# Chapter 11

11-1

For the deep-groove 02-series ball bearing with R = 0.90, the design life x D , in multiples
of rating life, is
L
60D nD 60  25000  350
xD  D 

 525 Ans.
LR
L10
106
FD  1.2  2.5   3.0 kN
1/3

Eq. (11-6):

525

C10  3.0 
1/1.483 
 0.02   4.459  0.02  ln 1/ 0.9  


C 10 = 24.3 kN
Table 11-2:

Ans.

Choose an 02-35 mm bearing with C 10 = 25.5 kN.

Ans.

1.483
3

  525  3 / 25.5  0.02  
Eq. (11-18): R  exp  
Ans.
   0.920
4.459  0.02
 
 

______________________________________________________________________________

11-2

For the angular-contact 02-series ball bearing as described, the rating life multiple is
L
60D nD 60  40 000  520
xD  D 

 1248
LR
L10
106

FD  1.4  725  1015 lbf  4.52 kN
Eq. (11-6):
1/3

1248

C10  1015 
1/1.483 
 0.02   4.459  0.02   ln 1/ 0.9  

 10 930 lbf  48.6 kN

Select an 02-60 mm bearing with C 10 = 55.9 kN. Ans.
1.483
3

 1248  4.52 / 55.9   0.02  
Eq. (11-18): R  exp  
Ans.
   0.945
4.439

 
 
______________________________________________________________________________
Table 11-2:

Chapter 11, Page 1/28

11-3

For the straight-roller 03-series bearing selection, x D = 1248 rating lives from Prob. 11-2
solution.
FD  1.4  2235  3129 lbf  13.92 kN
 1248 
C10  13.92 

 1 

Table 11-3:

3/10

 118 kN

Select an 03-60 mm bearing with C 10 = 123 kN.

Ans.

1.483
10/3

 1248 13.92 /123  0.02  
Eq. (11-18): R  exp  
   0.917 Ans.
4.459  0.02
 
 

______________________________________________________________________________

11-4

The combined reliability of the two bearings selected in Probs. 11-2 and 11-3 is

R   0.945 0.917   0.867

Ans.

We can choose a reliability goal of 0.90  0.95 for each bearing. We make the
selections, find the existing reliabilities, multiply them together, and observe that the
reliability goal is exceeded due to the roundup of capacity upon table entry.
Another possibility is to use the reliability of one bearing, say R 1 . Then set the reliability
goal of the second as
R2 

0.90
R1

or vice versa. This gives three pairs of selections to compare in terms of cost, geometry
implications, etc.
______________________________________________________________________________
11-5

Establish a reliability goal of
contact ball bearing,

0.90  0.95 for each bearing. For an 02-series angular
1/3

1248

C10  1015 
1/1.483 
 0.02  4.439 ln 1/ 0.95 

 12822 lbf  57.1 kN
Select an 02-65 mm angular-contact bearing with C 10 = 63.7 kN.
1.483
3

 1248  4.52 / 63.7   0.02  
RA  exp  
   0.962
4.439
 
 

Chapter 11, Page 2/28

95     136. bearing A can carry the larger load.439  ln 1/ 0.953) = 0. 1/ a Eq. ______________________________________________________________________________ 11-6 For the straight cylindrical roller bearing specified with a service factor of 1.483      RB  exp      0.95    ______________________________________________________________________________ 11-7 Both bearings need to be rated in terms of the same catalog rating system in order to compare them. Ans.96 kN 1/ a   n 60   FA  A A   LR    3000  500  60    2.483   0.95 and F R = 20 kN. Since C A > C B .0 kN. which exceeds the goal.02 1. 3/10   1248   C10  13.For an 03-series straight roller bearing.  1248 13. L D = 109 rev.0   106   1/3 Bearing B already is rated at one million revolutions.02  4.439  ln 1/ 0.439      The overall reliability is R = (0.962)(0.90 1/ a 1/3  LD   109  Eq.953 4. R = 0.02  4.917. so C B = 7. 60D nD 60  8000  950 L xD  D    456 106 LR L10 3/10   456   C10  20   145 kN Ans.  10   LR  ______________________________________________________________________________ Chapter 11. (11-3): C10  FD    2  6   20 kN Ans. 1/1. Using a rating life of one million revolutions.5 kN Select an 03-65 mm straight-roller bearing with C 10 = 138 kN. R = 0. Page 3/28 .92  1/1.483   0. ______________________________________________________________________________ 11-8 F D = 2 kN.92 /138 10/3  0. (11-3): L  C A  FA  A   LR   8. both bearings can be rated in terms of a Basic Load Rating.

95     4800 lbf Ans. R = 0.  D = 12 000 hours. The multiple of rating life is xD  LD 10 400  400  60    249.90  8 000  500  60     n 60  Eq. ______________________________________________________________________________ 11-13 F D = 11 kips. R = 0. R = 0.11-9 F D = 800 lbf.99     69. L D = 108 rev.95      D = (5 years)(40 h/week)(52 week/year) = 10 400 hours Assume an application factor of one.02  4. (11-3): C10  FD  D D   800    5050 lbf Ans 106  LR    ______________________________________________________________________________ 1/ a 1/3 11-10 F D = 4 kN.439 ln 1/ 0.99 Assume an application factor of one.  D = 20 000 hours. n D = 200 rev/min. n D = 350 rev/min.02  4. R = 0.483   0. Use the Weibull parameters for Manufacturer 2 on p. (11-3): C10  FD  D D   4    24. ______________________________________________________________________________ 11-12 F D = 9 kN.99 Assume an application factor of one. n D = 400 rev/min. The multiple of rating life is xD  LD 108   100 LR 106 1/3   100   C10  1 9   Eq.2 kN Ans. (11-6): 1/1.90  12 000  350  60     n 60  Eq.6 LR 106 1/3   249.6   C10  1 650   Eq. Page 4/28 .9 kN Ans 106  LR    ______________________________________________________________________________ 1/ a 1/3 11-11 F D = 650 lbf. n D = 500 rev/min. R = 0. 608. Chapter 11.439 ln 1/ 0. (11-6): 1/1.483   0.  D = 8 000 hours.

R Cy = –127. ______________________________________________________________________________ 11-15 From the solution to Prob.1 kN Ans.459  0.99 lbf. the ground reaction force carried by the bearing at C is R C = F D = 1. Page 5/28 . the ground reaction force carried by the bearing at C is R C = F D = 178 lbf. ______________________________________________________________________________ 11-14 From the solution to Prob. R Cz = –327. Chapter 11.27    351.459  0.The multiple of rating life is xD  LD  20 000  200  60    240 LR 106 1/3   240   C10  111  Eq. 608.27 lbf 1/ 2 2 2 RC  FD   327. 608. ______________________________________________________________________________ 11-16 From the solution to Prob. 3-68.02   4. (11-6): 1/1. 3-69.02 1  0. (11-7):   xD C10  a f FD   1/ b  x0    x0 1  RD   1/3   1080 C10  1.99     113 kips Ans.95    26.2 178    1/1.02   4. xD  LD 15000 1200  60    1080 LR 106 1/ a Eq.483   0. (11-7):   xD C10  a f FD   1/ b  x0    x0 1  RD   1/3   1080 C10  1.794    1/1.2 1. 608.483  0.483  0.02  4.8 lbf   Use the Weibull parameters for Manufacturer 2 on p. Use the Weibull parameters for Manufacturer 2 on p.99    127.794 kN.95    2590 lbf Ans. xD  LD 15000 1200  60    1080 LR 106 1/ a Eq.02 1  0. Use the Weibull parameters for Manufacturer 2 on p. 3-70.439 ln 1/ 0.

xD  LD 15000 1200  60    1080 LR 106 1/ a Eq.02 1  0.483  0. R Az = 444 N.8    1/1. d 125 nD  F ni  191  95. xD  LD 15000 1200  60    1080 106 LR 1/ a Eq.6 N   Use the Weibull parameters for Manufacturer 2 on p. ______________________________________________________________________________ 11-17 From the solution to Prob.95    2520 N Ans.76 LR 106 1/ a Eq. 3-71. R Ay = 2384 N  RA  FD  4442  23842  1/2  2425 N  2. 3-77. R Cy = –86.5  60    68.2  351.7 N.2 173.425 kN Use the Weibull parameters for Manufacturer 2 on p. ______________________________________________________________________________ 11-18 From the solution to Prob.459  0. 608. R Cz = –150. (11-7):   xD C10  a f FD   1/ b  x0    x0 1  RD   Chapter 11.02   4. (11-7):   xD C10  a f FD   1/ b  x0    x0 1  RD   1/3   1080 C10  1.02   4.6    1/1.10 N 1/2 2 2 RC  FD   150. (11-7):   xD C10  a f FD   1/ b  xo    xo 1  RD   1/3   1080 C10  1.5 rev/min dC 250 xD  LD 12 000  95.483  0.7    86.10    173.95    5110 lbf Ans. 608. Page 6/28 .02 1  0. The design speed is equal to the speed of shaft AD.459  0.

608. with a 65 mm bore.4 C10  1150.76 C10  1 2.56 and Y 2 = 1. (11-9): Fe  X iVFr  Yi Fa   0.1 lbf Use the Weibull parameters for Manufacturer 2 on p. Page 7/28 .2  7   1.357 VFr 1. 0.1   1/1.02 1  0. F a / C 0 = 3 / 34 = 0. R Az = 54. Fr  7 kN.425    1/1. Fa 3   0. ______________________________________________________________________________ 11-20 (a) Fa  3 kN.02   4.459  0. (b) Use Eq.2 From Table 11-2.088. C 0 = 34.088 From Table 11-1.29 kN F e > F r so use F e . d 10 nD  F ni   280   560 rev/min dC 5 xD  Eq. V  1.02  1402  1/2  150. nD  500 rev/min. Eq.02   4.28  e  3.459  0.0.02 1  0.2  7  Since this is greater than e. 608.4 LR 106   xD C10  a f FD   1/ b  x0    x0 1  RD   1/ a 3/10   470. (11-7) to determine the necessary rated load the bearing should have to carry the equivalent radial load for the desired life and reliability. Use the Weibull parameters for Manufacturer 2 on p. The design speed is equal to the speed of shaft AD. 3-79.0 lbf.7 kN Ans. we obtain X 2 = 0.0 kN. ______________________________________________________________________________ 11-19 From the solution to Prob. interpolating Table 11-1 with F a / C 0 = 0.56 1. (11-7): LD 14 000  560  60    470.1/3   68.98    1320 lbf Ans.53.483  0.53 3  9.483  0. Chapter 11.95    11. R Ay = 140 lbf  RA  FD  54. Ans.

interpolating Table 11-1.66 xD  LD D nD  60   LR 106 Chapter 11.459  0.34  e  0.38. Ans. Fa 2   0.483  0.5   0. Ans. with F a / C 0 = 0.459  0. Page 8/28 .xD  LD 10 000  500  60    300 LR 106 1/ a   xD Eq.34 kN F e > F r so use F e . ______________________________________________________________________________ 11-21 (a) Fa  2 kN.56 and Y 2 = 1. life.34       xD  10. nD  400 rev/min. This bearing should not be expected to meet the load.56 1 5  1.29    1/1.02   4.2. Eq.02 1  0. and reliability goals.27  2   5. 0.0 kN F a / C 0 = 2 / 10 = 0. Fr  5 kN.2 From Table 11-1.4 VFr 1 5  Since this is greater than e.99 1/1. (11-7): C10  a f FD   1/ b  x0    x0 1  RD     300 C10  1 9. V  1 From Table 11-2. which is less than the necessary rating to meet the specifications. the 65 mm bearing is rated for 55. (11-9): Fe  X iVFr  Yi Fa   0.5 kN.27.9 kN.4 kN 1/3 From Table 11-2. 30 mm bore.  C xD   10  a f FD  a  1/ b   x0    x0 1  RD    3  19. C 0 = 10. C 10 = 19.483  xD    1 5. (b) Solve Eq.02   4.02 1  0. (11-7) for x D .95    73. we obtain X 2 = 0.

56. 608.66 10   444 h xD 106 6 Ans. R  0.63  2   7.459  0.0 kN Iterate the previous process: F a / C 0 = 2 / 53 = 0.89(2)  8.24 Fa 2   0.02 1  0.99   From Table 11-2. X = 0. (11-9): Fe  0. R  0.483  0. Eq.74 kN F e < F r . (11-3): L  C10  FD  D   LR  1/3  109   8 6   10   80 kN From Table 11-2.89.D     10.483  0.63 Eq.2 kN Chapter 11. Ans.9.02   4.56(1)8  1. Fa  2 kN. LD  109 rev 1/ a Eq. (11-7):   xD C10  a f FD   1/ b  xo    xo 1  RD   1/ a 1/3   240 C10  1 8     82.56 1 8   1. so just use F r as the design load. C 0 = 53.26 > Fr Eq. Page 9/28 .56 and Y 2 = 1.02   4.25  e VFr 1 8  Interpolate Table 11-1 with F a / C 0 = 0. ______________________________________________________________________________ 11-23 Fr  8 kN. nD  60   400  60  ______________________________________________________________________________ 11-22 Fr  8 kN. select the 85 mm bore.038 0. (11-7):   240 C10  1 8.038 to obtain X 2 = 0.5 kN 1/1.99 Use the Weibull parameters for Manufacturer 2 on p. (11-9): Fe  0.99   1/3  85. xD  LD 10 000  400  60    240 LR 106 First guess: Choose from middle of Table 11-1.459  0.22  e  0.02 1  0. try 85 mm bore with C 10 = 83. Table 11-1: Eq. Y = 1. V  1.26    1/1.2 kN.

76  6   45. V  1. (11-3): C10  9. Fa  3 kN.38     86.22  e  0.9.76 kN > Fr 1/3  108  Eq.107 to obtain X 2 = 0.3 kN  10  From Table 11-2. Page 10/28 .2  8  Interpolate Table 11-1 with F a / C 0 = 0.95.8 kN From Table 11-2.56 and Y 2 = 1.28  e  0. (11-7): C10  1 8. 0.25  e VFr 1 8  Interpolate Table 11-1 with F a / C 0 = 0. C 0 = 62.95(2)  8. C 0 = 28. (11-9): Fe  0.2. (11-9): Fe  0.Table 11-2: Move up to the 90 mm bore with C 10 = 95. ______________________________________________________________________________ Chapter 11.56.46  3  9. Table 11-1: Eq.3  6   10   47.24 Fa 2   0.0 kN. (11-9): Fe  0.30 Fa 3   0.63  3  10.02 1  0. Ans.56 and Y 2 = 1. (11-3): L  C10  Fe  D   LR  1/3  108   10.99   The 90 mm bore is acceptable.032 Again.56(1)8  1. try 60 mm with C 10 = 47. Ans.2  8   1.313  e VFr 1. LD  108 rev First guess: Choose from middle of Table 11-1.5 kN.38 > Fr 1/3   240 Eq.0 kN Iterate the previous process: F a / C 0 = 3 / 28 = 0.107 0. we have converged on the 60 mm bearing. R  0.4 kN 1/1.032 to obtain X 2 = 0.56 1.56 1.3 kN Fe  Fr 1/ a Eq.483  0.63 Eq. Iterate again: F a / C 0 = 2 / 62 = 0.459  0. Y = 1.02   4.46 Table 11-1: Eq. ______________________________________________________________________________ 11-24 Fr  8 kN. X = 0.6 kN.2  8   1.

Fa  5 kN.56. (11-7):   xD C10  a f FD   1/ b  x0    x0 1  RD   1/ a 1/3   216 C10  113. so use F e as the design load. R  0.459  0.27  e  0. the design life was incorrectly given to be 109 rev and will be corrected to 108 rev in subsequent printings.56 110   1.63 Eq.11-25 Fr  10 kN. 608.95    97.072 to obtain X 2 = 0.28 Fa 5   0.99 Use the Weibull parameters for Manufacturer 2 on p. (11-9): Fe  0. xD  LD 12 000  300  60    216 LR 106 First guess: Choose from middle of Table 11-1.56 and Y 2 = 1.2.56.5 kN Iterate the previous process: F a / C 0 = 5 / 69. Fa  3 kN. X = 0.483  0. In the first printing of the 9th edition.75 kN F e > F r . Page 11/28 . C 0 = 69. Fr  9 kN. The 95 mm bore meets the requirements. ______________________________________________________________________________ 11-26 Note to the Instructor. Ans.63 Chapter 11.62  1.5  e VFr 110  Interpolate Table 11-1 with F a / C 0 = 0.95 Use the Weibull parameters for Manufacturer 2 on p. Y = 1.4 kN From Table 11-2. X = 0. Y = 1. V  1. xD  LD 108   100 LR 106 First guess: Choose from middle of Table 11-1.02 1  0.5 = 0. We apologize for the inconvenience.63  5   13.02   4. 608. Eq.072 Table 11-1: 0.75    1/1. V  1. try 95 mm bore with C 10 = 108 kN. R  0.63 Since this is where we started. we will converge back to the same bearing.

1 lbf.6 kN.483  0.globalspec.12   861. (11-9): Fe  0.63  3  10. LD  15 kh.2 From Prob. this converges back to the same bearing.5    881 lbf   15000 1200  60  L xD  D   1080 LR 106 1/3   1080 Eq. a f  1. (11-7):   xD C10  a f FD   1/ b  x0    x0 1  RD   1/ a 1/3   100 C10  110.8 kips Ans.02   4.56 1.048 to obtain X 2 = 0.02  4. A general engineering components search site such as www.459  0. R Cy = 183.24  e  0.439 1  0.com might be useful as a starting point.4 83.26 Fa 3   0. The 90 mm bore meets the requirements.Eq.95    12800 lbf  12.048 0. 1/2 2 RC  FD  183. ______________________________________________________________________________ Chapter 11.95.5 lbf.56 and Y 2 = 1.9    1/1.2  9   1. try 90 mm bore with C 10 = 95. R  0.4 kN  Fr 11.2  881   1/1. Iterate the previous process: F a / C 0 = 3 / 62 = 0.9  87.9 kN F e > F r .278  e VFr 1.9 From Table 11-2.9 kN From Table 11-2. ______________________________________________________________________________ C10  11-27 (a) nD  1200 rev/min. Ans. Try this bearing.0 kN. C 0 = 62. R Cz = –861. Eq. (11-7): C10  1.56 1. so use F e as the design load.99    83.7 kN 10. Page 12/28 .79 Table 11-1: Eq.02 1  0.2  9   1.2  9  Interpolate Table 11-1 with F a / C 0 = 0. (11-9): Fe  0. (b) Results will vary depending on the specific bearing manufacturer selected. 3-72.483  0.79  3  11.

84 kips Ans. 2 1/ 2 RC  FD  8. a f  1. a f  1.2 13.95    4837 lbf  4. 1/ 2 2 RC  FD   259.830    13. R  0. 3-73.7 kN   12 000  900  60  L xD  D   648 LR 106 1/3   648 Eq. 3-73.02  4.439 1  0.319 kN. (11-7): C10  1. R Cy = 8.483  0.830 kN. R Oz = 259. R Oy = –208. ______________________________________________________________________________ Chapter 11.483  0.439 1  0.32   208.95.98   (b) Results will vary depending on the specific bearing manufacturer selected. (11-7): C10  1. A general engineering components search site such as www.98. ______________________________________________________________________________ 11-30 (a) nD  900 rev/min. 1/1. LD  12 kh.com might be useful as a starting point.2  5.  RC  FD  50832  4942 xD   1/2  5106 N  5. a f  1.globalspec.com might be useful as a starting point.98. R Cz = –10. LD  12 kh.globalspec.1 kN Ans. LD  15 kh.483  0.319 2   10. A general engineering components search site such as www.439 1  0. 1/1. 3-72.11-28 (a) nD  1200 rev/min.2 From Prob.7     204 kN Ans.2  333   1/1. ______________________________________________________________________________ 11-29 (a) nD  900 rev/min. Page 13/28 .98   (b) Results will vary depending on the specific bearing manufacturer selected.5    333 lbf   15000 1200  60  L xD  D   1080 106 LR 1/3   1080 Eq.2 From Prob.globalspec. A general engineering components search site such as www. (b) Results will vary depending on the specific bearing manufacturer selected.3 lbf. R  0.1 kN LD 12 000  900  60    648 LR 106 1/3   648 Eq.1    76. R Oy = 5083 N.02  4. R  0.5 lbf.02  4.com might be useful as a starting point. (11-7): C10  1.2 From Prob. R Oz = 494 N.

a 40 mm bore angular contact bearing is sufficient with a rating of Chapter 11.5  0.25 F cos 20  0 5.96 FD  1.24     z z z  F  RO  Pz  RA  F cos 20  0 RAz  482 lbf.5RAz  14.02  ln 1/ 0.25  318 0. Page 14/28 .940   0 ROz  40.9 lbf F y  ROy  Py  RAy  F sin 20  0 ROy  280  5.483   0.24 lbf M Oy  5. Reliability Goal: 0.02   4.75  224   11.9    166      171 lbf So the reaction at A governs.342   0 ROy  166 lbf 1/2 2 2 RO   40.96     6431 lbf  28.5 RAz  14.6 kN From Table 11-2.5RAy  14.11-31 Assume concentrated forces as shown.75 Pz  11.75Py  11.2  482   578 lbf xD  35 000  350  60  / 106  735 1/3   735   C10  578  1/1.25  318 0.  482 lbf ROz  224  482  318  0.5 F cos 20  0 448 F  318 lbf 1.342   0 RAy  5.940  M Oz  5.25F sin 20  0 5.940   0 1/2 2 2 RA   482    5.92  0.24  318  0.459  0.5RAy  14.75  280   11. Pz  8  28   224 lbf Py  8  35  280 lbf T  224  2   448 lbf  in T x  448  1.

95  0.02   4.98  0. (11-6): 1/1.02  ln 1/ 0. At B: 3/10 Eq. Ans.2 1646   1/1.9899 Chapter 11. (11-6):   1008   C10  1.4 kN From Table 11-2. select an 02-55 mm angular-contact ball bearing with a basic load rating of 46. use 0. xD  40 000  420  60  106  1008 The resultant of the given forces are R O = [(–387)2 + 4672]1/2 = 607 lbf R B = [3162 + (–1615)2]1/2 = 1646 lbf At O: 1/3   1008   C10  1. Page 15/28 .483   0.459  0. Ans.02  ln 1/ 0.02   4. Ans.2 kN.2  607   Eq.9 kN.95.483   0. select an 02-75 mm or 03-55 mm cylindrical roller.975     20827 lbf  92.975 for the individual bearings.459  0. ______________________________________________________________________________ 11-33 The reliability of the individual bearings is R  0.31. ______________________________________________________________________________ 11-32 For a combined reliability goal of 0.7 kN From Table 11-3.975     9978 lbf  44.

4 N y O z  174.2 N z O y  252.6 N P 1 + P 2 = 357.483   0.196   1/1.7 kN From Table 11-2. We can use the same bearing at both locations.From statics.6) = 46.89 kN.9899     5.6  ROz  0  ROz  107 N RO   163.4  320  252.4   196 N 2  107 2  195 N 2 The radial loads are nearly the same at O and E.6 N  FAz M F M F  850REy  300(252. Page 16/28 .6  89.2 N FAy  357.02  4.439 ln 1/ 0.15 P 1 )125 P 1 = 310.15 (310.4 N  850REz  700(320)  300(252. (11-6):   5400   C10  1 0. select an 02-12 mm deep-groove ball bearing with a basic load rating of 6.2    174. Ans.4  2 RE   89.6)  0  REy  89.2  ROy  0  ROy  163.6 N.1)  30(210)  42 RCy  0 Chapter 11.6)  0  REz  174.980 T  12(240 cos 20 )  2706 lbf  in F 2706  498 lbf 6 cos 25 In xy-plane: M Oz  16(82.96  0. ______________________________________________________________________________ 11-34 R  0.2 sin 45  252. T = (270  50) = (P 1  P 2 )125 = (P 1  0. P 2 = 0. xD  60 000 1500  60  106  5400 1/3 Eq.

______________________________________________________________________________ 11-35 Shafts subjected to thrust can be constrained by bearings. Bearing B is thus likely to be oversized and may not contribute measurably to the chance of failure. Page 17/28 .2  297   1/1.12  112 RC xD  2  236 2   1/ 2  112 lbf Ans. The shaft floats within the endplay of the second (roller) bearing. the bearing absorbing the thrust (bearing A) is heavily loaded compared to bearing B. 50000  300  60  106  900 1/3  C10 O   900    1. Chapter 11. If this is the case.483   0.1  210  181  111.1 lbf In xz-plane: M Oy  16(226)  30(451)  42 RCz  0 RCz  236 lbf ROz  226  451  236  11 lbf   181 RO  111. we may be able to obtain the desired combined reliability with bearing A having a reliability near 0.2 112   1/1. To determine if this is the case.483   0.02  4. Bearing B (straight roller bearing) 30000  500  60  xD   900 106  Fr  36 2  67 2  1/ 2  76.02  4.99 .980     4932 lbf  21. Bearing at C: Choose a deep-groove 02-35 mm.439 ln 1/ 0. one of which supports the thrust. Ans.1 lbf  0. 1/ 2  297 lbf Ans.339 kN Try a reliability of 1 to see if it is readily obtainable with the available bearings.99 and bearing B having a reliability near 1. This would allow for bearing A to have a lower capacity than if it needed to achieve a reliability of 0.980     1860 lbf  8. we will start with bearing B.RCy  181 lbf ROy  82. Ans.9 kN Bearing at O: Choose a deep-groove 02-17 mm.28 kN 1/3  C10 C   900    1. Since the thrust force here is larger than any radial load.439 ln 1/ 0.

54 kN  90.30   1/1. (11-9): Fe  0.88  2.47 kN Trial #1: Tentatively select an 02-85 mm angular-contact with C 10 = 90.439  ln 1/ 0.99     102 kN < 106 kN O.18 kN 1/3 Eq.0336 C0 73.0     10.K. X 2 = 0.4 kN and C 0 = 63.339   1/1.02  4.2  5. Therefore. Y 2 = 1. Y 2 = 1. we select the 02-25 mm straight cylindrical roller bearing.483   0.18   1/1.99. (11-6):   900   C10  1.2  0.8 kN.47   0.0 30000  500  60  xD   900 106 Table 11-1: Interpolating. Fa 2. we can achieve the combined reliability goal of 0.30 kN 1/3   900   C10  1.99 if bearing A has a reliability of 0.56  0.483   0. X 2 = 0.93  2.99     99.0392 C0 63.47   0.483   0.957   1.3/10 Eq.56. Bearing at A (angular-contact ball) With a reliability of 1 for bearing B.957 kN Fa  555 lbf  2.439 ln 1/ 0.56  0.957   1.5 kN.4 kN Trial #2: Tentatively select a 02-90 mm angular-contact ball with C 10 = 106 kN and C 0 = 73. Fa 2. Chapter 11.2  5.5 Table 11-1: Interpolating.02  4. Ans.  Fr  36 2  2122  1/ 2  215 lbf  0. (11-6):   900   C10  1.439  ln 1/1.02  4.88 Eq.47   5.1 kN The smallest capacity bearing from Table 11-3 has a rated capacity of 16. Page 18/28 .93 Fe  0.0 kN.56.47   5.

B is to the right of A. Ans. Eliminating θ. Page 19/28 .  xA ln 1/ RA   1/1. x 0 = 0 and points A and B are related by [see Eq. (20-25)]: x A   ln 1/ 0.90   1/ b (1) xB   ln 1/ 0. (1). 115  2000  60  106  13.90 line.20  / ln 1/ 0.65 Ans.90   ln  600 /115  1.8 This establishes point 1 on the R = 0. In this case.20 locus is above and parallel to the R = 0.  x 1  For F = 18 kN. The R = 0. In Fig. Solving for θ in Eq.Select an 02-90 mm angular-contact ball bearing. 11-5. For the two-parameter Weibull distribution. we will use line AB. ______________________________________________________________________________ 11-36 We have some data. b ln ln 1/ 0. Let’s estimate parameters b and θ from it.20   1/ b and x B /x A is in the same ratio as 600/115.65  3.91 Ans.90   1/1. Chapter 11.90 locus.65  1 ln 1/ 0.

175 kN  1/ 2  10752  1186 lbf  5. 10.2  5. for point 2 on the R = 0.   x 1.080 26   0.20 line.217   log 1  log  xm 2  log 13.28     0. log  5.3  97.217 1. Chapter 11.65  R  exp       0.28 kN Thus the bearing at B controls. xD  10 000 1200  60  106  720 0.91   Check R at point B: x B = (600/115) = 5. Shaft a    502 FAr  2392  1112 FBr 2  1/ 2  264 lbf  1. Here is one.439  ln 1/ 0. Shaft b    393 FCr  874 2  2274 2 FDr 2  657 2   1/ 2 1/ 2  2436 lbf  766 lbf or or Ans.41 kN The bearing at C controls.8   xm 2  72 ______________________________________________________________________________ 11-37 This problem is rich in useful variations.9983  1/1.9983.2 kN Select either an 02-80 mm with C 10 = 106 kN or an 03-55 mm with C 10 = 102 kN.080 26 0.99)1/6 = 0.02  4.84 kN 3.483  720  C10  1. Page 20/28 .Therefore.217   5. for the data at hand.65  R  exp        3. Decision: Make straight roller bearings identical on a given shaft.20   3.91   Note also. Use a reliability goal of (0.

84     0.3  95.3  123 kN Select either an 02-90 mm with C 10 = 142 kN or an 03-60 mm with C 10 = 123 kN.39 kN The bearing at E controls.365 109 3 At a load of 18 kN.365 10 L1  a   1. Page 21/28 . xD  10 000  80  60  106  48  48  C10  1. C 10 = 20.     K   20.434 106 rev 3 18 F1 For a load of 30 kN. Shaft c    417 FEr  11132  23852 FFr  8952 2  1/ 2  1/ 2  2632 lbf  987 lbf or or Ans. ______________________________________________________________________________ 11-38 Express Eq.3 kN.71 kN 4. Eq. life L 1 is given by:   9 K 8.365 109 6 3 In this case. 11.310 10 rev   30 8.71    0.080 26  0. a = 3 and for an 02-30 mm angular contact bearing.080 26  0. (11-1) as F1a L1  C10a L10  K For a ball bearing.2 10.xD  10 000  240  60  106  144  144  C10  1. Ans.7 kN Select an 02-80 mm with C 10 = 106 kN or an 03-60 mm with C 10 = 123 kN. (6-57) – the Palmgren-Miner cycle-ratio summation rule – can be expressed as Chapter 11.3 106  8. life L 2 is: L2       0.2 11.

310 10   451 585 rev 1 6 6 Ans.310(106) rev.58 cycles 20 000 rev/cycle Ans.40 / 1.60 / 0. 11-38. l2 200 000  1 6 1. Page 22/28 .l1 l2  1 L1 L2 Substituting.310 106 l2      0.434 10 0. 6 ______________________________________________________________________________ 11-39 Total life in revolutions Let: l = total turns f 1 = fraction of turns at F 1 f 2 = fraction of turns at F 2 From the solution of Prob.434 10   0. Chapter 11.434(106) rev and L 2 = 0.267 10  rev Ans. Total life in loading cycles 4 min at 2000 rev/min = 8000 rev/cycle 6 min at 2000 rev/min = 12 000 rev/cycle Total rev/cycle = 8000 + 12 000 = 20 000 451 585 rev  22. L 1 = 1. Palmgren-Miner rule: l1 l2 fl f l   1  2 1 L1 L2 L1 L2 from which l 1 f1 / L1  f 2 / L2 l 0.

5 lbf   343.9 lbf KB 1.47 1095 Eq.5 FiA  FiA  ?   FiB  Fae  175.4 FrA  K A  FiB  Fae  FeA  0. From Eq.949 1/1.5    3/10  3607 lbf Ans.5  263.90  0. we re-evaluate the induced load from bearing B using the actual value for K.47  560    175.48 1  0. which still applies. with 0. cup 32305.47 FrA 0.95.1 lbf KB 1.47 1095  FiB    343.4 1095    4. (11-15): FiB    263. Select cone 32305. We will size bearing B first since its induced load will affect bearing A.76 h Ans. Eq.95 Find the equivalent radial load for bearing A from Eq. (11-16b). (11-15): Eq. so Eq. Ans. (11-16) applies. F eB = F rB = 1095 lbf.4  560   1. (11-16).67 LR 90 106   R  0.58 cycles  10    3. With bearing B selected. 0.1  200   543.  cycle   60 min/h  ______________________________________________________________________________ FrA  560 lbf FrB  1095 lbf Fae  200 lbf 11-40 xD  LD 40 000  400  60    10. and rated at 3910 lbf with K = 1.1 lbf. (11-16)].67  FRB  1. (11-16a): FeA  0. but is not itself affected by the induced load from bearing A [see Eq. Eq.47 FrB 0. (11-15): 0.Total life in hours  min   22.5 0. (11-7):   10.949 Eq. Page 23/28 .9843 in bore.47 FrB 0.5 lbf KA 1.9  200   920 lbf Chapter 11.

______________________________________________________________________________ 11-41 The thrust load on shaft CD is from the axial component of the force transmitted through the bevel gear. direct mounted bearings would allow bearing C to carry the thrust load. and rated at 3250 lbf with K = 1.949 1/1.5 114  362. F Cz = 500. 608 are applicable. F Dx = 194. Thus. cup M86610. Iterating with the new value for K.07.8 lbf. and is directed toward bearing C. so use FeC Assume for tapered roller bearings that the specifications for Manufacturer 1 on p. FiC  ?  FiD  Fae 181 lbf  114  362. From the solution to Prob.12  363 lbf The induced loads are 0. so Eq.67  FRA  1.22  500.1 lbf.4 FrC  KC  FiD  Fae   0. (11-7):   10. with 1 in bore.47  363   114 lbf Eq. respectively. for labels A and B in the equations.8   946 lbf  FrC . Ans. and F Dz = 307. Ans.(11-16) applies Eq. (11-17).48 1  0.4 lbf. the axial thrust load is F ae = 362.5    3/10  3030 lbf Tentatively select cone M86643. (11-15): FiD  KD 1. the rated load decreased significantly.FeA  FrA Eq. By using a bearing with a lower K.9 2  577 lbf FrD  194.47  577    181 lbf Eq. providing a higher than requested reliability. By observation of Fig.4  920    4. (11-16) or Eq. where bearings C and D are substituted. Further examination with different combinations of bearing choices could yield additional acceptable solutions. (11-16a): FeC  0. and the bearing radial forces are F Cx = 287. 3-74.2 lbf.8 lbf. the radial forces are FrC  287. we get F eA = 702 lbf and F rA = 2312 lbf.4  577   1.5 Check the condition on whether to apply Eq.9 lbf.8  476. (11-15): FiC  1.5 KC 0. 11-14.47 FrC 0.47 FrD 0. Page 24/28 . Chapter 11.4 2  307.

Thus. which must be supported by bearing B.949   1. From the solution to Prob. (11-16b): FeD  FrD  363 lbf 3/10  1130 lbf Ans.4 FrB  K B  FiA  Fae   0.47  758  Eq.4  758  1. (11-7): FRC  1 946   1/1.7 lbf.6 lbf. FiA  ?  FiB  Fae 515 lbf  238  92. indirect mounted bearings would allow bearing A to carry the thrust load.4 lbf. (11-16) or Eq. (11-17a): FeB  0. so use FeB Assume for tapered roller bearings that the specifications for Manufacturer 1 on p.8 lbf.11   433 lbf Ans. the axial thrust load is F ae = 92. and is directed to the right. 3-76.7 2  758 lbf The induced loads are 0. so Eq.5  4. By observation of Fig.48 1  0.5 KB Check the condition on whether to apply Eq.949     ______________________________________________________________________________ 11-42 The thrust load on shaft AB is from the axial component of the force transmitted through the bevel gear. 3/10   1.4 2  1513.xD  LD 108   1. Chapter 11.5  515  92. Eq.47 FrB 0.7 2  1643 lbf FrB  276. F By = 276. and the bearing radial forces are F Ay = 639. 608 are applicable. Eq.90  0. 11-14.7 lbf.949     Eq.62  705. (11-17).8 lbf. (11-15): FiA    515 lbf KA 1.48 1  0. (11-7): FRD  1 363  1/1.(11-17) applies Notice that the induced load from bearing A is sufficiently large to cause a net axial force to the left.11 LR 90 106  R  0.47 FrA 0.47 1643 Eq. the radial forces are FrA  639.11  Eq. (11-15): FiB    238 lbf 1. Ans.5  4. F Az = 1513. Page 25/28 .8  330.5 0.8  937 lbf  FrB . and F Bz = 705.

76  5   23.47 12  Eq.(11-16) applies Eq. 608 are applicable.949   5.56  Eq.47  25    7. Eq.48 1  0.83 kN KA 1.5 0. so use FrA  60 min   8 hr   5 day   52 weeks  LD   250 rev/min      5 yrs    yr  hr   day   week       156 106 rev Assume for tapered roller bearings that the specifications for Manufacturer 1 on p.2  25    90 106 3/10  35.5 Check the condition on whether to apply Eq.5    Eq. 3/10   5. (11-17) Eq. Eq.48 1  0.4 FrA  K A  FiB  Fae   0.4 kN Ans.949 1/1.76  5  8.76 kN.47 FrB 0. (11-16a): FeA  0. Eq. (11-16) or Eq. Page 26/28 .1 kN  FrA.47 FrA 0.6 LD 500 10  xD    5.56   3180 lbf Ans. (11-15): FiA  FiA  ?  FiB  Fae 7. (11-16b): FeA  FrA  1643 lbf 3/10  1810 lbf Ans. (11-7): FRA  11643   4.5    ______________________________________________________________________________ 11-43 The lower bearing is compressed by the axial load. (11-3): L  FRA  a f FD  D   LR  3/10       156 106  1. so it is designated as bearing A.5  3. (11-16b): FeB  FrB  12 kN Chapter 11. FrA  25 kN FrB  12 kN Fae  5 kN 0.4  25   1.90  0. so Eq.83 kN  3. (11-15): FiB    3.76 kN KB 1.949 1/1.56 LR 90 106  R  0. (11-7): FRB  1 937    4.

0. (11-15): Eq. (11-17).47  625  FiB    196 lbf KB 1.0 kN Ans. (11-16)].47  875    274 lbf 1. Obtain the induced loads. (11-3): L  FRB  a f FD  D   LR  3/10  90 000 150  60     1 625   90 106   3/10   FRB  1208 lbf Select cone 07100. From Eq. With bearing B selected. (11-16) or Eq. Eq.5 for each bearing for the first iteration. (11-3): 11-44 The left bearing is compressed by the axial load.47 FrB 0.47 FrB 0. F eB = F rB = 625 lbf. cup 07196.5 FiA  Check the condition on whether to apply Eq. (11-16). Page 27/28 . (11-16b). (11-15): 0. so Eq.2 12    17. with 1 in bore. and rated at 1570 lbf with K = 1. Chapter 11.  90  ______________________________________________________________________________ Eq.(11-16) applies We will size bearing B first since its induced load will affect bearing A. Ans.47  625  Eq.3/10 156  FRB  1. FiA  ?  FiB  Fae 274 lbf  196  250 lbf.45. we re-evaluate the induced load from bearing B using the actual value for K.5 KA 0. (11-15): FiB    203 lbf KB 1. so it is properly designated as bearing A. Eq.47 FrA 0.45 Find the equivalent radial load for bearing A from Eq. but it is not affected by the induced load from bearing A [see Eq. FrA  875 lbf FrB  625 lbf Fae  250 lbf Assume K = 1. which still applies.

69.5  203  250   1030 lbf FeA  FrA Eq.Eq. Ans.4 FrA  K A  FiB  Fae   0. The selected bearing is still adequate.4  875  1. Page 28/28 . cup 15520. Select cone 15590. Iterating with the new value for K. (11-3): L  FRA  a f FD  D   LR  3/10  90 000 150  60     11030   90 106   3/10   FRA  1990 lbf Any of the bearings with 1-1/8 in bore are more than adequate. (11-16a): FeA  0. rated at 2480 lbf with K = 1. we get F eA = 1120 lbf and F rA = 2160 lbf. ______________________________________________________________________________ Chapter 11.