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Copy of Pages From New Math Book_Part2-5

Copy of Pages From New Math Book_Part2-5

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New Math Book_Part2
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478

LINES AND PLANES IN SPACE (Chapter 16)

REVIEW SET 16B (3-D)
1 Show that A(1, 0, 4), B(3, 1, 12), C(¡1, 2, 2) and D(¡2, 0, ¡5) are coplanar. Find: a the equation of the plane b the coordinates of the nearest point on the plane to E(3, 3, 2). 2 A is (3, 2, ¡1) and B is (¡1, 2, 4). a Write down the vector equation of the line through A and B. b Find the equation of the plane through B with normal AB. p c Find two points on the line AB which are 2 41 units from A. 3 P1 is the plane 2x ¡ y ¡ 2z = 9 and P2 is the plane x + y + 2z = 1. l is the line with parametric equations x = t, y = 2t ¡ 1, z = 3 ¡ t. b between P1 and P2 . Find the acute angle: a that l makes with P1 4 For A(3, ¡1, 1) and B(0, 2, ¡1), find the: a vector equation of the line passing through A and B b the coordinates of P which divides BA in the ratio 2 : 5. 5 For C(¡3, 2, ¡1) and D(0, 1, ¡4) find the coordinates of the point(s) where the line passing through C and D meets the plane with equation 2x ¡ y + z = 3. 6 Given the lines y+9 z ¡ 10 x¡8 = = and x = 15 + 3t, y = 29 + 8t, z = 5 ¡ 5t: 3 ¡16 7 a show that they are skew b find the acute angle between them c find the shortest distance between them.

7

a How far is X(¡1, 1, 3) from the plane x ¡ 2y ¡ 2z = 8? b Find the coordinates of the foot of the perpendicular from Q(¡1, 2, 3) to the line 2 ¡ x = y ¡ 3 = ¡ 1 2 z.

8 P(2, 0, 1), Q(3, 4, ¡2) and R(¡1, 3, 2) are three points in space. Find: ¡ ! ¡ ! ¡ ! Ã ! a PQ, j PQ j and QR b the parametric equations of line PQ. c Use a to find the vector equation of the plane PQR. 9 Given the point A(¡1, 3, 2), the plane 2x ¡ y + 2z = 8, and the line defined by x = 7 ¡ 2t, y = ¡6 + t, z = 1 + 5t, find: a the distance from A to the plane b the coordinates of the point on the plane nearest to A c the shortest distance from A to the line. 10 a Find the equation of the plane through A(¡1, 0, 2), B(0, ¡1, 1) and C(1, 2, ¡1). b Find the equation of the line, in parametric form, which passes through the origin and is normal to the plane in a. c Find the point where the line in b intersects the plane in a.

LINES AND PLANES IN SPACE (Chapter 16)

479

11 Solve the system

x¡y+z = 5 2x + y ¡ z = ¡1 7x + 2y + kz = ¡k

for any real number k

using elementary row operations. Give geometric interpretations of your results. Ã ! Ã ! 12 p =
1 ¡1 2

and q =

2 3 ¡1

a Find p £ q. b Find m if p £ q is perpendicular to the line l with equation à ! à ! r=
1 ¡2 3

2 1 m

c Find the equation of the plane P containing l which is perpendicular to p £ q. d Find t if the point A(4, t, 2) lies on the plane P . e If B is the point (6, ¡3, 5), find the exact value of the sine of the angle between the line AB and the plane P .

REVIEW SET 16C
1 For a b c 2 A(¡1, 2, 3), B(2, 0, ¡1) and C(¡3, 2, ¡4) find: the equation of the plane defined by A, B and C the measure of angle CAB r given that D(r, 1, ¡r) is a point such that angle BDC is a right angle.

a Find where the line through L(1, 0, 1) and M(¡1, 2, ¡1) meets the plane with equation x ¡ 2y ¡ 3z = 14. b Find the shortest distance from L to the plane.

3 Given A(¡1, 2, 3), B(1, 0, ¡1) and C(1, 3, 0), find: a the normal vector to the plane containing A, B and C b D, the fourth vertex of parallelogram ACBD c the coordinates of the foot of the perpendicular from C to the line AB. 4 Show that the line x ¡ 1 = z¡3 y+2 = is parallel to the plane 6x +7y ¡ 5z = 8 2 4 and find the distance between them.

x¡3 z+1 5 Consider the lines with equations =y¡4= and x = ¡1 + 3t, 2 ¡2 y = 2 + 2t, z = 3 ¡ t. a Are the lines parallel, intersecting or skew? Justify your answer. b Determine the cosine of the acute angle between the lines. 6 For A(2, ¡1, 3) and B(0, 1, ¡1), find: a the vector equation of the line through A and B, and hence b the coordinates of C on AB which is 2 units from A.

480

LINES AND PLANES IN SPACE (Chapter 16)

7 Find the equation of the plane through A(¡1, 2, 3), B(1, 0, ¡1) and C(0, ¡1, 5). If X is (3, 2, 4), find the angle that AX makes with this plane. 8 a Find all vectors of length 3 units which are normal to the plane x ¡ y + z = 6. b Find a unit vector parallel to i + rj + 3k and perpendicular to 2i ¡ j + 2k. c The distance from A(¡1, 2, 3) to the plane with equation 2x ¡ y + 2z = k is 3 units. Find k.
P Q A B 10 cm C M S R 7 cm D 4 cm

9

Use vector methods to determine the measure of angle QDM given that M is the midpoint of PS.

10 P(¡1, 2, 3) and Q(4, 0, ¡1) are two points in space. Find: ¡ ! ¡ ! a PQ b the angle that PQ makes with the X -axis. 11 ABC is a triangle in space. M is the midpoint of side [BC] and O is the origin. ¡ ! ¡ ! ¡ ! ¡ ! P is a point such that OP = 1 3 (OA + OB + OC). ¡! ¡ ! ¡ ! a Write OM in terms of OB and OC. ¡ ! ¡! ¡ ! b Hence, show that OP = 1 3 (OA + 2OM). c Show that P lies on [AM]. d Find the ratio in which P divides [AM]. 12 Lines l1 and l2 are given by à à ! l1 : r = a b c d e f
3 ¡2 ¡2

+s

¡1 1 2

! and l2 : r =

Ã

3 0 ¡1

! +t

Ã

¡1 ¡1 1

!

Find the coordinates of A, the point of intersection of the lines. Show that the point B(0, ¡3, 2) lies on the line l2 . Find the equation of the line BC given that C(3, ¡2, ¡2) lies on l1 . Find the equation of the plane containing A, B and C. Find the area of triangle ABC. Show that the point D(9, ¡4, 2) lies on the normal to the plane passing through C. g Find the volume of the pyramid ABCD.

LINES AND PLANES IN SPACE (Chapter 16)

481

REVIEW SET 16D
1 Given the points A(4, 2, ¡1), B(2, 1, 5), and C(9, 4, 1): ¡ ! ¡ ! a Show that AB is perpendicular to AC. b Find the equation of the plane containing A, B and C and hence determine the distance from this plane to the point (8, 1, 0). c Find the equation of the line through A and B. d Determine the distance from D(8, 11, ¡5) to the line through A and B. 2 The equations of two lines are: x = 3t ¡ 4, y = t + 2, z = 2t ¡ 1 y¡5 ¡z ¡ 1 l2 : x = = : 2 2 a Find the point of intersection of l1 and the plane 2x + y ¡ z = 2. b Find the point of intersection of l1 and l2 . c Find the equation of the plane that contains l1 and l2 . l1 : a Show that the plane 2x + y + z = 5 contains the line l1 : x = ¡2t + 2, y = t, z = 3t + 1, t 2 R . b For what values of k does the plane x + ky + z = 3 contain l1 ? c Without using row operations, find the values of p and q for which the following system of equations has an infinite number of solutions. Clearly explain your reasoning. 2x + y + z = 5 x¡y+z = 3 ¡2x + py + 2z = q:

3

a Consider two unit vectors a and b. Prove that the vector a + b bisects the angle between vector a and vector b. b Consider the points H(9, 5, ¡5), J(7, 3, ¡4) and K(1, 0, 2). Find the equation of the line l that passes through J and bisects angle HJK. c Find the coordinates of the point where l meets HK. p 5 x2 + y 2 + z 2 = 26 is the equation of a sphere, centre (0, 0, 0) and radius 26 units. Find the point(s) where the line through (3, ¡1, ¡2) and (5, 3, ¡4) meets the sphere. 6 Find the angle between the plane 2x + 2y ¡ z = 3 and the line x = t ¡ 1, y = ¡2t + 4, z = ¡t + 3. 7 Let r = 2i ¡ 2j ¡ k, s = 2i + j + 2k, t = i + 2j ¡ k, be the position vectors of the points R, S and T, respectively. Find the area of the triangle ¢RST. 8 In the figure ABCD is a parallelogram. X is the midpoint of BC, and Y is on AX such that AY : YX = 2 : 1. a Find the coordinates of X and D. b Find the coordinates of Y. c Show that B, Y and D are collinear.
B(4,¡4,-2) Y A(1,¡3,-4) X C(10,¡2,¡0)

4

D

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