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EEE Department – EM-II LAB

Experiment No: 8

III/IV EEE (I Semester) Page 1 of 4


Aim: - To determine direct and quadrature axis synchronous reactance of a synchronous machine. Apparatus: S.No. Meter Range Type Quantity
1. 2. 3. 4. Voltmeter Ammeter Tachometer Variac 0-150V 0-5A 0-10000 RPM 3- Φ, 415 V /15 A MI MI Analog 1 1 1 1

Name Plate Details: Alternator
KVA :3 Extn. Volts : 220 Volts :415 Amps : Amps :4.2 P.F. : Connection : Δ Rpm :1500 Hz : Phase : 3 Winding :

Induction Motor
Volts : 415 Phase : 1.4 Amps : 7.8 Hz 0.8 Rpm : 1440 50 Y H.P. : 5 3 : 50

Circuit Diagram: -

Lab In Charge EEE


V volts) to an unexcited machine at a speed a little less than the synchronous speed (the slip being less than 1%). . Observation: Lab In Charge EEE HOD. 3. The voltage applied to the armature is then equal to drop caused by the direct component of armature reaction and leakage reactance. Connect the circuit as per the circuit diagram. the change occurring at slip frequency. . Xq = Minimum Voltage Maximum Current Procedure: 1. the armature mmf acts through the field magnetic circuit. Calculate Xd and Xq and plot a graph with armature current on X-axis and Xd and Xq on Y –axis. the applied voltage is equal to the leakage reactance drop plus the equivalent voltage drop of the cross magnetising field component. Drive the synchronous machine using prime mover (induction motor) at a speed slightly less than synchronous speed. From the readings recorded. Connection diagram is shown in circuit diagram. 2. The effect will be that the stator mmf will moves slowly relative to the poles. When the axis of the pole and the axis of the armature reaction mmf wave coincide. Due to voltage V applied to the stator terminal a current I will flow causing a stator mmf.SREEKAVITHAENGINEERIG COLLEGE EEE Department – EM-II LAB Experiment No: 8 III/IV EEE (I Semester) Page 2 of 4 Theory: - The values of Xd and Xq are determined by applying a balance reduced external voltage (say. The physical poles and the armaturereaction mmf are alternately in phase and out. This stator mmf moves slowly relative to the poles and induced an emf in the field circuit in a similar fashion to that of rotor in an induction motor at slip frequency. Note down the maximum and minimum readings of voltmeter & ammeter. With the field of the alternator open circuited apply 25% of the balanced three phase rated voltage and rated frequency across the armature terminals. When the armature reaction mmf is in quadrature with the field poles. 5. 4.

No. X = Minimum Voltage q Maximum Current Precautions: 1.SREEKAVITHAENGINEERIG COLLEGE EEE Department – EM-II LAB Experiment No: 8 VMIN (Volts ) III/IV EEE (I Semester) Page 3 of 4 IMIN IMAX Xd Xq VMAX (Amps (Amps (Ohms (Ohms (Volts) ) ) ) ) S. Note down the readings without parallax errors. Speed (Rpm) Model Graph: Xd . . Xq Xd Xq O IA Model Calculations: . Lab In Charge EEE HOD.

SREEKAVITHAENGINEERIG COLLEGE EEE Department – EM-II LAB Experiment No: 8 2. Result: Determined the values of Xd and Xq and it is observed that Xd and Xq goes on decreasing with the armature current increased. III/IV EEE (I Semester) Page 4 of 4 must be slightly less than Speed of the alternator synchronous speed. Lab In Charge EEE HOD. .