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EYE SPY INTELLIGENCE MAGAZINE © 2007 ALL RIGHTS RESERVED
PLEASE NOTE: Since its return to democracy, Argentina’s complex military/civilian intelligence system is currently undergoing change. These listings should be followed and reviewed. Other agency sites are being prepared. Therefore, with even more emphasis, while every attempt has been made to confirm the accuracy and reliability of the information contained in this listing, Eye Spy Intelligence Magazine cannot be held responsible for inadvertent errors such as broken links, translation difficulties, new defined offices, or legislative structure changes within respective departments and agencies. Further research can be conducted by following the links provided, and via reference material contained within recommended books and published literature. Mark Birdsall - Editor
SIN - SISTEMA DE INTELIGENCIA NACIONAL (National Intelligence System)
Sistema de Inteligencia Nacional (National Intelligence System - NIS) is the accepted base structure of Argentina’s national intelligence community (NIC) adopted under Reform Law 25.520. in 2001. Reform Law 25.520. is often referred to in the legislation fields of Argentina’s intelligence and security services found in these pages. The following agencies represent Argentina’s primary intelligence gathering and security services: Secretaría de Inteligencia (Secretariat of Intelligence, SI)
Escuela Nacional de Inteligencia (National Intelligence School, ENI)
Dirección de Observaciones Judiciales (Directorate of Judicial Surveillance, DOJ)
Dirección Nacional de Inteligencia Criminal (National Directorate of Criminal Intelligence, DNIC)
Dirección Nacional de Inteligencia Estratégica Militar (National Directorate of Strategic Military Intelligence, DNIEM) ________________________________________________________________________
SI - Secretaría de Inteligencia (Intelligence Secretariat). Formerly Secretaria de Intelligence de Estada - SIDE. http://www.mundoandino.com/Argentina/Secretaria-deInteligencia Secretaria de Intelligence de Estada defunct web site http://www.side.gov.ar/
NOTES: Secretaria de Inteligencia (Intelligence Secretariat, SI) is the premier intelligence agency of the Argentine Republic and
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head of the country’s National Intelligence System. Chaired by the Secretary of State Intelligence who is a special member of the Cabinet of Ministers, the Secretariat of Intelligence is a technical and operational service charged with the collection and production of intelligence and counterintelligence in internal and foreign areas, as well as the analysis and formation of a national intelligence strategy in order to handle state affairs. The Secretariat is charged with the duty of producing a complete intelligence cycle. Structurally, SI has the biggest intelligence gathering capability in Argentina, due to its many operational directorates and collaborations with other Argentinian intelligence agencies inside and outside the country. SI’s current Secretary of State Intelligence is Héctor Icazuriaga (since 2003).
SECONDARY NOTES: Under the law, the Secretariat is subordinated to the National Presidential Office - President of Argentina. Presidenta de la Nacion Argentina http://www.presidencia.gov.ar/ In 2005, the Senate of Argentina abolished secrecy laws, it is not clear how it has affected the Secretariat. Even though the official acronym was renamed ‘SI’ as the new intelligence system became active, Article 51 of the Intelligence Reform Law 25.520 renames SIDE (Secretaria de Inteligencia de Estado) to SI (Secretaria de Inteligencia) and abolishes secret decree 416/76. During most of its history it was called Secretaria de Inteligencia de Estado (Secretariat of State Intelligence, SIDE) and it still is referred to as SIDE by the public.
The Secretariat of Intelligence was created in 1946 when Juan Peron's first presidency established it by Executive Decree 337/46 under the denomination of Coordinacion de Informaciones de Estado (State Intelligence Coordination, CIDE). Its mission was to act as a national intelligence agency to be run by civilian personnel and to handle foreign and domestic intelligence operations for the federal government.
led the USSR to enact a formal protest. Under the National Reorganization Process. labour unions. The staff was reduced by half. charged with the coordination of all the Argentine Armed Forces military intelligence services. under Nestor Kirchner's government. as well as the special interest the Soviet Union began to take in Latin America. DI) of the National Presidential Office. SIDE augmented its focus on terrorist activities in the Triple border region. SIN). Even though throughout Argentina's history military intelligence organs have been involved in handling both internal and external intelligence. changing the structure. one of the most well regarded Secretaries of Intelligence of all time.520 also created the National Directorate of Strategic Military Intelligence. Secret law Nº 20. later producing a report which stated several security holes and cases of corruption and theft in the organisation (i. After Senorans departure. and other important aspects of the agency. especially against Jewish entities in Buenos Aires. the Secretary in his final statement exposed that "Consul Petrov commands a group of spies of the KGB in Argentina". During October of 2003. theft of food. After the 1994 AMIA Bombing. extraction of gasoline from cars and poor security at facilities. national intelligence was jointly handled by the Division de Informaciones (Information Division. However. The CIA provided SIDE with extensive training. personnel. This restructuring included laying off personnel who were past their retiring age according to the agency's standards. women regained their positions in the civil intelligence community. reforms enacted in the last few decades have legally given them a role alongside civilian managed services in the National Intelligence System.300 personnel were laid off. Foreign intelligence agencies cooperated in the formation on subjects as Islamic terrorism and how to neutralize it. Senorans. One of the reasons given for the clean-up were that many staff members had been involved in human rights violations during the National Reorganization Process. In December 2001.). or any other organization or person considered subversive. mail interceptions. which benefited from the huge black market in Paraguay and served as a financial laundering centre for other organizations abroad. SIDE was under the administration of Gral. many Argentine women began participating in what was then a male-only field. functions. against his will. The newly restructured agency was closely modelled on the British intelligence system.EYE SPY INTELLIGENCE MAGAZINE PAGE 2 Before CIDE was established. but it was at that time. made the American intelligence community influence what was then thought as an area of minor concern to American interests in the war. and would not tolerate women working in administrative positions. it is also known as the secret decree Nº 1.200 total). backed by Fidel Castro's regime. In that same year. and the subsequent famous acronym "SIDE". The Secretariat (as it is commonly referred) had its first structural and functional reform in 1956. and removing most of the personnel from the return to democracy under the Alfonsin administration. and the military intelligence services such as the Servicio de Inteligencia del Ejercito (Army Intelligence Service. a crackdown on illegal phone taps. In February of 2001. Lanusse. and experts from all over the world were contracted to teach classes in the National Intelligence School. Its reports detailed the existence and activities of terrorist organizations in the area. SIDE also began instructing its personnel on Persian and Arabic languages and history.520 created the National Intelligence System. Senorans restructured the Secretariat. During the defacto government of Jorge Rafael Videla. The growth of communist groups and guerrillas in Latin America. A plan codenamed Operation Centaur (Operation Centauro) to monitor terrorist organizations on the Triple border was orchestrated in cooperation with the CIA. An integral security review was also conducted. More than 160 personnel were expelled from the organisation for violations of regulations. or a supporter of subversive activities.792/73. expelling 900 employees (of about 1. threatening to take the matters to international organizations. SIDE started to orchestrate its first complex foreign espionage missions. under the Pedro Aramburu government when by Executive Decree 776/56 of 20 January. During Senorans administration. and surveillance of foreign embassies and delegations of communist countries became common. After the return of democracy in 1983. denomination and functions to adapt it to the new National Intelligence System. A 1997 report including evidence of such . SIDE transformed itself into a secret police conducting espionage on guerrilla organizations. on 13 May EYE SPY EYE SPY EYE SPY Counter-terrorism 1976. CIDE adopted the name Secretaria de Informaciones de Estado (Secretariat of State Information). Intelligence Reform Law 25. During those years. with the onset of the Cold War. dated 9 March 1973.e. In the aftermath of the 1992 Israeli Embassy attack in Buenos Aires. by Executive Decree 416 it adopted the name Secretaria de Inteligencia de Estado. during Raul Alfonsin's government. The Secretariat of Intelligence was no exception. literally establishing the mission. SIDE began to renew its staff. SIE) and the Servicio de Inteligencia Naval (Naval Intelligence Service. including all of the female intelligence operatives contracted at the time. SIDE recognized that Islamic terrorism became an extremely serious threat to national security. that the CIA began taking special interest in SIDE.195/73 came into effect on February 281973 during the government of Gral. The Secretariat began appreciating certain advantages of the female sex. SIDE also took part in coordinating Operation Condor with other Latin American intelligence services. and covert surveillance of many suspects. Ongania. especially when operations required the exploitation of human weaknesses. the staff was increased substantially to about 1. the Intelligence Reform Law was approved. a failed kidnapping attempt of the Soviet Consul in Buenos Aires. and the knowledge and operational capabilities were dramatically improved. during the Fernando de la Rua government. in 1966. During Juan Carlos Ongania's government. The lingering threat of another act of Islamic terrorism on Argentine soil. and to become a civilian intelligence agency who would entirely focus its activities on national interests. SIDE was suffering from budget cuts (reduced by half) and political pressure to renew itself. as well as political and ideological espionage was ordered to Secretary of Intelligence Sergio Acevedo. 1. and included phone taps.200. Intelligence Reform Law 25. and how to handle operations with people and organizations pertaining to such cultures. required the Secretariat to adapt to a previously unknown national security threat. It has been noted that Senorans had a phobia of females. had no other choice but to ask Senorans to resign. the 'communist problem' was made a priority.
the Intelligence Reform Law 25. SIDE frequently collaborates with the Justice System. Like the American FBI. The group was also involved in famous operations such as the Nasrim Mokhtari fiasco. Paraguay. Sala Patria was a covert operations group depending of the Subsecretariat of Foreign Intelligence. charged with the coordination of internal criminal intelligence from the security forces.520 came into effect.e: Sala Independencia. The President of Argentina is charged to assign the positions of Secretary and Sub-secretary of Intelligence. Alejandro Brousson and Patricio Miguel Finnen led this group.520 also established new legislation regarding the Directorate of Judicial Surveillance. The Secretariat itself counts with three Sub-secretaries of Interior and Exterior Intelligence.EYE SPY INTELLIGENCE MAGAZINE PAGE 3 Headquarters of SIDE (SI) in central Buenos Aires activities was shared with the intelligence agencies of the United States. and the Telledin bribes. . mandates that no more than 2% of the Secretariat's personnel can be appointed by the current Secretary of Intelligence. EYE SPY EYE SPY EYE SPY Objectives The Secretariat's objectives in the functions of intelligence as mandated by law are: Assist the different areas of the national government about the capacities and vulnerabilities of the different actors -in the national and international spectrum. prioritising the safeguarding of individual and collective rights in a frame of legality. The ENI also analyses Argentine intelligence doctrine and gives specialized intelligence postgraduate formation to students in the country. Sala Patria was first assigned to capture Enrique Gorriaran Merlo and then leading the AMIA investigation on foreign soil. both Patricio Miguel Finnen and Alejandro Brousson no longer work for SIDE. Executive and legislative oversight of the intelligence system in Argentina. i. to make the organization more efficient and transparent. ENI) acts as the main intelligence academy. Intelligence Reform Law 25. or with numbers.S. In the foreign field. The positions of 'Media consultant'. subsequently making significant modifications to SIDE's traditional internal organization. France and Germany. and the group now became a division known as "Division 34: Transnational Crime and International Terrorism". Organization SIDE is the head of the National Intelligence System. They are subsequently codenamed A. and such personnel must exit the organization when the Secretary of Intelligence that appointed them ends his term. Identify and interpret. such agents contracted by the Secretary are classified as "assessing personnel" [Sic] and are included in the Cabinet of Personnel. formed to investigate clues about the AMIA bombing outside of Argentina.520 approved in 2001. 'Cultural attache'. but restrictions apply on the Secretary of Intelligence's authority to assign his or her own contracted staff to the organism.who might prevent the attainment of national objectives. including courses given over the Internet. created to work on the investigation of the Israeli embassy bombing. The Intelligence Reform Law 25. The group was recently dissolved. Promote and strengthen the relations with the greater possible number of foreign agencies and/or intelligence services. training and recruiting agents for SIDE. It is important to note that "Sala" is a group of people from many divisions of the organization put together to work on a specific operation. in order to create fluid channels of information exchange and intelligence. Furthermore. officers are usually disguised with diplomatic immunity in Argentine embassies and consulates around the world (practice common to the world of espionage). Identify acts and processes that could be taken advantage of as "opportunities" in function of national interests. It depends of the National Presidential Office and reports to the President of Argentina. and Apoyo (support). thus collaborating in the process of decision making. as well as branching out some of its tasks to other newly created organizations such as the National Directorate of Criminal Intelligence. Article 24 of the Intelligence Reform Law 25. it also assists nationwide criminal investigations. The Escuela Nacional de Inteligencia (National Intelligence School. Brazil. In 2001. integrity and objectivity. Embassy in Asuncion. Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces. in function of the nation's vital interests. anticipated and coherently. Other more specific objectives of the Secretariat: The Secretariat embodies special internal sub-organizations that aid its duties. Besides being an intelligence agency that handles foreign and internal intelligence. Paraguay. Protect the general well being of society. who is required to set the national intelligence plan and policy. threats against national territory as well as individual and collective human security. and providing tuition and assistance for personnel of other intelligence and law enforcement agencies. The Sala Patria group. B and C. and also the biggest intelligence agency of Argentina. or 'Tourism consultant' are the most frequently used. Two famous staff members named by the Argentine press frequently. started operating in Paraguay and gave crucial information that led to the capture of many suspected terrorists and the neutralization of a suspected plan to bomb the U.520 created the National Directorate of Criminal Intelligence.
Elaborate hypothesis international terrorism. fiscal evasion. kidnapping. Subsecretaria de Inteligencia Exterior (Subsecretariat of Foreign Intelligence) (3): responsible of the collection and production of intelligence on foreign areas. Organized crime. APEC. It has intelligence and technical-operational areas which carry out specific duties. Evolution of integration developments (NAFTA. drug trafficking. in the worldwide. Direccion de Observaciones Judiciales (Directorate of Judicial Surveillance) (84): responsible for carrying out telephone. piracy of information technology material. Religious fundamentalism. both in the national and international scope. Direccion de Inteligencia Exterior (Directorate of Foreign Intelligence) . training and improvement for the personnel of the Secretariat of Intelligence. It is responsible for the liaison with foreign services (i. Subsecretaria de Inteligencia Interior (Subsecretariat of Interior Intelligence) (8): responsible for production and dissemination of intelligence in internal areas. including the terrorist attacks against the Argentine-Israeli Mutual Association (AMIA) and the Israeli Embassy in Buenos Aires.) and analysis of international economic negotiations regarding free market. it is subdivided into several Direcciones (Directorates) which are in charge of specific political. economic and social factors. Direccion de Reunion Interior (Directorate of Internal Collection): responsible for the collection and diffusion of intelligence corresponding to the internal areas. etc. continental and worldwide frame with incidence on the country. Collaborate with the Justice system providing information necessary to fight crimes such as smuggling. Legal and illegal migrations and development of Indians of the Western Hemisphere. Expand the bonds with public and private studies centres and NGOs. Direccion de Comunicacion Social (Directorate of Social Communication): responsible for the analysis and collection of public information (i. MERCOSUR. For the achievement of its mission it is subdivided in Departments assigned to specific political. drug trafficking. as well as for civil employees of other areas of the National Government. Respond to the requirements of the Bilateral Commission on Control of Intelligence Organisms and Activities of the National Congress (as per Law 25. Current situation in the South Atlantic. mail.. Exterior (Foreign). Assist different investigations authorised or ordered by competent judicial authorities referred from crimes such as extortion. operational and management areas. EYE SPY EYE SPY EYE SPY Evolution of the official politics on national defence and security. drug trafficking. smuggling.e: mass media). all of its divisions have specific identification numbers assigned. Produce information in time and opportunity on important actors. falsification of money. including mafias. Direccion de Contrainteligencia (Directorate of Counterintelligence) (85): responsible for counterintelligence and counterespionage activities. Ecological problems that can be considered potential risks for national security. money laundering. continental and regional frames Carry out intelligence in the regional scope to forecast of important processes. For this purpose. arms trafficking and identity falsification. traffic of arms.EYE SPY INTELLIGENCE MAGAZINE PAGE 4 Formulate the National Intelligence Plan (as mandated by Law 25. organized crime. and Apoyo (Support). Collaborate with other areas of the government providing information and intelligence in order to detect and neutralize potential terrorist acts. Proliferation of massive destruction weapons (nuclear. EU.520) Elaborated prospective scenarios in the international spectrum and evaluate its impact on the country. etc. ________________________________________________________________________ STRUCTURE ________________________________________________________________________ Internally composed of three Sub-secretaries (Sub-secretariats): Interior. It comprises different areas with different technical and operational targets. etc.e: intelligence delegates in foreign countries).250) Coordinate the functional relations with the different members of the National Intelligence System. Direccion de Reunion Exterior (Directorate of Foreign Collection): responsible for the collection and diffusion of intelligence on facts and/or processes pertaining to foreign affairs. conflicts and crises which may cause a direct or indirect repercussions on national interests. economic and social issues. Analysis of political situations in major Latin American and European countries with the purpose of identifying instability. and other communication interceptions mandated by judicial officers. Subjects of interest The Secretariat's main interest points are the following: International terrorism. chemical. the National Intelligence System. Direccion de Inteligencia Interior (Directorate of Interior Intelligence): responsible for searching and collecting of information on national affairs. including Argentine Antarctica and the Falkland Islands. FTAA. biological). events and processes of the regional. National and foreign advances in scientific areas. for which task it has technical. Plan and execute programs of qualification. etc.
the fifth floor being the Secretary of Intelligence's office. 25 de Mayo 11 (with a backdoor access through Ave. they must go through a metal detector and be accompanied throughout the visit by EYE SPY EYE SPY EYE SPY a staff member who will guide the visitor through the building and provide the necessary magnetic card to access restricted areas. Inaugurated in 1930. For the southern bases in Patagonia. and Compania de Radiocomuncaciones Moviles. taking objects. The main building was built in 1929 by architect Alejandro Bustillo. data transfer. under Secretary of Intelligence Fernando De Santibanes. Leandro N. The rest of SIDE's communications. reach $3. known as bases or operation centres. Only the Secretary and the Sub-secretary of Intelligence are public functionaries. folders. Martinez de Hoz. but receive monthly salaries by the Secretariat. directors. S. 25 de Mayo are internally connected to the main facility thus extending the Secretariat's offices.000 employees operate within and outside of Argentina for the Secretariat. Subsecretaria de Apoyo de Inteligencia (Subsecretariat of Support Intelligence): responsible for logistical support. Their job mainly consists of producing reports on current events of interests . Delegates abroad are inserted in the frame of the Ministry of Foreign Relations.L. the Secretariat began a major upgrade of its computer infrastructure.520. etc. CTI Movil.678 Argentine Pesos a month. Infrastructure Personnel Recent reports (since the Secretariat does not declare the exact amount of personnel it embodies) state that about 2. During the late 1970s and 1980s. there was a serious incident when members of Montoneros breached the building and stayed inside for a whole weekend. Although the central base is the 25 de Mayo building and annexes. In 1940 the federal government bought it. Communications in the agency are a crucial infrastructure and policy issue. the tenth floor of the Correo Central building was provided to the Secretariat to be used for mail interception. at the heart of Downtown Buenos Aires. communications and data-processing centres of the Secretariat. Transnational Crime and International Terrorism (34) Processes of the Proliferation of Weapons of Massive Destruction. for the original proprietary Federico L.R. near to the Presidential Palace and Plaza de Mayo. Facilities The Secretariat is a nationwide intelligence agency. About 80% of personnel work in areas depending of the Interior Subsecretariat. many buildings.000 ARS. Reports state that SIDE has about 24 operation bases around the world (within embassies). phone tapping abilities. the whole building is covered with dark tinted windows. its street surface is 413 square metres. Security on the facility is meticulously strict. and the remaining on the Exterior and Support Subsecretariats. Once they are approved to enter. inside it is 5430 square metres. are handled by Telecom and Telefonica of Argentina.A.EYE SPY INTELLIGENCE MAGAZINE PAGE 5 (32): responsible for the production of state intelligence on the foreign area. Economical and Social Processes. the rest of SIDE personnel must act and work secretly. For this purpose. and has delegations and bases in most provinces of Argentina. Nextel. Valued at U$S 1. (SyT) company. guards inquire the visitor for his or her name and the reason of visit.500-3. as stated by the Intelligence Reform Law 25. and other sensitive material. Alem 10). communications is provided by the Servicios y Tecnologia S. Two annexes in Ave. International Political. and it has ten floors.800 to 2. it has specific areas analysing different issues and the continental and global frame by country/ country by country/in each country. According to the agent's rank.607. staff.022. and the tenth floor the special operations division. In 2001. are spread throughout the city of Buenos Aires. Its main building is located in Ave. Movistar. Data processing computers for SIDE are provided by Bull. In order to achieve this it has several directorates in charge of these specific areas. they get paid from 1. was originally used as a housing called "Martinez de Hoz Building". as well as representations in most important countries. In the late 1960s. Surveillance around the whole surroundings of the Presidential Palace and Plaza de Mayo is tight for obvious reasons. and when a person approaches the door.
they were allowed to take courses in the National Intelligence School. If agents met their superiors expectations. the Senate of Argentina abolished secret laws. The Secretary and Sub-secretary of Intelligence are referred as "Senor Cinco" (Mr. There was not a specified period of time between the steps of a "confident" and "civil personnel". EMCOSUD S. the Secretariat is subordinated to the National Presidential Office. The method was first used during the Ongania government. DOJ) is referred to as "Ojota" (Sandal).L. The main building in Ave. Nevertheless.R. as well as establishing links with the local intelligence services. . known cases detailed by Argentine justice include masquerade companies such as: Tecnit. Staff are usually recommended by existing operatives. Cumming used his initial "C" (Chief) as a codename which was also used by all subsequent directors of MI6. 25 de Mayo is referred to as "Central". the third step was denominated "temporary personnel" (Personal Temporario.L.A. SIDE is recognised as a "very closed family". Agents working for SIDE call the Secretariat simply as "La Casa" (The House). Eight) respectively. Finally.A. The official mascot of SIDE is the Fox (Zorro). and are used for covert operations inside of Argentina. Tiumayu S. OSGRA S. in Spanish). "Ojota" implies "Ojo" (Eye). and that new personnel are baptized with a fake identity. Three) for the Sub-secretary of Foreign Intelligence and "Senor Nueve" (Mr. Recruitment Citizens are recruited into SIDE using a well-known and widely used method by worldwide intelligence agencies during the Cold War. As with most intelligence agencies. and its dependencies. In the "confident" career. under the command of Secretary of Intelligence Gral. the Subsecretariat of Interior Intelligence is numbered '8'. A meticulous way of life. such as the Directorates of Counterintelligence and Judicial Surveillance are numbered '84' and '85' respectively. Once a confident proved that they could be trusted they were promoted to the "contracted collaborators" category. or '3'. they were reassigned as permanent "civil personnel" (PC. he was sent to be trained in the National Intelligence School. recruiting students from national universities based on an assessment of their character. For example. they signed a temporary work contract which was renewable periodically. For the Secretariat. An interesting and sometimes confusing fact about the Secretariat's internal organization is the use of a specially structured sequence of numbers to refer to different internal divisions. Foreign personnel whose function is to act as a link between their agency and SIDE are referred as "COI". Senorans. Possession of personal life experiences allowing them to adapt their personality to different situations.EYE SPY INTELLIGENCE MAGAZINE PAGE 6 in the country they are stationed in. Apparently all of them are run by SIDE personnel. The name "Senor Cinco" was allegedly adapted from it. spies are sometimes referred by politicians as "Servis".R. One known example is that of an agent acting as a broker of EMCOSUD in Santiago de Chile. behaviour and intelligence. Interviews with agents state that "the first rule is to forget your name". who himself said "a person who enters at 20 years of age having studied in an university. there were cases of people who took 15 years before they were fully integrated. it is not clear how it has affected the Secretariat. the fifth and eight floor of the 25 de Mayo building. the Sofia Fijman incident. and who they thought were apt to develop a career in the world of intelligence. Nine) for the Sub-secretary of Logistics. experts focused on four essential points when assessing their targets: Language and expressiveness. CF COM. and Canteras Brandsen S. after two years of being assigned as temporary personnel. not all spies where chosen from universities. During the process of recruitment. Even though it is still hard to discern how exactly SI operate under the law. Among SIDE personnel the Direccion de Observaciones Judiciales (Directorate of Judicial Surveillance. an "covert" surveillance on them done by the counter-intelligence division. IDIS (Instituto de Investigaciones y EYE SPY EYE SPY EYE SPY Culture Numbers Public media and fiction Servicios) S. the name "Senor Cinco" is alleged to the 1956 restructuring of SIDE. during most of its history it was called Secretaria de Inteligencia de Estado (Secretariat of State Intelligence.A. the Secretariat only makes public statements when dealing with national issues or scandals. Associates 'Associates' are companies used for support in covert operations.L. they received a monthly pay while their abilities to carry out espionage activities were being tested. In those cases. President of Argentina and is ruled by secret decrees and laws. When the student accepted the invitation to join SIDE. its divisions go from '32' for the Directorate of Foreign Intelligence to '34' for the Division of Transnational Crime and International Terrorism. as soon as they reached that stage. In 2005. the AMIA investigation. and as well to set up agents in foreign countries. SIDE) and it still is referred to as SIDE by the public. Spies recruited that way were classified as "confidants". Often dropping the "Smith". closely modelled on the British MI6 whose first director was Captain Sir George Mansfield SmithCumming. The procedure was simple. Although unconfirmed. because of the location of their offices. AMSUD S. agents were targets of specific controls. Other aliases include "Senor Tres" (Mr. it was common that experienced agents recommended people they dealt with their personal life. The same case applies for the Subsecretariat of Exterior Intelligence. Five) and "Senor Ocho" (Mr. and the participation in the Senate Bribes scandal were the most notorious episodes of media attention. Even though the official acronym was renamed to SI as the new intelligence system became active. furthermore.R. meaning somebody pertaining to "The Service" (in English). should be an excellent professional at 30 years of age". in Spanish). Discretion in the way they dress. Cafeterias in buildings of the Secretariat are referred to as "casinos". Also.
The objective was to murder. Although the real insertion of females into the Argentine espionage community started in the mid-1960s. such as its most famous members. A secret detention camp for Operation Condor in Buenos Aires. Tiempo de Valientes. The Secretariat had a major role in the film's plot. In the end. the women of SIDE started playing a crucial role in its operations. the rest went back to the Buenos Aires night scene. assess and obtain information as fast as can be possible. and Enrique Erro (ex-senator. During a week. known as Automotores Orletti (also known as Tactical Operations Centre 18). three special personalities living in Paris. . they observed photographs of the Cubans they were going to 'mark'. The operation EYE SPY EYE SPY EYE SPY OPERATION MARYLIN failed due to the Argentine Ambassador’s reluctance in Paris to give the bag to the agents without first revealing what was in it. but then Secretary of Intelligence Hugo Anzorreguy allegedly made a monetary deal with its author and Editorial Planeta to hold off on the book's publication. two of the Cuban delegates fell for the trap. In 2005. ________________________________________________________________________ HISTORICAL OPERATIONS . and actually is one of the most complete sources of information about historical SIDE facts. the main actors would be blonde women. the agents were taught basic intelligence theories and practices. Finally. The book was finally published in 2001. SIDE did not obtain any relevant information about their suspicions that the Cubans were assisting and supporting Argentine leftists groups. France: Isabel Allende (daughter of Salvador Allende. In the American ABC TV show Alias. and was planned out in the Billinghurst base in Buenos Aires. proposing that was the time to resume cultural interchanges with the Argentine government. Books dedicated to the Secretariat's history and scandals include Los sospechosos de siempre: Historia del espionaje en la Argentina Los sospechosos de siempre: Historia del espionaje en la Argentina. the international network of South American intelligence agencies. under the hood of the anti-communist paranoia that covered much of the western hemisphere those days. They would be paid almost the same money they earned at their previous jobs. All three females that participated in the operation were offered permanent jobs in SIDE. Cuba sent a wave of diplomats and official delegates to Argentina. Claudio Lifschitz. However. distrusted the real motives for the influx of the Cubans. Jorge Boimvaser. The assassinations were to be carried with 9 mm or 22 calibre guns brought to France via Argentine diplomatic carriage. In July 2006.SIDE ________________________________________________________________________ DIRTY WAR The SIDE played a role during the “Dirty War” and participated to Operation Condor. SIDE publishes an official magazine through the National Intelligence School. The Secretariat orchestrated a plan to infiltrate.EYE SPY INTELLIGENCE MAGAZINE PAGE 7 During the AMIA investigation. during the 1970s. after a subtle approximation scene played out in the 'La Biela' cafe bar. The book was to be published in 1995. 'Argentine intelligence' has been referenced several times in the show. and details about its management and operations. one of Argentina's most agitated eras. and observing both foreign and internal adversaries of Argentina. if possible at the same time. It was then that an analyst in the Secretariat discovered a human weakness in the Cuban delegates: their extreme sensitivity for blonde women that stood out. plus a few honouraries for the services provided. Nadia Santos (Mia Maestro) is an ex-SIDE agent who now works for the CIA. some of them managed by people closely connected with the Secretariat. ________________________________________________________________________ When Hector Jose Campora assumed the presidency of Argentina on 25 May 1973. After six weeks of observations and wire-taps (the spies made sure to plant the Cuban's rooms with microphones). it was portrayed as containing very sinister and corrupt individuals for the most part. In this operation. and they had time to elaborate complex ‘backstories’ for their supposed identities. all of them opposed the South American defacto regimes. Chile). but the third one apparently was not interested in establishing relations. but the agency realised that women are a very useful tool in the espionage world. Rodolfo Matarollo (member of the ERP . previous approval of Argentine dictator Jorge Rafael Videla. the Cuban embassy unexpectedly ordered its delegates to return to La Habana. so they would not raise any suspicions in their families or targets. internal rules. Argentina). ‘SIDE: La Argentina Secreta’ by Gerardo Young was published. allowing them to be available at many hours in which to be in direct contact with the Cubans. and well known dissidents. Young's book is aimed towards more personal aspects of the Secretariat. the Argentine intelligence services. the movie vindicates the role of intelligence in the national government. Uruguay). One of the most important operations carried out by SIDE was the planning of a triple assassination attempt in Europe with the collaboration of the Chilean DINA. The three females claimed to work doing 'sales' for a living. The director in charge of Operation Marylin selected divorced women with children on purpose. proposed a job opportunity that involved establishing a solid and stable link with the Cuban delegates. functioned under the orders of SIDE from 1976 to 1979. Three women were cited for an interview in downtown Buenos Aires. a comedy made by Damian Szifron dealt with the age old rivalry between the Secretariat and the Federal Police. only once accepted. all accepted. a judicial employee involved in the investigation wrote a book about his experiences and theories that the Secretariat knew beforehand about the bombing and could not stop it. The idea was originally suggested by DINA director Manuel Contreras. Operation Marylin proved that using women to exploit weaknesses in men was a feasible and convenient method of extracting information. and the Uruguayan intelligence service. The 'La Biela' cafe bar in the neighbourhood of Recoleta was a common place for the Cubans to be spotted hunting for their female counterparts by SIDE agents. Publications Every three months. even though it elegantly evades a clear definition of its inner structure. SIDE began recruiting capable women in known 'hot' spots of the city.
The public importance about this operation is that it explicitly implied SIDE working to orchestrate a cover-up in the AMIA case. the Brazilian Intelligence Service. Merlo was taken into the Mexican Migrations Department. and claims he knew about the plot to bomb the AMIA building through her connection in the Buenos Aires Islamic community. Stiusso alleged that those tasks were simply counter-intelligence operations and had no relationship with the AMIA case. he answered back "yes". activities during the 1970s and 1980s. where he soon realized that the Mexican security forces were following him. Italy. The operation was carried out by the Sala Patria group of the Secretariat. Carlos Telledin. a few weeks before the bombing. Several critics blame SIDE for failing to stall the attack on the AMIA as the warnings of an impeding attack on Argentine soil were received. holding 8 passports.looked like he was from the Argentine intelligence service or the police". in 1998. was asked about why SIDE had been tapping the phone lines and setting bugs in the embassies of Iran and Cuba in Buenos Aires. Merlo arrived in the Mexican capital with a fake Uruguayan passport. and Alejandro Brousson) to be available to declare in the investigation about Judge Galeano's mishandling during his job as official judge of the case. Nasrim Mokhtari an Iranian prostitute and hairdresser. The last time they interrogated him. Cabildo in Buenos Aires. "one of which -he said. During the investigation of the AMIA case. President Nestor Kirchner signed a decree that opened all SIDE's files (about 15. and many intelligence personnel involved in the case (including Horacio Antonio Stiusso. and the Argentine Consulate in Milan warned SIDE about the attack on the Jewish organization. and made him face the Argentine. was tricked by the Secretariat into coming back to Argentina from Europe. The information on her involvement came from Wilson Dos Santos. thus forcing progress on a case that had been stuck for two years. who were cooperating in an international push to free the guerrillas responsible for the La Tablada attack who were. to warn about the up-coming attacks. Enrique Gorriaran Merlo. and simultaneously asked for asylum.000) and allowed the ex-Secretary of Intelligence. and Brazilian consulates in Milan. 60 miles away Mexico City. He thought they were just doing basic surveillance on him to see if he was doing any illegal activity in Mexican territory. Merlo goes on to claim that the Mexican security services handcuffed him. Argentina fired many Iranian diplomats on the basis of "phone taps" that provided evidence Iran was involved in the AMIA bombing. surrounded. where he claims was interrogated three times by SIDE agents. Mokhtari had a romantic relationship with Dos Santos in Buenos Aires. Gorrarian Merlo's narration of the story of his kidnapping was published in a Pagina/12 newspaper interview. asked Hugo Anzorreguy to help him advance the investigation by bribing a key witness who refused to testify. There was no trace of him until he was captured in Switzerland years later. the judge in charge of the AMIA Bombing investigation. Judicial evidence presented during the AMIA investigation show that the Argentine Embassy in Beirut. who claims it was a kidnapping orchestrated by SIDE. Mexican authorities took him to the airport and put in him in SIDE's plane. and the AMIA building in 1994. Nevertheless. ________________________________________________________________________ In the late nineties. ________________________________________________________________________ OPERATION CABILDO Merlo. had travelled to Mexico to meet with Mexican politicians of the PRD. Surveillance of foreign embassies OPERATION CIPRES Juan Jose Galeano. where the same SIDE agent from Tepoztlan and the interrogation was present. Furthermore. they asked if he was Gorriaran Merlo. but at five in the morning. and for orchestrating the 1989 attack on the La Tablada military barracks by the MTP group. EYE SPY EYE SPY EYE SPY The operation was described thoroughly by SIDE agents who testified later on. Gorrarian Merlo served prison time in Argentina for his crimes. (Mexico has a tradition for giving asylum to politically prosecuted people in other Latin American countries). Hugo Anzorreguy. Dos Santos entered the Argentine. Merlo claims he was stopped. but was later pardoned in 2003 by President Eduardo Duhalde. and flown back to Argentina in a plane rented by SIDE. who nodded silently (affirming that he was who they were looking for). One of the Mexican police man told them that there was "receptiveness" about his request. SIDE explicitly participated in the operation to give the money to Telledin's wife. It is suspected that Dos Santos worked. AMIA investigation Judicial reports during the investigation have displayed sufficient evidence of SIDE's involvement in the AMIA case investigation. Merlo was driving a friend's truck. Dos Santos was a Brazilian taxi boy and thief who did a significant amount of smuggling in the Triple Frontier. SIDE set up constant surveillance on embassies from the Eastern bloc as well as other communist nations in Buenos Aires. or the Brazilian Police.EYE SPY INTELLIGENCE MAGAZINE PAGE 8 ________________________________________________________________________ OPERATION VEINTE ANOS On 28 October 1995. most notably the assassination of Anastasio Somoza Debayle on 17 September in Paraguay. Israeli. and shot several times until he put his hands out the truck's destroyed window. Argentina's most wanted terrorist. On 28 October he spotted three Argentine-looking men in Tepoztlan Square. after spotting the Argentinians. A few minutes later. In 2003. during President Nestor Kirchner's push for truth and new leads on the case. a suspect in the AMIA case. then counter-intelligence operations director Horacio Antonio Stiusso. The Secretariat provided 400 thousand dollars so he would change his testimony. Ana Boragni in a Lloyds Bank located on Ave. and . and still are. who was believed to be involved with an Iranian support group that helped carry out the bombings of the Israeli Embassy in 1992. was captured in the little town of Tepoztlan. Patricio Miguel Finnen. or works for the Brazilian Intelligence Service. Merlo had been involved in numerous criminal. he tried to lose his entourage of followers by driving into the town of Cuatula. serving prison term in Argentine jails. During the 1960s.
PEN) under President Fernando de la Rua used the Secretariat's reserved funds to orchestrate the bribery of several senators in the Argentine Congress. Once located in Switzerland. agents and buying information in Cyprus. ________________________________________________________________________ In 2001. The scandal not only put a stain in the CIA's relations with SIDE. and later lifted. A plan codenamed Operation Cipres was orchestrated to locate her in Europe and bring her back to Argentina. and Argentina in the worldwide intelligence community. and it has been said that the operation cost the Secretariat about half a million dollars. and to make the 'Russian problem' a government issue. The head of the Secretariat's counter-intelligence service at the time. The opposition parties in Argentina.S. specially during the government of Carlos Menem. and an ex-follower of the ultranationalist right wing Carapintadas organization in the 1980s and 1990s. the National Executive Power (Poder Ejecutivo Nacional. were responsible for carrying out the operation from the Billinghurst base. she was conned into coming back to Argentina by SIDE agents. retired Major Alejandro Broussoun. as well as doing audio surveillance on them. who promised to make sweeping changes to the Secretariat of Intelligence. The motive behind the operation was to assure the promotion of the new labour reform law that the De La Rua was promoting. paying costs. At the time. Belgium and Switzerland. needing new leads because of all the pressure that put on them to solve both bombings.S. then President Fernando de la Rua asked then Secretary of . or even being involved in the Iranian support group that carried out the AMIA bombing.S. The arrival of the Russian gang in Argentina put their businesses at risk of competition. and De La Rua's administration took heavy criticism. he named Mokhtari and alleged she knew about the bombings (he later testified that he warned the consulates on information he got from her). an ex military servicemen from the Argentine Army Engineers Corps. Mokthari was on an Air France flight to Montevideo. the CIA removed its Station Chief from Argentina. A few months before. The reasons were that the Russian Mafia was using Argentina as an intermediate country for smuggling illegal aliens to the U. instead. and Iran did not want her in its territory because of the sufficient international problems she brought to them with Iran being blamed in participating in the AMIA bombing. The Secretariat declined to provide sufficient accommodations for Mokhtari to stay in Argentina. a 50-year-old who loved living in Buenos Aires. The Americans were not the only ones affected by the Secretariat's peculiar attention. France. The French intelligence service also helped SIDE locate Mokhtari in while she was living in Paris. a close friend of then President De La Rua. she was arrested by a special counter-terrorism team of the Federal Police. two old notorious important staff members of the Secretariat. Along with the article was a photo and personal details of Ross Newland. was blamed by the CIA for the leak of their station chief on the popular newspaper. who was expected to become head of the Latin American division in the CIA. When Dos Santos was declared for the Argentine justice ministry. with Ross Newland's identity uncovered. as a result of this. and the episode becoming a major embarrassment for the U. retired Major Alejandro Brousson was expelled because of the American diplomatic pressure to punish the responsible of an act they considered "a violation of game rules" (in the intelligence community. The Argentine justice system. ordered SIDE to find Mokhtari and bring her back to Argentina for interrogation. SIDE tried to repair relations by explaining the scandal through another theory. which included locating her. Argentinians did not require visas for tourist visits to the United States. revealed that the picture and information of Ross Newland was given to the newspaper by the Secretariat itself.EYE SPY INTELLIGENCE MAGAZINE PAGE 9 extradited to Argentina on charges of false testimony. who posed as meat businessmen who proposed her a job as a translator to do business with Iran. A restriction on leaving the country was imposed on her. France. and obtaining Argentine citizenship had recently been relatively easy. that is). but Nasrim Mokhtari had already lost her contacts in Paris. of which he is currently serving prison time. American reports state that the Secretariat never helped the CIA on its requests. then CIA Station Chief in Buenos Aires. but also made the Americans distrust the Argentine intelligence community which they had come to collaborate extensively during the Carlos Menem administration. even though there were weak points in his statements. After the details participation of SIDE in scandal became publicly known. and said they were going to permanently move their offices to Montevideo. that made a stop in Buenos Aires. The United States investigation into the incident with SIDE. and SIDE was indirectly helping the Russians in their smuggling operation. the head of the SIDE counter-intelligence service. had no money. the Pagina/12 newspaper published an article on the Secretariat's troubled relations with the American CIA. Uruguay because of their problems working together with SIDE. Uruguay. They expected the Secretaria to be on their side. there were no sufficient proofs to incriminate her in anything. the Israeli Mossad and the German Federal Intelligence Service (BND). therefore putting pressure on the Russians. The Secretariat was then under the command of banker Fernando De Santibanes. At the end of the scandal. She currently is hospitalized at a mental institution in Buenos Aires. and become a publicly known 'international terrorist'. Official reports say that the CIA wanted SIDE to investigate the operations of the Russian Mafia and ex-KGB agents who had just arrived in Argentina. Other reasons to investigate the recently arrived ex-KGB and Russian Mafia was that many ex-CIA and ex-FBI personnel had private security businesses in Argentina and in many other Latin American countries. When she got off to change planes. alleged that SIDE helped the "newcomers" insert themselves in the market by selling them information. saw SIDE as a political tool and promised sweeping reforms if it won the 1999 presidential elections. When it became known to the public the level of involvement of the Executive Branch a national scandal broke out. EYE SPY EYE SPY EYE SPY BRIBES IN THE SENATE Information leaked out that Patricio Finnen and Alejandro Brousson. Mokhtari was eventually let free. The CIA became furious since they had historically contributed funds for SIDE to do their operations. Meanwhile. ________________________________________________________________________ BREAKDOWN OF CIA RELATIONS In January of 2001. Also. Newland. accused SIDE of following him and fellow CIA operatives in Argentina. The operation was carried out by the Sala Patria group. the U.
Dirección Nacional de Inteligencia Criminal (National Directorate of Criminal Intelligence) NOTES: Direccion Nacional de Inteligencia Criminal is an Argentine intelligence agency and part of the National Intelligence System. the National Aeronautical Police (Policia Aeronautica Nacional. signed a decree that released all of the Secretariats's files about the tragedy to the public. It was the first time ever people protested at one of SIDE's facilities. ________________________________________________________________________ ASSASSINATION OF PIQUETEROS ________________________________________________________________________ The Justice system and the press blame the Secretariat participating in the organization of events on 2002 that led to the deaths of Dario Santillan and Maximiliano Kosteki. the participation of SIDE was so deep to even include visits of people involved with the bribes to the main SIDE headquarters. which itself depends of the Ministry of Interior. EYE SPY EYE SPY EYE SPY DOJ headquarters in Buenos Aires DOJ . made then interim President Eduardo Duhalde to call for elections earlier than planned. PNA) was controlled by the Argentine Air Force. Furthermore. DOJ) sometimes referred to as ‘ Division or Directorate 84’ is an Argentine intelligence service responsible for intercepting communications as required by judicial officers. Before moving into its own building it operated out of Telecom Argentina’s Belgrano facility. Nobody in SIDE has yet been charged with participating in the case. there were three phone calls. Months before the tragedy. The files released don't include any relevant information in them. nondescript building on Ave. the Secretariat had produced intelligence reports that the Piqueteros' assemblies and protests were being attended by the Colombian extremist group FARC. The Direccion Nacional de Inteligencia Criminal (National Directorate of Criminal Intelligence. On the second anniversary of the assassinations. CIM) NOTES: CIM is an Argentine intelligence agency liaising and overseeing the functions and operations Argentina’s Army intelligence services. therefore. furthermore incriminating the Secretariat on the assassinations. at the time. In 2005.side.000 square feet and an estimated monetary value of US$ 1.Dirección de Observaciones Judiciales (Directorate of Judicial Surveillance) NOTES: Dirección de Observaciones Judiciales (Directorate of Judicial Surveillance. de los Incas 3834. Recently more details were described about the operation by Pontacuarto. the National Intelligence System was created. President Nestor Kirchner. The assassinations.ar/SIDEOOO. ________________________________________________________________________ The Defunct SIDE archives (limited) can be viewed at: http://web. and made some SIDE staff and agents available for questioning if necessary.archive. we needed to establish order". During the trial. Carlos Soria. police officers involved in the scene that day. DNII). two piqueteros that were protesting in the Pueyrredon Bridge in Buenos Aires. protesters and piqueteros marched towards the Billinghurst base were the phone calls originated and proceeded to deface the property and manifest public outrage towards the organization.059. in Buenos Aires.520 passed. making the public theory that the assassinations were orchestrated by SIDE to psychologically reduce the Piqueteros movements motivation and their influence in Argentine society. Both men were shot in the back by Buenos Aires Police's officers armed with shotguns. He is currently charged with participating in the Senate bribes case.059 as Direccion Nacional de Inteligencia Interior (National Directorate of Interior Intelligence.443. The building has an internal surface of 27. between Alfredo Fanchiotti. minutes before the assassinations.org/web/19970619124458/ www. after the Southern Winds Narcobags . In December of 2001. The DOJ is located in a tall. and Article 47/48 renamed the old DNII to its current name. Oscar Rodriguez. and is a subagency of the National Intelligence System. and the Sub-secretary of Intelligence. the DNIC is not a division of the SIDE. SEFECONAR . It depends of the Secretaria de Seguridad Interior (Secretariat of Interior Security). declared that a man from SIDE approached them and told them that "Today there will be incidents". and since then. a policeman involved in the incident. as the new Intelligence Reform Law 25. which sparked outrage by Piquetero groups. At the time of the writing of the 1992 Interior Security Law 24.htm ________________________________________________________________________ CIM .Servicio Federal de Lucha contra el Narcotráfico (Federal Counternarcotics Service) ________________________________________________________________________ DNIC .Central de Inteligencia Militar (Military Intelligence Center. In 2005. later declared that "democracy works in order.EYE SPY INTELLIGENCE MAGAZINE PAGE 10 Intelligence. Fernando De Santibanes to resign. the federal government has established a non-repressive policy towards the Piqueteros.577. the main intelligence agency. then Secretary of State Intelligence. DNIC) was initially created by the 1992 Interior Security Law 24. It is part of the Secretaría de Inteligencia (SI). which has its own Directorate of Interior Intelligence.gov. the handling of its information was done by military intelligence.
Photography. Its motto is “De Omni Re Scibili” or “From Every Knowing Thing”. The white colour represents the virtues of obedience and firmness. President Nestor Kirchner dissolved the PNA. the basic courses that were taught by the school included specific materials that no agent with a pretension of passing could fail. the Advisor of the Secretary of Intelligence. and a fox. it established students exchange with foreign countries. Its main mission is to produce strategic military intelligence and analysis. most notoriously serving as Chairman of arms and explosives experts at the United Nations disarmament area. it was built in 1922 and EYE SPY EYE SPY EYE SPY Director Seal Staff and materials Recruitment and training a parking lot was added in 1970. The School also has a library of 7000 volumes. symbol of strategy. is located on Ave. a big belle epoque academic-style mansion. where it functions today. a triangle. and an ENI professor.ar (ENI’s web site is undergoing review) NOTES: ENI is the national intelligence academy of the Argentine Republic. The ENI mansion is protected by a heavy 5. the main intelligence agency. teachers in the ENI were mainly retired military officials who specialized in the intelligence service. The ENI motto appears in Latin words: "De Omni Re Scibili". Cucovaz wrote many dossiers and books such as ‘El rol de los servicios de Icia en el campo de la contraproliferacion’ and ‘Croatia as a stabilizing factor for peace in Europe. which signifies the force of intelligence. Her previous jobs in SIDE included being the intelligence delegate in the Argentine Embassy in Germany (Bonn). Teachers taught normal subjects on the matter of espionage. and it is a dependent sub-organization of the National Intelligence System. or exceptionally. usually by the military. In 1982.ENI ________________________________________________________________________ OFFICIAL STATEMENT ON ENI’S MISSION AND ROLE Its mission is the instruction and recruitment of the Secretariat of Intelligence's personnel with a specialized technical and humanistic formation.178. the Airport Security Police (Policia de Seguridad Aeroportuaria.000 kilogram steel gate and a constant surveillance through a closed circuit television (CCTV) system that records all activity around the building. During the 1960s. in the infantry branch. strengthening the links with many foreign intelligence agencies. and the green symbolizes an oath to service. representing straightness. such as the ability to open any kind of lock they could encounter with very basic tools. having a geographical sciences degree. Graduating from the ENI awards a title and diploma certified by the National University of La Plata. created by the 2001 Intelligence Reform Law 25. She has participated in many conferences of international organizations. During the 1960s. distant following of . It was initially established in the fifth floor of a traditional building located on Diagonal Norte and San Martin avenues in Buenos Aires. composed of a chess board. the Chief of Strategic Affairs. Mrs Cucovaz was also a professor at the Faculty of History and the Geographical Sciences School of the University of Salvador. The materials taught were completely written in Argentina.Escuela Nacional de Inteligencia (National Intelligence School) http://www. ________________________________________________________________________ ORGANISATION .Dirección Nacional de Inteligencia Estratégica Militar (National Directorate of Strategic Military Intelligence) NOTES: Direccion Nacional de Inteligencia Estrategica Militar (National Directorate of Strategic Military Intelligence. which means "From every knowable thing". Citizens that are recruited for SIDE (see SIDE's recruitment procedures). Estimated to be worth about U$S 724. are expected to go through the ENI's screening and training program before becoming a part of the organism.520.775 m2. and at the Faculty of Humanities of the University of Mar de la Plata. History The School was created on 24 January 1967 by Executive Decree N° 17/1967. It has small rooms and wooden floors. In Argentina. the analysis and study of the national intelligence doctrine and providing of online courses and long-distance teaching for agents who belong to the Secretariat and other Argentine intelligence or security organisms. Libertador 1235 in Buenos Aires. Libertad 1235.eni. the Director of Foreign Intelligence. Buenos Aires. Mrs Silvia Beatriz Cucovaz de Arroche is the current director. The intelligence services of the Argentine Armed Forces (see this list) have the job of producing strategic operational and tactical intelligence for the planning and conduction of military operations as well as the national strategic intelligence plan. It is structurally dependent of the Ministry of Defense.gov. is considered a highly-experienced and valuable woman with a long history in the Secretaria de Inteligencia. It depends of the Secretaria de Inteligencia. PSA). On 5 June that year it instructed its first class to personnel of the Secretariat of Intelligence.515 m2 and an internal surface of 3. the school was moved to the building on Ave. she is also Counsellor of the Council of International Relations (CARI) and member of its International Security Committee. a street surface of 2. Facilities The School's main building. the black represents honesty. The ENI seal (Escudo) is a Spanish-style coat of arms. at the Faculty of Business of the University of Buenos Aires. proceedings from an International Symposium’. and created a civil organism similar to the National Gendarmerie and the Naval Prefecture. DNIEM) is an Argentine intelligence agency part of the National Intelligence System. DNIEM’s current director is Carlos Anibal Aguilar. and through its webpage it offers online courses to all regions and provinces of Argentina. DNIC also handles intelligence from the mentioned organism that has inherited from the militarycontrolled PNA. ENI . Since 1992. DNIEM .EYE SPY INTELLIGENCE MAGAZINE PAGE 11 Scandal.
claimed that he activated the door opening mechanism (when no car was going in or out. If a student gets good grades. the program becomes more complex. and the cats". and Fijman was feeding the cats) because he fell and accidentally pushed the switch. 4812-9230. By being attentive it means remembering and analysing any detail that could alter the routine of the classroom. without notice. therefore evaluating a number of "correct answers".Inteligencia de la Gendarmería Nacional Argentina (Argentine National Gendarmerie Intelligence) Inteligencia de la Policía Federal Argentina (Argentine Federal Police Intelligence) NOTES: The Service is the intelligence wing of the Policia Federal Argentina. with a jurisdiction and organization similar to . etc. Students must be fully aware and attentive to their teachers and the material they are being taught. Magazine SIDE publishes every three months a magazine called "La Revista de la Escuela Nacional de Inteligencia" ("The Magazine of the National Intelligence School") about the studies and works of Argentinians and foreigners on the subject of intelligence. middle-class. It is the intelligence service of the police of Buenos Aires Province. infiltration.policiafederal. That is. weapons handling. and their capability to remember. and even lip reading formed part of the menu of basic knowledge taught. 4812-9230 (FAX). it is the federal police agency of Argentina. she was killed by Ricardo Dattoli (a SIDE agent who was in charge of the ENI's security) who closed the 5. The second level of teaching is not reachable without first passing a whole set of psychological and physical examinations. with subjects like Electronic Intelligence. For example. He described the incident stating that he fell and accidentally activated the mechanism because his shoe laces were untied. and it is controlled by the Ministry of the Interior. Dattoli and his accomplices were watching from the inside of the Mansion. the ENI moved all its guards to other units or facilities and has changed its gate mechanism to a manual opening and closing procedure rather than a fully-automatic one.700 at that time) for working six days a month doing a 36 hour surveillance shift and then resting for five days. seeing how attentive to details they were. where students are submerged into the art of phone tapping and the other uses of electronics in the intelligence world.Policia Federal Argentina (Argentine Federal Police) Ricardo Dattoli. Afterwards. 4813-2947. even though there was a button for it. 4811-1041/42/43/44/45. After the bell rings. ________________________________________________________________________ SIPBA .000 kilogram steel gate while she was feeding the cats through it. analyse and discern all kinds of information. Argentine woman who fed cats that inhabited the garden of the ENI building. Establishing a well known method used by the CIA and other intelligence agencies. The man tried to stop the gate. which included: shooting practice. The judicial investigation stated that the video of the incident has "edited parts". like a phone call received by a professor to his/her cellphone. an agent who got paid 1. subsequently dragging her and causing a fatal injury to her head. commonly referred as SIGN (Servicio de Inteligencia de la Gendarmeria Nacional. 4811-44930.Inteligencia de la Policía Bonaerense (Buenos Aires Police Intelligence) NOTES: The Service is an internal intelligence agency of Argentina.ar/ NOTES: Self-described as an FBI-type organisation. then he or she can become a part of SIDE. he did not do anything to avoid further damage to Fijman. When Dattoli activated the gates to open. ________________________________________________________________________ Sofia Fijman incident Sofia Fijman was a 75 year old. things said. the Service is controlled by the Ministry of the Interior. Fijman's hand became trapped in the gate. 4812-4577. National Gendarmerie Intelligence Service) within the Intelligence Secretariat. and it is controlled by the Ministry of the Interior. 4812-4930 (FAX). an Australian tourist couple was passing by Libertad Avenue. During "class". On 26 February 1998. agents that passed all the exams could move on to the final steps of their training. as he warned her not to feed the cats any more. a simulation of a small fire break out begins. Contact Available phone and fax numbers: 4752-4001. and trapped Fijman's hand by doing so. and that the part where Fijman receives the fatal wound has been erased. are not only taught basic theories. such as making students do a simple task. http://www. NOTES: Inteligencia de la Gendarmeria Nacional Argentina (Argentine National Gendarmerie Intelligence) is the intelligence service of the Argentine National Gendarmerie. or if he or she suddenly coughs strongly. with detachments in each of the country's provinces.700 Argentine Pesos (U$S 1. Students in the ENI.gov. and did nothing to stop the incident. that means that the assignments become more technical. PFA . When the student least expects it. 4813-7736. and personal defense. students are usually interrogated about the previous circumstances. which helps evaluate a student's response capability under spontaneous and stressful situations. Allegations by Fijman's domestic employee state that Dattoli told her "We are going to kill you. Dattoli has been sentenced to 10 years in prison for premeditated murder. Since the incident. skills and techniques about intelligence and SIDE. but finally the gate overpowers him and kills the woman. but also the developing of their "instinct" is heavily promoted. these tests can be hidden in a simple routine. Dattoli did not activate the button to make the gate close and free the woman. EYE SPY EYE SPY EYE SPY SIGN . acts. there are several "immediate reaction" tests. The investigation reported that 8 cameras and 16 monitors were focused on the ENI's entrance.EYE SPY INTELLIGENCE MAGAZINE PAGE 12 subjects. OFFICIAL STATEMENT Argentine Federal Police) is a nationwide police force. 4813-6132. Even though Dattoli could see what was happening through the video surveillance system. During that time. like working with a document. he uses physical force and calls for help.
Instruction and Human Rights) * Superintendencia de Policia Cientifica (Superintendency of Scientific Police) * Superintendencia de Comunicaciones (Superintendency of Communications) * Direcciones Generales Autonomas (General Autonomic Directorates) EYE SPY EYE SPY EYE SPY Grupo Albatros (Albatross Group) NOTES: A special operations service of the Argentine Naval Prefecture. the Brigada Halcón is under the operational control of the federal police. M4 Carbine. At that time. Each team has two snipers. The second stage (1880-1943) corresponds to the Policia de la Capital (Police of the Capital).Brigada Especial Operativa Halcón (Hawk Special Operations Brigade) NOTES: BEOH is a special operations division of the Buenos Aires Police in Argentina. one negotiator. where the PFA also assumes the role of the local police. intelligence gathering. ________________________________________________________________________ SPECIAL PARAMILITARY POLICE INTELLIGENCE/SECURITY UNITS ________________________________________________________________________ Argentina did not possess a viable counter-terrorist capability until 1978. the Brigada Halcón. Albatros conducts search and rescue missions and responds to criminal gangs and activities. and offensive driving are covered in this period.EYE SPY INTELLIGENCE MAGAZINE PAGE 13 the United States' FBI. it conducts river and maritime operations in the lakes and rivers and anything close to the coast line. helicopter insertion. BEOH . BACKGROUND Superintendencies are commanded by a superintendente. as well as locally manufactured protective gear and uniforms. Located in the province of Buenos Aires. sniping. and eight tactical troops. HK MP5. Weapons include: GLOCK 17. General Organization The PFA is subordinate to the Ministry of Interior. Initial training is divided into three two-month stages. a less common word in Spanish. which creates some translation problems when discussing Argentine police services. an intelligence specialist. History * Direccion General Autonoma de Asuntos Juridicos (General Autonomic Directorate of Legal Affairs) * Direccion General Autonoma de Asuntos Internos (General Autonomic Directorate of Internal Affairs) The history of this police force starts in 1580 and is divided in three stages. the Comisario General. martial arts. Instruccion y Derechos Humanos (Superintendency of Personnel. The organization is headed by the Chief of the PFA. The organization and departments of the PFA: * Jefatura (Headquarters) * Subjefatura (Sub-headquarters) * Superintendencias (Superintendencies) * Superintendencia de Administracion (Superintendency of Administration) * Superintendencia de Bienestar (Superintendency of Welfare) * Superintendencia Federal de Bomberos (Federal Superintendency of Firemen) * Superintendencia de Interior (Superintendency of Interior) * Superintendencia de Investigaciones Federales (Superintendency of Federal Investigations) * Superintendencia de Planificacion y Desarrollo (Superintendency of Planning and Development) * Superintendencia de Seguridad Metropolitana (Superintendency of Metropolitan Security) * Superintendencia de Personal. most routine police work is carried out by the provincial police (equivalent to state police in the United States). HK UMP . Because of this. a communications specialist. for the first three hundred years up to 1880. Buenos Aires. with the exception of the capital city of Buenos Aires. M16A2 and the Franchi SPAS-12 shotgun. under the direct command of the Buenos Aires Police Department. In addition to Counterterrorist missions. subdivided into fifteen-man tactical teams. The first one includes the Policia de Buenos Aires (Buenos Aires Police). The unit also handles VIP protection and is also responsible for hijacked aircraft throughout the nation. known as the Departamento Central de Policia. Today. is located at 1650 Moreno Street. one medic. HALO/HAHO parachuting. While many current members are veterans of the Argentine Army. when it hosted the football World Cup. and the last one to the present PFA (since 1943). The result was the formation of a special counter-terrorist team. an explosive ordnance disposal expert. This special operations group was involved in the "Ramallo massa- . the unit is made up of seventy-five commandos. Brigada Halcón members use foreign weapons and gear. explosives. Skills such as combat shooting. The PFA's main facility. For sniping purposes the Heckler & Koch G3 GS/1 is commonly used. Both superintendente and the much more common Spanish word comisario normally translate into English as superintendent. assisted by the Deputy Chief of the PFA. the military dictatorship ruling Argentina accepted the possibility that such a widely-televised event was a likely forum for a terrorist incident.
Although the existence of special forces in Argentina began in 1930.Jefatura de Inteligencia del Estado Mayor Conjunto de las Fuerzas Armadas (Intelligence Department of the Joint General Staff of the Armed Forces) NOTES: J-2 Intelligence . and explosives. SIE .htm NOTES: The intelligence section[s] of Argentine Army. The name J-2 refers to Jefatura 2. GEOF) NOTES: GEOF is a special security unit of the Argentine Federal Police trained to strategically perform counterterrorist and counternarcotics missions.The Servicio Federal de Lucha contra el Narcotrafico (Federal Counternarcotics Service) EYE SPY EYE SPY EYE SPY CRIM . created on 6 December 2005 as the first operational element of the Proyecto Ejercito Argentina 2025. TOE .ar/EMG/Jef2icia/Icia1. The Service is made up of a variety of intelligence groups.ar/hidrografia. ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ .Servicio de Inteligencia Naval (Naval Intelligence Service) NOTES: SIN is the intelligence agency of the Argentine Navy. and Israel’s YAMAM. companies and units. with several small units all over the country and formerly known as Army Intelligence Battalion 601 (Batallón de Inteligencia 601). Only 15% of applicants are approved. Its current director is Vice Admiral IM (Infanteria de Marina) Enrique Salvador Olmedo. Also within the Service is Batallón de Inteligencia 601 and 602 2 Combat Army Intelligence Detachment and several specialist intelligence collection units. It is a part of J-2 and report directly to the Army's Jefatura II (the General Staff's intelligence service). BACKGROUND The GEOF is a specialized police unit of the General Directorate of International Terrorism and Complex Crimes. ________________________________________________________________________ Inteligencia de la Policía de Seguridad Aeroportuaria (Airport Security Police Intelligence) NOTES: The Service is the intelligence agency of the Policia de Seguridad Aeroportuaria of Argentina. and it is currently under the jurisdiction of the Sedronar.Unidad de Inteligencia Financiera (Financial Intelligence Unit) DEDICATED MILITARY INTELLIGENCE J-2 . It is part of J-2 and it's current director is Commodore Garcia. and answers directly to the Chief of the Province Police. Training subjects include sniping. the unit was officially created after the AMIA bombing. SIN’s duties include gathering naval intelligence relevant to Argentina. and it is designed to act under the Rapid Deployment Force command. including a G-2 within the Army General Staff and a Military Intelligence Collection Center (CRIM)3. It consists of the 601 Air Assault Regiment. offensive driving.mindef.EYE SPY INTELLIGENCE MAGAZINE PAGE 14 cre". Operatives and officials of TOE have received specialist training by organisations such as Britain’s NCIS. AFOE . A matter of controversy.Servicio de Inteligencia del Ejército (Army Intelligence Service) web site under construction http://www.html NOTES: SEFECONAR is an Argentine intelligence agency with special police tasks closely modelled on the American Drugs Enforcement Agency (DEA). the official denomination assigned to military intelligence divisions of each service branch. the 601 Commando Company. SIFA is a primary component within the Air Force Staff. J-2 is an Argentine federal agency in charge of controlling all the military intelligence services.asp [2007 REORGANISATION] Link to pdf of the 2007 modernisation and restructuring of Argentina’s armed forces. The GEOF. and the 602 Commando Company. The unit's main training course lasts for 20 weeks and is divided in two sections.Compañía de Tropas de Operaciones Especiales (Special Operations Troops Company) NOTES: TOE is the premier special operations force of the Santa Fe Province Police. It was created through the Executive Decree N° 717 of 18 April 1991.gov. UIF . when operatives from the Brigada Halcón shot dead one alleged bank robber and his two hostages.gov.mindef. The GEOF trains regularly with special units of other countries including the FBI Hostage Rescue Teams. Argentina. its existence has not been acknowledged by the Menem administration. BACKGROUND The service was created on 4 May 1990.Agrupacion de Fuerzas de Operaciones Especiales (The Special Operations Forces Group) NOTES: AFOE is a special operations unit of the Argentine Army. the US Army Green Berets and numerous SWAT groups. SIN . In 1994 its first section was established in Tucumán and in 1997 a second division was constituted in Rosario.mil.Grupo Especial de Operaciones Federales (Federal Operations Special Group. HALO/HAHO parachuting. It is part of J-2 and under the jurisdiction of the Navy General Staff.ejercito.“all time-all land”). In 1998 the Buenos Aires group was formed.Joint Staff of the Armed Forces. NOTES: Army Intelligence. SEFECONAR . It is also used for VIP protection and hostage rescue situations. Servicio de Hidrografía (Argentina Navy) Navalhttp://www. SIFA .Servicio de Inteligencia de la Fuerza Aérea (Air Force Intelligence Service) NOTES: SIFA is the intelligence wing of the Argentine Air Force. martial arts.ar/index. nicknamed 4T because it operates throughout Argentina (4T “todo tiempo-todo terreno” . GEOF .Central de Reunión de Inteligencia Militar (Military Intelligence Collection Center) Ministra de Defensa (Ministry of Defense) http://www.
Migratory and Sanitary Auxiliary Police.a human team especially trained for the demands of these times performs its activities advising the operations’ leaders and being supported by adequate technical elements. which are responsible for the recruitment. the preservation of the ecological balance and the fight against a number of offences. currency forgery. Safety and Security Force and reports to the Domestic Security Secretariat and President. keeping in mind centralized standards and executive decentralization. Within that framework. PNA personnel perform different functions intended to meet the requirements necessary for the maintenance of the basic principles laid down by the Interior Security Law. Training and Administration Directions. such as the European. terrorism.the need for implementing a work style which had been already used in other communities. the illegal traffic of people or those circumstances affecting the free operation of PNA as a security force. the Safety and Judicial Police Direction and the Environment Protection Direction. Prefectura Nacional (Commandant’s Office): it is the body by means of which the Commandant directs the Service at the top level. characterized by particular local problems.Ejercito Argentina (Argentina Army) www. of the Information and Security Division. buy also carries out a wide spectrum of highly technically complex functions within a switching environment under increasingly technological development.EYE SPY INTELLIGENCE MAGAZINE PAGE 15 EA . Prefectura provides many other services within the scope of its functions. which finally became the present Service.ar/ ________________________________________________________________________ PNI . with primarily police functions related to the safety of navigation or the port area. SENIOR MANAGEMENT AREA EXECUTIVE MANAGEMENT AREA SUPPORT AREA information and intelligence with national bodies as well as agencies from the involved countries. as an advisory body to the top rank authorities of the Institution and to the Central Government. is continuously and permanently involved in the collection. The Intelligence Service. constitute the permanent goals of the Intelligence Service activities. after undergoing different transformations. directed towards functions such as the Safety of Navigation Police. Districts and Units . with the assistance and counselling of the General Secretariat. They report to the Commandant. PNA comprises different working committees of the National Intelligence Central Office. Subprefectura Nacional (Vice Commandant’s Office): through this body the Vice Commandant assists the Commandant in planning the whole range of PNA activities. the inhabitants’ property. the Intelligence Service.Customs.provided for the creation. Maritime and River Fishing Police. The dynamics of the integration process among member countries of the Mercosur generated -from the police viewpoint. finance and accounting management of Prefectura. SIPN .Inteligencia de la Prefectura Naval Argentina NOTES: The Service is the intelligence agency of the Argentine Naval Prefecture. such as freedom. . when the first Captainship of the Port was established.mil.ejercito. the exchange of EYE SPY EYE SPY EYE SPY The PNA does not only have a wide geographical field of action. as a provision from the Commandant.Prefectura Naval Argentina Organization NOTES: Within the range of national institutions. However. the Naval Technical and Legal Advisory Service and the High Rank Officer Council and Consultative Councils.at that time known as National Maritime Prefect. support and maintenance of personnel and materials. Material. In addition. smuggling . such as Environmental Preservation Police. river and lake coasts . At its Intelligence Units.fuerzaaerea. in port and on shore is a high priority activity demanding timely and accurate responses. as the remaining directions do. rights. and by delegation. Judicial Police and Navigational Issues Police. river. It consists of the Safety of Navigation Police Direction. the safety of life and property at sea.operationally integrated to the organization structure of the Area Districts. was intensified with the purpose of carrying out a constant follow-up of the criminal organizations which constitute a real danger to society. the Prefectura Naval Argentina Organization . distribution. In order to meet these requirements. analysis and integration of the data required in the jurisdictional area and its environment. It consists of the Personnel.PNA is a part of the National Intelligence System. 12 March 1951 marks a milestone in its history. monitoring and controlling all departments and units at the highest level. as well as the economic. In that respect. Likewise. the normative and registry aspects thereof and their supervision. the spectrum of incumbent tasks is very wide. on a provisional basis. fishing and port interests of the Nation. as well as the safeguard of the maritime. the PNA has adopted a flexible and adjustable approach. such as drug trafficking. At the Interior Security Secretariat. life. PNA Intelligence tasks have been performed since its historical beginning in 1756. Its activity is reflected in the production of intelligence on all kinds of actions which are likely to endanger the operation of ports and waterways. These Directions perform a Naval Police Service with auxiliary police functions.mil. guarantees and the full validity of democratic institutions. The PNA can also be defined as a specialized Police Service with particular dimensions. Within this context.ar/ Fuerza Aerea Argentina (Argentina Air Force) www. which are distributed all along the maritime. Security and Public Order Police.
This is a heavy traffic area engaged in farming exportation and liquid . channels and navigable waters devoted to interjurisdictional traffic and trade. Prefectura de Santa Fe. Subprefectura de Salto Grande. and Prefectura de Formosa. and Subprefectura de Garruchos. and in all cases which fall outside the jurisdiction of a local State according to the provisions of public international law. According to the provisions of its Organic Act. PNA carries out its function on vessels in jurisdictional waters and on Argentine flag vessels at high seas and foreign ports. Continuous migratory control and strict surveillance is kept on this borderline area in order to prevent and control drug trafficking and smuggling. Subprefectura Libertador General San Martín. sea and river shores and beaches.LOWER PARANÁ DISTRICT The following units can be found within its jurisdiction: Prefectura de San Nicolás. as well as the wild vegetation. Scope and Geographical Deployment *************************** 1. navigation administrative affairs supervision. 2. Subprefectura de Reconquista. lakes. and Subprefectura de Federación. as follows: Prefectura Naval Argentina Districts distributions EYE SPY EYE SPY EYE SPY *************************** *************************** *************************** 4. Prefectura de San Javier. as regards matters connected to navigation safety Enforcement. The geographical features of the different areas in which Prefectura Naval Argentina (PNA) carries out its functions impose different modalities on the tasks performed by this service. and Subprefectura de La Paz. Recreational boats. ports under national jurisdiction. This area has the largest number of Reinforced Detachments and units of all PNA. and trade vessels mainly sail to and from Paraguay.UPPER PARANÁ DISTRICT It is made up of the following units: Prefectura de Posadas. Prefectura de Iguazú. Subprefectura de Itatí. rules and orders are enforced. Subprefectura de Ita Ibaté. smuggling and other offences. Prefectura de Villa Constitución. In addition. 5. Subprefectura de Diamante. Prefectura de San Lorenzo. Malvinas and other South Atlantic islands. Prefectura de Corrientes. Prefectura de Concordia. The territorial jurisdiction is divided into 10 Prefecturas de Zona (Coast Guard Districts). and Subprefectura de Eldorado. Subprefectura de Paso de la Patria. PNA operational structure and administrative resources are organized according to the different areas of activities and functions imposed by legislation.LOWER URUGUAY DISTRICT It includes Prefectura de Concepción del Uruguay. and Subprefectura de Pilcomayo. Maritime Frontier Security Areas. In this area the river forms the natural borderline with Brazil and Uruguay and PNA’s main duties here are the prevention and control of drug trafficking and smuggling as well as the migratory control. Its purpose is to ensure that statutes. trade vessels and sand and boulder barges are active in this area. Subprefectura de Goya. and navigable river shores.EYE SPY INTELLIGENCE MAGAZINE PAGE 16 OPERATIONAL AREA It consists of the Operations Direction.UPPER URUGUAY DISTRICT The following units can be found within its jurisdiction: Prefectura de Paso de los Libres. This is a heavy traffic area. Here the river forms the natural borderline with Brazil and Paraguay. Subprefectura de Yapeyú. Argentine Antarctic Territory. rivers. Prefectura de Rosario. PNA performs its tasks in the following areas: seas. Prefectura de Santo Tomé. 3. Here the river forms the natural borderline with Uruguay and PNA is therefore in charge of preventing and controlling drug trafficking and smuggling. Prefectura de Paraná. create a favourable environment for drug trafficking. there is an increasing sports fishing activity. *************************** The river extension and narrowness. each one with several units. Subprefectura de Colón. Subprefectura de Gualeguaychú. Subprefectura de Monte Caseros. Subprefectura de Ituzaingó. Subprefectura de Ramallo. Subprefectura de Alvear.UPPER PARANÁ AND PARAGUAY DISTRICT EIt comprises Prefectura de Barranqueras. With this purpose it coordinates the work of its different units in order to guarantee that PNA functions are fulfilled at every point within its jurisdiction.
. It was founded in 1995 in Argentina with the purpose of contributing to the establishment of a legal and institutional culture that would guarantee fundamental rights to the inhabitants of Argentina. shortly before the latest military uprising.DELTA DISTRICT It is composed of: Prefectura de San Isidro. Subprefectura de Escobar. the highest number of recreational boats in the country are found in this area.COMAHUE AND LAKES DISTRICT Over 80 navigable lakes are found in the southern provinces of Neuquén.ser2000. Subprefectura de San Antonio Oeste. This dialogue called for the urgent need to establish common communication codes to truly overcome those problems that historically had limited a harmonious and productive relationship between civil authorities and the military. Prefectura de Zárate. Subprefectura de Patagones. The port of Buenos Aires receives a large percentage of the total sea-going and coastal sailing traffic.adc. Subprefectura de San Julián. Fishing activities are very important at Deseado and Punta Quilla ports. Prefectura de Tigre. Subprefectura de Guazú Guazucito. Moreover.php?iDOCUMENTO=540&iTIPODOCUMENTO=1 NOTES: ADC is a non-profit. Ushuaia port is a strategically important area and constitutes the last continental call on the way to Antarctica. Prefectura de Campana. and large grain terminals with deep sea ports. This area shows an important traffic of sea-going and passenger vessels as well as ships engaged in national and international coastal sailing. when a group of political. ADC . *************************** 10. *************************** ________________________________________________________________________ SER 2000 DATA BASE ON DEFENCE ISSUES http://www. Prefectura de Puerto Madryn. Prefectura de Quequén. with a large number of recreational boats. EYE SPY EYE SPY EYE SPY Inteligencia del Servicio Penitenciario Federal (Federal Penitentiary Service Intelligence) NOTES: SER 2000 origins lie in the years of Argentina transition to democracy. Prefectura de Río Grande.org. Prefectura de Dock Sud.Asociacion por los Derechos Civiles (Association for Civil Rights) http://www. Subprefectura de Neuquén and their corresponding units due to the high ecological sensitivity of the area. Subprefectura de San Pedro.ARGENTINE SOUTHERN SEA DISTRICT Prefectura de Comodoro Rivadavia. based on respect for the Constitution. oil and by-products but also well-equipped with casualty prevention equipment.ARGENTINE NORTHERN SEA DISTRICT It consists of the following units: Prefectura de Mar del Plata. and Comodoro Rivadavia is the most important port devoted to oil traffic in the country. The area’s main features are fishing activities.EYE SPY INTELLIGENCE MAGAZINE PAGE 17 fuel transport. located at Quequén and Bahía Blanca. and Subprefectura de Rawson. Prefectura de Ushuaia e Islas del Atlántico Sur. *************************** 7.ar/ home. Prefectura de Bahía Blanca. Prefectura de Puerto Deseado. and Subprefectura General Lavalle. and Subprefectura de Santa Cruz comprise the Argentine Southern Sea District. Dock Sud and La Plata ports are not only well-prepared to receive chemicals.RIVER PLATE DISTRICT The following units are found: Prefecturas de Buenos Aires. and Subprefectura de Paranacito. military and academics agreed on the need to create a space for mature dialogue between these sectors. *************************** 9.many passengers visit the lakes as well as the national parks in the region. It is the only waterway to and from Alto Paraná and Paraguay ports. Moreover. Subprefectura de Olivos. at Mar del Plata and Madryn ports. Fruits and vegetables from the upper valley of Río Negro are sent abroad through San Antonio Oeste. Recreational boating is very important .org.ar/ 6. Río Negro and Chubut. Prefectura de La Plata. Prefectura de Río Gallegos e Islas Malvinas. non-governmental and non-partisan organization. *************************** 8. This area is particularly controlled by Prefectura de San Carlos de Bariloche.
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