 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

ã¹]<gè…‚jÖ]æ<ËÖ]<Üé×Ãj×Ö<íÚ^ÃÖ]<퉉ö¹]
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

?‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬?‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬
 EF‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

١٤٢٥ 

 

 

 EF‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 
 W،،‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

  ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ،‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

  ‫א‬        ،‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬  
‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬    ، 

‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

     ‫א‬  ‫א‬   ،‫א‬   
 K‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬

 ? ‫א‬ ‫?א‬  ?‫א‬  ‫א‬ ? ‫א‬ ‫א‬  
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
،‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

   W    ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬    ‫א‬

 K‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 

 EF‫א‬‫א‬

 
 ‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬    

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬        ،   ‫א‬ ‫א‬  
F ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬    

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬E‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

K      ،  ‫א‬ ‫א‬      
‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،

 

 

 EF‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 W

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬




 ‫ א‬١
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ٢
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ٣
 ‫א‬ ٤
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ٥
  ٦

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
، ،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
< ã¹]<gè…‚jÖ]æ<ËÖ]<Üé×Ãj×Ö<íÚ^ÃÖ]<퉉ö¹]
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

EF‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
< ã¹]<gè…‚jÖ]æ<ËÖ]<Üé×Ãj×Ö<íÚ^ÃÖ]<퉉ö¹]
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

EF‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬

١

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬

 EF‫א‬‫א‬

 
 ‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬ K    ‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ،   ٣٠ 

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ، ‫א‬
 K

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

Computer Aided ‫א‬CAD‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

،‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬    K‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬  Design

،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

١٩٨٢‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ AutoCAD ‫א‬
 mainframe ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٪٨٠

 K‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬    ‫א‬   
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 Hardware    ،  ‫א‬     
 KSoftware‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 CPU‫א‬‫א‬
 E‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬ F ‫א‬       
‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬  ٢٣٣
   ،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬،‫א‬ ٦٠٠C٨٠٠ 

RAM ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬   ‫א‬   ‫א‬

 ‫א‬K ١٢٨ ٤٦‫א‬ ، ٣٢  

-١-

 ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬

 

 EF‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬K ٢٧٤  ‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ CD‫א‬
 K

 Monitor‫א‬
 ‫א‬  K‫א‬ ‫א‬      ‫א‬   

‫א‬   ،‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬  
 K ‫א‬       ‫א‬ ‫א‬
٢١J ١٤   ‫א‬      ‫א‬

‫א‬ K‫א‬، ٣٤ 
 K١٧‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 Keyboard‫א‬

 K‫א‬،‫א‬

   ‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬   

    ‫א‬  ‫א‬     ،‫א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 Mouse‫א‬

‫א‬    ‫א‬          

‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ،‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 E‫א‬FDigitizer‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ،‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬

 E‫א‬F‫א‬

      ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬  

 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
-٢-

 ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬

 

 EF‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 Dot Matrix

‫א‬ K  ‫א‬ ‫א‬

 ‫א‬  K‫א‬ ‫א‬      ‫א‬ 
‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 K‫א‬

 Inkjet
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬ ،

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 Laser‫א‬

  ‫א‬  ،‫א‬  ‫א‬    ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬
  ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 
 K‫א‬‫א‬

 Plotter‫א‬

A0, A1,  ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

    ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬  KA2
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 Software‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 
‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬ ،   ‫א‬      ،

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬EXP, NT, ME, 2000, 98F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ٢٠٠٠ 
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
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 ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬

 EF‫א‬‫א‬

 
 ‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬

E‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬K‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬   AutoCAD2002 ‫א‬K‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬    

KAutoCAD 2002 Today‫א‬‫א‬ KAutoCAD2002
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،

‫א‬‫א‬

 KAutoCAD 2002 Today‫א‬‫א‬E١J ١F‫א‬

    ‫א‬   ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬   
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬

‫ﻣﻼﺣﻈﺔ‬

 ‫א‬
‫א‬ ‫א‬    ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬     
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬

-٤-

 ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬

 

 EF‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬

 K‫א‬E١J ٢F‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬

    ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ،‫א‬   ‫א‬ 
 K ‫א‬
 ‫א‬

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 ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬

 EF‫א‬‫א‬

 
 ‫א‬‫א‬

Modify Tool Bar ‫א‬‫א‬  Draw Tool Bar ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬  K‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

   ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬     ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 
K‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬    ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ،‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

‫א‬ OSNAP‫א‬ GRID‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 KLWT‫א‬ORTHO‫א‬POLAR
 ‫א‬

K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

  ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬  
  ،‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬       ،‫א‬  ‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

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 ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬

 

 EF‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E١J ٣F‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
    ،‫א‬ ‫א‬          
 K‫א‬

 EFOpen‫א‬
Open‫א‬‫א‬

 KFile h Open‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬






 KE‫א‬FSelect File ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ Open ‫א‬K

-٧-

 ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬

 

 EF‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬E١J ٤F‫א‬

‫א‬   KSample ‫א‬ ‫א‬  Campus    ‫א‬ ‫א‬  

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬    ‫א‬   Open ‫א‬ ‫א‬  Sample
 KOpen‫א‬‫א‬Campus‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
 KSelect File ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬Open

‫ﻣﻼﺣﻈﺔ‬

 EFSave ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ 
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 Save‫א‬‫א‬

FilehSave‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ 

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬



‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬    ،‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬  
Save Drawing As‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬KK‫א‬

 W‫א‬

-٨-

 ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬

 EF‫א‬‫א‬

 
 ‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬E١J ٥F‫א‬
File ‫א‬‫א‬ Save In ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 KName

  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬   K Drawing  ‫א‬     
K‫א‬
 EFNew‫א‬
 New‫א‬  
 K‫א‬‫א‬

 New‫א‬
KFile h New‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ 
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫ א‬

AutoCAD ‫א‬‫א‬Create Drawing،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 W‫א‬2002 Today

-٩-

 ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬

 EF‫א‬‫א‬

 
 ‫א‬‫א‬

 KCreate DrawingE١J ٦F‫א‬

KE‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬E‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬،Ok‫א‬‫א‬KMetric‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 KExit‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 Exit‫א‬‫א‬

File h Exit ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ 

 K‫א‬ ‫א‬



 ،‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬ No ،‫א‬‫א‬ Yes‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬Cancel‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬
-١٠-

 ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬

 

 EF‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
   ‫א‬      ‫א‬ ،   ‫א‬ 
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 Redo/ Undo‫א‬‫א‬L‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬ ،‫א‬‫א‬

،‫א‬‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬،Undo‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬



 KEnter‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬



 KUndo‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬



 KEdit

h Undo‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ 

 Undo‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

  U  ‫א‬    ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬ ،‫א‬    

 KEnter‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬Enter‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ Undo‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬



 KEnter‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬Redo



 KEdit

h Redo‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ 

 KRedo‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬


‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬، Undo Redo‫א‬‫א‬
 KUndo‫א‬

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‫ﻣﻼﺣﻈﺔ‬



 ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬

 EF‫א‬‫א‬

 
 ‫א‬‫א‬

 EscapeEEscF‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 KEsc‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬Esc‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬Esc‫א‬
 BackspaceEÅF‫א‬‫א‬

     ‫א‬‫א‬    ،‫א‬‫א‬       ‫א‬ ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬    ،     
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

-١٢-

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
< ã¹]<gè…‚jÖ]æ<ËÖ]<Üé×Ãj×Ö<íÚ^ÃÖ]<퉉ö¹]
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

EF‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

٢

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

 EF‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 ،‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬    ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 
     ‫א‬   ‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬

 K‫א‬
 E‫א‬FLine‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬K‫א‬

 Line‫א‬‫א‬

 KDraw hLine ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬

 KEnter‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬L ‫א‬





 ‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬    ،  ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬  
،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ١

 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٢
LINE Specify first pointW

‫א‬‫א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬  

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٣

Specify next point or [Undo]:

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬

 KEnter‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٤
Specify next point or [Undo]:

‫א‬  ‫א‬ K    ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬   K‫א‬ ‫א‬  
 KEnter‫א‬
-١٣-

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

 EF‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

EOrthoF‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

    ‫א‬     ‫א‬ ‫א‬    K‫א‬  ‫א‬ 
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،

 ‫א‬    ،  ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ 

 W‫א‬

 K‫א‬

‫א‬



 KF8‫א‬



 K‫א‬‫א‬Ortho



 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E٢J ١F‫א‬

،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E٢J ١F‫א‬


  ‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬   

      ‫א‬ ٤٥  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬   
 K٢٧٠٤٥J ‫א‬‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
-١٤-

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

 EF‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

4
5

 ‫א‬‫א‬

5
2
3

1

1

4

2
3

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E٢J ٢F‫א‬

 Line‫א‬J ١
 W‫א‬‫א‬

LINE Specify first pointW

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٢

Specify next point or [Undo]:

‫א‬@30<0‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬ 

 K‫א‬٣٠‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬    ،‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬   J ٣
 K@10<45‫א‬

 K@20<-45‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬J ٤
 K@30<90‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬J ٥

 K@10<180‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬J ٦
E‫א‬Fzoom‫א‬
‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬zoom‫א‬
‫א‬ ، zoom in  ،
‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬، zoom out
 K‫א‬

 Zoom‫א‬‫א‬

 KViewhZoom‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬



 KEnter‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬Z‫א‬



-١٥-

 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 

 EF‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬ ،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ zoom‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K،‫א‬
 Windows ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬  ،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 windows‫א‬‫א‬

KView > Zoom > Widows‫א‬‫א‬



‫א‬Zoom‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬Windows‫א‬‫א‬E٢J ٣F‫א‬
 KView‫א‬‫א‬

 Zoom‫א‬‫א‬ Enter‫א‬ Z‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬



K Windows‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬Enter‫א‬ W‫א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬WZoom‫א‬E٢J ٤F‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬



Zoom Windows‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ١

K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٢
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J

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٣

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

 EF‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬





 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E٢J ٥F‫א‬

EPreviousF‫א‬‫א‬

Previous ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ 
 W‫א‬Previous‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬١٠‫א‬
 KView h Zoom h Previous‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬



‫א‬‫א‬



 KZoom‫א‬Enter‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬P‫א‬



 EAllF‫א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬All‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 KViewhZoomhAll‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬



KZoom‫א‬Enter‫א‬A‫א‬



‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ERealtimeF‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 W‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬     ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 



 KZoom

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

-١٧-

‫א‬‫א‬



 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 

 EF‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 E‫א‬FPan‫א‬
‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ Pan‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬ Pan‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

RealtimePan‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬



 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬



 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E٢J ٦F‫א‬
،‫א‬‫א‬IntelliMouse‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ،Zoom In ‫א‬   ‫א‬ K    ‫א‬ 

‫ﻣﻼﺣﻈﺔ‬

K‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬،Zoom Out‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،Pan‫א‬‫א‬

 Line‫א‬EF‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬   ٥¯٨ ‫א‬      ،  ‫א‬ ‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬EF

-١٨-

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

 EF‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫ﺃ‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

‫ﺏ‬

5
1.6

8

1

2
1

 KE٢J ٧F‫א‬

   ‫א‬  ،‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ 
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬

   ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬              ‫א‬
‫א‬،،‫א‬ ‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 K‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

، ،E‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬
 KE:D:‫א‬
 ‫א‬

EF ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ، ‫א‬     Line ‫א‬  
 W‫א‬‫א‬٨

Line‫א‬J ١

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٢

 ‫א‬ ٨ ‫א‬ ‫א‬  Ortho ‫א‬     ‫א‬ ‫א‬  J ٣
 KEnter‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 KE١F‫א‬Line‫א‬Enter‫א‬J ٤
-١٩-

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

 EF‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 KE١F‫א‬٤J ١‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬

  E٢F ‫א‬  ٥ EF ‫א‬   EF ‫א‬   E٢J ٧F ‫א‬  

‫א‬ ٥EF‫א‬، ٨E١F‫א‬
‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬     ٢ ‫א‬   ٨   ١    

 KOffset

 E‫א‬‫א‬FOffset‫א‬
K    ‫א‬  ‫א‬      Offset ‫א‬ 

‫א‬  K ‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬  

    Offset ‫א‬   ‫א‬ K  ‫א‬   Offset
   ‫א‬  Offset ‫א‬   ‫א‬   ‫א‬ 

 KE٢J ٨F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬


 ‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬


 ‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬Offset‫א‬E٢J ٨F‫א‬

-٢٠-

 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 

 EF‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 Offset‫א‬‫א‬

 KModify h Offset‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬



‫א‬‫א‬



 KEnter‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ O‫א‬



 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ١
 W‫א‬‫א‬

Specify offset distance or [Through] <Through>:

 KEnter‫א‬‫א‬KE‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬J ٢

Select object to offset or <exit>:

‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬…
 W‫א‬‫א‬J ٣

Specify point on side to offset:

 K‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬K٣‫א‬‫א‬J ٤

 K‫א‬‫א‬K٤‫א‬‫א‬J ٥
KEnter‫א‬‫א‬Offset‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
، ‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬    ،       
     ،‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬   
 W‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬

  ‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬
-٢١-

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

 EF‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

  ‫א‬‫א‬

    ‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ،‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬KE‫א‬F‫א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ E٢J ٩F‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬    ‫א‬   …  ‫א‬  ‫א‬  
،‫א‬‫א‬ ،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬

 ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ،‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬   
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،

 ‫؟؟؟‬‫א‬>>>EF

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬



 

‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E٢J ١٠F‫א‬
 K‫א‬

-٢٢-

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

 EF‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬



 

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬E٢J ١١F‫א‬
 Offset‫א‬EF‫א‬‫א‬
 KE٢FEF‫א‬‫א‬Offset‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬٥‫א‬‫א‬

 K‫א‬٨‫א‬E٢F‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬E٢FEF‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E٢J ٧F‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

     ‫א‬‫א‬   ،‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬    
 K,٢٢٠‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬،‫א‬K‫א‬  ,١٠‫א‬
 W‫א‬،‫א‬

-٢٣-

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

 EF‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 KOffset‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E٢J ١٢F‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 KFillet‫א‬،

 E‫א‬FFillet‫א‬
‫א‬ Fillet‫א‬، ‫א‬ Fillet‫א‬
‫א‬E٢J ١٣F‫א‬KChamfer‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

K‫א‬،‫א‬،‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 

 
 ‫א‬

 
٠Z‫א‬

 ‫א‬ ‫א‬Fillet‫א‬E٢J ١٣F‫א‬
 KZ‫א‬

 Fillet‫א‬
 KModify h Fillet‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬



‫א‬‫א‬



 KEnter‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬



-٢٤-

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

 EF‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

E٢J ١٣F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ Fillet‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬

 KFillet‫א‬J ١

 W‫א‬‫א‬
Select first object or [Polyline/Radius/Trim]:

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 KEnter‫א‬R‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬K

 W‫א‬‫א‬J ٢
Specify fillet radius <10.0000>:

< >‫א‬ KEnter ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬
 KE١٠F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬Fillet‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ Fillet‫א‬‫א‬K٣‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ Fillet‫א‬ ‫א‬ Enter
K

 W‫א‬‫א‬J ٣
Current settings: Mode = TRIM, Radius = 3.0000
Select first object or [Polyline/Radius/Trim]:

،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬J ٤
Select second object:

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬
 Fillet‫א‬EF‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬ Fillet‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬KEF،E١F‫א‬‫א‬

 KFillet‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E٢J ١٤F‫א‬
-٢٥-

 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 

 EF‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 K‫א‬Z‫א‬Fillet‫א‬J ١

 ،   ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ J ٢
KE٢J ١٤F‫א‬C‫א‬‫א‬

Z‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٣
K‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 KFillet‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E٢J ١٥F‫א‬

،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 KTrim‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 E‫א‬F Trim‫א‬

‫א‬ Erase‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬EF 

‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ Trim‫א‬K
 K‫א‬

 Trim‫א‬‫א‬

Modify h Trim‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ 

 K‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫ א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬Trim 

 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

-٢٦-

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

 EF‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬





 K‫א‬Trim‫א‬E٢J ١٦F‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬Trim‫א‬J ١
 W‫א‬‫א‬J ٢

Select objects:

 KEnter‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬J ٣

Select object to trim or shift-select to extend or
[Project/Edge/Undo]:

 KEnter‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 KTrim‫א‬Enter

‫ﻣﻼﺣﻈﺔ‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 

 

 



 



 KTrim‫א‬‫א‬E٢J ١٧F‫א‬
-٢٧-

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

 EF‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ،‫א‬ ،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K{ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

   K‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ W‫א‬ ‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 E‫א‬F Erase‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬Erase‫א‬
Erase‫א‬‫א‬

Modify h Erase

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ 

 K‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫ א‬

K‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ،‫א‬‫א‬ 
 K‫א‬Erase‫א‬‫א‬

 KEnter‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E‫א‬ 
 Trim‫א‬EF‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬ ‫א‬          ،‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K

0.5

‫ﺍﻟﺨﻁﻭﺓ ﺍﻷﻭﻟﻰ‬

‫ﺍﻟﺨﻁﻭﺓ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻴﺔ‬

‫ﺍﻟﺨﻁﻭﺓ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻟﺜﺔ‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬E٢J ١٨F‫א‬

 K٠{٥ Offset‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
-٢٨-

 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 

 EF‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

١Offset‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬،Trim‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 K±‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬{‫א‬‫א‬
،{‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬Trim‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 KE٢J ١٨F‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬

‫ﺍﻟﺨﻁﻭﺓ ﺍﻷﻭﻟﻰ‬

‫ﺍﻟﺨﻁﻭﺓ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻟﺜﺔ‬

‫ﺍﻟﺨﻁﻭﺓ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻴﺔ‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬E٢J ١٩F‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

  ، Offset ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ٢{١٥  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬  

 K‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬¯‫א‬‫א‬،Trim‫א‬‫א‬
 KTrim‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٠{٨‫א‬٠{٨‫א‬‫א‬K{
 ‫א‬‫א‬

،‫א‬ ¯‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K{‫א‬‫א‬

-٢٩-

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
< ã¹]<gè…‚jÖ]æ<ËÖ]<Üé×Ãj×Ö<íÚ^ÃÖ]<퉉ö¹]
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

EF‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

٣

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 

 EF‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

   K ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬    ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬  

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K
 K‫א‬‫א‬

 E‫א‬‫א‬FCircle‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

3P2P،‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 Circle‫א‬‫א‬

 KDraw h Circle ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬



‫א‬‫א‬



 KEnter‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬C‫א‬



 ‫א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ١
 W‫א‬‫א‬

Command: _circle Specify center point for circle or [3P/2P/Ttr (tan
tan radius)]:

   ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬ ،‫א‬     
 K‫א‬‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٢
Specify radius of circle or [Diameter]:

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬ 
،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ K‫א‬KEnter D‫א‬

 KEnter

 2P‫א‬

‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
-٣٠-

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

 EF‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬





 K‫א‬E٣J ١F‫א‬

 KCircle‫א‬J ١

 W‫א‬‫א‬J ٢
Command: _circle Specify center point for circle or [3P/2P/Ttr (tan
tan radius)]:

‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬  
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬
 KKEnter‫א‬2P ‫א‬K‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬J ٣

Specify first end point of circle's diameter:

 KEnter‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬J ٤
Specify second end point of circle's diameter:

 KEnter‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬
،E‫א‬،F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬2P‫א‬‫א‬TTR3P‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬
،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫؟‬‫א‬K‫א‬U¯‘{‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
-٣١-

 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 EF‫א‬‫א‬

 
 ‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬

 ،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ،‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

 ‫؟‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ،‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬

 K‫א‬

 Center‫א‬

‫א‬،‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬

 Quadrant‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬˚٢٧٠،˚١٨٠،˚٩٠،˚٠‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 K‫א‬
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 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 

 EF‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 Intersection‫א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 Extension‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬H،‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬
K‫א‬،  ‫א‬  
 ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬         ‫א‬   
‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ،‫א‬   ‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬

 ‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬،،Shape‫א‬،Block‫א‬،Text‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

-٣٣-

 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 EF‫א‬‫א‬

 
 ‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

  ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬   ،  Object Snap ‫א‬  ‫א‬   

  ‫א‬ ،‫א‬   ‫א‬    ‫א‬  ،
   ‫א‬

  ‫א‬      ،   Object Snap 
 KF3‫א‬،‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬Object Snap‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬  ‫א‬    ‫א‬ ‫א‬  5   ،Drafting Settings
 K

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 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 EF‫א‬‫א‬

 
 ‫א‬‫א‬

 KDrafting Setting‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬Object SnapE٣J ٢F‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 KTools h Drafting Setting…‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ 
 KSetting‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬   ،    ‫א‬ ‫א‬  H Ctrl   ‫ א‬
 KSetting

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E٣J ٣F‫א‬

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 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

 EF‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬ ،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬ ‫א‬،‫א‬K
 ‫א‬

Object Snap‫א‬، 
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬End Point‫א‬‫א‬

  ‫א‬ ‫א‬     ‫א‬ ‫א‬  H Ctrl   ‫ א‬
 KEnd Point‫א‬KE٣J ٣F‫א‬
      ‫א‬

 ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫ א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬
 Circle‫א‬EF‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬   E٣J ٤F ‫א‬ K‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬  

 K
0.05

0.05

0.2

0.2

R0.
85

1.6
0.05

0.9

0.05

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E٣J ٤F‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬         ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬
 K‫א‬

‫ﻣﻼﺣﻈﺔ‬

 ‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

-٣٦-

 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

1

 

 EF‫א‬‫א‬

2

3

 ‫א‬‫א‬

4

5

 K‫א‬‫א‬E٣J ٥F‫א‬

F١E‫א‬‫א‬F٠{٣ Line‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬

 KE‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬KOffset‫א‬‫א‬٥‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬
 K|‫א‬‫א‬Trim‫א‬‫א‬KErase‫א‬‫א‬¯
 K٠{٨٥¯٠{٠٥‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 K٠{٨٥   ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
Trim‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬E٣J ٦F‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬

 K١{٦¯٠{٣‫א‬J ١
 K¯‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬Offset‫א‬‫א‬٥‫א‬J ٢

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ Trim‫א‬ ¯‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٣
 K{
 KOffset‫א‬‫א‬٥‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٤
-٣٧-

 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 

 EF‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

   ‫א‬ ‫א‬    ‫א‬  ،‫א‬ ‫א‬    

 KMove‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬

 E‫א‬FMove‫א‬
‫א‬KE‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬Move‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬
 KModify h

 Move‫א‬‫א‬

Move ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ 

 K‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫ א‬

 KEnter‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬M ‫א‬ 

 ‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬   ‫א‬    ‫א‬ 
‫א‬‫א‬ ،‫א‬‫א‬      ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

 W

 KMove‫א‬J ١
 W‫א‬‫א‬

Select objects:

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬J ٢
Specify base point or displacement:

 ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ K‫א‬    
 KEnter‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬J ٣
Specify base point or displacement: Specify second point of
displacement or <use first point as displacement>:

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ،

-٣٨-

 

 KEnter‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

 EF‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬



 

‫ا‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E٣J ٧F‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬E٣J ٨F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬


 
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E٣J ٨F‫א‬
 KMove‫א‬J ١
 KEnter‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬ K‫א‬ J ٢
 K‫א‬‫א‬،°…‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K
  ‫א‬  ‫א‬   K‫א‬ ‫א‬      J ٣
‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬،
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬  ،‫א‬‫א‬   ،‫א‬‫א‬
 K˚٣٠‫א‬١٢‫א‬‫א‬E٣J ٩F‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

-٣٩-

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

 EF‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬




‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E٣J ٩F‫א‬١

 KMove‫א‬J
 KEnter‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬    ‫א‬   ‫א‬ ،‫א‬        J ٢
 K‫א‬

‫א‬  @12<30 ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬ ،‫א‬ ‫א‬      J ٣
 KEnter

 Move‫א‬EF‫א‬‫א‬

K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،Move

 ‫א‬ ‫א‬     ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬

 KE‫א‬‫א‬F

‫ﻨﻘﻁﺔ ﺍﻷﺴﺎﺱ‬

‫ﺍﻟﻨﻘﻁﺔ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻴﺔ‬

‫ﻨﻘﻁﺔ ﺍﻷﺴﺎﺱ‬

‫ﺍﻟﻨﻘﻁﺔ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻴﺔ‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E٣J ١٠F‫א‬
-٤٠-

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

 EF‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 EF‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬   ،  ‫א‬        ‫א‬ ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

2.1

1.4

2.5

5

1

3

1.2
1.2

1.2

3

1

1

3
3

1

1.2

2
1.2

2

1.9

1

2

2

1.9

1.2
3.5

5

2.5

 KE٣J ١١F‫א‬

 E‫א‬FCopy‫א‬
‫א‬،‫א‬

K Copy‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬،

‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ Copy‫א‬
-٤١-

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

 EF‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 Move‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬

 K

 Copy‫א‬‫א‬

 KModify h Copy ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ 
 K‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫ א‬

 KEnter‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬Co‫א‬ 
،‫א‬‫א‬ Copy‫א‬

 .‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬





 KCopy‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E٣J ١٢F‫א‬
 KCopy‫א‬J ١
 W‫א‬‫א‬J ٢

Select objects:

‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ،   ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬   

 KEnter

-٤٢-

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

 EF‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬J ٣
Specify base point or displacement, or [Multiple]:

 ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ،‫א‬   ‫א‬     

 K‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬J ٤

Specify base point or displacement, or [Multiple]: Specify
point of displacement or <use first point as displacement>:

second

‫א‬    ‫א‬   ،‫א‬ ‫א‬    
   ‫א‬  ‫א‬    ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬
‫א‬  ،‫א‬  ‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬   K‫א‬  

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬†

 

 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬





 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E٣J ١٣F‫א‬
 KCopy‫א‬J ١

 KEnter‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬J ٢
 W‫א‬‫א‬J ٣
Specify base point or displacement, or [Multiple]:

،‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬

 .Enter‫א‬M‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ،‫א‬       J ٤
 K‫א‬‫א‬

-٤٣-

 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 

 EF‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

،‫א‬ ‫א‬     ‫א‬ ،‫א‬ ‫א‬      J ٥

 ‫א‬    ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬  K   ‫א‬  

 KEnter‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 E‫א‬FRotate‫א‬
 Rotate‫א‬ ،‫א‬ K    
،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
Rotate‫א‬‫א‬

 KModify h Rotate‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ 
 K‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫ א‬

 KEnter‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬RO 
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K˚٣٠‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 K‫א‬




 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E٣J ١٤F‫א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬Rotate‫א‬J ١
 W‫א‬‫א‬

Select objects:

 KEnter‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬J ٢
Specify base point:

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬

-٤٤-

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

 EF‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬J ٣
Specify rotation angle or [Reference]:

 KEnter‫א‬30‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

  ،٣  ‫א‬   ‫א‬      
‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫ﻣﻼﺣﻈﺔ‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬K‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬



 K‫א‬‫א‬E٣J ١٥F‫א‬
 KRotate‫א‬J ١

‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ K ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬       J ٢
 KEnter

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬ J ٣
 W‫א‬‫א‬J ٤
Specify rotation angle or [Reference]:

‫א‬‫א‬ ،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ 
 KEnter‫א‬R‫א‬KReference‫א‬‫א‬

-٤٥-

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 EF‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 
 ‫א‬‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬J ٥
Specify the reference angle <0>:

K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ 
  ‫א‬   ،‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬      K   ‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬J ٦

Specify the new angle:

 KEnter‫א‬0‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
Rotate‫א‬EF‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬

 K‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬   



‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 K‫א‬E٣J ١٦F‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬١J ١
 K‫א‬J ٢

‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬     ‫א‬   ‫א‬   J ٣
‫א‬‫א‬ ٢٧٠ ٩٠J ‫א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

-٤٦-

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

 EF‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬J ٤

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 K٩٠‫א‬

           E‫א‬ F ‫א‬  

 KMirror‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬
 EFMirror‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬،

 K‫א‬‫א‬E٣J ١٧F‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 



 K‫א‬‫א‬،E٣J ١٧F‫א‬
 Mirror‫א‬‫א‬
 KModify h Mirror‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ 
 K‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫ א‬

 KEnter‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬MI‫א‬ 
 K‫א‬J ١
 W‫א‬‫א‬J ٢
Select objects:

 KEnter‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬J ٣

Specify first point of mirror line:

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬

-٤٧-

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 EF‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 
 ‫א‬‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬J ٤
Specify first point of mirror line: Specify second point of mirror
line:

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬J ٥
Delete source objects? [Yes/No] <N>:

‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 Y ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ،‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬ ،Enter  ‫א‬  N ‫א‬ ‫א‬

 KEnter‫א‬

Mirror‫א‬EF‫א‬‫א‬
  Mirror ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬     ‫א‬   ‫א‬ 
 K‫א‬‫א‬E٣J ١٨F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬


 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

1

3

2

 K‫א‬E٣J ١٨F‫א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬¯‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ١
 K Mirror‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٢

‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٣
 K‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬

‫א‬ ٩٠‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬

-٤٨-

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 EF‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 
 ‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬


 ‫א‬

‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬


 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 KE٣J ١٩F‫א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬١J ١
 K٩٠‫א‬‫א‬J ٢

M‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬Copy‫א‬‫א‬J ٣
‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 KE٣J ١٩F‫א‬

‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٤
 K‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

-٤٩-

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
< ã¹]<gè…‚jÖ]æ<ËÖ]<Üé×Ãj×Ö<íÚ^ÃÖ]<퉉ö¹]
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

EF‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
< ã¹]<gè…‚jÖ]æ<ËÖ]<Üé×Ãj×Ö<íÚ^ÃÖ]<퉉ö¹]
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

EF‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬

‫א‬

٤

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 

 EF‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬   ،    ‫א‬ 
   ،  ‫א‬   ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
E٤J ١F‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬
2.2
1

‫ﻤﻁﺒﺦ‬

‫ﺤﻤﺎﻡ‬

1.5

2.2
1.6

1.6
4.3

4.3
4.1

4.6
1.6

‫ﻨﻭﻡ‬

‫ﻨﻭﻡ‬

2.5

‫ﺤﻤﺎﻡ‬

‫ﺍﺴﺘﻘﺒﺎل‬

1.6
2

3.8

2
4.6

2.2

1.6
1.5

4.7

4.7

‫ﻁﻌﺎﻡ‬

1
2.5

1.6

‫ﻤﻌﻴﺸﺔ‬

1.6
4.1

3.8

2

2.2

 KE٤J ١F‫א‬
‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ،
-٥٠-

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 

 EF‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ 
 ،‫א‬‫א‬

 KChamfer‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،٤٥

E‫א‬F Chamfer‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬، Chamfer‫א‬

 Chamfer‫א‬   E٤J ٢F ‫א‬ K  ‫א‬   ،
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬



 



 

 KEF‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬Chamfer‫א‬E٤J ٢F‫א‬
 KEF‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬Chamfer‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬Chamfer‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬Fillet‫א‬KK‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬

‫ﻣﻼﺣﻈﺔ‬

 Chamfer‫א‬‫א‬

 KModify h Chamfer‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ 
 K‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫ א‬

 KEnter‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬Cha 
‫א‬‫א‬K Chamfer‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ 

 K‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬

-٥١-

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬

 

 EF‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬


 ‫א‬‫א‬


 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬

‫א‬

 


 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬

 

 K‫א‬E٤J ٣F‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬Chamfer‫א‬

 KChamfer‫א‬J ١

 W‫א‬‫א‬J ٢
Select first line or [Polyline/Distance/Angle/Trim/Method]:

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 KEnter‫א‬D ‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬J ٣

Specify first chamfer distance <15.0000>:

 ‫א‬ ‫א‬   K‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬     ‫א‬  
 KEnter‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬J ٤
Specify second chamfer distance <15.0000>:

 KEnter‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 KChamfer‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 Chamfer‫א‬‫א‬ Enter‫א‬ J ٥
‫א‬ KChamfer‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K‫א‬

 W‫א‬

(TRIM mode) Current chamfer Dist1 = 15.0000, Dist2 = 15.0000
Select first line or [Polyline/Distance/Angle/Trim/Method]:

   ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬   
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
-٥٢-

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 

 EF‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬J ٦
Select second line:

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬E٤J ٤F‫א‬
 KChamfer‫א‬J ١

  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ،‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬       J ٢
 KEnter‫א‬KA‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K

 W‫א‬‫א‬J ٣

Specify chamfer length on the first line <10.0000>:

 KEnter‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬J ٤

Specify chamfer angle from the first line <30>:

 KEnter‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬
 KChamfer‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬ chamfer‫א‬‫א‬ Enter Chamfer‫א‬ J ٥
 W‫א‬‫א‬KK‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
(TRIM mode) Current chamfer Length = 10.0000, Angle = 30
Select first line or [Polyline/Distance/Angle/Trim/Method]:

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬

-٥٣-

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 

 EF‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬J ٦
Chamfer‫א‬EF‫א‬‫א‬
E٤J ٥F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K ‫א‬‫א‬

1

2

4

3

5

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E٤J ٥F‫א‬

‫א‬   ‫א‬   Trim, Fillet ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬   

 ‫א‬ ‫א‬    ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬    ،‫א‬‫א‬
 KE٤J ٥F‫א‬
 Fillet ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬  ،Trim ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬  E١F 
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬Z‫א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬Fillet‫א‬E٢F

 KTrim‫א‬E٤،٣F

 K‫א‬‫א‬Chamfer‫א‬E٥F

‫א‬KOffset‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬Line‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

E٤J ٦F ‫א‬ K‫א‬ ‫א‬      ،‫א‬    Chamfer
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 E٤J ٦F‫א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬KChamfer‫א‬J ١
 K١٠‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬Offset‫א‬‫א‬J ٢

 Fillet‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ Trim‫א‬‫א‬ J ٣
 KZ‫א‬

-٥٤-

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬

 EF‫א‬‫א‬

 
 ‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
  ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ E٤J ٧F ‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬   
،    ‫א‬  ‫א‬       ،‫א‬

‫א‬    E٤J ١٤F ‫א‬  ‫א‬   K‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬ 

‫א‬ ٦‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬Array‫א‬‫א‬

-٥٥-

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 

 EF‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

1.8

0.6

1

0.6

0.6

0.6

0.6

2

1

2.4

0.8

0.3

0.4

1.7

0.7

0.5
0.6

0.5

0.2
0.1

0.6

0.5

3.5
R0

.1
R0

0.2

0

.1
R0

.2
R0

0.4

0.4

0.5

1.9

1.5

0.9

2.1

.2
R0

4
R0.
R0

0.6

0.6

R0
.1

.1

0.6
0.6

0.6

0.1

0.1

0.6

0.6

0.6

0.1

1

0.3

.1
R0

R1

0.6

1.2

0.6

0.1

0.3

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E٤J ٧F‫א‬
 E‫א‬FArray‫א‬
‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬ Array‫א‬
 KEF‫א‬‫א‬

-٥٦-

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬

 

 EF‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 Array‫א‬‫א‬

 KModify h Array‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ 
 K‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫ א‬

 KEnter‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬Ar 

 EPolarF‫א‬

 W‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬    ‫א‬    ‫א‬   
 K‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K˚٢٧٠‫א‬‫א‬١٥

 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬Array‫א‬J ١

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E٤J ٨F‫א‬
 KPolar Array‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٢

  ‫א‬‫א‬   ،‫א‬  Select Object  ‫א‬  ‫א‬ J ٣
 KEnter‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬

 K‫א‬Center Point‫א‬‫א‬J ٤
 ، ‫א‬    ‫א‬ ‫א‬  Method and values ‫א‬  J ٥
 Method   ‫א‬ ‫א‬    ،‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬  

 K Total number of item & Angle to fill‫א‬،
-٥٧-

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 

 EF‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 KTotal number of item‫א‬‫א‬J ٦

 KAngle to fill‫א‬‫א‬J ٧

 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬Preview‫א‬‫א‬J ٨

‫א‬  ‫א‬  KAccept  ‫א‬ ،‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬  ‫א‬
 Modify‫א‬،

 KCancel‫א‬‫א‬Array‫א‬KAccept‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬  Accept Array ‫א‬‫א‬   Ok ‫א‬  ‫א‬ J ٩
 W‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬





 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E٤J ٩F‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 K˚٣٠‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٨

 K‫א‬‫א‬٥J ١‫א‬‫א‬J ١

 Total number of item & Angle between item‫א‬Method and Values‫א‬J ٢

،E‫א‬‫א‬FAngle to fill 

 K‫א‬

 Total number of item‫א‬J ٣

 KAngle between item‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٤

 W‫א‬‫א‬Ok‫א‬‫א‬J ٥
-٥٨-

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 

 EF‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬


 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬


 ‫א‬‫א‬



 

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E٤J ١٠F‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ˚١٨٠‫א‬‫א‬˚٣٠‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 K٥J ١‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ١

 Angle to fill  & Angle between item‫א‬ Method and values‫א‬ J ٢
‫א‬     ،  E‫א‬ FTotal number of item   ‫א‬
 K 

 KAngle to fill‫א‬‫א‬J ٣

 KAngle between items‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٤
 W‫א‬‫א‬Ok‫א‬‫א‬J ٥

‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬





 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E٤J ١١F‫א‬
 

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

-٥٩-

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬

 EF‫א‬‫א‬

 
 ‫א‬‫א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E٤J ١٢F‫א‬
KArray‫א‬Array‫א‬‫א‬J ١

 KRectangular Array‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٢
 K‫א‬Select Object‫א‬‫א‬J ٣

 K‫א‬Rows‫א‬J ٤

 K‫א‬Columns‫א‬J ٥

 ،‫א‬  ‫א‬   Offset distance and direction   J ٦
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ Row Offset‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬
Column ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ Offset
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 KAngle Of Array‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬J ٧
 K‫א‬Ok‫א‬J ٨

-٦٠-

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 

 EF‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬


 ‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬


 ‫א‬‫א‬


 ‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬

،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E٤J ١٣F‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

1

2

4

3

 K‫א‬‫א‬E٤J ١٤F‫א‬
 K٧‫א‬‫א‬J ١

 K‫א‬‫א‬٦‫א‬J ٢

 K˚٣٦٠‫א‬‫א‬١٠‫א‬Array (Polar)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٣
٢ ‫א‬   Array (Rectangular) ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬   J ٤
 K٣٠‫א‬‫א‬٣٠‫א‬‫א‬٣‫א‬

Polygon ‫א‬  ،‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

 K‫א‬‫א‬Align‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬KAlign

-٦١-

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 

 EF‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 E‫א‬FPolygon‫א‬
  KK‫א‬  ٣  ،‫א‬      ‫א‬
KKKKK ‫א‬ ، ،   ‫א‬  ‫א‬K ١٠٢٤     

 KPolygon

 Polygon‫א‬‫א‬

KDraw h Polygon‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ 
 K‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫ א‬

 KEnter‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬Pol 
K،‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬٧‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬

 K‫א‬E٤J ١٥F‫א‬

 KPolygon‫א‬J ١
 W‫א‬‫א‬
Command: _polygon Enter number of sides <4>:

 KEnter‫א‬5‫א‬،‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬J ٢

Specify center of polygon or [Edge]:

 Enter‫א‬ E‫א‬،‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

 K‫א‬

-٦٢-

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 

 EF‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬
Specify first endpoint of edge:

 K‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬J ٣

Specify first endpoint of edge: Specify second endpoint of edge:

 KEnter‫א‬7‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬W‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬   ،‫א‬     ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬  ،‫א‬
،E٤J ١٦F ‫א‬ K‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬KI Inscribed in circle

‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،

 KCCircumscribed about circleE٤J ١٦F‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬

‫א‬

EF‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ E٤J ١٦F‫א‬
 K‫א‬EF‫א‬‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 KPolygon‫א‬J ١

 KEnter‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬J ٢
Specify center of polygon or [Edge]:

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

-٦٣-

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 EF‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬

 
 ‫א‬‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬J ٣
Enter an option [Inscribed in circle/Circumscribed about circle] <I>:

EnterC،‫א‬Enter I‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 K‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬J ٤
Specify radius of circle:

‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬    ‫א‬    ‫א‬    
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫ﻣﻼﺣﻈﺔ‬


 E‫א‬‫א‬FAlign‫א‬
‫א‬        ،   ‫א‬ Align ‫א‬ 
 K‫א‬EScaleF

 Align‫א‬‫א‬

 KModify h 3D Operation h Align‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ 
 KEnter‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬Al 

  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ K‫א‬     ‫א‬  ،‫א‬‫א‬  

 ‫א‬   KE‫א‬F‫א‬    ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ،‫א‬

‫א‬    ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ،  ‫א‬
‫א‬،‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 E٤J ١٧F ‫א‬   Align ‫א‬  K‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬  

 W‫א‬‫א‬

 KAlign‫א‬J ١
 W‫א‬‫א‬J ٢
Select objects:

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

-٦٤-

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 

 EF‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬J ٣
Specify first source point:

 K١‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬J ٤

Specify first destination point:

   Enter‫א‬ ‫א‬K٢‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬Enter‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬
Specify second source point:

 K٣‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬J ٥
Specify second destination point:

 K٤‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬J ٦

Specify third source point or <continue>:

   ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬  

 KEnter‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬J ٧

Scale objects based on alignment points? [Yes/No] <N>:

،‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬KEnter Y ‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 KEnterN‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬

1

3
4

2





 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E٤J ١٧F‫א‬
-٦٥-

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬

 

 EF‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E٤J ١٨F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫ﻨﻘﻁﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺩﺭ ﺍﻷﻭﻟﻰ‬

‫ﻨﻘﻁﺔ ﺍﻟﻬﺩﻑ ﺍﻷﻭﻟﻰ‬

‫ﻨﻘﻁﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺩﺭ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻴﺔ‬

‫ﻨﻘﻁﺔ ﺍﻟﻬﺩﻑ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻴﺔ‬

 KAlign‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E٤J ١٨F‫א‬

 K٠{٩‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ١

 ‫א‬    ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ،Align ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ J ٢
 KE٤J ١٨F‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬    ‫א‬ ‫א‬

 KEllipse

 E‫א‬‫א‬FEllipse‫א‬
‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

-٦٦-

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 

 EF‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬


 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬
 

‫א‬

‫א‬
‫א‬
 


 ‫א‬‫א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬ E٤J ١٩F‫א‬

 Ellipse‫א‬‫א‬

 KDraw h Ellipse‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ 
 K‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫ א‬

 KEnter‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬EL 

 W‫א‬‫א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬Ellipse‫א‬J ١
 W‫א‬‫א‬J ٢

Specify axis endpoint of ellipse or [Arc/Center]:

    ‫א‬ ،‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬    

    ‫א‬  ، ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ،‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬Enter‫א‬C‫א‬،‫א‬
Specify center of ellipse:

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬J ٣

Specify other endpoint of axis:

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬J ٤
Specify distance to other axis or [Rotation]:

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬

-٦٧-

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 EF‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬

 
 ‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬

0.4

0.3

 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

0.5

0.4

 K‫א‬E٤J ٢٠F‫א‬
 K٠{٦¯٣{٥‫א‬J ١

 K٤٠‫א‬٥٠‫א‬‫א‬J ٢

    ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬       ‫א‬ J ٣
 K١٥‫א‬‫א‬٢٢‫א‬‫א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٤
‫א‬  E١F ‫א‬   Array (rectangular) ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ J ٥
 K٩٠‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،E٤F

-٦٨-

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
< ã¹]<gè…‚jÖ]æ<ËÖ]<Üé×Ãj×Ö<íÚ^ÃÖ]<퉉ö¹]
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

EF‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

٥

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

 EF‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬    ،‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ، 

 K‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

  ‫א‬  ،‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬     ،‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬  

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬Extend

 E‫א‬FExtend‫א‬
  ،    ‫א‬   ‫א‬  Extend‫א‬ 
K‫א‬‫א‬،
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 Extend‫א‬‫א‬

 KModify h Extend ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ 
 K‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫ א‬

 KEnter‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬Ex  
‫א‬‫א‬









 KExtend‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E٥J ١F‫א‬

K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ E٥J ١F‫א‬
J ١F‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
- ٦٩ -

 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 

 EF‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 K ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬     E٥
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬Extend‫א‬

 Extend‫א‬J ١

 W‫א‬‫א‬J ٢
Select objects:

 K‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬J ٣
Select object to extend or shift-select to trim or
[Project/Edge/Undo]:

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬  E ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ٣  ‫א‬   ،‫א‬ ‫א‬  

 W‫א‬‫א‬KEnter
Enter an implied edge extension mode [Extend/No extend] <Extend>:

 KEnter‫א‬E‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
  ،      ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬ 

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬

‫ﻣﻼﺣﻈﺔ‬


 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬EF‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E٥J ٢F‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،Extend‫א‬‫א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ١

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٢
 K‫א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬J ٣
- ٧٠ -

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

 EF‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬Extend‫א‬‫א‬J ٤

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ Offset‫א‬‫א‬ J ٥
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬Trim‫א‬‫א‬J ٦
‫ﻤﻁﺒﺦ‬

‫ﺤﻤﺎﻡ‬
‫ﻨﻭﻡ‬

‫ﻨﻭﻡ‬

‫ﻤﻌﻴﺸﺔ‬

‫ﺤﻤﺎﻡ‬

‫ﻁﻌﺎﻡ‬

‫ﺍﺴﺘﻘﺒﺎل‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E٥J ٣F‫א‬

‫ﻁﻌﺎﻡ‬

‫ﺍﺴﺘﻘﺒﺎل‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E٥J ٤F‫א‬
- ٧١ -

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

 EF‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫ﻁﻌﺎﻡ‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

‫ﺍﺴﺘﻘﺒﺎل‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E٥J ٥F‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫ﻁﻌﺎﻡ‬

‫ﺍﺴﺘﻘﺒﺎل‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E٥J ٦F‫א‬
 E‫א‬‫א‬FArc‫א‬
 W٥‫א‬‫א‬١١‫א‬
 3P

  ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ، ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬      
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬Arc‫א‬J ١

- ٧٢ -

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

 EF‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 KDraw h Arc h 3Points ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ 
 K‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫ א‬

 KEnter‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬A‫א‬ 
 W‫א‬‫א‬J ٢
Command: _arc Specify start point of arc or [Center]:

 ‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬J ٣
Specify second point of arc or [Center/End]:

‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬J ٤
Specify end point of arc:

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬     ،  ‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬   
‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬

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 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E٥J ٧F‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬Arc‫א‬J ١

- ٧٣ -

 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 

 EF‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 KDraw hArc h Start, Center, End‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ 
 K‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫ א‬

 KEnter‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬A ‫א‬ 
 W‫א‬‫א‬J ٢
Command: _arc Specify start point of arc or [Center]:

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬J ٣

Specify second point of arc or [Center/End]: _c Specify center point
of arc:

‫א‬  ‫א‬    ‫א‬ ،‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬   
‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬Enter‫א‬C‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

Specify center point of arc:

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬J ٥
Specify end point of arc or [Angle/chord Length]:

‫א‬‫א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ Draw Start, Center, Angle‫א‬‫א‬

 K٥‫א‬A

 L‫א‬ Start, Center, Length‫א‬‫א‬

 K٥‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬

- ٧٤ -

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

 EF‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬

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 ‫א‬‫א‬

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 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E٥J ٨F‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬Arc‫א‬J ١
 KDraw h Arc h Start, End, Angle‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ 
 K‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫ א‬

 KEnter‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬A 

 W‫א‬‫א‬J ٢

Command: _arc Specify start point of arc or [Center]:

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬J ٣
Specify second point of arc or [Center/End]

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K‫א‬‫א‬

    ‫א‬   ‫א‬    ‫א‬   K  ‫א‬  
 W‫א‬‫א‬Enter‫א‬E‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬
Specify end point of arc:

 K‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬J ٤
Specify center point of arc or [Angle/Direction/Radius]: _a Specify
included angle:

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬ Draw Start, End, Radius‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K٤‫א‬ R‫א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬

- ٧٥ -

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

 EF‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

  Draw   Start, End, Direction   ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬ 

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٤‫א‬DK‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

2

2

2

1

1

1

3

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E٥J ٩F‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬Arc‫א‬J ١
 KDraw h Arch Center, Start, End‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ 
 K‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫ א‬

 KEnter‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬A 

 W‫א‬‫א‬J ٢

Command: _arc Specify start point of arc or [Center]:

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬Enter‫א‬C‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
Specify center point of arc:

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬

- ٧٦ -

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

 EF‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬J ٣
Specify start point of arc:

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬J ٤

Specify end point of arc or [Angle/chord Length]:

 K‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬
‫א‬ Draw‫א‬ Center, Start, Angle‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٤‫א‬A‫א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬  Draw ‫א‬  Center, Start, Length   ‫א‬    ‫א‬ 

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ٤‫א‬ L‫א‬
 KEnter‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬
 W
  ‫א‬‫א‬
  ‫א‬

 K‫א‬ E٥J ١٠F‫א‬

 KDraw

 W‫א‬‫א‬Arc‫א‬J ١

h Arc h Continue‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ 

 K‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫ א‬

 KEnter‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬A 
 W‫א‬‫א‬J ٢
Command: _arc Specify start point of arc or [Center]:

Enter ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 WK‫א‬‫א‬

Specify end point of arc:

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
- ٧٧ -

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

 EF‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬EF‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 K¯‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ١

 KE٥J ١١F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٠{٣‫א‬J ٢
KEStart,End,RadiusF ‫א‬  ،‫א‬  ،‫א‬‫א‬     ‫א‬ J ٣

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E٥J ١١F‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 K٨
‫ﻨﻘﻁﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﺩﺍﻴﺔ‬

‫ﻨﻘﻁﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﻬﺎﻴﺔ‬

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 K‫א‬،‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E٥J ١١F‫א‬
E‫א‬FText‫א‬
     ،‫א‬  ‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 
‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ Windows XP Windows2000‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬     ،‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

 ‫א‬  ،‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬   K‫א‬  
  ‫א‬  ، ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬   ، 

Format‫א‬ Text Style‫א‬‫א‬KText Style‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
- ٧٨ -

 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 

 EF‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ Text Style‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 W‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E٥J ١٢F‫א‬
 KText Style

  W‫א‬   ‫א‬   ‫א‬    ‫א‬ 
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،W‫א‬،‫א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬
 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬           ‫א‬ ‫א‬  

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬

Draw h Text h Single Line Text‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ 

 KEnter‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬Text 

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬KText Style

 KText‫א‬J ١

 W‫א‬‫א‬J ٢
Specify start point of text or [Justify/Style]:

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬
- ٧٩ -

 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 EF‫א‬‫א‬

 
 ‫א‬‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬J ٣
Specify rotation angle of text <0>:

، ‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬

 KEnter‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬J ٤
Enter text:

،Enter‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬
 KAlt+Shift‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

- ٨٠ -

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

 EF‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬    ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬K‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬
2
0.8

‫ﺃ‬

‫ﻤﺴﺘﻭﺩﻉ‬

‫ﻤﻁﺒﺦ‬

1.6

7

‫ﻁﻌﺎﻡ‬

1.6
5.4

6

 K‫א‬

10.6

0.8

1.6
5.2

‫ﺍﺴﺘﻘﺒﺎل‬

2

‫ﻨ‬

‫ﺤﻤﺎﻡ‬

0.3

٢,٥
=‫ﻕ‬

0.3

٠,٩
=

‫ﻨﻕ‬

3.8

‫ﺃ‬

1.6
4

8

‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﻘﻁ ﺍﻷﻓﻘﻲ ﻟﻠﺩﻭﺭ ﺍﻷﺭﻀﻲ‬

- ٨١ -

0.8
2.5

0.8

0.9

3

2
0.8

‫ﻨﻭﻡ‬

0.8

‫ﺤﻤﺎﻡ‬

0.8

10.6

5.4

7

1.6

‫ﻨﻭﻡ‬
0.9

1.6

6

 ‫א‬‫א‬

0.9

1.2

0.8
2.5

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 

 EF‫א‬‫א‬

0.9

 ‫א‬‫א‬

1.6

1.6
5.2

‫ﻨﻭﻡ ﺭﺌﻴﺴﻲ‬

1.6
4

8

3

0.5

‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﻘﻁ ﺍﻷﻓﻘﻲ ﻟﻠﺩﻭﺭ ﺍﻷﻭل‬

1

2.2

3.45

1

7.5

8

1

0.9

0.3

0.3

‫ﻭﺍﺠﻬﺔ ﺃﻤﺎﻤﻴﺔ‬

- ٨٢ -

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 

 EF‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

1

3

8.3

1.55

2.2

3

1

1.5

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

2

‫ﺃ‬-‫ﻗﻁﺎﻉ ﺃ‬

2.8

5.8

8

12.5

7

1.5

3.2

‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻗﻊ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ‬

- ٨٣ -

 ‫א‬

 EF‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬


 ١

 ٣٠

 ١٣

 ٥٠

 ٦٩



 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬



 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬



 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬














 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬E‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬
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