Appendicitis is a condition in which your appendix becomes inflamed and fills with pus. Your appendix is a finger-shaped pouch that projects out from your colon on the lower right side of your abdomen. This small structure has no known essential purpose, but that doesn't mean it can't cause problems. Appendicitis causes pain that typically begins around your navel and then shifts to your lower right abdomen. Appendicitis pain typically increases over a period of 12 to 18 hours and eventually becomes very severe. Appendicitis can affect anyone, but it most often occurs in people between the ages of 10 and 30. The standard appendicitis treatment is surgical removal of the appendix.

Signs and symptoms of appendicitis may include:     Aching pain that begins around your navel and often shifts to your lower right abdomen Pain that becomes sharper over several hours Tenderness that occurs when you apply pressure to your lower right abdomen Sharp pain in your lower right abdomen that occurs when the area is pressed on and then the pressure is quickly released (rebound tenderness)          Pain that worsens if you cough, walk or make other jarring movements Nausea Vomiting Loss of appetite Low-grade fever Constipation Inability to pass gas Diarrhea Abdominal swelling

such as: . causing a more widespread infection of the abdominal cavity. the contents of your intestines and infectious organisms can leak into your abdominal cavity.The location of your pain may vary. Sometimes appendicitis can occur as a result of:  An obstruction. A pocket of puss that forms in the abdomen Infection and the seepage of intestinal contents may form an abscess — a pocket of infection (appendiceal abscess). especially. This can cause an infection of your abdominal cavity (peritonitis). such as a gastrointestinal viral infection. Young children or pregnant women. or it may result from other types of inflammation. When to see a doctor Make an appointment with a doctor if you or your child experiences signs or symptoms that worry you.  An infection. Preparing for your appointment You're likely to start by first seeing your family doctor or a general practitioner if you experience abdominal pain. Questions your doctor may ask you To help in diagnosing your condition. the appendix can rupture. you'll likely be referred to a surgeon who can remove your appendix. Appendiceal abscess requires treatment before the abscess tears. your doctor is likely to ask you a number of questions about your signs and symptoms. Complications Appendicitis can cause serious complications. Food waste or a hard piece of stool (fecal stone) can become trapped in an orifice of the cavity that runs the length of your appendix. may have appendicitis pain in different places. Causes The cause of appendicitis isn't always clear. bacteria may subsequently invade rapidly. Abdominal pain so severe that a person is unable to sit still or find a comfortable position requires immediate medical attention. If your doctor determines you have appendicitis. A ruptured appendix If your appendix ruptures. depending on your age and the position of your appendix. If not treated promptly. causing the appendix to become inflamed and filled with pus. In both cases. Appendicitis may also follow an infection.

. abdominal pain can arise from a number of health problems other than appendicitis. so preparing a list of questions will help you make the most of your time together. your doctor will likely take a history of your signs and symptoms and perform a thorough examination of your abdomen. To help diagnose appendicitis. so establishing a diagnosis can sometimes be difficult. In addition. don't hesitate to ask questions during your appointment at any time that you don't understand something.         When did you first begin experiencing abdominal pain? What part of your abdomen hurts? Has the pain moved from one part of your abdomen to another part? How severe is your pain? What makes your pain more severe? What helps relieve your pain? Do you have a fever? Do you feel nauseous? What other signs and symptoms do you have? Questions you can ask your doctor Your time with your doctor is limited. Tests and diagnosis The pain from appendicitis may change over time. Some basic questions to ask your doctor include:          Do I have appendicitis? Will I need any more tests to determine whether I have appendicitis? Do I need surgery for my appendicitis? How soon do I need surgery? What are the risks of appendix surgery? How long will I need to stay in the hospital after surgery? How long will it take to recover after surgery? How soon after surgery can I go back to work? Can you tell by my signs and symptoms whether my appendix has burst? In addition to the questions that you've prepared to ask your doctor.

Appendectomy can be performed several weeks later after the infection is under control. During a laparoscopic appendectomy. Your doctor may apply gentle pressure on the painful area. it may be drained by placing a tube through the skin and into the abscess. Other signs your doctor may watch for include abdominal rigidity and a tendency to stiffen your abdominal muscles in response to pressure over the inflamed appendix (guarding). Treatments and drugs Appendicitis treatment usually involves surgery to remove the inflamed appendix. an ultrasound scan or a computerized tomography (CT) scan to help confirm appendicitis or find other causes for your pain. appendicitis pain will often feel worse. Expect to spend one or two days in the hospital after your appendectomy.  Imaging tests. you may require an open appendectomy. which may indicate an infection. the surgeon inserts special surgical tools and a video camera into your abdomen to remove your appendix. Lifestyle and home remedies .  Blood test. In general. But laparoscopic surgery isn't appropriate for everyone. signaling that the adjacent peritoneum is inflamed. If your appendix has ruptured and infection has spread beyond the appendix or if an abscess is present. Other treatments may be necessary depending on your situation. Surgery to remove the appendix (appendectomy) Appendectomy can be performed as open surgery using one abdominal incision that's about 2 to 4 inches (5 to 10 centimeters) long.  Urine test. Your doctor may also recommend an abdominal X-ray. When the pressure is suddenly released. which involves several small abdominal incisions. This allows your doctor to check for a high white blood cell count.Tests and procedures used to diagnose appendicitis include:  Physical exam to assess your pain. red blood cells are usually seen during microscopic examination of the urine. Your doctor may want you to have a urinalysis to make sure that a urinary tract infection or a kidney stone isn't causing your pain. Draining an abscess before appendix surgery If an abscess is present. laparoscopic surgery allows you to recover faster and heal with less scarring. An open appendectomy allows your surgeon to clean the abdominal cavity. If it is a kidney stone. Or appendicitis surgery can be done as a laparoscopic operation.

Children may be able to return to school less than a week after surgery. Start with short walks. Being in pain puts extra stress on your body and slows the healing process.  Call your doctor if your pain medications aren't helping. should be limited for two to four weeks after surgery. . limit your activity for the first three to five days after surgery.  Get up and moving when you're ready. If your appendectomy was done laparoscopically. you can take steps to help your body heal after surgery. laugh or make other movements.  Support your abdomen when you cough. though strenuous activity. such as:  Avoid strenuous activity at first. it may take longer to recover. Take it easy and rest when you need to. As your body heals. If your appendix burst. You can return to work when you feel up to it. If you had an open appendectomy. If you're still in pain despite your pain medications. Ask your doctor when you can go back to your normal activity. Place a pillow over your abdomen and apply pressure before these movements to brace yourself. call your doctor.Expect a few weeks of recovery after surgery to remove your appendix. Start slowly and increase your activity as you feel up to it.  Sleep when you feel tired. You may feel abdominal pain when you cough. During this recovery time. limit your activity for the first 10 to 14 days after surgery. you may find you feel sleepier than usual. such as gym class or sports.  Discuss returning to work or school with your doctor.

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