# Chapter 12

12-1

Given: d max = 25 mm, b min = 25.03 mm, l/d = 1/2, W = 1.2 kN,  = 55 mPas, and N =
1100 rev/min.
b  d max 25.03  25

 0.015 mm
cmin  min
2
2
r  25/2 = 12.5 mm
r/c = 12.5/0.015 = 833.3
N = 1100/60 = 18.33 rev/s
P = W/ (ld) = 1200/ [12.5(25)] = 3.84 N/mm2 = 3.84 MPa

Fig. 12-16:
Fig. 12-18:

ra
ft

Eq. (12-7):

2
 55 103 18.33 
 r  N
2
  0.182
 833.3 
S  
6
c P
 3.84 10  

h 0 /c = 0.3

h 0 = 0.3(0.015) = 0.0045 mm

f r/c = 5.4

f = 5.4/833.3 = 0.006 48

Ans.

T =f Wr = 0.006 48(1200)12.5(103) = 0.0972 Nm

D

H loss = 2 TN = 2 (0.0972)18.33 = 11.2 W

Fig. 12-19:

Q/(rcNl) = 5.1 

Ans.

Q = 5.1(12.5)0.015(18.33)12.5 = 219 mm3/s

Fig. 12-20:
Q s /Q = 0.81 
Q s = 0.81(219) = 177 mm3/s
Ans.
______________________________________________________________________________
12-2

Given: d max = 32 mm, b min = 32.05 mm, l = 64 mm, W = 1.75 kN,  = 55 mPas, and N =
900 rev/min.
b  d max 32.05  32

 0.025 mm
cmin  min
2
2
r  32/2 = 16 mm
r/c = 16/0.025 = 640
N = 900/60 = 15 rev/s

Chapter 12, Page 1/26

P = W/ (ld) = 1750/ [32(64)] = 0.854 MPa
l/d = 64/32 = 2
2
 55 103 15 
 r  N
2
  0.797
S  
 640 
c P
 0.854 

Eq. (12-7):

Eq. (12-16), Figs. 12-16, 12-19, and 12-21

l/d

y 

y 1

y 1/2

y 1/4

y l/d

h 0 /c

2

0.98

0.83

0.61

0.36

0.92

P/p max
Q/rcNl

2
2

0.84
3.1

0.54
3.45

0.45
4.2

0.31
5.08

0.65
3.20

h 0 = 0.92 c = 0.92(0.025) = 0.023 mm

Ans.
Ans.

ra
ft

p max = P / 0.065 = 0.854/0.65 = 1.31 MPa

Ans.
Q = 3.20 rcNl = 3.20(16)0.025(15)64 = 1.23 (103) mm3/s
______________________________________________________________________________
Given: d max = 3.000 in, b min = 3.005 in, l = 1.5 in, W = 800 lbf, N = 600 rev/min, and
SAE 10 and SAE 40 at 150F.
b  d max
3.005  3.000
cmin  min

 0.0025 in
2
2
r  3.000 / 2  1.500 in
l / d  1.5 / 3  0.5
r / c  1.5 / 0.0025  600
N  600 / 60  10 rev/s
W
800
P

 177.78 psi
ld 1.5(3)

D

12-3

Fig. 12-12: SAE 10 at 150F, µ  1.75 µreyn
2

6
 r  N
2 1.75(10 )(10) 
S  
 600 
  0.0354
c P
 177.78

Figs. 12-16 and 12-21: h 0 /c = 0.11 and P/p max = 0.21
h0  0.11(0.0025)  0.000 275 in Ans.
pmax  177.78 / 0.21  847 psi Ans.
Fig. 12-12: SAE 40 at 150F, µ  4.5 µreyn

Chapter 12, Page 2/26

Page 3/26 .91 0.923 0.923 r / c  1. 12-14: SAE 20W at 150F. 4.05 psi ld 3(3.003 2 2 r  3.256 in. and N = 1000 rev/min.  = 4.19(0. pmax  177.48 0.5  S  0.923 0.0025)  0.250  0.75  h0 / c  0.2 0.22 0. 0.250 cmin  min   0.85 0.43 D 12-4 P/p max ho  0.38 0.25 in. 12-14: SAE 20W-40 at 150F.43 Ans.6 0.1701 82.85(10 )(16. b min = 3.003  542 N  1000 / 60  16.83 0.4(10 6 )(16.45 0.67)  0.78 / 0.256  3.46 0. P / pmax  0.275 h0  0.625 in l / d  3 / 3. b  d max 3.67 rev/s W 800 P   82. and Figs.35 0. (12-16). W = 800 lbf.000 475 in Ans.250 / 2  1.05 From Eq.46 Chapter 12.58 P/p max 0. and Figs.263 82.923 0.19.15 0.0354    0.05 pmax    191 psi Ans.003)  0.46(0.923 0. (12-16). ______________________________________________________________________________ ra ft Given: d max = 3.275  646 psi Ans.25) Fig.250 in.32 0.43 0.  = 2.48 0. l = 3.625 / 0. Fig.85  reyn 2 6  r  N 2  2.28 0.24 0.46c  0.0910  1. 12-16 and 12-21:    h o /c l/d y   y 1  y 1/2  y 1/4  y l/d 0.05 c P   From Eq.001 38 in P 82. 12-16 and 12-21:    l/d y   y 1  y 1/2  y 1/4  y l/d h o /c 0.67)  S    542    0.83 0.4  reyn S  5422 4.

23(0. 12-16.3rcNl  5. b min = 2.0024 in.33 rev/s W 600   300 psi P  ld 2(1) ra ft 12-5 Fig. µ  3. Page 4/26 . W = 1.8 f   0.h0  0.3 h0  0.000 276 in Ans.0012 in cmin  min 2 2 d 2 r    1 in. and SAE 20 at 130F.25 kN.75(10 )(13.33)  778(12) 778(12)  0.0848 in 3 / s Ans.004 56 833 The power loss due to friction is 2 f WrN 2 (0.0012)(13. Q  5. l = 1 in.46 ______________________________________________________________________________ Given: d max = 2.46 0.58c  0.0012)  0.58(0. 8205 82.  = 50 mPas.115 300 c P   From Figs.0012  833 N  800 / 60  13. 12-18 and 12-19: D h0 / c  0. Q / (rcNl )  5.0024  2 b  d max   0.33)(1)  0. l / d  1 / 2  0.0245 Btu/s Ans.001 74 in Ans. b min = 25. ______________________________________________________________________________ H  12-6 Given: d max = 25 mm.04 mm. l/d = 1.003)  0.05 pmax    178 psi Ans.000 in. N = 800 rev/min. and N = 1200 rev/min.23.004 56)(600)(1)(13. r f / c  3. 3. 12-12: SAE 20 at 130F. 2.75 µreyn 2 6  r  N 2  3.3(1)(0. W = 600 lbf.50 2 2 r / c  1 / 0.8. Chapter 12.3)   833  S     0. 0.

12-18. f r / c  4.52.25 cmin  min   0.5(10 6 )(18.25  1. b  d max 1.5  reyn.  = 8.0072(1. and N = 1120 rev/min. and Figs.5 / 0.1125 N · m The power loss due to friction is H = 2πT N = 2π (0.001  625 N  1120 / 60  18.252 in.195 6 c P  2(10 )  From Figs.1125)(20) = 14.04  25   0.02  625 N  1200 / 60  20 rev/s W 1250 P    2 MPa ld 252 cmin  2  50(10 3 )(20)   r  N S    6252    0. 12-16. l = 2 in.001 in 2 2 r  d / 2  1.57Q The side flow is 57% of Q Ans.6 From Eq.5)  0. ra ft h0 / c  0. b min = 1.0072 625 T  f Wr  0. 4.252  1. (12-16).25)(12.57 h0  0.625 / 0.67 rev/s W 620 P    248 psi ld 1.25 in.5. 12-18 and 12-20: For µ = 50 MPa · s.02 mm 2 2 r  d / 2  25 / 2  12. l / d  1 r / c  12. 12-16.02)  0.5 f   0. Page 5/26 . and 12-19 Chapter 12.0104 mm Ans.25 / 2  0.625 in r / c  0. Q s = 0.67)   r  N S    6252    0.52(0. W = 620 lbf.5 mm.250 248 c P   l / d  2 / 1.25(2) D 12-7 2  8.14 W Ans. ______________________________________________________________________________ Given: d max = 1. Qs / Q  0.bmin  d max 25.

00 mm.35 MPa Ans.0068 T  f Wr  0.36 6.29. 12-13: SAE 40 at 60C.169 6 c P  0.92/(r/c) = 4.5 / 0. bmin  d max 75. µ = 37 MPa · s Chapter 12.69(0.69 4.5 MPa · s D 12-8 2 18.315 h0  0.5 mm r / c  37.6 1.185 8 5.001) =0.92 3. f  5.58 5.48  0. Ans.3 3. P / pmax  0.57) 2 = 0.625) 0.69 c = 0.6 1. l = 36 mm. b min = 75.9 4.51)(12) = 38.001(18. 12-18 and 12-21: h0 / c  0.741(10 )  From Figures 12-16.   l/d y   y 1  y 1/2  y 1/4  y l/d h 0 /c fr/c Q/rcNl 1.315 = 2.6(0.1.5)  0.5(10 3 )(12)   r  N S    7502    0.92/625 = 0. µ = 18. 12-13: SAE 20 at 60C. Q = 1.6 0. and SAE 20 and SAE 40 at 60C.007 87 Ans.6 0. N = 720 rev/min.5 3 0. f = 4.000 69 in Ans. W = 2 kN.741 MPa ld 75(36) ra ft cmin  Fig.1 / 750  0.51 N · m The heat loss rate equals the rate of work on the film H loss = 2πT N = 2π(0.0833 in3/s ______________________________________________________________________________ Given: d max = 75.6 rcNl = 1. Ans.97 0.98 0.0145 mm Ans.0068(2)(37.5 (close enough) r  d / 2  75 / 2  37.5 4.05 mm 2 2 l / d  36 / 75  0.05  750 N  720 / 60  12 rev/s W 2000 P    0.05)  0.10  75   0. Page 6/26 .29(0.10 mm.59 h 0 = 0. Fig. f r / c  5.5 W p max = 0.741/0.

85 rcNl  4.0113(2)(37.S = 0.5 / 1000  0. Qs / Q  0. f  8.025)(15)(28)  1426 mm3 /s Qs  0.00 mm.42.51 N · m H  2 TN  2 (0. b min = 56.05  56   0.51)(15)  48. l = 28 mm. Page 7/26 . and SAE 40 at 65C.38 h0  0. 12-13: SAE 40 at 65C.025 mm cmin  min 2 2 r  d / 2  56 / 2  28 mm r / c  28 / 0.85)(12)  64 W Ans.05 mm. b0tb maximum W: d t0d .011 mm Ans.169(37)/18. b  d max 56. N = 900 rev/min.025)  0.007 59(2. µ = 30 MPa · s 2  30(10 3 )(15)   r  N S    11202    0. _____________________________________________________________________________ 12-10 Consider the bearings as specified by minimum f : d t0d .85(28)(0.5 / 750  0.4 kN.44.338 From Figures 12-16. 12-18 and 12-21: h0 / c  0.5. P / pmax  0.5. W = 2.38  1.42(0.85 N · m H loss  2 TN  2 (0.007 59 T  f Wr  0.741 / 0.71(1426)  1012 mm3 /s Ans.44(0.05)  0. _____________________________________________________________________________ Given: d max = 56.5 = 0. f r / c  8.95 MPa Ans.0113 T  f Wr  0.1 W Ans.369 6 c P  1. N  900 / 60  15 rev/s 2400  1. b0tb Chapter 12. 12-19 and 12-20: h0 / c  0.5. f r / c  8.53 MPa P  28(56) ra ft 12-9 D Fig. pmax  0.53(10 )  From Figures 12-16.021 mm Ans.025  1120 l / d  28 / 56  0.5)  0. Q  4.71. 12-18. Q / (rcNl )  4. f  8.85 h0  0.4)(28)  0.

625 / 658  0. 12-16: minimum f : maximum W: S  0.38(106)(60/448) = 0.and differing only in d and d .000 950  0.625 / 1040  0. (12-7): S µN / P ra ft r  c For minimum f : r 0.185(10 6 ) c  0. For maximum W: r 0.185(10 6 ) c c  0.38(106) reyn µN/P = 1.001 in b  d = 2(0. The median clearance is c  cmin  t d  tb t  tb  0.000 600  0.08 S  0. Page 8/26 .08   658 0.002 in D If this is c min .20 Fig.2   1040 c 0. 12-12: µ = 1.0005 in If this is c min Chapter 12.185(106) Eq.252 )  448 psi N  3600 / 60  60 rev/s Fig.001  d 2 2 and the clearance range for this bearing is t  tb c  d 2 which is a function only of the tolerances.001) = 0. Preliminaries: l /d 1 P  W / (ld )  700 / (1.

N = 10 rev/s. 12-24. l/d = 1.0005  d 2 2 t  tb c  d 2 The difference (mean) in clearance between the two clearance ranges. is t d  tb  t  tb    0.5 in r / c  1.003  3 b  d max cmin  min   0.002 in d = b  0.0015 in 2 2 r  d / 2  3 / 2  1. µ = 3.001  For the minimum f bearing b  d = 0.002)  0.002 in or d = b  0. d = 3.0015  1000 675 W P    75 psi 3(3) ld Trial #1: From Figure 12-12 for T = 160°F. Ans.001 in. T  2(160  140)  40F 2  3. Page 9/26 . T s = 140F.0005)  0. Chapter 12. b = 3. the clearance range provides for bearing dimensions which are attainable in manufacturing.001 in ra ft For the maximum W bearing For the same b.4667 75 c P   From Fig. we need to change the journal diameter by 0. Thus.0005  d  2 2    0.5 µ reyn. defines d of the maximum load bearing. 3. W = 675 lbf. t b and t d .001 in D Increasing d of the minimum friction bearing by 0.001 in t  tb t  tb c  cmin  d  0.5 / 0. c range .001 in. _____________________________________________________________________________ 12-11 Given: SAE 40.003 in.5(10 6 )(10)   r  N S    10002    0.b  d   2cmin  2(0.001  (b  0.000 in. d   d  b  0.0005 in crange  0.

349 109  6.70T  0.57  3.6 75   From Fig.349 109  6.7°F Trial #3: T = 154°F. 12-18.009 40(0.70 9. T  2(150  140)  20F  4.70 9.009 40(0.97 P P 75 T  3.009 40(0.16 P P 75 T  3.97  30.4 From Figures 12-16.4 = 15. 9.70 Discrepancy = 28  27.7F 9.4°F O. 12-24.9. ra ft 9. T1  Tav  T / 2  154  (28 / 2)  140F T2  Tav  T / 2  154  (28 / 2)  168F S  0.57  27.047 467(0.57 P P 75 T  3.6 = 0. to 12-20: Chapter 12.70 Discrepancy = 20  30.4667) 2  3.16  3.K.533 75   From Fig. D T  2(154  140)  28F  4 10 6 10  2 S  1000    0.6°F Trial #2: T = 150°F.5 10 6 10  2 S  1000    0.047 467(0. T av = 140 +28/2 = 154°F Ans.349 109  6. µ = 4 µ reyn.533)  0.70T  0.5 µ reyn.70T  0.70 Discrepancy = 40  24.16  24.047 467(0.70 9.6)  0.97  3.533)2  3. Page 10/26 .4F 9.6) 2  3. 12-24.4667)  0.6F 9. µ = 4.7 =  10.

002  192 0. let T f = 150°F Table 12-1: Eq. therefore try averaging for the new trial film temperature.0075(3)(40)  0.6rcN l  3.  0.0927 2    9.9F D T  T 17.001 13 in Ans.002 in.75(0.9  110   119. Q  3.243)  0.6/(150 + 95)] = 2.67 S     0. N = 1120 rev/min. and l = 2. W = 1200 lbf.0927   0.6.0  134.70   17.0136 exp[1271. b = 2.33 c c rcN l Q h0  0. N = 1120/60 = 18.441  reyn 6 2 2  r   N  2.5)0.  3. c min = 0.0F 2 2 T f  Tav  150  119.75.67 rev/s ra ft P = W/(ld) = 1200/(2.927  192  c  P  0.349 109  6.011 1000 T  f Wr  0. 3 Qs  0. 12-24:  = 0.6(1.0  31. let (T f ) new  150  119.075 Btu/s 778 12  778 12  Ans.5 10 2 f WrN H loss    0. For a trial film temperature. 11 f   0.504 in. Page 11/26 .243 in 3 /s Ans. _____________________________________________________________________________ 12-12 Given: d = 2.9 N · m 2  0.1 or less. T s = 110°F.047 467  0.33(0.009 40  0.0F Tav  Ts  which is not 0.0015)  0.5 / 2  2. SAE = 20.0802 in /s Ans. (12-7): Fig.5F 2 Proceed with additional trials using a spreadsheet (table also shows the first trial) Chapter 12.h0 fr Q Qs  0.011 675 1.5)2 = 192 psi.5 in.  11.0015(10)3  0.5 in.44110 18.

0 123.1551 0.5 119.3 124. f r (c) From Fig.485 in /s 60   Qs From Fig. Qs  0.Trial Tf ' S T T av T f T av New Tf 150.9 125.2 27.006 56 c Ans.5 127.7 0.482(0.002 /1. 12-21:  0. Ans. Ans.0927 0.0 123. Page 12/26 .1704 0.5)  0.545(106 ). µ  4.6(0.3 123.7 31.6.521 4.1317 0.0 13.45.466 4.7 27. f  4.9 125.5 127.2 2. pmax    427 psi pmax 0.6 25.485)  0.0 134. h0  0.002  0.000 964 = 0.3 124.002)  0.545 0.10. 12-19: 2 T N 2 (9.369 4.0 121.084 4.1726 17. Chapter 12.1659 0. 12-20:  0. (d) T = f Wr = 0.1 134.0 0.45 From Fig.8 2.4 26.45 0. W /  ld  1200 / 2.000 964 in c From Fig.3 122. 12-22:  pmax  16 Ans. 12-16: h0  0. 12-17:  = 56° Ans.16(1.482.1717 0.6 123.3 124.10(0.25) = 9.52 P (f) From Fig.1726 ra ft (a) From Fig.25)(0. Q  4.006 56(1200)(1.8 Note that the convergence begins rapidly.84)(1120 / 60)   0.7 123.002)   (2. D (b) e = c  h 0 = 0.3 124.8 123. 12-18:  4.84 lbf · in H  (e) From Fig.3 0.124 Btu/s 778(12) 778(12) Ans.25)  0.9 22.16 rcNl  1120  3 Q  4.441 3.2 5.291 in 3/s Q Ans. There are ways to speed this.001 04 in Ans.7 123. S  0.4 27.485 4. but at this point they would only add complexity.

2 132.5 = 137. SAE 10 lubricant.17 S     0. t d = 0. T f = 123.5°F from the trial table. P = W/(ld) = 250/1.1795 0. W = 250 lbf.9F T  T 22.1725   0. 12-22:  p0  82 Ans.0158 exp[1157.8°F Ans.1823 0.560 2.9  120   131.1836 0.25 in. b = 1.4  3.1 Chapter 12.001  Fig. l = 1.(g) From Fig.578 2.2 0.0 3.001 in.009 40  0. N = 1750/60 = 29.252 = 160 psi.003 in.521 2.1 or less. start with a trial film temperature of T f = 135°F  = 0.9 24.2 132. (i) With T = 27.6 23. c median = 0.1725 0.001 in. let 135  131. (h) From the trial table.1 2.5 132. c min = 0.0 132.6 0.252 in.9 23.0 24.001 in.0 131.6F D Tav  Ts  which is not 0.17 rev/s For the clearance. Page 13/26 .583 0.1 133.1 132.2 132.2 132.349 109  6.003 in.8 131.0 133.4 0.9 132.17252    9.5/(135 + 95)] = 2. (12-7): 6 2 2  r   N  1.5 132.5°F Ans. and c max = 0.2F 2 Proceed with additional trials using a spreadsheet (table also shows the first trial) (T f ) new  Trial Tf ' S T T av T f T av New Tf 135.6 1.4 131.4  133.1725  160  c  P  0. t b = 0. N = 1750 rev/min.423 10  29. 12-24: ra ft Table 12-1: 160  0. T s + T = 110 + 27. _____________________________________________________________________________ 12-13 Given: d = 1.002  0.25 / 2  2. For c min = 0.002 in.423  reyn Eq.70   22. Thus.1840 22.001 in.423 2. therefore try averaging for the new trial film temperature.4F 2 2 T f  Tav  135  131.047 467  0.250 in. sump temperature T s = 120°F. c = 0.

T max = T s + T = 120 + 24. the l/d ratio and the lubrication constant  were omitted.25.1 2.13.112 0.003 in 0.583 0.0059 4.0068 4.1840.0246 8.50 = 0.006 8 Fig.90 0.82 0.22 0.170 0.0941 0.003 in.7 0. 12-16: h 0 /c = 0.6 3.1 3. 12-18: r f /c = 4.1 0. Q = 4.0°F.With T f = 132.5 131.25/(0.1°F.55 0.25 0. and  = 1. The values to use are l/d = 1.625/0.000 50 in  = 1  h 0 /c = 1  0.58.00038  0.0941) = 0.50.001) = 0.001(29.25 = 0.2 0. 12-20: Q s /Q = 0.77 1. 12-19: Q/(rcNl) = 4.58(0.001) = 0.2 h 0 /c 144. Q s = 0.321 0.50 4.1 124. ra ft c min 0.0941 in3/s Fig.001 c median c max 0.002 in.0546 0. The results are shown below.00050 0.58 0. S = 0. and c max = 0.0546 in3/s The above can be repeated for c median = 0.05 in Fig.0 = 144.002 0. Chapter 12.88 1. T = 24.13 0.0 0. Page 14/26 . We apologize for any inconvenience this may have caused. This will be updated in the next printing.289 D  S  T max fr/c f Q/(rcNl) Q Q s /Q Qs _____________________________________________________________________________ 12-14 Computer programs will vary.8 0.  = 2. f = 4.23 128.184 24.0°F Fig.125 h0 0.625)0.0 125.17)1. _____________________________________________________________________________ 12-15 Note to the Instructor: In the first printing of the 9th edition.002 in in Tf 132.583  reyn.207 0.0058 4.0534 11.13(0. h 0 = 0.00069 0.50(0.

Page 15/26 .5625 T f  70  Start with trial values of T f of 220 and 240F.0136 exp[1271. find the average film temperature. l/d = 1.2 92. Trial T f 220 240  0.046 f r/c 1. N = 1120 rev/min. let H gen = mT f + b.3 c D H gen  H loss  2. Given: d max = 2.4 95. 12-5 address this problem.67 S     0.3 H loss 84.67 rev/s W 600   96 psi ld 2. • Given a sump temperature. which makes H gen and H loss equal. b  d max 2. Substituting the two sets of values of T f and H gen we find that H gen =  0. T f .7  60 / 144   CR A T f  T    T f  70  11  1  0.605 S 0. establish the bearing properties. then establish the bearing properties. Sec. Setting this equal to H loss and solving for T f gives T f = 237F.9 1.6 As a linear approximation.002   1050 c  c  1050 fr  54.6/(T f + 95)] Table 12-1: 2545 fr  f r  2545 WNc   600 18.25    10 18.002 in 2 2 N = 1120/60 = 18. Chapter 12.545 T f +223.67  0. W = 300 lbf. • Given the average film temperature. T  = 70F. 12-9 and Ex.504  2.770 0.504 in.0760   96 c P  0.002   = 0.7 H gen 103. The task is to iteratively find the average film temperature.52 ra ft P  6 2 2  r   N  1.500 in. SAE 20 lubricant. • Now we acknowledge the environmental temperature’s role in establishing the sump temperature.500 cmin  min   0.1. 600 lbf load with minimal clearance: We will start by using W = 600 lbf (n d = 2). b min = 2.059 0. and  = 1. we are building a skill for natural circulation bearings.In a step-by-step fashion. A = 60 in2.

25)/2 = 0. it can be shown that T f = 219.K. T = 10. and T max = 235. N = 2000/60 = 33. D We see that the design passes Trumpler’s criteria and is deemed acceptable. f r/c = 3. T 1 = 224.750 in r / c = 1.6F. _____________________________________________________________________________ 0.3F.048   0.500 cmin  min   0.09.000 04(2.21 (0. p s = 50 psi.875 in Chapter 12. 12-24: T  96  0.118. n d = 2 (assessed at W = 600 lbf) O.1F. h 0 = 0.750/0.33 rev/s.78.627 f r/c 1.K.002 + 0.31/2 = 233.8 + 6.K . H gen = H loss = 84 Btu/h. h 0 = . Page 16/26 .047 467  0.002 + 0. and H loss  5000 Btu/hr.000 30 in < h 0 O. T s = 120F. Trial T f 237 S 0. Wst 300   48 psi  300 psi ld 2.505  3.5000.009 4  0.500/2 = 1.8F T max = T 1 + T = 233.002) = 000 42 in Fig.349 109  6.1F < 250F O.K.000 in . SAE 30.7   6.000 0.0025 = 700 l = (2  0.52 O. S = 0.000 04d = 0. bearing length = 2 in.21.0482    9.048 0.31 = 240. T max = 240. b  3.5F.001 in.1F Trumpler’s design criteria: ra ft 0. Table 12-16: h 0 /c = 0.0025 in 2 2 r = d/ 2 = 3.5050.5) = 0.250 in. groove width = 0.31 F T 1 = T s = T f  T = 237  6. W = 4600 lbf.005 12-16 Given: d  3. b  d max 3.73 H loss 94.0 H gen 93.  = 0.9 which is satisfactory. For an operating load of W = 300 lbf.

9.0123  3 0.6  0.9) 2  50 1.2F ra ft  0.9/2 = 143.92  S  0.5(0.875 Trial #1: Choose (T f ) 1 = 150°F.0789    0. From Table 12-1.750  0. (12-24). Page 17/26 .0123  3. f r/ c = 3.875/3.0141 exp[1360.9152   50 1. From Table 12-1  = 0.l / d = 0.500 = 0.0/(150 + 95)] = 3.25 W 4600 P    751 psi 4rl 4 1. 12-16 and 12-18:  = 0.63  From Figs.5  0.9F Chapter 12. f r/ c =3 T  T av 0.7504   71.6F Trial #2: Choose (T f ) 2 = 160°F.63(10 )(33.0123( f r / c)SW 2 1  1. 12-16 and 12-18:  = 0.0789 751 c P   From Figs.0789  46002  1  1. T  0.  = 0.5F  46.7504    = 120 + 46.0141 exp[1360.92 µ reyn D  2.0635  46002  1  1.5  2  ps r 4 T av = T s + T / 2 = 120 + 71.0635  3.2/2 = 155.915.0/(160 + 95)] = 2.63 µ reyn 2 6  r  N 2  3.33)  S    700    0.6 From Eq.

(12-22):   50 1.5) = 0.K.0123  3. h 0 = 0. From Table 12-1  = 0.47  S  0.43 µ reyn  3.0/(152 + 95)] = 3.1F Eq.K.9052   50 1.098 c c 0.1 / 2  152.0746  3.098(0.9022   Qs  1  1.875    1.902.1F 1  1. Trumpler’s design criteria: 0. T max = 184.0123  3. as done Not O.0025) = 0.4  0.K.5  151.4.5 + 95)] = 3.   0.1) = 0.0311(0.2/2 = 151.0789    0.0746  46002  1  1.6  152.Trial #3: Thus.1°F < 250°F O.0789    0.4  0.42)1. Choose T f  Table 12-1:  63.47 µ reyn D ra ft  3.047(64.0141 exp[1360. 12-16 and 12-18:  = 0.877(602) = 3160 Btu/h O.000 34 in > 0.905.K.750  0.047 in 3 /s H loss =  C p Q s T = 0.  0.0754  46002  T   64.0002 + 0. Page 18/26 .43  S  0.63  f r h0  3. f r/ c =3.5  0.1F 2 Try 152F  = 0.00253   ps rc3 2 1  1.2F 152.6F Result is close.5°F.K. _____________________________________________________________________________ Chapter 12.K.7504    Tav  120  64.1F O.0141 exp[1360.0/(152.63  From Figs.000 245 in T max = T s + T = 120 + 64.1 = 184. P st = 751 psi > 300 psi Not O.0754  3.5  0.877 Btu/s = 0.9022   50 1.000 245 Not O.7504    = 120 + 63. n = 1. the plot gives (T f ) 3 = 152.47 10  0.4 T  T av 0.000 04(3.5    6  3 l 3  3.5  0.

0.000 mm . b  50. T s = 55C.9C 200(25)4 1  1. From Fig. groove width = 5 mm.85. SAE 30.000.0552 6 c P  4(10 )  From Figs. µ = 13 MPa · s.6(0.9/2 = 68. 12-13.0297)(102 )    26. b  d max 50. p s = 200 kPa.3/2 = 93.3C 1  1.0552    0.85) 2  200(25) 4  T av = T s + T / 2 = 55 + 76. 12-16 and 12-18:  = 0.010 12-17 Given: d  50.042 mm 2 2 r = d/ 2 = 50/2 = 25 mm r / c = 25/0. 12-13.5C Chapter 12. 12-16 and 12-18:  = 0. bearing length = 55 mm.5(0. From Fig.00 0.6 T  978(106 ) 1.084  50 cmin  min   0. f r/ c =1.042 = 595 l = (55  5)/2 = 25 mm l / d = 25/50 = 0.0552)(102 )     76.0297  13  From Figs. Page 19/26 .90. N = 2880/60 = 48 rev/s.5 10 103  W P    4 MPa 4rl 4  25  25 Trial #1: Choose (T f ) 1 = 79°C.5(0. D 978(106 ) ( f r / c)SW 2 T  1  1.05 mm. µ = 7 MPa · s. W = 10 kN.9) 2   T av = 55 + 26.3(0. (12-25).3 From Eq. 7 S  0. and H loss  300 W. f r/ c = 2.2C Trial #2: Choose (T f ) 2 = 100°C.084 0. 2 ra ft 13(103 )(48)   r  N S    5952    0.5  2 ps r 4 978(106 )  2.

9C 1  1. 12-13.0446  13  From Figs.  0.9C 1  1.87 2 )  200(25) 4  ra ft T av = 55 + 58. the plot gives (T f ) 3 = 85.2 T  978(106 )  2.0552    0.13(0.2.9/2 = 84.5C Result is close.87.13 c c 978(106 )  2.0457)(102 )  T    58.5 MPa · s.042) = 0. Choose T f  µ = 10.4 3   0.9C or 237°F    200  25  0.87. 12-13: 85.2(0.05(0.5  S  0.5 10  25    3156 mm3 /s  3156  25.193(138) = 0.5  85C 2 or 138F From Eq.348 Btu/s = 1.365 kW = 365 W not O. D Fig.348) = 0. 12-16 and 12-18:  = 0.  2.193 in 3 /s Qs  (1  1.2(0. From Fig.9 / 2  84.5(0.5  S  0.5  84.0457)(102 )    58.0311(0. µ = 10.Trial #3: Thus.K.5  0.87 2     6 3µl  3 10.0446  13  f r h0   0. Page 20/26 .005 46 mm or 0.87 2 )  200(254 )  Tav  55  58.5 MPa · s  10. f r/ c =2.  10.5C O.5  2 )  ps rc 3 H loss =  C p Q s T = 0.K. Chapter 12.5(0.0423    1  1.42)0.000 215 in T max = T s + T = 55 + 58.9 = 113.5°C. (12-22) h 0 = 0.0552    0.

and thereby shrink the design window to a point.000 in b = d + 2c min = d + 2c n d = 2 (This makes Trumpler’s n d ≤ 2 tight) and construct a table. Chapter 12.000 279 in > h 0 T max = 237°F O.K.73 in 2(300)(0. W  300 2dl  ra ft Pst  W  300  d  2d 2l  / d d min  W 600(l  / d ) 900  1.0002 + 0.4) = 0.K. we will set t b = t d = 0.000 04(50/25. Now let’s do it more completely. _____________________________________________________________________________ 12-18 So far. we’ve performed elements of the design task.K. t b and t d . as done Not O.K. We set d = 2.Trumpler’s design criteria: Not O. P st = 4000 kPa or 581 psi > 300 psi Not O.5) D In this problem we will take journal diameter as the nominal value and the bushing bore as a variable. The values of the unilateral tolerances. n = 1. They can be incorporated later. 0. While the designer has to live with these. In the next problem. reflect the routine capabilities of the bushing vendor and the in-house capabilities. First we shall find the minimum size of the journal which satisfies Trumpler’s constraint of P st ≤ 300 psi. Page 21/26 . we will take the bushing bore as nominal and the journal diameter as free. To determine where the constraints are. his approach should not depend on them.

For the nominal 2-in bearing. Page 22/26 .80 175.002 in. f r/c = 5. from Table 12-1 µ  0.0016 0.82.06 -6.50 191. the various clearances show that we have been in contact with the recurving of (h o ) min .001    e = 0.003 0.12 -8.817(10 )(50)  S      0.7. Of immediate interest is the fom of the median clearance assembly.0019 0. we will place the top of the design window at c min = 0.0012 0.5  95)]  0.182 225  0.0040.40 312.001 in.0036 2.0018 in.002) = 2. At this point.5F 2 TF  For the nominal 2-in bearing.0136(10 6 ) exp[1271.0022 2. (12–24): 0.92 163.94 -7.91 -8.c b d Tf * T max h o P st T max n fom 0.6F Tav  120F   215.65 -7.5F Iteration yields: ra ft With T f  215.0020 2.0018 0. and c max . c .0 262.1 220.23 179.6 230. P   225 psi 4 2 6  1   0.0034 2.6                                             -5.0032 2.0030 2.9 206.182)(9002 )  191.0013 0.7 2 )](30)(14 ) 191. add the b and d unilateral tolerances: d  2.45 -7.6 / (215.0040 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 215.0028 2.20 -7.0015 0.0000.0026 2. T f  215. The figure of merit (the parasitic friction torque plus the pumping torque negated) is best at c = 0.0024 2. 0.  9.37 -6. and b = d + 2(0.4 239.74 -6.75 198.5(0.40 185. Chapter 12.5 D From Figs. 12-16 and 12-18: Eq.0011 0.000 in Now we can check the performance at c min .0014 0.5)(0.50 160.0123(5.004 in.32 *Sample calculation for the first entry of this column.0010 0.50 206.13 166.6F [1  1.0020 2.0017 0.8 250.00 171. as compared to any other satisfactory bearing ensemble.000 b  2.9 200.817(10  6 ) reyn 900 N  3000 / 60  50 rev/s.8F  215.0 293.5F .0 277.3 213.0038 2.66 -6.

That is enough room to fit in our design window.80   The range of clearance is 0.32 140.875 1. construct another table with t b = 0 and t d = 0.05 147.001 in Analyze at c min = 0.4 T max h o P st T max n fom    7.003 in the constraints are “loose.36 194. In the table for a nominal b = 1.4. b  1.8810. Further reduction in nominal diameter will preclude any smaller bearings.750 in journal will prove this.0030 0.003 0.869 in For the ensemble b  1.0205.10      9.0030 < c < 0.0050 0.59 131. The ensemble median assembly has a fom =  9.5 130. 12-18 and the tables will change slightly.875 1.887 d 1.003) = 1.0055 0. The approach is similar to that of Prob.0 125.10    9.0020 0.875-in bearing ensemble because it has the largest figure of merit. c = 0.64 126. H loss  1035 Btu/h and the Trumpler conditions are met.003.  = 3.003 in: T f  138.875 in d = 1. We just had room to fit in a design window based upon the (h 0 ) min constraint.875 1.30      8.0060 b 1.875 1.64 157. c 0.80    9.004 in and c max = 0.000 0.882 1.875 1.8750.875  2(0.869 0.” Set b = 1. 12-18 but uses design variables of nominal bushing bore b and radial clearance c.001 in.45        9. H loss = 1106 Btu/h.875 Tf 157.0055 in.881 1.004 in: T f  130F. At c  0. We choose the nominal 1.885 1. S  0.886 1.63 128.883 1. Ans. _____________________________________________________________________________ D 12-19 This is the same as Prob.4 123.879 1.6 133. Page 23/26 .31.000 0.001 in.10        9. d  1.246 Chapter 12.875 1.8750.872.If a nominal 1. A table constructed for a d = 1.003 0. S = 0.7 124. note that at c = 0.2 138. µ  3.160.0297.000 in ra ft d  1.875 in bearing is possible.0040 0.875 in. fom = 9.005 in At cmin  0.0035 0.

ra ft For SAE 50 oil at 70C.007 0.000 b  4. _____________________________________________________________________________ 12-21 Originally d  2.0310 0.000 in The radial load quadrupled to 3600 lbf when the analyses for parts (a) and (b) were carried out.897 0. S = 0. The existing h 0 is related by a 2-fold increase.  0 = 0.68F. For a temperature of C degrees Celsius.89  0 (106) exp [b / (1.005 67 The side flow Q s differs because there is a c3 term and consequently an 8-fold increase. The ensemble figure of merit is slightly better.014 66.000 b  2.1 f r/c 0. H loss = 1129 Btu/h and the Trumpler conditions are O.0170 (106) reyn.000 722 0.0310 Tf 135.002 in.001 in.K.000 in Doubled.56 0.0035 3.010 0.0170) 106(106) exp {1509.K. Page 24/26 .89  0 (106) exp [b / (1.325.7 mPas Ans.897 H loss 9898 1237 h0 0. Chapter 12. The lubricant cooler has sufficient capacity.005 in: T f  125.000 360 0.0050. 0. Trumpler’s (h 0 ) min is related by a 1. 0.89(0.8(70) + 127]} = 45.1612 Qs 6. T = 1. _____________________________________________________________________________ 12-20 Table 12-1:  ( reyn) =  0 (106) exp [b / (T + 95)] b and T in F The conversion from  reyn to mPas is given on p. From the equation. this bearing is slightly smaller.1032 e 0. From Fig.005 67 0. D The figure gives a value of about 15 % lower than the equation.8 C + 32+ 95)] = 6.1032 0.870 h 0 /c 0.  = 39 mPas Ans. 620. and b = 1509.  = 6.416 S 0. At cmax  0. 12-13.286-fold increase.000 280 f 0. Some of the results are: Part (a) (b) c  0.006 0.003 0. Substituting into the above equation gives  (mPas) = 6.416 3.1 135.8 C + 127)] Ans.000 361 Trumpler h0 0.and the Trumpler conditions are O. from Table 12-1.1612 0.8 C + 32.6F. d  4.0000. H loss is related by a 9898/1237 or an 8-fold increase.  = 4.6/[1.000 0.

(12-32) with n d F for F.1) = 34 910 psift/min < 46 700 psift/min O. K = 0.  CR = 2.1 h  833.80 in 3w 3(0. and K = 0.75  0.1 400 D t  4 f1 f 2 KVF  833.  DL  0.004  4 1. D = 0.6(1010) in3min/(lbffth) Table 12-8: P = F/ (DL) = 400/ [0. N = 250 rev/min.75 in. Estimate bushing length with f 1 = f 2 = 1. f1 f 2 Knd FNt 1(1)(0. Cycles = Nt = 250 (49 900) = 12.75(0.8. and n d = 2. Page 25/26 .75)] = 711 psi V = DN/ 12 =  (0.1 60   49 900 min Ans. F = 400 lbf.03 from Table 12-9 applying n d = 2 to F Chapter 12. f s = 0.004 in.752 ra ft PV = 711 (49.75 in.002) From Eq.75  0.03.6 1010  49.6)(1010 )(2)(100)(400)(1000) L   0. T  = 70F.K .0  0. N = 400 rev/min.5 (106) cycles _____________________________________________________________________________ 12-23 Given: Oiles SP 500 alloy brass bushing.0 Table 12-12: PV max = 46 700 psift/min.75)250/12 = 49. and w = 0.7 Btu/ (hft2F).002 in for 1000 h.K. Eq. V max = 100 ft/min Pmax  4 F 4 400   905 psi  3560 psi O. P max = 3560 psi.  DLw    0.8 1. L = 0. T max = 300F.6(10-10) in3 · min/(lbf · ft · h) Using Eq.1 ft/min Tables 12-10 and 12-11: f 1 = 1. w max = 0._____________________________________________________________________________ 12-22 Given: Oiles SP 500 alloy brass bushing. (12-32) can be written as w  f1 f 2 K 4 F Vt  DL Solving for t. f 2 = 1. (12-38). with f s = 0. F = 100 lbf.

L = 1 in 4(2)(100)  291 psi  3560 psi O.and  CR  2.7 Btu/(h · ft 2 · °F) L  720 f s nd FN 720(0.7 ft/min  100 ft/min Not O.58 in Trial 1: Let L = 1 in.80  L  3.3 91.5 in 4(2)(100)  194 psi  3560 psi O.875)(1.6) = 20 976 psi · ft/min < 46 700 psi · ft/min f1 V 33 1.6 ft/min 0. L = 1.74  0. L  1. D = 1 in 4 nd F 4(2)(100)   255 psi  3560 psi O.80   1.6 ft/min  100 ft/min 12 Pmax  O. D PV = 229(91.6 f 1 100 1.3)    1. V  91.875(1)  (0.6  33   f1  1.875)(400) V   91.  (0.74  100  33  Lnew  f1Lold  1.03)(2)(100)(400)   3.K .K.875)(1) 2(100) P   229 psi 0.5) 2(100) P   152 psi.  91.6)  13 923 psi · ft/min  46 700 psi · ft/min D  7 / 8 in.K . Pmax  O.58 in 778(2.875 in.  DL  (1)(1) nF 2(100) P  d   200 psi DL 1(1)  DN  (1)(400) V    104. Page 26/26 .3  (1.5) PV  152(91. 12 12 Pmax  ra ft Trial 2: Try D = 7/8 in = 0.39 in Trial 3: Try D = 7/8 in = 0.875 in.875(1.K .K .5 in is acceptable Ans.K .K .  (0.8 O.8  1. Chapter 12.7)(300  70) J  CR T f  T  0.

D ra ft Suggestion: Try smaller sizes. Chapter 12. Page 27/26 .