Shaera Mae Bonafe II-1 STRUCTURE A red blood cell is a biconcave disc.

Simply it is a round ball that is squeezed from two opposite ends to appear, widest at the sides and narrowest in the middle. A red blood cell measures about 6 to 8 micrometers in diameter (average = 7.8 um) with an average thickness of 2 micrometers (2.5 um at the thickest point and less than 1um at the centre). FUNCTION Responsible for carrying oxygen (O2) and removing carbon dioxide (CO2) from about 30 trillion cells in the human body. Release the enzyme carbonic anhydrase which allows water in the blood to carry carbon dioxide to the lungs where it is expelled. Control the pH of the blood by acting as an acid-base buffer.

Red Blood Cells

White Blood Cells

There are six different types of white blood cells, each of which has a slightly different role to play in your immune defense. The six types of WBCs are split in to two major categories, granulocytes and agranulocytes. The three types of granulocytes are: neutrophils, basophils and eosinophils. They are named granulocytes because they contain small vessels of enzymes in membrane-bound "packets". Blood platelets are cell fragments; Approx disk-shaped fragments.

They have a defensive role in destroying orgasnisms and also assist the removal of dead or damaged tissue cells.


Diameter 2-4 um (1 micro-metre = 1 um = 0.000001m). Have many granules but no nucleus. Have longevity of approx. 5-9 days. There are approx. 150,000 - 400,000 platelets per micro-litre of blood.

To facilitate blood clotting - the purpose of which is to prevent loss of body fluids