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PRIVATELY PRINTED. EDINBURGH. J EDITED BY EDMUND GOLDSMID. 1886.R. (Scot. L"i'iViVi'i'. HEUCHER.S..S. . BEING A TRANSLATION OF A CURIOUS TRACT ENTITLED WRITTEN BY M.MUiotfitta €miosa. H. C1700. J.H.) F. F.A.
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. EDINBURGH. WRITTEN BY M. J. H.H. ^ ^^ ^^ -*- PRIVATELY PRINTED.R. (Scot.) F.A.BibliDtheca Curios^a. J ' • EDITED BY EDMUND GOLDSMID.S. (1700. 1SS6. BEING A TRANSLATION OF A CURIOUS TRACT ENTITLED DE YE(}ETALTBTTS MAGICTS. HEUCHER.S. F.
^ \J k) ^ ./^ -^ This edition is and limited to 27s small-paper copies. "j^ large-paper copies.
but. a to man of endeavours unmask what he considers the his superstition of his age. at once exposes Witchcraft own credulity. ." by our In our judicial own country. evidently great erudition. sorts and conditions of the unreasoning men. in his attempt. The belief in Magic and almost universal in was Ages. the Middle class and and " aifected all every of Society. as evidenced records.INTRODUCTION. wherein the writer. YYVVT ik n ^HE curious tract translated in is the following pages those one of strange compositions written in the 17th century.
apud Paulum Ehrentium. J." have given. I MDCC. which formed part of the Maidment Library. This L. . as an Appendix. The imprint is "Lipsiae. in Witchcraft and Devil -Lore Islands. Heucher's pamphlet of 1 itself is a small ^to. interesting and really well edited pam- phlet. rose to high-water mark. March 2%th. the Channel Kxvf one interested in the subject should get a copy of this very curious. Pitt's translation taken from Mr.iv Introduction. Edinburgh. of the trial women for is witchcraft in 1617. I know of no copy besides my own. EDMUND GOLDSMID. a translaof three tion from the Official records of the Royal Court of Guernsey. credulity which swept efforts across the civilised world. James the First of England and Sixth of Scotland. assisted as it was by the of that wise fool of a King. 6 pp. 1886.
I find the great names of Pythagoras. Jamblicus. and forcibly does it occur to me to wonder how it has happened that many men. For.riDaaic plants. of glorious reputation and fainous for the greatness of their illustrious deeds. and also the impious attacks of Plinius and Apuleius against Moses. Porphyrins. Hebrew nation and the insolence of Ilierocles accusing of sorcery both Him and his most holy disciples. M. Anselm . Chicus ^sculanus. /^FTEN the dreadful blasphemies of the against the Saviour. and of the Arians about Athanasius . chiefly Peter and Paul. HEUCHER. have believed in wicked and unlawful arts. H. J. Platinus. yea. passing over I. and the false ideas of Theophilus of Alexandria and Eustathius of Antioch about Origen. in some hidden compact entered upon with the devil.
and nay. Scotus Parvus. finally the Frischlinus. Henricus Cornelius Agrippa. Zedechias the Jew. of Parma. sacred or profane . it is clearly confirmed that they stood out from the crowd as and of great celebrity. tricks and manifold deceits. and Roger Bacon. the assiduous companion of virtue. all And concerning of these. Michael Scott. to defend them by a written apology. of Merlinus and Maugis. so that it seems to be almost superfluous for any one. Christopherus Wageners. that I need not go into ancient history. after the example of Gabriel Naudseus. and transmitted their illustrious lofty spirit brilliant theories even to posterity. the catalogues of renowned MagiII. I thought of envy. even when I when noticed I how much it pre- considered the grounds that may have led to such belief. and even the Popes Sylvester mentioned in cians. or of Naudseus Their (if you prefer magic romances) suffice. the more recent writings of Doctor Faust. There are such very wicked examples of profane deceivers meeting us in every age. although not to be compared with the wonderful works of wisdom . a careful study of astrology and nature gave them an understanding of all the most abstruse questions. as men whom a and intellect separated from the vulgar herd of litej-ati . Peter of Aponum. But I ceased to wonder when vails. names of and Gregory VII. Albertus Magnus.6 MAGIC PLANTS. the three Eschelles.
And. and art carried out 7 by the learned men mentioned before. however. be it far from me to assent to the opinion of those who. and by the help of which with Thomas and low Erastus and his defender Georgius all magic and condemn it as which they have hitherto brought before the public are open to many objections. abstruse. since. as very often happens in other cases. and men. lived. People in little general are hardly cautious enough. since all those reasons it is nothing else than that the legitimate use of magic. indeed. carried away by their base ideas. and are a too violent and abusive regarding lawful magic. erroneously thought it own had been drawn from the most filthy lake of hell. For. has been brought into disrepute by abuse. which embraces in its sphere the highest culminating point of all sciences. . that every class of learning which was not of the common kind was looked upon with suspicion. a more just or more accurate judgment could scarcely be expected from those men. and if they do prove anything. and unaccustomed effects are produced. rare. they were also ignorant of real magic. For such barbarity and want of knowledge existed in their time. besides their utter ignorance of literature. made a deep impression. renounce illicit . owing to the particularly gross ignorance of the ages in which they 2. Hornius.MAGIC PLANTS. but they also left on them an indelible blot of infamy.
both these opinionsbeing considered. since it can be seen by their writings that they believed in such a thing as beneficent sorcery. I may mention many others as Cornelius Loosens. believe Democritus. which is not only free from wickedness. to which belong the Platonics. but which even deserves much . it looking upon as it being unlawful and being base. the evil of had repute. or other disturbances of nature. Gallidus Gaudanus. and argue that our them .O MAGIC PLANTS. and a peculiar state of the atmosphere. poisonous. John Weir. black bile. believe in the power of concentrated will. call forbidden. Bodinus. or along with Thomas Campanella. that there are no either attribute all results to good angels. or with Reginald Scott trace back most cases to madness. and supporting my contention. as well to conclude that may be magic is not altogether to be renounced and despised. and Marcus Marx. or Avicenna and Petrus Pomponatius his pupil. black. Porphyrius. accustomed to supernatural. 3. it. Averhoes. since some magic may be found. Therefore. that all things spring from hidden magnetic properties. art foul. with Emperor . whom by class reason of their superiority they air is full of call spirits. and Simplicius do. Proclus and Julian the else they think. and as other names. deceitful. These devils. Robertus Fludd. devilish. Jamblicus. men They indeed.
commendation. Pror. moving themselves and other bodies separate from them. of changing organism itself. pray. since by her they specified nature herself. is often blended with that blameless and harmless science." Nay. 9 Although I would willingly grant that what is base and devilish. and adopts methods from nature.. of applying actives to passives. that evil spirits accomplish nothing save by natural powers. of driving forward or backward the elements. This the most ancient of the Magi had already done. of destroying sensations. which fact the passage in Eusebius. and that nothing can be done except by the powers of nature. as Lucanus. and others assert. Seneca the tragedian. wherein Hecate says of herself Bearing the threefold ' : ' symbols hinders of a threefold nature. Evatzg. makes tolerably clear. what et me from stating with Vossius de Orig. of transporting weights as if by machinery. or the Empress of Nature. of gathering things scattered and scattering things gathered. of assuming other bodies. Idol.MAGIC PLANTS. and . of accomplishing this innumerable other things what is all whereby B . For they wished to appear to have accomplished every thing they did by the power of Nature. of hiding things seen. Whence you often read that they invoked Hecate. in Prapar. just as that science in an impure state often advances in the guise of one which is legitimate. if the power they have of For what. Statius.
to this list I would add all those. Finally. are and thus belong to the removed from God. springing from the same Creator. attributed to the devil. supernatural. natural. And we believe there are some which emanate from superstition. that they tion. particularly admirable and unusual. Moreover. Others indeed. which must be attributed to the Supreme Deity alone. Others indeed. Being so far . as Theophastus very well shows in his Characters. they have been distinguished by the name of devilish. effects of nature. certain results which we are able to assign to noneof these classes of causesyet enumerated. the on our imaginalet stupendous power of which us not treat too lightly. allied to these. some evident natural cause. owe nevertheless their whole beginning to the motion.lO MAGIC PLANTS. and are therefore simply called differ from these to this depend chiefly extent. since by a long distance they outstrip the usual powers of being duly inquired into. that they are altogether worthy There are many which we see produced. All these things have such a considerable bear- ing on our theme. they strive to deceive men. but making use of of natural forces? 4. and proceed solely from. and on that account you may consistently call them supernatural. imparted and definitely implanted by fixed laws in the system of the world at its creation. which although they depend on.
pretends that they are his own work and feigns that he 5. at this time. for the present at alone. the enchanting herbs . so far as I know. if not of failed to enlighten us. what powerful fair investigation. is their author. so much so that. this. For. in which. for. these subjects are handled in the writings of most men. who can forget the powerful and noxious herbs of Medea. nevertheless. which indeed. if I will devote myself to subject. I will not. how of and with what degree accuracy. may use the expression. you wished to estimate the number of those who have written on magic. its usefulness must have been would be fully appreciated. as was befitting. the the vegetable kingdom at industry. theme. deserve to called devilish as well as magical. any rate of many has and since. although we have a very bountiful supply of authors on this theme. because the devil mixes himself II up be with them. how small feebly. For. your paper would hardly contain them. I these little pages would not contain. you will nevertheless be unable to name one who has unfolded and if explained everything. but place before myself. as least.MAGIC PLANTS. fruitful Poets (since frequent mention of the is subject made in their writings. discuss all magic. indeed. mind is not able to perceive by confusedly. far I former writers have recorded in their writings too little about magical plants.) aware that thereafter. my all.
the Polion of Hesiod. I Which fact therefore the more embrace the opportunity. Empedocles. impels 6. of whom are said to have praised magical plants from promised myself a great solace to all my labour. the Alyssus. confess that. Adianthus. indeed. Museeus. the flourish- ing plants of Maro. sweet food of the Manes. Satyrion and the Amulets of the Syderii charms against witchcraft? Nevertheless it has not yet appeared necessary to any one to explain these mysteries so that the observant reader might rest satisfied with regard to them. this I Orpheus. the plant of Juba and Bela arousing the dead. to naught But. as there is still . all . the Juniper and Hypericum putting the demons to flight. and lastly those venomous plants. not without — Hermes. at first. of which abundance was to be found ? in Colchis and Thessally Who is ignorant of the Nepenthe of Homer. the fatal herbs of Claudian. and others. hope immediately came when I found that most of these authors had been destroyed by the injury of time. the plant of the Ethiopians drying up waters. or if any fragments of their writings survive they are of uncertain and slight reliance. Kiranus. of Lucan. Democritus. the soothsaying Thelangis. the Asphodel.12 MAGIC PLANTS. Pythagoras. I was filled with no me to inconsiderable joy authors praise when who have spoken I read the list of the of magic. Baccharis.
and believed natural philosophy and the healing art to be intimately connected with these heavenly bodies. Jo. the feigned Great. Sendigovius. Penotus. Theophrastus Eresius. Wreckerus. name of Albert the Bernh. they disseminated seeds of magic. Carrichterus. wrote on the subject gave their attention almost solely to meditation about the stars. superstition. and properly imbued with natural science and learning. nay. It behoves the mind to approach this subject free from every preconceived notion and super- stition. Mich. these sources — Theophrastus. and a few others. Suchtenius. Burggravius. 1 much doubt fragments. Plinius. G. however much they may wish to appear to have founded the healing effects of herbs on natural laws.MAGIC PLANTS. Cantipratanus. These writers on on the wonders of nature and other hidden things. either wittingly or corrupted by have nevertheless inserted in their writings certain things which savour somewhat of magic and supernatural agency. 7. as to the real authorship of such Nor do the writers whose works on plants survive satisfy my expectations much more. Porta. Apuleius. —namely. Turnheuserus. Lemnius. Leonh. from which it that science grew to such a degree that over- . Em. Alex. plants. Th. and those who have drawn small streams from Paracelsus. even with a knowlege of the For when those who first healing art itself.
confirming what we have said by these words " No one can doubt that magic : — is the greatest of the sciences. flowers. contributed 8. physicians. both in roots. and become something holier than its parent. this not flatter work will be so complete as to appear perfect in all parts before the learned world. in short." is and are what is Grillus also maintains. fact proved soon the healing art that almost always as flourished shall among and thus. and it reduces them to one. and is thus brought into existence. myself that we show. twigs. stems. in so far as goes. seeing that it is the only one which embraces three other sciences having power over the human mind. its spread the whole world with this pollution.. be nourished and increase. I will much to our argument. to It is sufficient to it have wished have written make it so. and let it be remembered that magic specifies not merely what is devilish. I this present work on the so-called vegetable kingdom. leaves. branches. No one doubts that This all has sprung loftier from medicine. to germinate. stalks. but also all that which is coneither to the animal or mineral . including and embracing in its limits nothing less than all that springs from the soil. nothing in this work belongs kingdoms.14 MAGIC PLANTS. that saying that the it Egyptians clearly From which nation. Ot fact Pliny is a remarkable witness in his Natural History. fruits and seeds .
unna- tural things. and then. which are considered to savour of anything superstitious and deceitful. all. trees. I will specially enumerate not most plants. 1 and superif Since therefore. as well as of may greatly be increased. my opinion. herbs. fruits and seeds. is possible our knowledge of natural philosophy. from this little work of mine. I hope not only that some advantage will accrue to those who long to understand many of the more obscure passages of old authors. if any one resolved to commence from the beginning. indeed. be art. leaves. And. was the reasoning . although the Egyptians first principles science ought rightly and deservedly to be attri- buted to the — whose very ancient these records. in all. first of he seek the origin of science in the study of old authors on the healing of the Thus. is Wherefore.MAGIC PLANTS. by which medicine 9. as far as I can. but I also believe that many of the deceptions practised it by sorcerers will that be detected. sidered supernatural through ignorance stition. I will enquire into the causes of the effects attributed to these herbs. flowers. I intend to treat of magical herbs. are far from clear —yet all elements are by no means free from superstition. will not far wrong if. and at least those by falsehoods imposes on means of which the great author of men . however. he. for Africa is considered the mother of Different.
used this or that method of simple at As this was a it little too first. to the dictates of these revelations. whatever deity first appeared to them in their dream was supposed subdue the to indicate the plant specially attributed to him.l6 MAGIC PLANTS. For he. to show by means of a dream. after preparing themselves by prayer to sleep. referring to the Egyptian mysteries. as the one divinely destined to disease. as was unworthy of their dignity to go into the couches of sleepers and disturb the weary. dealing with the interpretation of dreams. and more overloaded with ceremonies. testifies to in the following words : Thus. used to wait for the revelations of the Gods in their dreams. with the selfish imagination of enthusiasts grew to consider them as favours stored up beforehand for themselves. so in process of time. Egyptians. they. of the Egyptians from that of Aristotle. decided that it no dreams were sent by the Gods to men. when many plants and flowers had come under the notice of the sorcerers. cure. was more For. then. Which fact Jamblicus. on the contrary. having and particularly desperate purified their mind before they betook themselves and according rite to the couch. which plants were the best cure for the disease. in the temple of Escu- . to consult destiny regarding the cure of The when they were about any severe duly disease. Then they besought heaven and the Gods with hymns.
And Osiris. diseases are cured I7 by divine dreams." Aristides further confirms this. and of the Egyptian Aesculapius. whither Herodianus states that Antoninus Caracalla had set out. which was close by the banks of the Nile. with this intention and design. at the shrines of Isis." . 10.MAGIC PLANTS. and spreading out the skin to sleep. and : lie down in the temple of ^sculapius. Not that the Egyptians. about which Pausanias says " Sacri: ficing a ram to him." in the They were accustomed same way in this temple." pretty And from these testimonies of authors it is clear. "wishing to use The same thing used the cures of ^^sculapius. but the general process was as familiar to the Greeks and Romans as to the Egyptians. the former often used to sleep in the temple of ^sculapius. and the healing art arose from holy dreams. Which temple t^ act rite it Plautus also alluded to in Latin " Therefore happens that this sick procurer lies in the of ^sculapius. For. to which custom Aristophanes refers when he says " Let both you and I go as soon as possible. and the zealously "watching the gods" . how remarkably the "lying down" of the Greeks. lapius. as in the city of Pergamos in Asia. followed this custom in the same manner as the Greeks and Romans in the temples of Hephcestion or Vulcan. " to take place in the temple of the Oropian Amphiarus. waiting for the appearance of the dream.
have no doubt that the devil was by no means forgetful of himself. his Nevertheless.1 MAGIC PLANTS. and what the heathen worshipped and honoured. the hides of those. all of to which things have reference for divine revelations to the custom of sleeping in temples and to the rite of lying in wait be obtained by means of judge. and on the account of this. who thinks along with us. but a hidden compact and treaty with demons. Kircherus in CEdipus jEgyptiacus. In very truth. although this plan of curing afforded diseases. of of the Latins. perverse and idolatrous a worship of the gods prevailed in those times. sleep. but own profit. those may who know how sort of deities I. these to to results even in lamentable were by no means to be ascribed the natural power and quality of the plants. we should lament miseries of these nations estranged from the true worship of the deity. considers necessary to confess in his book on the hermetic thinks that art. Which thing even Borrichius in other passages the keenest opponent of Couringuis. since he thought that. corresponded to one another. and that he was chiefly intent on his had embraced this suitable and very convenient opportunity of defiling the natural and healing Science by means of the most wicked superstitions. For wonderful . seems to have spoken too strongly about these enchantments of dreamers. and the couches these. what class of vulgar dreams these were. indeed.
nevertheless. to entreat to whom they used especially show the one readiest cures of diseases. I9 although very often cures have been eftected. but earnestly watched the colour to — number the . 1 1 And so the Egyptians obtained some fair knowledge of plants. curing. number eight to Ammon. examined the numbers the leaves. the plants used in which have been only an outward sign. but advanced even further. acting in a natural way. and placed them under Nor did they attend to the his guardianship. the dreamers ten gods. selected from those who had appeared to the devils supplying the actual . have displayed a power and efficacy of their own. power of no one. number three to Minerva. To each of these they had given a separate number Supreme Deity and the Cause of Causes. number only. number seven to Mercury. and how many joints stems possessed.MAGIC PLANTS. number ten to Momphta. and they had thus come to conThereafter they nect numbers with the gods. how many pips fruit contained. and did not remain content with dreams. They had. plants. number six to Osiris. indeed. and flowers had. and afterwards considered them sacred to that god whose number was thus represented. lastly. number nine to Typhon. number five to Isis. number four to Apollo or Horus. number two to Mephta. will hesitate to assert that none of those remedies.
the chemical plants. which (if we in believe Origen and Stobseus) were thirty-six number. nevertheless. but he thinks. besides others. call with Galenus and M. He adds that by amalgamation of many things they obtained supernatural influence. so many J. as and dedicated these stalks as sceptres to the corres- ponding can be further proved from the Bembina Fabula in the writings of Kircherus. adding that in stones and plants is concentrated the essence of divine powers. in his which fact the sublime Platonic book concerning sacrifices and magic. a man lost the health of it any member they persuaded themselves that peculiar to himself.20 MAGIC PLANTS. could be recovered. in flowers . Further. 12. they assigned a separate divinity to each. Firmicus. three-sided deities. results. They used to believe that they were able to show wonderful Proclus. each of after whom was And its the presiding genius who looked the safety of his if own appointed limb or member. into For. that sometimes one plant or one stone has been sufficient for the divine work. clearly prove dividing the whole this very thing. whether god or devil or. round. human body . smooth. you may them decani . respective deity being invoked by the name and propitiated by the plant . confirms. parts. and the form plants. and as regards stalks of they duly inquired whether they were or four-sided.
it was a proper and extremely common custom separate signs their to appoint to —nay. I am content to believe that they were the twelve signs divided according of the possessed of unlimited power over the whole human body. whether there were thirty-six only. Who does not see that later. and Manlius differ among themselves about the Decani and their number. the sun they chose from stones. to separate constellations own herbs Abenrahman.MAGIC PLANTS. Haephestion the Theban. 3 . metals. and were wont to be propitiated by certain plants. further superstitions connection of plants with Heavenly sprang from . indeed. because the is. plants. the sun of a smaller world still . De and likewise this in Ficinus. three always being given to each sign of the zodiac. there were more under . to forms which bore any resemblance minerals. for use as that they chose medicines all forms of nature and grades of beings which possessed any resemblance to. and turned them heart to use as medicine for the heart. 1 more comprehensively Mysteriis ^gyptiortun. own to subordinates and fellow- workers zodiac. or whether every one of these his had him . as it were. animals. . 21 Firmicus. moreover. which things can be read in Jamblichus's Marsilius. Nay. the seven planets. the relates Arabian philosopher. and herbs. dedicated to himself. or quality in common all with. As an example. or whether.
And those will not oppose this base and false custom. state. which hour was fixed by the influence of the stars. elm. Freitag. that the idea of the risings. we come this not a few examples of plants having been affected in shape by the sun and moon. lime. Martin. and MAGIC PLANTS. John.) and QxzSmxs. being a clear constellations. proof of harmony with their own Much less do I strive to reject or reproach all plucking of plants at fixed times as being an unnecessary process. in the work of Gesnerus. when and the moon in a Keinsius med. and positions of the constellations fixing the . medic. I am not willing to leave out of of account all motions the heavenly bodies. in twigs of the wild cherry cut off on the sacred anniversary of St. therefore.). dug up on the Feast of St. white poplar. desiring merely to prove.) many examples. ( Medicin. ( Arcan. who still believe that greater powers lie in the stems of Hypericum. amongst these I may specially mention the belief that the efficacy of the plants depended on the hour they were gathered in the meadows. for this very leaves of the willow. the sun crescent is split in the sign Virgo. with Couringius. Kircherus tries to prove that.22 bodies. Maxwellus Of this superstition (in var. supply noct. across besides. led. up at noon. the to the sky. Magnet. particularly at the time of the solstice. and olive turn their underside reason. settings. and in the sympathetic ashen wood.
making all researches about plants. to divide all herbs into thirty six classes. Neither. and by no from the doctrines of the Egyptians." I Finally. concerning the apportionment of plants to the seven planets that the very have nothing to say. uncommonly and censures in the following words. is it right. even he may not have erred who has said that these men surpassed in many ways the carefulness of later writers. says. times of collection. is and moreover. "In be some who Do we it not know that the soil has a itself. ideas Helmontius refutes Which well. they also summoned to . that the belief that we can determine means differs the very days. to science of the Egyptians believe that . when. different 23 ridiculous. savours altogether of superstition. 14. Nay. and even minutes. He modern books on Medicine there ascribes a great number of diseases to signs of the Zodiac. need not beg from heaven. forsooth. which capa- therefore.MAGIC PLANTS. the planets now known in sufficiently silences the theory. capacity of raising plants from city. which almost alone you see our botanists employ. hours. the was magic although I cannot but greatly approve of the way they judged of the excellence of herbs by the help of their external senses. they extended each into three sections. except number of however. besides taste and smell. in order. and since the number of these signs was too small.
of the consistency of the stem . they persuaded themselves that . by the hand. 15. therefore. and touch. they used to watch for the distinctive Carefully every plant. by the eyes they decided from the colours as to the virtues lurking within. and lastly.24 MAGIC PLANTS. Caltha. their assistance hearing. But. harsh. If. afterwards thinking that plant most suitable to that limb own external shape. observed to which it mark of member of the human body corresponded. softness. by judging carefully from their senses. roughness. dull. of its texture . and carefully noted the result. the more correctly they conducted themselves in this matter the more basely did they devote themselves to superstition. truly. because in them they found something analogy of qualities. heavy. of the Anthora to the heart. With the help of the ear they judged by the sharp. example. or gentle sound. or hardness. ringing. and Anthemis they thought beneficial to the eyes. sight. of the first elements of the eye : they assigned the root of the Dentaria to the teeth. they applied to that limb. they for came across any plant. like the genitals in shape. the Cynosorchis. Thus. Heiracius. they were able to infer and learn the effects of plants. from the smoothness. which it resembled by its Or by a certain supposed it as a remedy Thus the peony flowers yet enclosed in the bud and poppy heads they dedicated to the head. In like manner the Euphrastia.
i6. Hence. it 25 by most certainly cured the sexual passions. on point. they employed the purpose of which in colour resembled the juices for the or humours of the human body. summoned who For a juices of plants like reason. it cleansing of the offending humour. invented in modern times. for example. as it can be How long is it since Mercury. bile they wished to cure the yellow bile with the saffron-coloured juices of plants. blood with the red. that the famous Cephalic must produce . from the absurd toms of the Egyptians. but that it was raised afresh from the records of Eastern people. and. the best plums . as it can be inferred that this science was many (among whom is Couringius) think. : . I confess that. they and the juice of the Esula the best milk nevertheless prove nothing from that. Whence not. since very distinct proofs of this are found in the writings of Dioscoris and Pliny. and milk and semen with (he juices resembling milk. purple or azure phlegm with the white. For if the opponents of this theory maintain that it follows as a consequence from that the fruit of the Anacardium.MAGIC PLANTS. since its influence they believed that deity could be presided over the genitals. I rather prefer custhis now to suspend my judg- ment than even it to settle on anything as certain. probably. must be the best cordial. also. at once retorted the best apples . the Aphrodisiac. the black with the black.
Antimony.26 MAGIC PLANTS.. many weak and apparently original fibres. Ruta.. Juniperus. There are indeed among a nature. we refer those among themselves as long as they who desire to know more to by Kircher his the books on Egyptian plants published and other writers. into not of Divine nature. &c.. from which each can form I own opinion. whose names I have recorded. but Let not abound in medicinal remedies. Those are the as it were. the Adianthus. as to it refuses to be embraced in these narrow limits. &c. &c. shows that it furnished a few wines. limits regret that I am pre- vented by the of my parchment from entering into any disquisition concerning the merits of these plants. Cinabar. things. 17. writers contend wish. Sideritis. that I : their may briefly mention number some of such their names and properties the Salvia. from which the virtues of plants tree of the belief in the magic grew to such spread its branches so widely that an extent. seeds. a sovereign charm lor over- . Coriander excluded from the argues as follows : were list of poisons? Borriclius It is a characteristic of human. But now. Veratrum. to inquire remissly Nothing has ever been discovered or created until after futile efforts. powerful in routing the demons. It is a matter of enquiry even whether the land of the Egyptians supplied itself with ringius did Couits own magic plants.
Bellonasia. the Osiris. &c. Theom- brotium. Vatica. and to obtain divine apparitions. benevolent reader. which enables one to prophesy. irresistible in calling forth the gloomy deities and the Manes . Strichnon. &c. 2/ Ricinus. Juba..MAGIC TLANTS. coming witchcraft .. Semasum.. the Absinthium. &c. the Asphodel. Halicaccabi. Scordotis. the Olive. used in sacrifices. Anacampserotis.. time and opportunity permitting. &c. said to have power to rouse from death itself. the plant of Nectanebus. The Pleiracium. these I Xaus 2)eo. the qualities of and many other plants. Theangelis. the Laurus. . Cemos.. ravings and sleep . Cnebison. but meanwhile must bid thee farewell. I shall with care explain. Thallassegle. Mandragora. Gelotophyllis. Bali. &c. which bring on madness. which enter into the composition of aphrodisiacs or love-potions. Catanance.
Before Amice De Carteret. being by common rumour for a and report long time past addicted to the damnable art of Witchcraft. wife of Pierre Massy and Isabel Becquet. Jurats. heard. and the JULY CoUette du SENTENCE OF DEATH. widow of yean Becquet . after voluntarily submitting both upon the general inquest of the country. examined. 4th. CONFESSIONS OF WITCHES UNDER TORTURE. Bailiff. wife of Jean Le Moygne. I. Marie. and the same being thereupon seized and apprehended by the Officers of His Majesty [James themselves. and confronted.]. and after having been several times brought up before the Court. 1617.. Esq. her daughter. Mont.APPENDIX. . .
and forfeited estates. many persons and beasts . as recorded in the informations thereupon follows that they are clearly convicted and proved to be Witches. but also by having retained through strange diseases. and all their goods. . until their and bones are reduced to ashes. and the ashes be scattered . chattels. flesh shall killed. it In expiation of which crime has been ordered by the Court that the said women shall shall be presently conducted. to make them disclose accomplices. and be hanged. and also cruelly hurt a great number of men. they shall be put to the question before the Court. and there be fastened by the Executioner to a gallows. previous to being executed. upon a great number of depositions made and produced before the Court by the said Officers . shall be to His their Majesty. to the usual place of punishment. children. and caused women. with halters about their necks. by having not only cast their spells upon inanimate in langour objects. and laid. if any such In order exist. and burnt. it the death of many animals.30 APPENDIX. strangled. from which it is clear and evident that for many years past have practised the diabolical art the aforesaid women of Witchcraft.
not wishing to specify the crimes which she had committed. nificance. her daughter. . and evidently indicate the successive stages by which the story was wrung from th: wretched They are thus endowed with a sad and ghastly sigvictims. the said CoUette immediately after the said sentence was pronounced. occasion to lead her astray by inciting her to avenge herself on one of her neighbours. it being still daylight. widow of Jean Becquet . but were elicited by leading questions. freely admitted that she was a Witch 5 at the same time. Marie. wife of Pierre Massy Becquet. on account of some damage which she had suffered through the cattle of the latter since then . that when she had a quarrel with anyone. to the Torture Chamber. along with the others.APPENDIX. for it must be remembered that the confessions were not made in a connected form.il of torture. First. she confessed that she was quite young : when the Devil. * As . with whom she was then at enmity. and the said question being applied to her.'lesh sp. he : appeared to her in the aforesaid form and sometimes occurring where they are not required. and before leaving the Court. in the form of a cat :* appeared to her : in the Parish of Torteval as she was returning from and that he took her cattle. Mr Pitts observes that they corresDond to similar pauses in the original records. regards ihese colons. and Isabel wife of yean as follows Le Moygne : the same have confessed CONFESSION OF COLLETTE DU MONT. often accompanied by a . . 31 Sentence of Death having been pronounced against CoUette Du Mont. she was taken.
they had . cats. That the Devil having come might go to the Sabbath. one perceiving it : to fetch her that she called for her without anycertain and gave her a black ointment with which she (after having stripped herself). form of a dog : inducing her to take vengeance : upon those who had angered her persuading her to cause the death of persons and cattle. and the confessed that on entering the Sabbath Devil wishing to summon them commenced with her sometimes. she met often fifteen or sixteen Wizards and Witches with the Devils who were there in the form of dogs. : rubbed her back. Admitted that her daughter Marie. upon arrival. and those of Fallaise : the Devil summon them she remembered among others Hardie . of Massy. after having worshipped the who used to stand up on his hind legs. air when at she was immediately carried through the speed : at a great and she found herself in an of instant the place the Sabbath. and hares to : which Wizards and Witches she was unable they were all recognise. : and that she took her twice to the Sabbath : with her at the Sabbath. which was : sometimes near the parochial burial-ground of Rocquaine Castle and at other times near the seashore in the neighbourhood : where.32 in the APPENDIX. she went out of her door. wife for a similar crime. belly and stomach and then having again put on her clothes. that she had heard by their names. however. because : blackened and disfigured it was true. now condemned was a Witch Devil.
With this powder she bewitched the wife of Jean Maugues : but denied that the woman's death was caused by also it : touched on the side. which he ordered her to throw upon such persons and cattle as she wished . the who succeeded the said Dolbell in the parish. not know what colour it into a which the Devil poured out of a jug pewter goblet as that . On leaving various the Sabbath the Devil incited her to evil commit deeds : and to that effect he gave her certain black powders. for Isabel le call. they drank wine (she did was). And after having danced.APPENDIX. which she had done several times. woman had given her any cause for doing Upon give her the refusal of the wife of Collas Totte-vin to some milk : she caused her cow to dry up. connection with 33 . and threw some of this powder over the deceased wife of minister Mr Perchard. silver or which wine did not seem to . and so caused the death of her and her infant deceased —she did not know that the so. they white bread which he presented to them salt at —she had never seen any Confessed that the Devil had charged her to she passed. with this powder she perpetrated did not several wicked acts which she remember : among others : she threw some same she upon Mr Dolbell. parish minister and was the occa- sion of his death by these means. her so good also ate which was usually drunk the Sabbath. him under the form of a dog then they danced back to back. as Moygne : when she came to the Sabbath. . she being enceinte at the time.
having had connection ate with her. in the form of a dog. near the said Rocquaine : Devil. which she drank. wife of Pierre Massy. confessed that she was a at the persuasion of the Devil. gave her bread and wine. and by making eat some some terrestrial herb that the Devil gave her. for her to throw upon those whom he ordered her : she threw cattle : some of them by notably upon the his orders npon persons and . as though he transformed her into a female dog said that she the upon the shore. some of this powder : which cow it she afterwards cured again bran. having been put to the question. CONFESSION OF MARIE BECgUET. and The Devil gave her certain powders : which powders he put into her hand. Marie. where there was no one but the Devil and her as it seemed : form in which she at had seen him several times She was also the Sabbath on one occasion among others in the road near Collas Totte-viti's . and that appeared to her : who form of a dog : she gave herself to when she gave herself to : him that him he took her by the hand and had been with his paw that she used to anoint herself with : the same ointment as her mother used to the Sabbath upon the bank near Rocquaine Castle in the aforesaid : with her.34 by throwing upon it APPENDIX. and it seemed . the Devil came to her. after sentence of death had been pronounced against her. in the Witch. every time that she went to the Sabbath.
while child of Leonard le she was Item.APPENDIX. 35 Item. but she not wishing to comply. of parsnips after j having previously given her a sackful she then took a certain black powder in wrapped in a cloth which he placed it . avenge herself on the said Girarde. He appeared to her another district. inciting time under the same form in the town her anew to give herself to him. upon the wife of Jean enceinte. and everybody else to which persuasion she would not : at the moment : condescend to yield very soon he so he at once disappeared to her in : but came again the same road. Bourgatze. her sister-in-law the Devil. and he took it : and . who was a hare. having been put to the question. which powder she kept by her. Isabel. CONFESSION OF ISABEL BECgUET. at once confessed that she was a Witch : and that upon her getting into a quarrel with the : woman her : Girarde. he next made a request to her to give him some living animal: whereupon she returned to her dwelling and fetched a chicken which she carried to him to the left same place where she had him. her and and pursuing his previous argument the same terms as above : exhorted her in left that done. wife of Jean le Moygne. child of Pierre Brehaut. in the form of took occasion to tempt daylight in a appearing to her in broad : road near her house give herself to and persuading and inciting her to : him and that he would help her to . upon the Messurier. he went away.
which . : stood up on his hind legs he then made her express detestation of the Eternal in these words the : / renounce . the old woman ColUtte du Mont. God the Son. which she had had from the Devil. help faithful to us ! with a special this compact to be of a dog. and gave her some black ointment.36 after APPENDIX. with herself again she this (after having stripped herself) she annointed her back and belly. the usual place where the Devil kept his Sabbath . promising that he would send for her according to which promise. having thanked her he made an appointment for her to be present the next morning before daylight at the Sabbath.• God the Father. then having dressed went out of her house door : : when she was instantly caught up and carried across hedges and bushes to the bank on the sea shore. and when was done he had connection with her little in the aforesaid form larger to : then she and the others : danced with him back back after having danced. and God Holy Ghost and then caused her to worship and invoke himself in these terms : Our Great Master. the Devil poured out of a jug some black wine. in the neighbourhood of Rocquaine Castle. came to fetch her. but a him . during the ensuing night. with two great horns sticking up and with one of his paws fwhich seemed to her like hands) took her by the hand told her that : and calling her by her name she was welcome : then immediately while he himself the Devil made her kneel down . no sooner had she to her in the : arrived there than the Devil came form of a dog.
she again had connection with the Devil and danced with him. and she . woman Colktte the first. at the Sabbath the Devil used to summon the Wizards and Witches in regular order (she remembered very well having heard in these then the Hardie. held h er by the other hand) there were about six others : there she did not know the said : old woman was some always nearest to the Devil occasionally while were dancing. after having danced. he also called Marie. held [a by hand she did and someone woman] whom : not know. that on entering the Sabbath. son her of the the said old in woman (who dancing. but it did not seem to her so good as the wine which is usually drunk : : there was also bread but she did not eat any self confessed that she gave her: to him for a month they returned from the Sabbath in the same manner that they went there. and daughter of the Said that after : them : she herself was called by the Devil in these terms The Little Collas [Collasl Becquette: she also heard him call there Becquet. anointed herself with the ointment as above stated declared. said Collette. from which she drank.APPENDIX. The the old second time she was at the Sabbath was after woman Collette had been to fetch her. she gave herself to him for three years . and afterwards the woman call him the old Item. and upon his solicitation to prolong the time. terms: Madame the Old Woman Becquette): woman Fallane . others were having connection with the . wife of Massy. 37 he presented to them in a wooden bowl.
when he came to her house to look Item. felt it.38 APPENDIX. him in other forms on made them kiss him behind. over the cattle of Brouart. Devils in the form of dogs they remained at the Sabbath about three or four hours. and to this end he gave them certain black powders. . The at Devil appeared sometimes in the form of a goat . for a pig. and that no blood had issued part the Devil first she did not : know those in what had marked the others who came for to j the place of the Sabbath. and of others. and over others. over the child of James GalUenne. While at the Sabbath the Devil : marked her at the upper part of the thigh which mark having been and that she had : examined by the midwives. not more. waited the others and all the : Wizards and but blackened Witches appeared in their proper forms and disfigured so that they could not be recognised. the Devil went away in one direction and they in the other : after he had taken them all by the hand : At the instigation of the Devil she threw some : of the powder over several persons and cattle notably over Jean yehan. It was the Devil that was seen at the said GalUenne' . and asked them when they would come again he exhorted them always to be true to him and to do evil deeds. for them to throw upon those the Sabbath never saw : their departure he : : whom they wished to bewitch : on leaving the Sabbath. Item. they reported that they had stuck not a small pin deeply into it. wrapped in a cloth.
so. and he [the Devil] came to her iti the form of a man. : and struck her several blows on the face and head by which she was bruised and torn in the way that she was seen the next day by Thomas Sohier. . &f G. and when she it did never failed to find there. she for some more. Printed by E. believed And she that the cause of this maltreatment was because she would not go with the Devil to the house of the said Gallienne. 39 house in the form of a rat and a weazle. She never went to the Sabbath except when her husband remained all night fishing at sea. the Devil appeared to her and told her to go to snch a place.APPENDIX. Edinburgh. Goldsmid. she herself being then in the neighbourhood of Gallienne's house. Whenever she wanted to bewitch anyone and her all powder happened to have been used up. which he named.
^ ^m .
y COUmWAY LIBRARY OF MEDICINE 1623 I i P5 Hi^8 1886 j RARE BOOKS DEPARTMENT .
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