A Seminar Report On

Li-Fi the latest technology in wireless communication
The partial fulfillment of B.tech course & as per curriculum of West Bengal University of Technology, Kolkata (West Bengal)

Submitted by: - Pragalbh Shondilya (3061) Ravi Srivastav (3076) Saurav Rai (3091)

Department of Electronics & Communication Engineering

Asansol Engineering College Asansol (W.B.)

2 2013 Lifi: For the Cleaner. Greener and Brighter future .

motivation and inspiration. We extend our deep sense of gratitude for his persistence encouragement. Rupam Das. Thanks to our parent.3 Acknowledgement It gives us a great pleasure in experiencing heartful thanks and profound to Mr. Assistant professor. We are thankful to all our friends and teachers who have always motivated us and shown the right way to proceed in our work. Greener and Brighter future . Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering for allowing us to take seminar topic under their guidance. Anything done would have been very difficult without his vast experience. Lifi: For the Cleaner. family members and friends for their continuous support and encouragement to strive for our goals. innovative ideas and thorough knowledge.

________________________12 Application_________________________________13 Conclusion_________________________________13 Reference__________________________________14 Lifi: For the Cleaner.4 Contents             Acknowledgement_____________________________2 Abstract_____________________________________4 Introduction__________________________________5 Present Scenario______________________________7 Issues with Radio Waves_______________________7 Li-Fi as an alternative__________________________8 Light for wireless Communication_______________10 Achieving Communication through light__________11 Overcoming the issues. Greener and Brighter future .

or competing for bandwidth at a conference. smart phones. stealing it from the guy next door. which he calls D-Light. clogged airwaves are going to make it. Greener and Brighter future . you can’t access the data. Haas says his invention. Lifi: For the Cleaner.5 Abstract W hether you’re using wireless internet in a coffee shop. One German physicist. Harald Haas has come up with a solution he calls “data through illumination” –taking the fibber out of fiber optic by sending data through an LED light bulb that varies in intensity faster than the human eye can follow. As more and more people and their many devices access wireless internet. you have probably gotten frustrated at the slow speeds you face when more than one device is tapped into the network. It’s the same idea band behind infrared remote controls but far more powerful. And security would be snap – if you can’t see the light. He envisions a future where data for laptops. and tablets is transmitted through the light in a room. which is speedier than your average broadband connection. can produce data rates faster than 10 megabits per second.

Lifi: For the Cleaner.6 INTRODUCTION to Li-Fi L i-Fi is transmission of data through illumination by taking the fiber out of fiber optics by sending data through a LED light bulb that varies in intensity faster than the human eye can follow. Greener and Brighter future .

“They can be switched on and off very quickly. Researchers at the Heinrich Hertz Institute in Berlin. Germany have reached data rates of over 500 megabytes per second using a standard white-light LED. UK. Other groups are using mixtures of red.” It is possible to encode data in the light by varying the rate at which the LEDs flicker on and off to give different strings of 1s and 0s. The LED intensity is modulated so rapidly that human eye cannot notice. as it has been dubbed. says Harald Haas from the University of Edinburgh. Li-Fi. Terms at the University of Oxford and the University of Edinburgh are focusing on parallel data transmission using array of LEDs. green and blue LEDs to alter the light frequency encoding a different data channel. where each LED transmits a different data stream. if it’s off you transmit a 0. More sophisticated techniques could dramatically increase VLC data rate. if the LED is on.” Very simply. so the output appears constant. Greener and Brighter future . Lifi: For the Cleaner. which gives nice opportunities for transmitted data.”Haas says. you transmit a digital 1. has already achieved blisteringly high speed in the lab.7 “At the heart of this technology is a new generation of high brightness light-emitting diodes”.

Four Issues With Radio Waves 1. 2.  We use it in our everyday life.  Mobile phone transmits more than 600 Tb of data. business life. in our private life. 3G. Radio waves are scarce and expensive.  Efficiency of such a base station is only 5%.  They consume massive amount of energy. Capacity:     Radio waves are limited.  Wireless communication has become a utility like electricity & water. Greener and Brighter future .  We also have over 5 billions of mobile phones.8 Present Scenario  We have 1. With the advent of the new generation technologies like 2.4million cellular mast radio waves base stations deployed.  Most of this energy is not used for transmission but for cooling down the base stations.4 million cellular radio base stations.5G.  It is important to look into this technology which has become fundamental to our life.  Currently Wi-Fi uses Radio Waves for communication. Efficiency:  There are 1. Lifi: For the Cleaner. We only have a certain range of it. 4G and so on we are running out of spectrum.

 It is not advisable to use mobiles at places like petrochemical plants and petrol pumps. 4. Lifi: For the Cleaner. availability and security related with Radio waves.  If someone has knowledge and bad intentions then he may misuse it.  So let’s look up at this in context of EM spectrum. Alternative to Radio Waves in Electromagnetic Spectrum  There are four major concerns i. Greener and Brighter future .  They can be intercepted. efficiency.9 3.  We have to switch off our mobiles in aero planes.  But on the other hand we have 40 billions of light box already installed and light is the part of electromagnetic spectrum. Availability:  Availability of radio waves is another cause of concern.e.. Security:  Radio waves penetrate through walls. capacity.

Greener and Brighter future . Lifi: For the Cleaner. So we are left with only Visible Light Spectrum.  Infrared rays are bad for our eyes and are therefore used at low power levels.  We have already seen the shortcomings of Radio waves. Also if we see the spectrum band of visible light than we will find that it is 10000 times more than that of radio waves.10  Gamma rays are simply very dangerous and thus can’t be used for our purpose of communication.  Ultra-violet rays are good for getting a sun-tan but exposure for long duration is dangerous.  X-rays are good in hospitals and can’t be used either.

Greener and Brighter future .  So it is inherently safe to use for wireless communication.  The LED will hold a micro-chip that will do the job of processing the data. Now it may be ready to compete with conventional Wi-Fi. What we have to do?  We have to replace inefficient fluorescents with this new dignitary of LED lights.  Visible light Communication (VLC) uses rapid pulses of light to transmit information wirelessly.  It has created us created life and has created all stuffs of life. Lifi: For the Cleaner.11 Light for Wireless Communication  Light has been around for millions of years.  Light intensity can be modulated at very high speeds to send data by tiny changes in amplitude.

A remote control has an Infrared-LED. Now if we replace the remote control with a light box.12 Achieving Communication through Light L et’s start with the foremost communication device which everyone has in their homes i. Greener and Brighter future . he periodically blocked the beam of light. causing the connection to drop. a Remote Control. this is already proven.e. we are able to transmit 1000’s of data stream in parallel at high speeds. To prove that the light bulb was the source of the data stream. Remote Control Data via LED Is it a Proven Technology? Yes. It creates a single data stream and the data rate achieved is around 10000b/s to 20000b/s.. Lifi: For the Cleaner. This technology is termed as Spatial Modulation. Harald Haas demonstrated his invention using an ordinary table lamp that successfully transmitted data at speeds exceeding 10Mbps using light waves from LED light bulbs to a computer located below the lamp.

 LEDs are already present. Lifi: For the Cleaner.  Can’t be intercepted & misused.  So we have the infrastructure available and already installed. Capacity:  10000 times more spectrum than RW.Security:  Light waves don’t penetrate through walls.  Data is present where there is light.13 Overcoming the four issues with RW in LiFi 1. Greener and Brighter future . 2.  LED light consumes less energy  Highly efficient 3. Efficiency:  Data through illumination and thus data transmission comes for free. 4. Availability  Light is present everywhere.

 It can be used in petroleum or chemical plants where other transmission or frequencies could be hazardous. Conclusion T he possibilities are numerous and can be explored further. high-speed signal. Greener and Brighter future . One of the shortcomings however is that it only work in direct line of sight. As a growing number of people and their many devices access wireless internet. Lifi: For the Cleaner. safer and brighter future. not least because it may offer a genuine and very efficient alternative to radio-based wireless. the airwaves are becoming increasingly clogged. The concept of Li-Fi is currently attracting a great deal of interest. making it more and more difficult to get a reliable. In operation theatre Li-Fi can be used for modern medical instruments. If this technology can be put into practical use.  In aircraft Li-Fi can be used for data transmission. greener.  Thousand and millions of street lamps can be transferred to LiFi Lamps to transfer data. This may solve issues such as the shortage of radio-frequency bandwidth and also allow internet where traditional radio based wireless isn’t allowed such as aircraft or hospitals.14 Applications of Li-Fi At present its applications are beyond imagination but still if to think about few then they are:  Can be used in places where it is difficult to lay the optical fiber like hospitals. every bulb can be used something like a Wi-Fi hotspot to transmit wireless data and we will proceed toward the cleaner.  In traffic signals Li-Fi can be used which will communicate with LED lights of the cars and accident numbers can be decreased.

digplanet. Economist. dated 28 July 2011  http://www.org/ Will Li-Fi be the new Wi-Fi?.blogspot.lificonsortium.in/2012/01/what-is-lifi. by Jamie Condliffe. Greener and Brighter future .wikipedia.com/wiki/Li-Fi  “Visible-light communication: Tripping the light fantastic: A fast and cheap optical version of Wi-Fi is coming”. New Scientist.html www.org/wiki/Li-Fi http://teleinfobd. dated 28Jan 201 Lifi: For the Cleaner.15 REFERENCES     http://en.

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