This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?

BooksAudiobooksComicsSheet Music### Categories

### Categories

Scribd Selects Books

Hand-picked favorites from

our editors

our editors

Scribd Selects Audiobooks

Hand-picked favorites from

our editors

our editors

Scribd Selects Comics

Hand-picked favorites from

our editors

our editors

Scribd Selects Sheet Music

Hand-picked favorites from

our editors

our editors

Top Books

What's trending, bestsellers,

award-winners & more

award-winners & more

Top Audiobooks

What's trending, bestsellers,

award-winners & more

award-winners & more

Top Comics

What's trending, bestsellers,

award-winners & more

award-winners & more

Top Sheet Music

What's trending, bestsellers,

award-winners & more

award-winners & more

P. 1

Application of Finite Difference Method to Study of the Phenomenon in the Theory of Thin Plates|Views: 4|Likes: 0

Published by Wael Fawzy Mohamed

Thin Plates

Thin Plates

See more

See less

https://www.scribd.com/doc/141094660/Application-of-Finite-Difference-Method-to-Study-of-the-Phenomenon-in-the-Theory-of-Thin-Plates

05/13/2013

text

original

**Application of Finite Difference Method to Study of the Phenomenon in the Theory of Thin Plates
**

´ B. Doli´ ´ Doli´ C. canin, V. B. Nikoli´ c, D. C. canin

Abstract: The term thin plate implied elastic body with cylindrical or prismatic shape of small thickens in relation to other two dimensions. The basic dependencies between geometrical and physical properties come to mostly to setting up of relations between stress and strain conditions, which has been described by differential equations, simple and partial. Methods used for solving of established equations, with respect of outline and initial conditions, may be classiﬁed in analytical and numerical. In case of complex and big construction systems subjected to the arbitrary loads, including a complex boundary conditions, solving of differential equations by analytical methods is almost impossible. Then the solution is application of numerical methods. One of the basic numerical methods is Finite Difference Method (FDM) based on replacing of differential equations with corresponding difference equations. Using of this method, the problem come to solving of system of paired algebraic equations, making the problem more easier for solving. In the end, more comments and farther directions of investigations are given. Keywords: Numerical analysis, thin plate, ﬁnite difference method, strain

1

Introduction

Many problems in the ﬁeld of deformable bodies are described by parametars of the condition of the systems which depend on coordinates, time, temperature, ect. Such systems are given in mathematical models by partial differential equations, for example, relation between stress condition and strain condition and external load in mechanics of continuum and others for solving these equations there are mainly, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 10 , two approaches: analytical and numerical. Analytical methods are of an earlier date and imply determination of mathematical functions which deﬁne solution in a closed form. The basic characteristic of numerical methods is that the fundamental equations which describe the problem, including the boundary conditions are soved in approximate numerical way. In this paper, Finite Difference Method (FDM) and the ﬁnite element method (FEM) are used for analysis of stress strain condition in the thin plates. Finite difference method (Diferencne method-FDM) is a numerical method based on mathematical discretization of differential

Manuscript received December 15 2009; accepted May 24, 2010. ´ B. Doli´ ´ Doli´ C. canin, V. B. Nikoli´ c, D. C. canin are with the State University of Novi Pazar, Serbia.

29

C. . in these small intervals. i = 1. In this paper uses the ﬁnite difference method for the determination of strain state analysis of thin plates. In each elementary interval is the integration. 0). Fig. Interval AB. continuous process is studied in a ﬁnite number of sufﬁciently small time intervals. FEM uses various forms of variation methods applied to discrete model. 0) and B(b. 1. can be determined. ie the part of x − h to x is obtained by dividing the difference with the corresponding ﬁrst step interpolation h. D. Approximate value of the ﬁrst statement of f (x) at intervals from x to x + h. 3. third. The function f (x) is continuous in the interval AB. 3. which are the ﬁnite difference equations are translated into algebraic. The second derivative is f ′′ = d2 f ∆2 f f (x + h) − 2 f (x) + f (x − h) = = 2 2 dx h h2 (2) Analogue. ∆F |x = ( f (x + h) − f (x − h))/2 (1) where f is the ﬁrst central difference. canin. Nikoli´ c. We can say that the ﬁrst derivative is the slope of a graphical point of function f (x) calculated based on the value of the function in neighboring points. B. V. 1. where A (a. 10] . 2 Review of ﬁnite difference method Finite difference method is numerical methods based on mathematical discretization of the equations of boundary problems. Fig.. divide into equal divisions ∆x = h. 7. the function approximated by approximate expressions. [1. So it is possible. The ﬁnite element method (FEM) implies discretization in physical model and the ﬁnal result is obtained by solving a system of algebraic equations. that we need. is given by the expression f ′ = ∆ f |x /2h. with the results of integration in the previous interval are taken as initial for the next time interval. and some are also continuing her running f (i) (x) to that order.30 ´ B. 2. Doli´ ´ Doli´ C.. fourth and differences n-th row and the corresponding running. Then the ﬁrst derivative of f at x . The method of ﬁnite differences . By using this method. canin equations.

third and fourth order we have ( ) ∆2 f1 − 2 fi + f3 1 ∂2 ∂ ∂f xf = = = = 2 ( f (x + h. The total number of equations equals the number of pre-selected points ”nodes”of a given space. 3 2 3 ∂x ∂x ∂x 2h 2h ( 2 ) 3 3 ∆y f ∂ f ∂ ∂ f 1 = = 3 = 3 ( f (x. are ∂f ∂x ∂f ∂y = = ∆x f f1 − f3 1 = = ( f (x + h. y) + f (x − h. these equations should be added to the initial and boundary condition. to solve the problem using a computer. 31 If we replace the corresponding statements in the differential equations that we study. To arrive at a solution. y)) . in the case of f (x. Networks for solving two-dimensional problem In the point i(x.. y) − 2 f (x. the partial derivatives of second. 9. y + 2l ) − 2 f (x. 2 2 2 ∂x ∂x ∂x h h h ( ) 2 2 ∆y f f2 − 2 fi + f4 1 ∂ ∂ ∂f = 2 ( f (x. 2. y) + 2 f (x − h. y) that depends on two variables require the same in most cases approximated by applying the ﬁnite difference method. suppose that the known values of the function fu network nodal points of the budget.Application of Finite Difference Method to Study of the Phenomenon . y)) . y)) 2h 2h 2h ∆y f 1 = ( f (x.. y − l )) . y + l ) − 2 f (x. 7. In the case of two-dimensional problem that describes the partial differential equations in (x. gives the same threshold in the respective partial derivatives of functions given point. y) + f (x. y) observed rectangular grid with power ranges ∆x = h (on the x axis) and ∆y = l (on the y axis). will get to a certain point (x) space (a. Fig. etc. y). 2. (4) = = 2 = 2 2 ∂y ∂y ∂y l l l ( ) ∂3 f ∂ ∂2 f ∆3 1 xf = = = 3 ( f (x + 2h. analogous to the previous procedure. y + l ) − f (x. 2. y − l ) − f (x. Fig. y) − f (x − 2h. y) − f (x − h. y − 2 l )) . [1. 3. . y + l ) + 2 f (x. b) a linear equation. the ﬁrst partial derivatives. 10]. Analogously. To calculate the partial statement. y − l )) 2l 2l (3) where are ∆x f and ∆y f the ﬁrst partial derivatives for x and y directions. 3 2 ∂y ∂y ∂y 2l 2l . when the distance between the points fall to zero. Border procedures.ie. y) − 2 f (x + h.

y) + f (x − 2h. 10] . which means that the linear elements remain unchanged by deformation length. so that the upper limit of the size of the strain should not exceed the size of h/5. 3 and Fig. y) and functions are just the coordinates x and y.32 ´ B. Also. It is assumed that the deﬂections are very small. 3. Plate thickness should be less than 1/10 of other dimensions. y) − 4 f (x + h. 3 Examples of solution for strain in thin plates Under a thin plate in the theory of elasticity of the elastic body includes a cylindrical or prismatic shape thickness h in relation to the other two dimensions. the total number of equations equals the number of pre-selected points or nodes of a given space on the x and y axes. Nikoli´ c. B. The plate theory assumes that the σz = . canin ∂4 f ∂ x4 = = ∂4 f ∂ y4 = = ( ) ∆4 ∂ ∂3 f f9 − 4 f1 + 6 fi − 4 f3 + f11 xf = = = 3 4 ∂x ∂x h h4 1 ( f (x + 2h. N/mm2 . y) − 4 f (x − h. y + 2l ) − 4 f (x. 7. The mean plane by deformation exceeds the elastic surface. V. C. y) − 4 f (x. and axis 0z is directed downward in the direction of the load which the unit of surface is p. y + l ) + 6 f (x. D. y − l ) + f (x. y) + 6 f (x. [3. canin. Bending of thin plates. Due to loads p perform deformation plate. y)) h4 ( ) ∆4 ∂ ∂3 f f10 − 4 f2 + 6 fi − 4 f4 + f12 yf = = = 4 4 ∂y ∂y l l4 1 ( f (x. Doli´ ´ Doli´ C. Medium ﬂat panel takes up the 0xy plane. y − 2l )) l4 In a similar way can be derived in terms ( ) ( ) ∂2 f ∂ ∂f 1 ∂f ∂f = = − ∂ x∂ y ∂y ∂x 2l ∂ x)2 ∂ x)4 (5) Substituting these expressions into the corresponding partial differential equations of the problem at the same transform the ﬁnite difference equation or difference equation . 6. a and b. Due to the small size h plate can be considered as points of attack power loads in the very high level. In the plate theory is introduced hypotheses linear element as follows: normal to the middle plane remains the administrative and the elastic surface. Some high points of the plane deﬂections w = w0 = w(x. 4. Fig. Fig.

Application of Finite Difference Method to Study of the Phenomenon . 7. and the mean plane of normal stress and strain in the ﬂat. Force reduction. 6. 10] . . 33 0.1105 MPa. In this ′ . y) rectangular plate. By Finite difference method we will be certain values of strain at nodal points of the adopted network. E = 2. we get the equations of equilibrium in the form of ∆∆ω = 3 p ∂ 4ω ∂ 4ω ∂ 4ω + 2 + = 4 2 2 4 ∂x ∂x ∂y ∂y D (6) N/mm2 plate bending stiffness or cylindrical plate bending stiffness where is D = 12(Eh 1−µ 3 ) (ﬂexural rigidity of the plate). 6. is: ∆∆ω = 20ωi − 8 (ω1 + ω2 + ω3 + ω4 ) + 2 (ω5 + ω6 + ω7 + ω8 ) + (ω9 + ω10 + ω11 + ω12 ) = p 4 h D (7) When the known dimensions and known when the load p(x.1m. [3. simply supported (supported) pages. Q and Q y x y load. it is enough to observe the element dxdydz separated from the plate. 3.. it should solve the partial elastic surface equation (6). 2. apply ﬁnite difference method. stress and strain. zero. and the system of difference equations (7). 10]. or M and M ′ . σ = 0. By placing the link between stress and moments. etc. O dx z x O M'(x)=M'yx x dy tx y tx z sx M'(y)=M'xy p Z'x ty z dz y y dz M' xy tyx sy z z M' yx Z' y 1 dz 1 Fig. There are four types of suspension lateral basis (side) panels: the ﬂex side (base). µ = 0. Finite difference form. simply supported by the ad and free side BC is loaded as in Figure 5. free pages and elastically supported and elastically ﬂex side [3. a = 4m. differential equation of the elastic surface plate. ie. It is known: F = 1kN . To perform differential equations of equilibrium. It is further assumed that no body forces act. according to the scheme on Fig. neutral surface (plane). b = 6m. 4. of difference equation (6). three examples of solutions for the deﬂection plate under a given load . transversal forces Qx and Q′ . In the paper given.. It is analogous savojnoj stiffness beams. The solution is required to satisfy boundary (boundary) conditions on the side panels parallel basis 0x and 0y axes. moments torsion T isolated element acting bending moments Mx and Mx y txy y ′ ′ ′ and the given external and Ttxy or. 7. Ttyx and Ttyx . Example 1: Rectangular plate ﬂex sides AB and CD.

13 Eδ 3 = = 19.1 · 1011 · 0. V. there is a system of algebraic equations (according to the scheme in Fig.5 3 m 2. there is no bending or twisting.5. Taking into account the symmetry of the plate relative to the y-axis and the boundary conditions of reliance.32 ) obtained by members of equations (7) in the form of 6α 2 + 8α + 6 = 54. 4 (α + 1) = 13. canin.0625 (0 + ω11 ) + 0 + 0 = 175. α 2 = 5.25.25. If you introduce tags l = b/4 = 6/4 = 1. D. Doli´ ´ Doli´ C. h = a/4 = 5/5 = 1m. supported by foreign side of the deﬂections and bending moments are equal to zero and on the free side. and transversal forces do not act. B. α = D = l2 F 1000 2000 N 9 pi = = = = 666.375ω1 − 29.5m.5 (ω6 + ω7 + ω8 + ω9 ) + + 5.25 (ω3 + ω5 ) − 13 (ω2 + ω4 ) + 4. Nikoli´ c.667 2 = = 2.0625 Concentrated force F. the free. pressure is deﬁned as p = F /hl and a force that increases the demand node F = phl . Fig. A rectangular plate is loaded in the concentrated force of gravity . C. 2): node 1: 54. Deﬂection equation is given by (6) and Diferencne form expression (7).34 ´ B. 5. 4α (α + 1) = 29. canin For the ﬂex side of the deﬂection equals zero. 2 h 4 h · l 1 · 1.499 .375. 2α = 4.23077 · 106 Nm 12 (1 − µ 2 ) 12 (1 − 0.

5 (ω3 + ω5 + 0 + 0) + + 5.375ω2 − 29.25 (ω5 + ω15 ) − 13 (ω10 + ω12 ) + 4.0625 (ω1 + ω19 ) + 0 + 0 = 0 node 7: 54.18074 2−µ = 1.5 (ω1 + ω11 + 0 + 0) + + 5.0625 (ω3 + ω15 ) + 0 + 0 = 0 node 11: 54.5 (0 + ω1 + 0 + 0) + + 5.0625 (0 + ω10 ) + ω4 + ω2 = 0 node 6: 54. 35 node 3: 54.5 (ω5 + ω15 + ω13 + 0) + + 5.0625 (ω2 + ω18 ) + ω10 + ω12 = 0 Helpfully sizes: µ α = 0.25 (0 + ω2 ) − 13 (0 + ω3 ) + 4.5 (ω4 + ω12 + ω10 + ω2 ) + + 5.5111 α .375ω6 − 29.0625 (ω5 − ω3 ) + 0 + 0 = 0 node 5: 54.375ω5 − 29.25 (ω7 + ω6 ) − 13 (ω1 + 0) + 4.5 (0 + ω4 + ω2 + 0) + + 5.3 2.0625 (ω6 − ω7 ) + ω7 + ω8 = 0 node 2: 54.10074 α2 ) = 2.375ω3 − 29.25 (ω2 + ω10 ) − 13 (ω5 + 0) + 4.25 (ω1 + ω11 ) − 13 (ω6 + ω9 ) + 4.25 (ω6 + ω14 ) − 13 (ω11 + 0) + 4..25 = 0.25 (0 + ω1 ) − 13 (ω7 + ω8 ) + 4.022 4 1 + 2− α ( 4 2 1 α −µ − 2µα 2 2 ( µ) 2 1+ α = 2.Application of Finite Difference Method to Study of the Phenomenon .5 (ω9 + ω16 + ω14 + ω6 ) + + 5.0625 (ω7 + ω14 ) + ω9 + ω6 = 0 node 10: 54.375ω11 − 29.267 ( ) 2 3 2µ −µ 2 4 1+ α +2 = 8.16 2 α 2µ − µ 2 = 0..375ω10 − 29.375ω7 − 29.1333 ( ) µ = 7.

499 × 10 -6 .49.11.10074 (ω10 + ω12 ) ω19 = 8. w 10 .1333 (ω11 + 0) . V.29.29.299 w 6 + 0w 7 .5w 1 .267 · ω10 − ω6 − 0.6991010744365241995 ×10-7 1.17.2952685171458499366 ×10 -6 -6 .1755 w 11 4.125 w 2 + 0w 3 + 7.511 (ω9 + ω6 ) + + ω1 + 0.25 w 7 + 5.25 w 6 .25 w 3 .3782068488235194989 × 10 1.35.773 w 11 10.825 w 11 0w 1 + 10. w 2 .5w 1 .5489 w 6 + 0w 7 + 29.1333 (ω10 + ω12 ) 2 line: ω18 = 8.4220254509186598866 × 10 -2. w 7 .0625 w 3 . Nikoli´ c.13w 3 + 0w 5 + 5.0332885227400467117 × 10 2.35.5 w 5 . w 6 .16 · ω11 − 7.25 w 2 .5752521219211802998 ×10 find w 1 .26w 6 . B.17.5489 w 5 + 15.10074 (0 + 0) After ordering we get a system of equations whose solving in Mathcad using the Find function Given the values of deﬂection in the requested budget network nodes: 1 line given 54.29.1884074553557873549 ×10 3.29.26w 2 . w 5 .25 w 1 + 9w 2 + 49.25 w 5 + 9w 6 + 9w 7 + 0w 10 + 5.5 w 3 + 4.3125 w 6 + 5.0625 w 11 .18074 (ω10 + ω12 ) + 1.7733 w 10 + 3.1333 (ω10 + ω10 ) ω14 = 2. ω15 = 2. D.3125 w 5 .0625 w 5 + 0w 6 . C. canin.022ω6 − 2.3125 w 3 + 5.022ω5 − 2.9958 w 10 .25 w 2 + 0w 3 .125 w 1 + 0w 2 + 0w 3 .18074 (ω11 + 0) + 1.13w 1 + 56.0625 w 10 + 0w 11 4.25 w 1 + 9w 2 + 5. canin 1 line: ω13 = 2.6503 w 10 .8799 w 10 .267 · 0 − 0 − 0.29.6499 w 5 .28.26w 7 + 0w 10 + 0w 11 0 0 0 175.13w 5 + 51.36 ´ B. w 11 ® -6 -6 -6 -6 ( ) -2.0625 w 6 + 51.0w 7 + 7.16 · ω10 − 7. w 3 .375 w 2 + 4.5056705797307480518 × 10-7 9.375 w 1 .267 · ω11 − ω5 − 0. Doli´ ´ Doli´ C.31252 w 7 + 0w 10 + 0w 11 0 0 .29.29.0625 w 7 .29.07297 w 11 0 0 3.511 (ω5 + 0) + + ω2 + 0.19.

Example 2. So the pressure values a) b) c) Fig. 6. Scheme for determining force in the nodal point in the corresponding nodes will be: q q p0 = q. where it is located in the center of the rectangle. 2. 6. 3 and 4 received half so deﬁned load.3.1m. With Finite difference method will be determine the values of deﬂection at nodal points of the adopted network. and nodes 5. b = 6m. p1 = p2 = p3 = p4 = . 7 and 8. previously. and for node 0. node 0 receives a continuous burden on themselves by acting on the surface of the rectangle width height h and l. p5 = p6 = p7 = p8 = 2 4 . 7. a node that is located inside the area is burdened by power qlh. tested on many examples. µ = 0. only one quarter. Figure 7 c). 37 The values of deﬂection can be considered relevant. Fig. Rectangular plate ﬂex sides AB and CD.Application of Finite Difference Method to Study of the Phenomenon . Note: Analogous to the previous example. q = 2kN/m2 .1·105 MPa.In contrast nodes 1. because this method. Figure 7 b).. A rectangular plate partially loaded continuous load.. Figure 7 a) p = q. In other words. δ = 0. It is known: E = 2. the case when the surface of the panel operates continuously load q. simply supported sides AD and BC is loaded as in Figure 6 continuous load q. a = 4m.

13 Eδ 3 = 19.5 (0 + 0 + ω2 + ω2 ) + + 5. B.0625 (0 + 0) + ω4 + ω3 = 0 node 5: 54.32 ) 6α 2 + 8α + 6 = 54.0625 (−ω6 + ω6 ) + ω6 + ω5 = 0 . Doli´ ´ Doli´ C. h = a/4 = 4/4 = 1m α = D = l2 q kN 9 N p1 = p2 = = 1 2 = = 2. 4 (α + 1) = 13.25 (0 + ω3 ) − 13 (0 + ω2 ) + 4.0625 (ω5 − ω5 ) + ω5 + ω6 = 0. Nikoli´ c. V.25 (0 + ω1 ) − 13 (ω5 + ω6 ) + 4.23077 · 106 Nm = 12 (1 − µ 2 ) 12 (1 − 0.0625 (ω2 − ω2 ) + 0 + 0 = 0.375ω3 − 29.0625 (0 + 0) + 0 + 0 = 0.1 · 1011 · 0.5m. 4α (α + 1) = 29.25 p3 = p5 = q = 2 2 2 h 4 2 m m 2.375ω6 − 29.375ω2 − 29.0625 (0 + 0) + ω3 + ω4 = 0.25 (ω6 + ω6 ) − 13 (0 + ω1 ) + 4.25.5 (ω5 + ω5 + ω6 + ω6 ) + + 5.375ω5 − 29.5 (0 + 0 + 0 + ω1 ) + + 5.375ω4 − 29.5 (0 + 0 + 0 + ω1 ) + + 5.5 (0 + 0 + ω3 + ω4 ) + + 5.5 (0 + 0 + ω2 + ω2 ) + + 5.375.26325 · 10−3 node 3: 54.375ω1 − 29.25 (ω5 + ω5 ) − 13 (0 + ω1 ) + 4. 2α = 4.38 ´ B.5625 · 10−3 node 6: 54.25 (0 + ω4 ) − 13 (0 + ω2 ) + 4. D.0625 node 1: 54. canin p ∂ 4ω ∂ 4ω ∂ 4ω + 2 + = 4 2 2 4 ∂x ∂x ∂y ∂y D Applying MKR is obtained by the equilibrium equations of the form: ( ) 6α 2 + 8α + 6 ωi − 4α (α + 1) (ω1 + ω3 ) − 4 (α + 1) (ω2 + ω4 ) + pi l 4 D + 2α (ω5 + ω6 + ω7 + ω8 ) + α 2 (ω9 + ω11 ) + ω10 + ω12 = l = b/4 = 6/4 = 1.5625 · 10−3 node 4: 54. canin. C.26325 · 10−3 node 2: 54.5 α 2 = 5.25 (ω2 + ω2 ) − 13 (ω3 + ω4 ) + 4.

3348495453246540610 * 10 3.375w 2 + 4.13w4 + 9w 5 + 9w6 0.25w 3 + 0w4 + 55.13w2 . Apply Finite differences Method to ﬁnd the values of deﬂection at nodal points of the adopted network.13w 6 -13w 1 + 9w2 + 55.5w 3 + 4. w3 .4062732779655031070 * 10 6.375w4 + 0w 5 .58.5w 6 4.3 0 0.* * 2** 3 ** 4 ** 5 ** 6 * find (w 1 w 2 .375w 5 + w6 4. w6 ) ® -5 -5 -5 -5 -5 -5 * * 8. δ = 0.5w4 .29.5w2 . b = 8m.1m.25w4 + w 5 + 55.3 0. E = 2·105 MPa.375w 3 + w4 .58. Rectangular plate simply supported on all its four sides is loaded as in Figure 8 triangular continuous load q.26325× 10.13w5 . w 4 .29.5w1 .4135943688372158218 * 10 6.375w1 .5625× 10. a = 6m.25w1 + 54..4303063434015049735 * 10 Example 3. The governing equations p ∂ 4ω ∂ 4ω ∂ 4ω + 2 + = 4 2 2 4 ∂x ∂x ∂y ∂y D ( 2 ) 6α + 8α + 6 ωi − 4α (α + 1) (ω1 + ω3 ) − 4 (α + 1) (ω2 + ω4 ) + + 2α (ω5 + ω6 + ω7 + ω8 ) + α 2 (ω9 + ω11 ) + ω10 + ω12 = pi l 4 D . µ = 0.5265× 10.58..0658239523563842244 * 10 find * 1. 39 given 54.5w1 .3.3 0 8.Application of Finite Difference Method to Study of the Phenomenon .0498163354981516936 * 10 2.13w2 + 0w 3 . w5 . It is known: q= 4kN/m2 .5w5 + 0w 6 -13w 1 + 9w2 + w 3 + 55.26325× 10.375w6 0.13w 3 .3 -29.

40 ´ B. A rectangular plate with a continuous load. Under the given conditions. C. canin. 8. D.13 Eδ 3 = = 18.32 ) Pressure values in the corresponding nodes: q : q¢ = 4h : h Þ q¢ = q / 4 Þ q4 = q6 = q / 4 q : q¢¢ = 4h : 2h Þ q¢¢ = q / 2 Þ q1 = q3 = q / 2 q : q¢¢¢ = 4h : 3h Þ q¢¢¢ = 3q / 4 Þ q2 = q5 = 3q / 4 3174 81 1600 4a (a + 1) = 81 100 4 (a + 1) = 9 32 2a = 9 256 2 a = 81 6a 2 + 8a + 6 = . 2 l 16 α = = 2 h 9 2 · 1011 · 0. we get l = b/4 = 8/4 = 2m.315 · 106 Nm D = 12 (1 − µ 2 ) 12 (1 − 0. h = a/4 = 6/4 = 3/2m. B. Doli´ ´ Doli´ C. Nikoli´ c. canin Fig. V.

21228 288w1 ..900w4 + 256w5 + 2918w6 0.14152 .14152 -1600w1 + 256w 2 + 576w3 + 2918w4 .1800w6 0. 41 Starting from the equation in the form (7): ( 2 ) 6α + 8α + 6 ωi − 4α (α + 1) (ω1 + ω3 ) − 4 (α + 1) (ω2 + ω4 ) + + 2α (ω5 + ω6 + ω7 + ω8 ) + α 2 (ω9 + ω11 ) + ω10 + ω12 = Can be written the equation for individual nodes: node 1: 3174ω1 − 1600 (ω2 + ω4 ) − 900 (ω3 + ω3 ) + 288 (ω5 + ω5 + ω6 + ω6 ) + 4 1l + 256 (0 + 0) + 0 + 0 = 81 pD node 2: 3174ω2 − 1600 (0 + ω4 ) − 900 (ω5 + ω5 ) + 288 (0 + ω3 + ω3 + 0) + 4 2l + 256 (−ω2 + ω4 ) + 0 + 0 = 81 pD node 3: 3174ω3 − 1600 (ω5 + ω6 ) − 900 (0 + ω1 ) + 288 (ω5 + 0 + ω6 + ω1 ) + 4 3l + 256 (0 + 0) − ω3 + ω3 = 81 pD node 4: 3174ω4 − 1600 (ω1 + 0) − 900 (ω6 + ω6 ) + 288 (ω3 + 0 + 0 + ω3 ) + 4 4l + 256 (ω2 − ω4 ) + 0 + 0 = 81 pD node 5: 3174ω5 − 1600 (0 + ω3 ) − 900 (ω2 + ω0 ) + 288 (0 + ω1 + 0 + 0) + 4 5l + 256 (−ω5 + ω6 ) + ω5 − ω5 = 81 pD node 6: 3174ω6 − 1600 (ω3 + 0) − 900 (ω4 + ω0 ) + 288 (ω1 + 0 + 0 + 0) + 4 6l + 256 (ω5 − ω6 ) + ω6 − ω6 = 81 pD After ordering we get a system of equations whose solving in Mathcad using the Find function Given the values of the stress functions in the requested budget network nodes: pi l 4 D given 3174w1 .1600w3 .07076 0..1800w5 0.900w2 .Application of Finite Difference Method to Study of the Phenomenon .1600w6 0.1600w5 .1600w3 + 2918w5 + 256w6 0.1800w3 .07076 288w1 .1600w4 + 576w5 + 576w6 -1600w1 + 2918w2 + 576w3 + 256w4 .1600w2 .21228 -900w1 + 288w2 + 3174w3 + 288w4 .

2001. Alexandroupolis. 4. w5. w6 ® ( ) 6. 1985. 1962. Engineering Numerical Analysis. Vol. strains. Nikoli´ c.M AKSIMOVI C ´ . [4] C. canin. [5. Mathematics II. M AKSIMOVI C life estimation. D OLI CANIN ´ [3] V. Cambridge.NI KOLI C ´ . Differential geometry. 60. V. the conclusion that the ﬁnite difference metod (MCD) can effectively solve the problems of bending of thin plates and bulges and at various loads. which provides a signiﬁcant advantage over conventional analytical methods. Series Mechanics.65. References [1] PARVIZ M OIN. M AKSIMOVI C life estimation of damaged structural components.509895453933079335510 × -4 4 Conclusion Summarizing the results presented in this paper. [7] S. 8. 16 (2004). Facta Universitatis. ´ ANIN. Beograd. [6] D.2847116725436574292× 10-4 find w1 . Efﬁcient computation method in fatique [5] K. V. etc. M AKSIMOVI C ´ . ´ . Aplication of Numerical Methods in Solvong a Phenomenon of the Theory of Thin Plates. R ADOJKOVIC. C. ´ D OLI C ´ ANIN . D OLI C ´ . N IKOLI C ´ . University textbook. what will be the subject of the future. ´ . 61 .129508501957053538110 × -4 5. S. dynamic load and the like By using this method can be dealt with more complex problems.R AKOVI C ˇ ENKO . S OLOVLJEV P ETROVICH. The Theory of Elasticity. M. w2 . [2] C 1993. moments. 12]. D UDIER. Modeling of the surface cracks and fatique [8] K. Pristina.3047341809663193522×10-4 7. canin 9. N. Doli´ ´ Doli´ C. JULY 3-7.4320903651006013122× 10-4 4. Scientiﬁc Technical Review. N IKOLI C . The developed methodology makes it much easier to ﬁnd solutions for the plate deﬂection. C. 2006.. Pristina. ECF 16 2006. S. 11.42 ´ B. B. D. . The Theory of Elasticity. w4 . V. J.878809912749644516310 × -4 6. 1995. ETF in Pristina. w3 . 1 (2010). stresses. Vol. Minisymposium integrity of dinamical systems. Automatic control and Robotics. T IMO S ´ . 113-116. University press. 101-114. Further study may include temperature strains.

D JURKOVI C. S. S.Journal of Mechanical Engineering. P OSAVLJAK . N IKOLI C [11] S.1111/j. [12] D. M AKSIMOVI C ´ . 846-852. N IKOLI C ´ -S TANOJEVI C ´ . Mechanical analysis of gears. Mathematical Problems in Engineering. 1999. 43 ´ .Application of Finite Difference Method to Study of the Phenomenon .rs:2048/doi/10. K.hindawi. M AKSIMOVI C ´ . http://www. Cimpes.14751305. . V.kobson.00775.. 12 (2010). Total fatigue life estimation of notched structural components using low cycle fatigue properties. Kragujevac.html). V.2010.nb.972873. http://onlinelibrary. N IKOLI C ´ . Strojniki vestnik .. A model of gear trans[9] K. V.com. M AKSIMOVI C ´ . Monograph. (S TEVANOVIC ) H EDRIH .proxy.com/journals/mpe/aip. (Research Article). N IKOLIC -S TANOJEVI C mission: fractional order system dynamics. S.com/journals/mpe/aip. I. [10] V. VASOVI C. ´ . K. Fatigue Life Estimation of Notched Structural Components. V. 56. (http://www.wiley. S TUPAR . Journal STRAIN. S TAMENKOVI C ´ ´ M AKSIMOVI C .6.hindawi. S.S TANO M AKSIMOVI C ´ ´ JEVI C .x/full ´ .html ´ .

rc_frame

2016 Chevrolet Cruze Brochure

Brochure NewSymbol English

Structures

CH1 Intro&Statics

Steel Design CE 408

Portal Frame 2

Mathematics & Statistics 2015 ---Geometry1

Mathematics

Mathematics 2

Mathematics 3

Mathematics

Faculty of Engineering - Department of Civil Engineering - CE Course Description

80 foundation

79 foundation

78 foundation

77 foundation

76 foundation

71 foundation

70 foundation

7 foundation

4 foundation

foundation1.pdf

2 foundation

56 cad

- Read and print without ads
- Download to keep your version
- Edit, email or read offline

Are you sure?

This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?

CANCEL

OK

You've been reading!

NO, THANKS

OK

scribd