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Fiedacan, MEP - ME
DEVELOPED IN EXCEL BY: REY FIEDACAN - MECHANICAL ENGINEER ,11.07.2010
ENGINEERING CALCULATION THERMAL DESIGN OF HEAT EXCHANGER
APPLIED LIMITATION: SENSIBLE COOLING or SENSIBLE HEATING ONLY Project Title : HEAT EXCHANGER FOR CHILLED WATER Part : Horizontal Shell Prepared by : Rey Fiedacan Date : 11.07.2010 Doc. No. : HX - 01 -09 Revision No. : 1 Key in value in blue color only TUBE SIDE: HOT SIDE WATER 150 20 998.2 4181.6 0.6044 0.0009832 Kg/s C kg/m3 J/Kg-K W/m-K N.s/m2 , kg/m-s
[Fluid medium] [Mass flowrate] [Inlet temperature] [Density] [Specific heat] [Thermal conductivity] [Dynamic Viscosity]
COLD SIDE [Fluid medium] WATER [Mass flowrate] 50 [Inlet temperature] 32 [Density] 996.4 [Specific heat] 4178.7 [Thermal conductivity] 0.6144 [Dynamic Viscosity] 0.0008292
Kg/s C kg/m3 J/Kg-K W/m-K N.s/m2 , kg/m-s
FLOW CONDITION [Type of flow] [Design Fouling Factor] ESSENTIAL VARIABLES [Tube materials] [Velocity of fluid inside Tubes] [Tube Outside Diameter] [Tube Inside Diameter] [Thermal Conductivity of Tubes] TUBE ORIENTATION & GEOMETRY [Number of Passes] [Tube Pitch] [Tube layout] [Tube Count Layout] [Baffle Spacing - baffle cut at 25%]
Counter flow 0.000176 WATER 2 19 16 42.3 3 0.0254 Square Layout 45 deg. 0.5 m mm m/s mm mm W/m-K m2- K/W
FINAL DECIDING VALUES BASED ON CORRELATED INPUTS ABOVE
Step #1: Evaluate the LMTD correction factor given the value of P and R ( Computed ) P = 0.1943 R = 3.0021 From this set of conditions, See Table on LMTD correction factor to determine the factor F corresponding to type of flow ( Parallel or counterflow) and number of passes Enter correction Factor, F 0.94 Step #2: Check the value of overall conductance, U against the recommend values Computed value of U = 1,869.27 W/m2-K Based on the correlation of Reynolds
number, flow condition and thermal conductivity, Check this value against permissible range from table of overall conductance U,
Enter value of U if the computed value is within the range Step #3: Check the % surface design of heat exchanger due to fouling effects Computed value of = 61% If the value is too high , Set value for desired surface design then enter
Step #4: Evaluate computed length of tube of heat exchanger, Note that standard length is in 20 ft and it is recommended to use it out of the its length Computed Length = 1.89 m Enter, the effective length of tubes should not < computed length 4.00 Step #5: Evaluate the re-calculated shell diameter on the new length of HX, Inside diameter should referred to available shell to be used ( can be pipe or rolled plate) Computed Shell ID = 0.68 m Enter new shell ID,must be available size 0.80 Step #6: Enter the absolute viscosity at wall temperature, Evaluate at reference temperature T o Reference Temp. = 24.8 C Enter absolute viscosity,kg/m - s at reference Temp. 0.0009001
Check the result in the next sheet, Carefully evaluate and proceed next iteration if needed. The areas for iteration will be size, tube layout, flow conditions, geometry length of tubes ,baffle spacing and tube materials. DEVELOPED IN EXCEL BY: REY FIEDACAN - MECHANICAL ENGINEER ,11.07.2010
5 < Prt < 200 Nut = 2. MEP .00208 F = 0.0 NUSSELT NUMBER ( CORRELATION FROM Petukhov .MECHANICAL ENGINEER.121 tubes 374 per pass 2. No.0 Log mean temperature difference across the heat exchanger (LMTD) Ts2 = Δtmax .55 KW 5.0 TUBE SIDE HEAT TRANSFER ht = Nutkt di where: Nut Kt di = Nusselt number of fluid inside the tubes = Thermal conductivity of fluid inside the tubes = Inside diameter of tubes 1.07.0 NUMBER OF TUBES .1 K 6.01 -09 1 Project Title Part : : HEAT EXCHANGER FOR CHILLED WATER Horizontal Shell Sketch : HEAT EXCHANGER THERMAL CALCULATION BY REY FIEDACAN.7(f/2)1/2(Prt2/3 -1) Prt = 6.9400 where: LMTD = LMTD = LMTD = = 7.ME I.1 Prandtl number (f/2)RetPrt 1.3 K mtCpct 2. 1.07+12.ENGINEERING CALCULATION THERMAL CALCULATION OF HEAT EXCHANGER TYPE: SHELL & TUBES DEVELOPED USING EXCEL BY REY FIEDACAN.2010 -email@example.com LMTD Calculation ( Corrected ) where : ΔTm = F(LMTD) = 6.Kirililov for Turbulent flows ) 4 6 which predicts results in the range of 10 < Ret < 5 x10 and 0.21 for parallel flow 7.2010 HX .07. Nt = 4mtNp/ρtvtπdi2 = II.462.0 Temperature of outlet fluid .19431 R = 3. Revision Rey Fiedacan 11.based on the mass flowrate of cold fluid inside the tubes and recommended velocity on the specified number of passes.Cold fluid ( Predicted from energy and mass balance) msCps(Ts1-Ts2) = 295.HEAT & MASS BALANCE 1.655 K for Counter flow 4.Δtmin Δtmax ln Δtmin P = 0.0 HEAT DUTY OF HEAT EXCHANGER Q =(mscps)(Ts1 -Ts2) = heat transfer between shell & tubes based on the temperature difference between hot fluids inlet and outlet condition.80236 .com Designed by Date Doc. TUBE SIDE CALCULATION: 1.08 for counterflow 3. 11.
2010 HX .07. No.06 the flow is turbulent 2. Baffle spacing) 2 DsCB = 0.07.MECHANICAL ENGINEER.6 2. 2 1/2 2 2 = 0.649.20 the flow is turbulent -2 = (1.28) = = = 0.337 m = f(Clearance.005797 (f/2)RetPrt 1.com Designed by Date Doc. Baffle spacing) CL = for 90o and 45o CL = for 30o and 60o one tube pass CTP = two tube pass CTP = three tube pass CTP = Use: CL = 1.01 -09 1 2. Baffle spacing) = 2.024 m s 2 De of triangular pitch in tube layout DeΔ = 4(PT (3) /4-πdo /8) πdo/2 0 Use: 2.2010 -firstname.lastname@example.org Total flow area of tubes As 2.0 SHELL SIDE HEAT TRANSFER BY KERN CORRELATION which predicts results in the range of 2x103< Res = GsDe/µ< 1 x106 ht = 0.36ks Res De 0.225 m 4 0 s = f(Clearance.87 0.3.58lnRet .Triangular layout) do Flow PT De of square pitch in tube layout DeΠ = 4(PT2-πdo2/4) De S = 0.9 0.SHELL SIDE CALCULATION 1.024234 = f(Clearance. 11. Revision Rey Fiedacan 11.72 2 8.2 2.93 0.930 1 0.85 .0 CTP = 0.1 2.7(f/2) (Prt Nutkt di 1/2 2/3 -1) 225.07+12.526.66 W/m -K ht = ( This correlated heat transfer coefficient at tube side condition of flow ) III.55 Prs 1/3 where: Nus Ks de Res Prs = = = = = Nusselt number of fluid outsidethe tubes Thermal conductivity of fluid outside the tubes Equivalent diameter of shell Reynold number flow outside the tubes Prandtl number of flow outside the tunes 11.996 m 2.ENGINEERING CALCULATION THERMAL CALCULATION OF HEAT EXCHANGER TYPE: SHELL & TUBES DEVELOPED USING EXCEL BY REY FIEDACAN.3 Reynold number at tube side Friction factor at given Re Nut = Ret Ft = ρtvtdi/µt = 32.7 Tube Pitch Ratio Tube Layout Constant PR = 1.2 Reynolds Number Equivalent Diameter Res De = (ms/As)(De/µs) = = f(Square.5 Estimated Shell Diameter Ds πdiNt = 0. Baffle spacing) = PT/do 2 2 t 1/2 2 = 0.018 m s Flow do PT De = 0.488.3 Bundle Crossflow As Square Pitch .125 m PT 0 s = f(Clearance. Baffle spacing) = = 0.637(CL/CTP)(πdo PR N ) 0 s = f(Clearance.
1 Surface area of heat exchanger for clean condition ( No fouling Effect ) Ac = = 97.54 W/m2-K 2.07.800.28) = 0.ENGINEERING CALCULATION THERMAL CALCULATION OF HEAT EXCHANGER TYPE: SHELL & TUBES DEVELOPED USING EXCEL BY REY FIEDACAN.3 Surface design area of heat exchanger at certain 30 % more allowance for fouling effect A' = 126.2 Check for % surface design Os = Use: = 61% Os = 30 % 2. 11. Revision 2 Rey Fiedacan 11. Baffle spacing) = 0.0 TUBE SIDE PRESSURE DROP 1. 1.2010 -email@example.com -09 1 ht = 0.005797 = ftLNp µc2 + 4Np ρc 2 di . PRESSURE DROP .55 1/3 Res Prs = 2.1 Surface area of heat exchanger for clean condition ( with fouling Effect ) Af = Q UfΔTm Af Ac = 156.6762 Kpa = 8.5 psi .com Designed by Date Doc.5ln(Ret) .11 m 2 Q UcΔTm Uc = Use: 2.5 New Shell Diameter Ds' = f(Clearance.This is used to determined the pumping power required to handle the fluid in tubes and shell. the actual diameter shall be the nearest available size either seamless pipe or fabricated as rolled plate Use: Ds' = 0.Clean heat transfer coefficient -1 do do 1 do ln( di ) 1 Uc = ho + d h + 2 kt i i = 1.1 1.68 m corrected shell diameter at the given length = however.2010 HX .0 Outer surface area . OVERALL HEAT TRANSFER COEFFICIENT 1.25 m 2 2.Fouled heat transfer coefficient 2263.89 m 4.36ks 0.869.07. head required to pump the fluid into the tubes = 58. No.3.80 m V.0 Outer surface area .406.4 = 1.2 Tube side friction factor Tube side friction factor ft ΔPt -2 = (1.00 m 2.2 do -1 do 1 do ln( di ) 1 Uf = ho + d h + 2 + Rft = kt i i 1.637(CL/CTP)1/2(A'PR2do/L)1/2 0.27 W/m2-K 1.24 m2 Effective length of tube for area in heat transfer ' A L = N πd t o Use: L = 2.MECHANICAL ENGINEER.32 W/m -K ( This correlated heat transfer coefficient at shell side condition of flow ) De IV.
1 2 2.8 K . based on corrected shell Φ. and around the baffles.6 Number of Baffles Gs = = 398.989 2.2010 -fiedrey@yahoo. average temperature between cold and hot fluid across the tube length therefore: the absolute viscosity and wall temperature of 24.07.125 m . 11. head required to pump the fluid into the shell .s = 2.3 Wall temperature Tw 2 2 = 297.19ln(Res)) = 0.5 Number of Baffles Nb = -1 = 7 2. fsG2s(Nb+1)D's ΔPs = 2ρsDeΦs fs 2.2 Bundle crossflow area As = DsCB PT Tt1+Tt2 2 + Ts1+Ts2 = 0.4 0.0009001 kg/m . over the tubes.01 -09 1 2.9 Kpa psi . Revision Rey Fiedacan 11.07.8 oC = 0.2010 HX .1 Shell side friction factor = exp(0.0 SHELL PRESSURE DROP The shell-side fluid experiences a pressure drop as it passes through the exchanger. clearance of tubes and baffle spacing.14 = 0.576 -0.4 Correction Factor Φs = µs µw L B Ms As 0.593 kg/m2-s therefore: ΔPs = = = fsG2s(Nb+1)D's 2ρsDeΦs 6.300 2.com Designed by Date Doc. No.ENGINEERING CALCULATION THERMAL CALCULATION OF HEAT EXCHANGER TYPE: SHELL & TUBES DEVELOPED USING EXCEL BY REY FIEDACAN.MECHANICAL ENGINEER.
s/m2 J/kg .6 6. Revision Rey Fiedacan 11.07.54 58.6396127 0.07.000176 32 25 28.000 0.66 2800.K W/m2 .K W/m2 .2 0.com Designed by Date Doc.2010 -firstname.lastname@example.org 1406.0008292 4178.000 42.025 3.40 o C kg/s kg/m3 W/m . 11.MECHANICAL ENGINEER.K 2 W/m .07 4.K N.2010 HX .K N.K/W o o C C o C kg/s kg/m3 W/m .300 8526.s/m2 J/kg .6044 0.ENGINEERING CALCULATION THERMAL CALCULATION OF HEAT EXCHANGER TYPE: SHELL & TUBES DEVELOPED USING EXCEL BY REY FIEDACAN.4 0.5 50 996.0009832 4181.8023645 2 0.01 -09 1 Summary of THERMAL DESIGN OF HEAT EXCHANGER TUBE SIDE : HOT SIDE 1 Inlet temperature 2 Mass flowrate 3 Density 4 Thermal Conductivity 5 Dynamic viscocity 6 Specific Heat 7 Prandtl number 8 Velocity of fluid inside the tubes 9 Total fouling factor SHELL SIDE: COLD SIDE 1 Inlet temperature 2 Outlet temperature 3 Average temperature 4 Mass flowrate 5 Density 6 Thermal Conductivity 7 Dynamic viscocity 9 Specific Heat 10 Prandtl number CONSTRUCTIONAL DATA OF THE PROPOSED SHELL AND TUBE HX 1 Shell diameter 2 Number of tubes 3 Length of tubes(Allowancefor tubesheet not included) 4 Tube outside diameter 5 Tube inside diameter 6 Baffle spacing ( baffle cut at 25%) 7 Tube pitch 8 Number of passes 9 Thermal Conductivity of tubes 10 Tube side heat transfer coefficient 11 Shell side heat transfer coefficient 12 Clean overall heat transfer coefficient 13 Fouled overall heat transfer coefficient 14 Tube side pressure drop 15 Shell side pressure drop 20 150 998.K m/s 2 m .7 5.016 0.K m m m m m W/m .32 1869.500 0. No.019 0.6144 0.68 6.800 1121.K Kpa Kpa .K W/m2 .
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