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POLITENESS AND INTERACTION Exercises 1: You and someone else are sitting in a room.

It is getting colder and colder. What will you say to get the person to close the window for you? Fill in the blank with correct examples: How to get someone else to close the window for you Say nothing (but tremble because of the coldness)

Say something

On record

Off record ____d______ __________

Face saving act

Bald on record
____b______ __________

Positive politeness ____c______ __________

Negative politeness _____a_____ __________ (Following Brown and Levinson 1987)

a. “Would you mind closing the window please?” b. “Shut the window!” c. “How about closing the window for me, sweetie?” d. “It's really cold in here.” At home: 1. Situation 1: What will you say to lend someone else a book? 2. Situation 2: What will you say to get someone else to turn on the light?

Collected by Ha Linh – Phuong Nhung – Giang Tam

E. the weather is wonderful today. Joke “How about lending me this old heap of junk?” H. sir. C. 3.H..V.I.K.” Collected by Ha Linh – Phuong Nhung – Giang Tam . luv?” G. You want to ask someone to turn down the volume of the T. Give deference “We very much look forward to your dining with us.” F. Be conventionally indirect “Could you please pass the salt?” B. isn’t it?” C.L NEGATIVE POLITENESS STRATEGIES A. You want to ask someone to buy you an ice-cream 2. choose one of these three situations and write down 4 ways to perform FTA in each situation. Apologize “I am sorry to bother you.J A. Be optimistic “I’m sure you won’t mind if I…” J. Notice.D. Be pessimistic “You don’t have any envelopes.. needs. approval.) “You must be hungry. but…” I.G. do you?” D. Minimize the imposition “I just dropped by for a second to ask…” E. Seek agreement and avoid disagreement “Yes.Exercise 2: In your group of four. Exercise 3: Decide whether these strategies are Negative or Positive Politeness strategies: POSITIVE POLITENESS STRATEGIES B. 1. State the FTA as a general rule “Customers may not smoke here. Presuppose or assert common ground “Help me with this bag.” K. wants. attend to hearer (interests.F. You want to ask someone to turn off the light. Include both speaker and hearer in the activity “Let’s have a drink next week!” L.

Collected by Ha Linh – Phuong Nhung – Giang Tam .