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caine= local anesthetics ceph/cef - cephalosporin cillin= antibiotics cycline – tetracycline (s/e: stains teeth and stunted growth

for children) dine= anti-ulcer agents done= opiod analgesics ide= oral hypoglycemics iam= antianxiety agents mab – monoclonal anti-bodies micin= antibiotics nium= neuromuscular blocking agents olol= beta blockers ole= anti-fungal oxacin= antibiotics pam= antianxiety agents pine: calcium channel blockers pril= ace inhibitors sone= steroids statin= antihyperlipidemics stigmine -cholinergic vir= antivirals zide= diuretics phylline - bronchodilator cal- calcium done- opiods ase- enzyme line - bronchodilator vir- antiviral

NSAIDs Barbiturates Cyclophosphamide/ Chlorpromazine/ Carbamazepine Diuretic (thiazide) Vir-named drugs: use"-vir at start.zide . Acyclovir.Drugs Made Easy To Remember Morphine: side-effects MORPHINE: Myosis Out of it (sedation) Respiratory depression Pneumonia (aspiration) Hypotension Infrequency (constipation. . the CIA is after me": Clomipramine Imipramine Amitrptyline · If want the next 3 worth knowing.oral hyoglycemics iam-anxiolytics Pharmacology Mnemonics . Amprenavir.diuretics dine .anti-ulcer ide. the DNDis also after me: Desipramine Norrtriptyline Doxepin Patent ductus arteriosus: treatment "Come In and Close the door": INdomethacin is used to Close PDA SIADH-inducing drugs ABCD: Analgesics: opioids. middle or end means for virus": · Drugs: Abacavir. urinary retention) Nausea Emesis Tricyclic antidepressants: members worth knowing "I have to hide.

Viracept. Ritonavir. dizziness. Suck it. Sniff it. Valacyclovir. Indavir. Famvir. aggression). Penciclovir. Oseltamivir. Phenobarbitone: side effects Children are annoying (hyperkinesia. Denavir.Cidofovir. Routes of entry: most rapid ways meds/toxins enter body "Stick it. Soak it": Stick = Injection Sniff = inhalation Suck = ingestion Soak = absorption Anticholinergic side effects "Know the ABCD'S of anticholinergic side effects": Anorexia Blurry vision Constipation/ Confusion . Saquinavir. Invirase. Norvir. Viramune. Zovirax. Thrombolytic agents USA: Urokinase Streptokinase Alteplase (tPA) Narcotic antagonists The Narcotic Antagonists are NAloxone and NAltrexone. insomnia. Ganciclovir. drowsiness). Zanamivir. · Important clinically to treat narcotic overdose. irritability. Efavirenz. Adults are dosy (sedation.

SSRIs: side effects SSRI: Serotonin syndrome Stimulate CNS Reproductive disfunctions in male Insomnia Warfarin: action. Beta-2 primarily on lungs. . · Beta blockers include acebutolol. betaxolol. oxprenolol. Backward b's stand for "beta blocker".Dry Mouth Sedation/ Stasis of urine Atropine use: tachycardia or bradycardia "A goes with B": Atropine used clinically to treat Bradycardia. bisoprolol. Aspirin: side effects ASPIRIN: Asthma Salicyalism Peptic ulcer disease/ Phosphorylation-oxidation uncoupling/ PPH/ Platelet disaggregation/ Premature closure of PDA Intestinal blood loss Reye's syndrome Idiosyncracy Noise (tinnitus) Morphine: effects at mu receptor PEAR: Physical dependence Euphoria Analgesia Respiratory depression Beta-1 vs Beta-2 receptor location "You have 1 heart and 2 lungs": Beta-1 are therefore primarily on heart. propranolol. monitoring WePT: Warfarin works on the extrinsic pathway and is monitored by PT. Propranolol and related '-olol' drugs: usage"olol" is just two backwards lower case b's.

you will be "LESS DUMB": Lacrimation Excitation of nicotinic synapses Salivation Sweating Diarrhea Urination Micturition Bronchoconstriction Benzodiazepines: actions "Ben SCAMs Pam into seduction not by brain but by muscle": Sedation anti-Convulsant anti-Anxiety Muscle relaxant Not by brain: No antipsychotic activity. Teratogenic drugs "W/ TERATOgenic": Warfarin Thalidomide Epileptic drugs: phenytoin.Depression: 5 drugs causing it PROMS: Propranolol Reserpine Oral contraceptives Methyldopa Steroids Lead poisoning: presentation ABCDEFG: Anemia Basophilic stripping Colicky pain Diarrhea Encephalopathy Foot drop Gum (lead line) Cholinergics (eg organophosphates): effects If you know these. carbamazepine Retinoid ACE inhibitor . valproate.

tied to polyuria] Tremor/ Teratogenesis Hypothyroidism .Third element: lithium OCP and other hormones (eg danazol) Gynaecomastia-causing drugs DISCOS: Digoxin Isoniazid Spironolactone Cimetidine Oestrogens Stilboestrol Osmotic diuretics: members GUM: Glycerol Urea Mannitol Antibiotics contraindicated during pregnancy MCAT: Metronidazole Chloramphenicol Aminoglycoside Tetracycline Lithium: side effects LITH: Leukocytosis Insipidus [diabetes insipidus.

Pelletier. monobactam’s) • Non-β -lactams (vancomycin.Anti prokaryotic Agents A good diagram to review classifications with respect to mechanism of action for many of the prokaryotic antimicrobials is provided below as a starting point Adapted from page 16 of Smart Charts. Penicillin’s • Penicillin G • Penicillin V ii. Pharmacology. or table on web for details) a. cephalosporins. Extended spectrum penicillin’s • Ampicillin • Amoxicillin • Carbenicillin table . bacitracin. Penicillin’s i. Beta-lactamase resistant penicillin’s • Methicillin • Nafcillin Link to beta-lactam • Oxacillin • Cloxacillin iii. cycloserine. Cell wall synthesis inhibitors (See chapter 43 of the Katzung text. fosfomycin) 50s ribosomal inhibitors DNA Synthesis Inhibitors • Chloramphenicol • Fluoroquinolones • Clindamycin • Trimethoprim • macrolides • Sulfonamides peptide DNA 50s mRNA 30s 30s ribosomal inhibitors • Tetracyclines • aminoglycosides 1. Lange Cell wall synthesis inhibitors • β-lactams (penicillins. carbapenems.

First generation • Cephalothin More Effective • Cefazolin Less Effective • Cephalexin • Cephradine ii. Vancomycin iv. • Ticarcillin • Piperacillin iv. . Streptomycin ii.and G+ organisms) i. Tobramycin v. Drugs given in combination with penicillin (beta-lactamase inhibitors) • Clavulanic acid • Sulbactam • tazobactam Cephalosporins (generations differ in specificity and spectrum to G. c. Macrolides i. Neomycin iii. Pelletier. Oxytetracycline iii. Cycloserine v. Minocycline v. Tetracycline ii. Bacitracin vi. Third Generation • Cefotaxime Gram (-) • Ceftazidime • Cefoperazone -Spectrum• Ceftizoxime Less Effective More • Ceftriaxone Adapted from page 26 of Effective Smart Charts. • Cefoxitin • Cefotetan 3rd-generation iii. Carbapenems • Imipenem • Meropenem ii. Netilmicin b. Demeclocycline iv. • Cefaclor • Cefuroxime • Cefonicid 2nd-gen. Gentamicin iv. 30S Antibacterial Agents (see chapters 44 and 45 of Katzung text or web tables for details) a. Monobactam • Aztreonam iii. Tetracycline’s Link to protein synthesis inhibitor i. • Cefixime iv. Second-Generation Gram (+) • Cefamandole st 1 -gen. Erythromycin ii. • Cefepime Lange Other beta-lactams i. Aminoglycosides i. Doxycycline 50S Antibacterial agents a. Fosfomycin 2. Fourth-Generation Pharmacology. Amikacin vi.b. Clarithromycin table 3.

Quinupristin-dalfopristin Linezolid Chloramphenicol DNA synthesis inhibitors (see chapter 46 of Katzung’s text or web tables for details) a. Lange Link to DNA synthesis inhibitor table S D u i l h f y o d n r a o m p i t d e e r s o a ( t c e o s m y p n e t t h e a s w e i t h P A B A ) . Ciprofloxacin ii. Azithromycin Clindamycin Streptogramins i. Norfloxacin v.b. Trimethoprim Trimethoprim Dihydrofolate reductase c. Inhibitor of dihydrofolate reductase (2nd step in folic acid formation) i. Ofloxacin iii. Sulfonamides • Sulfadiazine P-Aminobenzoic acid (PABA) • Sulfacetamide • Sulfamethoxazole • Sulfadoxine • Sulfasalazine Dihydrofolic acid b. Lomefloxacin iv. Enoxacin Tetrahydrofolic acid Adapted from page 44 of Smart Purines Charts. c. Inhibitors of dihydropteroate synthase (prevents folic acid formation0 i. Fluoroquinolones (DNA gyrase inhibitors) i. d. Pharmacology. 4. iii. e. DNA Pelletier.

Didanosine Viral release analogs. Rimantadine Charts. Zidovudine b. 3. Interferon –beta Interferons Nucleoside analogs a. Tetracyclines Antiviral Agents (see chapter 49 of Katzung’s text) 1. Cycloserine vi. Macrolide Antibiotics ii. Ritonavir d. Ciprofloxacin/Levofloxacin Can Clear Lungs And iv. and amantadine Guanosine analogs Pharmacology. Nucleoside (RTIs. 6. reverse Packaging c. Ethambutol iii. Valacyclovir Early protein synthesis c. 8. Interferon-alfa Penetration b. Ganciclovir d. Agents for treating leprosy i. Lange Viral absorption Uncoating CMV: a. Delavirdine c. p-Aminosalicylic acid Can Ease Respiration v. Indinavir Link to antiviral table b. Rifabutin iii. 2. Saquinavir c. Rifampin ii. Rifampin • Leprosy d. Antimycobacterial Agents (see chapter 47 of Katzung’s text or web tables for details) a. reverse transcriptase inhibitors) Nucleic acid synthesis pyrimidine a. Ribavirin Glycoproteins Pelletier. Foscarnet Protease Inhibitor a. Isoniazid b. Amprenavir Influenza A . Clofazimine Remove Lesions iii. 5. Amikacin ii. Rifabutin c. Capreomycin Mnemonic: All these iii. Trifluridine HSV. Stavudine inhibitors synthesis and HIV: f. Nevirapine inhibitors b.5. Adapted from page Tricyclic Amines treatment a. Streptomycin Mnemonic:RESPIra iv. Acyclovir b. first line agents to treat tuberculosis (used in 3-4 drug combinations) i. e. 7. Ethionamide vii. Dapsone Mnemonic: Drugs Can ii. Zalcitabine transcriptase and assembly d. Second-line agents for tuberculosis i. a. Abacavir NNRTIs non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors processing protease a. Amantidine 48 of Smart Rimantadine b. Lamivudine Late protein e. Atypical antimycobacterial drugs i. Vidarabine HIV: purine. Pyrazinamide tion v. Efavirenz Pyrophosphanate derivative a. CMV. 4.

Itraconazole b. Diloxanide furoate b. Primaquine 2. Sulfadoxine 4. Flucytosine 3. Disrupt microtubule function a. Pentamidine Anthelminthic Agents (see chapter 54 of Katzung’s text for details) 1. Polyene macrolide antibiotics i. Ketoconazole ii. Mefloquine d. Pneumocystis and toxoplasmosis agents a. Pyrantel pamoate 3. Quinine c. Mebendazole 2. Naftifine c. Praziquantel 4. Antifolates i. Pyrimethamine iii. Pentamidine b.Antifungal Agents (see chapter 48 of Katzung’s text for details) 1. Terbinafine ii. Allylamines i. Alter cell membrane integrity a. Block nucleic acid synthesis a. Miconazole iii. TMP-SMZ (Trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole) ii. Griseofulvin Antiprotozoal Agents (see chapter 53 of Katzung’s text for details) 1. Nystatin 2. Trypanosomiasis a. Clotrimazole iv. Fluconazole v. Amphotericin B ii. Metronidazole 3. Antimalarial agents a. Niclosamide Link to antifungal table . Azoles i. Amebiasis a. Chloroquine b.