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Chapter 5 Cell Division __________________________________________________________________________________________
CHAPTER 5 : CELL DIVISION WORKSHEET 5.1 Chromosomes and Chromosomal Number 1. Complete the graphic organizer given.
Score __ /__ ____
characteristic are formed through
Have two sets of chromosomes i.e. _____________(2n)
Have ________ _________of chromosomes i.e. haploid (___) [5 marks] 2. What is a CHROMOSOME? a. The nucleus of a cell contains ___________________ b. Each chromosome consists of a long _______________ molecule which carry genes. c. The number of chromosomes or the ____________ _______________ of a certain species is constant but varied from one species to another. d. In humans, the nucleus in the somatic cell has ________ chromosomes (23 pairs or 2n). The gametes have a _______________ number of chromosomes i.e. 23 chromosomes. [6 marks]
2 : The Cell Cycle Chapter 5 Cell Division __________________________________________________________________________________________ Score __ /__ ____ Complete the graphic organizer below: The Cell Cycle Growth phase 1 Synthesis of ___________ occur G1 phase Chromosomes appear as ________________ I G2 phase DNA Synthesis phase Replication of ___________ occurs Duplicated chromosomes appear as ________________ T E P Growth phase 2 The cell _________ The cell is metabolically ________________ S E [10 marks] .Name : _____________________________ CHAPTER 5 : CELL DIVISION WORKSHEET 5.
TELOPHASE The two sets of chromosomes reach the opposite poles of the cell The chromosomes become less visible They become ________________ The spindle fibres disappear A new nuclear membrane forms around each set of chromosomes [15 marks] . The spindle fibres begin to form. They consists of sister ____________ joined together at the centromere.3 : Mitosis Complete the table below with suitable words. The _____________ disappears The nuclear membrane ____________ The centromeres of all chromosomes line up on the _____________ ___________ The mitotic spindle is now fully formed The two __________ __________ are still attached to each other. Stage of mitosis Diagram METAPHASE Explanation Score __ /__ ____ The chromosomes ______________ and become short and thick. The two sister chromatids _____________ Each is pulled to the _____________ _____ by the shortening of the spindle fibres.Name : _____________________________ Chapter 5 Cell Division __________________________________________________________________________________________ CHAPTER 5: CELL DIVISION WORKSHEET 5.
4 : APPLICATION OF MITOSIS Score __ /__ ____ 1. Fill in the blanks with the correct answers. The diagram below shows the sequence in the cloning process. WHITE RABBIT (Egg cell donor) An unfertilized ____________ is taken from ovary BLACK & WHITE RABBIT (somatic cell donor) Diploid nucleus is removed Somatic cell (2n) ___________ (n) nucleus is removed using UV light Egg cell without a _________ _______ (2n) nucleus is inserted into empty egg cell Egg cell contains diploid nucleus Early embryo Embryo is ____________ into surrogate mother New cloned rabbit (genetically identical with the ____________ rabbit) [7 marks] .Name : _____________________________ Chapter 5 Cell Division __________________________________________________________________________________________ CHAPTER 5: CELL DIVISION WORKSHEET 5.
Tissue culture is the growth of tissues of living organisms in a suitable and sterile _______________.Name : _____________________________ Chapter 5 Cell Division __________________________________________________________________________________________ 2. [1 mark] 3. Complete the flow chart below. The figure below shows the in vitro tissue culture technique. [ 5 marks ] . containing nutrients and growth hormones. Fill in the blanks with the correct answers. A small piece of tissue that is root or ____________. is taken from the carrot The ____________ is placed onto the culture medium Plant cells divide by _________ to form a callus Cells in the _________ develop into embryos and later into plantlets Plantlets are then transferred to the _______ and grow into adult plants.
milk and meat. then the clones will not survive Cloning prevents endangered species from ___________ [ 7 marks ] . prevent the process of _____________ If the ___________ environment changes. Cloned plants and animals give better and increased _________ for example. better and more fruits. Clones do not show any _________________ All clones have the same level of ________ towards certain diseases. Complete the graphic organizer regarding the advantanges and disadvantanges of cloning below.Name : _____________________________ Chapter 5 Cell Division __________________________________________________________________________________________ 4. Cloning Advantages Disadvantages Produce a ______number of genetically identical young plants in a short time.
two gametes will fuse together to form a ________________ zygote (2n).5: THE IMPORTANCE OF MEIOSIS Fill in the blanks with the correct answers. b. 1. c. [5 marks] 2. The importance of meiosis Score __ /__ ____ a.Name : _____________________________ Chapter 5 Cell Division __________________________________________________________________________________________ CHAPTER 5: CELL DIVISION WORKSHEET 5. Haploid ______ Gamete formation through ____________ _______ sperm Fusion of gamete through __________________ ovary ________ _ _______ zygote (2n = 46) Multicellular diploid adults (2n = ________) Development and growth through _____________ [8 marks] . Thus. Complete the diagram below about the human life cycle. Each gamete contains the ______________ number of chromosomes (n). the diploid chromosomal number in organisms can be ____________________. During fertilization. Meiosis is a process of nuclear division to reduce the number of ____________ in the new cells to half the number of chromosomes of the _________________ cells.
The stages in Meiosis Score __ /__ ____ PLANTS Occurs in MEIOSIS stages Anthers which produce ___________ In an _____________ to produce the egg cell/ovum ANIMALS MEIOSIS I _____________ followed by Metaphase I _____________ _____________ _ MEIOSIS II Anaphase II _____________ In the _____________ to produce sperms In the ovary to produce ________________ [10 marks] . 3. fill in the blanks with the correct answers.Name : _____________________________ Chapter 5 Cell Division __________________________________________________________________________________________ CHAPTER 5: CELL DIVISION WORKSHEET 5.6 : THE STAGES OF MEIOSIS For question 1.
Meiosis . The two pairs of centrioles migrate to the opposite pole of the cell which then act as central points from which the ___________ ______________ appear.Name : _____________________________ Chapter 5 Cell Division __________________________________________________________________________________________ 4. ___________ The chromosomes are lined up side by side as tetrads on the metaphase _________ The _________________ does not divide . the nucleolus and the nuclear ___________disappear.Draw the diagrams and complete the table below. Diagram Explanation STAGES DIAGRAM EXPLANATION The chromosomes begin to condense and become ________and _________ The ____________chromosomes come together to form bivalents through a process called ______________ PROPHASE I Each homologous chromosome is made up of two sister _____________ Exchange of segments of DNA occur between non-sister chromatids in a process called ________________ The points at which segments of chromatids cross over are called ___________ At the end of this stage.
CYTOKINESIS takes place The nuclear membranes of the daughter cells disintegrate again PROPHASE II The spindle fibres reform METAPHASE II The chromosomes (each still made up of sister chromatids) line up at the metaphase plate Each sister chromatid is attached to the spindle fibres at the centromere. . Although the cell started with 4 chromosomes.Name : _____________________________ Chapter 5 Cell Division __________________________________________________________________________________________ ANAPHASE I The _______________ chromosomes separate and are pulled away by the spindle fibres to the opposite poles of the cell.The ___________ ____________ reappears to surround each set of chromosomes. The chromosomes arrive at the _____________ TELOPHASE I Each daughter nucleus now has a ___________ number of chromosomes ( only one set of chromosomes/ no more homologous chromosomes ) The spindle fibres disappear. only _________ chromosomes move towards each pole. followed by the ____________ process.
Name : _____________________________ Chapter 5 Cell Division __________________________________________________________________________________________ ANAPHASE II The centromeres of sister chromatids separate to form individual chromosomes The chromosomes move towards the opposite poles of the cells TELOPHASE II The nucleoli and nuclear membranes reform. The spindle fibres break down Cytokinesis occurs Four haploid daughter cells are formed. [25 marks] .
During prophase. Compare Meiosis I with Meiosis II. In metaphase. During metaphase II. The number of chromosomes in daughter cells is _____________________ Differences During prophase I. Number of daughter cells produced are ______________ Number of daughter cells produced are _________ [11 marks] .Name : _____________________________ Chapter 5 Cell Division __________________________________________________________________________________________ CHAPTER 5: CELL DIVISION WORKSHEET 5. Meiosis I Similarities Meiosis II Score __ /__ ____ a. ________________ align at the metaphase plate Separation of __________ ________to the opposite poles during Anaphase I. No crossing over occurs during _________ During metaphase I.7: COMPARING MITOSIS AND MEIOSIS 1. ________________ chromosomes align at the metaphase plate. Separation of _________ ________ to the opposite poles during Anaphase II. ____________ _____________ occurs. the chromosomes become condensed and ______________ b. the chromosomes align at the __________________________ c.
2. Similarities _________________________________________ _________________________________________ _________________________________________ Differences Meiosis Mitosis Aspect Location of occurrence Meiosis Number of nuclear division Synapsis of homologous chromosomes Crossing over Number of daughter cells produced Chromosomal number in daughter cells Genetic content in daughter cells Role [19 marks] . Distinguish between mitosis and meiosis. 3.Name : _____________________________ Chapter 5 Cell Division __________________________________________________________________________________________ 2. Mitosis 1.
8 CELL CYCLE – Summary Complete the concept map below [16 marks] CELL CYCLE Stage Score __ /__ ____ INTERPHASE Stage M phase type in Plant cell Formation of plat cell Meiosis S phase Stage Prophase Stage Animal cell Formation of ____________ ___________ Anaphase I followed by Telophase II .Name : _____________________ Chapter 5 Cell Division ___________________________________________________________________________________________ CHAPTER 5: CELL DIVISION WORKSHEET 5.
Score __ /__ ____ 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 11 12 9 10 13 14 15 16 [16 marks] .Name : _____________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Chapter 5 Cell Division CHAPTER 5: CELL DIVISION WORKSHEET 5.9 Summary Complete the following crossword puzzle.
13. 7. 6. 12. A small dense round body within the nucleus of a non dividing eukaryotic cell that is the site of ribosome assembly. 15. algae and some bacteria. 3. Membrane-bound sacs that contain hydrolytic enzymes which digest complex organic molecules. A thread-like structure composed of chromatin and carries genes in a linear sequence which determines the individual characteristics of an organism. 10. A membrane. The green pigment found in all photosynthetic organisms such as green plants. . During prophase of mitosis. 16.bound structure within a cell which carries out a particular function. Smooth endoplasmic reticulum. 8. 4. The process of nuclear division that reduces the number of chromosomes in daughter cells to half that of the parent cell. 9. 11. 14. The stage at which the sister chromatids are pulled apart to the opposite poles of the cell during mitosis. The solution that fills the vacuoles of plant cells. It contains sugars. 5. A unit of inheritance composed of a sequence of nucleotides of DNA. Deoxyribonucleic acid. amino acids and waste materials. Cytoplasmic division is also known as ___________________ Down : 2. Across : 1. Gametes contain only one set of unpaired chromosomes or a ______________ number of chromosomes (n). each pair of centrioles acts as a central point from which the _________________ fibres radiate. The stage at which the chromosomes are arranged randomly at the metaphase plate during mitosis.Name : _____________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Chapter 5 Cell Division Clues for the crossword puzzle. The process of nuclear division which results in the formation of two genetically identical daughter nuclei.
10/1 .10 : Cell & Mitosis Crossword Puzzle 5.Name : _____________________________ Chapter 5 Cell Division __________________________________________________________________________________________ CHAPTER 5 : CELL DIVISION (SUMMARY) WORKSHEET 5.
Number of haploid sets of chromosomes in a nonaploid cell. 10. 29. Region where 2 chromatids of a chromosome doublet are attached. Radiating protein strands at poles of an animal cell during M-phase.] 32. One set of chromosomes from the father. Plant cell structure composed of cellulose and lignin. 22. 14. Phase of mitosis when chromosomes become visibly shortened and thickened. 9. 20. 28. 26. [The opposite of a rooster. 2. Minute. 13. Phase of mitosis when chromosome doublets line up along the equatorial plate. 12. 14. Number of cells in field of view with 4X objective (each cell is 0. 27. Body part with definite physiological function (made up of more than one type of tissue). 34. 19. Photosynthetic organelle inside plant cells.Name : _____________________________ CLUES: ACROSS Chapter 5 Cell Division __________________________________________________________________________________________ 1. 6. Cell with two sets of chromosomes. Exactly 1000 of these metric units equals one millimeter. Intracellular (intravacuolar) plant structure composed of calcium oxalate. CLUES: DOWN 1. 20. Number of sets of chromosomes in a diploid cell. Purple. 6. 23. Prominent intracellular plant organelle that contains mostly water. 40. 37. 3. 18.8 mm). How many cubical grains of ordinary table salt (NaCl) equals one millimeter? 5. 31. 43. Number of Barr bodies inside the cheek cell of a human male. Dark-staining body (composed of 2 chromatids) inside a cell during M-phase. Smallest subunit of a living system--containing cytoplasm and organelles. 44. 28. Phase of mitosis when conjoined sister chromatids separate from each other. 30. Color of dye used to stain cheek epithelial cells in the Biology lab. 7. grape-like bodies inside cells of a potato tuber. One member of a chromosome doublet. Season of the year when largest stem (xylem) cells of an oak are produced. Movement of water molecules through a selectively-permeable cell membrane. Protein strands that attach to the centromere region during M-phase of cell cycle. 42. 41. Number of haploid sets in a hexaploid cell. Cell with only one set of chromosomes. . Chromosome number of sterile animals such as a mule. Primary molecular composition of chromatids--in addition to protein. Aggregation of the same type of cells all performing a similar function. 11. membrane-bound structure in cytoplasm with a specific function. A haploid female reproductive cell. most dense oak wood cells are produced. 38. 35. Season of the year when smallest. Organelle site of cellular respiration and ATP production. 21. 36. Stain used to test for the presence of starch molecules. Acronym for Palomar Community College. Shrinkage of the cell contents (within cell membrane) due to water loss. World's smallest flowering plant that produces the world's smallest fruit. 8. Approximately 25 of these metric units makes one inch. Diameter of field of view in millimeters when using the 4X objective. 17. Phase of plant mitosis when the cell plate forms. 25. 29. Site of synthesis of ribosomal RNA within the nucleus of a cell. Movement of water molecules into porous material causing swelling. One set of chromosomes from the mother. 4. 32. 24. A female chicken (domestic fowl). 16. Phase of cell cycle when the organelles and chromosomes replicate. Number of haploid sets of chromosomes in a decaploid cell. Found in the cytoplasm of animal cells during M-phase (typically in pairs). Mitosis actually refers to the division of this organelle into duplicates. 15. 33. 39. Number of Barr bodies inside cheek cell of male with Klinefelter's Syndrome.
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