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Example Calculation of Air Velocity from Pitot-static Tube Measurement: Given: A pitot-static tube via a manometer

measures a dynamic pressure of 0.201 in H2O in a wind tunnel. The ambient temperature and pressure are 72.0 ˚F and 14.55 psia. Find: Calculate the air velocity in ft/s Assume: Steady, incompressible, isentropic flow of air; good alignment of pitot-static tube (streamlines parallel to stagnation tap and perpendicular to static tap); air as an ideal gas Analysis: Convert pressure from in H2O to lbf/ft2 using Equation 1-6 and Table A.7* for ρ H 2O at 72.0 ˚F.

( pT − p ) = ρH O g h
2

( pT − p ) = 1.93

 

 1 ft   1 lbf€  slug   ft  32 . 174 0 . 201 in    ( )   2 ft 3   s2   12 in  1 slug ⋅ ft/s 

( pT − p ) = 1.040 lbf /ft 2

which is the dynamic pressure

€ Calculate density of air at patm = 72.0 ˚F, Tatm = 14.55 psia using ideal gas law where R is the universal gas constant for air from Table A.6*. € p ρ air = atm R Tatm

ρ air

 1 slug (14.55 lb /in ) (12 in 1 ft) =  (53.33 ft ⋅ lb lb ⋅ R) [(72.0 + 459.69) R]  32.174 lb
f f m  

2

2

  m

ρ air = 0.002297 slug/ft 3
€ Calculate air velocity using Equation 1-5.

V=

2 ( pT − p ) ρ air

2 (1.040 lbf /ft 2 ) 1 slug ⋅ ft/s2  V=   (0.002297 slug/ft 3 )  1 lbf 
V = 30.1 ft/s

€*

Fox, R. W., Pritchard, P. J., and McDonald, A. T., Introduction to Fluid Mechanics, 7th edition, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2009.