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Charles Michael Te Herrera February 1, 2011 Groupmates: Ria Imperial, Aleena Espinosa Ma’am Rea Abuan Frank Ilandag

, David Whang EXPERIMENT NO. 11 CARBOHYDRATES

Date Performed:

1. Other than D-glucose and D-mannose, provide three pairs of stereoisomeric aldohexoses that will give identical osazones. PAIR 1: D-Allose and D-Altrose

D-Allose

D-Altrose

PAIR 2: D-Gulose and D-Idose

Given this fact. Seliwanoff’s test revolves around the principle of differentiating aldohexoses from ketohexoses.D-Gulose D-Idose PAIR 3: D-Galactose and D-Talose D-Galactose D-Talose 2. Can the Seliwanoff’s test be used to differentiate sucrose from fructose? Why? No. making it impossible to differentiate the two. Thus. Fructose is a known ketohexose. this test cannot be used to differentiate the two. sucrose would also yield a positive result due to the presence of the ketohexose fructose. which produces a positive bright red result upon testing. Sucrose is a disaccharide composed of both glucose and fructose. both would produce a bright red solution within the same time interval. .

however. It cannot be digested by humans due to the lack of the enzyme cellulase. It is this free space within amylose that allows iodine molecules. In order to understand the nature of starch as an iodinepoisoning antidote. as food? Cellulose is a material commonly fount in plant walls. 4. Starch is composed of two main components – amylose and amylopectin. Production of cellulase is strictly found in only a limited range of animals. Amylose is a helical shaped organic compound with wide spaces within its structure. This is usually through the formation of a symbiotic relationship with bacteria that are capable of cleaving the beta linkages. . Give a molecular explanation for the role of starch as an antidote for iodine poisoning. effectively reducing toxicity. Trapping these ions would thus decrease the amount of iodine exposed to the body. the most abundant organic material on earth. specifically triiodide ion complexes. we do. including ruminants and termites. This enables us to break down starch in various foods into simple sugars. the structure of the former compound must be analyzed. possess enzymes for the digestion of 14-αglycoside bonds in our saliva known as amylase. to bind with the starch polymer.3. While we lack the necessary enzymes for digestion of the beta acetal linkages. accounting for the sweet taste in potatoes and other starchy food. which enables digestion of the 14—β-glycoside bonds present in cellulose. Why can we not utilize cellulose.