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EEE Department – EM-II LAB

Experiment No: 9 Page 1 of 4

III/IV EEE (I Semester)

PARALLEL OPERATION OF TWO SINGLE PHASE TRANSFORMERS Aim: - To perform parallel operation of two single phase Apparatus: S.N o. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Meter Voltmeter Ammeter Ammeter Variac Load Range 0-300V 0-20A 0-10A 1-Φ, 260 V/15A 1-Φ, 230V/13A Type MI MI MI Resistiv e Quantity 2 2 2 1 1 transformer & observe the load sharing between them.

Name Plate Details: Voltage : Phase KVA : Full Load Current :

1-Φ Transformer. 230/230 Volts : Single. 3KVA. 13 Amps.

Circuit Diagram: -

Theory: Lab In Charge HOD, EEE

the two transformers have slightly different transformation or voltage ratios. this condition being enforced by the very fact of their being connected in parallel. Of these conditions. there will be even on no-load. with the result that one transformer will be operating with a higher and the other with a lower power factor than that of the combined load.e. the regulation must be the same. 1. The voltage rating of both the transformers must be same. 2. but the power factors at which the two transformers operate will be different from the power factor of the common load.e.m. EEE . impedance triangles are not identical in shape and size. It should be noted that the impedances of the two transformers may differ in magnitude and in quality. If the quality of the two percentage impedances is different . 4. 5. Lab In Charge HOD. Percentage impedance of the two transformers should be equal. The ratio of equivalent resistance to equivalent reactance should be same for each transformer. 3. But due to inequality of induced e. (1) is easily comprehended. If condition (3) is not exactly satisfied i. some circulating current between them when secondary terminals are connected in parallel.SREEKAVITHAENGINEERIG COLLEGE EEE Department – EM-II LAB Experiment No: 9 Page 2 of 4 III/IV EEE (I Semester) In order to operate two or more transformers connected in parallel (on the primary as well as secondary sides) they must satisfy the following conditions: When two transformers are to be operated in parallel the following conditions are to be fulfilled. Their transformation ratios must be equal. It is worthwhile to distinguish between the percentage and numerical value of impedance. even then parallel are possible. For parallel operation. It means that the currents carried by the two transformers are proportional to these ratings and their percentage impedances are identical. The equivalent impedance of each transformer must be inversely proportional to its current ratings.f’s in secondaries. condition (2) is essential. parallel operation will still be possible. If condition (4) is not exactly satisfied i. There is some latitude possible with conditions (3) and (4). then this will result in divergence of phase angle of the two currents.

No.SREEKAVITHAENGINEERIG COLLEGE EEE Department – EM-II LAB Experiment No: 9 Page 3 of 4 III/IV EEE (I Semester) Procedure: 1. 2. Primary Voltage Vp Terminal Voltage VT Supply Current IS T/R A Circuit IA T/R B Circuit IA Load Curren t IL Model Graphs: IL IL O IA O IB Precautions: 1. 3. Apply the rated voltage on the primary side using 1-Φ variac and note the load readings of all meters. The load on the transformers is increased step by step until the transformers are fully loaded. Verify that the readings of the load currents of the two transformers (A & B) are equal or not and plot graphs of I A versus IL & IB versus IL. Connect the two single-phase transformers in parallel as shown in the circuit diagram. 4. Lab In Charge HOD. Remove the entire load on the transformers before switching off the supply. EEE . Observation: S. Measure the readings of meters for each step and tabulate the results.

Result: Performed the parallel operation of two single-phase transformers and verified that the load is equally shared by the transformers. The condition for parallel operation should be strictly established before transformers are operated Connections should not be loose. Lab In Charge HOD. 3. III/IV EEE (I Semester) Take care. EEE . 4. such that the load current does not exceed the transformers rated current. Meter Readings should be taken without parallax error. 5.SREEKAVITHAENGINEERIG COLLEGE EEE Department – EM-II LAB Experiment No: 9 Page 4 of 4 2.