By: Ms. Susan M.

Pojer Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY

Christófo Colón [1451-1506]

Columbus’ Four Voyages .

Ferdinand Magellan & the First Circumnavigation of the World: Early 16c .

European Explorations Looking for “El Dorado” .

Fernando Cortés Montezuma II .T he First Spanish Conquests: T he Aztecs vs.

T he Death of Montezuma II .

Mexico Surrenders to Cortés .

T he First Spanish Conquests: T he Incas vs. Francisco Pizarro Atahualpa .

Docs.4 . 1.

T he “Columbian Exchange”     Squash Turkey Cocoa Peanut      Avocado Pumpkin Pineapple TOMATO Syphilis     Peppers Tobacco Cassava Vanilla     Sweet Potatoes Quinine POTATO MAIZE    Trinkets Liquor GUNS       Olive Onion Grape Citrus Fruits Cattle Flu       COFFEE BEAN Turnip Peach Pear Sheep Typhus       Banana Honeybee SUGAR CANE Wheat Pigs Measles       Rice Barley Oats HORSE Smallpox Malaria  Diptheria  Whooping Cough .

Cycle of Conquest & Colonization Explorers Official European Colony! .

Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade .

Slave Ship .

“Coffin” Position Below Deck .

A frican Captives T hrown Overboard .

Slaves Working in a Brazilian Sugar Mill .

Sacrifice of the First-Born by T heodore de Bry .

1.Get colonies. 2.Mercantilism The economy and trade are essential to the health and safety of the nation. 3.Get as much gold and silver as you can. .Establish a favorable balance of trade.

Treasures from the Americas! .

T he Colonial Class System Peninsulares Creoles Mestizos Mulattos Native Indians Black Slaves .

T he Influence of the Colonial Catholic Church Guadalajara Cathedral Our Lady of Guadalupe Spanish Mission .

1494 & T he Pope’s Line of Demarcation .T he Treaty of Tordesillas.

Father Bartolomé de Las Casas New Laws --> 1542 .

European Empires in the Americas .

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