq cm Kg/sq cm Atmosphere Atu bar x x x x x 0. (lb/sq in) x x x x x 70.i.s.01422 14.7 0.5886 4.i.868 0. gpm x x x x x x 3.) cwt (US) x x x x x x x x 0.000293 0.3410 0.s.5 = = = = = p.5236 x 1 lb per sq in is equivalent to 0.02832 1.

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