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007_B5_091007_kclass101_lesson

007_B5_091007_kclass101_lesson

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Beginner Lesson

That's a Negative
5
Hangul Transcript 2
Romanization 2
Translation 2
InIormal Conversation 2
Formal Conversation 3
Lesson Vocabulary 3
Grammar Points 3
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Lesson Code : 007¸B5¸091007 © Copyright www.KoreanClass101.com - All Rights Reserved. September 10th 2007
Hangul Transcript
(1)E± ¹±/±±3/¡I¯?
(2)¹± ^I5. 7±±3/7^¡II. */±¡II.
(3)E± ¯FE?
(4)¹± E±/±7¬¡I¯?
(5)E± ^I5. 7±7¬7^¡II. ¤¬¡II. ¹±/±§±/±¡I¯?
(6)¹± ^I5. 7±§±/±¹^¡II. ±=/±¡II. E±/±¯II/±¡I¯?
(7)E± ^I5. ¯II/±¹^¡II. !=/±¡II.
Romanization
(1)Yohan jihyeon ssi-neun byeonhosa-imnikka?
(2)Jihyeon anio. jeo-neun byeonhosa-ga animnida. hoesawon-imnida.
(3)Yohan geuraeyo?
(4)Jihyeon yohan ssi-neun gasu-imnikka?
(5)Yohan anio. jeo-neun gasu-ga animnida. baeu-imnida. jihyeon ssi-neun ilbon saram-im-
nikka?
(6)Jihyeon anio. jeo-neun ilbon saram-i animnida. hanguk saram-imnida. yohan ssi-neun kaen-
ada saram-imnikka?
(7)Yohan anio. kaenada saram-i animnida. miguk saram-imnida.
Translation
(1)Yohan Jihyeon, are you a lawyer?
(2)Jihyeon No. l am not a lawyer. l am an office worker.
(3)Yohan Oh, is that so?
(4)Jihyeon Yohan, are you a singer?
(5)Yohan No. l am not a singer. l am an actor. Jihyeon, are you Japanese?
(6)Jihyeon No. l am not Japanese. l am Korean. Yohan, are you Canadian?
(7)Yohan No. l am not Canadian. l am American.
lnformal Conversation
(the dialog in the intimate politeness level)
(1)E± ¹±±±3/¹?
(2)¹± ^I. I±±3/7^I¹. */±¹¹.
(3)E± ¯F?
(4)¹± E±±7¬¹?
(5)E± ^I. I±7¬7^I¹. ¤¬¹. ¹±±§±/±¹¹?
KorcanClass101.con
Lcarn Korcan wiiI FFEE Podcasis
Lesson Code : 007¸B5¸091007 © Copyright www.KoreanClass101.com - All Rights Reserverd. September 10th 2007
2
(6)¹± ^I. I±§±/±¹^I¹. ±=/±¹¹. E±±¯II/±¹¹?
(7)E± ^I. ¯II/±¹^I¹. !=/±¹¹.
Formal Conversation
(the dialog in the formal politeness level)
(1)E± ¹±/±±3/9E?
(2)¹± ^I5. 7±±3/7^I9E. */±¹9E.
(3)E± ¯FE?
(4)¹± E±/±7¬9E?
(5)E± ^I5. 7±7¬7^I9E. ¤¬9E. ¹±/±§±/±¹9E?
(6)¹± ^I5. 7±§±/±¹^I9E. ±=/±¹9E. E±/±¯II/±¹9E?
(7)E± ^I5. ¯II/±¹^I9E. !=/±¹9E.
Lesson Vocabulary
Hangul Romanization English Synonyms
¯FE geuraeyo
ls that so? That is so.
7¬ gasu
singer
*/± hoesawon
office worker,
salaryman
^¦±
±3/ byeonhosa
lawyer
^II anida
to not be
¤¬ baeu
actor, actress
±¯7
Crannar Poinis
ln this lesson, the speakers answer questions in the negative. The following are a few
grammar notes related to this lesson.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Grammar Point #1 - Making negative statements - anida - ^II(anida)
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
The negative copula is ^II(anida). This means "to not be." This is not a conjugation of
the affirmative copula ¹I(ida), but is an independent word. ln this lesson, the negative
copula ^II(anida) was conjugated into the formal (politeness level) simple present
tense (-=II/mnida).
KorcanClass101.con
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Lesson Code : 007¸B5¸091007 © Copyright www.KoreanClass101.com - All Rights Reserverd. September 10th 2007
3
-----------------------------
' Construction
-----------------------------
Just as most Korean verbs are conjugated, -I(-da) is removed from ^II(anida) to get
^I(ani), which is the verb stem of this word.
^I+ =II= ^¡II
ani + mnida = animnida
verb stem + formal simple present tense conjugation = "am/is/are not"
When conjugated in the present tense and expressed for use in a formal polite context,
^II(anida) becomes ^¡II(animnida). Note the difference between the affirmative
and negative Korean copulas when conjugated in the simple present tense and expressed
in the formal politeness level: ¡IIvs. ^¡II(imnida vs. animnida).
---------------------------
+ More Examples +
---------------------------
Here are some examples of negative statements:
"7±=¦¹^¡II.¨ (jeon-eun hakseng animnida)
"l am not a student.¨
"E±±P/7^¡II.¨ (yohan-eun uisa-ga animnida)
"Yohan is not a doctor.¨
"E±±±=/±¹^¡II.¨ (yohan-eun yeongguksaram-i animnida)
"Yohan is not British.¨
------------------------
=remember ¬
------------------------
To make negative sentences, use the following sentence structure:
"Noun1±(±) Noun27(¹) ^¡II.¨
(Noun1-neun(eun) Noun2-ga(i) animnida.)
Let's break this sentence structure down to its basic components:
"Noun1±(±)" expresses "As for Noun1" or "Speaking of Noun1." And "Noun27(¹) [verb]"
expresses something about Noun1. ln the case of this conversation "Noun1±(±)
Noun27(¹) ^¡II¨ would translate to "As for Noun1, it isn't Noun2."
±(neun) is used when it is affixed to a word ending in a vowel.
7±(jeoneun) - ±(neun) is attached to 7(jeo). "¹"(eo) is a vowel and is what immedi-
ately precedes the subject marker (in this case ±- neun).
KorcanClass101.con
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Lesson Code : 007¸B5¸091007 © Copyright www.KoreanClass101.com - All Rights Reserverd. September 10th 2007
4
±(eun) is used when it is affixed to a word ending in a consonant.
E±±(yohaneun) - ±(eun) is attached to E±(yohan). "1" is a consonant and is what
immediately precedes the subject marker (in this case ±- eun).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Grammar Point #2 - Using the subject marker - i/ga - "¹/7"
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ln this particular context, because the verb ^II(anida) is used, we use "¹/7" (i/ga), the
subject marker. This is because, generally speaking, they are part of a set. ln most situ-
ations ^II(anida) is used, ¹/7(i/ga) is used as well. ¹/7(i/ga) marks what the topic
is not. Also, it is used when introducing the subject for the first time during a conversation or
discussion, among many other uses.
------------------------
=remember ¬
------------------------
7(ga) is used when it is affixed to a word ending in a vowel.
¤¬7^¡II(baeuga animnida) - 7(ga) is attached to ¤¬(baeu). '¬' (u) is a vowel
and is what immediately precedes the subject marker (in this case 7).
¹(i) is used when it is affixed to a word ending in a consonant.
*/±¹^¡II(hoesawoni animnida) - ¹(i) is attached to */±(hoesawon). "1" is a
consonant and is what immediately precedes the subject marker (in this case ¹).
---------------------------
+ More Examples +
---------------------------
¤¬7^¡II(O)
¤¬¹^¡II(X)
*/±¹^¡II(O)
*/±7^¡II(X)
KorcanClass101.con
Lcarn Korcan wiiI FFEE Podcasis
Lesson Code : 007¸B5¸091007 © Copyright www.KoreanClass101.com - All Rights Reserverd. September 10th 2007
5

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