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2XMBOJMH CTAHOJYMA @ JLYBOMMP NOMOBUR TPAMATHKA CPIICKOTA JESUKA YUBEHUK 3A I, U, Il w IV PASPET CPEDISE IIKOJIE OPYTO, PEPABEHO V3/lAbE 3ABON 3A YUBEHMKE (3) (75) 3AB0r M HACTABHA CPEJICTBA (23) (fit) 3A BSABAE YUBEHMKA BEOrPA, HOBH CAI 1992 PEY YHAIPEL Paben 1989. no nacrabuom nporpamy npeamera Cpfickoxpeaiticxu jeaux wu Kyaillypa uspaxasara, H caja AOMyIseH NO HOBOM Fporpaxy (CuyaGenn 1iacuux Cpouje — Tipo- cuerm raacink, 5, 16, VIII 1990, erp. 7—8 u XL — 3, 31. V 1991., exp. 1—5), onaj yuGeuNk mopao je GurM nica KAO Kpaiixa 2pamailiuka KWWKEBHOT je3HKa, TE M HOCH asus Tpamatiuxa cpicxoia jesuxa Kao mo je yoOu4ajeno, ¥ ona Ipamaitiuxa y yeonuo meny AecpMHMUNe Ha KEBIOKER- i je3uK, HeToR HcTOPHjCKM m caNaIMIbH aCMeKAT, HeTOR OAHOC MpeMa HapeyjaMa (i jHja- aeKTHMa) HaposHor jesHka, cpoj mpeyMer Hu Hayena Npawomuca. TIpH TOME, y OBOMe, jIPY- TOM uaqaIby Ompeher AenODH rpamuBa, Ha OCHOBY 3axTeRA NPOcBeTHIX Oprata KOjs AOHOCE MporpaMe HaCTaBHUX MpeAMeTa, MopanH cy ce CKPaTHTH, OH. caKETH AOK cy ce ApyrH Mopanut yonynuTH, na cy Tpehe # ¥eTBpTO norsanme Yeoga (1. 18—S2) AoGHNM HORE BHA Y noraanny Ponetiuxa ca ocnosana bononoiuje u moppoubonoaotuje nar je onuc Inacosnoi cHcteMa KHWKeBHOT jesHKa, C HETORMM OHTHUM OTHKAMA, KAO H MOHAMAIe wlaopa Tor cucteMa y oGmunAMa H TBOPGK peu. TpH TOMe, y OcHOBaMa GPOHOMIOUIKOT onuca momo ce on y HayHH Aare KoUCTaTamje Aa je Beh cam Eaucoanu cuctHien Tora jesuKa, caoeuna obeaenen, sanpano — weroR dhononowxu cuciiem, jep je pesynrat Bykowe ,pa~ BILIHO WaRETeHe akanuse rMacoBHOr cHcTeMa Hauer jesnKxa“ (IL. Huh, IToiosop ByKoBoM Cpitexon pjewnuxy us 1818. y pororanckom uszatey HIpocnere — Beorpan, 1966, erp. 64) aro urro ce, apyrHM PeqUMa, FMACOBHM CHCTEM HaLICT KHbIDKEBHOT je3HKa YrnaBHOM TloKuana ca POHONOMKHM cHCTeMOM, GHI0 je MoryhHO ja ce wsOCTaBH, 3a cpoHONOFHiy wHaNle HEOUXOAAH, ONC ONX APTHKYNaKMOHO-aKYCTHKMX OCOGUHA rHacoBa Koje cy Ges excntepumesrrannoqpouetcKe saGoparopuje TeMKo pasyMibuBe (rpaBHCHOCT: HerpaBucHocr, nucpyaHioct: KoMnaxtHocr rtacosa wrp.). Tako cy y Halo (POHETHITH ca OcHOBaMa ¢boHOO- Tuje onucavle one GuTHE rmacoBHe OCOGuHE KOje Cy aKO YOURUBE H OGHYHHM OMaKAHeM, na ce yueumum Hehe onepehusari 3axTeROM ja HarlameT (caMO M3 TeKCTa YUGeHUKA) y4e ova quCTHHKTHBHa OGenexja TMacoBa Koja ce Mory 3alicra cxBaTHTH camo y 3aGoparopHj PonercKo-PononounKn wwHMONH THACOBHOT CHCTEMA KOjM cy OGNHIKH H TBOPGEHO BaXxHH onucann cy y nény Mopdorbonoaoiuja, Koju je yser Kao mpuposna Besa usMeby oGnacrn «Pononoruje # Mopdonoraje ca TBOpGOM peu. Y norapny Mopdoaoiuja u teopGa pew oOAMIKH n TROPGEHH cHCTeMH OnHCAHM cy MeTOsOM yoOHuajeHOM y rpamarukama yonurre. O6paciie npoMena H TBOpGe Tpe6a cxBa- THTH KAO cxeMe Y KOjHMa ce BYE TpAMaTHYKe OCHOBE M TpaMaTHIKM HacTaBi, O;HOCHO ‘TOpGeHe OcHOBE H TROPGeHU acuKeH, a He Kao rpaby Kojy TpeGa yuna. i Mopcborornjy 4 TROpSY ONaKINANH CMO H3OCTABIbaIBEM Mperneja AKUCHATA NO BPCTaMa PeuH H THTOBEMA ‘TBop6e (c THM HT eMo OCHOBHa MpaBWwa akNeHTORATbA am y DoneTiuyu). TaMo rae je Guo HajnorpeSunje, HapoqMaIH CMO y OBMM TlOTNaBuMA CPoHETCKe NPOMeHe Koje ce To|aB- seyiy ¥ MpoMenn OGnHKa Hy TBOPGH PeuM, a KOje ce, HHaYe, cucremcKu onMeyiy y Mopdvo- (ouonornju. O pewu Kao jenmumn uMeHoparsa roBopH ce y nomanny JTexcuxonoluja Y Cuniiaxcu rpanuno je o6pabeno Tako Aa ce YOUH cHHTAKCHYKH CUCiHe.M, WTO kao PYHKYUWOHAAKU CUCTeM Ha CcHOBY Kora ce PeYeHHUe bopMupajy He caMo KAO TpaMaTWike HeTO M KAO KOMYHKATHBHE jeqMHMMe. 3aTo ce TexMNO a cBe jenMHANe w KoHcrpykuuje Gyqy OnMcaHe cucTeMaTcKM, AOCHeAHO M HHCTerpanHo, fla ce MOKaxy Bese H camuocTi Meby e0BHMa cHHTaKCHNKOr CHCTEMA H jl@ Ce, Makap YKPaTKO, OOPAe H NOjaBe Beaane 3a peannaanujy cuNTaKcHuKHK jenMEMta Y KOMYHMKaNujM (aHtopMarHEHa aktyani- salluja, KOMyHUKaTHBHA Koxe3Hja). Ip TOM je Guo HeM3GeRHO Ta ce ONCTYNM ON TPANit- nuoHamuor pacnopera cuiTakcHuKor rpazHBa, Aa ce TepMUHOMOTHja HOKerAe MpeLHsHpa, ocappeMcHH u ONYHM H Ma ce yBeny AujarpaMM H TaGeNe, KojM Cy HeOMXoRHO cpeneTBO cBake CHCTeMaTcKe CHHTaKcH4Ke aHanH3e. AyTOpH cy ce jIpxXan Havena Ta He TpeGa MewaTH olluc jesuxa ca yuerwen jeauKa Peu je, HaHMe, 0 TpaMaTHIM MaTe per je3HKa, Nakne — je3HKa KojM yueHHIH 3H a- jy. 3avo cy mpe cnera nonasM1K Of MHEHKUE Ra ce ca pasymesaren ofiuca yuanpebyje yeennkoa criocobHocr 3a axaausy jesn4Ke rpabe Matepiber jesHka, Hapapno, ue Tpeba saGopapuTH, ca WHAAKTHYKE Crpane, jla je Ta cnocoGuoct HeoMXoAHMA H 3a yoaspiuasare caoia W 3a yuerwe gpylux jeauxa. Vero je waveno my OcHoBH ynyhupara wuranana na ce y yeeuy mpapina mucawa cnyxe [pasotucom u3 1960. ronune (M HeroBHM cram IKON- ‘cKHM v37aiDUMa), BaXChHM y jaBHO] yMOTpeGH, Kao H AKTYeNHHM NpaBoNMcHMM NpupysHH- uma, TpeGa nanoMenyra fla ce HeKH AeNOBM HacTaBHOr MporpaMa — 360r wuxOBe MPApoAe — y 080} rpamarmpr m1 canpxe Kao HajonurTuje necbmmnje y yBoNHOM meny, WAH cy octapmenn 3a OOpany HacraBHoj npaxcu. [IpyrHM peyuMa, MporpaMcKu cagpxkajit KAO WTO cy pasnoiipasnoctll jeauxa, jeauixa Monepanyuja v cnuaan UMTLAIMTHO ce cANpe y yuoe~ amy (8 YsoR), anu ce MOry YWHTH CAMO Y WKONCKO| H ApyUuTReHO} Mpaken, C spyre crpane, y yuGeHKy ce HanasM Marepuja Koja YH HHTer panne RemoBe Hanne jesHuKe Marepuje, @ HoRHjuM mpoMeHaMa y HactasHoM nporpamy ce penykyje. TakBa Marepuja y yuGeHuky je wramnaua y yBYYCHHM OLE UMMA, METHTOM. THMe joj je aar paur Hanomene. Taxap je cmysaj ca ofemunMa Yaxascxo napedie (tT. 6), Kajxaecko napexje (7. 7), Tepuitopujaaxo-eapujaniaHo pacaojasaree (1. 46, 47), sume cy ont wajentauenn ca HIBOM JPYTUX, 3a Gombe pasyMenamse rpasMBa TOTPeOHEX, HaTOMeHa Ounnx, HauMe, unje TyMavere 3anazH GwI0 y He TO PHY jesnKa (Lmp. HanOMeHe o mana- ‘Tammanujama, r. 106; joronauma, 7. 110—112; npesojy BoKana, 7 121; HemtoctojaHom a, 7 123; npoMexu a y 0, 7. 126; 0 aBojmnm, T. 168 H Ap.), Gu y MatepHiy Kojy OGpabyje npaponwe (amp. 7 97, 201) c numem ga ce Gore cxBare HeKH Of cucTeMa ¥ caBpeMe- HOM jesHKY, OTIHcAHIH y OBO), TO OCHOBHO| KOHMENHAjH — LecK PHM THB HO] rpaMari rut Hajsan, naxo ce To noxpasymena, rpe6a ucrahu ga yuGeHuK nucaH Kao rpamaTHKa HMKaKO He stauH noTpe6y na ce W3 mera yue coe wumenuye, JesHuKa rpaba, Koja WHHH ‘ummenuife, 3anpano je waycrpauuja onuXx jeau4xux Zpasuad Koja cy HanoxKeHa y YBony, ¥ @onerunn (ca owororjom u Mopdoroutontorujom), Mopipororsju, Teop6u pen, JleKcn- xonoriju H CunTaxct. Ako je y HeKHM caysajeBHMa HMa BHule, TO je caMO 3aTO HA ce yaenuky mpy:ku Behn us6op epahe nomohy Koje he pazymerH wanoxeHo mpasito. H, wapap- Ho, MpHMeHMTH TO MPaBILIO ¥ CBOjoj aKamuaH HORE jesHIKe rpabe, ONKOCHO y cBojo} jesHs- Koj mpaxcu Takobe, Takar yu6enmk omoryhyje 1 HacTaBHHKOB cnoGogaH oAHOC MpeMa Tporpanckom capskajy H paspeny OH he #3 yuGeHMKa Mohit a y3Me OHO mlTO earpa Aa je KoMe YUeHMKY NOTPeOHO 4 Ja Ha Taj HAHN OCTBapH jeNHO OW sHaYajHAjMX Haven HacTa- ne — HH]MBURYAMUsANHly, UpHMepeHOCT MHHOCTH YYCHHKA, Tipxehu ce Hacrastor nporpaMa, ayTopis ce, HapaBHo, HHCY MOriLA Onpebwt W HajHy2«- hujer HOHaBTara, na H H3BecHOr BMMIKa MucbopManuja. CmarpaMo, ynpano, a OM OTAK- imapajy Y4eHUKY youasawe KajeaKHujel, a ne Obaseayjy Ta a CBE H3 YYCCHHKA OGaBEsHO Wana AyTopH, Ha onOM MecTy, Hap@kaBajy cROjy 3axBANHOCT CBHM peuCHIcHTIMa jep cy HoUXOBe NpHMeGe 3HaTHO HOGOmMane TeKcT yyOeHHKa. OxM cy, HCTO TAKO, 3aXBavHH 1 conM chojuM KOmIeTaMa — HacTaBHMAKMa OROT MPERMeTA y epemHo} WIKONH 3a cBe cyrecTHje koje cy HM jlam, nocte Mposepe y HacTapHoj MpaKcH, KOjy Bak YUGCHHK, MPHpoRHO, Mpa mary. AYTOPH