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Unit 1: Characteristics of Life Powerpoint

Unit 1: Characteristics of Life Powerpoint

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Published by Megan Thaler
Notes for Characteristics of Life
Notes for Characteristics of Life

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Published by: Megan Thaler on May 10, 2013
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Characteristics of Life

All living organisms share

8 _______ characteristics of
life. Many things in the
world show one or more

of these characteristics,
but only living things share all eight!

1. ________ Cells

• Organisms are made of cells. They might be _________________ unicellular (one cell) or ____________________ multicellular and very complex. The cell is the basic _________ _________ of life. unit

2. Reproduction _____________
• All organisms need to produce new organisms. They may reproduce

sexually asexually ________________ or ______________.

DNA 3. ___________
• All of life is based on the same

genetic _______________ code—a

molecule called DNA. All inherited

traits ______________are passed down
through generations in the DNA.

Growth and Development 4. __________
• Organisms all grow and develop in some way. Even single-celled organisms get bigger before they

divide into two. __________

5. Use of energy ____________
• All living things must store and use energy, and expel waste. This process is called __________________________. It might involve eating,

metabolism

photosynthesizing like plants do,
or engulfing nutrients as a single cell.

Response to Stimuli 6. ___________ stimulus • A __________________ can be light, a temperature
or pH change, a touch, an electric charge, or anything in the environment that causes a response from a living organism.

Homeostasis 7. ___________________
Homeostasis is the ability of an organism to

balance of factors maintain its internal _____________
like temperature, pH, and salt content.

• Just like a thermostat constantly monitors the
temperature of the house and turns on and

off when necessary, the body has many
mechanisms in place to keep internal

range conditions within a narrow _______________.

Evolution 8. Adaptation and _____________
• Over long periods of __________________ time, all living things change in order to better fit their environment. It is important to remember that populations as a whole evolve; _______________

geologic

individuals

do not.

Disproving Spontaneous Generation: Where does life come from?
• Before the 1600s, many people believe that life could pop out of thin air—this theory is called _________________________________. spontaneous generation Several scientists conducted

experiments from the mid-1600s
to the mid-1800s to disprove

spontaneous generation and show
that life can only come from other

living organisms.

Redi

Francisco _________ conducted an experiment in 1658 in which he put meat into jars. In a jar that was open to the air, ______________ would form after a time. In a jar that was covered with gauze, no maggots would form. This showed that the maggots were not forming from thin air.

Redi maggots

Pasteur

Pasteur • Louis ______________ was famous for many scientific discoveries. One of them involved the disproval of spontaneous generation.

swan-necked flask. • He sterilized broth in a __________________ Because of the shape of the neck, the microorganisms that could grow in the _____________________ broth would settle in the bend and not reach the flask. So, even though it was open to the air, no life would grow in the flask. When the neck was broken, microorganisms would start growing again.

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