Name: _________________________ Year & Section: __________________

Date: ______________________ Teacher: ___________________

PRE-ASSESSMENT TEST IN CHEMISTRY I. Multiple Choice Directions: Write the letter of the correct answer before the number of each item. 1. Which of the following must be the same before and after a chemical reaction? a. The sum of the masses of all substances involved. b. The number of molecules of all substances involved. c. The number of atoms of each type involved. d. Both a and c must be the same. e. Each answers a, b, and c must be the same. 2. Assume a beaker of pure water has been boiling for 30 minutes. What is in the bubbles in the boiling water? a. Air. b. Oxygen gas and hydrogen gas. c. Oxygen. d. Water vapor. e. Heat. 3. A glass of cold milk sometimes forms a coat of water on the outside of the glass (often referred to as sweat). How does most of the water get there? a. Water evaporates from the milk and condenses on the outside of the glass. b. The glass acts like a semi-permeable membrane and allows the water to pass, but not the milk. c. Water vapor condenses from the air. d. The coldness causes oxygen and hydrogen from the air combine on the glass forming water. 4. What is the mass of the solution when 1 pound of salt is dissolved in 20 pounds of water? a. 19 pounds. b. 20 pounds. c. Between 20 and 21 pounds. d. 21 pounds. e. More than 21 pounds. 5. The diagram represents a mixture of S atoms and O2 molecules in a closed container. O2 molecule S atom

Prepared by Allen A. Espinosa

Which diagram shows the results after the mixture reacts as completely as possible according to the equation: 2S + 3O2  2SO3

A

B

C

D

6. The circle on the left shows a magnified view of a very small portion of liquid water in a closed container. What would the magnified view show after the water evaporates? Key: Water Oxygen Hydrogen

?
Liquid Water Evaporated Water

A

B

C

D

E

7. True or False? When a match burns, some matter is destroyed. a. True. b. False. 8. What is the reason for your answer? a. This chemical reaction destroys matter. b. Matter is consumed by the flame. c. The mass of ash is less than the match it came from. d. The atoms are not destroyed, they are only rearranged. e. The mass weighs less after burning.

Prepared by Allen A. Espinosa

9. Heat is given off when hydrogen burns in air according to the equation: a. Breaking hydrogen bonds gives off energy. b. Breaking oxygen bonds gives off energy. c. Forming hydrogen-oxygen bonds gives off energy. d. Both a and b are responsible. e. a, b and c are responsible. 10. Two ice cubes are floating in water: ice heat

?

After the ice melts, will the water be… a. higher? b. lower? c. the same? 11. What is the reason for your answer? a. The weight of water displaced is equal to the weight of the ice. b. Water is denser in its solid form. c. Water molecules displace more volume than ice molecules. d. The water from the ice melting changes the water level. e. When ice melts, its molecules expands. 12. A 1.0 gram sample of solid iodine is placed in a tube and the tube is sealed after all of the air is removed. The tube and the solid iodine together weigh 27.0 grams. Iodine solid The tube is then heated until all of the iodine evaporates and the tube is filled with iodine gas. Will the weight after heating be… a. less than 26.0 grams? b. 26.0 grams? c. 27.0 grams? d. 28.0 grams? e. more than 28.0 grams? 13. What is the reason for your answer? a. A gas weighs more than the solid. b. Mass is conserved. c. Iodine gas is less dense than solid iodine. d. Gases rise. e. Iodine gas is lighter than air.

Prepared by Allen A. Espinosa

14. Figure 1 represents a 1.0 L solution of sugar dissolved in water. The dots in the magnification circle represent the sugar molecules. In order to simplify the diagram, the water molecules have not been shown. Which response represents the view after 1.0 L of water were added (Figure 2) 2.0 L 1.0 L

?

A

B

C

D

E

15. 100 mL of water at 25°C and 100 mL of alcohol at 25°C are both heated at the same rate under identical conditions. After 3 minutes the temperature of the alcohol is 50°C. Two minutes later, the temperature of the water is 50°C. Which liquid received more heat as it warmed to 50°C? a. The water. b. The alcohol. c. Both received the same amount of heat. d. It is impossible to tell from the information given. 16. What is the reason fro your answer? a. Water has a higher boiling point than the alcohol. b. Water takes longer to change its temperature than the alcohol. c. Both increased their temperatures at 25°C. d. Alcohol has a lower density and vapor pressure. e. Alcohol has a higher specific heat so it heats faster. 17. Iron combines with oxygen and water from the air to from rust. If an iron nail were allowed to rust completely, one should find that the rust weighs: a. less than the nail it came from. b. the same as the nail it came from. c. more than the nail it came from. d. it is impossible to predict. 18. What is the reason for your answer? a. Rusting makes the nail lighter. b. Rust contains iron and oxygen. c. The nail flakes away. d. The iron from the nail is destroyed. e. The flaky rust weighs less than iron.

Prepared by Allen A. Espinosa

19. Salt is added to water and the mixture is stirred until no more salt dissolves. The salt that does not dissolve is allowed to settle out. What happens to the concentration of salt in solution if water evaporates until the volume of the solution is half the original volume? (Assume temperature remains constant.) solution heat of the water evaporates solution

solid salt

solid salt

The concentration a. increases. b. decreases. c. stays the same. 20. What is the reason for your answer? a. There is the same amount of salt in less water. b. More solid salts forms. c. Salt does not evaporate and is left in solution. d. There is less water. 21. A material A looks heterogeneous. When water is added to it, a grayish residue was left at the bottom of the beaker while the rest dissolved in water. What is the classification of material A? a. Colloid. b. Compound c. Element d. Mixture 22. A material X has a sharp, constant melting point. When heat is applied to it, a black solid Y and brown gas Z are formed. Y melted when further heating at high temperature is applied. What is material X? a. Colloid. b. Compound c. Element d. Mixture 23. Heptane, C7H16, is always composed of 84.0% carbon and 16.0% hydrogen. What law does it illustrate? a. Law of Conservation of Mass b. Law of Definite Proportions c. Law of Conservation of Matter d. Law of Multiple Proportions

Prepared by Allen A. Espinosa

24. Which statement describes chemical property? a. Hemoglobin molecules have red color. b. Water boils 100°C on top of a mountain. c. A can opener gets rusty. d. When ice cube is left out on the table, it gradually melts. 25. The two isotopes of uranium have mass numbers of 235 and 238 respectively. In what way will the two isotopes be different? a. Mass number but never in atomic number. b. Atomic number but never in mass number. c. Charge outside but never the charge inside their nuclei. d. Mass number and the number of neutron. Use the choices below in answering item numbers 26-27 a. LiF b. KCl c. CH4 d. NF

26. Which of the above compounds is/are likely to be ionic? a. A and C b. A and B c. B and D d. B only 27. Which of the following compounds is/are likely to be molecular covalent? a. B and D b. A and B c. C and D d. D only Use the hypothetical Periodic Table below in answering item numbers 2830. I B I II III F G J K IV C V D VI VIII VII A E H

28. If elements B, C, D and E are arranged in such an order, what is this arrangement in the Periodic Table called? a. A Block b. A Group c. A Family d. A Period

Prepared by Allen A. Espinosa

29. What type of bond is formed when F reacts with H? a. Ionic bond b. Polar covalent bond c. Nonpolar covalent bond d. Metallic bond 30. What would be the chemical formula of the compound formed between B and D? a. BD b. B3D c. BD3 d. B2D II. Free Response (2 points each) A bottle has the following label: Hg2Cl2 Boiling Point: 384°C Dangerous (a) Does the bottle contain an element or a compound? Explain your answer. _____________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________ (b) Does the bottle contain a pure substance or a mixture? Explain your answer. _____________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________ (c) Sketch the arrangement of particles of the substance in liquid state.

(d) Describe two differences between a mixture and a compound. _____________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________ (e) Give two examples of a mixture and two examples of a compound which is used in daily life. _____________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________

Prepared by Allen A. Espinosa

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful