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EEE Department – EM-II LAB

Experiment No: 4 Page 1 of 4

III/IV EEE (I Semester)

CIRCLE DIAGRAM OF 3-Φ INDUCTION MOTOR FROM NO LOAD & BLOCKED ROTOR TESTS. Aim: - To draw the Circle diagram of a 3-Phase Induction motor. Apparatus: S.N o. 1. 2. 3. Meter Voltmeter Ammeter Wattmete r Range 0-600V 0-10A 150/300/600V-5/10AUPF Type MI MI Dynamomete r Quanti ty 1 1 2

Name Plate Details: Volts : Amps. P.H./ Cycle : KW/HP : RPM :

Three-Phase Induction Motor Amps Rating : Connection : : 7.8

415 volts. 3/50. 3.75/5 HP 1440

Cont. Delta.

Circuit Diagram: -

Lab In Charge EEE

HOD,

C. resistance of the stator. the active component and the magnetizing components. If V S is the voltage at which blocked-rotor rest is performed.If the motor is run at rated voltage and frequency without any mechanical load..05 to 1. No-load test gives one point on the current locus. OA is plotted equal to no-load current I 0 at an angle Ø0 lagging. current input and voltage applied are recorded. the values converted to rated voltage V would be Ise = IS (V /VS) Pse= PS (V/VS)2 Cos Øse = PS / (√3VS IS) = Pse / (√3VIse) Lab In Charge EEE HOD. The stator is supplied with a low voltage of rotated frequency. the complete circle diagram may be drawn. and is analogous to the short-circuit test on a transformer. its A. the former being very small as the no-load losses are small. From the short-circuit current and the power input.e. From this if the stator resistance (which may actually measured) is subtracted. resistance or effective resistance will usually be higher on account of the skin effect. The power factor at no load is. . IS the current input. and PS the power input. the remainder is the rotor resistance referred to stator.C. (b) Blocked-rotor test: .2 times D. therefore. the exact value depending upon the frequency and conductor size.This test affords a second point on the current locus. The current drawn (No-Load current) will have two components. where Cos Ø0 = W0 / (√3V0I0). The blocked –rotor test-data is converted to values that would have been obtained if this test were performed at rated voltage. it will draw power corresponding to its no-load losses. The data when converted to rated voltage gives the shortcircuit current and the power factor. With V1 as reference. very low. the corresponding power factors and the equivalent stator and rotor resistances.C. This locus may be dawn using the test data obtained from the no-load and blocked-rotor test and the value of stator resistance. and. and W0 is the no-load power input at rated voltage and frequency.SREEKAVITHAENGINEERIG COLLEGE EEE Department – EM-II LAB Experiment No: 4 Page 2 of 4 III/IV EEE (I Semester) Theory: The locus of the stator current of an induction motor is a circle under certain reasonably valid assumptions. the total equivalent resistance of the stator and rotor can be obtained. (a) No-Load test: . From the values of the no-load and blocked-rotor currents at rated voltage. The power input during blocked-rotor test is almost wholly consumed in the stator and rotor copper losses. with the rotor blocked (i. Usual range of effective resistance is 1. resistance. physically prevent from moving) the power input. therefore. If R is the D.

is the center of locus-circle and XA is the radius. where the right-bisection of chord AC meets AL. The balance of the power equal to CE is.SREEKAVITHAENGINEERIG COLLEGE EEE Department – EM-II LAB Experiment No: 4 Page 3 of 4 III/IV EEE (I Semester) OC equal to Ise at an angle Øse is now drawn. and R1 is the effective stator resistance per phase. and the output line. perphase. stator copper loss and rotor copper loss. therefore. which is equal to I0 Cos Ø0. The point X. the power scale is 1 cm = √3V x watts. For this operating condition. and line AD the torque line. than CD= rotor copper loss at standstill. The power intake under blocked-rotor –conditions is consumed as no. A and C are then two points on the current locus. the entire performance may be obtained by drawing a perpendicular PT. If D divides CE such that CD/DE= R21/ R1 where R21 is the rotor resistance referred to phase. and V is the rated line voltage. represents on the power scale. Ef. For any operating point P on the circle diagram. the power input to the motor √3VIse Cos Øse (If on the current scale 1cm = x amperes. The line AL is drawn at right angle to OV through A. represents to a certain scale.load losses (assumed constant). Input current Power output Rotor copper loss Stator copper loss Friction. which is equal to Isc Cos Øse. of which AC is a chord. windage and iron losses Power input Torque in synchronous watts Slip = rotor copper loss/ rotor input Power factor = OP = PQ = QR = RS = ST = PT = PR =QR/PR = PT/ OP Lab In Charge EEE HOD. no-load loss √3 I 0 Cos Ø0. . the copper loss. CF. for a 3-phase motor).

Now block the rotor to conduct blocked rotor test. Lab In Charge EEE HOD. Wattmeter and ammeter.Circle diagram is plotted from the readings. Connect the circuit as per the circuit diagram. Note down the meter readings. . Block rotor by a belt and apply 20 % of full load voltage and is so adjusted such that full load current flows in the stator. Note down the readings of voltmeter. 5. 6.SREEKAVITHAENGINEERIG COLLEGE EEE Department – EM-II LAB Experiment No: 4 Page 4 of 4 III/IV EEE (I Semester) Procedure: 1. 2. 4. 3. Apply full voltage to the motor terminals and the rotor is made to run at no load speed. Observation: No Load Test Test V0 (Volts) I0 (Amp) W0 (Watt) VS (Volts) IS (Amp) WS (Watt) Blocked Rotor Model Graph:- Result: .

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