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Silver and Golden Persians

Silver and Golden Persians

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Published by psykosomatik
The Persian is a type of long-haired cat from Iran most well known for being short-legged and lazy.
The Persian is a type of long-haired cat from Iran most well known for being short-legged and lazy.

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Published by: psykosomatik on May 12, 2013
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Silver and Golden Persians by Janice Reichle The Silver Persian has long been referred to as the “Rolls

Royce” of the cat world. The look is timeless and elegant, and they have always been described as regal and exquisite in appearance. It is a “breed” of classic, incredible beauty, considered by many to be the most beautiful Persian color, if not “the fairest of them all.” Along with the elegant Golden Persian, they have always been a challenge to breed, and silver and golden breeders are a dedicated and determined group. Most have found it more productive to specialize: almost without exception, the top winners of each era have come from catteries that have bred only these colors. Breeding silvers and goldens in addition to another color or breed means keeping two or more sets of cats. The History The earliest documentation of silvers shows “Chinnie,” born in 1882 in England. While no pictures of her have been found, there was one of her famous grandson, “Silver Lambkin.” Some of the pedigrees of our present day silvers have been traced back to Lambkin. There was little record keeping in the early days, but as time went on people paid more attention to documenting their breeding. These records showed that other colors, often blues and tabbies, were used in the breeding of silvers. Silvers also appeared in the pedigrees of Persians of other colors. There is no record to show when silvers were accepted by the Cat Fanciers’ Association, so it is reasonable to assume they were among the original colors bred when this association was organized in 1906. Silvers had been imported into the United States from England before that date. The Golden Persian does not have as long a history in CFA as does the Silver Persian. The golden color is recessive to silver, and for many years before this color was accepted, “odd colored” kittens occasionally popped up in “colorbred” silver litters (see Breeding for Goldens). Most often these kittens, then referred to as “brownies,” were placed as pets. By the 1960s a few interested breeders were working with them. The beauty of their golden coats with the contrast of their vivid green or blue-green eyes attracted more and more dedicated breeders, and gradually they grew in popularity until they were finally accepted by CFA in 1976. The Division Silver, golden, smoke, and cameo Persians have been subject to more division changes

than any other color. The Shaded Division consisted of chinchilla silvers, shaded silvers, and smokes until 1961; at this time, cameos were accepted and added to the division. In 1965, the smokes were taken out of the Shaded Division and given their own division: the Smoke Division. The next change came in 1976 when chinchilla goldens and shaded goldens were accepted by CFA and added to the Shaded Division. Shaded tortoiseshells were accepted and were also added to the Shaded Division. Silver and golden breeders felt that shaded torties did not belong in their division, but rather belonged in the Parti-Color Division with other tortoiseshells. Many also felt that perhaps there should be a Green-Eyed Division, as neither the cameos nor shaded torties rightfully belonged in the same division as silvers and goldens. Although this was not accepted at the time, starting with the 1995-96 season the cameos and shaded torties were placed in the Smoke Division and the name of that division was changed to the Shaded and Smoke Division. Silvers and goldens were then alone in a division called the Silver and Golden Division (not the Green-eyed Division). The Color Early Persians of all colors bore little resemblance to today’s Persians. It was some time before the concept of “color breeding” came into being. With selective breeding, silver breeders had nearly eliminated tabby markings and leg bars by the mid-20th Century, therefore color breeding became a must. Silver breeders were criticized if their cats were not colorbred; however, there was no agreement on how many generations were required for a silver to be considered a “colorbred” cat. Color breeding was a necessity for many years in order to maintain the beautiful trademark coloring of the silver Persian. The gene pool was small, and certain physical characteristics appeared to be associated with the silver color: the cats produced were generally lighter in bone and eventually, smaller in size. Additional colors and patterns of the other Persians were developed over the years resulting in a larger gene pool, while the gene pool of the silvers remained the same. This led to an interest on the part of some breeders to include other colors in their breeding programs. One of the earliest pioneers in this type of outcrossing was Fannie Mood of Delphi Cattery, who was also a former CFA registrar. At the time she did this breeding, she lived in California, a stronghold of color breeding, and she was greatly criticized for breeding to a blue Persian.

The introduction of solids into a golden program to improve type and bone causes the same problems that it does in a silver program, if not more of them. It muddies the coat color and spoils the eye color; it also causes more tabby markings in a color that has not yet eliminated these markings. Silvers, having been bred in the United States for a century, have had a long head start on goldens, whose breeding history here is less than half of that time. Silvers were being bred before 1900, but goldens were not seriously bred until the 1960s. What was once written about silvers is now also true for goldens: “You’ve come a long way, baby!” While breeders concentrated on and selected for type, less attention was paid to color. In no other Persian is color as important as in the shaded or “tipped” cats. Though the pale blue color of years ago has all but disappeared from the blue Persian, some things remain the same. A smoke is not a smoke without its dramatic color-on-top and white-underneath coat; and silvers and goldens must have the proper tipping in addition to black mascara and margins with the appropriate and distinctive nose and eye color. At one time there was a significant difference between chinchilla silvers and shaded silvers. Today, some of our silvers are referred to as “neither/nors” because they are neither chinchilla silvers nor shaded silvers. While many more silvers are registered as shaded than as chinchilla, we seldom see a true shaded silver with sufficient tipping to give it its lovely dark mantle. It was easier to breed a cat with less tipping than to breed a cat with not only enough tipping, but also even shading. It has come to the point that if a silver is not snow white, or if it has a bit too much shading on the body, it is registered as a shaded silver, even though it does not have enough tipping to be truly shaded. Almost 50 years ago Jeanne Ramsdale of Dearheart Cattery was quoted as saying that one should be able to tell the difference between a chinchilla silver and a shaded silver “from across the room.” Whether or not she actually said that, it was an accurate description; and until recently this was the case. Some years ago breeders were asked whether they wished to accept blue (dilute) silvers. The rationale was that since breeders were outcrossing to solids, these and other colors were occasionally showing up in some litters. The question was raised four times over a period of years, and each time it was voted down. Clearly the majority of breeders has not wanted them accepted. The last three times breeders were also asked whether or not to accept blue goldens, and this was also voted down. Golden breeders have many different shades of golden with which to deal, and apparently did not want to add to their color problems. We need to improve the colors we already have before accepting a variation of these colors. Silvers are tipped with black, and often there are problems distinguishing between chinchillas and shadeds; goldens have had these in addition to other color problems. Many cats, both silvers and goldens, have less than desirable nose color, mascara and

It would be more accurate to say. Each hair shaft is banded with yellow. The goldens are quite different. The eye color in silvers and goldens has always been considered very important. With some exceptions. This may be difficult to attain. quoting Judith Legg. but it does not change the fact that this is the standard. amber or any color other than green or blue-green. The ‘overcoat’ of guard hair is ticked. silvery look – vibrant green or blue-green eye color. they do have a white undercoat with black tipping – one shade of white and one shade of black. Opponents feel this would be the end of the beautiful shaded silvers. While silvers have variations in the amount of tipping. although some are willing to accept less. but perhaps we should show only those colors meeting the current standards. so the judge may question whether it is real! One may choose to use other colors in a breeding program. they are years behind silvers in type.margins. Goldens. incorrect eye color being copper. that “the undercoat is usually cream colored and sometimes it’s gray with seasonal variations. It clearly states: “Eye color: green or blue-green. Some breeders and judges say that they began by breeding silvers and gave up because they are too difficult. The golden standard calls for the undercoat to be cream. which is why the standard is specific. The chinchillas and shadeds would be judged together as two separate colors but in the same class. While some color standards read “lighter shades to be preferred.” we would probably end up with only neither/nors. gold. which may be attributed to the small number of breeders working with them until recent years. with one class for silvers. Disqualify for incorrect eye color. have tabby M’s on . and the tipping black. rust and dark brown or black. that is not a true golden.” All silver and golden breeders want this eye color in their cats. but it does not belong in the show ring. yellow. A silver or golden with incorrect eye color may be valuable in a breeding program. It has always been accepted: “silvers with enough black tipping to give them that shimmering. not blue tipping…. Chinchilla silver lovers should also be concerned. to simplify the description.” Black. and eyes outlined with black as if made up with mascara and with nose margin and lip liner to match. Have you ever seen a judge rub a finger over the dense black mascara on the nose? The really good color has not been seen consistently. because it might also represent the end of the pale chinchilla. another class for goldens. Goldens are even more difficult to breed to the standard than the silvers. including chinchillas. While a cream cat with black tipping and green eyes would be beautiful. It has been suggested that there should be one silver class and one golden class. rather than continue to create new classes to fit the odd color we may encounter.

the silvers were as good or better than the whites shown at the time. this was not what had been submitted as their standard. the color was poor. Rarely do two goldens have the same shade. no judge has bred goldens. A darker golden color was more apt to be shown as a shaded golden simply because it was dark. even from the same litter. but more likely the way the standard has been interpreted over the years. most feel that good silvers and goldens meet the standard as it is written. From time to time. The Look The 1950s. some take two to three years to develop. Unfortunately. so it also was deemed not showable. no different from Persians of other colors in type. however. further frustration came from the fact that if a golden had good color. usually only one golden in the ring. Many goldens have been incorrectly registered and shown in the wrong color class. tophead. muddy color at certain times of the year. some breeders talked about the possibility of a “different” standard for Silver and Golden Persians. and dark spines and dark tail tips. There are so few goldens shown. even achieving a gray. The color of the undercoat can change with the seasons of the year. Nearly all golden breeders feel that if a silver and golden of comparable type are in competition. that judges have rare opportunities to compare their color. however.their foreheads. The color has ranged from pale amber to bright red-gold to the less desirable brownish-gold. the silver is more likely to be chosen. and the coat color can change until the cat is five years of age or even older. Judging by the CFA Yearbooks. it was by the late 1970s that blacks had developed a different “look” and shorter noses than some other colors. Silver breeders were breeding selectively to improve and set type. it lacked type and was not showable. When compared to some of the other colors. Some goldens are born with wonderful. not the color of the undercoat. rich color. Early golden breeders had tried for so long to have goldens accepted that they did not want to quibble over this color description.” This probably explains why there have been many variations of the golden color. and ’70s produced many beautiful and very competitive silvers. An apricot golden has been shown as a chinchilla golden simply because of its light color. with less attention given to the amount of tipping. this selective breeding further limited the already small gene pool. ’60s. silvers improved more quickly in doming. Whether golden or silver – color class has been defined by the amount of tipping. and ear size. It has not been the standard or the cat at fault. For years. however. Sometimes we hear a cat praised for . While some judges have bred silvers and appreciate the difficulties. if it had type. so they have not experienced all the variations and changes in color. not because of the appropriate amount of tipping.

Our cats need to be judged by the standard as it is written and not as it is interpreted by a few. . you knew without asking when you heard a cat “blow” in the show hall. including Persians. as some Persians of other colors. “The silvers were all gorgeous – too bad you can’t put your hands on them!” That was a long time ago. I remember one judge describing a big silver class in one section of the country.” This meets the description in the standard for a “broad” nose. Breeders have used careful selection to improve boning and head type. In each decade. and the problem was pretty much eliminated before goldens appeared upon the scene. as they have done for poor condition or tail faults. an allowance could be included in the Silver/Golden standard so that these beautiful cats do not lose their unique look.” and they are more likely to excel in round doming and small. described as “centered between the eyes. Occasionally a kitten has been born with the “extreme” type similar to that of a solid Persian. nor breaks as deep. but the “extreme” genes might not be there.” Perhaps. They are. and by the time coat and eye color have been regained. silvers no longer have that reputation. as well as contributing to the overall balance of the cat. Would a gold-eyed Himalayan or a green-eyed white be acceptable? Certainly not….” The standard calls for “a short nose”. very different in personality from Persians of other colors. but these cats have not consistently reproduced that look. however. Many have used or are using other colors in their breeding programs. one judge stated his opinion that silvers (and goldens) should have a nose “as broad as it is long. without the ridges and flatness often found in Persians of other colors. but it does not say “no nose!” It describes a “break. I have been exhibiting long enough to remember when almost every breed had a “personality” problem. Breeders ask for the cooperation of judges to help improve our silvers and goldens. as in the Peke-face Red Tabby standard which has an “allowance” for a difference in type. well-set ears.” Until the standard becomes more specific. Outcrossing to solids has resulted in some unusual colors. type has usually reverted to what has been known and admired as “the silver look. During a discussion while judging silvers. silvers and goldens should not be penalized for not having noses as short. they have met the criteria of “as short as it is broad. but should resist showing a silver or golden with gold eyes even if they are very typy.having “no nose. Breeders have worked hard to eliminate behavior problems in almost every breed.” but does not specify how deep the break should be. We have worked very hard to meet the standard in every way. He said of the silvers he judged there. What is far more specific in the standard is the location of the break. They are far more active: ask anyone who has bred and owned enough different colors to compare. While silvers and goldens may not have noses as short as some Persians of other colors. how short is not defined. just what breed it was. Their skulls have been smooth and round. Constructive criticism will always be welcomed! Differences Beyond Color The time has passed when silvers were hard to handle. and we stand behind the judges when they withhold for poor type and incorrect eye color. Silvers and goldens may never look exactly like other Persians.

as you often see other Persians. but our attention here has been directed . they are not “couch potatoes. It is perfection that we strive for – but let us not lose the unique look! There are many articles available that show the development and changes of silvers and goldens since 1900 (See CFA Yearbook articles).” as Persians have often been described. well-balanced Persians. flowing coat at its breathtaking best. When one thinks of silvers and goldens. The ears are small with the wonderful round doming that seems to be a silver and golden trademark. The Unique Silver and Golden Silver and golden breeders have worked very hard to meet the challenge of “type” to produce beautiful.Silvers generally have lower birth weights and leave the nest box quite early. You will seldom find these colors dozing on grooming tables in a show hall. affectionate and people-oriented lap cats. cobby body with a long. round eyes of a luminous green or blue-green. While they are wonderfully decorative Persians. There are variations of “the look” throughout history. All of this means that grooming had best be started early and done gently to prepare them for the care required to keep the long. and they do not take well to isolation and confinement. sweet expression with large. They are sensitive. but all seem to have fine textured hair that breaks easily. but we hope the unique look of silvers and goldens will always be there. The phrase “medium to large” in the standard has not been defined. flowing coat. they do not look their best until they are three to five years old. framed by full ruff. as shown in the accompanying pictures. and some have the difficult-to-groom “cotton candy” coat. The standard also says “Quality the determining consideration rather than size. They may have more sensitive skin. one pictures a cat with a wide-open. and size is relative. so they need to be socialized from an early age. Many have profuse coats. Some silvers and goldens are smaller in size and lighter in bone when compared with the other Persians. is attached to a short.” Silvers and goldens are outgoing cats with unique personalities. The nose is short and broad. and this lovely round head. they are intelligent. Although they mature sexually at an early age. Their successes are obvious.

The familiar pedigreed Solid Persian appears to be disappearing from view." This is the theme of this article as we sadly center our attention on a vanishing breed division – Solid Persians. Breeding programs for solids have long been the support for so many longhair divisions and other breeds. other breeds entirely. I wanted to find out what was causing the numbers to go down. which reprints many of the listed articles and some otherwise unavailable articles. plus a sampling of established breeders. In fact. who knows what other pedigreed longhairs are going to tank. I wanted to see if they too perceived this division of Persians was on the decline. cannot be so easily matched [bred] and although so much valued by women and children. if they believed this was true. they are not making their presence known in large numbers in grand parades or worse still – pedigrees. For more reading about Silver and Golden Persians. At cat shows today. November 2002 Introduction In Origin of Species (1859). we rarely see a distinct breed long kept up.cats from their nocturnal habits. are certainly not as evident in showhalls. other fanciers who began in Solids within the last ten years are now exhibiting Persians in different divisions. Exhibitors in this division. as well as the cats themselves. After that. only the same few people are exhibiting Solid Persians from region to region. Solid Color Persians Are…Solid As A Rock? by Lorraine Saunders Cat Fanciers' Almanac. ".. these statistics could change. people have lost touch with the fact that someday the solids might disappear. Meanwhile. or worse still – they .to those of recent years. see the United Silver Fanciers Quarterly publication. Tomorrow. we can count on the Solid Persian Division to go down the drain any time now. Today there are more than 35 breeds of wild cats and over 300 breeds of domestic cats." If that is the truth.. Charles Darwin wrote. That is why I asked several CFA Judges. Those I talked with emphatically stated." "They lack patience" and "All they want to do is win…not work with their cats in breeding programs." Their comments included: "Today’s exhibitors are not breeders in the truest sense of the word. as well as Silver and Golden Exotics. As Solid Persians are my own first love. "Yes.

The updated look created a new and exciting head structure – the structure we know today. they move on and recklessly breed out valuable bloodlines. For those who do not remember…here is what happened: It was during the mid 70s and early 80s when many Persians lost that "sweet. lack of dome and small. we went too far with "type.are leaving. Otherwise. In fairness to novices and breeders who have been around long enough to know better. This was considered a contribution to the breed and most exhibitors and CFA Judges concurred. That is like putting the awards before the work (breeding programs). peke-face reds. being bred to enrich. They also had breaks above the eyes that looked like they were moving into the foreheads. tears. with maloccluded jaws. Furthermore. Shadeds and AOVs are bred to Solid Persians for more than two generations. as if you were cooking stew and expecting the contents to remain true to the original recipe. ears pointing to Mars. enhance or increase their own division. Before problems existed with coat and eye color. doesn’t it? It is broadly hinted by old timers that the "Peke-Face Reds" were used to create the look. sacrifice and finances). This is because newer fanciers were led to believe that the quick win is the only win. how can anyone be blamed? All of us should have been trained in what it takes to develop a bloodline (sweat. It can be said that today’s Persians have ." Fanciers were on a binge for ultra-extreme head type." however. without having a clue as to what they are doing. The look was hard on the eyes. with rare exceptions. Some of these Persians had ultra high noses. we lose the flavor and savor…soundness of coat color as well as depth of eye color. then you must be someone who has been showing cats in CFA longer than 10 years. which existed before the 1980s. The old look disappeared when peke-face reds were quietly bred to Solid Persians. What is the bottom line? Solids are not. if information was not handed down regarding the value of a bloodline. or any other division or breed of pedigreed cat in the Cat Fanciers’ Association? Even if some people sold their most valuable cats and were interested in profit only. instead of having the patience to work on a breeding program and reap the joyous rewards one experiences when showing one’s own breedings. For example. Indeed. when Himmies. The term "piggy expression" was coined. flat top heads. time. as well as droopy frowny mouths. as opposed to immortality for their lines. Tabbies (brown in particular). followed by ring cages loaded with pale creams. how will any of us ever respect Solid Persians. Bi-Colors. novices should be taught that you do not mix other divisions with Solids for several generations. openexpression. eyes as tiny as M & Ms. vibrant reds. What actually occurred is the old look of Persians. an interested bystander recognizing what a novice has purchased should take the time to tell them what they are lucky to have in their hands. Sounds lovely. with three distinct classes for eye color. Preserving bloodlines is the backbone of our organization – NOT just the regional or national wins. if you can. Thus. we did recover from that episode. can you recall when show rings were filled with glorious whites. had heavy brows. Pekes have incredible coat color (brilliantly red) and eyes you can see light though when you turn them to the side and pull back the fur. pale blues and intensely black blacks (from the mid 1990s purple-pink lilacs and warm chocolates)? Well.

as solid peke-face reds were from the solid family of the color spectrum. however. If a black has a great deal of undercoat. Plus." as a look. has it occurred to any of YOU to ask. Blues are passed over for displaying a blue/black or uneven color from root to tip. old-time breeders recognized that going too far would ruin the style of all Persians. Coat color and eye color were not harmed. "Just what IS the problem with coat and eye color in the Solid Persian?" Are any of you curious as to why there are less and less Solids at cat shows (or anywhere)? Well. did not remain in fashion. the teardrop eye is attributed to the pekes. Comments about reds. Coming back to present day. In fact. If you wanted a Persian with a "sweet. We stand back and quietly observe as our CFA Judge zeroes in on the coat color of a Solid Persian. openexpression. Whites are left behind for poor eye color. Newer people seem to be unaware of the obvious. Let us see if we can find a few answers. and does not appear to like the color of the eyes. which is what we call "doming" today. They probably would have sounded the alarm. this judge feels that the color is too dark. too light or uneven." this was not the way to go. even though the few that exist are dismissed for having delicate bone. just as we removed . So? You won’t see a Solid Persian in THOSE finals! The point? We need to repair bad coat and eye color in Solid Persians. looking too tabby or pink as opposed to red. but Persians haven’t looked the same since the late 70s and early 80s. Most of the old timers are gone. Peke-faced reds are dismissed as a breed gone by and ignored altogether. Meanwhile chocolates are sometimes said to look like rusty blacks. CEWs (copper-eyed whites) and BEWs (blue-eyed whites) as well as their odd-eyed cousins are ignored if the eye color is pale (Bi-Color or Himmy parentage often produces a pale-whitish eye color with darker rims). Creams are ejected from the judging table if they display a (hot) red or a (muddy) brown color. pinkish tone or odd tabby markings. Use of Bi-Colors creates a paler. pekes had a brow-ridge at the top of the skull. Obviously. Creams are also put aside if they display heavy saddles across the back. Again. Fortunately. A disapproving look spreads across the judge’s face. Judges from ring to ring begin to comment on and dismiss what few Solids are present at the show. They saw the error of their way and "pigs.that same look in the eyes (the good ones). let us go to "Anyplace USA" where we will view a cat show in action. breeders are chided for using too many dilutes in the pedigree (white/silvery hairs mingled in). The lilacs are often accused of resembling spoiled blues. Then the judge waves some feathers to get a closer look at the expression of the cat. one might ask if anyone has recognized that we are in trouble with Solid Persians. Use of Himmies behind solid reds cause weird shades of red. are more than whispered when the color class is "up" in a ring. So. Blacks are looked upon with disdain for having too much brown or grey fuzz. This is why many can quibble about the value of pekes. here comes that look of disapproval.

heavy cobby-bodied . This is because structure. Pedigreed Persian cats are solid-boned. If you want to read that written standard. I have prepared a description of the Persian. For that reason. stable and low-keyed natures. consistent selection is a must. what is acceptable in a Solid Persian "show cat. please go to this link: (or you can receive it by sending for it from CFA’s Central Office) http://www. In this way. The pedigreed Solid Persians are desired for their light soothing voices and for their accommodating. So. In fact." However. we will be able to comprehend why they are not so "solid" anymore.the overdone influence of "pigs" in Persians back in the 80s. Their rounded bodies have stumps for legs. They are adored for their nonathletic yet gently playful personalities. Does breeding for color mean you lose type? Absolutely not. but. we will be channeling our energies properly to establish and perpetuate great cats. CFA has an officially written color standard for Solid Persians. Just remember.org/breeds/standards/persian. We can do that by promoting the value of long-term breeding programs." We need to take responsibility for what we have done." Yet.cfa. be getting great cats – and the wins WILL follow. Our breeding programs and goals must be reevaluated. for the sake of this article. I’ve also written an explanation about the solid colors for Persians. you should always refer to the "Standard. when we human beings have no thought for tomorrow – there will be no tomorrow. Careful. a breeder must balance the needs of their line carefully. let us now look at the ideal Solid Persian. have affected our solids. So. there are fanciers who do NOT know what our breed councils came up with over the years. CFA Judge) The House… It may be obvious to fanciers. In this way. we need to picture what the ideal Solid Persian cat should look like. "There are no shortcuts to breeding cats with excellent color. we will instill pride in working with our cats and pride for the Solid Persian. Also keep in mind that if you are just beginning OR if you need a refresher." (Jeanie McPhee. Still sought after today: their dramatic flowing coats surround a massive frame. along with color. if we breed with a respect FOR this division. consider this article a plea on behalf of the magnificent "Solid Persian.

undercoat (cottony and soft. the ruff should be full with a petticoat of hair between the front legs to complete the full dressed appearance. straight forelegs and heavy-duty hind legs. The nose should be short and quite snub. full head. The legs are an even height (front and back). After all. that blends into the large-to-medium torso. pansy-faced trademark "look." The ears should be small. with a jaw that conveys strength yet softness. soft. No lumps. which are held straight (not bowed or cow-hocked) when viewed from the rear. to add to the dramatic flair and style of the cat. When groomed. While the chin should be well-developed. while across the shoulders and rump. not fat. The Solid Persian’s coat that should be "over the top" well-groomed so that each hair is individually separated. bumps or ridges. The cheeks should be rounded and very full. Eyes should be level with each other and set apart. rounded (not pointed) and tilted forward and not open at the base too obviously. The entire cat should have good muscle tone and exhibit no tendencies toward flabbiness. five in front and four at the rear. short neck must flow into the massive body. Eye placement contributes to the proportions of the circular head shape. you might as well go home and forget exhibiting your Persian. yet delicately broad (never coarse). not dull in color (whether they are copper or blue) and should be full and large. The paws are large and round with a solid firm feel and the toes are held tightly. if you please. The eye apertures should be round with the eyes set well (but not too deeply) within the sockets and wide apart. The tail is the punctuation mark at the end of the story and should be in proportion to the short body length. solid body. Heavy. The size begins with large and goes to medium but a Persian is never small in size or stature. thick neck. The Persian cat’s chest is broad (wide) and deep. to conform to the smooth shape of the skull. Without proper presentation. lift and texture) or a mixture of the two extremes. massive and full. The tail should be held without any curvature at all and carried at an angle that is lower than the back. The skull of the cat is rounded and sits atop an equally short.(short) with short thick legs. with extra hairs dancing on the ear and toe tufts for elegance. heavy. Ears should additionally be set far enough apart. Can you see the ideal Persian yet? Well if you can. One smooth piece! It is desired that your Persian cat possess a long thick coat. the cat exhibits a hefty." The facial expression and contours of the large round head and thick. adding fullness. Smooth. with a well-rounded middle section and straight level back. The eyes should be brilliant. the coat must make a statement. to that skull! The ears should not permit for any distortion to the roundness of the head. which will result in giving the Persian cat its sweet. then here is what we do NOT want to . Whether that coat has guard hair (glossy – the kind of hair that reflects light well). the entire aspect of the cat should indicate all the body parts blend and are of equal proportion. it should exhibit a perfect. not bumpy. creating a symmetry which completes the truly acceptable Persian cat. The facial expression should show refinement coupled with a gentle. a shoebox with legs – square yet rounded. alert sweetness. even bite – no overbite or undershot jaw that can distort the "look. with a break (indentation) that is centered evenly between the eyes. When standing back. the coat of the Solid Persian represents the epitome of elegance while embracing the form of the cat and contributes to its mystique. and low enough on the sides of the rounded.

The preferred eye color is a brilliant copper (the vivid orange/copper color) as opposed to a darker brownish copper. neck or hindquarters). However. All are acceptable and considered to be in the CEW family. as well as yellow eye colors (hold onto those yellow-eyed whites – if you breed them to an OEW (odd-eyed white) you’ll get great BEWs with deep eye color!). The eye color is ideally a deep blue or brilliant copper brown. OEWs have one blue and one copper eye and the intensity of color for both eyes should be equal (whether or not they are pale or dark. 4) weak or misshapen hindquarters. The nose leather and paw pads are pink (not black). 2) abnormally shaped or kinked tail. lumps and ridges on the front and top of the head are considered declasse.see. Again. Do not be stubborn and insist on showing a cat with these faults: 1) lockets or buttons. we would like to see orange peel eye color. The nose leather is black and the paw pads are black or brown. Judges are on the watch and don’t appreciate a Persian with a bumpy skull. 7) crossed eyes. you will also see orange and/or flaming copper eye color. The nose leather and paw pads are blue. BEW eye color is not as deep as the Himalayan blue eye color. completely free of rusty discoloration. hocks or undercoat. but preferably black. The Colors… White: This is a pristine pure white cat with neither a blue nor gray tint to the coat (and no stains to the eyes. best get it a delightful pet home or look forward to not doing well at a cat show. That is the favored shade. Why? The orange color is a great contrast against the stunning blue of the coat. The hair shaft must be sound from the tip to the roots. today the dark-copper-penny eye color seems to be the preferred eye color for CEWs. Black: A sound coal black coat from roots to tip of fur. a sound medium shade of blue is better received than a pale silvery shade that is patchy and uneven. . A BEW’s eye color should still be obviously blue – not milky white. 6) deformed skull resulting in an asymmetrical head. 5) a curved or sloping spine. Eye color on a black should be brilliant copper. A navy or blue-black color and/or mottled blue is unacceptable in the show ring. 3) too many or not enough toes. Keep in mind that bumps. We don’t want to see a smokey ruff. but most of the time on our best blacks today we are seeing the copper brown shade. Of course. as long as they are equal – though darker eye color for both eyes is preferred). In CEWs. Blue: The lighter shade is the approved shade but a medium even tone of blue is accepted. If you have these problems with your cat.

The bone structure creates a very round head with a very strong chin. Here. clear. A reddish or brownish hue to the tips of the coat is undesirable. tail or back. The muzzle is wrinkled. We do not want to see darkening spread across the back. Sound from roots to tip of fur. The break is located between the regular nose break and the top dome of the head. The eye-color should be a brilliant copper. Darker almost bluish hair across the face is unacceptable. The ears conform to the underlying bone structure of the head. The nose leather should have a lavender hue. too much undercoat – a pale uneven appearance which makes a chocolate look like a spoiled cream. creating a half-moon boning above the eyes. some people . markings or ticking. Allowances are usually made for a slightly higher placement of the ears. The peke nose is short. Lilac: Warm lavender with a pinkish. Eyes are large. The coat is even and exhibits equal amounts of guard hair and undercoat. heavy. and not dull blue or grayish tone. The Mind And The Heart… Are you thinking Persians are not a particularly clever breed? Unfortunately. candy brown tone. Peke-Face Red: The peke-face cat conforms in color and type to the standard for the solid red cat. There exists a horizontal break. The paler and more "buff" the coat color. a brownish-copper eye color compliments a cream coat and is the eye color of choice. rich. round and set very wide apart. Too much guard hair produces a limp. The paw pads should be pink. The eye color is a dark copper-penny tone. The head differs from the standard Persian. depressed and indented between the eyes. Eye color on a peke will not let you down as it is generally a brilliant copper.Red: A deep. is desired. dark look. sides or legs. The nose leather and the paw pads are brick red. It is hoped the eye color matches the brilliant orange coat and is not too pale or too brown. The dark copperpenny eye color for chocolates is sought after. Let’s face it – we don’t want those sneaky tabby markings on the head. Cream: The cream coat color is sound from root to tip. The eye color is a brilliant copper. legs. brilliant red without shading. Chocolate: Rich and warm with a milk chocolate. Another horizontal indentation is located smack dab in the center of the forehead’s bone structure. The coat must be sound and even throughout. Nose leather and paw-pads are pink (really a rose color as opposed to a pink shade). the better. It runs clear across the front of the head. The nose leather is brown and the paw-pads are cinnamon-pink with eye color a brilliant copper. Lips and chin should be the same color as coat.

Loving and never distant. Blacks display intelligence. They watch us before they wisely tell us who they are (and THAT is using your brains!). you will easily identify all four seasonal changes. If you live on the East coast. check out the descriptions below. If you have lived in southern California for a few years and have the time to observe the climate. they never forget their owners.do. the uninitiated often cannot detect the seasons. I’m not kidding! Their moods and feelings are due to breeding programs that sought good looks and sweet personalities. along with body type and coat color. They are called the "blondes" of the cat fancy as they tend not to respond as much on the judging table as we would like – but in reality. the black Persian has a mellow heart and an even larger capacity to be near you (their owners first and then . When blue Persians show great possessiveness. this is only because they love you with a passion. You can then easily communicate with their distinctive minds and souls. summer. and you will be rewarded a hundred-fold. The definition of the four seasons of the year is a good way to understand the Persian. melt-in-your mouth white Persians. This is just plain not true. tenderhearted. This is because they lack the outgoing and open approach to life of their bright. they are not stupid. fall. That is why it is best to begin a relationship with Persians using patience as your guide. While the females display tender feelings toward their young. Let’s take the dignified. let us use an analogy that might serve us best here. Once they trust you. The same can be said of the Persian’s mentality. You might find that I am not that far off. It is a privilege indeed to be trusted and allowed in. are strong-willed and sometimes a tad rambunctious. Even though blue Persians can be little tyrants from time to time (bossy. you have a little bit of heaven in your home. If this sounds a bit far-fetched. thoughts and intuitiveness are masked. woe to other kitties that get in their way. dominating and demanding). they open like a flower. The color implies purity and white Persians certainly seem to be pure of heart. The essence of Solid Persians’ emotional makeup is based on their coat color as well as their breed. but it is only because you have stolen their hearts. subtle though they may be. winter and spring are obvious. Like delicate flowers amidst the thorns (unlike alert and active solid reds). They are bright enough to reserve their energies for looking luscious. They demand a great deal of attention. These little guys are softhearted and mushy. To understand a Persian’s "mind. Persians are quiet creatures whose perceptions. blue is symbolic of heaven and when you own a blue. Their mindset is actually more mysterious than lacking in intelligence. white Persians are known to lounge rather than lunge. In southern California." if you will. shorthair cousins. As the color implies.

Lilacs and chocolates express their love aggressively.their fellow cats). However. it is a mystery lost in time but we can assume that these early felines possessed a short dense coat. who is willing to be associated with their feline friends and share in group activities far more than other Solids (particularly their private white cousins). were discovered in . Wildcats bred to early domestic cats are said to be the contributing gene pool that brought about longhaired cats. There aren’t many of them around these days. The African Wildcat diverged from the European cat only about 20.000 years ago). which their soft exterior belies. Silvestris. thus camouflaging them from harms way. F. Yet their feelings are on their sleeves. but they have the capacity for play and can even be a bit vocal in their demands. found mainly living in forested areas of Europe (fossil records tell us that the European form of the wildcat is the oldest. Creams can be laid-back to a fault. As to color? Grey and/or brown muted shades complete with classic and/or mackerel patterns were thought to be the two colors and patterns which protected primitive woodland creatures.silvestris. that the cat’s most ancient ancestor probably was a weasel-like animal called Miacis. the Indian Desert or Steppe wildcat (Ornata Group). Reds are the "Snappy Toms" of the solids. They are also willing to be lap cats to their humans despite a heavy coat. they never seem raucous – just a bit opinionated. full-bodied Persian. This is because they are very clear-minded and eventempered most of the time. solid red Persians wear their hearts on their sleeves and are always looking for approval. The earliest species can be split into three main groups: 1. They are quiet and sweet.natured as their breed does imply. Silvestris. F. 3. Not vocal at all. These class clowns play hard (for a Persian) and push themselves. however. but those folks that own one can testify to their loyalty and just plain happy-go-lucky natures. Peke faced reds were just as warm and friendly as the red Persians above.ornata. But beware – some of them have their moods. the European wildcat (Silvestris group). but more doglike in their affection and desire to be close to their humans. a factor which protected them from extreme elements.lybica. This is a robust. They enjoy climbing though not to aggressive heights. descended from Martelli’s cat. the African wildcat (Lybica Group). Most men of science do agree. while other solid colors prefer perching languidly on a shelf. 2. possessing a typical light vocal quality. Miacis is believed to be the common ancestor of all land-dwelling carnivores (dogs as well as cats). about 250. As to the original length of the cat’s coat. They have energy and are a primal force wherever they live. Mischievous as they are. existed in various forms through history in most of Africa apart from the Sahara. Felis silvestris lunensis. F. Indeed these lovely cats are snuggle-bugs to willing owners. They have a greater agility than their Solid counterparts (those sneaky Siamese/Havana Brown genes creeping through all that fur no doubt). Silvestris. It is theorized cats existed for millions of years – even before the first dogs.000 years ago (fossil specimens of African Wildcats are only known with certainty from the late Pleistocene era). The Early Cat… Quite frankly no one knows exactly when or how the very first feline appeared. which lived about 40 million or 50 million years ago. the cream is a loving and peaceful part of the solid spectrum. This is an accommodating (and bend-over-backwards-to-please-you) cat.

manul. Once on land. other nations with sailing ships imported varieties of shorthaired cats to the New World and later Australia. traveling European adventurers were said to have brought longhaired kittens back from Middle Eastern countries to their own families. The Russian Wildcat is rugged and had a shaggy brown tabby coat. with thick fur and low-set ears. as now. Spain and Italy and eventually the United States. scientists believe they were derived from the Caffre cat. A Theory… Breedings occurred between the European wildcat (Silvestris Group) and a breed called the Pallas cat. Whether they were ever bred to European cats is unknown. It is proposed that some were exported to other lands and bred but there is no proof that anyone could handle them. NOTE: It is postulated that modern day Persian brown tabbies can trace their lineage (and that rich brown color) to Russian wildcats. libyca. Another Possibility… Longerhaired domestic breeds may have sprung forth in combination with an Asian wildcat. these hardy felines became pets and also were part of semi-feral colonies of cats which. colors that always provided camouflage in all kinds of environments. Many of these people kept colonies of cats for protection from vermin as they traveled from region to region in cruel climates. when bred with local wildcats. Then. The longhair gene was.various regions of western Asia through parts of India and Southern Asia. Egyptian tomb paintings. F. They might have contributed their genetic makeup to the mix. It is believed that when tribes of peoples with their ancient felines came together. as time went by. The domestic cat’s original coat color was also described as grey or brown with darker tabby stripes. F. These domestic cats were incorporated into the life and daily worship of Egypt’s culture. the desirable longhair might have caused curiosity and interest but the sweet nature of these particular cats cemented a permanent relationship between Europe’s peoples and these long-coated cats. Or… In Asia. introduced to domestic cats in Eastern Europe. in this way. Longhairs were transported to England. Then. new varieties of longhaired cats became established for a longer coat factor. They became prizes for people of wealth and longhaired . These feral felines became part of families who lived a nomadic existence. produced longer coated domestic felines. Again. As to the development of the shorthaired domestic cat. sculptures and the resultant cat mummies present us with very early representations of the domestic shorthaired cat. the brown and grey tabby colors predominated. fully coated cats living in frigid weather. much less work with them as part of a breeding program. By the early 1800s. Historians believe the enterprising Romans eventually introduced domestic cats throughout most of Europe. a species of African wildcat which was domesticated by the ancient Egyptians perhaps as early as 2500 BC. France. Some scientists postulate that ancient Europeans witnessed spontaneously mutated. that protected them against severe weather. They were transported by the crusaders to Europe. Pallas cats are Asian cats that adapted to a life at high altitudes. long coated cats were said to exist in ancient China and were said to have YELLOW fur and deep yellow eyes.

dry climate (Middle East) to a cold damp climate (Great Britain) where they consumed a richer. For a time. by the way. The differences between the two breeds (as noted in this article) begin with the quality of the fur (the Persian had a woolly coat and thicker tail). Since the color gene is carried in the same genetic framework with the X (or female) chromosome. Once the long-coated cats and Angoras bred. If the cat has the dominant agouti gene." the Persian became more popular than the Angora. In addition. page 51. When these colors combine. it creates variety. but. it was thought the primitive Longhair was not as intelligent or sweet tempered as the Angora. was attributed indirectly to the fact that this new breed of longhair was transported from a warm. In the 1959 CFA Yearbook. The Angora also appeared in Italy and shortly thereafter in France. which they bred to a woolly wildcat x domestic mix. Indeed. the color is sex-linked (NOTE: If you want to research the breakdown of what can be produced today using modern Solids. which means a tabby pattern becomes almost indistinct. The Longhair’s head was also larger with rounder ears and the body was stockier. (And what does agouti really mean? It is the name of a tiny rodent with a coat exhibiting banded coloring that causes the coat to appear invisible against the backdrop of a woodland setting) Simply stated. the litters were sweeter natured. the Solid Persian is your basic example of a non- . no matter what breed. then the agouti pattern diminishes and the tabby pattern and the background are both the same. Coat density. the Angora was considered more desirable. others believe Turkey). have two genes for tabby. All other colors and patterns are variations of the two colors. formerly known as Persia. if instead of the agouti we have a non-agouti gene. maltese and white. Furthermore. but not all cats display the tabby pattern because other overriding genes are present. students of the cat believe that the long bodied Angora from Turkey was bred to a shorter semi-longhaired domestic (wildcat mix) cat by the mid 1800s to create a longer coated cat that would someday be called the "Persian. The First Colors… An easy way to understand color is to remember there are two basic hues for cats: black and red (sometimes referred to as orange). the tabby pattern will appear. One supposition. the Persian Breed Council has a link to color charts. It is guessed that longhaired cats were associated with these countries from about the 16th Century and possibly earlier. Authorities do claim that the Angora was first introduced to Europe around 1626. these cats had a rounder body with heavier bone. and these genes prevent the tabby pattern from emerging. As a result of these "improvements." The people of Great Britain were the most interested in breeding programs and they are said to be the ones to use the Angora. and thus evolved the early Persian. more diverse diet.cats gained in popularity as enthusiasm for shorthaired varieties diminished. is that the longhaired domestic cat evolved from areas in the Middle East (some say Iran. others say 1550 but it was almost certainly somewhere in that time span. plus they possessed a lengthier coat. based on more fact than fiction. As for personality. all cats. it is stated that Angoras came in blue.

emphasis was on color (not so much type). particularly brown tabby. then the kittens should be solid (excluded are cats that carry the chocolate or colorpoint gene). since it introduces the tabby pattern plus agouti (ticked area) between the tabby pattern. we said that up to the 1800s. That is why it is postulated this new longhair was bred to non-agouti Turkish Angoras. At first. Solid blacks also had white hairs under the throat and shoulder. revered the feline in art and culture. sound solid color longhair felines. Next to the hair root malanophore produces malanin. Ticking causes visible ripples of color. Like-minded individuals visited each other to see new litters and discussed their trial and error methods (early cat clubs). This step set the stage for programs that permanently affected the destiny of coat colors for Solid Persian cats. The inspiration to keep records of these rare breedings (early stud book records) was just a step away. Some blacks had symmetrical patterns but others had odd stripes and splotches on the body. in a Solid Persian program can cause havoc with clear nonagouti color. which led to actual cat shows and on to the creation of cat fancy associations. Yet. cream. Later. Eumelanin produces black. We will then be able to understand how time marched on as did the progress of the longhaired "Persian" cat with improved coat. Solid black and solid blue were relatively rare. Solid colors eventually included red (orange)." . Previously. And that was the beginning of solid color combining with length of coat to constitute fledgling longhair breeding programs. Before we go there. we should probably figure out how the agouti and non-agouti merged to produce a solid color longhair. solid color longhairs were on the rise as people became intrigued with the possibility of creating beautiful. There are three or four separate bands of color on each hair shaft (which you can see on the Abyssinian). and if they are bred (solid-to-solid). Eumelanin is deposited in the hair and it is in this way that color is actually deposited on the hair shaft. Phaeomelanin produces red and cream based colors and they are sex-linked (XR/XR or O/O). into breeding programs. Asia and Europe. it shifted to "type. let us have a look at how man. More and more non-agouti felines emerged and they caused a trend towards solid color longhair cats – Persian cats. Some cats had white markings. with the intent of improving personality as well as basic physical appearance and increased coat length. When Solids Were Show Cats… Moving forward to the early 1900s. the longhair wildcats had been bred to shorthair domestic cats and created a new mix. in brief. color and structure. NOTE: The use of modern tabbies. The new longhair agouti brown/ gray striped and blotchy (classic and mackerel tabby) cats resembled their wild ancestors from Africa. black. Solid color in cats is dependent upon the chemical presence of Melanin as a "color" factor. Melanin is the main pigment that gives color to the skin and hair. As each hair grows from the root. Then you will see where WE as a species began to connect creatively (so to speak) with natural evolution to design the Solid Persian show cat. The hair itself acquires color by a simple process. which was still breeding in their natural environments. chocolate or lilac based colors.agouti cat. Of course. blue (gray) and were all emerging at a rapid pace. quasi-fanciers in Britain were separating favorite felines that exhibited specific non-agouti coat colors with longer lengths of coat. blue. Now that we understand the color process a bit more. the new solid colors initially exhibited some stripes on the legs and tail.

As a result. a well-known breeder of Saint Bernards. MacDonna. Pampered pets were pictured as gray or brown tabbies with an occasional red tabby peering out from the canvas. which has a representation of short-coated cats and kittens in one of its illuminations. playing cards. plus she inadvertently endorsed cat shows as a socially acceptable form of public entertainment. the Book of Kells. lounging amongst satins. posters and advertisements of the time depicted cats of long coat. to step in. Mr. The time was right for something new. Wilkinson. Weir initially decided to promote "breeds" by raising awareness of the "beauty and attractiveness" of the cat. Book covers. Harrison Weir.The ancient art works of man openly venerate the shorthaired feline. it was absolutely perfect timing for the great pioneer and historian of the Persian. They are pictured sitting astride satin pillows and enjoying royal privileges. his brother John Jenner Weir and the Rev. The public’s interest was piqued. Weir’s "Points of Excellence" also contained within Our Cats was literally the first standard to assign points. Harrison Weir had managed to create a forum and place of honor and respect for early pedigreed cats! . but they wanted to have them in their own homes. From wall murals and artifacts of the Egyptians to imposing sculpture." A brilliant innovator. Some breeds would include up to 35 points for color alone. First. he wrote the book Our Cats and All About Them in 1889. the cat was seen as a model of adoration. laces. He gave 20 points out of a possible 100 – more than for any other feature – for color in the self-colored longhair cats. Consider the 8th century Irish manuscript of the Gospels. Modern photographic and illustrative techniques of the late 19th and early 20th centuries celebrated the longhaired cat. Indeed. and due to Harrison Weir’s influence. Not only did people want to see these interesting longhair cats in person. Curiosity about these longhairs increased with the advent of illustrated postcards that had precious longhairs seated among hearts and flowers. This is why when the very first catteries (whether English or American) put on the very first cat shows. Mr. The Queen gave an aristocratic seal of approval to solid colored long coated cats. even among the same so-called breed. Artists such as Leonardo da Vinci and Albrecht Dürer are among the artists who included cats that were mostly shorthaired. you can view longhaired cats (primarily blue Solid Persians) from the late 19th century and early 20th century. With thanks to early photography. J. Weir approached his friend. Very different standards evolved on that basis. the manager of Crystal Palace. These cat clubs were dedicated to specific colors of cats. After writing the "book" on felines. Queen Victoria purchased two blue Persians at that Crystal Palace cat show. and the creator of the original cat show in England. Mr. with the idea of designing a novelty – a cat show. The judges at that very first show held in July 1871 were Harrison Weir himself. brocades and flowers. so that "the too often despised cat will meet with the attention and kind treatment that every dumb animal should have and ought to receive. they separated cats into classes by their color as opposed to a specific breed. He was also responsible for the illustrations of the breeds contained within the covers of his amazing book. Mr. cat clubs were formed.

" a white. Pedigreed cats were known to be beyond the reach of the "working classes. parti-colors and tabbies were seen at these shows in smaller numbers. Imagine the anticipation when the now famous and almost "royal" Solid longhairs finally made their way across the ocean to America! It is recorded that the first "highbred" longhair imported into the United States was a highly awaited black. The following year the classes were split by gender. Clinton Locke of Chicago. where numerous white Persians were exhibited by well known breeders of the day including the above mentioned Mrs. Small cat shows were held in the New England states. He came from Spain and was purchased by the influential Mrs. Miss Simpson founded the Blue Cat Society of England and wrote the standard in 1902. Mrs. HRH Princess Victoria of Schleswig Holstein was Patron of the National. solid blue Persians were shown by the renowned Miss Frances Simpson. From that point on. The Lady Decies showed many fine longhairs. Josiah Cratty. cat shows took off across the United States as swiftly as the wind. She stated that her first Persians – a pair of blue-eyed whites – were obtained in 1869. which is not much different than today’s interpretation in England. Other cat fancy activity included shows in Chicago. A "class" was created for "working class" citizens for lower entry fees. early cat shows had fine examples of Solid Persians that were imported from . The solid colors dominated. Wendell was the foundation for the world famous Lockehaven cattery. The first widely attended show in America was held at Madison Square Garden in New York in May 1895. which this club did for many years. NOTE: Accounts differ as to whether the first blues were shown by the Gresham sisters or by Miss Simpson. This cattery set precedents by producing Solid Persians and promoting them to eager new fanciers who had "royal" stars in their eyes. the first longhair specialty club was organized in Buffalo in 1906 called the Blue Cat Society of America. the first color classes for blues were offered in 1889. Queen Victoria and the then Prince of Wales (later Edward VII) were regular attendees at later shows. The second import came to another future breeder of famed solid red Persians. Because of the public’s interest. however. Blues were used in breeding programs for other divisions (even back then) to retain "type" and overall quality.At that significant first Crystal Palace show. It was founded to further solid blue Persians and to hold cat shows featuring solid blue Persians. Lady Marcus Beresford was said to own over 150 cats and traveled to cat shows with an entourage of servants." This is how Household Pet classes came to be. For many decades. During the Victorian and Edwardian days. She purchased "Wendell. Edwin Brainard. In the USA. and are said to be the foundation for several catteries in the United States. British "commoners" showed in the "pet classes" category. Miss Simpson also wrote The Book of the Cat. blues were considered the standard bearers for the Persian breed. the British cat fancy had exhibitors with titles that were longer than their cats. Wendell was from Persia and he was imported to the United States around 1875. although shadeds. Clinton Locke and Mrs. published in 1903.

cat clubs were dedicated to particular colors of longhairs. Solid Persians were on their way. Then. which developed into the great Solid Persians of the 20th Century. passing by all the others to attain glory and renown. The book inspired breeders in America to import many great bloodlines from England. Novices of the day were taught how to breed and were tutored regarding the value of Solid Persians.B. The Persian Past… 1909 was a banner year when D. exhibitors refined their tastes for "breeds.England." but kept moving forward with an emphasis on color as opposed to body or type. During this crucial period. with the largest emphasis on color. writing out pedigrees in longhand (oh. dedicated breeders painstakingly preserved records. This was a focused description of the acceptable pedigreed Persian show cat. It is noted in the 1963 CFA Yearbook in articles written on white Persians by Mrs. Colorbred blues (again with thanks to Queen Victoria and royals) were still the most popular Solid color. blacks. by 1914 nine color classes were listed under the longhairs with the following colors accepted for Solid Persians by CFA’s Board: whites. This breed was the "big draw" for both exhibitors and visitors during this period. In the 1930s. The news was that "color" as well as "type" were linked as motivating factors toward the improvement of the Solid Persian. Persians assumed center stage. many cat fancy associations in the United States. and even in a destroyed Europe. One advantage of being a member was that cat clubs enabled members to more easily locate breeding stock until the war years disrupted cat fancy progress. As a result of our hurrying to keep up with our English cousins. It was a great time for artistic growth with the pedigreed feline. most Solid Persians of today connect back to imported longhaired cats that came to America in the early part of the 20th Century from Britain. It was considered quite the honor to be sold a Solid Persian. Revington and black Persians by Mr. John H. each class of Solid was given individual Standards of Points. for a typewriter – never mind a computer) and all registries produced stud books as error-free as they possibly could. A trend of heavy emphasis on color did continue through the war years and even beyond that time. breeders acknowledged longhairs as a group. In fact. blues. Champion penned Everybody’s Cat Book. oranges and creams. began the process of coming back like the phoenix from the ashes. Richard . Longhaired cats were very competitive by the time CFA was established in 1906. Cat showing slowed down through World War I. As time went by. In the 30s and 40s. however. After World War I. The news during the 20s and 30s. Prior to World War I. Differences were noted for structure and type (but not breed). was not the rebirth of cat shows. without Persians there might never have been cat shows. In fact. things became more active with fanciers displaying their felines in increasing numbers as the war closed.

and unbelievably dominated the field at cat shows to become the cat fancy’s brightest star at the end of the 40s and also the early 50s. (This change was the cause of CFA in the United States. change became inevitable for Persians in both countries. They were bombed continuously and lost many brave citizens and precious cats from once-prosperous breeding programs. much less a cattery? Those who did sacrificed tremendously to keep the breeds alive and thriving. great disruption and heavy losses for the cat fancy. They intended to continue with a style of Persian that harkened back to their "glory days. In the United States during the 1940s. America and England worked for approximately 100 years together in perfect harmony. The work and suffering of these dedicated people and their urgency to help their cats brought about cures for common feline diseases and methods that stopped the pestilence of fleas. breeders of Persians in America profited from the experience and wisdom of their English counterparts. This was particularly true when breeders were attempting to improve type for both the solid white and black. it caused confusion. The British had no intention of losing their look. When World War II broke out. and breeding them to remaining Solid Persian stock. European fanciers became intrigued with the far-reaching possibilities long before America. We all agreed. It was this harmony that preserved the Solid Persian. In America. which preserved endangered catteries. it happened that British pedigrees contained other breeds of cats which were not from "pure Persian" bloodlines. When longhairs were threatened with rack and ruin in the southern states. including Siamese and Havana Browns. Cleaner catteries spurred on by these disasters brought about sanitary methods that are used today. methods were used to preserve Persians which included taking whatever cats were available. we have to realize that World War II was crueler to England than America. Who could take care of cats. and inevitably divisions. When World War II broke out. So. This was a new direction. America’s Persians began "pushing the envelope" (so to speak) with head type. Cat fanciers persevered but there was no antibiotic or vaccination that could spare kittens from fatal diseases that today are cured with a simple pill or shot. This structural alteration was not acceptable to British cat fanciers. Indeed. It presented problems for American cat fanciers who did not want to import British cats if the pedigrees included other breeds. that blues were the color of choice. Bi-Colors and Calicos were included in studbooks but relegated to lower status in comparison to the far more popular Solids and Shadeds. breeders came to believe that expression should be extreme on Persians. were the result. that inevitably altered structure (use of the peke-face reds). up until almost the end of the war. The first Himalayans had not yet been born (1950s). the miracle is that Persians came through the second World War healthier than some of the smaller breeds.Gebhardt. who stubbornly held on and bred Persians in spite of all the obstacles. on a single standard for Persians. Indeed the Southern Region is still a stronghold for Solid Persians – a legacy to be honored. One good reason: until World War II. respectively. New colors. They believed it should be the motivating factor for improvement. Bloodlines came and went during this period as people sought answers to preserve their stock. including lilacs and chocolates as Solid Persians later in the 20th century!) To explain." Our cultural . as well as educated grooming and bathing techniques that aided in preventing disease. credit for their survival goes to those breeders of the greatest determination. With the loss of life.

as a rule. Since Parti-Colors are a result of Solid color breeding programs. Today she is a legend! However. Mrs. Parti-Colors to Solids produced type. conform strictly to the standards. in-breeding (cats are judiciously bred to their . The late Lois Weston (Simbelair) was determined to use big-boned creams in her primarily white breeding program. Keeping their gene pool tight. Jadon is a cattery that is known for that kind of savvy breeding. Not only was the white coat unaffected (as was feared) but bone. Jadon did not not marr their great dilute color to any great extent. Keeping these coat colors separated produced sound even coat color. History and Magic of the Cat by Mery. however. Weston was breeding Solids-to-Solids and that worked. It is. giving a really Pekinese-like look. Noted breeders with great expertise relied heavily on tried and true breeding techniques including: line-breeding (breeding within a family of related cats but included are other bloodlines). of course. Breeders should. Not only did our cats look different. The British refer to Persians as the "Persian Longhair" to differentiate it from other longhaired cats. that simply could not be beat! American Solid Persians were at their peak from the 60s through the 80s. This and other trends caused a gap between our two countries which has become as wide as the Atlantic. the entire cat fancy benefited. breeding programs were gaining new methods for success. The Move To The Present… During the 1960s. with cheeks invading their eyes. with glorious coat color in their Solid Persians. it must be remembered that Mrs. but the style of our exhibiting differed. Catteries such as these took the time to work with their Solids. the Persian was renamed. (This is when copper-eyed white Solids developed that deep dark eye color. bone and great coat and eye color. So even the very title of "Persian" was altered as our English brothers insisted that the word "longhair" must follow. As a result. eye color and type on the whites moved to new heights of glory. he stated the general feeling of the British fancier toward the American breeder and exhibitor: In the United States a shortening of the face even more than is normal for the long-haired face. a tried and true practice that ensures Solids stay solid. It is the striving after sensational effects in breeding that produces those Persians that are just flabby balls of fur. has resulted in a special group being formed within this breed for show purposes. and it does now. Other fanciers introduced Parti-Colors heavily to Solids from the 60s right up to today. Breeders opted for tight gene pools to produce stunning conformation. As explained in The Life. Furthermore in the UK. Americans bring their cats directly to show rings for judges to view. colour that is washed out and legs that are bandy or too furry. these coat colors preserved Solid coat color and eye color as well. They did not care how long it took.(breeding program) differences caused our countries to part company – never to return. Dilute programs and dominant programs rarely blended. Weston was vilified and then praised as a hero. Many famous bloodlines and legendary breeders during this period took their place in CFA’s history. breeding cream solids with whites). as breeders and owners are not allowed in the same room when judging takes place at cat shows in England. They wanted quality and they produced it.

color-bred breeding (seven generations or more using one color. This gave them their instant success. parents to offspring or brothers to sisters). Bi-Colors or those beautiful Shadeds or even brown Tabbies? What’s the harm? You win. Shadeds and brown Tabbies (for those ultra round heads). Bi-Colors. A significant event occurred in the 1980s that altered Solid Persians dramatically. Mature fanciers. Now. In fact.immediate family members such as their parents. NW Mullodies Sundance (red) earned 22nd Best Cat. They were using strong. There was a price to be paid and we are seeing it today. once Himalayans became a separate division of the Persian breed. who love and back these color classes and/or divisions. After three or more generations (now we are up to the late 90s) the miracles ceased. this is an explanation of what happened next and is based solely on the choices (shortcuts) some fanciers took after the board made this ruling. By the late 1990s. And why not? Colorpoint Carriers (Himmies with no points!) were fabulous. and. Most of these exhibitors have since left the fancy. They said. It was during the decade of the 1990s when good things happened for Colorpoint Carriers (CPCs). They had extraordinary type. Other catteries observed that both of these exquisite CPCs. Meanwhile. chocolates and CPCs as approved in 1984 by the CFA Board of Directors. In 1990. . those who worked on "quick win" short-term programs for instantaneous gratification were taking over. CFA awarded chocolates and lilacs championship recognition in the Solid Division of the Himalayan breed. what I am about to say. turn funny colors or exhibit ghost patterns. They racked up national wins more easily than those who were working for quality pedigrees and long-lasting bloodlines. You could breed these two divisions for one generation and get quick results. This is when eye color went whitish pale in the centers. It certainly is not meant to downgrade the hard work and dedication of fanciers. exert great effort or learn the ropes. They were as exciting as the established Solids and their Himmy cousins. is NOT meant as a condemnation of the beautiful cats that were bred as a result of this acceptance. color became a distinct second cousin. 1981. a solid white and a solid red. You did not have to take time. It was obvious to newer exhibitors. with only the rims exhibiting color (particularly if Himmies or Bi-Colors were in the pedigree for several generations). make plans. a Pandora’s Box was opened." No one considered the credit for success was based on continuing to increase and preserve Solid bloodlines. example: colorbred blues). outcrossing (using completely different bloodlines). our once-vibrant Solids began to fade. Solid colors went backward. Rather. whose cats were not receiving recognition. became discouraged. tight pedigrees (developed through the years by older breeders) but crossed in other divisions which traditional breeders would never do. With the acceptance in America of lilacs. NOTE: As of May 1. GP. You could be a "one generation wonder" and produce National Winners. "Why not use Himmies. solid chocolates and lilacs were given championship status in the OSCC (Other Solid Color Class) of the Solid Persian Division. GC. NW Catsafrats Ice Cube (BEW) was awarded 13th Best Cat and GC. They were in the Nationals for the first time in CFA history. had won national recognition. continued success with "quick win" formulas did not last. Thus. What really happened? Exhibitors decided to break the rules. Then in 1984. They eventually muddied their pedigrees. Breeders had been borrowing heavily from Himmies.

The genetic codes are disappearing deeper and deeper into pedigrees. The hair is a bristle or awn hair. Additionally. is not fatal. the fanciers responsible moved on to Exotics or other breeds. ears sat higher on the head or too far to the side. Second. Brown Tabbies have a third type of hair (besides guard hair and cottony undercoat). when Solids were bred together for more than two generations with Shadeds or brown Tabbies. color-bred Solid Persians have been watered down. this same condition can be found in dogs. horses. Do not destroy ENTIRE bloodlines. (much as there are disagreements among scientists and medical specialists regarding the validity of cholesterol as the primary cause of heart disease. inconclusive. daylight or fluorescent. Today.. was the result. maintenance became more difficult. as far as actual bloodlines of Solid Persians. (This is because the methods used are only ten years old. conclusive.. . for the great majority. humans (in fact. even if the lighting is full spectrum. As we reached the end of the 20th Century. if you believe you should test. A word of warning when reacting to the news that a cat in your cattery could be suspect: first. their coat texture would matt and fuzz. Solids with strong Bi-Color influence were exhibiting uneven body size (the head and neck sometimes appeared smaller than the body). When this repeated itself in breeding programs. Eye size shrank. Polycystic Kidney Disease (PKD) was determined to be a serious problem for Persian cats. Domes were flatter. in CFA the fear pertaining to PKD reached incredible heights the moment PKD as a disease came to light. By creating a shortcut Persian for the quick win. be prudent. Use sound judgment. The base of the ear appeared larger than had been seen previously. No one is telling you not to. these tests are not.) However. And today? The fact is that cat fanciers continue to make a mishmosh of their pedigrees. Veterinary Researcher and Reproduction Specialist. Down. So. linebred. Exhibitors do not know enough about breeding quality Solid Persians. where do we go from here? The Numbers Go Down. According to Dr. most mammals) and. So. Exhibitors stampeded their catteries to self-destruction and bloodlines were thrown out. The previously traditional long flowing coat of the Solid Persian (when brown tabbies have been introduced into a program) becomes shorter and heavier and exhibits a "rough" look. for the most part. NOTE: The introduction of the brown Tabby brought about a distinct change to coat texture and length. Usually laboratory testing is further advanced before it is released to the public. There is little left to replace them. Our wonderful inbred. She has stated that both she and her colleagues believe current testing techniques have proven to be. something awful has happened to color (and conformation). This is because there are less and less good examples to follow. And. rabbits. During the 1990s. This awn hair is a thicker shorter hair. Down. the number of Solid Persians in showhalls is but a tenth of what they used to be just ten short years ago. Still. in every single case.Additionally. Research regarding this renal disease actually only began in earnest as of 1990. do so. true – sometimes lighting in our showhalls is truly lousy.) Third. it would appear there are various opinions regarding PKD floating around the scientific/veterinary community. The tight genetics have diminished along with the breeders who did all the work. Heavy loss. Aura McConnell.

This is because the type is there already. etc. please refer to the previous article on Solid Persians. Remember! Cures that were once thought impossible are always around the corner. Thus. fleas and other plagues were once believed incurable. then read the judges’ opinions that follow. that is. A cure will land in all of our laps. believe it or not. There will be rewards for your dedication. We can have the finest division of Persians in the world. once you are on the road with Solid Persians. What IS gradual. Who can help and guide us? The successful old-time breeders can point the way. It might be YOU who will inspire these exhibitors to continue. if you ARE interested. a "prepotent" male (or female) and the succeeding generations will upgrade breeding programs everywhere. boning. Phenotype (the look of a cat) is one thing but genotype (pedigrees) is a guideline we need to follow more seriously. it will be true of PKD. One fine day the problem will be solved. with the thought of winning as a goal – as opposed to winning right now. Their wonderful experiences will enlighten. Just keep the faith AND keep your Persians! The Persian’s Future….Testing for disease is here to assist all affected animals – not wipe out everything in its path. More good news? Quite a few fanciers still possess many of the traditional bloodlines. And. if their stories don’t convince you. we must share with each other and not be petty. But. will throw himself or herself thus improving color. type. So. bloodlines still available. you will win. They haven’t combined "other divisions" into their programs. This miraculous cat. possessing outstanding traits. is the plodding along of the program until you do find that certain cat within your breedings that does change the world. P. the great writer of cats. they are all but gone. Their thoughts might be a sobering reminder as to why we need to correct the color issue. "Stargazing: A Historical View of Solid Persians" (breed article – CFA Almanac March.Is YOU!! Is there a hope for Solid Persians? That depends on you. fanciers who will pull together and work on long-term breeding programs. We just have to think our pedigrees through again and remember how to keep good color going. . however. And. there are lessons. M. gave his theory. methods and. So. It is inevitable. 1995). He said that one cat will suddenly appear in a breeding program. Today. inspire and educate us regarding techniques that can bring back good color for Solid Persians. CFA needs dedicated people. when bred. if you decide you want to work together. they need friends. In the end. written by Greg and Judy Brocato. it’s just the color that is in trouble. we all need to be generous with the tricks of the trade and pull things back into perspective. who knows what good can come of that? Perhaps Solid Persians will make a historic "comeback" and you will be part of the cure. but. Soderberg. Disease. above all. (And we will be reading your name in the next story on Solid Persians in the not-too-distant future!) NOTE: If you are interested in seeking information regarding valuable bloodlines. Besides.

Andrew’ kitten to Jo Ann Cummings and Earl Sandefer. Donna Jean Thompson was there and was cleaning up with a big blue male.’ Anyway. He was a proven male and a champion. Then. Knowledge is a weapon that can be turned to the best advantage when used for good. Nancy M. they made her the Northwest Region’s 5th Best Kitten. Wiesemann (CH Rustnik Jubilee of Willow Glen) and she had three kittens: Willow Glen Firefly. Marcena Myers (Castilia) was a great lady and was very generous with me. DM produced around 50 Grand Champions. I bred Felice back to her son and got GC. Of course. So let’s share our bloodlines with good intentions and tutor novices so their breeding programs succeed. Then. The bottom line: we must decide to follow the past. Lilas Bloem (Bloemhill) and the Sandy lines clicked very well. who was getting out of cats. was the root of my successful breeding (foundation cat). When I bred to Marianne Byrne’s male. DM. Marcena helped me get CH An-Ju St. A future that IS as solid as a rock! The Breeders…. Some of the creams from these lines were hot and some not. I worked through the years trying to improve on the eye color without losing the type. at first I thought like everyone else – I wanted a white cat. FYI! At that time. I think Marianne’s GC Lullabye Abracadabra of Midas. NW Willow Glen’s Golden Girl. I met a couple from Walton. Willow Glen’s Golden Image. What that line had was type to die for. which will improve the present and secure our future. I bred GC. ‘Sandy’ was out of Klinkhammers Prince Valiant (CEW) and Nor-Mont Debbie of Castilia (blue-cream). He clicked with that Rustnik-Sandy cross I had and produced Willow Glen Baccarat. DM and ‘Hit The Jackpot. All three became grands. Not a solution to the color problem. even though it was weak on eye color. the cat I got from Marcena.’ It was a sweet look – round flat face straight line profile (no protruding muzzle). She had a blue-cream (Shawnee Felice) I was dying to get as well as a cream female. Marcena was instrumental in getting Lois Weston to sell me Simbelair Blue Chip. another ‘Sandy’ son. Kentucky. When I crossed it with Lorraine Wiesemann’s line (Rustnik).We cannot hold others back. we CAN look forward with pride to what the millennium will bring. This cat was pale blue with a head like a dinner plate but also pale eye color. he was eight years old. Davis – Willow Glen – 1950s . I bred ‘Felice’ to ‘Blue Chip. I sold a ‘St. That way. we powdered the reds lightly with cream color talc to blur out the tabby. When I bought GC Woodkiff Fan Tan of Castilia from Marcena. Andrew of Ben-Mar. I was attracted to that big round head which she used to call ‘Poppy Eyes. Erman Theodocious of Jeannel. I got a Cats Magazine and got Marcena Myers name from it. They used ‘Golden Image’ to breed a blue-cream they got from Marion Hall.’ and got my first Willow Glen grand. ‘Golden Image’ was a big cat with nice pale color and a todie-for head. equal distance from eyes to top head and from eyes to chin.1980s "The very first show I went to. it also improved the eye color. through my first cat club. GC Willow Glen Checkmate. I had great success crossing all these lines. Shawnee Moon Haze. He won everything in sight. Willow Glen Kid Curry and Willow Glen’s Hannibal Hayes. One . just ‘The Look’ I liked and searched it out. I think that GC Castilia Sandy. I didn’t know about lines. that produced GC Sandef’s Big Dave of Jensen. The line I was working with to start with was what I like to call the ‘Castilia Sandy’ line. it helped it a lot. When I started. NW Willow Glen Golden Image to a red peke I bought from L. you can see. GC Lullaby Abracadabra of Midas.

‘Misty’ worked very well with our girls and produced a number of grands himself (including a blue-cream mentioned later who would become great grandmother to ‘Baskin-Robbins. ‘Peachie’s Girl’ had a sweet open look and ‘Lisette’ was much more extreme. . We had successfully locked in the gene for good cream color and we cannot fail to pay tribute to our close friends and ‘mentors. who all shared a common feature – beautiful. and GC Shawnee White Wash! – we were blessed with our first National Winner: Jadon Karmelle Sundae of Kastlekats. as people were anxious to get that type and started using them with their other solid color cats in their breeding programs. ‘Sunny’s’ color was not bad. When I first started showing. After I started using ‘Baccarat’ I really had more blacks and torties. ‘Kasey’ was the first in the long line of ‘ice-cream’ creams. And the ice-cream cats kept coming: Kasey’s son (bred to Misty). as well as a paternal granddaughter of GC Beamsley Sunshine of Gaylands. but when she was bred to GC Tra-Mar’s Karmel is Kid of Abbey Road is (Susan’s old cattery name when she thought she’d branch out on her own one day…not!) – a son of Hadleigh Karmel of Misty Mornin’ (sire of at least 24 grand champions years before the title of ‘DM’). NW Jadon Sundae Kid (‘Frizzy’ sired 13 grands). and a Dunhowa female from maternal colorbred blue Skyway lines.’ but also CH Tra-Mar’s Sky Mist of Jadon. By the time I quit showing in 1985. Too bad.of the palest creams I ever bred was GC Willow Glen Hit The Jackpot and she was a result of GC Woodkiff Fan Tan of Castilia (a cream male) and a tortie female that went back to the Rustnik tabbies (‘Jackie’ was a full sister to ‘Baccarat’). a blue male sired by ‘Hadleigh Karmel’ and out of a Skyway colorbred blue female. Olive Klotz (Ol-Ray cattery) was showing two females: Vi-Jon Peachie’s Girl of Ol-Ray and Vi-Jon Lisette. I had come to learn of Nikki Horner and her fabulous Shawnee cattery. That is why we stress that in our experience good dilute color is indeed possible coming down from dominant background. ‘Vanilla Sundae’ was then bred to GC Shimea High Voltage. DM (‘Volts’). Volts had Bar-B parents: a red sire and a cream dam – out of two reds!! But he had such fabulous pale. my most bittersweet memory is of the colorbred blues fading from popularity. pale cream color and exceptional eye color. In the meantime.’ Marion and Dayle Hall of Tra-Mar. CH Jadon Vanilla Sundae.’ Marion and Dayle gave to us not only ‘Karmel Kid. clear color himself! Go figure. Baccarat was one of the first DMs and he sired 22 grands. his daughter.’) Marion and Dayle were true supporters of dilute solids and tried very hard to preserve colorbred blue lines of old. People started buying the colorbred blues at the height of their popularity to use that blue color type for breeding into their own other solid color programs." Donna Cook and her daughter Susan Cook Henry – Jadon 1960s – Today "We must give credit to our foundation cats: GC Hadleigh Sundancer of Jadon (cream son of Widdington English imports) and GC Misty Mornin’ Maria of Jadon (blue-cream double great-granddaughter of GC Beamsley Sunshine of Gaylands. Undoubtedly. These two half-brothers undoubtedly contributed the lion’s share to our early and continued success. These two cats produced Jadon’s first homebred CFA grand champion in 1970 – GC Jadon Sunup. producing CH Jadon Fried Ice Cream. Imp – a cream of inestimable importance to early cream lines). so I guess I quit pursuing the pale creams that I was looking for when I first started. GC Jadon Irish Cream (whose mother was an ultra-pale Kohinoor cream) and her daughter. they were almost a thing of the past. and we were so fortunate to have had them. GC. Imp. the colorbred blues were very much in evidence. DM. In addition to sharing a working relationship with Charles Milwain of ‘Misty Mornin’. The colorbred blues popularity faded as they did.

Becky Jones). ‘Max’ was a gift from Sue (Heitman) Helmke. as we are certain he would have been an asset to our cream breeding plans as his pedigree is truly golden. no matter how hard we have tried. NW Jadon Baskin-Robbins. DM (a calico). ‘Roxanne.Frito (CH Jadon Fried Ice Cream. DM. he had to defer to his half-brother ‘Mac’s’ show career. GC. as we know. While ‘Merry Merry’s’ color was okay. He may have been black but we repeated the breeding and got a lovely cream girl. Our opinion is that the color of dilutes today – good representatives of which many would say are gone forever – is still heavily dependent on pedigree and exceptional color being present for a few. mostly colorbred blue and (maternal) Ben-Mar. pale color and ‘Benji’s’ pedigree was vintage dilute. preferably CLEAR. Vi-Jon and Ben-Mar. GP. She was a daughter of GC. as that kitten was more together at an earlier age. we were grateful to Sue for letting us have Max. but breeding has never been an exact science. BW. we point to GC. is sired by GC. We had been encouraged once by the ‘grand dame’ of creams. and while preserving the color was not a challenge. Around the same time we acquired a lovely tortie from Mark Hannon. DM. (down from old Flo-Sher cream lines through Bar-B) and going back to Currle Cats. We felt compelled eventually to branch out. GC Mystichill On The Marque of Marhei. as she felt that no cream breeding program should be without one! This girl. We had tried for a few years to color breed creams. Without a doubt. Shandy is a cat that we regret we no longer have. RW Marcus Roxanne of Anz. As for color in the dilutes and creams in particular. much like that of her father. Katie had a brother. DM. NW Marhei’s Epitome. Prim-Pet. and his father is an interesting story: a quick look at his sire’s name is misleading at first…GC Marhei’s Maximilian of Jadon. Their mother. when bred to BaskinRobbins (‘Bubba’).’ you may remember. she has the best color of any cream we have produced. color. Ben and Margaret Ehrhardt’s dilute cats have always been known for their lovely. if not many. and as spectacular as Shandy was as he matured. Sue bred the littermates and ‘Max’ was in their only litter. DM. she was not . to whom we had given a cream girl as well as her blue litter brother. ‘Shandy’ is a gorgeous boy – born within days of Potomac. is a ‘Dabby’ daughter out of GC. with equally spectacular color if not type. Of course. These littermates were from a complete outcross – GC Bryn Mawr Benji of Oakway. Bar-B and again Flo-Sher on her mother’s side. ‘Matt Lauer’ (also cream). RW Jadon Katie Couric of Amabilis. DM (‘Dabby’ is a valuable. as long as those cats themselves also have good.. you can see how trends have developed and been maintained. past generations. Both of these boys were ‘only children’ from single-kitten litters. DM. DM. DM) was the mother of our dear GC. But over the course of many years. Needless to say. RW Jadon Mary Quant who (bred to a Toshika black owned by Stan Barnaby and Wayne Trevathan) produced a tortie. Mary Kate Carroll (Kohinoor) to use a tortie. GC Jadon Shenandoah of Croshka. BW. and bred one of our cream girls (an older sister of ‘Baskin-Robbins’) to a prepotent black.. ‘Benji’ was a combination of (paternal) Ol-Ray. RW Anz Maggie The Cat. Bajonga’s Striped Tease of Jadon. Back to Shandy and ‘Katie Couric’.‘Katie’ was the result of the first time we doubled on GC Quin-Jo Just Cause of Jadon. NW Jadon Geoffrey Beene. GP. produced one of our finest cats. There are always exceptions. NW Jadon Geoffrey Beene. prepotent boy and we are so lucky to have gotten him from our friend. GC Jadon Tortola (‘Potomac’s’ mother). GC Marcus Merry Merry of Teahs (cream). DM x GC. And that color need not always be good dilute color – it can be a dominant color as well. bred to GC Jadon Somethin’ Sundae (a blue-cream ‘Karmel Sundae’ daughter). GC. preserving the type was.

Flo-Sher.ultra-pale. Also. more and more breeders needed everything the colorbred blues were carrying (color. large head. myself. however. and BINGO. RI). Marhei. blacks. but. which have allowed our breeding program to reach new levels. but that eye color is in the pedigree. Katie’s type was the icing on the cake. and a blue-cream mother. I had a blue male called Char-O’s Caper. it is going back another generation or two to those cats who still do have blazing copper eyes – that seems to be the key. We currently have some cats whose eye color is outstanding. very pale color. both were colorbred blues. Shandy’s dam line: his mother. was a product of a red tabby sire (GC Pironti T K O) and a bluecream dam (Ben-Mar Daisy of Pironti). They started to breed them into all the dominant colors as they had awful everything. GC. Not all of these individual cats might possess vibrant deep copper eyes themselves. I have original pedigrees of the cats that came from England and also Wimauma pedigrees (Mrs. The credit is primarily due to. as well as in recent years. bone. DM. The silver pale blue color came from England about 60 years ago. Dabby. I believe.e. little ears. It has survived by sometimes skipping a generation. the color won’t breed true and you will have to keep working on it. it did. i. You still can pull that pale color out if you use the Bar-B lines. We have been very fortunate in the past. where many of the solid colors have been exceptional in the past – Ben-Mar. Olin was from Westerly. but whose parents have so-called ‘adequate’ eye color. CH Pironti Dahlia of Jadon. or two or several. Zoda. and he was out of CH Dior’s Fuzzy Pants of Devine (the dam) and a Zoda male that belonged to a friend of mine. I have pedigrees from Mrs. Both parents have heavy dominant colors in their pedigrees. As for the paternal common denominator. They had the type then that we have today in our Persians. back 30 years ago. Also. the common denominator seems to be CLEAR and/or VIBRANT color coming from established Persian lines. The breeders from England worked on the whole cat and not just type. Marhei. Bean and when she passed away. to have been able to acquire outcross cats – either total or mostly – from friends. Connie Bean from Connecticut. Take a look at the reds. NW Quin-Jo’s Bravo. A few of us in the states worked very hard to keep the color on the dilutes but as years went by. when bred her to her paternal half-brother. Most of the time though. etc.. Exact science. I had a cream female called CH Char-O’s Lorette of Zilbar in 1979. as her line was very heavy Flo-Sher. her husband gave me six Wimauma blues. I purchased several blues from Mrs. the combination of Shandy and Merry Merry had the possibility of bringing two very positive attributes (color AND coat) together. Mystic Hill and now dispersed throughout the world. Wimauma. Shandy. One of .Today Assorted notes from Charmayne… "I started with Wimauma and Vi-Jon colorbred blues 30 years ago. Thus. Bar-B. Both of those cats are heavily Ronlyn – a line remembered for exciting color (mostly dominant) as well as fabulous coats. All of those bloodlines are truly appreciated!" Charmayne Phillips – Char-O – 1970s . Once again.). and if you get a Persian that has that look (I called it the ‘Zoda’ look). he is the product of a red father. eye color. with great color. that’s when we started to lose our pale blue color. etc. coat. huh? We also feel very strongly that good eye color is much a part of the heritage we have described above. This is where it all came from – England. Q-T Cats and Sierra to mention a few. color results were wonderful. you will have creams so pale they look white as babies with no tabby markings.

top head with dome. you will get black guard hairs. good breeders would pet out any blue that . Then. from Durham in the north to Bournemouth in the south. which was what we had decided we really wanted to work with. This also makes them very dark and you will have hours of hard work. they used the dilutes.000 entries). Some of the best eye color I have ever seen was on the Jadon creams. trying to find that perfect blue. but because of quarantine restrictions. but a bit too extreme in head type. as far as you could trace).the most famous cats was CH Zoda Music Man of Flo-Sher. and then we had nothing to breed them to. In no time at all. Of course it had to be a ‘pure’ blue (a blue Persian with nothing but blues in its pedigree. They worked on colorbred creams. The breeders no longer work on the color and many other things like eye color. He was behind all of my color bredblues and Flo-Sher’s too. Well. Mike and Nancy Petersen. and. Before the judging began. we now had a mate for our female. out of the 40 or 50 that were entered. She stayed behind in Iowa with a friend. CH Goliada Gabrielle. we had bought an odd-eyed white Persian in England. The judges set the tone for what the breeders will breed. and the ‘pure’ blue part was just a given in England. that head is many things. I don’t think anyone showed more heavily than we did. Now that has become type over color. The tabbies had no type so in order to get it. the more unsound the color will be. and it still shows up using the old lines. England in 1974. The darker the coat. Her breeder asked us if we wanted to show her. You ask how we can improve the mix and bring back terrific solid color yet preserve type. If the judges put more emphasis on the color and eye color. The old lines had copper penny eye color. using old lines. People today have no idea what a colorbred blue is and I guess that’s progress. very hard work and dedication. size of eyes. When that kitten actually came in first and we found out he was available. so she gave Nancy lessons on how to groom her and we took her to the show. as luck would have it. With the dominants in the pedigree. For the 197475 and 1975-76 show seasons. All the time we kept studying show reports. and what a shame as they were so beautiful. Do not mix the two once you get the color. nose and break). keeping dilutes with dilutes and dominants with dominants. they changed the eye color to five points. In England at that time. Well. we had picked out our favorite white male kitten." Michael and Nancy Petersen – Goliada – 1970s . The standard calls for 20 points just for color alone. not just one (ear size. We looked for show reports that described the best or second best blue male kitten as being very beautiful. Doris Taylor. a distinctly pet blue female (spay) with decent color but lemon yellow eyes. and he had yellow eyes (how awful). Nancy had always wanted a blue Persian. that made the breeders stop working on eye color because it didn’t matter if you had a great black in every way. she was already entered in the big London show at the Olympia (there were over 2.Today "Nancy and I got married in 1968. I think it is gone forever. so almost immediately we got our first Persian. This is true with the dominants too. we could not take our Persian female. but this is what we had been told we would need in the US. with good coat color. We had never even attended an American show. Vi Smail (Vi-Jon). We said we’d give it a try. We moved to Cambridge. I think breeding the solids into the tabbies ruined the tabby pattern and also put tabby barring on the solids (that we worked so hard to get rid of). breeders would start working on it. A few of my pedigrees still have my colorbred blues back in the fourth generation. Then they say it is more important for the head with 30 points. myself and Dior (GC Dior Napoleon of Mirza) all had colorbred blues up until about 12 to 15 years ago.

given the head structure now required by the GCCF. and he was the sire of four of the five grands for CFA’s first blue Persian female DM. Sometimes cats that are going to be very dark may have a wonderfully pale kitten coat. NW Jadon Comefly With Me of Kenkat and is Godric’s first-born daughter. Agonistes. We asked at just the right time and he went home with us. NW Goliada Melissa (CFA’s 4th Best Cat in 1980) and GC. they have not progressed beyond the type exhibited by Ambrose all those years ago. also a ‘pure’ blue. GC Goliada Oh! Susanna. NW Goliada Godric Gryffindor of Jadon (CFA’s 20th Best Kitten in 2000) and GC. should someone happen to get really wonderful blue color from two blacks. DM. I had enough females with good cats behind them – Bolo. however. we have never owned a non-dilute Persian. with usually about 150 blue Persians in attendance. as a kitten. NW Blueskyeyes Fiammifero of Oakhaven. I had GC. a Cattrax male to a Vickits female. His breeder. GC. Not only that but ‘Ambrose’ produced two national winners: GC." Randy Primmer – Boberan – 1990s . He’s also behind CFA’s Best Kitten of this year. but then it was time to bring him home to the US and see how we had done. I was shifting my breeding program from mostly Bi-Colors to Solids. feel free to incorporate that cat into your dilute breeding program. The repeat breeding arrived about a month later and there was a black male. DM. Percival. The previous spring. Linda was showing the red male. Jadon and Marcus/Bajonga through Bastis – that I knew a boy with Falcon’s head style and expression would match up well. GC. Make sure you know what you are looking for though. We showed him to several kitten awards in England. It turned out that a lot of other breeders had been trying to buy the kitten we were interested in. had just received yet one more request for photos and an explanation of why he was not placing better at the shows. DM had a huge impact on my breeding program. and any properly bred white Persian had only one white per generation in its pedigree – all the rest were pure blues. NW Goliada Hermione (CFA’s 17th Best Cat in 2002). As a result. This club holds an annual show in London for blue Persians only. At the time. NW . and when I saw ‘Fiam. Mrs. ‘Falcon’s’ pedigree. CH Divees Baby Tarka of Goliada. Don’t expect.’ I told Linda I wanted one just like him but in black.Today "CH Blueskyeyes Falcon of Boberan. It has been our experience that a cat of good blue color out of non-dilutes. DM. Ambrose is also behind our new blue DM. He was CFA’s first blue male Persian DM. though. However. was exactly what I needed. you still get sound pale color much more consistently when you breed dilutes of excellent color to each other. is capable of producing good color when bred to a properly colored cat. for example. In the last 15 years or so. the extremities and the saddle (the area of slightly shorter hair across the shoulders) that’s the color the cat most likely will be as a mature adult. Check out the color of the face. the mother of our two most recent blue national winners. the ‘pure’ blue or true colorbred blue has essentially disappeared. it was a very small show for England. At that time. Marhei. We lost our last ‘pure’ blue five years ago. I have Linda Berg and Gabriella Gorini to thank for being able to import him from Italy in fall of 1996. NW Goliada Merissa (CFA’s 6th Best Cat in 1983). The odds really do seem to be against it. It did – in Falcon’s second litter. but he was tentatively sold to a breeder on the continent.wasn’t ‘pure’ blue. We finally found the kitten we had been dreaming of and got up the nerve to speak to his breeder about him at the Blue Persian Cat Club show. That little blue boy was GC Ariane Ambrose of Goliada. GC. I know of a few left in England but. that the non-dilute parents will necessarily repeat this phenomenon.

Tabby marks on the reds have been an ongoing struggle in my lines as well." The Judges… Jeanie McPhee – Co-Mc White Persians: "I don’t believe that white has an effect on other colors. I would not use a white to alter color because it would take test breeding to reveal what is underneath. Another male who has made a significant contribution to my breeding program is GC. a son of ‘Cher’ and a double up on Falcon. I do not remember seeing it at all. One is a black male. This year looks to be an exciting one for me as I have two beautiful solid boys that should begin breeding soon. DM. including cream male kitten. Three cats imported from Dunesk (England) were sold in the upper Midwest and had a tremendous impact on improving head type: June Rose Bear of Dunesk. particularly my Falcon daughters. I use the term silver in an entirely different context from what breeders understand it to mean today. and doubled on GC. GC. but so was bone." Blue Persians: "There was a time when color was so important. The male that I kept as a foundation was a pale blue but not the silver blue. Dune has sired 29 grands so far and several of his newest kittens look promising. Mark Hannon had a major role in helping Dune achieve a DM award. Pale blues were pale but duller. smoother heads and extreme yet open expressions with large eyes.Boberan’s Dark Lady. Falcon sired almost 20 grands. NW Bajonga’s Rusty Knockers. three national winners and seven regional winners. I’d like to get back the pumpkin orange eye color that seems to have been lost in the blacks. and Falcon sons have produced well for Mark Hannon (Marcus) and Linda Acomb (Scrimshaw). without the electricity or refraction of light. For the future. the boys had lanky bodies and marvelous heads but only a head-hunter judge would use them. GC. It was a shimmering almost electric blue and I use it to differentiate from a pale blue. This was a blue so ethereal that it shimmered. RW Boberan’s Dark Knight is my first line-bred black. She was also very pale with deep copper eyes and was the dam of several cats brought into US both by Wimauma and Dixie-Land. granding most of the first fifteen. body and head. Kenkat (Leah Fowler’s recent national winners were out of Dune daughters) and now Nile Lotus Solid Persians. though that seems to ‘clear’ as the cats mature and grow an adult coat. DM. GC. In recent years. who Wain Harding allowed me to acquire in 1999. ‘June’ was the best of all. They were ALL produced by CH Dylan of Allington x Wildviolet of Dunesk. a black female. As to ‘imported’ cats: CH Mair of Allington (‘Mair’ was out of Wanda of Dunesk x Foxborrow Frivolousi) had a very desirable head even for today’s cats.including two black Australian imports for outcross. ‘Cher’ was Falcon’s first grand at the CFA International Cat Show in November 1998. ‘Dune’ is a cream which was an adjustment for me since I prefer the non-dilute colors. even in the lines known for paleness. NW Marcus Nathaniel. Dune also is behind Jadon. and his 15th grand came in April 2000. Dear Donald of Dunesk and Dear David of Dunesk. but he has worked well with many of my females. I’m also striving to keep dark black coat color on my blacks. They either went Best . I think of white as a mask. I’ve also added some new lines to my breeding program this season. In all. with an open and sweet expression. His offspring have consistently had rounder. One tortoiseshell Falcon daughter has earned her DM title. RW Boberan’s Rusty’s Spirit is a red Dune son of out of a Falcon daughter. who was CFA’s 6th Best Kitten for the 1998-1999 show season. RW Jolee’s Dune of Boberan.

provided the breeders are well-versed in color genetics and equally knowledgeable about their pedigrees. The coat texture was harder than what we have today. As we often say. ‘We’ve read the rules. where color is of less importance than type. Breeding programs were based on specific colors. I think that this notion is at the root of the decline of coat and eye color in some breeds over the past 30 years. Jane Martinke coined the term. Also. light leg bone. ‘neither/nors. He brought the cat by my ring and thanked me. It makes me fear what new fanciers will do when thinking that going to the old peke gene will improve head type. that we select for the prettiest possible paint job. with care given to the quality of that color as well as type. It seems to me that one of the biggest fallacies in the cat fancy is that one can somehow concentrate on selecting for type and. work harder to achieve perfection when they are required to do so. Cameos brought in a bright glowing color. of course. like Miss Scarlett. but the cats haven’t. The exhibitor asked me how I faulted the cat and I told him to try a shampoo without coloring agents." Solid chocolate and Solid lilac Persians: "The deepest. the best one had this poor color quality. it seems to me that even in those breeds. The great difficulty with the CPC addition to the genetic mix is that careful culling is clouded by the tendency for the genetic rules to misbehave. one needs to be concerned with the proper hue and pattern." Red Persians: "I believe the orange sherbet color was introduced through Himalayan." Betty White – Angkor Rose "There are breeds of cats. That is a tall order. leave color for another day. not necessarily a fatal problem for color. however. etc. I remember seeing pieces of coal as a kid and they did not have the dead lifeless quality of a cat bathed in a color shampoo." Red Peke Persians: "There was so much bad that came with the pekes: large. Once when judging a class of black Persians." Cream Persians: "The creams were modified by an unreal pale color. The only lilacs I remember were being shown and granded as blue or bluewhite. Cameos introduced a similar but not as bland color as the Himmies. as responsible breeders promoting our breeds. Solid Persians were the benchmark by which the entire breed was measured. if for no other reason than to be able to classify it! I would also think that good sense would dictate. I believe that the cream/red gene may somehow be distantly connected to the peke gene. most sound chocolate I ever saw was derived from a Havana Brown. being human beings. entropion. undershot chins. commenting that he himself could see the difference. along with a tendency to overlook color faults in rewarding type on the show bench. prominent ears. This was long before the colors were recognized in Persians. rebathed the cat and on Sunday. however. I noticed that cats with the cream/red gene carried more extreme head type. given the pressure of the show ring and the time necessary to gain the required experience.Cat or nothing. I think the direction changed.’ Years ago." Black Persians: "The standard calls for a dense ‘coal’ black. Breeders. long bodies. When silvers were used with creams they had a modifying effect. He took his cat home Saturday night. the cat’s performance in other rings improved. This is now the rare exception. and accept the fact that color problems will increase and practice rigid selection. For more years than many of our present breeders have been alive. not native to Persians. One also suspects that many breeding programs are laced with CPCs. wry mouths.’ a description we all know to .

There is the whole gamut of deep to pale color also that has always been so. and could spot it from her years of experience. While this may be less of a problem in the solid colors. it underscores the problem of accepting color genetics at face value. while being mentored by Evelyn Prather. I worked so hard to get the house part right. I’m sure you’ve noticed where some clubs do not have color. This discussion has now come full circle. Selection of breedings should be emphasized as to phenotype (for color) rather than pedigree. An exhibitor is there for the quick thrill of winning. Once we have created the proper structure. we are back to the problem of breeding primarily for type. On the dominant side of color. we built this beautiful house and we want to show it off. which does not show cats to their full advantage. with too little thought to color. Is a discussion of CPCs valid? I’ll never forget one of my first longhair judging assignments. But. The only comment I make to that is that all the cats in that show suffer the same ‘dimness’ of lighting. In an effort to produce cats that meet the standard we have created for them. There has been improvement in type. sometimes the painting part didn’t come out just right." Diane Dunn – Talisman "I see a change in the judges’ ability to discern color of both eye and coat. When we have true daylight the effect is superb. I also have noticed more bars/stripes appearing on solids. [It is] a person who has a plan [and] a goal and attempts to achieve it over several years of planned breedings. I told her. I remember years ago. Upon leaving the showhall. to carefully guide new breeders in the selection process. The solution is obvious – for breeders and for judges. Perhaps in an effort to build the house first.mean a cat exhibiting such a combination of colors that it meets neither one color description nor another. I am sure they are WAY back there somewhere. while complaining about the pale red color yet lovely type. I feel the need to show it off…and on and on it goes…" Vicki Nye – Windborne "It’s the same old story. shadeds and smokes. but what the heck color did we paint it? Do we pick a recognized color that looks close enough and try to pawn it off as that? Probably we should not show the cat. A long-time Persian breeder judge was also judging the show." Gary Powell – Red Sky "I can’t say that I have ever heard or noticed that tabbies of whatever color have influenced in a positive way. ‘That was a CPC.’ She was right. then we try and work out the coloration part. NOW is the time to concentrate on color. Color often takes a back seat. Over time. due to the excellent quality of lighting now available. I think many individuals look at the physical merits of the cats in their breeding programs and try to create a physical creature that meets the standard. and we need dedicated people to have patience for the future of the Persian breed. No longer do we find large numbers of individuals doing ‘colorbred’ breedings. but heck. or to actually improve any single aspect of our beautiful Persian. She looked at me and said. We also need more breeders to pass on their knowledge to newcomers. A breeder is a valued asset to the cat fancy who is in for the long run. I see the gene pool suffering from the depredations of PKD and hope that the breed is pulling out of its bottleneck. of course. There are breeders and there are exhibitors. she asked me how I hung the award for Best Solid Persian. just leave it at home. I think Linda Acomb produces the soundest blacks I have EVER seen in 30 years . that she always found the Stoneybrook lines to have good color.corrected to daylight lighting. with no intent to establish a breeding program. Changes take time. other colors.

where one eye was dark-blue-jean blue and the other old copper penny. except as a product of poor maintenance and presentation. Terry Hyde (TEHY) has had some great solid reds with lots of coat and deep rich color.). EVEN EYE COLOR! Now that you’ve gotten me started. white. time raising kittens. it is genetic in the coat texture and depth of pigment in each hair. with the blue eye color you have another topic." A new shiny penny would be an ugly color. I get to talk about my all-time love – the white Persian. Now. This is not just great grooming. lilac. Two sound-of-hearing cats could produce deaf progeny. it makes any yellow staining on the face. The guard hair cats will be crisp and shiny. but no less white. I still see the ‘blazing’ copper eyes on blues (that have actual crackles in them) and chocolate brown eyes on some creams. Reds are tough. In prior years. Those that have replaced them have not been as judiciously dedicated to producing top solids. Seventy-five percent of BEWs are deaf and 50% of OEWs are deaf. I am certain that poor eye color (although not always the case) in Solid Persians stems from the influx of the Himalayan gene as well. britches and legs pop out. Southpaw. Shine helps too. Deaf females had a difficult if not impossible. When I first started showing cats many years ago. while the undercoat whites will tend to be a duller/cottony. the standard described it "like a new shinny penny. Besides giving the coat an eerie fluorescent cast. Deaf males could not hear the females calling and encouraging them to breed. paper whites (other than narcissus) and yellow whites. SHAME on those exhibitors who think the everyday labor of love of keeping a white can be replaced with a bath in Crystal White. It saddens me when I judge a show and you can bring up your solid color kittens and your . but. Eye color ranges from Bank-of-America-blue (which I’m partial to) to milky white-blue. leaning toward brown. as with depth of color you tend to get intense markings also. that was many years ago and the options in terms of available breeds have at least tripled since then. Judges typically reward for deep eye color. You have to keep in mind that a number of the BEWs you see are actually pointed Himalayans (with Himalayan eye color) being masked by a white coat. I think I’m at a DISCO. in my opinion. Over the years. the whites have their spectrum of coat textures. I also had not so great (mediocre) copper eye color. The standard calls for brilliant copper now. just to name a few). Many new people that have entered the cat fancy since then aren’t even aware of the meaning of a 3000 Persian. All my BEWs and OEWs were the product of a sound-of-hearing CEW male and a red female. I worked with the solid (not Himalayan) blue-eyed gene and found them a tremendous challenge. tabbies that aren’t tabbies. however. I have seen so many fluorescent whites in the ring the last five years. the standard sees differently. etc. a totally different color of red et al. I’ve heard of blue whites. As with any other color cat. My best eye color came on the OEWs.of the cat fancy. These cats are typically not deaf. Does a white have color problems? More than ever. we’ve also lost many top Solid breeders for whatever reason (remember the Bar-B. Marhei catteries." Larry Adkison – Tan-Tara "I think the board’s decision in 1984 to make the Himalayan breed a division of the Persian breed was detrimental to the Solid Persian. Mystichill. Solid Persians reigned supreme. from mostly guard hairs to all undercoat. or paying heed to good color regardless (look at the preponderance of navy blue-creams. There is no such thing as a yellow white. Certainly there are innumerable people that maintained pure Persian bloodlines. It brought colors into the Persian that theretofore were not there: chocolate. You will also see lots of deterioration in eye color from using pointed cats.

p. John H. 3. CFA Yearbook p. It is a literal storehouse for everything cat related. That is why I’m sharing a few links I used for this article from the World Wide Web that pertain to the Persian breed. I feel the 20 points for color is oftentimes overlooked by many judges as well. Combined…all of their experience. Phd Vrieds (Editor) . 2. In fact. 7. 193. CFA Yearbook p. Hunter. It was a privilege to exchange information with such a great lady of the cat fancy. CFA Yearbook 1958. Inc. Plus. Beautiful Creams. Nutrition. 8. Health. CFA Yearbook 1962. Revington. More attention needs to be made to this fact as color is one-fifth of the weight we are to attribute to the total Solid Persian." Julia M. "Red Tabbies and Tortoiseshells. pet store or bookstand.com/other-faqs/mag-list. Care. I referred to the historical article by Anna Sadler myself: . "Colors and Patterns in the Pedigreed Cat.solid color adults in one ring or less. p. Cat Fanciers’ Association." Jacobberger." Mrs. health and history. I am grateful for her wisdom and unselfishness. At this website you will find information on breed council reports related to the Persian breed. CFA has provided us with a link to the Persian Breed Council. In California. Smith CFA Yearbook 1970. Grooming. Exhibition. 5. References: 1. CFA Yearbook 1963. we all like to refer to other opinions and thoughts on a subject.fanciers. To Mark Hannon: many thanks for helping me see what I didn’t need for this article. p. "White Longhairs. 126. and after all. "Beautiful. 124. p. Next. 338. CFA Yearbook 1963. 6. wisdom. they are available for purchase online: * Guide to Owning a Persian Cat: Feeding. 9. the Glendale Library specializes in feline history and information. and Behavior (Special Chapter: Understanding Persian Cats) by Ulrike Muller." Vicki Dickerson." Jeanie McPhee." Blanche V. "A Grand Salute to Prim Pet." Richard Gebhardt. I’m grateful to Melisa French and Melanie French whose cheerleading and proofreading were invaluable to me. "Birth of the Blues. When people show reds that are neither red nor tabby and the cat wins. "The Blacks. You can also locate books and magazines at your local library. as I completed this challenging project. 361. "The White Persian – A Ball of Fluff. 2002. 4." Marcena Myers. P. Also. Give people more choices and they’ll invariably make them. we do have a tendency to direct the standards based upon what we final. color charts. Disease. a breed profile. who can blame the owner for not really caring about the color?" References Or Information Please… First! A personal "thank you" to Susan Cook Henry for her great suggestions and eagle eye. "Seven Decades of Blue-Eyed Whites. Temperament. to Jeanie McPhee. grooming articles are available (I’ve even written a self-help on grooming white Persians).html as this link will take you to magazines that will give you amazing information on the subject of our beloved Persians. advice and great tips (what sharp memories) were invaluable to me. CFA Yearbook 1969. to name just a few of the subjects available for a quick brush-up on the subject. For books about the Persian breed. 704. And. Judges’ Workshop.123." Christine Gill. p. Matther M. Want more facts? Check out: http://www. Breeding by Juliet Seymour * Persian Cats: Everything About Purchase.

* Persian Cats by Edward Esarde * Persian Cats by Jeanne Alice Ramsdale .

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