Art. 49.

Treaty on EU

any European country may apply for membership must respects the principles of liberty, democracy, human rights and fundamental freedoms, and the rule of law. stable institutions Political guaranteeing democracy, the rule of law, human rights and respect for and protection of minorities. functioning market economy Economic capacity to cope with competition and market forces in the EU. to take on the obligations of membership The capacity to adhere to the objectives of political, economic and monetary union. the Adoption of entire body of European legislation

requirements for joining
criteria by the European Council

effective implementation through appropriate administrative and judicial structures.

A country submits an application for membership to the Council The Commission assesses the applicant’ ability to meet the conditions for membership s

Steps to adhesion

It must deliver a positive opinion The Council unanimously has to agree a negotiating mandate negotiations are formally opened between the candidate and all the Member States


agreements that set out rights and obligations stabilization and a swift transition to a market economy promotion of regional cooperation prospect of EU accession Accession or European Partnerships special cooperation mechanisms EU financial assistance Croatia candidates Turkey Republic of Macedonia Albania

Pre-accession strategy

Stabilization and Association Agreements in the case of the Western Balkan countries

New members
potential candidates (Thessaloniki Agenda)

Bosnia and Herzegovina Montenegro Serbia Kosovo (under UN Security Council Resolution 1244)

EU Enlargement.mmap - 04/12/2008 -

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