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Border Security Force
December 1, 1965
Force Head Quarters, Block 10 CGO Complex Lodhi Road New Delhi 110003
U K Bansal
The Border Security Force (BSF) is a border patrol agency of the Government of India. Established on December 1, 1965, it is one of the Central Armed Police Forces. Its primary role is to guard India's international borders during peacetime and also prevent transnational crime. Like most paramilitary units of India, the BSF is under the administrative control of the Ministry of Home Affairs. It is one of the many law enforcement agencies of India.
The unique BSF Camel Contingent during the annual Republic Day Parade.7 Multi-role recoilless rifle 7.6 Rocket-propelled grenade 7.4 Sniper rifles 7. K F Rustomji.4 Arjuna awardees 7 Equipment 7.12 Mine protected vehicles 8 Allegations of human rights abuses 9 Criticism 10 See also .9 Aircraft 7.10 Elite Commando Force of Border Security Force 7.8 Air defence 7.000 personnel in 186 battalions.1 Military awards 6. Its current Director General is U K Bansal.1 Pistols And handguns 7. including women battalions. Contents [hide] 1 History 2 Formation 3 Counter insurgency operations 4 Organisation 5 Rank structure (gazetted officers) 6 Roll of honour o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o 6.2 Sub-machine guns and carbines 7.5 Machine guns 7. the BSF's first Director General is referred to as father of the BSF.11 Hovercraft and All Terrain Vehicles (ATVs) 7.3 Assault rifles 7. it is one of the world's largest border patrol forces.2 Civil awards 6.3 Police medals 6. With a strength of 240.
From independence in 1947 to 1965.11 References 12 External links History A member of India's Border Security Force. Formation The Indo-Pakistani War of 1965 demonstrated the inadequacies of the existing border management system and led to the formation of the Border Security Force as a unified central agency with the specific mandate of guarding India's international boundaries. the first Director General of BSF. Till 1965 India’s borders with Pakistan were manned by the State Armed Police Battallion. the protection of India's international boundaries was the responsibility of local police battalions belonging to each border state. . 1965 in Kutch. Pakistan attacked Sardar Post. Chhar Bet and Beria Bet on 9 April. A member of India's Border Security Force.IPS. The BSF was the brain child of its founding father Sh KF Rustamji. with little interstate coordination.
BSF had trained. The first batch of 178 constables have already completed successful training and are all set to serve the frontier. Indian Border Security Force at theWagah border ceremony . The current Director General is U K Bansal who took charge in November 2011. the BSF has more recently been given the task in counter-insurgency and counter-terrorism operations. The BSF. 595 women constables will be deployed on the border in different phases. while around 60 will be deployed on the Indo-Bangla border. the Border Security Force came into existence on 01 Dec 1965 with K F Rustamji was its first Director General. In fact. including guarding the border. long considered a male bastion. for BSF the war on eastern front had started well before the war actually broke out in Dec '71.This exposed the inadequacy of the State Armed Police to cope with armed aggression due to which the Government of India felt the need for a specialized centrally controlled Border Security Force. has now deployed its first batch of women personnel at the border to carry out regular frisking of women as well as other duties performed by their male counterparts. The BSF's capabilities were used in the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971 against Pakistani forces in areas where the Regular Forces were thinly spread. In total. the Jammu and Kashmir state police and the thinly-deployed Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) struggled to cope up with the spiraling violence. BSF troops took part in several operations including the famous Battle of Longewala. Counter insurgency operations Although originally charged with guarding India's external boundaries. which would be armed and trained to man the International Border with Pakistan. When the insurgency in Jammu and Kashmir broke out in 1989. As a result of the recommendations of the Committee of Secretaries. supported and formed part of "Mukti Bahini" and had entered erstwhile East Pakistan before the actual hostilities broke out. and the Indian government deployed the BSF to Jammu and Kashmir to combatIslamic militants. BSF had played a very important role in Liberation of Bangladesh which Indira Gandhi and Sheikh Mujbir Rehman had also acknowledged. Over 100 women have been deployed on the highly volatile Indo-Pak border.
many in the government felt that this additional burden was leading to a dilution of the BSF's mandate and degrading the force's ability to perform its primary role of guarding the country's borders. Thus the 16 BSF battalions in Jammu and Kashmir are gradually being withdrawn from counter-insurgency duties and diverted back to guard the Indo-Pak border. Five major training institutions and 10 Subsidiary Training Centres (STCs) are imparting ab-initio as well as in-service training to its ranks and other CPOs/SPOs including IPS Probationers. Medical. Each SHQ has under its command 4-5 Duty Battalions.Field Formations in BSF are headed by an IG and are known as Frontiers Head Quarters (FtrHQ). Engineering. including the arrest of militant leaders. Marine Wing and artillery regiments. The 16 Battalions being withdrawn from J&K were supposed to provide R&R to the battalions already deployed on the border. The BSF killed Ghazi Baba—second-in-command of Jaish-e-Mohammed and the mastermind of the 2001 Indian Parliament attack—in August 2003. The Indian government has now decided to implement recommendations to restrict each security agency to its mandate. They are being replaced by fresh units from the CRPF Force that have undergone specialized training in counter-terrorism.The BSF initially suffered casualties from insurgent attacks but later saw successes. General. But with increasing Naxal violence in Central India. where Naxal strength is comparatively thinner than that of other parts of Bastar region. Various Directorates like Operations. Organisation The Border Security Force has its Head Quarters at New Delhi and is known as Force Head Quarter (FHQ) headed by a Director General. There are 31 such Sectors. function under the DG. Presently 186 Battalions are sanctioned to BSF. Law. The BSF raided Baba's hideout in Srinagar and he was killed in the ensuing gunbattle. At present total 5 battalions of BSF are stationed in different parts of Kanker district to combat Naxal menace. government decided to diversify the Anti Naxal operation with the induction of ITBP and BSF. Personnel. But the CRPF is yet to take over sensitive places like Tral. tracking and the like. Administration. which support the General Duty Battalions in their operations. Communications & IT. The BSF also has a national level school for breeding and training of dogs. Provisioning. detection of explosives. . Finance etc. Training. after setting up an intelligencenetwork and working with local civilians. The Eastern Theater is looked after by Spl DG HQ at Kolkata and the Western Theater is looked after by Spl DG HQ at Chandigarh. BSF was deployed in Kanker district of Chhattisgarh. BSF is the only Indian paramilitary force to have its own Air Wing. Despite the BSF's success in a counter-terrorism role. Each Directorate is headed by an IG. Dogs from other CPOs and State Police are sent to National Training Centre for Dogs (NTCD) to be trained in infantry patrol. There are 10 such Frontier under which Sector Head Quarters (SHQ) function headed by a DIG each.
Rank structure (gazetted officers) BSF officer inspecting guard of honour BSF officers . including engineers. technicians. The NDRF is a multi-disciplinary.158 personnel. Two battalions of the BSF. Each battalion maintains 18 self-contained specialist search and rescue teams of 45 personnel each. are designated as the National Disaster Response Force (NDRF). high-tech force for all types of disasters and can deploy to disasters by air. dog squads and medical/paramedics. which is unique in India. located at Kolkata and Guwahati. biological and chemical disasters.The BSF maintains a Tear Smoke Unit (TSU). The TSU is responsible for producing tear gas munitions required for the Anti-Riot Forces. electricians. multi-skilled. It also exports a substantial quantity to other countries. sea and land. The battalions are equipped and trained for all natural disasters including combatingnuclear disaster. The establishment of each battalion is 1.
P. also available to BSF cadre) Lieutenant General (Higher Administrative Grade) Vice Admiral (HAG) Air Marshal (HAG) Inspector General Joint C. Colonel Captain (IN) Group Captain . IG Major General Rear Admiral Air Vice Marshal Deputy Inspector General ♯ Additional C. DIG ♯ Brigadier Commodore (IN) Air Commodore Commandant Additional C.P.P. ADG of the IPS cadre.P.BSF PLANE BSF RANKS POLICE RANKS ARMY RANKS NAVY RANKS AIR FORCE RANKS Lieutenant General Vice Admiral Director General (Apex Scale Director General of (Army Commander's (FOC-in-C's of the Indian Police Service) a State Police Force Scale) Scale) Air Marshal (AOC-in-C's Scale) Special Director General (HAG+ Scale of the Indian Police Service) Special Director General Lieutenant General (HAG+ Scale) Vice Admiral (HAG+ Scale) Air Marshal (HAG+ Scale) Additional Director General (Higher Administrative Grade C.
additional deputy c. Deputy c.p(Non No Equivalent Select) No Equivalent No Equivalent Deputy Commandant ASP. Commander Sqn Leader Assistant Commandant No equivalent Captain Lieutenant (IN) Flight Lieutenant No equivalent Deputy Superintendent of Police Lieutenant Sub Lieutenant Flying Officer ♯ With 3 years seniority  Roll of honour The BSF personnel have been recipients of the following awards: Military awards Mahavir Chakra Kirti Chakra Vir Chakra Ati Vishisht Seva Medal Shaurya Chakra Sena Medal Vishisht Seva Medal Mentioned in Despatches .P(selection grade) Colonel Captain (IN) Group Captain No Equivalent No Equivalent Lieutenant Colonel Commander (IN) Wing Commander 2 I/C SP.DIG Commandant SSP.p Major Lt. Deputy C.
Dy Comdt (Retd)Udham Singh. Inspr Rajesh Kumar. Shooting-1983 9. Asst Comdt (Retd)Ajit Pal Singh. Wrestling-1998 Equipment Pistols And handguns . Wrestling-1985 10. Athletic-1967 4. Inspr (Retd)Jagjit Singh. Comdt (Retd)Nripjit Singh. Inspr Sanjay Kumar.Civil awards Padma Bhushan Padmashri Prime Minister's Medal for life saving Arjuna Awards Police medals President's Police Medal for Gallantry Police Medal for Gallantry President Police Medal for Distinguished Service Police Medal for Meritorious Service Arjuna awardees 1. Dy Comdt (Retd)Balwant Singh. Volleyball-1972 7. B/Ball-1974 8. Wrestling-1987 11. Sec-in-Command Anil Kumar. Hockey-1967 5. Asst Comdt Subhash Verma. Hockey-1965 3. Hockey-1970 6. Volleyball-1962 2. Asst Comdt Mahabir Singh. Wrestling-1990 12. Dy Inspr Gen (Retd)Mohinder Singh. Dy Comdt (Retd)Praveen Kumar.
FN Browning Hi-Power Practical IOF . Silenced Carbine.This is currently being retired. AK-47 INSAS 5. has been phased out 90%.32 Revolver . Assault rifles INSAS Rifle.L.This is currently being retired.56mmx45 mm Assault Rifle S. with INSAS) Sniper rifles . 68000 SMGs to be procured to replace OFB 9mm carbines. SAF Carbine 2A1 9mmx19 mm.R self loading rifle ( Indian origin. Indian made Sterling L2A1 SMG.6 shot handgun FN Browning GP35 9mmx19 mm Sub-machine guns and carbines Heckler & Koch MP5K Heckler & Koch MP5 A3 9mmx19 mm SMG Heckler & Koch MP5 K 9mmx19 mm SMG SAF Carbine 1A 9mmx19 mm. Beretta MX4 Storm submachine guns.
Steyr SSG 69 PI.56mm INSAS LMG FN MAG Carl Gustav recoilless rifle Rocket-propelled grenade RPG-7 Rocket Launcher RPG-7 40mm Rocket Launcher Multi-role recoilless rifle Carl Gustav 84 mm recoilless rifles . Vidhwansak anti-materiel rifle (AMR) or large-caliber sniper rifle Steyr SSG 69 Machine guns 5.
The Border Security Force operates helicopters.An Igla-1S missile. see List of aircraft of the Indian Air Force. Air defence MANPADS SA-16 Gimlet. For the list of aircraft of the Indian Air Force.In Service. plus additional Utility aircrafts.In Service SA-7 Grail. Image Aircraft Origin Type Versions In Notes service . to be phased out Aircraft [[File:|thumb|]] This is a list of aircraft of the Border Security Force.
Mil Mi-17 ia Russ utility helicopter Mi-17KF 6 Embraer EMB 135 il Braz VIP transport 1 3 more planes ordered Beechcraft Unit Super King turboprop aircraft ed States Air 2 Hawker Siddeley HS 748 Unit ed turboprop transport Kingdom 2 BSF had evaluated two aircraft for the transport aircraft requirement they are Alenia C-27J Spartan manufactured by Alenia Aeronautica and EADS CASA C-295. Elite Commando Force of Border Security Force .HAL Dhruv India utility helicopter HAL Dhruv 3  8 Ordered.
 In 2001 July Bangladeshi Border Force BDR Kidnapped And Brutally Tortured And Killed 16 BSF Personells Because They Chased Some Bangladeshi Goons Back To Bangladesh And Amidst That Enterted Into Bangaldesh. who is training the commando unit at Koteshwar outpost of BSF said. It was the scene of major border disputes in 1965 and 1971. This was in retaliation to massive illegal immigration from Bangladesh into India. BSF to get two hovercraft for coastal surveillance. "We have kept three things in mind while selecting cadets for the commando including swimming and marine diving performance. Hovercraft and All Terrain Vehicles (ATVs) All Terrain Vehicles (ATVs) to keep vigil on the Pakistani activities in the Harami Nala creek. The Crocodile units have 42 commandos at present and they are undergoing vigorous training.  Mine protected vehicles According to the senior BSF officer. adding IG BSF Gujarat range A K Sinha had given the idea of raising the commando force so that we can dominate the creek area. 21 Indians.So Since Then BSF Acts Tough Against Bangladesh  Later Bangladesh Rifles Brutally Killed An Assistant Commandant Of BSF By Kidnapping In 2005 .BSF will deploy ATVs for vigil along Harami Nala by year-end. BSF Commandant Pushpendrasinh Rathore." Rathore said. Creek Crocodiles are trained to thwart any evil designs from across the border. for which the Indo-Bangladeshi Barrier is presently underway In a news conference in August 2008. rest unidentified) who were trying to cross the border during the prior six months. he said. Indian BSF officials admitted that they killed 59 illegals(34 Bangladeshis. Creeks are a very hostile terrain constituting of numerous raised grounds having mangroves and a network of water channels which are quite shallow where all movements are tide dependent.Creek Crocodile Commando are the elite commando force of BSF.Creek Crocodiles -. BSF has formed its first commando unit -.  Allegations of human rights abuses BSF has often been accused by Bangladesh government of incursions into Bangladesh territory.) Creek (Gujarat): In order to thwart landing of terrorists through the sea route. firing abilities and endurance to work in the rough creek. some MPVs have already been introduced in a number of BSF units along the border and more MPVs to be added in the coming years.It is Rann of Kutch (An extensive salt marsh of western India and southeast Pakistan between the Gulf of Kutch and the Indus River delta.to man the hostile creek area where India shares border with Pakistan. and indiscriminate shooting of civilians along the India-Bangladesh borders.
witnesses and members of the BSF and its Bangladeshi counterpart. as well as the Indian public in general and several of India's political parties. Termed as "unfortunate" the incidents involving use of "foul language by the Canadian High Commission in visa rejection letters to some individuals". The report alleged that over 900 Bangladeshi citizens have been killed in the first decade of the 21st century by the BSF. The BSF claims that the barrier's main purpose is to check illegal immigration. In 2010. some Canadian visa officials rejected the immigration application of a retired BSF soldier Moninder Singh Pandher.  It was speculated that diplomatic retaliation from India will consist of banning Canadians going to participate the War in Afghanistan if they are doing so through India. have expressed outrage at this attack and have called Canada's actions discriminatory and spurious. Human Rights Watch (HRW) issued a 81 page report which detailed hundreds of abuses by the BSF. India's Minister of External Affairs. while most of them were killed when they crossed into Indian territory for indulging in cattle rustling or other smuggling activities. many were also killed in BSF's indiscriminate firing across the border.In July 2009 Channel 4 News reported that hundreds of Bangladeshis and Indians are indiscriminately killed by the BSF along the Indo-Bangladeshi Barrier. or the inaccurate impression it has created. Public outrage in India prompted Canadian authorities to express "great respect for India's armed forcesand related institutions". SM Krishna. According to HRW. condemned Canada's actions and has expressed pride in the accomplishments of the BSF. and prevent cross-border terrorism. The report was compiled from interviews with victims of BSF shootings. This accusation against one of India's elite paramilitary forces did not go down well with the Indian government." .  The Home ministry of India. Kenney said. The Indian government has threatened diplomatic retaliation unless they withdraw their allegations. "This language. Subsequently. Bangladeshi media accused the BSF of abducting 5 Bangladeshi children. from the Haripur Upazila in Thakurgaon District of Bangladesh. in 2010. Canada's Minister of Citizenship and Immigration. in no way reflects the policy or position of the Government of Canada. The Canadian government did not respond immediately.  Criticism In 2010.  Following complaints made by the Indian government and criticism of Canada's actions against India. The children were setting fishing nets near the border. Jason Kenney. aged between 8 and 15. and their charges against the BSF as baseless and unproven. terming BSF a "notoriously violent paramilitary unit engaged in systematic attacks on civilians and responsible for torturing suspected criminals" . the Harper government retracted their earlier accusations against BSF security officials. India's Ministry of External Affairs summoned Canadian High Commissioner Joseph Caron and demanded that "the blatant discrimination against Indian security agencies" cease. The Indian External Affairs Ministry was asked by the Home minister to take up the issue with Canada.
India:The Hindu. 24 July 2010. The Times Of India. Retrieved 24 July 2010. 6. ^ a b Border Security Forces .outlookindia.nic. 12.India News . "Border tension flares as BSF kills 2 more".in/WriteReadData/SV/IPS_PayRules2008_English. ^ a b With help from Air Force. 7. 2. 2008. July 24. 14.Indian Express ^ BSF likely to deploy ATVs.Indian Express ^ "Choppers. BSF copter fleet to be airborne soon .IBNLive ^ http://mod. 8.persmin. Retrieved 2007-04-19.pdf ^ Updates on 6th CPC ^ "Anti-material rifle handed over to BSF".India ^ First ever women BSF to man Indian borders . 2008-02-15. Chennai. 11. . 3. Channel 4 News. 17. 13. anti-mine vehicles new teeth for BSF". Jason Miklian. Human Rights Watch. 18.livemint. 9. hovercraft for vigil along Harami Nala by year-end . 2009-04-19. 21. ^ India says 59 killed over last six months on Bangladesh border. August 24. ^ Staff Correspondent (2005-04-24).See also Border guard Border outpost Border checkpoint Paramilitary forces of India Special Forces of India References 1.nic.pdf ^ Indian Air Force : Career Opportunities ^ Career ^ news. 5.By Scott Carney. Reuters. 2009 ^ "BSF abducts 5 children from border".in/6thCPC/PAYSERVICES-notification. The Daily Star. 15. ^ Indian military aviation OrBat ^ Govt to expand helicopter fleet to combat Maoist insurgency . 23. The Daily Star. Retrieved 2009-10-13. ^ Fortress India . 16. The Times Of India. 4. 10. 20. Retrieved 21 January 2011.com | Govt Agrees to 'Pay Hike Demand' for Lt Cols ^ Error Page ^http://www. Abuse by Border Officers". 22.Home . ^ "India/Bangladesh: Indiscriminate Killings.com ^ "Air power for BSF: 3 planes and 8 choppers more in its kitty". 19.Indian Express ^ BSF set to buy transport aircraft . and Kristian Hoelscher | Foreign Policy ^ .
Retrieved 2010-05-29.[dead link] 26. Retrieved 2010-05[dead link] External links Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Border Security Force Official website Border Security Force @ India Defence Global Security CI Operations in Jammu and Kashmir . Hindustan Times. Retrieved 2010-05-29. 2010-05-21. CNN-IBN. ^ "Visa row. India warns Canada ^ "Canada regrets language used by its officials in visa letters". Retrieved 201005-21. ^ "Outraged India asks Canada to respond on visa row". ^ Visa Row.24. 2010-05-22. ^ ""We have great respect for Indias armed forces" -Canada". India warns Canada of retaliation". 25. 28.Times of India. 29. 2010-05-28. Doordarshan. ^ "Canada calls BSF a 'violent paramilitary unit'". Times of India. 29. Retrieved 2010-05-29. 27.
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