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Published by: Syazwan Zulkifli on May 10, 2013
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This power station is generally compact and thus can be located where it is actually required. . This kind of power station can be used to produce limited amounts of electrical energy. In most countries these power stations are used as emergency supply stations.Introduction  A Diesel power station(also known as Stand-by power station) uses a diesel engine as prime mover to generate the electrical energy.


Diesel Generator Block Diagram .

 This high-speed motion causes an electric current to be produced  The governor switch that helps to control the diesel engine's speed allows for increases in engine speed . the crankshaft that connects to generator is spin within a chamber containing electromagnet.Operation  The small internal combustion engine of a diesel generator operates just like any other small engine: While the engine turns.

Main components of a generator .

The size of the engine is directly proportional to the maximum power output the generator can supply.  The engine is the source of the input mechanical .1. Engine energy to the generator.

It contains an assembly of stationary and moving parts encased in a housing. which in turn generates electricity. . The components work together to cause relative movement between the magnetic and electric fields.2. Alternator  Is the part of the generator that produces the electrical output from the mechanical input supplied by the engine.

Fuel System  The fuel tank usually has sufficient capacity to keep the generator operational for 6 to 8 hours on an average. .3.

Voltage Regulator  As the name implies. this component regulates the output voltage of the generator. .4. The mechanism is described below against each component that plays a part in the cyclical process of voltage regulation.

It is essential to have a cooling and ventilation system to withdraw heat produced in the process. Cooling & Exhaust Systems  Cooling System  Continuous usage of the generator causes its various components to get heated up.   Exhaust System Exhaust fumes emitted by a generator are just like exhaust from any other diesel or gasoline engine and contain highly toxic chemicals that need to be properly managed. .5.

Lubricating System  Since the generator comprises moving parts in its engine. . it requires lubrication to ensure durability and smooth operations for a long period of time. The generator’s engine is lubricated by oil stored in a pump.6.

. Control Panel  This is the user interface of the generator and contains provisions for electrical outlets and controls. 8.7. Battery Charger  The start function of a generator is battery-operated.

portable or stationary. . The frame also allows for the generated to be earthed for safety.9. have customized housings that provide a structural base support. Main Assembly / Frame  All generators.

ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES ADVANTAGES Simple design & layout of plant Occupies less space & is compact DISADVANTAGES High running charges due to costly price of Diesel Plant does not work efficiently under prolonged overload conditions Can be started quickly and picks up load in a short time Requires less water for cooling Thermal efficiency better that of steam power plant of same size Overall cost is cheaper than that of steam power plant of same size Requires no Operating staff Generates small amount of power Cost of lubrication very high Maintenance charges are generally high .

grid support and export to the power grid. specifically non-linear loads.CONCLUSION  A diesel generator is the combination of a diesel engine with an electrical generator (often an alternator) to generate electrical energy. Sizing of diesel generators is critical to avoid low-load or a shortage of power and is complicated by modern electronics. as emergency power-supply if the grid fails. Diesel generating sets are used in places without connection to the power grid. . as well as for more complex applications such as peak-lopping.

200912-22. .com/Industry%20Solutions/Marin e  "Commercial Opportunities for Back-Up Generation and Load Reduction via National Grid. Claverton-energy. Emergency diesel standby generators of Wessex Water potential contribution to dealing with renewable energy sources intermittency & variability. David (June 2007). 11.sea. The Institution of Diesel and Gas Turbine Engineers. Retrieved 2012-07-13. Scotland.  Paper given at Open University conference covering use of diesel generators to assist dealing with intermittency of renewable energy " Open University Diesel Generators for Load Management"[dead link]  Andrews.siemens.com. the National Electricity Transmission System Operator (NETSO) for England.REFERENCE  http://www2. Wales and Offshore".

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