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The Imelda Staunton Handbook - Everything you need to know about Imelda Staunton

The Imelda Staunton Handbook - Everything you need to know about Imelda Staunton

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Imelda Mary Philomena Bernadette Staunton, OBE (born 9 January 1956) is an English actress. She is perhaps best known for her performances in the British comedy television series Up the Garden Path, the Harry Potter film series (in which she plays Professor Dolores Jane Umbridge) and Vera Drake. She drew critical acclaim as Vera Drake, earning her a Best Actress Oscar nomination and a number of wins including the BAFTA and Venice Film Festival Awards for best actress in a leading role.

This book is your ultimate resource for Imelda Staunton. Here you will find the most up-to-date information, photos, and much more.

In easy to read chapters, with extensive references and links to get you to know all there is to know about Imelda Staunton's Early life, Career and Personal life right away. A quick look inside: Imelda Staunton, 2006 New Year Honours, A Bunch of Amateurs, A Delicate Balance (play), A Masculine Ending, A Midsummer Night's Dream, Academy Award for Best Actress, Acropolis Now (radio), Adelphi Theatre, Alan Rickman, Alice in Wonderland (2010 film), Alma Reville, Anna Massey, Another Life (film), BAFTA Award for Best Actress in a Leading Role, Bill Nighy, Blackball (film), Bright Young Things, Cambridge Spies, Chicken Run, Citizen X, Cranford (TV series), Crush (2001 film), David Copperfield (1999 film), Deadly Advice, Donmar Warehouse, Entertaining Mr Sloane, European Film Award for Best Actress, Freedom Writers, Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix (film), How About You, I'll Be There (2003 film), If You See God, Tell Him, Into the Woods…and more pages!

Contains selected content from the highest rated entries, typeset, printed and shipped, combining the advantages of up-to-date and in-depth knowledge with the convenience of printed books. A portion of the proceeds of each book will be donated to the Wikimedia Foundation to support their mission.

Imelda Mary Philomena Bernadette Staunton, OBE (born 9 January 1956) is an English actress. She is perhaps best known for her performances in the British comedy television series Up the Garden Path, the Harry Potter film series (in which she plays Professor Dolores Jane Umbridge) and Vera Drake. She drew critical acclaim as Vera Drake, earning her a Best Actress Oscar nomination and a number of wins including the BAFTA and Venice Film Festival Awards for best actress in a leading role.

This book is your ultimate resource for Imelda Staunton. Here you will find the most up-to-date information, photos, and much more.

In easy to read chapters, with extensive references and links to get you to know all there is to know about Imelda Staunton's Early life, Career and Personal life right away. A quick look inside: Imelda Staunton, 2006 New Year Honours, A Bunch of Amateurs, A Delicate Balance (play), A Masculine Ending, A Midsummer Night's Dream, Academy Award for Best Actress, Acropolis Now (radio), Adelphi Theatre, Alan Rickman, Alice in Wonderland (2010 film), Alma Reville, Anna Massey, Another Life (film), BAFTA Award for Best Actress in a Leading Role, Bill Nighy, Blackball (film), Bright Young Things, Cambridge Spies, Chicken Run, Citizen X, Cranford (TV series), Crush (2001 film), David Copperfield (1999 film), Deadly Advice, Donmar Warehouse, Entertaining Mr Sloane, European Film Award for Best Actress, Freedom Writers, Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix (film), How About You, I'll Be There (2003 film), If You See God, Tell Him, Into the Woods…and more pages!

Contains selected content from the highest rated entries, typeset, printed and shipped, combining the advantages of up-to-date and in-depth knowledge with the convenience of printed books. A portion of the proceeds of each book will be donated to the Wikimedia Foundation to support their mission.

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Contents
Articles
Imelda Staunton 1
2006 New Year Honours 9
A Bunch of Amateurs 56
A Delicate Balance (play) 58
A Masculine Ending 67
A Midsummer Night's Dream 68
Academy Award for Best Actress 82
Acropolis Now (radio) 106
Adelphi Theatre 108
Alan Rickman 113
Alice in Wonderland (2010 film) 122
Alma Reville 139
Anna Massey 141
Another Life (film) 145
BAFTA Award for Best Actress in a Leading Role 147
Bill Nighy 160
Blackball (film) 170
Bright Young Things 172
Cambridge Spies 176
Chicken Run 178
Citizen X 184
Cranford (TV series) 186
Crush (2001 film) 194
David Copperfield (1999 film) 197
Deadly Advice 201
Donmar Warehouse 203
Entertaining Mr Sloane 208
European Film Award for Best Actress 211
Freedom Writers 215
Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix (film) 219
How About You 236
I'll Be There (2003 film) 239
If You See God, Tell Him 241
Into the Woods 243
Jim Carter (actor) 259
Jools Holland 269
Judi Dench 275
Julie Enfield Investigates 297
Juliet Stevenson 299
Laurence Olivier 305
Laurence Olivier Award for Best Actress in a Musical 320
Maleficent (film) 324
Mole's Christmas 326
Nanny McPhee 327
Northcott Theatre 331
Patrick Barlow 334
Peter's Friends 336
Psychoville 339
Rat (film) 351
Reece Shearsmith 354
Repertory theatre 357
Return to Cranford 360
Richard Eyre 366
Saint Joan (play) 369
Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Cast in a Motion Picture 374
Shadow Man (film) 379
Shakespeare in Love 382
Sweeney Todd: The Demon Barber of Fleet Street 391
Taking Woodstock 407
The Awakening (2011 film) 412
The Fair Maid of the West 414
The Girl Who Waited 418
The Gruffalo 423
The Milton Rooms 426
The Patrick and Maureen Maybe Music Experience 427
The Singing Detective 429
Three and Out 433
Twelfth Night 436
Up the Garden Path 446
Vera Drake 448
References
Article Sources and Contributors 452
Image Sources, Licenses and Contributors 461
Article Licenses
License 463
Imelda Staunton
1
Imelda Staunton
Imelda Staunton
Imelda Staunton at the world premiere of Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows – Part 2 in London (2011)
Born Imelda Mary Philomena Bernadette Staunton
9 January 1956
London, England, UK
Occupation Actress
Years active 1976–present
Spouse(s) Jim Carter (1983–present; 1 child)
Imelda Mary Philomena Bernadette Staunton, OBE (born 9 January 1956) is an English actress. She is perhaps
best known for her performances in the British comedy television series Up the Garden Path, the Harry Potter film
series (in which she plays Professor Dolores Jane Umbridge) and Vera Drake. She drew critical acclaim as Vera
Drake, earning her a Best Actress Oscar nomination and a number of wins including the BAFTA and Venice Film
Festival Awards for best actress in a leading role.
Early life and education
Staunton was born in Archway, North London, the only child of Bridie (née McNicholas), a hairdresser, and Joseph
Staunton, a road-worker and labourer.
[1]
The family lived over Staunton's mother's hair dressing salon while
Staunton’s father worked on the roads.
[2]
Both of her parents were first-generation Catholic immigrants from County
Mayo, Ireland, with her father coming from Ballyvary and her mother from Bohola.
[3]
Staunton's mother was a
musician who could not read music, but could master almost any tune by ear on the accordion or fiddle and had
played in Irish showbands.
[4]
Staunton attended La Sainte Union Convent School, an all-girls Catholic school on the edge of Hampstead Heath,
from years 11 to 17. Her talent was spotted by Jacqueline Stoker, her elocution teacher. Before long she was starring
as Polly Peachum in a school production of The Beggar's Opera.
[4]
Staunton studied at the Royal Academy of
Dramatic Art.
[3][5]
Imelda Staunton
2
Career
Theatre
When she was 18, Staunton enrolled at the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art (RADA),
[6]
and studied alongside Alan
Rickman, Timothy Spall and Juliet Stevenson.
[7]
She graduated two years later in 1976, then spent six years in
English repertory, including a period at the Northcott Theatre, Exeter where she had the title role in Shaw's Saint
Joan (1979). Staunton then joined the Royal Shakespeare Company, and in 1982, moved on to the National
Theatre.
[6]
She has stated that her first job was a play by Goldoni.
[8]
She is also known for her performance as
Dorothy in The Wizard of Oz for the Royal Shakespeare Company.
[9][10]
She has had a long and distinguished career
in the theatre, performing in such diverse plays as A Man for all Seasons, Mack & Mabel, Side by Side, and
Elektra.
[4]
Staunton also appeared in a National Theatre 80th birthday tribute to Lord Olivier, Happy Birthday, Sir Larry on 31
May 1987 in the presence of Olivier.
[11]
Staunton has twice received an Olivier Award,
[12]
Britain's highest theatre honour, one in 1985 for roles in two
productions: A Chorus of Disapproval and The Corn Is Green and one for the 1991 musical, Into the Woods. She
was nominated for her performance as Miss Adelaide in the 1996 revival of Guys and Dolls at the National
Theatre.
[13]
More recently, she appeared in the premiere of Frank McGuinness's There Came a Gypsy Riding at the
Almeida in 2007 and opened in 2009 in English Touring Theatre's production of Entertaining Mr Sloane alongside
Mathew Horne at the Trafalgar Studios.
[14]
In October 2011 Staunton took the role of 'Mrs. Lovett' in a revival of
Stephen Sondheim's Sweeney Todd: The Demon Barber of Fleet Street, starring opposite singer Michael Ball, at the
Chichester Festival. The show was well received, and it transferred to the Adelphi Theatre in London in March
2012.
[15]
Staunton will be playing the role of Rose in an upcoming London revival of the musical Gypsy in 2013.
Film
Staunton's first big-screen role came in a 1986 Bill Douglas film, Comrades. She then appeared in the 1992 film
Peter's Friends. Other early roles include performances in Much Ado About Nothing (1993), Deadly Advice (1993),
Sense and Sensibility (1995) Twelfth Night (1996), Chicken Run (2000), Another Life (2001), Bright Young Things
(2003), Nanny McPhee (2005), Freedom Writers (2007) and How About You (2007).
Staunton shared a Screen Actors Guild Award for Best Performance by a Cast in 1998 for Shakespeare in Love. In
2004, she received the Best Actress honours at the European Film Awards, the BAFTAs, and the Venice Film
Festival for her performance of the title role in Mike Leigh's Vera Drake, which also won Best Picture. For the same
role, she received Best Actress nominations for the 2004 Golden Globes and Academy Awards.
Staunton portrayed Dolores Umbridge in Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix (2007), a performance
described as "coming close to stealing the show."
[16]
She was nominated in the "British Actress in a Supporting
Role" category at the London Film Critics Circle Awards.
[17]
Staunton reprised her role as Dolores Umbridge in
Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows Part One.
Recent film roles include 2008's A Bunch of Amateurs, in which she starred alongside Burt Reynolds, Derek Jacobi
and Samantha Bond, and the character of Sonia Teichberg in Ang Lee's Taking Woodstock (2009). She will play one
of the lead roles in the upcoming ghost film The Awakening.
[18]
Imelda Staunton
3
Television
In 1993, she appeared on television alongside Richard Briers and Adrian Edmondson in If You See God, Tell Him.
She has had other television parts in The Singing Detective (1986), Midsomer Murders, and the comedy drama series
Is It Legal? (1995–98), as well as A Bit of Fry and Laurie season 4, episode 3. She was a voice artist on Mole's
Christmas (1994). She had a guest role playing Mrs. Mead in Little Britain in 2005, and in 2007 played the
free-thinking gossip, Miss Pole, in Cranford, the five-part BBC series based on Mrs Gaskell's novels, and in the
sequel to the series, Return to Cranford. She also supplies the voices of Ruby (a mouse) and Twiba (The Worm who
lives in Big's Apple) in the Children's TV show Big & Small.
[19]
In 2010, she appeared in the Halloween special of
Psychoville as Grace Andrews, and became a recurring cast member in the second series (2011). In 2011, she had a
guest role in series 6 of Doctor Who playing the voice of the interface in "The Girl Who Waited."
Radio
On radio, she has appeared in the title role of detective drama series Julie Enfield Investigates, as the lead, Izzy
Comyn, in the comedy Up the Garden Path (which later moved to ITV with Staunton reprising the role), in Diary of
a Provincial Lady (from 1999) and Acropolis Now.
She starred opposite Anna Massey in the post-World War II mystery series Daunt and Dervish, and opposite Patrick
Barlow in The Patrick and Maureen Maybe Music Experience. She had also acted with Barlow in the TV series Is It
Legal?
Other work
Staunton has narrated The Gruffalo and Tiddler for an unabridged audio book of Julia Donaldson's children's book.
Staunton is also a patron for the Milton Rooms, a new arts centre in Malton, North Yorkshire along with Bill Nighy,
Jools Holland and Kathy Burke.
[20]
Personal life
Staunton met her husband, English actor Jim Carter, in Richard Eyre's landmark early 1980s production of Guys And
Dolls at the National Theatre.
[7]
They have a daughter, Bessie, born 1993. In 2007, the couple, together with Bessie,
appeared in the BBC series Cranford (Carter was Captain Brown and Bessie a maid).
[21]
Staunton was awarded the O.B.E. (Officer of the Order of the British Empire) in the 2006 New Year Honours for her
services to drama.
[22]
Theatre work
Repertory theatre:
• Waiting for Godot (Lucky, 1976), Birmingham Rep
• Hay Fever, Watermill, Newbury
• Grease, York Theatre Royal
• Henry V, Leeds Playhouse
• The Gingerbread Man, Leeds Playhouse
Two seasons at the Northcott Theatre, Exeter:
• Travesties (1978) Northcott Exeter
• A Man for All Seasons (1978) Northcott Exeter
• Elektra (Elektra, 1978) Northcott Exeter
• Dear Daddy (1978) Northcott Exeter
• Cinderella (1978) Northcott Exeter
Imelda Staunton
4
• 'Tis Pity She's a Whore (1978) Northcott Exeter:
• Macbeth (1978) Northcott Exeter
• Cabaret (1978) Northcott Exeter
• As You Like It (1978) Northcott Exeter
• Saint Joan (Saint Joan, 1979) Northcott Exeter
• The Beggar's Opera (1979) Northcott Exeter
• Joseph and the Amazing Technicolor Dreamcoat (1979) Northcott Exeter
• Side by Side by Sondheim (1979) Northcott Exeter
Two seasons at the Nottingham Playhouse (1980–81?):
• Pam Gems' Piaf (Piaf) Nottingham Playhouse
• Mack and Mabel (Mabel) Nottingham Playhouse
• Mrs Warren's Profession, Nottingham Playhouse
• A Little Night Music, Nottingham Playhouse
Touring (1981–82?):
• She Stoops to Conquer (Kate Hardcastle) Oxford Stage Company UK tour
Theatre roles in London::
• Guys and Dolls (Mimi, Hotbox Girl, 1982), Royal National Theatre Olivier
• The Beggar's Opera (Lucy Lockit, 1982), Royal National Theatre Cottesloe
• Schweyk in the Second World War (Anna, 1982) National Olivier
• Guys and Dolls (Miss Adelaide, 1983) National Olivier
• A Mad World, My Masters (Janet Cloughton, 1984) Theatre Royal Stratford East
• Us Good Girls (Paulette, 1984) Soho Poly
• The Corn Is Green (Bessie Watty, 1985), Old Vic – Olivier award
• A Chorus of Disapproval (Hannah Llewellyn, 1985) National Olivier – Olivier award
• The Fair Maid of the West (Bess Bridges, 1987) RSC Mermaid Theatre
• They Shoot Horses, Don't They? (Gloria Beatty, 1987) RSC Mermaid
• The Wizard of Oz (Dorothy, 1987) RSC Barbican Theatre
• Uncle Vanya (Sonya, 1988) Vaudeville Theatre
• The Lady and the Clarinet (Luba, 1989) The King's Head Theatre, Islington
• Into the Woods (Baker's Wife, 1990) Phoenix Theatre – Olivier award
• Rona Munro's Bold Girls (Cassie, 1991) Hampstead Theatre
• Tony Kushner's Slavs! (Bonfila, 1994) Hampstead Theatre
• Habeas Corpus (play) (Mrs Swabb, 1996) Donmar Warehouse
• Guys and Dolls (Miss Adelaide, 1996) National Olivier – Olivier nomination
• Divas at the Donmar: Imelda Staunton and Her Big Band
[23]
(1–5 September 1998) Donmar Warehouse
• Yasmina Reza's Life X Three (Ines, 2000) National Cottesloe, then transferring to the Old Vic (2001)
• Michael Hastings' Calico (Nora Barnacle, 2004) Duke of York's Theatre
• Frank McGuinness's There Came a Gypsy Riding (Margaret, 2007) Almeida
• Joe Orton's Entertaining Mr Sloane (Kath, 2009) Trafalgar Studios
• Edward Albee's A Delicate Balance (Claire, 2011) Almeida Theatre
[24]
• Sweeney Todd (Mrs Lovett, 2011), Chichester Festival Theatre
• Sweeney Todd (Mrs Lovett, 2012), Adelphi Theatre
Imelda Staunton
5
Filmography
Year Title Role Notes
1986 The Singing Detective Staff Nurse White TV
1986 Ladies in Charge Edith TV
1986 Comrades Betsy Loveless
1988 Thompson Various roles TV series
1989 A Sleeping Life Polly Flinders
1990 Yellowbacks Cheryl Newman TV
1990 Up the Garden Path Izzy TV series
1990 They Never Slept The Producer
1990 The Englishman's Wife Stephanie TV
1991 Antonia And Jane Jane Hartman
1992 Peter's Friends Mary Charleston
1992 A Masculine Ending Bridget Bennet TV
1993 Much Ado About Nothing Margaret
1993 Don't Leave Me This Way Bridget Bennet TV
1993 If You See God, Tell Him Muriel Spry TV
1993 Deadly Advice Beth Greenwood
1994 Woodcock Edna TV
1994 Frank Stubbs Promotes Susan TV
1994 Mole's Christmas Village Mother (voice) TV
1995 Citizen X Mrs Burakova TV
1995 Look At The State We're In! Councillor Johnson TV
1995 Is It Legal? Stella Phelps TV
1995 A Bit Of Fry And Laurie Herself TV
1995 Sense and Sensibility Charlotte Jennings Palmer
1995 The Adventures of Mole (voice) TV
1996 Twelfth Night Maria
1996 Tales From The Crypt Sarah TV series
1996 The Snow Queen's Revenge (voice)
1997 Remember Me? Lorna
1997 The Ugly Duckling Scruffy
1998 Shakespeare In Love Nurse
1998 The Canterbury Tales The Prioress TV series
1999 Midsomer Murders Christine Cooper TV series
1999 David Copperfield Mrs. Micawber TV
2000 Chicken Run Bunty (voice)
2000 Rat Conchita
2000 Jack And The Beanstalk Dilly (voice)
Imelda Staunton
6
2000 Victoria Wood With All The Trimmings Mrs. Cottisloe TV
2001 Another Life Ethel Graydon
2001 Crush Janine
2002 Murder DCI Billie Dory TV
2002 Ready Naomi
2003 Cambridge Spies The Queen TV
2003 Let's Write A Story Mrs. Twit TV
2003 The Virgin Of Liverpool Sylvia, Conlon
2003 Strange Reverend Mary Truegood TV
2003 Bright Young Things Lady Brown
2003 Blackball Bridget
2003 I'll Be There Dr. Bridget
2004 Vera Drake Vera Drake
2005 Nanny McPhee Mrs. Blatherwick
2005 Fingersmith Mrs Sucksby TV
2005 A Midsummer Night's Dream Polly TV
2005 Little Britain Mrs. Mead TV series
2006 My Family And Other Animals Mother
2006 Shadow Man Ambassador Cochran
2006 Dog Town Gwen Gregson TV
2006 The Wind in the Willows Barge Lady TV
2007 Cranford Miss Octavia Pole TV series
2007 Freedom Writers Margaret Campbell
2007 Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix Professor Dolores Jane Umbridge
2007 How About You Hazel Nightingale
2008 Big & Small Ruby/Twiba TV
2008 Three and Out Rosemary Cassidy
2008 A Bunch of Amateurs Mary
2008 Clay Mary Doonan TV
2009 Harry Potter and the Half Blood Prince Dolores Jane Umbridge (voice)
2009 Taking Woodstock Sonia Teichberg
2009 Return to Cranford Miss Octavia Pole
2010 White Other Lynne McDermott
2010 Alice In Wonderland Tall Flower Faces (voice)
2011 Psychoville Grace Andrews TV series
2010 Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows: Part 1 Dolores Jane Umbridge
2010 Another Year Janet
2011 The Awakening Maud Hill
2011 Arthur Christmas Mrs. Santa
Imelda Staunton
7
2011 Doctor Who The Interface (voice) TV series
2012 The Pirates! Band of Misfits Queen Victoria
2012 The Girl Alma Hitchcock TV
2014 Maleficent Knotgrass Filming
Discography
2012 Sweeney Todd Revival Cast Recording Mrs. Lovett
Awards and nominations
Theatre
• 1982 - Olivier Award, Nominee, Best Actress in a Musical for The Beggar's Opera
• 1988 - Olivier Award, Nominee, Best Actress in a Musical for The Wizard of Oz
• 1985 – Olivier Award, Winner, Outstanding Performance of the Year in a Supporting Role for A Chorus Of
Disapproval, at the NT Olivier, and The Corn Is Green, at The Old Vic
• 1991 – Olivier Award, Winner, Outstanding Performance of the Year by an Actress in a Musical for Into The
Woods, at the Phoenix
• 1997 - Olivier Award, Nominee, Best Actress in a Musical for Guys and Dolls
• 2010 – Olivier Award, Nominee, Best Actress for Entertaining Mr. Sloane, at Trafalgar Studio 1
• 2012 - Theatre Awards UK, Winner, Best performance in a Musical as Mrs Lovett in Sweeney Todd
Television
• 2006 – International Emmy Awards, Nominated, Emmy for Best Performance by an Actress for My Family and
Other Animals (2005) (TV)
• 2010 – British Academy of Film and Television Arts (BAFTA) Television Award, Nominated, Best Supporting
Actress for Cranford (2009) (TV)
Films
• 1999 – Screen Actors Guild Award, Winner, Best Performance by a Cast for Shakespeare in Love (1998)
• 2000 – Irish Film and Television Awards, Nominated, Best Actress for Rat (2000)
• 2004 – European Film Award, Winner, Best Actress for Vera Drake (2004)
• 2004 – Venice Film Festival, Winner, Volpi Cup, Best Actress for Vera Drake (2004)
• 2004 – London Film Critics Circle Award, Winner, Best Actress for Vera Drake (2004)
• 2004 – National Society of Film Critics Award, Winner, Best Actress for Vera Drake (2004)
• 2004 – Washington DC Area Film Critics Association Awards, Winner, Best Actress for Vera Drake (2004)
• 2004 – Chicago Film Critics Association Awards, Winner, Best Actress for Vera Drake (2004)
• 2004 – Los Angeles Film Critics Association Awards (LAFCA), Winner, Best Actress for Vera Drake (2004)
• 2004 – San Diego Film Critics Society Awards, Winner, Best Actress for Vera Drake (2004)
• 2004 – Seattle Film Critics Awards, Winner, Best Actress for Vera Drake (2004)
• 2004 – New York Film Critics Circle Awards, Winner, Best Actress for Vera Drake (2004)
• 2004 – Toronto Film Critics Association Awards, Winner, Best Performance, Female for Vera Drake (2004)
• 2005 – Vancouver Film Critics Circle, Winner, Best Actress for Vera Drake (2004)
• 2005 – British Academy of Film and Television Arts (BAFTA) Award, Winner, Best Performance by an Actress
in a Leading Role for Vera Drake (2004)
• 2005 – Evening Standard British Film Awards, Winner, Best Actress for Vera Drake (2004)
• 2005 – Chlotrudis Awards, Winner, Best Actress for Vera Drake (2004)
Imelda Staunton
8
• 2005 – National Society of Film Critics Awards, (NSCF) USA, Winner, Best Actress for Vera Drake (2004).
Tied with Hilary Swank for Million Dollar Baby (2004).
• 2005 – Academy Award, Nominated for an Oscar, Best Actress for Vera Drake (2004)
• 2005 – Screen Actors Guild Awards, Nominated, Outstanding Performance by a Female Actor in a Leading Role
for Vera Drake (2004)
• 2005 – Golden Globe, Nominated, Best Performance by an Actress in a Motion Picture – Drama for Vera Drake
(2004)
• 2005 – Golden Satellite Award, Nominated, Best Actress in a Motion Picture, Drama for Vera Drake (2004)
• 2005 – Empire Awards, UK, Nominated, Best British Actress for Vera Drake (2004)
• 2005 – Online Film Critics Society Awards, Nominated, Best Actress for Vera Drake (2004)
• 2005 – The Broadcast Film Critics Association Award, Nominated, Best Actress for Vera Drake (2004)
• 2008 – Academy of Science Fiction, Fantasy & Horror Films, Nominated, Saturn Award for Best Supporting
Actress for Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix (2007)
• 2008 – London Critics Circle Film Awards, Nominated, British Supporting Actress of the Year for Harry Potter
and the Order of the Phoenix (2007)
• 2009 – California Independent Film Festival, Winner, Audience Award, Best Actress – Comedy for Three and
Out (2008)
References
[1] Lawley, Sue (15 May 2005). "This Week's Guest: Imelda Staunton" (http:// www. bbc.co.uk/ radio4/factual/ desertislanddiscs_20050515.
shtml). BBC Radio 4. . Retrieved 6 January 2007.
[2] Imelda Staunton profile at BBC Radio 4 "Desert island Discs" (http:/ / www. bbc.co.uk/ radio4/factual/ desertislanddiscs_20050515. shtml)
[3] "Imelda Staunton Biography" (http:// www. tiscali. co. uk/ entertainment/film/ biographies/ imelda_staunton_biog.html). Tiscali Film and
TV. . Retrieved 16 July 2007.
[4] "Imelda Staunton: My Career Is Not About Looks" (http:/ / www. telegraph.co. uk/ culture/film/ 3702546/
Imelda-Staunton-My-career-is-not-about-looks.html) The Telegraph, 8 December 2008
[5] Irish News UK – News from the Irish Community in Britain (http:// www.irishabroad.com/ news/ irishpost/ news/ abaftaforimelda.asp)
[6] http:// www.variety.com/ profiles/ people/ Biography/ 37951/ Imelda+ Staunton.html?dataSet=1 Variety
[7] "Imelda Staunton's surprising confession: I might have nibbled the odd hash brownie and I'd love to have been a hippy (http:/ / www.
dailymail. co.uk/ tvshowbiz/ article-1229336/Imelda-Stauntons-surprising-confession-I-nibbled-odd-hash-brownie-Id-love-hippy.
html#ixzz0cjese3mZ) Chris Sullivan, 19 November 2009, the Daily Mail
[8] The prime of Miss Imelda Staunton (http:// www. telegraph.co. uk/ fashion/ main.jhtml?xml=/ fashion/ 2007/ 07/ 15/ st_imeldastaunton.
xml)
[9] Raymond, Kurt. "We're Off To Stage The Wizard of Oz" (http:// www. beyondtherainbow2oz.com/ stagethewizard. html). Beyond the
Rainbow to Oz website. . Retrieved 15 July 2007.
[10] "Wizard of Oz (MUNY 1945)" (http:// www. tams-witmark.com/ musicals/ wizard.html). Tams–Witmark Music Library, Inc.. 2005. .
Retrieved 15 July 2007.
[11] Happy Birthday, Sir Larry theatre programme, 31 May 1987
[12] "Staunton, Imelda Mary Philomena Bernadette". Who's Who. A & C Black. 2012.
[13] Olivier Awards winners (http:/ / www. officiallondontheatre.co.uk/ olivier_awards/ past_winners/ )
[14] Billington, Michael (2 February 2009). "Theatre review: Entertaining Mr Sloane / Trafalgar Studios, London" (http:// www. guardian.co.
uk/ stage/ 2009/ feb/ 02/ entertaining-mr-sloane-review?INTCMP=SRCH). The Guardian (London). . Retrieved 21 April 2012.
[15] Billington, Michael (21 March 2012). "Sweeney Todd - review" (http:// www. guardian.co. uk/ stage/ 2012/ mar/ 21/
sweeney-todd-review?INTCMP=SRCH). The Guardian. . Retrieved 21 April 2012.
[16] McCurry, Justin (29 June 2007). "Japan goes wild about Harry" (http:// www.guardian.co.uk/ uk/ 2007/ jun/ 29/ film.business). The
Guardian (London). . Retrieved 17 May 2008.
[17] Dawtrey, Adam (13 December 2007). "London critics love 'Control,' 'Atonement'" (http:/ / www. variety.com/ awardcentral_article/
VR1117977651.html?nav=news& categoryid=1983&cs=1). Variety. . Retrieved 15 December 2007.
[18] Ghostly Art From 'The Awakening' (http:/ / www. bloody-disgusting. com/ news/ 20224)
[19] "BBC – CBeebies Grownups – Big & Small" (http:// www.bbc. co.uk/ cbeebies/ grownups/ about/ programmes/ bigandsmall.shtml).
BBC. . Retrieved 5 October 2009.
[20] The Milton Rooms homepage (http:/ / www. themiltonrooms. com/ )
[21] "Imelda Staunton on acting naturally" (http:// www. timesonline.co. uk/ tol/ life_and_style/ health/ article4178665.ece) The Sunday Times,
21 June 2008
Imelda Staunton
9
[22] "New Year Honours—United Kingdom". The London Gazette (57855): N12. 31 December 2005.
[23] http:/ / www. albemarle-london.com/ Archive/ArchiveShow.php?Show_Name=Divas%20at%20the%20Donmar
[24] Billington, Michael (13 May 2011). "A Delicate Balance" (http:/ / www. guardian.co. uk/ stage/ 2011/ may/ 13/ a-delicate-balance-review).
The Guardian. London. . Retrieved 23 June 2011.
External links
• Imelda Staunton (http:// www. imdb. com/ name/ nm1767/ ) at the Internet Movie Database
• The Prime of Miss Imelda Staunton (http:/ / www.telegraph.co.uk/ fashion/ main. jhtml?xml=/fashion/ 2007/
07/ 15/ st_imeldastaunton. xml), Sunday Telegraph interview 15 July 2007
• Imelda Staunton on the Red Carpet at the 77th Annual Academy Awards (http:// www. youtube. com/
watch?v=PGCEV_WeKj4)
• The Telegraph: Imelda Staunton interview (http:// www. telegraph.co.uk/ arts/ main. jhtml?xml=/arts/ 2004/ 12/
27/ bfstaunt27.xml)
• Imelda Staunton in Conversation (http:// www.bafta.org/ learning/webcasts/ imelda-staunton,772,BA. html),
filmed BAFTA event, March 2009
2006 New Year Honours
The New Year Honours 2006 for the Commonwealth realms were announced on 31 December 2005, to celebrate
the year passed and mark the beginning of 2006.
The recipients of honours are displayed here as they were styled before their new honour, and arranged firstly by the
country whose ministers advised the Queen on the appointments, then by honour, with classes (Knight, Knight
Grand Cross, etc.) and then divisions (Military, Civil, etc.) as appropriate.
United Kingdom
Knights Bachelor
• Professor John Macleod Ball, Sedleian Professor of Natural Philosophy, University of Oxford. For services to
Science.
• Professor Ivor Martin Crewe, DL, Vice-Chancellor, University of Essex and Lately President, Universities UK.
For services to Higher Education.
• John Dankworth, CBE, Jazz Musician. For services to Music.
• Christopher Fox, QPM, President, Association of Chief Police Officers. For services to the Police.
• William Benjamin Bowring Gammell, Chief Executive, Cairn Energy plc. For services to Industry in Scotland.
• David Michael Hart, OBE, lately General-Secretary, National Association of Head Teachers. For services to
Education.
• Ian Bernard Vaughan Magee, CB, Second Permanent Secretary, Department for Constitutional Affairs.
• Dr. Allen James McClay, CBE, Chairman, ALMAC and Chairman, Queen's University of Belfast Foundation.
For services to Business and to Charity in Northern Ireland.
• Keith Mills, Chief Executive, London 2012. For services to Sport.
• Simon Milton, Leader, Westminster City Council. For services to Local Government.
• Adrian Alastair Montague, CBE, Chairman, British Energy. For services to the Nuclear and Electricity Industries.
• Stephen Alan Moss, lately Director of Nursing and Patient Services, Queen's Medical Centre, Nottingham. For
services to the NHS.
• Professor Michael Pepper, Professor of Physics, University of Cambridge. For services to Physics.
• Craig Collins Reedie, CBE, lately Chairman, British Olympic Association. For services to Sport.
2006 New Year Honours
10
• John Henry Ritblat, Chairman, The British Land Company and Chairman of the Trustees, Wallace Collection. For
services to the Arts.
• Michael Berry Savory, lately Lord Mayor of the City of London. For services to the City of London.
• Stephen Ashley Sherbourne, CBE, lately Chief of Staff to the Leader of the Opposition.
• Roger Singleton, CBE, lately Chief Executive, Barnardo's. For services to Children.
• Professor Graham Michael Teasdale, President, Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Glasgow. For
services to Neurosurgery and victims of head injuries.
• David Robert Varney, Permanent Secretary, HM Revenue and Customs.
• Arnold Wesker, Playwright/Director. For services to Drama.
• Thomas Jones Woodward ("Tom Jones"), OBE, Singer. For services to Music.
• Professor Nicholas Alcwyn Wright, Warden, Barts and the London, Queen Mary School of Medicine. For
services to Medicine.
Order of the Bath
Knights Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath (GCB)
Civil Division
• Sir Richard Clive Mottram, KCB, Security and Intelligence Co-ordinator, Cabinet Office.
Knights Commander of the Order of the Bath (KCB)
Military Division
Air Force
• Air Marshal Clive Robert Loader, OBE, Royal Air Force.
Civil Division
• Sumantra Chakrabarti, Permanent Secretary, Department for International Development.
Companions of the Order of the Bath (CB)
Military Division
Navy
•• The Venerable Barry Keith Hammett, QHC
• Rear Admiral James Campsie Rapp.
Army
• Major General Anthony John Raper, CBE (489583), late Royal Corps of Signals.
Air Force
• Air Vice-Marshal Stephen Gary George Dalton, Royal Air Force.
• Air Vice-Marshal Paul Douglas Luker, OBE, AFC, Royal Air Force.
Civil Division
• Gregor Munro Clark, Scottish Parliamentary Counsel, Scottish Executive.
• Dr. Paul Charles Davies, JP, Chief Scientist, Health and Safety Executive.
• Henry Clifford Sydney Derwent, Director, Climate Change and Environment, Department for Environment, Food
and Rural Affairs.
• Richard Philip Douglas, Finance Director, Department of Health.
• Michael John Eland, Director-General of Law Enforcement and Compliance, HM Revenue and Customs.
• Andrew John Lebrecht, Director-General, Sustainable Farming, Food and Fisheries, Department for Environment,
Food and Rural Affairs.
2006 New Year Honours
11
• Bryan James Mitchell, lately Head, Business and Information Management Directorate, National Assembly for
Wales.
• Leslie Samuel Ross, lately Managing Director, Business International, Invest NI, Northern Ireland Executive.
• Helen Mary Williams, Director, Schools Standards Group, Department for Education and Skills.
Diplomatic Division
• Iain Robert Lobban, Director of Operations, GCHQ.
Order of Saint Michael and Saint George
Knights Grand Cross of the Order of St. Michael and St. George (GCMG)
Diplomatic Division
• Jeremy John Durham (Paddy), Baron Ashdown of Norton-sub-Hamdon, KBE, PC, lately High Representative of
the International Community in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Knights Commander of the Order of St. Michael and St. George (KCMG)
Diplomatic Division
• Graham Holbrook Fry, HM Ambassador, Tokyo.
• Francis Geoffrey Jacobs, QC, lately Advocate General, European Court of Justice.
• Stephen John Leadbetter Wright, CMG, HM Ambassador, Madrid.
Companions of the Order of St. Michael and St. George (CMG)
Civil Division
• John Nicholas Beadle, Senior Civil Servant, Ministry of Defence.
Diplomatic Division
• Robin Anthony Barnett, Director UK Visas, Foreign and Commonwealth Office.
• James David Bevan, Director Africa, Foreign and Commonwealth Office.
• Robert Edward Brinkley, HM Ambassador, Kiev.
• Richard Andrew Foulsham, lately Counsellor, Foreign and Commonwealth Office.
• Dr. Richard Peter Phillips, Programme Director, British Council.
• Professor Patrick Thornberry. For services to international human rights.
• David Kevin Woodward, President, BP Azerbaijan. For services to British business interests and security of
energy supplies.
• Heather Jacqueline Yasamee, Counsellor, Foreign and Commonwealth Office.
2006 New Year Honours
12
Royal Victorian Order
Knights Commander of the Royal Victorian Order (KCVO)
• Colonel James Stirling of Garden, CBE, TD, Lord-Lieutenant of Stirling and Falkirk.
Commanders of the Royal Victorian Order (CVO)
• Sister Judith Ellen Dean, OBE, Trustee, The Duke of Edinburgh's Award (International).
• Richard Marriott, TD, formerly Lord-Lieutenant of the East Riding of Yorkshire.
• Walter Robert Alexander Ross, Secretary and Keeper of the Records, Duchy of Cornwall.
Lieutenants of the Royal Victorian Order (LVO)
• Patric Laurence Dickinson, Secretary, Order of the Garter.
• John Heaslip, Chief Executive, Business in the Community, Northern Ireland.
• Major Charles Rowland Marriott, Clerk of the Cheque and Adjutant, Yeomen of the Guard.
• Nuala Patricia McGourty, Retail Director, Royal Collection.
• Lieutenant Colonel Anthony Charles Richards, MVO, Deputy Master of the Household and Equerry to The
Queen.
• The Honourable Rowena Margaret Sanders, Lady in Waiting to Princess Michael of Kent.
• Fiona Sara Shackleton, formerly Solicitor to The Prince of Wales.
• Gwendoline Annette Wilkin, MVO, Housekeeper, Windsor Castle.
• Colin Williams, OBE, formerly Director, Scotland, The Princess Royal Trust for Carers.
Members of the Royal Victorian Order (MVO)
• Stephen M. Chapman (photographer), Senior Photographer, Royal Collection.
• Karen Crawford, formerly Protocol Officer, Visits Section, Scottish Executive.
• Richard John Dilworth. For services to The Duke of York's Household.
• Mark William Barry Galloway Dyer. For services to The Prince of Wales and The Duchess of Cornwall's
Household.
• Sergeant Ian David Huggett, Metropolitan Police. For services to Royalty Protection.
• Pamela MacDonald, Payroll Manager, The Prince of Wales and The Duchess of Cornwall's Household.
• Julie Christine Moyes, RVM, Housekeeper, Balmoral Castle.
• Sergeant Phelim Patrick O'Higgins, Metropolitan Police. For services to Royalty Protection.
• Pamela Edith Tantony, formerly Assistant Keeper of the Records, Duchy of Lancaster.
• Inspector Christopher John Tarr, Metropolitan Police. For services to Royalty Protection.
• Paul Kevin Whybrew, RVM, The Queen's Page, Royal Household.
2006 New Year Honours
13
Royal Victorian Medal
Royal Victorian Medal (Gold)
• David John Watts, RVM, formerly Carpenter, Sandringham Estate.
Bar to the Royal Victorian Medal (Silver)
• David John Middleton, RVM, Chief Upholsterer, Royal Household.
Royal Victorian Medal (Silver)
• Constable Allister Saville Brown, Metropolitan Police. For services to Royalty Protection.
•• Robert Houston Brown, formerly The Queen's Flagman and Orderly.
•• Marine Benjamin Brady, Royal Marines 42 Commando
Janet Margaret Doel, The Queen's Housemaid, Windsor Castle.
•• Jeremy Graham Gale, Craft Technician, C Branch, Royal Household.
•• Darren Ashley Gallacher, Fruit Farm Worker, Sandringham Estate.
•• Gary David Ganley, Carpet Planner, Windsor Castle.
•• Greta Greenwood, Dining Room Supervisor, Royal Household.
•• Francis Edmund Harris, Palace Attendant, Buckingham Palace.
•• James Mills, Footman, Buckingham Palace.
•• Pamela Ann Hayes, formerly The Duke of Edinburgh's Senior Housemaid, Windsor Castle.
•• Gary Philip Jones, Fendersmith, Windsor Castle.
•• Alan Melton, Forestry Foreman, Sandringham Estate.
•• Mark Andrew Perry, Gamekeeper, Sandringham Estate.
•• Gary Robertson, Leading Porter/Craft Assistant, Palace of Holyroodhouse.
•• David James Rough, Leading Palace Attendant, Buckingham Palace.
•• Anthony Charles Fitt-Savage, formerly Organist, Sandringham Church.
•• Michael Robert Sykes, Chief Carpet Planner, Buckingham Palace.
•• Peter David Anthony White, Specialist Tractor and Machinery Operator, Crown Estate, Windsor.
•• Kenneth Woodley, Senior Bricklayer, Crown Estate, Windsor.
Order of the British Empire
Knights / Dames Commander of the Order of the British Empire (KBE / DBE)
Civil Division
• Professor Averil Millicent Cameron, CBE, Professor of Late Antique and Byzantine History, University of
Oxford, and Warden, Keble College. For services to Classical Scholarship.
• Sebastian Newbold, Baron Coe, OBE, Chairman, London 2012 Olympic and Paralympic Bid Team. For services
to Sport.
• Elizabeth Anne Lucy Forgan, OBE, Chairman, Heritage Lottery Fund. For services to Broadcasting and to
Heritage.
• Anna Patricia Lucy Hassan, Headteacher, Millfields Community School, Hackney, London. For services to
Education.
• Susan Catherine Leather, MBE, Chairman, Human Fertilisation and Embryology Authority. For services to the
Regulation of Infertility Treatment and Embryo Research.
• Julie Thérèse Mellor, Chairman, Equal Opportunities Commission. For services to Equal Opportunities.
• Vivienne Isabel Westwood, OBE, Fashion Designer. For services to British Fashion.
Diplomatic Division
2006 New Year Honours
14
• Dr. Daphne Marjorie Sheldrick, MBE. For services to the conservation of wildlife, especially elephants, and to
the local community in Kenya.
Commanders of the Order of the British Empire (CBE)
Military Division
Navy
• Captain Stephen John Chick, Royal Navy.
• Commodore Peter James Fuller Eberle, Royal Navy.
• Commodore Michael John Potter, ADC, Royal Navy.
Army
• Brigadier Mark St. John Filler (502259), late Adjutant General's Corps (Educational and Training Services
Branch).
• Colonel Kathleen George, RRC (507014), late Queen Alexandra's Royal Army Nursing Corps.
• Colonel Richard Justin Kemp, MBE (505991), late The Royal Anglian Regiment.
• Colonel Nigel Christopher Douglas Lithgow (490527), late The Black Watch.
• Colonel Peter Roland Sharland (495581), late The Light Infantry.
• Colonel Barry Arthur Charles Smith, TD (516086), late Royal Army Medical Corps, Territorial Army.
Air Force
• Air Commodore Nicholas Julian Eugene Kurth, OBE, Royal Air Force.
• Group Captain Barry Smith, OBE, Royal Air Force.
Civil Division
• Professor James Louis John Appleby, National Director for Mental Health and Professor of Psychiatry, University
of Manchester. For services to Medicine.
• Alistair Grant Arkley, lately Chairman, Tees Valley Partnership. For services to Regeneration in the North East.
• David James Purslove Barker, Professor of Clinical Epidemiology, University of Southampton. For services to
Preventive Medicine.
• Edna Chivers-Beesley, Senior Civil Servant, Ministry of Defence.
• Rekha Bhakoo, Headteacher, Newton Farm Nursery, First and Middle School, Harrow, London. For services to
Education.
• Marcus Hugh Crofton Binney, OBE, Founder and President, SAVE Britain's Heritage. For services to
Conservation of the Built Environment.
• Professor Richard William Blundell, Professor of Economics, University College London. For services to Social
Science.
• The Honourable Janet Frances Wolfson de Botton. For services to Art.
• Rodney Brack, Chief Executive, Horserace Betting Levy Board. For services to Horseracing.
• Dr. Elizabeth Anne Braidwood, Director, Service Personnel Policy, Medical, Ministry of Defence.
• Professor Patricia Broadfoot, Pro-Vice-Chancellor and Professor of Education, University of Bristol. For services
to Social Science.
• Dr. Anthony Broady, lately Headteacher, Walker Technology College, Newcastle upon Tyne. For services to
Education.
• Elizabeth Young Carmichael, Head of Community Justice Services Division, Scottish Executive.
• Thomas Charles Carne, Chief Advisory Accountant, Solicitor's Office, HM Revenue and Customs.
• Simon Clegg, OBE, Chief Executive, British Olympic Association. For services to Sport.
• Professor Roland Clift, OBE, Professor of Environmental Technology, University of Surrey:; lately
Commissioner, Royal Commission on Environmental Pollution. For services to the Environment.
• Alan Ronald Cook, Chief Executive, National Savings and Investments.
2006 New Year Honours
15
• John Robert Cridland, Deputy Director-General, Confederation of British Industry. For services to Business.
• Richard Colin Neil Davidson, lately Vice-President, Dairy UK. For services to the Dairy Industry.
• Julie Dent, Chief Executive, South West London Strategic Health Authority. For services to the NHS and the
Health Emergency Services of London.
• Sylvia Ernestine Denton, OBE, President, Royal College of Nursing. For services to Healthcare.
• Alan Doig, QFSM, Chief Fire Officer, Staffordshire Fire and Rescue Service. For services to the Fire and Rescue
Service.
• Dr. Derek Jack Douglas. For services to Maggie's Centres Trust in Scotland.
• Laurence Michael Edmans. For services to Pension Reform.
• Anthony Richard Edwards, Head, Buildings and Estates Management, Home Office.
• Professor Alan Hutchinson Fairlamb, Professor of Biochemistry, University of Dundee. For services to Medical
Science.
• Michael David Fischer, President, RM plc. For services to Business and to Charity.
• Philip John Fletcher, Director-General, Water Services, Office of Water Services.
• Bruce Joseph Forsyth, OBE, Entertainer and Television Presenter. For services to Entertainment.
• Martin Frank Gale, Vice-President, International Forestry, UPM Kymmene Corporation. For services to Forestry.
• Peter George Galloway, Headteacher, Trinity Academy, Edinburgh. For services to Education.
• Alexander John Michael Gibson. For services to Food Safety in Scotland.
• Christine Gilbert, Chief Executive, London Borough of Tower Hamlets. For services to Local Government and to
Education.
• Christine Joan Goodfellow, Director, Payment Modernisation Programme, Department for Work and Pensions.
• John Leonard Grubb, Deputy Director, Transport Security and Contingencies, Department for Transport.
• Anthony William Hall, Chief Executive, Royal Opera House. For services to Opera and to Ballet.
• Hazel Harding, Leader, Lancashire County Council. For services to Local Government.
• Professor Robert John Davidge Hazell, Director, Constitution Unit. For services to Constitutional Reform.
• David Anthony Hendon, Head, Business Relations, Department of Trade and Industry.
• Peter Gerard Hendy, Managing Director, Surface Transport, Transport for London. For services to Public
Transport and to the community in London.
• David Huw Heycock, lately Head of Serious Organised Crime Agency Implementation, Crown Prosecution
Service.
• Lester Blake Hicks, Head of Minerals and Waste Planning Division, Office of the Deputy Prime Minister.
• Colin Hilton, Executive Director, Children's Services, Liverpool City Council. For services to Education.
• Stephen Lewis Hindley, Chairman and Chief Executive, Midas Group. For services to the Construction Industry.
• John Christopher Stephenson Horrocks, Secretary-General, International Chamber of Shipping and International
Shipping Federation. For services to the Shipping Industry.
• Robert Ian Howarth, lately Chief Executive, Macmillan City Technology College, Middlesbrough, Cleveland. For
services to Education.
• Penelope Joan Humphris, lately Director, NHS Leadership Centre. For services to the NHS.
• Alan John Johnston, Managing Director, Westland Helicopters Ltd. For services to the Defence and Aviation
Industries.
• Rotha Geraldine Diane Johnston. For services to Industry in Northern Ireland.
• Robin Knowles, QC. For services to Pro Bono Legal Services.
• Emma Harriet Lamb, Executive Director, Fairtrade Foundation. For services to Business.
• Michael Werner Lauerman, lately Director, Looked After Children's Taskforce, Department for Education and
Skills.
• Professor Vincent Michael Lawton, President, Association of the British Pharmaceutical Industry and Managing
Director of Merck Sharp and Dohme. For services to the Pharmaceutical Industry.
2006 New Year Honours
16
• Arthur Gordon Lishman, OBE, Director-General, Age Concern. For services to Older People.
• Professor Alan George Livingston, DL, Principal, University College Falmouth and Chairman, Combined
Universities in Cornwall Steering Group. For services to Higher Education.
• Agnes Lawrie Addie Shonaig Macpherson, Chairman, Scottish Council for Development and Industry. For
services to Entrepreneurship.
• Professor Robert Edward Mansel, Professor of Surgery, The Wales College of Medicine, Cardiff University. For
services to Medicine.
• Marion Jean Matchett, Chief Inspector, Education and Training Inspectorate, Department of Education, Northern
Ireland Executive.
• James Oliver McDonald, LVO, MBE, DL, JP. For services to the community in Northern Ireland.
• William Stewart McKee, Chief Executive, Royal Group of Hospitals Trust. For service to the NHS in Northern
Ireland.
• Professor Malcolm Donald McLeod, Professor of African Studies, University of Glasgow. For services to
Education and to Museums.
• Hugh Salusbury Mellor, Chairman, Berkshire, Buckinghamshire and Oxfordshire Wildlife Trust. For services to
Nature Conservation.
• Graeme Stewart Millar, Chairman, Scottish Consumer Council. For services to Consumers in Scotland.
• John Harmsworth Miller. For services to Architecture.
• Alan Ronald Mills, OBE, Wimbledon Tennis Championship Referee. For services to Sport.
• Christine Moffatt, Professor of Nursing, CRICP, Thames Valley University and Nurse Consultant, St. George's
Hospital, London. For services to Healthcare.
• Robert Ivor Moss Morrison, lately Assistant Director, Department of the Director of Public Prosecutions for
Northern Ireland.
• Dr. Fiona Mary Moss, Postgraduate Dean and Consultant Physician, NWLH NHS Trust, London. For services to
Medicine.
• Mary Katherine Naughton, Chief Nurse, Leeds Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust. For services to the NHS.
• Caroline Ann Palmer, Chief Executive Officer, The Royal Marsden NHS Foundation Trust. For services to the
NHS.
• Professor Norman Ernest Palmer, Chairman, Illicit Trade Advisory Panel and Treasure Valuation Committee. For
services to Art and to Law.
• Richard William Palmer, OBE, Technical Director. For services to the London 2012 Olympic Bid.
• Brian Walter Pomeroy, Audit Commissioner and lately Chairman of Centrepoint and of Homeless Link. For
services to Local Government and to Homeless People.
• John Christopher Savage, Executive Chairman, Business West. For services to Business and to Regeneration in
the South West.
• Andrew John Scott, Head, National Railway Museum, York. For services to Museums.
• David Scott, lately Deputy Chief Executive and Managing Director, Channel 4. For services to Broadcasting.
• Beryl Seaman, JP, Chairman, South Yorkshire Probation Board. For services to the National Probation Service.
• David Christopher Sherlock, Chief Inspector and Chief Executive, Adult Learning Inspectorate. For services to
Lifelong Learning.
• Cherry Short, Commissioner, Commission for Racial Equality. For services to Equal Opportunities in Wales.
• Peter John Snow, Journalist and Presenter. For services to Broadcasting.
• Graham Stegmann, Director and Strategic Adviser to the Management Board, Department for International
Development.
• David Frederick Stevens, QPM., lately Chief Constable, Essex Police. For services to the Police.
• Professor William James Stirling, Pro-Vice-Chancellor, University of Durham. For services to Science.
• The Reverend Dr. John Robert Walmsley Stott. For services to Christian Scholarship and the Christian World.
2006 New Year Honours
17
• David Sutherland, Chairman, The Tulloch Group. For services to Business and to Charity in Scotland.
• Judette Tapper, Headteacher, Stockwell Park High School, Lambeth, London. For services to Education.
• Ila Dianne, Thompson, Chief Executive, Camelot Group plc. For services to Business.
• Peter William Gregory Tom. For services to Business and to Sport in Leicestershire.
• Brigadier Ian Glen Townsend, Director-General, Royal British Legion. For services to Ex-service Men and
Women.
• Marianne de Trey, Potter. For services to the Arts.
• Douglas John Ward, Managing Director, Argent Group, Europe. For services to Agriculture in Scotland.
• Philip Stuart Watson, Chief Executive, Blackburn with Darwen Borough Council. For services to Local
Government.
• Rachel Whiteread, Sculptor. For services to Art.
• Myles Wickstead, Head of Secretariat, Commission for Africa, Department for International Development.
Diplomatic Division
• Jonathan Paul Ive, Vice-President of Industrial Design, Apple. For services to the design industry.
• Paul Kan Man-Lok. For services to British business interests.
• Ernest George John Montado, OBE, Chief Secretary, Government of Gibraltar.
Officers of the Order of the British Empire (OBE)
Military Division
Navy
• Surgeon Commander (now Surgeon Commodore) Peter John Buxton, Royal Navy.
• Colonel Edward Grant Martin Davis, MBE, Royal Marines.
• Commodore Duncan Campbell McGregor Fergusson, Royal Navy.
• Commander Pamela Joyce Healy, RD, Royal Naval Reserve.
• Commander Graeme Terence Little, Royal Navy.
• Captain Michael Leigh Davis-Marks, Royal Navy.
• Commander Simon Jonathon Russell, Royal Navy.
Army
• Lieutenant Colonel Kenneth Ian Drake (537766), Corps of Royal Engineers.
• Lieutenant Colonel Anthony Huw Taylor Franks (508838), Intelligence Corps.
• Colonel Julian Richard Free, MBE (524912), late Royal Regiment of Artillery.
• Captain Mark Gaunt (563434), Grenadier Guards.
•• Lieutenant Colonel Valerie Heather Hall (511460), Adjutant General's Corps (Educational and Trainng Support
Branch).
• Lieutenant Colonel David Alan Kelly (520747), The Royal Logistic Corps.
• Lieutenant Colonel Colin Philip Graham Martin, Royal Welsh Fusiliers.
• Lieutenant Colonel Stuart John Craig Tootal (527693), The Parachute Regiment.
• Colonel Nicholas Welch, MBE (519611), lately The Royal Gloucestershire, Berkshire and Wiltshire Light
Infantry Regiment.
• Lieutenant Colonel Paul Nicholas Willmott, T.D. (518393), Royal Corps of Signals, Territorial Army.
Air Force
• Wing Commander Kevin John Baldwin (8117164F), Royal Air Force.
• Wing Commander Simon John Blake, MBE (8027911K), Royal Air Force.
•• Wing Commander David Kai Ming Chan (8027809C), Royal Air Force.
• Wing Commander Stephen Harry Cockram (8028026C), Royal Air Force.
• Wing Commander Adrian Peter Lewis (8087022G), Royal Air Force.
2006 New Year Honours
18
• Wing Commander Richard Charles Read (8024211S), Royal Air Force.
• Group Captain Ian Nicholas Wood (5203307W), Royal Air Force.
Civil Division
• Captain Alan Thomas Roach, Royal Fleet Auxiliary.
• Robert Arthur (Roy) Adams, Executive Director, Laing O'Rourke. For services to Economic Development and
Community Relations in North Belfast.
• Nadra Ahmed, Chairman, National Care Homes Association. For services to Social Care.
• Dennis John Alexander, lately Head, Virology Department, Veterinary Laboratories Agency.
• John Douglas Allan, Sheriff, Lothian and Borders. For services to the Administration of Justice.
• Christopher Austin, lately Executive Director, Community Rail Development, Strategic Rail Authority and
Chairman, West Somerset Railway Company. For services to Passenger Transport.
• The Right Reverend John Austin, lately Bishop of Aston, Birmingham. For services to Inter-faith Relations.
• Tim Austin. For services to Business and to the community in Hampshire.
• Philippa Lucy Foster Back, Non-Executive Director, Defence Management Board and Chairman, Defence Audit
Committee. For services to the Defence Industry.
• Gillian Elaine Baker, Inspector, West Midlands Police. For services to the Police.
• Jenifer Anne Cooper Baker, lately Head of Volunteering and Community Involvement, National Trust. For
services to Heritage.
• Lady Carole Bamford, Vice-Chairman, FULL STOP Campaign, NSPCC and President, Mid-Staffordshire
NSPCC Branch. For services to Children and Families.
• John Alfred Barker. For services to the Corporation and City of London.
• Alan John Bates, Chairman, Chatham Historic Dockyards Volunteer Service. For services to Heritage.
• Peter James Samuel Bates, Chairman, NHS Tayside. For services to Social Work and to the NHS in Tayside.
• Frances Mary Beckett, Chief Executive, Church Urban Fund and Chairman, Home Office Advisory Group on the
Voluntary and Community Sector. For services to Disadvantaged People.
• Ronald Bell, Specialist Inspector, Health and Safety Executive.
• Elinor Bennett, Harpist. For services to Music in Wales.
• Sanjeev Bhaskar, Actor and Writer. For services to Entertainment.
• Manju Bhavani, Consultant Haematologist, Wrightington, Wigan and Leigh NHS Trust. For services to Medicine.
• Roy William Bishop, QFSM, Deputy Commissioner, London Fire and Emergency Planning Authority. For
services to the Fire Service and to the people of London.
• Heston Blumenthal, Chef and Restaurant Proprietor. For services to the Hospitality Industry.
• Ozwald Boateng, Tailor. For services to the Clothing Industry.
• Wendy Bourton, Chief Executive, Care and Repair Cymru. For services to the community in Wales.
• Rebecca Margaret Bower, Head of Finance, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. For services to Horticulture.
• John Frederick Bowley, lately Director of Corporate Services, Assembly Parliamentary Service, National
Assembly for Wales.
• Nicholas Patrick Bracken, Detective Chief Superintendent, British Transport Police. For services to the Police.
• Professor Julia Ruth Briggs, Professor of English and Women's Studies, De Montfort University. For services to
Education.
• Professor John Brindley, Governor, York St. John College. For services to Higher Education.
• Tom Brock, Chief Executive, Scottish Seabird Centre. For services to the Tourist Industry.
• Ian Brown, Chairman, Pesticide Residues Committee. For service to Food Safety.
• Margery McLennan Browning, lately Acting HM Chief Inspector of Education, Scottish Executive.
• William Henry Buckley, Director for Operator Licensing, Vehicle and Operator Services Agency.
• Margaret Yvonne Busby. For services to Literature and to Publishing.
• Ken Caldwell, Director, International Operations, Save the Children (UK). For services to Children and Families.
2006 New Year Honours
19
• John Kevin Laurence Canavan, lately Resources Director, Resources Directorate, Child Support Agency,
Northern Ireland Executive.
• Alfred Carr, Director-General, British Frozen Food Federation. For services to the Food Industry.
• Peter John Carter, Chief Executive, Central and North West London Mental Health NHS Trust. For services to the
NHS.
• Professor David Cesarani, Adviser, Holocaust Memorial Day. For services to Holocaust Education.
• Peter John Michael Clarke, CVO, QPM, Deputy Assistant Commissioner, Metropolitan Police Service. For
services to the Police.
• Bronwen Cohen, Chief Executive, Children in Scotland. For services to Children and Families in Scotland.
• Robbie Coltrane, Actor. For services to Drama.
• Clare Joanne Connor, MBE, Captain, England Women's Cricket Team. For services to Cricket.
• Sarah Cooke, lately Director, British Institute of Human Rights. For services to Human Rights.
• Griselda Mary Cooper, Consultant Anaesthetist, Birmingham Women's Hospital. For services to Medicine.
• Beryl Dorothy Corner, Senior Fellow, Royal College of Physicians. For services to Paediatric Medicine.
• David Cropper, lately Area Manager, Highways Agency.
• Paul Andrew Cuttill, Chief Operating Officer, EDF Energy plc. For services to the Energy Industry.
• Raymond David Cutting, Engineering Director, Marshall SV. For services to the Defence Industry.
• Professor Angela Dale, Professor of Quantitative Social Research, University of Manchester. For services to
Social Science.
• Professor Philip John Dale, Member, Agriculture and Environment Biotechnology Commission. For services to
Science.
• Susan Daniels, Chief Executive, National Deaf Children's Society and Disability Rights Commissioner. For
services to Children with Special Needs.
•• Charles Richard Cameron Dennis. For services to the Staffordshire Pottery Industry.
• Joyce Nora Dobson, Leader, Boston Borough Council. For services to Local Government.
• Graeme Dermott Stuart Dunlop, lately President, European Community Shipowners' Associations. For services to
the Shipping Industry.
• Lady Ann Christine Eames, Commissioner, Northern Ireland Human Rights Commission. For services to the
community in Northern Ireland.
• Victor John East, Revaluation Project Manager, Valuation Office Agency.
• John Richard Martin Edwards, lately Chairman, Academy of Food and Wine Service. For services to the
Hospitality Industry.
• Horace Arnold Elson. For services to the Poultry Industry.
• Robert Mark Evans. For public service.
• Janet Ann Farenden, Deputy Head of Branch, Private Funding Regulation Branch, Department for Constitutional
Affairs.
• Janette Fellows, Assistant Director, Quality Improvement and People Team, HM Revenue and Customs.
• Helen Lesley Fentimen, Chief Executive, South East Sheffield Primary Care Trust. For services to Healthcare.
•• Peter Fenwick, Chief Engineering Inspector, Department of Trade and Industry.
• Ian Firth, Head of Planning Casework, Development Department, Scottish Executive.
• Martin Flaherty, Director of Operations, London Ambulance Service NHS Trust. For services to Healthcare.
• Kate Anne Flannery, Inspector, Her Majesty's Inspectorate of Constabulary. For services to the Police.
• Duncan Anthony Gwynne Fletcher, England Cricket Coach. For services to Cricket.
• Colonel George Mason Gadd, Chairman, British Korean Veterans' Association. For services to Ex-Service men
and women.
• Daniel William Joseph Galvin. For services to Hairdressing.
2006 New Year Honours
20
• David Garrard, lately Headteacher, Smitham Primary School, Coulsdon, Croydon, Surrey. For services to
Education.
• Rebecca George, Director, UK Government Business, IBM. For services to the IT Industry.
• Robert Gibson, lately Leader, Stockton Council. For services to Local Government in the North East.
• Roger Graef, Writer and Filmmaker. For services to Broadcasting.
• David Anthony Graveney, Chairman of Selectors, England and Wales Cricket Board. For services to Cricket.
• David Thomas Green, Chief Executive, Liverpool Housing Action Trust. For services to Urban Regeneration.
• Jennifer Griffiths, Chairman of the Board, Connexions Surrey Partnership Ltd. For services to Young People.
• Peter Albert Griffiths, lately Director of Health Sciences, Lincoln and Louth NHS Trust. For services to Physical
Sciences.
• Juris George Grinsbergs, Chairman, National Employment Panel, Liverpool and Sefton Employer Coalition. For
services to Welfare to Work.
• Rosalind Gulson, Headteacher, Walton Girls' High School, Grantham, Lincolnshire. For services to Education.
• Professor Neva Elizabeth Haites, Vice-Principal and Head of the College of Life Sciences and Medicine,
University of Aberdeen. For services to Medicine.
• Professor Francoise Jane Hampson, Professor of Law, University of Essex. For services to International Law and
to Human Rights.
• Alexander John Hannam, Group Managing Director, Flight Operations and Services, Cobham plc. For services to
the Defence Industry.
• Susan Hawkett, Nursing Adviser and Team Leader, Supportive and Palliative Care, Department of Health.
• Robert John Higgs, Chief Executive, Heating and Ventilating Contractors' Association. For services to the
Environment.
• Agnes Elizabeth Nan Hill, Consultant Paediatrician, South and East Belfast Health and Social Services Trust. For
services to Medicine.
• Alan Charles Hinkes, Mountaineer. For services to Sport.
• Sandra Holtby, lately Head, London College of Fashion, University of the Arts, London. For services to Higher
Education.
• William Anthony Horncastle, Chairman, Horncastle Group plc. For services to Business and to Charity in East
Riding of Yorkshire.
• Fahmia Huda, Grade 7, National Holocaust Memorial Trust, Home Office.
• David Hughes, Grade B2, Ministry of Defence.
•• Graham Alfred Hughes, Land Registrar, HM Land Registry.
• Maureen Hughes, North East Regional Director, Literacy for the National Primary Strategy. For services to
Education.
• William Peredur Hughes, Head, National Farmers' Union, Cymru. For services to Agriculture in Wales.
• Margaret Sheila Hyde. For services to the Voluntary Sector.
• Roberta Anne Jacobsen, Director, London Health Observatory. For services to Public Health.
• Simon William Geoffrey Jenkin. For services to Education.
• John Peter Jenkins. For services to the Finance Industry.
• Glenys Mary Jones, Chairman, Older People's Committee, Association of Directors of Social Services. For
services to Social Care.
• Hefin Jones, General Medical Practitioner and Chairman, Welsh Medical Committee. For services to Medicine in
South Wales.
• Hefin Jones, Q.F.S.M., Chief Fire Officer, Gloucestershire Fire and Rescue Service. For services to the Fire and
Rescue Service.
• David Gerald William Kaye, Print Services Manager, Ordnance Survey.
2006 New Year Honours
21
• Frank Keenan, lately Headteacher, St. Thomas More High School for Boys, Westcliff-on-Sea, Southend, Essex.
For services to Education.
• Kenneth William Keir, Managing Director, Honda (UK) and Senior Vice-President, Honda Motor Europe Ltd.
For services to the Automotive Industry.
•• Thomas Kelly. For public service.
• Brian Kerr, lately Chairman, National Association of Local Councils. For services to Local Government.
• Melvyn Kershaw, Headteacher, Haybridge High School and Sixth Form, Hagley, Worcestershire. For services to
Education.
• Leroy Richard Arthur Kettle, Senior Policy Adviser on Disability Rights, Department for Work and Pensions.
• Nazia Khanum, For services to Community Relations and to Equal Opportunities in Luton.
• Professor Kathleen Kiernan, Professor of Social Policy and Demography, University of York. For services to
Social Science.
• Trevor John Knight, Executive Head, Library, Heritage and Registration Services, Sutton. For services to Local
Government.
• Marc Andrew Koska, Director, Star Syringe. For services to Global Healthcare.
• William Harley Lawton, T.D., Chairman of Trustees, Pain Relief Foundation. For services to Health.
• Michael Lee. For services to the London 2012 Olympic Bid.
• Michael Leeke, Managing Director, J. H. Leeke and Sons Ltd, Llantrisant. For services to the Retail and Leisure
Industries and to the community in South Wales.
• Ashley Leiman, Founder and Director, Orangutan Foundation UK. For services to the Conservation of
Orangutans.
• Elizabeth Jane Lewis, Grade B2, Ministry of Defence.
• Isabella Elizabeth Lind, Headteacher, Ravenscraig Primary School. For services to Education in Inverclyde.
• John Lindsay, Chief Executive, East Lothian Council. For services to Local Government.
• David Philip Linnell, Principal, John Leggott College, Scunthorpe. For services to Further Education.
• Rachel Lipscomb, JP, lately Chairman, Magistrates' Association. For services to the Administration of Justice.
• Ian Livingstone, Product Acquisition Director, Eidos Interactive Ltd.. For services to the Computer Games
Industry.
• Professor Adrian Long, Lecturer, Queen's University, Belfast. For services to Higher Education and to
Engineering.
• Michael Long, HR Reward Specialist, HM Treasury.
• Jurat David Charles Lowe. For services to the Guernsey Royal Court.
• Michael Richard Lynch, Founder and Chief Executive, Autonomy. For services to Enterprise.
• Professor Norbert Casper Lynton, Chairman, Charleston Trust. For services to Art and to Heritage.
• Robert Murdo MacLeod, lately Managing Director, Highlands and Islands Airports Ltd. For services to the
Aviation Industry in the Highlands and Islands.
• Royston Keith Maldoom. For services to Dance.
• Brian Raymond Marker, Principal Scientific Officer, Office of the Deputy Prime Minister.
• Clive Maurice Marks. For charitable services and for services to Christian/Jewish Relations.
• David William Martin, Grade B1, Ministry of Defence.
• Karen Matheson, Singer. For services to Scottish Music.
• Major Muriel McClenahan. For services to the community in London.
• David Robert McCreath, lately Director, Scottish Quality Cereals and Board Member, Simpsons Malt. For
services to the Malting Industry.
• Alastair McInnes, Sales Support Director, MBDA. For services to Export.
• Robin George McInnes, Chairman, Coastal Groups of England and Wales. For services to Flood and to Coastal
Protection.
2006 New Year Honours
22
• Evelyn Justina Asante-Mensah, Chairman, Central Manchester Primary Care Trust:; Chief Executive, Black
Health Agency & Chairman, Manchester Health Inequalities Partnership. For services to Healthcare.
• Ian George Tweedie Miller, Chairman of Skill Scotland, National Bureau for Students with Disabilities. For
services to Education.
• Alexander Moffat, Artist and Head of Painting, Glasgow School of Art. For services to Art.
• Yvonne Laraine Moran Moreno, Crown Prosecutor, Crown Prosecution Service.
• Christopher Moyes, Chief Executive, The Go-Ahead Group plc and Chairman, GoSkills, Sector Skills Council for
Passenger Transport. For services to Passenger Transport.
• Thomas Wilfred Mulryne, lately Principal, Methodist College, Belfast. For services to Education.
• Philip Anthony Neale, Tour Manager, England and Wales Cricket Board. For services to Cricket.
• The Very Reverend Kenneth Norman Ernest Newell, lately Moderator of the Presbyterian Church in Ireland. For
services to Community Relations in Northern Ireland.
• Barry Nicholls, Grade 6, The Pension Service.
• Jeremy Nichols, D.L. For services to the Sea Cadet Corps in Scotland and North East England.
• Alan Richard Norman. For services to Telecommunications.
• Hilary Elizabeth Omissi, Deputy Director for Children and Learners, Government Office for the South East.
• Professor Upkar Singh Pardesi, Dean of Business School, University of Central England. For services to Higher
Education.
• Christopher Wallace Passmore, Farmer. For services to Nature Conservation and to Agriculture.
• Maganbhai Paragbhai Patel, President, Gujarat Hindu Association. For services to Community Relations in
Leicestershire.
• Professor Patricia Ida Peattie, lately Assistant Principal, Napier University. For services to Education and to
Health in Scotland.
• Paul Louis Pedley, Executive Deputy Chairman, Redrow plc. For services to Business in Wales.
• Alan Francis Pegler, President, Ffestiniog Railway. For services to Railway Heritage.
• Robin Anthony Pellew, Chief Executive, National Trust for Scotland. For services to Conservation.
•• Brian Anthony Peters, JP, Chairman, Peters plc. For services to Business and to the community in Chichester,
West Sussex.
• Katerina Frances Phillips, Director, External Relations, Christian Aid. For services to Disadvantaged People.
• Marta Rose Phillips, Chairman, Servite Houses. For services to Social Housing.
• John Player, Headteacher, Grange Technology College, Bradford, West Yorkshire. For services to Education.
• Ronald Gardner Porter, Managing Director, Charles Tennant and Co (Northern Ireland) Ltd. For services to the
Roads Industry in Northern Ireland.
• Dai Powell, Chief Executive, Hackney Community Transport. For services to Disabled People.
• Michael John Power, lately Chief Operating Officer, London 2012 Ltd. For services to Sport.
• Rhiannedd Pratley, lately Executive-Director Wales, Basic Skills Agency. For services to Education in Wales.
• Kieran Thomas Preston, Clerk, West Yorkshire Passenger Transport Authority. For services to Public Transport.
• Helen Marcia Puckey, lately Headteacher, Hempshill Hall Primary School, Bulwell, Nottingham. For services to
Education.
• Reginald George Purnell, Chief Engineer, Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs.
• Shelagh Rae, lately Director, Education and Leisure Services, Renfrewshire Council. For services to Education.
• Susan Elizabeth Wilson Raikes, Chief Executive, Thames Valley Partnership. For services to Community Safety.
• Gordon James Ramsay, Chef and Restaurant Proprietor. For services to the Hospitality Industry.
• John Nellies Ramsay, lately Chief Executive, COGENT. For services to Training and Lifelong Learning in
Scotland.
• Catharina Reynolds, Grade A, Olympic Games Unit, Department for Culture, Media and Sport.
• Professor Greta Ann Richards, Panel Assessor, Civil Service Selection Board. For public service.
2006 New Year Honours
23
• Professor Peter Thomas Ricketts, Honorary Professor, University of Birmingham. For services to Medieval
Languages and Literature.
• Ann Robinson, Principal, Woodhouse College, Barnet, London. For services to Further Education.
• Nicholas Robinson, Head of Policy and Ministerial Support, UK Trade and Investment.
• Cheryl Rolph, Director of People and Performance, Cambridgeshire Fire and Rescue Service. For services to the
Fire and Rescue Services.
• Malcolm Roughead, Marketing Director, VisitScotland. For services to the Tourist Industry.
• Professor Edmund Charles Penning-Rowsell. For services to Flood Risk Management.
• Michael Ruddock. For services to Welsh Rugby.
• Professor Anthony John Ryan, ICI Professor of Physical Chemistry, University of Sheffield. For services to
Science.
• Margaret Scanlan, Member, Scottish Legal Aid Board. For services to the Administration of Justice in Scotland.
• David Scholes. For services to the Communications Industry.
•• Elizabeth Ann Marie Scott, B1, Ministry of Defence.
• Professor Andrew Self, Pro Vice-Chancellor (Enterprise), Kingston University. For services to Higher Education.
• Debbie Sell, Head of Speech and Language Therapy, Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children NHS Trust. For
services to the NHS.
• Norman Sharp, Director of Quality Assurance Agency for Higher Education, Scotland Office. For services to
Higher Education.
• Anne Jane Shevas, lately Chief Press Officer, Prime Minister's Office.
• Professor Ian Alexander Charles Sinclair, Research Professor, Social Work Research and Development Unit,
University of York.
• John Pashawar Singh, Member, School Teachers' Review Body. For services to Education.
• Sister Isabel Smyth, lately Chief Executive, Scottish Inter-faith Council. For services to Inter-faith Relations.
• Imelda Mary Philomena Bernadette Staunton, Actress. For services to Drama.
• Penelope Streeter, Co-Founder and Managing Director, Ambition 24hours. For services to Women's Enterprise
and to Business.
• Lesley Stubbings, Council Member, Sheep Veterinary Society. For services to the Livestock Industry.
• John Summers, lately Chief Executive, Keep Scotland Beautiful. For services to the Environment.
• Alan Sykes, lately Her Majesty's Inspector and Assistant Divisional Manager, Research Analysis and
International Division, Office for Standards in Education.
• James Bradley Taylor, Chief Executive, Northern Lighthouse Board. For services to the Maritime Industry.
• Helen Margaret Taylor-Thompson, MBE. For services to Health and Welfare in the UK and Africa.
• Keith William Oram Thomson, lately Chief Executive, North West Wales NHS Trust. For services to the NHS in
Wales.
• John Thorley, Chief Executive, National Sheep Association. For services to Sheep Farming.
• The Most Venerable Medagama Vagiragnana, Head, London Buddhist Vihara. For services to Inter-faith
Relations.
• Michael Paul Vaughan, England Cricket Captain. For services to Cricket.
• Meredith Vivian, Head of Patient Public Involvement, Department of Health.
• David Francis Walker, Chairman, British Potato Council. For services to Agriculture.
• Professor Alan George Waller, Visiting Professor, International Supply Chain Management, Cranfield University
and President, Chartered Institute of Logistics and Transport. For services to Logistics.
•• Graham John Walters. For services to Business and to the community in South Wales.
• Unni Krishna Kundukalangara Wariyar, Consultant Neonatal Paediatrician, Royal Victoria Infirmary, Newcastle
upon Tyne. For services to Medicine.
• Lady Suzanne Elizabeth Warner. For services to Plant Conservation.
2006 New Year Honours
24
• Clive Warren, lately Head of Overseas Territories Department, Department for International Development.
• Owen Watkin, Chief Executive, Ceredigion County Council. For services to Local Government in Wales.
• Michael John Wear, Chairman, Vehicle Crime Reduction Action Team. For public service.
• Jeffrey James West, lately Policy Director, English Heritage. For services to the Historic Environment.
• Peter Robert White, lately Secretary, Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Wales. For
services to Heritage.
• Stephen Whittle, lately Controller, Editorial Policy, BBC. For services to Broadcasting.
• Alastair Walter Wilson, Consultant, Accident and Emergency, Royal London Hospital. For services to Medicine.
• Kim Winser, Chief Executive, Pringle of Scotland. For services to the Textiles Industry.
• Jeanette Winterson, Writer. For services to Literature.
• Sally Anne Witcher, Chairman, Disability Employment Advisory Committee. For services to Disabled People.
• Lady Kathleen Audrey Wood. For services to Conservation in Oxfordshire.
• Professor Ashley Woodcock, Professor of Respiratory Medicine, University of Manchester. For services to the
Montreal Protocol.
• Clive Alan Woolf, Solicitor. For services to the Privy Council.
• Peter John Workman. For services to the International Festival of the Sea.
• Christopher John Wright, lately Head, Western Manuscripts, British Library. For services to Scholarship.
• John Mitchel Wylie, Chief Executive, Ulster Supported Employment Limited. For services to Disabled People.
• Graham Wynn, Director, TTC 2000. For services to Road Safety.
• Alan Yau, Restaurateur. For services to the Hospitality Industry.
• Hosney Mohammed Ahmed Ali Yosef, Senior Consultant Clinical Oncologist. For services to Medicine in the
West of Scotland.
• Rosemary Sarah Machen-Young, Director, My Hotels (Nairn) Ltd. For services to Welfare to Work and to the
Hospitality Industry in the Highlands.
• Patrick Chung Yin-yu, Executive Director, Northern Ireland Council for Ethnic Minorities. For services to
Community Relations.
• Christopher Yule, lately Chief Crown Prosecutor, Suffolk, Crown Prosecution Service.
• Michael Norman Zarraga, lately Headteacher, St. Thomas More School, Gateshead, Tyne and Wear. For services
to Education.
• Professor Timothy David van Zwanenberg, Professor, Postgraduate General Practice and Director, Postgraduate
General Practice Education, University of Newcastle upon Tyne. For services to Healthcare.
Diplomatic Division
• William Richard Charles Beeston. For services to journalism.
• Michael Gabriel Brophy. For services to education in developing countries.
• Petronella Leonie Diana Byrde, lately First Secretary, Foreign and Commonwealth Office.
• Ann Lesley Cotton, Founder of CAMFED. For services to education for girls in Africa.
• Ailsa Rosemary May Domanova. For services to Second World War veterans and widows in the Slovak Republic
and to UK-Slovak relations.
• Professor Michael Edwards. For services to literature and UK-French cultural relations.
• Tim Gurney, lately Deputy Head of Mission, British Embassy, Kabul.
• Robert Henry Owen Hayward. For humanitarian services overseas, especially through Christian Aid.
• Dora Claire Sarah (Sally) Healy, lately Senior Principal Research Officer, Foreign and Commonwealth Office.
• Paul Douglas Hillier. For services to choral music overseas.
• The Honourable Thomas Robert Benedict Hurd, First Secretary, Foreign and Commonwealth Office.
• Anne James. Executive Director, International Justice Project. For services to human rights overseas.
•• Andrew Jamieson. For services to British business interests and to sustainable development in Nigeria.
2006 New Year Honours
25
• Christopher Avedis Keljik. For services to British business interests and to local communities in Africa and South
Asia.
• William Lucas Lindesay. For services to UK/China understanding and to international conservation of the Great
Wall.
• Edward David Gerard Llewellyn, MBE, lately Head of Political Department, Office of the High Representative
for Bosnia and Herzegovina.
• Gareth Geoffrey Lungley, First Secretary, Foreign and Commonwealth Office.
• Stella Margaret Marsden. For services to wildlife conservation and to the local community in The Gambia.
• Lindsey Anne McAlister, MBE. For services to UK arts in Hong Kong.
• Geoffrey Watson Moore. For services to the arts in Bermuda.
• Peter David Nardini, Technical Director, Dresden Trust. For services to UK-German relations.
• Susan Olde. For charitable services, Cayman Islands.
• Roderic Ethelbert Pearman, JP. For services to the community, Cayman Islands.
• Andrew John Fairlie Picken, lately Deputy Director, British Council, Pakistan.
• Albert Andrew Poggio, MBE, Director of Gibraltar Office, London.
• Michael Alfred Potter, Project Manager for China, GAP Activity Projects. For services to UK-Chinese relations.
• Christine Winifred Preston. For services to healthcare and development in Bangladesh and Nepal.
• Andrew Barnett Richards. For ophthalmic services to disadvantaged people in South Asia and Africa.
• Michael Ronald Rutland. For services to UK-Bhutanese relations.
• Dominic Timothy Charles Scriven. For services to UK financial services in Vietnam.
• Graham Frank Sim. For services to the community, St. Helena.
• Philip Andrew Sinkinson, lately Deputy High Commissioner, Kingston.
• Robert Thain, First Secretary, Foreign and Commonwealth Office.
• Richard Charles Uren. For services to British business interests in France.
• Derek Arthur John Warby, MBE, Resource Director, Kofi Annan International Peacekeeping Centre, Accra.
• Richard Gareth Williams, lately Director, Mostar Implementation Unit, Office of the High Representative for
Bosnia and Herzegovina.
• Simon Winchester. For services to journalism and literature.
Members of the Order of the British Empire (M.B.E)
Military Division
Navy
•• Warrant Officer 1st Class (Writer) William Armour D144940J.
•• Warrant Officer 1st Class (Catering Services) John Walter Brett D135686U.
•• Local Acting Chief Petty Officer (Diver) Robert John Daniels D170865Q.
• Local Acting Band Colour Sergeant Ian Davies, Royal Marines P037074A.
• Warrant Officer 1st Class (Marine Engineering Artificer) Robert Alan Edward Giddings D130594N.
• Major Jeremy Peter Hermer, Royal Marines.
• Lieutenant Commander Finn Adam Egeland-Jensen, Royal Navy.
• Lieutenant Commander Craig Antony Jones, Royal Navy.
• Leading Operator Mechanic (Survey Recorder) Christopher Thomas Jordan D242799N.
• Warrant Officer 1st Class (Weapon Engineering Artificer) Colin Richard Ling D156631M.
• Lieutenant Commander Karl Fraser Mardon, Royal Navy.
• Commander Karen McTear, Royal Navy.
• Chief Petty Officer (Diver) Andrew John Moss D161671E.
• Warrant Officer 1st Class (Stores Accountant) Christopher Nicholas Mountford D169662K.
• Lieutenant Commander Alexandra Sard, RD, Royal Naval Reserve.
2006 New Year Honours
26
• Chief Petty Officer Medical Assistant Kevin Shore D177102U.
Army
• Major James Bryan Balls (523313), The Cheshire Regiment.
• Major Philip Hedley Barber (533037), The Royal Logistic Corps.
• Sergeant David John Beattie, 24289565, The Royal Irish Regiment.
• Sergeant Paul Brewer, 24623176, Royal Tank Regiment.
• Major Stephen Barry Cannon (547217), Corps of Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers.
• Captain Richard James Carney (554247), The Blues and Royals.
• Warrant Officer Class 2 James Douglas Condy, 24201350, Royal Regiment of Artillery.
• Captain Dennis Reginald Crook (516681), The West Midlands Regiment, Territorial Army.
• Warrant Officer Class 2 Paul Daniels, 24847743, The Royal Welsh Regiment, Territorial Army.
• Staff Sergeant Alastair John Farrow, 24879000, Adjutant General's Corps (Staff and Personnel Support Branch).
• Major Richard Anthony Gates (480302), 1st The Queen's Dragoon Guards.
• Captain Sally Frances Glazebrook (550395), General List, Territorial Army.
• Lieutenant Colonel Simon Robert Goldstein (522684), General List, Territorial Army.
• Major Dominic Stuart Hargreaves (518116), Corps of Royal Engineers.
•• Captain John Harrower (563355), Adjutant General's Corps (Staff and Personnel Support Branch).
• Major Peter Edwin Duncan Hicks, JP (495526), Coldstream Guards.
•• Acting Lieutenant Colonel David Currie Johnstone (518759), West Lowland Battalion Army Cadet Force.
• Major Hugh Layton Kennedy (531770), The Light Infantry.
• Acting Major James Kerrigan (509959), Glasgow and Lanarkshire Battalion Army Cadet Force.
• Major Andrew Richard Knott (532660), Royal Corps of Signals.
• Warrant Officer Class 1 John Lazenby, 24694659, Adjutant General's Corps (Staff and Personnel Support
Branch).
• Major Paul Stuart Leslie (533634), The Royal Anglian Regiment.
• Captain Steven MacLaren (563446), Royal Corps of Signals.
• Major David Alexander Grevile Madden (525610), The Queen's Royal Hussars.
• Major Michael Paul Manning (540203), Army Air Corps.
• Corporal Patrick Dean McGeever, 24873964, Corps of Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers.
• Major Alan William Needle (542471), The Queen's Royal Lancers.
• Lance Corporal Neil James Perkins, 25062597, Royal Corps of Signals.
• Warrant Officer Class 1 Brian Pratt, 24438976, The Parachute Regiment, Territorial Army.
• Major Jeffrey Robinson (534280), Adjutant General's Corps (Staff and Personnel Support Branch), Territorial
Army.
• Lieutenant Colonel Ian Christopher Rogers (525523), Corps of Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers.
• Captain Keith Edward Rumbold (563741), Corps of Royal Engineers.
• Warrant Officer Class 2 Andrew Stanley Rutt, 24795665, Adjutant General's Corps (Staff and Personnel Support
Branch).
• Sergeant Paul James Shephard, 24808316, Adjutant General's Corps (Royal Military Police).
• Captain Norman Leslie Siggs (545024), Royal Corps of Signals, Territorial Army.
• Captain Michael Albert Solomons (557763), Royal Corps of Signals.
• Lieutenant Colonel Sarah Louise Streete, T.D. (543399), Royal Corps of Signals, Territorial Army.
• Major Gerald Mark Strickland (533572), The Royal Gurkha Rifles.
• Major Philip Edward Stuart (545683), Royal Regiment of Artillery.
• Captain Eric John Tarr (533515), The Royal Logistic Corps, Territorial Army.
• Staff Sergeant Eric Taylor, 24277359, The King's and Cheshire Regiment, Territorial Army.
• Major Mark Richard Thomas (553601), Corps of Royal Engineers.
2006 New Year Honours
27
• Acting Lieutenant Colonel Richard Gallacher Turner (541741), The Edinburgh Academy Combined Cadet Force.
• Major Nicholas Craig Wharmby (529591), Army Air Corps.
• Major Martyn Russel Wills (528749), The Parachute Regiment.
• Major David Wilson (525669), Corps of Royal Engineers.
Air Force
• Flight Lieutenant Darrell Caery Eric Adrian Anderson (2628612F), Royal Air Force.
•• Squadron Leader Nicola Elizabeth Bell (0009760G), Royal Air Force.
• Warrant Officer Christopher Alexander Roy Blackman (S8118196), Royal Air Force.
• Flight Sergeant Edward Joseph Brophy (P8112028), Royal Air Force.
• Flight Sergeant Stephen David Butterworth (C8138984), Royal Air Force.
• Squadron Leader John Winston Clarke (8210956H), Royal Air Force.
• Warrant Officer John Duff (T8072883), Royal Air Force.
•• Squadron Leader Paul Evans (5206641F), Royal Air Force.
• Flight Lieutenant John Andrew Reid Franklin (8154684K), Royal Air Force.
•• Wing Commander Michael Stafford Humphreys (5206791D), Royal Air Force.
• Warrant Officer Michael John Edwin Jones (P8089898), Royal Air Force.
• Wing Commander Paul John David Lenihan (5205182K), Royal Air Force.
• Warrant Officer Andrew David Mallett (Q8007580), Royal Air Force.
• Squadron Leader Peter James Scantlebury (5207280U), Royal Air Force.
• Sergeant Graeme Snowdon (E8289175), Royal Air Force.
• Warrant Officer David Alan Starkings (E8084434), Royal Air Force.
• Squadron Leader John Arthur Turner (8023812P), Royal Air Force.
• Master Aircrew Ronald Webb (D8140859), Royal Air Force.
Civil Division
• Captain Paul Whyte, Royal Fleet Auxiliary.
• Robert Peter Ackroyd, Director-General, National Wood Textile Export Corporation. For services to the Textile
Industry.
• John Adams, Head, Correspondence and Enquiry Unit, HM Treasury.
• Valerie Lawson Adamson. For services to the community in Oxted, Surrey.
• Roger James Adshead, Chief Executive Director, Framlingham Farmers Ltd. For services to Agriculture.
• Aosaf Afzal, Science Communication Manager, Royal Society. For services to Science.
• Dr. Hussain Ahmed, Training Adviser, Halton College, Warrington, Cheshire. For services to Further Education
in the UK and Overseas.
• Edna May Ainge. For services to Disabled People in the Isle of Man.
• Patrick Kenneth Aird, Secretary, Scottish Raptor Study Groups. For services to Wildlife Conservation.
• Francis Royston Allen, Chairman, Llanelli Disabled Access Group. For services to Disabled People in South
Wales.
• John Allen. For services to the community in Wednesbury, West Midlands.
• Christopher John Allison, Commander, Metropolitan Police Service. For services to the Police.
• Leslie Henry Ames, Member, Weymouth Borough Council. For services to the community in Dorset.
• Maureen Elizabeth Anderson, Assistant Assurance Officer, HM Revenue and Customs.
• Dr. Khalid Anis, Assistant Head of Salaried Dental Services, Rochdale Primary Care Trust, Rochdale NHS
Dental Access Centre. For services to Dentistry.
• Elizabeth Joan Anson, JP. For services to the community in Salisbury, Wiltshire.
• Dr. Antoine, Principal, TCS Tutorial College, Brent, London. For services to Adult Learning and to Community
Development.
2006 New Year Honours
28
• Dallas Ariotti, Director of Organisational Transformation, Guy's and St. Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust. For
services to Healthcare.
• Frank Armer. For services to the community in Barrow-in-Furness, Cumbria.
• Jonathan Mark Armstrong. For services to the London 2012 Olympic Bid.
• Alfred Austin. For services to the community in Dudley, West Midlands.
• Robina Bailey. For services to the Soldiers', Sailors' and Airmen's Families Association in Worcestershire.
• Kathy Baker, Range 8 Executive, Strategy and Communications Group Board Secretariat, Department of Trade
and Industry.
• Pauline Baker, Practice Nurse. For services to Healthcare.
• Paul Bamford, Higher Investigation Officer, Law Enforcement, Investigation (Drugs), HM Revenue and
Customs.
• Robert Barber, Head of Expressive Arts, The Park Community School, Barnstaple, Devon. For services to
Education.
• Marie Catherine Bardrick, lately Usher, Royal Courts of Justice, Department for Constitutional Affairs.
• Anthony Michael Barnes. For services to the community in Cambridge.
• Keith John Barnes, Senior Management Technician, Department of Pharmaceutics, School of Pharmacy,
University of London. For services to Higher Education.
• Brian Barnett. For services to Young People in Troedyrhiw, Merthyr Tydfil.
• Roy Barraclough, Actor. For services to Drama and to Charity in the North West.
• Gillian Barratt, Railway Inspectorate Contacts Officer, HM Railway Inspectorate, Health and Safety Executive.
• Van Roy Heflin Barrett, Programme Manager, Alternative Skills for Life, Stoke-on-Trent College. For services to
Further Education and to Young People.
• Anne-Marie Batt, Mrs, Administrative Officer, Child Support Agency.
• Roy Beazley, Board Member, Community Chest Small Grants. For services to the community in Southampton.
• Agnes Beers, Administrative Assistant, Personnel Division, Department for Regional Development, Northern
Ireland Executive.
• Sarah Elizabeth Beeson, Health Visitor. For services to the community in Stafford.
• Ian Ronald Bell. For services to Cricket.
• Genevieve Margaret Belton. For public service.
• Richard Oliver Bennett, Chairman, Bedfordshire and River Ivel Internal Drainage Board. For services to Flood
Defence.
• Diana Jill Berliand, JP. For services to the Independent Monitoring Board, HM Prison High Down, Surrey and to
the Independent Monitoring Boards National Advisory Council.
• Diane Berry, Director of Music, Graveney School, Tooting, Wandsworth, London. For services to Education.
• Babette Beverley, Singer. For services to Music.
• Joy Beverley, Singer. For services to Music.
• Teddie Beverley, Singer. For services to Music.
• Snober Sultana Bhangu, Founder and Chairman, Midlands Alnisa Association. For services to Community
Relations in Birmingham.
• Maureen Bidwell. For services to the Soldiers', Sailors' and Airmen's Families Association in Hampshire.
• Alison Carol Bilsland. For services to community in Arran, Isle of Arran.
• Peter Noel Bird, Governor, Dearne Valley College, South Yorkshire. For services to Further Education.
• Edith Blake, lately Chairman, Highland Children's Panel. For services to the Children's Hearings System in
Scotland.
• Mary Herdman Boardman, Secretary, Denny and Dunipace Citizens' Advice Bureau. For services to the
community in the area of Denny and Dunipace.
• Brenda Margaret Bolton. For services to Ecclesiastical History.
2006 New Year Honours
29
• Marjory Bond. For services to the community in Rochdale, Lancashire.
• Mary Elizabeth Bott. For services to the community in Aberporth, Ceredigion.
• Jagmohan Bouri, lately Revenue Officer, HM Revenue and Customs.
• George Bowers, Vice-President, Schools Amateur Boxing Association. For services to Sport.
• William Henry Bowker, JP. For services to the Administration of Justice in Blackburn.
• David Richard Donald Boyce. Station Supervisor, London Underground. For services to Public Transport in
London.
• James Boyle, DFC. For services to the Royal Air Forces Association in Fife.
• John Michael Boyle, Train Operator, London Underground. For services to Public Transport in London.
• John Bradbury. For services to the community in Kniveton, Derbyshire.
• John Stuart Bradbury, Auxiliary Coastguard, Knott End Coastguard Rescue Team. For services to Maritime
Safety.
• David Henry Bradnock, DL, JP. For services to the Administration of Justice and to the community in the West
Midlands.
• Julie Anne Mary Bradshaw. For services to Swimming and to Charity.
• Barbara Eudene Brewster, JP, Health Promotion and Education Officer, Sickle Cell Society. For services to
Healthcare.
• Myra Briggs, Social Worker, National Secure Women's Services, Rampton Hospital, Retford, Nottinghamshire.
For services to Healthcare.
• David Broderick, Clerk, Llay Community Council. For services to the community in Llay, Wrexham.
• George Brooker. For services to the community in Slough, Berkshire.
• Brian Raymond Broughton. For charitable services in Tamworth, Staffordshire.
• Graham Brown, Grade C1, Ministry of Defence.
• John Robert Brown, Executive Director, University for Industry. For services to Lifelong Learning and
e-Learning.
• Elizabeth Brownlie. For services to the community in Bothwell, Lanarkshire.
• Noel Brownsell, Foster Carer, London Borough of Croydon. For services to Children and Families.
• David Christopher Bryant. For services to the Smethwick Heritage Centre and to the community in West
Midlands.
• Frederick Alfred Bullions, Senior Technical Officer, Hampshire County Council's Trading Standards Service. For
services to Consumers.
• William Burdett, Council Member, Poultry Club of Great Britain. For services to the Poultry Industry.
• Anne Burge, Neurophysiology Healthcare Scientist, City Hospital, Birmingham. For services to Physiological
Sciences.
• Michael Anthony Burnage. For charitable services in Brighton, East Sussex.
• Bessie Burns, Councillor, Anglesey County Council. For services to the community in Anglesey.
• Charles Powys Butler, Chairman, College of Pharmacy Practice. For services to the NHS.
• Margaret Baker Butler. For services to Tourism in Cardiff and in Wales.
• Nicholas Philip Cabot. For services to Choral Music in Jersey.
• Charles Stanley Caisey. For services to Fishmongering.
•• Peter Cameron, Regional Works Manager, Historic Scotland, Scottish Executive.
• Adela Cathleen Carlisle. For services to the community in Northern Ireland.
• Dorothy Cartwright, Supervising Usher, Chester Crown Court, Department for Constitutional Affairs.
• Kenneth Caslaw. For services to the Sea Cadet Corps in Whitley Bay.
• John Cassidy, Programme Co-ordinator, Cardonald College. For services to Further Education in Scotland.
• Heather Chapman, Neighbourhood Watch Volunteer. For services to the community in West Yorkshire.
• Peter John Chapman. For services to the Civil Service Sports Council.
2006 New Year Honours
30
• Jenny Charlesworth, Community Centre Manager. For services to the Coxmoor Estate, Kirkby-in-Ashfield,
Nottinghamshire.
• William Alan Charlton. For services to the community in Darlington.
• Winifred June Chase. For services to the Three Choirs Festival and to the community in Hereford.
• Margaret Elizabeth Chilton. For services to Townwomen's Guilds.
• William Chisholm, lately Journalist. For services to the Newspaper Industry.
• Lynn Clare, Chief Executive, Parents Against Drug Abuse. For services to Families of People who Misuse Drugs.
• Patricia Ann Clark, Administrative Officer, Leeds Employment Tribunal Office, Department of Trade and
Industry.
• The Reverend Canon Elizabeth Jane Clay, Prison Chaplain, HM Prison and Young Offenders' Institution, New
Hall, West Yorkshire.
• Dennis Ernest Cockbaine, Chairman, Bristol and District Retirement Council. For services to Older People and to
the community in Bristol.
• Annie Millar Coleman. For services to Environment Justice and to the community in Greengairs, North
Lanarkshire.
• Barbara Anne Collier, lately Director of Nursing and Patient Services, Slough Primary Care Trust. For services to
Healthcare.
• Paul David Collingwood. For services to Cricket.
• Patricia Carole Comer. For services to St. John Ambulance Brigade in Somerset.
• Kay Barbara Comfort, Grade C1, Ministry of Defence.
• Lorna Maureen Coulson, Advanced Skills Teacher for Science, Langley Park School for Girls, Bromley, London.
For services to Education.
• Marjorie Coulthard, Physiotherapist. For services to Healthcare.
• Dr. Eileen Mary Court lately Deputy Headteacher, Rising Brook High School, Stafford. For services to
Education.
• Richard George Cowan, Head of Technology, Grosvenor Grammar School, Belfast. For services to Education.
• Stephen John Cowdry, Vehicle Electrician, Ministry of Defence.
• Nicholas Ievers Cox, Arctic Base Commander. For services to British Polar Science.
• Elaine Barbara Lillian Craven, Managing Director, Earl Street Employment Consultants Ltd. For services to
Business and to the community in Kent.
• Captain Thomas Crookall, Chairman, Merchant Navy Welfare Board. For services to the Welfare of British
Seamen.
• Brian Geoffrey Currie. For services to Trade Aid in Africa and to the community in Fordingbridge, Hampshire.
• Brian Peter Curtis. For services to Cycling in Scotland.
• Ivan Da Costa, lately Cleaner, MacLellan's Facilities Management. For services to the Ministry of Defence.
• David Albiston Daniel. For services to the community in Congleton, Cheshire.
• Patricia Mary Daniel. For services to the Royal British Legion in Newton Abbot, Devon.
• Elizabeth Mary Danks, JP. For services to the community in North Berwick, East Lothian.
• Phyllis June Darbyshire, Chairman, Capel Parish Council. For services to the community in Tunbridge Wells,
Kent.
• Councillor Katia David, JP. For services to Anglo/Greek Relations and to the community in London.
• Thomas John David. For services to the community in Porthcawl, South Wales.
• Evan David Davies. For charitable services to the NHS in South West Wales.
• Ivy Davis, Volunteer Helper, Chad Vale Primary School, Birmingham. For services to Education.
• Neil Robert Daws. For charitable services.
• Marjorie Deane, Economic Journalist and Founder, Marjorie Deane Financial Journalism Foundation. For
services to the Finance Industry.
2006 New Year Honours
31
• Alan Dell, Network Liaison Manager, London Buses. For services to the Bus Industry.
• Marina Dennis. For services to Crofting in Strathspey.
• Christopher Alban Deverill, Trustee, Fire Service National Benevolent Fund. For services to the Fire and Rescue
Service.
• Iain Alexander Dickson. For services to the Scottish Association of Prostate Cancer Support Groups and to
Scotland's Cancer Strategy.
• Robert Henry Wilson Diver. For services to Oxfam, Great Britain.
•• Barbara Dixon, Administrative Officer, Field Operations Directorate, Health and Safety Executive.
• George Doherty (Great Britain), Tug Captain, Londonderry Port and Harbour Commissioners. For services to the
Ports Industry.
• Neil Doig, Constable, Lothian and Borders Police. For services to the Police.
• John Alexander Campbell Don, D.L., JP, lately Member, Farm Animal Welfare Council. For services to
Farming.
• William Donaghy, Managing Director, Huco Lightronic (NI) Ltd. For services to Business in Northern Ireland.
• Denis Doogan. For services to Medical Research.
• Agnes (Rita) Margaret Douglas. For charitable services in County Down, Northern Ireland.
• Raymond Howard Dowsett. For services to the Royal British Legion in Kings Lynn, Norfolk.
• Gerald Thomas Drewett. For services to the community in Newport, South Wales.
• Marie Drover, Sister. For services to Nursing in the Scottish Borders.
• Martyn Ernest Duffield, Trustee, Lineham Farm Children's Centre. For services to the community in West
Yorkshire.
• Patrick Duffy, Court Crier, County Court Judges, Department for Constitutional Affairs.
• Gilbert Egerton Dyson, Secretary, Helsby Golf Club Powered WheelChairman Appeal. For services to Young
People in Cheshire.
• Norman Ralph Eastbrook. For services to Music and to the community in Essex.
• Allen Eaton. For services to the Hollowell Steam and Heavy Horse Show and to the community in Hollowell,
Northamptonshire.
• Frank Ella. For services to the community in Goole, East Riding of Yorkshire.
• Ellen Maud Emms. For services to the community in Coventry.
• David Anthony James Endacott, Chairman, Oxfordshire Bat Group. For services to the Conservation of Bats.
• Yvonne Evans. For services to the League of Friends at Maidstone Hospital and to the community in
Hollingbourne, Kent.
• Margaret Mary Eyre, President, East Gloucestershire Hockey Club. For services to Sport.
• Tunji Fahm. For services to Community Relations in Wales.
• Colin John Fallaize. For services to the community in Guernsey.
• Hugh Aidan Faloona, lately District Manager, Translink. For services to Public Transport in Northern Ireland.
• Robert Farrow, Manager, Belle Vue Centre. For services to the community in Hartlepool.
• Deborah Anne Lynne Fenwick, Constable, British Transport Police. For services to the community in London.
• Wilma Finlay, Company Director, Cream o'Galloway Dairy Company. For services to the Tourist Industry in
Scotland.
• Maureen Flaherty, Higher Executive Officer, Disability and Carers Service, Department for Work and Pensions.
• Audrey Flash, lately Youth Worker, Woodview, Birmingham. For services to Young People in Birmingham.
• Andrew Flintoff, England and Lancashire Cricketer. For services to Cricket.
• Professor Thomas Grant Fraser, Chairman, Northern Ireland Museums Council. For services to Museums.
• Selwyn Henry Gibson. For services to the community in Newcastle-under-Lyme, Staffordshire.
• Peggy Mary Gidley. For services to the Royal British Legion in Oundle, Northamptonshire.
• Ashley Fraser Giles. For services to Cricket.
2006 New Year Honours
32
• Carol Gledhill, Officer, HM Prison and Young Offenders' Institution New Hall, West Yorkshire.
• Thomas Vincent Goane, lately General Manager, Arriva London. For services to the Bus Industry.
• Gary Goose, Detective Chief Inspector, Cambridgeshire Constabulary. For services to the Police.
• Dawn Goring, Team Secretary, Communications Team, HM Treasury.
• The Reverend Bryan John Gracie, Chaplain, HM Prison Birmingham.
• George Currie Graham, Chairman, Parkhead Citizens' Advice Bureau Management Committee. For services to
the community in Glasgow.
• Philippa Grant, lately Board Member, NHS Quality Improvement Scotland. For services to the NHS in Scotland.
• Sheena Grant, Cleaner and Chairman, Unison, University of Aberdeen. For services to Education.
• Barbara Ann Green, Safety, Health and Environmental Manager, Highbury College, Portsmouth. For services to
Further Education.
• Margaret Pamela Green, Chairman of Governors, Ysgol Tir Morfa, Rhyl. For services to the community in Rhyl,
Denbighshire.
• Mairwen Guard. For services to Animal Welfare.
• Susan Gullick, Executive Officer, Child Support Agency.
• Councillor Yash Pall Gupta, lately Member, Thurrock Borough Council and Thurrock Thames Gateway
Development Board. For services to the community in Essex.
• Millicent Nellie Hadley. For services to the community in Walsall, West Midlands.
• Gregory Lane Hall, Senior Manager and Deputy Head, Guru Nanak Sikh Voluntary Aided Secondary School,
Hillingdon, London. For services to Education.
• Robert Edward Hall, Managing Partner, Hall Bros, Coventry. For services to Training.
• Jill Dorothy Halliday, Span 7, Judicial Appointments Policy Division, Department for Constitutional Affairs.
• Edward Norman Hanson, Station Administrator, Horton Hospital. For services to Hospital Radio in Banbury,
Oxfordshire.
• Rosemary Harley. For services to the community in Harbury, Warwickshire.
• Stephen James Harmison. For services to Cricket.
• Roy Harold, Group Manager, Buckinghamshire Fire and Rescue Service. For services to the Fire and Rescue
Service.
• Jacqueline Harris, Administrative Officer, Jobcentre Plus.
• Jack Harrison, Chief Operating Officer, Eaga Partnership. For services to Home Energy Efficiency.
• Group Captain John Seymour Hart. For services to the Royal Air Force Benevolent Fund.
• John Andrew Harvey, Commodore's House Manager, Sodexho Defence Services. For services to the Britannia
Royal Naval College.
• Pearl Hassard, President, The Girls' Brigade Northern Ireland. For services to Young People.
• Brian Hedley. For public service.
• Madeline Held, Director, L.L.U. London South Bank University. For services to Adult Basic Skills.
• Lilian Henderson. For services to the voluntary sector in Blackpool.
• Dr. Robert Charles William Henderson, Captain, 1st Morecambe Boys' Brigade Company. For services to Young
People in Lancashire.
• Sally Heron. For services to the Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh.
• Colin Hignett. For services to the Royal Air Forces Association in Surrey.
• Alfred Edward Hill, Trustee and Director, Freeways Trust. For services to Disabled People in Bristol.
• Patricia Clare Hindley, Grade C, Olympic Games Unit, Department for Culture, Media and Sport.
• Robert Ian Hoddell, JP. For services to the Administration of Justice in Avon and Somerset.
• Richard Henry Hoddinott, Senior Plant Health and Seeds Inspector, York, Department for Environment, Food and
Rural Affairs.
• Leslie Robert Hodges. For services to the community in Hitchin, Hertfordshire.
2006 New Year Honours
33
• Matthew James Hoggard. For services to Cricket.
• Joseph Holloway, Community Director, New Deal for Communities. For services to the community in Bradford,
West Yorkshire.
• George Douglas Holmes, Deputy Chief Executive, Ulster-Scots Agency, Department of Culture, Arts and
Leisure, Northern Ireland Executive.
• Antony David Homer, Foster Carer, Stourbridge, West Midlands. For services to Children and Families.
• Josephine Ann Homer, Foster Carer, Stourbridge, West Midlands. For services to Children and Families.
• Pamela Anne Horner, Non-Executive Director, Doncaster East Primary Care Trust:; External Relations Manager,
South Yorkshire Passenger Transport Executive. For services to the community.
• Thomas Cyril House. For services to the Royal British Legion.
• Robert Howard, Officer Instructor, HM Prison, Liverpool.
• Sandra Howard, Customer Service Officer, Jobcentre Plus.
• Susan Mary Hunt, Course Administrator, Law Department, London School of Economics. For services to
Education.
• Terence William Hurd, Member, Braunstone New Deal for Communities. For services to the community in
Leicester.
• Brenda Hurt. For charitable services through the Kirkby Fundraisers in Nottingham.
• Shirley Yvonne Hutson, Head Housekeeper, House of Lords.
• Derrick Edwin John Hynam. For services to the Environment and to the community in Torfaen, South Wales.
• Muhammad Iqbal, Vice-Chairman, Burngreave New Deal for Communities. For services to the community in
Burngreave, Sheffield.
• Mandy Jacklin, Deputy Branch Head, Cancer Programme, Department of Health.
• Judith Jackson, Guide Guider, 125 Guides, Sheffield. For services to Young People in South Yorkshire.
• Peter Jackson. For services to Mountain Rescue in the Lake District.
• Raymond John Jackson. For services to Animal Welfare and to the community in Knutsford, Cheshire.
• Charles Treve James. For services to the community in West Cornwall.
• Shani James, Artist. For services to Art in Wales.
• Jacqueline Jarman, Higher Executive Officer, Highways Agency.
• Raymond Philip Jarvis, lately Head of Economics, Simon Langton Grammar School for Boys, Canterbury. For
services to Education.
• Monica Frances Jelley, Grade B1, Prime Minister's Office.
• John Edgar Jerome, For services to the community in Aldershot, Hampshire.
• William Henry John. For services to Education in Wales.
• Geraint Owen Jones. For services to Cricket.
• Karen Linda Jones, Community Outreach Nurse, Swansea NHS Trust. For services to Healthcare.
• Maureen Jones, Project Manager, Benchill Outreach Play Project, Manchester. For services to Young People.
• Brigadier Robin James Jones, Chairman of Governors, West of England School, Exeter, Devon. For services to
Special Needs Education.
• Simon Philip Jones. For services to Cricket.
• Charles Jordan, lately Chief Executive, Servol Community Trust. For services to Community Relations in the
West Midlands.
• Faqir Kallow, JP, Executive Officer, The Pension Service.
• Dr. Mustafa Abdulkarim Kapasi, General Medical Practitioner, Greenock, Renfrewshire. For services to
Healthcare.
• Eileen Kear, Athlete and Coach. For services to Sport.
• Dr. Dorothy Margaret Keighley, General Practice Principal, Longbridge, Birmingham. For services to
Healthcare.
2006 New Year Honours
34
• Lynda Keld, lately Community Services Librarian. For services to Local Government in Portsmouth.
• Pauline Kelly, People Manager, ASDA. For services to the Department for Work and Pensions and to the Retail
Industry.
• Barbara Joan Kenny. For services to Medway Magistrates Court, Kent.
• Mohammad Zafar Khan, Community Pharmacist. For services to Healthcare.
• William Kilminster, Paramedic, London Ambulance Service. For services to Healthcare.
• Andrew David Kirk, Chairman, Education Appeals Panel, Kent. For services to Education.
• Bernard Roger Kite, Chairman, Rivelin Valley Conservation Group. For services to Conservation in South
Yorkshire.
• Lionel Alfred Knight, Head of History and Politics, City of London School. For services to Education.
• Alan George Knox, Paramedic, Fort William. For services to the Scottish Ambulance Service.
• Kofi Kusitor, Chairman and Chief Executive, Cursitor Group. For services to Business.
• Kevin Lambert, Chief Superintendent, Gloucestershire Constabulary. For services to the Police.
• Medha Laud, Manager, International Teams Administration, England and Wales Cricket Board. For services to
Cricket.
• James William Laurenson, Storekeeper, RAF Saxa Vord, Scotland, Ministry of Defence.
• William James Lawrence. For services to Agriculture and to the community in Herefordshire.
• Godfrey David Leak. For services to Criminal Justice Agencies and to the community in Hertfordshire.
• Sylvia Rowena Leder, lately Artistic Director, The Grassington Festival. For services to Music in North
Yorkshire.
• Colin David Lee. For services to the community in Reading, Berkshire.
• James Lee, Managing Director, Travel Dundee. For services to Public Transport in Scotland.
• Rosa Lee. For services to Nature Conservation in Berkshire.
• Wai Fong Lee. For services to the Chinese community in Swansea.
• Alec Nathan Leifer. For services to the community in Measham, Leicestershire.
• Elizabeth Lennon, Personal Secretary, Veterinary Sciences Division, Department of Agriculture and Rural
Development, Northern Ireland Executive.
• Joyce Levy, lately Personal Assistant, Department of Trade and Industry.
• Councillor Frank William Lewis, JP, Councillor, Staffordshire County Council. For services to Local
Government.
• Stanley Cornwell Lewis, Painter and Illustrator. For services to Art.
• Thelma Agnes Lewis. For services to Guyana and to the Guyanese community in the UK.
• Frank Lightfoot, Site Supervisor, Summerbank Primary School, Tunstall, Stoke-on-Trent. For services to
Education.
• Jennifer Kathryn Lindley. For services to the Royal Academy of Engineering and to the Samaritans.
• Adrian Edward Alexander Lindsay. For public service.
• Brian Linfield, JP. For services to the Water Industry in the North West.
• Jill Lynette Loader. For services to the Citizens' Advice Bureau and to the British Red Cross in Bexhill-on-Sea,
East Sussex.
• Robert Henry Lock, Higher Executive Officer, Wales Trade International, National Assembly for Wales.
• Francoise Claire Logan. For services to Music and to Education in Leeds.
• Giles Long, Paralympic Swimmer. For services to Disabled Sport.
• Dennis Henry Lowes, Grade C4, Accounts Branch, Finance Division, Office for National Statistics.
• Ethel Sunny Lowry. For services to Swimming in the North West of England.
• Edwin William Ludlow, Chairman, Weymouth and Portland National Sailing Academy. For services to Sailing
and to the community in Weymouth.
• Bryan Lunn, Chief Examiner, Institute of Advanced Motorists. For services to Motoring.
2006 New Year Honours
35
• Marjorie Machin. For services to the British Red Cross and to the Douglas Macmillan Hospice, Stoke-on-Trent,
Staffordshire.
• Christopher MacKenzie, Constable, Greater Manchester Police. For services to the Police.
• Kenneth MacKie, Chairman, Inverness, Nairn and Badenoch and Strathspey Enterprise. For services to the
community in Inverness.
• Angus MacLeod, Head, School of Construction, Inverness College. For services to Education in Scotland.
• Esther MacRae, Practice Nurse. For services to the community in the Isle of Coll.
• David Magliano. For services to the London 2012 Olympic Bid.
• Paul Malcolm, Manager, HM Revenue and Customs.
• Brenda Mann, School Crossing Warden, St. Laurence Infant and Junior School, Northfield, Birmingham. For
services to Education.
• Dr. Brian Marshall, General Medical Practitioner, Whalsay and Out Skerries, Shetland. For services to
Healthcare.
• William McClair Marshall. For services to the Scottish Ambulance Service, Lanarkshire.
• Eric Martin. For services to the community in West Yorkshire.
• Michael Martin. For services to the Environment in the South West.
• Judith Mary Mason. For services to the Soldiers', Sailors' and Airmen's Families Association in Lancashire.
• Robert Anthony Douglas Mawson. For services to the Burma Star Association in the Isle of Man.
• William Ernest McCahon. For public service.
• Marion Elizabeth McClintock, Academic Registrar, Lancaster University. For services to Higher Education.
• Birdie McDonald, Foster Carer, London Borough of Brent. For services to Children and Families.
• James Joseph McDonnell. For services to the Soldiers', Sailors' and Airmen's Families Association in Norwich.
• Wilfred McFadden, Councillor, Banbridge District Council. For services to Local Government.
• Aileen McGlynn, Cyclist. For services to Disabled Sport.
• James Alexander McIntosh. For services to Disabled People in Scotland.
• Doreen McKintosh, Chairman, Northampton Federation of Residents' Associations. For services to the
community in Northampton.
• Una McLean, Actress. For services to Drama in Scotland.
• Lawrie McMenemy, Honorary Manager, Parliamentary Football Club. For services to Sport and to Charity.
• Glen William McMunn, Inspector, British Transport Police. For services to the community in London.
• Steven John McNair, Head of Aircraft Services Operations, BAE Systems. For services to the Defence Industry.
• Bernard McNamee. For services to the community in Cumbria.
• Colin Campbell McShannon, lately Deputy Governor, HM Prison Castle Huntly.
• Stephen Meakin, Member, Aspire Housing Management Board. For services to the community in Poolfields,
Newcastle-under-Lyme, Staffordshire.
• Ruth Meechan, Personal Assistant and Office Manager, National Services Division, Edinburgh. For services to
the NHS in Scotland.
• Maureen Kathleen Mellor, Vice-Principal, Liverpool Community College. For services to Further Education.
• William Merritt, lately Vice-Chairman, Clyde Valley Housing Association. For services to Social Housing in
Scotland.
• Robin Holdsworth Midgley. For services to the community in Plymouth, Devon.
• Frederick John Milbourn. For services to the Horticulture Industry.
• David Richmond Miller, Chairman, League of Friends, Stroud Hospitals and Health Centre. For services to
Healthcare in Gloucestershire.
• Jacqueline Amanda Miller, Grade D, Ministry of Defence.
• Patrick Wilson Milliken. For services to the community in Bangor, Northern Ireland.
2006 New Year Honours
36
• John Richard Handley Millington. For services to the Cotswolds Voluntary Warden Service and to the Sue Ryder
Care Hospice in Leckhampton, Gloucestershire.
• Joan Mills, Lady. For services to the community in Crediton, Devon.
• Stephen Paul Mingay, Temporary Inspector, British Transport Police. For services to the community in London.
• Patricia Mitchell, Senior Chief Clinical Physiologist in Respiratory Physiology. For services to the NHS.
• Angela Mockler. For services to the community in Merseyside.
• Patricia Molloy. For services to Disabled Children in Cambridgeshire.
• Gladys Monk. For services to the community in Bacup, Lancashire.
• Teresa Margaret Moorcroft. For services to the community in Merseyside.
• Alexander Moore, Coxswain, Barrow Lifeboat, Cumbria. For services to Maritime Safety.
• Grace Morgan, Chairman of Governors, John Hanson Community School and Test Valley School, Andover,
Hampshire. For services to Education.
• Brenda Pauline Morley, Chairman of Governors, Overton Grange School, Sutton, Surrey. For services to
Education.
• John Prior Morris, JP. For services to the Arts and Young Peoples Theatre in Wales.
• Carolyn Moss, Occupational Health Adviser, Ordnance Survey.
• Margaret Lilian Muggridge. For services to Visually Impaired People in Norwich.
• Jean Mundell. For services to the community in Locharbriggs, Dumfries and Galloway.
• Henry Murray, lately Chairman, Master Inn-holders and Hotelier. For services to the Hospitality Industry.
• Olivia Nash, Actress. For services to Drama and to Charity in Northern Ireland.
• Muhammed Rashid Nasir, Board Member and Chairman, Tenant Management Organisation. For services to
Social Housing and to the community in Kensington and Chelsea, London.
• Vernon Leslie Naylor, Drugs Co-ordinator, HM Prison Service North West Area.
• Tracey Neal, Higher Executive Officer, Child Support Agency.
• Michael Nebylowitsch, Flight Data Recording Manager, Engineering British Airways. For services to Civil
Aviation.
• Dr. Joseph Bryan Nelson, Ecologist and Ethologist. For services to Marine Ornithology, especially conservation
of Abbot's Booby and Christmas Island.
• Robert Newport, Camp Co-ordinator, Woodlarks Camp, Farnham, Surrey. For services to Young People.
• John Nicholas, Senior Traffic Warden, West Mercia. For services to the Police.
• Thomas Lowry Nicholl, Councillor, Ballymena Borough Council. For services to Local Government.
• Barbara Nicolson, Postmistress, Lemreway. For services to the Royal Mail and to the community in the Hebrides.
• James Nimmo, Director, Corporate Services, Jewel and Esk Valley College. For services to Further Education in
Scotland.
• Margaret Norris, Caterer, St. John's Church of England Infant School, Churt, Farnham, Surrey. For services to
Education.
• Susan Kathleen Brien, lately Councillor, North Down Borough Council. For services to Local Government.
• Joan Pray, lately Headteacher, Sheringdale Primary School, Wandsworth, London. For services to Education.
• Josephine Mildred Sullivan. For services to Victims of Crime in the West Midlands.
• Edward Howard Oatley, Headteacher, Sevenoaks Preparatory School. For services to Education and to the
community in Kent.
• Robert William Odlum. For services to the community in Newcastle-under-Lyme, Staffordshire.
• Nigel Oldacre. For services to Neighbourhood Watch in Essex.
• Christopher Oliver, Youth Worker, Woodstock Youth Club, Oxfordshire. For services to Young People.
• John Oliver. For services to Special Needs Education and to Disabled People.
• Jean Beryl Outhwaite, Chairman, Bestwood Partnerships, Bestwood Estate. For services to the community in
Nottingham.
2006 New Year Honours
37
• Marie Gwendoline Owen. For services to St. John Ambulance Brigade in Manchester.
• Mary Joan Oxley, Chairman, Neath and Port Talbot Alzheimer's Disease Society. For services to the community
in Neath Port Talbot.
• Josephine Mary Packer, Senior New Client Team Manager, Child Support Agency.
• Alan Painter, JP. For services to the Administration of Justice in Bedfordshire.
• Dr. Walter Duncan Park. For services to the community in Lancashire.
• Miriam Jane Parker, Member, Farm Animal Welfare Council. For services to Farming.
• Sydney Wilson Parkinson, Physiotherapist, Barnoldswick Town. For services to Football.
• Ian Michael Parks, BEM, Special Constable, Durham Constabulary. For services to the Police.
• Sylvia Rose Parrott. For services to East Africa through the charity Workaid.
• Linda Lou Alberta Parry, lately Deputy-Keeper, Furniture, Textile and Fashion Department, Victoria and Albert
Museum. For services to Art.
• Jane Parsons, Executive Officer, Child Support Agency.
• Pankaj Patel. For services to Architecture.
• Gavin Alston Paterson. For services to the community in Norfolk.
• Hugh Patrick Paul, Lifeboat Boathouse Manager, Newcastle, Northern Ireland. For services to Maritime Safety.
• Susan Elizabeth Pawson, JP. For services to the Administration of Justice in Suffolk.
• Scott Peacock, Administrative Officer, Child Support Agency.
• Peter Frederick Wyndham Pember, Enquiry Centre Manager, HM Revenue and Customs.
• Naomi Mary Penfold, JP, Chairman, West Dorset District Council and North Dorset Primary Care Trust. For
services to the community in Dorset.
• Robert Charles Pepper, Deputy Headteacher, Dame Alice Owen's School, Hertfordshire and Director and
Conductor, English Schools Orchestra. For services to Education and Music.
• Patricia Ann Percival, Head, Corporate Communications Department, Northamptonshire Police. For services to
the Police.
• Julia Lorraine Peterkin, Senior Sister, Intensive Care Unit, Royal London Hospital. For services to the NHS.
• Marjorie Phelps. For services to the community in Stroud, Gloucestershire.
• Geoffrey Howard Phillips, Foster Carer. For services to Children and Families in the Vale of Glamorgan.
• Jane Phillips, District Nurse, West Street Surgery, Chipping Norton, Oxfordshire. For services to Healthcare.
• Myra Phillips, Foster Carer. For services to Children and Families in the Vale of Glamorgan.
• Roy Phillips. For services to Crime Prevention in North Dorset.
• Lucy Barbara Picken. For services to the communities in Codmor Park and Ironville, Nottinghamshire.
• Bernard Pidcock. For services to Community Legal Services in the North East.
• Harry Anthony Pieniazek, Teacher and Physical Education Co-ordinator, Horsforth Newlaithes Junior School,
West Yorkshire. For services to Education.
• Kevin Peter Pietersen. For services to Cricket.
• Nicholas Piper, Director, British Boxing Board of Control. For services to Sport.
• William Pitt, Head of Service, Nuisance Strategy Group, Manchester City Council. For services to Tackling
Anti-Social Behaviour.
• Robert Alexander Platt, President, Bann Rowing Club. For services to Sport in Northern Ireland.
• Ellen Player, Foster Carer, Essex County Council. For services to Children and Families.
• Harry Poloway, B.E.M., Toastmaster, Cardiff City Council and Newport City Council. For services to Local
Government.
• Wing Commander Brian William Pope. For services to the community in Devon.
• John Henry Pope. For services to the Boys' Brigade in Inverkeithing, Fife.
• Ruth Margaret Popple, lately Chairman, Carlisle and District Primary Care Trust. For services to Health and to
the community in Cumbria.
2006 New Year Honours
38
• Philip Alan Poulton. For services to the community in Ludlow, Shropshire.
• Jacqueline Pountney, Chairman, Walsall Equestrian Society. For services to the Equestrian Industry.
• Owen Thomas Powell, Founder and Leader, Keele World Affairs Group, Staffordshire. For services to Adult
Education.
• Catherine Theresa Prendergast, Xerox Global Services Reprographics Specialist.
• James Walter Pullen. For charitable services in Chesterfield, Derbyshire.
• Edmund Quaynor. For services to the community in Bristol.
• Mary Quicke. For services to Farming in the South West.
• Ayesha Qureshi. For services to the London 2012 Olympic Bid.
• Robin Radford, Parish Councillor. For services to the community in Kensworth, Bedfordshire.
• Dr. Mohammad Rahman, General Medical Practitioner. For services to Healthcare in Gillingham, Kent.
• Jacqueline Constance Ramsden, Ranger Guider, St. Anne's-on-Sea. For services to Young People in Lancashire.
• Stanley Kenneth Ranger. For services to the Strode Park Foundation and to the community in Kent.
• Derek Rankin, RD, Committee Member, Clanmil Housing Association Limited. For services to Social Housing in
Northern Ireland.
• Sadenia (Eddi) Reader, Singer. For services to Music.
• Irene Rees. For services to Community Transport in Powys.
• Robert Rees, Chef and Governor, British Nutrition Foundation. For services to the Food Industry.
• David Myron Alexander Reid, Director of Visa Services, Turkey, Home Office.
• Lily Reid. For services to the community in Bury, Greater Manchester.
• David John Rendall. For services to Disabled People and to the community in Devon.
• Anthony Richards, JP. For services to the Millennium Centre and to the community in St. Helens, Lancashire.
• Colin John Richards, Conservation Officer, South Shropshire District Council. For services to Local Government.
• Margaret Rose Richardson. For services to the community in North Tyneside.
• Councillor Brian Dean Rigby, Chairman of Governors, West Trafford Learning Partnership, Trafford. For
services to Education.
• Carol Anne Roberts. For services to Cancer Care and to the community in North West Wales.
• Margaret Mary Roberts. For services to the Water Industry in the South West.
• Norman James Alexander Robertson. For services to the community in Dundee.
• Barry Robinson, Chief Examiner and Past President of OPERC. For services to Health and Safety in Quarries.
• Gerald Robinson. For services to the communities in Staffordshire and Cheshire.
• Ronald Gilbert Robinson, Auxiliary Coastguard, Hoylake Coastguard Rescue Team. For services to Maritime
Safety.
• Veronica Robinson. For services to Animal Welfare.
• Francis Patrick Rocks, Health Service Manager, Mid-Ulster. For services to the community in Northern Ireland.
• Rita Rogers. For services to the community in Melton Constable, Norfolk.
• Rachael Ronchetti, Operations Manager, Fairbridge Charity, Tyne and Wear. For services to Disadvantaged
Young People.
• Florence Maud Rose. For services to the community in Wellington, Shropshire.
• Janice Ross. For services to the communities in Dulverton and Exmoor, Somerset.
• Maureen Ross, Chairman, Seaboard Memorial Hall, Tain. For services to the community in Ross-shire.
• Nancie Elizabeth Ross. For services to the community in Flackwell Heath, Buckinghamshire.
• Wendy Ross, IT Trainer and Knowledge Management Administrator. For services to the Royal Berkshire Fire
and Rescue Service.
• Peter Anthony Rowe, Director-General, Institute of Credit Management. For services to Business.
• Kathleen Rowson. For services to the community in Greater Manchester.
• Mohammed Sabir. For charitable services in West Yorkshire.
2006 New Year Honours
39
• Elena Salvoni, Restaurateur and Manager, Elena's L'Etoile. For services to the Hospitality Industry.
• Tanya Samuel, Chairman, South Kilburn New Deal for Communities Board. For services to the community in
South Kilburn, London.
• Malcolm Edward Sanders, Chief Executive and Chairman, SCT UK Ltd. For services to Business in Wales.
• Peter Richard Sanders, Group Station Manager, London Underground. For services to Public Transport in
London.
• Robert Leslie Sandling. For services to Shire Horses and to the community in Cornwall.
• Lily Sansam. For services to Deaf People in Hull.
• Angela Antonia Scarisbrick, Practice Educator for Advanced Nursing Practice, Great Ormond Street Hospital.
For services to Healthcare.
• Keith Lewis Scott. For services to the community in York.
• Paul Frederick Scriven. For services to the community in Frostenden and to Heritage in Suffolk.
• Athenson Warren Seales, Operational Support Grade, HM Prison Long Lartin, Worcestershire.
• Dr. Sheila Sedgwick. For services to the community in Ballater, Deeside.
• Betty Sharp. For services to the community in Wentworth, South Yorkshire.
• Harold Sharpe, Head Coach, Special Needs Unit Gymnasts. For services to Disabled Sport.
• James Paul Shaw, Councillor and Deputy Provost, East Renfrewshire Council. For services to Local Government.
• Roy Peter Shore. For services to Scouting in Bristol and to the Friendship Medical Clinic in Nepal.
• Margaret Jane Shuttleworth. For services to the Friends of Dumfries Prison.
• Diana Rae Simpson. For services to the Royal Mail and to the Macmillan Cancer Relief Trust.
• Jean Sinton. For services to the community in Coln St. Aldwyns, Gloucestershire.
• Dr. Teoman Necati Sirri, General Medical Practitioner. For services to Healthcare and to Greek and Turkish
Cypriot People in London.
• Ralph Sixsmith, Chairman, Dearne Valley Venture. For services to Young People in South Yorkshire.
• Mabel Slater, Director of Professions Complementary to Dentistry, Guy's, King's and St. Thomas' NHS Trust. For
services to Dental Health.
• Ruth Constance Small. For services to Disabled Sport.
• Anne Catherine Smith, Leader, Conservative Group, Sheffield City Council. For services to Local Government.
• Beryl Smith. For services to the community in Brandon, Warwickshire.
• David Leonard Smith, JP. For services to the community in Oxford.
• Derek Duncan Smith. For services to Disabled People in Rutland.
• Dr. Francis Mark Smith. For services to the community in East Manchester.
• George Maxwell Smith. For services to the community in Strathnairn, Inverness.
• Jean Jillian Smith, Project Manager, Nilaari Agency, Bristol. For services to People who Misuse Drugs,
especially those from the Black and Minority communities.
• Norman Alan Smith, Handyman, Haxby Road Primary School, York. For services to Education.
• Patricia Gloria Smith, Executive Officer, Jobcentre Plus.
• Richard Smith, Chairman, Friends of Arnos Vale and the Arnos Vale Cemetery Trust. For services to
conservation in Bristol.
• Margaret Elizabeth Spittles, lately Superintendent Registrar for Oxfordshire. For services to Local Government.
• Alan Paul Stacey. For services to Disabled and Elderly People in Hounslow, Middlesex.
• Thomas Hardy Stanton. For services to the community in Shropshire.
• The Reverend Christopher Stark, Foster Carer. For services to Children and Families in North Yorkshire.
• Kathleen Stark. Foster Carer. For services to Children and Families in North Yorkshire.
• Barbara Steele, lately Senior Mid-day Assistant, Taporley Community High School, Cheshire. For services to
Education.
• George Stewart Stevenson, Director, GSS Developments. For services to the community in Aberdeen.
2006 New Year Honours
40
• Henry Robert Hunter Stinson, Life President, British Athletics Supporters' Club and Honorary Life
Vice-President, International Association of Athletics Federations. For services to Sport.
• Joseph Allan Stoney. For services to Farming in Nidderdale, North Yorkshire.
• Gillian Strachan, Service Manager, NCH Scotland, Children's Charity. For services to Children and Families.
• Dr. Rae Hervey Straton. For services to the community in Fordingbridge, Hampshire.
• Andrew Strauss. For services to Cricket.
• Richard Sumray, Chairman, London 2012 Forum. For services to the London 2012 Olympic Bid.
• Peter James Swan, Paramedic and Team Leader, Ambulance Service. For services to Healthcare.
• James Michael Taylor, Member, Management Committee, Ponteland Scout Group, Newcastle upon Tyne. For
services to Young People.
• Laurence James Taylor, Grade C1, Ministry of Defence.
• Jean Alice Tennant. For services to the Environment and to the community in Oldham.
• Jatinder Kumari Thind, Higher Executive Officer Caseworker, Crown Prosecution Service.
• Elizabeth Ann Thomas. For services to the community in Llandovery, Carmarthenshire.
• Jean Gwendolene Thomas, Head of Nursing and Counselling Occupational Health, Metropolitan Police Service.
For services to Healthcare.
• Dr. John Thomas, Treasurer and Trustee, YMCA South East Region and Honorary Secretary and Treasurer,
YMCA Woking. For services to Young People.
• Alison Thompson, HM Coroner, West London. For services to Disaster Relief.
• Phillip Martin Thorne, Principal Teacher of Music, St. David's Roman Catholic High School, Dalkeith. For
services to Education in Scotland.
• Fiona Thornewill. For services to Charity and to Polar Exploration.
• Dorothy Moor Tilbury. For services to Cycling, Philately and to the community in the Isle of Man.
• Robert Thomas Tilling. For services to Arts in Jersey.
• Alexandra Timpson, Foster Carer, Cheshire County Council. For services to Children and Families.
• Brian Tipper, lately Work Services Clock Technician, Palace of Westminster.
• Diana Joan Toole. For services to the Cheshire Home and to the Methodist Church in Jersey.
• Christine Townend, Senior Lunchtime Supervisor, Eastwood Primary School, Keighley, West Yorkshire. For
services to Education.
• Marcus Edward Trescothick. For services to Cricket.
• Alan John Trice, Chairman of Fund-raising, Hemlington Detached Youth Work Project Ltd. For services to
Young People in Teeside.
• David James Trigger, Warehouse Supervisor, HM Naval Base, Devonport, Ministry of Defence.
• James Neill Turver, Head of Resettlement, HM Prison Kirklevington Grange, Cleveland.
• James Arthur Underdown, lately Paramedic, London Ambulance Service. For services to Healthcare.
• Trevor Butler Vaughan, Service Awards Manager, London Ambulance Service NHS Trust. For services to
Health and to the Police.
• Anne Vince, Secretary, Council for Higher Education in Art and Design. For services to Higher Education.
• Thanh Khanh Vu. For services to the Vietnamese community in Hackney, London.
• Timothy Raymond Wade, Duty Line Manager, London Underground. For services to Public Transport in
London.
• Paul Victor Wagstaffe, Vice-President, Inland Waterways Association. For services to Inland Waterways.
• Joyce Shelagh Walden. For services to the Sea Cadet Corps in Henley-on-Thames.
• Anthony Norman Andrews Walker, Director of Student Services, Barony College. For services to Further
Education in Scotland.
• Douglas Auburn Walker. For services to the community in Dacorum, Hertfordshire.
• Ian Walker, Local Government Officer, Camden Council. For services to Local Government in London.
2006 New Year Honours
41
• Johnnie Walker, Radio Presenter. For services to Broadcasting.
• Richard Jenkyn Walters, Librarian, Records and Information Openness Team, Information Services Division,
Department for Education and Skills.
• Diane Waltho, Administrative Officer, Jobcentre Plus.
• Dr. John Ovelin Wand, Research Manager, Engineering and Physical Sciences, Research Council. For services to
Science.
• Peter Esslemont Ward, lately Member, Joint Children's Panel Advisory Committee for Clackmannanshire, Falkirk
and Stirling. For services to Children.
• Sylvia Ward. For services to Jobcentre Plus in the North East.
• Kenneth Johnston Wards. For services to the Royal Air Forces Association, Shoreham-by-Sea, West Sussex.
• Joyce Warrington. For services to Dance in Morecambe, Lancashire.
• Elizabeth Watson. For services to Tackling Anti-Social Behaviour in Broomhouse, Edinburgh.
• Geoffrey Watts, JP, Assistant Principal, St. Neots Community School, St. Neots, Cambridgeshire. For services to
Education.
• Nicholas Watts. For services to Farming and to Conservation in Lincolnshire.
• Roy Thomas Webb, Contract Operations Manager, London Ambulance Service. For services Healthcare.
• Ronald Webster, Member, National Association of Retired Police Officers, Greater Manchester Police. For
services to the community in Manchester.
• Melvyn Weinberg, lately Executive Marketing Director, Jewish Chronicle. For services to the Newspaper
Industry.
• Sarah Jane Weir, School Secretary, Rathfriland High School. For services to Education in Northern Ireland.
• Charles Henry Welton. For services to Nottingham Samaritans.
• Isabelle Sarah White. For services to Save the Children UK and to the Tibetan community.
• Dr. Mary White, Chairman, Bromsgrove Music Festival. For services to Music.
• Lewis Whitehead. For services to the community in Barnsley, South Yorkshire.
• John William Whiteley. For services to Rugby League and to the community in Hull and East Yorkshire.
• Michael Whittingham, Grade C2, Ministry of Defence.
• Dennis Widdick. For services to the Royal British Legion in Braintree, Essex.
• Jacqueline Widdows. For services to the community in Woodcote, Reading.
• John Ingram Willder, lately Management Information Systems Manager, Gateway Sixth Form College, Leicester.
For services to Further Education.
• Richard Medwyn Williams, Chairman, National Vegetable Society (President, Welsh Branch), Broadcaster and
Writer. For services to Horticulture.
• Professor David Wilson, Visiting Professor in Waste Management, Imperial College, University of London. For
services to Waste Management in the UK and Europe.
• Rhonda Wilson. For services to Photography and to International Trade.
• Tracy Maria Wilson, Nursery Manager, Duchy of Cornwall. For services to Horticulture.
• Stephen Wiltshire, Artist. For services to Art.
• Jane Helen Winstanley, General Manager, Cotswold Council for Voluntary Service Ltd. For services to the
community in Gloucestershire.
• Owen Reginald Wiscombe. For services to the community in Jersey.
• David Leonard Wood, Vehicle Inspector, Vehicle and Operator Services Agency.
• Neil Wood. For services to the London 2012 Olympic Bid.
• Cyril Leslie Woodall, Councillor, Dudley Metropolitan Borough Council. For services to Local Government.
• Clifford Lewis Woods, Higher Executive Officer, Student Finance and Mandatory Awards Team, Higher
Education Directorate, Department for Education and Skills.
• Sarah Elizabeth Wooller. For services to Hope House Children's Hospices in North Wales and Shropshire.
2006 New Year Honours
42
• Peggy Wotton. For services to the communities in the Rural Parishes of Strawley (including Greenham) and
Ashbrittle, Somerset.
• Anthony John Wright, Radio Presenter, Capital Gold. For charitable services in South Wales.
• Bernard Wright. For services to Ornithology and to Conservation.
• Eric Gordon Wright, Forest Craftsman, Forestry Commission, North West England Forest District.
• Dr. Gillian Wright, European Principal Investigator, James Webb Space Telescope-Mid-Infrared Instrument,
Particle Physics and Astronomy Research Council. For services to Science.
• Jane Wright, Chairman, Association of West Coast Fisheries Trusts. For services to Freshwater Fisheries.
• Rachel Yankey, Footballer, Arsenal Ladies' Football Club and England. For services to Sport.
• Anne Yendall, Nursing Auxiliary, Somme Nursing Home. For services to the community in Belfast.
• Derek Young, JP. For services to Sea Fishing Charities.
• Mohammed Younis, Postman. For services to charity and to the Royal Mail.
Diplomatic Division
• Julian James Astle, lately Political Adviser, Office of the High Representative for Bosnia and Herzegovina.
• Alisdair Forsyth Barron. For services to sick children in Romania.
•• John Patrick Cyprian Baskett, Honorary Consul, Medan.
• Andrew Sandys Bate, President, Euro-De«fense UK.
• Martin Peter Bentley. For services to education and sport in Kenya.
• Clyde Cyril Best. For services to football and the community in Bermuda.
• Diane Blair (Lester). For services to mental health in Nigeria.
• Mary Browning-Grace Ann, For services to UK-Japanese relations.
• Susan Jayne Burden, Third Secretary, Foreign and Commonwealth Office.
• Martin Charles Richard Carpenter. For services to victims of the Indian Ocean tsunami in Thailand.
• Joseph Douglas Catania. For public service, Gibraltar.
• Naomi Guenett Clapham. For services to the British community in Algeria.
• Dr. Jane Alison Conlon. For services to disadvantaged communities in South Africa.
•• Alan Robert Cooke, Honorary Consul, Phuket.
• Alison Elizabeth Coutts, lately Director, British Council, St. Petersburg.
• Sister Elizabeth Dawson. For services to disadvantaged children and to special needs education in Zambia.
• John Bradman Douglas, Commissioner of Police, Montserrat.
• Joyce Angela George. For services to the community, St. Helena.
•• Steve Walter George Grant, Visits Officer, UK Permanent Representation to the European Union.
• Howard Laurence Griffiths. For services to music and the community in Switzerland.
• Lady Louisa Josephine Gumbs. For services to the community, Anguilla.
• Richard Wilkie Haldane, Organiser of the Great Russia Race. For charitable services to disadvantaged children
in Russia.
• Sylvia Anne Harcourt. For services to environmental conservation and to British education in Ecuador.
• Christopher Peter Motte Harrison. For services to education in Burma and to UK-Burmese relations.
• Dr. Harold Hart. For services to UK-Israeli relations.
• John Richard Kane. For services to sport and the community, Bermuda.
• Ann Vanessa Kelly. For services to the community in Barbados.
• Kathleen Margaret Kimura. For services to British business interests in California.
• Mary Elizabeth Lack. For services to disadvantaged communities in South Africa.
•• Paul Philip Lane, Registrar, British High Commission, Kingston.
• Fiona Jane Lavender (Borisuth), lately Third Secretary and Vice-Consul, British Embassy, Bangkok.
• Gordon Wilfred Long. For services to veterans of the Arctic Convoys and to UK-Russian relations.
2006 New Year Honours
43
• Major James Murdoch MacLeod. For services to ex-service men and women in the UK and Ireland and to
UK-Irish relations.
• Amanda Louise Marshall, Deputy Director of Communications, British High Commission, Singapore.
• Susan Elizabeth Gould De Mayer. For services to British education in Mexico.
• Brian Arthur Charles Mayhew. For services to wildlife conservation in Africa.
• Kevin Thomas McCarthy. For services to British education in the Netherlands.
• David John Muir, Second Secretary, Foreign and Commonwealth Office.
• Colin William Murphy, Co-ordinator of the Churches Programme, Glencree Centre for Peace and Reconciliation,
Ireland.
• Lucy Elizabeth Ellen Norton. For services to victims of the Indian Ocean tsunami in Thailand.
• Peter Vivian Oats. For services to ex-service men and women in Chile.
• Brian Alexander Ormston, lately Pro-Consul, British Embassy, Madrid.
• Ian John Patrick, lately Private Secretary to the High Representative for Bosnia and Herzegovina.
• John Carlon Powery. For public service, Cayman Islands.
• Cynthia Marjorie Ratcliffe. For services to disadvantaged children and to victims of the Indian Ocean tsunami in
Thailand.
• Ian Alexander Probert Roger. For services to ex-service men and women in the USA and UK.
• Audrey Elizabeth Rogers. For services to the community, Anguilla.
• Jeanette Short. For services to the education of blind people in India.
• Peter Alwyn Skinner. For services to veterans of the Arctic Convoys and to UK-Russian relations.
• Jean Marguerite Spear. For services to UK-Canadian relations.
• Roberta Anne Stayte, lately Pro-Consul, British Consulate, Seattle.
• James Daniel Stephenson, First Secretary, Foreign and Commonwealth Office.
• Maureen Stewart, Manager, British Council, Bulawayo.
• Haroon Suleman, Second Secretary, British High Commission, Colombo.
• James Anthony Sweetman. For services to the British community in Ivory Coast.
• Patricia Anne Swinfen, Lady. For services to telemedicine overseas.
• Mark Ronald Taylor, First Secretary, Foreign and Commonwealth Office.
• Carole Ann Turner, lately Chief Passport Examiner, British High Commission, Canberra.
• Ian Stuart Walker. For services to rugby football and the community in Uganda.
• Lillian Wilbourn, lately Registrar, British Embassy, Kuwait.
• Glenys Winstone. For services to the British community, especially older people, in the USA.
• Dr. Leslie John Zammitt. For services to drama in Gibraltar.
Queen's Police Medal
England and Wales
• Martin Peter Baker, Chief Constable, Dorset Police.
• Janette Berry, Chief Inspector, Chairman, Police Federation of England and Wales.
• Kevin Bowsher, Chief Inspector, Metropolitan Police Service.
• Della Mary Cannings, Chief Constable, North Yorkshire Police.
• Michael Craik, Chief Constable, Northumbria Police.
• James Dickie, Detective Superintendent, Metropolitan Police Service.
• Clinton Edward Elliott, General Secretary, Police Federation of England and Wales.
• Patricia Ferguson Gallan, Assistant Chief Constable, National Crime Squad.
• Steven Barry Greenacre, Inspector, Greater Manchester Police.
• Meredydd John Hughes, Chief Constable, South Yorkshire Police.
2006 New Year Honours
44
• Davina Jessie Logan, Deputy Chief Constable, Northamptonshire Police.
• Douglas Gardner McKenna, Detective Superintendent, Metropolitan Police Service.
• David John Murray, Chief Superintendent, Thames Valley Police.
• John Raymond Prunty, Detective Superintendent, Metropolitan Police Service.
• Terence Lewis Anthony Ward, Constable, Merseyside Police.
• John Horace Wood, Chief Superintendent, Staffordshire Police.
• John Yates, Deputy Assistant Commissioner, Metropolitan Police Service.
Scotland
• William Bald, Deputy Chief Constable, Tayside Police.
• James Hudson Green, Chief Superintendent, Strathclyde Police.
• Brian Powrie, Chief Superintendent, Tayside Police.
Northern Ireland
• Robert John McKernan, Detective Inspector, Police Service of Northern Ireland.
• Paul Richard Sterritt, Constable, Police Service of Northern Ireland.
• Gary Francis Stewart, Superintendent, Police Service of Northern Ireland.
Queen's Fire Service Medal
England and Wales
• Richard Brabbs, Station Officer, West Yorkshire Fire Service.
• Anthony McGuirk, Chief Fire Officer, Merseyside Fire and Rescue Service.
• Stephen Myers, Chief Fire Officer, Surrey Fire and Rescue Service.
• Kenneth Seager, Deputy Chief Fire Officer, Suffolk Fire and Rescue Service.
• Ronald Taylor, Chief Fire Officer, Guernsey Fire Brigade.
Scotland
• Norman Burns, Retained Sub Officer, Sanquhar Fire Station.
• Andrew Whyte Harrison, Assistant Inspector, Her Majesty's Fire Service Inspectorate.
Queen's Volunteer Reserves Medal
Royal Navy
• Commander Brian Brockie, Royal Naval Reserve.
• Lieutenant Commander Simon John D'Arcy Ryan, RD, Royal Naval Reserve.
Army
• The Reverend Richard Thomas Grey, TD (506796), Chaplain to the Forces (3rd Class), Royal Army Chaplains'
Department, Territorial Army.
• Warrant Officer Class 2 Michael John McCann (23916950), Royal Army Medical Corps, Territorial Army.
• Colonel Jeremy Peter Mooney, TD (512362), late The London Regiment, Territorial Army.
• Major David Stuart Smith, TD (532435), The Royal Logistic Corps, Territorial Army.
• Lieutenant Colonel Keiron Andrew Spires, TD (510243), Queen Alexandra's Royal Army Nursing Corps,
Territorial Army.
2006 New Year Honours
45
Air Force
• Warrant Officer Patricia Ann Harris (R2625604), Royal Auxiliary Air Force.
New Zealand
P.C.N.Z.M.
Professor Paul Terence Callaghan Wellington For services to science
D.C.N.Z.M.
Emeritus Professor Judith Mary Caroline
Binney
C.N.Z.M. Auckland For services to historical research
Mr David Rendel Kingston Gascoigne C.B.E. Wellington For services to the arts and business
Mr Ralph James Norris Sydney,
Australia
For services to business
The Right Honourable Andrew Patrick Charles
Tipping
Wellington For services as a Judge of the Supreme Court and Court of Appeal of
New Zealand
C.N.Z.M.
Professor Atholl John Anderson Picton For services to anthropology and archaeology
Mr Michael Shane Campbell O.N.Z.M. Porirua City For services to golf
The Most Reverend Peter James Cullinane Palmerston
North
For services to the community
Mr Thomas George Goddard Wellington For services to the Employment Court
Dr Ruth Elizabeth Harley O.B.E. Wellington For services to the New Zealand film industry
Mrs Mabel June Hinekahukura Mariu Q.S.M.
J.P.
Waitakere City For services to Māori and the community
Mr Jonathan Irving Mayson Mt Maunganui For services to the shipping industry and to export
Ms Jennifer Ann Morel Wellington For services to business
Mr Bruce Craig Munro North Shore City For services to the wool industry and science innovation
Professor Edward David Penny Palmerston
North
For services to science
Mr Robert James Robinson Wellington Lately Commissioner of Police For services to the New Zealand
Police.
Mr Melwyn Purefoy Smith Raumati Beach For public services, lately as an Ombudsman
Associate Professor Clifford
Tasman-Jones
Auckland For services to public health
2006 New Year Honours
46
O.N.Z.M
Dr Christopher John Baker Feilding For services to agriculture
Dr Robert Beaglehole Vesancy, France For services to medicine
Dr Ruth Bonita Beaglehole Vesancy, France For services to medicine
Emeritus Professor Arthur Neil Bruere Palmerston North For services to veterinary science
Mr Bruce George Cameron North Shore City For services to sport
Dr Roger David John Collins Dunedin For services to art history
Dr Carrick Erskine Devine Hamilton For services to meat science
Emeritus Professor Robin Fraser Christchurch For services to medical research
Mr Clive Andre Jermy Otago For services to the deer industry
Mr Stacey William Jones Auckland For services to rugby league
Dr Anne Kolbe Auckland For services to medicine
Dr Matthew Balmano Marshall Whangarei For services to sports medicine
Mr Alan Douglas Martin Wellington For services to business
Dr Pamela Susan Melding North Shore City For services to the psychiatry profession
Professor Anthony Christopher Bernard
Molteno
Dunedin For services to ophthalmology and people with glaucoma
Mr James Harray Richards D.S.C. North Shore City For services to publishing
Ms Elspeth Somerville Sandys Stratford-upon-Avon, United
Kingdom
For services to literature
Mr Thomas Joseph Scott Wellington For services as a writer, journalist and illustrator
The Reverend Harry Ivan Shaw Hamilton For services to the Boys' Brigade of New Zealand and the
community
Ellen Adrienne, Lady Stewart Q.S.M. Christchurch For services to the community
Professor Joyce Mary Waters (Lady
Waters)
Auckland For services to chemistry
M.N.Z.M.
Mr Neil Carmichael Anderson Fairlie For services to local body affairs and the
community
Emeritus Professor Josu
Arrillaga
Christchurch For services to electrical engineering
Mr Mohammed Daud
Azimullah
Auckland For services to the Muslim community
Mr Walter Francis Bayliss Te Puke For services to the kiwifruit industry
Mr Grant Richard Beck North Shore City For services to yachting and board sailing
Mrs Judith Lesley Berryman Wellington For services to choral music
Miss Barbara Whirimako Black North Shore City For services to Maori music
Mr Ian Bell Blair Otago For services to ploughing
Mr Kenneth John Bowen Palmerston North For services to the environment
2006 New Year Honours
47
Ms Gael Patricia Brooks Auckland For services to child safety
Mr Patrick Gerard Brosnan J.P. Lower Hutt For services to local body and community
affairs
Mr Raymond Wilton Burrell Wellington For services to mountain safety
Roger George Carson North Shore City Superintendent of New Zealand Police. For
services to the New Zealand Police.
Mr Gordon Dennis Chesterman Hamilton For services to the community
Dr Grant Watson Christie Auckland For services to astronomy
Miss Beverley Janice Cooper Papakura For services to roller skating
Mr Matthew James Andrew
Cooper
Hamilton For services to rugby and sports
administration
Mrs Audrey Frances Cox Wanganui For services to the community
Miss Emily Cecilia Drumm Auckland For services to women's cricket
Dr Roderick Boyd Ellis-Pegler Auckland For services to medicine
Mrs Helen Elizabeth Eskett Christchurch For services to family planning
Mrs Joan Elizabeth Fear Hamilton For services to the arts
Mr Leslie Arthur Gilmore the West Coast For services to the community
Mrs Jennifer Ann Hair Blenheim For services to hockey
Mrs Judith Rangimarie
Hawkins
Hastings For services to horticulture and the
community
Mrs Patricia Rongomaitara
(Ramai) Hayward
Auckland For services to film and television
Ms Carole Hicks Porirua City For services to archery
Mr John David Jordan Inglewood For services to search and rescue
Mrs Meri Eileen Leask Bluff For services to the fishing industry
Mrs Barbara Louisa Isabel Lim Te Awamutu For services to the Chinese community
Mr Keith Douglas (Midge)
Marsden
Auckland For services to music
Mr Peter Alexander McNeill Te Horo For services to civil aviation
Mr Andrew Philip Mehrtens Richmond, United Kingdom
(lately of Christchurch)
For services to rugby
Ms Annabel Claire Norman Nelson For services to the arts and tourism
Mr Rangitane Will (Tane)
Norton
Christchurch For services to rugby
Ms Briolette Kah Bic Runga Auckland For services to music
Mr Eric John Tupai Ruru Gisborne For services to forestry
Ms Marilyn Claire Sainty Auckland For services to the fashion industry
Mrs Raylene Pamela
Sommervile
Tokoroa For services to international student
exchange and the community
Mr Matthew John Te Pou M.B.E.
B.E.M.
Whakatane For services to rugby
Mr Graeme William Thomson Eastbourne For services to broadcasting
Mr Rodney James Titcombe J.P. Feilding For services to local body affairs
2006 New Year Honours
48
Mr Paul John Van Den
Munckhof
Auckland For services to sport
Robert Geoffrey Veale Wellington Inspector of New Zealand Police. For
services to the New Zealand Police.
Mr Peter Northe Wells Auckland For services to
literature and film
Mr Colin Willis Christchurch For services to sport
Lieutenant Commander John
William Butcher
(A25921) Royal New Zealand Navy
Lieutenant Colonel Terry John
Kinloch
(M746430) Royal New Zealand Armoured Corps
Lieutenant Colonel Robert
William Bradford Mackie
(L761678) Royal New Zealand Infantry Regiment
Wing Commander Andrew Jack
Woods
(E90739) Royal New Zealand Air Force
O.N.Z.M. Additional
Lieutenant Colonel Philip John Morrison (C54558) The Corps of Royal New Zealand Engineers
M.N.Z.M.
Lieutenant Colonel Gregory Carl Allnutt (N54085) Royal New Zealand Infantry Regiment
Major David Michael Boyd (A55982) Royal New Zealand Infantry Regiment
Major Roger Earp (Q54616) Royal New Zealand Infantry Regiment (Territorial Force)
Captain Andrew James Fortune (W1000819) Royal Regiment of New Zealand Artillery
Major Jeremy David Holmes (G993445) New Zealand Intelligence Corps
Private Kueni (Sole) Matautia (N995222) Royal New Zealand Infantry Regiment
Major Mark William Taylor (P54684) Royal New Zealand Corps of Signals
M.N.Z.M. Honorary
Ms Sonia Sooknyu Hong Seoul, the Republic of Korea For services to tourism
Mr Seiichi Kinoshita Kakogawa-shi, Japan For services to New Zealand-Japan relations
Q.S.O.
2006 New Year Honours
49
Mr Harish Kumar Bajaj J.P. Auckland For Community Service
Miss Rosemary Ann Carruthers Timaru For Community Service
Dr Joan Chappell-Mathias Tauranga For Community Service
Mrs Diana Ramsay Fenwick Auckland For Community Service
Dr John Maxwell Raeburn North Shore City For Community Service
Mr John Duncan Andrew Hercus Christchurch For Public Services
Dr Lance Cordner Jennings Christchurch For Public Services
Mr Dail Michael John Jones North Shore City For Public Services
Mr Peter William Ernest Nicholl Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina For Public Services
Colonel Andrew Peter Renton-Green Wellington For Public Services
Mr Stuart Rothwell Strachan Dunedin For Public Services
Mr Ian Tulloch J.P. Southland
Ms Catherine Ceinwen Wallace Wellington For Public Services
Mr Ian Andrew Wilson Palmerston North For Public Services
Q.S.M.
Mr Ashley Kingsford Booth Hamilton For Community Service
Mr Charles Stanley Butcher Lower Hutt For Community Service
Mrs Rewa Yolande Crawley Blenheim For Community Service
Mrs Alwynne Irene Crowsen Waitakere City For Community Service
Mr Eric Gilbert Waihi For Community Service
Mr Leslie John Hall Wellington For Community Service
Sabina Hardiman (Sister Mary
Chanel)
Dunedin For Community Service
Mr Lindsay Rangi Makawe Henare Wellington For Community Service
Mr Anthony James Hughes Waitakere City For Community Service
Mr Vivian Hutchinson New Plymouth For Community Service
Mr Ian William Jones Canterbury For Community Service
Mrs Patricia Joan Leckie Levin For Community Service
Mr Douglas John Lovell Dunedin For Community Service
Miss Katherine Faith (Willow)
Macky
Auckland For Community Service
Mr Dean Joe Marsters J.P. Manukau City For Community Service
Mr Francis Joseph Martin Wairoa For Community Service
Mrs Therese Monica Maxwell J.P. Waitakere City For Community Service
Mrs Violet Jessie McCowatt Papakura For Community Service
Mrs Elizabeth Clayton Morgan J.P. Whangarei For Community Service
Mr Roy Lloyd Munn Greymouth For Community Service
Mr Barry John O'Neill J.P. South Canterbury For Community Service
2006 New Year Honours
50
Mr William Gerald Overton Dunedin For Community Service
Mrs Tai Woon (Lynda) Park Auckland For Community Service
Mrs Josephine Parsons Christchurch For Community Service
The Reverend Makere Rangitere
Paul-Hoetawa
Napier For Community Service
Mr James Craig Peterson Dunedin For Community Service
Mr Robert John Pollock Cambridge For Community Service
Mr Wallace Craig Pollock Cambridge For Community Service
Mr Michael Bernard Pope Ashburton For Community Service
Mr Gerald Ernest Robert Rangi Motueka For Community Service
Mrs Maxine Waiti Rennie Rotorua For Community Service
Mrs Josephine Thora Roberts J.P. Auckland For Community Service
Mrs Marion Eleanor Smith Paeroa For Community Service
Mrs Sylvia Stewart Hamilton For Community Service
Mrs Susau Etika Jane Strickland Auckland For Community Service
Mrs Bernice Irene Tainui J.P. Christchurch For Community Service
Mr Joseph Hilton Taylor Masterton For Community Service
Mr Rakauoteora Donald Te Maipi Raumati South For Community Service
Mrs Jane Ngarupa Topi-Burke Christchurch For Community Service
Mrs Dorothy Ann Tortell Paekakariki For Community Service
Mr Robin Dale Waghorn Akaroa For Community Service
The Reverend Kura Kakerangi
Walker
Gisborne For Community Service
Mr Howard Walter Williams Westport For Community Service
Mr Epafala Auimatagi J.P. Waitakere City For Public Services
Mr Allen Bruford Washington, D.C, United States
of America
For Public Services
Mr Gordon Prothero Talbot
Cooksley
Raumati For Public Services
Mr Erle Fraser Dale Invercargill For Public Services
Mr Roy William Dench Ohaupo For Public Services
Mrs Jacqueline Ellen Dromgool Wellington For Public Services
Mr Gilbert Alexander Glausiuss Christchurch For Public Services
Mr Paul Montague Green Turangi For Public Services
Mr Richmond James Harding Wanganui For Public Services
Mr David Clark Harre Waitakere City For Public Services
Mr Murray James Haxton Te Puke For Public Services
Huia Mere Arihi Henere J.P. Wanganui For Public Services
Mr Terence Houghton Kaitaia Chief Fire Officer, Kaitaia Volunteer Fire Brigade, New Zealand
Fire Service.
2006 New Year Honours
51
Mr Brian Leslie Hunter Matamata Chief Fire Officer, Matamata Volunteer Fire Brigade, New
Zealand Fire Service.
Mr David John Hyde Greymouth Volunteer Support Officer, New Zealand Fire Service.
Mr Alan Lester Jermaine E.D., North Shore City For Public Services
Mr David Rhydderch Jones Ruakaka For Public Services
Ms Song Lam Auckland For Public Services
Mrs Mary Lean Rotorua For Public Services
Mr Norman Malcolm McKelvey Waitakere City For Public Services
Mr Richard Noel McMillan J.P. Huntly For Public Services
Mr John Douglas Murdoch Christchurch For Public Services
Mrs Eileen O'Callaghan Wainuiomata For Public Services
Ms Norma Te Aohau Ordish New Plymouth For Public Services
Mr Allen Ernest Pidwell New Plymouth Lately Chief Fire Officer, New Plymouth Fire District, New
Zealand Fire Service.
Dr Shane Raymond Reti Whangarei For Public Services
Mrs Anne-Marie Reynolds Christchurch For Public Services
Mr Aorere (Awi) Riddell J.P. Auckland For Public Services
Mrs Margaret Gwendoline Robins Levin For Public Services
Mr William Don Ross Christchurch For Public Services
Mr Graham George Sampson North Shore City For Public Services
Mr Owen Francis Spotswood Waipukurau Deputy Chief Fire Officer, Waipukurau Volunteer Fire Brigade,
New Zealand Fire Service.
Mr Leo James Steel Christchurch For Public Services
Squadron Leader Sandra Lee Stonell Rotorua For Public Services
Mr Donald Ford Waugh Balclutha For Public Services
Mr Peter Francis Williams Napier For Public Services
Mr Colin Thomas McCord Winter J.P. Invercargill For Public Services
Mr Brian Elvin Wright Tauranga For Public Services
2006 New Year Honours
52
Q.S.M. Honorary
Mr Eelco Boswijk Nelson For Community Service
Q.S.M. Honorary
Mr Robert Lateef Khan Palmerston North For Public Services
New Zealand --- Asian Tsunami Relief Operations
O.N.Z.M. Additional
Major Charmaine Puteruha Pene (R53260) Royal New Zealand Army Medical Corps
M.N.Z.M Additional
Michael Dennis Bush Bangkok, Thailand Detective Inspector, New Zealand Police
Michael James Wright Napier Senior Sergeant, New Zealand Police
Warrant Officer Mark MacDonald Harwood (F86968) B.E.M. Royal New Zealand Air Force, Waitakere City
Corporal Gabrielle Anne Knight (B1010000) Royal New Zealand Air Force, Waitakere City
Captain Georgina Rangiauraki Angela Parata-Turvey (F55964) Royal New Zealand Nursing Corps, Palmerston North
Major Richard John Weston (W55979) Royal New Zealand Army Logistic Regiment Palmerston North
Q.S.M.
Douglas Fua Alo Bangkok, Thailand New Zealand Customs Service
Peter Gregory Summerfield Christchurch Sergeant of the New Zealand Police
Grenada
Order of the British Empire
Members of the Order of the British Empire (MBE)
Civil Division
• Esther Henry-Fleary. For public service.
• Trevor Modeste. For public service.
2006 New Year Honours
53
British Empire Medal
Civil Division
• Andrew Noel. For services to construction and the community.
Solomon Islands
Order of the British Empire
Officers of the Order of the British Empire (OBE)
• William Morrell. For services to the Royal Solomon Islands Police.
• John Tuhaika. For public service.
Civil Division
British Empire Medal
Civil Division
• Queenie Lee. For services to social development.
Tuvalu
Order of the British Empire
Officers of the Order of the British Empire (OBE)
Civil Division
• Siliga Kofe. For public and community service.
Members of the Order of the British Empire (MBE)
Civil Division
• Miliama Mauga. For public and community service.
• Talivai Sovala. For services to the community.
• Falasa Teafiula. For services to the community.
British Empire Medal
Civil Division
• Iosefa Lagafaoa. For public and community service.
• Semeli Sio. For service to the community.
• Teoti Vakai. For public and community service.
Belize
Order of Saint Michael and Saint George
Companions of Saint Michael and Saint George (CMG)
• Robert Leslie. For services to diplomacy and government administration.
2006 New Year Honours
54
Order of the British Empire
Officers of the Order of the British Empire (OBE)
Civil Division
• Hector Silva, Sr. For services to business and the Government.
• Lynn Young. For services to business and industry.
Members of the Order of the British Empire (MBE)
Civil Division
• Arsenio Burgos. For services to business and industry.
• Marion Marsden. For services to business and social development.
• Sarkis Abou-Nehra. For services to industry and diplomacy.
• Rene Villanueva, Snr.. For services to the community and the Media.
• Olive Woodye. For services to teaching and social development.
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Order of Saint Michael and Saint George
Knights Commander of the Order of Saint Michael and Saint George (KCMG)
• The Honourable Louis Hilton Straker. For services to Parliament and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
Companions of the Order of Saint Michael and Saint George (CMG)
• The Very Reverend Patrick Ezekiel McIntosh. For services to the church and the community.
Order of the British Empire
Officers of the Order of the British Empire (OBE)
Civil Division
• Dr. Elsworth Harvy Charles. For services to medicine.
• Arthur Francis Williams. For services to law and the community.
Members of the Order of the British Empire (MBE)
Civil Division
• Valcina Agatha Greaves-Ash. For services to business and the community.
• Angela Vita Hinkson. For services to business and the community.
• Cyprian Zephrin Hypolite. For services to the insurance business and the community.
Saint Christopher and Nevis
Order of Saint Michael and Saint George
Companions of Saint Michael and Saint George (CMG)
• Cedric Lanyon Harper. For public service.
2006 New Year Honours
55
Order of the British Empire
Officers of the Order of the British Empire (OBE)
Civil Division
• Walford Vincent Gumbs. For services to trade unionism.
Members of the Order of the British Empire (MBE)
Civil Division
• Raphael Adonis Archibald. For public service.
• Hilary Elizabeth Wattley. For public service.
Source
The source for this is the official list
[1]
as distributed to media outlets by the Central Chancery of the Orders of
Knighthood in the days before the New Year 2005/6, as hosted by BBC News.
The entires in the official publication, the London Gazette, can be found at:
• The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 57855. pp. 1–30
[2]
. 31 December 2005. Retrieved 2009-06-27. (UK)
• The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 57856. p. 1
[3]
. 31 December 2005. Retrieved 2009-06-27. (Grenada)
• The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 57857. p. 1
[4]
. 31 December 2005. Retrieved 2009-06-27. (Solomon
Islands)
• The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 57858. p. 1
[5]
. 31 December 2005. Retrieved 2009-06-27. (Tuvalu)
• The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 57859. p. 1
[6]
. 31 December 2005. Retrieved 2009-06-27. (Saint Vincent
and the Grenadines)
• The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 57860. p. 1
[7]
. 31 December 2005. Retrieved 2009-06-27. (Belize)
• The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 57861. p. 1
[8]
. 31 December 2005. Retrieved 2009-06-27. (Saint
Christopher and Nevis)
New Zealand details can be found at DPMC.govt.nz
[9]
References
[1] http:/ / news.bbc. co. uk/ 1/ shared/ bsp/ hi/ pdfs/ 30_12_05_hons.pdf
[2] http:// www.london-gazette.co. uk/ issues/ 57855/ supplements/ 1
[3] http:// www.london-gazette.co. uk/ issues/ 57856/ supplements/ 1
[4] http:// www.london-gazette.co. uk/ issues/ 57857/ supplements/ 1
[5] http:// www.london-gazette.co. uk/ issues/ 57858/ supplements/ 1
[6] http:// www.london-gazette.co. uk/ issues/ 57859/ supplements/ 1
[7] http:// www.london-gazette.co. uk/ issues/ 57860/ supplements/ 1
[8] http:// www.london-gazette.co. uk/ issues/ 57861/ supplements/ 1
[9] http:// www.dpmc. govt. nz/ honours/ lists/ list. asp?id=31
A Bunch of Amateurs
56
A Bunch of Amateurs
A Bunch of Amateurs
British Film Poster
Directed by Andy Cadiff
Written by Nick Newman
John Ross
Ian Hislop
Jonathan Gershfield
Starring Burt Reynolds
Imelda Staunton
Derek Jacobi
Samantha Bond
Music by Christian Henson
Cinematography Ashley Rowe
Editing by Mark Thornton
Release date(s) December 19, 2008
Running time 96 minutes
Country United Kingdom
Language English
A Bunch of Amateurs is a 2008 British comedy film directed by Andy Cadiff and starring Burt Reynolds, Derek
Jacobi, Alistair Petrie and Samantha Bond.
[1]
In November 2008 the premiere in Leicester Square was attended by
Elizabeth II.
[2][3]
The screenplay was written by Nick Newman, John Ross, Ian Hislop and Jonathan Gershfield.
Plot
A leading Hollywood star is attracted to Britain to play the title role in King Lear at "Stratford" believing he will be
appearing at Stratford-upon-Avon, the birthplace of William Shakespeare. Instead he finds he has signed on with the
"Stratford Players" in the Suffolk village of Stratford St John. He comes to Britain with his career on the downturn
and having problems with his daughter who is an aspiting actress actress on the fringes of New York theatre world.
The local villagers are somewhat of a motley crew and are naturally delighted to have such a - albeit fading - star
playing with them. Reynolds plays a typically brash American with no time for manners, and displays an appalling
lack of class, considering himself too big for this lowly setting. The transition to humble actor, happy to play with
the British actors takes some time, but eventually Reynolds is reconciled with his estranged daughter and accepts
that he is no better, in terms of spirit and enthusiasm than his amateur colleagues.
A Bunch of Amateurs
57
References
[1] "A Bunch Of Amateurs" (http:/ / www. guardian. co. uk/ film/movie/ 128041/ bunch-of-amateurs). The Guardian. 2012-03-07. . Retrieved
2012-03-13.
[2] Laura Collins (2008-12-20). "Queen chooses A Bunch of Amateurs as Christmas film for family at Sandringham after finding it 'hilarious'"
(http:// www.dailymail. co. uk/ news/ article-1099114/
Queen-chooses-A-Bunch-Amateurs-Christmas-film-family-Sandringham-finding-hilarious. html). Dailymail.co.uk. . Retrieved 2012-03-13.
[3] "Queen spends night with Amateurs" (http:// news. bbc. co. uk/ 1/ hi/ entertainment/7734921.stm). BBC News. 2008-11-18. . Retrieved
2012-03-13.
External links
• A Bunch of Amateurs (http:// www. imdb. com/ title/ tt1171226/ ) at the Internet Movie Database
A Delicate Balance (play)
58
A Delicate Balance (play)
A Delicate Balance
Broadway revival poster by James McMullan
Written by Edward Albee
Characters Agnes
Tobias
Claire
Edna
Harry
Julia
Date premiered September 22, 1966
Place premiered Martin Beck Theatre
New York City
Original language English
Subject Dysfunction in suburbia
Genre Drama
Setting An upper-middle-class home
IBDB profile
[1]
A Delicate Balance is a play by Edward Albee. It premiered in 1966 and won the Pulitzer Prize for Drama in 1967,
the first of three he received for his work.
The uneasy existence of upper-middle-class suburbanites Agnes and Tobias and their permanent houseguest, Agnes'
witty alcoholic sister Claire, is disrupted by the sudden appearance of lifelong family friends Harry and Edna, fellow
empty nesters with free-floating anxiety, who ask to stay with them to escape an unnamed terror. They soon are
followed by Agnes and Tobias's bitter 36-year-old daughter Julia, who returns home following the collapse of her
fourth marriage.
Productions
After twelve previews, the original Broadway production, directed by Alan Schneider, opened at the Martin Beck
Theatre on September 22, 1966 and ran for 132 performances. The cast included Hume Cronyn as Tobias, Jessica
Tandy as Agnes, Rosemary Murphy as Claire, Henderson Forsythe as Harry, Carmen Mathews as Edna, and Marian
Seldes as Julia. It was nominated for the Tony Award for Best Play.
After 27 previews, a revival produced by Lincoln Center Theater at the Plymouth Theatre, opened on April 21, 1996
and ran for 185 performances. It was directed by Gerald Gutierrez and starred Rosemary Harris as Agnes, George
Grizzard as Tobias, John Carter as Harry, Elizabeth Wilson as Edna, Elaine Stritch as Claire, and Mary Beth Hurt as
Julia. The production won the Tony Award for Best Revival of a Play as well as Tony Awards for Grizzard and
Gutierrez, and the Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Revival of a Play.
A 1973 film adaptation was directed by Tony Richardson for the short-lived American Film Theater series. It starred
Katharine Hepburn, Paul Scofield, Lee Remick, Joseph Cotten and Kate Reid.
A London production of the play previewed at the Theatre Royal Haymarket from October 15, 1997, opened on
October 21, 1997 and closed on April 4, 1998. It starred Eileen Atkins as Agnes, Maggie Smith as Claire, John
Standing as Tobias, Annette Crosbie as Edna, Sian Thomas as Julia and James Laurenson as Harry. Atkins won the
A Delicate Balance (play)
59
Evening Standard Theatre Award for Best Actress for the play in 1998.
[2]
A 2011 revival of the play was presented at the Almeida Theatre in Islington, London, directed by James Macdonald.
The cast included Lucy Cohu (Julia), Diana Hardcastle (Edna), Ian McElhinney (Harry), Tim Pigott-Smith (Tobias),
Imelda Staunton (Claire) and Penelope Wilton (Agnes).
[3]
Plot
Act I
The play opens with Agnes, a brutal, scathing, upper class woman in her late 50’s, discussing the possibility of
suddenly and quite easily losing her mind. When Tobias reassures Agnes that “we will all go mad before you,”
Agnes admits that she could not really go mad because she needs to take care of him. Agnes exclaims that although
she is astonished by her own thoughts of madness, it is her sister, Claire, who lives with them, who astonishes her the
most. Claire appears and apologizes to Agnes that her own nature is such to bring out in her sister the full force of
her brutality. This inspires a diatribe from Agnes concerning Claire’s lifestyle, namely, her alcoholism. Claire senses
that Tobias and Agnes’s daughter Julia might be going on her fourth divorce and predicts that Julia will be coming
home shortly. Agnes reenters, announcing that Julia is coming home. Tobias then tells the story of a cat that he once
had that he had put to sleep because the cat stopped liking him. There is a knock on the door, and Harry and Edna,
Agnes and Tobias’s best friends, ask if they can stay there. They have been frightened by something intangible and
do not want to return to their own home.
Act II
Act II opens with Agnes and Julia discussing the fact that Harry and Edna are occupying Julia’s old bedroom. Harry
and Edna have spent the entire day in the room, not coming out even for meals. Julia whines to Tobias next about not
having her room. Tobias discredits Julia for all the broken marriages that she has accumulated. There is mention of
Julia’s brother who died while still young. Claire enters and chides Julia about her new divorce and about constantly
returning home. Julia teases Claire back about her drinking. When asked if she knows what is going on with Harry
and Edna, Agnes tells them that she knocked on the door but was too embarrassed, irritated, and apprehensive to
pursue the matter. After asking Tobias for a drink, she announces that “there is no point in pressing” the issue of
Harry and Edna. At the end of scene 1, Harry and Edna appear with their coats over their arms. They announce they
are going home but will return with their suitcases. Scene ii opens with Julia and Agnes alone after dinner. Julia is
disgusted with her mother’s desire to control everyone’s conversations and emotions. Agnes retorts, “There is a
balance to be maintained . . . and I must be the fulcrum.” Agnes and Tobias leave to help Harry and Edna unload
their suitcases from their car. Edna enters and tells Julia that it is time for her to grow up. Julia reminds Edna that she
is a guest in the house, to which Edna responds that she and Harry are Agnes and Tobias’s best friends. When Harry
enters, he goes to fix everyone a drink at the bar. Julia blocks him from the bar and insists that he stay away from it.
Julia yells “I WANT . . . WHAT IS MINE!” and leaves the room. Agnes reminisces about the death of her son, “an
unreal time.” She suspects that Tobias has been unfaithful, and asks Harry and Claire to confirm it, but they both
deny it. After Tobias attempts to excuse Julia as being in hysterics, Julia reappears with a gun in her hand. She insists
that Harry and Edna leave. Edna declares, “We have rights here. We belong,” and insists that she and Harry are
staying there forever, “if need be.”
A Delicate Balance (play)
60
Act III
Tobias has stayed up all night, and is making himself a morning cocktail. Agnes comes down from her room. She
tells Tobias that it is his role to make all the decisions with regards to what to do about Edna and Harry. She reminds
Tobias of the time when he prevented her from getting pregnant after the death of their son. Claire, Julia, Tobias, and
Agnes all discuss their versions of why Harry and Edna are there and what they should do about it. Harry and Edna
join them, and everyone in the room is drinking, despite the early hour of the morning. Edna announces that Harry
wants to talk to Tobias alone, and the women exit. Harry tells Tobias that if the circumstances were reversed, he and
Edna don’t think they would allow Tobias and Agnes to live at their house, in spite of the fact that they are best
friends. Harry asks Tobias, “You don’t want us, do you, Toby?” Tobias delivers what the author refers to in the script
notes as Tobias’s “aria.” Tobias answers that he does not really want Harry and Edna to stay there but that because
they are friends, Harry and Edna have the right to be there. He goes with Harry to get their suitcases and put them
back in their car. Agnes says to Edna, “Everything becomes… too late, finally.” The play ends on Agnes’s
rumination that people sleep at night because they are afraid of the dark: “They say we sleep to let the demons
out—to let the mind go raving mad…And when the daylight comes again... comes order with it.”
Characters
Agnes
Agnes is the main female character of the play. She is woman in her fifties, well off, and married to Tobias. She is
also the mother of Julia and the sister of Claire. Agnes believes herself to be the fulcrum of the family, keeping
everyone in balance. She often maintains this balance, or order, by not confronting issues, not taking a stand, and not
processing emotions. She tries to keep the peace by not dealing with anything that might upset it.
On the surface, Agnes is completely supportive of her husband, Tobias. She looks to him to confirm her thoughts,
and, likewise, she confirms his. It is not until near the end of the play that she brings up issues that show cracks in
her relationship with her husband. When the memory of the death of her son is brought to the surface of her
thoughts, she reminisces about how difficult a time that was for her, a time when she questioned everything,
including her husband’s love and faithfulness to her.
Although she feels as if she is the fulcrum, Agnes begins and ends the play on her musings of insanity. She wonders
if she could just suddenly slip off into madness and what that would be like. She wonders what her husband would
do if that happened. Would she be an embarrassment to him? Embarrassment is a very large issue with Agnes. She is
easily embarrassed by her sister Claire, who Agnes believes has wasted her life and her potential. When Claire
insists that she is not an alcoholic, Agnes states sarcastically, “that’s very nice.” Then she lists times that Claire has
vomited, fallen down, and called from the club to have someone come and get her. She concludes this commentary
with the words: “If we change for the worse with drink, we are an alcoholic.”
Agnes’s relationship with her daughter, Julia, does not fare much better. Julia also embarrasses her mother. When
Julia becomes hysterical, Tobias asks Agnes to go talk to their daughter. Agnes’s response is, “I haven’t the time.”
Instead of empathizing with Julia, Agnes becomes more self-absorbed. She tells her husband that she has suffered far
more than her daughter. This same self-absorption is apparent in all of Agnes’s relationships. She easily becomes lost
in self-pity and at the same time believes herself to be above everyone around her. If she is the fulcrum of the
balance in the family, Albee portrays her as a very unstable one. Albee has admitted that the character of Agnes is
based on his real-life adopted mother.
A Delicate Balance (play)
61
Claire
Claire is Agnes’s younger sister. She claims that she is not an alcoholic but rather a willful drinker. Of all the
characters in the play, whether it is due to the alcohol or not, Claire has the loosest tongue. She speaks her mind and
is the least affected by social politeness.
Claire lives with Agnes and Tobias and appears to have no means of support except for them. Her main role in life
seems to be to annoy and embarrass her sister. She is everything that Agnes dislikes. Claire makes the statement,
after telling Tobias that he would be better off if he killed Agnes, Julia, and herself, that she will never know whether
she wants to live until Agnes is dead. With this statement, Albee makes it sound as if Claire holds Agnes up as a role
model, a model that she has never been able to reach. And instead of trying to reach it, she has done everything to
live her life in a diametrically opposed manner.
Claire’s relationship with Julia is closer than her relationship with anyone else. She and Julia identify with one
another in their roles as the “other”—people on the periphery of Tobias’s and Agnes’s lives. Claire and Julia are the
rebels, the failures, the embarrassments that must be tolerated. When Julia arrives home, Claire greets her more
honestly, more warmly than do Julia’s parents.
Despite Claire’s open disdain for her sister, she has never told Agnes about Tobias’s affair. It is not clear if she does
this out of love or out of spite. She keeps the affair a secret, almost as if she has a hidden weapon that she protects in
case she may have to use it one day. When Agnes comes right out and asks Claire to confirm her suspicions about
Tobias, Claire’s answer is, “Ya got me, Sis.” Shortly after this exchange, Agnes describes Claire in this way: “Claire
could tell us so much if she cared to . . . Claire, who watches from the sidelines, has seen so very much, has seen us
all so clearly . . . You were not named for nothing.” Claire is said to closely resemble Albee’s aunt Jane, an alcoholic
and frequent visitor to the Albee home.
Edna
Edna is Harry’s wife. It is not clear if she is really Agnes’s friend or if she and Agnes know one another only because
their husbands are friends. Edna arrives one day at the door of Agnes and Tobias’s home. She takes it for granted that
they will let her and Harry stay there for however long it takes them to get over their unnamed fear.
Despite the fact that the relationship between Edna and Agnes is not clear (their names are very similar), Edna
sometimes takes on the role of mother to Julia. Although Edna’s manner is dissimilar, her sentiments are comparable
to Agnes’s. Edna is not afraid to voice her opinions. Edna tells Julia that she is no longer a child and should take
more responsibility for her life. She also declares that Julia no longer has rights in her parents’ house.
Edna also confronts Agnes and tells her to stop making fun of her and her husband, Harry. Although Edna may not
be able to name the fear that has driven her out of her own house, she appears to be quite capable of naming the
things that other people are doing wrong in their lives.
But then again, it is Edna, in the end, who realizes that there are boundaries, even between friends. She understands
that there are some boundaries that should not be pushed, some things that “we may not do . . . not ask, for fear of
looking in a mirror.” And it is also through her reflection that the play resolves. Edna has looked into that mirror at
the end of the play and has decided that if the tables were turned, if Agnes and Tobias had come to her, she would
not have allowed them to stay at her house.
Harry
Harry is Edna’s husband and Tobias’s best friend. At one point in the past, Harry and Tobias, coincidently, had an
extramarital affair with the same young woman. Besides both having been businessmen and meeting at the same
club, it is unclear what else Harry and Tobias have in common except that they have known one another for a long
time and neither sleeps with his wife. Harry is something of a reflection of Tobias, but he is even more reserved. Of
all the characters in this play, Harry speaks the least. And when he does speak, he is a man of few words with lots of
A Delicate Balance (play)
62
pauses around each one. He prefers to talk around things rather than going at them straight on. He also avoids
questions, as when Agnes tries to find out why he and his wife have come to their home. Instead of giving Agnes an
answer, he compliments the furnishings in Agnes’s home. He also has the tendency to repeat himself; at one point he
repeats the same line four times when he tries to explain how fear has driven his wife and him out of their home. It is
Harry, in the end, who tells Tobias that he and Edna have decided to leave. Although Harry prompted the discussion
with Edna about resolving the issue of staying at their friends’ house, it is implied that Edna made the decision and
that Harry just delivered the message.
Julia
Julia is the thirty-six-year-old daughter of Agnes and Tobias. Three times divorced, she has just recently left her
fourth husband and has returned home. Her father calls her a whiner, and her mother has little time for her. Julia,
based on a relative of Albee’s, his cousin Barbara, has set a pattern in her life of marrying for the wrong reasons and
then divorcing and returning home. Her parents welcome her, although they make it clear that they wish she would
establish an independent life of her own.
Julia is the catalyst of the play. While the other characters either hide their emotions in alcohol or avoid
confrontations by smothering their feelings in banal social sweet talk, Julia brings matters to the forefront. She has
wants, and she demands that they be at least heard, if not satisfied. The most obvious thing that she wants in this play
is her bedroom in her parent’s home. However, upon her return, she discovers that her room is being occupied by
Edna and Harry, her parents’ so-called best friends. In her attempts to regain control of her bedroom, Julia makes
everyone confront the issues of the play, namely, defining relationships, wants, needs, and rights. At one point, Julia
forces the issue first by having an emotional tantrum, then by upsetting the furniture and all the clothes in her
bedroom, and finally by threatening everyone with a gun.
Julia tends to put down her mother and commiserate with her mother’s sister Claire. Julia acts as if she is Claire’s
friend, until Claire points her finger at Julia and lets her know that Julia is as much a visitor in her parents’ home as
Harry and Edna are.
Julia, Claire, Harry, and Edna are portrayed as invaders in the lives of Agnes and Tobias. They all have their own
reasons for needing to be there: none of them is able to make it alone in the outside world. Julia falls back on her
childhood to claim her spot, even though she is nearing middle age. She has little empathy for the others who are
also seeking comfort in the same house.
Tobias
Tobias is Agnes’s husband and the father of Julia. He is a well-to-do, retired businessman. Although he is tolerant of
people around him, he, like his wife, tends to avoid emotional topics. His tolerance toward his sister-in-law Claire is
shown in his nonjudgmental attitude toward her drinking. Although he encourages her to return to Alcoholics
Anonymous at one point in the play, he does not berate her for drinking. In some ways, he even encourages it or at
least does not discourage it. There are a few subtle insinuations that Claire and Tobias might have at one time had an
affair, but this is initially only alluded to by script directions that have Claire open her arms to Tobias in a “casual
invitation”. Later in the play, Agnes asks Tobias (when he cannot sleep) if he went to Claire.
Whether Tobias had an affair with Claire is not certain; however, his infidelity is. Claire knows about an affair that
Tobias had with a young woman, but she has never told Agnes about it. Claire only uses the information to taunt
Tobias. Some critics have suggested that the young anonymous woman with whom Tobias had the affair was
actually Claire. Despite all this, Tobias appears secure in his marriage with Agnes, even though they have not shared
the same bed for many years. Their marriage seems to have become something of a habit. Tobias shows very little
affection to his wife except in the way that he reinforces her thoughts, giving her assurances, for instance, that she, of
all people, should not worry about going mad.
A Delicate Balance (play)
63
Tobias appears to be closer to his daughter than Agnes is. However, the degree of intimacy is not considerably
greater. Tobias is the more concerned parent when Julia becomes hysterical, although he does nothing but ask Agnes
to console her. It is Tobias who takes the gun away from his daughter, and it is Tobias to whom Julia apologizes for
her outburst.
If Agnes is the fulcrum, then Tobias is the energy behind the fulcrum that works at keeping a balance in this
dysfunctional family. He is constantly asking people to talk more kindly about one another. Or, in the least, it is
Tobias who keeps silent while fury flares around him. It is also Tobias who serves everyone drinks, as if trying to
soften the edges of their grievances with alcohol.
It is Tobias’s friend Harry (and his wife, Edna) who bring the play to its conclusion, forcing Tobias to define what
friendship is all about. In the end, Tobias proclaims that friendship is not about wants but rather about rights.
Tobias’s friend Harry has the right to move into Tobias’s house even if that is not what Tobias, or the rest of his
family, wants. Contradicting this conclusion is the story concerning his cat that Tobias tells in the middle of the play.
In this case, the cat wanted to be left alone. Tobias was uncomfortable with the cat’s noncompliance, and eventually
he hits the cat and then has the cat put to sleep. But disregarding the cat, Tobias seems true to his definition of
friendship. He has, after all, allowed his sister-in-law to live off him. He allows his thirty-something daughter to
continually move in and out of his house, and he tolerates his wife. He also tolerates his friend Harry’s moving into
his house uninvited. At the end of the play, Tobias questions Harry’s efforts at friendship and honesty. Then he
apologizes. Albee admits that the character of Tobias is based on his adopted father.
Themes
Loss
There are many different kinds and levels of loss in Albee’s play A Delicate Balance. Most obvious is the loss of
balance that has been precariously maintained by Agnes, the main character in the play and mistress of the house in
which the play takes place. Agnes begins the play musing about sanity, a condition, at least in Agnes’s mind, that can
easily be lost. Agnes wonders what would happen if she were to lose her sense of the rational. Who would take care
of things? The way in which Agnes maintains the delicate balance in her home, as well as the delicate balance of her
sanity, is to lose contact with her own emotional reality. She also tries to convince everyone else to suppress his or
her emotions. Agnes believes that by saying that the emotions are gone, circumstances will return to some condition
that resembles normalcy.
A loss of opportunity is another kind of loss that is represented in Albee’s play. Agnes has lost the opportunities of
youth, of having another child. Agnes’s sister Claire has lost her opportunity at married life, having children, doing
something with her life other than getting drunk. Julia, Agnes and Tobias’s daughter, has lost several marriages and
the opportunity to have children. She has also lost her room, symbolic of having lost her childhood. Julia has also
lost a brother, who died in his youth. This loss Agnes mourns as a loss of love. After the death of the child, Tobias
and Agnes no longer attempted to have more children. This eventually led to the loss of their sexual life together.
There is also the overall loss of privacy and peace when Agnes and Tobias are invaded by Claire, Julia, Harry, and
Edna, who all want to live with them. The crowding of the house, the battles for space and understanding, the
irritations and frustrations of trying to compromise, all eventually lead to the ultimate loss of balance. Where
patience and social sensibility once were the rule, chaos and emotionalism reign. And the play ends with Agnes once
again contemplating the loss of her sanity.
A Delicate Balance (play)
64
Escape from reality
Reality in this Albee play is something that most of its characters try to escape. The most obvious escape route is
through alcohol. Its presence is so entwined in the dialogue that it becomes almost a character itself. Every scene
revolves around the bar and decanters of brandy, cognac, anisette, and gin. Claire is alcohol’s most wounded victim,
but she is also the one who, although she has the most trouble dealing with reality, sees reality the clearest. Tobias is
not as ruled by alcohol but uses it to calm himself enough to maintain his patience and usual silence.
Agnes, on the other hand, has a preprogrammed script in her head that contains all the social rules of conduct. She is
easily embarrassed and uses most of her energies attempting to keep others from saying or doing things that go
against her rules. In other words, she escapes the nasty or difficult parts of life by defining them as taboo subjects.
Agnes hides from reality behind the rules. If the rules do not offer shelter, she then escapes reality through pure
avoidance. She does not want to talk about things that are unpleasant, unless, of course, she is discussing her sister’s
poor excuse for a life. She avoids her daughter’s temper tantrum, assuming that her daughter will eventually work
things out on her own. Agnes, in the meantime, does not have time to deal with all those emotions. Even though she
suspects that her husband had an affair, she only asks the people whom she knows will not confirm her suspicions.
Julia escapes from reality by marrying men on a whim and then abandoning them when things do not work out. She
then runs home and wants to crawl back into the womb. She has not evolved into a mature woman although she is in
her mid-thirties, she would rather go home to her parents and reclaim the room in which she grew up. Her energies
are used in fighting for her right to return home rather than in fighting for a life of her own.
Harry and Edna are the most obvious escapees as they run from their own home and set up camp in the home of
Agnes and Tobias. They run from a general sense of fear or dread, not even knowing what they are afraid of. All
they want to do is escape by hiding, all day if they must, in a bedroom in their friends’ home.
Fear
Fear could easily be argued as another character in Albee’s play. It is an unnamed fear that moves Harry and Edna
out of their house and into the middle of the chaos in the home of Agnes and Tobias. As Harry and Edna explain it:
“WE GOT . . . FRIGHTENED.” “We got scared.” We . . . were . . . terrified.” The fear is described as darkness, as
when Agnes says: “I wonder if that’s why we sleep at night, because the darkness still . . . frightens us?” Agnes also
labels fear as “the terror. Or the plague”, and she states that Harry and Edna have brought the plague with them. And
she claims that the only solution is isolation.
There is also Agnes’s fear of going insane and her fear of confrontation; Tobias’s fear of having another child; Julia’s
fear of growing up and her fear of being displaced in her parents’ lives; and Claire’s fear of life and her fear of love,
the one thing that she desperately wants.
Style
Setting
The entire play takes place in one room, “the living room of a large and well-appointed suburban house”. In that
room is a bar, which is well stocked with bottles of liquor. Time changes from Friday night to Saturday evening, then
later the same Saturday, and eventually to early Sunday morning, but the setting remains the same. This one room is
the focal point of the house, where all the characters can meet to argue about the living arrangements in the other
rooms of the house.
A Delicate Balance (play)
65
Dialogue
In this play, there are very few dialogue passages that are written without script directions (written in italics inside
parentheses before the actual printed dialogue). Although it is common practice for playwrights to supply some
interpretation of how the dialogue should be delivered, Albee supplies these directions quite liberally and quite
specifically. For instance, in the opening scene, he directs Agnes’s first lines with these directions: “(Speaks usually
softly, with a tiny hint of a smile on her face: not sardonic, not sad . . . wistful, maybe).” In a later line for Tobias,
Albee directs the actor to deliver it in this way: (Very nice, but there is steel underneath). For one of Claire’s lines,
Albee suggests that the actor speak, “(to Agnes’ back, a rehearsed speech, gone through but hated)”.
Albee’s directing almost every line of dialogue demonstrates that he has very specific psychological meanings
behind his words. He is aware of the characters’ thoughts and the emotions behind their words and wants to make
sure that the actors understand them. He is not willing to allow the actors to interpret the play on their own. He uses
terms like “quiet despair”, “surprised delight”, “slight schoolteacher tone”, and “the way a nurse speaks to a disturbed
patient”. He often writes directions about how the actors should hold their hands, turn their heads, or change their
facial expressions to include a narrowing of their eyes. The longest script notation that Albee writes occurs toward
the end of act 3, before a monologue delivered by the character Tobias. Albee’s directions read: "This next is an aria.
It must have in its performance all the horror and exuberance of a man who has kept his emotions under control too
long. Tobias will be carried to the edge of hysteria, and he will find himself laughing, sometimes, while he cries
from sheer release. All in all, it is genuine and bravura at the same time, one prolonging the other. I shall try to notate
it somewhat."
Dilemma
The central concept around which this play is built is the dilemma of what to do with Harry and Edna. Their situation
is the focal point for all the characters, including Harry and Edna themselves. Albee uses this dilemma to cause
emotions to rise. As his characters try to figure out what to do about the Harry and Edna, they have a series of
discussions or debates that slowly rise in emotional temperature. Each character has his or her definition of what the
dilemma is, as well as a means for resolving it. The tension in the play rises with the rise of emotions as the
characters move toward a climax or a moment of truth. This moment is played out most specifically by Tobias and
Harry in the conversation that defines their friendship: one that is built on rights and responsibilities rather than love
and affection. In the end, Harry and Edna decide to go back home, thus solving, or at least releasing some of the
tension of the dilemma.
Awards and nominations
Awards
• 1967 Pulitzer Prize for Drama
• 1996 Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Revival of a Play
• 1996 Tony Award for Best Revival of a Play
Nominations
• 1967 Tony Award for Best Play
A Delicate Balance (play)
66
References
[1] http:/ / www.ibdb. com/ show. asp?id=1079
[2] http:/ / www.albemarle-london.com/ Archive/ ArchiveShow.php?Show_Name=Delicate%20Balance
[3] Billington, Michael (13 May 2011). "A Delicate Balance" (http:/ / www. guardian. co.uk/ stage/ 2011/ may/ 13/ a-delicate-balance-review).
The Guardian. London. . Retrieved 23 June 2011.
• Jennifer Kiger (2008). "Edward Albee's A Delicate Balance" (http:// www. scr.org/ season/ 00-01season/
snl00-01/ snlms3. asp). South Coast Repertory. Retrieved 2008-05-07.
• "StageAgent Shows: A Delicate Balance" (http:/ / www. stageagent. com/ Shows/ View/ 1425). StageAgent.
2008. Archived (http:// web. archive.org/ web/ 20080408100835/http:// www. stageagent. com/ Shows/ View/
1425) from the original on 8 April 2008. Retrieved 2008-05-07.
Further reading
• Albee, Edward (1966). A Delicate Balance: A Play (First edition ed.). New York: Athenaeum. OCLC 35283644.
External links
• A Delicate Balance (http:// www. ibdb.com/ production.php?id=1079) at the Internet Broadway Database
A Masculine Ending
67
A Masculine Ending
A Masculine Ending
Author(s) Joan Smith
Country United Kingdom
Language English
Genre(s) Crime
Publisher Faber and Faber
Publication date April 27, 1987
Media type Print (Hardback) & Paperback
Pages 186 pp
ISBN ISBN 0-571-14751-8
OCLC Number
15084920
[1]
A Masculine Ending is a novel by Joan Smith. It was first published in 1987 by British firm Faber and Faber.
1992 Television Adaptation
The story was adapted for television in 1992. The cast included:
• Janet McTeer - Loretta Lawson
• Imelda Staunton - Bridget Bennet
• Paul Brooke - Humphrey Morris
• Suzanna Hamilton - Veronica Puddephat
• Joanna McCallum - Miriam Morris
• Kevin McNally - Andrew Gardner
• Bill Nighy - John Tracey
• Clarke Peters - Theo Sykes
• Greg Wise - Jamie Baird
• Charlotte Cornwell - Insp. Parkinson
• Richard Vernon - Miriam's father
External links
• A Masculine Ending
[2]
at the Internet Movie Database
References
[1] http:/ / worldcat. org/oclc/ 15084920
[2] http:// www.imdb. com/ title/ tt0121525/
A Midsummer Night's Dream
68
A Midsummer Night's Dream
Title page of the first quarto, 1600
Written by William Shakespeare
Characters Theseus, Hippolyta,
Egeus, Philostrate,
Lysander, Demetrius,
Hermia, Helena,
Oberon, Titania,
Robin Goodfellow (Puck),
Titania's Fairy Servants,
Peter Quince, Nick Bottom,
Francis Flute, Robin Starveling,
Tom Snout, Snug
Date premiered c. 1590–1596
Place premiered The Theatre, Shoreditch, London
Genre Comedy
Setting Athens, Greece
A Midsummer Night's Dream is a play by William Shakespeare. Believed to have been written between 1590 and
1596, it portrays the events surrounding the marriage of the Duke of Athens, Theseus, and the Queen of the
Amazons, Hippolyta. These include the adventures of four young Athenian lovers and a group of six amateur actors,
who are controlled and manipulated by the fairies who inhabit the forest in which most of the play is set. The play,
categorized as a Comedy, is one of Shakespeare's most popular works for the stage and is widely performed across
the world.
Characters
The Athenians
• Theseus – Duke of Athens
• Hippolyta – Queen of the Amazons,
betrothed to Theseus
• Philostrate – Master of the Revels
• Egeus – father of Hermia, wants her to marry
Demetrius
• Hermia – in love with Lysander
• Helena – in love with Demetrius
• Lysander – in love with Hermia
• Demetrius – in love with Hermia at first but
later loves Helena
The Fairies
• Oberon – Titania's husband and King of
the Fairies
• Titania – Oberon's wife and Queen of
the Fairies
• Robin Goodfellow/Puck – servant to
Oberon
• Peaseblossom – fairy servant to Titania
• Cobweb – fairy servant to Titania
• Moth – fairy servant to Titania
• Mustardseed – fairy servant to Titania
• First Fairy, Second Fairy
The Mechanicals (An acting troupe)
• Peter Quince – carpenter, leads the troupe
and plays Prologue
• Nick Bottom – weaver, plays Pyramus
• Francis Flute – bellows-mender, plays
Thisbe
• Robin Starveling – tailor, plays Moonshine
• Tom Snout – tinker, plays Wall
• Snug – joiner, plays Lion
A Midsummer Night's Dream
69
Synopsis
Hermia and Helena by Washington Allston, 1818
The play features three interlocking plots, connected by a celebration
of the wedding of Duke Theseus of Athens and the Amazon queen,
Hippolyta, which is set simultaneously in the woodland and in the
realm of Fairyland, under the light of the moon.
[1]
In the opening scene, Hermia refuses to follow her father Egeus'
instructions to marry Demetrius, whom he has chosen for her, because
she wishes to marry another man named Lysander. In response, Egeus
invokes before Theseus an ancient Athenian law whereby a daughter
must marry the suitor chosen by her father, or else face death. Theseus
offers her another choice: lifelong chastity while worshiping the
goddess Diana as a nun.
At that same time, Peter Quince and his fellow players gather to
produce a stage play, "the most lamentable comedy and most cruel
death of Pyramus and Thisbe", for the Duke and the Duchess.
[2]
Quince reads the names of characters and bestows them to the players.
Nick Bottom, who is playing the main role of Pyramus, is over-enthusiastic and wants to dominate others by
suggesting himself for the characters of Thisbe, the Lion, and Pyramus at the same time. He would also rather be a
tyrant and recites some lines of Ercles. Quince ends the meeting with "at the Duke's oak we meet".
Meanwhile, Oberon, king of the fairies, and his queen, Titania, have come to the forest outside Athens. Titania tells
Oberon that she plans to stay there until she has attended Theseus and Hippolyta's wedding. Oberon and Titania are
estranged because Titania refuses to give her Indian changeling to Oberon for use as his "knight" or "henchman,"
since the child's mother was one of Titania's worshippers. Oberon seeks to punish Titania's disobedience, so he calls
for his mischievous court jester Puck or "Robin Goodfellow" to help him apply a magical juice from a flower called
"love-in-idleness", originally it was a white flower but when struck by Cupid's bow it tints the flower purple. When
someone applies the potion to a sleeping person's eyelids, it makes the victim fall in love with the first living thing
seen upon awakening. He instructs Puck to retrieve the flower so that he can make Titania fall in love with the first
thing she sees when waking up, which he is sure will be an animal of the forest. Oberon's intent is to shame Titania
into giving up the little Indian boy. He says, "And ere I take this charm from off her sight, / As I can take it with
another herb, / I'll make her render up her page to me."
[3]
Hermia and Lysander have escaped to the same forest in hopes of eloping. Helena, desperate to reclaim Demetrius'
love, tells Demetrius about the plan and he follows them in hopes of killing Lysander. Helena continually makes
advances towards Demetrius, promising to love him more than Hermia. However, he rebuffs her with cruel insults
against her. Observing this, Oberon orders Puck to spread some of the magical juice from the flower on the eyelids
of the young Athenian man. Instead, Puck mistakes Lysander for Demetrius, not having actually seen either before,
and administers the juice to the sleeping Lysander. Helena, coming across him, wakes him while attempting to
determine whether he is dead or asleep. Upon this happening, Lysander immediately falls in love with Helena.
Oberon sees Demetrius still following Hermia and is enraged. When Demetrius decides to go to sleep, Oberon sends
Puck to get Helena while he charms Demetrius' eyes. Upon waking up, he sees Helena. Now, both men are in pursuit
of Helena. However, she is convinced that her two suitors are mocking her, as neither loved her originally. Hermia is
at a loss to see why her lover has abandoned her, and accuses Helena of stealing Lysander away from her. The four
quarrel with each other until Lysander and Demetrius become so enraged that they seek a place to duel each other to
prove whose love for Helena is the greatest. Oberon orders Puck to keep Lysander and Demetrius from catching up
with one another and to remove the charm from Lysander. Lysander returns to loving Hermia, while Demetrius
continues to love Helena.
A Midsummer Night's Dream
70
The Quarrel of Oberon and Titania by Joseph
Noel Paton
Meanwhile, Quince and his band of six labourers ("rude mechanicals",
as they are described by Puck) have arranged to perform their play
about Pyramus and Thisbe for Theseus' wedding and venture into the
forest, near Titania's bower, for their rehearsal. Bottom is spotted by
Puck, who (taking his name to be another word for a jackass)
transforms his head into that of a donkey. When Bottom returns for his
next lines, the other workmen run screaming in terror, much to
Bottom's confusion, since he hasn't felt a thing during the
transformation. Determined to wait for his friends, he begins to sing to
himself. Titania is awakened by Bottom's singing and immediately
falls in love with him. She lavishes him with attention and presumably
makes love to him. While she is in this state of devotion, Oberon takes the changeling. Having achieved his goals,
Oberon releases Titania, orders Puck to remove the donkey's head from Bottom, and arrange everything so that
Hermia, Lysander, Demetrius, and Helena will believe that they have been dreaming when they awaken.
The fairies then disappear, and Theseus and Hippolyta arrive on the scene, during an early morning hunt. They wake
the lovers and, since Demetrius does not love Hermia any more, Theseus overrules Egeus's demands and arranges a
group wedding. The lovers decide that the night's events must have been a dream. After they all exit, Bottom awakes,
and he too decides that he must have experienced a dream "past the wit of man". In Athens, Theseus, Hippolyta and
the lovers watch the six workmen perform Pyramus and Thisbe. Given a lack of preparation, the performers are so
terrible playing their roles to the point where the guests laugh as if it were meant to be a comedy, and afterward
everyone retires to bed. Afterward, Oberon, Titania, Puck, and other fairies enter, and bless the house and its
occupants with good fortune. After all other characters leave, Puck "restores amends" and suggests to the audience
that what they just experienced might be nothing but a dream (hence the name of the play).
A Midsummer Night's Dream act IV, scene I. Engraving from a painting by Henry
Fuseli, published 1796.
Sources and date
It is unknown exactly when A Midsummer
Night's Dream was written or first
performed, but on the basis of topical
references and an allusion to Edmund
Spenser's 'Epithalamion', it is usually dated
1594 or 1596. Some have theorised that the
play might have been written for an
aristocratic wedding (for example that of
Elizabeth Carey, Lady Berkeley), while
others suggest that it was written for the
Queen to celebrate the feast day of St. John.
No concrete evidence exists to support this
theory. In any case, it would have been
performed at The Theatre and, later, The
Globe. Though it is not a translation or
adaptation of an earlier work, various
sources such as Ovid's Metamorphoses and Chaucer's "The Knight's Tale" served as inspiration.
[4]
A Midsummer Night's Dream
71
Publication and text
The play was entered into the Register of the Stationers Company on 8 October 1600 by the bookseller Thomas
Fisher, who published the first quarto edition later that year. A second quarto was printed in 1619 by William
Jaggard, as part of his so-called False Folio.
[5]
The play next appeared in print in the First Folio of 1623. The title
page of Q1 states that the play was "sundry times publickely acted" prior to 1600. The first performance known with
certainty occurred at Court on 1 January 1605.
Analysis and criticism
Themes in the story
Love
David Bevington argues that the play represents the dark side of love. He writes that the fairies make light of love by
mistaking the lovers and by applying a love potion to Titania's eyes, forcing her to fall in love with an ass.
[6]
In the
forest, both couples are beset by problems. Hermia and Lysander are both met by Puck, who provides some comic
relief in the play by confounding the four lovers in the forest. However, the play also alludes to serious themes. At
the end of the play, Hippolyta and Theseus, happily married, watch the play about the unfortunate lovers, Pyramus
and Thisbe, and are able to enjoy and laugh at it.
[7]
Helena and Demetrius are both oblivious to the dark side of their
love, totally unaware of what may have come of the events in the forest.
Problem with time
There is a dispute over the scenario of the play as it is cited at first by Theseus that "four happy days bring in another
moon".
[2]
The wood episode then takes place at a night of no moon, but Lysander asserts that there will be so much
light in the very night they will escape that dew on the grass will be shining
[8]
like liquid pearls. Also, in the next
scene, Quince states that they will rehearse in moonlight,
[9]
which creates a real confusion. It is possible that the
Moon set during the night allowing Lysander to escape in the moonlight and for the actors to rehearse, then for the
wood episode to occur without moonlight. Theseus's statement can also be interpreted to mean "four days until the
next month".
Loss of individual identity
Maurice Hunt, Chair of the English Department at Baylor University, writes of the blurring of the identities of
fantasy and reality in the play that make possible "that pleasing, narcotic dreaminess associated with the fairies of the
play".
[10]
By emphasising this theme even in the setting of the play, Shakespeare prepares the reader's mind to accept
the fantastic reality of the fairy world and its magical happenings. This also seems to be the axis around which the
plot conflicts in the play occur. Hunt suggests that it is the breaking down of individual identities that leads to the
central conflict in the story.
[10]
It is the brawl between Oberon and Titania, based on a lack of recognition for the
other in the relationship, that drives the rest of the drama in the story and makes it dangerous for any of the other
lovers to come together due to the disturbance of Nature caused by a fairy dispute.
[10]
Similarly, this failure to
identify and make distinction is what leads Puck to mistake one set of lovers for another in the forest and place the
juice of the flower on Lysander's eyes instead of Demetrius'.
Victor Kiernan, a Marxist scholar and historian, writes that it is for the greater sake of love that this loss of identity
takes place and that individual characters are made to suffer accordingly: "It was the more extravagant cult of love
that struck sensible people as irrational, and likely to have dubious effects on its acolytes".
[11]
He believes that
identities in the play are not so much lost as they are blended together to create a type of haze through which
distinction becomes nearly impossible. It is driven by a desire for new and more practical ties between characters as
a means of coping with the strange world within the forest, even in relationships as diverse and seemingly unrealistic
A Midsummer Night's Dream
72
as the brief love between Titania and Bottom the Ass: "It was the tidal force of this social need that lent energy to
relationships".
[12]
David Marshall, an aesthetics scholar and English Professor at the University of California – Santa Barbara, takes
this theme to an even further conclusion, pointing out that the loss of identity is especially played out in the
description of the mechanicals and their assumption of other identities. In describing the occupations of the acting
troupe, he writes "Two construct or put together, two mend and repair, one weaves and one sews. All join together
what is apart or mend what has been rent, broken, or sundered". In Marshall's opinion, this loss of individual identity
not only blurs specificities, it creates new identities found in community, which Marshall points out may lead to
some understanding of Shakespeare's opinions on love and marriage. Further, the mechanicals understand this theme
as they take on their individual parts for a corporate performance of Pyramus and Thisbe. Marshall remarks that "To
be an actor is to double and divide oneself, to discover oneself in two parts: both oneself and not oneself, both the
part and not the part". He claims that the mechanicals understand this and that each character, particularly among the
lovers, has a sense of laying down individual identity for the greater benefit of the group or pairing. It seems that a
desire to lose one's individuality and find identity in the love of another is what quietly moves the events of A
Midsummer Night's Dream. It is the primary sense of motivation and is even reflected in the scenery and mood of the
story.
Ambiguous sexuality
In his essay "Preposterous Pleasures: Queer Theories and A Midsummer Night's Dream", Douglas E. Green explores
possible interpretations of alternative sexuality that he finds within the text of the play, in juxtaposition to the
proscribed social mores of the culture at the time the play was written. He writes that his essay "does not (seek to)
rewrite A Midsummer Night's Dream as a gay play but rather explores some of its 'homoerotic significations' ...
moments of 'queer' disruption and eruption in this Shakespearean comedy".
[13]
Green states that he does not consider
Shakespeare to have been a "sexual radical", but that the play represented a "topsy-turvy world" or "temporary
holiday" that mediates or negotiates the "discontents of civilisation", which while resolved neatly in the story's
conclusion, do not resolve so neatly in real life.
[14]
Green writes that the "sodomitical elements", "homoeroticism",
"lesbianism", and even "compulsory heterosexuality" in the story must be considered in the context of the "culture of
early modern England" as a commentary on the "aesthetic rigidities of comic form and political ideologies of the
prevailing order". Aspects of ambiguous sexuality and gender conflict in the story are also addressed in essays by
Shirley Garner
[15]
and William W.E. Slights
[16]
albeit all the characters are played by males.
Feminism
Male dominance is one thematic element found in A Midsummer Night's Dream. In A Midsummer Night's Dream,
Lysander and Hermia escape into the woods for a night where they do not fall under the laws of Theseus or Egeus.
Upon their arrival in Athens, the couples are married. Marriage is seen as the ultimate social achievement for women
while men can go on to do many other great things and gain societal recognition.
[17]
In his article, "The Imperial
Votaress", Louis Montrose draws attention to male and female gender roles and norms present in the comedy in
connection with Elizabethan culture. In reference to the triple wedding, he says, "The festive conclusion in A
Midsummer Night's Dream depends upon the success of a process by which the feminine pride and power
manifested in Amazon warriors, possessive mothers, unruly wives, and wilful daughters are brought under the
control of lords and husbands."
[18]
He says that the consummation of marriage is how power over a woman changes
hands from father to husband. A connection between flowers and sexuality is drawn. The juice employed by Oberon
can be seen as symbolising menstrual blood as well as the sexual blood shed by virgins. While blood as a result of
menstruation is representative of a woman's power, blood as a result of a first sexual encounter represents man's
power over women.
[19]
There are points in the play, however, when there is an absence of patriarchal control. In his book, Power on
Display, Leonard Tennenhouse says the problem in A Midsummer Night's Dream is the problem of "authority gone
A Midsummer Night's Dream
73
archaic".
[20]
The Athenian law requiring a daughter to die if she does not do her father's will is outdated.
Tennenhouse contrasts the patriarchal rule of Theseus in Athens with that of Oberon in the carnivalistic Faerie
world. The disorder in the land of the fairies completely opposes the world of Athens. He states that during times of
carnival and festival, male power is broken down. For example, what happens to the four lovers in the woods as well
as Bottom's dream represents chaos that contrasts with Theseus' political order. However, Theseus does not punish
the lovers for their disobedience. According to Tennenhouse, by forgiving of the lovers, he has made a distinction
between the law of the patriarch (Egeus) and that of the monarch (Theseus), creating two different voices of
authority. This distinction can be compared to the time of Elizabeth I in which monarchs were seen as having two
bodies: the body natural and the body politics. Elizabeth's succession itself represented both the voice of a patriarch
as well as the voice of a monarch: (1) her father's will which stated that the crown should pass to her and (2) the fact
that she was the daughter of a king.
[21]
The challenge to patriarchal rule in A Midsummer Night's Dream mirrors
exactly what was occurring in the age of Elizabeth I.
Performance history
17th and 18th centuries
During the years of the Puritan Interregnum when the theatres were closed (1642–60), the comic subplot of Bottom
and his compatriots was performed as a droll. Drolls were comical playlets, often adapted from the subplots of
Shakespearean and other plays, that could be attached to the acts of acrobats and jugglers and other allowed
performances, thus circumventing the ban against drama.
When the theatres re-opened in 1660, A Midsummer Night's Dream was acted in adapted form, like many other
Shakespearean plays. Samuel Pepys saw it on 29 September 1662 and thought it "the most insipid, ridiculous play
that ever I saw ..."
[22]
After the Jacobean/Caroline era, A Midsummer Night's Dream was never performed in its entirety until the 1840s.
Instead, it was heavily adapted in forms like Henry Purcell's musical masque/play The Fairy Queen (1692), which
had a successful run at the Dorset Garden Theatre, but was not revived. Richard Leveridge turned the Pyramus and
Thisbe scenes into an Italian opera burlesque, acted at Lincoln's Inn Fields in 1716. John Frederick Lampe elaborated
upon Leveridge's version in 1745. Charles Johnson had used the Pyramus and Thisbe material in the finale of Love in
a Forest, his 1723 adaptation of As You Like It. In 1755, David Garrick did the opposite of what had been done a
century earlier: he extracted Bottom and his companions and acted the rest, in an adaptation called The Fairies.
Frederic Reynolds produced an operatic version in 1816.
[23]
The Victorian stage
In 1840, Madame Vestris at Covent Garden returned the play to the stage with a relatively full text, adding musical
sequences and balletic dances. Vestris took the role of Oberon, and for the next seventy years, Oberon and Puck
would always be played by women. After the success of Vestris' production, 19th-century theatre continued to stage
the Dream as a spectacle, often with a cast numbering nearly one hundred. Detailed sets were created for the palace
and the forest, and the fairies were portrayed as gossamer-winged ballerinas. The overture by Felix Mendelssohn
was always used throughout this period. Augustin Daly's production opened in 1895 in London and ran for 21
performances. The special effects were constructed by the Martinka Magic Company, which was later owned by
Houdini.
A Midsummer Night's Dream
74
Twentieth century
Vince Cardinale as Puck from the Carmel
Shakespeare Festival production of "A
Midsummer Night's Dream", September 2000
A 2010 production of the play at The Doon
School, India.
Herbert Beerbohm Tree staged a 1911 production with live rabbits.
Max Reinhardt staged A Midsummer Night's Dream thirteen times
between 1905 and 1934, introducing a revolving set. After he fled
Germany he devised a more spectacular outdoor version at the
Hollywood Bowl, in September 1934. The shell was removed and
replaced by a forest planted in tons of dirt hauled in especially for the
event, and a trestle was constructed from the hills to the stage. The
wedding procession inserted between Acts IV and V crossed the trestle
with torches down the hillside. The cast included John Davis Lodge,
William Farnum, Sterling Holloway, Olivia de Havilland, Mickey
Rooney and a corps of dancers which included Katherine Dunham and
Butterfly McQueen, with Mendelssohn's music.
On the strength of this production, Warner Brothers signed Reinhardt
to direct a filmed version, Hollywood's first Shakespeare movie since
Douglas Fairbanks Sr. and Mary Pickford's Taming of the Shrew in
1929. Rooney (Puck) and De Havilland (Hermia and Zara) were the
only holdovers from the Hollywood Bowl cast. James Cagney starred,
in his only Shakespearean role, as Bottom. Other actors in the film who
played Shakespearean roles just this once included Joe E. Brown and
Dick Powell. Erich Wolfgang Korngold was brought from Austria to
arrange Mendelssohn's music for the film. He not only used the
Midsummer Night's Dream music but also several other pieces by
Mendelssohn. Korngold went on to make a Hollywood career,
remaining in the U.S. after the Nazis invaded Austria.
Director Harley Granville-Barker introduced in 1914 a less spectacular
way of staging the Dream: he reduced the size of the cast and used
Elizabethan folk music instead of Mendelssohn. He replaced large,
complex sets with a simple system of patterned curtains. He portrayed
the fairies as golden robotic insectoid creatures based on Cambodian
idols. His simpler, sparer staging significantly influenced subsequent
productions.
In 1970, Peter Brook staged the play for the Royal Shakespeare Company in a blank white box, in which masculine
fairies engaged in circus tricks such as trapeze artistry. Brook also introduced the subsequently popular idea of
doubling Theseus/Oberon and Hippolyta/Titania, as if to suggest that the world of the fairies is a mirror version of
the world of the mortals. British actors who played various roles in Brook's production included Patrick Stewart, Ben
Kingsley, John Kane (Puck) and Jennie Stoller (Helena).
Since Brook's production, directors have used their imaginations freely in staging the play. In particular, there has
been an increased use of sexuality on stage, as many directors see the palace as a symbol of restraint and repression,
while the wood is a symbol of unrestrained sexuality, both liberating and terrifying.
A Midsummer Night's Dream has been produced many times in New York, including several stagings by the New
York Shakespeare Festival at the Delacorte Theatre in Central Park and a production by the Theatre for a New
Audience, produced by Joseph Papp at the Public Theatre. In 1978, the Riverside Shakespeare Company staged an
outdoor production starring Eric Hoffmann as Puck, with Karen Hurley as Titania and Eric Conger as Oberon,
directed by company founder Gloria Skurski. There have been several variations since then, including some set in
A Midsummer Night's Dream
75
the 1980s.
Adaptations and cultural references
Literary
St. John's Eve written in 1853 by Henrik Ibsen relies heavily on the Shakespearean play.
Botho Strauß's play Der Park (1983) is based on characters and motifs from A Midsummer Night's Dream.
Terry Pratchett's book Lords and Ladies (novel) (1992) heavily spoofs the Shakespearean play.
Jean Betts of New Zealand also adapted the play to make a comedic feminist spoof, "Revenge of the Amazons"
(1996). The gender-roles are reversed (play actors are feminist "thesbians"/ Oberon falls in love with a "bunny girl").
It is set in the 1970s with many social references and satire.
A Midsummer Night's Gene (1997) by Andrew Harman is a sci-fi parody of Shakespeare's play.
The Sisters Grimm series written by Micheal Buckley, features Puck, the Trickster King, as one of the main
characters. In the fourth book of the series, Once Upon a Crime, Titania, Oberon, and other Faerie Folk are
introduced.
The teen book This Must Be Love (2004) by Tui Sutherland is based on the play. The characters have similar or
identical names to the original. One sub-plot involves a school play of another Shakespearean play, Romeo and
Juliet, and another sub-plot involves the main characters going to see a play entitled "The Fairies Quarrel" in which a
character acts like Puck amongst the main characters.
Magic Street (2005) by Orson Scott Card revisits the work as a continuation of the play under the premise that the
story by Shakespeare was actually derived from true interactions with fairy folk.
Musical versions
Henry Purcell
The Fairy-Queen by Henry Purcell consists of a set of masques meant to go between acts of the play, as well as some
minimal rewriting of the play to be current to 17th century audiences.
Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy
In 1826, Felix Mendelssohn composed a concert overture, inspired by the play, that was first performed in 1827. In
1842, partly because of the fame of the overture, and partly because his employer King Friedrich Wilhelm IV of
Prussia liked the incidental music that Mendelssohn had written for other plays that had been staged at the palace in
German translation, Mendelssohn was commissioned to write incidental music for a production of A Midsummer
Night's Dream that was to be staged in 1843 in Potsdam. He incorporated the existing Overture into the incidental
music, which was used in most stage versions through the 19th century. The best known of the pieces from the
incidental music is the famous Wedding March, frequently used as a recessional in weddings.
The choreographer Marius Petipa, more famous for his collaborations with Tchaikovsky (on the ballets Swan Lake
and The Sleeping Beauty) made another ballet adaptation for the Imperial Ballet of St. Petersburg with additional
music and adaptations to Mendelssohn's score by Léon Minkus. The revival premiered 14 July 1876. English
choreographer Frederick Ashton also created a 40-minute ballet version of the play, retitled to The Dream. George
Balanchine was another to create a Midsummer Night's Dream ballet based on the play, using Mendelssohn's music.
Between 1917 and 1939 Carl Orff also wrote incidental music for a German version of the play, Ein
Sommernachtstraum (performed in 1939). Since Mendelssohn's parents were Jews who converted to Lutheranism,
his music had been banned by the Nazi regime, and the Nazi cultural officials put out a call for new music for the
play: Orff was one of the musicians who responded. He later reworked the music for a final version, completed in
1964.
A Midsummer Night's Dream
76
Ralph Vaughan Williams
Over Hill, Over Dale, from Act 2, is the third of the Three Shakespeare Songs set to music by the British composer
Ralph Vaughan Williams. He wrote the pieces for a cappella SATB choir in 1951 for the British Federation of Music
Festivals, and they remain a popular part of British choral repertoire today.
Benjamin Britten
The play was adapted into an opera, with music by Benjamin Britten and libretto by Britten and Peter Pears. The
opera was first performed on 1 June 1960 at Aldeburgh.
Moonwork
The theatre company, Moonwork put on a production of Midsummer in 1999. It was conceived by Mason Pettit,
Gregory Sherman and Gregory Wolfe (who directed it). The show featured a rock-opera version of the play within a
play, Pyramus & Thisbe with music written by Rusty Magee. The music for the rest of the show was written by
Andrew Sherman.
The Donkey Show
The Donkey Show is a disco-era experience based on A Midsummer Night's Dream, that first appeared Off-Broadway
in 1999.
[24]
Other
In 1949 a three-act opera by Delannoy entitled Puck was premiered in Strasbourg.
Progressive Rock guitarist Steve Hackett, best known for his work with Genesis, made a classical adaptation of the
play in 1997.
Hans Werner Henze's Eighth Symphony is inspired by sequences from the play.
The Alexander W. Dreyfoos School of the Arts Theatre Department presented the show as a musical
adapted/directed by Beverly Blanchette (produced by Marcie Gorman) using the songs of The Moody Blues. The
show was called Midsummer and was subsequently performed at Morsani Hall/Straz Performing Arts Center in
Tampa, at the Florida State International Thespian Society Festival. Text/Concept Copyright, December 9, 2011.
Ballets
• George Balanchine's A Midsummer Night's Dream, his first original full-length ballet, was premiered by the New
York City Ballet on 17 January 1962. It was chosen to open the NYCB's first season at the New York State
Theater at Lincoln Center in 1964. Balanchine interpolated further music by Mendelssohn into his Dream,
including the overture from Athalie.
[25][26][27][28]
A film version of the ballet was released in 1966.
• Frederick Ashton created his "The Dream", a short (not full-length) ballet set exclusively to the famous music by
Félix Mendelssohn, arranged by John Lanchbery, in 1964. It was created on England's Royal Ballet and has since
entered the repertoire of other companies, notably The Joffrey Ballet and American Ballet Theatre.
[28]
• John Neumeier created his full-length ballet Ein Sommernachtstraum for his company at the Hamburg State
Opera (Hamburgische Staatsoper) in 1977. Longer than Ashton's or Balanchine's earlier versions, Neumeier's
version includes other music by Mendelssohn along with the Midsummer Night's Dream music, as well as music
from the modern composer György Sándor Ligeti, and jaunty barrel organ music. Neumeier devotes the three
sharply differing musical styles to the three character groups, with the aristocrats and nobles dancing to
Mendelssohn, the fairies to Ligeti, and the rustics or mechanicals to the barrel organ.
[29]
Neumeier set his A
Midsummer Night's Dream for the Bolshoi Ballet in 2005.
[30]
• Elvis Costello composed the music for a full-length ballet Il Sogno, based on A Midsummer Night's Dream. The
music was subsequently released as a classical album by Deutsche Grammophon in 2004.
A Midsummer Night's Dream
77
Film adaptations
A Midsummer Night's Dream has been adapted as a film several times. The following are the best known.
• A 1935 film version
[31]
was directed by Max Reinhardt and William Dieterle, produced by Henry Blanke and
adapted by Charles Kenyon and Mary C. McCall Jr. The cast included James Cagney as Bottom, Mickey Rooney
as Puck, Olivia de Havilland as Hermia, Joe E. Brown as Francis Flute, Dick Powell as Lysander and Victor Jory
as Oberon. Many of the actors in this version had never performed Shakespeare and never would do so again,
notably Cagney and Brown, who were nevertheless highly acclaimed for their performances in the film.
[32]
• A 1968 film version
[33]
was directed by Peter Hall. The cast included Paul Rogers as Bottom, Ian Holm as Puck,
Diana Rigg as Helena, Helen Mirren as Hermia, Ian Richardson as Oberon, Judi Dench as Titania, and Sebastian
Shaw as Quince. This film stars the Royal Shakespeare Company, and is directed by Peter Hall. It is sometimes
confused with Peter Brook's highly successful 1971 production, but the two are different, and Brook's production
was never filmed. The fairies in Peter Hall's production wore green body paint. It received its U.S. premiere on
CBS as a television special in early 1969.
• A Midsummer Night's dream/Sen noci svatojánské (1969) was director by Czech animator Jiri Trnka. This was
stop-motion puppet film that followed Shakespeare's story simply with a narrator.
• A Midsummer Night's Sex Comedy (1982) was a film written and directed by Woody Allen. The plot is loosely
based on Ingmar Bergman's Smiles of a Summer Night, with some elements from Shakespeare's play.
• Dead Poets Society features the play as a production for which Neil Perry tries out for and wins the role of Puck,
in spite of his father's disapproval of his acting aspirations.
• A 1996 adaptation
[34]
directed by Adrian Noble. The cast included Desmond Barrit as Bottom, Barry Lynch as
Puck, Alex Jennings as Oberon/Theseus, and Lindsay Duncan as Titania/Hippolyta. This film is based on Noble's
hugely popular Royal Shakespeare Company production. Its art design is eccentric, featuring a forest of floating
light bulbs and a giant umbrella for Titania's bower.
• A 1999 film version
[35]
was written and directed by Michael Hoffman. The cast includes Kevin Kline as Bottom,
Rupert Everett as Oberon, Michelle Pfeiffer as Titania, Stanley Tucci as Puck, Sophie Marceau as Hippolyta,
Christian Bale as Demetrius, Dominic West as Lysander, and Calista Flockhart as Helena. This adaptation
relocates the play's action from Athens to a fictional "Monte Athena", located in Tuscany, Italy, although all
textual mentions of Athens are retained.
• A 1999 version
[36]
was written and directed by James Kerwin. The cast included Travis Schuldt as Demetrius. It
set the story against a surreal backdrop of techno clubs and ancient symbols.
• A Midsummer Night's Rave (2002)
[37]
directed by Gil Cates Jr. changes the setting to a modern rave. Puck is a
drug dealer, the magic flower called love-in-idleness is replaced with magic ecstasy, and the King and Queen of
Fairies are the host of the rave and the DJ. Other differences include changing the character names such as
'Lysander' becoming 'Xander'.
TV productions
• The 1981 BBC Television Shakespeare production was produced by Jonathan Miller. It starred Helen Mirren as
Titania, Peter McEnery as Oberon, Robert Lindsay as Lysander, Geoffrey Palmer as Quince and Brian Glover as
Bottom.
• An abbreviated version of A Midsummer Night's Dream was made into an animated short (with the same title) by
Walt Disney Productions in 1999 as part of the "Mouse Tales" series. It was featured in a 2002 episode of
Disney's House of Mouse ("House of Scrooge", Season 3, Episode 34).
[38]
The star-crossed lovers are played by
Mickey Mouse, Minnie Mouse, Donald Duck, and Daisy Duck. The character based on Theseus is played by
Ludwig Von Drake, and the character based on Egeus by Scrooge McDuck. Goofy appears as an accident-prone
Puck. The story ends with the revelation that it was a dream experienced by Mickey Mouse while sleeping at a
picnic hosted by Minnie.
A Midsummer Night's Dream
78
• In 2005 ShakespeaRe-Told, the BBC TV series, aired an updated of the play. It was written by Peter Bowker. The
cast includes Johnny Vegas as Bottom, Dean Lennox Kelly as Puck, Bill Paterson as Theo (a conflation of
Theseus and Egeus), and Imelda Staunton as his wife Polly (Hippolyta). Lennie James plays Oberon and Sharon
Small is Titania. Zoe Tapper and Michelle Bonnard play Hermia and Helena.
• The "play within a play" from Act V, Scene I, Pyramus and Thisbe, was performed by the members of the British
pop music group The Beatles on 28 April 1964 for a British television special; Around The Beatles (Broadcast in
the UK on ITV on 6 May, and in the US on ABC on 15 November). Paul McCartney appeared as Pyramus, John
Lennon as Thisbe, George Harrison as Moonshine, and Ringo Starr as Lion. The performance, before a live
audience, was done with great comic intent and included a number of intentional hecklers.
[39]
Astronomy
British Astronomer William Herschel named the two moons of Uranus he discovered in 1787 after characters in the
play, Oberon and Titania.
Gallery
First folio, 1623 Oberon, Titania and Puck with
Fairies Dancing. William Blake,
c.1786
"Puck" by Joshua
Reynolds, 1789
Johann Heinrich Füssli: "Das
Erwachen der Elfenkönigin
Titania", 1775–1790
Johann
Heinrich Füssli:
Titania liebkost
den
eselköpfigen
Bottom,
1793–94
Joseph Noel Paton: "The
Reconciliation of Titania and
Oberon", 1847
Sir Edwin Landseer: Scene From
A Midsummer Night's Dream,
Titania and Bottom (1848)
Puck and the
Fairies from
William
Shakespeare: "The
Works of
Shakspere, with
notes by Charles
Knight" (1873)
A Midsummer Night's Dream
79
Henry Meynell Rheam: Titania
welcoming her fairy brethren
Emil Orlik:
Actor Hans
Wassmann as
Nick Bottom
in
Shakespeare's
A Midsummer
Night's Dream,
1909.
Scene from A
Midsummer
Night's Dream
by Arie
Teeuwisse,
Diever, 1971
Performance Saratov Puppet
Theatre "Teremok" A
Midsummer Night's Dream based
on the play by William
Shakespeare (2007)
References
[1] Shakespeare, William (1979). Harold F. Brooks. ed. The Arden Shakespeare "A Midsummer Nights Dream". Methuen & Co. Ltd. cxxv.
ISBN 0-415-02699-7.
[2] [2] |a midsummer night's dream| editor=R. A. Foakes | Cambridge University Press
[3] "''A Midsummer Night's Dream'', Act 2, Scene 1, Lines 183–185" (http:// www. shakespeare-navigators.com/dream/T.2.1. html#183).
Shakespeare-navigators.com. . Retrieved 2012-08-20.
[4] A Midsummer Night's Dream by Rev. John Hunter ; London; Longmans, Green and CO.;1870
[5] S4Ulanguages.Com (http:// www. s4ulanguages. com/ william. html) See title page of facsimile of this edition, claiming James Roberts as a
publisher and 1600 as the publishing date)
[6] Bevington 24–35.
[7] [7] Bevington 32
[8] |a midsummer night's dream(I.I.209–213)| editor=R. A. Foakes | Cambridge University Press
[9] [9] |a midsummer night's dream(I.II.81)| editor=R. A. Foakes | Cambridge University Press
[10] [10] (Hunt 1)
[11] [11] (Kiernan 212)
[12] [12] (Kiernan 210)
[13] [13] (Green 370)
[14] [14] (Green 375)
[15] (Garner 129–130)
[16] [16] (Slights 261)
[17] [17] (Howard 414)
[18] [18] (Montrose 65)
[19] (Montrose 61–69)
[20] [20] (Tennenhouse 73)
[21] (Tennenhouse 74–76)
[22] F. E. Halliday, A Shakespeare Companion 1564–1964, Baltimore, Penguin, 1964; pp. 142–3 and 316–17.
[23] Halliday, pp. 255, 271, 278, 316–17, 410.
[24] "Internet Off-Broadway Database" (http:/ / www. lortel.org/LLA_archive/index.cfm?search_by=show&title=The Donkey Show: A
Midsummer Night's Disco). Lortel.org. . Retrieved 2012-08-20.
[25] "NYCB website" (http:/ / www. nycballet. com). Nycballet.com. . Retrieved 2012-08-20.
[26] Balanchine Trust website (http:// www. balanchine. com)
[27] "Balanchine Foundation website" (http:/ / www. balanchine. org). Balanchine.org. . Retrieved 2012-08-20.
[28] "Balletmet.org" (http:// www.balletmet. org/ Notes/ Midsummer. html#anchor125899). Balletmet.org. . Retrieved 2012-08-20.
[29] "Ballet.co.uk" (http:/ / www. ballet. co. uk/ magazines/ yr_06/ aug06/ nr_rev_hamburg_0606.htm). Ballet.co.uk. 2006-07-14. . Retrieved
2012-08-20.
[30] "Biography of John Neumeier on Hamburg Ballet website" (http:// www. hamburgballett.de/ e/ neumeier.htm). Hamburgballett.de. .
Retrieved 2012-08-20.
[31] IMDb.com (http:/ / www. imdb. com/ title/ tt0026714/ )
[32] Eckert, Charles W., ed. Focus on Shakespearean Films, p. 48 Watts, Richard W. "Films of a Moonstruck World"
[33] IMDb.com (http:/ / www. imdb. com/ title/ tt0063297/ )
A Midsummer Night's Dream
80
[34] IMDB.com (http:/ / www. imdb. com/ title/ tt0117043/ )
[35] IMDb.com (http:/ / www. imdb. com/ title/ tt0140379/ )
[36] IMDB.com (http:/ / www. imdb. com/ title/ tt0119669/ )
[37] "IMDB.com" (http:/ / imdb. com/ title/ tt0323248/ ). IMDB.com. . Retrieved 2012-08-20.
[38] [38] Disney's House of Mouse Episodes-Season 3: 2002-2003
[39] "Television: Around The Beatles" (http:/ /www. beatlesbible. com/ 1964/ 04/ 28/ around-the-beatles/?doing_wp_cron=1343967814.
6450729370117187500000). Beatlesbible.com. 1964-04-28. . Retrieved 2012-08-20.
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• Howard, Jean E. "Feminist Criticism". Shakespeare: An Oxford Guide. Eds. Stanley Wells and Lena Cowen
Orlin, eds. New York: Oxford University Press, 2003. 411–423.
• Huke, Ivan and Perkins, Derek. A Midsummer Night's Dream: Literature Revision Notes and Examples. Celtic
Revision Aids. 1981. ISBN 0-17-751305-5.
• Hunt, Maurice. "Individuation in A Midsummer Night's Dream". South Central Review 3.2 (Summer 1986): 1–13.
• Kiernan, Victor. Shakespeare, Poet and Citizen (http:/ / books. google.com/ books?id=4Iuvj3_1xvgC&
printsec=frontcover&source=gbs_ge_summary_r& cad=0#v=onepage&q& f=false). London: Verso, 1993.
ISBN 0-86091-392-9
• Montrose, Louis. "The Imperial Votaress". A Shakespeare Reader: Sources and Criticism. Eds. Richard Danson
Brown and David Johnson. London: Macmillan Press, Ltd, 2000. 60–71.
• Shakespeare, William. A Midsummer Night's Dream. The Riverside Shakespeare (http:/ / books. google. com/
books?id=Ey2gnY51jmoC&printsec=frontcover&source=gbs_ge_summary_r& cad=0#v=onepage&q&
f=false). Ed. G. Blakemore Evans and J.J.M. Tobin. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1997. 256–283. ISBN
0-395-85822-4
• Slights, William W. E. "The Changeling in A Dream". Studies in English Literature, 1500–1900. Rice University
Press, 1998. 259–272.
• Tennenhouse, Leonard. Power on Display: the Politics of Shakespeare's Genres (http:/ / books. google.com/
books?id=54ZHXlqPmS0C&printsec=frontcover&source=gbs_ge_summary_r& cad=0#v=onepage&q&
f=false). New York: Methuen, Inc., 1986. 73–76. ISBN 0-415-35315-7
A Midsummer Night's Dream
81
External links
• A Midsummer Night's Dream Navigator (http:/ / www. shakespeare-navigators. com/ dream/) Annotated,
searchable HTML text, with line numbers and scene summaries.
• A Midsummer Night's Dream (http:// www. opensourceshakespeare. org/ views/ plays/ playmenu.
php?WorkID=midsummer) HTML version of the play.
• No Fear Shakespeare parallel edition: original language alongside a modern translation. (http://nfs. sparknotes.
com/ msnd/ )
• Video of a Harvard-Radcliffe Summer Theatre Production of the entire play with incidental music by
Mendelssohn (http:/ / video.google.com/ videoplay?docid=3181302121807879985)
• Los Angeles Philharmonic notes (http:// www. laphil. org/resources/ piece_detail. cfm?id=1372)
• Notes, including production history (http:/ / www.courttheatre.org/ home/ plays/ 9899/ midsummer/
PNmidsummer. shtml)
• Easy Read A Midsummer Night's Dream (http:/ / www. kiwipublications. co. uk/ midsummer.html) Full text with
portraits and location drawings to make the play easy to follow from the printed page.
Academy Award for Best Actress
82
Academy Award for Best Actress
Academy Award for Best Actress
Awarded for Best Performance by an Actress in a Leading Role
Country United States
Presented by Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences
Currently held by Jennifer Lawrence,
Silver Linings Playbook (2012)
Official website http:/ / www. oscars. org
Performance by an Actress in a Leading Role is one of the Academy Awards of merit presented annually by the
Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS) to recognize an actress who has delivered an outstanding
performance while working within the film industry. Prior to the 49th Academy Awards ceremony (1976), this
award was known as the Academy Award of Merit for Performance by an Actress. Since its inception, however, the
award has commonly been referred to as the Oscar for Best Actress. While actresses are nominated for this award by
Academy members who are actors and actresses themselves, winners are selected by the Academy membership as a
whole.
History
Throughout the past 85 years, accounting for ties and repeat winners, AMPAS has presented a total of 86 Best
Actress awards to 71 different actresses. Winners of this Academy Award of Merit receive the familiar Oscar
statuette, depicting a gold-plated knight holding a crusader's sword and standing on a reel of film. The first recipient
was Janet Gaynor, who was honored at the 1st Academy Awards ceremony (1929) for her performances in Seventh
Heaven, Street Angel, and Sunrise. The most recent recipient was Jennifer Lawrence, who was honored at the 85th
Academy Awards ceremony (2012) for her performance in Silver Linings Playbook.
In the first three years of the Academy Awards, individuals such as actors and directors were nominated as the best
in their categories. Then all of their work during the qualifying period (as many as three films, in some cases) was
listed after the award. However, during the 3rd Academy Awards ceremony (1930), only one of those films was
cited in each winner's final award, even though each of the acting winners had had two films following their names
on the ballots. For the 4th Academy Awards ceremony (1931), this unwieldy and confusing system was replaced by
the current system in which an actress is nominated for a specific performance in a single film. Such nominations are
limited to five per year. Until the 8th Academy Awards ceremony (1936), nominations for the Best Actress award
were intended to include all actresses, whether the performance was in either a leading or supporting role. At the 9th
Academy Awards ceremony (1937), however, the Best Supporting Actress category was specifically introduced as a
distinct award following complaints that the single Best Actress category necessarily favored leading performers
with the most screen time. Currently, Performance by an Actor in a Leading Role, Performance by an Actress in a
Leading Role, Performance by an Actor in a Supporting Role, and Performance by an Actress in a Supporting Role
constitute the four Academy Awards of Merit for acting annually presented by AMPAS.
Academy Award for Best Actress
83
Other awards for acting
Actors have also received special awards, or Academy Honorary Awards, for acting in specific films (such as in the
case of James Baskett, who received a special honorary award for Disney's Song of the South). Child actors have also
been awarded the Academy Juvenile Award.
Winners and nominees
Following the Academy's practice, the films below are listed by year of their Los Angeles qualifying run, which is
usually (but not always) the film's year of release. For example, the Oscar for Best Actress of 1999 was announced
during the award ceremony held in 2000.
For the first six ceremonies, the eligibility period spanned two calendar years. For example, the 2nd Academy
Awards presented on April 3, 1930, recognized films that were released between August 1, 1928 and July 31, 1929.
Starting with the 7th Academy Awards, held in 1935, the period of eligibility became the full previous calendar year
from January 1 to December 31.
Winners are listed first in bold, followed by the other nominees.
1920s
Year Actress Film Character
1927/28
(1st)
Janet Gaynor Seventh Heaven Diane
Street Angel Angela
Sunrise The Wife – Indre
Louise Dresser A Ship Comes In Mrs. Pleznik
Gloria Swanson Sadie Thompson Sadie Thompson
1928/29
(2nd)
Mary Pickford Coquette Norma Besant
Ruth Chatterton Madame X Jacqueline Floriot
Betty Compson The Barker Carrie
Jeanne Eagels (posthumous nomination) The Letter Leslie Crosbie
Corinne Griffith The Divine Lady Emma, Lady Hamilton
Bessie Love The Broadway Melody Hank Mahoney
1930s
Academy Award for Best Actress
84
Year Actress Film Character
1929/30
(3rd)
Norma Shearer The Divorcee Jerry Bernard Martin
Nancy Carroll The Devil's Holiday Hallie Hobart
Ruth Chatterton Sarah and Son Sarah Storm
Greta Garbo Anna Christie Anna Christie
Greta Garbo Romance Madame Rita Cavallini
Norma Shearer Their Own Desire Lucia 'Lally' Marlett
Gloria Swanson The Trespasser Marion Donnell
1930/31
(4th)
Marie Dressler Min and Bill Min Divot, Innkeeper
Marlene Dietrich Morocco Mademoiselle Amy Jolly
Irene Dunne Cimarron Sabra Cravat
Ann Harding Holiday Linda Seton
Norma Shearer A Free Soul Jan Ashe
1931/32
(5th)
Helen Hayes The Sin of Madelon Claudet Madelon Claudet
Marie Dressler Emma Emma Thatcher Smith
Lynn Fontanne The Guardsman The Actress
1932/33
(6th)
Katharine Hepburn Morning Glory Eva Lovelace
May Robson (2nd) Lady for a Day Apple Annie
Diana Wynyard (3rd) Cavalcade Jane Marryot
1934
(7th)
Claudette Colbert It Happened One Night Ellie Andrews
Grace Moore One Night of Love Mary Barrett
Norma Shearer (2nd) The Barretts of Wimpole Street Elizabeth Barrett
Bette Davis (write-in) (3rd) Of Human Bondage Mildred Rogers
1935
(8th)
Bette Davis Dangerous Joyce Heath
Elisabeth Bergner Escape Me Never Gemma Jones
Claudette Colbert Private Worlds Dr. Jane Everest
Katharine Hepburn (3rd) Alice Adams Alice Adams
Miriam Hopkins (2nd) Becky Sharp Becky Sharp
Merle Oberon The Dark Angel Kitty Vane
1936
(9th)
Luise Rainer The Great Ziegfeld Anna Held
Irene Dunne Theodora Goes Wild Theodora Lynn
Gladys George Valiant Is the Word for Carrie Carrie Snyder
Carole Lombard My Man Godfrey Irene Bullock
Norma Shearer Romeo and Juliet Juliet – Daughter to Capulet
Academy Award for Best Actress
85
1937
(10th)
Luise Rainer The Good Earth O-Lan
Irene Dunne The Awful Truth Lucy Warriner
Greta Garbo Camille Marguerite Gautier
Janet Gaynor A Star Is Born Esther Victoria Blodgett, aka Vicki Lester
Barbara Stanwyck Stella Dallas Stella Martin Dallas
1938
(11th)
Bette Davis Jezebel Julie Marsden
Fay Bainter White Banners Hannah Parmalee
Wendy Hiller Pygmalion Eliza Doolittle
Norma Shearer Marie Antoinette Marie Antoinette
Margaret Sullavan Three Comrades Patricia 'Pat' Hollmann
1939
(12th)
Vivien Leigh Gone with the Wind Scarlett O'Hara
Bette Davis Dark Victory Judith Traherne
Irene Dunne Love Affair Terry McKay
Greta Garbo Ninotchka Nina Yakushova 'Ninotchka' Ivanoff
Greer Garson Goodbye, Mr. Chips Katherine
1940s
Year Actress Film Character
1940
(13th)
Ginger Rogers Kitty Foyle Kitty Foyle
Bette Davis The Letter Leslie Crosbie
Joan Fontaine Rebecca The Second Mrs. de Winter
Katharine Hepburn The Philadelphia Story Tracy Lord
Martha Scott Our Town Emily Webb
1941
(14th)
Joan Fontaine Suspicion Lina McLaidlaw Aysgarth
Bette Davis The Little Foxes Regina Giddens
Olivia de Havilland Hold Back the Dawn Emmy Brown
Greer Garson Blossoms in the Dust Edna Gladney
Barbara Stanwyck Ball of Fire Katherine 'Sugarpuss' O'Shea
1942
(15th)
Greer Garson Mrs. Miniver Kay Miniver
Bette Davis Now, Voyager Charlotte Vale
Katharine Hepburn Woman of the Year Tess Harding
Rosalind Russell My Sister Eileen Ruth Sherwood
Teresa Wright The Pride of the Yankees Eleanor Twitchell Gehrig
Academy Award for Best Actress
86
1943
(16th)
Jennifer Jones The Song of Bernadette Bernadette Soubirous
Jean Arthur The More the Merrier Constance "Connie" Milligan
Ingrid Bergman For Whom the Bell Tolls María
Joan Fontaine The Constant Nymph Tessa Sanger
Greer Garson Madame Curie Marie Curie
1944
(17th)
Ingrid Bergman Gaslight Paula Alquist Anton
Claudette Colbert Since You Went Away Anne Hilton
Bette Davis Mr. Skeffington Fanny Trellis
Greer Garson Mrs. Parkington Susie 'Sparrow' Parkington
Barbara Stanwyck Double Indemnity Phyllis Dietrichson
1945
(18th)
Joan Crawford Mildred Pierce Mildred Pierce Beragon
Ingrid Bergman The Bells of St. Mary's Sister Mary Benedict
Greer Garson The Valley of Decision Mary Rafferty
Jennifer Jones Love Letters Singleton
Gene Tierney Leave Her to Heaven Ellen Berent Harland
1946
(19th)
Olivia de Havilland To Each His Own Josephine 'Jody' Norris
Celia Johnson Brief Encounter Laura Jesson
Jennifer Jones Duel in the Sun Pearl Chavez
Rosalind Russell Sister Kenny Elizabeth Kenny
Jane Wyman The Yearling Orry Baxter
1947
(20th)
Loretta Young The Farmer's Daughter Katie Holstrom
Joan Crawford Possessed Louise Howell
Susan Hayward Smash-Up, the Story of a Woman Angelica Evans Conway
Dorothy McGuire Gentleman's Agreement Kathy Lacy
Rosalind Russell Mourning Becomes Electra Lavinia Mannon
1948
(21st)
Jane Wyman Johnny Belinda Belinda McDonald
Ingrid Bergman Joan of Arc Joan of Arc
Olivia de Havilland The Snake Pit Virginia Stuart Cunningham
Irene Dunne I Remember Mama Martha Hanson
Barbara Stanwyck Sorry, Wrong Number Leona Stevenson
1949
(22nd)
Olivia de Havilland The Heiress Catherine Sloper
Jeanne Crain Pinky Patricia 'Pinky' Johnson
Susan Hayward My Foolish Heart Eloise Winters
Deborah Kerr Edward, My Son Evelyn Boult
Loretta Young Come to the Stable Sister Margaret
Academy Award for Best Actress
87
1950s
Year Actress Film Character
1950
(23rd)
Judy Holliday Born Yesterday Emma 'Billie' Dawn
Anne Baxter All About Eve Eve Harrington
Bette Davis All About Eve Margo Channing
Eleanor Parker Caged Marie Allen
Gloria Swanson Sunset Boulevard Norma Desmond
1951
(24th)
Vivien Leigh A Streetcar Named Desire Blanche DuBois
Katharine Hepburn The African Queen Rose Sayer
Eleanor Parker Detective Story Mary McLeod
Shelley Winters A Place in the Sun Alice Tripp
Jane Wyman The Blue Veil Louise Mason
1952
(25th)
Shirley Booth Come Back, Little Sheba Lola Delaney
Joan Crawford Sudden Fear Myra Hudson
Bette Davis The Star Margaret Elliot
Julie Harris The Member of the Wedding Frances 'Frankie' Addams
Susan Hayward With a Song in My Heart Jane Froman
1953
(26th)
Audrey Hepburn Roman Holiday Princess Ann
Leslie Caron Lili Lili Daurier
Ava Gardner Mogambo Eloise "Honey Bear" Kelly
Deborah Kerr From Here to Eternity Karen Holmes
Maggie McNamara The Moon Is Blue Patty O'Neill
1954
(27th)
Grace Kelly The Country Girl Georgie Elgin
Dorothy Dandridge Carmen Jones Carmen Jones
Judy Garland A Star Is Born Vicki Lester / Esther Blodgett
Audrey Hepburn Sabrina Sabrina Fairchild
Jane Wyman Magnificent Obsession Helen Phillips
1955
(28th)
Anna Magnani The Rose Tattoo Serafina Delle Rose
Susan Hayward I'll Cry Tomorrow Lillian Roth
Katharine Hepburn Summertime Jane Hudson
Jennifer Jones Love Is a Many-Splendored Thing Dr. Han Suyin
Eleanor Parker Interrupted Melody Marjorie 'Margie' Lawrence
Academy Award for Best Actress
88
1956
(29th)
Ingrid Bergman Anastasia Anna Koreff / Anastasia
Carroll Baker Baby Doll Baby Doll Meighan
Katharine Hepburn The Rainmaker Lizzie Curry
Nancy Kelly The Bad Seed Christine Penmark
Deborah Kerr The King and I Anna Leonowens
1957
(30th)
Joanne Woodward The Three Faces of Eve Eve White / Eve Black / Jane
Deborah Kerr Heaven Knows, Mr. Allison Sister Angela
Anna Magnani Wild Is the Wind Gioia
Elizabeth Taylor Raintree County Susanna Drake
Lana Turner Peyton Place Constance MacKenzie
1958
(31st)
Susan Hayward I Want to Live! Barbara Graham
Deborah Kerr Separate Tables Sibyl Railton-Bell
Shirley MacLaine Some Came Running Ginnie Moorehead
Rosalind Russell Auntie Mame Mame Dennis
Elizabeth Taylor Cat on a Hot Tin Roof Margaret 'Maggie the Cat' Pollitt
1959
(32nd)
Simone Signoret Room at the Top Alice Aisgill
Doris Day Pillow Talk Jan Morrow
Audrey Hepburn The Nun's Story Sister Luke (Gabrielle van der Mal)
Katharine Hepburn Suddenly, Last Summer Violet Venable
Elizabeth Taylor Suddenly, Last Summer Catherine Holly
1960s
Year Actress Film Character
1960
(33rd)
Elizabeth Taylor BUtterfield 8 Gloria Wandrous
Greer Garson Sunrise at Campobello Eleanor Roosevelt
Deborah Kerr The Sundowners Ida Carmody
Shirley MacLaine The Apartment Fran Kubelik
Melina Mercouri Never on Sunday Ilya
1961
(34th)
Sophia Loren Two Women Cesira
Audrey Hepburn Breakfast at Tiffany's Holly Golightly
Piper Laurie The Hustler Sarah Packard
Geraldine Page Summer and Smoke Alma Winemiller
Natalie Wood Splendor in the Grass Wilma Dean 'Deanie' Loomis
Academy Award for Best Actress
89
1962
(35th)
Anne Bancroft The Miracle Worker Annie Sullivan
Bette Davis What Ever Happened to Baby Jane? Baby Jane Hudson
Katharine Hepburn Long Day's Journey Into Night Mary Tyrone
Geraldine Page Sweet Bird of Youth Alexandra Del Lago
Lee Remick Days of Wine and Roses Kirsten Arnesen Clay
1963
(36th)
Patricia Neal Hud Alma Brown
Leslie Caron The L-Shaped Room Jane Fossett
Shirley MacLaine Irma la Douce Irma La Douce
Rachel Roberts This Sporting Life Margaret Hammond
Natalie Wood Love with the Proper Stranger Angie Rossini
1964
(37th)
Julie Andrews Mary Poppins Mary Poppins
Anne Bancroft The Pumpkin Eater Jo Armitage
Sophia Loren Marriage Italian-Style Filumena Marturano
Debbie Reynolds The Unsinkable Molly Brown Molly Brown
Kim Stanley Séance on a Wet Afternoon Myra Savage
1965
(38th)
Julie Christie Darling Diana Scott
Julie Andrews The Sound of Music Maria von Trapp
Samantha Eggar The Collector Miranda Grey
Elizabeth Hartman A Patch of Blue Selina D'Arcy
Simone Signoret Ship of Fools La Contessa
1966
(39th)
Elizabeth Taylor Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf? Martha
Anouk Aimée A Man and a Woman Anne Gauthier
Ida Kaminska The Shop on Main Street Rozalie Lautmann
Lynn Redgrave Georgy Girl Georgina 'Georgy' Parkin
Vanessa Redgrave Morgan! Leonie Delt
1967
(40th)
Katharine Hepburn Guess Who's Coming to Dinner Christina Drayton
Anne Bancroft The Graduate Mrs. Robinson
Faye Dunaway Bonnie and Clyde Bonnie Parker
Edith Evans The Whisperers Maggie Ross
Audrey Hepburn Wait Until Dark Susy Hendrix
1968
(41st)
Barbra Streisand (tie) Funny Girl Fanny Brice
Katharine Hepburn (tie) The Lion in Winter Eleanor of Aquitaine
Patricia Neal The Subject was Roses Nettie Cleary
Vanessa Redgrave Isadora Isadora Duncan
Joanne Woodward Rachel, Rachel Rachel Cameron
Academy Award for Best Actress
90
1969
(42nd)
Maggie Smith The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie Jean Brodie
Geneviève Bujold Anne of the Thousand Days Anne Boleyn
Jane Fonda They Shoot Horses, Don't They? Gloria Beatty
Liza Minnelli The Sterile Cuckoo Mary Ann 'Pookie' Adams
Jean Simmons The Happy Ending Mary Wilson
1970s
Year Actress Film Character
1970
(43rd)
Glenda Jackson Women in Love Gudrun Brangwen
Jane Alexander The Great White Hope Eleanor Backman
Ali MacGraw Love Story Jennifer Cavalleri
Sarah Miles Ryan's Daughter Rosy Ryan
Carrie Snodgress Diary of a Mad Housewife Tina Balser
1971
(44th)
Jane Fonda Klute Bree Daniels
Julie Christie McCabe & Mrs. Miller Constance Miller
Glenda Jackson Sunday Bloody Sunday Alex Greville
Vanessa Redgrave Mary, Queen of Scots Mary, Queen of Scots
Janet Suzman Nicholas and Alexandra Empress Alexandra / Alix of Hesse Darmstadt
1972
(45th)
Liza Minnelli Cabaret Sally Bowles
Diana Ross Lady Sings the Blues Billie Holiday
Maggie Smith Travels with My Aunt Augusta Bertram
Cicely Tyson Sounder Rebecca Morgan
Liv Ullmann The Emigrants Kristina
1973
(46th)
Glenda Jackson A Touch of Class Vicki Allessio
Ellen Burstyn The Exorcist Chris MacNeil
Marsha Mason Cinderella Liberty Maggie Paul
Barbra Streisand The Way We Were Katie Morosky
Joanne Woodward Summer Wishes, Winter Dreams Rita Walden
1974
(47th)
Ellen Burstyn Alice Doesn't Live Here Anymore Alice Hyatt
Diahann Carroll Claudine Claudine Price
Faye Dunaway Chinatown Evelyn Cross Mulwray
Valerie Perrine Lenny Honey Bruce
Gena Rowlands A Woman Under the Influence Mabel Longhetti
Academy Award for Best Actress
91
1975
(48th)
Louise Fletcher One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest Nurse Mildred Ratched
Isabelle Adjani The Story of Adele H. Adèle Hugo / Adèle Lewry
Ann-Margret Tommy Nora Walker
Glenda Jackson Hedda Hedda Gabler
Carol Kane Hester Street Gitl
1976
(49th)
Faye Dunaway Network Diana Christensen
Marie-Christine Barrault Cousin, cousine Marthe
Talia Shire Rocky Adrian Pennino
Sissy Spacek Carrie Carrie White
Liv Ullmann Face to Face Dr. Jenny Isaksson
1977
(50th)
Diane Keaton Annie Hall Annie Hall
Anne Bancroft The Turning Point Emma Jacklin
Jane Fonda Julia Lillian Hellman
Shirley MacLaine The Turning Point Deedee Rodgers
Marsha Mason The Goodbye Girl Paula McFadden
1978
(51st)
Jane Fonda Coming Home Sally Hyde
Ingrid Bergman Autumn Sonata Charlotte Andergast
Ellen Burstyn Same Time, Next Year Doris
Jill Clayburgh An Unmarried Woman Erica Benton
Geraldine Page Interiors Eve
1979
(52nd)
Sally Field Norma Rae Norma Rae Webster
Jill Clayburgh Starting Over Marilyn Holmberg
Jane Fonda The China Syndrome Kimberly Wells
Marsha Mason Chapter Two Jennie MacLaine
Bette Midler The Rose Mary Rose Foster
1980s
Year Actress Film Character
1980
(53rd)
Sissy Spacek Coal Miner's Daughter Loretta Lynn
Ellen Burstyn Resurrection Edna Mae McCauley
Goldie Hawn Private Benjamin Pvt. Judy Benjamin
Mary Tyler Moore Ordinary People Beth Jarrett
Gena Rowlands Gloria Gloria Swenson
Academy Award for Best Actress
92
1981
(54th)
Katharine Hepburn On Golden Pond Ethel Thayer
Diane Keaton Reds Louise Bryant
Marsha Mason Only When I Laugh Georgia Hines
Susan Sarandon Atlantic City Sally Matthews
Meryl Streep The French Lieutenant's Woman Anna (Sara Woodruff)
1982
(55th)
Meryl Streep Sophie's Choice Sophie Zawistowski
Julie Andrews Victor Victoria Victoria Grant
Jessica Lange Frances Frances Farmer
Sissy Spacek Missing Beth Horman
Debra Winger An Officer and a Gentleman Paula Pokrifki
1983
(56th)
Shirley MacLaine Terms of Endearment Aurora Greenway
Jane Alexander Testament Carol Wetherly
Meryl Streep Silkwood Karen Silkwood
Julie Walters Educating Rita Rita
Debra Winger Terms of Endearment Emma Greenway Horton
1984
(57th)
Sally Field Places in the Heart Edna Spalding
Judy Davis A Passage to India Adela Quested
Jessica Lange Country Jewell Ivy
Vanessa Redgrave The Bostonians Olive Chancellor
Sissy Spacek The River Mae Garvey
1985
(58th)
Geraldine Page The Trip to Bountiful Carrie Watts
Anne Bancroft Agnes of God Mother Miriam Ruth
Whoopi Goldberg The Color Purple Celie Harris Johnson
Jessica Lange Sweet Dreams Patsy Cline
Meryl Streep Out of Africa Karen Blixen
1986
(59th)
Marlee Matlin Children of a Lesser God Sarah Norman
Jane Fonda The Morning After Alex Sternbergen
Sissy Spacek Crimes of the Heart Babe Magrath
Kathleen Turner Peggy Sue Got Married Peggy Sue Bodell
Sigourney Weaver Aliens Ellen Ripley
1987
(60th)
Cher Moonstruck Loretta Castorini
Glenn Close Fatal Attraction Alex Forrest
Holly Hunter Broadcast News Jane Craig
Sally Kirkland Anna Anna
Meryl Streep Ironweed Helen Archer
Academy Award for Best Actress
93
1988
(61st)
Jodie Foster The Accused Sarah Tobias
Glenn Close Dangerous Liaisons Marquise Isabelle de Merteuil
Melanie Griffith Working Girl Tess McGill
Meryl Streep A Cry in the Dark Lindy Chamberlain
Sigourney Weaver Gorillas in the Mist Dian Fossey
1989
(62nd)
Jessica Tandy Driving Miss Daisy Daisy Werthan
Isabelle Adjani Camille Claudel Camille Claudel
Pauline Collins Shirley Valentine Shirley Valentine-Bradshaw
Jessica Lange Music Box Ann Talbot
Michelle Pfeiffer The Fabulous Baker Boys Susie Diamond
1990s
Year Actress Film Character
1990
(63rd)
Kathy Bates Misery Annie Wilkes
Anjelica Huston The Grifters Lilly Dillon
Julia Roberts Pretty Woman Vivian Ward
Meryl Streep Postcards from the Edge Suzanne Vale
Joanne Woodward Mr. and Mrs. Bridge India Bridge
1991
(64th)
Jodie Foster The Silence of the Lambs Clarice Starling
Geena Davis Thelma & Louise Thelma Dickinson
Laura Dern Rambling Rose Rose
Bette Midler For the Boys Dixie Leonard
Susan Sarandon Thelma & Louise Louise Sawyer
1992
(65th)
Emma Thompson Howards End Margaret Schlegel
Catherine Deneuve Indochine Eliane Devries
Mary McDonnell Passion Fish May-Alice Culhane
Michelle Pfeiffer Love Field Lurene Hallett
Susan Sarandon Lorenzo's Oil Michaela Odone
1993
(66th)
Holly Hunter The Piano Ada McGrath
Angela Bassett What's Love Got to Do with It Tina Turner
Stockard Channing Six Degrees of Separation Ouisa Kittredge
Emma Thompson The Remains of the Day Mary Kenton
Debra Winger Shadowlands Joy Gresham
Academy Award for Best Actress
94
1994
(67th)
Jessica Lange Blue Sky Carly Marshall
Jodie Foster Nell Nell Kellty
Miranda Richardson Tom & Viv Vivienne Haigh-Wood
Winona Ryder Little Women Jo March
Susan Sarandon The Client Reggie Love
1995
(68th)
Susan Sarandon Dead Man Walking Helen Prejean
Elisabeth Shue Leaving Las Vegas Sera
Sharon Stone Casino Ginger McKenna
Meryl Streep The Bridges of Madison County Francesca Johnson
Emma Thompson Sense and Sensibility Elinor Dashwood
1996
(69th)
Frances McDormand Fargo Marge Gunderson
Brenda Blethyn Secrets & Lies Cynthia Rose Purley
Diane Keaton Marvin's Room Bessie
Kristin Scott Thomas The English Patient Katharine Clifton
Emily Watson Breaking the Waves Bess McNeill
1997
(70th)
Helen Hunt As Good as It Gets Carol Connelly
Helena Bonham Carter The Wings of the Dove Kate Croy
Julie Christie Afterglow Phyllis Mann
Judi Dench Mrs. Brown Queen Victoria
Kate Winslet Titanic Rose DeWitt Bukater
1998
(71st)
Gwyneth Paltrow Shakespeare in Love Viola De Lesseps
Cate Blanchett Elizabeth Elizabeth I
Fernanda Montenegro Central Station Dora
Meryl Streep One True Thing Kate Gulden
Emily Watson Hilary and Jackie Jacqueline du Pré
1999
(72nd)
Hilary Swank Boys Don't Cry Brandon Teena
Annette Bening American Beauty Carolyn Burnham
Janet McTeer Tumbleweeds Mary Jo Walker
Julianne Moore The End of the Affair Sarah Miles
Meryl Streep Music of the Heart Roberta Guaspari
2000s
Academy Award for Best Actress
95
Year Actress Film Character
2000
(73rd)
Julia Roberts Erin Brockovich Erin Brockovich
Joan Allen The Contender Senator Laine Hanson
Juliette Binoche Chocolat Vianne Rocher
Ellen Burstyn Requiem for a Dream Sara Goldfarb
Laura Linney You Can Count on Me Sammy Prescott
2001
(74th)
Halle Berry Monster's Ball Leticia Musgrove
Judi Dench Iris Iris Murdoch
Nicole Kidman Moulin Rouge! Satine
Sissy Spacek In the Bedroom Ruth Fowler
Renée Zellweger Bridget Jones's Diary Bridget Jones
2002
(75th)
Nicole Kidman The Hours Virginia Woolf
Salma Hayek Frida Frida Kahlo
Diane Lane Unfaithful Constance 'Connie' Sumner
Julianne Moore Far from Heaven Cathy Whitaker
Renée Zellweger Chicago Roxie Hart
2003
(76th)
Charlize Theron Monster Aileen Wuornos
Keisha Castle-Hughes Whale Rider Paikea Apirana
Diane Keaton Something's Gotta Give Erika Berry
Samantha Morton In America Sarah Sullivan
Naomi Watts 21 Grams Cristina "Cris" Williams Peck
2004
(77th)
Hilary Swank Million Dollar Baby Maggie Fitzgerald
Annette Bening Being Julia Julia Lambert
Catalina Sandino Moreno Maria Full of Grace María Álvarez
Imelda Staunton Vera Drake Vera Rose Drake
Kate Winslet Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind Clementine Kruczynski
2005
(78th)
Reese Witherspoon Walk the Line June Carter
Judi Dench Mrs Henderson Presents Laura Henderson
Felicity Huffman Transamerica Sabrina "Bree" Osbourne
Keira Knightley Pride & Prejudice Elizabeth Bennet
Charlize Theron North Country Josey Aimes
2006
(79th)
Helen Mirren The Queen Queen Elizabeth II
Penélope Cruz Volver Raimunda
Judi Dench Notes on a Scandal Barbara Covett
Meryl Streep The Devil Wears Prada Miranda Priestly
Kate Winslet Little Children Sarah Pierce
Academy Award for Best Actress
96
2007
(80th)
Marion Cotillard La Vie en Rose Édith Piaf
Cate Blanchett Elizabeth: The Golden Age Elizabeth I
Julie Christie Away from Her Fiona Anderson
Laura Linney The Savages Wendy Savage
Ellen Page Juno Juno MacGuff
2008
(81st)
Kate Winslet The Reader Hanna Schmitz
Anne Hathaway Rachel Getting Married Kym Buchman
Angelina Jolie Changeling Christine Collins
Melissa Leo Frozen River Ray Eddy
Meryl Streep Doubt Sister Aloysius Beauvier
2009
(82nd)
Sandra Bullock The Blind Side Leigh Anne Tuohy
Helen Mirren The Last Station Sofya Tolstoy
Carey Mulligan An Education Jenny Mellor
Gabourey Sidibe Precious Claireece "Precious" Jones
Meryl Streep Julie & Julia Julia Child
2010s
Year Actress Film Character
2010
(83rd)
Natalie Portman Black Swan Nina Sayers
Annette Bening The Kids Are All Right Dr. Nicole "Nic" Allgood
Nicole Kidman Rabbit Hole Becca Corbett
Jennifer Lawrence Winter's Bone Ree Dolly
Michelle Williams Blue Valentine Cindy Heller
2011
(84th)
Meryl Streep The Iron Lady Margaret Thatcher
Glenn Close Albert Nobbs Albert Nobbs
Viola Davis The Help Aibileen Clark
Rooney Mara The Girl with the Dragon Tattoo Lisbeth Salander
Michelle Williams My Week with Marilyn Marilyn Monroe
2012
(85th)
Jennifer Lawrence Silver Linings Playbook Tiffany Maxwell
Jessica Chastain Zero Dark Thirty Maya
Emmanuelle Riva Amour Anne Laurent
Quvenzhané Wallis Beasts of the Southern Wild Hushpuppy
Naomi Watts The Impossible Maria Bennett
Academy Award for Best Actress
97
Superlatives
Superlative Best Actress Best Supporting Actress Overall
Actress with most awards Katharine Hepburn 4 Shelley
Winters
Dianne Wiest
2 Katharine Hepburn 4
Actress with most nominations Meryl Streep 14 Thelma Ritter 6 Meryl Streep 17
Actress with most nominations
without ever winning
Deborah Kerr 6 Thelma Ritter 6 Deborah Kerr
Thelma Ritter
Glenn Close
6
Film with most nominations All About Eve
Suddenly, Last Summer
The Turning Point
Terms of Endearment
Thelma & Louise
2 Tom Jones 3 All About Eve 4
Oldest winner Jessica Tandy 80 Peggy Ashcroft 77 Jessica Tandy 80
Oldest nominee
Emmanuelle Riva
[1][2] 85 Gloria Stuart 87 Gloria Stuart 87
Youngest winner Marlee Matlin 21 Tatum O'Neal 10 Tatum O'Neal 10
Youngest nominee
Quvenzhané Wallis
[1][2] 9 Tatum O'Neal 10 Quvenzhané Wallis 9
Katharine Hepburn, with four wins, has more Best Actress Oscars than any other actress. Twelve women have won
two Best Actress Academy Awards; in chronological order, they are Luise Rainer, Bette Davis, Olivia de Havilland,
Vivien Leigh, Ingrid Bergman, Elizabeth Taylor, Glenda Jackson, Jane Fonda, Sally Field, Jodie Foster, Hilary
Swank and Meryl Streep.
With two Best Actress Oscars and one for Best Supporting Actress, Ingrid Bergman and Meryl Streep are the only
actresses, after Katharine Hepburn, to have won three competitive acting Oscars.
Only two actresses have won this award in consecutive years: Luise Rainer (1937 and 1938) and Katharine Hepburn
(1967 and 1968).
Five women have won both the Best Actress and the Best Supporting Actress awards: Helen Hayes, Ingrid Bergman,
Maggie Smith, Meryl Streep, and Jessica Lange.
Meryl Streep holds the record of 14 nominations in the Best Actress category. Streep has been nominated 17 times
(14 for Best Actress and 3 for Best Supporting Actress), which makes her the overall most-nominated performer of
all time.
There has been only one tie in the history of this category. This occurred in 1969 when Katharine Hepburn and
Barbra Streisand were both given the award. Hepburn and Streisand each received exactly the same number of votes.
Life expectancy of winners
In 2001 Donald A. Redelmeier and Sheldon M. Singh published a study in the Annals of Internal Medicine in which
they found that
"Winning an Academy Award was associated with a large gain in life expectancy for actors and
actresses... Winning an Academy Award can increase a performer’s stature and may add to their
longevity. The absolute difference in life expectancy is about equal to the societal consequence of curing
all cancers in all people for all time (22, 23). Moreover, movie stars who have won multiple Academy
Awards have a survival advantage of 6.0 years (CI, 0.7 to 11.3 years) over performers with multiple
films but no victories. Formal education is not the only way to improve health, and strict poverty is not
Academy Award for Best Actress
98
the only way to worsen health. The main implication is that higher status may be linked to lower
mortality rates even at very impressive levels of achievement."
[3]
The authors did an update to 29 March 2006 in which they found 122 more individuals and 144 more deaths since
their first publication. Their unadjusted analysis showed a smaller survival advantage of 3.6 years for winners
compared to their fellow nominees and costars in the films in which their performance garnered them their award.
[4]
However, in a 2006 published study by Marie-Pierre Sylvestre, MSc, Ella Huszti, MSc, and James A. Hanley, PhD,
the authors found:
"The statistical method used to derive this statistically significant difference gave winners an unfair
advantage because it credited an Oscar winner's years of life before winning toward survival subsequent
to winning. When the authors of the current article reanalyzed the data using methods that avoided this
"immortal time" bias, the survival advantage was closer to 1 year and was not statistically significant.
The bias in Redelmeier and Singh's study is not limited to longevity comparisons of persons who reach
different ranks within their profession."
[5]
International presence
As the Academy Awards are based in the United States and are centered on the Hollywood film industry, the
majority of Academy Award winners have been Americans. Nonetheless, there is significant international presence
at the awards, as evidenced by the following list of winners for the Academy Award for Best Actress.
• Australia: Nicole Kidman (Kidman was born in the United States to Australian parents who were temporarily
living in Hawaii; she is a citizen of both countries.)
• Canada: Marie Dressler, Mary Pickford, Norma Shearer (Pickford, Shearer, and Dressler won their respective
awards in three consecutive years, 1929–1931.)
• France: Claudette Colbert, Marion Cotillard, Simone Signoret (Colbert later became a dual French and American
citizen.)
• Germany: Luise Rainer
• Italy: Sophia Loren, Anna Magnani
• Israel: Natalie Portman (Portman, born in Israel, has an Israeli father and an American mother, and is a dual
Israeli and American citizen.)
• The Netherlands: Audrey Hepburn (Hepburn had a British father and a Dutch mother; hence, she was a
native-born citizen of both countries. Hepburn spent her childhood and teenage years mostly in The Netherlands
and Belgium.)
• South Africa: Charlize Theron (Theron later became an American citizen.)
• Sweden: Ingrid Bergman (Bergman became an Italian by marriage.)
• United Kingdom: Julie Andrews, Julie Christie, Olivia de Havilland, Joan Fontaine, Greer Garson, Audrey
Hepburn, Glenda Jackson, Vivien Leigh, Helen Mirren, Maggie Smith, Jessica Tandy, Elizabeth Taylor, Emma
Thompson, Kate Winslet (Taylor was born in England of American parents who were living there temporarily
and who returned to the United States permanently in 1939. Hence, Taylor had dual citizenship and has been
eligible to receive a damehood in the United Kingdom.)
There have been two years in which all four of the top acting Academy Awards were presented to non-Americans.
• At the 37th Academy Awards (1964), the winners were Rex Harrison (British), Julie Andrews (British), Peter
Ustinov (British), and Lila Kedrova (Russian-born French).
• At the 80th Academy Awards (2007), the winners were Daniel Day-Lewis (British and Irish), Marion Cotillard
(French), Javier Bardem (Spanish), and Tilda Swinton (British).
Academy Award for Best Actress
99
Multiple Awards for Best Actress
4 awards
•• Katharine Hepburn
2 awards
•• Ingrid Bergman
•• Bette Davis
•• Olivia Havilland
•• Sally Field
•• Jane Fonda
•• Jodie Foster
•• Glenda Jackson
•• Vivien Leigh
•• Luise Rainer
•• Meryl Streep
•• Hilary Swank
•• Elizabeth Taylor
Multiple nominations for Best Actress
2 nominations
[6]
•• Isabelle Adjani
•• Jane Alexander
•• Cate Blanchett
•• Leslie Caron
•• Ruth Chatterton
•• Jill Clayburgh
•• Marie Dressler
•• Sally Field
•• Janet Gaynor
•• Holly Hunter
•• Jennifer Lawrence
•• Vivien Leigh
•• Laura Linney
•• Sophia Loren
•• Anna Magnani
•• Bette Midler
•• Liza Minnelli
•• Helen Mirren
•• Julianne Moore
•• Patricia Neal
•• Michelle Pfeiffer
•• Luise Rainer
•• Julia Roberts
•• Gena Rowlands
•• Simone Signoret
•• Maggie Smith
Academy Award for Best Actress
100
•• Barbra Streisand
•• Hilary Swank
•• Charlize Theron
•• Liv Ullmann
•• Emily Watson
•• Naomi Watts
•• Sigourney Weaver
•• Michelle Williams
•• Natalie Wood
•• Loretta Young
•• Renée Zellweger
3 nominations
•• Julie Andrews
•• Annette Bening
•• Glenn Close
•• Claudette Colbert
•• Joan Crawford
•• Faye Dunaway
•• Joan Fontaine
•• Jodie Foster
•• Nicole Kidman
•• Eleanor Parker
•• Gloria Swanson
•• Emma Thompson
•• Debra Winger
4 nominations
•• Julie Christie
•• Olivia De Havilland
•• Judi Dench
•• Greta Garbo
•• Glenda Jackson
•• Jennifer Jones
•• Diane Keaton
•• Marsha Mason
•• Geraldine Page
•• Vanessa Redgrave
•• Rosalind Russell
•• Barbara Stanwyck
•• Kate Winslet
•• Joanne Woodward
•• Jane Wyman
5 nominations
•• Anne Bancroft
•• Ellen Burstyn
•• Irene Dunne
•• Susan Hayward
Academy Award for Best Actress
101
•• Audrey Hepburn
•• Jessica Lange
•• Shirley MacLaine
•• Susan Sarandon
•• Elizabeth Taylor
6 nominations
•• Ingrid Bergman
•• Jane Fonda
•• Deborah Kerr
•• Norma Shearer
•• Sissy Spacek
7 nominations
•• Greer Garson
10 nominations
•• Bette Davis
12 nominations
•• Katharine Hepburn
14 nominations
•• Meryl Streep
Note: Bette Davis has ten nominations. Her performance in Of Human Bondage was not nominated for an Oscar.
Several influential people at the time campaigned to have her name included on the list, so for that year (and the
following year also) the Academy relaxed its rules and allowed a write-in vote. Technically this meant that any
performance was eligible, however, the Academy does not officially recognize this as a nomination for Davis.
Multiple Nominations for Best Actress without winning
2 nominations
•• Isabelle Adjani
•• Jane Alexander
• Cate Blanchett†
•• Leslie Caron
•• Ruth Chatterton
•• Jill Clayburgh
•• Laura Linney
•• Bette Midler
•• Julianne Moore
•• Michelle Pfeiffer
•• Gena Rowlands
•• Liv Ullmann
•• Emily Watson
•• Naomi Watts
•• Sigourney Weaver
•• Michelle Williams
•• Natalie Wood
• Renée Zellweger†
3 nominations
•• Annette Bening
•• Glenn Close
•• Eleanor Parker
•• Gloria Swanson
•• Debra Winger
4 nominations
• Judi Dench†
• Greta Garbo‡
•• Marsha Mason
• Vanessa Redgrave†
• Rosalind Russel‡
• Barbara Stanwyck‡
5 nominations
•• Irene Dunne
6 nominations
• Deborah Kerr‡
† Blanchett, Dench, Redgrave and Zellweger have won a Best Supporting Actress Oscar.
‡ Garbo, Kerr, Russell and Stanwyck received an Honorary Oscar.
Academy Award for Best Actress
102
Multiple awards for Best Actress and Best Supporting Actress combined
2 awards
[6]
•• Bette Davis
•• Olivia De Havilland
•• Sally Field
•• Jane Fonda
•• Jodie Foster
•• Helen Hayes
•• Glenda Jackson
•• Jessica Lange
•• Vivien Leigh
•• Luise Rainer
•• Maggie Smith
•• Hilary Swank
•• Elizabeth Taylor
•• Dianne Wiest
•• Shelley Winters
3 awards
•• Ingrid Bergman
•• Meryl Streep
4 awards
•• Katharine Hepburn
Note: Ingrid Bergman, Helen Hayes, Jessica Lange, Maggie Smith and Meryl Streep have won Oscars in both the
Best Actress and Best Supporting Actress categories, while Dianne Wiest and Shelley Winters have both won two
Best Supporting Actress Oscars.
Multiple nominations for Best Actress and Best Supporting Actress combined
3 nominations
[6]
•• Joan Allen
•• Julie Andrews
•• Fay Bainter
•• Kathy Bates
•• Claudette Colbert
•• Gladys Cooper
•• Joan Crawford
•• Penélope Cruz
•• Faye Dunaway
•• Edith Evans
•• Sally Field
•• Joan Fontaine
•• Wendy Hiller
•• Celeste Holm
•• Anjelica Huston
•• Nicole Kidman
•• Diane Ladd
•• Angela Lansbury
•• Piper Laurie
•• Laura Linney
•• Eleanor Parker
•• Michelle Pfeiffer
•• Anne Revere
•• Julia Roberts
Academy Award for Best Actress
103
•• Gloria Swanson
•• Marisa Tomei
•• Claire Trever
•• Sigourney Weaver
•• Dianne Wiest
•• Michelle Williams
•• Debra Winger
•• Natalie Wood
•• Teresa Wright
•• Renée Zellweger
4 nominations
•• Amy Adams
•• Jane Alexander
•• Ethel Barrymore
•• Annette Bening
•• Julie Christie
•• Jodie Foster
•• Greta Garbo
•• Lee Grant
•• Holly Hunter
•• Glenda Jackson
•• Diane Keaton
•• Frances McDormand
•• Marsha Mason
•• Helen Mirren
•• Julianne Moore
•• Agnes Moorehead
•• Rosalind Russell
•• Barbara Stanwyck
•• Maureen Stapleton
•• Emma Thompson
•• Shelley Winters
•• Joanne Woodward
•• Jane Wyman
5 nominations
•• Anne Bancroft
•• Cate Blanchett
•• Olivia de Havilland
•• Irene Dunne
•• Susan Hayward
•• Audrey Hepburn
•• Jennifer Jones
•• Shirley MacLaine
•• Susan Sarandon
•• Elizabeth Taylor
6 nominations
Academy Award for Best Actress
104
•• Ellen Burstyn
•• Glenn Close
•• Judi Dench
•• Deborah Kerr
•• Jessica Lange
•• Vanessa Redgrave
•• Thelma Ritter
•• Norma Shearer
•• Maggie Smith
•• Sissy Spacek
•• Kate Winslet
7 nominations
•• Ingrid Bergman
•• Jane Fonda
•• Greer Garson
8 nominations
•• Geraldine Page
10 nominations
•• Bette Davis
12 nominations
•• Katharine Hepburn
17 nominations
•• Meryl Streep
Note: All three nominations received by Cooper, Holm, Ladd, Lansbury, Revere, Tomei, Trevor and Wiest, as well
as all four received by Adams, Barrymore, Grant, and Moorehead and all six received by Ritter, were in the
Supporting Actress category.
References
[1] "Youngest v oldest actress vie for Oscar as Lincoln leads the pack" (http:/ / www. thetimes. co. uk/ tto/ arts/ film/oscars/ article3653450.
ece). The Times. . Retrieved 2013-01-10.
[2] "Quvenzhané Wallis v Emmanuelle Riva: Best actress Oscar contested by oldest and youngest ever nominees" (http:/ / www. independent.
co. uk/ arts-entertainment/films/ news/
quvenzhan-wallis-v-emmanuelle-riva--best-actress-oscar-contested-by-oldest-and-youngest-ever-nominees-8446248.html). The Independent.
. Retrieved 2013-01-10.
[3] Redelmeier, Donald A. & Singh, Sheldon M. (15 May 2001), "Survival in Academy Award–Winning Actors and Actresses" (http:// www.
annals. org/ cgi/ reprint/134/ 10/ 955. pdf), Annals of Internal Medicine: 961, , retrieved 14 Jan 2009
[4] Redelmeier, Donald A. & Singh, Sheldon M. (5 Sep 2006), "Reanalysis of Survival of Oscar Winners" (http:/ / www. annals. org/cgi/ reprint/
145/ 5/ 392-a.pdf), Annals of Internal Medicine: 392, , retrieved 14 Jan 2009
[5] Sylvestre, Marie-Pierre, Huszti, Ella & Hanley, James A. (5 Sep 2006), "Do Oscar Winners Live Longer than Less Successful Peers? A
Reanalysis of the Evidence" (http:/ / www. annals. org/cgi/ reprint/145/ 5/ 361.pdf), Annals of Internal Medicine: 361, , retrieved 14 Jan
2009
[6] http:// awardsdatabase. oscars. org/ampas_awards/ DisplayMain. jsp?curTime=1331103553275
Academy Award for Best Actress
105
External links
• Oscars.org (http:// www. oscars. org/) (official Academy site)
• Oscar.com (http:/ / www. oscar.com/ ) (official ceremony promotional site)
• The Academy Awards Database (http:/ / www.oscars. org/awardsdatabase/ index. html) (official site)
• Photos of the best actress nominees for the 80th Academy Awards (http:/ / www. people. com/ people/ package/
gallery/0,,20168763_20175502,00. html) (People.com)
Acropolis Now (radio)
106
Acropolis Now (radio)
Acropolis Now
Genre Comedy
Running time 30 minutes
Country United Kingdom
Language(s) English
Home station BBC Radio 4
Starring Stephen Moore,
Alan Cox,
Robert Hardy,
Tom George
Writer(s) Lynne Truss
Air dates 19 December 2000 to 9 April 2002
No. of series 2
No. of episodes 12
Acropolis Now is a BBC Radio sitcom set in Ancient Greece, written by the author of Eats, Shoots & Leaves, Lynne
Truss. It was broadcast on BBC Radio 4 in two series in 2000 and 2002, with subsequent reruns on BBC 7 (later
BBC Radio 4 Extra) in 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010 and 2012.
Acropolis Now follows the fictional adventures of historical Greek characters in Athens: Heraclitus, Aristophanes,
Socrates, Plato, Xanthippe, and the Oracle. It is loosely narrated by a chorus, in the convention of Greek dramas.
Aristophanes, in addition to being a playwright (all of his plays have the title "One of Our [Subject] Has An
Enormous Knob"), owns a seafood restaurant near the Acropolis; just before the series begins, he "rescues" his
brother Heraclitus from the bush he had been living in. With Athens under siege by the Spartans, Heraclitus
reluctantly takes charge of the food preparation area, with Socrates appreciating Heraclitus more for his cooking than
for his stoicism. Aristophanes and Heraclitus's mother, identified only as the Oracle, is a former Pythia who took a
sabbatical from Delphi because the "signs" she sees in her visions are commonplace 20th century traffic signs and
posters.
Xanthippe is a pervert, that is a heterosexual, in a society where homosexuality is normal. She has a crush on
Socrates' friend Plato, who is oblivious to her advances.
Frequent mention is made of Cynthia the Contortionist Flute-girl in suggestive contexts, but she never appears in
person.
The nature of the chorus varies from episode to episode. It may be the fish deliverymen on their daily round, a gang
of former Olympians looking for a free meal, a band of sex-mad Spartans or the "unbelievably affable ones"
(cheerful versions of the Furies) come to collect Socrates and take him to Hades. Several male voices speak in
unison, with a lead voice underlining the occasional detail. The chorus was largely abandoned for the second series,
with Heraclitus instead providing a brief introduction.
Acropolis Now (radio)
107
Cast
• Stephen Moore as Heraclitus, Aristophanes' brother and tormentor.
• Alan Cox as Aristophanes, playwright, poet, orator, and restaurateur.
• Robert Hardy as Socrates
• Tom George as Plato, Socrates' pupil, who will never amount to much
• Rosemary Leach as Oracle, mother of Heraclitus and Aristophanes.
• Rachel Atkins as Xanthippe, wife of Socrates, and deviant heterosexual (Imelda Staunton in Series 2)
• Gavin Muir as Chorus
Series 1
•• Fish
•• Games
•• Gods
•• Heroes
•• War
•• Sheep
Series 2
•• Signs
•• Love
•• Plays
•• Sons
•• Sauce
•• Food
External links
• Acropolis Now
[1]
at epguides.com
• Acropolis Now
[2]
at the British Comedy Guide
References
[1] http:/ / epguides. com/ AcropolisNow
[2] http:// www.comedy. co. uk/ guide/ radio/ acropolis_now/
Adelphi Theatre
108
Adelphi Theatre
Adelphi Theatre
The Adelphi Theatre in September 2007
Address Strand
City Westminster, London
Country UK
Coordinates 51°30′36″N 0°07′22″W
Designation Grade II
Architect John and Jane Scott
Owned by Nederlander Organization / Really Useful Group
Capacity 1,500 seated
Type West End theatre
Opened 1806
Rebuilt 1840 Samuel Beazley (new facade)
1858 T.H. Wyatt and Stephen Salter
1901 Ernest Runtz
1930 Ernest Schaufelberg
Previous names 1806 Sans Pareil
1844 Adelphi
1858 New Adelphi
1901 Century Theatre
1930 Royal Adelphi
Production The Bodyguard
Official website at Really Useful Group
[1]
The Adelphi Theatre is a 1,500-seat West End theatre, located on the Strand in the City of Westminster. The
present building is the fourth on the site. The theatre has specialised in comedy and musical theatre, and today it is a
receiving house for a variety of productions, including many musicals. The theatre was Grade II listed for historical
preservation on 1 December 1987.
[2]
Adelphi Theatre
109
History
19th century
It was founded in 1806 as the Sans Pareil ("Without Compare"), by merchant John Scott, and his daughter Jane
(1770–1839). Jane was a British theatre manager, performer, and playwright. Together, they gathered a theatrical
company and by 1809 the theatre was licensed for musical entertainments, pantomime, and burletta. She wrote more
than fifty stage pieces in an array of genres: melodramas, pantomimes, farces, comic operettas, historical dramas,
and adaptations, as well as translations. Jane Scott retired to Surrey in 1819, marrying John Davies Middleton
(1790–1867).
[3]
Sketch of a scene from Jane Scott's 1816 play,
The Old Oak Chest
On 18 October 1819, the theatre reopened under its present name,
which was adopted from the Adelphi Buildings opposite.
[4][5]
In its
early years, the theatre was known for melodrama, called Adelphi
Screamers.
[4]
Many stories by Charles Dickens were also adapted for
the stage here, including John Baldwin Buckstone's The Christening, a
comic burletta, which opened on 13 October 1834, based on the story
The Bloomsbury Christening. This is notable for being thought the first
Dickens adaption performed. This was the first of many of Dickens's
early works adapted for the stage of the Adelphi, including The
Pickwick Papers as William Leman Rede's The Peregrinations of
Pickwick; or, Boz-i- a-na, a three-act burletta first performed on 3 April
1837, Frederick Henry Yates's production of Nicholas Nickleby; or, Doings at Do-The-Boys Hall in November and
December 1838, and Edward Stirling's two-act burletta The Old Curiosity Shop; or, One Hour from Humphrey's
Clock (November and December 1840, January 1841).
[4]
The theatre itself, makes a cameo appearance in The
Pickwick Papers
[6]
The Adelphi came under the management of Madame Celeste and comedian Benjamin Webster, in 1844, and
Buckstone was appointed its resident dramatist. Dramatisations of Dickens continued to be performed, including A
Christmas Carol; or, Past, Present, and Future opening on 5 February; and Beckett's The Chimes: A Goblin Story of
Some Bells that rang an Old Year out and a New One In. In 1848, The Haunted Man and the Ghost’s Bargain was
performed.
[4]
Charles Dickens' The Haunted Man and the Ghost’s Bargain at
the Adelphi, in the Illustrated London News, 30 December
1848
The old theatre was demolished, and on 26 December 1858,
The New Adelphi was opened and was considered an
improvement on the cramped circumstances of the original,
which had been described as a "hasty conversion from a
tavern hall, permanently kept in its provisional state". The
new theatre could seat 1,500 people, with standing room for
another 500. The interior was lighted by a Stroud's Patent
Sun Lamp, a brilliant array of gas mantles passed through a
chandelier of cut-glass.
In the mid-19th century, John Lawrence Toole established
his comedic reputation at the Adelphi. Also in the mid-19th
century, the Adelphi hosted a number of French operettas,
including La belle Hélène. In 1867, however, the Adelphi
gave English comic opera a boost by hosting the first public
performance of Arthur Sullivan's first opera, Cox and Box.
Adelphi Theatre
110
The building was renovated in 1879 and again in 1887 when a public house called The Hampshire Hog and the
house next door, and the Nell Gwynne Tavern in Bull Inn Court were all bought by the Gattis, in order to enlarge the
Theatre. They also built a new enlarged Facade and part of this can still be seen today above the Crystal Rooms next
door to the present Adelphi Theatre.
An actor who performed regularly at the Adelphi in the latter half of the 19th century, William Terriss, was stabbed
to death during the run of ‘Secret Service’ on 16 December 1897 whilst entering the Theatre by the royal entrance in
Maiden Lane which he used as a private entrance. This is now recorded on a plaque on the wall by the stage door.
Outside a neighbouring pub, a sign says that the killer was one of the theatre's stage hands, but Richard Archer
Prince committed the murder. It has been said that Terriss' ghost haunts the theatre. Terriss' daughter was Ellaline
Terriss, a famous actress, and her husband, actor-manager Seymour Hicks managed the Adelphi for some years at
the end of the 19th century. The stage door of the current Adelphi is in Maiden Lane but back then it was in Bull Inn
Court. William Terriss would later have a Theatre named after him, the Terriss Theatre in Rotherhithe, later known
as the Rotherhithe Hippodrome.
The adjacent, numbers 409 and 410 Strand, were built in 1886–87 by the Gatti Brothers as the Adelphi Restaurant.
The frontage remains essentially the same, but with plate glass windows, and, like the theatre, is a Grade II listed
building.
[7]
20th century
Cover of Vocal Score
On 11 September 1901, the third theatre was opened as the Century
Theatre, although the name reverted in 1904. This theatre was built by
Frank Kirk to the design of Ernest Runtz. George Edwardes, the dean
of London musical theatre, took over management of the theatre in
1908. In the early part of the 20th century, the Adelphi was home to a
number of musical comedies, the most successful of which included
The Earl and the Girl (1904), The Dairymaids (1907), The Quaker Girl
(1910), The Boy (1917), Clowns in Clover (1927), and Mr. Cinders
(1929).
The present Adelphi opened on 3 December 1930, redesigned in the
Art Deco style by Ernest Schaufelberg. It was named the 'Royal
Adelphi Theatre' and re-opened with the hit musical Ever Green, by
Lorenz Hart and Richard Rodgers, based on the book Benn W. Levy.
Noël Coward's Words and Music premièred at the theatre in 1932. The
operetta Balalaika (a revised version of The Gay Hussars) played at
the theatre in 1936, and in 1940 the theatre's name again reverted to
'The Adelphi'. The theatre continued to host comedy and musicals, including Bless The Bride (1947), Maggie May
(1964), and A Little Night Music (1975), as well as dramas (see below for a list beginning in 1979).
A proposed redevelopment of Covent Garden by the GLC in 1968 saw the theatre under threat, together with the
nearby Vaudeville, Garrick, Lyceum and Duchess theatres. An active campaign by Equity, the Musicians' Union,
and theatre owners under the auspices of the Save London Theatres Campaign led to the abandonment of the
scheme.
[8]
On 27 February 1982 the Adelphi hosted the final night of the D'Oyly Carte Opera Company for a concert
performance of songs from all thirteen Savoy Operas as well as Cox and Box and Thespis. In 1993, Andrew Lloyd
Webber's Really Useful Group purchased the theatre and completely refurbished it prior to the opening of his
adaptation of Sunset Boulevard. The 1998 video of Lloyd Webber's musical Cats was filmed at the theatre.
Adelphi Theatre
111
21st century
In November 1997, the London production of the popular American musical Chicago premiered at the Adelphi,
becoming the venue's longest-ever production during its eight-and-a-half-year run (which also made it the longest
running American musical in West End history). In April 2006, Chicago transferred to the Cambridge Theatre (and
later to the Garrick Theatre, where it closed in 2012.).
Michael Grandage's revival of Andrew Lloyd Webber's Evita replaced the show, beginning previews on 2 June 2006
before completing a twelve-month run on 26 May 2007. Brian Wilson performed his album Pet Sounds for the last
time in the UK at the Adelphi in November 2006. From 6 July 2007, the Adelphi was home to another Lloyd
Webber revival, Joseph and the Amazing Technicolor Dreamcoat. The actor playing Joseph, Lee Mead, was cast by
winning the BBC television show Any Dream Will Do, and starred alongside Preeya Kalidas and Dean Collinson.
The Adelphi Theatre, 27 August 2011
9 March 2010 saw the premiere of the Andrew Lloyd Webber musical,
Love Never Dies, which closed on Saturday 27 August 2011. The
National Theatre transferred their show One Man, Two Guvnors to the
theatre from 8 November 2011. This production moved out of the
theatre on 25 February 2012, transferring to the Theatre Royal
Haymarket, London.
Sweeney Todd, the Demon Barber of Fleet Street began a limited
season at the Adelphi from 10 March to 22 September 2012,
transferring from the Chichester Festival Theatre, starring Michael Ball
and Imelda Staunton.
The theatre is currently owned and managed by the Adelphi Theatre
Company Limited, a partnership between Andrew Lloyd Webber's
Really Useful Group and Nederlander International.
Recent and present productions
• My Fair Lady (25 October 1979 – 31 October 1981)
• The 1981-82 D'Oyly Carte Opera Company Season (11 November 1981 – 27 February 1982)
• The American Dream Machine (20 October 1982 – 1 December 1982)
• Marilyn (17 March 1983 – 30 July 1983)
• Poppy (12 November 1983 – 4 February 1984)
• Lena Horne - The Lady and Her Music (6 August 1984 – 29 September 1984)
• The Jungle Book (4 December 1984 – 12 January 1985)
• Me and My Girl (12 February 1985 – 16 January 1993)
• Sunset Boulevard (12 July 1993 - April 1997)
• Damn Yankees (4 June 1997 – 9 August 1997)
• Chicago (19 November 1997 – 22 April 2006), starring (at different times) Ruthie Henshall, Ute Lemper, Jill
Halfpenny, Denise van Outen, Brooke Shields, Linzi Hateley, Bonnie Langford, Jennifer Ellison, Josefina
Gabrielle, Nigel Planer, Kevin Kennedy, Clive Rowe, David Hasselhoff, John Barrowman, Anita Dobson, Alison
Moyet and Gaby Roslin
• Evita (20 June 2006 – 26 May 2007) by Andrew Lloyd Webber and Tim Rice, starring Elena Roger, Philip Quast
and Matt Rawle
• Joseph and the Amazing Technicolor Dreamcoat (6 July 2007 – 30 May 2009) by Andrew Lloyd Webber and
Tim Rice, starring Lee Mead, Gareth Gates, Preeya Kalidas and Dean Collinson
• Derren Brown: Enigma (15 June 2009 – 23 July 2009)
• The Rat Pack: Live From Las Vegas (24 September 2009 – 2 January 2010)
Adelphi Theatre
112
• Love Never Dies (9 March 2010 – 27 August 2011)
• One Man, Two Guvnors (21 November 2011 – 25 February 2012)
• Sweeney Todd, the Demon Barber of Fleet Street (10 March 2012 – 22 September 2012)
• The Bodyguard (musical), Featuring the Music of Whitney Houston (6 November 2012- )
Nearby Tube Stations
•• Charing Cross
•• Embankment
•• Covent Garden
•• Temple
References
[1] http:/ / www.reallyuseful.com/ theatres/ adelphi-theatre/
[2] Adelphi Theatre - English Heritage Listing (http:// www. imagesofengland.org.uk/ details/ default.aspx?pid=1& id=428224). Retrieved 3
Apr 2007
[3] Bratton, Jacky: "Scott , Jane Margaret (bap. 1779, d. 1839)" (Oxford Dictionary of National Biography) Ed. H. C. G. Matthew and Brian
Harrison. Oxford: OUP, (2004) (http:// www. oxforddnb.com/ view/ article/ 59171). Retrieved 24 May 2007
[4] Victorian Web - Victorian Theatres (http:/ / www.victorianweb.org/mt/ theaters/ pva234.html). Retrieved 5 Mar 2007
[5] Editorial Note (http:/ / www. etang. umontreal.ca/ bwp1800/ essays/ eberlesinatra_whackham.html) by Michael Eberle-Sinatra. British
Women Playwrights around 1800 (15 October 1998)
[6] The Pickwick Papers by Charles Dickens (1836) Chapt. 31
[7] Adelphi Theatre Restaurant - English Heritage Listing (http:// www. imagesofengland.org.uk/ details/ default.aspx?pid=1& id=428223).
Retrieved 3 Apr 2007
[8] Vaudeville Theatre (http:// www. vaudevilletheatre. org.uk/ ). Retrieved 28 Mar 2007
Bibliography
• Nelson, Alfred and Cross, Gilbert. The Adelphi Theatre 1806-1900: A Calendar of Performances (http:/ / www.
emich. edu/ public/ english/ adelphi_calendar/ acpmain.htm)
• Guide to British Theatres 1750-1950, John Earl and Michael Sell pp. 96–7 (Theatres Trust, 2000) ISBN
0-7136-5688-3
External links
• Adelphi Theatre (http:// www. reallyuseful.com/ theatres/ adelphi-theatre) website
• The Adelphi Theatre 1806-1900: A Calendar of Performances (http:// www.emich. edu/public/ english/
adelphi_calendar/ ), from an Eastern Michigan University website
• Adelphi Theatre History (http:// www. arthurlloyd.co.uk/ Adelphi.htm)
• Information about Ever Green and the 1930 re-opening of the theatre (http:/ / www. btinternet. com/ ~judyin.
london/ overmyshoulder/ever.htm)
• Guide to Adelphi Theatre Records (http:/ / nrs. harvard.edu/ urn-3:FHCL.Hough:hou01049) at Houghton
Library (http:/ / hcl. harvard.edu/ libraries/houghton/ ), Harvard University
Alan Rickman
113
Alan Rickman
Alan Rickman
Alan Rickman at the premiere of Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows – Part 2 in July 2011
Born Alan Sidney Patrick Rickman
21 February 1946
Hammersmith, London, England
Occupation Actor (stage, screen)
Years active 1978–present
Partner(s) Rima Horton (1960–present)
Alan Sidney Patrick Rickman (born 21 February 1946) is an English actor of stage and screen. He is a renowned
stage actor in modern and classical productions and a former member of the Royal Shakespeare Company. His
breakout performance was as the Vicomte de Valmont in Les Liaisons Dangereuses, for which he was nominated for
a Tony Award. Rickman is known for his film performances as Hans Gruber in Die Hard, Sheriff Of Nottingham in
Robin Hood: Prince of Thieves for which he won the BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Supporting Role in 1991,
Severus Snape in the Harry Potter film series, Éamon de Valera in Michael Collins, and Metatron in Dogma.
Rickman has also had a number other notable film roles such as Jamie in Truly, Madly, Deeply, P.L. O'Hara in An
Awfully Big Adventure and Colonel Brandon in Ang Lee's 1995 film Sense and Sensibility. More recently, he played
Judge Turpin in the film adaptation of Stephen Sondheim's musical of Sweeney Todd: The Demon Barber of Fleet
Street. In 1995, he was awarded the Golden Globe, Emmy Award and Screen Actors Guild Award for his portrayal
of Rasputin in Rasputin: Dark Servant of Destiny. He has been named one of the best actors to have never received
an Academy Award nomination in 2010.
As of 2012, Rickman has won a BAFTA Award, a Golden Globe Award, an Emmy Award and a Screen Actors
Guild Award.
Alan Rickman
114
Early life
Rickman was born in South Hammersmith, London, to a working-class family, the son of Margaret Doreen Rose
(née Bartlett), a housewife, and Bernard Rickman, a factory worker.
[1]
Rickman's mother was from Wales and a
Methodist, and his father was of Irish Catholic background.
[2]
He has one elder brother, David (b. 1944), a graphic
designer, a younger brother, Michael (b. 1947), a tennis coach, and a younger sister, Sheila (b. 1949).
[2][3]
Rickman
attended Derwentwater Primary School, in Acton, a school that followed the Montessori method of education.
[4]
When he was eight, his father died, leaving his mother to bring up four children mostly alone. She married again, but
divorced his stepfather after three years. "There was one love in her life," Rickman later said.
[2]
Rickman excelled at
calligraphy and watercolour painting, and from Derwentwater Junior School he won a scholarship to Latymer Upper
School in London, where he started getting involved in drama. After leaving Latymer, Rickman attended Chelsea
College of Art and Design and then the Royal College of Art. This education allowed him to work as a graphic
designer for the radical newspaper the Notting Hill Herald,
[5]
which he considered a more stable occupation than
acting. "Drama school wasn't considered the sensible thing to do at 18," he said.
After graduation, Rickman and several friends opened a graphic design studio called Graphiti, but after three years of
successful business, he decided that if he were to ever explore acting professionally, it was now or never. This led
him to write a letter to the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art (RADA) requesting an audition
[6]
and was awarded a
place in RADA which he attended from 1972–74. While there, he studied Shakespeare's works and supported
himself by working as a dresser for Nigel Hawthorne and Sir Ralph Richardson,
[7]
and left after winning several
prizes, including the Emile Littler Prize, the Forbes Robertson Prize, and the Bancroft Gold Medal.
Rickman in December 2009
Career
After graduating from RADA, Rickman worked extensively with
various British repertory and experimental theatre groups on
productions including The Seagull and Snoo Wilson's 'The Grass
Widow' at the Royal Court Theatre, and has appeared three times at the
Edinburgh International Festival. In 1978, he played with the Court
Drama Group, performing in several plays, most notably Romeo and
Juliet and A View from the Bridge. While working with the Royal
Shakespeare Company (RSC) he starred in, among other things, As
You Like It.
In 1982, British television audiences came to know Alan Rickman as
the Reverend Obadiah Slope in the BBC's adaptation of Barchester
Towers known as The Barchester Chronicles. In 1985, Rickman was
given the male lead, the Vicomte de Valmont, in the Royal
Shakespeare Company's production of Christopher Hampton's Les
Liaisons Dangereuses, directed by Howard Davies.
[8]
When the show
went to Broadway in 1987, Rickman earned both a Tony Award nomination
[9]
and a Drama Desk Award nomination
for his performance.
[10]
In 1992, he was the "master of ceremonies" on Mike Oldfield's album Tubular Bells II where
he read off a list of instruments on the album.
Rickman's career has been filled with a wide variety of roles. He has played romantic leads like Colonel Brandon in
Sense and Sensibility, and Jamie in Truly, Madly, Deeply; numerous villains in Hollywood big budget films, like
German terrorist Hans Gruber in Die Hard (1988) and the Sheriff of Nottingham in Robin Hood: Prince of Thieves
(1991); and most recently the ambiguous character of Severus Snape, the potions master in the Harry Potter series
(2001–2011).
Alan Rickman
115
His role in Die Hard earned him a spot on the AFI's 100 years...100 Heroes & Villains as the 46th best villain in film
history. His performance as the Sheriff of Nottingham in Robin Hood: Prince of Thieves also made him known as
one of the best actors to portray a villain in films.
[11][12]
He has taken issue with being typecast as a "villain actor",
citing the fact that he has not portrayed a stock villain character since the Sheriff of Nottingham in 1991.
During his long career Rickman has also played a number of comedic roles, sending up classically trained British
actors who take on "lesser roles" as the character Sir Alexander Dane/Dr. Lazarus in the science fiction spoof Galaxy
Quest, portraying the angel Metatron, the voice of God, in Dogma, appearing as Emma Thompson's foolish husband
Harry in Love Actually, providing the voice of Marvin the Paranoid Android in The Hitchhiker's Guide to the
Galaxy, and the egotistical, Nobel Prize-winning father in Nobel Son.
Rickman at the 2007 Tribeca Film Festival
Rickman has also received acclaim for two biographical pieces he did
for HBO. He won a Golden Globe and an Emmy
[13]
for his
performance as Rasputin: Dark Servant of Destiny in 1996, and was
also nominated for an Emmy for his work as Dr. Alfred Blalock in
2004's Something the Lord Made. He also starred in the independent
film Snow Cake (with Sigourney Weaver and Carrie-Anne Moss)
which had its debut at the Berlinale, and also Perfume: The Story of a
Murderer (with Dustin Hoffman), directed by Tom Tykwer.
In 2007, Rickman appeared in the critically acclaimed Sweeney Todd:
The Demon Barber of Fleet Street directed by Tim Burton, alongside
Harry Potter co-stars Helena Bonham Carter and Timothy Spall; he
played antagonist Judge Turpin. Rickman also appeared as Absolem
the Caterpillar in Burton's 2010 film Alice in Wonderland.
In 2000, Rickman appeared in Victoria Wood with All The Trimmings,
a Christmas special by Victoria Wood, playing an aged colonel in the
battle of Waterloo who is forced to break off his engagement to
Honeysuckle Weeks' character. Harry Potter co-star Imelda Staunton
also appeared in the special.
Rickman has performed on stage in Noël Coward's romantic comedy
Private Lives, which transferred to Broadway after its successful run in
London at the Albery Theatre and ended in September 2002. Rickman
had reunited with his Les Liaisons Dangereuses co-star Lindsay
Duncan and director Howard Davies for this Tony Award-winning production.
His previous stage performance was as Mark Antony, opposite Helen Mirren as Cleopatra, in the Royal National
Theatre's production of Antony and Cleopatra at the Olivier Theatre in London, which ran from 20 October to 3
December 1998. Before that, he performed in Yukio Ninagawa's Tango at the End of Winter in London's West End
and the Riverside Studio production of Hamlet in 1991, directed by Robert Sturua.
Rickman had also directed The Winter Guest at London's Almeida Theatre in 1995 and the film version of the same
play in 1996 starring Emma Thompson and her real life mother Phyllida Law. He also compiled (with Katharine
Viner) and directed the play My Name Is Rachel Corrie in April 2005 at the Royal Court Theatre, London, and won
the Theatre Goers' Choice Awards for Best Director. In May 2010, he finished directing Strindberg's play Creditors
at the Brooklyn Academy of Music Harvey Theatre after its previous run at London's Donmar Warehouse in 2008.
In 2009 Rickman was given the James Joyce Award by University College Dublin’s Literary and Historical
Society.
[14]
In October and November 2010, Rickman starred in the eponymous role in Henrik Ibsen's John Gabriel Borkman at
the Abbey Theatre, Dublin alongside Lindsay Duncan and Fiona Shaw.
[15]
The Irish Independent called Rickman's
Alan Rickman
116
performance breathtaking.
[16]
This production subsequently travelled to the Brooklyn Academy of Music for
performances in January and February 2011.
[17]
In 2011, Rickman again appeared as Severus Snape in the final installment in the Harry Potter series, Harry Potter
and the Deathly Hallows – Part 2. Kenneth Turan of The Los Angeles Times said Rickman "as always, makes the
most lasting impression,"
[18]
while Peter Travers of Rolling Stone called Rickman "sublime at giving us a glimpse at
last into the secret nurturing heart that [...] Snape masks with a sneer."
[19]
Media coverage characterized Rickman's
performance as worthy of an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor nomination.
[20][21][22][23][24][25]
He earned
his first award nominations for his role as Snape at the 2011 Alliance of Women Film Journalists Awards, 2011
Saturn Awards, 2011 Scream Awards and 2011 St. Louis Gateway Film Critics Association Awards in the Best
Supporting Actor category.
[26][27][28][29]
On 21 November 2011, Rickman opened in Seminar, a new play by Theresa Rebeck, at the John Golden Theatre on
Broadway.
[30]
Rickman, who left the production on 1 April, won the Broadway.com Audience Choice Award for
Favorite Actor in a Play
[31]
and was nominated for a Drama League Award.
[32]
Rickman is to star with Colin Firth and Cameron Diaz in a remake of 1966's Gambit by the Coen brothers.
[33]
In 2013, he will be playing Hilly Kristal, the founder of the famous East Village punk-rock club CBGB, in the CBGB
movie with Rupert Grint.
[34]
In the media
Alan Rickman posing for a fan after a
performance of John Gabriel Borkman in 2011
Rickman was chosen by Empire as one of the 100 Sexiest Stars in film
history (No 34) in 1995 and ranked No 59 in Empire's "The Top 100
Movie Stars of All Time" list in October 1997. In 2009 and 2010
Rickman ranked once again as one of the 100 Sexiest Stars by Empire,
both times Rickman was placed 8th out of the 50 actors chosen.
Rickman became Vice-Chairman of the Royal Academy of Dramatic
Art (RADA) in 2003. He was voted No 19 in Empire magazine's
Greatest Living Movie Stars over the age of 50 and was twice
nominated for Broadway's Tony Award as Best Actor (Play): in 1987
for Les Liaisons Dangereuses, and in 2002 for a revival of Noel
Coward's Private Lives. The Guardian named Rickman as an
"honourable mention" in a list of the best actors never to have received an Academy Award nomination.
[35]
Two researchers, a linguist and a sound engineer, found "the perfect [male] voice" to be a combination of Rickman's
and Jeremy Irons's voices based on a sample of 50 voices.
[36]
Coincidentally, the two actors played brothers in the
Die Hard series of films.
Rickman has also been featured in several musical works – most notably in a song composed by the English
songwriter Adam Leonard entitled "Not Alan Rickman".
[37]
Moreover, the actor played a "Master of Ceremonies"
part in announcing the various instruments in Mike Oldfield's Tubular Bells II on the track The Bell.
[38]
Rickman
was one of the many artists who recited Shakespearian sonnets on the 2002 album When Love Speaks,
[39]
and is also
featured prominently in a music video by the band Texas entitled "In Demand",
[40]
which premiered on Europe MTV
in August 2000. In the video, lead singer Sharleen Spiteri danced the tango with Rickman: the clip was nominated
for Best British Video at the Brit Awards.
Alan Rickman
117
Personal life
In 1965, at the age of 19, Rickman met his girlfriend Rima Horton, a Labour party councillor on Kensington and
Chelsea London Borough Council 1986–2006.
[41][42][43]
They began living together in 1977.
Filmography
Year Title Role Notes
1978 Romeo and Juliet Tybalt BBC Television Shakespeare
1980 Thérèse Raquin Vidal BBC Miniseries
Shelley Clive Episode #1.7
1982 Busted Simon BBC TV Movie
Smiley's People Mr. Brownlow Episode #1.2
The Barchester Chronicles The Rev. Obadiah
Slope
BBC Miniseries
1985 Return of the Native Narrator British Audiobook Publishing Association's "Talkie Award" for Best
Unabridged Classic Recording
Summer Season Croop BBC TV Series
Girls On Top Dimitri / Voice of
RADA
CIT TV Series
1988 Die Hard Hans Gruber
1989 Revolutionary Witness Jacques Roux BBC TV Short
The January Man Ed, the painter
Screenplay Israel Yates BBC TV Series
1990 Quigley Down Under Elliot Marston London Critics Circle Film Award for British Actor of the Year
1991 Truly, Madly, Deeply Jamie Evening Standard British Film Award for Best Actor
London Critics Circle Film Award for British Actor of the Year
Seattle International Film Festival: Golden Space Needle Award for Best
Actor
Nominated — BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role
Robin Hood: Prince of Thieves Sheriff of Nottingham BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Supporting Role
Evening Standard British Film Award for Best Actor
London Critics Circle Film Award for British Actor of the Year
Nominated — Chicago Film Critics Association Award for Best Supporting
Actor
Nominated — MTV Movie Award for Best Villain
Nominated — Saturn Award for Best Supporting Actor
Close My Eyes Sinclair Bryant Evening Standard British Film Award for Best Actor
London Critics Circle Film Award for British Actor of the Year
Seattle International Film Festival: Golden Space Needle Award for Best
Actor
Closet Land The Interrogator
1992 Bob Roberts Lukas Hart III
1993 Fallen Angels Dwight Billings Propaganda Films TV Series
1994 Mesmer Franz Anton Mesmer Montreal World Film Festival for Best Actor
Alan Rickman
118
1995 An Awfully Big Adventure P.L. O'Hara
Sense and Sensibility Colonel Brandon Nominated — BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Supporting Role
Nominated — Chlotrudis Award for Best Supporting Actor
Nominated — Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by
a Cast in a Motion Picture
1996 Rasputin: Dark Servant of Destiny Grigori Rasputin Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actor - Miniseries or a
Movie
Golden Globe Award for Best Actor - Miniseries or Television Film
Satellite Award for Best Actor – Miniseries or Television Film
Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Male Actor in
a Miniseries or Television Movie
Michael Collins Éamon de Valera Nominated — BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Supporting Role
Castle Ghosts of Ireland Tyde Documentary
1997 The Winter Guest Man in street
(uncredited)
Also director and co-writer
Brussels International Fantastic Film Festival: Audience Award
Chicago International Film Festival: Gold Hugo Award for Best Film
Venice Film Festival: 'CinemAvvenire' Award and OCIC Award
Nominated — Chlotrudis Award for Best Director
Nominated — Czech Lion Award for Best Foreign Language Film
Nominated — Golden Lion Award
1998 Judas Kiss Detective David
Friedman
Dark Harbor David Weinberg
1999 Dogma The Metatron Nominated — Satellite Award for Best Supporting Actor – Motion Picture
1999 Galaxy Quest Alexander Dane/Dr.
Lazarus
Nominated — Saturn Award for Best Supporting Actor
2000 Help! I'm a Fish Joe Voice
2001 Play Man
Blow Dry Phil Allen
Land of the Mammoth Cro Magnon hunter Documentary
The Search for John Gissing John Gissing
Harry Potter and the Philosopher's
Stone
Severus Snape Known as Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone in the United States
2002 Harry Potter and the Chamber of
Secrets
Severus Snape Nominated — Phoenix Film Critics Society Award for Best Cast
King of the Hill King Philip Voice
2003 Love Actually Harry Washington D.C. Area Film Critics Association Award for Best Ensemble
Nominated — Phoenix Film Critics Society Award for Best Cast
2004 Something the Lord Made Dr. Alfred Blalock Nominated — Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actor -
Miniseries or a Movie
Nominated — Satellite Award for Best Actor – Miniseries or Television
Film
Harry Potter and the Prisoner of
Azkaban
Severus Snape
2005 Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire
The Hitchhiker's Guide to the
Galaxy
Marvin the Paranoid
Android
Voice
Alan Rickman
119
2006 Perfume: The Story of a Murderer Antoine Richis
Snow Cake Alex Hughes
2007 Nobel Son Eli Michaelson
Harry Potter and the Order of the
Phoenix
Severus Snape
Sweeney Todd: The Demon Barber
of Fleet Street
Judge Turpin Nominated — Broadcast Film Critics Association Award for Best Cast
Nominated — Saturn Award for Best Supporting Actor
2008 Bottle Shock Steven Spurrier Seattle International Film Festival: Golden Space Needle Award for Best
Actor
2009 Harry Potter and the Half-Blood
Prince
Severus Snape
Scream Award for Best Ensemble
[44]
2010 Alice in Wonderland Absolem the
Caterpillar
Voice
Harry Potter and the Deathly
Hallows – Part 1
Severus Snape
The Wildest Dream Noel Odell National Geographic documentary
Voice
The Song of Lunch Himself
BBC Drama Production
[45]
2011 Harry Potter and the Deathly
Hallows – Part 2
Severus Snape
MTV World Cup Award for Favorite Harry Potter Character Portrayal
[46]
People's Choice Award for Favorite Ensemble Movie Cast
San Diego Film Critics Society Award for Best Performance by an Ensemble
Nominated — Alliance of Women Film Journalists Award for Best Actor in
a Supporting Role
[29]
Nominated — IGN Movie Award for Best Ensemble Cast
[47]
Nominated — Saturn Award for Best Supporting Actor
[27]
Nominated — Scream Award for Best Supporting Actor
[26]
Nominated — Scream Award for Best Ensemble
Nominated — St. Louis Gateway Film Critics Association Award for Best
Supporting Actor
[28]
Nominated — Washington D.C. Area Film Critics Association Award for
Best Cast
The Boy in the Bubble Narrator Animated short film
2012 Gambit Lord Shahbandar
2013 CBGB Hilly Kristal post-production
The Butler Ronald Reagan filming
Alan Rickman
120
References
[1] Solway, Diane (August 1991). "Profile: Alan Rickman" (http:// www.alan-rickman.com/ articles/ profile.html). European Travel and Life.
Archived (http:/ / web. archive.org/ web/ 20071006174932/ http:/ / www. alan-rickman.com/ articles/ profile.html) from the original on 6
October 2007. . Retrieved 3 October 2007.
[2] Mackenzie, Suzie (3 January 1998). "Angel with Horns" (http://www. alan-rickman.com/ articles/ angel. html). The Guardian (UK).
Archived (http:/ / web. archive.org/ web/ 20071006004652/ http:/ / www. alan-rickman.com/ articles/ angel. html) from the original on 6
October 2007. . Retrieved 3 October 2007.
[3] Alan Rickman Family Info (http:// www.nndb. com/ people/532/ 000024460/) NNDB.com. Retrieved 4 September 2010.
[4] Maureen Paton (1996). Alan Rickman – The Unauthorised Biography. Virgin Books. ISBN 0-7535-0754-4.
[5] Alan Rickman Biography (http:/ / www. tvguide. com/ celebrities/ alan-rickman/bio/ 138569). TVGuide.com. Retrieved 6 September 2010.
[6] "Interview: Evil Elegance" (http:/ / www. alan-rickman.com/ articles/ evil_elegance.html). Alan-rickman.com. Archived (http:// web.
archive.org/ web/ 20110707103303/ http:/ / www. alan-rickman.com/ articles/ evil_elegance. html) from the original on 7 July 2011. .
Retrieved 9 July 2011.
[7] Interview Alan Rickman (http:/ / abouthp. free.fr/interviewsar1. htm) Retrieved on 20 December 2007.
[8] Frank Rich (1 May 1987). "Carnal abandon in 'Les Liaisons dangereuses’" (http:// theater.nytimes. com/ mem/ theater/treview.
html?res=9B0DE7DE1130F932A35756C0A961948260). The New York Times. .
[9] BroadwayWorld.com – Les Liaisons Dangereuses Tony Award Info (http:/ /www. broadwayworld.com/ tonyawardsshowinfo.
cfm?showname=Les Liaisons Dangereuses) Retrieved on 7 January 2008.
[10] "retrieved July 4, 2010" (http:// www. ibdb. com/ awardperson.asp?id=57772). Ibdb.com. . Retrieved 9 July 2011.
[11] The Screening Room's Top 10 British Villains (http:// edition.cnn. com/ 2007/ SHOWBIZ/ Movies/ 10/ 25/ top10.britishvillains/ ) from
CNN
[12] Pop Culture News TOUGH ACTOR TO FOLLOW (http:// www. ew. com/ ew/ article/0,,315063,00.html) from Entertainment Weekly
[13] Alan Rickman Emmy Award Winner (http:/ / www. emmys. com/ celebrities/ alan-rickman)
[14] Alan Rickman wins James Joyce Award (http:/ /www. accidentalsexiness. com/ 2009/ 04/ 09/ alan-rickman-wins-james-joyce-award/).
Retrieved 16 March 2010.
[15] "Abbey Theatre – Amharclann na Mainistreach" (http:// www. abbeytheatre.ie/ whats_on/ event/ 1299). Abbeytheatre.ie. Archived (http://
web. archive.org/ web/ 20110716112232/ http:/ / www. abbeytheatre.ie/ whats_on/ event/ 1299) from the original on 16 July 2011. .
Retrieved 9 July 2011.
[16] GrabOne daily deals (17 October 2010). "Stars set stage alight in Ibsen's dark tale" (http:/ / www. independent.ie/ entertainment/
stars-set-stage-alight-in-ibsens-dark-tale-2383120.html). The Irish Independent. . Retrieved 9 July 2011.
[17] "John Gabriel Borkman" (http:// www. bam. org/view. aspx?pid=2649). BAM. . Retrieved 12 February 2011.
[18] Turan, Kenneth (13 July 2011). "Movie review: 'Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows — Part 2'" (http:// www.latimes. com/
entertainment/ news/ la-et-harry-potter-20110714,0,4612921.story). The Los Angeles Times (Tribune Company). . Retrieved 13 September
2011.
[19] Travers, Peter (13 July 2011). "Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, Part 2" (http:/ / www.rollingstone. com/ movies/ reviews/
harry-potter-and-the-deathly-hallows-part-2-20110713). Rolling Stone (Wenner Media). . Retrieved 13 September 2011.
[20] Schwartz, Terri (9 November 2011). "'Harry Potter And The Deathly Hallows' For Your Consideration Oscars Ad Launched" (http://
moviesblog.mtv. com/ 2011/ 11/ 09/ harry-potter-and-the-deathly-hallows-for-your-consideration-oscars-ad-launched/). MTV. . Retrieved 10
November 2011.
[21] "Harry Potter: Alan Rickman Destined for Oscar Nomination?" (http:/ / newyork.ibtimes. com/ articles/ 180872/ 20110715/
harry-potter-and-the-deathly-hallows-part-2-alan-rickman-oscar-nomination. htm). International Business Times (The International Business
Times Inc.). 15 July 2011. . Retrieved 14 September 2011.
[22] Ellwood, Gregory (17 July 2011). "Alan Rickman may be 'Harry Potter's' best shot at Oscar" (http:// www. hitfix.com/ blogs/
awards-campaign/posts/ alan-rickman-may-be-harry-potters-best-shot-at-oscar). HitFix. . Retrieved 14 September 2011.
[23] "Rickman’s portrayal of Snape deserves Academy Award nomination" (http:/ / www. kstatecollegian. com/ edge/
rickman-s-portrayal-of-snape-deserves-academy-award-nomination-1.2606478). Kansas State Collegian (Student Publications Incorporated).
20July 2011. . Retrieved 14 September 2011.
[24] Lumenick, Lou (11 July 2011). "Wizard of awe!" (http:// www. nypost.com/ p/ entertainment/
magic_is_back_for_harry_pc1yjt5a5aeeVIhY9vTz0I). New York Post. . Retrieved 25 November 2011.
[25] Suskind, Alex. "The Best Movies of 2011 – 2. 'Deathly Hallows, Part II'" (http:// blog. moviefone.com/ photos/ the-best-movies-of-2011/
4574731/ ). Moviefone. . Retrieved 25 November 2011.
[26] "Best Supporting Actor – Scream 2011" (http:// www.spike. com/ events/ scream-awards-2011/voting/ best-supporting-actor). Spike. .
Retrieved 14 September 2010.
[27] "The 38th Saturn Award Nominations" (http:/ / www. saturnawards.org/nominations. html). Saturn Awards. . Retrieved 2 March 2012.
[28] "2011 St. Louis Film Critics’ Award Winners" (http:/ / www. stlfilmcritics. org/ 2011-st-louis-film-critics-award-winners/). St. Louis
Gateway Film Critics Association. . Retrieved 21 December 2011.
[29] "Alliamce of Women Film Journalists Awards 2011" (http:// moviecitynews. com/ 2011/ 12/
nominees-for-alliance-of-women-film-journalists-2011-awfj-eda-awards/). =Movie City News. . Retrieved 28 December 2011.
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[30] Brantley, Ben (20 November 2011). "Shredding Egos, One Semicolon at a Time — 'Seminar' by Theresa Rebeck, a review" (http:// theater.
nytimes.com/ 2011/ 11/ 21/ theater/ reviews/ seminar-by-theresa-rebeck-with-alan-rickman-review.html). The New York Times. . Retrieved
23 November 2011.
[31] Brantley, Ben (15 May 2012). "Alan Rickman's Broadway.com Audience Choice Award Win Brings Back Memories of a 'Very Good Time'
in Seminar" (http:/ / www. broadway.com/ buzz/ 161907/
alan-rickmans-broadwaycom-audience-choice-award-win-brings-back-memories-of-a-very-good-time-in-seminar/). Broadway.com. .
Retrieved 24 May 2011.
[32] Brantley, Ben (24 April 2012). "2012 Drama League Award Nominations Announced!" (http:// broadwayworld.com/ article/
2012-Drama-League-Nominations-Announced-20120424). Broadwayworld.com. . Retrieved 24 May 2011.
[33] Kit, Borys (22 March 2011). "Alan Rickman Joining Colin Firth, Cameron Diaz in 'Gambit'" (http:/ / www. hollywoodreporter.com/ news/
alan-rickman-joining-colin-firth-170062). .
[34] Kit, Borys (12 September 2012). "Alan Rickman to Play CBGB Founder in Biopic" (http:// artsbeat. blogs.nytimes. com/ 2012/ 05/ 16/
alan-rickman-to-play-cbgb-founder-in-biopic/). .
[35] Singer, Leigh (19 February 2009). "Oscars: the best actors never to have been nominated" (http:// www. guardian.co.uk/ film/filmblog/
2009/ feb/19/ best-actors-never-nominated-for-oscars). The Guardian (London). .
[36] "Formula 'secret of perfect voice'" (http:/ / news.bbc. co. uk/ 2/ hi/ uk_news/ 7426923.stm). BBC News. 30 May 2008. . Retrieved 6
December 2010.
[37] "Leonardism (2007)" (http:// themessagetapes. wordpress. com/ how-music-soundss/ albums/ leonardism-2007/ ). Themessagetapes.com
(Adam Leonard's website). . Retrieved 12 February 2011.
[38] "Tubular Bells II" (http:/ / tubular.net/ discography/ TubularBellsII.shtml). Tubular.net. . Retrieved 12 February 2011.
[39] "When love speaks" (http:/ / www. radaenterprises.org/rel/ watch-and-listen/when-love-speaks). RADA Enterprises. . Retrieved 12
February 2011.
[40] "Biography of Alan Rickman" (http:/ / www. talktalk. co. uk/ entertainment/film/ biography/artist/ alan-rickman/biography/2?page=7).
Dominic Wills/Talktalk.co.uk. . Retrieved 12 February 2011.
[41] Rima Horton (http:/ / www. rbkc. gov. uk/ committees/ Members/ tabid/ 62/ ctl/ ViewCMIS_Person/ mid/ 384/ id/ 212/ Default.aspx). The
Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea
[42] McGlone, Jackie (30 July 2006). "A man for all seasons" (http:// living. scotsman. com/ features/A-man-for-all-seasons.2796621.jp). The
Scotsman (UK). . Retrieved 23 April 2011.
[43] Sheridan, Patricia (15 December 2008). "Rickman never mixes acting with personal life" (http:// www.goerie.com/ apps/ pbcs. dll/
article?AID=/ 20081215/ ENTERTAINMENT0702/312159963/ -1/ENTERTAINMENT07). GoErie.com. . Retrieved 23 April 2011.
[44] Half-Blood Prince Wins Two Spike TV Scream Awards (http:// www. the-leaky-cauldron.org/ 2009/ 10/ 23/
half-blood-prince-wins-two-spike-tv-scream-awards/ page/2/). Retrieved 16 March 2010.
[45] "The Song Of Lunch – Alan Rickman" (http:// www. bbc.co. uk/ pressoffice/pressreleases/ stories/ 2010/ 09_september/ 16/
song_of_lunch3. shtml). BBC. 16 September 2010. . Retrieved 9 July 2011.
[46] Serjeant, Jill (14 July 2011). "Snape voted greatest "Potter" character in MTV poll" (http:// www. reuters. com/ article/2011/ 07/ 14/
us-harrypotter-poll-idUSTRE76D1FC20110714). Reuters. .
[47] "2011 IGN Award for Best Ensemble Cast" (http:/ / uk. ign. com/ lists/ summer-movie-awards-2011/best-ensemble-cast). IGN. . Retrieved
13 November 2011.
External links
• Alan Rickman (http:/ / www. imdb. com/ name/ nm614/ ) at the Internet Movie Database
• Alan Rickman (http:/ / www. ibdb.com/ person.asp?ID=57772) at the Internet Broadway Database
• Alan Rickman (http:/ / www. allrovi.com/ name/ p60157) at AllRovi
• Alan Rickman at Emmys.com (http:/ / www. emmys. com/ celebrities/ alan-rickman)
Alice in Wonderland (2010 film)
122
Alice in Wonderland (2010 film)
Alice in Wonderland
Theatrical release poster
Directed by Tim Burton
Produced by •• Richard D. Zanuck
•• Joe Roth
•• Suzanne Todd
•• Jennifer Todd
Screenplay by Linda Woolverton
Based on Alice's Adventures in Wonderland and Through the
Looking-Glass by
Lewis Carroll
Starring •• Johnny Depp
•• Anne Hathaway
•• Helena Bonham Carter
•• Crispin Glover
•• Matt Lucas
•• Mia Wasikowska
•• Alan Rickman
•• Stephen Fry
•• Michael Sheen
•• Timothy Spall
Music by Danny Elfman
Cinematography Dariusz Wolski
Editing by Chris Lebenzon
Studio •• Roth Films
•• Team Todd
•• Tim Burton Productions
•• The Zanuck Company
Distributed by Walt Disney Pictures
Release date(s) • February 25, 2010 (London)
• March 4, 2010 (Australia)
• March 5, 2010 (United kingdom)
Running time 108 minutes
Country United States
Language English
Budget
$150
[1][2]
–$200
[3]
million
Box office
$1,024,299,904
[4]
Alice in Wonderland is a 2010 American computer-animated and live action fantasy film
[5]
directed by Tim Burton,
written by Linda Woolverton, and released by Walt Disney Pictures. The film stars Mia Wasikowska as Alice
Kingsleigh, as well as Johnny Depp, Anne Hathaway, and Helena Bonham Carter. The film was shot in the UK and
the US.
The film is inspired by English author Lewis Carroll's 1865 fantasy novel Alice's Adventures in Wonderland and its
1871 sequel Through the Looking-Glass. Mia Wasikowska plays the now nineteen-year-old Alice who, 13 years
Alice in Wonderland (2010 film)
123
after her previous visit, returns for the first time as a young woman. She is told that she is the only one who can slay
the Jabberwocky, a dragon-like creature controlled by the Red Queen who terrorizes Underland's inhabitants.
The film premiered in London at the Odeon Leicester Square on February 25, 2010, and was released in Australia on
March 4, 2010, and the United States and the United Kingdom on March 5, 2010, through IMAX 3D and Disney
Digital 3D, as well as in traditional theaters. Despite its short theatrical release window and mixed reviews, the film
grossed over $1.02 billion worldwide. At the 83rd Academy Awards, Alice in Wonderland won for Best Art
Direction and Best Costume Design, as well as a nomination for Best Visual Effects. As of 2013, it is the thirteenth
highest-grossing film of all time.
Plot summary
Troubled by a strange recurring dream and mourning the loss of her beloved father (Marton Csokas),
nineteen-year-old Alice Kingsleigh (Mia Wasikowska) attends a garden party at Lord Ascot's (Tim Piggott-Smith)
estate, where she is confronted by an unwanted marriage proposal and the stifling expectations of the society in
which she lives. Unsure of how to reply, and increasingly confused, she runs away to chase after a rabbit in a blue
waistcoat, and accidentally falls into a large rabbit hole. She is transported to a world called Underland, where she is
greeted by the White Rabbit (Michael Sheen), the Dormouse (Barbara Windsor), the Dodo (Michael Gough), and
Tweedledum and Tweedledee (Matt Lucas in a dual role). They argue over her identity as "the right Alice", who it is
foretold will slay the Red Queen's Jabberwocky (Christopher Lee) on the Frabjous Day and restore the White Queen
to power. The group is then ambushed by the Bandersnatch and a group of playing-card soldiers led by the Knave of
Hearts (Crispin Glover). Alice, Tweedledum and Tweedledee escape and flee into the woods, while the Knave steals
the Oraculum and the Dormouse leaves the others with the Bandersnatch's eye. Tweedledee and Tweedledum argue
about which road to take but were abducted by the Jubjub bird.
The Knave informs the Red Queen (Helena Bonham Carter) that Alice has returned and threatens her reign, and the
soldiers and Bayard the Bloodhound (Timothy Spall) are ordered to find Alice immediately. Meanwhile, the
wandering Alice encounters the Cheshire Cat (Stephen Fry), who takes her to the March Hare (Paul Whitehouse) and
the Hatter (Johnny Depp). On the way to the White Queen's castle, Hatter relates the terror of the Red Queen's reign,
and comments that Alice is not the same as she once was. The Hatter helps Alice avoid capture by allowing himself
to be seized instead. Later, Alice is found by Bayard the Bloodhound, who wishes to take her to the White Queen
(Anne Hathaway), but Alice insists upon helping the Hatter, so they go to the Red Queen's castle.
The Red Queen is unaware of Alice's true identity and therefore welcomes her as a guest. Alice learns that the
Vorpal Sword (the only weapon capable of killing the Jabberwocky) is locked away in a case inside the
Bandersnatch's den. The Knave crudely attempts to seduce Alice, but she rebuffs him. She later manages to retrieve
the sword and befriend the Bandersnatch. The Knave finds her with the sword and attempts to arrest her. Alice
escapes on the back of the Bandersnatch and delivers the sword to the White Queen. The Cheshire Cat saves the
Hatter from execution, and the Hatter calls for rebellion against the Red Queen. The rebellion is quickly put down by
the Jubjub bird. The resistance flees to the White Queen's castle, and both armies prepare for battle. Alice remains
unsure about the expectation for her to champion the White Queen, and meets with Absolem
[6]
the Caterpillar (Alan
Rickman). He reminds Alice of her past visit to Underland (which she mistakenly called "Wonderland" at the time)
thirteen years earlier, and helps give her the courage to fight the Jabberwocky and accomplish "What she must to
do", while he becomes a pupa.
When the Frabjous Day arrives, both the White and Red Queens gather their armies on a chessboard-like battlefield
and send forth their chosen champions (armor-clad Alice and the Jabberwocky respectively) to decide the fate of
Underland. Encouraging herself with the words of her late father, Alice manages to kill the Jabberwocky. The White
Queen then banishes the Red Queen and the Knave to the Outlands, and gives Alice a vial of the Jabberwocky's
blood, which will take her home. The Hatter suggests that she could stay in Underland as he has fallen for her but he
didn't say it to her, but she decides that she must go back and promises that she will return.
Alice in Wonderland (2010 film)
124
Alice returns home, where she stands up to her family and pledges to live life on her own terms. Impressed, Lord
Ascot takes her in as his apprentice, with the idea of establishing oceanic trade routes to China. As the story closes,
Alice prepares to set off on a trading ship. Absolem, now a butterfly, lands on her shoulder. Alice recognizes him
and greets him before he flutters away.
Cast and characters
The film features a variety of characters, many of whom are based on characters that are featured in works by Lewis
Carroll.
• Mia Wasikowska as Alice Kingsleigh. When creating the character, screenwriter Linda Woolverton researched
how young women were expected to behave in the Victorian era and then made her the opposite.
[7]
Wasikowska
read Carroll's books as a child and re-read them to prepare for her role. She also watched Jan Švankmajer's Alice.
She said, "When we were kids, my mum would pop it in the VCR player. We would be disturbed, and wouldn't
really understand it, but we couldn't look away because it was too intriguing. So I had kept that feeling about
Alice, a kind of haunting feeling."
[8]
Although facing pressures to conform to society's expectations, Alice grows
into a stronger-willed and empowered heroine who chooses her own path; Independent columnist Liz Hoggard
praised Alice as a role model for girls, describing the character as "stubborn, brave, [and] non-girlie".
[7][9]
Mairi
Ella Challen portrayed Alice as a six-year-old.
[10]
• Johnny Depp as Tarrant Hightopp, The Hatter.
[6]
Wasikowska said that the characters "both feel like outsiders and
feel alone in their separate worlds, and have a special bond and friendship."
[11][12]
Burton explained that Depp
"tried to find a grounding to the character ... as opposed to just being mad."
[13]
Burton also said that, "In a lot of
versions it's a very one-note kind of character and you know [Depp's] goal was to try and bring out a human side
to the strangeness of the character."
[13]
The orange hair is an allusion to the mercury poisoning suffered by
milliners who used mercury to cure felt; Depp believes that the character "was poisoned ... and it was coming out
through his hair, through his fingernails and eyes".
[14]
Depp and Burton decided that the Hatter's clothes, skin,
hair, personality and accent would change throughout the film to reflect his emotions.
[15]
In an interview with
Depp, the character was paralleled to "a mood ring, [as] his emotions are very close to the surface".
[16]
The Hatter
is "made up of different people and their extreme sides", with a gentle voice much like the character's creator
Lewis Carroll reflecting the lighter personality and with a Scottish Glaswegian accent (which Depp modeled after
Gregor Fisher's Rab C. Nesbitt character) reflecting a darker, more dangerous personality.
[17]
Illusionary dancer
David "Elsewhere" Bernal doubled for Depp during the "Futterwacken" sequence near the end of the film.
[18]
• Helena Bonham Carter as Iracebeth of Crims, the Red Queen. She is an amalgamation of two Carroll characters:
the Red Queen and the Queen of Hearts.
[6]
Her first name is a play on the word irascible, as she is easily irritated
and quick to anger.
[19]
Bonham Carter's head was digitally increased to three times its original size on
screen.
[20][21]
The character hates animals, choosing to use them as servants and furniture.
[22]
The actress took
inspiration from her young daughter Nell, a toddler, stating that, "The Red Queen is just like a toddler, because
she's got a big head and she's a tyrant."
• Anne Hathaway as Mirana of Marmoreal, the White Queen.
[6]
She was one of few characters that did not require
digital manipulation.
[23]
Hathaway summed up her character with a caption on a magnet of Happy Bunny holding
a knife; "Cute but psycho. Things even out."
[24]
According to Hathaway, "She comes from the same gene pool as
the Red Queen. She really likes the dark side, but she's so scared of going too far into it that she's made
everything appear very light and happy. But she's living in that place out of fear that she won't be able to control
herself."
[25]
Hathaway described her interpretation of the White Queen as "a punk-rock vegan pacifist", with
inspiration drawn from Debbie Harry, Greta Garbo, and the artwork of Dan Flavin.
[25]
Burton said that the White
Queen's appearance was inspired by Nigella Lawson.
[26]
• Crispin Glover played Ilosovic Stayne, the Knave of Hearts.
[6]
The character is arrogant and tricky, and while
following the Red Queen's every order, he is the only one capable of calming her dramatic mood swings. Glover
Alice in Wonderland (2010 film)
125
said, "The Red Queen has a fair amount of short-tempered reactions to things that people do, and so [the Knave]
has to be quite diplomatic." The Red Queen believes he is her lover, but his attempt to seduce Alice and negative
reaction to being exiled with the Red Queen at the story's end proves this to be false. Stayne's body was
completely CGI with only Glover's head being live-action.
[27]
• Matt Lucas portrayed both Tweedledee and Tweedledum. Burton commented on the mixture of animation and
Lucas, saying that "It's a weird mixture of things which gives his characters the disturbing quality that they so
richly deserve."
[28]
• Marton Csokas as Charles Kingsleigh, Alice’s father
• Lindsay Duncan as Helen Kingsleigh, Alice’s mother
• Jemma Powell as Margaret, Alice's sister
• Eleanor Tomlinson as Fiona Chattaway
•• Eleanor Gecks as Faith Chattaway
• Frances de la Tour as Imogene, Alice's aunt.
[29]
• John Hopkins as Lowell, Margaret's husband.
• Tim Piggott-Smith as Lord Ascot
• Geraldine James as Lady Ascot
• Leo Bill as Hamish Ascot, Alice's would-be fiancé and the son of Lord Ascot.
[29]
Voices
• Michael Sheen voiced Nivens McTwisp, the White Rabbit.
[6][30]
Sheen said the character "is such an iconic
character that [he] didn't feel like [he] should break the mold too much."
[31]
Burton said the quality he wanted
most in his clock-watching bunny was a twitchiness, also commenting that "[in] any incarnation of the [White
Rabbit] through the years, there's that sort of nervousness of a rabbit."
[31]
• Alan Rickman voiced Absolem, the Caterpillar.
[6]
Although Rickman was filmed while recording his voice in a
studio, his face was not composited onto the character's face as originally planned.
[21]
• Barbara Windsor voiced Mallymkun, the Dormouse.
[6]
Burton said that Windsor's voice sealed the deal for her
role as the character.
[32]
• Stephen Fry voiced Chessur, the Cheshire Cat.
[6][33]
Burton stated that the character had a creepy quality in
addition to tapping into his own hatred of cats.
[34][35]
• Paul Whitehouse voiced Thackery Earwicket, the March Hare.
[6]
Burton stated that because Whitehouse is a great
comedic actor, a lot of his lines came from improvisation.
[36]
• Timothy Spall voiced Bayard the Bloodhound. Although Bayard does not appear in the book, a similar character
named "The Puppy" may be the inspiration for the character.
• Michael Gough voiced Uilleam, the Dodo bird.
[6]
Burton said that Gough was the first person he thought of for
the role of the Dodo because he has "a full life quality to his voice".
[37]
Unfortunately, this would be Gough's final
acting role. The actor passed away the following year at the age of ninety-four. Gough has previously played the
March Hare in the 1966 TV play of the book.
• Sir Christopher Lee voiced the Jabberwocky. While it only had two lines, Burton said that he felt Lee to be a good
match for the iconic character because he is "an iconic guy".
[38]
• Imelda Staunton voiced the Talking Flowers. Some of the flowers' faces are caricatures of Staunton.
[39]
• Jim Carter voiced the Executioner. The Executioner is the only human character that is completely animated.
[39]
• Frank Welker provided additional voices and vocal effects.
[39]
Alice in Wonderland (2010 film)
126
Production
Tim Burton signed with Walt Disney Pictures to direct two films in Disney Digital 3D, which included Alice in
Wonderland
[40]
and his remake of Frankenweenie. Burton developed the story because he never felt an emotional tie
to the original book.
[41]
He explained "the goal is to try to make it an engaging movie where you get some of the psychology and kind of
bring a freshness but also keep the classic nature of Alice." On prior versions, Burton said "It was always a girl
wandering around from one crazy character to another, and I never really felt any real emotional connection." His
goal with the new movie is to give the story "some framework of emotional grounding" and "to try and make Alice
feel more like a story as opposed to a series of events."
[13]
Burton focused on the poem "Jabberwocky" as part of his
structure,
[42]
and refers to the described creature by the name of the poem rather than by the name "Jabberwock"
used in the poem. Burton also stated that he does not see his version as either a sequel to any existing Alice film nor
as a "re-imagining".
[41]
"We wanted somebody who had... it's hard to put into words, but just had a gravity to her, an internal life, something that
you could see the wheels turning. It's just a simple kind of power to her that we really liked. Not flamboyant, not very
showy, but just somebody that's got a lot of internal life to her. That's why I picked her."
—Burton on casting Mia Wasikowska as Alice
[43]
This film was originally set to be released in 2009, but was pushed back to March 5, 2010.
[44]
Principal photography
was scheduled for May 2008, but did not begin until September and concluded in three months.
[40][45]
Scenes set in
the Victorian era were shot at Torpoint and Plymouth from September 1 to October 14. Two hundred and fifty local
extras were chosen in early August. Locations included Antony House in Torpoint, Charlestown, Cornwall and the
Barbican,
[46][47]
however, no footage from the Barbican was used. Motion capture filming began in early October at
Sony Pictures Studios in Culver City, California, though the footage was later discarded.
[48][49][50]
Filming also took
place at Culver Studios.
[51]
Burton said that he used a combination of live action and animation, without motion
capture.
[52]
He also noted that this was the first time he had filmed on a green screen.
[52]
Filming of the green screen
portions, comprising 90% of the film, was completed after only 40 days.
[53]
Many of the cast and crew felt nauseated
as a result of the long hours surrounded by green, with Burton having lavender lenses fitted into his glasses to
counteract the effect.
[53]
Due to the constant need for digital effects to distort the actors' physical appearances, such
as the size of the Red Queen's head or Alice's height, visual effects supervisor Ken Ralston cited the film as being
exhausting, saying it was "The biggest show I've ever done, [and] the most creatively involved I've ever been."
[54]
Sony Pictures Imageworks designed the visual effects sequences.
[55]
Burton felt 3D was appropriate to the story's
environment.
[12]
Burton and Zanuck chose to film with conventional cameras, and convert the footage into 3D
during post-production; Zanuck explained 3D cameras were too expensive and "clumsy" to use, and they felt that
there was no difference between converted footage and those shot in the format.
[56]
James Cameron, who released
his 3D film Avatar in December 2009, criticized the choice, stating, "It doesn't make any sense to shoot in 2-D and
convert to 3-D".
[57]
Music
Score
Alice in Wonderland (2010 film)
127
Alice in Wonderland: An Original Walt
Disney Records Soundtrack
Film score by Danny Elfman
Released March 2, 2010
Genre Orchestral
Length 50:59
Label Walt Disney
Longtime Burton collaborator Danny Elfman's score was released March 2, 2010.
[58]
It debuted at #89 on the
Billboard Top 200 albums chart.
[59]
Track listing
Alice in Wonderland: An Original Walt Disney Records Soundtrack
No. Title Length
1. "Alice's Theme" 5:07
2. "Little Alice" 1:34
3. "Proposal/Down the Hole" 2:58
4. "Doors" 1:51
5. "Drink Me" 2:48
6. "Into the Garden" 0:50
7. "Alice Reprise #1" 0:26
8. "Bandersnatched" 2:42
9. "Finding Absolem" 2:41
10. "Alice Reprise #2" 0:38
11. "The Cheshire Cat" 2:07
12. "Alice and Bayard's Journey" 4:04
13. "Alice Reprise #3" 0:24
14. "Alice Escapes" 1:07
15. "The White Queen" 0:36
16. "Only a Dream" 1:25
17. "The Dungeon" 2:18
18. "Alice Decides" 3:14
19. "Alice Reprise #4" 1:01
20. "Going to Battle" 2:41
21. "The Final Confrontation" 1:41
22. "Blood of the Jabberwocky" 2:37
23. "Alice Returns" 3:14
24. "Alice Reprise #5" 2:56
Alice in Wonderland (2010 film)
128
Almost Alice
Almost Alice is a collection of various artists' music inspired by the film.
[58][60][61]
The lead single, "Alice" by Avril
Lavigne, premiered on January 27, 2010 on Ryan Seacrest's radio program. Other singles include "Follow Me
Down" by 3OH!3 and "Tea Party" by Kerli.
[62]
The album was released on March 2, 2010.
[58]
Release
On February 12, 2010, major UK cinema chains, Odeon, Vue and Cineworld, had planned to boycott the film
because of a reduction of the interval between cinema and DVD release from the usual 17 weeks to 12.
[63]
A week
after the announcement, Cineworld, who has a 24% share of UK box office, chose to play the film on more than 150
screens. Cineworld's chief executive Steve Wiener stated, "As leaders in 3D, we did not want the public to miss out
on such a visual spectacle. As the success of Avatar has shown, there is currently a huge appetite for the 3D
experience".
[64]
Shortly after, the Vue cinema chain also reached an agreement with Disney, but Odeon had still
chosen to boycott in Britain, Ireland and Italy.
[65]
On February 25, 2010 Odeon had reached an agreement and
decided to show the film on March 5, 2010.
[66]
The Royal premiere took place at the Odeon Leicester Square in
London on February 25, 2010 for the fundraiser The Prince's Foundation for Children and The Arts where the Prince
of Wales and the Duchess of Cornwall attended. It also did not affect their plans to show the film in Spain, Germany,
Portugal and Austria.
[65][67][68]
The film was released in the U.S. and UK, in both Disney Digital 3D and IMAX
3D,
[45]
as well as regular theaters on March 5, 2010.
[69]
Marketing
Mad T Party at California Adventure, showing
the Dormouse on guitar, Cheshire Cat on drums,
and Alice as lead singer.
On June 22, 2009, the first pictures of the film were released, showing
Depp as the Mad Hatter, Hathaway as the White Queen, Bonham Carter
as the Red Queen and Lucas as Tweedledee and Tweedledum.
[45]
A
new image of Alice was also released.
[70]
In July, new photos emerged
of Alice holding a white rabbit, the Mad Hatter with a hare, the Red
Queen holding a pig, and the White Queen with a mouse.
[71]
On July 22, 2009, a teaser trailer from the Mad Hatter's point of view
was released on IGN but was shortly taken down because Disney
claimed that the trailer was not supposed to be out yet. The teaser was
also planned to premiere along with a trailer of Robert Zemeckis' film
adaptation of A Christmas Carol on July 24, 2009 for G-Force. The
following day, the teaser trailer premiered at Comic-Con but the trailer
shown was different than the one that leaked. The ComicCon version
didn't have the Mad Hatter's dialogue. Instead, it featured "Time to
Pretend" by MGMT, and the clips shown were in different order than in
the leaked version. The leaked version was originally to be shown to
one of the three Facebook groups used to promote the film that had the
most members. The groups used to promote the film are "The Loyal
Subjects of the Red Queen", "The Loyal Subjects of the White Queen" and "The Disloyal Subjects of the Mad
Hatter".
[72]
Also at ComicCon, props from the film were displayed in an "Alice in Wonderland" exhibit. Costumes featured in
the exhibit included the Red Queen's dress, chair, wig, spectacles and scepter; the White Queen's dress, wig and a
small model of her castle; the Mad Hatter's suit, hat, wig, chair and table; Alice's dress and battle armor (to slay the
Jabberwocky). Other props included the "DRINK ME" bottles, the keys, an "EAT ME" pastry and stand-in models
of the White Rabbit and March Hare.
[73]
Alice in Wonderland (2010 film)
129
A nighttime party area at the Disney's California Adventure theme park was created, called "Mad T Party".
Video game
On July 23, 2009, Disney Interactive Studios announced that a video game based on the film, developed by French
game studio Étranges Libellules, would be released in the same week as the film for the Wii, Nintendo DS and
Microsoft Windows, with the soundtrack being composed by veteran video games music composer Richard
Jacques.
[74]
The Wii, DS and PC versions were released on March 2, 2010.
Home media
Walt Disney Studios Home Entertainment released a 3-disc Blu-ray combo pack (which includes the Blu-ray, DVD
and a digital copy), 1-disc Blu-ray and 1-disc DVD on June 1, 2010 in the US and July 1, 2010 in Australia.
[75]
All
versions are presented in 1080p with a 16:9 aspect ratio and Dolby Digital 5.1 HD surround sound. The DVD release
includes three short features about the making of the film, focusing on Burton's vision for Wonderland and the
characters of Alice and the Mad Hatter. The Blu-ray version has nine additional featurettes centered on additional
characters, special effects and other aspects of the film's production.
[76]
In some confusion, a small number of copies
were put on shelves a week before schedule in smaller stores, but were quickly removed, although a handful of
copies were confirmed purchased ahead of schedule.
In its first week of release (June 1–6, 2010), it sold 2,095,878 DVD units (equivalent to $35,441,297) and topped the
DVD sales chart for two continuous weeks. By May 22, 2011, it had sold 4,313,680 units ($76,413,043). It failed to
crack the 2010 top ten DVDs list in terms of units sold, but reached 10th place on that chart in terms of sales
revenue.
[77][78]
Reception
Box office
Alice in Wonderland earned $334,191,110 in North America and $690,108,794 in other territories, for a worldwide
total of $1,024,299,904.
[4][79][80]
Worldwide, it is the eleventh highest-grossing film
[81]
and the second
highest-grossing 2010 film.
[82]
It is the third highest-grossing film starring Johnny Depp,
[83]
the highest-grossing
film directed by Tim Burton
[84]
and the second highest-grossing children's book adaptation (worldwide, as well as in
North America and outside North America separately).
[85]
On its first weekend, the film made $210.1 million worldwide, marking the second-largest opening ever for a movie
not released during the summer or the holiday period (behind The Hunger Games), the fourth largest for a Disney
film and the fourth largest among 2010 films.
[86]
It dominated for three consecutive weekends at the worldwide box
office.
[87][88][89][90]
On May 28, 2010, its 85th day of release, it became the sixth film ever to surpass the
$1-billion-mark, the first to do so without a PG-13 rating, and the second film produced and released by Walt Disney
Studios that did so.
[91][92]
North America
Alice in Wonderland is the twenty-fifth highest-grossing film but out of the top 100 when adjusted for inflation. It is
also the second highest-grossing 2010 film,
[93]
the second highest-grossing film starring Johnny Depp
[83]
and the
highest-grossing film directed by Tim Burton.
[84]
The film opened on March 5, 2010, on approximately 7,400
screens at 3,728 theaters with $40,804,962 during its first day, ranking number one and setting a new March
opening-day record.
[94]
Alice earned $116.1 million on its opening weekend, breaking the record for the largest
opening weekend in March (previously held by 300),
[95]
the record for the largest opening weekend during
springtime (previously held by Fast and Furious), the largest opening weekend for a non-sequel (previously held by
Spider-Man)
[96]
and the highest one for the non-holiday, non-summer period. However, all of these records were
Alice in Wonderland (2010 film)
130
broken by The Hunger Games ($152.5 million) in March 2012.
[97][98]
Alice made the twelfth highest-grossing
opening weekend of all time
[99]
and the third largest for a 3D film.
[100]
Opening-weekend grosses originating from
3D showings were $81.3 million (70% of total weekend gross). This broke the record for the largest
opening-weekend 3D grosses
[101][102]
but it was topped by Marvel's The Avengers ($108 million).
[103]
It had the
largest weekend per theater average of 2010 ($31,143 per theater) and the largest for a PG-rated film.
[104]
It broke
the IMAX opening-weekend record
[105]
by earning $12.2 million on 188 IMAX screens, with an average of $64,197
per site. The record was overtaken by Deathly Hallows – Part 2 ($15.2 million).
[102]
Alice remained in first place for
three consecutive weekends at the North American box office.
[106][107]
Alice closed in theaters on July 8, 2010 with
$334.2 million.
Outside North America
Outside North America, Alice is the ninth highest-grossing film,
[108]
the highest-grossing 2010 film,
[109]
the third
highest-grossing Disney film, the second highest-grossing film starring Johnny Depp
[83]
and the highest-grossing
film directed by Tim Burton.
[84]
It began with an estimated $94 million, on top of the weekend box office, and
remained at the summit for four consecutive weekends and five in total.
[110]
In Japan, it stands as the foreign film
that reached 10 billion yen in record time (37 days), that is 13 days fewer than Avatar, which is the second
fastest.
[111]
Japan was the film's highest-grossing country after North America, with $133.7 million, followed by the
UK, Ireland and Malta ($64.4 million), and France and the Maghreb region ($45.9 million).
[112]
Critical response
The film received generally mixed reviews. Review aggregate Rotten Tomatoes reports that 51% of critics have
given the film a positive review based on 246 reviews, with an average score of 5.7/10.
[113]
Metacritic, which
assigns a weighted average score out of 1–100 reviews from film critics, has a rating score of 53 based on 38
reviews.
Todd McCarthy of Variety praised it for its "moments of delight, humor and bedazzlement", but went on to say, "But
it also becomes more ordinary as it goes along, building to a generic battle climax similar to any number of others in
CGI-heavy movies of the past few years".
[114]
Michael Rechtshaffen of The Hollywood Reporter said "Burton has
delivered a subversively witty, brilliantly cast, whimsically appointed dazzler that also manages to hit all the
emotionally satisfying marks", while also praising its computer-generated imagery (CGI), saying "Ultimately, it's the
visual landscape that makes Alice's newest adventure so wondrous, as technology has finally been able to catch up
with Burton's endlessly fertile imagination."
[115]
Owen Gleiberman of Entertainment Weekly said, "But Burton's
Disneyfied 3-D Alice in Wonderland, written by the girl-power specialist Linda Woolverton, is a strange brew
indeed: murky, diffuse, and meandering, set not in a Wonderland that pops with demented life but in a world called
Underland that's like a joyless, bombed-out version of Wonderland. It looks like a CGI head trip gone
postapocalyptic. In the film's rather humdrum 3-D, the place doesn't dazzle — it droops."
[116]
Roger Ebert of the
Chicago Sun-Times awarded the film three out of four stars and said in his review that, "Alice plays better as an adult
hallucination, which is how Burton rather brilliantly interprets it until a pointless third act flies off the rails."
[117]
The
market research firm CinemaScore found that audiences gave the film an average rating of "A-".
[118]
Several reviews criticized the decision to turn Alice into a "colonialist entrepreneur" at the end of the film setting sail
for China.
[119][120][121]
Given Britain's role in the Opium Wars during the Victorian era and subjugation of China
through "unequal treaties", China expert Kevin Slaten writes, "Not only is it troubling imagery for a female role
model in a Disney movie, but it's also a celebration of the exploitation that China suffered for a century."
[122]
Alice in Wonderland (2010 film)
131
Accolades
Award Category Recipient Result
83rd Academy Awards
[123] Best Art Direction Robert Stromberg
Karen O'Hara
Won
Best Visual Effects Ken Ralston
David Schaub
Carey Villegas
Sean Phillips
Nominated
Best Costume Design Colleen Atwood Won
64th British Academy Film
Awards
[124]
Best Costume Design Won
Best Film Music Danny Elfman Nominated
Best Production Design Robert Stromberg
Karen O’Hara
Nominated
Best Special Visual Effects Nominated
Best Makeup and Hair Won
68th Golden Globe Awards
[125] Best Motion Picture – Musical or Comedy Nominated
Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy Johnny Depp Nominated
Best Original Score Danny Elfman Nominated
53rd Grammy Awards Best Score Soundtrack Album For Motion Picture, Television
Or Other Visual Media
Nominated
ChartAttack's 16th Annual Year-End
Readers' Poll
Best Song Avril Lavigne
Won
2011 Kids' Choice Awards
[126] Favorite Movie Nominated
Favorite Movie Actor Johnny Depp Won
MTV Movie Awards Global Superstar Nominated
Best Movie Nominated
Best Villain Helena Bonham Carter Nominated
National Movie Awards Best Performance Nominated
Johnny Depp Nominated
Best Fantasy Nominated
People's Choice Awards
[127] Favorite Movie Nominated
Favorite Drama Movie Nominated
Teen Choice Awards Best Fantasy Film Nominated
Best Fantasy Actor Johnny Depp Nominated
Scene Stealer – Female Anne Hathaway Nominated
Best Fantasy Actress Mia Wasikowska Nominated
Breakout Female Nominated
Best Fight Mia Wasikowska vs. The
Jabberwocky
Won
Alice in Wonderland (2010 film)
132
37th Saturn Awards Best Fantasy Film Won
Best Costume Won
Best Make-Up Nominated
Best Production Design Nominated
Best Special Effects Nominated
2010 Scream Awards Ultimate Scream Nominated
Best Fantasy Movie Nominated
Best Director Tim Burton Nominated
Best Fantasy Actress Mia Wasikowska Nominated
Best Breakout Performance – Female Nominated
Best Fantasy Actor Johnny Depp Nominated
Best Supporting Actress Anne Hathaway Won
3-D Top Three Nominated
AD First Half of the Year
Awards
[128]
Best Art Direction Nominated
Best Visual Effects Won
Best Make Up Nominated
MTV Fan Music Awards Best Movie Song Avril Lavigne Won
Possible stage adaptation
Walt Disney Theatrical is already in early talks with Burton and screenwriter Linda Woolverton to develop the
property as a Broadway musical. Woolverton authored the screenplay for Disney's The Lion King and is also the
Tony Award-nominated book writer of Beauty and the Beast, Aida and Lestat. Burton will also render the overall
designs for the stage musical. Woolverton will adapt her screenplay for the stage production. Neither a composer nor
songwriting team has been chosen yet. Direction and choreography will be done by Rob Ashford.
[129][130][131]
The
musical is aiming to make its world-premiere in London.
[132]
Sequel
On December 7, 2012, Variety announced the development of a sequel to Alice in Wonderland, with Linda
Woolverton returning to write a screenplay.
[133]
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External links
• Official website (http:// disney. go. com/ disneypictures/ aliceinwonderland/ )
• Alice in Wonderland (http:// www. imdb. com/ title/ tt1014759/ ) at the Internet Movie Database
• Alice in Wonderland (http:/ / www. allrovi.com/ movies/ movie/ v1:424944) at AllRovi
• Alice in Wonderland (http:/ / www. boxofficemojo.com/ movies/ ?id=aliceinwonderland10.htm) at Box Office
Mojo
• Alice in Wonderland (http:/ / www. rottentomatoes.com/ m/ 1221547-alice_in_wonderland/) at Rotten Tomatoes
• Alice in Wonderland (http:/ / www. metacritic.com/ movie/ alice-in-wonderland) at Metacritic
• Alice in Wonderland script (http:/ / www. waltdisneystudiosawards. com/ aliceinwonderland/script-alice.pdf)
Alma Reville
139
Alma Reville
Alma Reville
Born Alma Lucy Reville
14 August 1899
Nottinghamshire, England
Died 6 July 1982 (aged 82)
Bel Air, Los Angeles, California
Spouse(s) Alfred Hitchcock
(m.1926–1980; his death)
Children Patricia Hitchcock (born 1928)
Parents Matthew Edward Reville
(father)
Lucy Owen (mother)
Alma Reville, Lady Hitchcock (14 August 1899 – 6 July 1982) was an English assistant director, screenwriter and
editor.
Life and work
She was born in Nottinghamshire, England, the second daughter of Matthew Edward and Lucy Reville (née
Owen).
[1]
She is best known as the wife and collaborator of Sir Alfred Hitchcock, whom she met while they were working
together at Paramount's Famous Players-Lasky studio in London, during the early 1920s. A talented editor, Alma
worked on British films with directors such as Berthold Viertel and Maurice Elvey, though her main focus was her
husband’s work. Cinema was the couple’s passion. She converted to Roman Catholicism before their marriage.
[2]
Alma was one day younger than her husband.
They married on 2 December 1926 at Brompton Oratory in London; their daughter Patricia Hitchcock was born on 7
July 1928. Alma became Hitchcock's collaborator and sounding board, with a keen ear for dialogue and an editor's
sharp eye for scrutinising a film's final version for continuity flaws so minor they escaped Hitchcock's own notice
and that of his crew. It was Reville who noticed Janet Leigh inadvertently swallowing after her character's fatal
encounter with Norman Bates' mother in Psycho (1960), necessitating an alteration to the negative. She was
particularly good at revising dialogue and spotting inconsistencies in his plots.
Alma Reville died of natural causes at the age of 82, two years after Hitchcock's death. She had suffered from breast
cancer some years before her death, but made a full recovery from the illness.
She was played by Imelda Staunton in The Girl (2012), the BBC/ HBO film about the relationship between Sir
Alfred Hitchcock (Toby Jones) and Tippi Hedren (Sienna Miller) and by Helen Mirren in Sacha Gervasi's Hitchcock
(2012), about the production of Psycho.
Alma Reville
140
Selected filmography
Screenwriter
• The Ring (1927)
• The Constant Nymph (1928)
• The First Born (1928)
• A South Sea Bubble (1928)
• A Romance of Seville (1929)
• After the Verdict (1929)
• Juno and the Paycock (1929)
• Murder! (1930)
• The Skin Game (1931)
• Mary (1931)
• The Outsider (1931)
• Sally in Our Alley (1931)
• Rich and Strange (1931)
• Nine Till Six (1931)
• The Water Gipsies (1932)
• Number Seventeen (1932)
• Waltzes from Vienna (1934)
• Forbidden Territory (1934)
• The Passing of the Third Floor Back (1935)
• Secret Agent (1936)
• Sabotage (1936)
• Young and Innocent (1937)
• Jamaica Inn (1939)
Further reading
• Alma Hitchcock: The Woman Behind the Man by Patricia Hitchcock O'Connell and Laurent Bouzereau (Berkley,
2003)
References
[1] Alma Reville (http:/ / knol. google. com/ k/ ancestry-of-alfred-hitchcock#)
[2] Adair, Gene. Alfred Hitchcock: Filming Our Fears. Oxford University Press, 2002. ISBN 0-19-511967-3
External links
• Alma Reville (http:/ / www. imdb. com/ name/ nm0720904/ ) at the Internet Movie Database
• Alma Reville (http:/ / www. findagrave.com/ cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=6653710) at Find a Grave
• Alfred Hitchcock’s Secret Weapon Becomes a Star (http:/ / www. nytimes. com/ 2012/ 11/ 18/ movies/
hitchcock-and-the-girl-remember-alma-reville.html) (Hitchcock and The Girl Remember Alma Reville (http://
graphics8. nytimes.com/ images/ 2012/ 11/ 18/ arts/ 18ALMA4/ 18JPALMA-popup.jpg)) by John Anderson
(http:// graphics8. nytimes. com/ images/ 2012/ 11/ 18/ arts/ 18ALMA1_SPAN/
18ALMA1_SPAN-articleLarge-v2.jpg), New York Times (http:// www. nytimes. com/ images/ 2012/ 11/ 18/
arts/ 18ALMA1_SPAN/ 18ALMA1_SPAN-thumbStandard-v2.jpg) 16 November 2012.
Anna Massey
141
Anna Massey
Anna Massey
Massey in Bunny Lake Is Missing (1965)
Born Anna Raymond Massey
11 August 1937
Thakeham, Sussex, England, UK
Died 3 July 2011 (aged 73)
London, England, UK
Nationality British
Occupation Actress
Years active 1958–2010
Spouse(s) Jeremy Brett
(m. 1958–1962, divorced); 1 son
Uri Andres
(m. 1988–2011, her death)
Parents Raymond Massey
Adrianne Allen
Anna Raymond Massey, CBE (11 August 1937 – 3 July 2011)
[1][2]
was an English actress.
[3]
She won a BAFTA
Award for the role of Edith Hope in the 1986 TV adaptation of Anita Brookner’s novel Hotel du Lac
[4]
in a role
which one of her co-stars, Julia McKenzie, has said 'could have been written for her.'
[5]
Early life
Massey was born in Thakeham, Sussex, England, the daughter of British actress Adrianne Allen and Canadian-born
Hollywood actor Raymond Massey.
[6]
Her brother, Daniel Massey, was also an actor. She was the niece of Vincent
Massey, a Governor General of Canada, and her godfather was film director John Ford.
[7]
Career
Although she had no formal training at either drama school or in repertory, in May 1955 at the age of 17 Anna
Massey made her first appearance on stage at the Theatre Royal, Brighton, as Jane in The Reluctant Debutante,
subsequently making her first London appearance in the same play at the Cambridge Theatre in May 1955 "and was
suddenly famous".
[8]
She then left the cast in London to repeat her performance in New York in October 1956.
[9]
Anna Massey
142
Several of her early film roles were in mystery thrillers. She made her cinema debut in the Scotland Yard film
Gideon's Day (1958), as Sally, daughter of Jack Hawkins's Detective Inspector. The director was her godfather John
Ford.
[8]
She played a potential murder victim in Michael Powell's cult thriller Peeping Tom (1960) and appeared in
Otto Preminger's Bunny Lake Is Missing (1965). In 1972, she played the role of the cockney barmaid Babs in Alfred
Hitchcock's penultimate film Frenzy. In the documentary on the film's DVD release, Massey mentioned that she
originally auditioned for the much smaller role of the secretary Monica, a part for which Jean Marsh was cast. She
also noted that her character's nude scenes in Frenzy were performed by body doubles. Massey appeared with her
brother Daniel playing deadly siblings in the horror film The Vault of Horror (1973).
Massey continued to make occasional film and stage appearances, but worked more frequently in television, making
her first small screen appearance as Jacqueline in Green of the Year in October 1955
[9]
and in dramas such as The
Pallisers (1974), the 1978 adaptation of Rebecca (in which she starred with her ex-husband, Jeremy Brett), The
Mayor of Casterbridge (1978), The Cherry Orchard (1980), and Anna Karenina (1985). She had roles in the British
comedy series The Darling Buds of May (1991) and The Robinsons (2005). She also appeared in a number of
mysteries and thrillers on television, including episodes of Inspector Morse, The Inspector Alleyn Mysteries,
Midsomer Murders, Strange, Lewis, and Agatha Christie's Poirot.
With Imelda Staunton, she co-devised and starred as Josephine Daunt in Daunt and Dervish on BBC radio. She was
the narrator of This Sceptred Isle on BBC Radio 4, a history of Britain from Roman times which ran for more than
300 fifteen-minute episodes. In 2009 she also appeared in a new radio version of The Killing of Sister George.
[8]
In 1986, Massey was awarded the British Academy TV Award for Best Actress for her role in Hotel du Lac after
acquiring the TV rights two years earlier, only a few weeks before the novel won the Booker Prize.
[5]
She also
appeared as Mrs. D'Urberville in the 2008 BBC adaptation of Tess of the D'Urbervilles, an older version of May and
as Rosie in An Angel For May, and in the 2004 BBC version of Our Mutual Friend.
[7]
Acting style
One of Massey's assets as an actress was her 'extraordinary voice... it was so listenable.'
[5]
Although Massey's parts
were varied, her 'cut-glass English accent, conveyed a cold and repressed character on screen'.
[10]
On the stage, a
number of her performances were said to be characterised by 'stillness', such as the National Theatre's production of
Harold Pinter's A Kind of Alaska.
[11]
She was known for a high level of preparation and effort, with one producer saying that she had a practice of using
five different coloured pens on scripts to mark out 'breaths and pauses' and the development of a scene, for example
'if a phrase early in a paragraph was going to be picked up again later, she would highlight those two bits in the same
colour, so that it would remind her that that first phrase was referring to something later.'
[5]
Personal life
In the New Year's Honours List published 31 December 2004 she was created a Commander of the Order of the
British Empire (CBE) for services to drama.
[12]
She published an autobiography in 2006, Telling Some Tales, which revealed a difficult early life and her failed
marriage to actor Jeremy Brett (who struggled with bipolar disorder), their son, writer David Raymond William
Huggins (b. 1959), her successful second marriage in 1988 to Russian scientist Uri Andres
[11]
and of being a
grandmother. Massey was quoted as saying, "Theatre eats up too much of your family life. I have a grandson and a
husband and I'd rather I was able to be a granny and a wife."
[13]
Anna Massey
143
Death
Massey died from cancer on 3 July 2011, aged 73. She is survived by her son, grandson and second husband.
[7]
Selected filmography
Year Film Role Notes
1958 Gideon's Day Sally Gideon
1960 Peeping Tom Helen
1965 Bunny Lake Is Missing Elvira Smollett
1972 Frenzy Babs Milligan
1973 The Vault of Horror Donna Rogers
1974 The Pallisers Laura Kennedy TV miniseries
1978 The Mayor of Casterbridge Lucetta Templeman
1979 Rebecca Mrs. Danvers TV film
1983 Mansfield Park (1983 TV serial) Mrs. Norris TV series
1984 Journey into the Shadows: Portrait of Gwen John Gwen John TV film
1986 Hotel du Lac Edith Hope BAFTA award-winning TV role
1986 Foreign Body Miss Furze
1986 A Hazard of Hearts Eudora, Serena's Maid
1991 Impromptu George Sand's mother
1992 Inspector Morse Lady Emily Balcombe TV series, 'Happy Families'
1997 Deja Vu Fern Stoner 1998 "Midsomer Murders-Written in Blood" Honoria Lyddiard
1999 Captain Jack Phoebe Pickles
2001 Dark blue world English teacher
2002 The Importance of Being Earnest Miss Prism
Possession Lady Bailey
2004 The Machinist Mrs Shrike
He Knew He Was Right Miss Stanbury TV film
Belonging Herself TV film
2005 Mrs. Palfrey at the Claremont Mrs Arbuthnot
The Worst Week of My Life Aunt Yvonne
2006 The Gigolos Edwina
2007 Fairy Stories by The Brothers Grimm Narrator Audiobook
Doctor Who - The Girl Who Never Was Miss Pollard 8th Doctor audiobook
2008 Tess of the D'Urbervilles Mrs D'Urberville
The Oxford Murders (Film) Mrs. Julia Eagleton
Affinity (film) Miss Haxby TV film
2011 Act of Memory (short) Older Maria
Anna Massey
144
Books
• Massey, Anna (2006). Telling Some Tales. London: Hutchinson. ISBN 0-09-179645-8.
References
[1] "Anna Massey dies at 73" (http:/ / www. guardian.co. uk/ uk/ 2011/ jul/ 04/ anna-massey-dies-73). The Guardian. 2011-07-04. . Retrieved
2011-07-04.
[2] The Sunday Times Magazine, The Sunday Times, 18
th
December 2011, page 64
[3] Maitland, Peter (Nov 23, 1956). "Anna Massey Recalls Sudden Leap to Stardom on Stage" (http:/ / news. google.com/
newspapers?id=16lkAAAAIBAJ&sjid=E28NAAAAIBAJ& pg=4773,3328168&dq=anna-massey& hl=en). Saskatoon Star-Phoenix: p. 10. .
Retrieved 25 April 2011.
[4] Associated Press (July 6, 2011). "Anna Massey, TV and Film Actress, Dies at 73" (http:/ / www. nytimes. com/ 2011/ 07/ 05/ arts/ television/
anna-massey-british-tv-and-film-actress-dies-at-73.html?ref=deathsobituaries). The New York Times. .
[5] Presented by John Wilson (2011-07-08). "[ Radio 4, "Last Word" (http:// www.bbc.co.uk/ programmes/ b006qpmv|BBC)]". [ Word (http:/ /
www. bbc. co. uk/ programmes/b006qpmv|Last)]. BBC. Radio 4.
[6] "Anna Massey: Obituaries" (http:// www. telegraph. co. uk/ news/ obituaries/ culture-obituaries/tv-radio-obituaries/8615826/ Anna-Massey.
html). The Telegraph (London): p. 27. 5 July 2011. Archived (http:/ / web. archive. org/web/ 20110712183616/ http:/ / www. telegraph.co.
uk/ news/ obituaries/ culture-obituaries/tv-radio-obituaries/8615826/ Anna-Massey. html) from the original on 12 July 2011. . Retrieved 7
July 2011.
[7] BBC News: "Actress Anna Massey dies at the age of 73" (http:/ / www. bbc. co.uk/ news/ entertainment-arts-14015939)
[8] "Anna Massey (Obituary)" (http:/ / www. thetimes. co. uk/ tto/ opinion/ obituaries/ article3083481.ece). The Times (London): p. 49. 5 July
2011. .
[9] [9] Who's Who in the Theatre, 17th edition, Gale 1981 ISBN 0-8103-0235-7
[10] Ronald, Bergen (5 July), "Obituary, 'Anna Massey", The Guardian: Page 28
[11] Billington, Michael (5 July), "Obituary, 'Anna Massey", The Guardian: Page 28
[12] BBC NEWS: "Anna Massey collects CBE" (http:/ / news. bbc.co. uk/ 1/ hi/ entertainment/tv_and_radio/ 4489929.stm)
[13] "[[IMDB (http:/ / www. imdb. com/ name/ nm0557281/ bio)] entry for Anna Massey"]. . Retrieved 21 December 2011.
External links
• Anna Massey (http:/ / www. imdb. com/ name/ nm0557281/ ) at the Internet Movie Database
• Anna Massey (http:/ / www. screenonline.org.uk/people/ id/491194) at the British Film Institute's Screenonline
• Stage performances in Theatre Archive University of Bristol (http:// www. bris. ac.uk/ theatrecollection/search/
people_sub_plays?forename=Anna& surname=MASSEY& job=Actor&pid=3857& image_view=Yes& x=19&
y=17)
• Anna Massey (http:/ / www. allrovi.com/ name/ p2:46289) at AllRovi
• Obituary in The Independent (http:// www. independent. co. uk/ news/ obituaries/
anna-massey-awardwinning-actress-on-stage-film-and-television-acclaimed-for-her-subtlety-and-intelligence-2306941.
html)
• Obituary in The Telegraph (http:// www. telegraph.co. uk/ news/ obituaries/ culture-obituaries/
tv-radio-obituaries/8615826/ Anna-Massey. html)
• Anna Massey (http:/ / www. findagrave.com/ cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=72661147) at Find a Grave
Another Life (film)
145
Another Life (film)
Another Life
Directed by Philip Goodhew
Produced by Chris Craib
Lora Fox Gamble
Written by Philip Goodhew
Starring Natasha Little
Nick Moran
Ioan Gruffudd
Imelda Staunton
Music by James McConnel
Cinematography Simon Archer
Editing by Jamie Trevill
Release date(s) • 1 February 2001 (Singapore)
Country United Kingdom
Language English
Another Life is a 2001 British film written and directed by Philip Goodhew. It stars Ioan Gruffudd, Natasha Little,
Nick Moran, Imelda Staunton, Rachael Stirling and Tom Wilkinson.
Chiefly set in London during the First World War and in the early 1920s (primarily 1921 and 1922) and based on a
true story, the film concerns a daydreaming young woman, Edith Graydon (Little), who attracts, then marries, an
ordinary shipping clerk, Percy Thompson (Moran), who reminds her of a character in books. Later, Edith carries on
an affair with Frederick Bywaters (Gruffudd), a young merchant seaman and childhood friend of her younger
brother. The Thompsons' marriage had been a failure for years when Edith became reacquainted with Bywaters, who
by then was dating Avis (Stirling), Edith's younger sister. Over the course of their tempestuous affair, Edith writes to
Bywaters during his extended absences at sea about her growing boredom and frustration with the dull Percy, who
has grown jealous and violent at times. These letters burst with Edith's vivid imagination, including her hopes for a
romantic future with Bywaters and her alleged attempts to kill her husband through feeding him glass and poisons.
Edith's fantasy-driven promises to leave Percy stir Bywaters to a frenzy; he also resents the way Percy deprecates
and even injures Edith. Finally, Bywaters attacks Percy with a knife, as the couple walk home from the theatre. The
resulting trial and conviction of the lovers creates a sensation across Britain, as Edith maintains her innocence of any
part in her husband's murder. Her letters paint a different picture, despite Bywaters' insistence he acted alone and
impulsively. Despite a massive number of signatures on a petition protesting Edith's death sentence, the lovers hang
on the same day. To the end, Edith conjures up dreams of her sentence's being commuted to life imprisonment, so
her captors must sedate and carry her off to the scaffold.
Another Life (film)
146
Cast
• Natasha Little as Edith Graydon (later Thompson)
• Nick Moran as Percy Thompson
• Ioan Gruffudd as Frederick Bywaters
• Imelda Staunton as Ethel Graydon
• Rachael Stirling as Avis Graydon
• Tom Wilkinson as Mr Carlton
• Diana Coupland as Mrs Lester
• Michael Bertenshaw as William Graydon
• Daniel Brocklebank as Newnie
• Elizabeth McKechnie as Mrs Thompson
• Judy Clifton as Nora Lester
• Simon Paris as Sergeant Mew
• Alex Potter as Young Billy Graydon
• Anton Gregory as Young Harold Graydon
• Rikki Doughty as Young Freddy Bywaters
• Juliet Forester as Miss Prior
• Helen Brampton as Lily Thompson
• Daniel Goode as Kenneth
• Gyuri Sarossy as Archie
• Arthur Gerard as Mr Lester
• Jack Cassidy as Older Billy Graydon
• Daniel Louw as Older Harold Graydon
• Nicholas Hutchison as Dr Maudsley
• Alan Leith as Detective Inspector Hall
• Michael Sheard as Mr Justice Shearman
• Miles Richardson as Clerk of court
• Bruce Purchase as Sir Henry Curtis-Bennett
• John Tordoff as John Ellis
• Richard Mayes as Prison chaplain
• Sean Boru as Courtroom photographer (uncredited)
External links
• Another Life
[1]
at the Internet Movie Database
References
[1] http:/ / www.imdb. com/ title/ tt0218000/
BAFTA Award for Best Actress in a Leading Role
147
BAFTA Award for Best Actress in a Leading
Role
Best Actress in a Leading Role is a British Academy Film Award presented annually by the British Academy of
Film and Television Arts to recognize an actress who has delivered an outstanding leading performance in a film.
•• From 1952-1967, there were two Best Actress awards presented, Best British Actress and Best Foreign Actress.
• From 1968-1984, the two awards merged into one award known as Best Actress.
[1]
• From 1985-present, the award has been known by its current name of Best Actress in a leading role.
[2]
In the list below, the winners from 1952-1967, won the award for Best Foreign Actress.
For the winners of Best British Actress, see BAFTA Award for Best British Actress.
† - indicates the performance also won the Academy Award
‡ - indicates the performance was also nominated for the Academy Award
Winners and nominees
1950s
Year Actress Film Character
1952
6th
Simone Signoret Golden Helmet Marie
Edwige Feuillère The Pit of Loneliness Julie
Katharine Hepburn The African Queen & Pat and Mike Rose Sayer ‡ / Patricia Pemberton
Judy Holliday The Marrying Kind Florence Keefer
Nicole Stéphane The Terrible Children Elisabeth
1953
7th
Leslie Caron Lili Lili Daurier ‡
Shirley Booth Come Back, Little Sheba Lola Delaney †
Marie Powers The Medium Flora
Maria Schell The Heart of the Matter Helen Rolt
1954
8th
Cornell Borchers The Divided Heart Inga Hartl
Shirley Booth About Mrs. Leslie Vivien Leslie
Judy Holliday Phffft! Nina Tracey
Grace Kelly Dial M for Murder Margot Wendice
Gina Lollobrigida Bread, Love and Dreams Maria de Ritis
BAFTA Award for Best Actress in a Leading Role
148
1955
9th
Betsy Blair Marty Clara ‡
Dorothy Dandridge Carmen Jones Carmen Jones ‡
Judy Garland A Star is Born Esther Blodgett ‡
Julie Harris I Am a Camera Sally Bowles
Katharine Hepburn Summertime Jane Hudson ‡
Grace Kelly The Country Girl Georgia Elgin †
Giulietta Masina La Strada (The Road) Gelsomina
Marilyn Monroe The Seven Year Itch The Girl
1956
10th
Anna Magnani The Rose Tattoo Serafina Delle Rose †
Carroll Baker Baby Doll Baby Doll Meighan ‡
Eva Dahlbeck Smiles of a Summer Night Desiree Armfeldt
Ava Gardner Bhowani Junction Victoria Jones
Susan Hayward I'll Cry Tomorrow Lillian Roth ‡
Shirley Maclaine The Trouble with Harry Jennifer Rogers
Kim Novak Picnic Marjorie Owens
Marisa Pavan The Rose Tattoo Rose Delle Rose ‡
Maria Schell Gervaise Gervaise Macquart Coupeau
Jean Simmons Guys and Dolls Sarah Brown
1957
11th
Simone Signoret The Crucible Elizabeth Proctor
Augusta Dabney That Night! Maggie Bowden
Katharine Hepburn The Rainmaker Lizzie Curry ‡
Marilyn Monroe The Prince and the Showgirl Elsie Marina
Lili Palmer The Story of Anastasia Anna Anderson
Eva Marie Saint A Hatful of Rain Celia Pope
Joanne Woodward The Three Faces of Eve Eve White †
1958
12th
Simone Signoret Room at the Top Alice Aisgill †
Ingrid Bergman The Inn of the Sixth Happiness Gladys Aylward
Anna Magnani Wild is the Wind Giola ‡
Giulietta Masina Nights of Cabiria Cabiria Ceccarelli
Tatiana Samoilova The Cranes are Flying Veronika
Elizabeth Taylor
[3] Cat on a Hot Tin Roof Maggie Pollitt ‡
Joanne Woodward No Down Payment Leola Boone
1959
13th
Shirley Maclaine Ask Any Girl Meg Wheeler
Ava Gardner On the Beach Moira Davidson
Susan Hayward I Want to Live! Barbara Graham †
Ellie Lambeti A Matter of Dignity Chloe Pella
Rosalind Russell Auntie Mame Mame Dennis ‡
BAFTA Award for Best Actress in a Leading Role
149
1960s
Year Actress Film Character
1960
14th
Shirley Maclaine The Apartment Fran Kubelik ‡
Pier Angeli The Angry Silence Anna Curtis
Melina Mercouri Never on Sunday Illya ‡
Emmanuelle Riva Hiroshima Mon Amour Elle
Jean Simmons Elmer Gantry Sharon Falconer
Monica Vitti The Adventure Claudia
1961
15th
Sophia Loren Two Women Cesira †
Annie Girardot Rocco and His Brothers Nadia
Piper Laurie The Hustler Sarah Packard ‡
Claudia McNeil A Raisin in the Sun Lena Younger
Jean Seberg Breathless Patricia Franchini
1962
16th
Anne Bancroft The Miracle Worker Anne Sullivan †
Harriet Andersson Through a Glass Darkly Karin
Anouk Aimée Lola Lola
Melina Mercouri Phaedra Phaedra
Jeanne Moreau Jules and Jim Catherine
Geraldine Page Sweet Bird of Youth Alexandra del Lago ‡
Natalie Wood Splendor in the Grass Deanie Loomis ‡
1963
17th
Patricia Neal Hud Alma Brown †
Joan Crawford What Ever Happened to Baby Jane? Blanche Hudson
Bette Davis What Ever Happened to Baby Jane? Baby Jane Hudson ‡
Lee Remick Days of Wine and Roses Kirsten Arnesen Clay ‡
Daniela Rocca Divorce, Italian Style Rosalia Cefalù
1964
18th
Anne Bancroft The Pumpkin Eater Jo Armitage ‡
Kim Stanley Séance on a Wet Afternoon Myra Savage ‡
Ava Gardner The Night of the Iguana Maxine Faulk
Shirley Maclaine Irma la Douce & What a Way to Go! Irma la Douce ‡ / Louisa Foster
1965
19th
Patricia Neal In Harm's Way Maggie Haines
Jane Fonda Cat Ballou Catherine Ballou
Lila Kedrova Zorba the Greek Madame Hortense ‡
Simone Signoret Ship of Fools LA Condesa ‡
BAFTA Award for Best Actress in a Leading Role
150
1966
20th
Jeanne Moreau Viva Maria! Maria I
Simone Signoret The Sleeping Car Murders Éliane Darrès
Brigitte Bardot Viva Maria! Maria II
Joan Hackett The Group Dottie Renfrew
1967
21st
Anouk Aimée A Man and a Woman Anne Gauthier ‡
Bibi Andersson Persona & My Sister, My Love Alma / Charlotte
Jane Fonda Barefoot in the Park Corie Bratter
Simone Signoret The Deadly Affair Elsa Fennan
1968
22nd
Katharine Hepburn The Lion in Winter & Guess Who's Coming to Dinner Eleanor of Aquitaine † / Christina Drayton †
Anne Bancroft The Graduate Mrs. Robinson ‡
Catherine Deneuve Beautiful of the Day Séverine Serizy
Joanne Woodward Rachel, Rachel Rachel Cameron ‡
1969
23rd
Maggie Smith The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie Jean Brodie †
Mia Farrow Secret Ceremony & Rosemary's Baby & John and Mary Cenci / Rosemary Woodhouse / Mary
Glenda Jackson Women in Love Gudrun Brangwen †
Barbra Streisand Funny Girl & Hello Dolly! Fanny Brice †/ Dolly Gallagher Levi
1970s
Year Actress Film Character
1970
24th
Katharine Ross Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid & Tell Them Willie Boy Is Here Etta Place / Lola
Jane Fonda They Shoot Horses, Don't They? Gloria Beatty ‡
Goldie Hawn Cactus Flower & There's a Girl in My Soup
Toni Simmons †
[4]
/ Marion
Sarah Miles Ryan's Daughter Rosy Ryan ‡
1971
25th
Glenda Jackson Sunday Bloody Sunday Alex Greville ‡
Lynn Carlin Taking Off Lynn Tyne
Julie Christie The Go-Between Marian
Jane Fonda Klute Bree Daniels †
Nanette Newman The Raging Moon Jill Matthews
1972
26th
Liza Minnelli Cabaret Sally Bowles †
Stéphane Audran The Butcher Hélène
Anne Bancroft Young Winston Lady Randolph Churchill
Dorothy Tutin Savage Messiah Sophie Brzeska
1973
27th
Stéphane Audran Just Before Nightfall & The Discreet Charm of the Bourgeoisie Hélène Masson / Alice Sénéchal
Julie Christie Don't Look Now Laura Baxter
Glenda Jackson A Touch of Class Vicki Allessio †
Diana Ross Lady Sings the Blues Billie Holiday ‡
BAFTA Award for Best Actress in a Leading Role
151
1974
28th
Joanne Woodward Summer Wishes, Winter Dreams Rita Walden ‡
Faye Dunaway Chinatown Evelyn Mulwray ‡
Barbra Streisand The Way We Were Katie Morosky ‡
Cicely Tyson The Autobiography of Miss Jane Pittman Jane Pittmann
1975
29th
Ellen Burstyn Alice Doesn't Live Here Anymore Alice Hyatt †
Anne Bancroft The Prisoner of Second Avenue Edna Edison
Valerie Perrine Lenny Honey Harlow ‡
Liv Ullmann Scenes from a Marriage Marianne
1976
30th
Louise Fletcher One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest Nurse Ratched †
Lauren Bacall The Shootist Bond Rogers
Rita Moreno The Ritz Googie Gomez
Liv Ullmann Face to Face Jenny Isaksson ‡
1977
31st
Diane Keaton Annie Hall Annie Hall †
Faye Dunaway Network Diana Christensen †
Shelley Duvall 3 Women Millie Lammoreaux
Lily Tomlin The Late Show Margo Sperling
1978
32nd
Jane Fonda Julia Lillian Hellman ‡
Anne Bancroft The Turning Point Emma Jacklin ‡
Jill Clayburgh An Unmarried Woman Erica Benton ‡
Marsha Mason The Goodbye Girl Paula McFadden ‡
1979
33rd
Jane Fonda The China Syndrome Kimberly Wells ‡
Diane Keaton Manhattan Mary Wilkie
Maggie Smith California Suite
Diana Barrie †
[5]
Meryl Streep The Deer Hunter Linda ‡
1980s
Year Actress Film Character
1980
34th
Judy Davis My Brilliant Career Sybylla Melvyn
Shirley MacLaine Being There Eve Rand
Bette Midler The Rose Mary Rose Foster ‡
Meryl Streep Kramer vs. Kramer
Joanna Kramer †
[6]
1981
35th
Meryl Streep The French Lieutenant's Woman Anna / Sara Woodruff ‡
Mary Tyler Moore Ordinary People Beth Jarrett ‡
Maggie Smith Quartet Lois Heidler
Sissy Spacek Coal Miner's Daughter Loretta Lynn †
BAFTA Award for Best Actress in a Leading Role
152
1982
36th
Katharine Hepburn On Golden Pond Ethel Thayer †
Diane Keaton Reds Louise Bryant ‡
Jennifer Kendal 36 Chowringhee Lane Violet Stoneham
Sissy Spacek Missing Beth Horman ‡
1983
37th
Julie Walters Educating Rita Rita ‡
Jessica Lange Tootsie
Julie Nichols †
[7]
Phyllis Logan Another Time, Another Place Janie
Meryl Streep Sophie's Choice Sophie Zawistowska †
1984
38th
Maggie Smith A Private Function Joyce Chilvers
Shirley MacLaine Terms of Endearment Aurora Greenaway †
Helen Mirren Cal Marcella
Meryl Streep Silkwood Karen Silkwood ‡
1985
39th
Peggy Ashcroft A Passage to India Mrs. Moore †
Mia Farrow The Purple Rose of Cairo Cecilia
Kelly McGillis Witness Rachel Lapp
Alexandra Pigg Letter to Brezhnev Elaine
1986
40th
Maggie Smith A Room with a View Charlotte Bartlett ‡
Mia Farrow Hannah and Her Sisters Hannah
Meryl Streep Out of Africa Karen Blixen ‡
Cathy Tyson Mona Lisa Simone
1987
41st
Anne Bancroft 84 Charing Cross Road Helene Hanff
Emily Lloyd Wish You Were Here Lynda Mansell
Sarah Miles Hope and Glory Grace Rowan
Julie Walters Personal Services Christine Painter
1988
42nd
Maggie Smith The Lonely Passion of Judith Hearne Judith Hearne
Stéphane Audran Babette's Feast Babette Hersant
Cher Moonstruck Loretta Castorini †
Jaime Lee Curtis A Fish Called Wanda Wanda Gershwitz
1989
43rd
Pauline Collins Shirley Valentine Shirley Valentine ‡
Glenn Close Dangerous Liaisons Marquise de Merteuil ‡
Jodie Foster The Accused Sarah Tobias †
Melanie Griffith Working Girl Tess McGill ‡
BAFTA Award for Best Actress in a Leading Role
153
1990s
Year Actress Film Character
1990
44th
Jessica Tandy Driving Miss Daisy Daisy Werthan †
Shirley Maclaine Postcards from the Edge Doris Mann
Michelle Pfeiffer The Fabulous Baker Boys Susie Diamond ‡
Julia Roberts Pretty Woman Vivian Ward ‡
1991
45th
Jodie Foster The Silence of the Lambs Clarice Starling †
Geena Davis Thelma & Louise Thelma Dickinson ‡
Susan Sarandon Thelma & Louise Louise Sawyer ‡
Juliet Stevenson Truly, Madly, Deeply Nina
1992
46th
Emma Thompson Howards End Margaret Schlegel †
Judy Davis Husbands and Wives Sally ‡
Tara Morice Strictly Ballroom Fran
Jessica Tandy Fried Green Tomatoes Ninny Threadgoode ‡
1993
47th
Holly Hunter The Piano Ada McGrath †
Miranda Richardson Tom & Viv Vivienne Haigh-Wood ‡
Emma Thompson The Remains of the Day Sarah Kenton ‡
Debra Winger Shadowlands Joy Davidman Gresham ‡
1994
48th
Susan Sarandon The Client Regina Love ‡
Linda Fiorentino The Last Seduction Bridget Gregory
Irène Jacob Three Colors: Red Valentine Dusot
Uma Thurman Pulp Fiction Mia Wallace ‡
1995
49th
Emma Thompson Sense and Sensibility Elinor Dashwood ‡
Nicole Kidman To Die For Suzanne Stone Maretto
Helen Mirren The Madness of King George Queen Charlotte ‡
Elisabeth Shue Leaving Las Vegas Sera ‡
1996
50th
Brenda Blethyn Secrets & Lies Cynthia Purley ‡
Frances McDormand Fargo Marge Gunderson †
Kristin Scott Thomas The English Patient Katharine Clifton ‡
Emily Watson Breaking the Waves Bess McNeill ‡
1997
51st
Judi Dench Mrs. Brown Queen Victoria ‡
Kim Basinger L.A. Confidential
Lynn Bracken †
[8]
Helena Bonham Carter The Wings of the Dove Kate Croy ‡
Kathy Burke Nil by Mouth Valerie
BAFTA Award for Best Actress in a Leading Role
154
1998
52nd
Cate Blanchett Elizabeth Queen Elizabeth I ‡
Jane Horrocks Little Voice Laurie Hoff / Little Voice
Gwyneth Paltrow Shakespeare in Love Viola de Lesseps †
Emily Watson Hilary and Jackie Jacqueline du Pré ‡
1999
53rd
Annette Bening American Beauty Carolyn Burnham ‡
Linda Bassett East is East Ella Khan
Julianne Moore The End of the Affair Sarah Miles ‡
Emily Watson Angela's Ashes Angela Sheehan McCourt
2000s
Year Actress Film Character
2000
54th
Julia Roberts Erin Brockovich Erin Brockovich †
Juliette Binoche Chocolat Vivianne Rocher ‡
Kate Hudson Almost Famous Penny Lane ‡
Hilary Swank Boys Don't Cry Brandon Teena †
Michelle Yeoh Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon Yu Shu Lien
2001
55th
Judi Dench Iris Old Iris Murdoch ‡
Nicole Kidman The Others Grace Stewart
Sissy Spacek In the Bedroom Ruth Fowler ‡
Audrey Tautou Amélie Amélie Poulain
Renée Zellweger Bridget Jones's Diary Bridget Jones ‡
2002
56th
Nicole Kidman The Hours Virginia Woolf †
Halle Berry Monster's Ball Leticia Musgrove †
Salma Hayek Frida Frida Kahlo ‡
Meryl Streep The Hours Clarissa Vaughan
Renée Zellweger Chicago Roxie Hart ‡
2003
57th
Scarlett Johansson Lost in Translation Charlotte
Scarlett Johansson Girl with a Pearl Earring Griet
Anne Reid The Mother May
Uma Thurman Kill Bill Volume 1 Beatrix Kiddo / The Bride / Black Mamba
Naomi Watts 21 Grams Cristina Peck ‡
2004
58th
Imelda Staunton Vera Drake Vera Drake ‡
Charlize Theron Monster Aileen Wuornos †
Kate Winslet Finding Neverland Sylvia Llewelyn Davies
Ziyi Zhang House of Flying Daggers Mei
Kate Winslet Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind Clementine Kruczynski ‡
BAFTA Award for Best Actress in a Leading Role
155
2005
59th
Reese Witherspoon Walk the Line June Carter Cash †
Judi Dench Mrs Henderson Presents Laura Henderson ‡
Charlize Theron North Country Josey Aimes ‡
Rachel Weisz The Constant Gardener
Tessa Quale †
[9]
Ziyi Zhang Memoirs of a Geisha Chiyo Sakamoto / Sayuri Nitta
2006
60th
Helen Mirren The Queen Elizabeth II †
Penelope Cruz Volver Raimunda ‡
Judi Dench Notes on a Scandal Barbara Covett ‡
Meryl Streep The Devil Wears Prada Miranda Priestly ‡
Kate Winslet Little Children Sarah Pierce ‡
2007
61st
Marion Cotillard La Vie en Rose Édith Piaf †
Cate Blanchett Elizabeth: The Golden Age Elizabeth I ‡
Julie Christie Away From Her Fiona Anderson ‡
Keira Knightley Atonement Cecilia Tallis
Ellen Page Juno Juno MacGuff‡
2008
62nd
Kate Winslet The Reader Hanna Schmitz †
Angelina Jolie Changeling Christine Collins ‡
Kristin Scott Thomas I've Loved You So Long Juliette Fontaine
Meryl Streep Doubt Sister Aloysius Beauvier ‡
Kate Winslet Revolutionary Road April Wheeler
2009
63rd
Carey Mulligan An Education Jenny Mellor ‡
Saoirse Ronan The Lovely Bones Susie Salmon
Gabourey Sidibe Precious Claireece Precious Jones ‡
Meryl Streep Julie and Julia Julia Child ‡
Audrey Tautou Coco Before Chanel Coco Chanel
2010s
Year Actress Film Character
2010
64th
Natalie Portman Black Swan Nina Sayers †
Annette Benning The Kids are All Right Nic ‡
Julianne Moore The Kids Are All Right Jules
Noomi Rapace The Girl with the Dragon Tattoo Lisbeth Salander
Hailee Steinfeld True Grit Mattie Ross ‡
BAFTA Award for Best Actress in a Leading Role
156
2011
65th
Meryl Streep The Iron Lady Margaret Thatcher †
Bérénice Bejo The Artist Peppy Miller ‡
Viola Davis The Help Aibleen Clark ‡
Tilda Swinton We Need to Talk About Kevin Eva Katchadourian
Michelle Williams My Week with Marilyn Marilyn Monroe ‡
2012
66th
Emmanuelle Riva Amour Anne Laurent ‡
Jessica Chastain Zero Dark Thirty Maya ‡
Marion Cotillard Rust and Bone Stephanie
Jennifer Lawrence Silver Linings Playbook Tiffany Maxwell †
Helen Mirren Hitchcock Alma Reville Hitchcock
Superlatives
Superlative Best Actress/Best Actress in a Leading
Role
Best Supporting
Actress
Overall
Actress with most awards Maggie Smith 4 Judi
Dench
3 Judi Dench
Maggie Smith
5
Actress with most British Actress Award (till 1967) Audrey Hepburn 3 — — Audrey
Hepburn
3
Actor with most Foreign Actor Award (till 1967) Simone Signoret 3 — — Simone
Signoret
3
Actress with most nominations Meryl Streep 11 Judi
Dench
9 Meryl Streep 14
Actress with most British Actress Award nominations
(till 1967)
Audrey Hepburn 5 — — Audrey
Hepburn
5
Actress with most Foreign Actress Award nominations
(till 1967)
Shirley MacLaine 5 — — Shirley
MacLaine
5
Note: Judi Dench has a total of 14 BAFTA film nominations, with 13 being for Best Actress (4) & Best Supporting Actress (9). The 14th
nomination is for Best Newcomer in 1966 (which she won). This gives her 6 BAFTA film wins. In addition, she has won 4 BAFTA television
awards (from 11 nominations). In total she has received 25 BAFTA film & tv nominations with 10 wins. Dench also received an honorary
BAFTA, the BAFTA Fellowship, in 2001.
Note:: Maggie Smith has a total of 12 BAFTA film nominations, for Best Actress (7), Best Supporting Actress (4) and Best Newcomer (1),
winning 5. She also has 5 BAFTA television nominations. This gives her a total of 17 BAFTA film & tv nominations. In addition, Smith has
received two honorary awards, the BAFTA special award (1993) and the BAFTA Fellowship (1996).
BAFTA Award for Best Actress in a Leading Role
157
Multiple awards for Best Actress
Includes wins for Best British Actress 1952-67
2 wins
•• Leslie Caron
•• Judi Dench
•• Jane Fonda
•• Katharine Hepburn
•• Shirley MacLaine
•• Patricia Neal
•• Rachel Roberts
•• Meryl Streep
•• Emma Thompson
3 wins
•• Anne Bancroft
•• Audrey Hepburn
•• Simone Signoret
4 wins
•• Maggie Smith
Multiple nominations for Best Actress
2 nominations
•• Anouk Aimèe
•• Julie Andrews
•• Peggy Ashcroft
•• Annette Bening
•• Cate Blanchett
•• Leslie Caron
•• Marion Cottilard
•• Faye Dunaway
•• Jodie Foster
•• Goldie Hawn
•• Susan Hayward
•• Judy Holliday
•• Scarlett Johannson
•• Celia Johnson
•• Grace Kelly
•• Yvonne Mitchell
•• Virginia McKenna
•• Anna Magnani
•• Giuletta Masina
•• Melina Mercouri
•• Hayley Mills
•• Julianne Moore
•• Marilyn Monroe
•• Jeanne Moreau
•• Patricia Neal
•• Emmanuelle Riva
•• Julia Roberts
•• Rachel Roberts
•• Susan Sarandon
•• Maria Schell
•• Kristin Scott Thomas
BAFTA Award for Best Actress in a Leading Role
158
2 cont
•• Jean Simmons
•• Sissy Spacek
•• Barbra Streisand
•• Sylvia Syms
•• Jessica Tandy
•• Audrey Tatou
•• Charlize Theron
•• Uma Thurman
•• Rita Tushingham
•• Lil Ullmann
•• Julie Walters
•• Renee Zellweger
•• Zhang Ziyi
3 nominations
•• Stephane Audran
•• Edith Evans
•• Mia Farrow
•• Ava Gardner
•• Glenda Jackson
•• Diane Keaton
•• Nicole Kidman
•• Sarah Miles
•• Helen Mirren
•• Elizabeth Taylor
•• Emma Thompson
•• Emily Watson
4 nominations
•• Judi Dench
•• Deborah Kerr
•• Helen Mirren
•• Joanne Woodward
5 nominations
•• Audrey Hepburn
•• Katharine Hepburn
•• Kate Winslet
6 nominations
•• Julie Christie
•• Jane Fonda
•• Simone Signoret
7 nominations
•• Anne Bancroft
•• Shirley MacLaine
•• Maggie Smith
11 noms
BAFTA Award for Best Actress in a Leading Role
159
•• Meryl Streep
Notes
[1] http:/ / www.bafta.org/ awards-database. html?year=1984&category=Film&award=Actress
[2] http:/ / www.bafta.org/ awards-database. html?year=1985&category=Film&award=Actress+in+ a+ Leading+Role
[3] http:/ / awards.bafta.org/ keyword-search?keywords=elizabeth+taylor& =Search
[4] :Goldie Hawn won the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress (Cactus Flower).
[5] :Maggie Smith won the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress.
[6] :Meryl Streep won the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress.
[7] :Jessica Lange won the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress.
[8] :Kim Basinger won the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress.
[9] :Rachel Weisz won the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress.
References
External links
• BAFTA Awards Database (http:/ / www. bafta.org/ awards-database. html)
Bill Nighy
160
Bill Nighy
Bill Nighy
Nighy at the premiere of Jack the Giant Slayer, Los Angeles, February 27, 2013
Born 12 December 1949
Caterham, Surrey, England, UK
Nationality British
Occupation Actor
Years active 1975–present
Partner(s) Diana Quick (1980–2008)
Children Mary Nighy
Parents Alfred Martin Nighy and Catherine Josephine Nighy (née Whittaker).
Relatives Martin (brother), Anna (sister)
Signature
William Francis "Bill" Nighy (pronounced NYE pron.: /ˈnaɪ/;
[1]
born 12 December 1949) is an English actor and
comedian. He worked in theatre and television before his first cinema role in 1981, and made his name in television
with The Men's Room in 1991, in which he played the womaniser Prof. Mark Carleton, whose extra-marital affairs
kept him "vital".
[2]
He became known around the world in 2003 for his critically acclaimed performance in Love Actually. Other notable
roles in cinema include his portrayal of Davy Jones in Pirates of the Caribbean: Dead Man's Chest and Pirates of
the Caribbean: At World's End, as well as Viktor in the Underworld film series.
He is also known for his roles in the films Lawless Heart, I Capture the Castle, Shaun of the Dead, The Hitchhiker's
Guide to the Galaxy, Hot Fuzz, Valkyrie, Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows – Part 1, Rango and The Best
Exotic Marigold Hotel. His performances were also acclaimed in the State of Play series and in the TV films The
Girl in the Café, Gideon's Daughter and Page Eight, for which he earned Golden Globe nominations, winning one
for Gideon's Daughter.
Bill Nighy
161
Early life and education
Nighy was born in Caterham, Surrey. His mother, Catherine Josephine Nighy (née Whittaker), was a psychiatric
nurse who was born in Glasgow,
[3]
and his father, Alfred Martin Nighy, managed a car garage after working in the
family chimney sweeping business.
[4]
Of part Irish descent, Nighy was brought up as a Roman Catholic, serving as
an altar boy.
[5]
He has two elder siblings, Martin and Anna. Nighy attended the John Fisher School, a Roman
Catholic grammar school in Purley, where he was a member of the school theatre group. He left the school with two
O-levels and then took a job with the Croydon Advertiser as a messenger boy.
[6]
He went on to train at the Guildford
School of Dance and Drama.
[7]
Career
After two seasons at the Everyman Theatre, Liverpool, Nighy made his London stage debut at the National Theatre
in an epic staging of Ken Campbell and Chris Langham's Illuminatus!, which opened the new Cottesloe Theatre on 4
March 1977, and went on to appear in two David Hare premieres, also at the National. During the 1980s, he
appeared in several television productions, among them Hitler's SS: Portrait in Evil, alongside John Shea and Tony
Randall.
He has starred in many radio and television dramas, notably the BBC serial The Men's Room (1991). He claimed that
the serial, an Ann Oakley novel adapted by Laura Lamson, was the job which launched his career.
[8]
More recently
he has featured in the thriller State of Play (2003) and costume drama He Knew He Was Right (2004). He played
Samwise Gamgee in the 1981 BBC Radio dramatisation of The Lord of the Rings (where he was credited as William
Nighy), and appeared in the 1980s BBC Radio versions of Yes Minister episodes. He starred alongside Stephen
Moore and Lesley Sharp in the acclaimed short radio drama Kerton's Story
[9]
first aired in 1996. He had a starring
role in the 2002 return of Auf Wiedersehen, Pet, portraying crooked politician Jeffrey Grainger. He has also made a
guest appearance in the BBC Radio 4 series Baldi.
Two of Nighy's most acclaimed stage performances were in National Theatre productions. Taking the role of
Bernard Nightingale, an unscrupulous university don, in Tom Stoppard's Arcadia (1993), he engaged in witty
exchanges with Felicity Kendal, playing the role of Hannah Jarvis, an author; and he played a consultant psychiatrist
in Joe Penhall's Blue/Orange (2000), for which he won an Olivier Award nomination for Best Actor, and which
transferred to the West End at the Duchess Theatre the following year.
Bill Nighy
162
Nighy at the 69th Golden Globe Awards in 2012
Nighy received some recognition by American audiences for his
acclaimed portrayal of overaged rock star Ray Simms in the 1998
film Still Crazy. In 1999 he gained further prominence in the UK
with the starring role in "The Photographer", an episode of the
award-winning BBC-TV mockumentary comedy series People
Like Us, playing Will Rushmore, a middle aged man who has
abandoned his career and family in the deluded belief that he can
achieve success as a commercial photographer.
In 2003, Nighy played the role of the Vampire Elder Viktor in the
American production Underworld and returned in the same role
for the sequel Underworld: Evolution in 2006 and again in the
prequel Underworld: Rise of the Lycans in 2009. In February
2004, he was awarded the BAFTA Film Award for Best
Supporting Actor for his role as shameless, washed-up rocker
Billy Mack in Love Actually (a role foreshadowed by his Still
Crazy character) and followed this up at the BAFTA Television
Awards in April with the Best Actor award for State of Play. He
also appeared in the comedy Shaun of the Dead.
In early 2004, The Sunday Times reported that Nighy was on the shortlist for role of the Ninth Doctor in the 2005
revival of the BBC television series Doctor Who.
[10]
Christopher Eccleston ultimately filled the role.
In 2005, he appeared as Slartibartfast in the film adaptation of The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy. He also
appeared in the one-off BBC One comedy-drama The Girl in the Café. In February 2006, he appeared in scriptwriter
Stephen Poliakoff's one-off drama, Gideon's Daughter. Nighy played the lead character, Gideon, a successful events
organiser who begins to lose touch with the world around him. This performance won him a Golden Globe Award
for Best Actor in a Mini-series or TV Film in January 2007. Also in 2006, Nighy made his Broadway debut at the
Music Box Theatre alongside Julianne Moore in The Vertical Hour, directed by Sam Mendes.
In 2006, Nighy featured in Pirates of the Caribbean: Dead Man's Chest, where he played the principal villain, Davy
Jones, although his face was entirely obscured by computer-generated makeup and he voiced the character with a
Scots accent. He reprised the role in the 2007 sequel, Pirates of the Caribbean: At World's End, in which his real
face was briefly revealed in one scene. He also provided the narration for the Animal Planet series Meerkat Manor.
In 2006 he played the role of Richard Hart in Notes on a Scandal, for which he was nominated for a London Film
Critics Circle award. Nighy also appeared as General Friedrich Olbricht, one of the principal conspirators, in the
2008 film Valkyrie. He had played an SS officer in the 1985 Hitler's SS: Portrait in Evil. Nighy has starred in the
film Wild Target.
[11]
In July 2009, he announced that he would play Rufus Scrimgeour in Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows – Part
1.
[12]
Nighy had already worked with director David Yates twice, and with the majority of the Harry Potter cast in
previous films. He has said of his role as Rufus Scrimgeour that it meant he was no longer the only English actor not
to be in Harry Potter.
[12]
Nighy voiced Grandsanta in the 2011 CGI animated film Arthur Christmas.
[13]
In 2012, he starred in The Best Exotic
Marigold Hotel, Wrath of the Titans, and the remake of Total Recall,
[14]
Bill Nighy
163
Nighy at the 2011 Toronto International Film
Festival
Personal life
Nighy had a 27-year-relationship with English actress Diana Quick,
with whom he has a daughter, actress Mary Nighy. The couple
"amicably separated" in 2008.
[15]
He is a supporter of Crystal Palace and is the Patron of the CPFRIS
(Crystal Palace F.C. Fast Results & Information Service) Disabled
Children's Club, and of the Ann Craft Trust.
[16]
He is also one of the
Honorary Patrons of the London children's charity Scene & Heard.
[17]
He suffers from Dupuytren's contracture, a condition which causes the
ring and little finger of each hand to be permanently bent inwards
towards the palm.
[7]
Nighy is also a patron for the Milton Rooms, a new arts centre in
Malton, North Yorkshire, along with Imelda Staunton, Jools Holland
and Kathy Burke.
[18]
Filmography
Films
Year Film Role Notes
1981 Eye of the Needle Squadron Leader
Blenkinsop
1983 Curse of the Pink Panther ENT Doctor
1984 The Little Drummer Girl Al
1985 Hitler's SS: Portrait in Evil Helmut Hoffmann
Thirteen at Dinner Ronald Marsh
1989 The Phantom of the Opera: The
Motion Picture
Martin Barton
1994 Being Human Julian
1997 FairyTale: A True Story Edward Gardner
1998 Still Crazy Ray Simms First lead role
Peter Sellers Award for Comedy
Nominated—Satellite Award for Best Supporting Actor in a Motion
Picture – Comedy or Musical
1999 Guest House Paradiso Mr. Johnson
2001 Blow Dry Raymond "Ray" Robertson
Lawless Heart Dan LAFCA Award for Best Supporting Actor
Nominated—BIFA Award for Best Performance by an Actor in a British
Independent Film
Lucky Break Roger "Rog" Chamberlain
2002 AKA Uncle Louis Gryffoyn LAFCA Award for Best Supporting Actor
Bill Nighy
164
2003 Ready When You Are, Mr McGill Phil Parish
Love Actually Billy Mack ALFS Award for Best Supporting Actor
BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Supporting Role
LAFCA Award for Best Supporting Actor
Peter Sellers Award for Comedy
Washington D.C. Area Film Critics Association Award for Best
Ensemble
Nominated—Phoenix Film Critics Society Award for Best Cast
Nominated—Satellite Award for Best Supporting Actor in a Motion
Picture – Comedy or Musical
I Capture the Castle James Mortmain LAFCA Award for Best Supporting Actor
Underworld Viktor
2004 Shaun of the Dead Phillip
Enduring Love Robin
2005 The Magic Roundabout Dylan Voice only (United Kingdom version)
The Hitchhiker's Guide to the
Galaxy
Slartibartfast
The Constant Gardener Sir Bernard Pellegrin Nominated—BIFA Award for Best Supporting Actor/Actress
2006 Underworld: Evolution Viktor
Pirates of the Caribbean: Dead
Man's Chest
Davy Jones Teen Choice Award – Choice Sleazebag
Nominated—MTV Movie Award for Best Villain
Nominated—Saturn Award for Best Supporting Actor
Stormbreaker Alan Blunt
Flushed Away Whitey
Notes on a Scandal Richard Hart Nominated—ALFS Award for Best Supporting Actor
2007 Hot Fuzz Ch. Insp. Kenneth
Pirates of the Caribbean: At
World's End
Davy Jones Teen Choice Award for Best Villain
2008 Valkyrie Friedrich Olbricht Nominated—Saturn Award for Best Supporting Actor
2009 Underworld: Rise of the Lycans Viktor
The Boat That Rocked Quentin
G-Force Leonard Saber
Astro Boy Professor Simon
Elefun/Robotsky
Voice only
Statuesque Mr. Jellaby Short film
Glorious 39 Sir Alexander
2010 Wild Target Victor Maynard
Harry Potter and the Deathly
Hallows – Part 1
Rufus Scrimgeour
2011 Rango Rattlesnake Jake Voice only
Chalet Girl Richard
Arthur Christmas Grandsanta
Voice only
Annie Award for Voice Acting in a Feature Production
[19]
The Man With The Stolen Heart Narrator
Voice only
[20]
Bill Nighy
165
2012 The Best Exotic Marigold Hotel Douglas
Wrath of the Titans Hephaestus
Total Recall Matthias Lair
2013 Jack the Giant Slayer Fallon (Big Head)
Television
Year Title Role Notes
1981 Agony Vincent Flash Season 2
1982 Minder "Looking for Micky" Oates
1985 The Last Place on Earth Cecil Meares
1991 Bergerac "All for Love"
1994 Wycliffe "The Four Jacks" David Cleeve
1995 Llety Piod
1998 Kiss Me Kate Cameron
2000 Longitude Lord Sandwich
2002 Auf Wiedersehen, Pet Jeffrey Grainger Season 3
The Inspector Lynley Mysteries
"Well Schooled in Murder"
2003 State of Play Cameron Foster British Academy Television Award for Best Actor
Broadcasting Press Guild Award for Best Actor
Nominated—RTS Television Award for Best Actor – Male
The Lost Prince Arthur Bigge, 1st Baron
Stamfordham
Satellite Award for Best Supporting Actor – Series, Miniseries or
Television Film
2004 He Knew He Was Right Colonel Osborne
2005 The Girl in the Café Lawrence Nominated—Golden Globe Award for Best Performance by an Actor in a
Mini-Series or a Motion Picture Made for Television
Gideon's Daughter Gideon Warner Golden Globe Award for Best Performance by an Actor in a Mini-Series
or a Motion Picture Made for Television
Satellite Award for Best Actor – Miniseries or Television Film
2010 Doctor Who Dr. Black Uncredited
episode "Vincent and the Doctor"
2011 Page Eight Johnny Worricker
Nominated—Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Miniseries or
Television Film
[21]
Nominated—Satellite Award for Best Actor – Miniseries or Television
Film
Bill Nighy
166
Video game
Year Serie Role
2009 G-Force Leonard Saber
Selected performances
Theatre
• The Milk Train Doesn't Stop Here Anymore by Tennessee Williams – Watermill Theatre, Newbury
• Landscape and Silence, by Harold Pinter – Gateway Theatre, Chester
• Entertaining Mr Sloane by Joe Orton – Gateway Theatre, Chester
• Rosencrantz & Guildenstern Are Dead, by Tom Stoppard – Arts Theatre, Cambridge
• The Immoralist, from the novel by André Gide – Hampstead Theatre
• Speak Now, by Olwen Wymark – Traverse Theatre, Edinburgh (1971)
• Freedom of the City, by Brian Friel – Everyman Theatre, Liverpool
• Under New Management, by Chris Bond – Everyman Theatre, Liverpool
• Occupy! – Liverpool Everyman Theatre (1976)
• Illuminatus!, Ken Campbell/Chris Langham – NT Cottesloe (The theatre's first production, 1977)
[22]
• Comings and Goings, by Mike Stott – Hampstead Theatre Club (1978)
• The Warp, by Neil Oram/ Ken Campbell – ICA (1979)
• Illuminations, by Arthur Rimbaud – Lyric Hammersmith (1980)
• A Map of the World, by David Hare – NT Lyttelton (1983)
• Pravda, by David Hare/ Howard Brenton – NT Olivier (1985)
• King Lear, by William Shakespeare – NT Olivier (1986)
• Mean Tears, by Peter Gill – NT Cottesloe (1987)
• Betrayal, by Harold Pinter – Almeida Theatre, London (1991)
• Arcadia, by Tom Stoppard – NT Lyttelton (1993)
• The Seagull, by Anton Chekhov/ad. Pam Gems – NT Olivier (1994)
• Skylight, by David Hare – NT production at Vaudeville Theatre, London (1995)/ UK tour (1997)
• A Kind of Alaska, by Harold Pinter – Donmar Warehouse (1998)
• Blue/Orange, by Joe Penhall – NT Cottesloe (2000), Duchess Theatre (2001)
• The Vertical Hour, by David Hare, Broadway production at the Music Box Theater, NY (2006)
• Valkyrie, by Christopher McQuarrie (2008)
Radio
Bill Nighy
167
Date Title Role Author Director Station
8 March 1981 – 30
August 1981
The Lord of the Rings Sam
Gamgee
J.R.R. Tolkien dramatised by
Brian Sibley and Michael
Bakewell
Jane Morgan and
Penny Leicester
BBC Radio 4
18 October 1983 – 15
November 1983
Yes, Minister Frank
Weisel
Antony Jay and Jonathan Lynn
adapted for radio by Pete Atkin
Pete Atkin BBC Radio 4
30 April 1994 Ancient Enemies Elizabeth North BBC Radio 4
21 August 1999 So Much Blood Charles
Paris
Simon Brett dramatised by
Bert Coules
Gaynor Macfarlane BBC Radio 4
Saturday Play
6 January 2002 Blue/Orange Joe Penhall BBC Radio 4
21 March 2003 Baldi: The Book Case O'Connor Simon Brett Mark Lambert BBC Radio 4
Afternoon Play
19 April 2003 Turtle Diary William Russell Hoban Gaynor Macfarlane BBC Radio 4
Saturday Play
25 September 2004 A Series of Murders Charles
Paris
Simon Brett dramatised by
Jeremy Front
BBC Radio 4
Saturday Play
29 December 2004 All Fingers and Thumbs Tom Alan Stafford Dirk Maggs BBC Radio 4
Afternoon Play
30 August 2006 – 20
September 2006
A Charles Paris Mystery: Sicken
and So Die
[23]
Charles
Paris
Simon Brett dramatised by
Jeremy Front
Sally Avens BBC Radio 4
19 October 2007 – 9
November 2007
A Charles Paris Mystery: Murder
Unprompted
[24]
Charles
Paris
Simon Brett dramatised by
Jeremy Front
Sally Avens BBC Radio 4
17 July 2008
I Wish to Apologise for My Part in
the Apocalypse
[25]
Keith Duncan Macmillan Sam Hoyle BBC Radio 4
Afternoon Play
10 December 2008 –
31 December 2008
A Charles Paris Mystery: Dead
Side of the Mic
[26]
Charles
Paris
Simon Brett dramatised by
Jeremy Front
Sally Avens BBC Radio 4
26 December 2009
Educating Rita
[27] Frank Willy Russell Kirsty Williams BBC Radio 4
Saturday Play
2 January 2010
Private Lives
[28] Elyot Noël Coward Sally Avens BBC Radio 4
Saturday Play
29 January 2010 – 19
February 2010
A Charles Paris Mystery: Cast in
Order of Disappearance
[29]
Charles
Paris
Simon Brett dramatised by
Jeremy Front
Sally Avens BBC Radio 4
22 November 2010 –
13 December 2010
A Charles Paris Mystery: Murder
in the Title
[30]
Charles
Paris
Simon Brett dramatised by
Jeremy Front
Sally Avens BBC Radio 4
20 April 2011
The Bat Man
[31] Christopher Amelia Bullmore Mary Peate BBC Radio 4
Afternoon Play
Bill Nighy
168
References
[1] Bill Nighy – Nighy Accepts Surname Mispronunciation (http:/ / www. contactmusic. com/ news. nsf/ story/
nighy-accepts-surname-mispronunciation_1001294). contactmusic.com. 30 June 2006. Retrieved 10 February 2010.
[2] The Men's Room (http:/ / www. imdb. com/ title/ tt0101144/ ), The Internet Movie Database, accessed 23 November 2009.
[3] Shaitly, Shahesta (4 July 2010). "Bill Nighy: five things I know about style" (http:/ / www. guardian.co.uk/ lifeandstyle/ 2010/ jul/ 04/
shahesta-shaitly-five-things-know-style-bill-nighy). The Observer (UK). . Retrieved 7 October 2010.
[4] Bill Nighy: the thinking woman's bagel (http:// news. independent.co. uk/ people/ profiles/ article346063.ece) The Independent, 19 February
2006; Family Detective (http:// www. telegraph. co. uk/ core/Content/ displayPrintable.jhtml?xml=/news/ exclusions/ familyhistory/nosplit/
fd5.xml& site=5& page=0) The Daily Telegraph.
[5] Wills, Dominic. "Bill Nighy – Biography" (http:/ / www. talktalk.co. uk/ entertainment/film/ biography/artist/ bill-nighy/biography/ 169).
TalkTalk. . Retrieved 7 May 2010.
[6] Blackhall, Sue (1 February 2010). Bill Nighy The Unauthorised Biography. John Blake Publishing. ISBN 1-84454-867-8.
[7] Bill Nighy (http:/ / www. hellomagazine. com/ profiles/bill-nighy/ ), Hello magazine, undated, accessed 23 November 2009.
[8] Schiff, Amanda (2 December 2008). "Laura Lamson Obituary" (http:/ / www.guardian.co.uk/ media/ 2008/ dec/ 02/ obituary-laura-lamson).
The Guardian. UK. Archived (http:// web. archive. org/web/ 20081205110133/ http:/ / www. guardian.co. uk/ media/ 2008/ dec/ 02/
obituary-laura-lamson) from the original on 5 December 2008. . Retrieved 3 December 2008.
[9] http:/ / www.jameswoolf. com/ page19. htm
[10] BBC – Doctor Who (David Tennant and Billie Piper)- News (http:/ / www. bbc. co. uk/ doctorwho/news/ cult/ news/ drwho/2003/ 10/ 06/
7221.shtml)
[11] "Bill Nighy Is A Wild Target | Empire" (http:// www. empireonline.com/news/ story. asp?NID=23257). Empire. . Retrieved 11 March
2012.
[12] "Bill Nighy to star in Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows" (http:/ / news. bbc.co.uk/ cbbcnews/ hi/ newsid_8130000/ newsid_8137100/
8137104.stm). BBC. 6 July 2009. . Retrieved 6 July 2009.
[13] "James McAvoy, Hugh Laurie, Jim Broadbent, Bill Nighy, Imelda Staunton and Ashley Jensen join the cast of "Arthur Christmas"" (http://
www.cartoonbrew.com/ biz/
james-mcavoy-hugh-laurie-jim-broadbent-bill-nighy-imelda-staunton-and-ashley-jensen-join-the-cast-of- arthur-christmas . html). .
Retrieved 23 November 2011.
[14] "Bill Nighy" (http:// www. ramascreen. com/ tag/ bill-nighy). .
[15] Roberts, Laura. It's not Love Actually after all as star Nighy splits with partner of 27 years (http:/ / www. dailymail. co.uk/ tvshowbiz/
article-1048897/Its-Love-Actually-star-Nighy-splits-partner-27-years.html), Daily Mail, 25 August 2008.
[16] Crystal Palace F.C. Disabled Childrens Club (http:// www. tapitlocal.com/ cpfrisdcc/index.html) accessed 2 Jun 2007; Ann Craft Trust
homepage (http:/ / www. anncrafttrust.org/ )
[17] "Scene & Heard – Who We Are" (http:// sceneandheard. org/about_whoweare.html). sceneandheard.org. 2010. . Retrieved 19 June 2010.
[18] "The Milton Rooms homepage" (http:// www. themiltonrooms.com/ ). Themiltonrooms.com. . Retrieved 11 March 2012.
[19] "The Annie Awards" (http:// annieawards. org/ consideration.html). The Annie Awards. . Retrieved 11 March 2012.
[20] "The Man With The Stolen Heart" (http:// www.charlottefilmfestival.org/stolen-heart). Charlotte Film Festival. . Retrieved 9 August
2012.
[21] "The 69th Annual Golden Globe Award Nominations" (http:// www. imdb.com/ oscars/ nominations/ golden-globes). imdb.com. 15
December 2011. . Retrieved 15 December 2011.
[22] National Theatre archive (http:/ / worthing.nationaltheatre.org.uk/ DServe/dserve. exe?& dsqIni=Dserve.ini& dsqApp=Archive&
dsqCmd=show. tcl& dsqDb=Performance&dsqPos=0& dsqSearch=(Title='illuminatus')) cast and production listing.
[23] "BBC – A Charles Paris Mystery – ''Sicken and So Die''" (http:/ / www. bbc.co.uk/ programmes/ b0076zw4). BBC. 3 March 2008. .
Retrieved 11 March 2012.
[24] "BBC – A Charles Paris Mystery – ''Murder Unprompted''" (http:/ / www. bbc.co. uk/ programmes/ b0081lqq). BBC. . Retrieved 11 March
2012.
[25] "BBC – Afternoon Play – ''I Wish to Apologise for My Part in the Apocalypse''" (http:/ / www. bbc.co.uk/ programmes/ b00cj8db). BBC. .
Retrieved 11 March 2012.
[26] "BBC – A Charles Paris Mystery – ''Dead Side of the Mic''" (http:/ / www. bbc.co. uk/ programmes/ b00ft5bd). BBC. . Retrieved 11 March
2012.
[27] "BBC – Saturday Play – ''Educating Rita''" (http:/ / www.bbc.co. uk/ programmes/b00pdkqx). BBC. 26 December 2009. . Retrieved 11
March 2012.
[28] "BBC – Saturday Play – ''Private Lives''" (http:/ / www.bbc.co. uk/ programmes/ b00phzvx). BBC. 2 January 2010. . Retrieved 11 March
2012.
[29] "BBC – A Charles Paris Mystery – ''Cast in Order of Disappearance''" (http:/ / www. bbc.co. uk/ programmes/ b00q43nx). BBC. .
Retrieved 11 March 2012.
[30] "BBC – A Charles Paris Mystery – ''Murder in the Title''" (http:/ / www. bbc.co. uk/ programmes/ b00w190h). BBC. 22 November 2010. .
Retrieved 11 March 2012.
Bill Nighy
169
[31] "BBC – Afternoon Play – ''The Bat Man''" (http:// www.bbc. co. uk/ programmes/b010dq74). BBC. 20 April 2011. . Retrieved 11 March
2012.
External links
• Bill Nighy (http:/ / www. imdb. com/ name/ nm631490/ ) at the Internet Movie Database
• Bill Nighy: A Life in Pictures (http:// www. bafta.org/access-all-areas/ videos/
a-life-in-pictures-bill-nighy,1149,BA.html) Interview at BAFTA (http:// www.bafta.org/)
• Bill Nighy (http:/ / www. screenonline.org.uk/ people/ id/ 1151036) at the British Film Institute's Screenonline
• Silk Sound Books (http:/ / www. silksoundbooks. com/ performers/bill-nighy/ )
Blackball (film)
170
Blackball (film)
Blackball
DVD cover of Blackball.
Directed by Mel Smith
Produced by James Gay-Rees
Written by Tim Firth
Starring Paul Kaye
Alice Evans
Vince Vaughn
James Cromwell
Distributed by Icon Entertainment International
Release date(s) United Kingdom
5 September 2003
United States
11 February 2005
Running time 96 minutes
Country United Kingdom
Language English
Box office $48,000 (USA)
Blackball is a 2003 British comedy sports film. Tim Firth wrote the screenplay for the film.
[1]
Plot
Cliff Starkey (played by Paul Kaye), is a rebellious young bowls player. He dreams of playing for his country, but
always preferred to play by his own rules, which came with much disapproval from the local bowls club. After
winning the local bowling competition,he is subsequently banned from competing in the sport for fifteen years by
the head of the local lawn bowls association, Ray Speight (James Cromwell), for writing an expletive on an
opponent's scorecard. Picked up by sports agent Rick Schwartz (Vince Vaughn), Starkey is re-branded as the 'bad
boy of bowls', turning the normally sedate sport into a glitzy, in-your-face competition. He and Speight take on
Australia's unbeaten Doohan brothers in 'The Ashes'; a one-off tournament in a custom made bowls arena in
Torquay. They make a remarkable comeback thanks to Speight's experience and Starkey's extravagance, while Cliff
also bends the rules to the maximum to force the game into extra time, much to the disbelief of Carl and Mark
Doohan.
The plot is based on Starkey and Speight retrieving the black balls from the beach and returning them to the stadium.
Starkey's confidence, Due to Speight's concentration and the power of the black balls the film leads to an exciting
finale with the Doohan brothers.
This fictional plot is based on the real-life character, bowls player, Griff Sanders.
The film also is spoofs Bjørge Lillelien's infamous commentary from Norway's 2-1 defeat of England at football in
1981. This was first movie based on this theme was David Baddiel and Frank Skinner's Fantasy Football League.
The other commentator for the match was Angus Loughran, who played 'Statto' on Fantasy Football.
Blackball was filmed on the Isle of Man and Torquay during October and November 2002.
Blackball (film)
171
Cast list
•• Paul Kaye
•• Johnny Vegas
•• Vince Vaughn
•• Alice Evans
•• Emma Amos
•• Kenneth Cranham
•• Bernard Cribbins
•• James Cromwell
•• Josie D'Arby
•• Tony Slattery
•• Imelda Staunton
•• James Fleet
•• David Schneider
•• Mark Little
•• Ashleigh Caldwell
References
[1] "The Tim Firth Home Page" (http:// www. timfirth.com). Timfirth.com. . Retrieved 2012-11-19.
External links
• Blackball (http:// www. imdb.com/ title/ tt0337879/ ) at the Internet Movie Database
Bright Young Things
172
Bright Young Things
Bright Young Things
Original poster
Directed by Stephen Fry
Produced by Gina Carter
Miranda Davis
Written by Stephen Fry
Based on a novel by Evelyn Waugh
Starring Emily Mortimer
Stephen Campbell Moore
Fenella Woolgar
Michael Sheen
James McAvoy
Dan Aykroyd
Jim Broadbent
Peter O'Toole
Music by Anne Dudley
Cinematography Henry Braham
Editing by Alex Mackie
Distributed by Film Four
Release date(s) 3 October 2003
Running time 106 minutes
Country United Kingdom
Language English
Bright Young Things is a 2003 British drama film written and directed by Stephen Fry. The screenplay, based on the
1930 novel Vile Bodies by Evelyn Waugh, provides satirical social commentary about the Bright Young People:
young and carefree London aristocrats and bohemians, as well as society in general, in the late 1920s through to the
early 1940s.
Plot
The primary characters are earnest aspiring novelist Adam Fenwick-Symes and his fiancée Nina Blount. When
Adam's novel Bright Young Things, commissioned by tabloid newspaper magnate Lord Monomark, is confiscated by
customs agents at the port of Dover for being too racy, he finds himself in a precarious financial situation that may
force him to postpone his marriage. In the lounge of the hotel where he lives, he wins £1000 by successfully
performing a trick involving sleight of hand, and the Major offers to place the money on the decidedly ill-favored
Indian Runner in an upcoming horserace. Anxious to wed Nina, Adam agrees, and the horse wins at odds of 33-1,
but it takes him more than a decade to collect his winnings.
Meanwhile, Adam and Nina are surrounded by a young and decadent crowd, whose lives are dedicated to wild
parties, alcohol, cocaine, and the latest gossip reported by columnist Simon Balcairn, known to his readers as Mr.
Chatterbox. Among them are eccentric Agatha Runcible, whose wild ways eventually lead her to being committed in
a mental institution; Miles, who is forced to flee the country to avoid prosecution for his homosexuality; Sneath, a
paparazzo who chronicles the wicked ways of the young and reckless; and Ginger Littlejohn, Nina's former beau,
who ingratiates himself back into her life, much to Adam's dismay. The pastimes of the idle rich are disrupted with
Bright Young Things
173
the onset of World War II, which eventually affects their lives in often devastating ways.
Cast
• Stephen Campbell Moore — Adam Fenwick-Symes
• Emily Mortimer — Nina Blount
• Fenella Woolgar — Agatha Runcible
• Michael Sheen — Miles
• Dan Aykroyd — Lord Monomark
• David Tennant — Ginger Littlejohn
• James McAvoy — Simon Balcairn
• Jim Broadbent — The Major
• Julia McKenzie — Lottie Crump
• Peter O'Toole — Colonel Blount
• Stockard Channing — Mrs. Melrose Ape
• Simon Callow — King of Anatolia
• Imelda Staunton — Lady Brown
• Bill Paterson — Sir James Brown
• Simon McBurney — Sneath
• Richard E. Grant — Father Rothschild
• Jim Carter — Chief Customs Officer
• John Mills — Gentleman
• Alex Barklay - Jimmy Vanburgh
Production
The film marked the feature film screenwriting and directorial debut of actor Stephen Fry. Fry also makes a very
brief cameo appearance in the film as a Chauffeur. The assistant director was Jo Crocker, Stephen Fry's sister who
made her debut in television.
The film proved to be the last for John Mills, who appears briefly in the non-speaking role of an elderly party guest
enthralled by the effects of cocaine.
The character of Lord Monomark is based on Lord Beaverbrook, who once employed Evelyn Waugh as a writer for
his newspaper, the Sunday Express. Waugh's original name for his character was "Lord Ottercreek", before his
lawyers intervened.
[1]
Monomark, a Canadian, is played by Dan Aykroyd, a Canadian.
Exteriors were shot at various locations in and around London, including the Royal Naval College in Greenwich and
Eltham Palace. Interiors were filmed in Pinewood Studios.
The soundtrack features several standards of the era, including "Nina," "Twentieth Century Blues," "Dance, Little
Lady," and "The Party's Over Now," all performed by Noël Coward, "Mairzy Doats" by The Merry Macs, and "Hear
My Song, Violetta" by Victor Silvester and His Orchestra.
The film premiered at the Cannes Film Festival in May 2003, and was shown at the Toronto Film Festival before its
Royal European Charity Premiere in London on 28 September 2003. It went into theatrical release in the UK on 3
October 2003, the same day it was shown at the Dinard Festival of British Cinema in France.
In the US, the film was shown at the 2004 Sundance Film Festival, the Portland International Film Festival, the US
Comedy Arts Festival in Aspen, the Cleveland International Film Festival, the Philadelphia International Film
Festival, the Newport International Film Festival and the Provincetown International Film Festival before going into
limited release on 20 August. It eventually grossed $931,755 in the US and £869,053 in the UK.
[2]
Bright Young Things
174
Critical reception
A.O. Scott of the New York Times said, "Mr. Fry revels in the chaos of the plot, and the profusion of arch one-liners
and zany set pieces gives the picture a hectic, slightly out-of-control feel. Sometimes you lose track of who is who,
and where the various characters are going—but then, so do they. Subplots and tangents wander into view and then
fade away, and in the end it all comes together and makes sense, more or less…Period dramas set on the eve of
World War II are a dime—or maybe a shilling—a dozen, but what distinguishes this one is its dash and vigor. It does
not seem to have been made just for the sake of the costumes and the vintage cars. The camera, rather than
composing the action into a presentable pageant, plunges in, capturing the madness of the era in a swirl of colors and
jolting close-ups. And Mr. Fry's headlong style helps rescue the movie from the deadly trap of antiquarianism".
[3]
Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times said the film has "a sweetness and tenderness" and observed that Stephen Fry
was "the obvious choice to direct this material." He added, "He has a feel for it; to spend a little time talking with
him is to hear inherited echoes from characters just like those in the story. He supplies a roll-call of supporting actors
who turn up just long enough to convince us entire movies could be made about their characters".
[4]
Carla Meyer of the San Francisco Chronicle called the film a "witty, energetic adaptation" but thought "Fry, so deft
with lighthearted moments, seems uncomfortable with Waugh's moralizing, and more serious scenes fall flat". She
added, "Bright Young Things is like a party girl on her fourth martini. What had been fun and frothy turns
irretrievably maudlin".
[5]
Peter Travers of Rolling Stone felt Fry was "clever" for adapting Waugh's novel "into a movie that would make Paris
Hilton feel at home," although "By the time [he] lets darkness encroach on these bright young things…the fizz is
gone, and so is any reason to make us give a damn".
[6]
Derek Elley of Variety called the film "a slick, no-nonsense adaptation…an easy-to-digest slice of literate
entertainment for upscale and older auds that lacks a significant emotional undertow to make it a truly
involving—rather than simply voyeuristic—experience…Fry's script fillets out even the few traces of a darker
underside that creep through in the second half of Waugh's original. Modern auds, accustomed to more emotional
payback for the characters' earlier excesses, will come away empty-handed. There's basically very little dramatic arc
to the whole picture. Still, Fry and his tech team have put together a good-looking, smooth-running movie".
[7]
Michael Wilmington of the Chicago Tribune described it as "a brilliant, giddy satiric romp with a discreetly
moralistic viewpoint beneath its high-style wit," "a ball to watch," and "an incredibly entertaining film with a
magnificent cast," and called Fry "a splendid director capable of visual dazzle and superb ensemble work".
[8]
Awards and nominations
Fenella Woolgar was nominated for the London Film Critics Circle Award for British Supporting Actress of the
Year, the Empire Award for Best Newcomer, the British Independent Film Award for Most Promising Newcomer,
and the Chlotrudis Award for Best Supporting Actress.
Stephen Fry was nominated for the Emden Film Award at International Filmfest Emden, and the production was
nominated for the Empire Award for Best British Film.
Bright Young Things
175
References
[1] [1] DVD commentary by director Stephen Fry.
[2] IMDb box office details (http:// www. imdb. com/ title/ tt0325123/ business)
[3] New York Times review (http:/ / movies2. nytimes. com/ 2004/ 08/ 20/ movies/ 20BRIG. html)
[4] Chicago Sun-Times review (http:/ / rogerebert.suntimes. com/ apps/ pbcs. dll/ article?AID=/20040910/ REVIEWS/409100301/ 1023)
[5] San Francisco Chronicle review (http:/ / www. sfgate.com/ cgi-bin/article. cgi?f=/c/ a/ 2004/ 09/ 10/ DDGHT8LPKN1.DTL)
[6] Rolling Stone review (http:// www. rollingstone. com/ reviews/ movie/ 6417572/ review/ 6420238/ bright_young_things)
[7] Variety review (http:// www2. variety. com/ ref.asp?u=IMDB& p=H2BE& sid=VE1117921790)
[8] Chicago Tribune review (http:/ / metromix. chicagotribune.com/ movies/ mmx-040908-movies-review-mw-brightyoungthing,0,5665348.
story)
External links
• Bright Young Things (http:/ / www. imdb.com/ title/ tt0325123/ ) at the Internet Movie Database
• Bright Young Things (http:/ / www. rottentomatoes.com/ m/ bright_young_things/ ) at Rotten Tomatoes
Cambridge Spies
176
Cambridge Spies
Cambridge Spies
Genre Historical drama
Written by Peter Moffat
Directed by Tim Fywell
Starring Tom Hollander
Toby Stephens
Samuel West
Rupert Penry-Jones
Composer(s) John Lunn
Country of origin UK
Original language(s) English
No. of episodes 4
Production
Executive producer(s) Laura Mackie
Gareth Neame
Sally Woodward Gentle
Producer(s) Mark Shivas
Running time 60 minutes
Distributor BBC
Broadcast
Original channel BBC One
Picture format 16:9
Original run 9 May 2003 – 30 May 2003
Cambridge Spies is a 2003 four-part BBC television drama concerning the lives of the best-known quartet of the
Cambridge Five Soviet spies from 1934 to the 1951 defection of Guy Burgess and Donald Maclean to the Soviet
Union. It was written by Peter Moffat and directed by Tim Fywell.
Cast
• Guy Burgess - Tom Hollander
• Kim Philby - Toby Stephens
• Anthony Blunt - Samuel West
• Donald Maclean - Rupert Penry-Jones
• Litzi Friedman, first wife of Kim Philby - Lisa Dillon
• Julian Bell - Patrick Kennedy
• Prince of Wales - Julian Firth
• King George VI - Anthony Andrews
• Guy Liddell - Angus Wright
• John Cairncross - Alastair Galbraith
• James Angleton - John Light
• Colonel Winter - Ronald Pickup
Cambridge Spies
177
• Melinda, wife of Donald Maclean - Anna-Louise Plowman
• Father May - David Savile
• Lord Halifax - James Fox
• Klaus Fuchs - Garrick Hagon
• Charlie Givens - Simon Woods
• Edward Hand - Benedict Cumberbatch
• Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother - Imelda Staunton
• Otto - Marcel Iures
External links
• Cambridge Spies
[1]
at the Internet Movie Database
• The Cambridge Spies
[2]
by Phillip Knightley at BBC History
• The Cambridge Spies
[3]
at BBC History
• BBC tackles 'glamorous' spies
[4]
at BBC News
• Cambridge spies were 'flawed'
[5]
at BBC News
• Cambridge Spies
[6]
on Newsnight Review
• Cambridge Spies: Your views
[7]
at BBC News
• Cambridge Spies
[8]
at BBC Press Office
References
[1] http:/ / www.imdb. com/ title/ tt0346223/
[2] http:/ / www.bbc. co. uk/ history/ worldwars/ coldwar/cambridge_spies_01. shtml
[3] http:/ / www.bbc. co. uk/ history/ historic_figures/ spies_cambridge.shtml
[4] http:// news. bbc.co. uk/ 1/ hi/ entertainment/tv_and_radio/ 2174084.stm
[5] http:/ / news. bbc.co. uk/ 1/ hi/ england/ cambridgeshire/3012263.stm
[6] http:/ / news. bbc.co. uk/ 1/ hi/ programmes/newsnight/ review/2982221.stm
[7] http:/ / news. bbc.co. uk/ 1/ hi/ entertainment/reviews/ 3014447.stm
[8] http:/ / www.bbc. co. uk/ pressoffice/ pressreleases/ stories/ 2002/ 08_august/ 04/ cambridge_spies. shtml
Chicken Run
178
Chicken Run
Chicken Run
British theatrical release poster
Directed by Peter Lord
Nick Park
Produced by Peter Lord
Nick Park
David Sproxton
Screenplay by Karey Kirkpatrick
Story by Peter Lord
Nick Park
Starring Julia Sawalha
Mel Gibson
Timothy Spall
Phil Daniels
Tony Haygarth
Miranda Richardson
Music by John Powell
Harry Gregson-Williams
Editing by Mark Solomon
Studio Aardman Animations
Distributed by DreamWorks Pictures (United
States)
Pathé (United Kingdom)
Release date(s) • 23 June 2000 (United States)
• 30 June 2000 (United Kingdom)
Running time 84 minutes
Country United Kingdom
Language English
Budget $45 million
Box office $224,834,564
Chicken Run is a 2000 British stop-motion animation comedy film made by the Aardman Animations studios and
directed by Peter Lord and Nick Park. It was the first feature-length film by Aardman and the first produced in
partnership with DreamWorks, which co-financed and distributed the film. The film features the voices of Julia
Sawalha, Mel Gibson, Timothy Spall, Phil Daniels, Tony Haygarth and Miranda Richardson. Chicken Run received
very positive reviews, and was a box office hit.
The plot centres around a band of chickens, who seeks a smooth-talking Rhode Island Red named Rocky as their
only hope to escape from their certain death when the owners of their farm decide to move from selling eggs to
selling chicken pies.
The film was initially part of a five-picture deal between DreamWorks and Aardman Animations, which was never
completed, due to the companies' splitting over 'creative differences'.
Chicken Run
179
Plot
The Tweedys are a middle-aged couple who run their chicken farm somewhere in Yorkshire, England. Mrs. Tweedy
serves as the genius, while Mr. Tweedy is rather slow, but handles his manual work industriously. The coop is run in
the style of a World War II POW camp, with the chickens accountable for the number of eggs they lay daily. One
chicken, Ginger, who is often treated as the chickens' leader, has attempted numerous plans to flee the coop, aided by
contraband smuggled in by two rats, Nick and Fetcher. However, Ginger is routinely captured by Mr. Tweedy and
his dogs and later thrown into a coal bin for solitary confinement during the film's opening credits. Ginger is finally
released from the coal bin just in time for roll call the next day. Mrs. Tweedy finds on her clipboard that a chicken
named Edwina had not laid any eggs that week. With that, Mrs. Tweedy grabs Edwina and takes her to the chop.
Mrs. Tweedy beheads Edwina with a hatchet (this is only seen as shadows) and cooks her for dinner. Ginger
becomes increasingly desperate to find a plan of escape which will work, facing problems with Nick and Fetcher,
who are tired of being paid with chicken feed and want their own eggs instead.
Meanwhile, Mrs. Tweedy soon realises that the couple's farm is failing and reads a catalogue on an ambiguous
method of increasing profits at the couple's farm. Realising something is wrong, Ginger attempts to convince herself
and the other chickens to speed up their efforts to escape. However, Ginger soon concludes that the only escape route
is to go over the fence, something she and the other chickens cannot do. Later that same night, as Ginger sits outside,
she sees a Rhode Island Red cockerel named Rocky, who flies over the fence and accidentally crashes into the coop.
The other chickens fawn over Rocky, while Ginger finds the first half of a poster with a picture of Rocky on it and
when she explain to the other chickens how Rocky came in, Ginger claims that Rocky can fly. Upon discovering that
Rocky is from a circus, Ginger agrees to hide Rocky from his owners if he teaches them how to fly. Rocky
reluctantly agrees, but due to injuring his wing as a result of his landing, he cannot show them immediately. Instead,
Rocky puts Ginger and the other chickens through a set of exercises that seem to have no purpose while assuring
them that all the chickens are making progress.
Meanwhile, a large pie-making machine arrives, which Mr. Tweedy begins assembling. At the same time, Mrs.
Tweedy orders all food rations doubled. Ginger proclaims that their intent is to fatten them up and then kill them,
only for Rocky to drag her off. The two of them argue, Rocky claiming that Ginger's honesty will demoralize the
chickens, and Ginger refusing to lie to the other hens. Discovering that the chickens have gone into depression
following Ginger's announcement, Rocky organises a party by using a radio obtained by Nick and Fetcher, and he
and Ginger grow closer whilst dancing. During the party, Rocky's arm is shown to have healed. Once the pie
machine is complete, the Tweedys subject Ginger to its first test. Rocky follows Ginger into the machine and
eventually rescues her by damaging the machine and giving him and Ginger more time to work on their escape.
Fowler, an older cockerel who has been doubting of Rocky's acts, gives Rocky his respect for rescuing Ginger and
his old Royal Air Force (RAF) badge in tribute. Rocky decides to flee the farm the next day, leaving behind Fowler's
medal and the second half of his poster, showing that he was actually a stunt cockerel, only the word "flying" by
being shot out of a cannon. This revelation outrages the other chickens and a fight soon breaks out as morale falls.
When Fowler arrives to try and restore order, he begins talking of his days in the RAF, leading Ginger to realise that
she and the other chickens could fly out after all by using an aeroplane; built from the chicken coops, modeled after
Fowler's pictures and personal recollections, and constructed using tools supplied by Nick and Fetcher. The chickens
race against time to assemble their plane as the Tweedys work to repair their pie machine.
The chickens finally finish their plane just as Mr. Tweedy completes all the repairs of the pie machine and enters the
coop to grab all the chickens. However, the chickens launch an open revolt by tying up and gagging Mr. Tweedy and
readying their plane. As the chickens are preparing to depart, Mr. Tweedy ends up freeing himself and knocks down
the ramp used to get the chickens' plane airborne. Ginger jumps down as Fowler turns the plane around, which
knocks Mr. Tweedy unconscious. As Ginger struggles to lift the ramp, Mrs. Tweedy arrives and attempt to kill
Ginger with her hatchet. However, Rocky (who comes to his senses after seeing an ad for Mrs. Tweedy's chicken
pies) jumps over the fence aboard his tricycle and hits Mrs. Tweedy in the face, which briefly knocks her senseless.
Chicken Run
180
Rocky and Ginger finally grab onto the string of lights which was caught on the plane's landing gear as the plane
departed, but Mrs. Tweedy soon awakens and grabs the lights, which weighs down the chickens' plane. Ginger heads
down the string to cut it, but accidentally loses her own scissors. Realising that it is the only way to cut the lights,
Ginger manages to trick Mrs. Tweedy by using the hatchet to sever the string, which causes Mrs. Tweedy to fall,
crash into the pie machine, and plug into the safety valve. This causes the pie machine to build-up pressure and
explode in a mushroom cloud of gravy, destroying the barn, and covering the entire farm with gravy, leaving only
the barn door standing. The chickens continue to fly to freedom as Mr. Tweedy reminds Mrs. Tweedy: "I told you
they was organised". As Mrs. Tweedy is about to start raging, the barn door falls on her (implying that Mr. Tweedy
pushed it).
In the epilogue, the chickens find their idyllic setting in a bird sanctuary, where they can live in comfort and raise
their new chicks. Having fallen in love with each other, Rocky and Ginger become a couple. Meanwhile, Nick and
Fetcher discuss their plans of starting their own chicken farm, so they can have all the eggs they could eat. However,
Nick and Fetcher ends up arguing with each other over whether the chicken or the egg came first. Their argument
ultimately continues during the film's closing credits and even involves Rocky breaking it up during its post-credits
scene.
Cast
• Julia Sawalha as Ginger, who is determined to save her fellow chickens from their impending doom on the
Tweedys' farm. She is usually the one that comes up with the ideas and is generally more intelligent than the other
chickens.
• Mel Gibson as Rocky the Rhode Island Red,
[1]
a cockerel who crash-lands into the farm's chicken coop after
fleeing from a circus.
• Miranda Richardson as Melisha Tweedy,
[2]
a cantankerous egg farmer and the main antagonist.
• Tony Haygarth as Mr. Willard Tweedy,
[3]
Melisha's henpecked husband and the secondary antagonist.
• Benjamin Whitrow as Fowler, an elderly cockerel who regularly prattles about his Royal Air Force experiences.
• Timothy Spall as Nick, a portly rat who is the brains of their operation.
• Phil Daniels as Fetcher, Nick's slow-witted partner.
• Jane Horrocks as Babs, the fattest of the chickens with a dim-witted innocence and a love of knitting.
• Imelda Staunton as Bunty, the group cynic who is the most skeptical of Ginger's escape plans.
• Lynn Ferguson as Mac, Ginger's brainy Scottish assistant and chief engineer.
Production
Chicken Run was Aardman Animations' first feature length production, which would be executive produced by Jake
Eberts. Nick Park and Peter Lord, who run Aardman, directed the film,
[4]
while Margaret French and Jack Rosenthal
scripted the film. In December 1997, it was revealed that David Sproxton would produce. DreamWorks secured their
first animated feature with the film, and they handled distribution in all territories except Europe, which Pathé
handled. The two studios both co-financed the film. DreamWorks also retains rights to international merchandising.
Pathé and Aardman had both been developing the film since 1996, whilst DreamWorks officially came aboard in
1999. DreamWorks beat out studios like Universal Studios and Warner Bros. and largely won due to the
perseverance of DreamWorks co-chairman Jeffrey Katzenberg, who as a company were eager to make their presence
felt in the animation market in an attempt to compete with Disney's dominance of the field.
[5]
Chicken Run
181
Reception
Critical response
The film has received critical acclaim from critics upon its release and currently garners a 96% "Certified Fresh"
rating on review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes, based on 140 reviews, with an average rating of 8/10 and the critical
consensus: "Chicken Run has all the charm of Nick Park's Wallace & Gromit, and something for everybody. The
voice acting is fabulous, the slapstick is brilliant, and the action sequences are spectacular."
[6]
The film also holds a
score of 88 based on 34 reviews on Metacritic, indicating "universal acclaim."
[7]
Box office
On opening weekend, the film grossed $17,506,162 for a $7,027 average from 2,491 theatres. Overall, the film
placed second behind Me, Myself and Irene. In its second weekend, the film held well as it slipped only 25% to
$13,192,897 for a $4,627 average from expanding to 2,851 theaters and finishing in fourth place. The film's widest
release was 2,953 theaters and it closed on November 2, 2000, after grossing $106,834,564 domestically with an
additional $118,000,000 overseas for a worldwide total of $224,834,564. Produced on a $45 million budget, the film
was a huge box office hit. To date, it is the highest grossing stop motion animated movie.
Accolades
Group Category (Recipient) Result
Annie Awards Best Animated Feature Nominated
Best Individual Achievement in Directing (Nick Park and Peter Lord) Nominated
Best Individual Achievement in Writing (Margaret French) Nominated
BAFTA Awards Best British Film Nominated
Best Visual Effects Nominated
Broadcast Film Critics Best Animated Feature Won
Dallas-Fort Worth Film Critics Best Animated Feature Won
Empire Awards Best British Director (Nick Park and Peter Lord) Nominated
Best British Film Nominated
Best Debut (Nick Park and Peter Lord) Nominated
European Film Awards Best Film Nominated
Florida Film Critics Best Animated Feature Won
Golden Globe Awards Best Motion Picture - Musical or Comedy Nominated
Kansas City Film Critics Best Animated Feature Won
Las Vegas Film Critics Best Family Film Won
Los Angeles Film Critics Best Animated Feature Won
National Board of Review: Best Animated Feature Won
New York Film Critics: Best Animated Feature Won
Phoenix Film Critics: Best Animated Feature Won
Best Family Film Won
Best Original Score (John Powell and Harry Gregson-Williams) Nominated
Chicken Run
182
Satellite Awards Best Motion Picture - Animated or Mixed Media Won
Best Sound Nominated
Southeastern Film Critics Best Film Nominated
Soundtrack
Harry Gregson-Williams and John Powell composed the music for the film, which was released on 20 June 2000
under the RCA Victor label.
[8]
All music composed by Harry Gregson-Williams and John Powell, except as noted.
No. Title Artist Length
1. "Opening Escape" 3:39
2. "Main Titles" 3:24
3. "The Evil Mr. Tweedy" 4:22
4. "Rats!" 1:09
5. "Chickens Are Not Organized" 1:01
6. "We Need a Miracle" 2:03
7. "Rocky and the Circus" 3:51
8. "Flight Training" 3:39
9. "A Really Big Truck Arrives" 5:58
10. "Cocktails and Flighty Thoughts" 1:56
11. "Babs' Big Break" 1:40
12. "Flip, Flop and Fly" Ellis Hall 2:08
13. "Up on the Roof" 3:08
14. "Into the Pie Machine" 3:10
15. "Rocky, a Fake All Along" 3:28
16. "Building the Crate" 3:32
17. "The Wanderer" Dion 2:47
18. "The Chickens Are Revolting" 2:45
19. "Lift Off" 3:41
20. "Escape to Paradise" 4:58
Total length: 58:19
Chicken Run
183
Video game
Chicken Run is a stealth-based 3-D platformer based on the movie. The game is a loose parody of the film The Great
Escape, which is set during World War II.
References
[1] "Wallace and Gromit's Hollywood date" (http:/ / news. bbc.co. uk/ 2/ hi/entertainment/ 671782.stm). BBC. 9 March 2000. . Retrieved 9 May
2012.
[2] "Chicken Run | Mrs Tweedy" (http:/ / www. telepathy. co. uk/ chicken site/ mrstwee. html). Telepathy LTD. . Retrieved January 13, 2012.
[3] "Chicken Run | Mr Tweedy" (http:// www. telepathy. co. uk/ chicken site/ mrtwee. html). Telepathy LTD. . Retrieved January 13, 2012.
[4] Rex Weiner (10 April 1997). "Aardman on 'Run'" (http:// www. variety.com/ vstory/ VR1117435154. html). Variety. . Retrieved
2010-02-18.
[5] Dan Cox (4 December 1997). "D'Works' feat of clay" (http:/ / www. variety. com/ article/VR1116678798. html). Variety. . Retrieved
2010-02-18.
[6] "Chicken Run Movie Reviews, Pictures" (http:/ / www. rottentomatoes.com/ m/ chicken_run/). Rotten Tomatoes. . Retrieved 2011-02-07.
[7] "Chicken Run Movie Reviews, Ratings, Credits, and More" (http:/ / www. metacritic.com/ movie/ chicken-run). Metacritic. . Retrieved
2011-02-07.
[8] "Chicken Run" (http:/ / www.allmusic. com/ album/ chicken-run-mw0000608937). AllMusic. . Retrieved 20 August 2012.
External links
• Official website (http:// www. aardman.com/ features/ released-features/chicken-run/)
• Chicken Run (http:/ / www. imdb. com/ title/ tt0120630/ ) at the Internet Movie Database
• Chicken Run (http:/ / www. metacritic.com/ movie/ chicken-run) at Metacritic
• Chicken Run (http:/ / www. rottentomatoes.com/ m/ chicken_run/) at Rotten Tomatoes
• Chicken Run (http:/ / www. bcdb. com/ bcdb/ cartoon.cgi?film=25043) at the Big Cartoon DataBase
• Chicken Run (http:/ / www. boxofficemojo.com/ movies/ ?id=chickenrun.htm) at Box Office Mojo
• Chicken Run (http:/ / www. allrovi.com/ movies/ movie/ v186748) at AllRovi
Citizen X
184
Citizen X
Citizen X
Directed by Chris Gerolmo
Produced by Timothy Marx
Robert Stone
Webster Stone
Written by Robert Cullen
Chris Gerolmo
Starring Stephen Rea
Donald Sutherland
Max von Sydow
Jeffrey DeMunn
Joss Ackland
John Wood
Radu Amzulescu
Imelda Staunton
Music by Randy Edelman
Cinematography Robert Fraisse
Editing by William Goldenberg
Citizen X is a made-for-TV film, released in 1995, which covers the investigation of the Soviet serial killer Andrei
Chikatilo, who was convicted in 1992 of killing 53 women and children between 1978 and 1990, and the efforts of
detectives in the Soviet Union to capture him.
Synopsis
The film tells the story of the seven-year hunt by forensic specialist Viktor Burakov for the person who mutilated
and murdered over 50 people of both sexes, 35 of those who were murdered were below the age of 17. Burakov is
aided, covertly at first, by his commanding officer, Col. Mikhail Fetisov and later by Dr. Alexandr Bukhanovsky, a
psychiatrist.
As well as being in the form of a crime thriller, the movie depicts Soviet propaganda and bureaucracy contributing to
the failure to capture the killer; his crimes were not widely reported for fear of revealing that such things ever
occurred in the USSR.
Production
The movie was entirely shot in Hungary. The station where Chikatilo picks his victims is the Hatvan railway station,
northeast of Budapest. The smaller, arched train shelter scene was shot in Nagymaros. Several other scenes were
shot in the Gödöllő Railway Station. The film was directed by Chris Gerolmo, who also wrote the screenplay
adapted from the book The Killer Department by Robert Cullen.
Cast
• Stephen Rea as Viktor Burakov
• Donald Sutherland as Mikhail Fetisov
• Jeffrey DeMunn as Andrei Chikatilo
• Max von Sydow as Dr. Alexandr Bukhanovsky
Citizen X
185
• Joss Ackland as Bondarchuk
• John Wood as Gorbunov
• Imelda Staunton as Mrs. Burakov
Awards
• CableACE Awards
•• Best Movie or Miniseries
•• Best Supporting Actor in a Movie or Miniseries (DeMunn)
• Edgar Awards
•• Best TV Feature or MiniSeries (Gerolmo)
• Emmy Awards
•• Outstanding Supporting Actor in a Miniseries or a Special (Sutherland)
• Golden Globe Awards
•• Best Performance by an Actor in a Supporting Role in a Series, Mini-Series or Motion Picture Made for TV
(Sutherland)
External links
• Citizen X
[1]
at the Internet Movie Database
• Serge Schemann, "The Man in the Iron Cage: A Russian Horror Story", 30-jul-1992, The New York Times
[2]
• Katherine Ramsland, "Andrei Chikatilo, the Rostov Ripper serial killer"
[3]
and photo gallery
[4]
References
[1] http:/ / www.imdb. com/ title/ tt0112681/
[2] http:/ / query. nytimes. com/ gst/ fullpage.html?res=9E0CE7DD113CF933A05754C0A964958260& sec=& spon=& partner=permalink&
exprod=permalink
[3] http:/ / www.crimelibrary.com/ serial_killers/ notorious/ chikatilo/ coat_1.html
[4] http:// www.crimelibrary.com/ serial_killers/ notorious/ chikatilo/ 16.html
Cranford (TV series)
186
Cranford (TV series)
Cranford
Title card
Genre Comedy-drama
Created by Sue Birtwistle
Susie Conklin
Directed by Simon Curtis
Steve Hudson
Composer(s) Carl Davis
Country of origin United Kingdom
Original language(s) English
No. of series 2
No. of episodes 7
Production
Executive producer(s) Kate Harwood
Rebecca Eaton
Producer(s) Sue Birtwistle
Editor(s) Frances Parker
Cinematography Ben Smithard
Camera setup Panavision Genesis HD Camera
Running time 60 minutes
Production company(s) BBC
WGBH Boston
Chestermead
Distributor BBC Worldwide
Broadcast
Original channel BBC One
Picture format HDTV
Original run 18 November 2007 – 16 December 2007
Chronology
Related shows Cranford (1972 TV series)
External links
Website
[1]
Cranford is a British television series directed by Simon Curtis and Steve Hudson. The teleplay by Heidi Thomas
was adapted from three novellas by Elizabeth Gaskell published between 1849 and 1858: Cranford, My Lady
Ludlow, and Mr Harrison's Confessions. (The Last Generation in England was also used as a source.)
The series was transmitted in five parts in the UK by BBC One in November and December 2007. In the United
States, it was broadcast in three episodes by PBS as part of its Masterpiece Theatre series in May 2008.
Cranford returned with a two-part Christmas special in 2009.
[2]
Cranford (TV series)
187
Plot
Set in the early 1840s in the fictional village of Cranford in the county of Cheshire in North West England, the story
focuses primarily on the town's single and widowed middle class female inhabitants who are comfortable with their
traditional way of life and place great store in propriety and maintaining an appearance of gentility. Among them are
the spinster Jenkyns sisters, Matty and Deborah; their houseguest from Manchester, Mary Smith; Octavia Pole, the
town's leading gossip; the Tomkinson sisters, Augusta and Caroline; Mrs Forrester, who treats her beloved cow
Bessie as she would a daughter; Mrs Rose, the housekeeper for Dr Harrison; Jessie Brown, who rejects Major
Gordon's marriage proposal twice despite her feelings for him; Laurentia Galindo, a milliner who strongly believes
men and women are on equal footing; the Honourable Mrs Jamieson, a snob who dresses her dog in ensembles to
match her own; Sophy Hutton, the vicar's eldest daughter and surrogate mother to her three younger siblings, who is
courted by Dr Harrison; and the aristocratic Lady Ludlow, who lives in splendour at Hanbury Court and perceives
change as a peril to the natural order of things.
The principal male characters are new arrival Dr Frank Harrison, who is smitten with Sophy but unwittingly
becomes the romantic target of both Mrs Rose and Caroline Tomkinson, who frequently feigns illness to hold his
attention; Dr Morgan, an old-fashioned practitioner who finds himself challenged by the modern ideas of his young
partner; Captain Brown, a military man whose common sense earns him a place of authority among the women;
Edmund Carter, Lady Ludlow's land agent, a reformer who strongly advocates free education for the working class;
Harry Gregson, the ambitious ten-year-old son of an impoverished poacher, who as Mr. Carter's protégé learns to
read and write; farmer Thomas Holbrook, Matty Jenkyn's one-time suitor, who was considered unsuitable by her
family but is anxious to renew his relationship with her; Reverend Hutton, a widower with four children whose
religious conviction is sometimes at odds with his instincts as a father; and Sir Charles Maulver, the local magistrate
and director of the railway company.
Cast
Listed in alphabetical order:
Actor Role
Francesca Annis Lady Ludlow, the mistress of Hanbury Court
Eileen Atkins Deborah Jenkyns, the moral guardian of the town
Claudie Blakley Martha, a maid to the Jenkyns sisters
John Bowe Dr Morgan, the appreciated surgeon of the town
Andrew Buchan Jem Hearne, a carpenter and Martha's fiancé
Jim Carter Captain Brown, retired officer on half-pay
Judi Dench Matilda "Matty" Jenkyns, Deborah's sister
Lisa Dillon Mary Smith, a guest of the Jenkyns sisters
Alex Etel Harry Gregson, a boy of poor parentage
Emma Fielding Laurentia Galindo, a milliner
Deborah Findlay Augusta Tomkinson, a spinster
Barbara Flynn The Honourable Mrs Jamieson, a widow with aristocratic pretensions
Michael Gambon Thomas Holbrook, a farmer and Miss Matty's admirer
Philip Glenister Edmund Carter, Lady Ludlow's land agent
Selina Griffiths Caroline Tomkinson, Augusta's sister
Hannah Hobley Bertha, the maid of Miss Pole
Cranford (TV series)
188
Alex Jennings Reverend Hutton, the vicar of the town
Dean Lennox Kelly Job Gregson, Harry's father
Lesley Manville Mrs Rose, Dr Harrison's housekeeper
Joe McFadden Dr Jack Marshland, Dr Harrison's friend
Julia McKenzie Mrs Forrester, a widow
Kimberley Nixon Sophy Hutton, Rector Hutton's daughter
Alistair Petrie Major Gordon, Captain Brown's friend
Julia Sawalha Jessie Brown, Captain Brown's daughter
Martin Shaw Peter Jenkyns, The Jenkyns sisters' long-lost brother
Imelda Staunton Octavia Pole, a town gossip
Finty Williams Clara Smith, Mary's stepmother
Greg Wise Sir Charles Maulver, a magistrate
Simon Woods Dr Frank Harrison, a new doctor
Episode guide
Series One
Episode One: June 1842
The handsome and eligible young doctor Frank Harrison arrives to assist Dr Morgan with his practice. His first
patient is carpenter Jem Hearne, who has fallen from a tree and suffered a compound fracture. Instead of following
the usual custom of amputating the injured limb, Dr Harrison performs a relatively new and risky surgery to save the
arm. His successful effort wins the admiration of the townspeople.
Also new to Cranford are Captain Brown and his two daughters, the elder of whom is ill and dies shortly after their
arrival. With her father away, the surviving sibling Jessie breaks with tradition and walks behind the coffin
accompanied by her neighbour Deborah Jenkyns, who with her sister Matty, is playing host to Mary Smith, the
daughter of a friend.
Edmund Carter, estate manager for Lady Ludlow, takes an interest in young Harry Gregson, the bright son of a poor
local family, and offers him both work and an education.
When a valuable piece of historic lace belonging to Mrs Forrester is swallowed by a cat, she and Octavia Pole
discover a novel new use for a Wellington boot.
Episode Two: August 1842
Major Gordon proposes to Jessie Brown a second time before leaving for India, but she refuses him with the excuse
she cannot leave her father alone. However, when it is revealed at Lady Ludlow's annual garden party that the
railway will be passing close to Cranford, and that Captain Brown will be away on railway business for long periods
of time, his daughter regrets her decision.
Also dismayed at the news of the railway's arrival is Deborah Jenkyns, who accuses Captain Brown of deceiving
them. She complains of a terrible headache and, moments later, collapses in her bedroom and dies later that night.
Dr Harrison's romance with Sophy Hutton blossoms, only to be stopped in its tracks when he cannot save her brother
from the croup. Here, this adaptation depicts the vicar's daughter as having a crisis of faith that is absent in the
original text.
Episode Three: November 1842
Cranford (TV series)
189
Dr Harrison's friend Dr Marshland comes to visit for Christmas and returns just prior to Valentine's Day, when he
causes mischief by sending a card suggesting marriage to Caroline Tomkinson, who believes it came from Dr
Harrison, whose romance with Sophy Hutton reignites. Dr Marshland also seems to take a liking to Mary Smith.
Guilty of poaching on Lady Ludlow's estate but mistakenly accused of assault and robbery instead, Harry Gregson's
father Job finds himself in gaol until Lady Ludlow is persuaded by both Mr. Carter's pleas and seeing for herself the
abject poverty in which the Gregson family lives, uses her influence to have the charges dropped.
Thomas Holbrook is reunited with Matty Jenkyns. In their younger years, their marriage plans were disrupted by her
family's disapproval and a scandal involving her brother Peter. When Mr. Holbrook contracts pneumonia on a
journey back from Paris and dies, Miss Matty indicates she now considers herself a widow.
Episode Four: April 1843
Miss Matty learns the bank in which she has invested has failed, but she is determined to keep the news about her
financial distress from her friends.
The railway construction approaches nearer to Lady Ludlow's land but, instead of selling acreage to the railway, she
mortgages her property to support her ne'er-do-well son Septimus, who is living in Italy.
Dr Harrison asks Reverend Hutton for permission to court Sophy. However, both Caroline Tomkinson and Mrs Rose
mistakenly believe the doctor is interested in them. During the May Day celebration, Caroline's sister reveals to
Reverend Hutton that Caroline is marrying the young man, an announcement that shocks Mrs Rose, who thought she
was his intended. Confronting Dr Harrison (who is nonplussed at to how he gave either woman such an impression),
the vicar brings Dr Harrison's courtship of his daughter to an abrupt halt.
Episode Five: May 1843
The ladies of Cranford learn about Miss Matty's financial distress and secretly contribute to her welfare, with the
sudden influx of cash explained as being due to the discovery of an error in the bank's bookkeeping. Miss Matty
opens a shop selling tea in her parlour. Her maid, Martha, marries Jem Hearne, and the newlyweds lodge with Miss
Matty.
Mr. Carter discovers that Lady Ludlow mortgaged the Hanbury estate to meet her son's financial demands, even
though she may not have the resources to keep up the repayments.
Despite Dr Harrison's protestations of innocence, Dr Morgan advises him to leave Cranford, since patients no longer
will see him. Mary Smith helps by confronting Dr Marshland about his mischief with the valentines, and they begin
to sort out the misunderstandings that have led to Dr Harrison's predicament. The doctor and Sophy are reconciled
when he saves her from a potentially fatal attack of typhoid.
An accident at the site of the railway injures both Captain Brown and Mr. Carter, the latter fatally. In his will he
leaves his estate of £20,000 to Harry Gregson, £1,000 is to be used for his formal education at Shrewsbury School,
and the remainder to be used to redeem the mortgage on Lady Ludlow's estate, but eventually to revert to Harry with
interest. Major Gordon returns from India to propose yet again to Jessie Brown, who accepts at last, and brings with
him Matty's long-missing brother Peter. The series concludes with the wedding of Sophy and Dr Harrison.
Series Two
Episodes Six and Seven: August 1844
Two-part Christmas special, called Return to Cranford. The railway comes to Cranford.
Cranford (TV series)
190
Production
The series, set to begin filming in 2005, originally was scheduled for six episodes, but budget cutbacks resulted in it
being trimmed to five, with filming postponed until early 2007.
[3]
Although Cranford is supposedly located in Cheshire, none of the exteriors was filmed there. Locations used
included Surrey, Hambleden, Windsor, Radnage, Leighton Buzzard, Berkhamsted, Wycombe, Syon House in
Brentford, London, and Isleworth in Middlesex, and Oxford. Interiors were filmed in Pinewood Studios. A large
portion of filming was done at Lacock in Wiltshire (a location used for many films, including Pride and Prejudice
and Emma for the BBC in 1995 and 1996, respectively, The Other Boleyn Girl, The Wolfman and also for the Harry
Potter films in 2000, 2001 and 2008).
Steve Hudson, the original director, was replaced after six weeks because, according to Eileen Atkins, "He didn't
really understand why it was funny."
[4]
Broadcast and reception
Nancy Banks-Smith of The Guardian said the series "will see you through beautifully until Christmas. Elizabeth
Gaskell's perfect little classic, beautifully and minutely observed, has been beefed up with two more stories . . .
However, as the extra stories are also by Mrs Gaskell, they transplant pretty naturally ... It has a simply stunning
performance from Eileen Atkins . . . The power of her performance is all the more remarkable considering the
company she keeps."
[5]
Andrew Billen of The Times stated, "The cast was so strong it was almost distracting. But, as in any great ensemble,
when the individuals came together nothing jarred ... This adaptation added up to even more than the sum of its
considerable parts."
[6]
James Walton of The Daily Telegraph observed, "Heidi Thomas’s script subtly brought out a more hidden element of
Cranford life: that these people are simultaneously proud and ashamed of their provincial status. She also manages
the Mrs Gaskell trick of making the town itself the main character ... [T]he result (and of course I mean this as a
compliment) sharply recalls another TV portrait of life in a town near Manchester. Admittedly, Cranford features
more Annie Walkers and fewer Elsie Tanners than early Coronation Street. Otherwise, the power of the matriarchs,
the centrality of gossip and – when the chips are down – the touching sense of community, are all winningly similar.
So too is the ability to subject the characters to clear-eyed scrutiny, while still retaining an obvious affection for
them."
[7]
In the UK, the first episode was watched by 8.43 million viewers and ranked #6 for the week,
[8]
outperforming
ITV1's usually dominant I'm A Celebrity...Get Me Out of Here!.
[9]
By the final episode viewership had dropped to
7.26 million, although the programme remained in the top ten.
[10]
Awards and nominations
Cranford was nominated for ten British Academy Television Awards and won three, for Best Actress (Eileen
Atkins), Best Production Design, and Best Sound in a Fiction/Entertainment Programme. It was nominated for eight
Emmy Awards and won two, for Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Miniseries or Movie (Atkins) and Outstanding
Hairstyling for a Miniseries, Movie or a Special. It also won the Television and Radio Industries Club Award for
Best TV Drama Programme. It was nominated for a further three Golden Globe awards (Best Mini-Series or Motion
Picture Made for Television and two acting nominations for Judi Dench and Eileen Atkins).
Cranford (TV series)
191
Full list of awards and nominations
• BAFTA TV Awards
• Won Best Actress - Eileen Atkins
• Won Best Sound Fiction/Entertainment - Paul Hamblin, Graham Headicar, Andre Schmidt, Peter Brill
• Won Best Production Design - Donal Woods
• Nominated Audience Award (TV)
• Nominated Best Costume Design - Jenny Beavan
• Nominated Best Drama Serial - Sue Birtwistle, Simon Curtis, Heidi Thomas
• Nominated Best Original Television Music - Carl Davis
• Nominated Best Actress - Judi Dench
• Nominated Best Make Up & Hair Design - Alison Elliott
• Nominated Best Editing (Fiction/Entertainment) Frances Parker
• Nominated Best Writer - Heidi Thomas
•• Broadcasting Press Guild Awards
• Won Best Actor - Philip Glenister
• Won Best Actress - Eileen Atkins
• Won Best Drama Series
• Won Writer's Award - Heidi Thomas
• Nominated Best Actor - Michael Gambon
• Nominated Best Actress - Judi Dench
•• Costume Designers Guild Awards
• Nominated Outstanding Costume Design for Television Movie/Mini-Series - Jenny Beavan
•• Emmy Awards
• Won Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Miniseries or a Movie - Eileen Atkins
• Won Outstanding Hairstyling for a Miniseries or a Movie - Alison Elliott (department head hairstylist)
• Nominated Outstanding Miniseries - Kate Harwood (executive producer), Rebecca Eaton (executive
producer), Sue Birtwistle (producer)
• Nominated Outstanding Lead Actress in a Miniseries or a Movie - Judi Dench
• Nominated Outstanding Writing for a Miniseries, Movie or a Dramatic Special - Heidi Thomas (written by)
• Nominated Outstanding Casting for a Miniseries, Movie or a Special - Maggie Lunn (casting director)
• Nominated Outstanding Costumes for a Miniseries, Movie or a Special - Jenny Beavan (costume designer),
Mark Ferguson (costume supervisor)
• Nominated Outstanding Art Direction for a Miniseries or Movie - Jerry Wanek (production designer), Dan
Hermansen (art director), Merlin Dervisevic (set decorator), Donal Woods (production designer), Trisha
Edwards (set decorator)
•• Golden Globes
• Nominated Best Mini-Series or Motion Picture Made for Television
• Nominated Best Performance by an Actress in a Supporting Role in a Series, Mini-Series or Motion Picture
Made for Television - Eileen Atkins
• Nominated Best Performance by an Actress in a Mini-Series or a Motion Picture Made for Television - Judi
Dench
•• Television Critics Association Awards
• Nominated Outstanding Achievement in Movies, Mini-Series and Specials
•• Television and Radio Industries Club Awards
Cranford (TV series)
192
• Won TV Drama Programme
DVD release
The complete series was released in a two-disc set by BBC Video on February 11, 2008. It includes a bonus feature,
The Making of Cranford, with interviews with members of both the cast and production team.
Sequel
A two-part sequel, Return to Cranford was broadcast by BBC as a Christmas special in December 2009. Judi Dench,
Imelda Staunton, Julia McKenzie, Deborah Findlay, and Barbara Flynn reprised their roles, with Jonathan Pryce,
Celia Imrie, Lesley Sharp, Nicholas Le Prevost, Jodie Whittaker, Tom Hiddleston, Michelle Dockery, Matthew
McNulty and Rory Kinnear joining the cast.
[2]
The program aired on January 10 & 17, 2010 on PBS in the United
States.
The new stories, which were written by Heidi Thomas and directed by Simon Curtis, took place in August 1844; a
year after the wedding of Sophy Hutton and Dr Harrison.
[2]
Filming of the railway sequences took place at the
Foxfield Railway
[11]
in Staffordshire.
References
[1] http:/ / www.bbc. co. uk/ drama/ cranford/
[2] "The critically acclaimed and multi-award winning Cranford returns to BBC One this Christmas with stellar cast" (http:/ / www. bbc. co. uk/
pressoffice/pressreleases/ stories/ 2009/05_may/ 28/ cranford.shtml) (Press release). BBC Press Office. 28 May 2009. . Retrieved
2009-05-28.
[3] The Sunday Times, October 2, 2005 (http:/ / www. timesonline.co.uk/ tol/ news/ uk/ article573692.ece)
[4] The Sunday Times, January 6, 2008 (http:/ / entertainment.timesonline. co.uk/ tol/ arts_and_entertainment/ stage/ theatre/ article3122731.
ece)
[5] The Guardian review (http:/ / www. guardian.co. uk/ culture/tvandradioblog/2007/ nov/ 19/ theweekendstvcranford)
[6] The Times review (http:/ / entertainment.timesonline. co. uk/ tol/ arts_and_entertainment/tv_and_radio/article2893983.ece)
[7] The Daily Telegraph review (http:// www. telegraph.co. uk/ arts/ main.jhtml?xml=/ arts/ 2007/ 11/ 19/ nosplit/ bvtv19last. xml)
[8] BARB, week ending November 11, 2007 (http:/ / www. barb.co. uk/ viewingsummary/ weekreports.cfm?Requesttimeout=500&
report=weeklyterrestrial)
[9] DigitalSpy.co.uk (http:/ / www.digitalspy. co. uk/ broadcasting/ a80243/ strong-start-for-bbcs-cranford.html)
[10] BARB week ending December 16, 2007 (http:// www. barb.co.uk/ viewingsummary/weekreports.cfm?Requesttimeout=500&
report=weeklyterrestrial)
[11] This is Staffordshire - June 3, 2009 (http:/ / www. thisisstaffordshire.co. uk/ news/ Er-seen-Dame-Judi-chance/article-1043631-detail/
article.html)
External links
• Official website (http:// www. bbc.co. uk/ drama/cranford/)
• Cranford (http:/ / www. imdb.com/ title/ tt0974077/ ) at the Internet Movie Database
• Cranford (http:/ / www. tv.com/ shows/ cranford/) at TV.com
• BBC Press release re Cranford (http:/ / www. bbc.co.uk/ pressoffice/pressreleases/ stories/ 2007/ 01_january/
31/dench.shtml)
• Pictures from filming of Cranford (http:// www.wiltshiretimes. co.uk/ news/ picturegalleries/
cranfordchronicles/)
• Cranford fan site (http:/ / www. cranfordchronicles.com)
• November 10, 2007 Telegraph article (http:// www. telegraph.co. uk/ arts/ main.jhtml?xml=/ arts/ 2007/ 11/ 10/
bvcranford11.xml)
• November 17, 2007 Telegraph article (http:/ / www. telegraph.co. uk/ arts/ main.jhtml?xml=/ arts/ 2007/ 11/ 17/
nosplit/ bvtvsaturday17.xml)
Cranford (TV series)
193
• Episode guide at Digiguide.com (http:/ / library.digiguide.com/ lib/ episodes/ Cranford-584512/Drama/ )
Online texts
• Cranford at Project Gutenberg
• My Lady Ludlow at Project Gutenberg
• Mr. Harrison's Confessions free eBook edition (http:/ / www. lang.nagoya-u.ac. jp/ ~matsuoka/ EG-Harrison.
html)
• The Last Generation in England (http:// www.lang. nagoya-u. ac. jp/~matsuoka/ EG-Generation.html)
Crush (2001 film)
194
Crush (2001 film)
Crush
Promotional poster
Directed by John McKay
Produced by Julia Chasman
Hanno Huth
Paul Webster
Lee Thomas
Written by John McKay
Starring Andie MacDowell
Imelda Staunton
Anna Chancellor
Kenny Doughty
Bill Paterson
Music by Kevin Sargent
Cinematography Henry Braham
Editing by Anne Sopel
Distributed by Sony Pictures Classics
Release date(s) 19 August 2001
(Edinburgh Film Festival)
7 June 2002 (United Kingdom)
5 September 2002 (Germany)
Running time 112 minutes
Country Germany
United Kingdom
Language English
French
Crush is a 2001 film written and directed by John McKay and starring Andie MacDowell, Imelda Staunton, Anna
Chancellor, Kenny Doughty, and Bill Paterson.
Plot
Forty-something schoolmistress Kate and her two best friends, police superintendent Janine and doctor Molly, live in
rural Britain and share their single lives and dating exploits in weekly chats. Kate has recovered from ovarian cyst
disease and fears a relapse; she hasn't been dating much. By chance, she meets Jed, a former student of hers, now a
handsome twenty-something church organist. To her surprise, she ends up sleeping with him and the two embark on
an unlikely relationship that's looked on with suspicion by Janine and Molly. Janine comes to believe in Kate and
Jed's feelings for each other. But Molly is still dubious, showing Jed's criminal record and medical history to Kate,
bringing adult dates to their dinner parties and taking her and Janine to Paris so that she will go off Jed. Conversely,
this brings Kate and Jed closer together and they plan their wedding.
Molly eventually attempts to prove Jed's faithlessness by seducing him, which fails but angers Kate to the extreme.
After an argument about how Kate has kept their engagement quiet, Jed is thrown out of Kate's house. He is struck
and killed by a passing truck; this unexpected tragedy breaks the three women up, as Kate is inconsolable and Janine
blames Molly. Kate reluctantly embarks on a mild romance with a local vicar who's always been in love with her,
Crush (2001 film)
195
but when she finally agrees to marry him, she becomes ill at the altar. Molly and Janine take her away, and discover
that she is pregnant with Jed's child. She decides to have the baby and raise it on her own, while the vicar meets a
woman who's actually excited about him. Also, Janine starts going out with Bill (a robbery suspect) and Molly falls
for a pediatrician named Eleanor. The three friends reconcile and continue to share their lives and experiences.
Cast
Andie MacDowell ... Kate Scales
Imelda Staunton ... Janine
Anna Chancellor ... Molly Cartwright
Kenny Doughty ... Jed Willis
Bill Paterson ... Rev. Gerald Marsden
Caroline Holdaway ... Pam
Joe Roberts ... Brendan
Josh Cole ... PC Darren Blake
Gary Powell ... Sergeant
Christian Burgess ... Kate's Frenchman
Morris Perry ... Bishop
Richenda Carey ... Lady Governor
Roger Booth ... Hearty Governor
Derek Deadman ... Little Crematorium Man
Andrew Bicknell ... Mr. Yacht
Debated title
As told by John McKay,
[1]
the film combines two plot lines which eventually came together. At first he wrote a play
which was named "Crush" about an older woman and a younger man.
Later, he met "a set of women doctors who were working too hard to get a date on Friday nights and so would get
together instead, drink cheap liquor, eat chocolate, smoke cigarettes and have a competition to decide who was the
saddest fucker of the week". This influenced the original play as it "sprouted more female characters" and became a
movie script.
McKay, who both wrote the screenplay and directed the film in 1999, wanted to name the film The Sad Fuckers
Club,
[1]
a name which he felt fit the plot line - and which, according to him, Andie MacDowell approved of when
offered the role in the film. This, however, was changed after resistance from the producers and distributors and
uneasiness on the part of test audiences, eventually reverting to the original name, "Crush".
Crush met with generally mixed reviews, and has scored an average of 5 out of 10 on review aggregate site, Rotten
Tomatoes.
Crush (2001 film)
196
External links
• Crush
[2]
• Crush
[3]
at AllRovi
• Crush
[4]
at the Internet Movie Database
• Crush
[5]
at Rotten Tomatoes
• Crush
[6]
at Metacritic
• Crush
[7]
at Box Office Mojo

[1]
"Filming and f***ing", John McKay's account of how the film was made, in "The Guardian", 24/5/2002
References
[1] McKay, John (2002-05-24). "Filming and f***ing" (http:// film.guardian.co.uk/ features/featurepages/ 0,,720778,00.html). The Guardian.
. Retrieved 2007-01-07.
[2] http:// www.sonyclassics. com/ crush/
[3] http:// www.allrovi.com/ movies/ movie/ v246184
[4] http:/ / www.imdb. com/ title/ tt0245407/
[5] http:/ / www.rottentomatoes. com/ m/ crush-2000/
[6] http:// www.metacritic. com/ movie/ crush
[7] http:/ / www.boxofficemojo.com/ movies/ ?id=crush.htm
David Copperfield (1999 film)
197
David Copperfield (1999 film)
David Copperfield
Format Costume drama
Written by Adrian Hodges (from the novel by Charles Dickens)
Directed by Simon Curtis
Starring Daniel Radcliffe
Ciarán McMenamin
Maggie Smith
Pauline Quirke
Alun Armstrong
Trevor Eve
Bob Hoskins
Zoë Wanamaker
Emilia Fox
Oliver Ford Davies
Nicholas Lyndhurst
Imelda Staunton
Ian McNeice
Ian McKellen
Michael Elphick
Dawn French
Country of origin United Kingdom
No. of episodes 2
Production
Producer(s) Kate Harwood
Broadcast
Original channel BBC One
Picture format PAL (576i), 16:9
Original run 25 December 1999 – 26 December 1999
David Copperfield is a two part BBC television drama adaptation of Charles Dickens' novel David Copperfield,
adapted by Adrian Hodges. The first part was shown on Christmas Day (25 December) and the second on Boxing
Day (26 December) in 1999. The production is notable for being the first screen work of actor Daniel Radcliffe, who
would later achieve fame as the star of the Harry Potter films, where he would collaborate with his David
Copperfield co-stars Maggie Smith, Zoë Wanamaker, Imelda Staunton, Dawn French and Paul Whitehouse.
Plot
Part one
David Copperfield is a posthumous child. He was born in Blunderstone, Suffolk, three months after the death of his
father, who was also called David Copperfield. On the night of David's birth, his Great-Aunt Betsey Trotwood
arrives at the Rookery - the Copperfield family home - and eagerly anticipates the birth of a baby girl. She insists that
Clara Copperfield's baby must be called Betsey Trotwood Copperfield, and that she will be her godmother. However,
when the delivered child turns out to be a boy, Betsey is horrified (as her previous experiences with men have all
ended tragically) and storms out, fuming. David grows up loved and cared for by Clara and their maid, Peggotty.
David Copperfield (1999 film)
198
When David turns eight, Clara meets and falls in love with Edward Murdstone, a stern man of whom David appears
frightened and who takes an immediate dislike to David. Peggotty offers to take David with her to Yarmouth to visit
her brother, Dan, and his family, and he accepts, forming a special bond with Dan's niece, Emily (or Little Em'ly).
When they return, David sees, to his horror, that his mother has married Murdstone. Murdstone invites his equally
stern, sexist sister, Jane, to live with them, and the two Murdstones quickly dominate the household with their
callous personalities. Clara briefly objects to having little to no say in the affairs of her own house, and Murdstone
responds by asserting his authority and sending David to bed with no dinner, following with more strict and unfair
rules upon Clara, David and Peggotty. When Murdstone canes David for falling behind in his studies (although it
was Murdstone who deliberately asked David particularly difficult questions), David bites him severely and as
punishment, is sent to Salem House, a boarding school owned by Murdstone's abusive friend, Creakle, who torments
David on Murdstone's request. David's only comfort at the school is his friendship with James Steerforth, an older
student from a wealthy and influential family.
David returns home for the holidays and makes amends with Murdstone, who has fathered a baby boy with Clara.
After the holidays David returns to Salem House, where he is informed by Creakle that his mother and half-brother
have died, and he returns home for the funeral. Peggotty is fired, but becomes engaged to a family friend, Mr.
Barkis. With the Murdstones now in full control of the Rookery and David's future, Murdstone takes David out of
Salem House and sends him to work in his black ink factory in London. Murdstone also arranges for David to live
with his friend, Wilkins Micawber, who treats David like his own son, but is sent to a debtor's prison shortly
afterwards. When he is released, he and his family are forced to move to Plymouth, leaving David homeless. David
runs away from London to Dover, to find Betsey Trotwood in the hopes that she will take him in. Eventually he finds
her, and despite Betsey's reluctance to have a boy in her house, she houses him, but writes to the Murdstones about
this. Over the time, David bonds with Betsey's manservant, Mr. Dick, and Betsey herself begins to feel attachment to
her great-nephew. Edward and Jane Murdstone eventually arrive to take David back, but Betsey, knowing full well
of the abusive treatment Murdstone inflicted on both Clara and David, agrees to become David's legal guardian,
giving Murdstone a verbal thrashing and angrily ordering him out of her house.
David, now going by the name "Trotwood Copperfield", soon resumes his education at a school in Canterbury.
During his time at school he lodges with Betsey's friend, Mr. Wickfield, whose daughter Agnes is roughly the same
age as David. They grow up together as very close friends. On leaving school, David decides to pursue a career as a
clerk and he is apprenticed to a lawyer called Mr. Spenlow. David meets Mr. Spenlow's daughter Dora and falls in
love with her at first sight.
Part two
David sees Agnes at a party in London. David is less happy to see Uriah Heep, Mr Wickfield's clerk, there as well.
David tells Agnes of his love for Dora before running into his old friend, Steerforth. Later Uriah discloses to David
his determination to marry Agnes and threatens David not to tell Agnes or Mr. Wickfield of his intentions. Soon
after, David enjoys an unplanned visit with the Micawbers before visiting Steerforth at his mother's home. David and
Steerforth travel to Yarmouth where David visits Peggotty and Mr. Barkis, who has taken ill, before he and
Steerforth visit the Peggotty family. Dan, Ham, Emily and Mrs. Gummidge are still living in the boat house. David
learns that Ham and Emily will soon be married. Emily confides in David that she does not believe herself to be
good enough for Ham, and ignores David's reassurances that Ham loves her more than anyone could. David makes
one final stop to visit Peggotty and informs her that he plans on becoming engaged to Dora.
Back at home, The Micawbers come for dinner, and Mr. Micawber reveals that he is now working for Uriah Heep.
David reveals to Dora his love for her, and she reciprocates. On returning home that evening, he finds Aunt
Trotwood on his doorstop declaring that she is ruined. David and Dora agree to a secret engagement due to his
financial situation since he now without his aunt's support. David returns to Canterbury to see the Wickfields and
discuss his aunt's situation, but nothing can be done. David reveals to Mr. Micawber (as the Micawbers are now
David Copperfield (1999 film)
199
living with the Wickfields) that he suspects Mr. Heep of trying to take control of Mr. Wickfield and his estate. David
informs Agnes of his engagement to Dora. Mr. Heep declares his intentions to marry Agnes to Mr. Wickfield who
responds with rage. The next day, Agnes tells David that her father has apologized to Mr. Heep since he is now too
dependent on him. She appears to be reluctantly accepting of her potential marriage. Upon his next visit to Mr.
Spenlow, he finds that his engagement to Dora has been discovered and not accepted and is advised to forget it.
David refuses to give up Dora and tries once again to convince Mr. Spenlow of his worthiness, but discovers him
dead of a heart attack.
David visits Yarmouth again after he receives a letter from Peggotty, informing that Barkis's health is deteriorating.
Barkis eventually dies and leaves an astronomical £3,000 in his will - £1,000 to Dan Peggotty and £2,000 to
Peggotty, his wife. Ham tells David that Emily has run off with Steerforth who has been hiding in the area visiting
her in secret. Dan begins a search for them, which stretches to other parts of Europe. First he, David and Peggotty
inform Steerforth's mother and friend, Rosa Dartle, of his disappearance who, in response, tell them that they will not
allow Steerforth to marry Emily. David learns that Mr. Spenlow is bankrupt and comforts Dora. David then begins to
write and starts to sell his stories. He introduces Dora to Agnes, and Dora and David get married. They struggle as a
young couple with getting the house in order. David becomes frustrated by Dora's inability to be anything more than
a 'child bride', but decides to adapt himself to her and their marriage is finally as happy as it should have been. Dora
soon becomes pregnant, only to suffer a miscarriage which leaves her badly weakened and eventually bedridden.
David eventually finds Emily in a London slum where she is being confronted by Rosa Dartle. Steerforth had
abandoned Emily and she had been living as a prostitute. Dan Peggotty also appears on the scene and promises
Emily that they could start a new life as far away from Yarmouth as possible - in Australia. Emily begs David to take
a letter of forgiveness to Ham, but on his arrival at Yarmouth the town is deserted and a fierce storm is raging.
Steerforth appears in the water after his ship has capsized, but he and Ham drown during a rescue attempt. Back at
home, Mr Micawber reveals that he has uncovered Heep's villainous scheme which has bankrupted both Mr
Wickfield and Betsey Trotwood. Mr Wickfield summons the police and Heep is arrested. In thanks, Betsey
Trotwood offers to pay for a fresh start for the Micawbers in Australia, but at the harbour are faced with a policeman
who has a warrant for Mr Micawber's arrest - again for unpaid debts. Luckily, Betsey Trotwood arrives on the scene
and pays off Mr Micawber's debts, leaving him free to board the boat to Australia. Dan and Emily join the
Micawbers on the voyage to Australia. Peggotty insists that the news of Ham's death be kept from Emily until she is
strong enough to cope. Dan invites his sister to join him in Australia, but she chooses to stay in England with David
and Dora. Heep, meanwhile, is last seen with a group of convicts being loaded onto a boat, presumably for penal
transportation. Dora eventually dies and in his grief, David disappears for three years, during which time he
continues to write and has his first two books published.
On David's return to Canterbury, he realizes that he loves Agnes Wickfield. After much prodding, Agnes reveals that
she has always been in love with David, and even had Dora's dying approval. They are married and within a few
years have two sons. David receives a visit from Mr. Peggotty. He brings news that Emily has made a full recovery
from the emotional scars of her time as a prostitute, and that Mr. Micawber has established himself as a successful
magistrate and bank manager. The story closes with the birth of David and Agnes's third child - a girl. Betsey
Trotwood's wish finally comes true after nearly 30 years, as David decides that the baby will be christened Betsey
Trotwood-Copperfield, in honour of her godmother.
David Copperfield (1999 film)
200
Characters
• Mark Doran as David Copperfield (Baby) • Cherie Lunghi as Mrs Steerforth
• Daniel Radcliffe as David Copperfield (Young) • Kenneth MacDonald as Littimer
• Ciarán McMenamin as David Copperfield (Adult) • Bob Hoskins as Wilkins Micawber
• Emilia Fox as Clara Copperfield • Imelda Staunton as Mrs Micawber
• Maggie Smith as Betsey Trotwood • Dawn French as Mrs Crupp.
• Trevor Eve as Edward Murdstone • Paul Whitehouse as the Pawnbroker
• Zoë Wanamaker as Jane Murdstone • Ian McNeice as Mr. Dick
• Pauline Quirke as Clara Peggotty • James Grout as Mr Spenlow
• Michael Elphick as Barkis • Joanna Page as Dora Spenlow
• Alun Armstrong as Dan Peggotty. • Nicholas Lyndhurst as Uriah Heep
• James Thornton as Ham Peggotty. • Thelma Barlow as Mrs Heep
• Patsy Byrne as Mrs Gummidge • Oliver Ford Davies as Mr Wickfield
• Laura Harling as Emily Peggotty (Young) • Antonia Corrigan as Agnes Wickfield (Young)
• Aislin McGuckin as Emily Peggotty (Adult) • Morgane Slemp as Clara (Young)
• Ian McKellen as Mr Creakle • Amanda Ryan as Agnes Wickfield (Adult)
• Harry Lloyd as James Steerforth (Young) • Clare Holman as Rosa Dartle
• Oliver Milburn as James Steerforth (Adult) • Tom Wilkinson as Narrator (as old David)
Key locations featured in the story
• Blunderstone is the village in Norfolk where David Copperfield was born. He lived at a house called The
Rookery with his mother Clara and servant Peggotty. When Clara Copperfield married Mr Murdstone, he moved
into the house and was soon joined by his sister. Their presence turned the house into an unhappy place and David
suffered particular cruelty, being sent away to Salem House boarding school after he bit Mr Murdstone during a
beating. David finally left Blunderstone after his mother's death, when Mr Murdstone sent him to work in
London.
• Yarmouth is the Norfolk seaside town where Peggotty's relatives lived in a boat house with their friend Mrs
Gummidge. David visited the place as a child and returned about a decade later to visit the Peggotty family. After
Ham's death, Dan, Emily and Mrs Gummidge moved to Australia to start a new life - something which was
particularly beneficial to Emily after her traumatic life as a prostitute which evolved from her affair with
Steerforth.
• Salem House is the London boarding school where David Copperfield was sent after he bit Mr Murdstone. The
cruel headteacher, Mr Creakle, was a friend of Mr Murdstone and singled out David for extra torment. David left
the school after his mother's death, when he was sent to work at Mr Murdstone's blacking factory.
• London first features in the story when David was sent to work in Mr Murdstone's blacking shop. He lived with
the financially troubled Mr Micawber, who served time in a debtor's prison, until the Micawbers moved to
Plymouth. David then decided to go to Dover in the hope that Betsey Trotwood would take him in. London
featured again in the story when David began his working life as a clerk and was apprenticed to a lawyer called
Mr Spenlow. During his time in London, David met Dora Spenlow - who was to be his first wife.
• Dover is the seaside town in Kent where David went to find Betsey Trotwood after the Micawbers left London.
She agreed to take him in and he lived at the house with Betsey and her lodger Mr Dick.
• Canterbury is the city where David Copperfield resumed his education. He grew up as a lodger at the house of
Mr Wickfield, Betsey's Trotwood's lifelong friend, whose daughter Agnes eventually became David's second wife
and mother of their three children. Also living at the house was Mr Wickfield's lurking clerk Uriah Heep, who
was eventually discovered to have committed fraud against Mr Wickfield.
David Copperfield (1999 film)
201
• Highgate is the mansion where James Steerforth lived with his mother Mrs Steerforth and his cousin Rosa Dartle.
David visited the house several times, first after he met Steerforth for the first time since his schooldays, again
when he informed Mrs Steerforth that her son had run away with Emily, and last of all when he informed Mrs
Steerforth that her son has drowned at Yarmouth.
External links
• David Copperfield
[1]
at the Internet Movie Database
• Information, Illustrations, Analysis, Select Resources on the novel and film versions
[2]
References
[1] http:/ / www.imdb. com/ title/ tt0167872/
[2] http:/ / how-serendipitous. webs. com/ copperfield
Deadly Advice
Deadly Advice is a 1994 British comedy drama film directed by Mandie Fletcher and starring Jane Horrocks, Brenda
Fricker and Edward Woodward.
[1]
Plot
The daughters of a domineering mother aspire to break free of her control and form romantic attachments.
Cast
• Jane Horrocks ... Jodie Greenwood
• Brenda Fricker ... Iris Greenwood
• Imelda Staunton ... Beth Greenwood
• Jonathan Pryce ... Dr. Ted Philips
• Edward Woodward ... Maj. Herbert Armstrong
• Billie Whitelaw ... Kate Webster
• Hywel Bennett ... Dr. Crippen
• Jonathan Hyde ... George Joseph Smith
• John Mills ... Jack the Ripper
• Ian Abbey ... Bunny
• Eleanor Bron ... Judge
• Roger Frost ... Rev. Horace Cotton
• Gareth Gwyn-Jones ... Mr. Smethurst
• Richard Moore ... Constable Dickman
• Alice Burrows ... Joyce Cream
Deadly Advice
202
References
[1] http:/ / ftvdb.bfi. org.uk/ sift/ title/ 488900
External links
• Deadly Advice (http:// www. imdb. com/ title/ tt0106685/ ) at the Internet Movie Database
Donmar Warehouse
203
Donmar Warehouse
Donmar Warehouse
Entrance, July 2007
Address 41 Earlham Street
City Camden, London
Owned by Leased to trust
(Ambassador Theatre Group)
Capacity 251 plus 20 standing places
Type subsidised (not-for-profit)
Opened 1977
donmarwarehouse.com
[1]
The Donmar Warehouse is a 251 seat, not-for-profit theatre in Covent Garden, London, England.
About
Under the artistic leadership of Sam Mendes, Michael Grandage and now Josie Rourke, the theatre has a diverse
artistic policy that includes new writing, contemporary reappraisals of European classics, British and American
drama and small-scale musical theatre.
As well as presenting at least six productions a year at its home in Covent Garden, every year the Donmar tours one
in-house production in the UK.
History
Theatrical producer Donald Albery formed Donmar Productions around 1953,
[2]
with the name derived from the first
three letters of his name and that of his friend Dame Margot Fonteyn, the prima ballerina.
[3]
In 1961, he bought the
warehouse, a building that in the 1870s had been a vat room and hops warehouse for the local brewery in Covent
Garden, and in the 1920s had been used as a film studio and then the Covent Garden Market banana-ripening
depot.
[3][4]
His son Ian Albery, a producer and theatre design consultant, converted the warehouse into a private
rehearsal studio for Fonteyn's London Festival Ballet.
[3][4]
In 1977 the Royal Shakespeare Company acquired it as a theatre and renamed it the Warehouse, converting and
equipping at "immense speed".
[5]
The first show, which opened on 18 July 1977, was Schweik in the Second World
War, directed by Howard Davies, which transferred from the Other Place in Stratford. The electricity for the theatre
was turned on just 30 minutes before curtain up, and the concrete steps up to the theatre were still wet.
[5]
Donmar Warehouse
204
The Warehouse was an RSC workshop as much as a showcase and the seasons were remarkably innovative,
including Trevor Nunn's acclaimed Stratford 1976 Macbeth, starring Judi Dench and Ian McKellen, which opened at
the Covent Garden venue in September 1977 before transferring to the Young Vic. The RSC went on to stage
numerous acclaimed productions, both original and transfers from The Other Place, Stratford. In 1980 nearly all the
RSC company were involved in Nicholas Nickleby so a new two hander was found from the pile of submitted scripts.
Educating Rita, with Julie Walters and Mark Kingston directed by Mike Ockrent, went on to be one of the RSC's
biggest successes.
From 1983-89 it came under the artistic directorship of Nica Burns.
In 1990 Roger Wingate was responsible for the acquisition of the Donmar Warehouse. He completely rebuilt and
re-equipped it in the form it is known today. Prior to its reopening in 1992, Roger Wingate appointed Sam Mendes
as the theatre’s first Artistic Director. As a board member and theatrical producer, Roger Wingate remains closely
involved with the Donmar to the present day.
Under Sam Mendes (1992-2002)
The Donmar became an independent producing house in 1992 with Sam Mendes as artistic director. His opening
production was Stephen Sondheim's Assassins. He followed this with a series of classic revivals.
Among Mendes' productions were John Kander and Fred Ebb's Cabaret, Tennessee Williams's The Glass
Menagerie, Stephen Sondheim's Company, Alan Bennett's Habeas Corpus and his farewell duo of Chekhov's Uncle
Vanya and Twelfth Night, which transferred to the Brooklyn Academy of Music.
As artistic director Mendes gave opportunities to many young directors. Matthew Warchus's production of Sam
Shepard's True West, Katie Mitchell's of Beckett's Endgame, David Leveaux's of Sophocles's Elektra and Tom
Stoppard's The Real Thing were amongst the most critically acclaimed of the decade. Mendes' successor Michael
Grandage directed some of the key productions of the later part of Mendes' tenure, including Peter Nichols's Passion
Play and Privates on Parade and Sondheim's Merrily We Roll Along.
Under Michael Grandage (2002-2011)
In 2002 Michael Grandage succeeded Sam Mendes as Artistic Director. Grandage appointed Douglas Hodge and
Jamie Lloyd as Associate Directors; in 2007 Rob Ashford succeeded Hodge.
The Donmar Warehouse produces a mixed programme of new plays, revivals and musicals. For its revivals of
foreign plays, the company regularly commissions new translations or versions, including Ibsen's The Wild Duck
(David Eldridge), Racine's Phaedra (Frank McGuinness), Dario Fo's Accidental Death of An Anarchist (Simon Nye)
and Strindberg's Creditors (David Greig).
Its musical productions have included Grand Hotel and the Stephen Sondheim works, Pacific Overtures, Merrily We
Roll Along, Company, Into the Woods and the 1992 production of Assassins that opened Sam Mendes' tenure as
Artistic Director.
Under the umbrella of Warehouse Productions, the theatre sometimes opens shows in the West End. Examples of
this include 1999's Suddenly Last Summer and 2005's Guys and Dolls.
Many well-known actors have appeared at the theatre, including Nicole Kidman (The Blue Room), Gwyneth Paltrow
(Proof), Ian McKellen (The Cut) and Ewan McGregor (Othello).
[6]
With only 250 seats, the tickets for Othello starring McGregor were in such demand that Grandage feared it could
become "a bad news story".
[7]
His response was to plan a one-year season at the 750-seat Wyndham's Theatre, four
major new productions presented by Donmar West End. It commenced on 12 September 2008, with Kenneth
Branagh in the title role of Chekhov's Ivanov, given in a new version by Tom Stoppard and directed by Grandage.
[8]
The West End season continued with Derek Jacobi in Twelfth Night, Judi Dench in Yukio Mishima's Madame de
Sade and Jude Law in Hamlet, all directed by Grandage.
Donmar Warehouse
205
Following the Donmar West End season, the Donmar held three productions internationally: transfers of Red, Piaf
and Creditors, to Broadway, Madrid and the Brooklyn Academy of Music respectively.
[9][10]
Furthermore, starting
from the 30th of September until December, the Donmar will have the first of three year resident spots at Trafalgar
Studios 2, in order to showcase its past Resident Assistant Directors.
[11]
In late 2010, the Donmar led the UK celebrations to mark Stephen Sondheim's 80th birthday to recognise his long
association with the theatre. It included a new production of Passion directed by Jamie Lloyd.
In February 2011, the Donmar collaborated with the National Theatre Live programme to broadcast its production of
King Lear, starring Derek Jacobi, to cinemas around the world. With over 350 screens in 20 countries, this single
performance of King Lear was seen by more than 30,000 people.
[12]
Under Josie Rourke (2012-onwards)
In January 2012, Josie Rourke became the third Artistic Director in the Donmar's history. The first production under
her leadership was George Farquhar's The Recruiting Officer, which Rourke also directed. The production garnered
widespread critical acclaim. Her first season also included Robert Holman's 1987 play, Making Noise Quietly,
directed by Peter Gill; Jack Thorne's new version of The Physicists by Swiss playwright Friedrich Duerrenmatt;
Brian Friel's Philadelphia, Here I Come!, directed by Lyndsey Turner; and Rourke's own production of Jean Racine's
Berenice, in a new translation by Alan Hollinghurst.
Productions
• The Weir (18 April - 8 June 2013) • Frame 312 (11–30 March 2002)
• Trelawny of the Wells (15 February - 13 April 2013) • Jesus Hopped the 'A' Train (6–30 March 2002)
• The Silence of the Sea (Donmar Trafalgar; 10 January - 2
February 2013)
• Privates on Parade (30 November 2001 - 2 March 2002)
• The Dance of Death (Donmar Trafalgar; 13 December
2012 - 5 January 2013)
• The Little Foxes (4 October - 24 November 2001)
• Julius Caesar (30 November 2012 - 9 February 2013) • Divas at the Donmar with Clive Rowe, Siân Phillips and Michael Ball (3–29
September 2001)
• The Promise(Donmar Trafalgar; 15 November – 8
December 2012)
• A Lie of the Mind (28 June - 1 September 2001)
• Berenice (27 September - 24 November 2012) • Tales from Hollywood (19 April - 23 June 2001)
• Philadelphia, Here I Come! (26 July - 22 September 2012) • Boston Marriage (8 March - 14 April 2001)
• The Physicists (31 May - 21 July 2012) • Merrily We Roll Along (1 December 2000 - 3 March 2001)
• Making Noise Quietly (19 April - 26 May 2012) • To the Green Fields Beyond (14 September - 25 November 2000)
• The Recruiting Officer (9 February - 14 April 2012) • Divas at the Donmar with Betty Buckley and Clive Rowe (21 August - 9
September 2000)
• Huis Clos (Donmar Trafalgar; 5–28 January 2012) • Orpheus Descending (15 June - 12 August 2000)
• Dublin Carol (Donmar Trafalgar; 8–31 December 2011) • Passion Play (13 April - 10 June 2000)
• Richard II (1 December 2011 - 4 February 2012) • Helpless (2 March - 8 April 2000)
• Salt, Root & Roe (Donmar Trafalgar; 10 November - 3
December 2011)
• American Buffalo (28 January - 26 February 2000)
• Inadmissible Evidence (13 October - 26 November 2011) • Three Days of Rain (9 November - 22 December 1999 & 5–22 January 2000)
• Anna Christie (4 August - 8 October 2011) • Juno and the Paycock (9 September - 6 November 1999)
• Luise Miller (8 June - 30 July 2011) • Antigone (Tour: 6–25 September 1999, West End: 27 September - 18
December 1999)
• Moonlight (7 April - 28 May 2011) • Divas at the Donmar with Patti LuPone, Audra McDonald and Sam Brown (9
August - 4 September 1999)
• The 25th Annual Putnam County Spelling Bee (11
February - 2 April 2011)
• The Real Thing (27 May - 7 August 1999)
• King Lear (3 December 2010 - 5 February 2011) • Good (18 March - 22 May 1999)
Donmar Warehouse
206
• Les Parents Terribles (Donmar Trafalgar; 25 November -
18 December 2010)
• Suddenly, Last Summer (Tour: 3 March - 3 April 1999, West End: 8 April - 17
July 1999)
• Novecento (Donmar Trafalgar; 28 October - 20 November
2010)
• Three Days of Rain (1–13 March 1999)
• Lower Ninth (Donmar Trafalgar; 30 September - 23
October 2010)
• Morphic Resonance (17–27 February 1999)
• Passion (10 September - 27 November 2010) • Splash Hatch on the E Going Down (16–27 February 1999)
• The Prince of Homburg (22 July - 4 September 2010) • Into the Woods (6 November 1998 - 13 February 1999)
• The Late Middle Classes (27 May - 17 July 2010) • The Blue Room (10 September - 31 October 1998)
• Polar Bears (1 April - 22 May 2010) • Divas at the Donmar with Ann Hampton Callaway & Liz Callaway, Barbara
Cook and Imelda Staunton (10 August - 5 September 1998)
• Serenading Louie (11 February – 27 March 2010) • How I Learned to Drive (18 June - 8 August 1998)
• Red (3 December 2009 – 6 February 2010) • A Kind of Alaska and The Lover & The Collection (7 May - 13 June 1998)
• Life is a Dream (8 October – 28 November 2009) • The Bullet (2 April - 2 May 1998)
• A Streetcar Named Desire (23 July 2009 – October 3,
2009)
• The Real Inspector Hound/Black Comedy (Tour: 25 March - 11 April 1998,
West End: 16 April - 31 October 1998, Tour: 18 August - 23 October 1999)
• Hamlet (Donmar West End; 29 May 2009 – 22 August
2009)
• Sleeping Around (23–28 March 1998)
• A Doll's House (14 May – 18 July 2009) • Timeless (17–21 March 1998)
• Madame de Sade (Donmar West End; 23 March 2009 – 23
May 2009)
• Tell Me (9–14 March 1998)
• Dimetos (19 March - 9 May 2009) • In a Little World of our Own (3–7 March 1998)
• Be Near Me (22 January - 14 March 2009) • The Front Page (10 December 1997 - 28 February 1998)
• Twelfth Night (Donmar West End; 5 December 2008 – 7
March 2009)
• Electra (21 October - 6 December 1997)
• The Family Reunion (20 November 2008 – 17 Jan 2009) • Enter the Guardsman (11 September - 18 October 1997)
• Creditors (25 September – 15 November 2008) • The Seagull (12 August - 6 September 1997)
• Ivanov (Donmar West End; 12 September – 29 November
2008)
• The Maids (19 June - 9 August 1997)
• Piaf (8 August - 20 September 2008) • The Fix (26 April - 14 June 1997)
• The Chalk Garden (5 June – 2 August 2008) • Halloween Night (8–19 April 1997)
• Small Change (10 April - 31 May 2008) • Summer Begins (25 March - 5 April 1997)
• The Man Who Had All the Luck (28 February - 5 April
2008)
• Badfinger (11–22 March 1997)
• Othello (4 December 2007 – 23 February 2008) • Nine (6 December 1996 - 8 March 1997)
• Parade (14 September – 24 November 2007) • Fool for Love (3 October - 30 November 1996)
• Absurdia (26 July – 8 September 2007) • Pentecost (3–28 September 1996)
• Betrayal (31 May – 21 July 2007) • Hedda Gabler (30 July - 31 August 1996)
• Kiss of the Spider Woman (19 April – 26 May 2007) • Habeas Corpus (30 May - 27 July 1996)
• John Gabriel Borkman (15 February – 14 April 2007) • Endgame (11 April - 25 May 1996)
• Don Juan in Soho (30 November 2006 – 10 February
2007)
• Bondagers (27 March - 6 April 1996)
• The Cryptogram (12 October – 25 November 2006) • Song from a Forgotten City (18–23 March 1996)
• Frost/Nixon (10 August – 7 October 2006) • Buddleia (12–16 March 1996)
• A Voyage Round My Father (8 June – 5 August 2006) • The King of Prussia (4–9 March 1996)
• Phèdre (6 April – 3 June 2006) • Company (1 December 1995 - 2 March 1996)
• The Cut (23 February – 1 April 2006) • Rupert Street Lonely Hearts Club (7–25 November 1995)
• The Wild Duck (8 December 2005 – 18 February 2006) • The Glass Menagerie (7 September - 5 November 1995)
• The God of Hell (20 October – 2 December 2005) • Insignificance (1 June - 6 August 1995)
• The Philanthropist (8 September – 15 October 2005) • Our Boys (11 April - 13 May 1995)
• Mary Stuart (14 July – 3 September 2005) • Highland Fling (21 March - 8 April 1995)
• This Is How It Goes (26 May – 9 July 2005) • The Threepenny Opera (8 December 1994 - 18 March 1995)
Donmar Warehouse
207
• Guys and Dolls (West End; 20 May 2005 – 6 December
2007)
• True West (9 November - 3 December 1994)
• The Cosmonaut's Last Message… (7 April – 21 May 2005) • Design for Living (1 September - 5 November 1994)
• Days of Wine and Roses (17 February – 2 April 2005) • Glengarry Glen Ross (16 June - 27 August 1994)
• Grand Hotel (19 November 2004 – 12 February 2005) • Maria Friedman by Special Arrangement by Further Arrangement (23 May -
11 June 1994)
• Hecuba (9 September – 12 November 2004) • Beautiful Thing (29 March - 23 April 1994)
• Old Times (1 July – 4 September 2004) • Maria Friedman by Special Arrangement (20, 27 February and 6 March 1994)
• Pirandello's Henry IV (29 April – 26 June 2004) • Half Time (4, 5, 11 and 12 February 1994)
• Dark
[13]
(18 March – 24 April 2004)
• Cabaret (2 December 1993 - 26 March 1994)
• World Music (12 February – 13 March 2004) • Hamlet (10–27 November 1993)
• After Miss Julie (20 November 2003 – 7 February 2004) • The Life of Stuff (16 September - 6 November 1993)
• Hotel in Amsterdam
[14]
(11 September – 15 November
2003)
• Here (9 July - 11 September 1993)
• Pacific Overtures (20 June – 6 September 2003) • Translations (3 June - 24 July 1993)
• Caligula (24 April – 14 June 2003) • Don't Fool With Love (22 April - 15 May 1993)
• Accidental Death of an Anarchist (20 February – 18 April
2003)
• Playland (25 February - 17 April 1993)
• The Vortex (5 December 2002 – 15 February 2003) • Richard III (14 January - 20 February 1993)
• Twelfth Night (11 October - 30 November 2002) • Assassins (22 October 1992 - 9 January 1993)
• Uncle Vanya (6 September - 20 November 2002)
• Divas at the Donmar with Janie Dee, Ruby Turner, Philip
Quast and Kristin Chenoweth (5–31 August 2002)
• Take Me Out (20 June - 3 August 2002)
• Proof (9 May - 15 June 2002)
• Lobby Hero (10 April – 4 May 2002)
Awards
Donmar-generated productions have received 35 Olivier Awards, 23 Critics’ Circle Awards, 21 Evening Standard
Awards, two South Bank Award and 20 Tony Awards from ten Broadway productions.
References
[1] http:/ / www.donmarwarehouse.com
[2] "Donmar Productions Ltd" (http:/ / www. ausstage. edu. au/ pages/ organisation/ 30329), AusStage. Retrieved 2012-10-13.
[3] "History" (http:/ / www. donmarwarehouse.com/ p11. html), Donmar Warehouse. Retrieved 2012-10-13.
[4] "Donmar Warehouse" (http:// www. theatrestrust. org.uk/ resources/ theatres/ show/ 3089-donmar-warehouse), The Theatres Trust.
Retrieved 2012-10-13.
[5] Beauman, Sally, The Royal Shakespeare Company, OUP (1982)
[6] "Cast of Othello" (http:// www. donmarwarehouse. com/ pl62cast.html) (Site). Donmar Warehouse Theatre. . Retrieved 2007-12-16.
[7] Sarah Hemming, "West End Story" (http:/ / www. ft.com/ cms/ s/ 0/ b495df8e-7ad9-11dd-adbe-000077b07658.html?nclick_check=1),
Financial Times, 6 September 2008
[8] Thaxter, John, Ivanov (http:// www. thestage. co. uk/ reviews/ review.php/ 21798/ ivanov), thestage.co.uk, published 18 September 2008
[9] "BAM's 2010 Season to Feature Donmar's CREDITORS, Broadway's Alan Rickman Directs" (http:/ / broadwayworld.com/ article/
BAMs-2010-Season-to-Feature-Donmars-CREDITORS-Broadways-Alan-Rickman-Directs-20091019), BroadwayWorld.com, 19 October
2009. Retrieved 2012-12-15.
[10] http:/ / www. donmarwarehouse.com/ p122. html
[11] http:// www. donmarwarehouse.com/ p170. html
[12] http:// www. nationaltheatre.org. uk/ 61893/ productions/ donmar-warehouses-king-lear.html
[13] http:// www. donmarwarehouse.com/ index. php?plid=28& show=info''The
[14] http:/ / www. donmarwarehouse.com/ index. php?plid=25& show=info''The
Donmar Warehouse
208
External links
• Official website (http:// www. donmarwarehouse.com/ )
Entertaining Mr Sloane
Entertaining Mr Sloane
Methuen Drama edition cover, 2001
Written by Joe Orton
Characters Sloane, a young, good-looking psychopath
Kath, a middle-aged landlady
Ed, Kath's brother
Kemp, Kath and Ed's father
Date premiered 6 May 1964
Place premiered New Arts Theatre
London, England
Subject A landlady and her brother entice a psychopathic young man into sexual liaisons
Genre Black comedy
Setting A house on the edge of a rubbish dump
IBDB profile
[1]
IOBDB profile
[2]
Entertaining Mr Sloane is a play by the English playwright Joe Orton.
[3]
It was first produced in London at the New
Arts Theatre on 6 May 1964 and transferred to the West End's Wyndham's Theatre on 29 June 1964.
[4]
Plot summary
Act 1
Mr Sloane is a young man looking for a place to board, who happens by the home of Kath, a middle-aged landlady
whose home is on the outskirts of a rubbish dump. Kath is eager to have Mr Sloane as a tenant at her home, which
she shares with her nearly blind father. In getting to know Mr Sloane, Kath is open with Mr Sloane about a previous
relationship she had, which led to her bearing a child, whom her brother insisted on her giving up for adoption as it
was conceived out of wedlock. Mr Sloane reveals he is himself an orphan, though vague about his parents' death,
aside from the fact they “passed away together.” Kath’s father has an immediate distrust of Mr Sloane, believing he is
the same man who killed his employer some years earlier. After an altercation between Kemp and Sloane, resulting
in Sloane being stabbed in the leg, Kath begins to make somewhat subtle advances toward the young man. When Mr
Sloane attempts to reciprocate, Kath warns him facetiously not to betray his trust. Kathy’s brother Ed arrives soon
after to find the visitor staying with his sister, much to his dismay. Kemp has an estranged relationship with his son
as he found him to be "committing some kind of felony in the bedroom" as a teenager. Despite Ed’s initial opposition
to Mr Sloane staying with his sister, after speaking with Sloane, Ed eventually relents and even goes so far as to offer
him a job as his chauffeur. As Sloane recovers from his injury earlier in the evening, Kath returns wearing a
transparent negligee and seemingly seduces Mr Sloane as the lights go down and Act One ends.
Act 2
Entertaining Mr Sloane
209
The action resumes 'some months later’ and begins with Mr Sloane recounting an evening in which a young woman
gave him her telephone number. Kath ambiguously hints at her jealousy, before ultimately revealing she is pregnant
and concerned that her brother will strongly disapprove. Ed arrives soon after and discovers that Mr Sloane had
taken his car out joyriding the night before with his friends. Upon finding out that they also had a woman with them,
Ed divulges that he feels women are crude, and misleading. Ed advises Sloane to pack his things as he will be on call
as his assistant at all hours. When Sloane leaves the room to pack, Kemp mildly attempts to reconcile with his son,
and conveys that Kath and Sloane have been sleeping together and believes Kath is now pregnant. When confronted,
Sloane confirms he has been sleeping with Kath, but claims she “threw herself” at him. A short time later, Ed departs
to buy cigarettes, and Kemp returns to confront Sloane as his employer’s murderer. Sloane eventually attacks Kemp,
resulting in his death.
Act 3
Upon finding his dead father, Ed is initially insistent that justice be served and Sloane be turned over to the police.
However, Sloane persuades Ed to fabricate a story to make the death appear an accident, in exchange for his
servitude. When Kath discovers the dead body, she is apprehensive to stray from the truth especially given Sloane’s
intention to go and live with her brother. Sloane finds himself in a predicament: if he stays with Kath, Ed will report
the murder to the authorities, and vice versa if he choses to leave with Ed. Ultimately, a compromise is reached that
will result in the pair ‘sharing’ Mr. Sloane a few months at a time.
Productions
The play premiered in the West End in 1964, thanks to the financial support of Terence Rattigan, who had seen the
play at the New Arts Theatre, rated it highly and put up £3,000 in sponsorship.
[5]
It was directed by Patrick
Dromgoole and starred Madge Ryan as Kath, Dudley Sutton as Sloane, Charles Lamb as Kemp, and Peter Vaughan
as Ed. It was designed by Timothy O'Brien, with costumes supervised by Tazeena Firth.
The Broadway production, directed by Alan Schneider, opened at the Lyceum Theatre on 12 October 1965 and
closed after 13 performances. It starred Sheila Hancock as Kath, Dudley Sutton as Sloane, Lee Montague as Ed, and
George Turner as Kemp. William Ritman designed the sets and costumes.
The play was revived as part of the Joe Orton Festival at the Royal Court Theatre in London. Directed by Roger
Croucher, it opened on 17 April 1975 and subsequently transferred to the Duke of York's Theatre. It starred Beryl
Reid as Kath, Malcolm McDowell as Sloane, James Ottaway as Kemp, and Ronald Fraser as Ed. John Gunter
designed the sets and Deirdre Clancy supervised the costumes. A subsequent London and touring production was
directed by Kenneth Williams and starred Barbara Windsor as Kath.
The Roundabout Theatre Company revived the play in 2005 under the direction of Scott Ellis. It starred Alec
Baldwin as Ed, Chris Carmack as Sloane, Jan Maxwell as Kath, and Richard Easton as Kemp. The design team
included Allen Moyer (sets), Michael Krass (costumes), Ken Posner (lights), and John Gromada (original music and
sound).
In 2007, the Melbourne Theatre Company staged a production at the Fairfax Theatre in the Melbourne Arts Centre in
Melbourne, Australia. Directed by Simon Phillips, it starred Richard Piper as Ed, Ben Guerens as Sloane, Amanda
Muggleton as Kath, and Bob Hornery as Kemp. It was designed by Shaun Gorton, with music by David Chesworth.
From 29 January 2009, a production at the Trafalgar Studios in London starred Imelda Staunton as Kath, Mathew
Horne as Sloane and Simon Paisley Day as Ed. Horne collapsed during a performance on 2 April 2009 with a
suspected virus.
[6]
Entertaining Mr Sloane
210
Film adaptations
The play was developed for British television and telecast by ITV on July 15, 1968.
[7]
Clive Exton wrote the
screenplay for a 1970 feature film directed by Douglas Hickox and starring Beryl Reid, Peter McEnery, Harry
Andrews, and Alan Webb.
Awards
• 1982 Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Revival
•• 1996 Lucille Lortel Award for Outstanding Revival
References
[1] http:/ / www.ibdb. com/ show. asp?id=3354
[2] http:/ / www.lortel.org/LLA_archive/index. cfm?search_by=show&id=2399
[3] [3] Banham (1998, 827) and Orton (1976, 63-149).
[4] [4] Orton (1976, 64).
[5] Lahr, John(1978) Prick Up Your Ears, Knopf, New York
[6] "Mathew Horne collapses on stage" (http:/ / news. bbc. co. uk/ 1/ hi/ entertainment/7979891.stm). BBC News. 2 April 2009. . Retrieved 2
May 2010.
[7] ScreenOnline.org (http:/ / www. screenonline. org.uk/ film/ id/ 1335133/ )
Sources
• Banham, Martin, ed. 1998. The Cambridge Guide to Theatre. Cambridge: Cambridge UP. ISBN 0-521-43437-8.
• Bigsby, C. W. E. 1982. Joe Orton. Contemporary Writers ser. London: Routledge. ISBN 0-416-31690-5.
• Burke, Arthur. 2001. Laughter in the Dark - The Plays of Joe Orton. Billericay, Essex: Greenwich Exchange.
ISBN 1-871551-56-0.
• Charney, Maurice. 1984. Joe Orton. Grove Press Modern Dramatists ser. NY: Grove P. ISBN 0-394-54241-X.
• Coppa, Francesca, ed. 2002. Joe Orton: A Casebook. Casebooks on Modern Dramatists ser. London: Routledge.
ISBN 0-8153-3627-6.
• DiGaetani, John Louis. 2008. Stages of Struggle: Modern Playwrights and Their Psychological Inspirations.
Jefferson: McFarland. ISBN 0-7864-3157-1.
• Napierkowski, Marie Rose (ed.) (1998). "Entertaining Mr Sloane: Introduction." (http://www. enotes. com/
entertaining-mr/ introduction). Drama for Students. vol.3. Detroit: Gale. Retrieved 18 October 2008.
• Orton, Joe. 1976. The Complete Plays. London: Methuen. ISBN 0-413-34610-2.
• Orton, Joe (1964). Entertaining Mr Sloane. London: Hamish Hamilton. OCLC 3174347.
• Ruskino, Susan. 1995. Joe Orton. Twayne's English Authors ser. Boston: Twayne. ISBN 0-8057-7034-8.
External links
• Entertaining Mr Sloane (http:/ / www. ibdb. com/ production.php?id=3252) at the Internet Broadway Database
• Entertaining Mr Sloane (http:/ / www. lortel.org/LLA_archive/index.cfm?search_by=show&
title=Entertaining+ Mr+ Sloane) at the Internet off-Broadway Database
European Film Award for Best Actress
211
European Film Award for Best Actress
The European Film Award for Best Actress:
Winners and nominees
1980s
Year Winner and nominees English title Original title
1988
Carmen Maura
Women on the Verge of a Nervous Breakdown Mujeres al borde de un ataque de nervios
Tinna Gunnlaugsdóttir
Shadow of the Raven Í skugga hrafnsins
Ornella Muti
Private Access Codice privato
Carol Scanlan Reefer and the Model
1989 Ruth Sheen High Hopes
Sabine Azéma
Life and Nothing But La vie et rien d'autre
Snežana Bogdanović Kuduz
Corinna Harfouch Treffen in Travers
Natalya Negoda Little Vera Malenkaya Vera
1990s
Year Winner and nominees English title Original title
1990
Carmen Maura
¡Ay Carmela!
Anne Brochet
Cyrano de Bergerac
Krystyna Janda Interrogation Przesluchanie
1991
Clotilde Courau
The Little Gangster Le petit criminel
Julie Delpy
Voyager Homo Faber
Sigríður Hagalín
Children of Nature Börn náttúrunnar
1992
Juliette Binoche
The Lovers on the Bridge Les amants du Pont-Neuf
Johanna ter Steege
Dear Emma, Sweet Böbe Édes Emma, drága Böbe
Barbara Sukowa Europa
1993
Maia Morgenstern
The Oak Balanta
Carla Gravina
The Long Silence Il lungo silenzio
Tilda Swinton Orlando
1994 No award given
1995 No award given
1996 Emily Watson Breaking the Waves
1997
Juliette Binoche
The English Patient
Katrin Cartlidge Career Girls
Brigitte Roüan
Post Coitum Post coïtum animal triste
Emma Thompson The Winter Guest
European Film Award for Best Actress
212
1998
Elodie Bouchez
Natacha Regnier
The Dreamlife of Angels La vie rêvée des anges
Dinara Drukarova
Of Freaks and Men Pro urodov i lyudey
Annet Malherbe
Little Tony Kleine Teun
1999
Cecilia Roth
All About My Mother Todo sobre mi madre
Nathalie Baye
A Pornographic Affair Une liaison pornographique
Penélope Cruz
The Girl of Your Dreams La niña de tus ojos
Emilie Dequenne
Rosetta
Iben Hjejle
Mifune's Last Song Mifune
2000s
Year Winner and nominees English title Original title
2000
Björk
Dancer in the Dark
Bibiana Beglau The Legend of Rita Die Stille nach dem Schuß
Lena Endre Faithless Trolösa
Sylvie Testud
The Captive La captive
Julie Walters Billy Elliot
2001
Isabelle Huppert
The Piano Teacher La pianiste
Ariane Ascaride
The Town Is Quiet La ville est tranquille
Laura Morante
The Son's Room La stanza del figlio
Charlotte Rampling Under the Sand Sous le sable
Stefania Sandrelli
The Last Kiss L'ultimo bacio
Audrey Tautou
Amélie Le fabuleux destin d'Amélie Poulain
2002
Cast of 8 Women
Catherine Deneuve, Isabelle
Huppert,
Emmanuelle Béart, Fanny Ardant,
Virginie Ledoyen, Danielle
Darrieux,
Ludivine Sagnier, Firmine Richard
8 Women 8 femmes
Oksana Akinshina
Lilja 4-Ever
Emmanuelle Devos
Read My Lips Sur mes lèvres
Martina Gedeck Mostly Martha Bella Martha
Laura Morante
A Journey Called Love Un viaggio chiamato amore
Samantha Morton Morvern Callar
Kati Outinen The Man Without a Past Mies vailla menneisyyttä
European Film Award for Best Actress
213
2003 Charlotte Rampling Swimming Pool
Diana Dumbrava
Maria
Helen Mirren Calendar Girls
Anne Reid The Mother
Katja Riemann Rosenstrasse
Katrin Sass Good Bye, Lenin!
2004 Imelda Staunton Vera Drake
Sarah Adler
Our Music Notre musique
Valeria Bruni Tedeschi
5x2
Penélope Cruz
Don't Move Non ti muovere
Sibel Kekilli Head-On Gegen die Wand
Asi Levi
Stones Avanim
2005 Julia Jentsch Sophie Scholl - The Final Days Sophie Scholl - Die letzten Tage
Juliette Binoche
Caché
Sandra Ceccarelli
The Life I Want La vita che vorrei
Connie Nielsen
Brothers Brødre
Natalie Press My Summer of Love
Audrey Tautou
A Very Long Engagement Un long dimanche de fiançailles
2006
Penélope Cruz
Volver
Nathalie Baye
The Young Lieutenant Le petit lieutenant
Martina Gedeck The Lives Of Others Das Leben der Anderen
Sandra Hüller Requiem
Mirjana Karanović
Esma's Secret: Grbavica Grbavica
Sarah Polley The Secret Life of Words
2007 Helen Mirren The Queen
Marion Cotillard
La Vie en Rose La môme
Marianne Faithful Irina Palm
Carice van Houten
Black Book Zwartboek
Anamaria Marinca
4 Months, 3 Weeks and 2 Days 4 luni, 3 saptamani si 2 zile
Kseniya Rappoport
The Unknown La sconosciuta
2008 Kristin Scott Thomas I've Loved You So Long Il y a longtemps que je t'aime
Hiam Abbass
Lemon Tree Etz Limon
Arta Dobroshi
Lorna's Silence Le silence de Lorna
Sally Hawkins Happy-Go-Lucky
Belén Rueda
The Orphanage El orfanato
Ursula Werner Cloud Nine Wolke Neun
European Film Award for Best Actress
214
2009 Kate Winslet The Reader
Penélope Cruz
Broken Embraces Los abrazos rotos
Charlotte Gainsbourg
Antichrist
Katie Jarvis Fish Tank
Yolande Moreau
Séraphine
Noomi Rapace The Girl with the Dragon Tattoo Män som hatar kvinnor
2010s
Year Winner and nominees English title Original title
2010
Sylvie Testud
Lourdes
Zrinka Cvitešić On the Path Na putu
& Sibel Kekilli
When We Leave Die Fremde
Lesley Manville Another Year
Lotte Verbeek
Nothing Personal
2011 Tilda Swinton We Need to Talk About Kevin
Cécile de France
The Kid with a Bike Le Gamin au vélo
& Kirsten Dunst Melancholia
Charlotte Gainsbourg
Melancholia
Nadezhda Markina
Elena
2012
Emmanuelle Riva
Amour
Émilie Dequenne
Our Children À perdre la raison'
Nina Hoss Barbara
Margarethe Tiesel
Paradise: Love Paradies: Liebe
Kate Winslet Carnage
External links
• European Film Academy archive
[1]
References
[1] http:/ / www.europeanfilmacademy.org/archive/ awards/
Freedom Writers
215
Freedom Writers
Freedom Writers
Theatrical release poster
Directed by Richard LaGravenese
Produced by Danny DeVito
Michael Shamberg
Stacey Sher
Screenplay by Richard LaGravenese
Based on The Freedom Writers
Diary by
Erin Gruwell and her class
Starring Hilary Swank
Patrick Dempsey
Hunter Parrish
Mario Dewar Barrett
Music by Mark Isham
will.i.am
RZA
Cinematography Jim Denault
Editing by David Moritz
Studio MTV Films
Jersey Films
2S Films
Distributed by Paramount Pictures
Release date(s) •• January 5, 2007
Running time 122 minutes
Country United States
Language English
Budget $21 million
Box office $44,090,741
Freedom Writers is a 2007 drama film starring Academy Award winner Hilary Swank, Scott Glenn, Imelda
Staunton and Patrick Dempsey.
It is based on the book The Freedom Writers Diary by teacher Erin Gruwell who wrote the story based on Woodrow
Wilson Classical High School in Eastside, Long Beach, California. The title is a play on the term "Freedom Riders",
referring to the multiracial civil rights activists who tested the U.S. Supreme Court decision ordering the
desegregation of interstate buses in 1961.
The idea for the film came from journalist Tracey Durning, who made a documentary about Erin Gruwell for the
ABC News program Primetime Live. Durning served as co-executive producer of the film. The film was a box office
success and was positively received by critics.
Freedom Writers
216
Plot
The main events depicted take place between 1993–1996, beginning with scenes from the 1992 Los Angeles riots.
Erin Gruwell (Hilary Swank), a new, excited school teacher who leaves the safety of her hometown, Newport Beach,
to teach at Woodrow Wilson High School in Long Beach, a formerly high achieving school which has recently put
an integration plan in place. Her enthusiasm is rapidly challenged when she realizes that her class are all "at-risk"
high school students, also known as "unteachables", and not the eager-for-college students she was expecting. The
high school students self-segregate into racial groups in the classroom, gang fights break out, and eventually most of
the high school students stop attending class. Not only does Gruwell meet opposition from her high school students,
but she also has a difficult time with her department head, who refuses to let her teach her high school students with
books in case they get damaged and lost, and instead tells her to focus on training them discipline and obedience.
One night, two high school students, Eva (April Lee Hernández), a Mexican-American girl and narrator for much of
the film, and a Cambodian refugee, Sindy (Jaclyn Ngan), frequent the same convenience store. An additional
student, Grant Rice (Armand Jones) is frustrated at losing an arcade game and demands a refund from the store
owner. When he storms out, Eva's boyfriend Paco attempts a drive-by shooting, intending to kill Grant but misses,
accidentally killing Sindy's boyfriend. As a witness, Eva must testify at court; she intends to guard "her own" in her
testimony.
At school, Gruwell intercepts a racist drawing by one of her high school students and utilizes it to teach them about
the Holocaust. She gradually begins to earn their trust and buys them composition books to record their diaries, in
which they talk about their experiences of being abused, seeing their friends die, and being evicted. Determined to
reform her high school students, Gruwell takes on two part-time jobs to pay for more books and spends a lot more
time at school, much to the disappointment of her husband (Patrick Dempsey). Her students start to behave with
respect and discover a lot more. A transformation is specifically visible in one student, Marcus (Jason Finn). Gruwell
invites various Jewish Holocaust survivors to talk with her class about their experiences and requires the students to
attend a field trip to the Museum of Tolerance. Meanwhile, her unorthodox training methods are scorned by her
colleagues and department chair Margaret Campbell (Imelda Staunton).
The following year comes, and Gruwell teaches her class again, making it the second year of her being their teacher.
On the first day of sophomore year, Gruwell makes her class do a "Toast for Change", allowing everyone to open up
about their struggles and how they would attempt to change each. (This title - "Toast for Change", reoccurs for the
themes of their fundraisers). In class, when reading The Diary of Anne Frank, they invite Miep Gies (Pat Carroll),
the woman who sheltered Anne Frank from the German soldiers to talk to them. After they raise the money to bring
her over, Miep shares her experiences hiding Anne Frank. When Marcus tells her that she is his hero, she denies it,
claiming she was merely doing the right thing. Her denial leads Eva to rethink her plan to lie during her testimony.
When she testifies, she finally breaks down and tells the truth, much to some of her family members' dismay and to
her own risk. She gets attacked by members of her gang and ends up going to live with her aunt in order to keep
herself safe.
Meanwhile, Gruwell asks her students to write their diaries in book form. She compiles the entries and names it The
Freedom Writers Diary. Her husband divorces her and Margaret tells her she cannot teach her kids for their junior
year. Gruwell fights this decision, eventually convincing the superintendent to permit her to teach her kids' junior
and senior year. The film ends with a note that Gruwell successfully prepared numerous high school students to
graduate high school and attend college, for many the first in their families to do so.
Freedom Writers
217
Cast
• Hilary Swank as Erin Gruwell
• Scott Glenn as Steve Gruwell
• Vanetta Smith as Brandy Ross
• Antonio Garcia as Miguel
• Jaclyn Ngan as Sindy Ngor
• Imelda Staunton as Margaret Campbell
• John Benjamin Hickey as Brian Gelford
• Patrick Dempsey as Scott Casey
• April Lee Hernandez as Eva Benitez
• Mario as Andre Bryant
• Kristin Herrera as Gloria Munez
• Jason Finn as Marcus
•• Gabriel Chavarria as Tito
• Hunter Parrish as Ben Daniels
• Giovonnie Samuels as Victoria
• Deance Wyatt as Jamal Hill
•• Sergio Montalvo as Alejandro Santiago
• Robert Wisdom as Dr. Carl Cohn
•• Ricardo Molina as Eva's Father
• Angela Alvarado as Eva's Mother
•• Angela Sargeant as Marcus' Mother
• Pat Carroll as Miep Gies
• Chil Kong as Store Owner
Release
Freedom Writers had a domestic gross of $36,605,602 and had a foreign gross of $6,485,139 bringing the movie to a
total gross of $43,090,741 worldwide. On the film's opening weekend it grossed a total of $9,405,582 ranking 4th
behind Children of Men (3rd), The Pursuit of Happyness (2nd), and Night at the Museum (1st).
Reception
Freedom Writers has received mostly positive reviews from critics. The review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes
provides links to 124 reviews, 69% of which are positive. The critical consensus is that "Freedom Writers is a frank,
formulaic entry in the inspirational inner-city teacher genre, with an energetic Hilary Swank leading the appealing
cast of unknowns."
[1]
Another review aggregator, Metacritic, which assigns a weighted average score out of 100 to
reviews from mainstream critics, calculated an average score of 64/100 based on 35 reviews, indicating "generally
favorable reviews".
[2]
Cynthia Fuchs of Common Sense Media gave the film three out of five stars, writing in her
review that "the plot is predicable, the actors too old to play high school students, and the pacing too slow. And
really, the camera circles around deep-thinking faces a few too many times. But Freedom Writers also argues for
listening to teenagers. That in itself makes it a rare and close-to-wonderful thing."
[3]
Freedom Writers
218
Soundtrack
Common lent his talents to the soundtrack with "A Dream", featuring and produced by The Black Eyed Peas
member will.i.am. The soundtrack also includes the Tupac Shakur song "Keep Ya Head Up".
Instrumental sections of Sia's "Breathe Me" accompany the film's television trailer.
The Freedom Writers soundtrack contains the following songs:
• "A Dream" by Common featuring will.i.am
• "Listen!!!" by Talib Kweli.
• "It’s R Time" by Jeannie Ortega
• "When the Ship Goes Down" by Cypress Hill
• "Hip Hop Hooray" by Naughty by Nature
• "Keep Ya Head Up" by 2Pac
• "Code of the Streets" by Gang Starr
• "Rebirth of Slick (Cool Like Dat)" by Digable Planets
• "Officer" by Pharcyde
• "This is How We Do It" by Montell Jordan
• "Colours" by will.i.am
• "Bus Ride" by will.i.am
• "Riots" by will.i.am
• "Eva’s Theme" by Mark Isham
• "Anne Frank" by Mark Isham
References
[1] Freedom Writers (http:/ / www. rottentomatoes. com/ m/ freedom_writers/) at Rotten Tomatoes
[2] "Freedom Writers" (http:/ / www. metacritic. com/ movie/ freedom-writers). Metacritic. . Retrieved 6 January 2013.
[3] "Freedom Writers" (http:// www. commonsensemedia. org/ movie-reviews/freedom-writers). Common Sense Media. . Retrieved 6 January
2013.
External links
• Official website (http:// www. freedomwriters.com/ )
• Freedom Writers (http:/ / www. imdb. com/ title/ tt0463998/ ) at the Internet Movie Database
• Freedom Writers (http:/ / www. allrovi.com/ movies/ movie/ v326847) at AllRovi
• Freedom Writers (http:/ / www. boxofficemojo.com/ movies/ ?id=freedomwriters.htm) at Box Office Mojo
• Freedom Writers (http:/ / www. rottentomatoes. com/ m/ freedom_writers/) at Rotten Tomatoes
• Freedom Writers (http:/ / www. metacritic.com/ movie/ freedomwriters) at Metacritic
• Freedom Writers Production Notes (http:/ / madeinatlantis. com/ movies_central/ 2007/
freedom_writers_production_details.htm)
• eFilmCritic.com interview with educator Erin Gruwell and real-life Freedom Writer Maria Reyes on "Freedom
Writers" (http:/ / www. efilmcritic.com/ feature.php?feature=2044)
• 'Cinematical' interview with Erin Gruwell, Jason Finn, and Maria Reyes (http:/ / www. cinematical. com/ 2007/
01/ 06/ interview-freedom-Riders-erin-gruwell-jason-finn-and-maria-r/)
Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix (film)
219
Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix (film)
Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix
Theatrical poster
Directed by David Yates
Produced by David Heyman
David Barron
Screenplay by Michael Goldenberg
Based on Harry Potter and the Order of the
Phoenix by
J. K. Rowling
Starring Daniel Radcliffe
Rupert Grint
Emma Watson
(See below)
Music by Nicholas Hooper
Cinematography Sławomir Idziak
Editing by Mark Day
Studio Heyday Films
Distributed by Warner Bros. Pictures
Release date(s) • 11 July 2007 (United States)
• 12 July 2007 (United Kingdom)
Running time 138 minutes
Country United Kingdom
United States
Language English
Budget
$150 million
[1]
Box office
$939,885,929
[1]
Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix is a 2007 fantasy film
[1]
directed by David Yates and based on the novel
of the same name by J. K. Rowling. It is the fifth installment in the Harry Potter film series, written by Michael
Goldenberg and produced by David Heyman and David Barron. The story follows Harry Potter's fifth year at
Hogwarts as the Ministry of Magic refuses to believe the return of the evil Lord Voldemort. The film stars Daniel
Radcliffe as Harry Potter, alongside Rupert Grint and Emma Watson as Harry's best friends Ron Weasley and
Hermione Granger. It is the sequel to Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire and is followed by Harry Potter and the
Half-Blood Prince.
Live-action filming took place in England and Scotland for exterior locations and Leavesden Film Studios in
Watford for interior locations from February to November 2006, with a one-month break in June. Post-production on
the film continued for several months afterwards to add in visual effects. The film's budget was reportedly between
£75 and 100 million ($150–200 million).
[2][3]
Warner Bros., the distributor of the film, released it in the UK on 12
July 2007, and in North America on 11 July, both in conventional and IMAX theatres, and was the first Potter film to
be released in IMAX 3D.
Order of the Phoenix is the unadjusted 18th highest-grossing film of all time, and a critical and commercial success,
acclaimed as "the best one yet"
[4]
by Rowling, who has consistently offered praise for the film adaptations of her
Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix (film)
220
work.
[5][6][7]
The film opened to a worldwide 5-day opening of $333 million, fourth all-time, and grossed nearly
$940 million total, second to Pirates of the Caribbean: At World's End for the greatest total of 2007.
[8][9]
Plot
The Order of the Phoenix, a secret organisation founded by Albus Dumbledore, inform the now 15-year-old Harry
Potter that the Ministry of Magic is in denial of Lord Voldemort's return; under the Ministry's influence, The Daily
Prophet has launched a smear campaign against Harry and Dumbledore due to Harry's supposed encounter with
Voldemort at the end of the previous year. This encounter has had a huge psychological effect on Harry – he has
nightmares not only about what happened in the graveyard but also about the Department of Mysteries at the
Ministry of Magic. While at the Order's headquarters, 12 Grimmauld Place, Harry's godfather, Sirius Black,
mentions that Voldemort is after an object which he didn't have last time.
Upon arrival at Hogwarts, Harry learns that Minister for Magic Cornelius Fudge has appointed a new Defence
Against the Dark Arts professor: Dolores Umbridge, a senior Ministry official who refuses to teach practical magic
due to her belief that Dumbledore is forming a rebellion against the Ministry. Umbridge and Harry immediately
clash, as she refuses to believe that Voldemort has returned and forces Harry to carve 'I must not tell lies' into the
skin on the back of his hand through a cursed quill. When Ron and Hermione notice these scars, they are outraged
but Harry refuses to go to Dumbledore as he has distanced himself from him since the summer. As Umbridge's
control over the school increases, Ron and Hermione aid Harry in forming a secret group to train students in
defensive spells, calling themselves "Dumbledore's Army". The Slytherin students are recruited by Umbridge to
uncover the group. Meanwhile, Harry and Cho Chang develop romantic feelings for each other and begin a
relationship during Christmas, Cho being Harry's first kiss at the last DA meeting before the holidays. However,
Harry discovers that his behaviour is becoming erratic and possibly more similar to Voldemort's.
Harry has a vision involving an attack upon Arthur Weasley in the Department of Mysteries, from the point of view
of Arthur's attacker. Fearing Voldemort will exploit his connection to Harry, Dumbledore instructs Professor Snape
to give Harry Occlumency lessons to block his mind from Voldemort's influence. These lessons increase Harry's
psychological problems, as he is forced to relive everything bad that has ever happened to him. During one lesson,
Harry got annoyed at what he saw and requested a break but Snape refused and forced Harry to continue the lesson.
This only got the spell reversed on him by Harry where Harry sees the Vision on why Snape hates his father, James,
who often had bullied him. The connection between Harry and Voldemort leads Harry to distance himself from
everyone, and he pushes not only Ron and Hermione but Ginny, Neville, the Weasley twins and Luna away, as he
feels "so angry all the time". Bellatrix Lestrange, Sirius' deranged cousin, escapes from Azkaban along with nine
other Death Eaters. At Hogwarts, Umbridge and her Inquisitorial Squad uncover Dumbledore's Army after illegally
interrogating Cho with Veritaserum. Dumbledore covers up for Harry, but escapes as Fudge orders his arrest. With
Dumbledore gone, Umbridge becomes the new Headmistress. Harry's relationship with Cho falls apart, mostly due
to Cho having betrayed Dumbledore's Army to Umbridge (unknown to Harry, however, is that Cho was under the
influence of Veritaserum, a truth potion).
During an O.W.L. exam, the Weasley twins revolt and set off fireworks in the Great Hall, causing chaos for
Umbridge. During this event, Harry has a vision of Sirius being tortured by Voldemort within the Department of
Mysteries. Harry, Ron and Hermione rush to Umbridge's fireplace to alert the Order via the Floo Network, since it is
the only one not being monitored, but Umbridge stops them before they can do so. When she threatens to use the
Cruciatus Curse to get information out of Harry about the trio's intentions, Hermione deceives Umbridge into
entering the Forbidden Forest in search for Dumbledore's "secret weapon". She and Harry lead her to the hiding
place of Hagrid's half-giant brother, Grawp, only to be confronted by centaurs who kidnap Umbridge after she
attacks them. When Umbridge tells Harry to make the centaurs let her go and that she means no harm Harry says,
"Sorry, Professor. I must not tell lies". Harry, Hermione, Ron, Luna, Neville and Ginny fly to the Ministry of Magic
on Thestrals in an attempt to save Sirius.
Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix (film)
221
The six enter the Department of Mysteries where they uncover a prophecy involving Harry and Voldemort, the
object Voldemort was after. However, they are ambushed by Death Eaters including Lucius Malfoy and Bellatrix
Lestrange. Lucius reveals that Harry only saw a dream of Sirius being tortured; it was not an actual situation, rather a
method to lure Harry into the Death Eater's grasp. Lucius attempts to persuade Harry to give him the prophecy,
telling him it will reveal why Voldemort could not kill Harry when he was an infant. Harry refuses and a fight
between Dumbledore's Army and the Death Eaters ensues. The Death Eaters take everyone except Harry as hostages,
threatening to kill them if he does not surrender the prophecy. Harry obliges just as Sirius and Remus Lupin arrive
with Order members Nymphadora Tonks, Kingsley Shacklebolt and Mad-Eye Moody. They attack the Death Eaters
and Lucius drops the prophecy, destroying it. Harry and Sirius duel him. Just as Sirius defeats Lucius, Bellatrix kills
Sirius. Despite Remus trying to hold him back, Harry goes after Bellatrix, who runs away continuously saying "I
killed Sirius Black" in a song-like manner. Harry chases and corners Bellatrix in the Atrium and attempts to perform
the Cruciatus Curse on her, but to little avail (it knocks her down). Voldemort appears, but Dumbledore arrives
through the Floo Network moments before Voldemort can kill Harry.
A duel between Voldemort and Dumbledore ensues while Bellatrix escapes. After the two prove evenly matched,
Voldemort possesses Harry in order to try to get Dumbledore to sacrifice Harry in the hope of killing him, but the
love Harry feels for his friends and Sirius makes it impossible for Voldemort to remain in his body. Ministry
officials arrive before Voldemort disapparates; Fudge is forced to admit that Voldemort has returned and resigns as
Minister. Dumbledore returns as headmaster of Hogwarts after he and Harry are vindicated. Dumbledore explains
that he distanced himself from Harry all year hoping it would lessen the risk of Voldemort using their connection.
Harry comes to terms with the prophecy; "Neither can live while the other survives." As Harry and his friends head
towards the Hogwarts Express, Harry tells his friends that even though a war is beginning, unlike Voldemort, they
have something worth fighting for.
Cast
• Daniel Radcliffe as Harry Potter
• Rupert Grint as Ron Weasley, Harry's best friend.
• Emma Watson as Hermione Granger, another of Harry's best friends and the brains of the trio.
• Helena Bonham Carter as Bellatrix Lestrange, one of Lord Voldemort's most loyal Death Eaters and the cousin of
Sirius Black. Persistent rumours linked Elizabeth Hurley to the role, although Warner Bros. asserted there was
"no truth whatsoever" to reports that she had been cast.
[10]
As early as August 2005, rumours began linking Helen
McCrory to the role of Bellatrix Lestrange.
[11]
On 2 February 2006 it was announced that McCrory had indeed
been cast as Bellatrix.
[12]
However, in April 2006 she revealed that she was three months pregnant and withdrew
from the film because she would not have been able to perform the intense battle sequences in the Ministry of
Magic in September and October 2006. The announcement that Bonham Carter had been recast in the role was
made on 25 May 2006.
[13]
McCrory was subsequently cast as Narcissa Malfoy from Harry Potter and the
Half-Blood Prince onwards.
• Robbie Coltrane as Rubeus Hagrid, the half-giant Gamekeeper and Care of Magical Creatures teacher at
Hogwarts and a member of the Order of the Phoenix.
• Warwick Davis as Filius Flitwick, the Charms teacher at Hogwarts and the Head of Ravenclaw house.
• Ralph Fiennes as Lord Voldemort, Harry's archnemesis intent on conquering the Wizarding World and the leader
of the Death Eaters.
• Michael Gambon as Albus Dumbledore, the legendary Hogwarts headmaster.
• Brendan Gleeson as Mad-Eye Moody, Harry's ex-Defense Against the Dark Arts teacher and a member of the
Order of the Phoenix.
• Richard Griffiths as Vernon Dursley, Harry's Muggle uncle.
• Jason Isaacs as Lucius Malfoy, the father of Draco Malfoy and a senior Death Eater.
Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix (film)
222
• Gary Oldman as Sirius Black, Harry's godfather and a member of the Order of the Phoenix.
• Alan Rickman as Severus Snape, the Potions teacher at Hogwarts and a member of the Order of the Phoenix.
• Fiona Shaw as Petunia Dursley, Harry's Muggle aunt.
• Maggie Smith as Minerva McGonagall, the Transfiguration teacher at Hogwarts and a member of the Order of the
Phoenix.
• Imelda Staunton as Dolores Umbridge, the new Defence Against the Dark Arts teacher, a plant from the corrupt
Ministry of Magic.
[14]
• David Thewlis as Remus Lupin, Harry's ex-Defense Against the Dark Arts teacher and a member of the Order of
the Phoenix.
• Emma Thompson as Sybill Trelawney, the Divination teacher at Hogwarts.
• Julie Walters as Molly Weasley, the Weasley matriarch and a mother figure to Harry, also a member of the Order
of the Phoenix.
Casting
Casting began as early as May 2005, when Radcliffe announced he would reprise his role as Harry.
[15]
Across the
media frenzy that took place during the release of Goblet of Fire, most of the main returning actors announced their
return to the series, including Grint, Watson, Lewis, Wright, Leung, and Fiennes.
[16][17][18][19][20][21]
The announcements of the casting of the rest of the new characters to the series was spanned across 2006. Evanna
Lynch won the role of Luna Lovegood over 15,000 other girls who attended the open casting call,
[22]
waiting in a
line of hopefuls that stretched a mile long.
[23]
The inclusion or cutting of some characters sparked speculation from fans as to the importance of the characters in
the final book of the series, which was released just ten days after the film. In April 2006, representatives of Jim
McManus said he would be playing Aberforth Dumbledore, Albus' brother and the barman of the Hog's Head, in
which Harry and his friends found the D.A. A week later WB announced that the role was "very minor", allaying
some of the speculation to the significance of the role, which, before the final book, was not even a speaking part.
[24]
MTV reported in October 2006 that Dobby the house elf, who appeared in the second film, Chamber of Secrets, and
in the fifth book, would be cut, opening up "plot questions" as to how the role of the elf would be filled.
[25]
MTV
also reported about a month before the release of the final book that Kreacher, the Black family's house-elf, was cut
from the film in one draft of the script. However, after Rowling prodded the filmmakers to include him, saying, "You
know, I wouldn't [cut him] if I were you. Or you can, but if you get to make a seventh film, you'll be tied in knots",
he was added back into the script.
[26]
Other minor roles were cut with subsequent drafts of the script. At the U.S. premiere of Goblet of Fire, series
producer David Heyman said that former Hogwarts professor Gilderoy Lockhart, played by Kenneth Branagh in
Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets, was in the first draft of the script for Phoenix.
[27]
However, neither
Branagh nor the character of Lockhart appears in the final version. Tiana Benjamin was scheduled to return for the
film in the role of Angelina Johnson, the captain of the Gryffindor Quidditch team, but she had to withdraw due to a
commitment to playing Chelsea Fox in EastEnders. The character, as well as the entire Quidditch subplot, was
ultimately cut from the film. She did, however, record sound clips for the Order of the Phoenix video game.
[28]
The family of footballer Theo Walcott made a cameo appearance in the film. They were signed on by director David
Yates, who is the partner of Yvonne Walcott, Theo's aunt.
[29][30]
Theo himself was due to appear alongside his
family, though his commitments to Arsenal Football Club forced him to pull out.
[31]
Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix (film)
223
Production
British television director David Yates was chosen to direct the film after Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire
director Mike Newell, as well as Jean-Pierre Jeunet, Guillermo del Toro, Matthew Vaughn and Mira Nair, turned
down offers.
[32][33]
Yates believed he was approached because the studio saw him fit to handle an "edgy and
emotional" film with a "political backstory", which some of his previous television projects including State of Play,
Sex Traffic and The Girl in the Café demonstrated.
[33]
Producer David Heyman supported Yates' comments about the
film's political theme, stating that "[Order of the Phoenix] is a political film, not with a capital P, but it's about teen
rebellion and the abuse of power. David has made films in the UK about politics without being heavy handed."
[34]
On the film's political and social aspects, Emma Watson stated that "somehow it talks about life after 7 July, the way
people behave when they’re scared, the way truth is often denied and all the things our society has to face. Facing the
fact that the authority is corrupted means having a non-conformist approach to reality and power."
[35]
Steve Kloves, the screenwriter of the first four Potter films, had other commitments. Michael Goldenberg, who was
considered to pen the first film in the series, filled in and wrote the script.
[36]
Rehearsals for Order of the Phoenix began on 27 January 2006, filming began on 7 February 2006 and finished at
the start of December 2006.
[4][37][38]
Filming was put on a two-month hiatus starting in May 2006 so Radcliffe could
sit his A/S Levels and Watson could sit her GCSE exams.
[39]
The film's budget was reportedly between GB£75 and
100 million (US$150–200 million).
[2][3]
The largest budget of the other films in the series has been the £75 million it
cost to make Goblet of Fire.
[40]
Mark Day was the film editor, Sławomir Idziak was the cinematographer, and Jany Temime was the costume
designer.
[41]
Choreographer Paul Harris, who has previously worked with David Yates several times, created a
physical language for wand combat to choreograph the wand fighting scenes.
[42]
Set design
Stuart Craig returned as set designer, having designed the first four films' sets.
[43]
There were a number of notable
new sets in this film. The atrium in the Ministry of Magic is over 200 feet in length, making it the largest and most
expensive set built for the Potter film series to date.
[43]
Craig's design was inspired by early London Underground
stations, where, he said, architects "tried to imitate classical architecture but they used ceramic tile", as well as a
Burger King on Tottenham Court Road in London, where "there's a fantastic Victorian façade which just embodies
the age".
[44][45]
The set of Number Twelve, Grimmauld Place contains the Black family tapestry spread across three
walls; when the producers told Rowling they wanted to visualise the details of each name and birth year, she faxed
them a complete copy of the entire tree.
[46]
The set of the Hall of Prophecies was entirely digitally built. During a
fight scene which occurs there, prophecies crash to the ground and break; had it been an actual physical set, the reset
time would have been weeks.
[47]
The set used for Igor Karkaroff's trial scene in Goblet of Fire was doubled in size for Harry's trial in this film, while
still protecting its symmetry.
[45]
New professor Dolores Umbridge, though she teaches in a classroom that has
appeared in films two through four, inhabits an office vastly different from those of her predecessors. The set was
redressed with "fluffy, pink filigree" and a number of plates upon which moving kittens were animated in
post-production.
[48]
A 24-hour photo shoot was held to photograph and film the kittens for use on these plates.
[49]
The quill which Umbridge gives Harry to write lines is designed by the set designers.
[48]
Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix (film)
224
Filming
Filming of aerial and backdrop shots took place at
Glen Etive, Scotland.
Though the producers explored options to film outside of the UK,
Leavesden Film Studios in Watford was again the location on which
many of the interior scenes, including the Great Hall, Privet Drive and
Number Twelve, Grimmauld Place were shot.
[7][50][51][52]
Locations in England included the River Thames, for the flight of the
Order of the Phoenix to Number Twelve, Grimmauld Place, and the
flight of Dumbledore's Army to the Ministry of Magic.
[53]
This
sequence also includes such landmarks as the London Eye, Canary
Wharf, Big Ben, Buckingham Palace, and the HMS Belfast.
[54]
Filming at Platform 9¾ took place at King's Cross Station, as it has in
the past.
[55]
A telephone booth near Scotland Yard was used as Harry
and Arthur Weasley enter the Ministry,
[56]
while the crew closed the Westminster tube station on 22 October 2006 to
allow for filming of Arthur Weasley accompanying Harry to his trial at the Ministry of Magic.
[57]
Other scenes were
filmed in and around Oxford,
[58]
specifically at nearby Blenheim Palace in Woodstock.
[59]
In Glenfinnan, the Hogwarts Express crosses a viaduct, as it has in the past films.
[60]
Aerial scenes were shot in Glen
Coe, in Clachaig Gully,
[60]
and Glen Etive, which, at the time of filming, was one of the few places in Scotland
without snow, making it ideal for a backdrop.
[61]
Director David Yates stated in an interview that he had originally shot a three-hour film of Order of the Phoenix.
However, some material had to be cut out in the final edit, as the movie was 45 minutes too long.
[62]
Therefore,
several locations which were used for various scenes do not appear in the final cut of the film. In Virginia Water,
scenes were shot where Professor McGonagall recovers from Stunning Spells,
[63]
and Burnham Beeches was used
for filming the scene where Hagrid introduces his fifth-year Care of Magical Creatures class to Thestrals.
[64]
Harry
skips stones in front of the Glenfinnan Monument in Glenfinnan in another cut scene.
[60]
Visual effects
The film required over 1,400 visual effects shots, and the London-based company Double Negative created more
than 950 of them. Working for six months on previsualisation starting in September 2005, Double Negative was
largely responsible for sequences in the Room of Requirement, the Forbidden Forest, the Hall of Prophecies, and the
Death Chamber.
[65]
A new character in the film, Grawp, Hagrid's giant half-brother, came to life by a new technology called Soul
Capturing, developed by Image Metrics. Instead of building the character from scratch, the movements and facial
expressions of actor Tony Maudsley were used to model Grawp's actions.
[65][66]
Music
Nicholas Hooper was the composer for the soundtrack of the film, following John Williams, who scored the first
three films, and Patrick Doyle, who did the fourth. In the new score, Hooper incorporated variations on "Hedwig's
Theme", the series' theme originally written by Williams for the first film and heard in all subsequent ones.
[67]
In
March and April 2007, Hooper and the London Chamber Orchestra recorded nearly two hours of music at Abbey
Road Studios in London. The score, like the film and book, is darker than previous instalments in the series. To
emphasise this, the two new main themes reflect the sinister new character Dolores Umbridge, and Lord Voldemort's
invasion of Harry's mind. A Japanese Taiko drum was used for a deeper sound in the percussion.
[67]
The soundtrack
was released on 10 July 2007, the eve of the film's release.
[68]
For his work on the film, Hooper was nominated for a
World Soundtrack Discovery Award. The trailer prominently features the cues "Divine Crusade" by X-Ray Dog and
"DNA Reactor" by Pfeifer Broz. Music.
Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix (film)
225
The film also featured the song "Boys Will Be Boys" by The Ordinary Boys.
Differences from the book
At 766 pages in the British edition and 870 in the American edition, Order of the Phoenix is the longest book in the
Harry Potter series.
[69]
Screenwriter Michael Goldenberg described his task to cut down the novel as searching for
"the best equivalent way to tell the story. My job was to stay true to the spirit of the book, rather than to the
letter".
[70]
Goldenberg said that Rowling told him, the producers, and Yates that "she just wanted to see a great
movie, and gave [them] permission to take whatever liberties [they] felt [they] needed to take to translate the book
into a movie she would love".
[70]
Cutting down the book to meet the time frame of the film, Goldenberg explained,
became "clearer when [he] figured out that the organising principle of the screenplay was to narrate Harry's
emotional journey".
[70]
He and Yates "looked for every opportunity to get everything [they] could in there. And
where [they] couldn't, to sort of pay homage to it, to have it somewhere in the background or to feel like it could be
taking place off-screen".
[71]
One cut Goldenberg had to make, which he "hated" to do, was the absence of Quidditch, the Wizarding sport.
[71]
"The truth is that any movie made of this book, whoever made it, that had included the Quidditch subplot would
have been a lesser film", he said.
[70]
In the book, Ron grows as a character by trying out for the Quidditch team.
"Ron facing challenges and coming into his own in the same way that Harry is, we tried to get that into the film in
other ways, as much as possible. So, you feel like, if not the details of that story, at least the spirit of it is present in
the film".
[70]
The change disappointed actor Rupert Grint who had been "quite looking forward to the Quidditch
stuff".
[72]
In a significant scene in the book, Harry sees a memory of his own father humiliating Snape in their school days, and
Snape insulting his mother after she stood up for him. In the film, it is abbreviated to an "idea", in Goldenberg's
words. "It's an iconic moment when you realise your parents are normal, flawed human beings. ... Things get
trimmed out, but I kept the meat of that in there – and that was what really gave me the coming-of-age story."
[70]
Young Lily Potter did not appear at all, but promotional screenshots show unknown teenager Susie Shinner in the
role.
[73]
The scene at St Mungo's, the hospital where Harry and friends run into classmate Neville Longbottom and learn that
his parents were tortured into insanity by Bellatrix Lestrange, was cut because it required the construction of a new
set.
[70]
The main purpose of the action of the scene was relocated to the Room of Requirement after one of the D.A.
lessons. Also, to speed up the film's climax, several events in the Ministry leading up to Harry's battle with
Voldemort were removed, including the brain room.
[69]
Mrs. Weasley's encounter with a boggart at Grimmauld
Place, Ron, Hermione and Malfoy becoming prefects, the appearance of Mundungus Fletcher (member of the Order,
and the thief who eventually steals Slytherin's locket discarded in Grimmauld Place), and Firenze teaching
Divination followed suit.
[72]
The character of Kreacher the house-elf, who was included in the script only at Rowling's request, has a larger part in
the book than the film. In the novel, he is seen saving some of the Black family's artefacts which the Order of the
Phoenix throw away, one of which is a locket which becomes extremely important in the seventh book.
[74]
"It was
kind of tricky to raise that in our story, because it's for so much later", Yates said. "We figured we can probably
introduce it later, and that's the approach we took".
[26]
Whilst Kreacher remained, all scenes involving Dobby were
cut, and his important actions given to other characters.
[69]
Rita Skeeter, the journalist played by Miranda Richardson in Goblet of Fire, was also removed. In the book,
Hermione blackmails her into writing an article that supports Harry as the rest of the Wizarding world denies his
claims.
[69]
Richardson noted that "it's never gonna be the book on film, exactly. ... They'll take certain aspects from
the book and make it something that they hope is going to be commercial and that people want to see".
[75]
Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix (film)
226
Distribution
Marketing
The first trailer was released on 17 November 2006, attached to another WB film, Happy Feet. It was made available
online on 20 November 2006, on the Happy Feet website.
[76]
The international trailer debuted online on 22 April
2007 at 14:00 UTC.
[77]
On 4 May 2007, the U.S. trailer was shown before Spider-Man 3.
[78]
Three posters released on the Internet that showed Harry accompanied by six classmates, including Hermione
Granger, generated some controversy by the media. They were essentially the same picture, though one advertised
the IMAX release. In one poster, the profile of Hermione, played by Emma Watson, was made curvier as the outline
of her breasts was enhanced. Melissa Anelli, webmistress of noted fan site The Leaky Cauldron, wrote:
[79]

Emma Watson is playing a 15-year-old girl, and she herself is under 18. I get the full heebie jeebies thinking about the person who sat there
thinking, 'Now, if we cinch her waist a bit, and inflate her bust a bit, and give her some dramatic lighting and more blonde hair, this would be a
much better picture.' ”
Representatives for WB later wrote about the poster under fire, "This is not an official poster. Unfortunately this
image was accidentally posted on the IMAX website".
[80]
The video game version, designed by EA UK, was released 25 June 2007.
[81]
Lego produced just one set, a model of
Hogwarts, the lowest amount of sets for a film so far.
[82][83]
NECA produced a series of action figures,
[84]
while a
larger array of smaller figures was also produced by PopCo Entertainment, a Corgi International company.
[85]
Theatrical release
The film was the third Harry Potter film to be given a simultaneous release in conventional theatres and IMAX. The
IMAX release featured the full movie in 2D and the final 20 minutes of the film in 3D.
[86]
According to estimates in
March 2007, by Warner Bros., the film would debut on over 10,000 theatre screens during the summer.
[87]
The film was released in most countries in a two-week period starting 11 July 2007. WB has tried to stick with
day-and-date releases for most countries, except the Middle East and a few minor markets which were to be in
holidays at that point. The set of summer releases, even though the films are typically released in the winter, "really
maximises our opportunity", said a representative for WB.
[87]
Previews of the film began in March 2007 in the Chicago area.
[88]
Under tight security to prevent piracy, WB had
security guards patrol the aisles, looking for cell phone cameras or small recording devices, at a preview in Japan.
[89]
The world premiere took place in Tokyo, Japan on 28 June 2007.
[90]
MySpace users could bring copies of their
online profiles to gain free admission to sneak previews in eight different cities across the country on 28 June
2007.
[91]
The UK premiere took place on 3 July 2007 in London's Odeon Leicester Square, during which author J. K.
Rowling made a public appearance.
[92]
The U.S. premiere took place on 8 July in Los Angeles.
[93]
After the
premiere, the three young stars of the film series, Radcliffe, Grint, and Watson, were honoured with a ceremony
where their handprints, footprints, and "wandprints" were placed in the cement in front of Grauman's Chinese
Theatre.
[94]
Originally, Warner Bros. set the Australian release date as 6 September 2007, nearly two months after the majority
of other release dates. However, after complaints from the Australian community, including a petition garnering
2,000 signatures the date was pulled back to 11 July 2007.
[95]
The release dates of the film in the UK and U.S. were
also moved back, both from 13 July, to 12 and 11 July, respectively.
[96][97]
Even though the book is the longest in the series (over 700 pages), the film is 138 minutes long (2 hours and 18
minutes), the second shortest in the entire film series.
[98]
Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix (film)
227
Home media
The DVDs included additional scenes, a feature showing a day in the life of Natalia Tena, who played Nymphadora
Tonks, an A&E documentary about the films and books, and a featurette on film editing in Phoenix. The DVD-ROM
features a timeline and a sneak peek of the next film, Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince (2009). The HD DVD
and Blu-ray contain additional features, such as the "in-movie experience", a video commentary in which members
of Dumbledore's Army share their favourite moments from the production of the film, and "focus points" featurettes
on how certain scenes of the film were made.
[99][100]
The HD DVD also include an exclusive feature called
"community screening", which enable owners of the HD DVD to watch the film together over the internet.
[101]
Order of the Phoenix was the seventh best-selling DVD of 2007, with 10.14 million units.
[102]
The high-definition
DVDs had combined sales of 179,500 copies,
[102]
with more units coming from the Blu-ray version.
[103]
There was also a third DVD with extras featuring a behind the scenes look at the sets of the movie. This can only be
found in those purchased at Target stores (Future Shop in Canada) as it is a Target exclusive. The package included a
one-time-only code that activated a digital copy of the film, which may be played on a computer with Windows
Media Player. The digital copy however is not playable on Macintosh or Apple Inc. iPod devices. This issue was
partially addressed, as the film was made available on the iTunes Store in the UK, but not the US.
[104]
Reaction
Critical reception
David Yates at the premiere of Order of the
Phoenix, July 2007. Yates was praised for his
transition from television to budget cinema; he
had not directed a mainstream picture prior to
Order of the Phoenix.
[105]
The film received mostly positive reviews. The film holds a 79%
"Certified Fresh" approval rating at Rotten Tomatoes, making it the
lowest-rated film in the series on the site. The site's general consensus
states that "It's not easy to take the longest Harry Potter book and
streamline it into the shortest HP movie, but director David Yates does
a bang up job of it, creating an Order of the Phoenix that's entertaining
and action-packed". It also has a score of 71 out of 100 on Metacritic,
the fifth highest rated after Deathly Hallows – Part 2, Prisoner of
Azkaban, Goblet of Fire and Half-Blood Prince.
[106][107]
Charles
Frederick of The Telegraph headlined their review "Potter film is the
best and darkest yet".
[108]
Colin Bertram of the New York Daily News
gave the film four out of four stars, calling it the best Potter film yet
and wrote that "die-hard Potter addicts will rejoice that Yates has
distilled J. K. Rowling's broad universe with care and reverence".
[109]
Mark Adams of The Sunday Mirror, while giving the film four out of
five stars, called it "a dark and delicious delight [and] a must-see
movie".
[110]
Rene Rodriguez of The Miami Herald gave the film three
stars out of four and wrote that the film "is the first instalment in the
soon-to-be series-of-seven that doesn't seem like just another spinoff
capitalising on the money-minting Harry Potter brand name. Instead,
Phoenix feels like a real 'movie'".
[111]
Imelda Staunton's performance as Dolores Umbridge and Helena Bonham Carter's as Bellatrix Lestrange were
widely acclaimed; Staunton was described as the "perfect choice for the part" and "one of the film's greatest
pleasures", "coming close to stealing the show".
[112]
The Daily Mail described Staunton's portrayal of Umbridge as a
"refreshing addition", with the character herself described as "a cross between Margaret Thatcher and Hyacinth
Bucket".
[113]
Bonham Carter was said to be a "shining but underused talent".
[114]
Variety praised Alan Rickman's
Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix (film)
228
portrayal of Severus Snape, writing that he "may have outdone himself; seldom has an actor done more with less
than he does here".
[115]
Newcomer Evanna Lynch, playing Luna Lovegood, also received good word from a number
of reviewers including the New York Times who declared her "spellbinding".
[116]
Peter Travers of Rolling Stone also lauded the three principal actors' achievements, especially Radcliffe: "One of the
joys of this film is watching Daniel Radcliffe grow so impressively into the role of Harry. He digs deep into the
character and into Harry's nightmares. It's a sensational performance, touching all the bases from tender to fearful".
Rolling Stone's review also classified the film as better than the previous four instalments in the series, by losing the
"candy-ass aspect" of the first two and "raising the bar" from the "heat and resonance" of the third and fourth.
[117]
Peter Travers of Rolling Stone called the film "the best of the series so far, [with] the laughs, the jitters and the juice
to make even nonbelievers wild about Harry".
[117]
Leo Lewis of The Times (London) expressed disappointment that the three main actors were not able to fully
advance the emotional sides of their respective characters, weakening the film.
[114]
The San Francisco Chronicle
complained about a "lousy" storyline, alleging that the first twenty minutes of the film, when Harry is put on trial for
performing magic outside of school and threatened with expulsion, but is cleared of all charges, did not advance the
plot.
[118]
Kirk Honeycutt of The Hollywood Reporter wrote that Phoenix is "quite possibly the least enjoyable of the
[series] so far", and that despite "several eye-catching moments", "the magic – movie magic, that is – is mostly
missing". The review also criticised the under use of the "cream of British acting", noting the brief appearances of
Helena Bonham Carter, Maggie Smith, Emma Thompson, David Thewlis, Richard Griffiths, and Julie Walters.
[119]
Box office
The film opened to a worldwide 5-day opening of $333 million, the eighth-biggest opening of all time, behind Harry
Potter and the Deathly Hallows – Part 2, Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, Marvel's The Avengers,
Transformers: Dark of the Moon, Spider-Man 3, Pirates of the Caribbean: On Stranger Tides, and Pirates of the
Caribbean: At World's End. In the United States, tickets for hundreds of midnight showings of the film, bought from
online ticket-seller Fandango, were sold out, making up approximately 90% of the site's weekly ticket sales.
[120]
In
the U.S. and Canada, midnight screenings (very early morning on 11 July) brought in $12 million
[121]
from 2,311
midnight exhibitions making the showings "the most successful batch of midnight exhibitions ever".
[122]
In
one-night earnings, Phoenix is behind only At World's End, which had debuted four hours earlier on its date.
[123]
In the U.S. and Canada, Phoenix earned an additional $32.2 million on Wednesday, post-midnight showings, making
it the biggest single-day Wednesday gross in box office history, with a total of $44.2 million from 4,285
theatres.
[124][125]
That amount topped Sony Pictures' Spider-Man 2, which had held the record since 2004 with its
$40.4 million take on a Wednesday, until this record was broken in 2009 by Transformers: Revenge of the Fallen
with $62.0 million.
[126]
It was also the fifth-biggest opening day for a movie in history, at the time, surpassing At
World's End's $42.9 million. It earned $1.9 million from a record-breaking 91 IMAX screens, the highest opening
day ever for any IMAX day of the week, beating Spider-Man 3's $1.8 million. In the U.K. the result was similar. The
film made £16.5 million during its opening 4-day run, breaking the U.K. box office record for the biggest 4-day
opening weekend ever.
[127]
Phoenix's gross is at $292.0 million in the U.S. and Canada, making it the fifth highest-grossing film of 2007 in these
regions,
[128]
and at £49.2 million,
[129]
or $101.4 million in the U.K.
[130]
Overseas, it has grossed $647.8 million, the
seventh highest-grosser ever overseas,
[131]
for a worldwide total of $939.8 million
[1]
making it the second
highest-grossing film of the year closely behind Pirates of the Caribbean: At World's End's $961 million gross.
[132]
It became the sixth highest grossing film in history at the time, the second-highest grossing Potter film
worldwide,
[133]
and the second Potter film to break the $900 million mark.
[134]
It is the seventeenth-highest grossing
film of all time
[135]
as well as the fourth highest-grossing Potter film in the franchise behind Harry Potter and the
Deathly Hallows - Part 2's $1.327 billion,
[136]
Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone's $974 million,
[137]
Harry
Potter and the Deathly Hallows - Part 1's $955 million
[138]
and the highest grossing 2007 film in Australia and the
Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix (film)
229
UK.
[139][140]
IMAX Corporation and Warner Bros. Pictures announced that the film has made over $35 million on
IMAX screens, worldwide, with an impressive per-screen average of $243,000 making it the highest grossing
live-action IMAX release in history.
[141]
In South Africa the film opened at number 1 with a total of $944,082.00,
being screened at 87 theatres.
[142]
Accolades
Before it was released, Order of the Phoenix was nominated in a new category at the 2007 MTV Movie Awards,
Best Summer Movie You Haven't Seen Yet.
[143]
On 26 August 2007, the film won the award for Choice Summer
Movie – Drama/Action Adventure at the Teen Choice Awards.
[144]
The film was also nominated for several awards at the 2007 Scream Awards presented by Spike TV, in the
categories of The Ultimate Scream, Best Fantasy Movie, and Best Sequel. Daniel Radcliffe was nominated in the
Fantasy Hero categories, respectively.
[145]
The film won for Best Sequel and Ralph Fiennes won for "Most Vile
Villain".
[146]
The film picked up three awards at the inaugural ITV National Movie Awards, taking Best Family
Film, Best Actor for Radcliffe and Best Actress for Emma Watson.
[147]
The film was one of ten nominees for a 2007
Hollywood Movie of the Year.
[148]
It was also nominated for Best Live Action Family Film at the Broadcast Film
Critics Association Awards
[149]
and won the 2007 People's Choice Award for "Favorite Movie Drama".
[150]
Having
been nominated for six awards at the 13th Empire Awards, organised by Empire, including Best Film, David Yates
won Best Director.
[151]
Yates later received the BAFTA Britannia Award for Artistic Excellence in Directing for his
four Harry Potter films, which includes Order of the Phoenix.
[152]
Nicholas Hooper received a nomination for a World Soundtrack Discovery Award for his score to the film.
[153]
Imelda Staunton was nominated in the "British Actress in a Supporting Role" category at the London Film Critics
Circle Awards.
[154]
At the 2008 BAFTA Awards, the film was nominated for "Best Production Design" and "Best
Special Visual Effects".
[155]
Order of the Phoenix was also nominated for the awards from the Art Directors Guild
and Costume Designers Guild,
[156][157]
and was awarded for "Outstanding Special Effects in a Motion Picture" by
the Visual Effects Society out of six nominations.
[158]
The British Academy Children's Awards (BAFTA) nominated
Order of the Phoenix for Best Feature Film in 2007
[159]
and the Hugo Awards nominated the film for Best Dramatic
Presentation (Long Form) in 2008.
[160]
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html). 28 June 2011. . Retrieved 14 December 2011. "John Lasseter and David Yates are master creators of joy and imagination....Mr. Yates’
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[154] Dawtrey, Adam (13 December 2007). "London critics love Control, Atonement" (http:/ / www. variety. com/ awardcentral_article/
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[156] King, Susan (11 January 2008). "Art Directors Guild lists nominations and honours for Harryhausen, Craig" (http:/ / theenvelope.latimes.
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(PDF) (Press release). Visual Effects Society. 11 February 2008. . Retrieved 11 February 2008.
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[160] "2008 Hugo Awards" (http:// www. thehugoawards. org/ hugo-history/2008-hugo-awards/). Hugo Awards. 2008. . Retrieved 17
September 2012.
External links
• Official website (http:// www. harrypotter.com)
• Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix (http:/ /www.imdb.com/ title/tt0373889/ ) at the Internet Movie
Database
• Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix (http:/ /www.allrovi. com/ movies/ movie/ v289458) at AllRovi
• Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix (http:/ /www.boxofficemojo.com/ movies/ ?id=harrypotter5.htm) at
Box Office Mojo
• Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix (http:/ /www.rottentomatoes. com/ m/
harry_potter_and_the_order_of_the_phoenix/) at Rotten Tomatoes
How About You
236
How About You
How About You
Directed by Anthony Byrne
Produced by Noel Pearson
Sarah Radclyffe
Written by Jean Pasley (screenplay)
Maeve Binchy (short story)
Starring Hayley Atwell
Vanessa Redgrave
Joss Ackland
Brenda Fricker
Imelda Staunton
Release date(s) Ireland:
November 16, 2007
United States:
November 14, 2008
Running time 100 min.
Country Ireland
How About You is a 2007 Irish film directed by Anthony Byrne. The film is based on a short story sometimes
published as "How About You" and sometimes published as "The Hard Core" in a collection of short stories titled
"This Year It Will Be Different" by Maeve Binchy. It tells the story of a young woman named Ellie who is left in
charge of the residential home run by her older sister, during Christmas period. Most of the residents have gone with
their families during the holidays, but four residents, known as the hardcore, remain. Their behavior will cause lots
of trouble and will lead to the residence facing closure.
Synopsis
Ellie Harris (Hayley Atwell) goes to her sister Kate's (Orla Brady) residential home, Woodlane, in search of a job.
Ellie has some trouble adjusting to her new job but quickly befriends a resident named Alice (Joan O'Hara). Ellie
decides to have talks with Alice and neglects parts of her job, much to her sister's annoyance. She also has trouble
doing what she is told by the residents. Because of her friendship with Alice, Ellie decides to help her feel better by
taking her down to the river (which is against the nurse's orders) and giving her marijuana to ease her pain. The next
day, however, Ellie finds out that Alice has died.
Kate gets news that their mother had a stroke and decides to be with her. She asks Ellie to stay behind with the four
residents that are staying over the Christmas holiday because Ellie and her mother do not get along. Georgia Platts
(Vanessa Redgrave) is a former actress and singer. The Nightingale sisters, Heather (Brenda Fricker) and Hazel
(Imelda Staunton), are spinsters who moved in after spending years taking care of their mother. Donald Vanston
(Joss Ackland) is a recovering alcoholic who enjoys playing piano and used to be a judge. These four residents are
driving out others with their eccentric ways. They also seem to believe that, because they pay to be there, they can
act however they please.
While Ellie is watching over them, she learns more about the residents. Donald requests his breakfast in his room at
6 o'clock instead of in the dining room at the usual time at 8. After he gets upset that his order is wrong, she tells him
that he can have breakfast in the dining room like everyone else. Donald reveals to Ellie that the music he plays at
night is his late wife's favorite song and that he regrets not sobering up before she died.
How About You
237
Heather demands that she be given any letters addressed to her sister to keep from upsetting her. However, Kate
neglected to tell Ellie this and she got a letter for Hazel from the postman. When Ellie goes to give the letter to Hazel
in her room, she notices sketches and paintings in her room and realizes that Hazel is a talented artist. Hazel finds
Ellie in her room and demands that she leave. Ellie then slips the letter under the door. It is then revealed that
Heather has been writing as Hazel when Hazel's son Simon, whom she was forced to give up for adoption, tried to
find her. Heather later tells Hazel that she was afraid that Simon would take Hazel away from her. Hazel then tells
Heather that she will always love her and they decide to meet Simon together in the new year.
Georgia constantly asks for Ellie to make her martinis and makes frequent trips to the local pub to entertain the
patrons. Georgia tells Ellie that after her husband died, she decided to get back into the theater, but realized that
everything had changed since she was young. She then moved into Woodlane because she hated being alone and that
abusing everyone is "part of the fun".
Ellie decides to have a Christmas dinner with the residents and they all go out to buy decorations and food (Including
Hazel, who is terrified of being outside the Woodlane property). They decide to have a drink in the pub and Ellie
points out Hazel's paintings hung on the wall behind them. Heather then shows everyone her talent at playing pool.
They all drive back to the home while singing carols. They then have their Christmas dinner together and start to get
along with each other.
The next day, Mr. Evans (Darragh Kelly), from the Department of Health, arrives and is shocked that Kate would
leave residents alone. The residents band together saying that they wanted to stay and that they are a family. Donald
then asks if he wants to stay for dinner, but Mr. Evans leaves, startled. He then comes back saying that he was upset
because his wife just left him and he stays for dinner.
Later, when Kate returns, Heather is shown keeping a garden, Hazel is painting outside, and Donald and Georgia are
handing out tea to some boys who are raking the lawn. Ellie then tells Kate that she has decided to leave and will
spend some time with their mother. At the end, Donald and Georgia are dancing outside, singing How About You?.
Principal cast
• Hayley Atwell as Ellie Harris
• Joss Ackland as Donald Vanston
• Vanessa Redgrave as Georgia Platts
• Brenda Fricker as Heather Nightingale
• Imelda Staunton as Hazel Nightingale
• Orla Brady as Kate Harris
• Joan O'Hara as Alice Peterson
• Darragh Kelly as Mr. Evans
Production notes
The film is dedicated to Joan O'Hara who died before it was released.
The film that Georgia is watching in her room is Witness for the Prosecution, a film adaptation of Agatha Christie's
novel. Vanessa Redgrave, who plays Georgia, is in another Christie adaptation, Murder on the Orient Express and
plays Christie herself in Agatha.
Reception
The film was generally well received by critics, holding a 68% "fresh" rating on Rotten Tomatoes.
[1]
How About You
238
References
[1] How About You (2007) (http:// www. rottentomatoes. com/m/ how_about_you/) Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved on 23 August 2010
External links
• How About You (http:/ / www. imdb.com/ title/ tt0887745/) at the Internet Movie Database
I'll Be There (2003 film)
239
I'll Be There (2003 film)
I'll Be There
Directed by Craig Ferguson
Produced by James G. Robinson
Written by Craig Ferguson
Philip McGrade
Starring Charlotte Church
Craig Ferguson
Jemma Redgrave
Ralph Brown
Joss Ackland
Ian McNeice
Imelda Staunton
Music by Trevor Jones
Cinematography Ian Wilson
Editing by Sheldon Kahn
Studio Morgan Creek
Distributed by Warner Bros.
Release date(s) •• June 13, 2003
Running time 105 minutes
Country United States
United Kingdom
Language English
I'll Be There is a 2003 British comedy-drama film directed and co-written by Craig Ferguson, who, in his directorial
debut, also stars in the film with singer Charlotte Church in her film debut.
Plot
Charlotte Church stars as a young girl who is blessed with a beautiful, natural singing voice although that is
generally unknown. Her character was conceived (literally) the night her mother met a Scottish rock star (Craig
Ferguson), but the couple fell out of touch and her dad never knew he had a daughter. Much later, he is "sectioned"
after a motorcycle accident is viewed as a suicide attempt, and he meets his now 16 year old daughter while confined
to a psychiatric hospital. Her mother felt she had been betrayed by this guy and also has a father who is an old rocker
she believed had also failed her so she does not want her daughter to be involved in what she sees as the decadent
world of rock music. In spite of her mother's attempts to keep her apart from it though she and her dad get to know
each other and become the family they should have been all along.
I'll Be There (2003 film)
240
External links
• I'll Be There
[1]
at the Internet Movie Database
• I'll Be There
[2]
at AllRovi
References
[1] http:/ / www.imdb. com/ title/ tt0325352/
[2] http:/ / www.allrovi.com/ movies/ movie/ v275601
If You See God, Tell Him
241
If You See God, Tell Him
If You See God, Tell Him
Genre Sitcom
Written by Andrew Marshall
David Renwick
Directed by Marcus Mortimer
Starring Richard Briers
Adrian Edmonson
Imelda Staunton
Country of origin United Kingdom
Original language(s) English
No. of seasons 1
No. of episodes 4
Production
Producer(s) Marcus Mortimer
Broadcast
Original channel BBC1
Original run 11 November 1993 – 9 December 1993
If You See God, Tell Him is a black comedy television series starring Richard Briers, Adrian Edmondson, and
Imelda Staunton. Written by Andrew Marshall and David Renwick, it was first broadcast on BBC1 in 1993. It
comprised four episodes, each 45 minutes long, and was broadcast only once, apart from the first episode, which was
repeated on BBC Four on 3 December 2007 as part of "David Renwick Night". The title is a reference to "If you see
Sid, tell him", the slogan used for the sale of shares in British Gas plc.
The series followed the character of Godfrey Spry, played by Briers. As he is standing outside the post office, a
wheelbarrow full of building rubble falls on top of him, causing serious physical injuries (from which he recovers)
and leaving him with a greatly reduced attention span. As a result, he spends most of his time watching television
commercials, and believes every claim made by them. After seeing an advert for a car, he proceeds to copy it by test
driving the same car at high speed along the top of a cliff at sunset, the resultant accident leaving him paralysed.
He convinces his wife to take a relaxing break with him in Hamburg, which he describes to the viewer in idyllic
terms before casually mentioning that on the last night his wife "popped out [of the hotel] for a packet of cough
sweets and was stoned to death by a mob of drunken soccer fans". This entire backstory is played out very early in
episode one, with the main part of the show starting with Godfrey calling his nephew Gordon for help after his wife's
death.
Every episode was punctuated by deadpan parody advertisements for fictional products and companies, often
juxtaposing the idealistic view of the adverts with the far bleaker reality. Much of the humour of the show derived
from Godfrey's cheery interpretations of unpleasant events and circumstances. One memorable scene involves him
cheerfully passing a group of people outside his neighbour's flat, blissfully unaware that he has driven the man to
suicide, attributing the man's disappearance to him moving up the property ladder.
In the last episode, after seeing government advertisements promoting free-enterprise, Godfrey sets up his own
business in Gordon and Muriel's house, hiring an elderly woman he met in hospital to knit tea-cosies in the shed.
When she falls dead of a heart attack Godfrey attempts to perform a post mortem, which he believes himself to be an
If You See God, Tell Him
242
expert in after purchasing a partwork of Complete Medical Knowledge. As a result, he is arrested for murder.
At the trial his nephew Gordon makes an impassioned plea, claiming that it is not Godfrey who should be on trial but
the advertisers who are murdering all of our minds. Godfrey is convicted and sent to a hospital for the criminally
insane, languishing in his cell, he is happy under the illusion that he is the centre of attention at a dinner party where
fancy chocolates are being served.
If You See God, Tell Him was released on DVD through 2 entertain on 21 July 2008.
External links
• If You See God, Tell Him TV Comedy Resources page
[1]
• If You See God, Tell Him
[2]
at the Internet Movie Database
References
[1] http:/ / www.phill. co. uk/ comedy/ ifyousee/ index. html
[2] http:// www.imdb. com/ title/ tt0106031/
Into the Woods
243
Into the Woods
Into the Woods
Poster for the original Broadway production
Music Stephen Sondheim
Lyrics Stephen Sondheim
Book James Lapine
Basis Inspired by Bruno Bettelheim's The Uses of Enchantment
Productions 1987 Broadway
1988 United States National Tour
1990 West End
1998 West End revival
2002 Broadway revival
2010 London revival
Awards Tony Award for Best Score
Tony Award for Best Book
Drama Desk for Best Musical
Tony Award for Best Revival
Laurence Olivier Award for Best Revival
Into the Woods is a musical with music and lyrics by Stephen Sondheim and book by James Lapine. It debuted in
San Diego at the Old Globe Theatre in 1986, and premiered on Broadway in 1987. Bernadette Peters' performance as
the Witch and Joanna Gleason's portrayal of the Baker's Wife brought acclaim to the production during its original
Broadway run. Into the Woods won several Tony Awards, including Best Score, Best Book, and Best Actress in a
Musical (Joanna Gleason), in a year dominated by The Phantom of the Opera.
The musical has been produced many times, with a 1988 US national tour, a 1990 West End production, a 1991
television production, a 1997 tenth anniversary concert, a 2002 Broadway revival, a 2010 London revival
[1]
and in
2012 as part of New York City's outdoor Shakespeare in the Park series. The musical intertwines the plots of several
Brothers Grimm fairy tales and follows them to explore the consequences of the characters' wishes and quests. The
main characters are taken from "Little Red Riding Hood", "Jack and the Beanstalk", "Rapunzel", and "Cinderella", as
well as several others. The musical is tied together by an original story involving a baker and his wife and their quest
to begin a family, and their interaction with a Witch and her curse on them.
Plot
Act I
The Narrator introduces four characters who each have a wish: Cinderella, who wishes to attend the King's festival;
Jack, a simple young man who wishes that his cow, Milky-White, would give milk; and the Baker and his Wife, who
wish they could have a child. While Little Red Ridinghood
[2]
buys bread from the Baker to take to her grandmother's
house, Jack's weary mother nags him into selling the cow, and Cinderella's stepmother and sisters tease her about
wanting to attend the King's festival.
The Baker's neighbor, an ugly old witch, reveals the source of the couple's infertility is a curse she placed on the
Baker's line, after catching the Baker's father in her garden stealing "magic" beans. In addition to the curse, the
Witch took the Baker's father's newborn child, Rapunzel ("Witch's Entrance"). The curse will be lifted if the Baker
and his Wife can find the four ingredients that the Witch needs for a certain potion — "the cow as white as milk, the
Into the Woods
244
cape as red as blood, the hair as yellow as corn, and the slipper as pure as gold", all before the chime of Midnight in
three days' time. All begin their journeys into the woods — Jack goes to the market where he receives "magic beans"
in exchange for Milky White, Cinderella's family goes to the Festival, Cinderella to her mother's grave to ask for
guidance, Red Ridinghood to her Grandmother's house, and the Baker, refusing his wife's help, to find the
ingredients ("Prologue").
Cinderella visits her mother's grave and receives a beautiful gown and shoes from her mother's spirit ("Cinderella at
the Grave"). Jack encounters a Mysterious Man, who mocks him for trying to sell his cow for more than a "sack of
beans" and then vanishes. Little Red Ridinghood meets a hungry wolf who convinces her to take a detour on her way
to Granny's, and then dashes off to consume the old woman ("Hello, Little Girl"). The Baker sees Red Ridinghood in
the woods and when the Witch appears, screaming at him to get the red cape, she frightens him so he forgets the
ingredients he needs but his Wife, who followed him into the forest, reminds him. They are squabbling over her
presence when they come across Jack with Milky-White ("I Guess This Is Goodbye") which they buy for five of the
beans, telling Jack that they're magic. The Baker has qualms about being so dishonest, but his wife reasons that
"Maybe They're Magic". When Little Red Ridinghood arrives at her grandmother's house, she is swallowed by the
Wolf. The Baker slays the Wolf, pulling Little Red Ridinghood and her grandmother from the beast's innards, and
Red rewards him with the red cape, boasting of her new experiences ("I Know Things Now"). Jack's mother angrily
tosses the beans aside growing into a very high beanstalk. As Cinderella flees the festival, pursued by a prince and
his steward, the Wife helps her hide and quizzes Cinderella about the ball. Cinderella explains that it was a nice ball
with "A Very Nice Prince". The Wife spots Cinderella's pure gold slippers and tries to chase after Cinderella,
inadvertently allowing Milky-White to run off, leaving the Wife without the slippers and the cow. The characters
each state morals and credos as the First Midnight chimes ("First Midnight").
Jack describes his thrilling adventure after he returns from climbing the beanstalk ("Giants in the Sky"). He gives the
Baker five gold pieces he stole from the giants to buy back his cow, and when the Baker hesitates, Jack climbs back
up the beanstalk to find more. The Mysterious Man emerges and taunts the Baker, stealing the money. The Baker's
wife confesses she has lost the cow, and she and the Baker split up to look for it. Cinderella's and Rapunzel's Princes,
who are brothers, meet and compare the misery of their new-found and unobtainable loves ("Agony"). The Baker's
wife takes note when Rapunzel's prince mentions that he is in love with a girl in a tower with hair as "yellow as
corn". The Baker's Wife fools Rapunzel into letting down her hair and pulls out a piece of it. Meanwhile, The
Mysterious Man gives Milky-White back to the Baker.
The Wife and Cinderella meet again, and the Wife makes a desperate grab for her shoes, almost succeeding before
Cinderella flees. The Baker and his wife reunite, now with three of the four items. The Baker admits that they've had
to work together to fulfill the quest ("It Takes Two"). Jack arrives with a hen that lays golden eggs and attempts to
buy Milky-White back, but the cow suddenly keels over dead as midnight chimes. Again, the characters exchange
morals ("Second Midnight"). The Witch discovers that the Prince has been visiting Rapunzel and begs Rapunzel to
stay with her ("Stay with Me"). When Rapunzel refuses, the Witch angrily cuts off Rapunzel's hair and banishes her
to a desert. The Mysterious Man gives the Baker the money to buy another cow, and Jack, goaded by Little Red
Ridinghood, who is now sporting a wolf skin cape and a knife for protection, returns once again to the Giant's home
to steal a magic harp.
Cinderella's Prince spreads pitch on the stairs of the castle to try to capture her. She escapes, but leaves one of her
slippers ("On the Steps of the Palace") as a clue to her identity. The Baker's Wife tries to trade her own shoes and the
last bean for Cinderella's slipper; Cinderella throws the bean aside, but trades shoes with the Baker's wife and flees.
The Baker arrives with another cow; they now have all four items. A great crash is heard and Jack's mother reports
that a Giant has fallen from the beanstalk and is dead in her backyard. The Witch discovers that the new cow is not
pure white — it is covered with flour. However, the Witch revives Milky-White, and the Baker and his Wife feed the
items to her. Jack milks her, but no milk comes. The Baker's Wife reveals that the hair is Rapunzel's, and the Witch
furiously explains that the magic will not work, because the Witch has already touched Rapunzel's hair. The
Into the Woods
245
Mysterious Man tells the Baker to feed the hair-like corn silk to the cow. Now Milky-White gives milk, which is the
potion. The Witch reveals that the Mysterious Man is the Baker's father. The Witch drinks the potion and suddenly
the Mysterious Man falls dead, his reparation complete. The curse is broken, and the old ugly Witch is again young
and beautiful.
Cinderella's Prince searches for the girl whose foot fits the slipper; the stepsisters try but can only get it on by cutting
off parts of their feet, then Cinderella appears, her foot fits the slipper, and she becomes the Prince's bride. Rapunzel
has borne twins in the desert where her Prince finds her. The Witch attempts to curse the couple, only to find that her
powers have been lost. At Cinderella's wedding to the Prince, the stepsisters are blinded by birds as they try to win
Cinderella's favor. Everyone but the Witch and the stepsisters congratulate themselves on being able to live happily
"Ever After", though they fail to notice another beanstalk growing sky-high in the background.
Act II
Later all the characters seem happy but are they, ironically, still wishing: The Baker and his Wife have their precious
baby boy, but wish for more room; Jack and his mother are rich and well-fed, but Jack misses his kingdom in the
sky; and Cinderella is living with her Prince Charming in the Palace, but is getting bored ("So Happy").
Suddenly, everyone is knocked over by a loud crash, and enormous footprints have destroyed the Witch's garden,
sparing only a few beans. The Baker and his Wife decide that they must tell the Royal Family but first they safely
escort Little Red Ridinghood to her grandmother's house after her mother was killed by the Giant. Jack decides that
he must slay the Giant and Cinderella learns from her bird friends that her mother's grave was disturbed and decides
to investigate ("Into the Woods" Reprise).
While everyone else is drawn back into the woods, Rapunzel has fled there in a hysterical fit, her treatment at the
hands of the Witch having driven her into madness. Her Prince has followed her, but when he encounters his brother
they each confess they have another reason for their presence in the woods: they have grown bored and frustrated
with their marriages and now lust after two beautiful women asleep in the woods - Snow White and Sleeping Beauty
("Agony" Reprise).
The Baker, his Wife and Little Red Ridinghood get lost in the woods and find the Witch, who brings news that their
houses have been destroyed, and the Royal Family and the Steward, who reveal that the castle was set upon by the
Giant. The Giant then appears. This Giant is a woman, the widow of the Giant that Jack killed by chopping down the
beanstalk. Her booming voice proclaims that she wants Jack's blood in revenge. To satisfy the Giantess, everyone
offers her the narrator as a sacrifice, until they realize how lost they would be without him. Nevertheless, the Witch
throws him into the Giantess's arms and he is killed. Jack's mother finds the group and aggressively defends her son,
angering the Giantess, and the Steward clubs Jack's mother to quiet her, inadvertently killing her. The Giantess
leaves to search for Jack, and Rapunzel runs underneath the Giantess and is trampled, to the horror of the Witch and
her Prince ("Witch's Lament").
The Witch declares she will find Jack and sacrifice him to the Giant, and the Baker and his Wife decide they must
find him first and split up to search. The Baker's Wife meets Cinderella's Prince, and he easily seduces the Wife
("Any Moment"). Meanwhile, the Baker discovers Cinderella at her mother's destroyed grave and convinces her to
join their group for safety. The Prince, satisfied, leaves the Baker's Wife with a few platitudes, and she realizes her
error and decides to return to her happy life with the Baker and their son ("Moments in the Woods") just moments
before being accidentally crushed by the angry Giantess.
The Baker, Little Red Ridinghood, and Cinderella await the return of the Baker's Wife when The Witch drags in
Jack. The Baker, grief-stricken when he learns of his wife's death, unwittingly agrees to give Jack to the Giantess,
causing an argument. The characters first blame each other for their predicament, until finally they all decide to
blame the Witch for growing the beans in the first place ("Your Fault"). Disgusted, the Witch curses them, throws
away the rest of her magic beans, reactivating her mother's curse and making her vanish ("Last Midnight").
Into the Woods
246
The grieving Baker flees but is visited by his father's spirit, who convinces him to face his responsibilities ("No
More"). The Baker returns and helps plan to kill the Giantess, using Cinderella's bird friends to peck out the Giant's
eyes at an area smeared with pitch, where Jack and the Baker can finally deliver a fatal blow. Cinderella stays behind
to protect the Baker's child, when her Prince appears and explains his reasons for seducing another woman. Feeling
both hurt and angry, she demands that he leave her. Little Red returns with the news that her grandmother has been
killed by the Giantess. The Baker tells Jack that his mother is dead. Jack vows to kill the steward in revenge, until the
Baker convinces him that killing the steward will not benefit anyone. Cinderella comforts Little Red and tries to
answer her qualms that killing the giant makes them no better than she is, while the Baker explains to Jack his
inability to say what is really morally correct ("No One Is Alone").
The four remaining characters slay the Giant, and each of the previously deceased characters (save the Princes, the
Steward, and the Royal Family) returns to describe the lesson they learned. The survivors plan to rebuild their lives
together, and The Baker's Wife returns (in the form of a spirit) to give her husband one final lesson: Tell their child
the story of the Woods; actions have consequences — even for future generations. The Baker begins to tell the story
as the Witch appears, with the final moral: Be careful what you pass on to your children ("Children Will Listen").
All join in on a last reprise of the title song, surmising that we all must venture Into the Woods, but never to forget
the past ("Finale"). Cinderella ends with: "I wish..."
Productions
Original Broadway production
Into the Woods premiered at the Old Globe Theatre in San Diego, California, on December 4, 1986 and ran for 50
performances under the direction of James Lapine.
[3]
The majority of the performers from that production appeared
in the Broadway cast but John Cunningham, who played the Narrator, Wolf and Steward and George Coe, as the
Mysterious Man and Cinderella's Father were replaced by Tom Aldredge, who played the Narrator and Mysterious
Man. Kenneth Marshall as Cinderella's Prince was replaced by Robert Westenberg, LuAnne Ponce, who played
Little Red Ridinghood, was replaced by Danielle Ferland, Ellen Foley, the Witch, was replaced by Bernadette Peters.
Kay McClelland, who played both Rapunzel and the Stepsister Florinda, stayed with the cast but only played
Florinda, Rapunzel being played by Pamela Winslow.
The musical opened on Broadway at the Martin Beck Theatre on November 5, 1987, and closed on September 3,
1989 after 764 performances. It starred Bernadette Peters, Joanna Gleason, Chip Zien, Kim Crosby, Ben Wright,
Danielle Ferland, Chuck Wagner, Merle Louise, Tom Aldredge, and Robert Westenberg. The musical was directed
by James Lapine, with musical staging by Lar Lubovitch, settings by Tony Straiges, lighting by Richard Nelson, and
costumes by Ann Hould-Ward (based on original concepts by Patricia Zipprodt and Ann Hould-Ward). The original
production won the 1988 New York Drama Critics' Circle Award and the Drama Desk Award for Best Musical, and
the original cast recording won a Grammy Award. The show was nominated for ten Tony Awards, and won three:
Best Score (Stephen Sondheim), Best Book (James Lapine) and Best Actress in a Musical (Joanna Gleason).
Peters left the show after almost five months due to a prior commitment to film the movie Slaves of New York.
[4]
The
Witch was then played by: Betsy Joslyn (from March 30, 1988);
[5]
Phylicia Rashād (from April 14, 1988); Betsy
Joslyn (from July 5, 1988); Nancy Dussault (from December 13, 1988);
[6]
and Ellen Foley (from August 1, 1989
until the closing).
[7]
Other cast replacements included Dick Cavett as the Narrator (as of July 19, 1988) (for a temporary engagement
after which Tom Aldredge returned), Edmund Lyndeck as the Mysterious Man, Patricia Ben Peterson as Cinderella,
LuAnne Ponce returning to the role of Little Red Ridinghood, Jeff Blumenkrantz as Jack, Marin Mazzie as Rapunzel
(as of March 7, 1989) and Kay McClelland, Lauren Mitchell, Cynthia Sikes and Mary Gordon Murray as the Baker's
Wife.
[7]
Into the Woods
247
In May 1989, the original cast (with the exception of Jean Louisa Kelly in the minor role of Snow White) reunited
for one performance, which was filmed and broadcast on U.S. public television on March 20, 1991. This version
(which featured pick-ups shot in an empty theater) has since been released on DVD.
[8]
Tenth Anniversary benefit performances of this production were held on November 9, 1997 at The Broadway
Theatre (New York), with most of original cast.
[9]
Original cast understudies Chuck Wagner and Jeff Blumenkrantz
played Cinderella's Prince/Wolf and The Steward in place of Robert Westenburg and Philip Hoffmann and Jonathan
Dokuchitz (who joined the broadway production as an understudy in 1989) played Rapunzel's Prince in place of Mr.
Wagner. This concert featured the duet "Our Little World," written for the first London production of the show.
1988 US tour
A United States tour began on November 22, 1988 with Cleo Laine playing the Witch, replaced by Betsy Joslyn in
May 1989. Rex Robbins played the Narrator and Mysterious Man, Charlotte Rae played Jack's Mother, and the
Princes were played by Chuck Wagner and Douglas Sills. The 10-month tour
[10]
played cities around the country,
such as Fort Lauderdale, Florida, Los Angeles, and Atlanta.
[11][12]
The tour ran at the John F. Kennedy Center for
the Performing Arts from June 1989 to July 16, 1989, with the reviewer for The Washington Post writing: "his lovely
score -- poised between melody and dissonance -- is the perfect measure of our tenuous condition. The songs
invariably follow the characters' thinking patterns, as they weigh their options and digest their experience. Needless
to say, that doesn't make for traditional show-stoppers. But it does make for vivacity of another kind. And
Sondheim's lyrics...are brilliant.... I think you'll find these cast members alert and engaging."
[13]
Original London production
The original West End production opened on September 25, 1990 at the Phoenix Theatre and closed on February 23,
1991 after 197 performances. It was directed by Richard Jones, and produced by David Mirvish, with choreography
by Anthony Van Laast, costumes by Sue Blane and orchestrations by Jonathan Tunick. The cast featured Julia
McKenzie as the Witch, Ian Bartholomew as the Baker, Imelda Staunton as the Baker's Wife and Clive Carter as the
Wolf/Cinderella's Prince. The show received seven Olivier Award nominations in 1991, winning for Best Actress in
a Musical (Staunton) and Best Director of a Musical (Jones).
Some story aspects and one song that were cut from the original production were added to the London production.
The song "Our Little World" was added.
[14]
This song was a duet sung between the Witch and Rapunzel giving
further insight into the care the Witch has for her self-proclaimed daughter and the desire Rapunzel has to see the
world outside of her tower. The overall feel of the show was a lot darker to that of the original Broadway production.
Critic Michael Billington wrote "But the evening's triumph belongs also to director Richard Jones, set designer
Richard Hudson and costume designer Sue Blane who evoke exactly the right mood of haunted theatricality.
Old-fashioned footlights give the faces a sinister glow. The woods themselves are a semi-circular, black-and-silver
screen punctuated with nine doors and a crazy clock: they achieve exactly the 'agreeable terror' of Gustave Dore's
children's illustrations. And the effects are terrific: doors open to reveal the rotating magnified eyeball or the
admonitory finger of the predatory giant."
[15]
1998 London revival
A new intimate production of the show opened (billed as the first London revival) at the Donmar Warehouse on 16
November 1998, closing on 13 February 1999. This revival was directed by John Crowley and designed by his
brother, Bob Crowley. The cast included Clare Burt as the Witch, Nick Holder as the Baker, Sophie Thompson as
the Baker's Wife, Jenna Russell as Cinderella, Sheridan Smith as Little Red Ridinghood and Frank Middlemass as
the Narrator/Mysterious Man.
[16]
Russell later appeared as the Baker's Wife in the 2010 Regent's Park production.
Thompson won the 1999 Olivier Award for Best Actress in a Musical for her performance, while the production
itself was nominated for Outstanding Musical Production.
Into the Woods
248
2002 Broadway revival
A revival opened at the Ahmanson Theatre in Los Angeles, running from February 1, 2002 to March 24, 2002. This
production was directed and choreographed, with the same principal cast, which later ran on Broadway.
[17]
The 2002 Broadway revival, directed by James Lapine and choreographed by John Carrafa, began previews on April
13, 2002 and opened April 30, 2002 at the Broadhurst Theatre, closing on December 29 after a run of 18 previews
and 279 regular performances. It starred Vanessa L. Williams as the Witch, John McMartin as the Narrator, Stephen
DeRosa as the Baker, Kerry O'Malley as the Baker's Wife, Gregg Edelman as Cinderella's Prince/Wolf, Christopher
Sieber as Rapunzel's Prince/Wolf, Molly Ephraim as Little Red Ridinghood, Adam Wylie as Jack and Laura Benanti
as Cinderella. Judi Dench provided the pre-recorded voice of the Giant.
Lapine revised the script slightly for this production, with a cameo appearance of the Three Little Pigs restored from
the earlier San Diego production.
[18][19][20]
Other changes, apart from numerous small dialogue changes, included
the addition of the song "Our Little World," a duet for the Witch and Rapunzel written for the first London
production, the addition of a second wolf in the song "Hello Little Girl" who competes for Little Red's attention with
the first Wolf, the portrayal of Jack's cow by a live performer (Chad Kimball) in an intricate costume and new lyrics
were written for "The Last Midnight," now sung by the Witch as a menacing lullaby to the Baker's baby.
[20]
The revival won the Tony Awards for the Best Revival of a Musical and Best Lighting Design.
[21]
This Broadway
revival wardrobe is on display at the Costume World Broadway Collection in South Florida.
London Royal Opera House, 2007
A revival at the Royal Opera House's Linbury Studio in Covent Garden had a limited run from June 14 through June
30, 2007 followed by a short stint at The Lowry theatre, Salford Quays, Manchester between 4–7 July. The
production mixed Opera singers, Musical Theatre actors as well as Film and television actors; including Anne Reid
as Jack's Mother and Gary Waldhorn as the Narrator. The production itself, directed by Will Tuckett, was met with
mixed reviews; although there were clear stand out performances.
[22][23][24]
The production completey sold out three weeks before opening. As this was an 'Opera' production, the show and its
performers were overlooked for the 'Musical' nominations in the 2008 Olivier Awards. This production featured
Suzie Toase (Little Red), Peter Caulfield (Jack), Beverley Klein (Witch), Anna Francolini (Baker's Wife), Clive
Rowe (Baker), Nicholas Garrett (wolf) and Lara Pulver (Lucinda). This was the second Sondheim musical to be
staged by the Opera House, following 2003's Sweeney Todd.
Regent's Park Open Air Theatre, 2010
The Olivier Award winning Regent’s Park Open Air Theatre production, directed by Timothy Sheader and
choreographed by Liam Steel, ran for a six week limited season from 6 August to 11 September 2010. The cast
included Hannah Waddingham as the Witch, Jenna Russell as the Baker’s wife, Helen Dallimore as Cinderella, and
Judi Dench as the recorded voice of the Giant. Gareth Valentine was the Musical Director.
[25]
The musical was
performed outdoors in a wooded area. Whilst the book remained mostly unchanged, the subtext of the plot was
dramatically altered by casting the role of the Narrator as a young school boy lost in the woods following a family
argument – a device used to further illustrate the musical’s themes of parenting and adolescence.
Into the Woods
249
The Regent's Park Open Air Theatre Production,
with Beverly Rudd as Little Red Ridinghood
The production opened to wide critical acclaim, much of the press
commenting on the effectiveness of the open air setting. The Telegraph
reviewer, for example, wrote: "It is an inspired idea to stage this show
in the magical, sylvan surroundings of Regent’s Park, and designer
Soutra Gilmour has come up with a marvellously rickety, adventure
playground of a set, all ladders, stairs and elevated walkways, with
Rapunzel discovered high up in a tree."
[26]
The New York Times
reviewer commented: "The natural environment makes for something
genuinely haunting and mysterious as night falls on the audience..."
[27]
Stephen Sondheim attended twice, reportedly extremely pleased with
the production. The production also won the Laurence Olivier Award for Best Musical Revival and Michael Xavier,
who played Cinderella's Prince and the Wolf, was nominated for the Laurence Olivier Award for Best Performance
in a Supporting Role in a Musical.
The production was recorded in its entirety and released for public download through Digital Theatre, an online
video production company.
[28]
Public Theater, New York, 2012
The Regent's Park Open Air Theatre production transferred to the Public Theater's 2012 summer series at the
Delacorte Theater in Central Park, New York, with an American cast as well as new designers.
[29]
Sheader again is
the director and Steel serves as co-director and choreographer. Performances were originally to run from July 24
(delayed from July 23 due to the weather) to August 25, 2012, but the show was extended till September 1, 2012.
[30]
The cast includes Amy Adams as The Baker's Wife, Donna Murphy as The Witch, Denis O'Hare as The Baker, Chip
Zien as the Mysterious Man/Cinderella's Father, Jack Broderick as the young Narrator, Gideon Glick as Jack, Cooper
Grodin as Rapunzel’s Prince, Ivan Hernandez as Cinderella’s Prince/Wolf, Tina Johnson as Granny, Josh Lamon as
the Steward, Jessie Mueller as Cinderella, Laura Shoop as Cinderella’s Mother, Tess Soltau as Rapunzel and Glenn
Close as the Voice of the Giant. The set is a "collaboration between original Open Air Theatre designer Soutra
Gilmour and...John Lee Beatty, [and] rises over 50 feet in the air, with a series of tree-covered catwalks and
pathways."
[31]
The production was dedicated to Nora Ephron, who died earlier in 2012. In February 2012 and in
May 2012, reports of a possible Broadway transfer surfaced with the production's principal actors in negotiations to
reprise their roles.
[32][33][34]
In January 2013, it was announced that the production will not transfer to Broadway due
to scheduling conflicts.
[35]
Other productions
1993 Sydney Theatre Company production
This production played from 19 March 1993 to 5 June 1993 at the Drama Theatre, Sydney Opera House. It starred
Judi Connelli, Geraldine Turner, Tony Sheldon, Philip Quast, Sharon Millerchip, Pippa Grandison, Simon Chilvers
and DJ Foster.
[36]
1994 Watershed Theatre production
This production played from 18 November 1994 to 23 December 1993 at the Watershed Theatre, Auckland. It
starred Suzanne Lee, Kevin Smith, Miranda Harcourt, and Sophia Hawthorne
1998 Melbourne Theatre Company production
This production played from 17 January 1998 to 21 February 1998 at the Playhouse, Victorian Arts Centre. It starred
Rhonda Burchmore, John McTernan, Gina Riley, Lisa McCune, Peter Carroll, Anthony Weigh, Tamsin Carroll and
Robert Grubb.
[37][38]
2007 Catalan production
Into the Woods
250
Boscos endins was the Catalan adaptation by Joan Vives with the collaboration of Joan Lluís Bozzo. It was first
presented by the Theatre Company Dagoll Dagom in Girona at the Festival Temporada Alta on November 22, 2007,
and in January it was held at Teatre Victòria, in Avinguda del Paral·lel, Barcelona.
[39]
2009/10 London Production
In December 2009 the show was presented at the Bloomsbury Theatre London by the UCLU Musical Theatre
Society in a brand new production. Produced by Alicia Bennett and directed by Dom O'Hanlon the show was
personally supported by Stephen Sondheim and praised for its new interpretation. The production was selected to be
performed as part of the Sunday Times National Student Drama Festival 2010 in Scarborough, featuring the original
cast and orchestra at the Spa Theatre, Scarborough in April 2010.
[40]
2011 Singapore production
The 2011 Singapore production presented by Dream Academy ran from 29 July to 7 August 2011.
[41]
Directed by
Glen Goei, it featured Ria Jones (Witch), Adrian Pang (Baker), Selena Tan (Baker's Wife), Sebastian Tan (Jack),
Emma Yong (Cinderella), Denise Tan (Little Red Riding Hood) and Lim Kay Siu (narrator)
2011 Santa Ana production
The Mysterium Theater presented the production directed by Marla Ladd ran from August 18 to September 24.
[42]
2012 Baltimore and Connecticut production
Directed by Mark Lamos, Center Stage (in a co-production with Westport Country Playhouse in Westport,
Connecticut) in Baltimore, Maryland presented Into the Woods, running from March 7 to April 15, 2012. The cast
included Danielle Ferland as the Baker's wife, Jeffry Denman as the Narrator, Jenny Latimer as Cinderella, Justin
Scott Brown as Jack, Erik Liberman as the Baker, Dana Steingold as Little Red Ridinghood, Nik Walker as
Wolf/Cinderella's Prince, and Lauren Kennedy as the Witch.
[43]
The production transferred to Westport Country
Playhouse for a run lasting from May 1 to May 25, 2012.
[44]
Adaptations
Junior version
The musical has been adapted into a child-friendly version for use by schools, with the second act completely
removed, as well as certain elements from the first. The show is shortened from the original 3-plus hours to fit in a
60 to 80 minute range, and the music transposed into keys that more easily fit young voices.
[45]
Film
In October 1994, a reading of a screenplay (written by Lowell Ganz and Babaloo Mandel) was held at the home of
director Penny Marshall, with a cast that included Robin Williams as The Baker, Goldie Hawn as The Baker's Wife,
Cher as The Witch, Danny DeVito as The Giant, Steve Martin as The Wolf,
[46]
and Roseanne Barr as Jack's Mother.
In late 1995, Daily Variety reported that Jim Henson Prods. and Storyline Entertainment would be producing the
movie, with director Rob Minkoff. In January 1997, Daily Variety reported that the projected film was put in
"turnaround" by Columbia Pictures, still with director Rob Minkoff; that two new songs were written by Sondheim
for the film; and that Billy Crystal, Meg Ryan and Susan Sarandon were in talks to star.
[47]
However, information
about Storyline's upcoming projects no longer counts the film among them (as of 2007).
[48][49]
In January 2012, it was reported that Rob Marshall has signed on to direct a film adaptation of the musical for Walt
Disney Pictures, with James Lapine writing the script and Stephen Sondheim "expected" to write new songs.
[50]
A reading of the updated screenplay took place in October 2012, with Nina Arianda as the Baker's Wife, Victoria
Clark as Cinderella's Mother/Granny/Giant, James Corden as the Baker, Donna Murphy as the Witch, Christine
Baranski as Cinderella's Stepmother, Tammy Blanchard as Florinda, Ivan Hernandez as the Wolf, Megan Hilty as
Lucinda, Cheyenne Jackson as Rapunzel's Prince, Allison Janney as Jack's Mother, Anna Kendrick as Cinderella,
Into the Woods
251
Michael McGrath as Steward/Mysterious Man, Laura Osnes as Rapunzel, Taylor Trensch as Jack, Casey Whyland as
Little Red Riding Hood, and Patrick Wilson as Cinderella's Prince. The reading was directed by Rob Marshall.
[51]
Reports also surfaced during that month and in January 2013 that Meryl Streep had been confirmed to play the
Witch.
[52][53][54][55]
During the latter month, it was reported that Janney had been confirmed to join the film as
well.
[56]
Casting history
The principal casts of notable productions of Into the Woods
Role Original
Broadway
production
1987
First US
National Tour
1988
London
production
1990
Broadway
revival
2002
London
revival
2007
Regent's Park
Open Air
Theatre
production
2010
[57]
2012 Public Theater
Shakespeare in the
Park production
[31]
Narrator Tom Aldredge Rex Robbins Nicholas
Parsons
John McMartin Gary
Waldhorn
Eddie Manning,
Ethan Beer,
Joshua Swinney
Jack Broderick
Cinderella Kim Crosby Kathleen Rowe
McAllen
Jacqui
Dankworth
Laura Benanti Gillian
Kirkpatrick
Helen Dallimore Jessie Mueller
Jack Ben Wright Robert Duncan
McNeill
Richard
Dempsey
Adam Wylie Peter
Caulfield
Ben Stott Gideon Glick
Baker Chip Zien Ray Gill Ian
Bartholomew
Stephen
DeRosa
Clive Rowe Mark Hadfield Denis O'Hare
Baker's Wife Joanna Gleason Mary Gordon
Murray
Imelda
Staunton
Kerry O'Malley Anna
Francolini
Jenna Russell Amy Adams
Cinderella's
Stepmother
Joy Franz Jo Ann
Cunningham
Ann Howard Pamela Myers Elizabeth
Brice
Gaye Brown Ellen Harvey
Florinda Kay McClelland Susan
Gordon-Clark
Elizabeth
Brice
Tracy Nicole
Chapman
Louise
Bowden
Amy Ellen
Richardson
Bethany Moore
Lucinda Lauren Mitchell Danette
Cuming
Liza Sadovy Amanda
Naughton
Lara Pulver Amy Griffiths Jennifer Rias
Jack's Mother Barbara Bryne Charlotte Rae Patsy
Rowlands
Marylouise
Burke
Anne Reid Marilyn Cutts Kristine Zbornik
Little Red
Ridinghood
Danielle Ferland Tracy Katz Tessa
Burbridge
Molly Ephraim Suzie Toase Beverly Rudd Sarah Stiles
Witch Bernadette Peters Cleo Laine Julia
McKenzie
Vanessa L.
Williams
Beverly
Klein
Hannah
Waddingham
Donna Murphy
Cinderella's
Father
Edmund Lyndeck Don Crosby John Rogan Dennis Kelly Martin
Nelson
Chip Zien
Cinderella's
Mother
Merle Louise Nora Mae Lyng
Eunice
Gayson
[58]
Laura
Benanti
[59]
Gemma
Wardle
Gemma Wardle Laura Shoop
Mysterious
Man
Tom Aldredge Rex Robbins John Rogan John McMartin Martin
Nelson
Billy Boyle Chip Zien
Wolf Robert
Westenberg
Chuck Wagner Clive Carter Gregg Edelman
&
Christopher
Sieber
Nicholas
Garrett
Michael Xavier Ivan Hernandez
Into the Woods
252
Rapunzel Pamela Winslow Marguerite
Lowell
Mary Lincoln Melissa Dye Christina
Haldane
Alice Fearn Tess Soltau
Rapunzel's
Prince
Chuck Wagner Douglas Sills Mark Tinkler Christopher
Sieber
Nic
Greenshields
Simon Thomas Cooper Grodin
Grandmother Merle Louise Nora Mae Lyng Eunice
Gayson
Pamela Myers Linda
Hibberd
Valda Aviks Tina Johnson
Cinderella's
Prince
Robert
Westenberg
Chuck Wagner Clive Carter Gregg Edelman Nicholas
Garrett
Michael Xavier Ivan Hernandez
Steward Philip Hoffman Marcus Olson Peter Ledbury Trent Armand
Kendall
Byron
Watson
Mark Goldthorp Josh Lamon
Giant Merle Louise Nora Mae Lyng Eunice
Gayson
Judi Dench
(Pre-recorded
voice)
Linda
Hibberd
Judi Dench
(pre-recorded
voice)
[60]
Glenn Close
(Pre-recorded
voice)
[61]
Snow White Jean Kelly (Cindy
Robinson - in
1991 PBS
Television
Version)
Megan Kelly Sophie Caton Victoria Cook
Sleeping
Beauty
Maureen Davis Kate Arneil Tess Soltau
Milky White Chad Kimball Victoria Cook/Eric R.
Williams/Johnny
Newcomb/Laura
Shoop
Woodsman Marc Antolin Johnny Newcomb
Harp Sophie Caton Victoria Cook
Hansel Eric R. Williams
Gretel Victoria Cook
Into the Woods
253
Musical numbers
Act I
• "Act One Prologue" – Narrator, and Company (the Act One
Prologue is divided into nine parts which are often viewed as
individual songs)
• "Cinderella at the Grave" – Cinderella, Cinderella's Mother
• "Hello, Little Girl" – Wolf and Little Red Ridinghood (with second
wolf and the three little pigs in 2002 revival)
• "The Spell is On My House" (Reprise) – Baker and Baker's Wife
• "I Guess This is Goodbye" – Jack
• "Maybe They're Magic" – Baker and Baker's Wife
• "Our Little World" – Witch and Rapunzel (added during the original
London production)
• "Maybe They're Magic" (Reprise) – Baker
• "I Know Things Now" – Little Red Ridinghood
• "A Very Nice Prince" – Cinderella and Baker's Wife
• "First Midnight" – Company
• "Giants in the Sky" – Jack
• "Agony" – Cinderella's Prince and Rapunzel's Prince
• "A Very Nice Prince" (Reprise) – Cinderella and Baker's Wife
• "It Takes Two" – Baker and Baker's Wife
• "Second Midnight" – Company
• "Stay with Me" – Rapunzel and Witch
• "On the Steps of the Palace" – Cinderella (with Jack and Little Red
Ridinghood in 2002 revival)
• "Act One Finale" – Company (the Act One Finale is divided into
four parts which are often viewed as individual songs)
Act II
• "Act Two Prologue" – Narrator and Company (the Act Two
Prologue is divided into nine parts which are often viewed as
individual songs)
• "Agony" (Reprise) – Cinderella's Prince and Rapunzel's Prince
• "Witch's Lament" – Witch
• "Any Moment (Part 1)" – Cinderella's Prince and Baker's Wife
• "Any Moment (Part 2)" – Cinderella's Prince and Baker's Wife
• "Moments in the Woods" – Baker's Wife
• "Your Fault" – Jack, Baker, Cinderella, Little Red Ridinghood and
Witch
• "Last Midnight" – Witch
• "No More" – Baker and Mysterious Man
• "No One is Alone (Part 1)" – Cinderella and Little Red Ridinghood
• "No One is Alone (Part 2)" – Cinderella, Baker, Little Red
Ridinghood and Jack
• "Act Two Finale" – Company (the finale is divided into four parts
which are often viewed as individual songs)
Analysis of book and music
In most productions of Into the Woods, including the original Broadway production, several parts are doubled.
Cinderella's Prince and the Wolf, who share the characteristic of being unable to control their appetites, are played
by the same actor. Similarly, the Narrator and the Mysterious Man, who share the characteristic of commenting on
the story while avoiding any personal involvement or responsibility. Granny and Cinderella's Mother, whose
characters are both matriarchal characters in the story, are also typically played by the same person, who also gives
voice to the nurturing but later murderous Giant's Wife.
The show covers multiple themes: growing up, parents and children, accepting responsibility, morality, and finally,
wish fulfillment and its consequences.
[62]
The Time Magazine reviewers wrote that the play's "basic insight ... is at
heart, most fairy tales are about the loving yet embattled relationship between parents and children. Almost
everything that goes wrong — which is to say, almost everything that can — arises from a failure of parental or filial
duty, despite the best intentions."
[63]
Stephen Holden wrote that the themes of the show include parent-child
relationships and the individual's responsibility to the community. The witch isn't just a scowling old hag, but a key
symbol of moral ambivalence. James Lapine said that the most unpleasant person (the Witch) would have the truest
things to say and the "nicer" people would be less honest.
[64]
In the Witch's words: "I'm not good; I'm not nice; I'm
just right."
The score is also notable in Sondheim's output, because of its intricate reworking and development of small musical
motifs. In particular, the opening words, "I wish", are set to the interval of a rising major second and this small unit is
both repeated and developed throughout the show, just as Lapine's book explores the consequences of self-interest
and "wishing." The dialogue in the show is characterized by the heavy use of syncopated speech. In many instances,
the characters' lines are delivered with a fixed beat that follows natural speech rhythms, but is also purposely
composed in eighth, sixteenth, and quarter note rhythms as part of a spoken song. Like many Sondheim/Lapine
Into the Woods
254
productions, the songs contain thought-process narrative, where characters converse or think aloud.
Sondheim drew on parts of his troubled childhood when writing the show. In 1987, he told Time Magazine that the
"father uncomfortable with babies [was] his father, and [the] mother who regrets having had children [was] his
mother."
[65]
Awards and nominations
Original Broadway production
Year Award Category Nominee Result
1988 Tony Award Best Musical Nominated
Best Original Score Stephen Sondheim Won
Best Book of a Musical James Lapine Won
Best Direction of a Musical Nominated
Best Performance by a Leading Actress in a Musical Joanna Gleason Won
Best Performance by a Featured Actor in a Musical Robert Westenberg Nominated
Best Choreography Lar Lubovitch Nominated
Best Scenic Design Tony Straiges Nominated
Best Costume Design Ann Hould-Ward Nominated
Best Lighting Design Richard Nelson Nominated
Drama Desk Award Outstanding Musical Won
Outstanding Music Stephen Sondheim Nominated
Outstanding Lyrics Won
Outstanding Book of a Musical James Lapine Won
Outstanding Director of a Musical Nominated
Outstanding Actress in a Musical Bernadette Peters Nominated
Outstanding Featured Actor in a Musical Robert Westenberg Nominated
Outstanding Featured Actress in a Musical Joanna Gleason Won
Danielle Ferland Nominated
Outstanding Set Design Tony Straiges Nominated
Outstanding Costume Design Ann Hould-Ward Nominated
Outstanding Lighting Design Richard Nelson Nominated
Outstanding Orchestrations Jonathan Tunick Nominated
Original London production
Into the Woods
255
Year Award Category Nominee Result
1991 Laurence Olivier Award Best New Musical Nominated
Best Director of a Musical Richard Jones Won
Best Actor in a Musical Ian Bartholomew Nominated
Best Actress in a Musical Imelda Staunton Won
Julia McKenzie Nominated
Best Performance in a Supporting Role in a Musical Clive Carter Nominated
Best Costume Design Sue Blane Nominated
1999 London revival
Year Award Category Nominee Result
1999 Laurence Olivier Award Outstanding Musical Production Nominated
Best Actress in a Musical Sophie Thompson Won
2002 Broadway revival
Year Award Category Nominee Result
2002 Tony Award Best Revival of a Musical Won
Best Performance by a Leading Actor in a Musical John McMartin Nominated
Best Performance by a Leading Actress in a Musical Vanessa L. Williams Nominated
Best Performance by a Featured Actor in a Musical Greg Edelman Nominated
Best Performance by a Featured Actress in a Musical Laura Benanti Nominated
Best Direction of a Musical James Lapine Nominated
Best Choreography John Carrafa Nominated
Best Scenic Design Douglas W. Schmidt Nominated
Best Costume Design Susan Hilferty Nominated
Best Lighting Design Brian MacDevitt Won
Drama Desk Award Outstanding Revival of a Musical Won
Outstanding Actress in a Musical Laura Benanti Nominated
Vanessa L. Williams Nominated
Outstanding Featured Actor in a Musical Greg Edelman Nominated
Outstanding Featured Actress in a Musical Kerry O'Malley Nominated
Outstanding Director of a Musical James Lapine Nominated
Outstanding Set Design Douglas W. Schmidt Won
Outstanding Costume Design Susan Hilferty Nominated
Outstanding Sound Design Dan Moses Schreier Won
Into the Woods
256
2010 London revival
Year Award Category Nominee Result
2011 Laurence Olivier Award Best Musical Revival Won
Best Performance in a Supporting Role in a Musical Michael Xavier Nominated
References
[1] Hutchins, Michael H. (October 14, 2010). "Into the Woods" (http:/ / www. sondheimguide.com/ woods. html). The Stephen Sondheim
Reference Guide. . Retrieved January 11, 2012.
[2] [2] The Sondheim score and Lapine book differs from the Brothers Grimm tale by rendering "Riding Hood" as "Ridinghood"
[3] "Into the Woods' listing, Old Globe Theatre, 1986 (http:/ / www. sondheimguide.com/woods. html#Globe) SondheimGuide.com, retrieved
April 17, 2010
[4] "Bernadette Peters is leaving Into the Woods as of March 30 to make the movie 'Slaves of New York'..." Nemy, Enid. "On Stage", The New
York Times, March 11, 1988, Section C; Page 2
[5] "Phylicia Rashad is to replace Bernadette Peters in the role of the Witch...[Rashad] will take over the Broadway role in mid-April. Until then,
the Witch is being played by Betsy Joslyn." "Phylicia Rashad Joining Cast of 'Into the Woods'", The New York Times, p.C18, March 30, 1988
(no author)
[6] Guernsey, Otis L. "'Into the Woods' Listing" (http:/ / books. google.com/ books?id=LoMrnezE8D8C& dq="Betsy+ Joslyn"& q="Betsy+
Joslin"#v=onepage&q="Betsy Joslin"& f=false), The Best Plays of 1988-1989, Hal Leonard Corporation, 1989, ISBN 1557830568, p.462
[7] "Cast Replacements-Witch" (http:/ / www. sondheimguide. com/ woods. html#BWP), SondheimGuide.com, accessed August 2, 2012
[8] "1991 Television Version" (http:/ / www. sondheimguide. com/ woods.html#TV) SondheimGuide.com, accessed March 19, 2012
[9] "Concert, Tenth Anniversary" (http:/ / www. sondheimguide. com/ concerts2.html#1997Woods) SondheimGuide.com
[10] Green, Stanley and Green, Kay. "'Into the Woods'" (http:/ /books. google. com/ books?id=KDKFHniTy1YC& dq="Cleo+ Laine"+ "Into+
the+ Woods"& q="Cleo+ Laine"#v=snippet& q="Cleo Laine"& f=false), Broadway Musicals, Show by Show(5ed), Hal Leonard Corporation,
1996, ISBN 0793577500, p. 277
[11] Hutchins, Michael H. (October 14, 2010). "Into the Woods, 1988 National Touring Company" (http:// www. sondheimguide. com/ woods.
html#NTC). The Stephen Sondheim Reference Guide. . Retrieved January 11, 2012.
[12] Stearns, David Patrick. USA Today, January 26, 1989, p.4D
[13] Richards, David. "Woods' of enchantment;At the Opera House, Sondlheim's Bittersweet Turn on Happily Ever After", The Washington Post,
June 24, 1989, p.B1
[14] "1990 London Production" (http:// www. sondheimguide. com/ woods.html#LP) SondheimGuide.com, accessed March 26, 2011
[15] Billington, Michael. "Arts: In the thickets of thought - Michael Billington sings the praises of Sondheim and Lapine's fairy tale attempt to
push the musical into new and daring directions", The Guardian (London), September 27, 1990 (no page number)
[16] "Archive Page for 'Into the Woods'" (http:/ / www. albemarle-london.com/ Archive/ArchiveShow.php?Show_Name=Into The Woods),
Albemarle of London
[17] "2002 Los Angeles Production" (http:/ / www. sondheimguide. com/ woods. html) sondheimguide.com, accessed July 1, 2011
[18] Reviving the Woods (2002)" (http:/ / www. sondheim. com/ news/ reviving_the_woods.html) sondheim.com, accessed March 26, 2011
[19] O'Haire, Patricia. "'Woods' Path Takes New Twists" (http:/ / www. nydailynews.com/ archives/ entertainment/2002/ 01/ 09/
2002-01-09__woods__path_takes_new_twists.html)New York Daily News, January 9, 2002
[20] Pressley, Nelson. "A Spruced-Up 'Into the Woods' Grows on Broadway", The Washington Post, May 1, 2002, p. C1
[21] "2002 revival production information" (http:// www. sondheimguide. com/ woods.html#2002BW) sondheimguide.com
[22] Cavendish, Dominic (June 21, 2007). "Beyond the happy-ever-after" (http:/ / www. telegraph.co. uk/ culture/ theatre/drama/ 3665992/
Beyond-the-happy-ever-after.html). The Telegraph (London). . Retrieved January 12, 2012.
[23] Hall, George (June 20, 2007). "Into the Woods" (http:// www.thestage. co.uk/ reviews/ review.php/ 17233/ into-the-woods). The Stage
(London). . Retrieved January 12, 2012.
[24] Billington, Michael (June 20, 2007). "Into the Woods" (http:/ / arts. guardian.co. uk/ theatre/ drama/reviews/ story/ 0,,2106977,00.html).
The Guardian (London). . Retrieved May 5, 2010.
[25] Shenton, Mark. "New London Production of Into the Woods Opens at Open Air Theatre, Regent's Park Aug. 16" (http:/ / www. playbill.
com/ news/ article/142088-New-London-Production-of-Into-the-Woods-Opens-at-Open-Air-Theatre-Regents-Park-Aug-16) Playbill.com,
August 16, 2010
[26] Spencer, Charles. "'Into the Woods', Open Air Theatre, Regent’s Park, review" (http:/ / www. telegraph. co.uk/ culture/theatre/
theatre-reviews/ 7950065/ Into-the-Woods-Open-Air-Theatre-Regents-Park-review.html) telegraph.co.uk, 17 August 2010
[27] Wolf, Matt. "Playing Sondheim in the Woods" (http:/ / www. nytimes.com/2010/08/ 25/ arts/ 25iht-lon25.html) The New York Times,
August 24, 2010
[28] Into theWoods (http:/ / www. digitaltheatre.com/production/details/ into-the-woods) digitaltheatre.com
Into the Woods
257
[29] "Official: 'Into the Woods' & 'As You Like It' Set for Shakespeare in the Park; Lily Rabe Set for 'Rosalind'" (http:// broadwayworld.com/
article/ Official-INTO-THE-WOODS-AS-YOU-LIKE-IT-Set-for-Shakespeare-in-the-Park-Lily-Rabe-Set-for-Rosalind-20120126)
broadwayworld.com, January 26, 2012
[30] "Into The Woods, Starring Amy Adams, Denis O'Hare & Donna Murphy, Extends Central Park Run" (http:// www. broadway.com/ buzz/
163302/into-the-woods-starring-amy-adams-denis-ohare-donna-murphy-extends-central-park-run/) broadway.com, August 7, 2012
[31] Hetrick, Adam (July 23, 2012). ""Once Upon a Time": Into the Woods, With Chip Zien, Donna Murphy, Denis O'Hare and Amy Adams,
Begins July 23 in Central Park" (http:// www. playbill. com/ news/ article/
168255-Once-Upon-a-Time-Into-the-Woods-With-Chip-Zien-Donna-Murphy-Denis-OHare-and-Amy-Adams-Begins-July-23-in-Central-Park).
playbill.com. . Retrieved July 23, 2012.
[32] "Central Park 'Into The Woods' Already Considering Broadway?" (http:/ / broadwayworld.com/ article/
Central-Park-INTO-THE-WOODS-Already-Considering-Broadway-20120222), Broadwayworld.com, February 22, 2012
[33] "The Public ‘plays’ it safe" (http:/ / www. nypost. com/ p/ entertainment/ theater/the_public_plays_it_safe_43pnb9KEKNaW4lBB2vnNRL)
New York Post
[34] Hetrick, Adam. "Is Public Theater Considering Broadway Run of 'Into the Woods?'" (http:// www. playbill.com/ news/ article/16/
ref5893-Is-Public-Theater-Considering-Broadway-Run-of-Into-the-Woods), Playbill.com, May 11, 2012
[35] INTO THE WOODS Will Not Transfer to Broadway; THE SUNSHINE BOYS Delayed to 2013-14 Season (http:/ / broadwayworld.com/
article/ INTO-THE-WOODS-Will-Not-Transfer-to-Broadway-THE-SUNSHINE-BOYS-Delayed-to-2013-14-Season-20130106) Broadway
World, January 6, 2013
[36] Healey, Ken (and others). "Reviews, Sydney Theatre Company, Drama Theatre, Sydney Opera House" (http://capitan.tripod.com/ Woods.
html) The Sun-Herald, (and others) March 28, 1993
[37] Kemp, Peter. Roger Hodgman Unveils His Final Season at Melbourne Theatre Company" (http:// www5. playbill. com/ news/ article/
35190-Roger-Hodgman-Unveils-His-Final-Season-at-Melbourne-Theatre-Company), Playbill, September 30, 1997
[38] Burchmore, Rhonda and Howson, Frank. Into the Woods (http:/ / books. google.com/ books?id=oDB_it01ymMC& dq=Victorian+Arts+
Centre+ "Rhonda+ Burchmore"+"Into+ the+ Woods"& q="Into+the+ Woods"#v=snippet& q="Into the Woods"& f=false) Legs 11, New
Holland Publishers (AU), 2010, ISBN 1742570119, (page numbers unknown)
[39] 2007 Catalan production (http:/ / www. dagolldagom. com/ boscosendins/ ) dagolldagom.com
[40] (http:/ / www.ucl. ac. uk/ news/ news-articles/ 1003/ 10031401) ucl.ac.uk
[41] (http:// comesingapore. com/ events/ view/ 3484/ into-the-woods-musical) comesingapore.com
[42] Mysterium Theater (http:/ / www. mysteriumshop. com/ IntotheWoods.htm) mysteriumshop.com
[43] Hetrick, Adam. Into the Woods, With Danielle Ferland, Lauren Kennedy, Erik Liberman, Begins in Baltimore March 7" (http:// www.
playbill.com/ news/ article/160444-Into-the-Woods-With-Danielle-Ferland-Lauren-Kennedy-Erik-Liberman-Begins-in-Baltimore-March-7)
Playbill.com, March 7, 2012
[44] "Second Midnight: Into the Woods, With Danielle Ferland and Lauren Kennedy, Begins at Westport Playhouse May 1" (http:/ /www.
playbill. com/ news/ article/
165469-Second-Midnight-Into-the-Woods-With-Danielle-Ferland-and-Lauren-Kennedy-Begins-at-Westport-Playhouse-May-1) Playbill, 2012
[45] "Into the Woods Junior" (http:/ / www. mtishows. com/ show_home. asp?ID=000189). www.mtishows.com. Music Theatre International. .
[46] Cerasaro, Pat. "Stephen Sondheim Talks Past, Present & Future" (http:/ /broadwayworld.com/ article/
BWW_EXCLUSIVE_Stephen_Sondheim_Talks_Past_Present_Future_20101103_page2) broadwayworld.com, November 3, 2010
[47] Michael Fleming, January 23, 1997, Daily Variety (http:/ / www. variety.com/ article/VR1117433140. html?categoryid=3&cs=1&
query="Into+the+ Woods")
[48] Sondheim Guide / Unproduced Projects (http:// www. sondheimguide. com/ unproduced.html)
[49] Gans, Andrew; Simonson, Robert (August 6, 2007). "Zadan and Meron Projects Include Peter Pan TV Movie and New Stage Musical"
"Zadan and Meron Projects Include Peter Pan TV Movie and New Stage Musical" (http:/ / www. playbill.com/ news/ article/ 110095.html).
Playbill.com. "Zadan and Meron Projects Include Peter Pan TV Movie and New Stage Musical". Retrieved January 12, 2012.
[50] "Breaking News: Rob Marshall to Direct Into The Woods Film for Disney!" (http:/ / broadwayworld.com/ article/
Breaking-News-Rob-Marshall-to-Direct-INTO-THE-WOODS-Film-for-Disney-20120110). Broadwayworld.com. January 10, 2012. .
Retrieved January 11, 2012.
[51] Hetrick, Adam. "Nina Arianda, Victoria Clark, Patrick Wilson, Cheyenne Jackson, James Corden Part of 'Into the Woods' Film Reading"
(http:/ / www.playbill. com/ news/ article/
170672-Nina-Arianda-Victoria-Clark-Patrick-Wilson-Cheyenne-Jackson-James-Corden-Part-of-Into-the-Woods-Film-Reading) playbill.com,
October 2, 2012
[52] "BWW EXCLUSIVE: Starry INTO THE WOODS Reading Cast Revealed; Meryl Streep Expected to Join Film!" (http:/ / broadwayworld.
com/article/
BWW-EXCLUSIVE-Starry-INTO-THE-WOODS-Reading-Cast-Revealed-Meryl-Streep-Expected-to-Join-Film-20121002#sthash.
mR5Q6kPU.G4lxS5UQ. dpbs). BroadwayWorld.com. . Retrieved 6 October 2012.
[53] "SCOOP: Meryl Streep to Play the Witch in INTO THE WOODS Film; Arranger David Krane Confirms!" (http:/ /broadwayworld.com/
article/ SCOOP-Meryl-Streep-to-Play-the-Witch-in-INTO-THE-WOODS-Film-Arranger-David-Krane-Confirms-20130131).
BroadwayWorld.com. . Retrieved 31 January 2013.
Into the Woods
258
[54] "Roxbury Composer's Future: New Town, Working with Meryl Streep as a Witch" (http:// www. countytimes. com/ articles/ 2013/ 01/ 31/
entertainment/ doc510959d3e6ffa160222903.txt). Litchfield Country Times. . Retrieved 31 January 2013.
[55] "Meryl Streep Will Head Into The Woods With Rob Marshall" (http://www. cinemablend.com/ new/
Meryl-Streep-Head-Woods-With-Rob-Marshall-35460.html). Cinema Blenda. . Retrieved 1 February 2013.
[56] "The West Wing's Allison Janney To Play Anna Faris' Mom In Chuck Lorre's Comedy Pilot" (http:// www. cinemablend.com/ television/
West-Wing-Allison-Janney-Play-Anna-Faris-Mom-Chuck-Lorre-Comedy-Pilot-51915.html). . Retrieved 31 January 2013. "She was also
recently cast in the fairy-tale fantasy movie Into the Woods which is also rumored to have Meryl Streep on board."
[57] 'Into the Woods' Cast, 2010 (http:// openairtheatre.org/pl117cast. html) openairtheatre.org
[58] "1990 London Production Cast" (http:// www. sondheimguide. com/ woods. html). The Stephen Sondheim Reference Guide. pp. Into the
Woods. . Retrieved 2009-01-17.
[59] Playbill News: Cinderella and Her Mother: Benanti Does Double Duty in Into the Woods ; Prepares Solo CD (http:/ / www. playbill.com/
news/ article/67899. html)
[60] Stenton, Mark. "Judi Dench to Provide Voice of Giant in New London Production of 'Into the Woods'", (http:/ / www. playbill.com/ news/
article/140520-Judi-Dench-to-Provide-Voice-of-Giant-in-New-London-Production-of-Into-the-Woods) Playbill, June 18, 2010
[61] Hetrick, Adam. "Glenn Close Will Voice Giant for Shakespeare in the Park's Into the Woods", (http:// playbill.com/ news/ article/
168085-Glenn-Close-Will-Voice-Giant-for-Shakespeare-in-the-Parks-Into-the-Woods) Playbill, July 16, 2012
[62] Flatow, Sheryl. Liner Notes, Into the Woods CD, 1988, RCA Victor 6796-2-RC
[63] Henry, William A. and Bland, Elizabeth A. "Theater: Some Enchanted Evening 'Into The Woods'" (http:// www. time. com/ time/
magazine/article/ 0,9171,965986,00. html). Time Magazine (abstract, subscription required), November 16, 1987.
[64] Holden, Stephen. "A Fairy-Tale Musical Grows Up" (http:/ / www. nytimes.com/ books/ 98/ 07/ 19/ specials/ sondheim-tale.html). The
New York Times, November 1, 1987
[65] Henry, William A, III; Bland, Elizabeth L. (December 7, 1987). "Master of the Musical (subscription required, abstract)" (http:/ / www.
time.com/ time/ magazine/ article/ 0,9171,966141,00. html). Time Magazine. . Retrieved July 28, 2012.
External links
• Into the Woods (http:/ / www. ibdb. com/ show. asp?id=4753) at the Internet Broadway Database
• Libretto for Into the Woods (http:// theatre-musical.com/ intothewoods/ libretto.html)
• Into the Woods on The Stephen Sondheim Reference Guide (http:/ / www. sondheimguide. com/ woods. html)
• Illustrated Book of Into the Woods article (http:// sondheim. com/ features/ talbott.html), Sondheim.com (2004)
• Into The Woods Jr. information from MTI Shows (http:// www.mtishows. com/ show_home.asp?ID=000189)
• "Profile: Into the Woods" (http:/ / www. ovrtur.com/ show/ 119941), Ovrtur: International Database of Musicals
Jim Carter (actor)
259
Jim Carter (actor)
Jim Carter
Carter at GBK Emmy Luxury Gift Lounge, September 21, 2012
Born 19 August 1948
Harrogate, West Riding of Yorkshire, England, UK
Occupation Actor
Years active 1968-present
Spouse(s) Imelda Staunton (1983-present; 1 child)
Jim Carter (born 19 August 1948)
[1]
is an English actor.
Carter's film credits include Top Secret! (1984), A Month in the Country (1987), The Madness of King George
(1994), Richard III (1995), Brassed Off (1996), Shakespeare in Love (1998), The Little Vampire (2000), Ella
Enchanted (2004), and Detective Victor Getz in The Thief Lord (2006). He plays John Faa in The Golden Compass
(2007), the first film in the adaptation of the His Dark Materials trilogy, and also stars in House Of 9 (2005) as The
Watcher, and the executioner in "Alice in Wonderland".
[2]
His television credits include Lipstick on Your Collar (1993), Cracker, (1994), The Way We Live Now (2001), The
Singing Detective (1986), Arabian Nights (2000), The Chest (1997), Red Riding (2009), A Very British Coup (1988)
and the Hornblower episode "Duty" (2003) and in "Midsomer Murders" (2004) episode "The Fisher King" as Nathan
Green. He also plays Captain Brown in the five-part BBC series Cranford (2007) and Mayor Waldo in the US
miniseries Dinotopia (2002). He currently stars in Downton Abbey playing Mr Carson, a role that earned him a
nomination for a Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting Actor in a Drama Series (2010).
[2]
Early life
Carter was born in Harrogate, North Yorkshire, England. His father worked for the Air Ministry and his mother was
a land girl and later a school secretary.
[3]
Carter attended Ashville College, Harrogate, where he was head boy in his
final year, and the University of Sussex where he studied law and became a leading light of the fledgling Drama
Society, playing Sgt Musgrave in the first student production at the newly built Gardner Arts Centre theatre.
[4]
He
dropped out of university after two years to join a fringe theatre group in Brighton.
[1][3]
Jim Carter (actor)
260
Acting career
He began acting professionally in "the early 1970s".
[5]
When asked, "If you hadn't become an actor, what would you have done professionally?" he answered, "I wouldn't
have pursued law - I'd actually dropped out of law into English, I'd even changed my course. But when the offer
came from this fringe theatre group, the Brighton Combination, to leave university and join them for five quid a
week, it was like a door opening, and there wasn't a moment's hesitation. I walked through that door and never
looked back. I have never earned a penny from doing anything apart from acting. I have never had another job."
[6]
His first paid job for ₤5 a week with free board and lodging was in a play called Gum and Goo by Howard Brenton
for the Brighton Combination.
[7]
Howard Brenton's Gum and Goo was first produced by the Brighton Combination
(in Brighton) in 1969.
[8][9]
He appeared in Howard Brenton's Winter Daddykins in July 1968 for the Brighton Combination. It was directed by
Barry Edwards, and Carter performed with Fiona Baker and Lily Sue Todd.
[10][11]
This is probably the play referred
to in Jenny Harris' website that took place on 9 July 1968 in the Brighton Combination's cafe. Jenny Harris was one
of the initiators of the Brighton Combination.
[12]
Jim Carter mentioned her in one interview as one who started the
Brighton Combination. She was then head of the National Theatre's education department.
[13]
In 1970, he performed in the show Come Together at London's Royal Court Theatre together with the Brighton
Combination and the Ken Campbell Roadshow along with other theatre personalities and groups.
[14][15][16]
The
Royal Court's Come Together Festival was on the cover page of Plays and Players magazine issue of December
1970. Scenes from this festival are also featured in this issue.
[17]
The Come Together festival opened at the Royal
Court Theatre on 21 October 1970 and contributed to one of the Royal Court's best years. The festival brought the
avante-garde like the Brighton Combination and Ken Campbell into the Court. The Brighton Combination presented
"The NAB Show", a politically oriented account of the National Assistance Board.
[18]
He first worked at the Combination Theatre Company in Brighton. Later he joined the Newcastle University Theatre
where he played, among other parts, Estragon in Waiting for Godot. From 1974 to 1976 he toured America with the
Ken Campbell Roadshow and on his return joined the Phoenix Theatre in Leicester. In 1977 he joined the National
Theatre Company where he appeared as Dom Fiollo (sic) in The Hunchback of Notre Dame at the Cottesloe Theatre.
In 1978 he became a member of the Young Vic Company appearing as Stephano in The Tempest, Buckingham in
Richard III and Mephistopheles in Faust. In 1978 he went to America to study in a circus school where he learned
juggling, unicycling and tightrope walking. From 21 May to 29 June 1980 he played Trebonius/Marullus/Poet in a
Julius Caeasar production of Riverside Studios directed by Peter Gill. He performs magic acts in cabarets.
[19][20]
The Young Vic's Richard III production in 1978, which featured James Carter with, among others, Bill Wallis and
Michael Attwell, was directed by Michael Bogdanov. He also performed in the Young Vic production of
Bartholomew Fair in 1978. It was also directed by Michael Bogdanov.
[21]
He was a member of The Madhouse Company of London, a comedy troupe which performed in Boston in the 1970s;
together with the late Marcel Steiner (1931-1999), Marc Weil and Tommy Shands. Ken Campbell was also
associated with the group.
[22][23][24]
The Madhouse Co. was an offshoot of the Ken Campbell's Roadshow that came
to New York and Boston. It broke up eventually and Steiner and Carter returned to England. The Madhouse Co. was
in Cambridge, Massachusetts. in August 1976.
[25]
The Madhouse Company of London was mentioned and its shows
advertised and reviewed in several New York magazine issues from April 1974 to March 1975.
[26]
Marc Weil created
The Madhouse Company of London in 1973.
[27]
In June to August 2005, he appeared in The President of an Empty Room at the National Theatre (written by Stephen
Knight and directed by Howard Davies). When he did this he had not done theatre in 14 years. He considers his
appearance in Richard Eyre's 1982 National Theatre revival of Guys and Dolls a significant moment. It was when he
met his future wife, Imelda Staunton, who also appeared in this play. He considers Richard Eyre and Howard Davies
two of his favourite directors. He was with the Brighton Combination still when it moved to London and opened a
Jim Carter (actor)
261
theatre called the Albany in Deptford. In his own words: "The Brighton Combination moved to London and started a
theatre called the Albany in Deptford, and I was with them then."
[28]
In the early 1970s, the Brighton Combination, a touring fringe theatre group, became resident in the Albany Institute
in Deptford, South East London. This was considered one of the great achievements of the Albany's then director
Paul Curno. By fusing community work and the arts, Director Paul Curno and "The Combination" transformed the
Albany's fortunes. This fusion still drives the Albany to this day.
[29]
The Brighton Combination Company moved to
become resident at the Albany in SE London in 1972 with a brief to set up community action and arts development
projects. It combined artistic and cultural works with social activism.
[30]
He performed in the Lyric Theatre in Hammersmith, London in Jean Cocteau's The Infernal Machine (with Maggie
Smith and with Simon Callow directing, 1986-87).
[31][32][33][34]
Photos and a review of this play appeared in Plays
and Players magazine in January 1987.
[35]
He also performed in William "Bill" Bryden's The Passion at the National Theatre in 1985.
[36]
Performed in The
Mysteries: The Nativity, The Passion and Doomsday at the Cottesloe Theatre for the National Theatre in 1984 and
1985. Both performances were directed by Bill Bryden.
[37]
He appeared in Doug Lucie's Fashion in May-June 1990 at the Tricycle Theatre, directed by Michael
Attenborough.
[38][39][40]
In the Royal Shakespeare Company's (RSC)The Wizard of Oz production, wife Imelda Staunton played Dorothy
while he was the Cowardly Lion. Considers playing a baddie dressed in black in the cowboy film Rustlers' Rhapsody
filmed in southern Spain one of the top highlights of his career.
[41]
The Wizard of Oz was directed by Ian Judge; it
opened on 17 December 1987 at the RSC's Barbican Theatre. It played in repertory through 27 February 1988.
[42]
His National Theatre performances (as James Carter):
[43]
• 1. as Frollo in The Hunchback of Notre Dame (Cottesloe Theatre, 20 December 1977 – 14 January 1978)
• 2. as Daui a fugitive/Guard/Second Cook in The Romans in Britain (Olivier Theatre, 10 October 1980 – 24 March
1981)
• 3. as Nawadaha the storyteller in Hiawatha (Olivier Theatre, 25 November 1980-December 1983)
• 4. as Henry Straker in Man and Superman (Olivier Theatre, 17 January-October 1981)
• 5. as Rebolledo a soldier in The Mayor of Zalamea (Cottesloe and Olivier Theatre, 4 August 1981(opening night
at Cottesloe), Jim Carter performed at the Olivier, December 1981-July 1982)
• 6. as Chorus in The Oresteia (Olivier Theatre, 20 November 1981- )
• 7. as Big Julie in Guys and Dolls (Olivier Theatre, 26 February 1982-October 1983)
• 8. as Hitler/SS Man Muller in Schewyk in the Second World War (Olivier Theatre, 16 September 1982-March
1983)
• 9. as Don Jose, the cigar taster in The President of an Empty Room (Cottesloe Theatre, 28 June 2005-27 August
2005
[44]
)
• He was magic adviser, not one of the performers, in The Cherry Orchard (Cottesloe Theatre, 3 December 1985- )
His Royal Shakespeare Company (RSC) performances include:
[45]
• 1. as the Judge in The Balcony (Barbican Theatre, 15 July 1987- )
• 2. as Zekel, Cowardly Lion in The Wizard of Oz (Barbican Theatre, 17 December 1987 – 27 February 1988)
Summary of James "Jim" Carter's stage works:
• 1. Winter Daddykins (for the Brighton Combination, July 1968)
• 2. Gum and Goo (for the Brighton Combination, 1969)
• 3. Come Together festival (for the Brighton Combination, Royal Court Theatre, October 1970- )
[Was with the Brighton Combination when it became resident in the Albany in Deptford, SE London, 1972]
• 4. Waiting for Godot (for Newcastle University Theatre, ???)
Jim Carter (actor)
262
•• 5. The Madhouse Company of London shows (offshoot of the Ken Campbell Roadshow) in New York and
Massachusetts, 1974-76
• 6. The Hunchback of Notre Dame (for the National Theatre, Cottesloe Theatre, December 1977-January 1978)
• 7. The Tempest (for the Young Vic Company, 1978)
• 8. Richard III (for the Young Vic Company, 1978)
• 9. Faust (for the Young Vic Company, 1978)
• 10. Bartholomew Fair (for the Young Vic Company, 1978)
• 11. Julius Caesar (Riverside Studios, May-June 1980)
• 12. The Romans in Britain (for the National Theatre, Olivier Theatre, October 1980-March 1981)
• 13. Hiawatha (for the National Theatre, Olivier Theatre, November 1980-December 1983)
• 14. Man and Superman (for the National Theatre, Olivier Theatre, January-October 1981)
• 15. The Mayor of Zalamea (for the National Theatre, Olivier Theatre, December 1981-July 1982)
• 16. The Oresteia (for the National Theatre, Olivier Theatre, November 1981)
• 17. Guys and Dolls (for the National Theatre, Olivier Theatre, February 1982-October 1983)
• 18. Schweyk in the Second World War (for the National Theatre, Olivier Theatre, September 1982-March 1983)
• 19. The Mysteries: The Nativity, The Passion, and Doomsday (for the National Theatre, Cottesloe Theatre,
1984-85)
• 20. The Infernal Machine (Lyric Hammersmith, 1986-87)
• 21. The Balcony (for the Royal Shakespeare Company, Barbican Theatre, July 1987)
• 22. The Wizard of Oz (for the Royal Shakespeare Company, Barbican Theatre, December 1987-February 1988)
• 23. Fashion (Tricycle Theatre, May-June 1990)
• 24. The President of an Empty Room (for the National Theatre, Cottesloe Theatre, June-August 2005)
Other media
Carter is the voice of "Hex" - The Legend of the Towers, the ride at Britain's premier theme park Alton Towers.
[46]
He narrated the six-part series Home Front Britain, a documentary of life in Britain during World War II created and
produced by the Discovery Channel and the British Film Institute.
[47]
Home Front Britain was broadcast on
Discovery Channel from 11 September 2009.
[48]
Personal life
Jim Carter and British actress Imelda Staunton met in January 1982 during rehearsals of Richard Eyre's Guys and
Dolls at the National Theatre. Carter was 34, Staunton was 26 and she considered him already old. According to
Staunton, "we worked together for a year and it was a slow burn rather than a heady rush of passion." In November
2008, they celebrated their silver wedding. Staunton was 37 when she had her only child, Bessie. Bessie is to enroll
at the National Youth Theatre in 2010. Staunton says of Carter's acting: "He has never been the sort of actor who
yearns to play Hamlet. Maybe it's because he came to acting from performing in the circus. He has always done just
what he wants to do."
[49]
Jim Carter and Imelda Staunton married in 1983 and have one daughter, Bessie, born in 1993. Staunton would later
proudly claim that after 21 years of marriage, she and Carter had been apart for only three weeks.
[50]
They celebrated
their 28th wedding anniversary in the autumn of 2011. They have a little dog named Molly.
[51]
Carter is also currently the chairman of Hampstead Cricket Club.
[52]
On 18 September 2011 he organised the
Hampstead Cricket Club (HCC) Celebrity Cricket Match. It was HCC's third annual charity celebrity cricket match.
[53]
He has been a keen cyclist for 55 years (as of October 2011), frequently riding for charity causes. On 30 September
2011 Carter travelled with 25 other riders to Ghana for a 10-day trip which included six days of cycling to raise
Jim Carter (actor)
263
money for clean water in the small impoverished town of Tafo. He has a web page for this event to receive sponsors
and donations: uk.virginmoneygiving.com/jimcarter. This was his tenth charity ride. The previous nine (Jordan,
Costa Rica, Laos, Vietnam, India, Namibia, Chile, Argentina and London to Paris-twice) were to raise money for the
National Deaf Children's Society.
[54]
He intended to raise a minimum of ₤2,750 but ended up with ₤8,670.
[55]
As of August 2005, Carter lives in West Hampstead, North London.
[56]
Filmography
Year Film Role Notes
1980 Fox Cliff Ryan TV series (2 episodes)
Flash Gordon Azurian Man
1984 December Flower Dentist TV film
Top Secret! Déjà Vu, Resistance Member
The Company of Wolves Second Husband Uncredited
Hiawatha Narrator TV film
A Private Function Inspector Noble
1985 The Bill Stan TV series (1 episode: "Death of a Cracksman")
Widows 2 Det. Insp. Frinton TV mini-series (2 episodes)
Rustlers' Rhapsody Blackie
1986 The American Way Castro
Haunted Honeymoon Montego
The Monocled Mutineer Spencer TV series (1 episode: "A Dead Man on Leave")
Lost Empires Inspector Crabbe TV mini-series (2 episodes)
The Singing Detective Mr. Marlow TV series (5 episodes)
1987 Harry's Kingdom Bill TV film
A Month in the Country Ellerbeck
1988 The First Kangaroos Arthur Hughes
Star Trap Dr. Wax TV film
Soursweet Mr. Constantinides
A Very British Coup The Cabinet - Newsome TV mini-series (2 episodes)
The Raggedy Rawney The Soldier
Christabel Bausch TV film
Hallmark Hall of Fame Pierre TV series (1 episodes: "The Tenth Man")
Thompson TV series (1 episode: "Episode No.1.6")
1989 Precious Bane Sarn TV film
The Rainbow Mr. Harby
Erik the Viking Jennifer the Viking
Duck Short
Screen Two Father TV series (2 episodes: 1989-1994)
Jim Carter (actor)
264
1990 A Sense of Guilt Richard Murray TV film
Zorro Colonel Mefisto Palomarez TV series (2 episodes)
The Witches Head Chef
The Gravy Train Personip TV series (1 episode: "Episode No.1.3")
Crimestrike The Detective
The Fool Mr. Blackthorn
1991 Incident in Judaea Afranius TV film
Screen One Ray Galton TV series (1 episode: "Hancock")
Casualty Matthew Charlton TV series (1 episode: "Dangerous Games")
Murder Most Horrid Various TV series (3 episodes: 1991-1999)
1992 Blame It on the Bellboy Rossi
Great Performances Meinertzhagen TV series (1 episode: "A Dangerous Man: Lawrence After Arabia")
Between the Lines D.I. Dick Corbett TV series (1 episode: "Lies and Damned Lies")
Soldier Soldier Snr. Supt. Derek Tierney, RHKP TV series (1 episode: "Lifelines")
Stalin Sergo TV film
1993 Lipstick on Your Collar Inspector TV mini-series (1 episode: "Episode No.1.5")
A Year in Provence Ted Hopkins TV mini-series (1 episode: "Room Service")
The Comic Strip Presents... Commander TV series (1 episode: "Detectives on the Edge of a Nervous
Breakdown")
Medica Hugh Buckley TV series (1 episode: "Episode No.3.6")
Resnick: Rough Treatment Grabianski TV film
The Hour of the Pig Mathieu
Minder Tompkins TV series (2 episodes: 1993-1994)
1994 Pie in the Sky Alec Bailey TV series (1 episode: "Passion Fruit Fool")
Black Beauty John Manly
Cracker Kenneth Trant TV series (3 episodes)
Shakespeare: The Animated
Tales
Marc Anthony (voice) TV series (1 episode: "Julius Caesar")
Open Fire Dept. Chief Supt. Young TV film
Midnight Movie Henry Harris TV film
The Madness of King George Fox
1995 It Could Be You Wally "Lottery" Whaley TV film
The Late Show Albert Knox TV series documentary (1 episode: "Sophie's World")
Dangerfield Stephen Millwood TV series (1 episode: "A Patient's Secret")
Mrs. Hartley and the Growth
Centre
Inspector TV film
Richard III Lord William Hastings
The Grotesque George Lecky
Coogan's Run Fraser TV series (1 episode: "Natural Born Quizzers")
Balto Voice Uncredited
Jim Carter (actor)
265
1996 Brassed Off Harry
1997 Harpur and Iles Tenderness Mellick TV film
The Missing Postman DS Lawrence Pitman TV film
The Chest Roland Blood TV film
Alas Smith and Jones TV series (1 episode: "Episode No.9.5")
Ain't Misbehavin' Maxie Morrell TV series (3 episodes)
Keep the Aspidistra Flying Erskine
Bright Hair Norman Devenish TV film
1998 Bill's New Frock Mr. Platworthy Short
Vigo: A Passion for Life Bonaventure Uncredited
Legionnaire Lucien Galgani
Shakespeare in Love Ralph Bashford Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Cast
in a Motion Picture
1999 Trial By Fire Geoffrey Bailey TV film
Tube Tales Ticket Inspector TV film
2000 Arabian Nights Ja'Far TV film
The Little Vampire Rookery
The Scarlet Pimpernel General La Forge TV series (1 episode: "Friends and Enemies")
102 Dalmatians Detective Armstrong
2001 Jack and the Beanstalk: The
Real Story
Odin, Member of Great Council of
Mac Slec
TV film
The Way We Live Now Mr. Brehgert TV mini-series (3 episodes)
2002 Inside the Murdoch Dynasty Narrator TV film
Dinotopia Mayor Waldo TV mini-series (3 episodes)
Heartlands Geoff
Dalziel and Pascoe Ted Lowry TV series (1 episode: "The Unwanted")
2003 Hornblower: Duty Etheridge TV film
Helen of Troy Pirithous TV film
Bright Young Things Chief Customs Officer
16 Years of Alcohol Director
Strange Inspector Stuart TV series (1 episode: "Asmoth")
Trevor's World of Sport Sir Frank Luckton TV series (1 episode: "A Man's Game")
Trial & Retribution Dr. Jenkins TV series (1 episode: "Suspicion: Part 1")
Pompeii: The Last Day Polybius TV film
Cromwell: Warts and All Oliver Cromwell TV film
Midsomer Murders Nathan Green TV series (1 episode: "The Fisher King")
Jim Carter (actor)
266
2004 Ella Enchanted Nish
London Henry Fielding TV film
Casablanca Driver Joe Mateo, l'agent
Modigliani Achilles Hébuterne
Out of Season Michael Philipps
Von Trapped Larry Lavelle TV film
Blue Murder Frank Evans TV series (1 episode: "Up in Smoke")
2005 House of 9 The Watcher Voice
2006 The Thief Lord Victor
Aberfan: The Untold Story Lord Robens TV documentary
The Secret Life of Mrs. Beeton Henry Dorling TV film
The Wind in the Willows Engine Driver TV film
2007 Recovery Mr. Lockwood TV film
Cassandra's Dream Garage Boss
Silent Witness Malcolm Young TV series (2 episodes)
The Golden Compass John Faa
Cranford Captain Brown TV mini-series (7 episodes: 2007-2009)
2008 The Oxford Murders Inspector Petersen
Caught in a Trap Brian Perkins TV film
2009 Red Riding: In the Year of Our
Lord 1980
Harold Angus
Red Riding: In the Year of Our
Lord 1983
Harold Angus
Creation Joseph Parslow
Wish 143 Priest Short
2010 Punk Strut: The Movie Skippy
Burlesque Fairytales The Compere
Alice in Wonderland The Executioner Voice
Downton Abbey Mr. Carson TV series (25 episodes: 2010-present)
Nominated - Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting
Actor in a Drama Series
Nominated - Satellite Award for Best Supporting Actor - Series,
Miniseries or Television Film
Jim Carter (actor)
267
References
[1] Shenton, Mark (1 August 2005). "20 Questions With... Jim Carter" (http:/ / www. whatsonstage. com/ index.php?pg=207&
story=E8821122655884). Whatsonstage. . Retrieved 26 December 2008.
[2] Jim Carter (http:/ / www. imdb. com/ name/ nm0141697/ ) at the Internet Movie Database
[3] "Time and place: Jim Carter" (http:/ / property.timesonline. co.uk/ tol/ life_and_style/ property/article7025127.ece). Times Online. 14
February 2010. . Retrieved 14 February 2010.
[4] [4] name=Curzon
[5] [5] "Jim Carter and Imelda Staunton in Fame in the Frame clip 2" in www.youtube.com/watch?v=s8bzM55qFfQ. Retrieved 5 November 2011
[6] [6] Mark Shenton, "20 Questions With ... Jim Carter" (1 August 2005) in wwww.whatsonstage.com. Retrieved 6 November 2011
[7] [7] www.jumpin2media.com/contributions/jim-carter. Retrieved 5 November 2011
[8] [8] "Howard Brenton" in www.doollee.com/PlaywrightsB/brenton-howard.html. Retrieved 6 November 2011
[9] [9] "Howard Brenton Biography" in www.filmreference.com/film/76/Howard-Brenton.html. Retrieved 7 November 2011
[10] [10] "Barry Edwards, New Writing" in www.barryedwards.net/new-writing. Retrieved 5 November 2011
[11] [11] E-mail from Barry Edwards, 7 November 2011. He confirmed that the Jim Carter who appeared in this play is the Jim Carter who is in
Downton Abbey.
[12] [12] "Typical Combination programme 1968" in www.jennyharris.org/newpages/combinationarchive/programme1968.html. Retrieved 6
November 2011
[13] [13] Mark Shenton, "20 Questions With ... Jim Carter" (1 August 2005) in
www.whatsonstage.com/interviews/theatre/london/E8821122655884/20+Questions+With...+Jim+Carter.html. Retrieved 7 November 2011
[14] [14] "Other Works of Jim Carter," in www.imdb.com/name/nm0141697/otherworks. Retrieved 5 November 2011
[15] [15] "Other Works of Ken Campbell" in www.imdb.com/name/nm0132631/otherworks. Retrieved 6 November 2011
[16] [16] "Rob Wilton Theatricalia: Other Plays, 1970-1979" in www.phyllis.demon.co.uk/theatricalia/07class/plays7079.htm. Retrieved 6 November
2011
[17] "Rob Wilton Theatricalia: Plays and Players Magazines, 1970s" in www.phyllis.demon.co.uk/theatricalia/14mags/p&p70s.htm. Retrieved 7
November 2011
[18] Philip Roberts, The Royal Court Theatre, 1965-1972 (London: Routledge and Kegan Paul plc, 1986), pp.128-129. Retrieved 6 November
2011 in books.google.com
[19] "Peter Gill playwright and theatre director, Julius Caesar" in ds.dial.pipex.com/town/parade/abj76/PG/works/julius_caesar.shtml. Retrieved
5 November 2011
[20] [20] For the exact play dates: "Peter Gill's productions" in ds.dial.pipex.com/town/parade/abj76/PG/productions.shtml. Retrieved 8 November
2011
[21] [21] "Rob Wilton Theatricalia: Classic Plays, 1970-1979" in www.phyllis.demon.co.uk/theatricalia/07class/class7079. Retrieved 7 November
2011
[22] [22] "Biography for Jim Carter" in www.imdb.com/name/nm0141697/bio. Retrieved 9 November 2011
[23] "Jim Carter" in Playback, www.universal-playback.com/downton-abbey/cast/jim-carter. Retrieved 8 November 2011
[24] [24] "Marcel Steiner" in FullMovieReview at marcel-steiner.fullmoviereview.com. Retrieved 9 November 2011
[25] [25] "Wolynski: Madhouse Co. in Boston" in wolynski.blogspot.com/2011/10/madhouse-co-in-boston.html. Retrieved 8 November 2011 (This
site has pictures of Jim Carter in August 1976 doing funny acts with other members of the troupe.)
[26] See New York Magazine issues in books.google.com
[27] Steve Cohen, "The Madhouse Company of London's Wild Stunt Show," Philadelphia Citypaper archives article (26 September -2 October
2002) in archives.citypaper.net. Retrieved 8 November 2011
[28] [28] Mark Shenton, "20 Questions With ... Jim Carter (1 August 2005)" in
www.whatsontstage.com/interviews/theatre/london/E8821122655884/20+Questions+With...+Jim+carter.html. Retrieved 5 November 2011
[29] [29] www.thealbany.org.uk/about/26/Albany-History. Retrieved 5 November 2011
[30] [30] "Jenny Harris profile" in www.jennyharris.org/newpages/biography.html. Retrieved 6 November 2011
[31] [31] "Other Works of Jim Carter" in www.imdb.com/name/nm0141697/otherworks. Retrieved 5 November 2011
[32] [32] "Other Works of Jean Cocteau" in www.imdb.com/name/nm0168413/otherworks. Retrieved 6 November 2011
[33] [33] "Rob Wilton Theatricalia: Leading Actors S-Z, Maggie Smith (b. 1934)" in www.phyllis.demon.co.uk/theatricalia/06lead/leads-z.htm.
Retrieved 7 November 2011
[34] [34] "The Infernal Machine" in theatricalia.com/play/4e4/the-infernal-machine/production/c2f. Retrieved 8 November 2011
[35] "Rob Wilton Theatricalia: Plays and Players Magazines, 1980s" in www.phyllis.demon.co.uk/theatricalia/14mags/p&p80s.htm. Retrieved 7
November 2011
[36] [36] "Jim Carter" in www.filmbug.com/db/261231. Retrieved 6 November 2011
[37] [37] "Rob Wilton Theatricalia: National Theatre: 1980s" in www.phyllis.demon.co.uk/theatricalia/05nt/nt80s.htm. Retrieved 6 November 2011
[38] [38] "Rob Wilton Theatricalia: Other Plays, 1990-1999" in www.phyllis.demon.co.uk/theatricalia/08plays/plays9099.htm. Retrieved 6 November
2011
[39] [39] "Other Works of Jim Carter" in www.imdb.com/name/nm0141697/otherworks. Retrieved 6 November 2011
Jim Carter (actor)
268
[40] [40] "Victoria and Albert Museum: Theatre Collections, Tricycle Theatre Archive, 1972-2004" in
www.vam.ac.uk/vastatic/theatre/archives/thm-317f.html. Retrieved 8 November 2011
[41] [41] Mark Shenton, "20 Question With ... Jim Carter" (1 August 2005) in
wwww.whatsonstage.com/interviews/theatre/london/E8821122655884/20+Questions+With...+Jim+Carter.hmtl. Retrieved 5 November 2011
[42] Matt Wolf, "Royal Shakespeare Company to Have a go at 'Wizard of Oz',"Los Angeles Times (17 December 1987) in articles.latimes.com.
Retrieved 5 November 2011
[43] [43] "The National Theatre Archive Catalogue in worthing.nationaltheatre.org.uk. Retrieved 5 November 2011
[44] [44] Mark Shenton, "20 Questions With ... Jim Carter" (1 August 2005) in www.whatsonstage.com. Retrieved 8 November 2011
[45] [45] Archive Catalogue of the Royal Shakespeare Company in calm.shakespeare.org.uk. Retrieved 5 November 2011
[46] [46] www.chacha.com/question/who-is-the-voice-actor-jim-carter. Retrieved 9 November 2011
[47] [47] "Discovery Channel in www.yourdiscovery.com/web/world-war-2/home-front-britain. Retrieved 11 November 2011
[48] [48] "Jim Carter: Home Front Britain" in www.saga.co.uk. Retrieved 20 November 2011
[49] Olga Craig, "Imelda Staunton: My career is not about looks," The Telegraph(8 December 2008) in
www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/film/3702546/Imelda-Staunton-My-career-is-not-about-looks.html. Retrieved 5 November 2011
[50] [50] "Imelda Staunton - Biography" in www.talktalk.co.uk. Retrieved 5 November 2011
[51] Fiona Mountford, "The Downton Abbey love story" in Saga Magazine (Thursday, 20 October 2011) in
www.saga.co.uk/saga-magazine/1-downton.aspx. Retrieved 19 November 2011. They are the front cover stars of the October 2011 issue of
Saga Magazine where this interview by Fiona Mountford may be found on pp. 34-37. These pages have an uploaded and can be viewed in
saga.inbro.net.
[52] http:/ / hampstead.play-cricket.com/ home/ aboutUs. asp
[53] [53] www.westhampsteadlife.com/2011/09/last-sunday-hampstead-cricket-club.html. Retrieved 5 November 2011
[54] [54] lifeofwylie.com/2011/10/02/downton-abbey-2-jim-carter/. Retrieved 5 November 2011
[55] [55] uk.virginmoneygiving.com/jimcarter. Retrieved 5 November 2011
[56] [56] Mark Shenton, "20 Questions With ... Jim Carter" (1 August 2005) in
www.whatsonstage.com/interviews/theatre/london/E8821122655884/20+Questions+With...+Jim+Carter.html. Retrieved, 5 November 2011
External links
• Jim Carter (http:// www. imdb. com/ name/ nm0141697/ ) at the Internet Movie Database
• Wish 143 (http:/ / www. bbc. co. uk/ filmnetwork/films/ p00bjp8d) BBC Film Network - short film starring Jim
Carter
Jools Holland
269
Jools Holland
Jools Holland
Holland at the British Academy Television Awards 2009
Background information
Birth name Julian Miles Holland
Born 24 January 1958
Blackheath, London, England
Genres Boogie-woogie, jazz, blues, R&B, rock
Occupations Musician, composer, television presenter, bandleader
Instruments Piano, keyboard, guitar
Years active 1974–present
Associated acts Squeeze
Rhythm & Blues Orchestra
Website
Official site
[1]
Julian Miles "Jools" Holland, OBE, DL (born 24 January 1958) is an English pianist, bandleader, singer,
composer, and television presenter. He was a founder of the band Squeeze and his work has involved him with many
artists including Sting, Eric Clapton, Mark Knopfler, George Harrison, David Gilmour, Magazine and Bono.
Holland is a published author and appears on television shows besides his own and contributes to radio shows. In
2004, he collaborated with Tom Jones on an album of traditional R&B music. He currently hosts Later... with Jools
Holland, a music-based show aired on BBC2, on which his annual show Hootenanny is based.
[2]
He also regularly
hosts the weekly program Jools Holland on BBC Radio 2, which is a mix of live and recorded music and general
chat, and features studio guests, along with members of his Orchestra.
Jools Holland
270
Life and career
Holland played as a session musician before finding fame, and his first studio session was with Wayne County & the
Electric Chairs in 1976 on their track "Fuck Off".
[3]
Holland was a founding member of the British pop band Squeeze, formed in March 1974, in which he played
keyboards until 1981 and helped the band to achieve millions of record sales, before pursuing his solo career.
[3]
Holland began issuing solo records in 1978, his first EP being Boogie Woogie '78. He continued his solo career
through the early 1980s, releasing an album and several singles between 1981 and 1984. He branched out into TV,
co-presenting the Newcastle-based TV music show The Tube with Paula Yates. Holland achieved notoriety by
inadvertently using the phrase "groovy fuckers" in a live, early evening TV trailer for the show, causing him to be
suspended from the show for six weeks.
[4]
He referred to this in his sitcom "The Groovy Fellers" with Rowland
Rivron.
Holland at the Tsunami Relief concert in Cardiff's
Millennium Stadium, 22 January 2005
In 1983 Holland played an extended piano solo on The The's
re-recording of "Uncertain Smile" for the album Soul Mining. In 1985,
Squeeze (which had continued in Holland's absence through to 1982)
unexpectedly regrouped including Jools Holland as their keyboard
player. Holland remained in the band until 1990, at which point, he
again departed Squeeze to resume his solo career as a musician and a
TV host.
In 1987, Holland formed the Jools Holland Big Band, which consisted
of himself and Gilson Lavis from Squeeze. This gradually became his
18-piece Rhythm & Blues Orchestra.
[3]
Between 1988 and 1990 he performed and co-hosted along with David
Sanborn during the two seasons of the music performance program Sunday Night on NBC late-night television.
[5]
Since 1992 he has presented the music program Later... with Jools Holland, plus an annual New Year's Eve
Hootenanny.
In 1996, Holland signed a recording contract with Warner Bros. Records,
[3]
and his records are now marketed
through Rhino Records.
Holland has a touring band, the Rhythm And Blues Orchestra, which often includes singers Sam Brown and Ruby
Turner and his younger brother, singer-songwriter and keyboard player, Christopher Holland. In January 2005
Holland and his band performed with Eric Clapton as the headline act of the Tsunami Relief Cardiff.
Jools Holland and his R&B Orchestra performing at Guilfest 2012.
On 4 June 2012 Holland performed at
the Queen's Diamond Jubilee Concert
outside Buckingham Palace in London.
Also in June 2012, he presented a
programme about the popular songs of
London on BBC Two, on June 9, 2012.
Jools presents a weekly program on
BBC Radio 2, combining guests and
chat, with recorded and live music.
Personal
Jools Holland
271
Holland lives in the Westcombe Park area of Blackheath in South East London, where he had his studio, Helicon
Mountain, built to his design, inspired by Portmeirion, the setting for the 1960s TV series The Prisoner.
[6]
Holland
owns costumes and props from the series and occasionally appears wearing the trademark brown-with-white-pipe
blazer featured in it. In 1987, Holland demonstrated his love of the series and starred in a spoof documentary, The
Laughing Prisoner, with Stephen Fry, Terence Alexander and Hugh Laurie.
[6]
Much of it was shot on location in
Portmeirion, with archive footage of Patrick McGoohan, and featuring musical numbers from Siouxsie and the
Banshees, Magnum and XTC. Holland performed a number towards the end of the program. Holland was an
interviewer for The Beatles Anthology TV project, and appeared in the 1997 film Spiceworld as a musical director.
He received an OBE in 2003 in the Queen's Birthday Honours list, for services to the British music industry as a
television presenter and musician. In September 2006 Holland was appointed a Deputy Lieutenant for Kent.
[7]
He is
also known for his charity work: in June 2006 he performed in Southend for HIV/AIDS charity Mildmay,
[8]
and in
early 2007 he performed at Wells and Rochester Cathedrals to raise money for maintaining cathedral buildings.
[9]
He
is also patron of the Drake Music Project
[10]
and has raised many thousands of pounds for the charity.
Jools' Rhythm and Blues Orchestra blowing their horns at
Guilfest 2012.
Holland was appointed an Honorary Fellow of Canterbury
Christ Church University at a ceremony held at Canterbury
Cathedral on 30 January 2009.
[11]
On 29 August 2005, Holland married Christabel McEwen,
his girlfriend of 15 years (between 1983 and 1995 she had
been married to Edward Lambton, 7th Earl of Durham,
before they divorced). The wedding, at St James's Church,
Cooling, near Rochester, was attended by many celebrities,
including Ringo Starr, Robbie Coltrane, Stephen Fry, Lenny
Henry, Noel Gallagher, Dawn French and Jennifer
Saunders.
[12]
Holland is also a patron for The Milton Rooms, an Arts
centre in Malton, North Yorkshire, along with Bill Nighy,
Imelda Staunton and Kathy Burke.
[13]
In 2008, Holland commissioned TV series Bangla Bangers (Chop Shop) to create a replica of the legendary Rover
Jet 1 for personal use.
In August 2012, Holland was made Honorary Colonel of the Royal Engineers 101 (City of London Engineer
Regiment), currently in the Bomb Disposal role.
Holland is a keen greyhound racing supporter and has previously owned dogs.
[14]
Writing
His 2007 biography, Barefaced Lies and Boogie Woogie Boasts, was BBC Radio 4 "Book of the Week" in the week
beginning 8 October 2007 and was read by Holland. He is the author or joint author of four other books.
Discography
Albums which charted and received certifications
Jools Holland
272
Year Album Peak chart positions
Certifications
(sales thresholds)
[15]
UK
[16]
NZ
[17]
1996 Sex & Jazz & Rock & Roll 38 -
1998 Best Of - - • UK: Silver
2000 Hop The Wag - - •• UK: Silver
2001 Small World Big Band 8 23 •• UK: 2× Platinum
2002 SWBB Volume Two: More Friends 17 44 •• UK: Platinum
2003 Jack O The Green (SWBB Friends 3) 39 - •• UK: Silver
2005 Swinging the Blues, Dancing the Ska 36 -
2007 Best of Friends 9 - •• UK: Silver
2011 Finding The Keys - The Best of
127
[18] -
2012 The Golden Age of Song
11
[19] - •• UK: Silver
Releases
• 1978 "Boogie Woogie '78" (EP)
• 1981 Jools Holland and His Millionaires
• 1984 Jools Holland Meets Rock 'A' Boogie Billy (U.S. release only)
• 1990 World Of His Own
• 1991 The Full Complement
• 1992 Together Again (single with Sam Brown)
• 1992 The A-Z Geographer's Guide To The Piano
• 1994 Solo Piano
• 1994 Live Performance
• 1996 Sex & Jazz & Rock & Roll
• 1997 Lift The Lid
• 1998 Best Of
• 1999 Sunset Over London
• 2000 Hop The Wag
• 2001 Small World Big Band
• 2002 SWBB Volume Two: More Friends
• 2003 Jack O The Green (SWBB Friends 3)
• 2004 Tom Jones & Jools Holland
• 2005 Beatroute
• 2005 Swinging the Blues, Dancing the Ska
• 2006 Moving Out To The Country
• 2007 Best of Friends
• 2008 The Collection
• 2008 The Informer (With Ruby Turner)
• 2008 "The Informer" (single with Ruby Turner)
• 2009 "I Went By" (single with Louise Marshall)
• 2010 Rockinghorse
• 2011 Finding The Keys: The Best of Jools Holland
Jools Holland
273
Film and television
• 1981 Otway & Barrett Live
• 1981 Urgh! A Music War
• 1982 Police: Around the World
• 1982 - 1987 The Tube (Host for 121 editions)
• 1983 Rebellious Jukebox: Compere
• 1984 The Young Ones: Punk (Episode entitled "Summer Holiday")
• 1985 Walking To New Orleans (Jools Holland in New Orleans)
• 1987 Eat the Rich: Sun Reporter
• 1987 Filthy Rich & Catflap: Strip Show Pianist (Episode #1.3)
• 1987 The Laughing Prisoner: No. 7
• 1987 French and Saunders (Episode 1.5)
• 1988 Sunday Night: Host (unknown episodes)
• 1989 Juke Box Jury: Host (unknown episodes)
• 1989 The Groovy Fellers Himself, 6 episodes
• 1991 Mr Roadrunner (Jools Holland in Memphis)
• 1994 There's No Business: Pianist
• 1994 - 1995 Don't Forget Your Toothbrush
• 1995 The Beatles Anthology
• 1997 Spice World: Musical Director
• 1997 Name That Tune: Host and Pianist
• 1998 Beat Route: Round the World with Jools Holland: Host and Pianist
• 2003 Jool's History of the Piano: Presenter
• 2007 Fairport@Forty: Interview
• 2008 Top Gear: Star in a reasonably priced car.
• 2009 Chop Shop Rover Concept: The Jet 1 Car : Customer
• 2012 Jools Holland - London Calling: Presenter
Current television programmes
• 1992–present Later... with Jools Holland
• 1993–present Hootenanny
Books
• "Rolling Stones": A Life on the Road, (with Dora Loewenstein), Viking/Allen Lane (1998), (ISBN
0-670-88051-5)
• Beat Route: Journeys Through Six Counties, Weidenfeld & Nicholson (1998), (ISBN 0-575-06700-4)
• Ray Charles: Man and Music, (with Michael Lydon), Payback Press (1999), (ISBN 0-86241-929-8)
• Hand That Changed Its Mind , International Music Publications (2007), (ISBN 1-84328-645-9)
• Barefaced Lies and Boogie-woogie Boasts , Michael Joseph Ltd (2007), (ISBN 0-7181-4915-7)
Jools Holland
274
References
[1] http:/ / www.joolsholland. com/
[2] "BBC Later With Jools Holland" (http:/ / www.bbc. co. uk/ programmes/b008rqnv). . Retrieved 2011-04-13.
[3] "About Jools – Official site" (http:/ / www. joolsholland. com/ aboutjools.htm). . Retrieved 4 July 2007.
[4] "Laughing Policeman Wireless Society: History of Swearing" (http:/ / www. laughingpoliceman.com/ swear. htm). . Retrieved 2011-04-13.
[5] [5] "Sunday Night" episodes #104 (1988), #113 (1989), #114 (1989), #121 (1989)
[6] "About Jools – Biography – Official site" (http:/ / www. joolsholland. com/ biography.htm). . Retrieved 11 November 2010.
[7] Farndale, Nigel (19 November 2006). "A man in touch with his inner anorak" (http:/ / www. telegraph. co. uk/ culture/3656666/
A-man-in-touch-with-his-inner-anorak. html). (Interview with Jools Holland) (London: Telegraph.co.uk). . Retrieved 2009-08-19.
[8] "Jools Holland rocks the Park for Charity" (http:// www. thenetco.co.uk/ mildmaynew/ events. aspx?pg=events-joolshollandconcert). .
Retrieved 5 December 2007.
[9] "Jools Holland To Play UK Charity Concerts" (http:/ / www.easier. com/ view/ Lifestyle/Entertainment/Going_Out/ article-95595.html).
25 January 2007. . Retrieved 5 December 2007.
[10] (http:/ / www. drakemusicproject. org/makepage. asp?page=3b)
[11] "Widdecombe, Holland and Underwood are appointed honorary fellows" (http:// www.canterbury.ac. uk/ News/ newsRelease.
asp?newsPk=1301). Canterbury Christ Church University. 3 February 2009. . Retrieved 2009-08-19.
[12] "Entertainment | Wedding bells for Jools Holland" (http:/ / news. bbc.co.uk/1/hi/ entertainment/4196900.stm). BBC News. 2005-08-30. .
Retrieved 2012-12-18.
[13] "What's on at The Milton Rooms, Malton" (http:/ / www. themiltonrooms.com/). Themiltonrooms.com. . Retrieved 2012-12-18.
[14] Racing Post Greyhound TV, Racing Post, January 11 2013.
[15] http:// www. bpi. co. uk/ certifiedawards/search. aspx
[16] "UK Top 40 Chart Archive, British Singles & Album Charts" (http:/ / www.everyhit.com/ ). everyHit.com. 2000-03-16. . Retrieved
2012-04-12.
[17] Steffen Hung. "Discography Jools Holland" (http:// charts. org.nz/ showinterpret.asp?interpret=Jools+ Holland). charts.org.nz. . Retrieved
2012-04-12.
[18] "Chart Log UK: New Entries Update: Chart Date 18 June 2011" (http:/ / www. zobbel.de/ cluk/ 110618cluk.txt). Zobbel.de. . Retrieved
2012-12-18.
[19] "Official UK Albums Top 100 - 22nd December 2012 | Official UK Top 40 | music charts | Official Albums Chart" (http:/ /www.
officialcharts.com/ albums-chart/). Officialcharts.com. . Retrieved 2012-12-18.
External links
• Official website (http:// www. joolsholland. com)
• Jools Holland (http:/ / www. imdb. com/ name/ nm0390735/ ) at the Internet Movie Database
• Jools Holland's Radio 2 show (http:/ / www.bbc. co. uk/ programmes/b00738f4) at BBC Programmes
• Later...with Jools Holland (http:/ / www. bbc.co. uk/ programmes/b006ml0l) at BBC Programmes
Judi Dench
275
Judi Dench
Dame Judi Dench
CH DBE FRSA
Dench at the BAFTAs, 11 February 2007
Born
Judith Olivia Dench
9 December 1934
[1]
York, Yorkshire, England
Occupation
Actress, Author
[2]
Years active 1957–present
Religion Quaker
Spouse(s) Michael Williams (5 February 1971– 11 January 2001; his death)
Children Finty Williams (b. 24 September 1972)
Dame Judith Olivia "Judi" Dench, CH, DBE, FRSA (born 9 December 1934) is an English film, stage and
television actress. Dench made her professional debut in 1957 with the Old Vic Company. Over the following few
years she played in several of Shakespeare's plays in such roles as Ophelia in Hamlet, Juliet in Romeo and Juliet and
Lady Macbeth in Macbeth. She branched into film work, and won a BAFTA Award as Most Promising Newcomer;
however, most of her work during this period was in theatre. Not generally known as a singer, she drew strong
reviews for her leading role in the musical Cabaret in 1968.
Over the next two decades, she established herself as one of the most significant British theatre performers, working
for the National Theatre Company and the Royal Shakespeare Company. In television, she achieved success during
this period, in the series A Fine Romance from 1981 until 1984 and in 1992 began a continuing role in the television
romantic comedy series As Time Goes By. Her film appearances were infrequent until she was cast as M in
GoldenEye (1995), a role she continued to play in James Bond films through to Skyfall (2012). She received several
notable film awards for her role as Queen Victoria in Mrs. Brown (1997), and has since been acclaimed for her work
in such films as Shakespeare in Love (1998), Chocolat (2000), Iris (2001), Mrs Henderson Presents (2005) and
Notes on a Scandal (2006), and the television production The Last of the Blonde Bombshells (2001).
Dench has received many award nominations for her acting in theatre, film and television; her awards include eleven
BAFTAs, (including the Bafta Fellowship in 2001) seven Laurence Olivier Awards, (including the Society's Special
Award) two Screen Actors Guild Awards, two Golden Globes, an Academy Award, and a Tony Award. In June
Judi Dench
276
2011, she received a fellowship from the British Film Institute (BFI).
[3]
She was married to actor Michael Williams
from 1971 until his death in 2001. They are the parents of actress Finty Williams.
Personal life
Dench was born in Heworth, York, England, the daughter of Eleanora Olive (née Jones), a native of Dublin, and
Reginald Arthur Dench, a doctor who met Judi's mother while studying medicine at Trinity College, Dublin.
[4]
Dench attended the Mount School, a Quaker independent secondary school in York, and became a Quaker.
[5][6]
Her
brothers, one of whom is actor Jeffery Dench, were born in Tyldesley, Lancashire.
[5][6]
Notable relatives also include
her niece, Emma Dench, a Roman historian and professor previously at Birkbeck, University of London, and
currently at Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts.
[7]
On 5 February 1971, Dench married British actor
Michael Williams and they had their only child, Tara Cressida Frances Williams, known professionally as "Finty"
Williams, on 24 September 1972. Dench and her husband starred together in several stage productions, and the Bob
Larbey British television sitcom, A Fine Romance (1981–84). Michael Williams died from lung cancer in 2001, aged
65. In early 2012, Dench discussed her macular degeneration, with one eye "dry" and the other "wet", for which she
has been treated with injections into the eye. She said that she needs someone to read scripts to her.
[8]
Career
In Britain, Dench has developed a reputation as one of the greatest actresses of the post-war period, primarily
through her work in theatre, which has been her forte throughout her career. She has more than once been named
number one in polls for Britain's best actress.
[9][10]
Early years
Through her parents, Dench had regular contact with the theatre. Her father, a physician, was also the GP for the
York theatre, and her mother was its wardrobe mistress.
[11]
Actors often stayed in the Dench household. During
these years, Judi was involved on a non-professional basis in the first three productions of the modern revival of the
York Mystery Plays in the 1950s. In 1957, in one of the last productions in which she appeared during this period,
she played the role of the Virgin Mary, performed on a fixed stage in the Museum Gardens.
[12]
Though she initially
trained as a set designer, she became interested in drama school as her brother Jeff attended the Central School of
Speech and Drama.
[11]
She applied and was accepted, where she was a classmate of Vanessa Redgrave, graduating
with a first class degree in drama and four acting prizes, one being the Gold Medal as Outstanding Student.
[11]
In September 1957, she made her first professional stage appearance with the Old Vic Company, at the Royal Court
Theatre, Liverpool, as Ophelia in Hamlet, then her London debut in the same production at the Old Vic. She
remained a member of the company for four seasons, 1957–1961, her roles including Katherine in Henry V in 1958
(which was also her New York debut), and as Juliet in Romeo and Juliet in October 1960, directed and designed by
Franco Zeffirelli. During this period, she toured the United States and Canada, and appeared in Yugoslavia and at the
Edinburgh Festival. She joined the Royal Shakespeare Company in December 1961 playing Anya in The Cherry
Orchard at the Aldwych Theatre in London, and made her Stratford-upon-Avon debut in April 1962 as Isabella in
Measure for Measure. She subsequently spent seasons in repertory both with the Playhouse in Nottingham from
January 1963 (including a West African tour as Lady Macbeth for the British Council), and with the Playhouse
Company in Oxford from April 1964. That same year, she made her film debut in The Third Secret.
Judi Dench
277
Prominence
In 1968, she was offered the role of Sally Bowles in the musical Cabaret. As Sheridan Morley later reported: "At
first she thought they were joking. She had never done a musical and she has an unusual croaky voice which sounds
as if she has a permanent cold. So frightened was she of singing in public that she auditioned from the wings, leaving
the pianists alone on stage".
[13]
But when it opened at the Palace Theatre in February 1968, Frank Marcus, reviewing
for Plays and Players, commented that: "She sings well. The title song in particular is projected with great feeling."
After a long run in Cabaret, she rejoined the RSC making numerous appearances with the company in Stratford and
London for nearly twenty years, winning several best actress awards. Among her roles with the RSC, she was the
Duchess in John Webster's The Duchess of Malfi in 1971. In the Stratford 1976 season, and then at the Aldwych in
1977, she gave two comedy performances, first in Trevor Nunn's musical staging of The Comedy of Errors as
Adriana, then partnered with Donald Sinden as Beatrice and Benedick in John Barton's "British Raj" revival of Much
Ado About Nothing. As Bernard Levin wrote in The Sunday Times: "...demonstrating once more that she is a comic
actress of consummate skill, perhaps the very best we have."
[14]
One of her most notable achievements with the RSC
was her performance as Lady Macbeth in 1976. Nunn's acclaimed production of Macbeth was first staged with a
minimalist design at The Other Place theatre in Stratford. Its small round stage focused attention on the
psychological dynamics of the characters, and both Ian McKellen in the title role, and Dench, received exceptionally
favourable notices. "If this is not great acting I don't know what is", wrote Michael Billington in The Guardian. "It
will astonish me if the performance is matched by any in this actress's generation", commented J C Trewin in The
Lady. The production transferred to London, opening at the Donmar Warehouse in September 1977, and was adapted
for television, later released on VHS and DVD. Dench won the SWET Best Actress Award in 1977.
Dench was nominated for a BAFTA for her role as Hazel Wiles in the 1979 BBC drama On Giant's Shoulders.
[15]
In
1989, she was cast as Pru Forrest, the long-time silent wife of Tom Forrest, in the BBC soap opera The Archers on
its 10,000th edition.
[16]
She had a romantic role in the BBC television film Langrishe, Go Down (1978), with Jeremy
Irons and a screenplay by Harold Pinter from the Aidan Higgins novel, directed by David Jones, in which she played
one of three spinster sisters living in a fading Irish mansion in the Waterford countryside. Dench made her debut as a
director in 1988 with the Renaissance Theatre Company's touring season, Renaissance Shakespeare on the Road,
co-produced with the Birmingham Rep, and ending with a three month repertory programme at the Phoenix Theatre
in London. Dench's contribution was a staging of Much Ado About Nothing, set in the Napoleonic era, which starred
Kenneth Branagh and Samantha Bond as Benedick and Beatrice. She has made numerous appearances in the West
End including the role of Miss Trant in the 1974 musical version of The Good Companions at Her Majesty's Theatre.
In 1981, Dench was due to play the title role of Grizabella in the original production of Cats, but was forced to pull
out due to a torn Achilles tendon, leaving Elaine Paige to play the role.
[17]
She has acted with the National Theatre in
London where, in September 1995, she played Desiree Armfeldt in a major revival of Stephen Sondheim's A Little
Night Music, for which she won an Olivier Award.
Popular success
In 1995, Dench took over the role of M (James Bond's boss) in the James Bond film series, starting with GoldenEye,
replacing Robert Brown.
In 1997, Dench appeared in her first starring role as late monarch Queen Victoria in John Madden's teleplay Mrs.
Brown which depicts Victoria's relationship with her personal servant and favourite John Brown, played by Billy
Connolly. Filmed with the intention of being shown on BBC One and on WGBH's Masterpiece Theatre, it was
eventually acquired by Miramax mogul Harvey Weinstein, who felt the drama film should receive a theatrical
release after seeing it and took it from the BBC to US cinemas.
[18]
Released to generally positive reviews and
unexpected commercial success, going on to earn more than $13 million worldwide,
[19]
the film was screened in the
Un Certain Regard section at the 1997 Cannes Film Festival.
[20]
For her performance, Dench garnered universal
acclaim by critics and was awarded her fourth BAFTA and first Best Actress nomination at the 70th Academy
Judi Dench
278
Awards.
[21]
In 2011, while accepting a British Film Institute Award in London, Dench commented that the project
launched her Hollywood career and joked that "it was thanks to Harvey, whose name I have had tattooed on my bum
ever since."
[18]
Dench's other film of 1997 was Roger Spottiswoode's Tomorrow Never Dies, her second film in the James Bond
series. The spy film follows Bond, played by Brosnan, as he tries to stop a media mogul from engineering world
events and starting World War III. Shot in France, Thailand, Germany, the United Kingdom, Vietnam and the South
China Sea, it performed well at the box office and earned a Golden Globe nomination despite mixed reviews. In
1999, Dench won the Tony Award for her 1999 Broadway performance in the role of Esme Allen in David Hare's
Amy's View. She has taken on the role of Director for a number of stage productions. Dench won the Academy
Award for Best Supporting Actress as Elizabeth I in the film Shakespeare in Love.
Dench has also lent her distinctive voice to many animated characters, narrations, and various other voice work. She
plays the role of "Miss Lilly" in the children's animated series Angelina Ballerina (alongside her daughter, Finty
Williams, as the voice of Angelina). She has narrated various classical music recordings (notably Mendelssohn's A
Midsummer Night's Dream, and Britten's Canticles-The Heart of the Matter), and has appeared in numerous BBC
Radio broadcasts as well as commercials. Her many television appearances include lead roles in the series A Fine
Romance and As Time Goes By.
2001–2005
In January 2001, Dench's husband Michael Williams died from lung cancer. The actress went to Nova Scotia,
Canada, almost immediately after Williams's funeral to begin production on Lasse Hallström's drama film The
Shipping News, a therapy she later credited as her rescue: "People, friends, kept saying, 'You are not facing up to it;
you need to face up to it,' and maybe they were right, but I felt I was – in the acting. Grief supplies you with an
enormous amount of energy. I needed to use that up."
[22]
In between, Dench finished work on Richard Eyre's film
Iris (2001), in which she portrayed novelist Iris Murdoch. Dench shared her role with Kate Winslet, both actresses
portraying Murdoch at different phases of her life.
[23]
Each of them was nominated for an Academy Award the
following year, earning Dench her fourth nomination within five years.
[21]
In addition, she was awarded both an
ALFS Award and the Best Leading Actress Award at the 55th British Academy Film Awards.
[21]
Following Iris, Dench immediately returned to Canada to finish The Shipping News alongside Kevin Spacey and
Julianne Moore.
[22]
Based on the Pulitzer Prize winning novel by E. Annie Proulx, the drama revolves around a quiet
and introspective typesetter (Spacey) who, after the death of his daughter's mother, moves to Newfoundland along
with his daughter and his aunt, played by Dench, in hopes of starting his life anew in the small town where she grew
up. The film earned mixed reviews from critics,
[24]
and was financially unsuccessful, taking in just US$24 million
worldwide with a budget of US$35 million.
[25]
Dench however, received BAFTA and SAG Award nominations for
her performance.
[21]
In 2002, Dench was cast opposite Rupert Everett, Colin Firth and Reese Witherspoon in Oliver Parker's The
Importance of Being Earnest, a romantic comedy film about mistaken identity set in English high society during the
Victorian Era. Based on Oscar Wilde's classic comedy of manners play of the same name, she portrayed Lady
Bracknell in the film, a role she had repeatedly played before, including a stint at the Royal National Theatre in
1982.
[26]
Dench shared the character with her daughter Finty, who portrayed the same character at a younger age.
[27]
The film was released to lukewarm reactions by critics – who called it "breezy entertainment, helped by an
impressive cast", but felt that it also suffered "from some peculiar directorial choices" – and earned just US$17.3
million during its limited release.
[28]
Dench's other film of 2002 was Die Another Day, the twentieth installment in
the James Bond series. The Lee Tamahori–directed spy film marked her fourth appearance as MI6 head M and the
franchise's last performance by Pierce Brosnan as Bond. Die Another Day received generally mixed reviews by
critics who praised Tamahori's work on the film, but claimed the plot was damaged by excessive use of CGI.
[29][30]
Regardless, it became the highest-grossing James Bond film up to that time.
[31]
Judi Dench
279
In 2004, Dench appeared as Aereon, an ambassador of the Elemental race who helps uncover the mysterious past of
Richard B. Riddick, played by Vin Diesel, in David Twohy's science fiction sequel The Chronicles of Riddick.
Selected by Diesel, who prompted writers to re-create the character to fit a female persona because he wanted to
work with the actress,
[32]
Dench called filming "tremendous fun," though she "had absolutely no idea what was
going on in the plot."
[33]
A mediocre box office success, the film was largely panned by critics.
[34]
In his review of
the film, James Berardinelli from ReelViews remarked that he felt that Dench's character served nothing more "a
useful purpose than to give [her] an opportunity to appear in a science fiction movie."
[35]
She followed Riddick with a more traditional role in Charles Dance's period drama Ladies in Lavender, also starring
friend Maggie Smith. In the film, Dench plays one half of a sister duo and takes it upon herself to nurse a washed up
stranger to health, eventually finding herself falling for a man many decades younger than she. The specialty release
garnered positive reviews from critics, with Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times calling it "perfectly sweet and
civilized [and] a pleasure to watch Smith and Dench together; their acting is so natural it could be breathing."
[36]
Also in 2004, Dench provided her voice for several smaller projects. In Walt Disney's Home on the Range, she along
with Roseanne Barr and Jennifer Tilly voiced a mismatched trio of dairy cows who must capture an infamous cattle
rustler, for his bounty, in order to save their idyllic farm from foreclosure. The film became a lukewarm critical and
commercial success for Disney.
[37]
A major hit for Dench came with Joe Wright's Pride & Prejudice, a 2005 adaptation of the same-titled novel by Jane
Austen, also starring Keira Knightley and Donald Sutherland. Wright convinced Dench to join the cast as Lady
Catherine de Bourgh by writing her a letter that read "I love it when you play a bitch. Please come and be a bitch for
me."
[38][39]
Dench had only one week available to shoot her scenes, forcing Wright to make them his first days of
filming.
[40][41]
With both a worldwide gross of over US$121 million and several Academy Award and Golden Globe
nominations, the film became a critical and commercial success.
[42]
2006–2010
Dench in her role as M (Olivia Mansfield) was the only cast member carried through from the Brosnan films to
appear in Casino Royale (2006), Martin Campbell's reboot of the James Bond film series, starring Daniel Craig in his
debut performance as the fictional MI6 agent. The thriller received largely positive critical response, with reviewers
highlighting Craig's performance and the reinvention of the character of Bond.
[43]
It earned over US$594 million
worldwide, ranking it among the highest-grossing James Bond films ever released. In April 2006, Dench returned to
the West End stage in Hay Fever alongside Peter Bowles, Belinda Lang and Kim Medcalf. She finished off 2006
with the role of Mistress Quickly in the RSC's new musical The Merry Wives, a version of The Merry Wives of
Windsor.
[44]
Judi Dench
280
Dench at the premiere of Notes on a
Scandal in Berlin
Dench appeared opposite Cate Blanchett as a bitter, creepy and iron-fisted
London teacher with a dedicated fondness for vulnerable women in Richard
Eyre's 2006 drama film Notes on a Scandal, an adaption from the 2003 novel of
the same name by Zoë Heller. A fan of the Heller's book, Dench "was thrilled to
be asked to ... play that woman, to try to find a humanity in that dreadful
person."
[45]
The specialty film opened to generally positive reviews and
commercial success, grossing US$50 million worldwide,
[46]
exceeding its
£15 million budget.
[47]
In his review for Chicago Sun-Times film critic Roger
Ebert declared the main actresses "perhaps the most impressive acting duo in any
film of 2006. Dench and Blanchett are magnificent."
[48]
The following year,
Dench earned her sixth Academy nomination and went on to win a BIFA Award
and an Evening Standard Award.
[21]
Dench, as Miss Matty Jenkyns, co-starred with Eileen Atkins, Michael Gambon,
Imelda Staunton and Francesca Annis in the BBC One five-part series Cranford.
The first season of the series began transmission in November 2007.
Dench became the voice for the narration for the updated Walt Disney World Epcot attraction Spaceship Earth in
February 2008.
[49]
The same month, she was named as the first official patron of the York Youth Mysteries 2008, a
project to allow young people to explore the York Mystery Plays through dance, film-making and circus.
[50]
Her
only film of 2008 was Marc Forster's Quantum of Solace, the twenty-second Eon-produced James Bond film, in
which she reprised her role as M along with Daniel Craig. A direct sequel to the 2006 film Casino Royale, Forster
felt Dench was underused in the previous films and wanted to make her part bigger, having her interact with Bond
more.
[51]
The project gathered generally mixed reviews by critics who mainly felt that Quantum of Solace was not as
impressive as the predecessor Casino Royale,
[52]
but became another hit for the franchise with a worldwide gross of
US$591 million.
[53]
For her performance, Dench was nominated for a Saturn Award the following year.
[54]
Dench returned to the West End in mid-2009, playing Madame de Merteuil in Yukio Mishima's play Madame de
Sade, directed by Michael Grandage as part of the Donmar season at Wyndham's Theatre.
[55]
The same year, she
appeared in Sally Potter's experimental film Rage, a project that featured 14 actors playing fictional figures in and
around the fashion world, giving monologues before a plain backdrop.
[56]
Attracted to the fact that it was unlike
anything she had done before, Dench welcomed the opportunity to work with Potter.
[56]
"I like to do something that's
not expected, or predictable. I had to learn to smoke a joint, and I set my trousers alight," she said about filming.
[56]
Dench's next film was Rob Marshall's musical film Nine, based on Arthur Kopit's book for the 1982 musical of the
same name, which was itself suggested by Federico Fellini's semi-autobiographical film 8½.
[57]
Also starring Daniel
Day-Lewis, Marion Cotillard, Penélope Cruz, and Sophia Loren, she played Lilli La Fleur, an eccentric but motherly
French costume designer, who performs the song "Folies Bergères" in the film. Despite mixed to negative reviews,
Nine was nominated for four Academy Awards,
[58]
and awarded both the Satellite Award for Best Film and Best
Cast.
[21]
Also in 2009, Dench reprised the role of Matilda Jenkyns in Return to Cranford, the two-part second season of a
Simon Curtis television series. Critically acclaimed, Dench was nominated for a Golden Globe Award, a Primetime
Emmy Award, and a Satellite Award.
[21]
In 2010, she renewed her collaboration with Peter Hall at the Rose Theatre
in Kingston upon Thames in A Midsummer Night's Dream, which opened in February 2010; she played Titania as
Queen Elizabeth I in her later years – almost 50 years after she first played the role for the Royal Shakespeare
Company.
[59]
In July 2010, Dench performed "Send in the Clowns" at a special celebratory promenade concert from
the Royal Albert Hall as part of the proms season, in honour of composer Stephen Sondheim's 80th birthday.
[60][61]
Judi Dench
281
2011–present
In 2011, Dench starred in Jane Eyre, My Week with Marilyn and J. Edgar. In Cary Joji Fukunaga's period drama
Jane Eyre, based on the 1847 novel of the same name by Charlotte Brontë, she played the short role of Alice Fairfax,
the aloof and brooding master of Thornfield Hall, where main character Jane, played by Mia Wasikowska, gets
employed as a governess.
[62]
Dench reportedly signed on to the project after she had received a humorous personal
note from Fukunaga, in which he "promised her that she'd be the sexiest woman on set if she did the film."
[63]
Acclaimed among critics,
[64]
it was a mediocre arthouse success at the box office, grossing US$30.5 million
worldwide.
[65]
In Simon Curtis' My Week with Marilyn, which depicts the making of the 1957 film The Prince and
the Showgirl starring Marilyn Monroe and Laurence Olivier, Dench played late British actress Sybil Thorndike
during her work on set of the Laurence Olivier film. The film garnered largely positive reviews, particularly for
Michelle Williams and Kenneth Branagh's performances,
[66]
and earned Dench a Best Actress in a Supporting Role
nomination at the 65th BAFTA Awards.
[21]
Dench's last film of 2011 was Clint Eastwood's J. Edgar, a biographical drama film about the career of FBI director
J. Edgar Hoover, played by Leonardo DiCaprio, from the Palmer Raids onwards, including an examination of his
private life as an alleged closeted homosexual.
[67]
Hand-picked by Eastwood to play Anna Marie Hoover, Hoover's
mother, Dench initially thought a friend was setting her up upon receiving Eastwood's phone call request. "I didn't
take it seriously to start with. And then I realised it was really him and that was a tricky conversation," she stated.
[45]
Released to mixed reception, both with critics and commercially, the film went on to gross US$79 million
worldwide.
[68]
The same year, Dench reunited with Rob Marshall and Johnny Depp for a cameo appearance in
Pirates of the Caribbean: On Stranger Tides, playing a noblewoman who is robbed by Captain Jack Sparrow, played
by Depp.
[69]
She made a second cameo that year in Ray Cooney's star-studded comedy film Run for Your Wife.
[70]
In 2011, Dench reunited with director John Madden on the set of the comedy-drama The Best Exotic Marigold Hotel
(2012), starring an ensemble cast also consisting of Celia Imrie, Bill Nighy, Ronald Pickup, Maggie Smith, Tom
Wilkinson and Penelope Wilton as a group of British pensioners moving to a retirement hotel in India, run by the
young and eager Sonny, played by Dev Patel. Released to positive reviews by critics,
[71]
who declared the film a
"sweet story about the senior set featuring a top-notch cast of veteran actors,"
[71]
it became a surprise box-office hit
following its international release, eventually grossing $US134 million worldwide, mostly from its domestic run.
[72]
Best Exotic Marigold Hotel was ranked among the highest-grossing specialty releases of the year,
[73]
and Dench,
whose Peter Travers from Rolling Stone called "resilient marvel",
[74]
garnered a Best Actress nod at both the British
Independent Film Awards and Golden Globe Awards.
[75]
Also in 2012, Friend Request Pending, an indie short film which Dench had filmed in 2011, received a wide release
as part of the feature films Stars in Shorts and The Joy of Six. In the 12-minute comedy, directed by My Week with
Marilyn assistant director Chris Foggin on a budget of just £5,000, she portrays a pensioner grappling with a crush
on her church choirmaster and the art of cyber-flirting via social networking.
[76]
Dench made her seventh and final
appearance as M in the twenty-third James Bond film, Skyfall (2012), directed by Sam Mendes.
[77]
In the film, Bond
investigates an attack on MI6; it transpires that it is part of an attack on M by former MI6 operative, Raoul Silva
(played by Javier Bardem) to humiliate, discredit and kill M as revenge against her for betraying him. Coincided
with the 50th anniversary of the James Bond series, Skyfall was positively received by critics and at the box office,
grossing over $1 Billion worldwide, and became the highest-grossing film of all-time in the UK and the
highest-grossing film in the James Bond series. Critics called Dench's Saturn Awards-nominated performance
"compellingly luminous".
[78]
Judi Dench
282
Public life
Dench was appointed an Officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE) in 1970
[79]
and Dame Commander of the
Order of the British Empire (DBE) in 1988.
[80]
She was appointed a Companion of the Order of the Companions of
Honour (CH) in 2005.
[81]
In June 2011, she became a fellow of the British Film Institute (BFI).
[3]
Dench is a patron
of the Leaveners, Friends School Saffron Walden and the Archway Theatre, Horley, Surrey. She became president of
Mountview Academy of Theatre Arts in London in 2006,
[82]
taking over from Sir John Mills, and is also president of
the Questors Theatre, Ealing. In May 2006, she became an Honorary Fellow of the Royal Society of Arts (FRSA).
She was also patron of Ovingdean Hall School, a special day and boarding school for the deaf and hard of hearing in
Brighton, which closed in 2010,
[83]
and Vice President of The Little Foundation. Dench is an Honorary Fellow of
Lucy Cavendish College, Cambridge. In 1996, she was awarded a DUniv degree from Surrey University
[84]
and in
2000–2001 she received an honorary DLitt degree from Durham University.
[85]
In July 2000, she was awarded a
DLitt degree by Queen Margaret University, Edinburgh, where she actively supported their Drama School at the
Gateway Theatre on Elm Row. On 24 June 2008, she was honoured by the University of St Andrews, receiving a
honorary DLitt degree at the university's graduation ceremony.
[86]
Political and social interests and involvement
Dench has worked with the non-governmental indigenous organisation, Survival International, campaigning in the
defence of the tribal people, the Bushmen of Botswana and the Arhuaco of Colombia. She made a small supporting
video saying the Bushmen are victims of tyranny, greed and racism.
[87][88]
On 22 July 2010, Dench was awarded an
honorary degree of Doctor of Letters (DLitt) by Nottingham Trent University.
[89]
The Dr. Hadwen Trust announced
on 15 January 2011 that Dench had become a patron of the trust joining existing high profile personalities, Joanna
Lumley and David Shepherd.
[90]
On 19 March 2012 it was announced that Dench was to become honorary patron of
the charity "Everton in the Community", the official charity of Everton F.C. in Everton, Liverpool. It was also
revealed that Dench is a supporter of Everton.
[91]
She is an advisor to the American Shakespeare Center. She is a
patron of the Shakespeare Schools Festival, a charity that enables school children across the UK to perform
Shakespeare in professional theatres.
[92]
She is patron of East Park Riding for the Disabled, a riding school for
disabled children at Newchapel, Surrey.
[93]
In 2011 along with musician Sting and entrepreneur Richard Branson she
publicly urged policy makers to adopt more progressive drug policies by decriminalizing drug use.
[94]
Filmography
Film and television
Year Title Role Notes
1959 Hilda Lessways Hilda Lessways TV series (6 episodes)
1959 ITV Play of the Week Dido Morgan/Kate
Barclay/Louisa Lindley
TV series (6 episodes)
1960 The Terrible Choice TV series
1960 Armchair Theatre Emily Strachan TV series (1 episode: "Pink String and Sealing Wax")
1960 An Age of Kings Princess Katherine of France TV series (2 episodes)
1960 The Four Just Men Anna TV series (1 episode: "Treviso Dam")
1962 The Cherry Orchard Anya TV movie
1963 Z Cars Elena Collins TV series (1 episode: "Made for Each Other")
1964 Festival Angela Thwaites TV series (1 episode: "August for the People")
1964 The Third Secret Miss Humphries
Judi Dench
283
1964 Detective Charlotte Revel TV series (1 episode: "Dishonoured Bones")
1964 Theatre 625 Terry Stevens/Valentine
Wannop
TV series (7 episodes)
1965 Four in the Morning Wife
1965 Mogel Gwyneth Evans TV series (1 episode: "Safety Man")
1965 A Study in Terror Sally
1965 He Who Rides a Tiger Joanne
1966 Court Martial Marthe TV series (1 episode: "Let No Man Speak")
1966 BBC Play of the Month Elizebeth Moris TV series (1 episode: "Days to Come")
1968 A Midsummer Night's Dream Titania
1968 Jackanory Storyteller TV series (12 episodes)
1968 ITV Playhouse Helen Payle TV series (1 episode: "On Approval")
1970 Confession Woman TV series (1 episode: "Neighbours")
1973 Ooh La La! Amélie TV series (1 episode: "Keep an Eye on Amélie")
1974 Luther Katherine
1974 2nd House TV series (1 episode: "Frank's for the Memory")
1974 Dead Cert Laura Davidson
1978 The Comedy of Errors Adriana TV movie
1978 Langrishe, Go Down Imogen Langrishe BBC TV movie
1979 A Performance of Macbeth Lady Macbeth TV movie
1979 On Giant's Shoulders Hazel Wiles BBC TV movie
1979 ITV Playhouse Z TV series (1 episode: "Village Wooing")
1980 Love in a Cold Climate Aunt Sadie TV mini-series (8 episodes)
1981 The Cherry Orchard Mme. Ranevsky TV movie
1981 BBC2 Playhouse Sister Scarli TV series (1 episode: "Going Gently")
1981–1984 A Fine Romance Laura Dalton TV series (26 episodes)
1982 Spaceship Earth 4th Edition Narrator Short
1983 Saigon: Year of the Cat Barbara Dean TV movie
1985 The Browning Version Millie Crocker-Harris TV movie
1985 Wetherby Marcia Pilborough
1985 A Room with a View Eleanor Lavish
1985 Mr. and Mrs. Edgehill Dorrie Edgehill TV movie
1987 The Angelic Conversation Narrator
1987 84 Charing Cross Road Nora Doel
1987 Theatre Night Mrs. Alving/Mrs. Rogers TV series (2 episodes)
1988 A Handful of Dust Mrs. Beaver
1989 Henry V Mistress Quickly
1989 Behaving Badly Bridget Mayor
1990 Screen One Anna TV series (1 episode: "Can You Hear Me Thinking?")
1991 Performance Christine Foskett TV series (1 episode: "Absolute Hell")
Judi Dench
284
1992 The Torch Aba TV mini-series
1992–2005 As Time Goes By Jean Mary Hardcastle TV series (67 episodes)
1993 ABC For Kids Announcer
1994 Middlemarch George Eliot (voice) TV mini-series (2 episodes)
1995 Jack and Sarah Margaret
1995 GoldenEye M/Barbara Mawdsley
1996 Hamlet Hecuba
1997 Her Majesty, Mrs. Brown Queen Victoria
1997 Tomorrow Never Dies M
1998 Shakespeare in Love Queen Elizabeth I
1999 Tea with Mussolini Arabella
1999 The World Is Not Enough M
2000 Into the Arms of Strangers: Stories of the
Kindertransport
Narrator Documentary
2000 The Last of the Blonde Bombshells Elizabeth TV movie
2000 Chocolat Armande Voizin
2001 Iris Iris Murdoch
2001 The Shipping News Agnis Hamm
2002 The Importance of Being Earnest Lady Augusta Bracknell
2002 Die Another Day M
2002 Angelina Ballerina Miss Lilly (voice) TV series (23 episodes)
2003 Bugs! Narrator Short
2004 Home on the Range Mrs. Caloway (voice)
2004 The Chronicles of Riddick Aereon
2004 Ladies in Lavender Ursula Widdington
2005 Pride & Prejudice Lady Catherine de Bourgh
2005 Mrs Henderson Presents Mrs. Laura Henderson
2006 The Magic Roundabout Narrator
2006 Doogal Narrator (voice)
2006 Angelina Ballerina: Angelina Sets Sail Miss Lilly (voice)
2006 Casino Royale M
2006 Notes on a Scandal Barbara Covett
2007 Go Inside to Greet the Light Narrator
2007 Cranford Miss Matty
2008 Quantum of Solace M
2009 Rage Mona Carvell
2009 Nine Lilli
2009 Return to Cranford Miss Matty TV mini-series
2011 Jane Eyre Mrs. Fairfax
Judi Dench
285
2011 Pirates of the Caribbean: On Stranger
Tides
Society Lady Cameo
2011 My Week with Marilyn Dame Sybil Thorndike
2011 Friend Request Pending Mary Short
2011 J. Edgar Annie Hoover
2012 Run For Your Wife Bag Lady Cameo
2012 The Best Exotic Marigold Hotel Evelyn Greenslade
2012 Skyfall M Pending — Saturn Award for Best Supporting Actress
Nominated — BAFTA Award for Best Actress in a
Supporting Role
Nominated — London Film Critics Circle Award for
Supporting Actress of the Year
Nominated — Broadcast Film Critics Association
Award for Best Supporting Actress
Nominated — London Film Critics Circle Award for
British Actress of the Year
Nominated — Satellite Award for Best Supporting
Actress – Motion Picture
Nominated — Chicago Film Critics Association Award
for Best Supporting Actress
2013
Philomena
[95] Philomena Lee
Video games
Year Title Role Notes
2004 007: Everything or Nothing M Voice
2004 GoldenEye: Rogue Agent M Voice
2008 007: Quantum of Solace M Voice
2010 GoldenEye 007 M Voice
2010 James Bond 007: Blood Stone M Voice
2012 007 Legends M Voice
Theatre work
Source: "Judi Dench: With a Crack in her Voice" by John Miller
As an actress
Judi Dench
286
Year Title Role Company Theatre Notes
1957 York Mystery Plays Virgin Mary York St Mary's Abbey
1957 Hamlet Ophelia Old Vic Company Old Vic Theatre
1957 Measure for Measure Juliet Old Vic Company Old Vic Theatre
1957 A Midsummer Night's
Dream
First Fairy Old Vic Company Old Vic Theatre
1958 Twelfth Night Maria Old Vic Company Old Vic Theatre also US tour and New York City
1958 Henry V Katharine Old Vic Company Old Vic Theatre also US tour and New York City
1959 The Double Dealer Cynthia Old Vic Company Old Vic Theatre
1959 As You Like It Phebe Old Vic Company Old Vic Theatre
1959 The Importance of
Being Earnest
Cecily Old Vic Company Old Vic Theatre
1959 The Merry Wives of
Windsor
Anne Page Old Vic Company Old Vic Theatre
1960 Richard II Queen Old Vic Company Old Vic Theatre
1960 Romeo and Juliet Juliet Old Vic Company Old Vic Theatre also Venice Festival
1960 She Stoops to Conquer Kate Hardcastle Old Vic Company Old Vic Theatre
1960 A Midsummer Night's
Dream
Hermia Old Vic Company Old Vic Theatre
1961 The Cherry Orchard Anya Royal Shakespeare
Company
Aldwych Theatre
1962 Measure for Measure Isabella Royal Shakespeare
Company
Stratford
1962 A Midsummer Night's
Dream
Titiana Royal Shakespeare
Company
Stratford
1962 A Penny for a Song Dorcas Bellboys Royal Shakespeare
Company
Aldwych Theatre
1963 Macbeth Lady Macbeth Nottingham Playhouse
Company
also West Africa tour
1963 Twelfth Night Viola Nottingham Playhouse
Company
also West Africa tour
1963 A Shot in the Dark Josefa Lautenay Nottingham Playhouse
Company
Lyric Theatre
1964 Three Sisters Irina Oxford Playhouse
Company
1964 The Twelfth Hour Anna Oxford Playhouse
Company
1965 The Alchemist Dol Common Oxford Playhouse
Company
1965 Romeo and Jeannette Jeannette Oxford Playhouse
Company
1965 The Firescreen Jacqueline Oxford Playhouse
Company
1965 Measure for Measure Isabella Nottingham Playhouse
Company
Judi Dench
287
1965 Private Lives Amanda Nottingham Playhouse
Company
1966 The Country Wife Margery Pinchwife Nottingham Playhouse
Company
1966 The Astrakhan Coat Barbara Nottingham Playhouse
Company
1966 St Joan Joan Nottingham Playhouse
Company
1966 The Promise Lika Oxford Playhouse
Company
1966 The Rules of the Game Silia Oxford Playhouse
Company
1967 The Promise Lika Oxford Playhouse
Company
Fortune Theatre
1968 Cabaret Sally Bowles Palace Theatre
1969 The Winter's Tale Hermione and Perdita Royal Shakespeare
Company
Stratford
1969 Women Beware
Women
Bianca Royal Shakespeare
Company
Stratford
1969 Twelfth Night Viola Royal Shakespeare
Company
Stratford also on tour in Australia and Japan, 1970
and Aldwych Theatre, 1971
1970 London Assurance Grace Harkaway Royal Shakespeare
Company
Aldwych Theatre also New Theatre, 1972
1970 Major Barbara Barbara Undershaft Royal Shakespeare
Company
Aldwych Theatre
1971 The Merchant of
Venice
Portia Royal Shakespeare
Company
Stratford
1971 The Duchess of Malfi Duchess Royal Shakespeare
Company
Stratford
1971 Toad of Toad Hall Fielfmouse, Stoat and
Mother Rabbit
Royal Shakespeare
Company
Stratford
1973 Content to Whisper Aurelia York Theatre Royal
1973 The Wolf Vilma – Oxford Playhouse also at Apollo, Queen's and New London
1974 The Good Companions Miss Trant – Her Majesty's
Theatre
1975 The Gay Lord Quex Sophy Fullgarney – Albery Theatre
1975 Too True to Be Good Sweetie Simpkins Royal Shakespeare
Company
Aldwych Theatre
1976 Much Ado About
Nothing
Beatrice Royal Shakespeare
Company
Stratford also Aldwych Theatre, 1977
1976 Macbeth Lady Macbeth Royal Shakespeare
Company
Stratford also Donmar Warehouse and Young Vic
1976 The Comedy of Errors Adriana Royal Shakespeare
Company
Stratford also Aldwych Theatre, 1977
1976 King Lear Regan Royal Shakespeare
Company
Stratford
Judi Dench
288
1977 Pillars of the
Community
Lona Hessel Royal Shakespeare
Company
Aldwych Theatre
1978 The Way of the World Millamant Royal Shakespeare
Company
Aldwych Theatre
1979 Cymbeline Imogen Royal Shakespeare
Company
Stratford
1980 Juno and the Paycock Juno Boyle Royal Shakespeare
Company
Aldwych Theatre
1981 A Village Wooing Young Woman – New End Theatre
1982 The Importance of
Being Earnest
Lady Bracknell Royal National
Theatre
Lyttelton
1982 A Kind of Alaska Deborah Royal National
Theatre
Cottesloe
1983 Pack of Lies Barbara Jackson Royal National
Theatre
Lyric
1984 Mother Courage Mother Courage Royal Shakespeare
Company
Barbican
1984 Waste Amy O'Connell Royal Shakespeare
Company
Barbican and
Lyric
1986 Mr and Mrs Nobody Carrie Pooter – Garrick Theatre
1987 Antony and Cleopatra Cleopatra Royal National
Theatre
Olivier
1987 Entertaining Strangers Sarah Eldridge Royal National
Theatre
Cottesloe
1989 Hamlet Gertrude Royal National
Theatre
Olivier
1989 The Cherry Orchard Ranevskaya Royal Shakespeare
Company
Aldwych Theatre
1991 The Plough and the
Stars
Bessie Burgess Royal Shakespeare
Company
Young Vic
1991 The Sea Mrs Rafi Royal National
Theatre
Lyttelton
1992 Coriolanus Volumnia Chichester Festival Theatre
1992 The Gift of the Gorgon Helen Damson Royal Shakespeare
Company
Barbican and
Wyndham's
1994 The Seagull Arkadina Royal National
Theatre
Olivier
1995 Absolute Hell Christine Foskett Royal National
Theatre
Lyttelton
1995 A Little Night Music Desiree Armfeldt Royal National
Theatre
Olivier
1997 Amy's View Esme Royal National
Theatre
Lyttelton
1998 Amy's View Esme Royal National
Theatre
Aldwych Theatre
1998 Filumena Filumena – Piccadilly Theatre
Judi Dench
289
1999 Amy's View Esme – Barrymore
Theatre
New York City
2001 The Royal Family Fanny Cavendish – Theatre Royal
Haymarket
2002 The Breath of Life Frances – Theatre Royal
Haymarket
2003 All's Well That Ends
Well
The Countess Royal Shakespeare
Company
Stratford and
Gielgud
2006 Hay Fever Judith Bliss – Theatre Royal
Haymarket
2006 The Merry Wives of
Windsor
Mistress Quickly Royal Shakespeare
Company
Stratford
2009 Madame de Sade The Marquise – Wyndham's Donmar at Wyndham's
2010 A Midsummer Night's
Dream
Titania/Elizabeth I – Rose, Kingston
2013 Peter and Alice Alice – Noel Coward
Theatre
As a director
• 1988 – Much Ado About Nothing, Renaissance Theatre Company
• 1989 – Look Back in Anger – Renaissance Theatre Company
• 1989 – Macbeth – Central School of Speech and Drama
• 1991 – The Boy from Syracuse, Regent's Park Open Air Theatre
• 1993 – Romeo and Juliet, Regent's Park Open Air Theatre
Discography
• Cabaret (1968), Original London cast album CBS (1973)
• The Good Companions (1974), Original London cast recording (1974)
• A Midsummer Night's Dream (1995); from Felix Mendelssohn as Recitant. Conducted by Seiji Ozawa
• A Little Night Music (1995) by Stephen Sondheim, Royal National Theatre Cast
• Nine (2009) Original Motion Picture Soundtrack
Awards and nominations
Film
Judi Dench
290
Year Nominated work Award Result
1966 Four in the Morning BAFTA Film Award for Best Newcomer to Leading Roles Won
1986 Wetherby BAFTA Film Award for Best Supporting Actress Nominated
1987 A Room with a View BAFTA Film Award for Best Supporting Actress Won
1988 84 Charing Cross Road BAFTA Film Award for Best Supporting Actress Nominated
1989 A Handful of Dust BAFTA Film Award for Best Supporting Actress Won
1998 Mrs. Brown Academy Award for Best Leading Actress Nominated
BAFTA Film Award for Best Leading Actress Won
Golden Globe Award for Best Leading Actress in a Drama Film Won
SAG Award for Best Leading Actress in a Film Nominated
Satellite Award for Best Leading Actress in a Drama Film Won
1999 Shakespeare in Love Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress Won
BAFTA Film Award for Best Supporting Actress Won
Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress in a Film Nominated
SAG Award for Best Cast in a Film Won
SAG Award for Best Supporting Actress in a Film Nominated
2001 – BAFTA Academy Fellowship Award Won
Chocolat Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress Nominated
BAFTA Film Award for Best Supporting Actress Nominated
Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress in a Film Nominated
SAG Award for Best Supporting Actress in a Film Won
Satellite Award for Best Supporting Actress in a Drama Film Nominated
2002 Iris Academy Award for Best Leading Actress Nominated
BAFTA Film Award for Best Leading Actress Won
Golden Globe Award for Best Leading Actress in a Drama Film Nominated
SAG Award for Best Leading Actress in a Film Nominated
Satellite Award for Best Leading Actress in a Drama Film Nominated
The Shipping News BAFTA Film Award for Best Supporting Actress Nominated
SAG Award for Best Supporting Actress in a Film Nominated
Judi Dench
291
2005 Mrs Henderson Presents British Independent Film Award for Best Leading Actress Nominated
Satellite Award for Best Leading Actress in a Musical or Comedy Film Nominated
2006 Academy Award for Best Leading Actress Nominated
BAFTA Film Award for Best Leading Actress Nominated
Golden Globe Award for Best Leading Actress in a Musical or Comedy Film Nominated
SAG Award for Best Leading Actress in a Film Nominated
Notes on a Scandal Satellite Award for Best Leading Actress in a Drama Film Nominated
2007 Academy Award for Best Leading Actress Nominated
BAFTA Film Award for Best Leading Actress Nominated
British Independent Film Award for Best Leading Actress Won
Golden Globe Award for Best Leading Actress in a Drama Film Nominated
SAG Award for Best Leading Actress in a Film Nominated
Saturn Award for Best Leading Actress in a Film Nominated
2009 Quantum of Solace Saturn Award for Best Supporting Actress in a Film Nominated
Nine Satellite Award for Best Cast in a Film Won
2010 SAG Award for Best Cast in a Film Nominated
2012 My Week with Marilyn BAFTA Film Award for Best Supporting Actress Nominated
Skyfall Satellite Award for Best Supporting Actress in a Film Nominated
2013 BAFTA Film Award for Best Supporting Actress Nominated
Broadcast Film Critics Association Award for Best Supporting Actress Nominated
The Best Exotic Marigold Hotel British Independent Film Award for Best Leading Actress Nominated
Golden Globe Award for Best Leading Actress in a Musical or Comedy Film Nominated
SAG Award for Best Cast in a Film Nominated
Television
Year Nominated work Award Result
1968 Talking to a Stranger BAFTA TV Award for Best Actress Won
1980 ITV Playhouse BAFTA TV Award for Best Actress Nominated
Macbeth Nominated
On Giant's Shoulders Nominated
1982 Going Gently BAFTA TV Award for Best Actress Won
The Cherry Orchard Won
A Fine Romance Won
1983 BAFTA TV Award for Best Entertainment Performance Nominated
1984 BAFTA TV Award for Best Entertainment Performance Nominated
Saigon: Year of the Cat BAFTA TV Award for Best Actress Nominated
1985 A Fine Romance BAFTA TV Award for Best Entertainment Performance Won
1990 Behaving Badly BAFTA TV Award for Best Actress Nominated
1998 As Time Goes By BAFTA TV Award for Best Comedy Performance Nominated
Judi Dench
292
2001 The Last of the Blonde Bombshells BAFTA TV Award for Best Actress Won
Golden Globe Award for Best Actress in a Miniseries or Television Film Won
Primetime Emmy Award for Best Leading Actress in a Miniseries or Television Film Nominated
SAG Award for Best Actress in a Miniseries or Television Movie Nominated
2008 Cranford BAFTA TV Award for Best Actress Nominated
Primetime Emmy Award for Best Actress in a Miniseries or Television Film Nominated
Satellite Award for Best Actress in a Miniseries or Television Film Won
2009 Golden Globe Award for Best Actress in a Miniseries or Television Film Nominated
2010 Return to Cranford Primetime Emmy Award for Best Actress in a Miniseries or Television Film Nominated
Satellite Award for Best Actress in a Miniseries or Television Film Nominated
2011 Golden Globe Award for Best Actress in a Miniseries or Television Film Nominated
Theatre
Year Nominated work Award Result
1977 Macbeth Olivier Award for Best Leading Actress in a Revival of a Play Won
1980 Juno and the Paycock Olivier Award for Best Leading Actress in a Revival of a Play Won
1982 Other Places Olivier Award for Best Leading Actress in a New Play Nominated
The Importance of Being Earnest Olivier Award for Best Leading Actress in a Revival of a Play Nominated
1983 Pack of Lies Olivier Award for Best Leading Actress in a New Play Won
1987 Antony and Cleopatra Olivier Award for Best Leading Actress in a Play Won
1992 The Boys from Syracuse Olivier Award for Best Director of a Musical Nominated
1993 The Gift of the Gorgon Olivier Award for Best Leading Actress in a Play Nominated
1996 A Little Night Music Olivier Award for Best Leading Actress in a Musical Won
Absolute Hell Olivier Award for Best Leading Actress in a Play Won
1998 Amy's View Olivier Award for Best Leading Actress in a Play Nominated
1999 Drama Desk Award for Best Leading Actress in a Play Nominated
Tony Award for Best Leading Actress in a Play Won
Filumena Olivier Award for Best Leading Actress in a Play Nominated
2004 – Olivier Special Award Won
2005 All's Well That Ends Well Olivier Award for Best Supporting Performance in a Play Nominated
Judi Dench
293
References
[1] Entertainment | Hollywood's premier Dame (http:// news. bbc.co. uk/ 2/hi/entertainment/ 1839300.stm). BBC News (24 February 2002).
Retrieved on 13 January 2012.
[2] "'And Furthermore' Description" (http:// www. whsmith. co.uk/ CatalogAndSearch/ ProductDetails.aspx?productID=34694947) at
WHSmith web site
[3] "Dame Judi Dench receives BFI fellowship" (http:/ /www.bbc. co.uk/ news/ entertainment-arts-13886478) 23 June 2011, BBC News
[4] Staff writers (6 September 2002). "The Importance of Dame Judi" (http:/ / news. bbc. co. uk/ 2/ hi/ in_depth/ uk/ 2000/ newsmakers/
2241129. stm). BBC News. . Retrieved 16 February 2009.
[5] Michael Billington (12 September 2005). "Please God, not retirement" (http:// film.guardian. co. uk/ oscars2006/ story/ 0,,1699880,00.
html). The Guardian (UK). . Retrieved 16 February 2009.
[6] Michael Billington (23 March 1998). "Judi Dench: Nothing like the Dame" (http:/ / film.guardian.co. uk/ Feature_Story/Guardian/
0,,44053,00. html). The Guardian (UK). . Retrieved 16 February 2009.
[7] "Emma Dench" (http:// harvardmagazine.com/ 2010/ 03/ emma-dench). Harvard Magazine. March–April 2010. . Retrieved 11 September
2010.
[8] Judi Dench says she isn't going blind (http:// www. abc. net. au/ news/ 2012-02-21/judi-dench-says-she-isn27t-going-blind/3841484),
Reuters per ABC Online, 21 February 2012
[9] "Hopkins and Dench named best British actors" (http:// film.guardian.co.uk/ news/ story/ 0,12589,1551503,00.html). The Guardian (UK).
18 August 2005. . Retrieved 29 December 2006.
[10] "Connery and Dench Top Legend Poll" (http:// www. timeout.com/ film/news/ 303/ connery-and-dench-top-legend-poll.html). Time Out
Group. 25 February 2005. . Retrieved 29 December 2006.
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[69] Bamigboye, Baz. "Johnny Depp to shiver Dame Judi Dench's timbers in new Pirates Of The Caribbean movie" (http:/ / www.dailymail. co.
uk/tvshowbiz/ article-1326798/Johnny-Depp-shiver-Judi-Denchs-timbers-new-Pirates-Of-The-Caribbean-movie.html). Daily Mail. .
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0909315-dame-judi-dench-set-make-cameo-wimbledon-shot-film). South West Londoner. . Retrieved 2012-11-09.
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(http:/ / www.indiewire. com/ article/
specialty-box-office-queen-reigns-for-indie-debuts-lcd-soundsystem-doc-has-great-one-night-only?page=2). Indiewire. . Retrieved
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the-best-exotic-marigold-hotel-20120503). Rolling Stone. . Retrieved 2012-10-30.
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[76] Jones, Alice (2012-11-09). "What M did next: Judi Dench tries cyber-flirting in low-budget indie film" (http:// www. independent.co. uk/
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judi-dench-skyfall-007-bond_n_2102516. html). The Huffington Post. . Retrieved 11 November 2012.
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Further reading
• Dench, Judi. And Furthermore. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 2010. ISBN 978-0-297-85967-3.
• Lavery, Alison (ed.). The Judi Dench Handbook. Emereo, 2010. ISBN 978-1-74244-659-2.
• Miller, John (ed.). Darling Judi: A Celebration of Judi Dench. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 2004. ISBN
0-297-84791-0.
• Trowbridge, Simon. The Company: A Biographical Dictionary of the Royal Shakespeare Company. Oxford:
Editions Albert Creed, 2010. ISBN 978-0-9559830-2-3.
• Herbert, Ian; Christine Baxter and Robert E. Finlay (1981). Who's Who in the Theatre (17th ed.). Detroit: Gale.
ISBN 0-273-01717-9.
• Billington, Michael (1993). One Night Stands: A critic's view of British theatre from 1971–1991. London: Nick
Hern Books. ISBN 1-85459-185-1.
External links
• Judi Dench (http:/ / www. allrovi.com/ name/ p18570) at AllRovi
• Judi Dench (http:/ / www. ibdb. com/ person.asp?ID=37830) at the Internet Broadway Database
• Judi Dench (http:/ / www. imdb.com/ name/ nm1132/ ) at the Internet Movie Database
• Judi Dench (http:/ / tcmdb.com/ participant/participant.jsp?participantId=48575|90538) at the TCM Movie
Database
• Works by or about Judi Dench (http:/ / worldcat.org/ identities/ lccn-n87-856331) in libraries (WorldCat catalog)
• Judi Dench Biography (http:/ / www. tiscali.co.uk/ entertainment/film/biographies/ judi_dench_biog.html)
• Judi Dench (http:/ / calm.shakespeare.org.uk/ dserve/ dserve. exe?dsqIni=Dserve. ini& dsqApp=Archive&
dsqDb=Catalog& dsqCmd=Overview. tcl& dsqSearch=((text)='Judi Dench')) at the Royal Shakespeare Company
performance database
• As Time Goes By Central website (http:/ / atgbcentral. com/ )
• Judi Dench on Acting Regal (http:/ / www. npr. org/templates/ story/ story. php?storyId=1960857)
• University of Bristol Theatre Collection (http:// www. bris. ac. uk/theatrecollection/ ), University of Bristol
• The Company: A Biographical Dictionary of the RSC: Online database (http:/ / www. stratfordians.org. uk/)
• Dame Judi Dench at Emmys.com (http:/ / www. emmys.com/ celebrities/ dame-judi-dench)
Julie Enfield Investigates
297
Julie Enfield Investigates
Julie Enfield Investigates
Genre Radio drama
Running time 30/45 minutes
Country United Kingdom
Language(s) English
Home station BBC Radio 4
Starring Imelda Staunton
Writer(s) Nick Fisher
Director(s) Richard Wortley
Air dates 11 August 1994 to 25 May 1999
No. of series 5
No. of episodes 22
Audio format Stereophonic sound
Julie Enfield Investigates was a series of radio dramas originally broadcast between 1994 and 1999. Written by
Nick Fisher and starring Imelda Staunton as DSI Enfield, there were five stories: Terminus (1994), The Smithfield
Murders (1995), The Net And The Canal (1996), The Leaves Of The Dead (1997) and Murder West One (1999). The
first four runs were serials of four or five 30 minute episodes. Murder West One consists of four self-contained 45
minute cases. As an initial one-off, Terminus didn't carry the 'Julie Enfield Investigates' prefix. Trademarks running
through all the stories are a very dark, almost Gothic, sense of horror, and an unusual narrator (in the case of
Terminus, the railway station in which the murders take place). The series is occasionally repeated on BBC Radio 4
Extra.
Episode lists
Series Episode Title First broadcast
Terminus 1 11 August 1994
2 18 August 1994
3 25 August 1994
4 1 September 1994
5 8 September 1994
The Smithfield Murders 1 Filth And Fat And Blood And Foam 2 November 1995
2 Blue Bummarees 9 November 1995
3 Chef's Special 16 November 1995
4 A Mushroom Diet 23 November 1995
5 A Passion For Hunting Something 30 November 1995
Julie Enfield Investigates
298
The Net And The Canal 1 Waking Up To Nessun Dorma 16 May 1996
2 Communicating With The President 23 May 1996
3 Tarantulas In Trojan Horses 30 May 1996
4 Beyond The Firewall 6 June 1996
The Leaves Of The Dead 1 Proverbs And Punctures From Hell 7 August 1997
2 Stacks And Baps And Amulets 14 August 1997
3 Welcome To The Nightmare 21 August 1997
4 Pyramids In The Spider 28 August 1997
Murder West One 1 A Cure For Death 4 May 1999
2 The Art Of The Matter 11 May 1999
3 Five Star Killing 18 May 1999
4 Soho Espresso 25 May 1999
External links
• RadioListings episode guide
[1]
References
[1] http:/ / www.radiolistings. co. uk/ programmes/j/ ju/ julie_enfield_investigates. html
Juliet Stevenson
299
Juliet Stevenson
Juliet Stevenson
Juliet Stevenson speaking at the 2011 Latitude Festival.
Born 30 October 1956
Kelvedon, Essex, England
Occupation Actor
Years active 1980–present
Partner(s) Hugh Brody (1993–present)
Children Rosalind Hannah Brody
(b. 1994)
Gabriel Jonathan Brody
(b. 2000)
Juliet Anne Virginia Stevenson, CBE (born 30 October 1956) is an English actor of stage and screen.
Early life
Stevenson was born in Kelvedon, Essex, England, the daughter of Virginia Ruth (née Marshall), a teacher, and
Michael Guy Stevenson, an army officer.
[1]
Stevenson's father was in the army and received new postings every two
and a half years.
[2]
When Stevenson was nine, she attended Berkshire's Hurst Lodge School,
[3]
and she was later
educated at the independent St Catherine's School in Bramley, near Guildford in Surrey, and at the Royal Academy
of Dramatic Art (RADA).
[4]
Stevenson was part of 'new wave’ of actors to emerge from the Academy. Others
included Jonathan Pryce, Bruce Payne, Alan Rickman, Anton Lesser, Kenneth Branagh, Imelda Staunton and Fiona
Shaw. This led to a stage career starting in the early 1980s with the Royal Shakespeare Company.
Juliet Stevenson
300
Career
Although she has gained fame through her television and film work, and has often undertaken roles for BBC Radio,
she is best known as a stage actress. Significant stage roles include her lead performance as Anna in the UK premiere
of Burn This in 1990, and as Paulina in Death and the Maiden in 1991. For the latter, she was awarded the 1992
Laurence Olivier Award for Best Actress.
[5]
In the 1987 TV film Life Story (American title, The Race for the Double Helix), Stevenson played the part of
scientist Rosalind Franklin, for which she won a Cable Ace award.
[6]
She is known for her leading role in the film
Truly, Madly, Deeply (1991), and her roles in The Secret Rapture (1993), Emma (1996), Bend It Like Beckham
(2002) and Mona Lisa Smile (2003). She has more recently starred in Pierrepoint (2006), Infamous (2006) as Diana
Vreeland and Breaking and Entering (2006) as Rosemary, the therapist.
In 2009, she starred in ITV's A Place of Execution. The role won her the Best Actress Dagger at the 2009 Crime
Thriller Awards.
[7]
She enjoys a thriving career as a book reader, and has recorded all of Jane Austen's novels as
unabridged audiobooks, as well as a number of other classics, such as Lady Windermere’s Fan, Hedda Gabler,
Stories from Shakespeare, and To the Lighthouse.
Personal life
Stevenson lives with anthropologist Hugh Brody, her partner since 1993. The couple live in Highgate, North
London. They have two children, both born in Camden, London: Rosalind Hannah Brody (born 1994) and Gabriel
Jonathan Brody (born late 2000/early 2001).
[8]
She is an atheist, but considers herself a spiritual and superstitious person.
[9][10]
In 1992, she appeared in a political broadcast for the Labour Party.
[11][12]
She has been a critic of the MMR vaccine, as well as a supporter of the discredited
[13]
Andrew Wakefield, whose
research was based on a sample of twelve children.
[14]
In 2003, she appeared as the campaigning mother of an
autistic child, alongside Hugh Bonneville (as Wakefield) in the 90-minute drama, Hear the Silence, based on this
issue, while Stevenson vocally joined the campaign against the MMR vaccine.
[15]
Wakefield's work has since been
discredited;
[13]
and the articles against the MMR vaccine recanted by The Lancet.
[16]
In 2008, she campaigned on behalf of refugee women
[17]
with a reading of 'Motherland' at the Young Vic.
Stage
• Spirit in The Tempest with Alan Rickman, Royal Shakespeare Company (1978)
• Iras/Octavia in Antony and Cleopatra, with Jonathan Pryce and Patrick Stewart, Royal Shakespeare Company
(1978)
• Whore/Nun in Measure for Measure, Royal Shakespeare Company (1978)
• Caroline Thompson in The Churchill Play (1978)
• Aphrodite/Artemis in Hippolytus (1978)
• Lovers and Kings (1978)
• Widow/Curtis in The Taming of the Shrew (1978)
• Yeliena in The White Guard (1978)
• Miss Chasen in Once in a Lifetime (1978)
• Lady Percy in Henry IV, Parts 1 and 2, On Tour, Royal Shakespeare Company (1980)
• Hippolyta/Titania in A Midsummer Night's Dream (1981)
• Susan in The Witch of Edmonton (1981)
• Clara Douglas in Money, with Miles Anderson (1981)
• Emma and Betsy, Other Worlds, Royal Court Theatre, London (1983)
• Isabella, Measure for Measure, Royal Shakespeare Company, Stratford Theatre (1984)
Juliet Stevenson
301
• Polya, Breaking the Silence, Royal Shakespeare Company, The Pit Theatre, London (1984)
• Cressida, Troilus and Cressida, Royal Shakespeare Company, Stratford Theatre (1985)
• Rosalind, As You Like It, Royal Shakespeare Company, Stratford Theatre (1985)
• Madame de Tourvel, Les liaisons dangereuses, Royal Shakespeare Company, The Pit Theatre (1986)
• Yerma, Yerma, National Theatre, later Cottesloe Theatre, both London (1987)
• Hedda, Hedda Gabler, National Theatre, later Olivier Theatre, London (1989)
• Fanny, On the Verge, Sadler's Wells Theatre, London (1989)
• Anna, Burn This, Hampstead Theatre, later West End Theatre, both London (1990)
• Paulina, Death and the Maiden, Theatre Upstairs, London, then Royal Court Theatre (1991). Olivier Award for
Best Actress (1992)
• Galactia, Scenes from an Execution, Mark Taper Forum, Los Angeles (1993)
• The Duchess of Malfi, Greenwich Theatre/ Wyndham's Theatre, London (1995)
• The Caucasian Chalk Circle, Royal National Theatre, London (1997)
• Amanda in Private Lives with Anton Lesser, The National Theatre (1999)
• The Country, Royal Court Theatre (2000)
• We Happy Few, Gielgud Theatre, London (2004)
• The Alice Trilogy, Royal Court Theatre (2005)
• The Seagull, The National Theatre (2006)
• Duet for One, London, stage revival, with Henry Goodman (2009)
• The Heretic, Royal Court Theatre (2011)
Filmography
• The Mallens (1979) (TV)
• Maybury (1981) (TV)
• BBC Television Shakespeare Pericles, Prince of Tyre (1984) (TV)
• Antigone (1984) (TV)
• Oedipus at Colonus (1984) (TV)
• Life Story (1987) (TV)
• Drowning by Numbers (1988)
• Stanley Spencer (1988)
• Ladder of Swords (1989)
• Living with Dinosaurs (1989) (TV)
• The March (1990)
• Truly, Madly, Deeply (1991)
• In the Border Country (1991)
• Aimée (1991) (TV)
• A Doll's House (1992) (TV)
• Who Dealt? (1993) (TV)
• The Secret Rapture (1993)
• The Legends of Treasure Island (1993) (TV) (voice)
• The Trial (1993)
• The World of Eric Carle (1993) (TV) (voice)
• Verdi (1994) (TV) (voice)
• The Politician's Wife (1995) (TV)
• Emma (1996)
• Stone, Scissors, Paper (1997) (TV)
• Cider with Rosie (1998) (TV)
Juliet Stevenson
302
• Trial by Fire (1999) (TV)
• Play (2000)
• The Search for John Gissing (2001)
• Christmas Carol: The Movie (2001) (voice)
• Nicholas Nickleby (2002)
• The Pact (2002) (TV)
• The One and Only (2002)
• Bend It Like Beckham (2002)
• The Road from Coorain (2002) (TV)
• Food of Love (2002)
• Mona Lisa Smile (2003)
• Hear the Silence (2003) (TV)
• Being Julia (2004)
• The Snow Queen (2005)
• Pierrepoint (2005)
• Red Mercury (2005)
• A Previous Engagement (2005)
• In Search of Mozart (2006) (narrator)
• Streetlight (2006)
• Breaking and Entering (2006)
• Infamous (2006)
• And When Did You Last See Your Father? (2007)
• The Secret of Moonacre (2008)
• Dustbin Baby (2008)
• Place of Execution (2008)
• Agatha Christie's Marple:Ordeal By Innocence (2008) (TV)
• Triage (2009)
• The Secret of Moonacre (2009)
• Desert Flower (2009)
• Law & Order: UK (2010) (TV)
• Accused (2010) (TV)
• Lewis "Old, Unhappy, Far Off Things" (2011) (TV)
• The Hour (2011) (TV)
• White Heat (2012) (TV)
Awards and nominations
For her screen work, Stevenson has been nominated four times for a BAFTA (three for television, one for film),
while for her stage work she has earned five Olivier nominations, winning one.
Juliet Stevenson
303
Year Award Category Nominated work Result
1984 Olivier Award Best Actress in a Revival Measure for Measure Nominated
1986 Olivier Award Best Actress As You Like It; Les Liaisons Dangereuses Nominated
1987 Olivier Award Best Actress Yerma Nominated
1992 Olivier Award Best Actress Death and the Maiden Won
1992 BAFTA Film Award Best Actress Truly, Madly, Deeply Nominated
1993 BAFTA TV Award Best Actress A Doll's House Nominated
1996 BAFTA TV Award Best Actress The Politician's Wife Nominated
2010 Olivier Award Best Actress Duet for One Nominated
2011 BAFTA TV Award Best Actress Accused Nominated
Audio recordings – partial list
• Man and Superman, BBC Audiobooks, 1998 (Broadcast on BBC-4 in 1996). Production featured Juliet
Stevenson, Ralph Fiennes and Judi Dench. It also included an interview with the director, Sir Peter Hall
•• Old Possum's Book of Practical Cats, Penguin Audiobooks, 1997
•• The Plague Tales, BDD, c. 1997
• When Love Speaks (2002, EMI Classics) – "Sonnet 128" ("How oft, when thou, my music...")
• The Thirteenth Tale by Diane Setterfield, Unabridged, Orion audiobook (2006)
• Northanger Abbey by Jane Austen. Unabridged, Naxos audiobook, 7 CDs (2006)
• Persuasion by Jane Austen. Unabridged, Naxos audiobook, 7 CDs (2007)
• Mansfield Park by Jane Austen. Unabridged, Naxos audiobook, 14 CDs (2007)
• Emma by Jane Austen. Unabridged, Naxos audiobook, 13 CDs (2007)
• Sense and Sensibility by Jane Austen, Naxos audiobook, Unabridged (2007)
• The Tenant of Wildfell Hall by Anne Brontë,
• I, Coriander, by Sally Gardner,
• The King's General, by Daphne du Maurier,
• An Unequal Marriage, by Emma Tennant,
• From Shakespeare with Love, by William Shakespeare, David Tennant (Narrator), Juliet Stevenson (Narrator),
Anton Lesser (Narrator), Alex Jennings (Narrator)
• Daphne du Maurier Collection: Rebecca, Frenchman's Creek & My Cousin Rachel by Daphne du Maurier, Juliet
Stevenson (Narrator), Daniel Massey (Narrator), Michael Maloney (Narrator)
• A Room with a View, by E.M. Forster
• The London Tapes, by Juliet Stevenson
• Ancient and Modern, by Sue Gee (2004)
• Alentejo Blue by Monica Ali, abridged (2006)
• Middlemarch by George Eliot. Unabridged. Naxos Audiobooks (2011).
• 'Goldfish Girl' by Peter Souter (2011). http:// www.bbc. co. uk/ iplayer/episode/ b009mtcf/
Afternoon_Play_Goldfish_Girl/
Juliet Stevenson
304
References
[1] "Juliet Stevenson Biography (1956–)" (http:/ / www. filmreference.com/ film/68/ Juliet-Stevenson. html). Filmreference.com. . Retrieved 22
March 2012.
[2] My Secret Life: Juliet Stevenson (http:/ / www. independent. co. uk/ arts-entertainment/theatre-dance/features/
my-secret-life-juliet-stevenson-1231440. html)
[3] Drama. "Why Juliet Dreads the Boards" (http:// www. telegraph.co. uk/ culture/theatre/ drama/3647775/ Why-Juliet-dreads-the-boards.
html). The Daily Telegraph. UK. . Retrieved 22 March 2012.
[4] According to Who's Who on Television (1982 edition)
[5] (http:// www. officiallondontheatre.co.uk/ olivier_awards/view/ item98526/ Olivier-Winners-1992/)
[6] Awards for Juliet Stevenson (http:// www. imdb. com/ name/ nm0828980/ awards) at the Internet Movie Database
[7] Flood, Alison (22 October 2009). "British readers vote Harlan Coben their favourite crime writer" (http:/ / www. guardian.co. uk/ books/
2009/oct/ 22/ british-harlan-coben-crime). London: guardian.co.uk (Guardian News & Media). . Retrieved 28 October 2009.
[8] "Births England and Wales Births 1984–2006" (http:/ / www. findmypast. com). Findmypast.com. . Retrieved 22 March 2012.
[9] Dodd, Celia (14 March 2008). "Actress Juliet Stevenson reveals that her toughest role is being an older mother" (http:// www. timesonline.
co. uk/ tol/ life_and_style/ article3553335.ece). The Times (London). . Retrieved 7 May 2010.
[10] Sign Up: (25 July 2008). "National Secular Society – Coming out as atheist – Billy Connolly, Juliet Stevenson and Peter O’Toole" (http://
www.secularism. org. uk/ comingoutasatheistbillyconnollyj. html). Secularism.org.uk. . Retrieved 22 March 2012.
[11] "Transcript of Labour Party video" (http:// www. psr.keele. ac. uk/ area/uk/ pebs/ lab92.htm). Psr.keele.ac.uk. 5 May 2011. . Retrieved 22
March 2012.
[12] Labour Party video (http:/ / www. youtube. com/watch?v=7wz8UqcvRcY)
[13] "GMC: MMR doctor 'abused position of trust'" (http://www. channel4.com/ news/ articles/ science_technology/ gmc+mmr+doctor+
aposabused+ position+ of+trustapos/ 3519237), Channel 4 News, 28 January 2010
[14] Triggle, Nick (28 January 2010). "MMR doctor 'broke research rules'" (http:// news. bbc.co. uk/ 2/ hi/ health/ 8483865.stm). BBC News. .
Retrieved 7 May 2010.
[15] Revill, Jo (14 December 2003). "Channel defends MMR jab drama" (http:// www. guardian.co.uk/ society/ 2003/ dec/ 14/ research.
broadcasting). The Guardian (London). . Retrieved 7 May 2010.
[16] "Journal retracts study that linked autism to vaccine" (http:/ / www. statesman. com/news/ world/
journal-retracts-study-that-linked-autism-to-vaccine-210033. html). Statesman.com. 24 August 2011. . Retrieved 22 March 2012.
[17] "Juliet Stevenson: 'I would love a completely different life?'" (http:// www. telegraph. co. uk/ news/ features/ 3635674/
Juliet-Stevenson-I-would-love-a-completely-different-life.html). The Daily Telegraph (London). 18 February 2008. .
External links
• Juliet Stevenson (http:/ / www. imdb. com/ name/ nm828980/) at the Internet Movie Database
• Juliet Stevenson: The Power of Story Telling (http:// www. guardian.co. uk/ stage/ 2009/ may/ 09/
juliet-stevenson-acting-career)
Laurence Olivier
305
Laurence Olivier
The Right Honourable
The Lord Olivier
OM
Born 22 May 1907
Dorking, Surrey, England, UK
Died 11 July 1989 (aged 82)
Ashurst, West Sussex, England, UK
Occupation Actor, director, producer, screenwriter
Years active 1926–1988
Spouse(s) Jill Esmond (1930–40; divorced)
Vivien Leigh (1940–60; divorced)
Joan Plowright (1961–89; his death)
Children 2 sons, 2 daughters
Relatives Sydney Olivier (uncle, deceased)
Noël Olivier (cousin, deceased)
Website
http:// www. laurenceolivier.com
Laurence Kerr Olivier, Baron Olivier of Brighton, OM, (pron.: /ˈlɒrənsɵˈlɪvi.eɪ/; 22 May 1907 – 11 July 1989)
was a British actor, director, and producer. One of the most famous and revered actors of the 20th century,
[1]
he was
the youngest actor to be knighted as a Knight Bachelor and the first to be elevated to the peerage.
[2]
He was married
three times, to actresses Jill Esmond, Vivien Leigh, and Joan Plowright. Actor Spencer Tracy stated that Olivier was
"the greatest actor in the English-speaking world".
[3]
Olivier played a wide variety of roles on stage and screen from Greek tragedy, Shakespeare and Restoration comedy
to modern American and British drama. He was the first artistic director of the National Theatre of Great Britain and
its main stage is named in his honour. He is regarded by some to be the greatest actor of the 20th century,
[4]
in the
same category as David Garrick, Richard Burbage, Edmund Kean and Henry Irving in their own centuries. Olivier's
AMPAS acknowledgments are considerable: twelve Oscar nominations, with two awards (for Best Actor and Best
Picture for the 1948 film Hamlet), plus two honorary awards including a statuette and certificate. He was also
Laurence Olivier
306
awarded five Emmy awards from the nine nominations he received. Additionally, he was a three-time Golden Globe
and BAFTA winner. His career as a stage and film actor spanned more than six decades and included a wide variety
of roles, from the title role in Shakespeare's Othello and Sir Toby Belch in Twelfth Night to the sadistic Nazi dentist
Dr. Christian Szell in Marathon Man and the kindly but determined Nazi-hunter in The Boys from Brazil.
A High church clergyman's son who found fame on the West End stage, Olivier became determined early on to
master Shakespeare, and eventually came to be regarded as one of the foremost Shakespeare interpreters of the 20th
century. He continued to act until the year before his death in 1989.
[5]
Olivier played more than 120 stage roles:
Richard III, Macbeth, Romeo, Hamlet, Othello, Uncle Vanya, and Archie Rice in The Entertainer. He appeared in
nearly sixty films, including William Wyler's Wuthering Heights, Alfred Hitchcock's Rebecca, Stanley Kubrick's
Spartacus, Otto Preminger's Bunny Lake Is Missing, Richard Attenborough's Oh! What a Lovely War, and A Bridge
Too Far, Joseph L. Mankiewicz's Sleuth, John Schlesinger's Marathon Man, Daniel Petrie's The Betsy, Desmond
Davis' Clash of the Titans, and his own Henry V, Hamlet, and Richard III.
He also preserved his Othello on film, with its stage cast virtually intact. For television, he starred in The Moon and
Sixpence, John Gabriel Borkman, Long Day's Journey into Night, Brideshead Revisited, The Merchant of Venice,
Cat on a Hot Tin Roof, and King Lear, among others. In 1999, the American Film Institute named Olivier among the
Greatest Male Stars of All Time, at number 14 on the list.
Early life
Olivier was born on 22 May 1907 in Dorking, Surrey, England. He was raised in a severe, strict, and religious
household, ruled over by his father, Gerard Kerr Olivier (1869–1939), a High Anglican priest
[6]
whose father was
Henry Arnold Olivier, a rector. Olivier took solace in the care of his mother, Agnes Louise (née Crookenden;
1871–1920, the younger sister of High Anglican vicar George Pelham Crookenden), and was grief-stricken when she
died (at 48) when he was only 12.
[7]
Gerard Dacres "Dickie" (1904–1958) and Sybille (1901–1989) were his two
older siblings. His uncle was Sydney Olivier, 1st Baron Olivier, a career civil servant and Fabian who ended up as a
Governor of Jamaica and as Secretary of State for India in the first government of Ramsay MacDonald. Another
uncle was the artist Herbert Arnould Olivier.
In 1918, his father became the new church minister at St. Mary's Church, Letchworth, Hertfordshire, and the family
lived at the Old Rectory, now part of St Christopher School. He was educated at the choir school of All Saints',
Margaret Street, London.
[8]
He played Brutus in his school's production of Julius Caesar at the age of 9, where Ellen
Terry noted he was "already a great actor".
[9]
At 13, he went to St Edward's School, Oxford, again appearing in
school drama productions: he was a "bold" Katherine in The Taming of the Shrew (selected for a schools' drama
festival at the Shakespeare Memorial Theatre, Stratford)
[9]
and Puck in A Midsummer Night's Dream, played "very
well, to everyone's disgust", as Olivier noted in his diary.
[10]
After his brother, Dickie, left for India, it was his father
who decided that Laurence—or "Kim", as the family called him—would become an actor.
[11]
Laurence Olivier
307
Early career
Olivier with his future second wife, Vivien Leigh,
in Fire Over England (1937)
Olivier, 17 years old, attended the Central School of Speech and
Drama, tutored by Elsie Fogerty.
[12]
In 1926, he joined the
Birmingham Repertory Company. At first he was given only minor
tasks at the theatre, such as bell-ringing; however, his roles eventually
became more significant, and in 1927 he was playing Hamlet and
Macbeth.
[5]
In 1928, he was cast to play Captain Stanhope in the
Apollo theatre's first production of Journey's End, a play which would
expand his career. He always insisted that his acting was pure
technique, and he was contemptuous of contemporaries who adopted
method acting popularised by Lee Strasberg.
with Vivien Leigh in play Romeo and Juliet
(1940)
Olivier married Jill Esmond, a rising young actress, on 25 July 1930;
their only son, Simon Tarquin was born on 21 August 1936. Olivier
was, however, from the beginning not happy in his first marriage.
Repressed, as he came to see it, by his religious upbringing, Olivier
recounted in his autobiography the disappointments of his wedding
night, culminating in his failure to perform sexually. He temporarily
renounced religion and soon came to resent his wife, though the
marriage would last for ten years. Despite this supposed resentment,
Olivier remained in congenial contact with Esmond until his death (as
documented by their son Tarquin in his book, My Father Laurence
Olivier), accompanying her to Tarquin’s wedding in January 1965.
He made his film debut in The Temporary Widow and played his first
leading role on film in The Yellow Ticket; however, he held the film in
little regard.
[12]
His stage breakthrough was in Noël Coward's Private
Lives in 1930, followed by Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet in 1935,
alternating the roles of Romeo and Mercutio with John Gielgud.
Olivier did not agree with Gielgud's style of acting Shakespeare and
was irritated by the fact that Gielgud was getting better reviews than he was.
[13][14]
His tension towards Gielgud
came to a head in 1940, when Olivier approached London impresario Binkie Beaumont about financing him in a
repertory of the four great Shakespearean tragedies of Hamlet, Othello, Macbeth and King Lear. However,
Beaumont would agree to the plan only if Olivier and Gielgud alternated in the roles of Hamlet/Laertes,
Othello/Iago, Macbeth/Macduff, and Lear/Gloucester and that Gielgud direct at least one of the productions, a
proposition Olivier declined.
[15]
In 1939, Olivier starred in a production of No Time for Comedy, by S.N. Behrman in a Katharine Cornell production
with them both in leading roles. It was his first prominent role on Broadway.
[16]
The engagement as Romeo resulted
in an invitation by Lilian Baylis to be the star at the Old Vic in 1937/38. Olivier's tenure had mixed artistic results,
with his performances as Hamlet and Iago drawing a negative response from critics and his first attempt at Macbeth
receiving mixed reviews. But his appearances as Henry V, Coriolanus, and Sir Toby Belch in Twelfth Night were
triumphs, and his popularity with Old Vic audiences left Olivier as one of the major Shakespearean actors in England
by the season's end. He held his scorn for film, and though he constantly worked for Alexander Korda, he still felt
most at home on the stage. He made his first Shakespeare film, As You Like It, with Paul Czinner, but Olivier
disliked it, thinking that Shakespeare did not work well on film.
Laurence Olivier
308
He first saw Vivien Leigh in The Mask of Virtue in 1936, and a friendship developed after he congratulated her on
her performance. While playing lovers in the film Fire Over England (1937), they developed a strong attraction, and
after filming was completed, they began an affair.
[17]
Leigh played Ophelia to Olivier's Hamlet in an Old Vic
Theatre production, and Olivier later recalled an incident during which her mood rapidly changed as she was quietly
preparing to go on-stage. Without apparent provocation, she began screaming at him, before suddenly becoming
silent and staring into space. She was able to perform without mishap, and by the following day, she had returned to
normal with no recollection of the event. It was the first time Olivier witnessed such behaviour from her.
[18]
Move to Hollywood
Olivier travelled to Hollywood to begin filming Wuthering Heights as Heathcliff. Leigh followed soon after, partly
to be with him, but also to pursue her dream of playing Scarlett O'Hara in Gone with the Wind (1939). Olivier found
the filming of Wuthering Heights to be difficult, but it proved to be a turning point for him, both in his success in the
United States, which had eluded him until then, and also in his attitude to film, which he had regarded as an inferior
medium to theatre. The film's producer, Samuel Goldwyn, was highly dissatisfied with Olivier's overstated
performance after several weeks of filming and threatened to dismiss him. Olivier had grown to regard the film's
female lead, Merle Oberon, as an amateur; however, when he stated his opinion to Goldwyn, he was reminded that
Oberon was the star of the film and a well-known name in American cinema. Olivier was told that he was
dispensable and would be required to be more tolerant of Oberon. Olivier recalled that after some consideration he
realised that Goldwyn was correct and began to moderate his performance to fit the more intimate film medium and
began to appreciate the possibilities it offered.
with Vivien Leigh in That Hamilton Woman
(1941)
The film was a hit and Olivier was praised for his performance, with a
nomination for an Academy Award for Best Actor. Leigh won the
Academy Award for Best Actress for Gone with the Wind, and the
couple suddenly found themselves to be major celebrities throughout
the world. They wanted to marry, but at first both Leigh's husband and
Olivier's wife at the time, Jill Esmond, refused to divorce them. Finally
divorced, they were married in simple ceremony on 31 August 1940,
with only Katharine Hepburn and Garson Kanin as witnesses.
[19]
Olivier's American film career flourished with highly regarded
performances in Rebecca and Pride and Prejudice (both 1940).
Olivier and Leigh starred in a theatre production of Romeo and Juliet
in New York City. It was an extravagant production, but a commercial
failure.
[20]
Brooks Atkinson for The New York Times wrote, "Although
Miss Leigh and Mr Olivier are handsome young people they hardly act
their parts at all."
[21]
The couple had invested almost their entire
savings into the project, and its failure was a financial disaster for
them.
[22]
They filmed That Hamilton Woman (1941) with Olivier as Horatio Nelson and Leigh as Emma Hamilton. With
Britain engaged in World War II, the Oliviers returned to England, and in 1944, tuberculosis was diagnosed in
Leigh's left lung, but after spending several weeks in hospital, she appeared to be cured. In the spring, she was
filming Caesar and Cleopatra (1945) when she discovered she was pregnant, but suffered a miscarriage. She fell
into a deep depression which reached its nadir when she turned on Olivier, verbally and physically attacking him
until she fell to the floor sobbing. This was the first of many major breakdowns related to manic-depression, or
bipolar mood disorder. Olivier came to recognise the symptoms of an impending episode—several days of
Laurence Olivier
309
hyperactivity followed by a period of depression and an explosive breakdown, after which Leigh would have no
memory of the event, but would be acutely embarrassed and remorseful.
[23]
War
When World War II broke out, Olivier intended to join the Royal Air Force, but was still contractually obliged to
other parties. He apparently disliked actors such as Charles Laughton and Cedric Hardwicke, who would hold
charity cricket matches to help the war effort.
[5]
Olivier took flying lessons, and racked up over 200 hours. After two
years of service, he rose to the rank of Lieutenant Olivier RNVR, as a pilot in the Fleet Air Arm,
[24]
but was never
called to see action. Director Michael Powell wanted Olivier to play the lead in The Life and Death of Colonel Blimp
(1943) but Winston Churchill objected to the movie and the Fleet Air Arm refused to release Olivier.
[25]
In 1944, he and fellow actor Ralph Richardson were released from their naval commitments to form a new Old Vic
Theatre Company at the New Theatre (later the Albery, now the Noël Coward Theatre) with a nightly repertory of
three plays, initially Henrik Ibsen's Peer Gynt, Bernard Shaw's Arms and the Man and Shakespeare's Richard III,
rehearsed over 10 weeks to the accompaniment of German V1 'doodlebugs'. The enterprise, with John Burrell as
manager, eventually extended to five acclaimed seasons ending in 1949, after a prestigious 1948 tour of Australia
and New Zealand.
The second New Theatre season opened with Olivier playing both Harry Hotspur and Justice Shallow to
Richardson's Falstaff in Henry IV, Parts 1 and 2, in what is now seen as a high point of English classical theatre. The
magic continued with one of Olivier's most famous endeavours, the double bill of Sophocles' Oedipus and Sheridan's
The Critic, with Olivier's transition from Greek tragedy to high comedy in a single evening becoming a thing of
legend. He followed this triumph with one of his favourite roles, Astrov in Uncle Vanya.
Kenneth Tynan was to write (in He Who Plays the King, 1950): "The Old Vic was now at its height: the watershed
had been reached and one of those rare moments in the theatre had arrived when drama paused, took stock of all that
it had learnt since Irving, and then produced a monument in celebration. It is surprising when one considers it, that
English acting should have reached up and seized a laurel crown in the middle of a war". In 1944, Olivier filmed
Henry V, which—in view of the patriotic nature of the story of the English victory—was viewed as a psychological
contribution to the British war effort.
In 1945, Olivier and Richardson were made honorary Lieutenants with ENSA, and did a six-week tour of Europe for
the army, performing Arms and the Man, Peer Gynt and Richard III for the troops, followed by a visit to the
Comédie-Française in Paris, the first time a foreign company had been invited to play on its famous stage.
[26]
When
Olivier returned to London, the populace noticed a change in him. Olivier's only explanation was: "Maybe it's just
that I've got older."
[12]
A 2007 biography of Olivier, Lord Larry: The Secret Life of Laurence Olivier, by Michael Munn, claims that Olivier
was recruited to be an undercover agent inside the United States for the British government by film producer and
MI5 operative Alexander Korda on the instructions of Winston Churchill. Munn's main source was Hollywood
producer Jesse Lasky, who believed that "Larry ... was drumming up support, and doing it with the British
Government's sanction".
[27]
According to an article in The Daily Telegraph, actor David Niven, a good friend of
Olivier's, is said to have told Munn, "What was dangerous for his country was that (Olivier) could have been accused
of being an agent. So this was a danger for Larry because he could have been arrested. And what was worse, if
German agents had realised what Larry was doing, they would, I am sure, have gone after him".
[28]
Laurence Olivier
310
Post-war years
In 1947 Olivier was made a Knight Bachelor, and by 1948 he was on the Board of Directors for the Old Vic Theatre,
and he and Leigh embarked on a tour of Australia and New Zealand to raise funds for the theatre. During their
six-month tour, Olivier performed Richard III and also performed with Leigh in Richard Brinsley Sheridan's The
School for Scandal and Thornton Wilder's The Skin of Our Teeth. The tour was an outstanding success, and although
Leigh was plagued with insomnia and allowed her understudy to replace her for a week while she was ill, she
generally withstood the demands placed upon her, with Olivier noting her ability to "charm the press". Members of
the company later recalled several quarrels between the couple, with the most dramatic of these occurring in
Christchurch when Leigh refused to go on stage. Olivier slapped her face, and Leigh slapped him in return and swore
at him before she made her way to the stage.
By the end of the tour, both were exhausted and ill, and Olivier told a journalist, "You may not know it, but you are
talking to a couple of walking corpses." Later he would comment that he "lost Vivien" in Australia.
[29]
This may be a
reference to Leigh's affair with Australian actor Peter Finch, whom Olivier met during the tour and invited to come
to England. Once Finch made the move, Olivier became his mentor and put him under a long-term contract. Finch
began an affair with Leigh in 1948, which continued on and off for several years, ultimately falling apart due to her
deteriorating mental condition.
[30]
The success of the Australian tour encouraged the Oliviers to make their first West End appearance together,
performing the same works with one addition, Antigone, included at Leigh's insistence because she wished to play a
role in a tragedy. Leigh next sought the role of Blanche DuBois in the West End stage production of Tennessee
Williams's A Streetcar Named Desire, and was cast after Williams and the play's producer, Irene Mayer Selznick,
saw her in The School for Scandal and Antigone, and Olivier was contracted to direct.
[31]
as Crassus in Spartacus (1960)
Leigh would go on to star as Blanche in the 1951 film version of A
Streetcar Named Desire, which was directed by Elia Kazan. Olivier
accepted a starring role in Carrie, director William Wyler's adaptation
of Theodore Dreiser's novel Sister Carrie, in order to accompany her to
Hollywood and look after her as her mental health was already fragile.
During the filming of Streetcar, Kazan had to wean her away from the
interpretation she had developed in London under Olivier's direction.
In 1951, as their contribution to the Festival of Britain celebrations,
Leigh and Olivier performed two plays about Cleopatra, Shakespeare's
Antony and Cleopatra and Shaw's Caesar and Cleopatra, alternating
the play each night and winning good reviews. They took the
productions to New York, where they performed a season at the
Ziegfeld Theatre into 1952. The reviews there were also mostly
positive, but the critic Kenneth Tynan angered them when he suggested
that Leigh's was a mediocre talent which forced Olivier to compromise
his own. Tynan's diatribe almost precipitated another collapse; Leigh,
terrified of failure and intent on achieving greatness, dwelt on his comments, while ignoring the positive reviews of
other critics.
[32]
She was performing on Broadway when she got news that she had won her second Academy Award
for Best Actress for her performance in A Streetcar Named Desire.
In January 1953, Leigh traveled to Ceylon to film Elephant Walk with Peter Finch. Shortly after filming commenced,
she suffered a breakdown, and Paramount Pictures replaced her with Elizabeth Taylor. Olivier returned her to their