Alexia Jablonski Geography 11 IB

April 15, 2008 Block 4

Realistic measures which could reduce malnutrition in the world
The most effective means of reducing malnutrition in the world involve changes within developed countries. The most significant measure would be the removal of agricultural subsidies in developed countries. Currently, the governments of these countries are giving money to farmers to produce more grain. Consequently, there is a surplus in agricultural yield. Much of this surplus is given to developing nations, where most inhabitants opt for free donated food instead of more expensive locally grown food; as a result, many farmers in LEDCs are unable to sell their grain, driving them out of business. Moreover, farmers receiving subsidies can afford to lower their prices, thus reducing the global prices. Farmers in developing countries cannot match these prices, so they are unable to sell their grain on the world market or domestically, since denizens of their country are more likely to buy cheap, imported grain. Thus, many domestic farmers have no choice but to abandon grain cultivation, and many turn to growing cash crops instead. Corporations promise large profits for farmers selling cash crops on the world market, which can later be spent on cheap, subsidized grain. Unfortunately, as many farmers opt for cash crops, there is much competition, and prices are often lower than expected. In the end, most farmers of cash crops cannot afford to buy enough grain for sustenance. Therefore, cash subsidies for farmers in developed nations have caused a lack of grain farming in developing countries. This has made them dependent on imports, and unable to be self-sufficient in grain production, leading to a grain shortage in developing countries.

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