# DESCRIPTIVE STATISTICS (Chapter 17

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2 The following frequency table records the number of phone calls made in a day by 50 fifteen-year-olds. a For this data, find the: No. of phone calls Frequency i mean ii median iii mode. 0 5 b Construct a column graph for the data and 1 8 show the position of the measures of centre 2 13 (mean, median and mode) on the horizontal 3 8 axis. 4 6 5 3 c Describe the distribution of the data. 6 3 d Why is the mean larger than the median for 7 2 this data? 8 1 e Which measure of centre would be the most 11 1 suitable for this data set? 3 A company claims that their match boxes contain, on average, 50 matches per box. On doing a survey, the Consumer Protection Society recorded the following results: Number in a box 47 48 49 50 51 52 Total Frequency 5 4 11 6 3 1 30 a b c For the data calculate the: i mode ii median iii mean. Do the results of this survey support the company’s claim? In a court for ‘false advertising’, the company won their case against the Consumer Protection Society. Suggest why and how they did this.

4 Families at a school in Australia were surveyed. Number of children Frequency The number of children in each family was 1 5 recorded. The results of the survey are shown 2 28 alongside. 3 15 a Calculate the: 4 8 i mean ii mode iii median. 5 2 6 1 b The average Australian family has 2:2 Total 59 children. How does this school compare to the national average? c The data set is skewed. Is the skewness positive or negative? d How has the skewness of the data affected the measures of the centre of the data set? 5 For the data displayed in the following stem-and-leaf plots find the: i mean ii median iii mode. a Stem 5 6 7 8 9 Leaf 356 0124679 3368 47 1 where 5 j 3 means 53 b Stem 3 4 5 6 7 8 Leaf 7 0488 00136789 036777 069 1 where 3 j 7 means 3:7