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Mechanical Engineering Department Carlos III University

BUCKET ELEVATOR

TRANSPORTATION

BUCKET ELEVATOR

BUCKET ELEVATORS Bucket elevators are the most used systems for vertical transport of bulk, dry, wet and even liquid materials.

• Designed with various options of height, speed and constructive details depending on the type of material to be transported. • Are constructed by pieces or units to allow to define efficiently the needed height.

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like fine grain and dusty materials.BUCKET ELEVATOR COMPONENTS Head hood Drive and pulley Discharge spout Engine Casing Belt Bucket Clean outdoors Boot inlet hopper Boot Tensioning device BUCKET ELEVATOR DEPENDING ON THE LOAD Directly to the input hopper • Used for transport of abrasive and big size materials. 2 . • Chain/belt travelling speed is low. By digging • Used for transport of materials that offer no resistance to extraction.

• The separation distance between the buckets is 2 to 3 times the bucket height. • It is taken advantage of self weight. • Loading is carried out by dredging the material at the bottom of the elevator. The buckets are situated one after the other without separation between them.BUCKET ELEVATOR DEPENDING ON THE TYPE OF DISCHARGE Centrifugal • It is the most common. 3 . – Forced. • Classification: – Free gravity. The discharge takes place due to gravity by means of the lower part of the preceding bucket that acts as a discharge spout. • Great travelling speeds (1.2 and 1.4 m/s).5 and 1. It is necessary to change the free branch line or incline the bucket. BUCKET ELEVATOR DEPENDING ON THE TYPE OF DISCHARGE Gravity or continuous • Lower travelling speeds (0.0 m/s).

• Bucket speed is low are appropriate for light. aired.3h] t=h Bucket height For chains: t = cte ⋅ tchain 4 .6 ⋅ Pc ⋅ v t Travelling speed (m/s) Pitch: Standard buckets: Flake bucket: t ∈ [2h. sticky materials.9) Pc = i ⋅ ρ ⋅ j Density (kg/l) Transported material flux (t/h) Q = 3.BUCKET ELEVATOR DEPENDING ON THE TYPE OF DISCHARGE Positive • Similar to the gravity elevator safe that buckets are fitted at the edges with two cords. Cords BUCKET ELEVATOR MATERIAL TRANSPORTED FLUX Bucket volume (l) Material weight (kg) Fill in bucket coefficient (0.6 – 0.

49 5 .8 Little By digging Medium Big 7.20 1.3 Fictitious height (m) Power of the engine (CV): Elevating height (m) Na = Fa ⋅ v 75 ⋅η Engine efficiency BUCKET ELEVATOR MAXIMUM TENSION OF THE BELT Maximum tension of the belt (kg): Ta = Fa ⋅ k Coefficient that depends on the pulley Pulley conditions Humid smooth Dry smooth Humid layer Dry layer K 3.4 15.6 11.64 1.BUCKET ELEVATOR POWER The force the drive pulley needs to move the belt (kg): Fa = Q ⋅ (H + H0 ) 3.6 ⋅ v Load system From the inlet hopper Material size Value of H0 (m) 3.73 1.

BUCKET ELEVATOR MATERIAL DISCHARGING λ m ⋅ g ⋅ cos λ m ⋅ v2 R FR = m ⋅ v2 − m ⋅ g ⋅ cos λ R m ⋅ g ⋅ sinλ m⋅g A FR v2 = − cos λ m⋅ g g ⋅ R m < = 0 > m⋅g BUCKET ELEVATOR MATERIAL DISCHARGING FR v2 = − cos α m⋅ g g ⋅ R + α 0º v2 − cos α 2 g⋅R Predominance of gravity forces 1 v2 − cos α1 g⋅R O’ cos α v2 g⋅R Predominance of the centrifugal forces 0 90º v2 <1 g⋅R O 6 .

2 0.1 0.4 0.BUCKET ELEVATOR MATERIAL DISCHARGING FR v2 = − cos λ m⋅ g g ⋅ R + α 0º B C O’ cos α - A v2 g⋅R 90º v2 =1 g⋅R v2 <1 g⋅R O BUCKET ELEVATOR MATERIAL DISCHARGING Pulley diameter Fc = Fg m⋅ V2 = m⋅ g R R= V2 g Material path v = 0.5 m/s TIME (s) 0.5 Sh (m) 120 240 360 480 600 Sv (m) 50 195 440 780 1220 1 s = v ⋅t + ⋅ a ⋅t2 2 sh sv 7 .3 0.

BUCKET ELEVATOR EXAMPLE • Design the features of a belt conveyor that has to transport dry clay of density 1700 kg/m3 with an approximate capacity of 15t/h: – – – – Size of the bucket Spacing Belt speed Pulley diameter BUCKET ELEVATOR EXAMPLE 8 .

BUCKET ELEVATOR EXAMPLE • Load weight=(2/3)·bucket· volume·density= (2/3)·0.84 kg per bucket • To move 15t/h we need: (15000/0.5 m/s • Pulley diameter: D=2·R=2·(v2/g)=460 mm 9 .84)=17857 buckets/h=5 buckets/s • Spacing – Pitch=[2h.3h] if bucket height is 105mm Pitch=300 mm • Belt speed=5 bucket/s · 300 mm=1.74·1700=0.

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