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빈칸 완성 / 연결사 넣기 집필자 페이지
01강 02강 03강 04강 05강 06강
전광훈 한희정 최현규 민판규 김윤자 한희정 / 김윤자
6 14 22 30 38 46
Part II 어법성 판단 / 무관한 문장 찾기 / 글의 순서 / 단일 장문
강 집필자 페이지
07강 08강 09강 10강 11강 12강
전광훈 한희정 최현규 김찬규 김윤자 전광훈 / 최현규
54 62 70 78 86 94
어휘 추론 / 단락 속에 문장 넣기 / 문단 요약 / 복합 장문 집필자 페이지
13강 14강 15강 16강 17강 18강
전광훈 한희정 최현규 김찬규 김윤자 민판규 / 김찬규
102 110 118 126 134 142
EBSi 홈페이지(www.ebsi.co.kr)에 들어오셔서 회원으로 등록하세요. 본 방송 교재의 강의 프로그램은 EBS 인터넷 방송을 통해 다시 보실 수 있습니다. (VOD 무료 서비스 실시) 교재 및 강의 내용에 관한 문의는 EBSi 홈페이지(www.ebsi.co.kr)의 학습 Q`&`A 서비스를 활용하시기 바랍니다.
본 교재는 대학수학능력시험을 준비하는 데 도움을 주고자 제작되었으며, 교육과정에 부합한 내용으로 구성되었다. 특히 학생들의 읽기 능력 신장을 목적으로 범교과적 내용의 다양한 글 과 정보를 제시하고 있으며, 교육과정 상의 어휘 범주를 고려하여 제작하였다. 교과서로 기본 개념을 익힌 후 본 교재를 활용하여 실제 응용력을 키우게 함으로써, 교육과정 성취 목표 도달 과 함께 대학수학능력시험 대비에 도움이 되도록 하였다. 전체적인 구성
Part I ~ Part III
PartⅠ은 1강부터 6강까지로 빈칸 완성(단어·구·절 완성, 빈칸 2개 완성), 연결사 넣기의 유형으로 구성되어 있으며, PartⅡ는 6강에서 12 강까지로 어법성 판단, 무관한 문장 찾기, 글의 순서, 단일 장문의 유형 으로 구성되고 있고, PartⅢ는 어휘 추론, 단락 속에 문장 넣기, 문단 요약, 복합 장문의 유형으로 구성되어 있다.
Type 1 ~ Type 8
각 강별로 총 8문항(복합 장문의 경우 9문항)이 제시되어 있으며, Part 별로 동일한 유형을 계속 반복 학습할 수 있도록 하였다.
Points to Master
구문 분석이 필요한 문장을 골라 문장 성분이나 문법 요소, 수식 관계, 주요 어구의 의미 등을 표시하였다. 또한 볼드체로 표시된 부분은 설명 을 덧붙여 이해를 돕고자 하였다.
각 문항에 대해 정확한 해석과 상세한 해설, 그리고 구조가 복잡한 문 장에 대한 구문해설, 그리고 어휘 풀이를 달아 학습에 도움을 주고자 하였다.
활용법 본 교재를 효과적으로 활용하여 독해 능력을 향상시키기 위해서 다음과 같은 사항을 반드시 지키도록 하자.
1. 시청의 생활화
방송 강의의 특성상 시청 시간을 놓치면 보충할 기회를 마련하기 어렵다. 따라서, 방송 시간을 고려하여 하루 일 과와 일주일 계획을 짜야 한다. 강의를 시청할 수 없을 경우에는 학습의 일관성 유지를 위해 인터넷 방송으로 다 시보기를 통하여 학습하도록 한다.
2. 철저한 예습
단순히 강의만 열심히 들으면 독해력이 저절로 향상될 것이라고 믿기 쉬우나 사실은 그렇지 않다. 강의를 듣기 전에 스스로 지문의 내용을 이해하려는 노력이 필요하다. 따라서, 예습을 통해 학습할 내용이 무엇인지, 강의를 들을 때 특히 주의할 사항이 무엇인가를 미리 파악해 두어야 한다.
3. 적극적이고 능동적인 강의 참여
수동적이고 소극적으로 강의를 듣기만 할 것이 아니라 강의하는 선생님과 토론하고 대화한다는 자세로 임하는 것이 중요하다. 이와 같은 자세는 핵심적인 부분의 이해와 학습 내용의 기억에 도움이 된다. 또한 필요한 경우 중 요한 사항을 교재 여백에 메모하여 강의를 듣는 것이 좋다. 이것은 학습 내용의 심층적인 이해와 효율적인 복습 을 위해 꼭 필요하다.
4. 복습과 정리를 통한 내면화
외국어 학습은 반복이 중요하다. 따라서 학습한 내용을 다시 한 번 복습해 보면서 주요 어휘, 구문, 글의 전개 방 식을 정리하고 이것을 독해와 문제 풀이에 연관시키는 훈련을 하면 독해력 향상 및 문제 풀이 방법 터득에 만전 을 기할 수 있다.
In order to judge your own work objectively.틀리기 쉬운 유형 . and perhaps most important step. → start out과 end up이 등위접속사 and에 의해 병렬로 연결되어 있으며. Falling in love with a new piece of material can also help. 6 영어독해연습(2) . So how can you analyze your own work without prejudice? There are certain things you can do to gain some perspective. Putting your work away for a while ─ sometimes weeks or months ─ can allow you to come back not so enamored by it. and end up blinded by love / for every word [you’ve put on paper]. and end up blinded by love for every word you’ve put on paper. you must get distance. It gives you a chance to read it almost as if it’s someone else’s. S V1 부대상황 V2 부대상황 or the other way around. hating ~과 blinded ~는 둘 다 부대상황의 분사구문이 다. or the other way around. because is the greatest enemy for evaluating your own writing. ① busyness ④ ignorance ② indifference ⑤ familiarity ③ complexity Points to Master You start out hating everything [you’re writing]. You start out hating everything you’re writing.PartⅠ 01 Type 1 빈칸 완성 난이도 ★☆☆ ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? Writing is a love-hate relationship. This is the first. everything과 every word 다음에는 목적격 관계대명사 that이나 which가 생략되어 있다.
the vast majority of mankind. as their ancestors did centuries ago. They are products of the first half of the twentieth century. but also. hunting and food-foraging. as는 양태의 접속사로 ‘~하는 것처럼. by . hunting and food-foraging은 부대상황의 분사구문으로 ‘사냥 하고 식량을 찾아다니면서’ 라는 의미이고. S V O(선행사) 관계대명사절 분사구문 as men did millennia ago].www. as men did millennia ago. molded by mechanization and mass education.co. They are the people of the past. They are. 형용사구 of ~ past는 lingering memories를 수식한다. we find a tiny group [ who still live. in many respects.kr Type 2 빈칸 완성 정답과 해설 1쪽 ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? 난이도 ★★☆ The inhabitants of the earth are divided not only by race.ebsi. They live. brought up with lingering memories of their own country’s agricultural past. These two groups taken together compose perhaps 70 percent of all living human beings. in effect. ~하는 대로’ 의 의미이다. 01강 7 . in a sense. S’ V’ → Examining은 When we examine을 분사구문으로 만든 것이다. molded by mechanization and mass education. Examining the present populations of the globe. the people of the present. They lead modern lives. 형용사구 → molded와 brought는 앞에 있는 products를 수식하는 과거분사이다. nation. By contrast. we find a tiny group who still live. Others. They are products of the first half of the twentieth century. brought S V C ▲ 형용사구 ▲ 과거분사 과거분사 up with lingering memories / of their own country’s agricultural past. depend not on bear-hunting or berry-picking. ① their position in time ③ differences in language ⑤ the degree of education ② their political priorities ④ the prospect of change Points to Master Examining the present populations of the globe. 분사구문(hunting and food-foraging)과 as 접속사절 모두 관계대명사절 안에 포함되어 있다. but on agriculture. hunting and food-foraging. religion or ideology. somewhat more than 25 percent of the earth’s population can be found in the industrialized societies.
a spy came creeping / through a curtain. It ran: ‘Have you gone mad? Do you suppose we can sell a film for its full price if ?’ ① it isn’t up-to-date enough ② you only show half a man ③ it doesn’t have special effects ④ you insert any ideology into it ⑤ it doesn’t fit to the predefined design Points to Master In the scene in question. and in order to make the effect more mysterious. that is. S2 V2 O1(명사적 용법의 to부정사구) O2(명사적 용법의 to부정사구) → come -ing는 ‘~하며 오다’ 의 의미이고. I was so pleased with this trick of lighting / that I used it throughout the film. I was so pleased with this trick of lighting that I used it throughout the film. for a film I was then shooting. I looked at the result on the screen and found it extraordinarily effective. 8 영어독해연습(2) . it은 앞의 this trick of lighting을 가리킨다. → pleased with ~와 so ~ that 구문이 결합하여 so pleased with ~ that이 되었다. After I had sent the film to the distributor’s office I got a telegram from the manager that surprised me considerably. 부사구 S1 V1 등위접속사 I decided to light only half the spy’s face / and to leave the rest in darkness. and in order to make the effect more mysterious. I used spotlights from one side or the other ─ a method which is now freely practiced. decided의 목적어 to light와 to leave가 병렬로 연결되어 있다. I used spotlights / from one S V 동격 ▲ S’ 관계대명사절 V’ O’ side or the other – a method [which is now freely practiced]. make는 불완전타동사이므로 목적격보어 more mysterious가 쓰였다. a spy came creeping through a curtain. which I had used in the theater.Type 3 빈칸 완성 난이도 ★☆☆ ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? I had been accustomed to stage work.틀리기 쉬운 유형 .(dash)는 종종 동격이나 부연 설명을 할 때 사용되는 문장 부호이다. that is. . and I wanted to use a particular light effect. In the scene in question. I decided to light only half the spy’s face and to leave the rest in darkness.
kr Type 4 연결사 넣기 정답과 해설 1~2쪽 ■ 다음 글의 빈칸 (A).www. (A) However However Therefore Therefore In other words (B) For instance Nonetheless Similarly For instance Similarly ① ② ③ ④ ⑤ …… …… …… …… …… Points to Master During one study. thus enabling the moms and dads to always keep their other hand on the child.co. hold는 불완전타동사로 ‘유지하다’ 의 의미이고. The problem became particularly acute for parents who were “on the go. they realized that most moms and dads struggled to hold their babies still while reaching for the diaper. they realized [that most moms and dads struggled / to hold their babies still / while reaching S V 목적어절 S’ V’ = while they were reaching for the diaper. (B) . the company’s researchers watched [as parents had difficulty / opening the baby wash bottle / while S 부사절 V S’2 V’2 O’2 S’1 V’1 O’1 = while they were bathing bathing their children / because they had only one hand free]. and the like. Again.” changing their infants at a location outside the home. The new packaging enables parents to remove a wipe with only one hand. wipes. articles of clothing. During one study. free는 형용사로 had의 목적격보 어이다. . (B)에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? 난이도 ★★☆ A firm’s researchers have learned a great deal by watching many parents changing their babies. 01강 9 . the (B) company’s researchers watched as parents had difficulty opening the baby wash bottle while bathing their children because they had only one hand free. → 타동사 realized의 목적어가 되는 that절(that ~ like) 안에서 while 다음에는 「주어(they)+ be동사(were)」 가 생략되었다. wipes. → 시간의 접속사 as가 이끄는 부사절 안에「주어(they)+ be동사(were)」 가 생략된 부사절(while bathing their children)과 이유의 부사절(because ~ free)이 들어 있는 문장이다. . articles of clothing. and the like]. still은 형용사로 ‘움직이지 않는’ 의 의미이며 hold의 목적격보어이다. because절 안에 있는 had는 불완전타동사이고. the firm redesigned its travel pack for baby (A) wipes.ebsi. the firm redesigned the bottle so that a parent could open it and dispense the liquid with only one hand.
that is. was a church composer who had to produce new music on a weekly basis.틀리기 쉬운 유형 . Domenico Scarlatti. given 다음에 두 개의 that절이 등위접속사 and에 의해 병렬로 연결되어 있다. which was appropriate given that almost everyone worked by copying or borrowing and that individuality was not expected or highly valued. 10 영어독해연습(2) . only one of which was published in his lifetime. It means that artists could not by the mid-1700s. Between 1704 and 1744 he composed 300 church cantatas. a contemporary of Bach wrote more than 600 harpsichord sonatas for Maria Barbara. Bach.Type 5 빈칸 완성 난이도 ★☆☆ ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? In earlier times the term art was used to distinguish works of art from works of nature. ① leave their home country ② establish their independence ③ spend money on education ④ hide their lack of knowledge ⑤ be allowed to enter the court Points to Master This implies [that artists were not previously differentiated from artisans. which was appropriate / given that S V 목적어절 S’ V’ given에 연결됨 ~을 고려할 때[하면] almost everyone worked by copying or borrowing / and that individuality was not expected or highly valued]. → 관계대명사 which는 artists were not previously differentiated from artisans를 선행사로 받고 있다. Artists were often directed in what to do and when to do it. This implies that artists were not previously differentiated from artisans. S. who became the queen of Spain. J. for example. all humanly made things were works of art. Only 30 were published during his lifetime.
or what have you). teachers. ~하 는 것과 같이’ 의 의미이다. → 「as +형용사+ a 〔an〕 +명사`+ as + S + V」 구문으로 앞의 as는 부사이고 뒤의 as는 비교를 나타내는 접속사로 ‘~하는 것만큼. (B)에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? 난이도 ★★☆ Children think of their potential future occupations in terms of what they will be (firefighters.ebsi.kr Type 6 빈칸 완성 정답과 해설 2~3쪽 ■ 다음 글의 빈칸 (A). doctors. not about the amount of money they will earn. “ What do you do ?” / has become / as common a component of an introduction [ as 부사구 S S’ V’ V C 비교 접속사 the anachronistic ”How do you do?” once was].www. the basic economic model of labor generally treats working men and women as rats in a maze: work is assumed to be . -able 〔-ible〕 로 끝나는 형용사는 명사 앞에 최상급이 있을 때 대체로 명사 뒤에 둔다. and all the rat (person) wants to do is to get to the food with as little effort as (B) possible and to rest on a full belly for the most time possible. anachronistic 시대에 뒤진. ~ all [the rat (person) wants to do] / is to get to the food / with as little effort as possible / and to rest on a full belly S ▲ 관계대명사절 V C1 C2 / for the most time possible . 시대착오의 (A) ① identity ② identity ③ strategy ④ culture ⑤ culture …… …… …… …… …… (B) annoying substantial annoying substantial constant Points to Master Among adult Americans. It seems that many people find pride and meaning in their jobs. In contrast. behavioral economists. Among adult Americans. 01강 11 . not merely a way to (A) make money in order to keep a roof over our heads and food in our mouths. “What do you do?” has become as common a component of an introduction as the anachronistic “How do you do?” once was.co. This suggests that our jobs are an integral part of our . → 주어 all 다음에 목적격 관계대명사 that이 생략되어 있고 보어인 to get ~ possible과 to rest ~ possible이 병렬로 연결되어 있 다.
that interval에서 that은 지시형용사이다. 전체 문장의 주어는 that ~ days이며. 접속사 than 전후로 to the boy와 to the father가 비교되고 있다. When a fifty-year-old father tells his fifteen-year-old son that he will have to wait two years before he can have a car of his own.틀리기 쉬운 유형 . Asking the child to wait two hours for a piece of candy may be the equivalent of asking the mother to wait twelve hours for a cup of coffee. It is hardly strange [that to the boy / the delay seems three or four times longer than to the father]. that interval of 730 days represents / a mere 4 percent of the father’s lifetime to date. 가주어 V C 진주어 S’ V’ C’ → It은 가주어이고 that ~ father가 진주어이다.Type 7 빈칸 완성 난이도 ★★★ ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? Older people are even more likely to react strongly against any further acceleration of change. There is a solid mathematical basis for the observation that age often correlates with conservatism: . ① the meaning of age varies across cultures ② time passes more swiftly for the old ③ you can’t teach an old dog new tricks ④ one is able to add formulas to knowledge ⑤ we can’t reach old age by another man’s road Points to Master [When a fifty-year-old father tells his fifteen-year-old son / that he will have to wait two years / before he can have 부사절 S’1 V’1 S V tells의 목적어절 S’2 V’2 O 부사절 S’3 V’3 a car of his own]. that interval of 730 days represents a mere 4 percent of the father’s lifetime to date. Similarly. → 부사절 내의 직접목적어가 되는 that절 안에 다시 부사절 before ~ own이 들어 있고. two hours in the life of a fouryear-old may be the felt equivalent of twelve hours in the life of her twenty-four-year-old mother. It is hardly strange that to the boy the delay seems three or four times longer than to the father. It represents over 13 percent of the boy’s lifetime. 12 영어독해연습(2) .
01강 13 . rather than bringing their concerns to the attention of others. blood pressure. . yet nurses and other staff members brought these problems / to the attention 부사구 S’2 V’2 O’2 of a doctor / in only 25% of those situations].kr Type 8 연결사 넣기 정답과 해설 3~4쪽 ■ 다음 글의 빈칸 (A). within six hours of a cardiac arrest. → found의 목적어절 안에 등위접속사 yet으로 연결된 절이 또 있는 문장이다. One study found that two-thirds of patients exhibited warning signs. such as changes in heart rate. such as an abnormally high or low heart rate. cardiac arrest 심장박동 정지 (A) However However Moreover Moreover For example (B) In short Similarly Instead In short Instead ① ② ③ ④ ⑤ …… …… …… …… …… Points to Master One study found [that two-thirds of patients exhibited warning signs.ebsi. S V 목적어절 S’1 V’1 O’1 within six hours of a cardiac arrest. bring ~ to one’s attention은‘~을 …가 주목하게 하다’ 의 의미이다. small problems begin to arise. If they notice a problem. the patient’s health continues to deteriorate during this window of opportunity when an intervention could perhaps prevent a crisis. Meanwhile. staff members wait too long to bring (B) these small problems to the attention of others. During this time. . (B)에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? 난이도 ★★★ Hospitalized patients often display subtle warning signs six to eight hours before a cardiac arrest. and mental status. hospital personnel do not necessarily notice the (A) symptoms.co.www. they often try to address it on their own. yet nurses and other staff members brought these problems to the attention of a doctor in only 25% of those situations. such as an abnormally high or low heart rate.
이때 how는‘~하는 방식’ 이란 의미로 the way. V S ~하는 방식 S’ V’ → how가 이끌고 있는 절은 전치사 in의 목적어가 된다. and distrust in both plants. But there were big differences in how the corporate leaders communicated after the scary announcement. ① strong loyalties ③ careful explanations ⑤ uncomplicated strategies ② cooperative teams ④ controllable challenges Points to Master But there were big differences in [ how the corporate leaders communicated / after the scary announcement]. the way that. 14 영어독해연습(2) . In the second. the plant manager met / every week / with supervisors and employees / in each department / to make ▲ announcements and answer questions. and reported superior job performance ─ while no such improvements occurred at the other plant. In the second. the way in which로 바꿔 쓸 수 있다. As the program kicked in. employees in the “high communication” plant felt more secure about their jobs. employees received only vague communications during the subsequent three months. the plant manager met every week with supervisors and employees in each department to make announcements and answer questions. The researchers surveyed employees right after the announcement and found that it provoked widespread dissatisfaction. less stressed.틀리기 쉬운 유형 . stress.PartⅠ 02 Type 1 빈칸 완성 난이도 ★☆☆ ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? The virtues of are seen in research on how employees in two nearly identical manufacturing plants responded to unexpected news: their parent corporation was merging with another big company. In one plant. → to make ~는 ‘목적(~하기 위해서)’ 의 의미를 나타내는 to부정사구로 두 개의 동사원형 make와 answer가 병렬로 연결되어 있다. The plant published a weekly newsletter with updates about the merger and had a hotline to answer employees’ questions.
hiking. decided never to take a vacation by air. V C → made가 이끄는 과거분사구는 주어인 The journey를 수식한다. [which curves / so that the back of the train is visible / from the S front] – is a key part of the trip.” Now. John and his family board a sleeper train from London to the west coast of Scotland. “The decision was partly driven by a concern for the environment.ebsi. which curves so that the back of the train is visible from the front ─ is a key part of the trip. The journey itself– made partly on a single track. chug (칙칙 소리를 내며) 천천히 가다 ① is the end. It does not matter that it takes three times longer than flying. and to travel in a more leisurely way. for John and his family. an international development expert. They spend unstructured days amid the lakes and islands.co.kr Type 2 빈칸 완성 정답과 해설 4~6쪽 ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? 난이도 ★★☆ John Meyer.” says John. enjoying breakfast in bed while chugging past some of the world’s most beautiful scenery . not the means to get there ② is more expensive than they expected ③ requires them to plan the trip thoroughly ④ is more economical in time and expenses ⑤ makes it difficult to visit tourist attractions Points to Master ~ but it’s also driven by a desire not to overlook [what’s on your doorstep]. 02강 15 . and to travel / in a more leisurely way. “but it’s also driven by a desire not to overlook what’s on your doorstep. 목적어절 → not to overlook ~ doorstep과 to travel ~ way는 a desire를 수식하는 형용사적 용법의 to부정사구이다. which는 계속적 용법의 관계대명사로 선행사 a single track을 부연 설명한다. instead of hopping on a cheap flight to Spain. cooking or just dreaming.www. The journey itself ─ made partly on a single track.
틀리기 쉬운 유형 . like the witch.C. even fantastic.” for instance. “Beauty and the Beast” may suggest that a good man can seem at first like a dangerous wild animal. in order to comprehend it은 ‘목적(~하기 위해서)’ 을 나타내는 부사적 용법의 to부정사구이다. while others. but that is one of the great achievements of the fairy tale ─ traditional or modern. overfeed and try to possess and devour them.2 to comprehend it.Type 3 빈칸 완성 난이도 ★★☆ ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? The fairy tale survives because . or that true love has the power to soothe the savage heart. = the truth → 「have +목적어+목적격보어」구문에서 두 개의 과거분사(구)가 목적격보어가 되어‘목적어가 ~되어지게 하다’ 는 의미를 나타내고 있다. “Hansel and Gretel. 16 영어독해연습(2) . in order to comprehend it. ① it shows good always defeats evil ② it relieves the anguish of ordinary people ③ its unique settings are different from reality ④ it presents experience in a vivid symbolic form ⑤ it is successfully adapted for a play or a movie Points to Master Sometimes / we need to have the truth exaggerated and made more dramatic.1 O. even fantastic. 형용사적 용법의 to부정사구인 to soothe the savage heart는 the power를 수식한다. Sometimes we need to have the truth exaggerated and made more dramatic. “Beauty and the Beast” may suggest [that a good man can seem / at first / like a dangerous wild animal]. may dramatize the fact that some parents underfeed and abandon their children physically or emotionally. in order have O O. or [that S ▲ V 명사절1 명사절2 true love has the power to soothe the savage heart]. The message will probably be different for each one.C. → that이 이끄는 두 개의 명사절이 동사 suggest의 목적어로 병렬되고 있다.
we could type our symptoms into a computer and get an immediate diagnosis and a recommended course of treatment. 분사 분사구문 → 「with +명사구+ 분사」구문에서 명사구인 the nonmaterial culture와 lag 사이에 의미상 능동의 관계가 성립하므로 현재분사인 lagging이 쓰였다. we still live with this cultural lag. playing a game of catch-up]. Today when few people farm and there is no need for the school year to be so short.co. with the nonmaterial culture 목적어절을 이끄는 접속사 with 명사구 lagging behind. computers outperform physicians. . ~ we rigorously hold onto some outmoded form – one [ that / once / was needed]. 02강 17 . but [ that / long ago / was 선행사 관계대명사절1 관계대명사절2 bypassed by technology ]. but that long ago was bypassed by technology. In some tests. we rigorously hold onto (B) some outmoded form ─ one that once was needed.ebsi. when we get (A) sick. A striking example is our nine-month school year. (B)에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? 난이도 ★★☆ William Ogburn pointed out that a group’s material culture usually changes first. once와 long ago는 부사(구) 들이다.kr Type 4 연결사 넣기 정답과 해설 6~7쪽 ■ 다음 글의 빈칸 (A). → some outmoded form을 부연 설명하는 대명사 one은 두 개의 관계대명사절의 수식을 받고 있다. Sometimes nonmaterial culture never catches up. Most parents were farmers. and we continue to visit the doctor’s office. playing a game of catch-up은 분사구문으로 부대상황을 나타낸다. . (A) Furthermore For example However For example However (B) Likewise Likewise Instead Instead Nevertheless ① ② ③ ④ ⑤ …… …… …… …… …… Points to Master William Ogburn pointed out [ that a group’s material culture usually changes first.www. In the past. playing a game of catch-up. with the nonmaterial culture lagging behind. the school year matched the labor-intensive technology of the time. who needed their children’s help at the crucial times of planting and harvesting. Yet our customs have not caught up with our technology.
Yet people prefer the single line. says Richard Larson. serpentine line. serpentine line A B You have the stress of joining a line [with a high likelihood [that somebody [who’s joined a queue next to you] ▲ S’(선행사) 관계대명사절 will get served / before you]]. any number of companies ─ from banks to fast-food chains ─ have switched from systems in which multiple lines feed multiple servers to a single. which uses multiple lines. 18 영어독해연습(2) . serpentine line. This is why. “If you have the single serpentine line. V’ → with a high likelihood ~ before you는 a line을 수식하고 있으며. an authority on queues.틀리기 쉬운 유형 . you have what happens at McDonald’s at lunchtime. People get really irritated with that. ~ to a single. If you have the multiple lines. 동사구에 쓰인 from systems 은 ‘ 로부터 로(변화)’ 의 의미로 쓰이고 있다. where a single line is used. There’s a theorem in queuing theory that says the average wait in either configuration is the same. says Richard Larson.” serpentine 구불구불한 theorem 법칙 ① Service efficiency ③ Optical illusion ⑤ Social justice ② Time perception ④ Brand recognition Points to Master This is why. than in a shorter line at McDonald’s. that이 이끄는 절은 a high likelihood의 동격 명사절이다. says Larson. an authority on queues. You have the stress of joining a line with a high likelihood that somebody who’s joined a queue next to you will get served before you. V’ from A(선행사) to B → why절의 주어를 수식하는 from banks to fast-food chains는 ‘A에서 B에 이르는(범위)’ 의 의미로.Type 5 빈칸 완성 난이도 ★★☆ ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? What seems to annoy us in queues is seeing people get ahead. so much so that they have said they would be willing to wait in a longer line at Wendy’s. first served. Why? . any number of companies – from banks to fast-food 이것이 ~한 이유이다(이런 이유로 ~하다) 동격 명사구 S’ 관계대명사절 from A to B chains – have switched from systems [in which multiple lines feed multiple servers] to a single. you’re guaranteed first come.
a district attorney is seen as better informed and more prestigious than a criminal.co. and S V 비교급+ than ~ (~보다 더 …한) therefore as more persuasive. it is important that a communicator be perceived as unbiased and trustworthy.ebsi. Normally. Consider a situation in which a district attorney and a criminal are each making statements about whether law enforcement agencies should be strengthened.www. 간주하다)」구문의 수동태가 쓰였는데. But what if the criminal argues in favor of strengthened law enforcement? In this case. Aronson.kr Type 6 빈칸 완성 정답과 해설 7~8쪽 ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? 난이도 ★★★ Regardless of expertise. and Rottman. a district attorney / is seen / as better informed and more prestigious than a criminal . as better informed and more prestigious than a criminal과 as more persuasive (than a criminal)가 병렬 구조로 연결되어 있다. Normally. and therefore as more persuasive. 비교급(+than ~) → 「see A as B(A를 B로 생각하다. ① boldly challenge criticism ② speak for the minority groups ③ be contrary to their self-interest ④ be unaffected by popular opinions ⑤ correspond with their political conviction Points to Master Consider / a situation [in which a district attorney and a criminal / are each making statements / about [whether 명령형 동사 선행사 관계대명사절 목적어절 law enforcement agencies should be strengthened]]. → in which가 이끄는 절은 선행사 a situation을 수식한다. Communicators are seen as especially trustworthy when they have little to gain from the particular stance they adopt. One way that communicators can encourage this perception is to argue for positions that seem to . the criminal becomes quite persuasive. Abrahams. about의 목적어절을 이끄는 whether는 ‘~일지’ 의 의미이다. In a study by Walster. this was exactly the outcome ─ as long as the speaker was advocating less power for law enforcement agencies. 02강 19 .
is legally bound to minimize its production of air and water pollution. Making matters worse. 이와 같은 구문 을 만드는 동사에는 make 이외에 think. the environmental costs of the plywood are usually exported to places where there are few legal controls on pollution and resource extraction. A similar factory in Mexico / might have far less responsibility / for pollution control.Type 7 빈칸 완성 난이도 ★★★ ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? A problem with international trade is that . the environmental costs of the plywood / are usually exported / to places [where 설상가상으로 선행사 관계부사절 there are few legal controls / on pollution and resource extraction]. A similar factory in Mexico might have far less responsibility for pollution control. 20 영어독해연습(2) . for example. consider 등이 있다. where가 이끄는 관계부사절 의 주어는 few legal controls이며 동사는 are이다. 목적격보어인 cheaper는 뒤에 오는 than과 함께 비교급 구문 을 이룬다. V’ S’ → Making matters worse는 무인칭 독립분사구문으로 To make matters worse로 바꿔 쓸 수 있다. The environmental costs of producing those hardwood products occur far from the consumer who buys a piece of cheap Brazilian plywood. and internalizing this cost makes a factory less profitable. ~보다 → 「make + it +목적격보어+ to부정사구」 구문이 사용되고 있는데 it은 가목적어이며. A factory in the United States. Pollution control can be expensive. to부정사구가 진목적어가 된다. Tropical hardwood products can be sold extremely cheaply in the United States. making it cheaper to produce goods there than in the United States. 관계부사 다음에는 완전한 문장이 이어진다는 사실에 유의한다. find. ① it spreads pollution around the world ② it externalizes costs on a grand scale ③ domestic industries can be seriously damaged ④ some costs are difficult to measure and quantify ⑤ economies in only wealthy countries are stimulated Points to Master Making matters worse.틀리기 쉬운 유형 . [making it cheaper to 비교급 강조 분사구문(부대상황) produce goods there / than in the United States]. Ongoing protests in the United States and elsewhere around the world against the World Trade Organization and other forces of globalization have been largely about such exporting of massive environmental and social costs of production.
either A or B → to provide ~는 형용사적 용법의 to부정사구로 the opportunity를 수식한다.www. And if we can’t find people who are doing more poorly than we are.kr Type 8 빈칸 완성 정답과 해설 8~9쪽 ■ 다음 글의 빈칸 (A). 이때 A와 B에는 동사원형인 help와 hinder처럼 문법적으로 대등한 요소 A or B(A 또는 B)」 가 와야 한다. ~.co.ebsi. (B)에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? 난이도 ★☆☆ The tendency to seek information about those who have done more poorly than we have is especially pronounced when the stakes are high. Although volunteers helped their friends when the test was described as a game. sabotage (고의로) 방해하다 (A) create create provoke attract attract (B) rage failure abandonment inattention lead ① ② ③ ④ ⑤ …… …… …… …… …… Points to Master Volunteers in one study / took a test and were then given the opportunity [to provide hints [that would ▲ 선행사 관계대명사절 either help or hinder a friend’s performance / on the same test]].「so that +주어+can +동사원형」 은‘목적(~할 수 있도록)’ 의 의미를 나타낸다. when our friends do not have the good taste to come in last so that we can enjoy the good taste of coming in first. when our friends / do not have the good taste [to come in last / so that we can enjoy / the good taste ▲ so that +주어+ can + 동사원형 of coming in first]. 선행사 hints를 수식하는 관계대명사절에는 「either 의 상관접속사 구문이 쓰이고 있는데. Once we’ve successfully sabotaged their performances and ensured their . → to come ~ first는 the good taste를 수식하는 형용사적 용법의 to부정사구이다. they actively hindered their friends when the test was described as an important measure of intellectual ability. we may go out and them. Apparently. Apparently. we give them a friendly push in the appropriate direction. Volunteers in one study took (A) a test and were then given the opportunity to provide hints that would either help or hinder a friend’s performance on the same test. they become the perfect (B) standard for comparison. 02강 21 .
siblings. 22 영어독해연습(2) . It’s the perfect forum for drama. and children. V’1 C’1 S’2 V’2 C’2 → 접속사 that이 이끄는 절이 point out의 목적어 역할을 하고 있고.틀리기 쉬운 유형 . 전치사 for의 목적어절 → how someone’s parents treat her와 how she treats them이 각각 앞에 있는 watching의 목적어 역할을 하고 있다. 주어 역할을 하는 those들(S’1. you can get a good feel for how she’s likely to treat others. By watching how someone’s parents treat her and how she treats them.PartⅠ 03 Type 1 빈칸 완성 난이도 ★★☆ ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? In many famous films. and those [who are raised with love] become caring. Psychologists often point out that when it comes to childrearing. especially if the family isn’t your own. the crucial scene takes place around the family dinner table. and by whom. and those who are raised with love become caring. and it’s fun. ① formal ④ delightful ② stressful ⑤ expensive ③ revealing Points to Master Psychologists often point out [that when it comes to child-rearing. By watching [how someone’s parents treat her] and [how she treats them]. which is a key predictive factor. will have a tremendous influence on the type of person she is. what goes around / comes around]: those [who S 관계대명사절 V ~에 관한 한 S’1 주격 관계대명사절 주격 are raised with criticism] become critical . you can get a good feel for the person’s background. How someone was raised. you can get a good feel for [how she’s ~으로써 ~을 잘 알다 likely to treat others]. what goes around comes around: those who are raised with criticism become critical. For one thing. S’2)을 who로 이어지는 주격 관계대명사절이 각각 꾸며주고 있다. The family dinner can be extremely if it’s attended by someone’s parents.
C. I find myself hiding behind e-mail / to do a job meant for conversation.kr Type 2 빈칸 완성 정답과 해설 9~10쪽 ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? 난이도 ★★☆ With text messages. I find myself hiding behind e-mail to do a job meant for conversation. I own a mobile phone. They are great for what they are intended to do. The technology devoted to helping me keep in touch with others . What good is all this incredible technology if there is no one in the room to hear me crying out “Incredible”? ① gives me freedom ② is making me lazy ③ has advanced a lot ④ has made me lonely ⑤ helped me smile again Points to Master More and more .www. a credit card. a credit card.co. 03강 23 . I just leave the answer on her cell phone. It’s their unintended results that make me sad. Pumping gas at the station? Why say good morning to the assistant when you can swipe your credit card at the pump and save yourself the bother of human contact? More and more. what은 선행사를 포함하 는 관계대명사로서 the things which로 바꾸어 쓸 수 있다. and an e-mail account를 가리키고. S V C → 주어 They는 앞 문장에 나오는 a mobile phone. If my mom has a question. 점점 더 S V O O. and an e-mail account. They are great / for [what they are intended to do].ebsi. → 현재분사 hiding은 동사 find의 목적격보어 역할을 하고 있다. you can make entire conversations without ever reaching anyone.
To test their hypothesis. The dogs decided to beg from the charitable person five times as often as from the stingy one. each still holding bowls of sausage. [When the beggar asked for a bite]. (음식 따위의) 한입 ① can be selfish just as humans are ② need to be treated in a respectful way ③ assess us in terms of how generous we are ④ are smarter than humans in certain circumstances ⑤ have more energy and better health while on an organic diet Points to Master To test their hypothesis. The other person willingly shared. → To test their hypothesis는 부사적 용법의 부정사구(목적)이고. one of the sausage keepers / rejected her. the scientists allowed 84 dogs to observe. food sharing interactions / to부정사구 S V O O.Type 3 빈칸 완성 난이도 ★★☆ ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? Animal cognition researcher Sarah Marshall Pescini and her colleagues at the University of Milan believe that dogs do indeed engage in interspecies snooping. 24 영어독해연습(2) .틀리기 쉬운 유형 . food sharing interactions between humans. one by one. between humans. When the beggar asked for a bite. the scientists allowed 84 dogs to observe. During each trial. saying “have it” while offering a morsel. one of the sausage keepers rejected her.C. saying no and flicking one hand.「allow + O + to V」 는‘(목적어)가 ~하게 하다. snooping 염탐 morsel 소량. one by one.” Marshall Pescini says. they could approach either one of the people. saying no and flicking one hand. 허락하다’ 라는 의 미이다. “It was intriguing to discover that dogs . a human “beggar” repeatedly approached two other people holding bowls of aromatic sausages. 부사절 S’ V’ S V O 분사구문 → saying no와 flicking one hand는 and로 연결되어 병렬 구조를 이루고 있으며 부대상황을 나타내는 분사구문이다. When the beggar left the room and the dogs were freed.
When you (A) examine the various economic relationships more closely. it turns out that the real force behind gold’s rise is not inflation per se but rather negative real interest rates.www. the way it can paper or electronic dollars. because the federal government cannot S V O’ 목적어절 S’ ~하는 식으로 V’ increase / the nation’s supply of gold at whim. because the federal government cannot increase the nation’s supply of gold at whim. When real rates are negative. gold has been one of the only investments to keep pace with rising prices. inflation hedge 인플레이션 대비책 per se 그 자체가 negative real interest rate 마이너스 실질금리 ① ② ③ ④ ⑤ (A) However However Similarly Therefore Therefore …… …… …… …… …… (B) Thus Moreover Thus Moreover Conversely Points to Master Investors should understand [that gold is the ultimate inflation hedge]. which generally accompany inflationary surges. . 03강 25 . During periods of inflation.kr Type 4 연결사 넣기 정답과 해설 10~11쪽 ■ 다음 글의 빈칸 (A). it is more than just an inflation hedge.co.ebsi. → it can 다음에는 앞에 있는 동사 increase가 생략되었다. . you lose money by parking it in cash or in interest-bearing bills or bonds. and historically gold has been the surest choice. money flees to (B) investments that keep pace with inflation. gold has been one of the only investments / to keep pace with rising prices. During periods of inflation. 부사구 S V C to부정사구 → to keep pace with rising prices는 형용사적 용법의 to부정사구이다. (B)에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? 난이도 ★★★ Investors should understand that gold is the ultimate inflation hedge. the way it can paper or electronic dollars.
a cognitive psychologist at Northwestern University. 26 영어독해연습(2) . D. Jung-Beeman found that the mind was carefully preparing itself for the epiphany. every successful insight was preceded by the same sequence of cortical events. and sauce) / and asks him to think of a single word S V1 I. a single word가 뒤에 있는 주격 관계대명사절의 수 식을 받고 있다. Nevertheless. 통찰 ① ideas for stories ② such creative solutions ③ our own linguistic structures ④ statistical data about the words ⑤ psychological explanations of conflicts Points to Master ~ he gives a subject three different words ( such as pine. prefrontal cortex 전두엽 피질 epiphany 직관. manages to come up with .O. 주격 관계대명사절 → gives와 asks의 주어는 he이고 and로 연결되어 병렬 구조를 이루고 있으며. Jung-Beeman found [that the mind was carefully preparing itself for the epiphany].Type 5 빈칸 완성 난이도 ★★★ ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? Mark Jung-Beeman. ~. S V S’ V’ O’ → 접속사 that이 이끄는 절은 동사 found의 목적어 역할을 하고. crab. has spent the last fifteen years trying to understand how the brain. ~와 같은 V2 선행사 [that could form a compound word or phrase with all three].O. Jung-Beeman’s experiments go like this: he gives a subject three different words (such as pine. What’s interesting about this type of verbal puzzle is that the answers often arrive in a flash of insight. He wants to f ind the neural source of our breakthrough. People have no idea how they came up with the necessary word. Nevertheless. crab. led by the prefrontal cortex. itself는 앞에서 that절의 주어 역할을 하고 있는 the mind를 가리 킨다. and sauce) and asks him to think of a single word that could form a compound word or phrase with all three. the familiar “aha!” moment.틀리기 쉬운 유형 .
However. 분사 swathed와 lying은 앞에 있는 the babies의 상태를 나타내며 병렬 구조를 이루고 있다. and hold the babies one by one].” Elaine recalls. 분사구문(부대상황) → to find는 결과를 나타내는 부사적 용법의 to부정사이고. However. (B)에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? 난이도 ★★☆ One volunteer from Seattle who worked in a Rumanian orphanage was shocked when she first arrived to find the babies tightly swathed in blankets and lying in cribs with bottles propped against the railings. hold는 앞에 있는 began to에 연결되어 병렬 구조를 이루고 있다. (B) Researchers are currently trying to discover how much recovery is possible in orphans and other children deprived of loving touch in their formative infant and toddler years. there was an overpowering stench. after four days they noticed the infants responding with some degree of . when Elaine and other volunteers began to clean. “They had very little .ebsi.C. → when이 이끄는 부사절에서 clean. (B) . All of their faces were expressionless. and hold the babies one by one. 03강 27 .kr Type 6 빈칸 완성 정답과 해설 11~12쪽 ■ 다음 글의 빈칸 (A).” she remembers sadly. feed. after four days / S’ V’ 한 명씩 부사구 they noticed the infants responding with some degree of S V O O. swathe (천으로) 감다. and “because (A) all the windows were closed to prevent ear infections. feed.www. [when Elaine and other volunteers / began to clean. 싸다 crib 유아용 침대 stench 악취 ① ② ③ ④ ⑤ (A) human contact human contact natural immunity cognitive ability cognitive ability …… …… …… …… …… (B) hostility pleasure hostility pleasure indifference Points to Master One volunteer from Seattle [who worked in a Rumanian orphanage] was shocked [when she first arrived / to find S 주격 관계대명사절 V 부사절 to부정사 the babies tightly swathed in blankets / and lying in cribs / with bottles propped against the railings]. feed.co. None of these babies smiled.
Refusing requests can free you to do the things that will help you to succeed and move your organization forward. And then think about what would happen if you could instead say yes to your highest priorities. Whether you’re worried about disappointing people. 28 영어독해연습(2) . You would be surprised at how many people in very big jobs have not yet figured this out. not looking like a superhero. or just letting go of things that you’ve always done but don’t need to do anymore. I congratulate you. not looking like a superhero. think about the reasons that it is hard to refuse. 그리고 just letting go of things는 전치사 about에 연결되어 병렬 구조를 이루고 있다. ② Practice the art of saying no. While the demands are great. → 주격 관계대명사절 that 이하가 앞에 있는 the things를 꾸며주고 있으며. 관계대명사절 V (명령형 동사) 선행사 = why 관계부사절 → 동명사구 disappointing people.Type 7 빈칸 완성 난이도 ★★☆ ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? If you’re already doing this. succeed와 move는 and로 연결되어 병렬 구조를 이루 고 있다. another issue is that they haven’t just learned to let go and give a flat refusal. I’ve worked with senior executives who are killing themselves working way too many hours. or just letting go of things [that ~이든 아니든 동명사구1 동명사구2 동명사구3 선행사 목적격 you’ve always done but don’t need to do anymore]. ① Work as hard as possible. think about the reasons [ that it is hard to refuse].틀리기 쉬운 유형 . ⑤ Organize your business to increase productivity. Whether you’re worried about disappointing people. ③ Follow the orders of your superiors. ④ Build close relationships with others. not looking like a superhero. Points to Master Refusing requests can free you / to do the things [that will help you to succeed and move your organization S V O 주격 관계대명사절 forward].
.” skills we all need to live well in the world. 거짓말쟁이 (A) However However Therefore Moreover Moreover (B) Instead Otherwise Otherwise Instead Similarly ① ② ③ ④ ⑤ …… …… …… …… …… Points to Master He defined it as “the ability to understand and manage men and women. we might think of (B) “social intelligence” as a shorthand term for being intelligent not just about our relationships but also in them. . simply being manipulative should not be seen as socially intelligent. S V O O. 03강 29 . Even now some descriptions of social intelligence offer no distinctions between the callow aptitudes of a con man and the genuinely caring acts that enrich healthy relationships. In my view. that definition also allows (A) pure manipulation to be considered a mark of interpersonal talent.” skills [ we all need to live well in S V C S’ V’ the world]. This concept lets us look beyond the individual to understand what actually transpires as people interact. This concept lets us look beyond the individual / to understand [what actually transpires as people interact].C.” He defined it as “the ability to understand and manage men and women.co.kr Type 8 연결사 넣기 정답과 해설 12~13쪽 ■ 다음 글의 빈칸 (A).ebsi. what 이하 절이 앞에 있는 understand의 목적어 역할을 한다. psychologist Edward Thorndike created the original formulation of “social intelligence.www. → the ability to understand and manage men and women은 뒤에 있는 skills 이하와 동격 관계에 있으며. 풋내기의 con man 사기꾼. 목적어절 ~할 때 → 사역동사 lets 뒤의 목적격보어에는 원형부정사 look이 사용되었고. skills 뒤에는 목적격 관계대명사 that이 생략되어 있다. callow 미숙한. (B)에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? 난이도 ★★★ Way back in 1920.
30 영어독해연습(2) . Keep going until you get to a result that is . you can connect every small thing [you do] to the larger picture. Then ask yourself: What is the purpose of this task? What will it accomplish? Draw an arrow to the right and write this answer down. ask yourself again: What does this result lead to? Draw another arrow and write this down. like providing a new generation of young lawyers with the resources they need to succeed. devoid of ~이 없는 ① original ④ flexible ② routine ⑤ meaningful ③ contradictory Points to Master Turn a piece of paper horizontally. → 두 개의 관계대명사절이 선행사 a task를 수식하고 있는데. 「keep +목적어+목적격보어」 의 구문에서 두 개의 과거분사가 병렬 구조를 이루며 목적격보어로 사용되고 있다. to a goal that keeps you motivated and energized. draw your arrow until you can connect it to something you do care about. In this way. → to the larger picture와 to a goal ~은 동격 관계이며.PartⅠ 04 Type 1 빈칸 완성 난이도 ★☆☆ ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? Try this exercise: Turn a piece of paper horizontally.틀리기 쉬운 유형 . In this way. If what you wrote still seems unimportant. and on the left-hand side / write down a task [you’re forced to perform at work] V1 주격 관계대명사 O1 V2 O2 목적격 관계대명사절 [ that feels devoid of meaning]. to a goal [ that keeps you motivated (that) you do 주격 관계대명사 and energized]. and on the left-hand side write down a task you’re forced to perform at work that feels devoid of meaning. 앞의 관계대명사절은 목적격 관계대명사 that 〔which〕 이 생략되어 있다. you can connect every small thing you do to the larger picture. If you’re a law professor and you hate administrative work.
www. the greater the likelihood that some variable will alter the rate of change or even reverse its direction. 더 …하다)」 의 구문이 사용되고 있는데. 계속적 용법의 관계대명사 ~대 (~에 대비하여) = the environment → which는 계속적 용법의 관계대명사로 선행사인 different understandings about ~에 대한 부연 설명을 덧붙이고 있는데 and they로 바꾸어 쓸 수 있다. operating과 direction 뒤에 각각 동사 is 가 생략되어 있다. then stability will be the exception and change will be the rule. The greater the number of factors operating.ebsi. then not much change is to be expected.kr Type 2 빈칸 완성 정답과 해설 13~14쪽 ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? 난이도 ★★☆ While Westerners believe that things don’t change much. which in turn are a consequence of attending to a small part of the environment versus a lot of it. If the world appears a simple place because we’re not paying attention to much of it. If change is occurring. the +비교급 … 현재분사로 factors 수식 동격절의 접속사 = change of change / or even reverse its direction. then there is no reason to assume that it will do anything but continue in the same direction. → 「the +비교급 ~. The greater the number of factors operating . These differing assumptions about change can be derived from different understandings about . ① the likelihood of time travel ② the complexity of the world ③ the creation of the universe ④ the relativity of time and space ⑤ the meaning of property ownership Points to Master These differing assumptions about change / can be derived from different understandings about ~에서 기원하다 . the +비교급 …(~하면 할수록. which in turn are a consequence / of attending to a small part of the environment versus a lot of it . But if the world seems to be a highly complicated place because we’re noticing so much. that은 동격절을 이끄는 접속사로 the likelihood의 구체적인 내용을 설명하고 있는 절을 이끌고 있다. the greater the likelihood / that some variable will alter the rate the +비교급 ~.co. 04강 31 . Asians believe that things are constantly changing.
They eventually discovered that when he was a baby. As far as the ophthalmologists could tell. they were treated by the brain / as though they weren’t there at all .” ophthalmologist 안과 의사 ① the boy had eyesight similar to that of an adult ② two weeks was too short for treating an infection ③ the boy would recover from eye surgery immediately ④ the minor infection hadn’t influenced the boy’s eyesight ⑤ the boy would not be using the eye for the rest of his life Points to Master Because the neurons / serving the bandaged eye / were not being used / during this crucial period of S’ S V 마치 ~처럼(= as if) V’ not ~ at all: 전혀 ~아닌 development. Because the neurons serving the bandaged eye were not being used during this crucial period of development. “the bandaging of the eye was misinterpreted by the brain as a clear indication that .” said Greenfield. This would have made little difference to the eye of an adult. they were treated by the brain as though they weren’t there at all. were not being used는 과거진행시제를 수동으로 나타낸 표현이다.틀리기 쉬운 유형 . 32 영어독해연습(2) .Type 3 빈칸 완성 난이도 ★★☆ ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? The neuroscientist Susan Greenfield illustrates the amazing plasticity of the young brain in a cautionary tale of a six-year-old boy in Italy. The cause of his blindness was a mystery. he had been treated for a minor infection. the development of the eye-to-brain neural circuits is a delicate and critical process. “Sadly. The treatment included having the eye bandaged for two weeks. his eye was perfectly normal. who was blind in one eye. → 현재분사 serving이 이끄는 구는 the neurons를 수식하며. But in a young baby.
ebsi..co. and if he or she charges more. 04강 33 . and each seller is aware that his or her product is similar to that offered by other sellers. like most markets in the economy. . have an impact on: ~에 영향을 미치다 → 「전치사+관계대명사」 절이 선행사인 a market을 수식하고 있는데. buyers will make their purchases elsewhere. no single buyer (B) of ice cream can influence the price of ice cream because each buyer purchases only a small amount. the price of ice (A) cream and the quantity of ice cream sold are not determined by any single buyer and seller. A seller has little reason to charge less than the going price.(너무 ~해서 …하다)」 구문이 사 용되고 있다. is highly competitive.kr Type 4 연결사 넣기 정답과 해설 14~15쪽 ■ 다음 글의 빈칸 (A). Economists use the term ‘competitive market’ to describe a market in which there are so many buyers and sellers that each has a negligible impact on the market price. price and quantity are determined by all buyers and sellers as they interact in the marketplace. .. Each buyer knows that there are several sellers from which to choose. (B)에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? 난이도 ★★☆ The market for ice cream. (A) In addition For example For example As a result As a result (B) Otherwise Similarly However Similarly However ① ② ③ ④ ⑤ …… …… …… …… …… Points to Master Economists use the term ‘competitive market’ / to describe a market [ in which there are so many buyers and sellers / S V O ~하기 위해(목적) = where that each has a negligible impact on the market price]. Each seller of ice cream has limited control over the price because other sellers are offering similar products.www. 관계사절 안에는 「so ~ that . Rather.
They rationalize the boast by searching for an aspect of the trait that they might in fact be good at. The urge to reduce it is the urge to .. managerial ability.(…만큼 ~ 한)」 는 원급 비교의 표현에 해당한다. Everyone has heard of “reducing cognitive dissonance. More generally. most people claim they are above average in any positive trait you name: leadership. 34 영어독해연습(2) . Cognitive dissonance is always triggered by obvious evidence / that you are not as beneficent and effective / as you be triggered by ~: ~에 의해 유발되다 동격절의 접속사 would like people to think.Type 5 빈칸 완성 난이도 ★★★ ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? Indeed. → 대조의 의미를 나타내는 접속사 while에 의해 두 개의 절이 연결되어 있으며. The slow drivers say they are above average in safety. while the fast ones say that they are above average in reflexes. even driving skill. Cognitive dissonance is always triggered by obvious evidence that you are not as beneficent and effective as you would like people to think.틀리기 쉬운 유형 .「as ~ as . the fast ones에서 ones는 drivers를 대신하는 부정대명 사이다. → that은 동격절을 이끄는 접속사로 obvious evidence의 구체적인 내용을 설명하고 있는 절을 이끌고 있다. athletic prowess. dissonance 부조화 ① break your own records ② follow common sense ③ rely on temporary measures ④ make up your self-serving story ⑤ accept the reality of the situation Points to Master The slow drivers say [they are above average in safety].” in which people invent a new opinion to resolve a contradiction in their minds. we delude ourselves about how benevolent and how effective we are. while the fast ones say [that they are above average in S V 목적어절(접속사 that 생략) S’ V’ reflexes].. sophistication.
동사 realized의 목적어절 은 how가 이끌고 있다. Through focusing on the basics of basics. → that은 목적격 관계대명사로 생략이 가능하며.www. although가 이끄는 절이 그 사이에 들어 있는 구조이다. how가 이끄는 절의 주어는 he인데.. in Maine to give a lecture for his then regular summer course.」 강조 구문 목적어절 he was / each time he said it].co. I marveled at Weingart’s ability to give the exact same introductory lecture each year. 「it was ~ that . he was able to reduce everything that he knew to the concentrated essence of what he wished to convey. although Weingart was saying the exact same thing.... Wolfgang Weingart.ebsi. he was each time he said it. what은 전치사 of의 목적어 역할을 하는 명사절을 이끌고 있으며 ‘~하는 것’ 의의 미로 번역된다. “Doesn’t he get bored?” Saying the same thing over and over had no value in my mind. Yet it was upon maybe the third visit that I realized how. His unique example rekindled my excitement for teaching.」 의 강조 구문을 이용하여 부사구인 upon maybe the third visit를 강조하고 있으며. I visited the master of Swiss typographic design. 매번 ~할 때마다 → 「it was ~ that . rekindle 다시 불러일으키다 ① saying it simpler ② adding many details ③ changing the pitch of his voice ④ ignoring the audience’s response ⑤ using silence as an intentional strategy Points to Master Yet it was upon maybe the third visit / that I realized [how. I thought to myself. 04강 35 .kr Type 6 빈칸 완성 정답과 해설 15~16쪽 ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? 난이도 ★★☆ A few years ago. he was able to reduce everything [ that he knew] to the concentrated through -ing: ~을 통하여 reduce A to B: A를 B로 줄이다 목적격 관계대명사 essence / of what he wished to convey. Through focusing on the basics of basics. although Weingart was saying the exact same thing. and I honestly began to think less of the Master.
→ 접속사 whether가 이끄는 절은 동사 ask의 목적어 역할을 하고 있으며. consider the disastrous oil spill from the wrecked Exxon Valdez. or otter.000 and for each otter about $80.: ~이었을 것이다 [ that might have been better spent caring for desperately needy humans].p. ~ be sure (that) 목적어절 S’ 주격 관계대명사 S 주격 관계대명사 V 목적어절 saving her was worth a twenty-five-day rescue mission [ that cost $48. I’m sure Forgea was adorable and didn’t deserve to die. $48. in the grand scheme of things. In a similar vein. but one can ask / whether. bird.000 of taxpayers’ money] – an amount V’ might have p. but one can ask whether. education. 36 영어독해연습(2) . But does it really make sense to spend so much money on an animal when doing so takes away resources from other things such as immunization. The estimates for cleaning and rehabilitating a single bird were about $32. rehabilitate 원상태로 돌리다 otter 수달 ① care more about vivid examples of misery ② react to people who are destroying themselves ③ are purchasing pets that later become unwanted ④ don’t step in to help those who are less fortunate ⑤ enact strict laws to prevent environmental pollution Points to Master I’m sure / Forgea was adorable / and didn’t deserve to die.000 of taxpayers’ money와 an amount ~는 동 격 관계에 있다.000 of taxpayers’ money ─ an amount that might have been better spent caring for desperately needy humans. and health care? Just because we doesn’t mean that this tendency always helps us to make better decisions ─ even when we want to help.틀리기 쉬운 유형 .000. in the grand scheme of things.Type 7 빈칸 완성 난이도 ★★★ ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? A few years ago a two-year-old white terrier named Forgea spent three weeks alone aboard a tanker drifting in the Pacific after its crew abandoned ship. saving her was worth a twenty-five-day rescue mission that cost $48. Of course. it’s very hard to see a suffering dog.
firms를 수식하고 있으며 접속사 that이 이끄는 절은 claiming의 목적어 역할을 한다. International Trade Commission. International S 목적어절 V V’ file a complaint: 고소하다 Trade Commission.kr Type 8 빈칸 완성 정답과 해설 16~17쪽 ■ 다음 글의 빈칸 (A).co. In retaliation for this with free trade. International Trade Commission이다. (B)에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? 난이도 ★★★ The practice of selling a product in a foreign market at a price lower than it commands in the producer’s domestic market is called dumping.ebsi. retaliation 보복 (A) agreement interference obsession interference obsession (B) product quality import duties income taxes product quality import duties ① ② ③ ④ ⑤ …… …… …… …… …… Points to Master U. firms claiming [that dumping threatens to hurt their business] can file a complaint / with the U. the United States (A) adds import tariffs to products that foreign firms dump on U. which ─ on average ─ rejects about half the claims it receives. S’(관계대명사) (that) it receives → 현재분사 claiming은 주어인 U. businesses often complain that charges of dumping must undergo a lengthy investigative and bureaucratic procedure before the government assesses .S.S. which의 선행사는 the U.S.S.S. 04강 37 . Government support may permit these firms to extend their export markets by offering lower prices abroad.S.S. U.www. which – on average – rejects about half the claims [it receives]. markets to bring their prices in line with those of domestically produced products. firms claiming that dumping threatens to (B) hurt their business can file a complaint with the U. Critics of free trade often argue that foreign governments give substantial support to their own exporting companies. However.
typically in the presence of a number of other students with whom they cannot converse. Or. seated in a rather uncomfortable chair. they are typically in a classroom. It follows that we can improve performance by identifying cues that will be present during recall. ① efforts ④ preference ② context ⑤ intelligence ③ motives Points to Master It follows that we can improve performance / by identifying cues [ that will be present during recall]. and then learning in the presence of those cues. if the weather is pleasant. and studying gets mixed up with socializing. / they are typically in a classroom. These differences in no doubt account for some forgetting. Students typically do exactly the opposite: They study in their room. often while lying on a bed and eating some sort of snack. → what they have studied는 전치사 on의 목적어 역할을 하는 관계대명사절이다. Often friends stop by and chat. 38 영어독해연습(2) . / seated in a rather 관계대명사(~ 것) (being) seated ~ 수동형 분사구문 목적격 관계대명사 uncomfortable chair. with whom 이하는 a number of other students를 수식하는 관계대명사절로. 전치사 with를 converse 뒤로 보내 ~ a number of other students (whom) they cannot converse with로 표현할 수도 있다.PartⅠ 05 Type 1 빈칸 완성 난이도 ★☆☆ ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? We remember better when cues present during learning are present during recall. they sit under a large tree or on a park bench. / and then 동명사1 주격 관계대명사 learning in the presence of those cues. / typically in the presence of a number of other students [with whom they cannot converse]. When they take a test on what they have studied. 동명사2 → by -ing는 ‘~함으로써’ 라는 의미로 by 뒤에 identifying ~과 learning ~이 병렬 구조로 이어지고 있다. Students find themselves unable to recall facts that they “knew cold” before they walked into the classroom.틀리기 쉬운 유형 . When they take a test on [ what they have studied].
if a desire [ that arises for you] is to be the CEO of your company. take a good hard look at your vision. 보어는 what절로 표현되었지만 what이 지칭하는 명사는 the“yeah buts” 이며. (구어체에서는 보어로 복수형이 나오더라도 단수형 동사가 쓰이기도 한다. The critic within splashes buckets of ice water on your tiny embers of desire. the “yeah but”이 단수 형태이므로 동사도 이에 따라 단수 형(says)이 사용되었다. Deal with the “yeah buts” one by one.ebsi. Before . be prepared for the “yeah but” [ that S’ 주격 관계대명사 V’ 명령문 주격 관계대명사 says you couldn’t possibly]. 05강 39 . → that says 이하는 the “yeah but”을 수식하는 주격 관계대명사절로. 위 문장의 경우. “Yeah but I’m too old. however.” The “yeah buts” are your mind’s way of protecting you from disappointment. For example. what이 이끄는 절이 주어 역할을 할 경우 보어로 나오는 명사의 수에 따라 동사의 수가 결정된다. if a desire that arises for you is to be the CEO of your company. would you be willing to go for it if you really.” The list can go on and on. truly wanted it? ① being persuaded by flattery ② taking others’ sensible advice ③ following your unrealistic plan ④ giving in to that negative belief ⑤ feeling disappointed by bad results Points to Master What will immediately surface in response to your most wild imaginings / are [what I call the “yeah buts. They act like realistic rational adults extinguishing your rediscovered possibilities.www. you couldn’t possibly 뒤에는 be the CEO of your company가 생략되어 있다.”] 관계대명사(~ 것들) S V → What은 선행사를 포함한 관계대명사로.) For example.kr Type 2 빈칸 완성 정답과 해설 17~18쪽 ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? 난이도 ★★☆ What will immediately surface in response to your most wild imaginings are what I call the “yeah buts. be prepared for the “yeah but” that says you couldn’t possibly. Yeah but it’s too late. Yeah but I don’t have the education.co. strategically. Is it really absurd? Is it truly so impossible? If not. 이는 복수형이므로 be 동사 are가 사용되었다.
and anyone else who didn’t fit the English mold faced discrimination. will show you that he is not a conventional loan shark. you will miss the most interesting aspects of his plays. you will see that ~으로 바꿔 쓸 수 있다. 전체 문장을 If you take a closer look at the character. S V I. and anyone else [ who didn’t fit the English mold] faced discrimination. D. though. He created complex characters with real lives and real problems. blacks. loan shark 고리대금업자 ① escape from conflicting realities ② avoid stereotyping his characters ③ promote harmony among the races ④ criticize the corruption of the rulers ⑤ classify people into many groups Points to Master Jews. restrictive laws.Type 3 빈칸 완성 난이도 ★★☆ ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? Shakespeare’s England was not politically correct by modern standards. Therefore. For example. He is a complicated person. → A closer look at the character는 조건절을 대신하는 명사구로. though. A closer look at the character. and his plays reflect the society in which he lived. 40 영어독해연습(2) . In his plays.O. and sometimes S 주격 관계대명사 V O open hostility. → Jews ~ else가 문장의 주어이며 동사는 faced이다.틀리기 쉬운 유형 .O. at first glance. blacks. He has been treated cruelly and has borne that cruelty with patience. he tried to . restrictive laws. Jews. Shylock ─ the Jewish moneylender in The Merchant of Venice ─ is cruel and greedy. and sometimes open hostility. Shakespeare grew up in this environment. though. A closer look at the character. though. will show you that he is not a conventional loan shark. 관계대명사절인 who ~ mold가 선행사인 anyone else를 수식하고 있다. if you see Shakespeare’s characters in black and white.
.co. from the ground we cannot study celestial bodies that (A) radiate only in wavelengths of infrared.. each able to dozens of: 수십 개의 S V ~에 걸쳐서 detect radiation in a particular range of wavelengths. ~. allow ~ to . given that our atmosphere only allows visible light and radio waves to pass through. (B)에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? 난이도 ★★★ The Earth’s atmosphere provides an effective filter for many types of cosmic radiation. ultraviolet. each는 each space telescope를 뜻한다.ebsi.www. → each 다음에 being이 생략된 분사구문으로. scientists devised a good solution. . They designed a telescope that could be placed into space beyond the Earth’s atmosphere. X-rays. it prevents us from observing many objects in space that emit other types of radiation. Many people think only of the Hubble Space Telescope when they hear the term “space telescope. 05강 41 . ~. (A) Likewise For instance Likewise For instance By contrast (B) Therefore In addition That is However In addition ① ② ③ ④ ⑤ …… …… …… …… …… Points to Master However. However.: ~가 …하도록 허용하다 → given that은 ‘~라는 것을 고려하면’ 이라는 뜻이다. or gamma rays. In the 1970s. dozens of other space telescopes have been put into orbit over the last two and a half decades. This fact is crucial to the survival of humans and other life forms because exposure to that radiation would be deadly. given that our atmosphere only allows visible light and radio waves to pass through.kr Type 4 연결사 넣기 정답과 해설 18~19쪽 ■ 다음 글의 빈칸 (A).” . dozens of other space telescopes (B) have been put into orbit over the last two and a half decades. each able to detect radiation in a particular range of wavelengths.
let alone three. 42 영어독해연습(2) . the more you can prosper. for example. How can this be possible? The world of things ─ of pecans or power stations ─ is indeed often subject to diminishing returns. the more you can prosper. So. No matter how many times you tell somebody how to make or ride a bicycle. pecan 피칸(미국산 견과류) fray 해어지다.Type 5 빈칸 완성 난이도 ★★☆ ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? The more you prosper. The more knowledge you generate. → tell은 4형식 구조로 사용되는 동사 중 하나로. No matter how many times you tell somebody how to make or ride a bicycle. tell A B는 ‘A에게 B를 말하다’ 라는 뜻이다. the +비교급 …」 은 ‘~하면 할수록 더 …하다’ 라는 뜻을 나타낸다. The more you invent. / the idea will not grow stale or 아무리 ~할지라도(양보 부사절) A B useless or fray at the edges. One bicycle is very useful. the +비교급 the +비교급 → 「the +비교급 ~. It gives without losing.틀리기 쉬운 유형 . Indeed. a bicycle is a thing and is subject to diminishing returns. But the idea ‘bicycle’ does not diminish in value. the very opposite happens. 동사 grow와 fray는 will not 뒤에서 병렬 구조로 이어지고 있다. the idea will not grow stale or useless or fray at the edges. the more you can generate. but there is not much extra gain in having two. And the engine that is driving prosperity in the modern world is . But the world of ideas is not. 닳다 ① the fair evaluation of intellectual property ② the increasing demand for brand-new stuff ③ the accelerating generation of useful knowledge ④ the cost-effective production of high quality goods ⑤ the productive investment in the real economy Points to Master The more you prosper. the more inventions become possible.
→ see A as B는 ‘A를 B로 여기다’ 라는 뜻으로. researchers have found that those who cause harm tend to the offense ─ probably to protect themselves from (A) shame and guilt.www. to (B) apologize sincerely we must first listen attentively to how the other person really feels about what happened ─ not simply assert what we think happened. may see an offense as bigger than it really is. in contrast. who. who . Those who are hurt tend to see the act as one with severe consequences and as part of an ongoing pattern that is inexcusable and immoral. These tendencies can inflame the anger of the hurt person.ebsi. as one ~ consequences와 as part ~ immoral이 병렬 구조를 이루고 있다. (A) minimize minimize commit overestimate overestimate (B) openness distortion reconciliation jealousy immorality ① ② ③ ④ ⑤ …… …… …… …… …… Points to Master These tendencies can inflame the anger of the hurt person.co. They also tend to downplay the consequences of their actions. in contrast. Each person has his or her own truth. and there is on both sides. (B)에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? 난이도 ★★☆ Apologies often fail. may see an offense as bigger than S V O 주격 관계대명사(계속적 용법) it really is. → who는 the hurt person을 부가적으로 설명해주는 관계절을 이끄는 관계대명사이다. 05강 43 . Those [who are hurt] tend to see the act as one with severe consequences and as part of an ongoing pattern [ that S V 전치사1 전치사2 주격 관계대명사 is inexcusable and immoral]. One reason apologies fail is that the offender and the victim usually see the event differently. Therefore.kr Type 6 빈칸 완성 정답과 해설 19~20쪽 ■ 다음 글의 빈칸 (A). Examining personal narratives.
Kuhn bothered to go back to the original sources ─ to find out what actually happened. 44 영어독해연습(2) . Kuhn discovered that the cheering crowds of converts. Kuhn bothered to go back ~와 달리 주격 관계대명사 S V to the original sources – to find out [what actually happened]. is that most of the big breakthroughs of science have been rejected or at least heavily criticized by those already practising in the field. didn’t gather]. ~을 알아내기 위해 → who have ~ come about은 others를 수식하는 주격 관계대명사절로. heads turned and hearts all aflutter as a result of having the superior evidence laid before them.틀리기 쉬운 유형 . Kuhn discovered [ that the cheering crowds of converts. as Kuhn puts it. more interesting problems to wrestle with ─ that . V’ → that ~ gather는 discovered의 목적어절로. It’s only when the new way of thinking about or seeing the world is seen by enough practitioners to provide a more useful field to work in ─ to provide. Nobody sang. Unlike others who have theorized about how the big changes in science come about. how ~ about은 첫 번째 about의 목적어절 역할을 한다. What did Galileo or Newton or Einstein’s contemporaries actually think about the ideas proposed by these shapers of our scientific tradition? Curiously. Kuhn points out. heads turned and hearts all aflutter는 부대상황을 나타내는 독립분사구문이다. heads turned and hearts all aflutter / S ~의 결과로 V S’ (being) turned (being) all aflutter as a result of having the superior evidence laid before them. convert 전향자 aflutter 흥분하여 ① scientific paradigms shift ② revolutionary theories fail ③ people support traditional values ④ science is considered significant ⑤ scientists come up with original ideas Points to Master Unlike others [ who have theorized about / how the big changes in science come about].Type 7 빈칸 완성 난이도 ★★★ ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? It’s more than 40 years since Thomas Kuhn published his masterpiece on how scientific revolutions happen. The sad truth. didn’t gather. Curiously.
There is no limit to its scope if you have enough labels to name the results.ebsi. This is why our counting system is called a ‘decimal’ system. . billion and trillion for some of the large numbers.’ Ten ones make ten. 1 followed by n noughts는 과거분사 followed가 이끄 는 구가 1을 수식하는 형태로. 주격 관계대명사 목적을 나타내는 to부정사 주격 관계대명사 ▲ → the number는 which가 이끄는 주격 관계대명사절의 수식을 받고 있다. or mixtures of all or some of these systems.www. 영 ① ② ③ ④ ⑤ (A) Instead Instead Similarly Otherwise Otherwise …… …… …… …… …… (B) In addition As a result In addition As a result In other words Points to Master We have words like million. Most ancient human cultures used their fingers in some way for counting. . The origin of all these tens in the counting system is not hard to find. which is 1 followed by n noughts는 ‘1 다음에 n개의 영(0)이 따라오는’ 이라는 의미이다. but not for every one that you might need to write down. We have words like million. billion and trillion for some of the large numbers. but not for every one [that you might S V O = every number need to write down]. groups of ten (fingers of both hands). you find counting (B) systems based on groups of five (fingers of one hand). ~. decimal system 십진법 nought 0. ~ we have a handy notation [ that writes 10n / to denote the number [ which is 1 followed by n noughts]]. we have a handy notation that writes 10n to denote (A) the number which is 1 followed by n noughts. not for every one ~은 (we do) not (have words) for every one ~의 의미를 나타낸다. so a thousand is 103. (B)에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? 난이도 ★★☆ We count in ‘tens. ten hundreds make a thousand and so on forever. groups of twenty (fingers plus toes).co. ten tens make a hundred. 05강 45 . It is at our fingertips.kr Type 8 연결사 넣기 정답과 해설 20~21쪽 ■ 다음 글의 빈칸 (A). → 목적격 관계대명사 that이 이끄는 절이 선행사 every one을 수식하며.
for your doctor would be violating background assumptions – your ideas 접속사(이유) 동격 about the way life is and the way things ought to work . Ethnomethodology means “the study of how people do things. ‘S가 V하는 방식’ 으로 해석된다. even if he or she is good at cutting hair and you need one! ① ancient symbols ② instinctive desires ③ linguistic interactions ④ non-mainstream cultures ⑤ commonsense understandings Points to Master You would feel strange about this.PartⅠ 06 Type 1 빈칸 완성 난이도 ★☆☆ ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? Certainly one of the strangest words in sociology is ethnomethodology.. = these assumptions → 「so ~ that . 목적어절1 목적어절2 → background assumptions와 your ideas ~는 동격 관계를 이루고 있는 명사구들이다. You would feel strange about this. [which lie at the root of everyday life]. which lie at the root of everyday life. ethnomethodology focuses on how people use to make sense of life. your doctor does not offer you a haircut. the way life is와 the way things ought to work는 These assumptions . are so deeply embedded / in our consciousness / that we S(선행사) 관계대명사절 V are seldom aware of them . then takes out a pair of scissors and starts to give you a haircut. These assumptions. ~. 전치사 about의 목적어로 쓰이고 있는 「the way+S+V」 구문으로.」 은 ‘너무 ~해서 …하다’ 는 의미를 나타낸다. and most of us fulfill them unquestioningly. your doctor remarks that your hair is rather long. 46 영어독해연습(2) . Let’s suppose that during a routine office visit.” Specifically. are so deeply embedded in our consciousness that we are seldom aware of them. Thus. seldom은 ‘좀처럼 ~않는’ 의 뜻이다..틀리기 쉬운 유형 . for your doctor would be violating background assumptions ─ your ideas about the way life is and the way things ought to work.
→ let the factory ship은「사역동사+목적어+원형부정사(~가 …하는 것을 허용하다. 주격 관계대명사절의 수식을 받고 있다. to make the month’s ‘목적(~하기 위해서)’ 의 의미를 나타내는 부사적 용법의 to부정사구로 앞에 in order나 so as를 첨가할 수 있다. isn’t very complicated. They proclaim a commitment to customer service. They endorse stretch budgets and invite their people to dream big.co. they espouse the company’s values / at the top of their lungs. ultimately. Or perhaps worst of all. Or put another way: don’t trust me.ebsi. Trust. but punish them if the numbers fall short. sales quota는 Or perhaps worst of all. And here. but let the factory ship less-than-perfect product to make the month’s sales quota. 주격 관계대명사 ~라는 이유만으로 → people은 동사 keep과 reward의 공통 목적어로. but keep and reward people 목적어(선행사) [ who don’t live those values] / simply because they make the numbers. but keep and reward people who don’t live those values simply because they make the numbers. It’s earned through words and actions ─ and integrity in both. but let the factory ship less-than-perfect product / to make S V1 V2 the month’s sales quota. nothing I say means anything. even at the end of a decent year. 06강 47 . they espouse the company’s values at the top of their lungs. All that tells the organization is. 놓아두다)」구문이다.www.kr Type 2 빈칸 완성 정답과 해설 21~22쪽 ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? 난이도 ★★☆ One strong trust killer is when people . excoriate 몹시 비난하다 endorse 승인하다 espouse 옹호하다 ① show off too much ② whisper against a person ③ say one thing and do another ④ shift the responsibility onto others ⑤ fail to do something and make excuses Points to Master They proclaim a commitment to customer service. They tell people to take risks but excoriate them when they fail. bosses are the main culprits.
When a two-year-old child sees her playmate leave the room. she expects that her playmate will later look for the cookie in the drawer ─ despite the fact that her playmate was not in the room when the adult moved the cookie to the drawer from the jar. 48 영어독해연습(2) . Why? Because the two-year-old child knows the cookie is in the drawer and thus expects that everyone else knows this as well.Type 3 빈칸 완성 난이도 ★★☆ ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? In the 1920s. that her playmate was ~ from the jar는 the fact와 동격을 이루고 있는 명사절이다. Without a distinction between things in the world and things in the mind.틀리기 쉬운 유형 . hence she tends to believe that things really are as they appear to be ─ and that therefore. 원형부정사를 목적격보어로 취하고 있다. the psychologist Jean Piaget noticed that the young child often fails to distinguish between her perception of an object and the object’s actual properties. remove와 hide는 목 적어 an adult에 대한 목적격보어로 병렬 구조를 이룬다. 전치사(~에도 불구하고) 동격절 → When이 이끄는 부사절에 쓰인 두 개의 동사 sees는 지각동사로. ① others must see the things as she does ② there is something that exists unnoticed ③ all properties of an object are not constant ④ everybody knows what the world looks like ⑤ she cannot learn about the things through senses Points to Master When a two-year-old child sees her playmate leave the room. and then sees an adult remove a cookie from a S’ 원형부정사2 V’1 원형부정사 V’2 원형부정사1 cookie jar and hide it in a drawer. and then sees an adult remove a cookie from a cookie jar and hide it in a drawer. . she expects [that her playmate / will later look for the cookie / in the drawer] S V 목적어절 – despite the fact [that her playmate was not in the room ~ from the jar]. the child cannot understand how different minds can contain different things.
Therefore. S 양보의 부사절 V → although가 이끄는 부사절에서 접속사 although 다음에 「주어+ be동사」 . instead of having many unusual shapes. They have a six-sided shape with many complex designs. is less common. it does not accumulate rapidly on the ground. is simpler / in form. 06강 49 .co. . It is typically only found in very (A) cold areas such as the North and South Poles. Like snowflakes.www.ebsi. Diamond dust. it has a straight (B) shape. Diamond dust. Snowflakes are relatively large and build up on the ground quickly during a heavy snow storm. (A) on the other hand for example for example on the other hand in other words (B) In addition Similarly In addition Consequently Similarly ① ② ③ ④ ⑤ …… …… …… …… …… Points to Master Two kinds of things [that fall from the clouds on a cold winter day] are snowflakes and diamond dust. [although / in some ways / similar to snowflakes]. 따라서 복수명사구인 Two kinds of things를 수식하는 주격 관계대 명사절의 동사로 복수형인 fall이 쓰이고 있다. which are often seen on Christmas cards. diamond dust has a six-sided shape. it is very small and light. 즉 it(= diamond dust) is가 생략되어 있다. although in some ways similar to snowflakes. S(선행사) 주격 관계대명사절 V C → 주격 관계대명사절의 동사는 선행사와 수를 일치시켜야 한다. Diamond dust.kr Type 4 연결사 넣기 정답과 해설 22~23쪽 ■ 다음 글의 빈칸 (A). But unlike snowflakes. is simpler in form. . Snowflakes commonly fall during winter in many cold regions of the world. (B)에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? 난이도 ★☆☆ Two kinds of things that fall from the clouds on a cold winter day are snowflakes and diamond dust.
widely regarded as one of the most innovative works of art in history. Rather. untainted. the sketches show how Picasso wielded the knowledge built up over thirty years to construct the multiple layers: the first sketch. Rather. widely regarded as one of the most innovative works of art in history. → how 이하는 show의 목적어절에 해당하며. And guess what? Guernica was nothing like a bolt from above. built up ~ years는 the knowledge를 수식한다. the consequence of . the painting S (which was) inspired ~ V by -ing: ~함으로써 Guernica와 동격 [inspired by the bombing in 1937 of the Basque town of Guernica during the Spanish Civil War].Type 5 빈칸 완성 난이도 ★★☆ ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? The incremental nature of Picasso’s creativity can be seen most vividly by examining Guernica. the sketches show [how Picasso wielded the knowledge [built up over thirty years] to construct the S V 목적을 나타내는 to부정사 multiple layers]: ~. widely regarded 이하 또한 Guernica (the painting)를 부가적으로 설명해주고 있다.틀리기 쉬운 유형 . Each stratum of the masterwork is drawn from experience. mystical creativity is. others are drawn from his knowledge of Goya. in fact. because all forty-f ive preliminary sketches are numbered and dated. 50 영어독해연습(2) . and so on. What seems like pure. incremental 증가하는 stratum 층. is based on Picasso’s earlier work. We know a lot about how the painting was created. 지층 ① an accidental event ③ continuous education ⑤ extraordinary circumstances ② a lifetime of devotion ④ an interaction with peers Points to Master The incremental nature of Picasso’s creativity can be seen most vividly / by examining Guernica . → Guernica와 동격 관계에 있는 the painting을 inspired ~ War가 수식하고 있다. the painting inspired by the bombing in 1937 of the Basque town of Guernica during the Spanish Civil War. underpinning the overall structure.
kr Type 6 빈칸 완성 정답과 해설 23~24쪽 ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? 난이도 ★☆☆ If you’ve ever gone snorkeling. Rather. Any individual can initiate a movement. such as a change in direction. → 관계대명사 what이 이끄는 절이 문장의 주어 역할을 하고 있다. 주격 관계대명사(계속적 용법) → this는 앞 문장의 a movement를 가리킨다.www. en masse 집단으로. they are ready to react more quickly than they would without such advance notice. such as a change in direction.” which spreads through the group at an astounding speed.co. So are they all following the commands of a leader? Researchers have determined that there is no leader or controlling force. the individual fish or bird is reacting almost instantly to the movements of its neighbors in the school or flock. which는 계속적 용법의 관계대명사로. as one unit. 기동 훈련 ① go back home ③ escape from the flock ⑤ put others before yourself ② act as a leader ④ follow your neighbor Points to Master Any individual can initiate a movement. or sense. you may have seen the astonishing sight: an entire school of fish suddenly changes direction en masse. moving ~ see는 behavior를 수식한다. 일제히 maneuver 움직임. The same goes for flocks of birds. Because individuals can see. 06강 51 . What appears to us as simultaneous is actually a kind of “ ” behavior moving faster than the eye can see. 앞의 a “maneuver wave”를 부가적으로 설 명해주는 역할을 한다. the wave coming toward them. and this sends out a “maneuver wave. What appears to us as simultaneous is actually a kind of “ 관계대명사(~ 것) ” behavior [ moving faster than the eye which moves ~ S V can see].ebsi. / and this sends out a “maneuver wave.” ~와 같은 which spreads through the group / at an astounding speed.
refuted Aristotle. We are left to wonder [how people could have believed / what they were told for two millennia / without ever S V 선행사를 포함한 관계대명사(~ 것) checking]. ① be more obedient to authority ② rely on evidence over tradition ③ return to natural healing methods ④ find inspirations from conventional wisdom ⑤ educate patients to maintain a better posture Points to Master This simple and readily tested observation. and isn’t even particularly good compared to moderate activity. Only recently. first published by Galileo. 「의문사 how +주어+동사 ~」 의 어순을 취하고 있음에 유의한다. Even today. have we discovered bed rest isn’t the best treatment. This simple and readily tested observation.틀리기 쉬운 유형 . the time-honored advice for those suffering from bad backs has been bed rest. who claimed that heavy S V O 주격 관계대명사(계속적 용법) things fall faster.. → first ~ Galileo는 주어인 This simple ~ observation을 부가적으로 설명하는 역할을 한다. though. Galileo put it in Two New Sciences.” We are left to wonder how people could have believed what they were told for two millennia without ever checking. How did this discovery come about? A researcher surveyed multiple databases of trials and results for patients with back pain. slowly but surely we will . we learn that different weights fall at the same speed. as a similar example. Like the researcher.. refuted Aristotle. 52 영어독해연습(2) .Type 7 빈칸 완성 난이도 ★★☆ ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? As schoolchildren. “I greatly doubt that Aristotle ever tested by experiment whether it be true. → how 이하는 wonder의 목적어 역할을 하며. first published by Galileo. who claimed that heavy things fall faster.
co. The health and longevity benefits of S = even though (A) are clearly established for laboratory rats and mice. → 두 번째 that은 is의 보어절을 이끄는 역할을 하며. In fact. (B)에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? 난이도 ★★☆ An unexpected research f inding that may have great practical signif icance is that experimental animals live longer with much lower rates of disease when they consume less than the recommended daily allowance of calories. If we all lived in (B) controlled environments and had measured portions of monotonous food dispensed to us at regular intervals. The health and longevity benefits of are clearly established for laboratory rats and mice. but remain unproved for (A) humans. they는 주절의 주어인 The health and (A) 를 가리킨다.ebsi. although there is every reason [ to believe / they apply].kr Type 8 빈칸 완성 정답과 해설 24~25쪽 ■ 다음 글의 빈칸 (A). none of us would be overweight. longevity benefits of 06강 53 . they는 앞의 experimental animals를 가리킨다. (A) medication medication digestion undernutrition undernutrition (B) self-controlled undernourished disease-free overnourished weight-conscious ① ② ③ ④ ⑤ …… …… …… …… …… Points to Master An unexpected research finding [ that may have great practical significance] is that experimental animals live longer / S 전치사구 주격 관계대명사 V S’ V’ with much lower rates of disease / when they consume less than the recommended daily allowance of calories.www. and too much of a good thing may be doing us harm. but remain V1 to부정사의 형용사적 용법 V2 unproved for humans. → 동사 are clearly established와 동사 remain이 주어 뒤에서 병렬 구조로 이어져 있으며. most of us may be . and common sense tells us that we do better if we are well nourished. The finding is unexpected because we associate less-than-optimal nutrition with poor growth and health. although there is every reason to believe they apply.
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