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CHAPTER 1 - Introduction

CHAPTER 1 - Introduction

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Published by: Sameer Shah on May 07, 2013
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Title: Investigation of the Motivation Level among Academic Staff at UoM

CHAPTER 1 1. Thus. there is need for strong and effective motivation at the various levels of the academic department. 2001). problems and challenges confronting the sector and to build on the existing knowledge. Academic staff must be carefully selected. skills and expertise (Tansley et al. In this era of globalisation. the performance of the tertiary academic staffs contributes to a large extent to the quality of the student learning experience. Staff of tertiary education institution is a key resource and have an important role to play in achieving the objectives of the University. their motivation and satisfaction with their job is vital in determining the quality of this interface and they have a crucial role in developing and enhancing of performance in tertiary academic institutions. Nearly all tertiary institutions have an implicit or explicit mission to offer high quality learning to the students. Introduction Tertiary education in Mauritius is in a phase of rapid expansion and diversification. .. According to the Pro-Vice Chancellor for Teaching and Learning at the University of Mauritius. nurtured and developed and. 2011). It is also essential that higher educational institutions are encouraged to adopt international best practices and to create the right environment for the smooth growth. In order to make lecturers satisfied and committed to their jobs at UoM. Therefore. development and enhanced performance of the higher education sector. involvement. it has the mission of promoting delivery of quality education (UoM. it is vital that attempts are made to develop their commitment. if their knowledge is to be effectively exploited. there is an increasing need to attend issues.

Motivation is defined as the internal state that causes people to behave in a particular way to accomplish particular goals and purposes. Programmes . Science and Social Studies & Humanities and is ranked first among tertiary institutions locally. It currently comprises of 5 Faculties namely Agriculture. 2008).1 Context of study The concept of motivation has been the key element of organisational psychology since the 1920s as organisations seek to strike a balance between high productivity and high quality (Dysvik.1.2 Overview of the University of Mauritius The University of Mauritius was inaugurated as the College of Agriculture in 1965. 1. It is possible to observe the outward manifestations of motivation itself (Denhardt et al. Law and Management. 2010).mu)) 1.tec. Engineering.. Motivation is of an intangible nature and is considered to be a fundamental element in determining performance. 2010).x Post Secondary Education in Mauritius {An overview of PSE in Mauritius UoM UTM MIE MGI MCA + private institutions (TEC website (http://www. Highly motivated staff performs much better than less motivated personnel (Dysvik. Since then it designs programmes in line with the curriculum of educational development.

The University of Mauritius is used as a case study.5 Research Objectives The research objectives for this study were drawn from the research problem. It shows that the local academic institution is lagging behind in the provision of World Class Education.offered at the UoM are shifting from degree certificate / diploma levels to undergraduate and taught masters’ programmes. Factors / variables entailing motivation and demotivation of the academic staff shall be identified. Thus the UoM is creating an Excellence Park with the aim of reinforcing Research and Development via a thematic research centres. Currently. 1. They are listed below: 1. UoM to invest the human resource field to secure competent and motivated staff. 1. UoM is facing a noteworthy constraint in attracting and retaining highly qualified personnel. . including research at postgraduate levels. the UoM is also involved in research field. Coupled to providing academic courses. To ensure the achievement of highest standards of academic excellence.4 Aim of the study The study aims at assessing the motivational levels of academic staff in a post-secondary educational institution. In addition. ways to enhance motivation level at the university will be highlighted. it is facing high rate of turnover among academic which is probably due to their low level of motivation. In addition. To study the working conditions at UoM. A detailed organisational profile about the University of Mauritius is provided in Chapter 2 of this dissertation. 1.3 Problem Definition The UoM was ranked 3438 over 12000 top universities worldwide (reference – Harvard System of Referencing).

6 Research Questions Below are the main research questions that this study will attempt to answer:           What are the work environments that currently prevail at UoM? Is the current work environment conducive to academic? What are the different communication systems available at UoM? Are the existing communication networks effective or new ones should be introduced? Are the lecturers satisfied with the rewarding system? Is UoM ensuring that the staffs are being adequately rewarded for their efforts? Does the academic staff get along well with their colleagues? What the UoM is currently doing and / or envisaging doing to promote career development? Do the lecturers consider UoM as being Eo-Friendly? How far was the UoM successful to develop an ‘E-culture’ among the academic staff? Rationale of the Study The Importance of this study – both from an academic point of view and from organisational perspective . 4. To study how friendly atmosphere is among colleagues. To assess the establishment and development of E-Programmes at UoM. To understand the reward system in place. To analyse the impact of being environmentally friendly on the morale of the academic staff. To assess the communication system in the UoM environment. 1. To analyse the contribution of UoM in line with career development. 5.2. 6. 3. 7.

In addition. sampling method. Chapter 4: The Research Methodology chapter depicts the methods and techniques used to carry out the study including the choice of the sample size. The main observations and trends of the findings are discussed and linked to literature review where appropriate. .1. The problem statement is defined along with the formulation of the research objectives. Chapter 5: The Analysis and Findings chapter involves an in-depth analysis of the collected data. modes of administering the questionnaires and limitations of the study. including a small background on this post secondary educational institution. the rationale of the study is also given. data collection method. questionnaire design. Both descriptive and inferential statistics are used. Details about its current activities and its restructuring exercise are also outlined. namely Motivation.7 Structure of Dissertation The dissertation is segmented in terms of chapters and small outline of each of them is given below. Chapter 2: This chapter gives the organisational profile of the University of Mauritius. Chapter 3: Literature Review gives a comprehensive review of theoretical and empirical studies on the different concepts and theories of motivation as well as its application in the academic sector. Chapter 1: The introductory chapter gives a brief overview of the topic of research.

Chapter 6: The final chapter on Discussions. Recommendations and Conclusions highlights the pertinent issues that need to be addressed together with recommendations for the University of Mauritius to implement. .

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