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Petroleum Development Oman L.L.C.

UNRESTRICTED December 2004

Document ID : SP-1096 Filing key : xxxx

Specification for Welding of Duplex Stainless Steel Piping
(Amendments/Supplements to ASME B31.3)

39 Keywords: ASME B31.3 Duplex Stainless Steel Inspection On-plot Piping Procedure Qualification Record Production Welding Testing Welding Procedure Specification Welder Qualification This document is the property of Petroleum Development Oman, LLC. Neither the whole nor any part of this document may be disclosed to others or reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form by any means (electronic, mechanical, reprographic recording or otherwise) without prior written consent of the owner.

Specification for Welding of Duplex Stainless Steel Piping

Version 2.0

Authorised For Issue

Signed :........................................................... UER (TTO/1) CFDH Materials and Corrosion

The following is a brief summary of the 4 most recent revisions to this document. Details of all revisions prior to these are held on file by the issuing department.

Version No. Version 1.0 Version 2.0

Date 27/07/99 30/12/04

Author OTT/112 TTO/15

Scope / Remarks Initial issue. Updated based on past experience

SP-1096

i

December 2004

Version 2.0

Specification for Welding of Duplex Stainless Steel Piping

Contents
1. Introduction ......................................................................................................................... 1 1.1 Purpose............................................................................................................................. 1 1.2 Changes to the Specification............................................................................................ 1 1.3 Effective Period ............................................................................................................... 1 1.4 Review and Improvement ................................................................................................ 1 1.5 Process Owner's Responsibility ....................................................................................... 1 2. Specification for Welding Duplex Stainless Steel.............................................................. 2 2.1 Specification Requirements ............................................................................................. 2 2.2 Process Deliverables ........................................................................................................ 2 2.3 Performance Levels / Indicators ...................................................................................... 2 2.4 Performance Monitoring .................................................................................................. 2 Appendix A Glossary of Definitions, Terms and Abbreviations.......................................... 3 Appendix B Amendments/Supplements to ASME B31.3 ..................................................... 6 Chapter V Fabrication, Assembly and Erection ................................................................... 6 328 Welding ........................................................................................................................... 6 328.2 Welding Qualifications ......................................................................................... 6 328.2.1 Qualification Requirements............................................................................. 6 328.2.1.1 General................................................................................................. 6 328.2.1.2 Welding Procedure Specification ........................................................ 6 328.2.1.3 Essential Variables............................................................................... 7 328.2.1.4 Test Welding........................................................................................ 8 328.2.1.5 Examination of the Test Weld ........................................................... 10 328.2.1.6 Destructive Testing of the Test Weld ................................................ 10 328.2.1.7 Retests................................................................................................ 13 328.2.1.8 Approval of the WPS......................................................................... 13 328.2.1.9 Performance Qualification ................................................................. 13 328.2.2 Procedure Qualification by Others................................................................ 14 328.2.3 Performance Qualification by Others............................................................ 14 328.2.4 Qualification Records.................................................................................... 14 328.3 Welding Materials .............................................................................................. 15 328.3.1 Filller Metal................................................................................................... 15 328.3.1.1 Storage and Handling of Filler Metals and Fluxes ............................ 15 328.3.1.2 Shielding Gases.................................................................................. 16 328.3.2 Weld Backing Material ................................................................................. 16 328.3.3 Consumable Inserts ....................................................................................... 16 328.4 Preparation for Welding ..................................................................................... 16 328.4.1 Cleaning ........................................................................................................ 16 328.4.2 End Preparation............................................................................................. 16 328.4.3 Alignment...................................................................................................... 17 328.5 Welding Requirements ....................................................................................... 18 328.5.1 General .......................................................................................................... 18 328.5.2 Fillet and Socket Welds ................................................................................ 20 328.5.4 Welded Branch Connections......................................................................... 21 328.6 Weld Repair ........................................................................................................ 21 328.6.1 General .......................................................................................................... 21 328.6.2 Welding of Test Repair Welds...................................................................... 22 328.6.3 Testing of Repair Welds ............................................................................... 22 330 Preheating..................................................................................................................... 22 330.1 General................................................................................................................ 22

December 2004

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SP-1096

...................................................1 General ..................................................25 341................................................................27 344................................................................................1 Documentation ......................................6 Ultrasonic Examination.....1 Personnel Qualification and Certification ..............25 341.3 Method...............28 345.....................................1........24 336.......................................2 Acceptance Criteria .. Error! Bookmark not defined.......5 Radiographic Examination..............1 Requirements and Recommendations.....23 336....................................................................................................23 332.....................3 Magnetic Particle Examination ........4.........................................................................................................................26 344 Types of Examination ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 341 Examination.......23 333 Brazing and Soldering....................2 Specific Requirements .....................................................................................22 330......26 342.................................25 342 Examination Personnel ..................................................................................... 340..............................2...................3........23 336.....................................................................................................................27 344.........................................................................................................................................................................................27 344..............................................................................................Specification for Welding of Duplex Stainless Steel Piping Version 2........5....23 330........................1 General ...............................................1 General .25 341.......................26 343 Examination Procedures.......................................................................................28 346.............................25 341............................25 341.......................................................2.......................................................................................................27 344.........................................................................................................4 Qualifications of the Owner’s Inspector .............4 Liquid Penetrant Examination...27 344.25 340 Inspection .............................................................................................................2 Visual Examination.27 344......................................24 Chapter VI Inspection........23 332 Bending and Forming ...........................................22 330.................................................27 344............................................................1.......................1 Examination Normally Required.....................................................................................................2 Responsibility for Examination..............................................0 330....................................................................2 Method......................................................................................................4 Interrupted Welding .........................................................................3......3 Pipe Handling....28 345 Testing ..............................................................................................................................................................................2 Storage . Examination and Testing.... Error! Bookmark not defined........................28 SP-1096 iii December 2004 ......23 336 Handling and Storage .............................................28 346 Records............................3 Examination Requirements .......................................25 341..................................................................................1 Required Leak Test ....................4 Preheat Zone......................23 331 Heat Treatment .................................................4 Extent of Required Examination ........

32 Orientation and Location of Charpy Impact Specimens ............................... 41 December 2004 iv SP-1096 .........................................................................Version 2...................................................................................... 34 Appendix D Determination of the Volume Fraction of Ferrite in Duplex Stainless Steel by Systematic Point Count ........................................ 36 Appendix E Certificate of Compliance....................... 29 Table 1 Extent of Non-Destructive Testing for Welds ............................ 33 Appendix C References............. 30 Figure 1 Figure 2 Hardness Indent Locations ........................................................................................................................................................................ 40 User Comment Form ..............................................................................................................................................................................................0 Specification for Welding of Duplex Stainless Steel Piping 347 Certificate of Conformity ....

write your comments on a copy of the User Comments Form.4 Review and Improvement This specification will be reviewed and updated once every three years.3 Effective Period The requirements of this specification shall remain in force indefinitely unless superseded by an authorised revision.2 Changes to the Specification This Specification shall not be changed without approval from the Custodian.0 1. is responsible for authorising all proposed deviations or amendments to the specification and for the instigation of periodic reviews and updates in accordance with Clauses 1. If you think the Specification is not correct. The review authority will be CFDH Materials and Corrosion. issued in July 1999. The form is included as the last page of this Specification. the Material and Corrosion Functional Discipline Head (CFDH) who owns this Specification.3.5 Process Owner's Responsibility The owner of this specification is CFDH Materials and Corrosion. where the applicable code has been designated as ASME B31. 1. 1. Chemical Plant and Petroleum Company Piping.4. The purpose of this document is to define the minimum technical requirements for the welding of duplex stainless steel (DSS) pipework. 1.4 or ASME B31. Send the copy with your comments and personal details to DCS.8 (off-plot locations) or to the manufacture of welded DSS pipe 1. December 2004 Page 1 SP-1096 . This specification is intended to be used where the applicable code has been designated by the Company as ASME B31. Specification for Welding of Duplex Stainless Steel Piping. 2002.1 Introduction Purpose This specification is a revision of SP-1096 version 1. This document is not applicable to the welding of DSS pipelines. 1. (normally on-plot locations).0.2 and 1.Specification for Welding of Duplex Stainless Steel Piping Version 2.

1 Specification Requirements Welding. The use of duplex stainless materials in environments containing H2S shall be subject to approval by the Company.3 and normally intended for on-plot oil. 2.3 Performance Levels / Indicators See relevant ASME B31.3. Where clauses of ASME B31.4 Performance Monitoring Requirements for monitoring welding process variables. December 2004 Page 2 SP-1096 . they shall apply in their entirety. gas or water service.0 Specification for Welding of Duplex Stainless Steel Piping 2. 2.Version 2. welder performance and weld quality are detailed in relevant sections of ASME B31.3.3 are not amended or supplemented by Appendix B. including 22Cr and 25Cr duplex/superduplex grades. The specification is restricted to piping for service in non-sour environments where the applicable Code for pressure piping is designated by the Company as ASME B31. The Clause numbering in Appendix B follows that of ASME B31. Chemical Plant and Petroleum Refinery Piping. The scope is intended to cover all commercially available compositions (MESC).2 Process Deliverables Process deliverables comprise shop or field welded duplex stainless steel pipework and related welded fabrications designed to ASME B31. Specification for Welding Duplex Stainless Steel This specification gives the minimum requirements for the welding. 2. as amended and supplemented by Appendix B of this specification. 2. 2002 Edition.3/ASME IX as amended by Appendix B of this specification. The amendments and supplements given in Appendix B are considered necessary to ensure integrity of the fabricated pipework in accordance with PDO and Shell Group requirements.3 weld inspection and testing acceptance criteria and the amendments given in Appendix B of this specification. fabrication and inspection shall be in accordance with the requirements of ASME B31.3. fabrication and inspection of duplex stainless steel on-plot pipework.

parent metal thickness.Specification for Welding of Duplex Stainless Steel Piping Version 2. parent metal thickness. General Definitions Contractor The party which carries out all or part of the design. Indicates a possible course of action. The Company may undertake all or part of the duties of the Contractor. which for joints between dissimilar thicknesses is that of the thicker material. Nominal thickness t shall have the following meanings: . construction. commissioning or management of a project.0 Appendix A Glossary of Definitions. The listed definitions shall be considered to supplement those given in ASME B31.3. Clause 5 (Classification) and Clause 6 (Testing) A chromium-nickel-molybdenum stainless steel containing a balance of austenite and ferrite stabilising alloying elements such that the microstructure at room temperature consists of approximately equal proportions of austenite and ferrite. .butt joint. Owner Term used in ASME B31. Petroleum Developmant Oman LLC.set-on branch connection. Nominal Thickness December 2004 Page 3 SP-1096 . Indicates a requirement. Terms and Abbreviations Certain terms and abbreviations used in this document are defined below.1) Duplex Stainless Steel As defined in AWS A5.fillet weld. Manufacturer/ Supplier Company User Corporate Functional Discipline Head shall should may Specific Definitions Batch or Lot (see App. engineering. Consultant or Contractor who uses this document.3. thickness of branch pipe . procurement. The Company may also include an agent or consultant authorised to act for.set-through branch connection. and on behalf of. The Company. the Company. 328. The Company will generally specify the technical requirements. thickness of main pipe.01. The party which manufactures or supplies equipment and services to perform the duties specified by the Contractor. Any deviation to a requirement shall be approved by the CFDH. . Indicates a recommendation.3 that shall be understood to mean the Company. A deviation to a recommendation shall be approved by the welding (TA-2). or operation or maintenance of a facility. B. The person within the Company responsible for the discipline to which the standard belongs. which for joints between dissimilar thicknesses is that of the thinner material.

0 Specification for Welding of Duplex Stainless Steel Piping Verified copy Welding Co-ordinator A photocopy of an original document which has been reendorsed and signed by the organisation producing the photocopy to verify that none of the information has been adulterated. The Contractor nominated authority on the quality aspects of welding. Abbreviations a ASNT CFDH AWS CSWIP D DSS DNV GTAW IQI HAZ HV NDE PAMS PQR PRE PT PWHT RT SAW SMAW Throat Thickness of Fillet Weld American Society for Non-destructive Testing Corporate Functional Discipline Head American Welding Society Certification Scheme for Welding Inspection Personnel Nominal Outside Diameter Duplex Stainless Steel Det Norske Veritas Gas Tungsten Arc Welding Image Quality Indicator Heat Affected Zone Vickers Hardness Non-destructive Examination Portable arc monitoring system Procedure Qualification Record Pitting Resistance Equivalent Penetrant Testing Post Weld Heat Treatment Radiographic Testing Submerged Arc Welding Shielded Metal Arc Welding December 2004 Page 4 SP-1096 . The Welding Co-ordinator shall be approved by the Company TA-2 (Welding). other national/ international qualifications may be considered at the discretion of the Company. The Welding co-ordinator shall be a Welding Engineer meeting the recommendations for European Welding Engineer (refer ISO 14731).Version 2. However.

Specification for Welding of Duplex Stainless Steel Piping Version 2.0 T TA TWI WPS WFS Nominal Thickness Technical Authority. as defined in ERD-00-02 and PDO GU-272. The Welding Institute Welding Procedure Specification Wire Feed Speed December 2004 Page 5 SP-1096 .

2.2 Welding Procedure Specification The format of the WPS shall be equivalent to form E00006. 328. welding procedure qualification shall be undertaken prior to the commencement of production welding.0 Specification for Welding of Duplex Stainless Steel Piping Appendix B Amendments/Supplements to ASME B31. shown as QW-482 in Appendix A of ASME IX. including explanatory details where necessary.1 General Where the Contractor is unable to provide satisfactory records to demonstrate the suitability of the proposed welding procedure specification and compliance with ASME B31. Note: Any welding procedure qualified to meet project specific requirements for which the Company has paid/reimbursed the cost of qualification shall be owned by the Company. The Contractor shall submit WPS proposals to the Company for review and approval a minimum of two weeks prior to undertaking qualification welding.2 Welding Qualifications 328. • Material specification of base metals. detailing as a tabulated summary welding processes. (Work Category CE6421). All welding and related activities shall satisfy the requirements of ISO 3834-2. 328. Assembly and Erection 328 Welding Delete introductory paragraph and replace as follows: Welding shall be performed in accordance with the requirements of ASME B31.1. except that welding consumables and specific test requirements will be agreed by the Company Welding TA .Version 2. The work shall be undertaken only by Contractors that have been approved by the Company specifically for the on-plot welding of duplex stainless steel. The Company will keep original PQR copies.2. Page 6 SP-1096 December 2004 . and shall contain the following applicable parameters. materials and qualified dimensional ranges.3 and the amendments and additions of this specification.3 Chapter V Fabrication.2.1.2 (or higher) for each application. and SP-1171. shall be in general accordance with this specification.3 and this specification. Approval of Contractors shall be based on Company document GU-225. between duplex stainless steel and other material groups. It is recommended to follow the guidelines given in PD CR 13576. The qualification of dissimilar welds. A quality system based on alternative standards to of ISO 9001 may be considered for agreement by the Company.1 Qualification Requirements Delete entire section and replace as follows: 328. A Welding Procedure Register shall accompany the package. This shall list and identify all WPS/PQRs intended to be used for the contract. The welding Contractor shall maintain and operate a quality system that shall be in accordance with ISO 9001:2000. The WPS proposals shall be endorsed by the Contractor's Welding Engineer.

5 or +2. Root gap showing allowable tolerances. but not < 5mm. Gas shielding flow and composition.0 • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Welding process and whether manual or automatic. Filler metal classification and coating type. For a fillet weld.1. a change in throat thickness outside the range 0. 0.a change outside the range t to 1. Welding position and direction.Specification for Welding of Duplex Stainless Steel Piping Version 2.2.3 (c) and (d)). the background current and range of pulse parameters or unique program reference to be included. 0.3 Essential Variables When changes in any of the parameters listed below are made beyond the indicated limits. Specification of flux.. in addition to material thickness.75a to 1.2. Where applicable.5t. Change in pipe or branch diameter outside the following ranges: D <323mm. For super-duplex grades any change in manufacturer or product form shall be considered an essential variable. Filler metal specification and diameter. voltage range and polarity. Tungsten electrode type and specification. Number and sequence of all passes.1. (See Appendix A of this specification for definitions of t). For t < 5mm. a change in thickness at the joint outside the range 0. the welding procedure shall be set up as a new WPS and shall be completely re-qualified. and signed by a Company welding TA-2.5. A change in the PREN exceeding –1. Any change in UNS number. (c) Thickness (d) Diameter (D) December 2004 Page 7 SP-1096 . (a) Welding process (b) Base materials A change to another welding process or a change from manual to automatic operation or vice versa.5D to maximum to be welded.5t. Preheat and interpass temperatures. indicating stringer or weave beads. electrode stick-out and WFS range.5D to 2D D ≥ 323mm. A procedure qualified by welding together products from different manufacturers or different product forms shall qualify both the combination and welds between each product. For automatic welding the weave amplitude. For t > 5mm. Travel speed range for each pass. If pulse welding is used. Geometry of the welding groove showing allowable tolerances. Welding current range. Gas backing flow and composition Number of weld passes for which gas backing is required. Wall thickness and diameter range for which the procedure is valid. Heat input range. Method of clamping/tacking. 328.75t to 1. weave frequency and dwell time shall also be included. (see 328. including details of removal Test welding shall not commence until the WPS proposal has been stamped 'Approved for Qualification' with the date and the contract number.5a. Methods of joint preparation interpass cleaning and weld finishing.

classification or trade name. shall be controlled such that heat input is maintained within the permitted range of clause (n). (g) Welding progression (h) Filler metal/electrode (i) Flux (j) Shielding or backing gas (k) Number and sequence of passes (l) Electrical characteristics (m) Speed of travel (n) Heat input (o) Preheat or interpass temperature (p) Post-weld heat treatment 328. Any change in electrode or filler wire diameter. Changes in individual parameters and of welding speed.4 Test Welding Sufficient test welds shall be made to extract all the destructive test specimens required for qualification testing. except that. Any change. Test welding shall be witnessed by the Company Welding TA-3. December 2004 Page 8 SP-1096 . A change in nominal flow rate of more than ±20%. Any change in size. Any change in the sequence of filling or capping passes beyond that required to accommodate the qualified range of joint dimensions.2. Any increase in maximum oxygen content of effluent backing gas.1. A change of more than ±15% in the individual values for volts. qualification of a joint in the fixed 45° inclined (6G) position shall qualify for all positions. amps and wire feed speed determined from the PQR. An increase of more than 50°C in the specified minimum preheat temperatures or any increase in maximum interpass temperature.0 Specification for Welding of Duplex Stainless Steel Piping (e) Joint design (f) Welding position Any change in joint configuration outside the specified tolerance. a change to a different trade name may be accepted without requalification subject to the approval of the Company Welding TA-2. The inclusion or deletion of PWHT or any change in PWHT parameters. Any change in average welding heat input per pass outside the range ±10% of that qualified. Any change in nominal composition of shielding or backing gas. Any decrease in the number of passes before cessation of backing gas. Any change in electrode/filler metal classification or trade name.Version 2. subject to the approval of the Company Welding TA-2. A change of electrode polarity or current type. including the addition or deletion of pulsating current. except that for solid filler wire. The Contractor shall give the Company a minimum of 48 hours notice of the intention to proceed with test welding. Any change greater than ±15%. A change from uphill to downhill or vice versa. (clause (m)).

traceable to the items to be welded. Set-up details shall be recorded in the test welding record. The Approved for Qualification WPS. Approved consumable handling procedure. The test weld shall simulate as closely as possible the actual production environment and welding set-up used. support and back purging arrangements. December 2004 Page 9 SP-1096 . Test welding shall not commence until the Company has reviewed and accepted the documentation. Batch certificates or verified copies. NDE shall be performed only by Company registered NDE subcontractors in accordance with SP-1176.1). traceable to the welding consumables.3.Specification for Welding of Duplex Stainless Steel Piping Version 2. and endorsed by the Contractor's welding examiner (Welding Inspector) and the Company welding TA-3 present at the time of test welding.0 The Contractor shall have a minimum of one Company-approved calibrated portable arc monitoring system with hard copy facility available at the test site to record welding parameters. The longest length of internal purge tubing expected to be required for use with the procedure should be included in the test set-up to confirm that the required purging conditions can always be attained and monitored without affecting weld quality. The Contractor shall be responsible for examination and shall have a Company approved welding examiner (Welding Inspector) present throughout test welding and NDE of the welds. endorsed ‘Approved for Qualification’ Material certificates or verified copies. (see 328. The welding records of the test welding shall be signed. The Contractor’s Welding Coordinator who is approved by the Company shall supervise the entire welding procedure qualification process. shown as QW-483 in Appendix A of ASME IX. clamping. dated. welding should commence as soon as the maximum specified back purge oxygen level is reached. No test welding is permissible without recording the welding parameters using a calibrated portable arc monitor. Prior to the commencement of test welding. All test welding shall be witnessed by a Company representative having a Welding Technical Authority level 3 or higher. In order that root oxidation can be assessed under ‘worst case’ conditions. including as applicable. the Contractor shall have available at the test site the following documents for verification by the Company: • • • • Original copy of the WPS proposal. original or verified copies of the test coupon material and consumable batch test certificates and the original PAMS unit printout shall be included as part of the PQR. Pass sequence shall be shown in the sketch on the ASME form. The following information shall be recorded for each pass of the test weld and shall form part of the PQR: • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Pass number Welding process Consumable diameter Consumable trade name and classification (including flux for SAW) Electrode polarity Gas composition Gas flow rate Arc voltage Current Wire feed speed Travel speed Preheat temperature Interpass temperature Pass sequence The test weld information shall be recorded on welding parameter sheets which shall be attached to the completed form E00007.

The test reports shall be included in the PQR. four macro-sections shall be taken at 90° intervals through the centre of the joint. and the third party inspector who witnessed the testing. HAZ.3 and shall include December 2004 Page 10 SP-1096 .60. The acceptance criteria shall be as detailed in chapter VI of ASME B31. All test reports shall be endorsed and signed by the testing organisation.5 Examination of the Test Weld NDE shall be witnessed by a Company Welding TA-3 (or higher) or by a Third Party Inspector nominated by the Company. The acceptance criteria shall be as stated in Chapter VI of ASME B31.0 Specification for Welding of Duplex Stainless Steel Piping If post weld heat treatment is required.31-GEN. the macro specimens shall be taken from the specified positions such that each welder's portion is sampled.10. The Company shall have the option to witness the destructive testing or to appoint an agency to act on its behalf. 328. a heat treatment record chart shall be produced and shall be endorsed by the Contractor. The NDE shall consist of the following: • • • Visual examination Liquid penetrant testing Radiographic testing NDE on all test welds shall be performed with the weld at ambient temperature using equipment and Company-approved procedures that will be employed for production.3 and the corresponding sections of this specification. in line with the longitudinal or transverse axis of the run pipe. For branch welds. Observations shall be included with the macroscopic examination report Macro-examination shall be carried out at a minimum magnification of x5. Any weld that fails to meet the acceptance criteria shall not be offered for destructive testing. following.6 Destructive Testing of the Test Weld Testing for procedure qualification shall be performed in accordance with ASME IX and the additional requirements in Paragraphs (a) to (f). 328. the heat treatment sub-contractor (if applicable). Specimens shall be prepared for macroscopic examination by grinding or other suitable method to a 600 grit paper finish. (a) Macro-examination Two macro-sections shall be taken from a butt weld in pipe at the 12-1 o'clock and the 6-7 o'clock positions. Visual examination of all butt welds shall include the pipe bore surfaces. After viewing. The Contractor shall appoint a Company-approved agency to witness the destructive testing.Version 2. The radiographic report shall be signed by the technician and the Contractor's welding examiner prior to presenting the radiographs to the Company Welding TA-3 with interpretation qualification for viewing. the Company Welding TA-3 shall sign and endorse the radiographic report and it shall be incorporated into the PQR.2.2.1. Where two welders have made the joint. The chart shall be included in the PQR.1. The prepared surfaces shall be etched using a suitable etchant to reveal the pass sequence. and the Company Welding TA-3 present during heat treatment. defects etc. NDE of a test weld may serve as a qualification test for the NDE procedures. The degree of oxidation present on these surfaces following welding shall be within the visual acceptance criteria of DEP 30. Metallographic examination of representative sections shall also be performed to confirm the microstructure of the weld/HAZ and the absence of deleterious phases. This agency shall certify that all tests are made in accordance with the controlling specifications. the Contractor.

a check point-counting determination may be made if agreed by the Company Welding TA-2. as close to the surface as is practicable.8 mm.2 may be used. For pipe of t less than 10 millimetres. December 2004 Page 11 SP-1096 . Following the hardness measurements detailed below in paragraph 328.2. the ferrite content shall be considered to be acceptable.6(b). a magnetic measurement technique using an instrument calibrated to AWS 4.6(c). The hardness. Ferrite content determined by microscopic point counting shall be in the range 40 . In the event that borderline unacceptable or otherwise doubtful results are obtained using magnetic measurement. For pipe butt welds. an additional set of three specimens shall be taken at each of the following positions: • cap weld centre line • cap fusion line (50% intersection of notch) • cap fusion line + 2 millimetres These requirements are summarised in Figure 2 of this specification. Additional checks shall be made in the centre of the unaffected base material on each side of the weld.1. For DSS. The maximum hardness values from each traverse shall not exceed 325 HV10.0 measurements for height of reinforcement and internal protrusion. or for magnetic techniques.2. shall be measured in accordance with ASTM E92 using a 10 Kg load. The sampling area of the weld shall be as shown in Figure QW-463. One indent of each HAZ set of three shall be as close to the fusion line as possible but shall not intercept it. (c) Ferrite measurement The ferrite content shall be determined by microscopic point counting in accordance with ASTM E562 and Appendix D of this specification.Specification for Welding of Duplex Stainless Steel Piping Version 2. Ferrite determinations shall be made in the weld metal and both HAZ areas at a depth of 1mm from the inside and from the outside surfaces. (d) Charpy V-notch impact tests Each procedure qualification shall include impact testing unless the nominal pipe wall thickness is less than 4. 328.60% for the parent material and 35 . The ferrite range for magnetic measurements shall be between 30 – 70 FN. (b) Hardness survey For pipe. the mid-thickness traverse may be omitted. a hardness survey shall be performed on each macrosection. the hardness indentations shall be as shown in Figure 1 of this specification and shall be clearly visible in the macrophotographs. If the results of these repeat tests are satisfactory.65% in the weld/HAZ regions.1(f) of ASME IX. macrophotographs shall be produced for inclusion in the PQR. One set of three specimens shall be taken at each of the following positions: • root weld centre line • root fusion line (50% intersection of notch) • root fusion line + 2 millimetres When the wall thickness exceeds 20 millimetres. The sections of the weld taken for macroscopic examination and hardness testing shall also be used for the ferrite measurements required in the following clause.1.

Version 2. The specimen shall be examined at a magnification of x20. All samples shall be made available for inspection by the Company.5 10 x 5 (e) Corrosion testing A pitting corrosion resistance test shall be conducted in accordance with ASTM G48. Unless otherwise directed. The specimen shall be degreased. The weld metal sample shall be taken from an adjacent or equivalent location to that shown for the impact test specimens in Figure A. the acceptance criteria shall be applied pro rata. mm Charpy Energy. dried.3. The edges of the specimen shall be rounded to minimise edge effects and the sides ground to 600 grit finish. dried and reweighed using the procedures specified in ASTM G48A. Testing in accordance with ASTM A370 and this specification shall be conducted at minus 20°C or at the minimum design temperature. the largest obtainable standard sub-size specimens shall be extracted. The elements required for calculation of the PRE (see Section 328.0 Specification for Welding of Duplex Stainless Steel Piping Specimens shall be 10 x 10 millimetres full size wherever possible. Other surfaces shall be in the "as-finished" condition. The weld seam shall be located centrally and parallel to one axis. Weight loss shall be expressed as total weight loss and weight loss per unit area. The PRE value shall exceed the minimum specified for the base material to be welded. Section 5. Joules Minimum Average 40 30 20 Minimum Single 30 23 15 10 x 10 10 x 7. For each set of three specimens. the test shall be conducted for a period of 24 hours at a temperature of 22°C ± 2°C. whichever is the lower. (f) Chemical analysis Chemical analysis shall be conducted of the root run weld metal. A coupon specimen of dimensions 5 cm x 5 cm x full wall thickness shall be prepared to the requirements of ASTM G48. weighed to three decimal places and the weight recorded. The latter shall not exceed 8g/m2. Where these dimensions are not possible. For the higher alloyed 25Cr duplex/superduplex grades the test temperature shall be 35-37ºC unless otherwise specified On completion of the test period the specimen shall be rinsed. For other standard specimen dimensions. only one of the individual values may be below the minimum average energy requirement with an absolute minimum as defined by the minimum individual acceptance criterion. December 2004 Page 12 SP-1096 . Method A. No flattening of the coupon material shall be carried out. The acceptance criteria are detailed in the Table below.1) shall be determined. with inside surface uppermost. cleaned. The test temperature shall remain the same for all specimen thicknesses. No pitting shall be visible. The specimen shall be held in the solution at an angle of 45°. Specimen size. using the total immersion ferric chloride test.

g. and signed by a Company welding Technical Authority level 2. The Contractor shall notify the Company of the test failure and obtain written Company approval to proceed with retests. the testing subcontractor. If the test joint fails to meet the minimum requirements. a revised welding procedure register for review and approval by a Company Welding TA level 2 or higher. Where retesting is agreed by the Company. If both of the retests are acceptable that particular test shall be deemed as acceptable.Specification for Welding of Duplex Stainless Steel Piping Version 2.8 Approval of the WPS Subsequent to successful non-destructive and destructive testing. the Contractor shall submit the original PQR showing endorsement and signatures of the Contractor. (c) A major change in joint configuration.1.1.5D to 2 D. two additional test specimens shall be extracted and tested. If all of the further tests are below the maximum specified hardness the test shall be accepted.2. Retesting of any corrosion specimen which fails to meet the pitting and/or weight loss acceptance criteria in the ASTM G48A corrosion test shall be permitted only if failure can be reasonably attributed to test conditions or sample preparation. e. The Contractor shall also submit a copy of the WPS to be used for production welding and. Only those WPSs shown on the approved WPS register shall be used in production.1.9 Performance Qualification Welders and welding operators shall be qualified in accordance with the requirements of ASME IX and of this specification. Both of the additional specimens shall meet the acceptance criteria. 328. or one specimen is below the specified minimum individual value. a retest of three further specimens shall be made. 328. a change from one coating type to another (f) Any change in the nominal composition of the shielding gas. a new WPS proposal shall be established and qualification welding and testing repeated.2. For DSS. (e) For manual welding electrodes. (b) A change in pipe or branch diameter outside the range 0. All three individual retest values shall equal or exceed the specified minimum average value. ‘U’ to ‘V’ preparation (d) A change in welding progression from uphill to downhill or vice versa. For hardness tests.7 Retests With the exception of Charpy tests and hardness tests. two further specimens shall be prepared and tested.2.0 328. The Contractor shall notify the Company of the test failure and obtain written Company approval to proceed with retests For Charpy tests. if the specified minimum average value has been achieved and more than one specimen is below the specified average value. December 2004 Page 13 SP-1096 . and the Company. if any one mechanical test specimen fails to meet the minimum requirements. the following essential variables shall be applied for welder qualification: (a) A change in joint thickness to more than twice the thickness of the test joint. Should one or both of the retests fail then the procedure shall be rejected immediately. Production welding shall not commence until the WPS has been endorsed 'Approved for Fabrication' with the date and the contract number. where D is the test pipe diameter. if only one hardness result exceeds the specified maximum then a minimum of three further indentations shall be made in close proximity to that which failed such that they do not mutually interfere. For Super DSS any change which necessitates requalification of the WPS shall also require requalification of the welder. if necessary.

328. If a welder ceases to work for the Contractor. The Company shall be given a minimum of 48 hours notice of intention to perform welder qualification in order to witness the test welding.4 Qualification Records Delete section and replace as follows: See sections 328. bend testing and macroscopic examination to the requirements of ASME IX.3 shall not be permitted. QW-302 and this specification. Qualification shall be valid for a period of six months. Performance qualification data shall be recorded by the Contractor on ASME form E00008 (QW-484) or other format agreed by the Company.2. Butt weld test pieces shall be subjected to visual examination. 328. letter.2. as defined in ASME B31.2. The ASME form shall then be endorsed and signed by the Contractor and the Company Welding TA-3 who witnessed the test welding. The completed record forms shall be submitted to the Company Welding TA-3 who shall issue a welder's card which shall show the WPS for which the welder is qualified.Version 2. Failure to demonstrate training shall prevent the welder from being retested. The Company reserve the right to disqualify any welder whose performance during production welding is not satisfactory. the welder's unique identification. The Contractor shall assign an identifying number. The card shall be the property of the Company and shall be revocable by the Company.4 and 346. A calibrated portable arc monitor shall be used to record welding parameters. and the Company TA-3 signature and endorsement. unless otherwise agreed by the Company Welding TA-2. Should the second retest fail then that welder shall be disqualified for the duration of the contract. A welder who fails to meet the acceptance criteria after the first retest shall not be allowed a second retest within seven days.1.0 Specification for Welding of Duplex Stainless Steel Piping Welders shall have a valid Company qualification within the validity defined in this specification or they shall be qualified on contract materials using a WPS endorsed ‘Approved For Fabrication’. 328. The Contractor shall demonstrate that the welder has undergone training in that period. the unique identification shall not be reassigned to another welder. This period may be extended by a further six months when it can be shown by NDT from production welding that the welder has produced satisfactory welds using the approved for construction WPS.1 of this specification.3 Performance Qualification by Others Delete section and replace as follows: Performance qualifications made for another employer shall not be accepted. Welding and testing shall be witnessed by a Company Welding TA-3. A welder who fails to meet the acceptance criteria shall be allowed an immediate retest.2. Failure to produce the card shall prevent the welder from welding until such time as it is produced. or symbol to the qualified welder which shall be used to ensure traceability to specific welds. 328. The welder shall maintain the card in his possession at the job site and shall produce it upon request by the Company.1. radiography.2. December 2004 Page 14 SP-1096 .2. After 12 months the welder shall be re-qualified.2 Procedure Qualification by Others Delete section and replace as follows: Procedure qualification by others.

1 Filller Metal Add the following. All filler metals shall have classification society.3. shall be examined for damage.3 Welding Materials 328. the consumable trade name. The storage room should be maintained at a maximum relative humidity of 50%. which shall be monitored in accordance with an agreed procedure.1. including new sub-sections 328.3(%Mo + 0.3. Electrodes without a code marking shall not be used. Electrodes not supplied in such vacuum packs shall be removed from the containers and baked in ovens in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions. and the batch number.0 328. The definition of a batch is given in Appendix A of this specification. should be at least 2 units higher than the minimum specified PRE of the base material to be welded. The Contractor shall furnish the Company with datasheets for the flux prior to its arrival at site. Consumables in containers that are not identifiable and traceable shall be removed from the job site to the satisfaction of the Company. The tests shall be conducted with third party witness and verification at a Company approved facility. DNV). Lloyd's. Consumables delivered in containers that exhibit physical damage.3. The electrodes shall be transferred to holding ovens set at 150°C after baking.g. Filler metals should be of matching specification to the base material to be welded with the exception of the following: • • The chromium and nickel contents of each batch should be equal to or higher than those of the filler used in the corresponding procedure qualification test. each electrode being distinguishable by a coding marked near the grip end. PRE = (%Cr) + 3.1 Storage and Handling of Filler Metals and Fluxes Electrodes.2: Only consumables from Company approved suppliers shall be used. Flux shall be handled and stored in accordance with the flux manufacturer's recommendations.3. Recycling shall not be permitted.. as calculated from the batch test certification on the basis defined below. The PRE of the filler metal. from where they shall be issued to heated quivers maintained at a minimum temperature of December 2004 Page 15 SP-1096 . Unidentifiable wire shall not be used.1. basic coated electrodes should be supplied in sealed vacuum packs having a guaranteed hydrogen content. Wire spools shall be stored in cabinets with the supplier's wrapping in place and shall remain clearly identifiable up to the point of usage. irrespective of whether the consumables are supplied with a verified copy of the Supplier’s/Manufacturer's batch certificate. Flux shall remain identifiable and traceable. Batch testing is required. All manual electrodes shall be properly identifiable up to the time of usage. filler wires and fluxes shall be stored in a dry storage room in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions. (e. Wherever available.1. Approval shall include the manufacturing plant and shall be verified by a third party inspection agency.Specification for Welding of Duplex Stainless Steel Piping Version 2. type approval. 328. Consumables shall remain in their original containers which shall be marked with the manufacturer's name. Consumables that show signs of damage or deterioration shall be disposed of to the satisfaction of the Company.1 and 328. Each batch of consumables shall be tested in accordance with the AWS procedures specified for the consumable classification.5%W) + 16(%N) NOTE: Tungsten (W) analysis need be considered only if specified as an alloying addition.

3. Test welding or production welding shall not commence until the consumable handling procedure has been approved by the Company Welding TA .2 End Preparation (a) General Delete existing clause (1) and replace as follows: December 2004 Page 16 SP-1096 .2. The maximum stacking height shall be four layers.4 Preparation for Welding 328.3.0 Specification for Welding of Duplex Stainless Steel Piping 70°C. whichever is sooner. Hydrogen shall not be added. paint. 328. A ‘map’ or other acceptable method shall be employed so as to identify the contents and their location in the baking and holding ovens. Those electrodes not used within four hours shall be returned to the baking oven.32 or equivalent. 328. The purity or component concentrations of the gas shall be as specified on the WPS and shall be the same for procedure qualification and production welding.Version 2. (for which the requirement for issue into a heated quiver shall still apply). Oven internal storage arrangements shall not allow intermixing of different electrodes (manufacturers and/or sizes). the end preparation shall be degreased with a non-chlorinated solvent such as acetone. Prior to the commencement of qualification or production welding. one initial bake and one re-bake. the Contractor shall submit a consumable handling procedure to the Company for review and approval. Electrodes shall be baked a maximum of two times. vacuum seal packed electrodes shall be used. 328.4. moisture.2 Weld Backing Material Delete existing section and replace as follows: Backing rings shall not be used.1 Cleaning Delete existing section and replace as follows: Fusion faces and the surrounding surfaces within a minimum of 25 mm of the joint shall be free from heavy scale. oil.3. Duplex stainless steel electrodes shall not be stored in the same heated cabinets as electrodes of other materials. Consumable control shall be such that any basic coated electrodes shall be used within four hours of issue to a quiver. AWS 5. 328.1. 328. The baking ovens and the holding ovens shall have automatic heat controls and a temperature read-out display. Gases in containers that are unidentifiable shall not be used. Before welding.2 Shielding Gases The shielding and purge gas shall be certified as complying with ISO 14175. The Contractor shall have a system for identification of re-baked electrodes.e. i. Where this is not possible due to operational reasons. or any other substance which may have a deleterious effect on the weld quality or progress.3 Consumable Inserts Delete existing section and replace as follows: Consumable inserts shall not be used.4.

3 Alignment (a) Circumferential welds Add the following to clause (1): Misalignment is permitted to a maximum of 1 mm provided it is distributed equally around the circumference.Specification for Welding of Duplex Stainless Steel Piping Version 2. Wire brushes shall be of stainless steel. Add the following new clause.4. bright uniform finish by removing approximately 0. The new bevel shall be liquid penetrant examined and shall be free from relevant linear indications. The acceptance criteria shall be that the maximum dimension of the minor axis of the lamination shall not exceed 6. provided it is caused by dimensional variations within the specified tolerance or the use of two piping components of different nominal thickness and the same out side diameter. • • (5) Prior to a cut-out for a branch connection.0 (1) Bevels shall normally be machined or prepared by grinding. After grinding. the weld edges and surrounding material shall be cleaned and visually examined to ensure freedom from cracks.4. notches or other defects which may affect weld quality. trimming at the internal diameter of the thicker member to a taper of 1:4 may be carried out. All examinations shall be in accordance with Company approved procedures. 328.3 mm and the maximum product of the major and minor axes shall not exceed 50 mm2. Prepared edges shall meet the cleanliness requirements of clause 328. shall be inspected as follows: • The pipe shall be ultrasonically examined for laminations over a zone of 50 mm back from the new bevel edge. Add the following new clauses (3) to (5): (3) The cut surface shall be ground to a smooth. irrespective of pipe size.7 mm and above and all cut-backs made to rectify defective end preparation. Wherever possible. If the misalignment exceeds the above value.1 of this specification. Preparation of weld edges by plasma cutting is permissible provided a mechanically guided torch is used. The procedures and acceptance criteria shall be those specified for cut-backs in the preceding paragraph. Any bevelled edge that has been damaged shall be restored by machining or grinding within the tolerances required by the welding procedure to be applied. (4) All preparations in pipe of 273 mm OD and above and/or wall thickness of 12. (3): December 2004 Page 17 SP-1096 . (b) Circumferential welds Delete existing clause (4) and replace as follows: (4) The deposition of weld metal to rectify internal misalignment shall not be permitted. Equipment/consumables used for grinding and cleaning of edge preparations shall be dedicated for stainless steel work and identified by colour coding or other suitable means. Restoration involving welding shall not be permitted. such rectification should be carried out by machining in a shop rather than by grinding in the field.5 mm of metal. a zone 50 mm wide around the outside diameter of the proposed hole shall be utrasonically checked for laminations. The completed bevel shall be liquid penetrant examined.

travel speed and heat input) representing one pass per WPS. only bridge or bar tacks may be used. When circumferential welds are to be made in pipe of welded manufacture. A calibrated portable arc monitor shall be used to record welding parameters. Stainless steel spacing tools shall be used in conjunction with the line-up clamp to ensure proper joint spacing.Version 2. Add the following new sub-section (e): (e) Weld separation The toes of adjacent circumferential welds shall be separated by a minimum distance equal to the nominal outside diameter of the pipe. the longitudinal welds shall be so positioned that: • • the weld is at the upper segment of 120° of the pipe line any two adjacent longitudinal welds shall be at least 45° apart. And both joints shall be subjected to RT and PT checks. Root bead segments used with external line-up clamps shall be cleaned. Where tack welding is necessary. (a) WPS Add the following: All welding shall be in accordance with the ‘Approved for Fabrication’ WPS. (d) Weld Finishing December 2004 Page 18 SP-1096 . Welding shall not encroach on the root area. (b) Weld identification Delete the last sentence and replace as follows: The Contractor shall maintain records of the weld number and the welder identification for each weld for inclusion in the document package. per welder. The production records shall also include the results of monitoring and verification of the welding parameters (volts. (c) Tack welding Delete existing sub-section and replace as follows: Root tack welding shall not be permitted. Where the above requirement cannot be met. feathered at each end. The tack welds shall be removed by grinding as welding progresses around the joint.5 Welding Requirements 328.1 General The material certificates shall be verified and approved by the contractor Quality Assurance Engineer and made available for review to the Company before the commencement of welding / fabrication. The bridge or bar material shall match the composition of the parent material. These shall have stainless steel inserts or shall be clad with a suitable material to prevent contact between the duplex stainless steel pipe and carbon steel. the minimum distance between the toes of adjacent circumferential welds shall not be less than five times the nominal wall thickness or 50 mm whichever is greater.0 Specification for Welding of Duplex Stainless Steel Piping (3) Line-up clamps shall be employed where possible. These shall be welded using the electrodes and parameters shown in the approved WPS for the fill passes. amps. 328. and visually inspected prior to completion of the root pass.5. per day (excluding the capping runs) unless agreed otherwise with Company Welding TA-2 authority.

burrs.2% or less is attained. When fabrication is completed. Automatic GTAW may be used in uphill and downhill progression. In windy conditions the pipe ends shall be sealed to prevent through draughts Weld surfaces shall be thoroughly cleaned and dried before welding. slope-out control and gas delay facility as a minimum. (g) to (k): (g) Application of welding processes (1) Gas Tungsten Arc Welding (GTAW) Manual or automatic GTAW with filler metal addition shall be used for the root and second pass of all single sided butt welds.1. shelters giving adequate protection at all times to the weld area from wind. rain and moisture shall be provided. as determined in procedure qualification. gas back purge shall be maintained during the welding of all full penetration butt joints until a minimum of 6 mm. The GTAW power source shall have a high frequency starting circuit. or in exceptional cases a torch may be used in accordance with Section 330. The oxygen content of the exit gas shall be monitored using suitable oxygen measuring equipment and welding shall not commence until a level of 0. The tungsten electrode shall be AWS class EWTh-2 or EWCe-2. These processes may also be used for filling and capping passes.1 of this specification. Argon.99% purity shall be used as shielding and backing gas. Add new sub-sections. Moisture shall be removed by means of blowers. Continuation of back purging for further layers may be necessary. (e) Weather protection Delete existing sub-section and replace as follows: Work shall not be performed when the weather and/or degree of protection does not permit satisfactory workmanship. Flushing with backing gas shall be carried out before welding. subject to the root weld inner surface meeting the specified visual acceptance criteria.Specification for Welding of Duplex Stainless Steel Piping Version 2. For site welding. all surfaces adjacent to the welds shall be cleaned of spatter. Helium or Argon/Helium mixtures of at least 99. U-groove preparation without root gap should be used for automatic welding. Welds shall not be peened. The use of argon containing an addition of up to 2% nitrogen is also permissible. (2) Submerged Arc Welding (SAW) December 2004 Page 19 SP-1096 . Monitoring shall be continued during welding to ensure that this limit is not exceeded. Hydrogen additions are not permitted. thickness of weld metal has been deposited. Unless otherwise approved.0 Delete existing sub-section and replace as follows: Welds shall be left as welded and shall not be treated with a flame torch or other mechanical means to change their appearance other than the cleaning and dressing operations specified in the WPS. The same criteria shall be applied to confirm the acceptable maximum depth of partial penetration repair welds. and other imperfections that could interfere with radiographic or ultrasonic inspection. The manual GTAW process shall be restricted to uphill progression.

Add following new sub-section: December 2004 Page 20 SP-1096 .0 Specification for Welding of Duplex Stainless Steel Piping SAW shall be used only for filling and capping in the flat position with the pipe rotated. (4) Other welding processes Welding shall normally be restricted to the processes listed in (1) to (3) above. Where the thickness is below the specified minimum that section of pipe shall be removed. Proposals to use other processes may be submitted to the Company Welding TA-2 for consideration in exceptional cases. the following:: Socket welding shall not be permitted. delete”(including socket welds)”. Any arcing from a poor connection shall be treated as an arc strike. The area shall be free from cracks. attachment shall be by continuous double fillet welds. (k) Transition joints between dissimilar metals The Contractor shall consult with the Company and agree the WPS and qualification requirements. (h) Arc strikes Arc strikes shall be ground out to a smooth profile. 328. Wire and flux shall be from the same manufacturer. (i) Inter-run cleaning Each run of weld metal shall be cleaned before a further run is deposited.5. Visible defects such as cracks. Welding shall not be performed in the downhill direction. The Contractor shall ensure a good earth connection and periodically examine the condition of the earth cables and attachments. (j) Temporary attachments Temporary attachments shall not be used. Connections of current return cables shall be made directly to the work using clamps having stainless steel contact surfaces. Delete existing sub-section (b) and replace as follows (b) Where the use of slip-on flanges is agreed by the Company. Add to sub-section (a). The ground area shall be examined by liquid penetrant examination and thickness checked. and other deposition faults shall be removed by grinding prior to deposition of further weld metal.2 Fillet and Socket Welds From 1st sentence.Version 2. cavities. (3) Shielded Metal Arc Welding (SMAW) The SMAW process shall be used only for filling and capping and only in the positions recommended by the consumable manufacturer.

Excavation shall be by machining or grinding. the full extent of the repair shall be inspected by the method prescribed for the original weld to a length extending 50 mm beyond each end of the repair.0 (c) A specific WPS shall be prepared for each fillet weld attachment detail. the weld shall be cut out entirely. For full penetration repairs. qualification of these details may be supported by appropriate butt weld qualifications. 328. Surfaces shall be thoroughly cleaned before depositing further weld metal. except that repairs to fillet welds may be qualified by a suitable butt weld repair PQR. At the ends and the sides of the excavation there shall be a gradual taper from the base of the excavation to the surface of the weld metal. In addition to the items required by this specification. Back welding to repair a root mismatch (Hi-Lo) is only permissible if covered by a PQR. A separate WPS shall be produced for repair welding and shall be approved by the Company Welding TA-2. The profile shall be such that adequate access for welding is achieved.4 Welded Branch Connections Add following new sub-section: (i) A specific WPS shall be prepared for each type of branch weld detail.6 Weld Repair Delete entire section and replace as follows: 328.5. December 2004 Page 21 SP-1096 . partial penetration and cap welds. The WPS shall be qualified using simulated repairs to an appropriate test weld.2 of this specification. After excavation. Repair welding procedures shall be prepared and qualified for each type of repair to be performed in accordance with Section 328. including full penetration. the WPS shall show the following: • • The method of excavation The NDE technique employed to ensure removal of defects Cracks shall not be repaired. the total length of excavation shall not exceed 20% of the weld length.3 and this specification. visual and liquid penetrant inspection shall be performed to confirm defect removal.6.3 and this specification. For partial penetration repairs. Separate qualification of branch welds shall be carried out in accordance with ASME B31.1 General All repairs shall be executed by welders qualified in accordance with ASME B31. 328. After completion of repair welding. Should further unacceptable defects be found on re-inspection then the weld shall be cut out entirely.Specification for Welding of Duplex Stainless Steel Piping Version 2. The Contractor shall maintain records of repair work. When cracking is observed in the completed weld. Subject to review and acceptance by the Company Welding TA-2. the total length of excavation shall not exceed 30% of the weld length. Undersize welds shall be rectified by the deposition of additional weld metal. Otherwise separate qualification in accordance with ASME IX and this specification shall be required. Each type of repair shall be separately qualified. using the same procedures as for the original weld.

where appropriate.1 Preheating General 330. Otherwise. A limited preheat may also be applied in highly constrained conditions provided that this does not contravene the essential variables of the qualified WPS.3(p)). Welding or cutting torches shall not be used.corrosion testing. (cap repairs should be tested as fillet welds). shall include samples notched in the new HAZ formed in the original weld. The maximum interpass temperature shall be 150oC. test repair weld excavations should be centred at the fusion line so as to include weld metal and parent material.6: 1 transverse tensile bend test 1 macroexamination and hardness test ferrite measurements. 330.Charpy testing which. Temperature measurement shall be by thermocouple. to include the junction of new and original weld metal - 330 330. (see 328.2.2. Provided the repair weld procedure is representative of the original weld qualification. 328.1. a minimum preheat of 50°C shall be applied to a bandwidth of at least 75mm either side of the joint. unless a lower value is specified on the approved WPS. the following destructive tests shall be performed on butt weld repairs. separate qualification shall be made. Each repair shall be of sufficient length to provide the specified number of specimens for destructive testing. If welding is likely to be performed below 15°C or condensation of moisture on the weld area is possible. Generally. Destructive testing shall be in accordance with the methods and acceptance criteria of Section 328. The location shall be shown on the WPS and agreed by the Company.4 Preheat Zone Delete existing section and replace as follows: The heated area shall extend for a minimum of 75mm either side of the joint and shall be maintained over the full length of the joint until the weld is completed.1 Requirements and Recommendations Delete existing section and replace as follows: Preheat will not normally be required by the WPS.0 Specification for Welding of Duplex Stainless Steel Piping 328.1.2 Welding of Test Repair Welds The initial butt weld shall be welded to the appropriate qualified WPS.6. Where the execution of single run repairs has been agreed. thermomelt crayon. Acceptable methods of pre-heating are electrical resistance heaters or oxy-propane torches fitted with rosebud pattern nozzles.5t or t-6 mm. .Version 2.1. contact pyrometer or a combination of these.6. . Thermomelt crayons shall not be applied within the bevel area. A period of December 2004 Page 22 SP-1096 .3 Testing of Repair Welds Non-destructive testing of the repair test weld shall be performed as specified for the original weld. The maximum depth of partial penetration repair welds shall the lesser of 0. full procedure qualification tests shall apply. which shall include measurements made in the new HAZ formed in the original weld.

following. whichever is greater. exposure to ferrous dust. a minimum of three passes or one third of the joint thickness. swarf or other debris and from residual deposits on or near fusion faces during welding. are included in Sections 328. Maximum use shall be made of factory produced components.5.2 .2. 330. General precautions to be applied during the handling and storage of duplex stainless steels are outlined in clauses 336. for cleaning fusion faces and welds beads and for preventing oxidation during welding. prior to confirmation that the specified temperature has been attained. joint alignment or site fabrication.1 Handling and Storage General All necessary precautions shall be taken throughout fabrication to minimise contamination of duplex stainless steel materials resulting from direct contact with carbon steels. Where shop fabrication of bends or any other shop forming operations becomes necessary. Individual requirements and procedures shall be agreed with the Company as necessary.1 and 332. 328. Specific requirements to prevent contamination during edge preparation.Specification for Welding of Duplex Stainless Steel Piping Version 2.4. Brazing and soldering processes are outside the scope of this specification. Where interruption is unavoidable. Detailed fabrication and heat treatment procedures shall be approved by the Company prior to commencement of work.3.0 equalisation shall be allowed.2 Specific Requirements 330. 331 Heat Treatment Delete existing section and replace as follows: Post weld heat treatment will be specified only in exceptional circumstances. 333 Brazing and Soldering Delete the existing section entirely. based on two minutes per 25mm thickness. Add the following new section: 336 336.1 General Field bending of duplex stainless steel pipework shall not be permitted. this shall be restricted to cold working techniques. Contact faces of forming equipment shall be of stainless steel or lined with suitable material to prevent contamination of the work by carbon steel. 332 Bending and Forming Delete existing section entirely and replace as follows: 332. shall have been deposited. December 2004 Page 23 SP-1096 .1 of this specification.4 Interrupted Welding Delete existing section and replace as follows: Interruption of welding should be avoided.

The Contractor shall ensure the safe use and disposal of chemical solutions and the thorough cleaning and drying of pipework. Washing shall be performed with potable water. 336. (b) Duplex stainless steels shall be clearly identified and segregated from other stored materials. December 2004 Page 24 SP-1096 .0 Specification for Welding of Duplex Stainless Steel Piping Surface oxidation or metallic contamination that does not respond to washing or degreasing treatments shall be removed using power tools or by a pickling treatment.3 Pipe Handling (a) Supports. 336.Version 2. (b) Slings and supports for lifting duplex stainless steel pipe and assemblies shall be of Nylon or similar compatible material. rollers and other pipe handling equipment shall be of compatible material or shall be suitably lined to prevent damage or contamination of the duplex pipework. (c) Pipe handling by means of hooks in pipe ends shall not be permitted.2 Storage (a) Components stored in an open site or within a fabrication workshop shall be protected from environmental contamination. Pickling procedures shall be subject to prior approved by the Company.

4 and 341. After signed acceptance by the Contractor. any discovered damage shall be the responsibility of the Contractor.1 Examination Normally Required (a) Visual Examination Delete all clauses of existing sub-section and replace as follows: Visual examination prior to welding shall be in accordance with the provisions of sections 328.Specification for Welding of Duplex Stainless Steel Piping Version 2. (b) Other examination Delete all clauses of existing sub-section and replace as follows: The extent of examination for all butt welds shall be in accordance with Table 1.4.3 and this specification. 341. Those welds not accepted by the Company shall be rectified in accordance with ASME B31.60. 341. Ultrasonic examination may supplement radiography and shall be used to interpret December 2004 Page 25 SP-1096 .10.0 Chapter VI Inspection. Limits on imperfections shall be assessed in accordance with Table 341.1 General Insert the following in front of the first paragraph: Before commencing production. Items supplied without materials certificates shall not be used. (symbol ‘A’ to be designated for girth/mitre groove welds and branch connections).3 of ASME B31. Wherever accessible. and equipment necessary to perform the required examinations.2 with the exception that Incomplete Penetration shall not be permitted.3. the extent of oxidation on the root and HAZ surfaces of single-sided welds shall be assessed for comparison with the visual acceptance criteria of DEP 30.4 Extent of Required Examination 341.3. (e) The Company shall have the final disposition on any weld.3 and this specification. the Contractor shall examine free-issue materials for damage and compliance with the relevant materials specification. materials.3 and this specification.2 Examination Responsibility for Examination Add the following new sub-sections (d) and (e): (d) The Contractor shall supply all labour. Examination and Testing 341 341.3 Examination Requirements 341. This examination shall include a review of the materials certificates. All completed welds shall be visually examined.2 Acceptance Criteria Delete existing section and replace as follows: The acceptance criteria shall be as stated in ASME B31.3. All damage and discrepancies shall be reported immediately to the Company.31-Gen. 341.

In-process examination shall not substitute for the specified NDE. Personnel certified to ASNT Level II in accordance with ASNT-TC-1A by examination are acceptable provided that the certifying Level III NDE Engineer has been approved by the Company. Where ultrasonic examination is not possible. The Contractor shall inform the Company of cases where neither radiography nor ultrasonic examination can be performed and obtain written Company approval for liquid penetrant examination to be used alone.Version 2. in the opinion of the Company. The Company approved Level III NDE Engineer (full time employee of NDE Company) shall continuously (monthly) monitor the performance of NDE Personnel certified to ASNT Level II and shall take corrective measures whenever the performance of ASNT Level II technicians is not satisfactory. Non-destructive examination personnel shall be qualified and certificated for the method of NDE to be carried out in accordance with ISO 9712. Fillet welds shall be subjected to visual.1 Examination Personnel Personnel Qualification and Certification Delete existing section and replace as follows: Welding examination personnel shall hold a valid qualification of one of the following listed below and should have previous experience of duplex stainless steel welding or have received a period of specialised training satisfactory to the Company welding TA-2. ultrasonic examination shall be employed. at the Contractor's expense. When random non-destructive examination is specified. liquid penetrant examination shall be performed on the final weld. If. The roles and responsibilities of NDE personnel shall be as defined in the levels of competence in ISO 9712. and liquid penetrant examination at the same frequency as radiography for butt welds per fluid service and class. 343 Examination Procedures Delete existing section and replace as follows: Written NDE procedures covering each type of specified examination shall be prepared by the Contractor and submitted for Company approval (by an Inspection TA-2) a minimum of December 2004 Page 26 SP-1096 . a test by a third party agency approved by the Company. 342 342. Where radiography is not possible.0 Specification for Welding of Duplex Stainless Steel Piping doubtful indications in the radiographs. the Contractor shall ensure that a minimum of 2% of the welds made by each welder is included in the overall percentage examined. Acceptable qualifications for welding examiners are as follows: • • • CSWIP 3. welding examination or non-destructive examination personnel fail to perform to a satisfactory standard they shall be disqualified from the works until such time that it can be demonstrated by the Contractor that they have achieved a satisfactory standard by undertaking.1 with 10 years experience AWS CWI with 10 years experience Other qualification agreed by the Company as equivalent to the above. Branch connection welds shall be radiographically examined where possible.

a gamma source may be considered subject to meeting the specified minimum sensitivity requirements. Company approval shall be based on qualification tests. IQIs shall be wire type. Sensitivity shall be 2% or better. December 2004 Page 27 SP-1096 . 344.0 two weeks prior to test or production welding as applicable. Gamma radiography shall not be used for wall thicknesses less than 10mm. Where the use of X-radiography is agreed by the Company to be impracticable.5. The procedures shall incorporate the requirements of SP-1176. When approved by the Company.2.3 Magnetic Particle Examination Delete this section.2 Method Delete existing section and replace as follows: Visual examination shall be performed in accordance with a documented procedure complying with Article 9 of ASME BPV Code Section V.Specification for Welding of Duplex Stainless Steel Piping Version 2.2 Types of Examination Visual Examination 344. The procedures shall be project specific and shall show the project name and contract number.3 Method Delete existing section and replace as follows: Radiographic examination shall be performed in accordance with a documented procedure complying with Article 2 of ASME BPV Code Section V and incorporating the requirements of SP-1176.4 Liquid Penetrant Examination Delete existing section and replace as follows: Liquid penetrant examination shall be performed in accordance with a documented procedure complying with Article 6 of ASME BPV Code Section V and incorporating the requirements of SP-1176. PT shall be performed with the weld at ambient temperature. which may be conducted as part of the Welding Procedure Qualification testing.3 and this specification. The examiner shall maintain and sign records of in-process examination.3 and this specification. The weld shall be at ambient temperature prior to examination. The primary method of radiography shall be by X-ray. The acceptance criteria shall be as stated in Chapter VI of ASME B31. Only Class 1 film (D4 or equivalent) shall be used for radiography performed to this specification. 344. 344.5 Radiographic Examination 344. 344 344. The acceptance criteria shall be as stated in Chapter VI of ASME B31. The technician and the Contractor's Welding Co-ordinator shall sign and endorse the report form before presenting it to the Company. the Company representative shall sign and endorse the report form. of stainless steel or equivalent.

344. When approved by the Company.Version 2.3 for welds and 328.0 Specification for Welding of Duplex Stainless Steel Piping The Contractor shall qualify the radiographic testing procedure prior to testing production welds by producing radiographs that comply with this specification.2 of this specification.2 of ASME B31.) from density measurements. The acceptance criteria shall be as stated in Chapter VI and 344. The technician and the Contractor's Welding Examiner shall sign and endorse the report form prior to presenting it and the radiographs to the Company. The acceptance criteria shall be as stated in Chapter VI of ASME B31. Clearance to proceed with testing shall be obtained from the Company TA-3 before hydro-test.3. Ultrasonic examination shall be performed with the weld at ambient temperature.4. the Company representative shall sign and endorse the report form.6. concavity etc. Radiography shall be performed with the weld at ambient temperature. Add the following new section: 345 Testing 345.1 Required Leak Test Add the following: Before hydro-test relevant pipe spool weld history records stating all the information as detailed in 346. The technician and the Contractor's Welding Examiner shall sign and endorse the report form before presenting it to the Company.1 shall be verified by the Contractor Quality Assurance Engineer and approved by the company TA-3. Radiographic testing procedure qualification may be undertaken on test welds produced for welding procedure qualification. 346 346.3 and section 341.6 Ultrasonic Examination Delete existing section entirely and replace as follows: Ultrasonic examination for laminations and weld discontinuities shall be performed in accordance with documented procedures complying with Article 5 of ASME BPV Code Section V and incorporating the requirements of SP-1176. the Company representative who interpreted the radiographs shall sign and endorse the report form. When approved by the Company.1 Records Documentation The Contractor shall be responsible for compiling the following document packages which shall be submitted to the Company upon completion of the works: (a) Pre-production • • • • • • Copy of approved Welding Procedure Register Weld plan/map Copies of approved WPSs Copies of approved repair WPSs Copies of all supporting PQRs List of approved welders and their identification Page 28 SP-1096 December 2004 .2(a)(4) of this specification for laminations. These shall be retained for reference during production and should be suitable both for confirmation of radiographic quality and for assessment of questionable root profile features (weld protrusion.

Visual inspection disposition .Batch number of consumables employed Radiographs .Isometric and line number .Material specifications and identification . the Contractor (or Manufacturer) shall issue a declaration of compliance with this specification. if applicable.PWHT if applicable (chart to be attached to weld history sheet) . Copies of non-conformances/corrective actions issued during external or internal audits.Welders' identity symbols .0 List of PDO welders' cards Copies of the PDO welders' cards List of approved NDE operators Copies of NDE operator qualification certificates List of company approved deviations to ASME B31.3 and this specification List of consumable batch certificates Copies of consumable batch certificates List of materials certificates Copies of materials certificates List of test equipment Copies of calibration certificates (b) Post-production • • • • • Certificate of Compliance List of as built drawings As built drawings showing unique weld numbers List of weld history sheets.Date welded . The “Declaration of Compliance” shall be signed by the Contractor‘s QA/QC In-charge who is approved by the Company for the contract.Specification for Welding of Duplex Stainless Steel Piping • • • • • • • • • • • • Version 2.The WPS employed .NDE reports for repairs (to be attached to weld history sheet) . weld map Copies of weld history sheets which shall show for each weld. • • • • • Add the following new section: 347 Certificate of Conformity On satisfactory completion of the piping work.Weld number .indexed and stored in a fireproof container List of site test records Copies of site test records List of non-conformances/corrective actions issued during external or internal audits.Type of repair.NDE reports where applicable (to be attached to weld history sheet) . . December 2004 Page 29 SP-1096 . The format of “Declaration of Compliance” is shown in appendix E.3 and this specification Copies of Company approved deviations to ASME B31. and WPS .

Version 2.0 Specification for Welding of Duplex Stainless Steel Piping Table 1 Extent of Non-Destructive Testing for Welds Fluid Service ANSI Class All 150 . Hydrogen Service (>7 bar) All other services December 2004 Page 30 SP-1096 .300 ≥ 600 Visual 100% 100% 100% Type of Examination RT 100% 100% 100% PT 100% 10% 100% Category M. Liquid Gas.

Specification for Welding of Duplex Stainless Steel Piping Version 2.0 December 2004 Page 31 SP-1096 .

5 mm 0.5mm One indentation of every set of 3 shall be as close to the fusion line as possible but shall not intersect it 1.0 Specification for Welding of Duplex Stainless Steel Piping Figure 1 1.0.0.Version 2.5 + .5t XXX X X X X X X X XXX X X X X X X X XXX XXX XXX X X XXX X 1.5+ .5 X LEG LENGTH December 2004 Page 32 SP-1096 .5 mm X X X X Hardness Indent Locations 0.0.5 mm Hardness indentations in the HAZ spaced at 0.5 + .

Specification for Welding of Duplex Stainless Steel Piping Version 2.0 Figure 2 Orientation and Location of Charpy Impact Specimens _ 20mm t< t Notch 2mm Weld metal specimen C/L Specimen axis _ 20mm t< Notch 2mm FL FL + 2 Heat affected zone specimens C/L t > 20mm 2mm 2mm Weld metal specimens C/L t > 20mm FL FL + 2 2mm FL FL + 2 2mm Heat affected zone specimens December 2004 Page 33 SP-1096 .

Section IX.34-Gen American Standards Chemical Plant and Petroleum Refinery Piping.31-Gen DEP 31. Non-Destructive Examination Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code. PDO Standards Technical Authorities System Guidelines for the Approval of Contractors for the Fabrication of Duplex Stainless Steel Guideline for Granting Technical Authority System Quality Assurance Specification for Engineering Works Methods for Non-Destructive Examination ERD-00-02 GU-225 GU-272 SP-1171 SP-1176 Shell Group Standards Oxidation of Stainless Steel Weldments Welded and seamless duplex and super duplex stainless steel line pipe (Amendments/supplements to API Spec.2 AWS 5. reference is made to the following publications: Note: Unless specifically designated by date. Welding And Brazing Qualifications Recommended Practice for Non-Destructive Testing Personnel Qualification and Certification Standard Test Methods and Definitions for Mechanical Testing of Steel Products Methods of Preparation of Metallographic Specimens Standard Test Method for Vickers Hardness of Metallic Materials Standard Test Method for Determining Volume Fraction by Systematic Manual Point Count Standard Test Methods for Pitting and Crevice Corrosion Resistance of Stainless Steels and Related Alloys by the Use of Ferric Chloride Solution Standard Procedures for Calibrating Magnetic Instruments Filler Metal Procurement Guidelines Specification for Welding Shielding Gases Sulphide Stress Cracking Resistant Metallic Materials for Oilfield Equipment ASME B31.60.01 AWS 5. 2002 Edition Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code. Section V. 5LC) DEP 30.32 NACE MR0175 International Standards December 2004 Page 34 SP-1096 .Version 2.20.0 Specification for Welding of Duplex Stainless Steel Piping Appendix C References In this specification.40.10.3 ASME V ASME IX ASNT SNT-TC-1A ASTM A370 ASTM E3 ASTM E92 ASTM E562 ASTM G48 AWS 4. the latest edition of each publication shall be used together with any amendments.

Fusion welding of metallic materials . installation and servicing. Non-destructive testing .Specification for Welding of Duplex Stainless Steel Piping Version 2.Qualification and certification of personnel Welding consumables .0 Quality requirements for welding .Part 2: Comprehensive quality requirements Quality systems . production.Tasks and Responsibilities Note 1 Also published as EN 719 Note 2 Also published as EN 729 ISO 3834-2 (Note 2) ISO 9001:2000 ISO 9712 ISO 14175 ISO 14731 (Note 1) December 2004 Page 35 SP-1096 .Shielding gases for arc welding and cutting Welding Co-ordination .Model for quality assurance in design. development.

Point count . Volume fraction (Vv) . i. 4. such as described in ASTM E3. It is recommended that the last grinding stage should be with 600 grit. The number of grid points falling within delta ferrite are counted and divided by the total number of grid points.Version 2.e. December 2004 Page 36 SP-1096 . 400 g KOH in 1000 ml of solution made with distilled water. to yield a point fraction which represents an estimate of the volume fraction of delta ferrite present within the field of view. abrasive and the final polish should be with 1µm.g. Each weld sample shall section the whole of the weldment and HAZ and an area of parent material on either side of the weld.the volume of a specific phase per unit volume. from the locations specified in Part II . of the appropriate microstructural area.5. Electrical contact between the test piece and power source may be made by means of a suitably shaped conducting probe. which should be referenced for additional background and definition of detail as noted. as relevant. The test piece shall be etched electrolytically in 40% KOH solution. diamond paste. iii. or finer.0 Specification for Welding of Duplex Stainless Steel Piping Appendix D Determination of the Volume Fraction of Ferrite in Duplex Stainless Steel by Systematic Point Count 1. 2. Sections shall be perpendicular to the material surface and transverse to the welding direction. Preparation of the test pieces shall be in accordance with standard metallographic techniques.20. Terminology i.the number of grid points which lie within areas of a specific phase (in this case delta ferrite). abrasive. ii. expressed as a fraction. but trials may be necessary to determine the most appropriate conditions for a particular test piece. Point fraction (Pp) . Acceptable contrast may be obtained at an anode/cathode voltage that generates a current density of 1 amp/cm2 for a period of 2-5 seconds. The procedure is a specific interpretation of ASTM E562. It may be noted that the contrast between the delta ferrite and austenite phases will probably vary through the weldment. Basis of Method The method involves the superimposition of a test grid over an image. Scope This Appendix is taken from Appendix 2 of DEP 31.34-Gen and specifies the requirements for estimating the volume fraction of delta ferrite in duplex stainless steel by systematic point counting on transverse metallographic sections.1 of this DEP. Test Piece Preparation Planar sections shall be taken through the parent material or the weldment. Etching shall be carried out in a container of sufficient size to allow immersion of the test piece in the etch at a distance of ≤100 mm from the platinum cathode. e. produced by an optical light microscope. 3.40. or finer.the point count divided by the total number of points in the test grid. The average point fraction taken over a number of appropriately selected fields gives an estimate of the volume fraction within the region sampled. when relevant.

Measurements in the coarse grained HAZ shall be made within 0. If the grid size is less than the grain size. Apparatus An optical light microscope which projects an image of the magnified micro-structure onto a viewing screen shall be used. by ignoring one or more whole rows of grid points. i. weld metal.e. The grid shall consist of a square array of equally spaced points. as shall the area which has been measured.g. If the whole grid is too large. preferably with graduated x and y translation controls. HAZ or parent material.3 mm). any points which cannot be assigned positively to either phase shall be counted as one half. The area chosen may be either square or rectangular. If the field of view falls outside the area of interest the specimen shall be moved back. The test grid shall be marked on a transparent sheet which shall be superimposed on the magnified image of the microstructure. the specimen shall be rotated so that the long axis of the rectangle is kept parallel to the fusion boundary. then the technique described above shall be used. The test piece shall then be moved by a small amount in x and/or y so that another field is chosen.Specification for Welding of Duplex Stainless Steel Piping Version 2. particularly in re-heated areas. The magnification shall be selected such that the ferrite particles have an average dimension approximately one half of the grid point spacing. D2. The location of measurements shall be recorded on a sketch or photograph of the section. This process shall be continued until a minimum of 400 points have been counted. fill . e. a magnification in the range x 500 . At a magnification of x 1000 this corresponds to a point spacing on the actual microstructure of 10 µm. Where possible the test piece should be moved without looking at the micro-structure in order to avoid bias in the choice of fields. although its colour may vary significantly throughout the weldment. The weld pass shall be stated. The austenite phase remains light coloured in all areas after etching. This can be done simply by attempting to fit the grid within a single coarse grain.2 mm of the fusion line. December 2004 Page 37 SP-1096 . Area Selection The areas in which measurements have been made shall be specified precisely. When measurements are being made within the coarse grained HAZ. 6. It is recommended that the use of overlapping fields be avoided. a smaller area of the grid shall be used.1. as in Figure. to an appropriate position within the specified area.0 5. This should be judged visually in more than one field of view. produced by the intersection of fine parallel lines (maximum width 0. Count the number of points which lie within the delta ferrite phase. provided that this field of view still falls within the specified region of the parent material or weldment. as should the exact measurement locations. NOTE: For many weldment microstructures. without rotating. Procedure Superimpose the test grid on the magnified image of the microstructure in the chosen area of the parent material or weldment. Any uncertainty shall be noted. the operator shall first assess whether the test grid can be superimposed over an area which is entirely within the coarse grained HAZ.g. e. cap. 7.preferably with a number. root. If a rectangular grid is used. A second point count shall be performed in the new field. and shall have 16 or 25 points.x 1000 is suitable. It is recommended that the spacing of the points should be 10 mm along both directions parallel to the edges of the square grid. Where possible it should be indicated whether the area has been re-heated or is asdeposited. Delta ferrite is the phase which is stained dark by the etch. before measurements are made.

December 2004 Page 38 SP-1096 . Statement of conformance with specified ferrite content. as defined by ASTM E 562. v. Whether the fields were chosen randomly or at regular intervals. x. The polishing procedure and etching conditions. The location of the areas in which measurements were made. ii. report the spacings used. The calculated value of the 95% CI. Reporting The following details shall be included in the point counting report: i. The 95% confidence interval (CI). whether the area was reheated or not. production test.e.Version 2. etc.5 ∑ [Pp (i)−Pp ] ) n −1 (equation 3) The accuracy of the technique shall comply with the allowable errors specified in Table D2. If regular intervals were employed. iv. the region of the weld pass (i. preferably on sketch or photograph and in words. xiii.0s n−1 (equation 2) where s = ( 1 2 0. Stage of manufacture. weld metal or HAZ) and. vi.0 Specification for Welding of Duplex Stainless Steel Piping The volume fraction. A list of the point fractions of delta ferrite in each field.1 where the error is as defined in ASTM E 562. The magnification used. procedure qualification. i. shall be calculated as follows: 95%CI = 2. The number of sections taken from the weld. Location of sample and heat number. of delta ferrite shall be estimated by taking an average of the point fractions counted in each of the n fields as follows: VV = Pp = 1 ∑ Pp (i) n (equation 1) where (i) is the field number. An estimate of the volume fraction of delta ferrite. Any uncertainty should be indicated.e. 8. calculated as the average of the point fractions. where practical. xi. Signature of operator responsible for ferrite determination. The number of points and shape of the grid. viii. as defined by ASTM E 562. xii. xiv. iii. ix. vii. The locations of sections taken along the weld. specifying parent metal or the weld pass.

1 Allowable error in ferrite/austenite determination Volume % 45-50 40-45 35-40 0-35 Error ± 10% ± 11% ± 12% ± 14% December 2004 Page 39 SP-1096 .Specification for Welding of Duplex Stainless Steel Piping Version 2.1 + + + + + Two grid types suitable for systematic manual point counting of delta ferrite in duplex stainless steel + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — Table D2.0 Figure D2.

examined and tested in accordance with this SP-1096 Company: Signature (Name. Installed by: For: Design conditions: Design temperature: Medium contained: Designed by: We hereby declare that above piping work has been fabricated.0 Specification for Welding of Duplex Stainless Steel Piping Appendix E Certificate of Compliance DECLARATION/CERTIFICATE OF COMPLIANCE FOR PIPING FABRICATION AND INSTALLATION Description of piping Identification no. position./Drawing No. date) PROJECT QA/QC IN-CHARGE Specimen of declaration/certificate of compliance for piping work fabrication and installation December 2004 Page 40 SP-1096 .Version 2. installed.

: † † † CFDH Ref. Send the form to the Document Control Section (DCS).: CFDH Actions Recd. This lets DCS or the CFDH ask you about your comments and tell you about the decision. issue temporary amendment Comments: To CFDH: Inits. Ind.: Signature: Date: Phone: Document Control Section Actions Comment Date: Number: Recd. Ind. The form has spaces for your personal details.: Ref. write your comments and suggestions on this form.: December 2004 Page 41 SP-1096 . revise at next issue: Accept. Decision: Date: Reject: Accept.Specification for Welding of Duplex Stainless Steel Piping Version 2. Ind.: Document Control Section Advised: Date: Inits. ambiguous or could be better in this Specification.: Date: Originator Advised: Date: Inits. Procedure Details Number: Page Number: Comments: Title: Issue Date: Heading Number: Figure Number: Suggestions: User’s personal details Name: Ref.0 User Comment Form User Comment Form If you find something that is incorrect. They make a record of your comment and send the form to the correct CFDH.