Green Associate

Exam Preparation Study Guide

This guide is designed to work in conjunction with other resources as cited by the Green Associate Candidate Handbook. In particular, the Building Design and Construction Reference Guide, 2009 should be a key resource in your exam preparation. Best of luck!

This guide is in no way connected to or endorsed by either the United States Green Building Council or the Green Building Certification Institute. © 2009

Since 2001.org. and the program is experiencing exponential growth. Based in Washington. Acceptable sizes range from 20% less to 380% more than the original image on print documents. most prominent use of a registered 4 . Currently. the Green Building Certification Institute (GBCI) is the governing body for the certification of buildings and accreditation of professionals. • Requiring the trademark symbol ® after the first. Benefits for LEED® Green Associates and APs include: • Valuable and marketable credential for employers.S. state specific legal requirements for using its registered and owned trademarks. • LEED® AP certificate of recognition for involvement in LEED® project. DC. state and local governments are requiring LEED© certification on new or existing building projects. • Contributing to your professional development. Prior to the LEED© version 3 changes for 2009. The U. and the demand for a trained professional is increasing. These guidelines include: • Only using EPS graphics provided by the USGBC for logos. More federal. Captured or scanned images are not allowed. • Strengthened qualifications when responding to Request for Proposals (RFPs) requiring LEED® APs. • Listing on USGBC web site directory of LEED® APs. more than 100. Logo guidelines. construction and operation. and/or clients. there are 67 Chapters of the USGBC nationwide. committeebased product development with rating and accreditation systems to help ensure a sustainable future for the building industry. the USGBC oversaw all building certification activity. Currently.About the USGBC & GBCI The United States Green Building Council (USGBC) was created with the intention of revolutionizing the building industry. while the GBCI focused on the accreditation of professionals. prospective employers. or between 50 and 200 pixels on web pages. this diverse membership of organizations has put together a program that incorporates consensus-driven.000 building professionals have earned the LEED AP® credential by demonstrating their understanding of sustainable building design.usgbc. • Eligibility for projects on which owners are mandating the participation of a LEED® AP. Green Building Council has very specific policies on when and where its logo and trademarks can be used. which can be found online at www.

not those from another organization or company. Proper uses include the first page of each section in a website and each section in a long printed document.S.trademark. the statement: LEED® and related logo is a trademark owned by the U. Examples of inappropriate USGBC logo uses are shown online. • Including the TM or SM symbol for marks owned by. 5 . • These symbols cannot be construed as imparting an official endorsement of any product or service. Green Building Council and is used by permission. • USGBC trademarks must include ownership information such as. but not yet registered to. • The USGBC can disapprove the use of any of its symbols on non-organizational materials. • The USGBC symbols cannot be the largest graphic item on a page. • The USGBC marks cannot be used on official sales or disclosure documents. • They cannot be used in relation to any complaints or criticisms of the USGBC. • These trademarks can only refer to USGBC products. the USGBC. • The USGBC symbols may not be merged into another logo.

core and shell. Look for it in 2010. as well as the LEED credit rating systems and reference guides. LEED APs are hold a credential under one or more specialties. Knowledge associated with the exam includes the basics of green design. Building Design and Construction should be used for major renovations.How to become a LEED Professional Tier I: Green Associate The Green Associate credential is for building professionals who want to understand green building principles across various areas of practice. urban planners. and schools. new construction. This exam is recommended for people not directly involved in the building process: realtors. 6 . Interior Design and Construction is for commercial and retail interiors Homes is for residential neighborhoods looking to become LEED Certfied Neighborhood Development has yet to be released. community managers. etc. construction and operations. Prerequisites: Have previous experience on a LEED-registered project AND Take and pass the Green Associate Exam Existing Buildings: Operations and Maintenance refers to the ongoing operations of existing buildings and schools. This is the first step for professionals looking to become LEED APs. Prerequisites: Have previous experience on a LEED-registered project OR Attend an educational program focusing on green building basics OR Be employed in a sustainable field of work Tier II: LEED AP+ The LEED AP+ credential is indicative of a deep knowledge and understanding of green building practices.

The GBCI will accept a certificate of completion or an official transcript in lieu of a letter of attestation. the LEED® AP Fellow. as well as an optional 10-minute survey at the end of the test. 2. 2009. Be currently employed in a sustainable field of work OR B. 2009. beginning April 27. are registered as Legacy LEED® APs under the older program. Candidates must take and pass the Green Associate (Tier I) exam. These categories are: • Building Design & Construction • Existing Buildings: Operations & Maintenance • Interior Design & Construction • New Homes • Neighborhood Development (scheduled for release in 2010) A third tier. Five to seven percent of all applications will be audited to prove compliance. and successfully passed the exam by June 30.The USGBC has recently revamped the LEED Accredited Professional Program. Each exam can be taken until passed. Requirement A. This exam is required for any candidate wishing to continue to become a LEED® AP+. Your experience must be documented in the form of a letter of attestation from a supervisor. Attend an education program that addresses green building principles. Anyone else wishing to become a LEED® Accredited Professional must now meet new requirements from the Green Building Certification Institute: 1. is still being developed. as well as one of the other criteria (B-D) must be met to demonstrate eligibility. 2009. LEED® AP candidates who registered for their exams by April 1. 7 . You will have 2 hours to complete the test and 10 minutes to complete a tutorial prior to the exam. project manager. Details have not yet been released. and sign the appropriate form AND satisfy one of the following requirements: A. client. The Green Associate exam is comprised of 100 multiple choice questions randomly delivered. Requirements to take the LEED Green Associate Exam In order to meet the prerequisites and be eligible to take the LEED Green Associate Exam the applicant must: Agree to the disciplinary policy and credential maintenance program (CMP) as outlined. Green Associate Exam The LEED Green Associate exam is designed to measure your knowledge of green building basics. Pass one of the LEED® AP exams showing a depth of knowledge in a specific field. or teacher and must describe your involvement on the job or in the classroom. Have previous experience supporting a LEED-registered project OR C.

gbci. member of the LEED Project Team. This work experience must be documented in the form of a letter of attestation from a supervisor.Green Associate Credential Maintenance Program In order to maintain the Green Associate active status. LEED Homes Provider. Five to seven percent of all applications will be audited. LEED Commercial Reviewer. candidates must also agree to the disciplinary policy and credential maintenance requirements and submit to an application audit. Application Fee $50 Examination Fee $150/member $200/non-member Maintenance $50/2 years Requirements to take a LEED AP exam To take the LEED AP exams. or staff member of a Certifying Body (CB). Details can be found at www. or $200 fee per exam appointment for all others. As with the Green Associate exam. 8 . with 3 hours obtained from an approved program specific to the LEED Rating System. you must participate in 15 hours of continuing education every 2 years.org. or project manager and must describe your involvement on the LEED Project as a consultant. Cost Associated with the LEED Green Associate Exam Credential Fees: $50 application fee. and LEED updates. credit categories. $50 maintenance fee every 2 years. contracted worker. LEED Homes Green Verifier. you must have previous experience with a LEED Registered Project within three years of your application submittal date. client. $150 fee per exam appointment for USGBC National Members and full-time students.

credit categories. increased value. conservation of water and energy. healthier occupants and a more productive work environment. There are many benefits to having a LEED® certified project. $300 USGBC National Member fee per exam appointment or $450 non-member fee per exam appointment. with 6 hours obtained from an approved program specific to the LEED Rating System. the LEED AP must participate in 30 hours of continuing education required every 2 years. plus a 10-minute tutorial and optional 10-minute survey at the end of the exam. The total exam appointment is 2 hours. the LEED AP exam is comprised of 100 multiple choice questions randomly delivered. plus the application fee. Similarly to the Green Associate exam. you can reduce your environmental footprint and rest assured that you are in a healthy living and work environment. such as lower operating costs. and LEED updates. 9 . The time limit is 2 hours. By adhering to LEED® guidelines. $50 maintenance fee every 2 years.Accredited Professional Credential Maintenance Program To maintain the LEED AP credential. Any additional specialty exam is $150 for USGBC National Members per exam appointment and $250 for non-members per exam appointment. Application Fee $100 Examination Fee $300/member $450/non-member Maintenance $50/2 years Accredited Professional Exam The LEED Accredited Professional exam is designed to measure your knowledge of the subject matter. the benefits of green living have become increasingly apparent. The long-term benefits of having a LEED® certified building can outweigh the initial impact to the project budget. LEED® Certification In today’s society. 20 minutes. Cost Associated with the LEED Accredited Professional Credential Fees: $100 application fee. reduced emissions. LEED®certified projects range from new construction and commercial interiors to schools and homes. LEED certification proves dedication to sustainability and could boost the value of a building.

and expedited certification are nonrefundable. and already certified New Construction. The cost for an appeal is $500/credit. Projects must comply with the rating system which is current at the time of project registration. Any fees for registration. then recertified later at another level. and Schools looking for ongoing operations certification. Credit Substitutions The USGBC does not allow credit substitutions between LEED rating systems. Design and construction application reviews require full payment before the GBCI will commence review activities. Appeals Appeals may be filed after receipt of a final design phase or construction phase review when a credit has been determined to be ‘Denied’.The LEED process uses voluntary. Building owners can apply for any of four LEED® certification levels if their buildings meet each rating systems’ prerequisites and can achieve the proper scores. Detailed information and documents for appeals can be found on LEED-Online Fees Information on registration and certification fees can be found on the GBCI website. Green Buildings: Operations and Maintenance certification is used for older. non-LEED buildings seeking their first certificate. Core & Shell. Projects need to switch over to a specific version of a rating system in its entirety. Buildings can be certified at one level. 10 . Review and Certification LEED certification is earned by complying with all of the Minimum Project Requirements (MPRs). appeals. satisfying all of the prerequisites. More information on project registration can be found later in this guide. The project team has 25 business days after the receipt of a denied credit to file an appeal with the USGBC. and by successfully complying with the requirements for enough credits to total at least 40 points. sustainable performance standards for the environmentally sound construction and operation of buildings.

3 billion tons of raw material use annually 13.S. More than 40% of primary energy use 136 million tons of waste in the U.6% of potable water use 39% of total greenhouse gas emissions 11 .Did you know? Buildings and their construction account for : 72% of total electricity use in the U.S.

Within the next several years. We're preparing ourselves for a sustainable future. and hospitals are focusing on Indoor Environmental Air Quality credits to provide a better environment for patients.S. Already. Schools are utilizing the LEED rating systems to help better students' education. sustainable construction projects are expected to account for 10% of all new projects.The Growth of Green The green building industry is expected to skyrocket in the next several years. entire cities are requiring new construction to be LEED certified. The government is funneling money into the economy by creating jobs for green professionals. Projected Green Building Market Value 2006 Projection U. Market 2010 $12 billion (new) $36-$60 billion (new) $130 billion (renovation) $240 billion (renovation) $10-$20 billion $20-$40 billion Commercial & $4 billion Institutional Residential $8 billion Thousands of Registered projects 9
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“Our analysis suggests that the cost per square foot for buildings seeking LEED certification falls into the existing range of costs for buildings of similar program type. • Construction costs have risen dramatically. but reducing water use will allow for lower utility bills over time. An example may be energy efficient HVAC systems that utilize graywater for cooling.” Key findings in "The Cost of Green" are: • Many projects are achieving LEED® within their budgets. and soft costs. though the cost to construct a sustainable building can initially be slightly more than a non-green structure. “There is no significant difference in average costs for green buildings as compared to nongreen buildings. As well. and within the same cost range as non-LEED® projects. Langdon does attribute the unwillingness to seek LEED certification to the idea that “green” is still thought to be an added feature in a building. “Until design teams understand that green design is not additive [to costs]. it will be difficult to overcome the notion that green 13 . reduced operating costs over each system’s life-cycle is where developers are likely to see substantial savings. rather than potable water. • The idea that “green” is an added feature continues to be a problem. such as permits and fees are identical. The initial financial impact of the system may be greater than a traditional system. many projects are achieving LEED Certification within their budgets. according to “The Cost of Green Revisitied” by Davis Langdon. operational costs are significantly lower over time. If these hard costs are similar to nongreen costs. Another example may be solar panels. it is true that construction costs have risen dramatically. operating costs over time will almost certainly be less. Other important comments are that green buildings can be created with little or no added cost—the sustainable design requirements are not considered added burdens. few projects seek greater energy efficiency than required by local regulations. rather than a standard. Projects can still achieve the certification levels. While the hard costs of a building project using sustainable methods may be greater. which lowers the costs of operation. In his essay. Green or not. but overall energy purchasing will be less. They're expensive to install.” the study $ states. While this might hold true in some cases. but projects are still achieving LEED® certification.The Cost of Green It’s a common misconception that green buildings cost significantly more to build than “traditional” non-green buildings. and within the same cost range as non-LEED projects. However.

00 14 50.00 . ft.00 $5000.000 Square Square Feet Feet Based on Square Fixed Rate Feet $0.00 Non-members $1. especially in an era of rapid cost escalation.00 Construction Review Members $500.00 Combined Design & Construction Review Members $1.250. etc.00 Non-members $750.250.500. Commercial Interiors. Soft Costs are necessary costs that don’t produce a tangible good.00 $7500. sustainable methods should be included in construction scheduling. Fixed Rate Core & Shell.500. ft. ft. ft. $0. programs and budgeting concerns. These calculations take into effect operations and maintenance costs and system replacement costs. Green Building Costs vs Traditional Building Costs Hard Costs are the guts of a building.025/ sq.000.00 $15.750. What Does LEED Cost? Less than 50. $0. In addition to green site selection. These costs tend to be slightly higher to purchase for a green building. Based on sq. and building materials. ft.00 Non-members $1. ft. $0.00 LEED for Existing Buildings Fixed Rate Initial Certification Review Members $1.00 $22.00 Fixed Rate $12.000.250.00 $15. ft $12.davidlangdon.000 Square Feet LEED for New Construction.500. $0. Framing.000More than 500.045/ sq. Life Cycle Costs are the total costs over the lifetime of a building. ft.03/ sq. for example. regardless of whether the building is built greener or not.500.500. arranging for regular pick-ups or transfers of sorted construction waste to recycling stations to help lower costs associated with hauling. for example. equipment.costs more. ft. This includes.00 Non-members $2. $0. These costs are about the same. They tend to be lower in green buildings than traditional structures.500.015/sq. Permit fees.000 500. consultation services. $0. and Schools Design Review Members $1.01/ sq.025/ sq. Think of these as cradle-to-grave figures.com/USA/Research/ ResearchFinder/2007-The-Cost-of-GreenRevisited/. for example. $0.00 $17.035/ sq.” the study states. The complete study can be downloaded free from www.03/ sq.

LEED Rating Systems The LEED program is broken down into seven different rating systems. decide based on the type of project that you would usually participate in. This renovation may fall under Commercial Interiors. but renovate it for use as a family restaurant. Another example may include updating the interior of a big box store that has seen better times. Each rating system is to be used for a specific type of construction. Three rating systems are under the Building Design and Construction specialty: New Construction. Schools and Core & Shell. if a project is situated in an urban setting-let’s say Chicago-on a lot that had previously been home to an old shoe factory. The project team may opt to keep much of the existing building. When determining which specialty exam to take. For example. 15 . This project would fall under the New Construction Rating System.

For projects where 50% or less of the building’s leasable square footage is occupied by the owner. This rating system can be applied if 50% or less of the building’s leasable square footage is occupied by the owner. For more information. as well as major rehabilitation to interior spaces. Neighborhood Development LEED for Neighborhood Development has not yet been released. Schools LEED for Schools must be used for new construction or major renovation of an academic building on K-12 grounds. Appendices 1 through 5 in the LEED for Building Design and Construction Reference Guide give guidance toward some of the more unique aspects of certification under this rating system. institutional buildings. This rating system can be found in the Building Design and Construction Reference Guide from the USGBC. This rating system will integrate the concepts of smart growth. postsecondary academic buildings. Major renovations are defined as significant HVAC and/or envelope modifications. For greater than 50% occupancy by the owner. Some examples include commercial and medical office buildings. Information on this rating system can be found in the Building Design and Construction Reference Guide. Building types falling under this rating system include offices. new urbanism.New Construction and Major Renovations LEED for New Construction can be applied to the design and construction activities associated with new buildings and major renovations. but has no control over the construction of tenant spaces. and pre-kindergarten buildings may use either LEED for Schools or LEED for New Construction. electrical and plumbing. but in general these are projects where the developer controls systems like mechanical. Non-academic buildings on a campus. The scopes for these projects can vary significantly. LEED for Core & Shell would be a more appropriate rating system. LEED for New Construction would be more appropriate. then using LEED for Existing Buildings: Operations & Maintenance would be more appropriate. If a project does not include significant design and construction activities but focuses more on operations and maintenance. 16 . and green building for large scale neighborhood design projects. hotels and residential buildings with 4 or more habitable stories. Core & Shell LEED for Core & Shell is for developments where the project teams do not control the entire scope of whole building design and construction.

production homes. and major remodels of existing homes. low-rise multi-family. It can also be applied to buildings that are new to LEED certification. and minor facility alterations or additions. Mixed-use projects that include a combination of commercial and/or retail with residential would use LEED for New Construction. It is designed to compliment LEED for Core & Shell which certifies buildings in terms of the developer’s involvement with base building systems but where they are not involved with tenant spaces. sustainable purchasing policies. affordable homes. Eligible building types include offices. process upgrades. manufactured and modular homes. Existing Buildings: Operations & Maintenance LEED for Existing Buildings: Operations & Maintenance was designed to certify the sustainability of ongoing operations of existing commercial and institutional buildings. This includes single-family homes. individual tenant spaces are ineligible. and ongoing indoor environmental quality. waste stream management. Specifically. Homes LEED for Homes addresses several types of new residential construction. This rating system is applicable to building operations. water and energy use. 17 . therefore. It is a whole-building rating system. institutional buildings. and residential buildings with four (4) or more habitable stories. minor space-use changes. retail and service establishments. environmentally preferred products and practices for cleaning and alterations. the rating system addresses exterior building maintenance programs. as well as buildings previously certified under other rating systems. retail and institutional buildings where the tenants who lease the space do not occupy the entire building. hotels. Information on this rating system can be found in the Interior Design and Construction Reference Guide from the USGBC.Commercial Interiors LEED for Commercial Interiors addresses tenant spaces in office.

The goal is to measure systems' efficiency. For more information regarding the performance period. it’s done. it has some different requirements that must be met before certification. and can be used for previously certified LEED buildings. The recertification fee is 50% of the initial certification fee. once the certification is complete. This continuous (unbroken) period shows that all of the building systems are in order and are operating properly. Performance periods for each credit must end within a week of each other. buildings must prove compliance within a performance period. Existing Buildings: Operations and Maintenance (EBOM) is the only rating system that exists for buildings that have already been constructed and are in use but could stand to be a little greener. The EBOM Rating System helps to ensure the sustainable operations of buildings. The performance period for recertification is the entire period between initial certification and the current application. Under the EBOM Rating System. see the Green Buildings: Operations and Maintenance Reference Guide. The EBOM Rating System is a little different and requires that a building be recertified every five years or sooner. Because it’s an ongoing operational program. 2009 Edition. 18 . Initial certification requires a minimum performance period of three months (except when specific credits require a longer period for compliance) and a maximum of 24 with no gaps. or buildings with no certification at all. Figures from the performance period must be submitted within 60 days of completion. There’s no more work that needs to be done to maintain their status.EBOM special considerations Not all rating systems are created equally. With all other rating systems.

• Weighting. For example. are: • Sustainable Sites • Water Efficiency • Energy and Atmosphere • Materials and Resources • Indoor Environmental Quality • Innovations • Regional Priority (the newest category. This ensures all credits and prerequisites are consistent and aligned through all LEED® 2009 rating systems. Each zip code has six designated. pre-existing credits which. The goals of this section are to reward projects with “bonus” points when they achieve credits that are considered a priority for the project’s region. Different regions of the country have different environmental considerations. improvements to the older LEED® Rating Systems include the following: • Harmonization. More weight—and more project points—is given to those strategies causing the greatest improvement in energy efficiency and reduction in carbon dioxide emissions. To determine which credits are considered regional priorities for a project. Up to four (4) Regional Priority points can be claimed per project. 19 . According to the GBCI. or the information is available upon project registration. though specific credit names and requirements vary with each specialty. • Regionalization. LEED® 2009 will now use a 100-point scale. can earn a bonus point. added as part of LEED 2009) Each of these categories share common elements throughout the various rating systems. when achieved. the USGBC website has searchable files organized by state and by zip code. These topics. which are common across all LEED® Rating Systems. The method for becoming a LEED AP was changed to include the new Green Associate program.LEED v3 The GBCI recently revamped the LEED rating system and accreditation program. Credits are weighted based on 13 prioritized environmental impact categories. with optional bonus points available. the requirements to earn SS Credit 1 in LEED 2009 New Construction (from the LEED Reference Guide for Green Building Design and Construction) may be different from those required to earn SS Credit 1 under LEED 2009 for Existing Buildings Operations & Maintenance. All LEED credits are organized into various topics. and other improvements were also made.

Regional Variations None associated with this credit. Prove the building was certified under LEED® for Schools. Some of the work done to meet one credit may also apply to other credits. This design makes it easier to achieve efficient building operations. then continue with these additional sections: SS Credit 1: LEED® Certified Design and Construction Value. or modify the credit’s implementation based on where the project is located. or what the item is designed to achieve. and sum of the floor area of certified spaces.org). Regional Variations. sometimes with multiple choices for each. Mathematical formulas are provided for some credits. This is typically a guide as to how to meet the requirements. Divide by the project’s total gross floor area. determine the percentage of gross floor area certified under LEED® CI. This number must be at least 75% Refer to LEED® Online for the required documentation. such as the property manager. while others require using the ENERGY STAR® Portfolio Manager or other computerized tools. This means meeting the required prerequisites and achieving enough points for the desired certificate level. Exemplary performance requirements. Why this credit is important or applicable.org/ projecttools) for registered users only. This section explains what those requirements are. Referenced Standards. Specific requirements for each credit are provided through LEED-Online.usgbc. 20 . Referenced Standards & Resources US Green Building Council (www. The number of points available for this specific credit. LEED® Registered Project Tools (www. Requirements Pick one of three options: Prove that the building was previously certified under LEED® for New Construction and Major Renovations. there are titles of people who typically submit each credit. This can be done incrementally as new tenant improvements occur. They all start with the intent. Many credits also require additional documentation. LEED® Green Building Rating System. The most common strategy used is earning LEED® certification for New Project Implementation Buildings or Major Renovations. Provide proof the building was certified under LEED® for Core & Shell Development. Many credits have two or more options. Occasionally the credit will require compliance with industry standards. Value Intent 4 points Environmentally sound building and design is rewarded with this credit. Calculations For Option 3. Related Credits None listed Exemplary Performance There are no Innovative or Exemplary Points available for SS Credit 1. Specific requirements. Related credits. Intent. Also. The person responsible for submitting each credit is also detailed on-line. A set number of points must be accrued in order to certify a building under the LEED guidelines. Decision makers. Ways in which to alter. Submittal documentation. Each project must achieve these goals.usgbc. Calculations. Additional points can be earned by going above and beyond the basic. Included should Submittal Documentation be a copy of the USGBC scorecard proving previous certification. at least 75% of the floor area must be certified under LEED® for Commercial Interiors. Required Decision Makers No decision makers are specified for this credit. However.Credit Organization Projects must earn a set number of points to get their LEED certificates. Every LEED prerequisite and credit follows the same basic organization. Project implementation. This section shows those specific standards.

parking areas. hardscapes. 21 . devise a plan to reducing the amount of dust in the air. When beginning the construction phase. title 7. protecting nearby lands and habitats. and managing stormwater. The intention of site selection credits is to prevent building on inappropriate sites and reduce the environmental impact from the building its self. limiting amounts of transportation emissions. soil erosion and waterway sedimentation from construction activities. It also refers to heat island effects and light pollution. Construction Activity Pollution Prevention It's important to be mindful of any pollution that is being caused by the construction activity. even of a green building. sustainable landscaping. The National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) applies to all projects seeking LEED Certification. regardless of size. This plan must meet the EPA Construction General Permit or local codes. Site Selection The location of the building is one of the fundamental decisions that must be made.Sustainable Sites The overall goal of this section is to reduce the impacts of either a new building or major remodel on the surrounding environment. These include: • Prime farmland as defined by the USDA code of Federal Regulations. whichever is more stringent. There are six types of land that should be avoided (this includes buildings. etc). Major parts of this section include choosing a site and developing it mindfully. roads.

Development Density and Community Connectivity The intent of this section is to use existing infrastructure. • Wetlands as defined by the Federal Code of Regulations • Undeveloped land within 50 feet of a body of water. epa. Ideas on how to accomplish this include building or renovating existing buildings on a previously built site or build in a community with higher densities. Brownfield Redevelopment The idea behind this is to reuse damaged and contaminated sites to help cut pressure put on virgin land. as defined by FEMA. unless it is part of a property swap. Section 657. • Flood-prone areas. • Land that was a public park. ASTM Standards E152705: Phase I Environmental Site Assessment and E1903-97: Phase II Environmental Site Assessment.5. or areas that are undeveloped land sitting less than 5 feet above the 100-year flood plain. • Any habitat for threatened or endangered species. A Brownfield is determined by an ASTM E1903-97 Phase II Environmental Site Assessment or is designated by a government agency.5. For LEED purposes. Other standards include the US EPA definition of a brownfield (available at www. citation 7CFR657. minimum 22 . Park projects are generally exempt.Volume 6 Parts 400-699. as defined by the Clean Water Act. protect the environment and preserve existing natural habitats.gov/brownfields).

Alternative Transportation Ideally. is considered a minimum density threshold for credit achievement. fuel-efficient vehicles or car or van pools. This focus area concentrates on doing just that. building within a 1/2 mile radius of a residential area with 10 units/ acre and pedestrian access to 10 basic services is considered satisfactory. • Start a low-emitting and fuel-efficient vehicle ride sharing program. 23 . we'd all love to cut the amount of vehicle emissions released by our daily commute. Options for compliance with Alternative Transportation credits include: • Locating the project within close proximity of rail and bus stations (one half-mile and one quarter-mile. • Providing showers and secure bicycle storage within 200 yards of an entrance for 5% of all building occupants (measured at peak periods) • Providing preferred or discounted parking for 5% of the project's total parking capacity for low-emitting. based on a typical two-story downtown development. Other considerations include building within pedestrian walking distance to a residential area with a high-average density of 10 units/acre and each building must have pedestrian access between buildings and 10 basic services.density requirement of 60. respectively).000 sf/net acre. These services can include: • Banks • Schools • Laundry services • Churches • Libraries • Parks • Senior care facilities • Post offices • Pharmacies • Restaurant • Small grocery stores and supermarkets • Day care centers • Fire stations • Fitness centers • Museums • Beauty salons • Theaters • Hardware Stores • Community centers For LEED purposes.

Now we're talking about greenfields-areas that have never been touched. keep disturbances within 10 feet of any concrete or paved area. The intent of this focus area follows that thought: conserving and restoring natural habitats for the vegetation and animals near the project site. In either case. 50% of the total project site (minus the building footprint) OR 20% of the total site area must be landscaped using adapted or native vegetation. though they vary depending the rating system used. Heat Island Effect During the day. reduce flooding. vegetated areas. ponds and rooftop gardens are all options when researching compliance methods for these credits. use a combination of strategies on 50% of the hardscape of the project site to reduce the heat island effect. Make sure devices or structures have a Solar Reflectance Index (SRI) of at least . It is best to avoid disturbing a greenfield. buildings and hardscapes absorb and retain heat from the sun. though. reduce waterway pollution. As well. Acheiving this credit requires that all site disturbances stay within 40 feet of the building perimeter if building on a greenfield.• Do not provide any new parking or limit total parking spaces. Stormwater Design A stormwater management plan should be created to help control water. vegetated coverings or solar panels. Goals can be achieved by installing structural or non-structural measures. Site Development The idea of building sustainability is centered around the notion of people and nature harmoniously living together. Rain gardens. Employ the use of Best Management Practices (BMP) to capture and treat stormwater. and a method needs to be determined for removing pollutants. or a combination of both. Earlier we mentioned brownfields-areas that have been deemed contaminated. Hardscape includes roads. If building on a previously developed site. Standards for this credit category include the California Air Resources Board or the American Council for an Energy Efficient Economy Vehicle Rating Guide. The goal of this credit is to help reduce the impact of heat islands on the surrounding environments. Use new or existing trees (they must provide a canopy within five years). and 25 feet of uncovered ground if building on a greenfield. Data must meet or exceed the Technology Acceptance Reciprocity Partnership from the Washington State Department of Energy for BMP monitoring. courtyards and parking lots. The idea behind this focus area is to significantly reduce vehicle emissions impacts on the environment and support and promote shared vehicle use. sidewalks. pervious pavements. which then re-radiate heat into nearby areas. This guide rates vehicles based on emissions. Shading nonroof hardscape areas is one option. for LEED purposes. 15 feet of main roads. See if there are any brownfields or previously developed sites that could serve as a project site instead. For compliance with this credit. 24 There are specific requirements for vegetated space on a project site. cisterns. The heat island effect is the absorption of heat by dark surfaces. care needs to be taken to ensure there is enough open space on the project site.

Reflectance and Transmittance of Materials Using Integrated Spheres • E1918-97: Standard Test Method for Determination of Solar Reflectance Near Ambient Temperature Using a Portable Solar Reflectometer • E1980-01: Standard Practice for Calculating Solar Reflectance Index of Horizontal and Low-Sloped Opaque Surfaces • C1549-04: Standard Test Method for Determination of Solar Reflectance Near Ambient Temperature Using a Portable Solar Reflectometer Other resources include the US EPA Heat Island Effect. it is possible to put solar panels on the roof or use higher SRI valued material. Specific standards include: • E408-71 (1996): Standard Methods for Total Normal Emittance of Surfaces Using Inspection-Meter Techniques • C13171-04a: Standard Test Method for Determination of Emittance of Materials Near Room Temperature Using Portable Emissometers • E903-96: Standard Test Method for Solar Absorbance. Emmissivity is a material's tendency to absorb solar radiation and re-emit heat. 25 .lb/gov/ HeatIsland/CoolRoofs.75 + Area of Vegetated Roof 0. Albedo is the material's ability to reflect heat and light. For compliance with credits referring to roofrelated heat islands. Roof Type Slope SRI Low-slope ≤ 2:12 78 Steep-slope ≥ 2:12 29 If the project plans won't allow you to install a vegetated roof over half of the surface area (as the credit may suggest). Solar Reflectance Index is the combination of the two. Heat Island Group. Your goal is to get low emmissivity and high albedo. Cool Roofs. www. it is possible to use a combination of a partially vegetated roof. http://eetd. with the remaining part meeting SRI value requirements.29.5 ≥ Total Roof Area Heat island effect credits refer to the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM). epa.gov/heatisland and the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. Any open grid paving systems must have at least 50% perviousness. The formula to figure out whether your roof is compliant with credit requirements is: Roof Area Meeting SRI Requirement 0. The slope of the roof can determine the threshold for SRI values.

Full cutoff light fixtures can help to avoid the tresspass of light. or shielding all openings (windows and doors) to permit no more than 10% light transmission during the same hours. Options for compliance with this credit include cutting non-emergency lighting going outside by 50% from 11 p. forest land or rural areas. and avoid uplighting. 26 Other standards include: • ANSI/ASHRAE/IESNA Standard 90. Building types in this zone include commercial. Major metropolitan areas and high-activity commercial districts fall into this zone. and can have harmful effects on the surrounding environment. • LZ3: Medium. neighborhood business districts and lighter industrial areas. The levels are broken down into four zones: • LZ1: Dark. • LZ2: Low.1-2007 • International Dark-Sky Association LZ1 LZ2 LZ3 LZ4 . industrial and highdensity residential. • LZ4: High. Primarily used for residential zones. Only provide enough lighting for safety and comfort.-5 a.m. This is the threshold for developed areas with national and state parks.m.Light Pollution Reduction Light pollution is caused by leaving lights on unnecessarily. Managing the amount of light on the exterior of the building is important for compliance. The LEED system employs the help of the Illuminating Engineering Society of North America (the standard is ISNA RP-33) to determine four distinct light zones and create limits for light emitted from buildings. The goal of Light Pollution Reduction credits is to reduce the amount of disruption caused by nonemergency lights.

05 gpf 0 gpf 1.5 gpm or ≤.25 gal. Reducing water consumption can save energy and improve the well-being of the environment. and reduce consumption both indoors (particularly potable water).1 gpf . For compliance with water use reduction credits we should focus on the appliances and fixtures that use the most water. showers. dishwashers. These credits focus on the efficient use of water and help to cut the consumption of potable (drinkable) water. This exceeds EPA standards for drinking water and generally comes from municipal systems or wells.8 gpm Standard shower 2. In schools.2 gpm Low-flow kitchen sink 1. Flush Fixture Conventional Toilet High-efficiency toilet (HET). Usually this includes biological/chemical polishing. and pre-rinse spray valves are all included. Water Use Reduction Ideally.Water Efficiency Another key topic in green and sustainable buildings is water use.2 gpm Standard publuc bathroom faucet . Below is a chart of the baseline water usage for each of these fixtures. Sometimes this includes kitchen sinks and showers. water efficiency can be used as an educational tool. clothes washers or ice makers are not included. Standards for Water Use Reduction are: • The Energy Policy Act of 1992 • The Energy Policy Act of 2005 Flow Fixtures Flow Rate Standard private bathroom faucet 2.0 gpf 0.6 gpf 1.5 gpf 0 gpf clothes washing and ice making. as well as operational processes like dishwashing./ cycle Standard kitchen sink 2. showers.28 gpf 1. • Graywater: This is untreated wastewater that has had no contact with toilet water. sinks. Often. kitchen sink faucets. single flush Pressure-aided HET Dual-flush HET (full flush) Dual-flush HET (low flush) Foal flush HET Waterless toilet Standard urinal High-Efficiency urinal (HEU) Waterless urinal Flow Rate 1. • Tertiary Treatment: The highest form of wastewater treatment. It is important to monitor water consumption. bathroom faucets.8 gpm 27 . it comes from bathtubs. Commercial or residential steam cookers.5 gpm Low-flow shoer 1. • Blackwater: Toilet and urinal wastewater. Toilets.0 gpf 1. Classifications of water: • Potable Water: AKA: Drinking Water. boilers and chillers. including the removal of organic solids and nutrients. • Process water: Comes from processes like cooling towers. we'd love to reduce the amount of potable water we use for purposes other than drinking and bathing. and out (with stormwater control and proper irrigation).6 gpf 1. urinals. laundry machines and dishwashers.

we can hang onto it all a little longer. Making sure the landscaping around your building is water efficient is a good way to start.• The International Association of Plumbing and Mechanical Officials Publication IAPMO/American National Standards Institute UPC1-2006. Alternatively. Innovative Wastewater Technologies Not only do we want to reduce the amount of potable water we use. International Plumbing Code 2006. treat 50% of wastewater to official tertiary standards. and by using efficient landscaping techniques. density and microclimate factors to create an efficient system • Imported graywater from a public agency • Groundwater seepage (if it does not impact stormwater management systems) • Efficient irrigation systems űű Micro-irrigation űű Moisture sensors űű Rain shut-offs űű Evapotranspiration Controllers űű Drip irrigation The best option. Uniform Plumbing Code 2006.0.org • International Code Council. we'd also like to increase local water supplies while reducing wastewater. Water Conserving Fixtures and Fittings. It's in our best interest to conserve potable water in every possible way. irrigation systems (if temporary) must be removed within one year.iapmo.iccsafe. Try to use only captured or recycled rainwater from on-site or imported sources. www. or do not use permanent irrigation systems at all. Use the water (maybe for cooling?). Design of Building Water Distribution System. Section 402. 28 . is to cut potable water use for irrigation altogether. Section 603. Options for cutting landscaping water usage and using it efficiently are: • Captured rainwater • Recycled wastewater • Using plant species. www. Cut potable water used for the removal of solid and liquid waste by at least 50% using fixtures and graywater for compliance with some credits. Under the LEED program.org Water Efficient Landscaping Fresh potable water is becoming an increasingly rare resource. however. or allow it to percolate into the ground.

Commissioning of Building Energy Systems When the building is complete. The goal of the Energy Performance credits in LEED is to set the 29 . tracking the performance of the buildings' energy use and emmissions. It creates somewhat of a stinky situation. The tasks specific to enhanced commissioning are listed in italic.org/ resources/index. if you catch my drift. This section focuses on managing energy in a sustainable manner.htm Tasks regarding the commissioning process include: • Designating a Commissioining Authority with experience on two prior commissioning projects • Document Owner's Project Requirements • Develop the basis of design • Incorporate commissioning requirements into the construction documents • Conduct commissioning design review prior to mid-construction documents • Develop and implement a commissioning plan • Review contractor submittals that are applicable to systems being commissioned • Verify the installation and performance of commissioned systems • Develop a systems manual for the commissioned systems • Verify that the requirements for training are completed • Complete a summary commissioning report • Review building operation within 10 months after substantial completion Enhanced commissioning involves starting the commissioning process early and perform more tasks once systems performance is verified. which should: • Cut energy use • Lower operating costs • Improve occupant productivity • Supply better building documentation • Reduce contractor callbacks For information on the commissioning process. and utilizing renewable energy.bcxa. Confirm that all energyrelated systems are functioning at their required efficiency levels. Commissioning is basically making sure everything works. Nothing is worse than tenants adjusting to a new building and having the sewer system back up. Energy Performance Understanding the amount of energy your building uses is an important part of ensuring its efficiency.Energy and Atmosphere The Energy and Atmosphere credits are put into place to help reduce the amount of energy used and pollutants released into the atmosphere. it's wise to make sure that all of its parts actually function. pay attention to the Building Commssioning Association at www.

completing a Prescriptive Compliance Path under the Advanced Buidings Core Performance Guide. The compliance path to follow will depend on your project. These buildings must be smaller than 50. The goal of Refrigerant Management credits is to reduce ozone depletion and global warming potential that result from common refrigerant emissions. elevators and escalators. Refrigerant Management So.1-2007 Standard.minimum levels for efficiency. laundry. HVAC and service water heating. Thes buildings must be smaller than 20. • Path 3: ASHRAE Advanced Energy Design Guide for Small Warehouses and Self Storage Buildings 2008.12007 G2. This option isn't available for healthcare. Option 1: Whole Building Energy Simulation using the ASHRAE/IESNA Standard 90.000 square feet and be occupied by offices 30 • Path 2: ASHRAE Advanced Energy Design Guide for Small Retail Buildings 2006. or following a prescriptive compliance path (PCP). Part 6 in place of the ANSI/ASHRAE/IESNA 90. Process loads must be identical for both the baseline building and proposed building performance rating.5. These buildings must be smaller than 20. . computers. labaratory or warehouse projects.000 square feet and be occupied by retail shops and stores.000 square feet and be occupied with small warehouses and self storage facilities. This option is available for buildings that are smaller than 100. kitchen cooking and refrigeration equipment. Eliminating refrigeration or using natural refrigerants is the most effective way to reduce these impacts but these methods are not always feasible. school. Meet the climate-appropriate ASHRAE requirements. There are four different paths under the Advanced Energy Design guides from ASHRAE. This standard is required for office. Now it's time to reduce the emissions that are being distributed into the atmosphere. public assembly and retail projects using this option. Option 2: ASHRAE Advanced Energy Design Guide. including parking and grounds. California projects can use Title 24-2005. • Other standards for Minimum Energy Performance include the ASHRAE Advanced Energy Design Guide for K-12 School buildings and the New Building Institute Core Performance Guide. A third option is available. Process energy includes office and general equipment. Options for compliance with these credits include a whole building energy simulation.000 square feet and meet Section 1: Design Process Strategies and Section 2: Core Performance requirements. Non-process energy includes interior and exterior lighting for the entire project site. • Path 1: ASHRAE Advanced Energy Design Guide for Small Office Buildings 2004. your energy systems are in check. non-exempt lighting and other miscellaneous items.

890 3.780 76 GWP 12. Cloroflourocarbons (CFCs) CFC-11 CFC-12 CFC-114 CFC-500 CFC-502 Hydrochloroflourocarbons (HCFCs) HCFC-22 HCFC-123 Hydroflourocarbons (HFCs) HFC-23 HFC-134a HFC-245fa HFC-404A HFC-407c HFC-410A HFC-507A Natural Refrigerants Carbon dioxide (CO2) Ammonia (NH3) Propane ODP 1.0 1. If total elimination is not feasible.900 1. Rule 608 procedures.To reduce ozone depletion. eliminate the use of all Cloroflourocarbons (CFCs) in building HVAC&R systems and eliminate all CFCs.320 1.0 0.04 0.94 0. To minimize global warming potential reduce the use of Hydroflourocarbons (HFCs) and CFCs.020 3.600 GWP 1.900 4.0 0 3 Common Applications Centrifugal chillers Refrigerators and chillers Centrifugal chillers Centrifugal chillers and humidifiers Low-temperature refrigeration Common Applications Air-conditioning and chillers CFC-11 replacement Common Applications Ultra-low-temperature refrigeration CFC-12 or HCFC-22 replacement Insulation agent and centrifugal chillers Low-temperature refrigeration HCFC-22 replacement Air conditioning Low-temperature refrigeration Common Applications 31 . If it is not feasible to completely replace systems.02 ODP ~0 ~0 ~0 ~0 ~0 ~0 ~0 ODP 0 0 0 GWP 4.240 1.720 9. Title VI.800 7. Hydrocloroflourocarbons (HCFCs) and Halons in fire suppression systems. then the annual leakage rate must be reduced to 5% or less using EPA Clean Air Act.605 0.900 GWP 1.680 10.700 1. complete a total phase-out of CFCs before completion of the project if using existing systems.221 ODP 0. Below is a table of common refrigerants including their 100-year ozone depletion potential (ODP) and their global warming potential (GWP) as well as some common building applications.

The idea behind green power credits is to use renewable.org Measurement and Verification To verify the energy use of your building. Options for compliance include: • Green-e Certified power provider (open electricity markets) • Green-e Accredited utility program (closed energy markets) • Green-e Accredited renewable energy certificates (RECs) Standards for this credit include the Center for Resource Solutions. Options for compliance with this credit include determining your baseline annual energy use using the annual electricity consumption results from a whole-building energy simulation or determining the estimated electricity use through the US Department of Energy's Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey database. agricultural crops or waste.green-e. The On-site Renewable Energy credits encourage the use of renewable resources. www. April. Energy Standard for Buildings Except Lowrise Residential. a portion of the annual needs can be supplied by renewable sources. The plan must cover at least one year after the building is occupied.ashrae. animal and organic waste. 2003: Option D or Option B. Green-e Product Certification Requirements. others 32 refer to using green power.On-site Renewable Energy Reducing the impact of your building on local energy suppliers is a major part of reducing the environmental footprint of a building. www. put into place a measurement and verification (M&V) plan confirming the requirements of the International Performance Measure & Verification Protocol (IPMVP) Volume III: Concepts and Options for Determining Energy Savings in New Construction. The LEED threshold for credit compliance is typically a 2-year contract for a designated percentage of total annyual electicity needs. and a method must be determined for correcting any problems if expected energy savings are not being realized. and landfill gas) • Geothermal heating and/or electric (excluding vapor compression for heat transfer) • Low-impact hydro • Wave and tidal power Standards for this credit include the ANSI/ ASHRAE/IESNA Standard 90. Green Power While some of the credits deal with using renewable energy that's created on-site.1-2007. Renewable sources include: • Photovoltaic (solar panels) • Wind • Solar thermal • Biofuels (untreated wood waste. Based on the baseline annual energy use. as defined by the Center for Resource Solutions' Green-e Energy product certification requirements. nonpolluting energy sources on the open power grid. Having the ability to create energy on-site can play a major role in making that happen.org. .

it is required for some materials to be recycled. Also.000 square feet to 500 square feet set aside for recycling in buildings with more than 200. suggested sizes range from 82 square feet for commercial buildings up to 5. reuse and recycle as much as possible.Materials and Resources When designing the building. Waste reduction techniques include reducing waste at its source. While no size is required for recycling areas. Setting up recycling areas for occupants can help encourage them to dispose of waste properly.000 square feet. however recycling areas should be appropriate for occupants' needs. Storage and Collection of Recyclables Reduce the amount of waste taken to landfills by sorting and recycling properly. It is also important to remember that the materials brought into the project site-whether during construction or occupancy-must be disposed of properly. These are just guidelines. choose materials that are in line with sustainable building standards and will help to compliment your green building. Under this section. Having a plan in place to deal with this waste is a major step in operating sustainably. These materials include: • Paper • Corrugated cardboard • Glass • Plastic • Metal Consider a centralized area for recycling receptacles to help meet occupants' needs while also allowing access for staff and 33 .

floor areas. but only if it is included in calculations for all MR credits. one must be a bit creative in the methods and materials that are used. Other tips to encourage recycling include: • Signage to encourage recycling and discourage dumping • Protecting containers from weather • Security for high-value materials • Utilize cardboard balers. 34 . The idea behind Building Reuse credits is to reuse the building structure. Reused materials are components that were previously installed on the project site. but points are still available. detail how materials will get there. Be sure to exclude any hazardous materials. interior doors and casework). Not only is it ideal to recycle any waste that comes from the occupants. Materials Reuse Similarly to Building Reuse credits. If utilizing an area for the collection of recyclables outside the project boundary. Other options for managing waste include donating anything left over or reusing it elsewhere on-site. Construction Waste Management Be conscious of materials and make a solid effort in removing construction and demolition materials from the waste stream and try to recycle or recover as much as possible. recycling chutes and other technologies Building Reuse When creating a green building. This credit excludes fixtures and non-permanent items such as mechanical and electrical systems. The Materials Reuse credits helps to reduce the demand for new items. and can no longer perform the same function. plumbing. nonstructural walls. maintain the floor decking and envelope areas. like elevators. Furniture can be included. At least 50% should be reused if you plan to achieve this credit. appliances and specialty items. can crushers. When planning construction waste policies. and exterior structural walls. points are given to project teams who express a bit of creativity in their projects. When reusing a building structure. Retaining non-structural items from a building is secondary. it's smart to reuse any materials left from demolition or construction. Nonstructural elements can be reused (finished ceilings.collection vehicles. create a plan that addresses any hazardous materials.

Exemplary performance points are available but vary by rating system. If only part of a material is local. recovered and/or manufactured within 500 miles of the project site. Again. extra points are available for using recycled content above and beyond this limit). For example. Regional Material credits can be obtained by using materials harvested. mechanical. the sum of the post-consumer content and 1/2 of the pre-consumer content must equal at least 10% recycled material (in individual rating systems. electrical and plumbing components may not be included in these calculations. by reducing transportation resources. too. The point is to increase demand for building products made from recycled materials. in Building Design and Construction. Rapidly Renewable Materials Using materials that can regenerate quickly is another key in reducing environmental 35 .Recycled Content Use materials that are created from recycled content-certain thresholds of post-consumer and pre-consumer content in materials will allow for more points to be obtained. Regional Materials We learned earlier that making an effort to control the materials brought into the site can be beneficial in reducing waste. calculate the amount applicable to the credit by weight. fixtures. This helps to reduce the demand on virgin materials (which require extraction and processing). Using materials that come from local sources can be beneficial to the environment. Only include materials that are permanently installed in a project.

The total material cost can be derived from actual cost of the materials in those divisions or by using the default material cost method. Reduce dependence on raw materials that are not renewable within a 10-year cycle and replace them with rapidly renewable products. CSI Divisions 2-10 include materials like concrete. being regional. The default material cost equals 45% of the total construction cost estimate for the CSI divisions being counted.fscus. For compliance with this credit. having recycled content. relative to total wood and/or paper cost.org.impacts that stem from building construction. plastics. Quantifying the portion of these materials that have these qualifications is based on the proportion of that material relative to the total material cost for materials that fall within the CSI divisions being counted. . finishes. and being rapidly renewable. wood. purchase at least 50% FSC-certified wood and/or paper products. Division 12 (Furniture) can also be included if it is used consistently throughout the Materials & Resources calculations. and other specialties. composites. which includes paper products. 36 Default Material Cost CSI Divisions 2-10 define which types of materials qualify as being re-used. doors. The Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) oversees forest management operations and certifies wood as sustainable and ethically harvested. the proportions of qualifying materials can be quantified. Components that should be created with FSC-certified wood are: • Structural framing • General dimension framing • Flooring • Sub-flooring • Wood doors • Finishes The Existing Buildings: Operations and Maintenance Rating System requires a sustainable purchasing policy. masonry. The standard for this credit is the Forest Stewardship Council's Principles and Criteria. windows. Some examples of rapidly renewable materials include: • Cork • Bamboo • Natural Rubber • Wheat • Cotton • Straw • Linseed (linoleum) Certified Wood Responsible and sustainable forestry practices are important when taking the Earth into consideration our building plans. Once the actual or default material cost is derived. available at www. thermal and moisture protection. metals.

IEQ credits will work against Energy and Atmosphere credits. There are several options for limiting exposure to tobacco smoke. at least 25 feet from any building entrance and pro37 . and providing proper daylight and views.1-2007. • Prohibit smoking to specific areas. Section 5. it's important to make sure the air quality levels are acceptable for occupants. The IEQ section is unique in that it has nothing to do with the environment (though it's the only section with 'environment' in the name). choose one of the following options: • Prove the natural ventilation system meets the CIBSE Applications Manual 10:2005. prohibit smoking within 25 feet of any opening into the building. Ventilation for Acceptable Indoor Air Quality.1. This section focuses on improving ventilation. going beyond the minimum in terms of air quality can be beneficial to building occupants and allow for more productivity. Environmental Tobacco Smoke Control The goal of this prerequisite is to prevent or eliminate building occupants' exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS). If using natural ventilation in the space. In addition. Mechanically ventilated systems should exceed breathing zone ventilation rates by a minimum of 30% over the ASHRAE Standard 62. • Perhaps the easiest option is to prohibit smoking inside the building. Often. Naturally ventilated spaces should follow system requirements in the Carbon Trust "Good Practice Guide 237" (1998). only with the health and comfort of occupants. Building upon the last section. the standard is ASHRAE Standard 62.Indoor Environmental Quality Indoor Environmental Quality (IEQ) credits were created to ensure we're going about our day-to-day business in a healthy. When planning credits to attempt. remember to keep this in mind. happy habitat. Be sure to post signs to designated smoking areas and prohibit smoking in common areas. Natural Ventilation in Non-Domestic Buildings recommendations • Use a computer model to predict that natural ventilation will provide proper room-byroom airflow rates for 90% of the occupied spaces. allowing occupants control settings (like lighting and temperature). Mechanical ventilation systems should be designed using ASHRAE Standard 62. As well.1-2007. sections 4-7.1-2007. and managing air contaminants while utilizing less harmful materials. Indoor Air Quality Performance Because we spend so much of our time indoors.

with at least one measurement taken every 10 seconds. Standard Test Method for Determining Air Leakage Rate by Fan Pressurization and the Residential Manual for Compliance with California's 2001 Energy Efficiency Standards. be mindful of those who are working inside. www. Try installing permanent monitors that signal alarms when CO2 is detected.000 square feet. The goal of air quality management plans is to reduce indoor air quality problems caused by construction and can help ensure a smoother construction process. Verify the performance of these rooms by simulating worst-case air transport conditions. Compliance with this option requires creating negative air pressure in the rooms with an average differential of 5 Pa and a minimum 1 PA when doors are shut. Naturally ventilated spaces should have CO2 monitors installed. regardless of the number of people per space. Chapter 4. place CO2 monitors 3-6 feet above the floor in spaces with 25 or more people per 1.vide smoking rooms indoors that contain. Measurements must be taken for 15 minutes.1-2007: Verification for Acceptable Indoor Air Quality. Outdoor Air Delivery Monitoring It's important to monitor the ventilation systems to ensure occupant health and comfort. The standard for this credit is ANSI/ ASHRAE Standard 62. Refer to the Sheet Metal and Air Conditioning National Contractors Association 38 . If allowing smoking inside the building. or when airflow levels vary more than 10% from design values. capture and exhaust ETS from the building.ashrae. standards include the ANSI/ASTM E77903. For mechanically ventilated spaces.org Indoor Air Quality Management Plans During Construction If your project is occupied during construction. Create and use an IAQ management plan for the construction and pre-occupancy phases of a building.

Internal temperatures should be kept at 60°. focus on materials with low volatile organic compounds (VOC) emissions. ANSI/SMACNA 008-2008 (Chapter 3). Adhesives and Sealant Standards Standards include the SCAQMD rule 1168. Flooring. whichever is greater. 7. The LEED Reference Guide for Green Building Design and Construction. sealants. Architectural Coatings. May 20. Paints. In addition to this. 27 parts per billion 50 micrograms per cubic meter 500 micrograms per cubic meter 6. * Required only if carpets and fabrics with styrene butadiene rubber (SBR) latex backing are installed as part of the base building systems. air quality systems must be tested or flushed out.2-1999) filters in each air return grille.Sealants and adhesives need to be non-toxic. and humidity below 60%. continue to flush out the building during occupancy at .(SMACNA) IAQ Guidelines for Occupied Buildings Under Construction.000 cubic square feet of air has been delivered. do the paints used in your building. Replace all air filters and flush out the building with 14. Flushing out a system essentially means preparing it for use during occupancy and making sure it functions properly. 1993 limits. Other references include SCAQMD Rule 1113. 2nd Edition. Jan. contains information regarding specific limits for VOCs in different coatings and paints as well as adhesives & sealants. ft or a design air rate minimum. 2nd Edition. Be sure to protect materials from moisture damage and use MERV 8 (referenced by ASHRAE 52.500 cubic feet of outside area per square foot before occupancy. When choosing materials for your project. A second option is to follow the EPA Compendium of Methods for the Determination of Air Pollutants in Indoor Air testing procedures. Anti-Corrosive paints. While testing. deliver at least 3. 1997. 2009 Edition.5 micrograms per cubic meter 9 parts per million and no greater than 2 parts per million above outdoor levels 39 . Alternately. adhesives. Formaldehyde Particulates (PM10) Total volatile organic compounds (TVOCs) 4-Phenylcyclohexene (4-PCH)* Carbon monoxide (CO) Low-Emitting Materials Reducing the presence of harmful and irritating chemicals in your building is important in assuring occupant's safety and comfort. Continue until 14.30 CFM/sq. be sure to note the following contaminants and be sure their acceptable levels are not exceeded. 1st Edition. and sprays should all be checked for VOC content. Before Occupancy After construction is complete. Anti-corrosion and rust paints cannot exceed limits set by the Green Seal Standard GC-03. Replace filters after construction is complete. and the Green Seal GS-36 Standard for Commercial Adhesives Requirements. Paints & Coatings Standards Interior paints cannot exceed the Green Seal Standard GS-11.000 cubic feet of outside air per square foot.

cement and wallbase. Utilize self-closing doors and deck-to-deck partitions or a hard-lid ceiling. bamboo and cork flooring must meet SCAQMD Rule 1113. laminate. They must extend at least 10 feet outside the building and placed at high-traffic entryways. in any process.5 cfm/ sq ft. install new air filters that have a MERV rating of 13 or more for both incoming and outgoing air. Alternatively. but why bother if your flooring is unhealthy? The point of Low-Emitting Materials credits is to make sure every aspect of the building is relatively harmless to occupants. linoleum. excluding elevator service rooms and other areas. healthy and safe environment. • Tile adhesives and grout must meet SCAQMD Rule 1168 Standards. • Adhesives for carpeting must conform to VOC limits for adhesives and sealants. ceramic flooring. If those requirements are not met. There are specific guidelines for flooring options.02 inches of water gauge with a minimum 1 Pa then the doors are shut. pads and cushions must meet Green Label Plus standards set forth by the Carpet and Rug Institute. and the pressure difference with surrounding spaces must average at least 5 Pa or . all non-carpet finished flooring can be Floorscore Certified. The standard to refer to for information is the California Department of Health Services Standard Practice for the Testing of Volatile Organic Emissions from Various Sources Using Small Scale Environment Chambers. • Exhaust systems must be at least . . rubber. wood flooring. Indoor Chemical and Pollutant Source Control Minimizing occupants' contact with potentially harmful or hazardous chemicals and pollutants is key in providing a happy. • In regularly occupied spaces.Flooring So. Air can not be recirculated in these rooms. This must be verified by a third party. A system of grates with a gap underneath or mats may be used. • All hard surface flooring must meet the Floorscore standards for vinyl. Examples of these areas may be a copy or printing room. we've got healthy sealants and paints. 40 Composite Wood and Agrifiber Wood and agrifiber products should not include urea-formaldehyde resins. wood. This substance should not be used anywhere on-site. or a place where chemicals are kept. • Use exhaust systems to create negative pressure in areas with potential sources of pollution. This must be used on a minimum of 25% of the finished floor area. • Concrete. These filters should be installed just before occupancy. and they are as follows: • All carpeting. a second option is available to have all flooring meet the standards of the California Department of Health Services Standard Practice for the Testing of Volatile Organic Emissions from Various Sources Using Small Scale Environment Chambers. Architectural Coatings. Control the amount of air contaminants by: • Using permanent entry systems that can be cleaned.

www.org. Thermal Comfort Provide temperature controls for at least 50% of building occupants to ensure thermal comfort. Controls should also be available for common areas and shared spaces. a permanent monitoring system may be used to ensure the building meets determined comfort standards. ideally outside. Controllability of Systems Lighting There are many factors that influence the amount of light needed for proper productivity. as well as the building as a whole. Devise a plan to dispose of this waste properly. Lighting controllability in Building Design and Construction credits require at least 90% of building occupants to have the ability to adjust their lighting.12007. and even by the weather outside. Correct any problems if 20% or more of the occupants have problems with thermal comfort. Refer to standard ANSI/ASHRAE 52. Once systems are in place. Ventilation for Acceptable Indoor Air Quality and 5-2004. Needs can vary depending on time of day.2-1999: Method of Testing General Ventilation AirCleaning Devices for Removal Efficiency by Particle Size. Thermal Environmental Conditions for Human Occupancy. conduct an anonymous thermal comfort survey of all occupants between 6 and 18 months after occupancy. Operable windows can be used for people within 20 feet of the window inside the building.• Provide sealed temporary storage for hazardous wastes. by the tasks being done. If less light is necessary it can save energy. Other rating systems' requirements may vary. Windows and temperature control systems must meet ASHRAE Standards 62. Other standards that should be referenced for this category include ASHRAE 55-2007 for thermal comfort. 41 .ashrae. Allowing occupants to adjust the lighting to suit their needs is beneficial to them. Under the New Construction rating system.

Acoustical Performance Criteria. and is compliant with daylighting requirements. For compliance with this section. points are given to project teams who provide classrooms with effective acoustical design. Mold Prevention Mold is never a good thing. Use vision glazing 30-90 inches on the wall from the floor to allow for 90% of the people to see outside. C. project teams must achieve three other credits and provide HVAC systems that help control humidity.wddg.180 for the product of visible transmittance and window-to-floor area ratio. a combination of options 1. EPA Reference Number 402-F-91-102. It is important to be able to connect with nature and the outside. A.php. Chapter 47. especially in schools. Design requirements and Guidelines for Schools. Sound and Vibration Control. An example of a natural ventilation system 42 . Achieve a daylight zone value between . There must be direct lines of sight 42 inches high outdoors. The Whole Building Design Guide. and ASHRAE Handbook. Refer to the Standard Test Method for Haze and Luminous Transmittance of Transparent Plastics (ASTM D1003-07e1) for more information. B. As well. we spend most of our time indoors.60-2002. learning space partitions must meet the specifications details in the ANSI Standard S12. For compliance with this. The goal of this section is to reduce the amount of mold in schools and prevent it from growing. noise from outside the classroom must be reduced. Measure indoor daylight illumination levels of at least 25 footcandles in at least 75% of regularly occupied spaces. 2. Measurements should be taken using a 10foot grid for all open spaces. It is available at: www.org/resources/daylighting. Refer to Building Air Quality: A Guide for Building Owners and Facility Managers. 2003 HVAC Applications.Daylighting and Views As mentioned earlier. Finally. Daylighting is the area inside the building where daylight can reach.150 and . Daylighting may prove helpful as well. effective December 1991. Daylighting is required for all regularly occupied spaces. Acoustical Performance Under the Schools Rating System. and 3 could be used to prove the sufficient threshold has been met. Use a computer simulation to prove that at least 75% of the interior space achieves 25500 footcandles of daylight under clear sky conditions (9 am-3 pm) on September 21.

It’s like extra credit for going to an event on campus. Second. Information regarding RP credits according to zip code is available on the USGBC website. First. 43 . Bonus points just for making the effort! For each project. project teams who employ sustainable building processes and methods that are not captured by existing LEED credits can obtain points if their processes or methods demonstrate a quantitative environmental improvement that can be reproduced on other projects. Exemplary Performance.Bonus Points: Innovation in Design. project teams can earn one ID point by taking advantage of the LEED AP credit. and should be documented under Innovation in Design/ Operation when filling out paperwork on LEED-Online. based on the zip code. project teams that exceed determined exemplary threshold requirements for specific credits can earn points in this category. but what if you’re aiming for a little more? It is possible to stretch the obtainable credits and acquire more points through Innovation in Design and Regional Priority credits. role and company name with the application submittal documentation. You essentially receive an additional bonus point for each of the designated credits that are achieved up to a maximum of four points out of the six credits designated. Those few points could mean the difference between silver and gold. Innovation in Design (ID) credits are available to project teams in three ways. The maximum number of points for most rating system is 100. with an extra 10 points available for exemplary performance for a total of 110. Regional Priority (RP) credits are easily obtainable credits that allow for up to four bonus points. or gold and platinum. Certification Level Points Certified Silver Gold Platinum 40+ 50+ 70+ 80+ When attempting an ID credit through an innovative process or through exemplary performance the following information is needed as part of the application submittal documentation: • ID Credit Title • Narrative Statement of Credit Intent • Narrative Statement describing Credit Requirements • Narrative describing Project’s Approach to the Credit • Credit-specific Supporting Documentation Third. It’s extra credit just for showing up for class! Earning the credit is as simple as including the LEED AP name. certificate. This credit is obtained by having a LEED AP on the project team. six existing credits are available for RP points. LEED AP and Regional Priority During the Integrated Design Process (or EcoCharette) the team determines which credits they’d like to achieve. It gives you a good idea of which certification level will be obtained upon project completion. The details for these are outlined in the reference guides for specific rating systems. and which are obtainable. for example.

state and federal environmental laws at the building site.e.e. In addition to these prerequisites. the LEED 2009 updates include a set of eight (8) Minimum Program Requirements (MPRs) which apply to all LEED Rating Systems. These prerequisites are located at the beginning of each section of the Rating System (i. This includes any structures. Everything within the project boundary site must be included in the LEED documentation. including regulations regarding hazardous materials.Minimum Program Requirements Each individual LEED rating system has its own specific prerequisites which must be completed and fully documented in order to achieve certification. This applies to existing laws and laws enacted between the start of the performance period and expiration for Existing Buildings: Operations and Mantenance (i. 1 44 2 A project is defined as the entire scope of the LEED project boundary. . Projects must be permanent—any structures created with the intent to relocate will not qualify. 5 years). The MPRs are as follows: Each project must comply with all local. SSp1 would refer to the 1st prerequisite in the Sustainable Sites section).. water discharge and waste management. Projects seeking LEED certification must also be in compliance with all of these MPRs. parking and landscaping.

5 45 . This information. which must be continued despite changes in ownership. 6 The USGBC must have access to the entire building’s energy and water usage data. all land disturbed for initial construction. enclosed floor area.000 gross square feet of an indoor. the LEED project site area is not required to cover the entire building site. LEED projects with 1 or more Full Time Equivalent (FTE) occupant are fully eligible for LEED credits. The majority of projects are expected to be contiguous parcels. some non-contiguous parcels may quality under very limited conditions. The minimum floor area is 1. at a minimum.4 3 LEED project boundaries include. is used for research purposes. The project’s total gross floor area must be at least 2% of the LEED project site’s area. but optional IEQ credits are eliminated as options for projects with a <1 FTE. additions or remodels. Access needs to be granted within a year of LEED certification and non-metered components of projects are exempt. However.

7 Projects must be fully occupied for at least one year before applying for certification. As well. Recertification applications must cover the time between the first and current applications. Note: This MPR only applies to the Existing Building: Operations and Maintenance Rating System.Registration and certification application activity must take place within four years of initial application. Drops in occupancy require a description of circumstance for clarification. the building must be recertified every five years or sooner. with up to 25% vacant tenant space permitted. Low occupancy must be temporary. At least 74% of floor areas must be occupied fulltime to meet Full Time Equivalent (FTE) Requirements. Data for a minimum of three months is also required 46 8 when applying later for new LEED credits. certification application sunset dates will occur 6 years after the close of a rating system. and projects can upgrade to the new rating system if they are closed due to sunset. For Existing Building: Operation and Maintenance. Buildings with mixed uses or under certain rating systems may have different requirements. .

Take enough time to respond to the questions so you feel secure with your answer. • Skip questions. wallets.D.D. Cell phones. there will be no test! Do: • Rush through it. while the maximum is 200 points. • Remember to arrive early. If you fail. If they don’t match. papers. If you can’t get something. The check-in process for the exam could take a while. The name on the I. Scoring is immediate. pens and pencils are not allowed inside the testing center. It's better to skip a question than to spend all your time trying to figure out the answer.m. Minimum passing score is 120. • Bring anything other than yourself. 47 . Also. skip it and return later if time permits. Don’t: The exam is pass/fail with a scaled score of 170. though it takes 24-48 hours for the results to reach the GBCI.xam LEED E 4 p. must match the name that is registered with the GBCI. but don’t take too much time. • Remember your I. The test is long-100 questions in 2 hours. you want to make sure you aren’t stuck in traffic and can find the location. you’ll have to wait until the GBCI recognizes your score before re-registering.

On the following pages you’ll find an example scorecard for a LEED for Building Design and Construction project under the LEED for New Construction Rating System. civil engineer and anybody else who may play a key part in the design and construction of the building. A meeting is held with the entire LEED team. An important process when working with a team! The scorecard is created to determine which credits a project will try to achieve. information about the design requirements. your first step should be to take a look at a LEED Scorecard. It is a given that there will be hiccups along the way. local ordinances. What’s the fist step? Ideally.Synergistic Opportunities and the LEED Process So you’ve signed on to a project as the LEED AP in charge. It is important for key players to give their input to this scorecard. open space and parking requirements. This meeting should determine site plans and conditions. the LEED Scorecard is constructed during the Integrated Design Process (also known as an Eco-Charette). It’s become your job to oversee the entire LEED process and make sure things go according to plan. which might be attempted. 48 . Employ the help of the architect. stormwater treatment requirements. among other topics. This meeting is really designed to get everybody on the same page. owner. Other rating systems’ scorecards will vary depending on the rating system. Often. version 3. building codes. and which are unrealistic and unobtainable. but we’ll get there later.

Project Name: Project Location: Yes 21 Y 1 5 6 1 3 2 1 1 1 1 1
Yes

LEED 2009 for New Construction & Major Renovation

? 4

No 1

SUSTAINABLE SITES Prereq 1 Credit 1 Credit 2 Credit 3 Credit 4.1 Credit 4.2 Credit 4.3 Credit 4.4 Credit 5.1 Credit 5.2 Credit 6.1 Credit 6.2 Credit 7.1 Credit 7.2 Credit 8

26 Points Resp Party

1

1

1
? No

Construction Activity Pollution Prevention Required Civil Site Selection 1 LEED PM Development Density and Community Connectivity 5 LEED PM Brownfield Redevelopment (Regional Priority) 1 Alternative Transportation - Public Transportation Access 6 LEED PM Alternative Transportation - Bicycle Storage and Changing Rooms 1 Architect Alternative Transportation - Low-Emitting and Fuel-Efficient Ve3 Architect hicles Alternative Transportation - Parking Capacity (Regional Priority) 2 Architect Civil/LandSite Development - Protect or Restore Habitat 1 scape Civil/LandSite Development - Maximize Open Space 1 scape Stormwater Design - Quantity Control (Regional Priority) 1 Civil Stormwater Design - Quality Control 1 Civil Heat Island Effect - Nonroof 1 Civil Heat Island Effect - Roof 1 Architect Light Pollution Reduction 1 Electrical 10 Points Resp Party Required LEED PM 2 to 4 Landscape 2 4 2 2 to 4 LEED PM 2 3 4
49

6 Y 2

2

2

WATER EFFICIENCY Prereq 1 Credit 1 Water Use Reduction Water Efficient Landscaping 2 Reduce by 50% No Potable Water Use or Irrigation Innovative Wastewater Technologies Water Use Reduction Reduce by 30% (Regional Priority) Reduce by 35% Reduce by 40%

2

4

2

Credit 2 Credit 3

Yes

?

No

11 Y Y Y 7

10

14

ENERGY & ATMOSPHERE Prereq 1 Prereq 2 Prereq 3 Credit 1 Fundamental Commissioning of Building Energy Systems Minimum Energy Performance Fundamental Refrigerant Management Optimize Energy Performance
Improve by 12% for New Buildings or 8% for Existing Building Renovations Improve by 14% for New Buildings or 10% for Existing Building Renovations Improve by 16% for New Buildings or 12% for Existing Building Renovations Improve by 18% for New Buildings or 14% for Existing Building Renovations Improve by 20% for New Buildings or 16% for Existing Building Renovations Improve by 22% for New Buildings or 18% for Existing Building Renovations

35 Points Resp Party Required CxA Required Mechanical Required Mechanical 1 to 19 Mechanical 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19
1 to 7 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 2 2 3 2 CxA Mechanical Owner Owner Mechanical/ Owner

3

9

7

Improve by 24% for New Buildings or 20% for Existing Building Renovations Improve by 26% for New Buildings or 22% for Existing Building Renovations Improve by 28% for New Buildings or 24% for Existing Building Renovations Improve by 30% for New Buildings or 26% for Existing Building Renovations Improve by 32% for New Buildings or 28% for Existing Building Renovations Improve by 34% for New Buildings or 30% for Existing Building Renovations Improve by 36% for New Buildings or 32% for Existing Building Renovations Improve by 38% for New Buildings or 34% for Existing Building Renovations Improve by 40% for New Buildings or 36% for Existing Building Renovations Improve by 42% for New Buildings or 38% for Existing Building Renovations Improve by 44% for New Buildings or 40% for Existing Building Renovations Improve by 46% for New Buildings or 42% for Existing Building Renovations Improve by 48%+ for New Buildings or 44%+ for Existing Building Renovations

2

2

3

Credit 2

On-Site Renewable Energy 1% Renewable Energy (Regional Priority) 2 3% Renewable Energy 5% Renewable Energy 7% Renewable Energy 9% Renewable Energy 11% Renewable Energy 13% Renewable Energy

2 2 3 2
Yes ? No

Credit 3 Credit 4 Credit 5 Credit 6

Enhanced Commissioning Enhanced Refrigerant Management Measurement and Verification Green Power

50

5 Y

2

7

MATERIALS & RESOURCES
Prereq 1 Storage and Collection of Recyclables Reuse 55% Reuse 75% Reuse 95%

14 Points Resp Party
Required 1 to 3 1 2 3 1 1 to 2 1 2 1 to 2 1 2 1 to 2 1 2 1 to 2 1 2 1 1 GC GC GC GC Owner

3

Credit 1.1 Building Reuse - Maintain Existing Walls, Floors and Roof

1 2

Credit 1.2 Building Reuse - Maintain Interior Nonstructural Elements Credit 2 Construction Waste Management 50% Recycled or Salvaged 2 75% Recycled or Salvaged Reuse 5% Reuse 10%

2

Credit 3

Materials Reuse

1

1

Credit 4

Recycled Content 1 10% of Content 20% of Content

1

1

Credit 5

Regional Materials 1 10% of Materials 20% of Materials

1 1
Yes ? No

Credit 6 Credit 7

Rapidly Renewable Materials Certified Wood

13 Y Y 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

2

0

INDOOR ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY
Prereq 1 Prereq 2 Credit 1 Credit 2 Credit 3.1 Credit 3.2 Credit 4.1 Credit 4.2 Credit 4.3 Credit 4.4 Minimum Indoor Air Quality Performance Environmental Tobacco Smoke (ETS) Control Outdoor Air Delivery Monitoring Increased Ventilation Construction Indoor Air Quality Management Plan - During Construction Construction Indoor Air Quality Management Plan - Before Occupancy Low-Emitting Materials - Adhesives and Sealants Low-Emitting Materials - Paints and Coatings Low-Emitting Materials - Flooring Systems Low-Emitting Materials - Composite Wood and Agrifiber Products Indoor Chemical and Pollutant Source Control Controllability of Systems - Lighting

15 points Resp Party
Required Required 1 1 1 1 Mechanical Owner Mechanical Mechanical GC GC

1 Architect/GC 1 Architect/GC 1 Architect/GC 1 Architect/GC 1 1 Architect Electrical

1 1

Credit 5 Credit 6.1

51

2 Controllability of Systems . Specifically. the design team members should familiarize themselves with credit requirements and what documentation will be required to submit for each credit using LEED-Online. the project team decided to go for gold.Daylight Daylight and Views . Access to LEED-Online is obtained once the project is registered.1 Credit 8.Verification Daylight and Views .2 Credit 8.Views 1 1 1 1 1 Mechanical Mechanical Owner LEED PM LEED PM 6 5 0 0 INNOVATION IN DESIGN Credit 1 Innovation in Design 1 1 1 1 1 Structural Innovation Green Cleaning Green Education Integrated Pest Management Exemplary Performance . Now we'll take a look at project registration.50% 6 Points Resp Party 1 to 5 1 1 1 1 1 1 Structural Owner Owner Owner LEED PM LEED PM 1 Yes ? No Credit 2 0 0 LEED® Accredited Professional 4 4 REGIONAL PRIORITY Credit 1 Regional Priority 1 1 1 1 Alternative Transportation .Water Use Reduction .10% of Materials 4 Points Resp Party 1 to 4 1 1 1 1 Architect Civil LEED PM GC Yes ? No 66 20 24 PROJECT TOTALS (Certification Estimates) Certified: 40-49 points Silver: 50-59 points Gold: 60-79 points Platinum: 80+ points 110 Points As you can see.1 Credit 7. this is a very good start and gives the team a good understanding of the actions and deliverables each party is responsible for.Thermal Comfort Thermal Comfort .Reduce by 30% Regional Materials . 52 .2 Credit 7.1 1 1 1 1 Yes ? No Credit 6.Quantity Control Water Use Reduction .Parking Capacity Stormwater Design .Design Thermal Comfort . While the certification level may change throughout the design and construction phases.

It’s best to do this in the very early stages of the project. or any confidential project information.Project Registration Okay. Your next step is to let the USGBC into the loop and to acquire some tools from them. Pieces of necessary software. They know what they want and how they’re going to get it.e. and $600 for non-members. How? Register your project. The cost for a new CIR is $220 per credit so it is a good idea to review existing CIRs to determine potential parallels with other project requests before submitting a new one. any contact information for the LEED AP. submissions are limited to 600 words or 4. so everybody’s on the same page. When submitting a CIR. credit interpretation requests. Here the project team can review their credit templates and determine what pieces of information they will need to acquire for proper documentation of their credits. The existing CIRs are a list of past project team requests and Technical Advisory Group (TAG) rulings. All existing and new requests can be accessed via LEED-Online. The following is the basic information needed to register a project with the USGBC: Project Title Address City State Country County Zip Code Anticipated Construction Start Date Anticipated Construction End Date LEED Rating System Number of LEED projects in application Gross Project Square Footage Is Project Confidential? (Y/N) Would you like to notify your local chapter of this project -registration? (Y/N) Anticipated Project Type (i. which contains project information such as credit templates. In these cases. These rulings set a precedent for the requirements to achieve credits. This example was taken from their website. There is no guarantee that a credit will be achieved with submittal of the CIR documents. The initial cost for registration is $450 for USGBC members. and important documents are all located on LEED-Online. 53 .000 characters. the project team can then be invited to LEED-Online. commercial etc. Sometimes a project team is unsure of the validity of a credit attempt and they cannot come to a conclusion by reading the LEED Reference Guide or by reading the existing CIRs from other projects. Registration will allow members of the design team to join and gain access to LEEDOnline. a new CIR may be submitted and a ruling given by the TAGs which would set future precedent. In addition. be sure to avoid using the credit name. The project team can also access the existing Credit Interpretation Requests and Rulings (CIRs) through LEED-Online. retail. The following is an example of a CIR submitted to the USGBC and the ruling by the Technical Advisory Groups (TAGs).) Anticipated Certification Level After the project is registered.

one of the houses was moved from the property .diverting even more waste than would normally be realized through job site recycling. The house that was moved rather than demolished and diverted from the waste stream continues to be used as a house and serves a family of four. This structure was donated to the local municipality for use by the public safety/ fire department as an educational/training tool as part of a live fire training exercise. because the house was moved it is being used in its entirety . We understand that incineration of building materials and waste is not considered to meet the intent of MR 2 unless it is used as a biomass fuel generation source as determined by the ruling on 3/23/2004.Credit Interpretation Request (7/26/2007) Our project is a 3 story multi-family apartment building in a metro area. how should we best estimate the weight of the structure? We will not be able to separate the weights of the various materials and components but will rather need to estimate the weight of the house en masse and list as a separate 54 line item. Our question is two fold: 1.being sold to a 3rd party who has moved the house to a new location and is continuing to use the house as a residence . should we apply for an Innovation and Design Credit for the reuse of the house? 2. Part of the site was previously developed and contained two houses. This. of course means that the house was burned as part of the training exercise and is no longer on the property. Ruling (8/16/2007) The applicant is proposing two measures: to include a relocated house in the calculations for MRc2 or to receive an innovation point for this measure. and to reuse an existing house for a fire . May we apply for an Innovation and Design Credit for this work? Supporting documentation will include narratives. The house that was donated to the local municipality for use by the public safety/fire department as an educational/training tool also diverted waste from the landfill.thereby extending its useful life and purpose. The second structure was in poor condition and was unlikely to continue to be used as a residence. Or.by providing firefighters necessary educational and life safety training experience so that they are better prepared to fight fires and rescue people in danger . In lieu of demolition of these structures. a statement of activity by the public safety/fire department and an environmental report stating that the house contained no hazardous materials at the time of the fire fighting exercise. We consider this a benefit as a family is provided affordable housing without the use and extraction of additional material resources. and if so.the use of the house in this manner thereby helps to save lives and extend the public good beyond the material value of the structure. use of this structure benefits the public good . Should we include the weight of this house in our calculations for credit MR 2. All of the burned material was removed from the site prior to the contractor’s mobilization and control of the site. However. Also.

If the project team is not satisfied with the results of the final certification. Finally. CIRs can be quite helpful in deciding which credits to aim for when planning the project. an administrative review will take place to confirm that all documents are in order. an ID point for exemplary performance can be pursued. the scope. non-profit. Consulting a structural engineer on the weights of both houses for these calculations is encouraged in order for the weights of the materials to be the most accurate. The LEED project team has 25 business days to respond to the USGBC with additional comments and documents. First. gross square footage. institutional or other type of building. obviously which rating system you're planning on using! Also. budget.000/credit and project teams will receive an answer within 12 days. The final LEED review will take place over the next 15 days and a final certification ruling will take place. certification fees must be paid in full. Alternatively. The relocation of the first structure mentioned warrants an innovation point. as this reuse measure achieves a higher environmental impact than recycling of the materials of the house alone. and contact information for the Project Administrator and Owner. you'll need some information.department training use and achieving an innovation point using this strategy. be sure to do some research! Once all documentation is submitted to LEED-Online. information about the physical address of the building. you'll need to know the owner type (whether it's a government. if the total project’s diversion rate for MRc2 is 95% or higher. When the time comes to log onto the Internet and register the project. At this point. they can file an appeal (at the rate of $500/credit) within 25 days of receipt. the house can be included in MRc2 calculations. site conditions. Once these fees are paid. Once registration is complete. The proposal for the second structure (donation for public safety/fire department use) can be included in the MRc2 calculations but does not warrant an innovation point alone. though. and the project and occupant types. The USGBC will provide preliminary feedback after 25 business days. Expedited reviews are available for $10. As you can see. 55 . Before submitting. the Project Administrator will have access to LEED-Online. current phase. fees are due to the USGBC.

Here. My Action Items This section displays the next steps for the Project Administrator and the other team members. • “Remove” button (to remove project from your list) • “Enter” button (to enter the project) In addition to this information will be a box for entering a Project Access Code.e. This rating is not a final ruling and should only be used by the project team as a gauge for project progress. Clicking "Enter" will bring you to the Credit Scorecard and Status tab.LEED-Online Some of the pages before this refer to something called LEED-Online. Listed will be: • Name (of project) • Project Administrator (name) • City (location of project) • State (location of project) • Your Role (i. silver.) • Current Status (i.com. This code is used when joining a project. you're now known as the LEED Project Administrator. Potential/Final LEED® Rating A rating will be displayed in the form of a highlighted crest (i. etc.e.  Once all the Design Prerequisites and at least one Design Credit have been completed an Action Item of “Submit Application Payment and Begin Review” will appear on the Project Administrator’s account. you're in! The first thing you'll see upon login is a project selector. The following information relates specifically to LEED-Online version 2.  It is important that the Project Administrator not click this button until the Project Team has documented all Design Credits they want to submit for review to the USGBC. Engineer. but the majority of the information required remains the same. Construction Application Review.2. If you happen to be involved in several LEED projects. you'll find all of the documents you need for calculations.) depending on the number of credits attempted. you'll have access to LEED-Online and be able to invite others to join the project. Think about it as your library-the place you go for information. plus more. The login here will be the same as the ones for the USGBC and GBCI websites). Minor adjustments have been made to LEED-Online version 3.e. Architect. If you registered the project. gold. All prerequisites need to be attempted and documented for a potential LEED® rating to appear. you'll have access to them all through your account (which is created when the project is registered with the USGBC and all fees are paid. the project status and number of points anticipated or awarded. Design Application. you'll find information about any project you're involved in. This is one of seven tabs that will appear for a given project. LEED-Online can be found at www. LEED-Online is a major resource in getting a building certified. When the Project Administrator Logging into LEED-Online Okay. etc. etc. Here. The Project Administrator will send you an e-mail with this code. Project Administrator.leedonline.  The Action Items displayed will vary depending on your project role.) 56 . referenced standards and resources.

since the team will have the option whether to submit the Design credits at the end of the design phase of the project (defined as 100% Construction Documents). A ruling on every credit that is submitted will be received. LEED®NC is broken into these two phases to give the project team flexibility when planning. the USGBC will review and mark each Design and Construction credit as either “Achieved” or “Denied”.  The points attempted will feed the display for the potential/final LEED® rating (i. The Credit Scorecard can be broken up into the following sections: • Points Documented • Credit Category & Number • Design & Construction • Credit Name & Documentation • Team Member Assigned & Attempted • Credit Status • Credit Indication • Possible Points Points Documented Points Documented displays the number of credits which have been attempted and documented. the Project Administrator and project team can click on the button “Expand All Credit Categories” or click on the arrow button next to each main Category title.accepts the final rating from USGBC at the end of the Construction Review & Certification Award. the USGBC will review and mark each Design credit as either “Anticipated” or “Denied”. Credit Scorecard This section is where the Project Administrator and project team will document credits. Credit Name & Documentation The name of the credit will always appear.  Attempted Credit Summary This displays the attempted points by the project.  An example of this section is “EA Credit 1” which stands for the category: Energy & Atmosphere Credit 1. Credits marked as “D” are Design whereas credits marked as “C” are Construction. highlighted crest) in LEED® Online within the Credit Scorecard & Status page. This optional Design submittal allows for the project team to better assess the total expected points for the project at an earlier stage and it allows for the application fee to be paid in part during the Design submittal with the remainder paid during the Construction submittal at the end of the project. the name of the credit will become a hyperlink 57 . In this case. It also separates the total points between Design and Construction credits. If the project team does not take advantage of the Design submittal then all the credits are submitted during the Construction Submittal at the end of the project.  Most of the LEED® Certification work will be done in this section. Design & Construction Design and Construction refers to where the credit falls within the project phase. Credit Category & Number Credit categories & numbers show the project team which category they are currently working on. with a brief explanation of why any credits were denied. To view the credits in each category. the rating will be displayed as absolute.  Once a credit is attempted in the Team Member Assigned & Attempted section by the Project Administrator. When opting for the Design submittal. whether the credit is attempted or unattempted.e.

the reviewed credits will show as either “Anticipated” or “Denied”. Team Member Assigned & Attempted This is where the Project Administrator assigns a project team member role (defined in the “Team Admin” tab) to a specific credit. the Project Administrator must first chose a project team member role from the drop down for the credit name. Credit Indication Credit indication displays depend on the project stage. the project team members will only be able to click on the attempted credits they are specifically assigned to by the Project Administrator but the Project Administrator can click on any of the attempted credits for more information. Also. all attempted credits will show as “Attempted” once a Project Administrator has assigned a project team member role to a credit. This 58 green check mark indicates the template and documentation have been attempted. the reviewed credits will show as either “Achieved” or “Denied”. The Points Documented section can be compared to this section to give the project team an idea of what proportion of the potential points are being captured. This indicates the credit has been attempted.  A red exclamation point appears when the credit is first assigned to a project team role. The white check mark will become a green check mark when the Project Administrator or project team member assigned to that credit clicks on the “Mark as Complete” button inside the hyperlink for the credit.for the Project Administrator or the team member assigned to click in order to document the individual credit. that credit becomes an attempted credit for the project. This section helps with internal organization and allows the Project Administrator and project team to see which attempted credits need to be filled out at any given time. Possible Points This shows the maximum number of points available per credit and category.  Once a project team member is assigned to a credit. all Design credits that are being deferred until Construction Review will show as “Deferred”. It is broken into the four sections below: • Attempted On This displays the date the credit was first assigned to a project team member and marked as attempted.  Credit Status Credit status images show up depending on whether the documentation of the credit is complete or incomplete once it is attempted. The red exclamation point becomes a white check mark when the credit template (located within the hyperlink for the credit) for that credit has been saved for the first time. Then when the Design Review is complete.  When doing a Design Review. but the necessary template and documentation have not been uploaded to LEED® Online. . When the Construction Review is complete. Its important to note that before a project team member is able to click on the hyperlink for their credit. At first. the credits under review will show as “Under Review”. When the Design Review or Construction Review are underway. uploaded and complete. Inside the Credit Hyperlink The Claim of Credit Status displays information about the individual credit.

this section includes a link to a PDF that allows for a simpler method of calculating the glazing factor. d. Before it has been submitted. It is broken into the five sections below: • Template Status This displays whether a credit template has been submitted or not. Credit Compliance .List of team member’s supporting documentation.• Credit Status This displays the status of the credit (i.Project team member’s information. this area is where a Project Administrator has the option to “Unattempt” a credit. • Manage Template This section is the most important section for documenting the credit. this is where a Design credit can be deferred until the Construction Review. However. Each template includes the following sub-sections: a. Credit Template The Credit Template section is the main area where the Project Administrator or project team member assigned to the credit will document the necessary information for attempted credits. Sheet Description Log . login ID. b.e.  • Defer until Construction Phase? When opting for the Design Review. Denied). when using the glazing factor method to determine the daylighting for the daylighting credits. Responsible Individual & Company Name . and password and then hit the “Save Template to LEED® Online” button.Shows total points relative to the data input in the Credit Compliance section. These Credit Templates are specific to each credit and include built-in calculations and information about necessary supporting documentation. • Assigned Team Role This displays the project team member assigned to the specific credit. the user needs to input their name. In this section you can click on the “Download Template” button for the credit template. 59 . Anticipated. To update the template.  Also. Attempted. • Credit Resources This section is not included on most of the credits. date. This is also where the project team member signs and dates the template with their same login ID and password for getting onto LEED® online. this section will display the date of the last saved update to the credit template. c. Points Documented .Specific information required relative to credit with built in calculations. Project team members will need to include the completed Credit Templates for all attempted credits as part of the submission for review.  The Credit Templates are powered by Adobe LiveCycle and use Adobe Reader to view and submit the template.

XLS.  Once the Credit Template and documents have been uploaded. JPEG. project teams are not limited to only uploading the required supporting documentation and can submit any forms of documentation that may be appropriate for the credit.• Required Documents This is where the Project Administrator or the team member assigned to the credit can upload supplemental documentation asked for in the Credit Template. TXT. However. TIF. PNG. There are two steps needed to add a Project Team member: • Project Access Code • Role Defined Project Access Code Project Team members will show up in 60 . the team member assigned to the credit can click on the “Complete” button to lock the template for complete status. The project summary refers to the information and specification of the project. Notes can be added at any time by any of the parties assigned to the credit. Review Comments This is where the USGBC reviewers will supply comments when additional action is required to achieve the credit after either a Design or Construction Review has been completed. Project Team This section is used by the Project Administrator to build and edit project team members associated with the project. GIF. The system accepts any of the following formats for uploading: PDF.  Click on “Edit Project Summary” at the bottom of the Project Summary page to update or add any information. These are not viewed by the USGBC reviewers during the review process. This status can be adjusted at any time except when the credit is under review. • Documentation Status This displays whether the credit is complete or not based on Credit Template submission and documents uploaded. BMP. Notes This section is used by the Project Administrator as an internal tool to discuss issues with credit documentation with the rest of the project team. DWF. Most of the information is taken from the project registration information but some additional information still needs to be input by the Project Administrator. The Project Summary is broken up into eight sections: • Project Details • Project Contact • Project Cost • Project Information • Project Site • Project Building Code • Project Type • Details to be Confidential It’s important to fill out the most current information in this section so the USGBC can better serve the project. The complete status isn’t permanent—a credit that is marked as “Complete” can be marked as “Incomplete” as well if the team decides that there is more information needed before submission. DFW. JPG. ZIP.  The required documentation needs to be uploaded along with the Credit Template for the credit to be reviewed by USGBC. DOC.

  The project Administrator needs to add the team members’ email addresses into the section “Invite Someone to Join This Project”.  The Project Administrator can then assign a Team Role to the project team members. Drawings & Images This section can be used for the Project Administrator and team to upload any specific images or drawings of the project. The Project Team Manager has the same privileges as the Project Administrator and can invite/delete project team members. 61 . to all credits assigned to the role that corresponds with their own role.org/your account).  Role Defined Once a project team member has entered the Project Access Code into their account. attempt/unattempt credits and submit documentation for review to the USGBC. that person will show up on the Project Team list. Mange Team Roles This section allows a Project Administrator to add roles not predetermined in the system. This will automatically send information and the Project Access Code in an email to project team members to be added to the Project Team list.). A project team member will have hyperlinks for their assigned credits in the Credit Scorecard & Status tab. The Project Access Code is also displayed in Project Summary of LEED® Online. before & after project pictures. The roles assigned in this tab are the same roles referred to above in the Credit Scorecard & Status tab.  A Project Administrator can remove and modify roles he/she has created but the predetermined roles cannot be removed or modified.  The person will receive an email with the project’s Project Access Code along with instructions to add themselves as a project team member. Invite Someone to This Project Enter a person’s email address in the field to send them an invitation to join the project. and therefore access. and assign them to a particular position. Similarly to adding other team members. Note: The Team Admin tab can only be accessed by the Project Administrator and by one other who has the predetermined role called the “Project Team Manager”. the Project Administrator needs to send the access code to the Project Team Manager via e-mail.  This is a good place to upload general project documents (i. The only real difference between the Project Administrator and the Project Team Manager is that the Project Administrator is the individual who actually registered the project. below the Project Team section. Roles can be edited or created in “Manage Team Roles” in this page’s view. Once created. Also. project building layout. these roles can be identified for each project team member.this section once a user has entered the Project Access Code into their USGBC user account (users will NOT show up unless the Project Access Code has been added to their account: www.e. etc. There is no limit to the number of Project Team Managers on a project team and this role is usually assigned to someone on the team who is with the same firm as the Project Administrator so that multiple people have full access to the project within that firm.usgbc. at any time a Project Administrator can edit user roles or delete a user all together. A role must be assigned for the project team members to have access to their assigned credits.

GIF. All attempted credits assigned as ‘design’ credits would either be submitted during the Design Phase Review or deferred until the Construction Phase Review. Note that the two-phase submittal option is not available for Existing Buildings: Operations and Maintenance projects. TIF. Credit Interpretations The Credit Interpretations (or commonly called CIRs) are a way for the Project Administrator and team to receive feedback on any questions or clarifications on specific credits. A Design Phase Review allows the project team to assess their potential for total credit achievement so that they can make better decisions during construction with regards to change orders etc. the design team will submit part of the application after 100% Construction Documents (Design Submittal) and the remaining part after commissioning at the end of the project (Construction Submittal). The certification application submittal process can be completed in one or two phases. GIF. Whether a one-phase or a two-phase submittal option is chosen. JPG. This section includes descriptions of all of the above tabs inside the project as well some other useful information. The type of files you can upload are: PDF. If choosing the two-phase submittal option. both scenarios require following through with the Administrative Review process through LEED-Online. Project Certification Application Process After the design portion of the project has been completed the project team then has to make a choice regarding their certification application submittal process. The CIR page is broken up into two sections: • Find an Existing CIR • Submit a New CIR Both of these sections will be helpful for the Project Administrator and team as the project progresses. BMP.The type of files you can upload are: PDF. then the project team will wait until after the commissioning process is complete at the end of construction to submit their application. DOC. Each attempted credit for the project is assigned as either a ‘design’ credit or a ‘construction’ credit on LEED-Online. Miscellaneous This section can be used for the Project Administrator and team to upload any documentation not covered in the credit documentation but that the Project Administrator and team would like USGBC to know about. XLS. Once the project team has internally decided that they are ready to submit their 62 . If choosing the one-phase submittal. BMP. JPG. Project teams are allowed one design phase review which is usually completed after 100% Construction Documents. TIF.

The GBCI then has 25 business days to respond to the project team with preliminary comments. Once certification application payment is received (charge or check) the Project Administrator and Project Team Managers are notified via email that the Administrative Review process has begun.documentation for review (Design or Construction). the project team can then see which credits were achieved or denied. The official credit achievement total is not determined until the project team accepts the Final LEED Review at the end of the project. “Anticipated” credits will be “Achieved” at the end of the project if no changes have occurred during construction. through LEED-Online. If the project team is unhappy with the denial of a credit. Then the GBCI has 15 business days to respond to the project team with the Final LEED Review. all “Anticipated” credits are not officially earned until the end of the project. 63 . Therefore. If it was a Construction Phase submittal or a combined submittal at the end of the project then all attempted credits will be labeled as either “Achieved” or “Denied” on LEED-Online. the project team then has 25 business days to resubmit adjustments to the credits which had received comments. If it was a Design Phase submittal then the attempted design credits will be labeled as either “Anticipated” or “Denied” on LEEDOnline. Upon receipt of the GBCI comments. Note that when opting for a Design Phase submittal. Upon receipt of the Final LEED Review. All Design Phase credits must be updated during the Construction Phase review to reflect any changes that occur during construction. in its entirety for the given phase. the certification application fee is paid in part during the Design submittal and the remaining portion of the fee is paid during the Construction submittal. All credits denied during the Design Phase submittal must be appealed within 25 business days of the receipt of the Design Phase Final LEED Review and cannot be appealed after the Construction Phase Final LEED Review. the Project Administrator or a Project Team Manager submits the documentation. they have 25 business days from the receipt of the official denial to submit an appeal ($500/credit).

such as railroad tracks and rivers. Everything within the project boundary should be included in the documentation. This boundary includes all contiguous land owned by the building owner and all land disturbed as part of the scope of the LEED project. This includes parking. • The same regulatory jurisdiction covers the entire site across all parcels. Surfaces that aren’t associated with the LEED project or are owned by a separate party may be excluded from the project boundary. the following conditions must be met: • The distance between non-contiguous parcels are no more than ¼ mile (0. • Each non-contiguous parcel complies with the prerequisites and all earned credits. This includes public entities. • The area between the non-contiguous parcels is described and demonstrates a legitimate need for non-contiguous parcels. This boundary can extend outside of the owner's land area. 64 . • Project teams may not make unreasonable exclusions or shapes that take advantage of the non-contiguous allowance for the sole purpose of complying with a prerequisite or credit. Only occasionally may a project boundary be non-contiguous.LEED Project Boundary The LEED Project Boundary is the perimeter of the building owner’s land. In these areas.40 kilometer) walkable distance apart. structures and landscaping.

Zero-Emission Vehicle Definition Sustainable Sites: Alternative Transportation—Low-Emitting and Fuel-Efficient Vehicles Sustainable Sites: Alternative Transportation—Low-Emitting and Fuel-Efficient Vehicles The American Council for an EnergyEfficient Economy. In addition to using lowpolluting sources of energy. This chart details the standards that are referenced throughout the LEED® rating systems. Water commercial plumbing fixtures. 2005 These rules help project teams survey building occupants to reduce transportation impacts on the environment. 2004) and Rule 2202. Section 402. Referenced Standard LEED® Green Building Rating System What It Covers This covers the basics of all projects seeking LEED® certification. Conserving Fixtures and Fittings International Code Council. On-Road Motor Vehicle Mitigation Options Employee Commute Reduction Program Guidelines. Uniform Plumbing goals for acceptable water use by many Code 2006. Rule 2202. Chapter II (effective Feb. Cutting single-occupant vehicle trips is a key component of some LEED® credits. Some standards are referenced more than once. Applicable Credits All Applicable Credits The California Air Resources Board. This helps firms buy or lease lowpolluting vehicles for normal business uses and in construction activities. Sustainable Sites: Alternative Transportation—Low-Emitting and Fuel-Efficient Vehicles International Association of Plumbing and Mechanical Officials IAPMO/ This organization sets standards and ANSI UPC 1-2006. Water Efficiency: Water Use Reduction Water Efficiency: reducing water loss through leaky fixtures 65 . with different credits.Referenced Standards Each credit has a number of requirements that must be met before the points can be earned toward LEED® certification. Section 604. Reducing greenhouse gas emissions is an important part of LEED® certification. Design of Building Water Distribution Systems This organization also sets standards and goals for acceptable water use by many commercial plumbing fixtures. the ACEE Green Book® Environmental Guide to Cars and Trucks South Coast Air Quality Management District. Employee Commute Reduction Program AVR Survey Support Guide (effective July. International Plumbing Code 2006. These requirements often have a related industry standard that must be met or exceeded. LEED® also promotes cutting vehicle emissions by building occupants.

Refrigeration and Airconditioning Engineers. and shower fixtures. a calculation method for broader space types and adaptive method for naturally ventilated spaces in some climates. Produced by a partnership of the US Environmental Protection Agency and the Department of Energy. Among other tasks. Energy Star ratings help guide businesses in their purchasing of energy-efficient products. operating and maintaining major energy-using systems in an efficient manner ASHRAE Standard 90. walk-through analysis covering Procedures for Commercial Building Energy Audits and the 2007 ASHRAE Handbook Energy & Atmosphere —designing. Rule 606. Energy and Atmosphere—efficient energy use by individual appliances (refrigerators.1-2007 Level II Energy & Atmosphere—looks at complete replacement and design of major energy-using systems ASHRAE Standard 62. Sets standards similar to Level I.2-1999: Method of Testing General Ventilation Air-Cleaning Devices for Removal Efficiency by Particle Size ASHRAE Standard 55-2004. Determines the Minimum Efficiency Reporting Value (MERV) of an air filter. Produced by the American Society of Heating. it addresses separating areas allowing environmental tobacco smoke from those that do not in the same building. Creates a method of complying with air quality standards for common space types.1-2007 Level I. The fourvolume handbook contains extensive information on heating. fresh air for building occupants ASHRAE Standard 52. ventilation. but goes into greater detail. stoves.1-2007 Indoor Air Quality—ensures clean. dishwashers) and computer equipment (servers. Refrigerant Recycling Rule Energy and Atmosphere—reducing stratosphere ozone depletion. Specifies exactly which chemical refrigerants can be recycled and how to do it effectively and safely. Title VI. air-conditioning and refrigeration. monitors) Energy and Atmosphere—tracking energy use at the building or property level ENERGY STAR ® ratings ENERGY STAR ® Portfolio Manager 66 . Sets minimum ventilation rates and other requirements for commercial and institutional buildings. especially on more capital intensive measures.Energy Policy Act of 1992 The act set the standard for maximum flow rates for toilets. the ASHRAE Level-1 standard helps engineers design and operate energy-efficient building heating and cooling systems. sinks. An interactive tool allowing businesses to track and assess energy and water use within a building or a group of buildings Water Efficiency: Water Use Reduction ASHRAE Standard 90. Thermal Comfort Conditions for Human Occupancy Indoor Air Quality—clean air for occupants Indoor Air Quality—comfortable temperatures for building occupants US EPA Clean Air Act.

) Nov. Set minimum indoor air quality standards for buildings under construction. sustainable methods Created by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) these tools help firms buy environmentallysound computers and monitors Produced by the Carpet and Rug Institute. fulfill customer needs and understand the latest HVAC green technologies Essentially a method of buying energy (in the form of certificates) from renewable energy producers and greenhouse gas reducers. Indoor Environmental Quality— reducing air pollution impacts on occupants of buildings during remodels or renovations Indoor Environmental Quality— reducing air pollution impacts on occupants of buildings during remodels or renovations Indoor Environmental Quality— reducing health problems caused by exposure to cleaning chemicals Green Seal and Green Seal Certified Mechanical Service Contractors of America (MSCA) Water Efficiency—keeping cooling towers free of biological contaminants The Center for Resource Solutions’ Green-e Energy Certification Program Energy and Atmosphere— environmentally-friendly energy production EPA Climate Leaders Energy and Atmosphere—reducing greenhouse gas emissions The Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) Certified Wood and Paper Products Materials and Resources—forest conservation. these designations apply to carpet and adhesive products with low volatile organic compound (VOC) and other emissions. MSCA has its own GreenStar designation awarded to contractors that promote sustainability. responsible use of wood products in consumable purchasing Electronic Product Environmental Assessment Tools (EPEAT) Materials and Resources—sustainable purchases of durable goods Green Label Testing Program and Green Label Plus Testing Program Indoor Environmental Quality— reducing indoor VOC emissions from carpet adhesives Indoor Environmental Quality— reducing indoor VOC emissions from flooring adhesives 67 FloorScore Scientific Certification Systems . 2007. possess the skills and expertise needed to deliver energy-efficient indoor environmental solutions. Chapter 3 SMACNA sets standards for sheet metal manufacturing. An independent non-profit organization that promotes the manufacture. Sets standards related to the environmental impacts of flooring and flooring adhesives. fabrication and installation. purchase and use of environmentally responsible products and services. This non-profit group encourages responsible forest management using environmentally responsible.Sheet Metal and Air Conditioning Contractors National Association (SMACNA) SMACNA Indoor Air Quality Guidelines for Occupied Buildings Under Construction (2nd Ed. A partnership between the EPA and companies committed to reducing greenhouse gas emissions and reporting their progress.

Organic Compounds. especially meat products Materials and Resources—promoting sustainable fisheries Materials and Resources—promotes reduced use of pesticides in farming Food Alliance certification Marine Stewardship Council Blue EcoLabel Protected Harvest Certification Rainforest Alliance Certification Materials and Resources—rainforest preservation 68 . Sets VOC limits for architectural coating This is the standard for aerosol adhesives These are the environmental standards for paints. consumer and business practices to ensure sustainable livelihoods.GreenSeal GS-03 Anti-corrosive Paints South Coast Air Quality Management District Rule 1113. This rule sets volatile organic compound (VOC) content limits for adhesives and sealants used by industrial and commercial facilities and by consumers. Key exceptions are stains. Rule 51. not just middlemen Certifies farms. Conserves biodiversity by changing land-use. Adhesive and Sealant Products South Coast Air Quality Management District Rule 1168 and the Adhesive and Sealant Applications National Electrical and Medical Imaging Manufacturers Association Voluntary Commitment on Mercury in Compact Fluorescent Lights Fairtrade Labeling Organizations International certification Indoor Environmental Quality— reducing indoor VOC emissions from paints and other sealants Indoor Environmental Quality— reducing indoor VOC emissions from a wide range of commercial paints and adhesives Sets acceptable mercury vapor levels for Materials and Resources—reducing compact fluorescent lights. mercury vapor exposure Ensures that set minimum fees reach producers. including humane animal treatment. Very similar to the above but includes all cements and adhesives. Materials and Resources—promoting sustainable food production methods Materials and Resources—promoting sustainable food production methods. Architectural Coating GreenSeal GS-36 Standard for Commercial Adhesives Sets VOC limits for anti-corrosive paints. ranches and food handlers for sustainable agriculture and business practices. Certifies farmers’ use of very strict environmental standards. Indoor Environmental Quality-reduce VOCs from paints Indoor Environmental Quality-reduce VOCs from architectural coatings Indoor Environmental Qualityreducing VOC emissions from adhesives & sealants Indoor Environmental Quality— reducing indoor VOC emissions from paints and other sealants Green Seal GS-11 Environmental Requirements for Paints Bay Area Air Quality Management District Regulation 8. clear finishes and aerosols. Applies chain of custody standards to trace seafood from a sustainable fishery to store shelves.

Determines air leakage rates using fan pressurization Evaluates light transmission and scattering properties of various materials such as transparent plastic. Standard Test Method for Haze and Luminance Transmittance of Transparent Plastics The California Code of Regulations Maximum Allowable VOC Levels Environmental Choice Certified Products EPA Comprehensive Procurement Guidelines Indoor Environmental Quality— Environmental Tobacco Smoke control Indoor Environmental Quality— Daylighting and views Indoor Environmental Quality— sustainable purchasing of cleaning products Indoor Environmental Quality— sustainable purchasing of cleaning products Indoor Environmental Quality— sustainable purchasing of cleaning products 69 . 2002 Indoor Environmental Quality— building occupant health and safety ASTM-779-03 ASTM D1003-07E1. Creating and implementing an Indoor prove the building is following IAQ Air Quality Management Program practices and reduce liability from IAQ complaints.US Department of Agriculture Organic certification The federal government’s listing standard for organic food products. covers using C02 monitoring to evaluate ventilation and IAQ. ASTM Standard D 6245-98. Helps determine C02 generation rates from people in terms of their body size and physical exertions. Indoor Environmental Quality— including an IAQ building audit. Applies to specific cleaning products categories Sets standards for various cleaning products including limits on toxicity and biodegradability. Covers janitorial supplies such as paper and plastic liners. Materials and Resources—regulation of “organic” designation EPA’s Indoor Air Quality Building Education and Assessment Model Allows firms to use computer modeling for improving Indoor Air Quality. Guide for Using Indoor Carbon Dioxide Concentration to Evaluate Indoor Air Quality and Ventilation.

5 EA Prerequisite 1. EA Prerequisite 1.1 SS Credits 3.10 SSc1. SSc1.2.2. Path 2 SSc1 Option 2.10 SSc1. SSc1.2. Building Design and Construction and Interior Design and Construction. 1.2. EA Prerequisite 1. 1.2. WE Credits 2 and 3 SS Credits 5 and 6.2. EA Credit 1 SS Credits 1.1 SS Credits 1. WE Credit 1.3.10 EA Credits 1. EA Credit 2 SS Credits 1.6. Path 9 SSc1 Option 2. EA Credit 1 EA Prerequisite 2 Interior Design and Construction Credit Sustainable Sites SSc1 Option 1 SSc1 Option 2. EA Credit 3 Not Specified SS Credit 3.4.B. SSc1.2 SS Credit 8 Related Credits None IEQ Credits 3.7.2. EA Credits 3. SSc1.2.1 SS Credit 7. WE Credit 3 SS Credits 5 and 6.7. 6 and 7.2.2.2.1 SS Credit 3.3.3.10. SSc1.1.7.2. SSc1.10.8.1 SS Credit 2 None None 70 . SSc1.2.3. Path 6 SSc1 Option 2. 6.1 and 7.8. 1.4. 1. 3. 7.5.2.2.2.2. 3.5. IEQ Credit 6. SSc1. SSc1.9.2.3. 1. Path 4 SSc1 Option 2. SSc1. Path 12 SS Credit 2 SS Credit 3. WE Credit 3 SS Credits 5.2.2. WE Prerequisite 1.7.2. Existing Buildings: Operations and Maintenance Credit Sustainable Sites SS Credit 1 SS Credit 2 SS Credit 3 SS Credit 4 SS Credit 5 SS Credit 6 SS Credit 7.2. 1.2. 1.2.5.2. SSc1.2. Path 1 SSc1 Option 2.2.3 Related Credits None None SSc1. 1.2.2. SSc1.7. WE Credit 1. EA Credit 1 SS Credit 1. 1.2.1. Path 7 SSc1 Option 2. SSc1.4. Path 5 SSc1 Option 2.2. 7.8 SSc1.2.2.2.3.2 SS Credit 3. 1.4.5. SS Credits 5 and 6 SS Credits 5. SSc.4. Path 3 SSc1 Option 2. 7.Credit Synergies Many LEED® credits and prerequisites relate to each other.2.2.8.2. 1. WE Credit 3.2. The following are three tables that represent the interactions between Sustainable Sites credits from the different rating systems.2. Full charts can be found in the study guides for each Existing Buildings: Operations and Maintenance. SSc1. 1. Path 10 SSc1 Option 2. MR Credit 3 IEQ Credit 3.2.2.8. Path 11 SSc1 Option 2. Path 8 SSc1 Option 2.2.

IEQ Credits 2.1. 6.2 SS Credit 3 SS Credits 2. 7. 5. 3 SS Credits 5.2. WE Credits 1. 6.1 SS Credits 5.2.1. 5. 6.2.2. 6.1. 5. 5.1.3 SS Credit 4.Building Design and Construction Credit Sustainable Sites SS Prerequisite 1 SS Prerequisite 2 SS Credit 1 SS Credit 2 SS Credit 3 SS Credit 4. 2 SS Credits 6. 7. 6.1.1 SS Credit 7. WE Credit 3. SS Credits 1. 7. 6.1.1. 3. WE Credit 1 SS Credits 5. 7.2. 6.4 SS Credits 5. 5.2. 3. 6. 8 SS Credit 2 71 .1. 6.2. 5.1. 5.2 SS Credit 8 SS Credit 9 SS Credit 10 Related Credits SS Credits 5. 7. EA Credit 1 EA Credit 1.1.1. 7. IEQ Credit 6.1. 7. 7.2 SS Credits 2.1 SS Credit 1.1.2 SS Credit 4. 6. IEQ Prerequisite 2.1 SS Credit 5.2.2. 5.2. 5.2.1 WE Credit 3.1. 6.4 SS Credit 5.2. 4.2. 7.1.1. WE Credit 1 SS Credits 5. 6.1.2 SS Credit 6.2 SS Credit 7. 3.1 SS Credit 6.1 SS Credit 4. WE Credit 1 SS Credits 6.2 SS Credits 1. EA Credits 1. 5.2.2. 7. 6. 7. SS Prerequisite 2 for Schools only. 6.1 SS Credit 4. 6.2. 4.1.

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3: Alternative Transportation-Parking Availability.1: Alternative Transportation—Public Transportation Access SS. SS Credit 4. 1-5 pts. 1 pt. SS Credit 3: Brownfield Redevelopment.2: Alternative Transportation-Bicycle Storage and Changing Rooms.1: Alternative Transportation-Public Transportation Access. 1 pt. 1 pt. SS Credit 3: Integrated Pest Management. 1 pt. 1 pt. 4 pts SS Credit 1: Site Selection. SS Credit 4. 2 pts. 1 pt SS Credit 2: Development Density and Community Connectivity. 4 pts. SS. X SS Credit 3. Prerequisite 2: Environmental Site Assessment X Credit 1: Site Selection. 1 pt Prerequisite 1: Construction Activity Pollution Prevention Prerequisite 1: Construction Activity Pollution Prevention X X SS Credit 1: Site Selection. SS Credit 2: Building Exterior and Hardscape Management Plan. SS Credit 2: Development Density and Community Connectivity. SS Credit 3. SS Credit 2: Development Density and Community Connectivity 5 pts.2: Alternative Transportation—Bicycle Storage and Changing Rooms. 6 pts. 2 pts. Erosion Control and Landscape Management Plan. 2 pts. 1 pt. SS Credit 4. 4 pts. SS Credit 2: Development Density and Community Connectivity. 6 pts. . 5 pts SS Credit 3: Brownfield Redevelopment. 6 pts. X SS Credit 4: Alternative Commuting Transportation.Credit Rating Chart Credit comparisons of different rating systems New Construction and Major Renovation Schools Core & Shell Interior Design and Construction Building Operations and Maintenance Sustainable Sites Prerequisite 1: Construction Activity Pollution Prevention X SS Credit 1: Site Selection.2: Alternative Transportation—Bicycle Storage and Changing Rooms. SS Credit 4. 1 pt SS Credit 3: Brownfield Redevelopment.1: Alternative Transportation—Public Transportation Access SS. X X X SS Credit 1: LEED Certified Design and Construction. 6 pts. X X X SS Credit 4.1: Alternative Transportation—Public Transportation Access. 1 pt.2: Alternative Transportation—Bicycle Storage and Changing Rooms. 3-15 points X X 75 SS Credit 4. X X X SS Credit 3.

3: Alternative Transportation—Low-Emitting and Fuel-Efficient Vehicles. SS Credit 7.2: Stormwater Design—Quality Control. SS Credit 7. 1 pt. 1 pt. X X X X X X X X X X X X Building Operations and Maintenance Sustainable Sites Continued X X SS Credit 5: Site Development: Protect or Restore Open Habitat. X SS Credit 9: Site Master Plan. 1 pt. SS Credit 4. SS Credit 4. 3 pts. 1 pt. 1 pt. SS Credit 8: Light Pollution Reduction. X SS Credit 7.4: Alternative Transportation—Parking Capacity.2: Site Development—Maximize Open Space. 1 pt. 1 pt. 1 pt.1: Stormwater Design—Quantity Control. 2 pts. SS Credit 7. SS Credit 7.3: Alternative Transportation—Low-Emitting and Fuel-Efficient Vehicles. SS Credit 5.1: Site Development—Protect or Restore Habitat. SS Credit 5. 1 pt.1: Site Development—Protect or Restore Habitat. SS Credit 8: Light Pollution Reduction. 1 pt. 1 pt. SS Credit 5. X X SS Credit 4.2: Heat Island Reduction—Roof. 1 pt. SS Credit 6. SS Credit 8: Light Pollution Reduction. 1 pt. SS Credit 9: Tenant Design and Construction Guidelines. X X X .1: Heat Island Reduction—Nonroof.3: Alternative Transportation—Low-Emitting and Fuel-Efficient Vehicles. 3 pts. 2 pts. SS Credit 10: Joint Use of Facilities.1: Heat Island Reduction—Nonroof. 1 pt. SS Credit 5. 1 pt.1: Heat Island Reduction—Nonroof. SS Credit 7.1: Site Development—Protect or Restore Habitat. X X SS Credit 5. 1 pt. SS Credit 7. 1 pt X SS Credit 6: Stormwater Quantity Control.4: Alternative Transportation—Parking Capacity. 1 pt. 1 pt.2: Site Development—Maximize Open Space. 1 pt. 1 pt.2: Heat Island Reduction—Roof. 1 pt. X SS Credit 6.76 New Construction and Major Renovation Schools Core & Shell Interior Design and Construction SS Credit 4. 1 pt. 2 pts.4: Alternative Transportation—Parking Capacity. SS Credit 5.1: Stormwater Design—Quantity Control. SS Credit 8: Light Pollution Reduction.1: Stormwater Design—Quantity Control. SS Credit 6.1: Heat Island Reduction—Nonroof. SS Credit 6.2: Heat Island Reduction—Roof. 1 pt. 1 pt.2: Stormwater Design—Quality Control. SS Credit 6. 1 pt. SS Credit 6. 1 pt. SS Credit 4.2: Stormwater Design—Quality Control. 1 pt. SS Credit 7. 2 pts. 1 pt. SS Credit 4.2: Site Development—Maximize Open Space.2: Heat Island Reduction—Roof.

3-21 pts. 2 pts. X WE Credit 4: Process Water Use Reduction. 2-4 pts. WE Prerequisite 1: Water Use Reduction WE Prerequisite 1: Water Use Reduction WE Prerequisite 1: Water Use Reduction WE Credit 1: Water Use Reduction. 1-19 pts. X EA Prerequisite 1: Fundamental Commissioning of Building Energy Systems EA Prerequisite 2: Minimum Energy Performance EA Prerequisite 3: Fundamental Refrigerant Management EA Credit 1: Optimize Energy Efficient Performance. 2-4 pts. 1-5 pts X X WE Credit 4: Cooling Tower Water Management. 1-2 pts Energy and Atmosphere EA Prerequisite 1: Fundamental Commissioning of Building Energy Systems EA Prerequisite 2: Minimum Energy Performance EA Prerequisite 3: Fundamental Refrigerant Management EA Credit 1: Optimize Energy Efficient Performance. X EA Prerequisite 1: Fundamental Commissioning of Building Energy Systems EA Prerequisite 2: Minimum Energy Performance EA Prerequisite 3: Fundamental Refrigerant Management EA Credit 1: Optimize Energy Efficient Performance. 2 pts. 1-5 pts. WE Credit 1: Water Efficient Landscaping. X WE Prerequisite 1: Minimum Indoor Plumbing Fixture and Fitting Efficiency WE Credit 1: Water Performance Measurement. WE Credit 1: Water Efficient Landscaping. X 77 .2: Optimize Energy Performance-Lighting Controls. 6-11 pts. 1-5 pts. 1-2 pts. WE Credit 3: Water Use Reduction. 1-18 pts. 2-4 pts. 1 pt. Documentation and Opportunity Assessment EA Prerequisite 2: Minimum Energy Efficiency Performance EA Prerequisite 3: Fundamental Refrigerant Management EA Credit 1: Optimize Energy Efficient Performance. EA Prerequisite 1: Energy Efficiency Best Management Practice—Planning. X EA Prerequisite 1: Fundamental Commissioning of Building Energy Systems EA Prerequisite 2: Minimum Energy Performance EA Prerequisite 3: Fundamental Refrigerant Management EA Credit 1. WE Credit 3: Water-Efficient Landscaping. WE Credit 2: Innovative Wastewater Technologies. 1-3 pts. 2-4 pts. EA Credit 1. 2-4 pts. X WE Credit 3: Water Use Reduction. WE Credit 2: Innovative Wastewater Technologies. 2 pts. WE Credit 2: Innovative Wastewater Technologies. 1-19 pts.1: Optimize Energy Performance-Lighting Power. WE Credit 2: Additional Indoor Plumbing Fixture and Fitting Efficiency. WE Credit 3: Water Use Reduction.Building Operations and Maintenance Schools Core & Shell Interior Design and Construction New Construction and Major Renovation Water Efficiency WE Prerequisite 1: Water Use Reduction WE Credit 1: Water Efficient Landscaping. 2-4 pts.

4: Optimize Energy Performance-Equipment and Appliances. 2 pts. 1-2 pts. 1-7 pts. 3 pts. 3 pts.3: Existing Building Commissioning-Ongoing Commissioning.2: Performance Measurement-System-Level Metering. EA Credit 1. 5-10 pts. 5 pts. X X EA Credit 2: On-Site Renewable Energy. EA Credit 5: Enhanced Refrigerant Management. EA Credit 6: Green Power. 2 pts. EA Credit 2.3: Optimize Energy Performance-HVAC. 1 pt. EA Credit 5: Measurement and Verification. X EA Credit 5. 3 pts. EA Credit 2: Enhanced Commissioning. X Energy and Atmosphere Continued X X EA Credit 2.1: Measurement and Verification-Base Building. 2 pts. 1-6 pts. X X X X X X EA Credit 3: Enhanced Commissioning. EA Credit 4: Green Power. 1-4 pts. X EA Credit 4: Enhanced Refrigerant Management. 5 pts. . 1 pt. 2 pts. 2 pts. EA Credit 3: Enhanced Commissioning. 2 pts. X EA Credit 4: Enhanced Refrigerant Management. 4 pts. EA Credit 2: On-Site Renewable Energy. EA Credit 5: MS Measurement and Verification. X X EA Credit 3: Enhanced Commissioning. X EA Credit 3: Measurement and Verification. EA Credit 4: On-Site and OffSite Renewable Energy. EA Credit 6: Green Power.78 X X X EA Credit 1.2: Existing Building Commissioning-Implementation. EA Credit 2.1: Existing Building Commissioning-Investigation and Analysis. X X X EA Credit 2: On-Site Renewable Energy. 2 pts. X X EA Credit 6: Emissions Reduction Reporting. X EA Credit 5. 2 pts. X EA Credit 4: Enhanced Refrigerant Management. 2 pts. 1-7 pts. 2-5 pts. 2 pts.2: Measurement and Verification-Tenant Submetering. 1 pt. 2 pts. X X X X EA Credit 6: Green Power. X EA Credit 3. 2 pts.

X MR Credit 7: Certified Wood. 1-2 pts.1: Building ReuseMaintain Existing Walls. Floors and Roof. 1 pt. MR Credit 6: Rapidly Renewable Materials. X MR Credit 4: Sustainable Purchasing-Reduced Mercury in Lamps. 1 pt. MR Credit 6: Rapidly Renewable Materials. MR : Credit 4: Recycle Content. 1-2 pts. MR Credit 6: Solid Waste Management-Waste Stream Audit. Floors and Roof. MR Credit 7: Certified Wood.1: Tenant SpaceLong-Term Commitment. 1-2 pts. 1-2 pts.2: Materials Reuse: Furniture and Furnishings. 1 pt. 1 pt. Floors and Roof. MR Credit 6: Rapidly Renewable Materials. MR Credit 7: Solid Waste Management-Ongoing Consumables. X MR: Credit 4: Recycle Content. 1 pt. MR Credit 3. X MR Credit 2: Construction Waste Management. MR Credit 3: Materials Reuse. 1-2 pts. 1-2 pts. 1 pt. 1 pt. MR Credit 5: Regional Materials.1: Materials Reuse. X MR Credit 1. MR Credit 2: Sustainable Purchasing-Durable Goods. 1 pt.Materials & Resources MR Prerequisite 1: Storage and Collection of Recyclables MR Credit 1.2: Building ReuseMaintain Interior Non structural Components. X X 79 . 1 pt. MR Credit 2: Construction Waste Management. X MR Prerequisite 1: Sustainable Purchasing Policy MR Prerequisite 2: Solid Waste Management Policy MR Credit 1: Sustainable Purchasing-Ongoing Consumables. 1 pt. 1-2 pts. MR Credit 5: Regional Materials. 1 pt. 1 pt. X X MR: Credit 4: Recycle Content. MR Credit 3: Sustainable Purchasing-Facility Alterations & Additions. MR Credit 2: Construction Waste Management. 1-2 pts. MR Credit 5: Regional Materials. MR Credit 1. MR Prerequisite 1: Storage and Collection of Recyclables MR Prerequisite 1: Storage and Collection of Recyclables MR Prerequisite 1: Storage and Collection of Recyclables MR Credit 1. 1-3 pts. 1-2 pts. 1-2 pts.1: Building ReuseMaintain Existing Walls. MR Credit 2: Construction Waste Management. MR Credit 1. X X X MR Credit 1: Building ReuseMaintain Existing Walls. 1 pt. MR Credit 5: Regional Materials. 1 pt. MR Credit 6: Certified Wood. 1-2 pts. 1-2 pts.2: Building ReuseMaintain Interior Non structural Elements. 1 pt. MR Credit 3. 1-3 pts. 1-2 pts.2: Building ReuseMaintain Interior Non structural Elements. 1-2 pts. X MR Credit 1. 1 pt. 1 pt. MR Credit 3: Materials Reuse. MR Credit 5: Sustainable Purchasing-Food. 1 pt. 1-2 pts. 1-2 pts. X MR Credit 3: Materials Reuse. X MR Credit 4: Recycle Content. 1-2 pts. 1-2 pts. MR Credit 7: Certified Wood.

X IEQ Prerequisite 2: Environmental Tobacco Smoke (ETS) Control IEQ Prerequisite 1: Minimum Indoor Air Quality Performance IEQ Prerequisite 1: Minimum Indoor Air Quality Performance IEQ Prerequisite 2: Environmental Tobacco Smoke (ETS) Control IEQ Prerequisite 1: Minimum Indoor Air Quality Performance IEQ Prerequisite 2: Environmental Tobacco Smoke (ETS) Control X IEQ Credit 1: Outdoor Air Delivery Monitoring. IEQ Credit 1. IEQ Credit 1. 1 pt. 1 pt. IEQ Credit 1. 1 pt.3: IAQ Best Management Practices-Increased Ventilation.4: IAQ Best Management Practices-Reduced Particulates in Air Distribution. 1 pt. 1 pt. 1 pt. IEQ Prerequisite 3: Minimum Acoustical Performance X IEQ Credit 1: Outdoor Air Delivery Monitoring. 1 pt. Indoor Environmental Quality IEQ Prerequisite 1: Minimum Indoor Air Quality Performance IEQ Prerequisite 2: Environmental Tobacco Smoke (ETS) Control IEQ Prerequisite 3: Green Cleaning Policy IEQ Credit 1. IEQ Credit 1.2: IAQ Best Management Practices-Outdoor Air Delivery Monitoring. 1 pt. X X IEQ Credit 1: Outdoor Air Delivery Monitoring. 1 pt. 1 pt.5: IAQ Best Management Practices-IAQ Management for Facility Alterations and Additions. MR Credit 9: Solid Waste Management-Facility Alterations & Additions.80 X X X X X X X X IEQ Prerequisite 1: Minimum Indoor Air Quality Performance IEQ Prerequisite 2: Environmental Tobacco Smoke (ETS) Control X IEQ Credit 1: Outdoor Air Delivery Monitoring. 1 pt.1: IAQ Best Management Practices-IAQ Management Program. . X X X X X X X X X X X X X Materials & Resources Continued MR Credit 8: Solid Waste Management-Durable Goods.

5: Green CleaningIndoor Chemical and Pollutant Source Control. 1 pt. 1 pt. IEQ Credit 2: Increased Ventilation.6: Green Cleaning-Indoor Integrated Pest Management. 81 . IEQ Credit 3. X X X IEQ Credit 2. IEQ Credit 3.1: Low-Emitting Materials-Adhesives and Sealants. 1 pt.3: Green CleaningPurchase of Sustainable Cleaning Products and Materials. X X IEQ Credit 3. 1 pt. 1 pt. 1 pt. X X X X IEQ Credit 3. X X X IEQ Credit 3.2: Green Cleaning-Custodial Effectiveness Assessment. IEQ Credit 4. 1 pt. 1 pt.4: Daylight and Views. 1 pt. X X X IEQ Credit 3. X IEQ Credit 3.1: Occupant Comfort: Occupant Survey. 1 pt. 1 pt.1: Green CleaningHigh-Performance Cleaning Program. X X IEQ Credit 3.1: Low-Emitting Materials-Adhesives and Sealants. IEQ Credit 3. 1 pt. 1 pt. IEQ Credit 2. 1 pt.1: Construction Indoor Air Quality Management Plan During Construction. IEQ Credit 2.2: Construction Indoor Air Quality Management Plan Before Occupancy. 1 pt. IEQ Credit 4.1: Low-Emitting Materials-Adhesives and Sealants. IEQ Credit 4. 1 pt.2: Construction Indoor Air Quality Management Plan Before Occupancy. X IEQ Credit 2. 1 pt. 1 pt. 1 pt.1: Construction Indoor Air Quality Management Plan During Construction.2: Construction Indoor Air Quality Management Plan Before Occupancy.3: Occupant Comfort-Thermal Comfort Monitoring.1: Construction Indoor Air Quality Management Plan During Construction.2: Controllability of Systems-Lighting. IEQ Credit 3. IEQ Credit 2: Increased Ventilation. 1 pt. 1 pt.1: Low-Emitting Materials-Adhesives and Sealants. X X X X IEQ Credit 2: Increased Ventilation.Indoor Environmental Quality Continued IEQ Credit 2: Increased Ventilation. X IEQ Credit 3: Construction Indoor Air Quality Management Plan During Construction. X X IEQ Credit 3.4: Green Cleaning—Sustainable Cleaning Equipment. 1 pt. X X X X IEQ Credit 4. 1 pt. IEQ Credit 3. 1 pt. 1 pt.

1 pt. 1 pt.4: Low-Emitting Materials-Composite Wood and Agrifiber Products.1: Controllability of Systems-Lighting. 1 pt.2: Controllability of Systems-Thermal Comfort.1: Thermal Comfort-Design. 1 pt. IEQ Credit 4.2: Low-Emitting Materials-Paints and Coatings.2: Low -Emitting Materials-Paints and Coatings. 1 pt. 1 pt.1: Controllability of Systems-Lighting. IEQ Credit 4. IEQ Credit 4.2: Low-Emitting Materials-Paints and Coatings. X IEQ Credit 5: Indoor Chemical and Pollution Source Control. 1 pt. X X IEQ Credit 5: Indoor Chemical and Pollution Source Control. X IEQ Credit 7. Indoor Environmental Quality Continued X X X X X X X X X X X X . 1 pt. IEQ Credit 4. 1 pt.2: Controllability of Systems-Thermal Comfort.3: Low-Emitting Materials-Flooring Systems. IEQ Credit 6.3: Low-Emitting Materials-Flooring Systems. X IEQ Credit 7. 1 pt. 1 pt. IEQ Credit 4. 1 pt. 1 pt. IEQ Credit 6. X X IEQ Credit 6.5: Low-Emitting Materials-Furniture and Furnishings.1: Thermal Comfort-Design.4: Low-Emitting Materials-Composite Wood and Agrifiber Products. IEQ Credit 4.2: Low-Emitting Materials-Paints and Coatings. IEQ Credit 5: Indoor Chemical and Pollution Source Control. IEQ Credit 4. X X X X IEQ Credit 6: Controllability of Systems-Thermal Comfort. 1 pt. IEQ Credit 6. 1 pt. IEQ Credit 4. 1 pt. 1 pt. 1 pt. 1 pt.3: Low-Emitting Materials--Flooring Systems. 1 pt.3: Low-Emitting Materials-Flooring Systems.1: Controllability of Systems-Lighting.4: Low-Emitting Materials-Composite Wood and Agrifiber Products. 1 pt. X IEQ Credit 4. IEQ Credit 4. 1 pt. 1 pt. 1 pt. 1 pt.5: Low-Emitting Materials-Furniture and Furnishings. IEQ Credit 4. 1 pt.4: Low-Emitting Materials-Composite Wood and Agrifiber Products. X IEQ Credit 7. X IEQ Credit 5: Indoor Chemical and Pollution Source Control.1: Thermal Comfort-Design. 1 pt. X X IEQ Credit 6. 1 pt. 1 pt.2: Controllability of Systems-Thermal Comfort. X IEQ Credit 4. IEQ Credit 4.6: Low-Emitting Materials-Ceiling and Wall Systems. X X IEQ Credit 6. IEQ Credit 4.82 IEQ Credit 4.

IEQ Credit 8. X IEQ Credit 7.2: Daylight and Views-Views. X X X X X X X X Innovations in Operations Innovation in Design ID Credit 1: Innovation in Design.2: Daylight and Views-Views for Seated Spaces. 1-3 pts. 1 pt. 1 pt. X ID Credit 1: Innovation in Design. Regional Priority RP Credit 1: Regional Priority. 1 pt. IEQ Credit 8. 1 pt. 1-4 pts. RP Credit 1: Regional Priority.2: Daylight and Views-Views. IEQ Credit 7. 1 pt. X ID Credit 1: Innovation in Design.1: Daylight and Views-Daylight. X IEQ Credit 7: Thermal ComfortDesign. 1 pt. IO Credit 1: Innovation in Operations. RP Credit 1: Regional Priority.1: Daylight and Views-Daylight. IEQ Credit 8. 1-5 pts. 1 pt.2: Thermal Comfort-Verification. 1 pt. 1-5 pts. 1-4 pts. ID Credit 2: LEED® Accredited Professional. ID Credit 1: Innovation in Design.1: Daylight and Views-Daylight. RP Credit 1: Regional Priority. X X IEQ Credit 10: Mold Prevention.2: Thermal Comfort-Verification.Indoor Environmental Quality Continued X IEQ Credit 7. 1-5 pts. IO Credit 3: Documenting Sustainable Building Cost Impacts. X X IEQ Credit 8. IEQ Credit 8. 1 pt. ID Credit 2: LEED® Accredited Professional. 83 . 1 pt. X IO Credit 2: LEED® Accredited Professional. X IEQ Credit 8. RP Credit 1: Regional Priority. 1-4 pts. 1 pt. 1 pt. 1 pt. 1 pt. 1-4 pts. 1-4 pts. 1 pt. 1-2 pts. IEQ Credit 9: Enhanced Acoustical Performance.1: Daylight and Views-Daylight. IEQ Credit 8. 1-4 pts. ID Credit 2: LEED® Accredited Professional. 1 pt. ID Credit 2: LEED® Accredited Professional. 1-4 pts. 1 pt. 1 pt. ID Credit 3: The School As A Teaching Tool.2: Thermal Comfort-Verification.2: Daylight and Views-Views. 1-3 pts. IEQ Credit 8.

84 .

Department of Energy DU Distribution uniformity EA Energy and Atmosphere Section EER Energy efficiency rating 85 . Refrigeration and Air-Conditioning Engineers.S. ASTM American Society for Testing and Materials (an international organization) CAE Combined Annual Efficiency CFA Conditioned Floor aArea CFC Chlorofluorocarbon CFL Compact Fluorescent Light CFM Cubic Feet per Minute CFR U.S. Inc. Code of Federal Regulations CIBSE Chartered Institution of Building Services Engineers CIR USGBC Credit Interpretation Request CIWMB California Integrated Waste Management Board CO Carbon monoxide CO2 Carbon dioxide COC Chain of custody COP Coefficient of performance CRI Carpet & Rug Institute CRS Center for Resource Solutions CSI Construction Specifications Institute CZ Climate zone DHW Domestic hot water DOE U.Common Acronyms ACCA Air Conditioning Contractors of America ACEEE American Council for an Energy Efficient Economy AE Awareness and Education Section AFUE Annual Fuel Utilization Efficiency AIA American Institute of Architects ALP ENERGY STAR Advanced Lighting Package ANSI American National Standards Institute ASHRAE American Society of Heating.

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy EF Energy factor EPA U.S. Inc. Federal Emergency Management Agency FSC Forest Stewardship Council GBCI Green Building Certification Institute GPF Gallons per flush GPM Gallons per minute HCFC Hydroflourocarbon HEPA High-efficiency particle absorbing HERS Home Efficiency Rating Standards HET High-efficiency toilet HOA Homeowner’s association HSPF Heating season performance factor HVAC Heating.S. Environmental Protection Agency EQ Indoor Environmental Quality Section ET Evapo-transpiration FEMA U. ventilation and air-conditioning IAP ENERGY STAR with Indoor Air Package IAQ Indoor Air Quality ICF Insulated concrete form ID Innovation & Design section IDR Innovative Design Report IECC International Energy Conservation Code IEQ Indoor Environmental Quality Section (LEED 2009) IESNA Illuminating Engineering Society of North America IPMVP International Performance Measurement & Verification Protocol.EERE U. IRC International residence Code ISO International Organization for Standardization KW Kilowatt KWH Kilowatt-hour LED Light-emitting diode LEED® Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design® LEED AP® LEED® Accredited Professional 86 .S.

Green Building Council VOC Volatile organic compounds WE Water Efficiency Section WF Water factor WFA Window-to-floor ratio 87 .LL Location and Linkages section (LEED for Homes) MEF Modified energy factor MERV Minimum efficiency reporting value MR Materials & Resources section NFRC National Fenestration Rating Council OSB Oriented strand board RESNET Residential Energy Services Network SCAQMD South Coast Air Quality Management District SCS Scientific Certification Systems SEER Seasonal energy efficiency rating SHGC Solar heat gain coefficient SIP Structural insulated panels SMACNA Sheet Metal and Air Conditioning National Contractors Association SRI Solar reflectance index SS Sustainable Sites section TASC Technical Advisory Subcommittee UL Underwriter’s Laboratory UPC Uniform Plumbing Code USGBC U.S.

88 .

Baseline irrigation water is the normal amount of water commonly used in a given area to water use plants. Biological control uses chemical or physical water treatments to prevent bacterial growth in cooling towers. This is done by releasing some of the tower’s recirculating water.Glossary Albedo refers to reflectance of sunlight. such as a moving hand underneath a faucet. Blackwater is not universally defined. crops. They can be hard-wired or battery powered. bio-fuels include untreated wood waste. Bicycle racks Storage racks and lockers for bicycles. This is demand used in water quality management and assessment and environmental science. It varies depending on the water content and scaling tendency of the water being used. Biochemical oxygen Measures how rapidly living organisms use up oxygen in water. Biomass is plant material that can be converted into energy. other than that it includes water from toilets and urinals. Aquifer Underground rock formations holding water that is supplied to wells and springs. It also known as Solar reflectance. Biodiversity The variety of life in all forms. Bleed-off or blowdown is the release of solids in a cooling tower. Automatic fixture sensors Sensors that turn water-using fixtures on or off when motion. Bleed-off rate refers to the frequency bleed-off occurs. Wastewater from other hygiene sources may be considered blackwater by local or state building codes. For LEED purposes. Biofuel-based systems run on organic materials such as wood. Alternative-fuel vehicles are those powered by low-polluting fuels other than petroleum products. animal and other organic waste and landfill gasses. Breathing Zone The part of an occupied room from 3 to 72 inches off the floor and more than 2 feet from walls or fixed air-conditioning equipment as per ASHRAE 62. is detected. Alternative Daily Cover Any material other than dirt used to cover a landfill at the end of each day. Gas-electric hybrids are part of this group as are vehicles running on hydrogen. Brownfield Land whose former use resulted in potential pollution or the presence of hazardous substances. 89 .1-2007.

Building Automation These systems use computer controls to monitor and control building Systems subsystems for maximum operating efficiency and reporting. Building Footprint The area covered by the project building itself, not parking, landscaping or other facilities. Building operating plan A document covering the intended operation of each building base system. It includes schedules, set points and monitoring conditions throughout the building. Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Measuring these breathing exhaust gas levels indicates ventilation levels effectiveness. Concentrations above 530 ppm (parts per million) show inadequate ventilation, while concentrations above 800 ppm show poor air quality. Carpool Two or more people sharing a vehicle. Chain-of-custody tracks products from harvest or extraction to consumer end-use. Chemical runoff is water that takes chemicals from the project, including the surrounding hardscape, to local waterways. These chemicals can include petroleum products, antifreeze and salt. Chemical treatment uses chemicals to control rusting, biological growth and scaling in cooling towers. Other treatments such apply ultra-violet light, are considered healthier for humans. Chlorofluorocarbons are hydrocarbon coolants that damage the Earth’s ozone layer. (CFCs) Churn The movement of people within a space. Climate Change Any significant change to a given climate over 10 years or more. Coatings A substance applied to protect or beautify a surface as per SCAQMD Rule 1113. Combined heat and Another term for cogeneration where heat and electricity both come power from one fuel source. Comfort Criteria Design conditions for human comfort based on temperature, humidity, clothing and anticipated activity. Commingling recycling allows people to put different materials in one container for later sorting and recycling at a sorting facility. commissioning cycle refers to the schedule of commissioning phases. These include investigation and analysis, implementation and ongoing commissioning. Common pollutants include carbon dioxide (CO2) sulfur dioxide (SO2), nitrogen oxides (NO2) Mercury (Hg), small particulates (PM 25) and large particulates ( PM10). Completed design area The total finished area of a project excluding windows and doors.
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Composite wood is made from several materials and agrifiber products are made from plant fibers. These materials are: particleboard, mediumdensity fiberboard (MDF), plywood, oriented-strand board (OSB), wheatboard, strawboard, panel substrates and door cores. Composting toilets use microbes and heat to turn human waste into fertilizer. Comprehensive This act taxes the chemical and petroleum industries to clean up Environmental Response, abandoned or historic waste sites. Compensation and Liability Act (aka Superfund) Compressed workweek increases the number of hours worked in one day and cuts the number of days worked. For example, working four 10-hour days instead of five 8-hour days. Concentrate A cleaning product that must be diluted before being used. See the Green Seal GS-37 standard. Conditioned space The part of a building that is heated, cooled or both for occupant comfort as per ASHRAE 62.1-2007. Constructed wetland An artificial system designed to simulate the water treatment effects of wetlands and remove any pollutants. Construction and refers to all waste and reusable materials from construction, demolition, demolition (C&D) debris deconstruction or renovation of existing buildings. Construction IAQ A plan to minimize air contamination caused by building construction. management plan It includes procedures to remove these contaminants before occupancy. Construction, demolition includes waste and reusable materials from construction, demolition, and land clearing (CDL) deconstruction or renovation of existing buildings plus all soil and debris organic matter on the site. Cooling towers are equipment using water to absorb heat from other sources, such as air-conditioning systems. Critical Visual Tasks These include reading and using computer monitors. Curfew hours Locally-set times when lighting restrictions take effect. The default time is 10 p.m. Daylight factor The percentage of exterior illumination to interior illumination. Variables include floor area, window area, window design, visible transmittance and window height. Daylight glazing is a vertical window 7’6” above the floor. Windows at this height are most effective at sending daylight deep into buildings. Daylighting is the controlled admission of natural light to reduce or eliminate the need for artificial light.
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Declarant The LEED project team member qualified and authorized to submit a credit template. Densely occupied space Refers to an area with 40 square feet or less of floor space per person. Density factor (kd) is a mathematical term that modifies the Evapotranspiration Rate to reflect the use by a particular plant or group of plants. Design light output is the output of light from lamps at 40% of their useful life. Development footprint The area impacted by the project site, which includes parking, landscaping, roads and other facilities in addition to the building. Direct line of sight to This is the area mathematical calculation to verify a given area allows perimeter vision glazing occupants to look outside. District energy system A central plant providing heating and cooling--but not electricity only-to multiple buildings. Drip irrigation uses low pressure to deliver water through a series of tubes directly to specific plants. This method uses less water than standard means and supplies water only to selected plants, not weeds or hardscape surfaces. Dry urinals Also known as non-water urinals and composting toilets, a water flush is replaced with a trap full of buoyant liquid that blocks sewer gas and odors from escaping. Durable goods are those with a useful life of at least two years, are not often replaced, and tend to be expensive. Furniture and appliances are examples. Ecological Restoration is the process of helping an area return to its pre-development condition in terms of plant and animal variations and populations. Ecologically appropriate Natural site elements that are historically appropriate for a given area, site features such as native vegetation, rock or bodies of water. economizer A device to increase the efficiency of major energy-using systems. Elemental mercury is pure mercury, with these vapors commonly used in fluorescent and other bulbs. Emissivity compares the ratio of light—or other forms of radiation, such as heat— to the radiation from a black body at the same temperature. Energy audits identify: the amount of energy used, its purpose and opportunities for greater efficiency and lower energy costs. The American Society of Heating, Refrigeration and Air-Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE) has three energy audit levels: Level I uses a walk-through analysis. Level II uses an energy survey and analysis. Level III uses a detailed analysis of investment-grade capital resource modifications. Energy models Also known as energy simulations, these computer representations allow users to estimate energy use. It allows various systems to be compared for performance with a baseline.
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5% at 90 degrees above nadir and 10% above 80 degrees. Evapotranspiration Rate is the amount of water lost from plant surfaces over time. Erosion is the process by which hard materials are loosened or dissolved. Existing building or retrocommissioning requires creating a plan that identifies current commissioning building operating needs. then makes any needed changes or repairs. Full Cutoff A light source where the light output (in lumens) does not exceed 2. Facility Manager A person who oversees multiple building environmental systems. Fairtrade products are certified by FLO International as meeting set environmental. A 50 score is average building performance. Concentration range definitions are available through the Occupational Safety and Health Administration. Furniture. equipment (FFE) computers and portable lights. tests existing systems to see if they meet those needs. This refers specifically to chemicals known or suspected of causing cancer. It is expressed (ET) in millimeters per unit of time. Fuel-efficient vehicles are those earning a score of 40 or more on the American Council for an Energy Efficient Economy annual vehicle rating guide. Formaldehyde In high concentrations. such as turning stone into soil. labor and development standards. fixtures and Refers to all movable items not part of the base building such as desks. Geothermal energy Energy produced by natural hot water sources such as geysers. Entryway systems Open floor grates or grilles designed to capture potential pollutants from people entering a building. use strong environmentally-friendly controls and are committed to sustainable practices. Fly ash The solid waste from an incinerator.EnergyStar® rating is a measure of a building’s energy performance compared to those with similar characteristics. which can be used in concrete. this natural VOC compound can cause a variety of ailments in humans. by smokers. Environmental Tobacco (also known as secondhand smoke) refers to all forms of tobacco smoke Smoke (ETS) exhaled. Full Disclosure A listing of all chemical ingredients making up at least 1% of a product and their concentrations. Fully shielded light are attached to outside light sources and built so light travels downward fixtures only. Food Alliance certificates apply to items from sustainable farms and ranches producing natural products. 93 . Exhaust Air Air removed from a building. or allowed to be released into the air.

Group Multi-occupant Classrooms. tile and other hard surfaces.Geothermal heating These systems use geothermal energy to heat or cool buildings. but not to the extent of CFCs. Hydrochloroflourocarbons are cooling chemicals used in building equipment. Excluded are open offices with individual workstations. High-efficiency remove 99. then radiating that heat into nearby areas. Ventilation and Air-Conditioning systems that provide thermal comfort inside a building. particulate air (HEPA) filters Horizontal view at This is the mathematical calculation to verify a given area allows seated appropriate eye height occupants (42 inches above ground) to look outside. They damage the (HCFCs) ozone layer. The variables used by LEED area the floor area. Impervious surfaces do not allow water to penetrate below the surface. visible transmittance and window height. Hydro energy Energy supplied by water flowing downhill. Hardscape refers to the non-plant elements of the landscaping. movement and balances. Section drawings including furniture are part of this calculation. meeting rooms and other spaces where people share Spaces lighting and temperature controls. These elements include pavement. window geometry.97% of . Hydrology The study of water occurrence. These chemicals also damage the ozone layer. Glazing Factor The ratio of interior light at a specific point on a specific plane under known overcast skies. Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration systems inside a building. Ventilation. 94 . Hydroflourocarbons are cooling chemicals that do not damage the ozone layer but may (HFCs) contribute to global warming. Halons are chemicals used in fire fighting systems and extinguishers. Heat island effect refers to the absorption of heat by dark surfaces. concrete. Green Cleaning refers to sustainable and environmentally-friendly cleaning products and methods. such as buildings. brick. systems Glare Excessively bright light sources. Imperviousness is the resistance of a material to penetration by a liquid such as water.3-micron particles from the air. such as that generated by water running through a turbine below the surface of a dam. HVAC systems Heating. HVACR systems Heating. window areas.

Invasive plants are aggressive. people and property. while shiny surfaces—clean. forcing out native species. 95 . Title VI. Installation inspections Checks building systems and confirms they are ready for performance testing. It is measured between charges or over 12 months. Landfills A disposal site where waste is buried. leakage rate is the speed by which a device loses coolant. Workspaces Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) The quality of air being circulated within a building as it affects building occupants. Infiltration Uncontrolled air leaking into indoor spaces caused by the same pressure changes that permit exfiltration as per ASHRAE 62. Landscape area The total site area used for landscaping purposes excluding the building footprint. etc. reproduce rapidly and tend to overrun areas. Lamp life The useful operating span of a lamp. untarnished. Incinerator A furnace for burning waste. as measured on a scale of 0 to 1. This definition also applies to pesticides—excluding rodent bait—applied in a self-contained device in an inaccessible location. Integrated Pest uses knowledge about the environment. At least 80% cannot be dissatisfied with the air quality. Infrared emittance is the ability of a material to shed heat. The basins must trenches clear within 72 hours. hardscape areas. Interior lighting power Measured in watts. Individual Occupant Private offices and open areas with many workers. water bodies. Lamps Products that use electricity to produce light. Materials that are rough and dark—such as concrete—are at the high end of the scale. parking. Rule 608). steel—tends to be at the low end.1-2007. pests and pest prevention and Management (IPM) control to minimize both costs and hazards to the environment. Irrigated land Land watered by artificial means. Infiltration basins and Devices that help stormwater settle into the ground. this is the maximum power that can be used to light allowance a building. Least toxic chemical meet the Tier 3 hazard controls for the City and County of San pesticides Francisco’s hazard screening protocol.In situ remediation Treats contamination at the site using minimally invasive methods. (EPA Clean Air Act. The rate is shown as a percentage of the device’s full charge that would be lost over 12 months if the rate was steady.

Methylmercury refers to several toxic compounds that accumulate in living beings. Minimum efficiency is a filter rating established by ASHRAE 52. especially at the upper ends of a food chain.2-1999. Mass Transit Devices that move large numbers of people. Material safety data sheets list chemical ingredients. national and international laws and standards. Light trespass Light from a site that causes annoyance. such as trains or busses. typically installed on bathroom faucets and showers. Professionals (LEED APs) Legionella pneumoplia is a bacteria carried in water that causes Legionnaire’s disease. They can also include product safe handling. Makeup water Water used by cooling systems to replace that which has been lost. Marine Stewardship applies to products meeting certain principles and criteria for Council’s Blue Eco-Label sustainable fishing. Low-emitting vehicles Vehicles reaching the California Air Resources Control Board’s zeroemissions vehicle standard. Microirrigation Irrigation using small sprinklers. Light pollution is waste light directed into the night sky or off-site. Mechanical Ventilation Air circulated through mechanical means such as fans and blowers. Metering Controls Controls that limit the time water can flow. Life-cycle costing is an accounting method used to assess the economic performance of an item or group of items over its life. lumen is a unit of luminous flux equal to the light emitted in a solid line from a source of one candle intensity. discomfort or loss of visibility. (MSDSs) storage and disposal instructions. 96 . process or service’s environmental aspects and impacts. Management Staff People involved in operating and maintaining a building as differentiated from those who work in it. Values range from reporting value (MERV) 1 (very low) to 16 (the highest). Life-cycle assessment analyzes a product. This method considers operating.LEED Accredited are people who have passed the LEED professional test. microjets and drippers. Microclimate factor (kmc) is a mathematical term used to adjust the Evapotranspiration Rate to local climates. These producers also comply with relevant local. Lighting power density The per unit installed light power. maintenance and other costs. It grows in slow-moving or still warm water.

or a combination of the two. National Pollutant A permit program to control water pollution from industrial and Discharge Elimination municipal sources. Nonpotable water (also refers to water unfit for human consumption that has not come into known as gray water) contact with human waste. Net present value is the total discounted value of all cash going in and out of a project or investment. corridors.Mixed-mode ventilation combines natural and mechanical ventilation. This prevents ETS from escaping into common areas. but is adequate for other uses such as irrigation. On-Site salvaged Items recovered and reused at the same location. using one method or the other. They use far less energy than traditional tank water heaters. Negative pressure uses mechanical devices to lower the pressure in a room. Net project material value This figure includes the construction material value. System (NPDES) Native and adapted are plants native to a given area or those adapted to a given climate. are no maintenance and benefit the habitat. Non-regularly Occupied Hallways. materials Open-grid pavement Pavement that allows water to penetrate first into a coarse stone aggregate and then into the soil beneath. Occasional furniture Furniture found in lobbies and conference rooms designed for infrequent use. materials On-demand water heaters only apply the amount of heat required for a user’s immediate needs. Ongoing commissioning applies the commissioning process continually to maintain optimal building performance. These include most small office supplies. causing air to flow into it when doors are opened. Off-Site salvaged Items recovered at one location and reused at another. lobbies. the lowest value for mechanical and electrical components and the salvage value. Non-occupied Spaces Areas typically used for storage of various items or mechanical devices. break rooms and other areas where people Spaces do not spend extended periods of time. Off-gassing The emission of volatile organic compounds (VOCs). Natural Ventilation Air circulated by natural means and without the aid of fans or blowers. vegetation They require less water. 97 . the furniture and furnishing value. Ongoing consumables are low-cost per unit items regularly used in business.

such as being close to buildings or being covered. mercury (Hg). Pollutants Common pollutants include carbon dioxide (CO2). Seed hulls and walnut shells industrial content) are included. Previously developed sites These sites once had human structures or were modified by humans. Preferred parking Parking spaces that provide advantages to vehicle drivers. Partially shielded light fixtures are outside light fixtures built so light travels horizontally or downward. Potable water to water meeting EPA standards for human consumption. not the general public. cleaning and repairs that keep equipment in good working order. Post-consumer content is the percentage of material made from recycled consumer waste. Picograms per lumen hour refers to the amount of mercury in a bulb per unit of light delivered during its useful life. small particulates (PM25) and large particulates (PM10). Ozone A gas normally created at ground level through a reaction between nitrogen and VOCs in sunlight.Outdoor air Air from the outside that enters a building as defined by ASHRAE 62. regrind or scrap generated in a process that be reused in the same process are not (see ISO 14021). Primer A material applied to surface improve bonding. 98 . Pre-consumer content (also known as post-industrial content) is the percentage of material (also known as post.1-2004. nitrogen oxide (NOx). Reclaimable items that are reworked. Post-consumer Fiber Recovered paper and fibrous wastes. energy Picogram is one trillionth of a gram. but not upward. Photovoltaic (solar) Energy from the sun converted by photovoltaic cells into electricity. Perviousness is the percentage of a paved area that is open and allows water to enter the ground. Preventive Maintenance Routine inspections. Parking footprint The site area occupied by parking structures. a measurement commonly used for distribution of an element in a gas or liquid. Private or private use Plumbing fixtures intended for use by individuals or families. sulfur dioxide (SO2). PPM Parts per million.made from recycled manufacturing waste. Process water Water used for industrial processes and building systems.

occupants including those who live there. Recommissioning applies to previously-commissioned buildings undergoing new construction or retrocommissioning. Each crop. Refurbished materials Used products that are updated and repaired to increase their lifespan. Recycled content The proportion of recycled material in a product as per ISO 14021. maintenance and upkeep and who acts as the link between the owner and tenants. light rail and other services designed to move large numbers of people on a regular basis and route. limit agricultural chemical use. reprocessing and reuse of materials recovered or diverted from waste streams. Public or public use Plumbing fixtures intended for use by the general public. protect native plants. This process applies the original tests to ensure the original results are maintained. Recovered fiber includes paper products recovered from material recycling facilities and manufacturing waste. Recirculated Air Air removed from one room and returned to another. using stated flow rates. Recycling The collection. Public Transportation Bus. Reclaimed water Wastewater cleaned and ready for reuse. Rated power A unit’s maximum power drawing capacity. Rainforest Alliance certification is given to farms that plant trees. Relative Humidity The ratio of water vapor in the air to the saturation density of water vapor at the same temperature and same pressure. Refrigerants are fluids used to cool devices. Regionally-harvested and Those items harvested or extracted within 500 miles of the project site. control erosion. rail. hire local workers and pay fair wages.and region-specific standard has three parts: production.Property Manager The person in charge of building operations. Rapidly-renewable Agricultural products taking 10 years or less from initial growth to materials harvest. processed materials Regular building Those people who spend 10 hours or more per week in a building. toxicity and chainof-custody. 99 . Recovered Fiber This covers post-consumer and post-industrial fibers that can be reused. Regionally manufactured These items are assembled into final products within 500 miles of the products project site. Protected Harvest certification reflects each crop and region’s biodiversity.

Wave and tidal systems are other forms often used both to generate electricity and remove salt from ocean water. pure black has a solar reflectance of 0. Retained components Portions of a building kept and reused in a new design. Sedimentation is the addition of dirt and rock particles to bodies of water. Sequence of Operations A detailed system-level document for each building system covering all stages of operation and variables. Setpoints are normal ranges for building systems and environmental quality. as is the case with fossil fuels. Simple payback is the amount of time it takes to recover the initial investment through savings. action is taken. 100 .Remanufactured Items made into other products. wind and water power. such as plastic bottles turned into materials clothing. Site Area The total area within a project boundary. Resource Conservation This legislation allows the EPA to control hazardous waste from start to and Recovery Act finish. Pure white has a solar reflectance of 1. Replacement value The estimated cost of replacing a used product. The certificates are sold separately from the electricity. which decreases water quality and clarity. seal or waterproof gaps or joints between two surfaces. Divide the initial cost by the annual savings to determine the simple payback period. Renewable energy refers to energy that is not exhausted when use. Retrofit Updates to an existing building such as replacing older. Site Energy The total amount of heat and electricity purchased by a building. Renewable energy are tradable commodities that prove electricity was generated by a certificates (RECs) renewable source. Secure bicycle storage Spaces that keep bikes safe from theft. Sealant An adhesive used to fill. both built and natural portions. When measurements fall beyond those ranges. Return Air Air moved from inside spaces and used elsewhere in the building or sent outside. Common renewable energy sources are solar. Retention ponds Ponds designed to store rain and snow for later use while letting pollutants settle to the bottom. engineering and permit fees. Soft costs Indirect construction costs such as architectural. inefficient equipment with newer products. Solar reflectance is measured on a scale from 0 to 1.

Systematic sampling queries people based on a set interval. Submetering Measuring energy consumption by specific mechanical or electrical systems. delivery and production. Procedures (SOPs) Stormwater runoff Rain or snowmelt that leaves project boundaries and is not absorbed into the soil. to surveys achieve an accurate estimate of the topic at hand.60 F. including that lost through transmission. Standard Operating Detailed written instructions for normal operations. Stratified random breaks people into mutually exclusive groups. such as heating or air-conditioning. ventilation. White surfaces have a temperature increase of 14. Standard (SRI) black surfaces have a temperature increase of 900 F in full sunlight. Systematic Sampling A survey method using a regular skip interval to interview people. distribution and terminal units. Systems Narrative A general description of each major building heating. such as packaging. primarily from fertilizer. Sustainable purchasing Policies that prefer products with limited environmental impacts. They policies also give preference to companies with similar attitudes and behaviors. Sustainable purchasing are the systematic methods that result in the purchase of products with programs few if any environmental impacts. such as every fourth person. Solar Thermal Systems Systems that use water heated by the sun. This program is aligned and supports a sustainable purchasing policy. Sustainable forestry Long-term forestry to meet human needs while maintaining forest plant and animal health. Total phosphorous Phosphates of various sorts. solids and other pollutants. Source Energy Raw fuel used by a building. then a random sample is sampling take from each group. Telecommuting uses computer technology to work from home or another location. Using this method permits a complete and total building energy assessment. Source reduction reduces the amount of unnecessary material brought into a building. humidification/dehumidification and lighting system. It covers the central plant. cooling. Thermal Comfort Pleasant temperatures for residents. Tertiary treatment Water treatment that removes organics. 101 . suspended in stormwater. Species factor The mathematical coefficient used to adjust the Evapotranspiration Rate to reflect features of a specific plant species.Solar reflectance index is a measure of a material’s ability to reflect heat from the sun.

Notification is not required for least toxic pesticides. Part 60. Volatile organic are chemicals that evaporate at room temperatures. Visible Light The ratio of total light transmitted to total incident light. Water meters Devices that measure water usage. Windows above or below that do not count as vision glazing for EQ Credits 2. composted or reused. Urea formaldehyde A combination of two materials often found in glue that can emit formaldehyde at room temperature. Waste All materials capable of being diverted from the waste stream and recycled. Underground parking Parking beneath a stacked structure such as a building. Universal notification means letting building occupants know at least 72 hours in advance of applying a pesticide. Code of Federal Regulations Title 40. The Green Seal compounds (VOCs) GS-11 Standard addresses specific compounds identified in the EPA Reference Test Method 24 (Determination of Volatile Matter Content. USDA Organic certifies products contain at least 95% organic ingredients. The higher Transmittance (Tvis) the value. Waste diversion Removing waste from the waste stream and diverting it from landfills or incinerators. Waste Stream The overall flow of waste from a building or site. Water Content. 102 . Undercover parking Parking that is shaded by any means. Density Volume Solids and Weight Solids of Surface Coatings). Vegetation-containing refer to pots. planters or gardens.4 and 2. Waste Reduction Program A program to reduce waste flowing from a project to landfills and/or incinerators. Waste disposal The elimination of waste through any means except reuse and recycling. Vision glazing applies to windows between 2’6” and 7’6” off the floor. the more incident light is passed through glazing. 24-hour design is the method used to plan stormwater facilities that can deal with the storm most rainfall expected in any 24-hour period during a two-year time span.Two-year. It is measured in terms of cubic feet of air per minute divided by room volume. artifices Ventilation The movement of air through a building. It includes a list of steps that will be taken to reduce the flow and increase reuse and recycling. Appendix A. 24 hours in an emergency. Walk-off mats Mats placed just inside building entrances to capture contaminants such as dirt and water from people and equipment. generally cold water only.5. Tracking and review procedures are also part of the plan.

Xeriscaping is a landscaping method that does not require irrigation. Wind energy Electricity generated by wind turbines. 103 .Wave and tidal power Energy captured by wave and tidal action that is turned into electricity. allowing plants to be watered from rain and or use compost to retain moisture.

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list of endangered marine species. environmental engineers. Parts 230-233 and Part 22.00 sf/net acre. 3.Quick Reference Table Credit Title EPA Construction General Permit NPDES Program ASTM E1527-05. Definition of wetlands None NC. Endangered species lists. Schools Only Phase II Environmental Site Assessment U.S. ASTM E1903-97. CS additional: 10 services within 1/2 mile of main entrance. Title 7. 2. SCHOOLS only: excludes PE. Phase I Environmental Required for Site Assessment. ASTM 1 for all E1527-05. Schools. sedimentation control plan Environmental Site Assessment Phase I Environmental Site Assessment. 5. endangered species habitat or former parkland Development Density and Community Connectivity Build on an existing site. ASTM E1903-97. 2. sports fields. 2. No CS No Required for all No Requirements Referenced Standards & References Eligible Points Exemplary Performance Decision Makers Civil engineer. 4. National Marine Fisheries Service. general contractors Landscape architects. regulators. Phase II if needed Site Selection Do not build in sensitive areas. landscape architect and general contractor Environmental professionals. Phase II Environmental Site Assessment No Developers. definition of a 100-year flood. FEMA. environmental consultants. U. ecologists. Volume 6. OR use previously developed site. OR build on designated Brownfield site. local professionals Construction Activity Pollution Prevention Erosion. Schools MUST complete SSP2 first US EPA definition of brownfields. Phase I Environmental Site Assessment. 40 CFR. Schools additional 10 services within 1/2 mile of any entrance Yes Owner and developer Brownfield Redevelopment NC. NC. use a site with 60. Schools: 4 1 for NC. local and state regulators 105 . civil engineers. Code of Federal Regulations. CS: 5. CS: Build on a contaminated site. Department of Agriculture Code of Federal Regulations.S.

OR Schools only: 80% of K-8 students within 3/4 mile with pedestrian access. Schools MUST complete SSP2 first Alternative Transportation— Public Transportation Access None 1/2 mile of rail station.106 Referenced Standards & References EPA Construction General Permit NPDES Program ASTM E1527-05. CS: 6. sports fields. Schools. Phase II Environmental Site Assessment NC. environmental engineers. environmental consultants. Department of Agriculture Code of Federal Regulations. Schools: 4 Yes 1 for NC. endangered species habitat or former parkland Development Density and Community Connectivity Build on an existing site. Parts 230-233 and Part 22. 2. Volume 6. SCHOOLS only: excludes PE. local and state regulators Yes:. Title 7. ASTM 1 for all E1527-05. ecologists. 4. regulators. Schools Only Phase II Environmental Site Assessment U. Phase I Environmental Site Assessment. Schools: 4 No Developers. schools must have dedicated walking/biking lanes . civil engineers. U.00 sf/net acre. CS additional: 10 services within 1/2 mile of main entrance. 5. general contractors Landscape architects. 40 CFR. ASTM E1903-97. The architect. use a site with 60. No CS No Required for all No Civil engineer. ASTM E1903-97. OR build on designated Brownfield site. design team and client Credit Title Requirements Construction Activity Pollution Prevention Erosion. Definition of wetlands None NC. definition of a 100-year flood. CS: 5. National Marine Fisheries Service. CS: Build on a contaminated site. 2. local professionals Eligible Points Exemplary Performance Decision Makers Owner and developer US EPA definition of brownfields. sedimentation control plan Environmental Site Assessment Phase I Environmental Site Assessment. FEMA. Endangered species lists. OR use previously developed site. Phase II if needed Site Selection Do not build in sensitive areas. NC. landscape architect and general contractor Environmental professionals.S.S. 2. Phase I Environmental Required for Site Assessment. OR 1/3 mile of bus station. 3. Schools additional 10 services within 1/2 mile of any entrance Brownfield Redevelopment NC. Code of Federal Regulations. list of endangered marine species.

OR (NC only) provide fuel-efficient vehicles to 3%. OR 15% bike storage for residential. 20% parking discounts. OR (NC only) start fuelefficient vehicle sharing program 2 for all Yes. plumbing engineer (for showers). (Schools) 20% of bus. future building users Alternative Transportation— Parking Capacity NC.Credit Title NC. Schools: 1. OR 15% None for residential projects. local professionals. CS only: secure bike storage for 3%. Schools only: 5% secure bike storage for grades 3-up. project owner. structural engineers Site Development— Maximize Open Space Exceed local reqs by 25%. owner. OR previously-worked sites: half of site or 20% of total area 1 for all Yes. CS) alternative fueling stations for 3%.5%. OR for residential—no new parking. civil engineers and local professionals 1 for all Yes. ecologists. SS2 sites can use vegetated roofs. local zoning and planning officials Site Development— Protect or Restore Habitat None Greenfields: Limit disturbances to 40 feet of envelope. environmental engineers. vegetated roof designers. showers for . FuelEfficient Vehicles NC. mixed-use both previous requirements. design team. maintenance fleet. 3% for CS. design team. dedicated bike lanes in 2 directions None NC. Schools only: save 5% for car/ van pools. OR 25% less than ITE Parking Generation Study None Architect. Landscape architects. Architect. landscape architect Requirements Referenced Standards & References Eligible Points Exemplary Performance Decision Makers Alternative Transportation— Bicycle Storage and Changing Rooms NC only: Secure storage for 5%. OR (NC. Schools: 2 points Yes: Alternative Transportation—LowEmitting. OR vegetation = to 20% of site. wetlands count. designated carpool drop-offs. pedestrian hardscapes 107 . civil engineer. Schools ZEV preferred parking for 5%. civil engineers. vegetation equal to footprint. CS: ZEV preferred parking for 5%. CS: parking does not exceed minimum 2003 Institute of Transportation Engineers Parking Generation study requirements OR 5% of FTE for NC. CS: 2 Yes: Architect. environmental engineers. CS 3: 3 points. Landscape architects. OR no new parking. ecologists.

open grid pavers with 50% perviousness. project team Eligible Points Exemplary Performance Decision Makers None 1 for all Yes. civil engineer. electrical engineer ASTM E408-71. landscape architect. SRI of 29+. ecologist No lighting designer. OR combination of the two methods Light Pollution Reduction ANSI/ASHRAE/IESNA Standard 90. City managers. landscape architects Landscape architect. classrooms. ASTM C13171-04a. Civil engineer. cafeteria. not required for School playing fields Tenant Design. PTA. school boards. landscape architect. environmental topics Site Master Plan Earn 4 of 7 qualifying credits and apply them to school site master plan Joint Use of Facilities Provide public access to auditorium. design team and building owner plus tenants 1 for Schools only No Project owner. ASTM E1918-97. architect and civil engineer. remove 80% of suspended solids Heat Island—Non Roof Treat 50% of site hardscape. OR create spaces for public use.1Interior: Cut light going outside by 50% after hours OR shield lights after hours. OR vegetated roof on half. civil-mechanical engineers. town authorities. engineers. ASTM C1549-04 1 for all 1 for all Yes. landscape architect. 2-year storms Stormwater Design— Quality Control Treat 90% of average rainfall. None 1 for CS only No Architect. parking. ASTM C1549-04 ASTM E1980-01. Owner. school principals and community members None None Credit Title Requirements Stormwater Design— Quantity Control Stormwater management plan to prevent peak discharges.1-2007. ASTM E408-71. Construction Guidelines Create tenant document covering LEED energy. 1 for all Yes. OR cover half of parking spaces Heat Island—Roof Roofing materials have SRI of 29 (lowslope) or 78 (steep-slope). architect. plus contractors Architect. civil-mechanical engineers. architect and design team plus public 1 for Schools only Yes. ASTM E903-96. OR allow students access to two nonschool spaces . playing fields. OR cut stormwater runoff by 25% for 1. meet proper Lighting Zone requirements.108 Referenced Standards & References None 1 for all Yes. ASTM E903-96. 2007 exterior: do not exceed IESNA 90. gym. architect. ASTM E1918-97.

International Code Council.Credit Title Energy Policy Acts of 1992.0. engineers. civil engineer.0. International Plumbing Code 2006. Uniform Plumbing Code 2006. International Code Council. Section 603. engineers. include commissioning in None project requirements and all documents. International Plumbing Code 2006. Section 603. architect. start commissioning. Uniform Plumbing Code 2006. design team Requirements Referenced Standards & References Eligible Points Exemplary Performance Decision Makers Water Use Reduction Cut water use by 20%. contractors. building owner architect. Section 402. mechanical engineer. engineers. Section 603. IAPMO/ American National Standards Institute UPC1-2006. Design of Building Water Distribution System None 2-4 for all 2 for all Water Use Reduction Cut water use by 20%-40% Yes. occupants. architect. excluding irrigation Water Efficient Landscaping Cut potable water use by 50%. Technologies OR treat 50% of wastewater to graywater standards Energy Policy Acts of 1992. Owner. Section 402. International Plumbing Code 2006. IAPMO/ American National Standards Institute UPC1-2006. 2005. include a summary report 109 . Section 402. do not use None potable water for irrigation Landscape designer. design team Innovative Wastewater Cut potable water use for septic by 50%. operations and maintenance staff. users. 2005. architect. IAPMO/ American National Standards Institute UPC1-2006. CxA Fundamental Commissioning Appoint a CxA. design team Process Water Use Reduction Cut process water use by 20% 1 for Schools only Required for all Yes. No Architect and building owner Owner.0. Uniform Plumbing Code 2006. Design of Building Water Distribution System 2-4 for all No Required No Owner. Owner. Design of Building Water Distribution System Energy Policy Acts of 1992. design professionals. 2005. maintenance staff Yes. International Code Council.

Owner. CS: 3-21 Yes. ASHRAE Advanced Energy Design Guides. Schools only: ASHRAE Advanced Energy Design Guide path for schools. CxA ANSI/ASHRAE/IESNA Standard 90. LEED consultant. OR (Schools) ASHRAE Advanced Energy Design Guide for K-12 schools. energy analyst. OR do not use ozone-depleting refrigerants . HVAC&R specialist and owner Design team.1-2007. HVAC&R specialist None Credit Title Requirements Minimum Energy Performance Achieve a 10% ratings improvement for new buildings. engineer Yes. users. CxA NC. architect. occupants. architect. CS: 2. Compliance with the Section 608 Refrigerant Recycling Rule ANSI/ASHRAE/IESNA Standard 90. Schools: 1-19. mechanical engineer. OR (NC and CS) ASHRAE Advanced Energy Design Guide.S. Owner. contractors. Title VI. OR Prescriptive Compliance Path: Advance Buildings Core Performance Guide On-Site Renewable Energy Use renewable energy for 1%-13% Enhanced Commissioning EA P1. ASHRAE Advanced Energy Design Guides New Buildings Institute Advanced Buildings Core Performance Guide NC.1-2007. New Building Institute’s Advanced Buildings Core Performance Guide EnergyStar Program. Section Required for all 608. Target Finder Rating Tool Required for all No Project team U. operations and maintenance staff. Schools: 1-7.110 Referenced Standards & References  ANSI/ASHRAE/IESNA Standard 90. Schools: 1 No Mechanical engineer.12007 None NC. EPA Clean Air Act. No Eligible Points Exemplary Performance Decision Makers Mechanical engineer. 5% for renovations. Cut process energy costs by 12%-48%. OR (NC and CS) ASHRAE Advanced Energy Design Guide path. CS: 4 2 for all Yes. CxA Enhanced Refrigerant Management Do not use refrigerants. OR New Building Institute’s Advanced Buildings Core Performance Guide Fundamental Refrigerant Management Eliminate CFC use from all HVAC &R systems Optimize Energy Performance EA P2. design professionals.

EVO 30000. April. EVO CS: DNA 30000. 2006 Center for Resource Solutions. option B CS only: 3 The International Performance Measure & Verification Protocol Volume III. owner.1-2006: Concepts and Options for Determining Energy Savings in New Construction. 2006 No Measurement and Verification—Base Building Create and use a Measurement & Verification plan with International Performance Measure & Verification Protocol Volume III: Concepts and Options for Determining Energy Savings in New Construction. 2003: Option D. January. January. Project team. January. OR same source.1-2006: Concepts and Options for Determining Energy Savings in New Construction. Schools only: Create and use a Measurement & Verification plan with International Performance Measure & Verification Protocol Volume III: Concepts and Options for Determining Energy Savings in New Construction. does not apply to additions 2x Walls. Recyclables haulers. Green-e Product Certification Requirements 2 for all No Design team and building operators Measurement and Verification—Tenant Submetering Expandable electronic metering network. 2003: Option D. PLUS infrastructure details. CS only: must be 15% of total gross building square footage. architect Building Reuse— Reuse existing building structure and Maintain Existing envelope. & Verification Protocol Volume III.1-2006: Concepts and Options for Determining Energy Savings in New Construction. AND M&V plan. Floors and Roof size of original (NC) or 6x (CS) 111 . owner Storage. 2006 No Design team and building operators Requirements Referenced Standards & References Eligible Points Exemplary Performance Decision Makers Measurement and Verification NC. April. Collection of Recyclables Recycling area for occupants Required NC: 1-3. project team Owner. CS (MR Credit 1) 1-5 No Yes. project team. Schools only: power only credited to one project.Credit Title The International Performance Measure NC: 3. OR (CS only) use Department of Energy’s Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey database None None Yes. Schools: 2. Schools: 1-2. OR (above) Option B plus infrastructure details CS only: 3 The International Performance Measure & Verification Protocol Volume III. AND fixing problems Design team and building operators Green Power ALL: 2yr contract for 35% green power. EVO 30000.

1-2007 Section 5.5% of building materials Certified Wood Use 50% FSC-Certified wood for structural components Minimum Indoor Air Quality Performance Use tougher of either local codes or ASHRAE Standard 62. architect.112 Referenced Standards & References NC. harvested. elevators Recycled Content Value of post-consumer and pre-consumer recycled content of 10% or 20%. electrical. facility manager and maintenance personnel Credit Title Requirements Building Reuse—Main Reuse 50% of interior elements. No Architect. appliances. Yes. Schools: 1-2. appliances. plumbing. building owner. Yes. excavation items Materials Reuse NC and Schools: Reuse 5% or 10% of existing materials from site by cost. the architect. CS: 1. General contractor and subcontractors. CS: 1 Yes. general contractor None Forest Stewardship Council Principles and Criteria ANSI/ ASHRAE Standard 62. excludes mechanical. mechanical engineer.1-2007 for mechanically ventilated spaces. elevators Rapidly Renewable Materials Use rapidly renewable sources for 2. excludes mechanical. ALL excludes mechanical. appliances. general contractor Owner. general contractor Owner. Yes. tenants. CS only: these spaces must be able to meet future needs. contractor International Standard ISO 14021-1999.1 for naturally-ventilated spaces . owner Eligible Points Exemplary Performance Decision Makers None None Project team. the project team Architect. No Architect. electrical. contractor architect. OR ASHRAE Standard 62. electrical. CS: DNA 1 for all Required Yes. does not None Interior Nonstructural apply to additions 2x size of original (NC) Elements Construction Waste Management Recycle or salvage 50% or 75% of site materials except soil. manufactured within 500 miles for 10% or 20%. Schools: DNA 1-2 for all NC. 1-2 for all Environmental Labels and Declarations— Self-Declared Environmental Claims (Type II Environmental Labeling) 1-2 for all Yes. elevators Regional Materials Use materials extracted. architect. design team. CS: Reuse 5%. Schools: 1. design team. plumbing. plumbing. None recovered.1-2007 NC.

teachers.5 seconds or less in rooms ≥20. Schools only: prohibit smoking and within 25 feet of building openings Schools only No Minimum Acoustical Performance ANSI Standard S12. mechanical engineer Increased Ventilation Mechanically-ventilated spaces: boost breathing zone airflow rates to 30% above ASHRAE 62.Credit Title ANSI/ASTM E779-03.1-2007 standards. OR prohibit smoking in common areas and have designated smoking rooms. Residential Manual for Compliance with California’s 2001 Energy Efficiency Standards. AND Either meet CIBSE) Applications Manual 10: 2005 requirements OR use computer model for 90% of occupied areas No Project team. owner. Chapter 47 in classrooms. electrical engineers. school staff Outdoor Air Delivery Monitoring Alarm when CO2 levels are off by 10%. contractors. groundskeeper Requirements Referenced Standards & References Eligible Points Exemplary Performance Decision Makers Environmental Tobacco Smoke Control NC. OR keep reverberation times to 1. occupants 113 . Natural Ventilation in Non-Domestic Buildings 1 for all Design team.60-2002. property manager. AND use noise reduction coatings on ceilings in smaller classrooms. Naturallyventilated spaces meet Carbon Trust “Good Practice Guide 237 standards.1-2007. Chapter 4 Required No Facility manager. CS: Prohibit smoking. building owners and designers. ASHRAE Keep background noise below 45dBA Handbook. OR use CO2 monitors in all naturally ventilated rooms ANSI/ASHRAE 62.place CO2 monitors 3-6 feet above floor in rooms w 25 people/ 1000 sf. AND-mechanical spaces. CIBSE) Applications Manual 10: 2005 CIBSE Applications Manual 10-2005. OR (residential) prohibit smoking indoor and on balconies.000 cubic feet ANSI/ASHRAE Standard 62. mechanical engineers. seal all smoking rooms.1-2007 1 for all No Architects.

Low-Emitting Materials—Paints and Coatings NC and CS: Interior paints and coatings cannot exceed SCAQMD Rule 1113 limits.2-1999: Method of Testing General Ventilation Air Cleaning Devices for Removal Efficiency by Particle Size Yes NC. Schools meet California Department of Health Services Standard Practice for the Testing of Volatile Organic Emissions from Various Sources Using Small Scale Environment Chambers. keep items dry. Green Seal Standard GC-03. (Schools only) California Department of Health Services Standard Practice for the Testing of Volatile Organic Emissions from Various Sources Using Small Scale Environment Chambers 1 for all No Owner Credit Title Requirements Construction Indoor Air Quality Management Plan— During Construction IAQ management plan meets SMACNA) IAQ Guidelines for Occupied Buildings Under Construction. CS: DNA No Project team. 2007 ANSI/ASHRAE Standard 52. Schools: 1. OR Indoor Air EPA Compendium of Methods for the Determination of Air Pollutants in Indoor Air testing procedures Low-Emitting Materials—Adhesives and Sealants NC. Schools only: prohibit construction crew smoking inside and within 25 once building is enclosed Construction Indoor Air Quality Management Plan— Before Occupancy US EPA Compendium of Methods for Create IAQ management plan and use the Determination of Air Pollutants in it just before occupancy. effective Oct. use MERV 8 filters. subcontractors. field staff Eligible Points Exemplary Performance Decision Makers IAQ specialist. Green Seal Standard 36 (GS-36). SCAQMD Rule 1113. CS: Meet SCAQMD Rule 1168 requirements OR use a VOC budget. 19. the general contractor.114 Referenced Standards & References SMACNA) IAQ Guidelines for Occupied 1 for all Buildings Under Construction. 2000 No Owner Green Seal Standard GS-11. 2nd Edition. Schools meet California Department of Health Services Standard Practice for the Testing of Volatile Organic Emissions from Various Sources Using Small Scale Environment Chambers. Nov. Chapter 3. ANSI/SMACNA 008-2008 (Chapter 3). . South Coast Air Quality Management 1 for all District (SCAQMD) Rule 1168.000 cf of air/sf. industrial hygienist. EITHER flush out building with 14. 2nd Edition 2007.

pads meet Green Label standards. SCAQMD Rule 1168. adhesives meet IEQ C4. Section 9.1-2007 and ANSI/BIFMA X7. hard surface finishes meet SCAQMD Rule 1113 rules. OR air cannot exceed ETV Large Chamber Test Protocol for Measuring Emissions of VOCs and Aldehydes standards. OR have an independent lab follow ANSI/BIFMA M7. CS: do not use added ureaMaterials—Composite formaldehyde resins in composite wood products. or have non-carpet be FloorScore certified. OR (all rating systems) meet California Department of Health Services Standard Practice for the Testing of Volatile Organic Emissions from Various Sources Using Small Scale Environment Chambers requirements. CS: Carpet meets Green Label Plus standards.Credit Title Carpet and Rug Institute Green Label Plus Testing Program. GreenGuard Certification Program 1 for Schools only No Owner 115 . tile adhesives meet SCAQMD Rule 1168 standards. State of California Standard 1350. State of California Standard 1350.1 requirements. Schools: meet California Wood Department of Health Services Standard Practice for the Testing of Volatile Organic Emissions from Various Sources Using Small Scale Environment Chambers Low-Emitting Materials—Furniture and Furnishings Classroom furniture less than 1 year old must be EITHER GREENGUARD certified.12007 protocols ANSI X7. California Department of Health Services Standard Practice for the Testing of Volatile Organic Emissions from Various Sources. California Department of Health Services 1 for all Standard Practice for the Testing of Volatile Organic Emissions from Various Sources Using Small Scale Environment Chambers No Owner Low-Emitting NC. SCAQMD Rule 1113l FloorScore.1-2007. ETV Large Chamber Test Protocol for Measuring Emissions of VOCs and Aldehydes. 1 for all No Owner Requirements Referenced Standards & References Eligible Points Exemplary Performance Decision Makers Low-Emitting Materials—Flooring Systems NC. Section 9.

wall coverings must meet California Department of Health Services Standard Practice for the Testing of Volatile Organic Emissions from Various Sources Using Small Scale Environment Chambers requirements Indoor Chemical and Pollutant Source Control Keep outside pollutants from entering building using entryway systems.1-2007. CS: DNA No ANSI/ASHRAE Standard 62. lighting designer. Schools only: meet Typical Natatorium Design Conditions” defined in the ASHRAE HVAC Applications Handbook. exhaust systems. building engineers 1 for all No Design team. CIBSE Applications Manual 10-2005. Schools only: lighting controls for 90% of offices and occupied spaces. future occupants. (Schools only) ASHRAE HVAC Applications Handbook. CS only must use mechanical or natural ventilation systems Thermal Comfort— Design All: meet ASHRAE 55-2004 standards. 2003 edition. owner ASHRAE Standard 55-2004. controls for group spaces. owner. occupants.116 Referenced Standards & References California Department of Health Services 1 for Schools only Standard Practice for the Testing of Volatile Organic Emissions from Various Sources Using Small Scale Environment Chambers No Owner Eligible Points Exemplary Performance Decision Makers ANSI/ASHRAE Standard 52. MERV air filters Controllability of Systems—Lighting NC only: lighting controls for at least 90% of occupants.2-1999 1 for all No Design team. building maintenance staff. Chapter 4 Credit Title Requirements Low-Emitting Materials—Ceiling and Wall Systems Indoor sheetrock. acoustical ceiling tile systems. mechanical engineer and commissioning team Architect. CS only: let tenant build-outs earn this credit . lighting installers. Schools: 1. ASHRAE Standard 55-2004 1 for all No Building designers. AV levels Controllability of Systems—Thermal Comfort Individual temperature controls for 50%. Natural Ventilation in Non-Domestic Buildings. the commissioning authority. electrical engineers. property managers None NC. AND lighting controls for group spaces. property managers. architect. AND classroom lighting at normal.

landscape architect. Daylight and Views— Daylight Schools only: provide daylighting for 75% or 90% of classroom spaces OR 75% of all other spaces. must be approved by administrators. NC. 7. ASHRAE Handbook. NC and CS: 75% daylighting. lead building engineer No Project team Innovation in Design None Create innovations in designs. required documents. OR use prescriptive method.60-2002. OR perform measurements. Standard Test Method for Haze and Luminous Transmittance of Transparent Plastics NC. Schools only: 1. owner. strategies.2.1 No Design team. occupants. CS only: include tenant layout Architect. CS: 1-5 points. CS: 1 plus IEQ C7. thermal comfort survey. Schools: earn IEQ C7. Sound NC. School as a Teaching Tool Create curriculum using LEED features as teaching tools.Credit Title ASHRAE Standard 55-2004 NC. design and construction teams.1. Owner.1. civil engineer. OR use a combination of these methods None 1 for all Yes. Chapter 47. meet all state. building operations team. Schools: 1-3 Yes. engineers. ALL: use computer simulation. local teaching standards. Include intent. EPA reference number 402-F-91-102 Schools only: 1. provide 10 hours of instruction/ year 117 . AND keep background noise in learning areas below 40dBA Mold Prevention Earn IEQ Credits 3. architect. Enhanced Acoustical Performance Meet STC requirements of ANSI Standard S12. school administrators and the project team. fix problems if 20% problems. requirements. IAQ management plan Yes.1 and 7. CS: DNA NC. Schools: 1-4 points 1 for all Let 90% of occupants to look outside. owner agent or commissioning authority Requirements Referenced Standards & References Eligible Points Exemplary Performance Decision Makers Thermal Comfort— Verification NC. 2003 HVAC Applications EPA’s Building Air Quality: A Guide for Building Owners and Facility Managers. CS: 1. Yes. OR meet Exemplary Performance requirements with 3 point cap. facility managers Daylight and Views— Views ANSI/ ASHRAE Standard S12.60-2002. AND keep humidity below 60% at all times. CS: DNA and Vibration Control. landscape architect. LEED AP None LEED AP Have 1 LEED AP on team No 1 for Schools only No None Teachers. NC only: permanent monitoring system for non-residential buildings ASTM D1003-07e1. Mechanical engineer.

118 4 maximum No None Regional Priority Meet USGBC Regional Council priorities None .

Sample Test #1 119 .

120 .

integrating force for the building industry. B The most significant flood in a 100-year period. Since its inception in 1993. as defined by FEMA? (Choose 1) A The flood elevation with a 1% chance of being met or exceeded each year. C An elevation that is continuously flooded for 100 years. For a building to earn LEED certification or re-certification. Innovation in Design? (Choose 4) A Proposed intent B Proposed standard(s) C Proposed requirements D Proposed submittals E Proposed design approach F Results of credit implementation 5. Which of the following is NOT considered a basic service for community connectivity? (Choose 1) A Bank B Park C Hair Salon D Church E None of the 4 answers are correct 4. D The flood elevation with a 100% chance of being met or exceeded each year. which one of the following statements is true? (Choose 1) A The applicant project must satisfy only the prerequisites in the credit categories for which the project attempts to achieve and qualify for a minimum number of points to attain an established project rating B The applicant project must satisfy all the prerequisites and attempt to achieve all credits to attain an established project rating C The applicant project must attempt to satisfy all prerequisites and qualify for a minimum number of points to attain an established project rating D The applicant project must satisfy all the prerequisites and qualify for a minimum number of points to attain an established project rating 121 .1. Which of the following are requirements of IDc1. the USGBC has played a vital role in providing a leadership forum and a unique. 3. What is the 100-Year Flood. USGBC’s programs have three distinguishing characteristics. What are they? (Choose 3) A Committee-based B Government-based C Member-driven D Consensus-focused E Industry-driven 2.

Recycled content value is derived by the following equation: (Choose 1) A B C D % post-consumer content + % pre-consumer content % post-consumer content + 0.4. Which of the following is true? (Choose 1) A B C D No credit for low-emitting paints can be achieved Re-painting with low-VOC paints will allow achievement of credit A weighted-average method can be applied to determine achievement an additional 1EQ credit must be earned as compensation 9.5. Which of the following are considered sensitive areas for new building projects and should be avoided if possible? (Choose 2) A B C D E Dilapidated urban areas Prime farmland Parks Scenic highways Hilltops 7. 0.0 8. For a LEED Project. Unfortunately 2 of the paints have VOC contents above the limits specified by SCAQMD Rule #1113. Enhanced Commissioning? (Choose 3) A B C D E F Incorporate commissioning requirements into the construction documents Prepare for a review of building operation within 10 months of substantial completion Create a systems manual for future operating staff Complete a summary commissioning report Review the OPR and BOD for quality and completeness Conduct a commissioning design review of the OPR and BOD prior to the mid-construction documents phase 122 . 1.5 1.6.5% pre-consumer content 0. 1.5% pre-consumer content 0. which pair represents the maximum flush rates (GPF) for water closets and urinals.0 2. respectively? (Choose 1) A B C D 1. 1.5% post-consumer content + % pre-consumer content 10. 10 different paint types were used. According to the Energy Policy Act of 1992. Which three of the following activities in the commissioning process are only applicable to EAc3.6.0.5 2.5% post-consumer content + 0.

and plumbing systems. What are the three goals of the LEED 2009 Minimum Program Requirements (MPRs)? (Choose 3) A B C D To give clear guidance to customers To protect the integrity of the LEED program To have more buildings become LEED Certified To reduce challenges that occur during the LEED certification process 13. and taken together serve three goals.500 gross square feet of indoor. There is an existing 100. In order to achieve IDc2. electrical. The owner is making substantial facility alterations including a 60.000 square foot multi-tenant building with one owner. The facility alterations include upgrades to mechanical.000 gross square feet of indoor. LEED Accredited Professional.500 gross square feet of indoor. The owner has decided to seek LEED Certification.11.000 gross square feet of indoor. Given the above information. under which of the following LEED rating systems should the project pursue certification? (Choose 1) A B C D LEED for Commercial Interiors LEED for Existing Buildings: Operations and Maintenance LEED Core and Shell LEED for New Construction 12. enclosed building floor area 2. the building must comply with minimum floor area requirements. at least how many members of the project team must be a LEED AP? (Choose 1) A B C D 1 2 3 4 14. enclosed building floor area 123 . What is the minimum floor area necessary to pursue LEED Certification? (Choose 1) A B C D 1. These requirements define the categories of buildings that the LEED rating systems were designed to evaluate. enclosed building floor area 1. Under the LEED 2009 Minimum Program Requirements (MPRs). The LEED 2009 Minimum Program Requirements (MPRs) define the minimum characteristics that a project must possess in order to be eligible for certification under LEED 2009. enclosed building floor area 2.000 square foot building addition.

as time-averaged over the previous 12 months. At normal capacity. What is the standard flush rate for water closets based on the Energy Policy Act of 1992? (Choose 1) A B C D E 2. The LEED project building’s total gross floor area must be no less than what percentage of the LEED project’s site area? (Choose 1) A B C D E 5% 10% 25% 15% 2% 17.15. For LEED projects.3 GPF 1. ordinary partial occupancy is permitted. classroom. the building must comply with Minimum Occupancy Rates. For an apartment building.1 GPF 1. Under LEED 2009 for Existing Buildings: Operations & Maintenance Minimum Program Requirements (MPRs). convention center. Note that the LEED project site area may be less than the total site area associated with the project building. or similar structures.5 GPF 2. sports facility. dormitory. which of the following items need to be recycled as a prerequisite? (Choose 3) A B C D E Corrugated cardboard Lightbulbs Batteries Glass Metals 18.0 GPF 124 . the building must comply with a Minimum Building Area to Site Area Ratio. The LEED project must be fully occupied (defined as average or typical occupancy expected during normal operations) for at least the 12 continuous months preceding certification application. Vacant tenant space measuring 25% or less of the building floor area is permitted. what percentage of floor area must be physically occupied? (Choose 1) A B C D 55% 65% 75% 85% 16. Under LEED 2009 Minimum Program Requirements (MPRs). hotel.6 GPF 1.

S.S. The potential environmental impacts and human benefits of each credit with respect to a set of impact categories. excluding Innovation in Design (or Operations) and Regional Priority.) Green Building Certification Institute (GBCI) U. whole numbers. Innovation in Design (or Operations) and Regional Priority credits provide opportunities for up to 15 bonus points. Which entity do project teams interact with for project registration and certification? (Choose 1) A B C D U. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) (Not U. (Choose 3) A B C D E F All LEED credits are positive. All LEED rating systems have 80 base points.S. Green Building Council (USGBC) U. In LEED 2009 the allocation of points between credits is based on ________________________. The LEED 2009 credit weightings process is based on the following parameters. there are no individualized scorecards based on project location. static weight in each rating system. individualized scorecards may vary based on project location. All LEED credits receive a single.19. All LEED credits receive a single. Department of Energy (DOE) 20. which maintain consistency and usability across rating systems. excluding Innovation in Design (or Operations) and Regional Priority.S. static weight in each rating system. (Choose 1) A B C D Weighted distribution based on analysis from Technical Advisory Groups (TAGs). Choose one from the list below to finish the sentence. All LEED rating systems have 100 base points. Which of the following methods would reduce indoor pollutant sources? (Choose 1) A B C D Air hand dryers Permanent entry systems Vaccumed hallways None of the above 21. there are no fractions or negative values. 125 . Cost benefit analysis 22. Market driven factors.

Which one of the below most accurately describes what LEED for Existing Buildings: Operations and Maintenance was designed to do? (Choose 1) A B C D To certify the sustainability of inhabitants living in existing high-rise residential buildings. Data that quantify building impacts on environmental and human health are used to assign points to individual credits. defined as the performance period. 25. resulting in considerable reductions in operating budgets.1-2007 ASHRAE 52.2-1999 ASHRAE 90. To certify the sustainability of ongoing operations of existing commercial and institutional buildings. The LEED 2009 credit weightings process involves three steps. Which ASHRAE standard deals with ventilation to improve indoor air quality? (Choose 1) A B C D ASHRAE 55-2004 ASHRAE 62. To identify inefficiencies in existing building energy use and to then implement corrective action programs. (Choose 1) A B C D 10% to 15% 15% to 20% 25% to 30% 30% to 40% 27. The relative importance of building impacts in each category are set to reflect values based on the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) weightings. The relative importance of building impacts in each category are set to reflect values based on the U. A typical baseline building is used to estimate the environmental impacts in 13 categories associated with a typical building pursuing LEED certification.23.S. Fill in the blanks. 24. A low-emitting/fuel efficient vehicle is qualified according to: (Choose 1) A B C D 126 MPG Hybrid capabilities Clean Air Act American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy .1-2007 26. LEED buildings use ____% to ____% less energy than conventional buildings. To certify the longer term sustainability of new commercial buildings during the first two years of operations. Technical Advisory Groups (TAGs) quantify building impacts on environmental and human health are used to assign points to individual credits. Green Building Certification Institute (GBCI) weightings. What are they? (Choose 3) A B C D E F A reference building is used to estimate the environmental impacts in 13 categories associated with a typical building pursuing LEED certification. On average.

32. Water during the hottest part of the day when plants and turf need the water most. 30. Use of indigenous plants in landscape design Develop and follow a seasonal maintenance schedule to maintain a healthy landscape. Commission irrigation systems and controllers. xeriscaping. wash basins and clothes washers. Use of indigenous plants in landscape design. plants will require more water due to the poor water retention qualities of compost. Water all landscaping by hand 127 . Waste water from toilets and urinals or water that has come into contact with food through a sink or dishwasher. Drinking water that is approved for human consumption. Reducing the size on landscape and turf areas on site equates to less water and maintenance.28. Potable water is most accurately defined as which one of the following? (Choose 1) A B C D Untreated house hold water that has not come into contact with toilet waste. For construction waste management. showers. While the compost is nutrient rich. Landscaping choices have a significant impact on a project site irrigation needs and water consumption. B C D 29. Which three landscaping choices below can help to minimize a site landscape irrigation needs over the lifetime of the project? (Choose 3) A B C D E F Minimize conventional turf grass Maximize conventional turf grass Use of invasive plants in landscape design Use techniques such as mulching. Composting landscape waste and using mulching mowers can significantly reduce disposal costs and landfill waste. Water from bathtubs. and cost of stormwater management measures. Which of the following best describes the benefits of sustainable landscaping and other site management measures? (Choose 1) A Sustainable landscaping and other site management measures can halt erosion and sedimentation and reduce the size. complexity. This will maximize plant water uptake. Less fertilizer use is better for the microclimate. Sustainable landscaping requires minimal fertilizers. Which three of the below are associated with efficient irrigation practices? (Choose 3) A B C D E F Water early or late in the day to minimize evaporation. Using native or adapted vegetation can minimize watering and maintenance. and composting Do not use compost in soil mixed for landscaping. waste trips can be measured in: (Choose 2) A B C D Tonnage Truck loads Density Cubic Yards 31.

33. Process water is most accurately defined as which one of the following? (Choose 1) A B C D Water that is feed into a cooling tower system to replace water lost through evaporation. Water that is used for industrial processes and building systems such as cooling towers. A constant used in calculating the landscape coefficient. Habitat restoration and Thermal insulation 37. 128 . Benefits of having a vegetated roof include the following: (Choose 1) A B C D E Stormwater management Habitat restoration Thermal insulation Stormwater management and Thermal insulation Stormwater management. particularly with reference to the density of the plant material. A constant used to adjust the evapotranspiration rate to reflect the biological features of a specific plant species. drift. bleed off. Water that has been treated and purified for reuse. A coefficient used in calculating the landscape coefficient. xeriscaping. It adjusts the evapotranspiration rate to reflect the climate of the immediate area. or other causes. It modifies the evapotranspiration rate to reflect the water use of a plant or group of plants. and chillers. Water that is approved for human consumption. Which of the following types of water can be used for irrigation but not human consumption? (Choose 2) A B C D Captured rainwater Groundwater Wastewater treated to primary standards Graywater 36. boilers. 35. and composting Sprinkler irrigation Moisture sensors Clock timers 34. Which three of the below technologies are associated with high efficiency irrigation systems? (Choose 3) A B C D E F Drip irrigation Spray irrigation Mulching. Which of the below best defines Species Factor? (Choose 1) A B C D A constant used to calculate the evapotranspiration rate.

Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE) use three levels of energy audits. The replacement of a chiller is considered not economically feasible if the simple payback of the replacement is greater than 10 years. If the cost per year is less than the existing equipment maintenance cost than the improvement is economically feasible. 105-2007 Clean Air Act. The replacement of a chiller is considered not economically feasible if the simple payback of the replacement is greater than 10 years. The American Society of Heating. Divide the cost of the new equipment by 10 years. 21-2006 41. What are they? (Choose 3) A B C D E F Walk Through Analysis Commissioning Energy Survey and Analysis Metering Benchmarking Detailed Analysis of Capital-Intensive Modifications 39. and identifies efficiency and cost reduction opportunities. Title III. Rule 608 EPACT. If the new equipment cost is equal to less than the energy cost savings over a ten-year period then the improvement is economically feasible. Divide the cost of the new chiller equipment (minus labor) by the annual cost avoidance for energy that results from the replacement and any difference in maintenance costs. Which standard listed below governs refrigerant management and reporting? (Choose 1) A B C D ASHRAE.38. An energy audit identifies how much energy a building uses and the purposes for which it is used. Title VI. 40. Which one of the below is qualified to perform the simple payback analysis? (Choose 1) A B C D A consultant employed by the project owner or property manager LEED AP Independent third party (not directly employed by the building owner or property manager) Mechanical Engineer 129 . How is simple payback figured? (Choose 1) A B C D Divide the cost of implementing the replacement by the annual cost avoidance for energy that results from the replacement and any difference in maintenance costs. Rule 590 RCRA.

An energy rating system developed by ASHRAE.S. thereby reducing the volume and intensity of the stormwater flows and helping to maintain the natural aquifer recharge cycle and assists in restoring depleted stream base flows. The ENERGY STAR program is most accurately described as which one of the following? (Choose 1) A B C D It is a government-industry partnership managed by the U. Effective on-site stormwater management practices reduce erosion and protect natural rivers and streams. The U.S. An energy rating system developed by the USGBC. . Elimination of simultaneous building heating and cooling Purchase of Green-e Certified power Installation of Solar Panels Sensor calibration and application Staging and sequencing of boilers. 43. Which of the following methods help minimize the heat-island effect? (Choose 3) A B C D E Open-grid paving Covered parking with roof having SRI of 40 Tree shading within 8 years Tree shading within 5 years Covered parking with roof having SRI of 20 45. Effective on-site stormwater management practices capture and retain the entire 2 year 24 hour storm event on-site thereby reducing the impacts on the local municipality conveyance system. Source Energy is most accurately defined as which one of the following? (Choose 1) A B C D 130 The amount of heat and electricity consumed by a building.42. Environmental Protection Agency and the U. (Choose 3) A B C D E F Replacement of base building HVAC systems. chillers. Effective on-site stormwater management practices have less impact to the micro and macro climate. and production losses for a complete assessment of the buildings energy use. It is the primary electrical service provided to the subject building. Choose three out of the list below. delivery. Which of the following best describes the benefits of effective on-site stormwater management practices? (Choose 1) A Effective on-site stormwater management practices let stormwater infiltrate the ground.S. The total amount of raw fuel required to operate a building. as reflected in utility bills.or low-cost ways to achieve at least 5-10% improvement in energy efficiency. and air-handling units 44. B C D 46. Energy that is provided off site by an utility provider. Department of Energy. it incorporates all transmission. It is a government-industry partnership managed by the IESNA and ASHRAE. Department of Energy’s Federal Management Program promotes several building operations and maintenance practices as no.

Xeriscaping is most accurately defined as which one of the following? (Choose 1) A Landscaping that uses plants that are adapted to a given area during a defined time period and are not invasive. Light Pollution Reduction identifies four Lighting Zones (LZ) and defines the maximum illuminance values for outdoor lighting allowable in each zone. The remainder of the site is covered in mulches. 131 . C Landscaping that requires no irrigation water because there are only water storing plants used that store water during natural rain events. Which two pieces of information are required to calculate the Return on Investment (ROI %)? (Choose 2) A B C D Annual savings ($) Annual operating savings ($) Project cost ($) Interest rate (%) 49. Which two pieces of information are required to calculate the Simple Payback Period (SPB yrs)? (Choose 2) A B C D Project cost ($) Annual operating savings ($) Total operational savings Interest rate (%) 48. rocks architectural features and pervious surfaces. D Site landscaping using planters that are only watered by hand when needed.000 that are intended for thematic attractions. The simple payback is the length of time required to recoup the initial investment from an operational improvement or capital investment. B A landscaping method that makes routine irrigation unnecessary. A measurement and verification plan must cover at least what period of time after occupancy? (Choose 1) A B C D 18 months 24 months 6 months 12 months 50.47. Major city centers with high ambient illumination and population densities greater than 100. Return on investment is the ratio of cost savings generated by an improvement or upgrade relative to the amount of money invested to perform the improvement. It uses drought adaptable and low water plants as well as soil amendments such as compost and mulches to reduce evaporation. entertainment districts and major auto sales districts fall into which one of the following Lighting Zones (LZ)? (Choose 1) A B C D LZ 1 LZ2 LZ3 LZ4 51.

Which two pieces of information are required to calculate the Cost Benefit Ratio? (Choose 2) A B C D Total operational savings ($ Annual operating savings ($) Project cost ($) Interest rate (%) 53. connection or disconnection of equipment. Green Building Council (USGBC) Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Center for Resource Solutions Green-e Energy Montreal Protocol 55. D The power must meet the current ENERGY STAR power performance standards.52. implementation. The schedule of activities related to existing building commissioning. Routinely scheduled equipment inspection. Off-site renewable energy sources are defined by which one of the following? (Choose 1) A B C D U. What are the two criteria? (Choose 2) The power must meet current green power performance standards. E The power must be generated by solar or wind. If off-site renewable energy is purchased for a building but the power is not Green-e Energy Certified the power must meet two criteria to be eligible as off-site renewable energy in the LEED rating system. such as an addition or removal of equipment or an adjustment.S. dynamic process intended to facilitate the efficient operation of a previously retro-commissioned building. 54. USGBC verification that the green power performance standards are being met by the power supplier over time (annually). including the investigation and analysis. Changes to an existing facility. cleaning and repair conducted to prevent equipment failure and keep materials and systems in working order. C Independent third party verification that the green power performance standards are being met by the power supplier over time (annually). and ongoing commissioning. Preventative maintenance is most accurately described as which one of the following? (Choose 1) A B C D A continuous. A B 132 . The cost-benefit ratio determines the total financial return for each dollar invested in operational improvements and upgrades.

and atmosphere itself.2 0. A B C D 0. What are the three reporting standards recognized by LEED? (Choose 3) A B C D E World Resources Institute (WRI)/ Work business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD) Montreal Protocol EPA Climate Leaders Center for Resource Solutions Green-e Energy ENERGY STAR Portfolio Manager 60.5 58. Choose three natural refrigerants from the list below. (Choose 1) A B C D California Protocol Montana Protocol Montreal Protocol EPA. 133 . as shown by small temperature rise. clouds.8 1 1. Base building HVAC&R equipment is any equipment that is permanently installed in the building that contains more than ______ pound(s) of refrigerant. Natural refrigerants are naturally occurring compounds that generally have a much lower potential for atmospheric damage than manufactured chemical refrigerants. Title V. (Choose 3) A B C D E F Carbon dioxide (CO2) Carbon monoxide (CO) Propane Ammonia(NH3) HCFC-123 R-12 59. Under which international treaty. Section 204 57. Fill in the blank. ratified in 1989. When reporting building emissions LEED recognizes three protocols/standards for reporting that when used require no further analysis or elaboration. (Choose 1).56. Gases that are used as refrigerants and cause depletion of the stratospheric ozone layer. The ratio of the radiation emitted by a surface to the radiation emitted by a black body at the same temperature. Greenhouse gases are most accurately defined as which one of the following? (Choose 1) A B C D Gases that absorb and emit radiation at specific wavelengths within the spectrum of thermal infrared radiation emitted by the Earth’s surface. will nonzero ozone depleting potential (ODP) refrigerants be phased out by 2030? This includes the chlorinated refrigerants chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) and Hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs). A measure of a surfaces ability to reject solar heat. Some HVAC&R systems use natural refrigerants.

Purchases within the building and site managements control. (Choose 3) A B C D E F Toner Cartridges Batteries Leaf Blower Fax Machine Computer Pens and pencils 64. 75% of all purchases for the building by cost. during the performance period. At a minimum. A sustainable purchasing policy introduces environmentally conscious purchasing into building operations and maintenance practices. The Commissioning Authority (CxA) needs to review which documents for clarity and completenss before 100% construction documents (Choose 2) A B C D Basis of Design Systems Report Owners Project Requirements Stormwater Pollution Prevention Plan 134 . Ongoing consumables have a low cost per unit and are regularly replaced in the course of business. Choose three examples of ongoing consumables from the list below.61. Ongoing Consumables and Durable Goods. the sustainable purchasing policy must cover which one of the below product purchases? (Choose 1) A B C D 50% of all purchases for the building by cost. 62. Which of the following materials is NOT considered to have pre-consumer recycled content? (Choose 1) A B C D Composite board made with wood chips from a sawmill Wheel stops made with rubber scraps from a tire plant Carpeting made with recycled soda bottles Steel beams made with steel scrapes left over from the manufacturer 65. during the performance period. Which of the following is NOT an option for calculating projected energy use of a building? (Choose 1) A B C D Performance Rating method ASHRAE Advanced Energy Design Guide ASHRAE 55-2004 Advanced Buildings Core Performance Guide 63.

66. adhesives and carpet pads? (Choose 1) A B C D FloorScore Green-e certified Green Label Plus Green Seal 135 . Choose three examples of rapidly renewable materials from the list below. Fill in the blank. For the purposes of LEED. FSC has three labels for FSC-certified wood products. that take 10 years or less to grow or raise and can be harvested in a sustainable fashion. What are they? (Choose 3) A B C D E F 100% FSC Mixed Source FSC Recycled FSC FSC Certified FSC Silver FSC Gold 67. carpets. both fiber and animal. regionally extracted materials are raw materials taken from within a maximum ______ mile radius of the project site. (Choose 1) A B C D E 200 300 400 500 800 68. (Choose 3) A B C D E F Bamboo Flooring Slate tiles Wool Carpeting Oak Wood Flooring Linoleum Flooring Exposed Concrete Flooring 69. For the purposes of LEED rapidly renewable materials are agricultural products. The Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) is and international certification and labeling system for products that come from responsibly managed forests and verified recycled sources. Which of the below is the independent testing program by the Carpet and Rug Institute (CRI) that set standards for low emitting.

composite panels and agrifiber products must not contain what type of resin listed below? (Choose 1) A B C D Urea-formaldehyde Phenol-formaldehyde Polymeric Silicon 136 . Rule 51 74. linoleum. laminate. For the purposes of LEED.70. which program listed below sets the standards for non-carpet finished flooring such as vinyl. which standard listed below sets the not to exceed VOC and chemical component limits of paints and coatings? (Choose 1) A B C D Green Seal’s Standard GS-11 South Coast Air Quality Management District (SCAQMD) Rule 1168 Green Guard Green Label Plus 72. For the purposes of LEED. wood. which standard listed below sets the not to exceed VOC content limits of aerosol adhesives? (Choose 1) A B C D South Coast Air Quality Management District (SCAQMD) Rule 1168 Green Seal’s Standard GS-36 Green Guard Bay Area Air Quality Management District Regulation 8. and ceramic flooring? (Choose 1) A B C D Green-e certified FloorScore Green Label Plus Green Seal 71. For the purposes of LEED. For the purposes of LEED. For the purposes of LEED. which standard listed below sets the not to exceed VOC content limits of adhesives and sealants? (Choose 1) A B C D South Coast Air Quality Management District (SCAQMD) Rule 1168 Green Seal’s Standard GS-11 Green Guard Green Label Plus 73.

Base building elements are mentioned in many of the credits for LEED and are especially important for waste stream management during facility renovations. demolitions. For the purposes of LEED. i. carbon dioxide. Choose three base building elements from the list below. It is a management activity that disposes of waste other that through incineration or the use of landfills.e. refits and new construction additions. metallic carbides and carbonate and ammonium carbonate). In terms of building waste and solid waste management which of the below most accurately describes source reduction? (Choose 1) A B C D It reduces the amount of unnecessary material brought into a building. Gases that are used as refrigerants and cause depletion of the stratospheric ozone layer. It reduces the overall amount of consumable goods brought into a building. incinerator or other disposal site. carbonic acid. base building elements are those that are permanently or semi-permanently attached to the building. clouds. Carbon compounds that participate in atmospheric photochemical reactions (excluding carbon monoxide. The compounds vaporize at normal room temperatures. and atmosphere itself. which entity below sets the voluntary industry guidelines for maximum mercury content in lamps? (Choose 1) A B C D American National Standards Institute (ANSI) National Electrical Manufactures Association (NEMA) Illuminating Engineering Society of North America (IESNA) American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) 77. (Choose 3) A B C D E F Wall studs and insulation Mechanical systems Doors and windows Carpet and other flooring materials Elevators Plumbing components 137 . For the purposes of LEED. 78. 76. packaging. Substance used in fire suppression systems and fire extinguishers in buildings. A naturally occurring compound found in small amounts in animals and plants. These substances deplete the stratospheric ozone layer. It is the overall flow of material into the building and then to a landfill.75. Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) are most accurately defined as which one of the following? (Choose 1) A B C D E Gases that absorb and emit radiation at specific wavelengths within the spectrum of thermal infrared radiation emitted by the Earth’s surface.

It is true that increased mechanical ventilation rates may increase a building heating and cooling costs however there are several design strategies to mitigate these costs.2 83. Choose three mitigation design strategies used in conjunction with increased mechanical ventilation from the list below. relatively high concentrations of CO2 are not known to cause serious health problems. (Choose 3) A B C D E F 138 Energy recovery ventilation Operable windows Variable speed return fans CO2 monitors Thermostat manual overrides Demand-controlled ventilation .1-2007 ANSI/ASHRAE 90. Which standard below is the current reference for Ventilation for Acceptable Indoor Air Quality mechanically ventilated spaces (Ventilation Rate Procedure)? (Choose 1) A B C D ANSI/ASHRAE 62.79. Section 6. LEED strategies to improve indoor environmental quality are most likely to accomplish which three things from the list below? (Choose 3) A B C D E F A reduction in liability for building owners An increase in building maintenance cost Increased production of building occupants A decrease in building value due to large upfront equipment costs An increase in the resale value of the building An improvement in the health of building occupants 81. High indoor CO2 measurements may indicate which one of the following? (Choose 1) A B C D There is a leak in the fire suppression system That building ventilation rates should be increased That the building has poor insulation That tobacco smoke is making its way into the building 82.1 improve occupant comfort. With regard to indoor environmental quality. Which is NOT a commissioned system during the commissioning process? (Choose 1) A B C D Lighting Irrigation systems Solar Photovoltaics HVAC 80. It is documented that buildings that meet the minimum indoor air quality (IAQ) performance standards of ANSI/ ASHRAE 62. and productivity.1-2007 ASTM E408 ANSI/ASHRAE 62.1-2007. well being. but can lead to occupant drowsiness and lethargy.

For the purposes of LEED and environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) control.1-2007 ANSI/ASHRAE 90.1-2007 ASTM E408 ANSI/ASHRAE 62.1 86.84. building owners should prohibit smoking within how many feet of all building entries. For the purposes of LEED indoor air quality best management practices .1-2007 139 . which of the following contaminants are measured? (Choose 2) A B C D Carbon dioxide Particulates (PM25) Formaldehyde Carbon monoxide 87.1-2007.indoor air quality (IAQ) management program. Section 5. Which standard below is the current reference for Ventilation for Acceptable Indoor Air Quality for naturally ventilated spaces? (Choose 1) A B C D ANSI/ASHRAE 62. When conducting Indoor Air Quality testing before occupancy. the referenced standard to use for the development and implementation of an IAQ management program is which one of the following? (Choose 1) A B C D ANSI/ASHRAE 62.1-2007 ASTM E408 EPA Indoor Air Quality Building Education and Assessment Model (I-BEAM) ANSI/ASHRAE 90. Which figures are necessary to make calculations for water-efficient landscaping? (Choose 4) A B C D E Species factor Density factor Microclimate factor Topographic factor Landscape coefficient 85. outdoor air intakes and operable windows? (Choose 1) A B C D 25 feet 50 feet 75 feet 100 feet 88.

Minimum acoustical performance is a prerequisite under which rating system? (Choose 1) A B C D Existing Buildings: Operations & Maintenance LEED-NC LEED for Schools LEED-CI 140 .5 91.5 and 7. which current standard below presents methods for testing air cleaners for their ability to remove particles from the air stream and resistance to airflow? (Choose 1) A B C D ANSI/ASHRAE 62. When monitoring C02 in a building.2-1999 EPA Indoor Air Quality Building Education and Assessment Model (I-BEAM) 92.1-2007 ANSI/ASHRAE 90. There is a standard method of testing general ventilation air-cleaning devices for removal efficiency by particle size. the sensors shall be located between ____ and ___ feet above the floor in densely occupied spaces. Passive ventilation is an example of which one of the below? (Choose 1) A B C Mechanical ventilation Natural ventilation Mixed-mode ventilation 90. There are three basic methods for ventilating buildings. For the purposes of LEED. If permanently installed air-handlers are to be used during construction or renovation and indoor air quality (IAQ) is to be maintained to LEED standards which filter below is to be used at each return air grille? (Choose 1) A B C D MERV 8 MERV 10 MERV 13 MERV 16 93. (Choose 1) A B C D 2 and 7 3 and 7 3 and 6 2.1-2007 ANSI/ASHRAE 52.89. Fill in the blank.

thermal radiation. Chapter 3 Comprehensive Environmental Response. Compensation.1-2007 ANSI/ASHRAE 62. Thermal comfort exists when building occupants express satisfaction with the thermal environment. That portion of an exterior window above 30 inches and below 90 inches that permits a view to the outside of the building. vision glazing is most accurately described as which one of the following? (Choose 1) A B C D Window area in a regularly occupied building space. November 2007. and Liability Act 95. The environmental factors addressed are temperature.94. The ratio of total light transmitted to total incident light. Visible light transmittance (VTL) is most accurately described as which one of the following? (Choose 1) A B C D That portion of an exterior window above 30 inches and below 90 inches that permits a view to the outside of the building. For the purposes of LEED if occupant comfort for an existing building is to be assessed through an occupant survey which standard listed below specifies the combinations of indoor space environment and personal factors that will produce acceptable thermal environmental conditions? (Choose 1) A B C D ANSI/ASHRAE 55-2004 ANSI/ASHRAE 62.1-2007.1-2007 Uniform Building Code (UBC): International Conference of Building Officials model building code. An exterior window that permits a view to the outside of the building. Which of the following spaces are considered regularly occupied spaces? ((Choose 3) A B C D E Bathroom Office Meeting room Closet Waiting room 141 .1 ANSI/ASHRAE 90. and the development of an indoor air quality (IAQ) plan for an existing building under construction or renovation which standard below should be referenced? (Choose 1) A B C D ANSI/ASHRAE 62. For the purposes of LEED. The ratio of the radiation emitted by a surface to the radiation emitted by a blackbody at the same temperature. That portion of an exterior window above 2 feet and below 6 feet that permits a view to the outside of the building.1 96. SMACNA Indoor Air Quality Guidelines for Occupied Buildings under Construction. Section 5. For the purposes of LEED. second edition. humidity and air speed. 97. 98. The ratio of reflected solar energy to the incoming solar energy.

99. LEED project registration provides which two of the following? (Choose 2) A B C D E F One free credit interpretation ruling One consultation with a USGBC project planner Access to online LEED credit templates Established contact between the USGBC and the designated project Support by the USGBC Technical Advisory Group (TAG) One point towards certification 100. CIRs can be requested through an online form. Credit interpretation rulings (CIRs) set precedents for interpretation of LEED credits regarding specific strategies and applications. 142 . CIRs can be requested only by project team members with registered projects. CIRs can be requested by any USGBC member at any time. CIRs must be submitted in writing by mail. Which three of the below are true with regard to CIRs? (Choose 3) A B C D E CIRs can be reviewed by all USGBC members and non-members with registered projects.

Sample Test #2 143 .

144 .

1. Which of the following standards describes the structure of a measurement and verification plan? (Choose 1) A B C D Center for Resource Solutions’ Green-e Product Certification Requirements IPMVP Volume III: Concepts and Options for Determining Energy Savings in New Construction The Energy Policy Act of 1992 CIBSE Applications Manual 10 145 . In terms of refrigerant management for LEED.S. The U. as defined by LEED? (Choose 3) A B C D E F Heart pine Bamboo Wool Composite wood panels Sawdust Linoleum 3. Which of the following may be examples of rapidly renewable materials. a maximum threshold is set for what environmental impact(s) of the built environment? (Choose 1) A B C D E Chlorofluorocarbons Ozone depletion Global warming potential The combination of ozone depletion and global warming potential The combination of chlorofluorocarbons and ozone depletion 2. Green Building Council recently announced that it will offer an IDc1 point for projects that implement which certification process? (Choose 1) A B C D E Biomimicry Cradle to Cradle Green Globes International Organization for Standardization GreenSpec 4.

Which of the following materials is post. and nutrients in addition to providing biological or chemical polishing. is which of the following? (Choose 1) A B C D Underground effluence treatment Tertiary treatment Biological treatment Potable system filtering 8. Which of the following two standards are referenced by the Materials & Resources section of Building Design and Construction? (Choose 2) A B C D Carpet and Rug Institute Green Label Plus Testing Program ISO 14021-1999 .5.Environmental Labels & Declarations Forest Stewardship Council’s Principles & Criteria Center for Resource Solutions’ Green-e Product Certification Requirements 6. Which of the following are strategies that might best contribute toward controlling glare from natural daylight? (Choose 4) A B C D E F G Operable draperies & blinds Decreased building perimeter Electronic blackout glazing Fixed exterior shading devices Placement of private offices around perimeter Fritted glazing BIPVs 7. which removes organics. The highest form of wastewater treatment.or pre-consumer waste that is eligible to be counted as recycled content? (Choose 3) A B C D E Fly Ash Construction Debris Steel Slag Salvaged chair Rubber tire pieces 146 . solids.

To efficiently provide interpretations of LEED requirements when needed. To support an integrated design process To ensure the integrity of the LEED process 147 . What is an aspect of the LEED Accredited Professional’s role on a LEED project as defined in the intent of ID Credit 2. The ASTM standards referenced throughout LEED refer to all of the following traits except which two? (Choose 2) A B C D E F G Solar emissions Solar reflectance Solar absorbance Emittance Air leakage rate Air pollutant levels Site assessments 11. LEED Accredited Professional? (Choose 1) A B C D To advocate for the best environmental choices possible on a project.9. Which of the following statements correctly describe how to achieve an innovation credit for a category not addressed by LEED? (Choose 3) A B C D E The innovation should utilize a standard not referenced by another LEED credit The innovation should address the entire project The innovation must include an education component The formula should not be unique to the project for which it was developed The project should demonstrate quantitative environmental/performance benefits 10. Which THREE of the following sets of data is required to document credit compliance using templates to achieve a point for the ID Credit 2. LEED Accredited Professional credit? (Choose 3) A B C D Name of LEED AP’s local chapter Name of LEED AP Name of LEED AP’s company Copy of LEED AP certificate 12.

An existing building undergoing a major renovation is most likely a candidate for certification under which LEED rating system? (Choose 1) A B C D LEED for New Construction LEED for Existing Buildings: Operations & Maintenance LEED for Core and Shell LEED for Commercial Interiors 148 . Which of the following materials include rapidly renewable content? (Choose 4) A B C D E F G H Bamboo cabinets Cotton insulated ductwork Landscaping plants with a less-than-10-year life cycles Cork flooring Rigid foam insulation with corn-derived binder Composite wood using saplings culled from an FSC-certified forest Straw-plastic composite decking Maple flooring 14. and the Indoor Environmental Quality section. The project team on a university building in the design phase wants to earn strong scores in both the Energy and Atmosphere section of LEED.13. multi-zone. A project team for a 15. What strategies would you recommend to help balance the key objectives in each of these two sections? (Choose 2) A B C D E F Increase air changes per hour Use a macroscopic. analytical model to predict key rates Use heat recovery ventilation Employ mixed-mode ventilation Use the Exceptional Calculation Method Specify displacement ventilation and occupancy sensors 15. it also wants to coordinate the entire construction process as much as possible in advance to help ensure compliance with credits that can only be submitted for the construction submittal. In which area of LEED does the latter concern predominate? (Choose 1) A B C D E Sustainable Sites Water Efficiency Energy & Atmosphere Materials & Resources Indoor Environmental Quality 16. At the same time.000-square-foot office building in a suburban office park wants to earn as many anticipated credits as possible during the LEED design submittal.

a project team may want to do all of the following except: (Choose 1) A B C D Self-evaluate whether the project meets the credit intent Consult the LEED Reference Guide Contact LEED customer service to confirm whether a CIR is needed Prepare a detailed and comprehensive project narrative for submittal with the CIR 18.S. The following should be included with a project’s LEED application (Choose 3) A B C D E Building measurements with metric conversions A check of credit card payment to the U. Before submitting a CIR. When can a project be referred to as LEED certified? (Choose 1) A B C D When a project has been registered with LEED When the Final LEED Review is delivered When the project team accepts the Final LEED Review When the LEED certificate and plaque are delivered 149 . you have the option of doing the following: (Choose 1) A Appealing the denied credits B Submitting documentation for additional credits C Suspending your submittal for up to 60 days to make minor construction repairs that would reverse one of the denials D Requesting an audit of the denied credits 21. the USGBC issues a document denying you several credits. Following submittal of a LEED application for a 10-story apartment building. and selecting several other credits to audit. What tool is more appropriate for assigning project team roles on a LEED project? (Choose 1) A B C D Design submittal Construction submittal LEED Reference guide LEED-Online Scorecard 19. Green Building Council A list of all credits approved through CIRs Project narrative including three highlights Photos or renderings of the project 20. As the project manager trying to earn every possible credit.17.

Which of the following counts as process energy for the purposes of EAc1. This type of water is wastewater from toilets and kitchen sinks that contains organic material. Which of the following are valid criteria for achieving an innovation credit in a category not otherwise specifically addressed by LEED? (Choose 3) A B C D E A point was awarded for another project for the same innovation The innovation includes an educational aspect The process or specification is comprehensive to the project being certified The formula developed for the credit is applicable to other projects The project demonstrates quantitative performance improvements for environmental benefit. Which are the conditions for submitting an appeal to LEED? (Choose 3) A B C D E After a credit has been denied in the Final LEED Review After a credit has been denied in the Preliminary LEED Review Within 60 business days of denial Upon paying $500 to USGBC per credit appealed Upon submitting a project narrative and three project highlights 23.) Project size Certification level being sought All 4 of the answers are correct 24. Optimize Energy Performance? (Choose 3) A B C D E F 150 Space heating Elevators and escalators Office equipment Parking garage lighting Kitchen hood exhaust Refrigeration . etc.22. (Choose 1) A B C D Graywater Brownwater Potable Water Blackwater 26. What are the factors in determining a project’s cost for LEED certification? (Choose 1) A B C D E USGBC membership LEED rating system (LEED-NC. LEED-EB. 25.

as defined for the purposes of LEED? (Choose 2) A B C D E Janitorial rooms Office spaces Break rooms Reception areas Storage rooms 30. Which LEED rating system would apply to a construction project that completely rehabilitates a building such that only the structure is retained? (Choose 1) A B C D LEED-NC LEED-EB LEED-CS LEED-CI 29. $750 15 days. how many days (______?) does the project team have to accept or appeal the award? How much does it cost ($_____?) to appeal an individual credit during this stage? (Choose 1) A B C D 25 days. $150 151 . $400 20 days. $500 30 days. Upon notification of LEED certification. What facilities count as non-occupied spaces. The requirements of which other category must often be balanced with those of IEQ? (Choose 1) A B C D Sustainable Sites Water Efficiency Energy & Atmosphere Materials & Resources 28.27. The interactions between the Indoor Environmental Quality category and another LEED-NC category are frequently cited. Exam tracks will be offered for which of the following LEED 2009 rating systems? (Choose 3) A B C D E F Building Design & Construction Interior Design & Construction LEED-Core and Shell LEED-Existing Buildings: Operations & Maintenance LEED-Schools LEED-Multiple Buildings & Campuses 31.

What are the added benefits of green building practices? (Choose 4) A B C D E Reduction of operating costs Reduction or elimination of the negative environmental impact Increase worker’s productivity Reduction of the potential liabilities arising from indoor air quality problems Enhanced building marketability 36. applicable to fixtures. according to IDc2? (Choose 3) A B C D E Handle every aspect of the LEED process Educate team members about green building design and construction Streamline the application and certification process Support and encourage design integration Be present from the beginning stages of project design 33. Which of the following are addressed in LEED? (Choose 6) A B C D E F G H 152 Sustainable Sites Water Efficiency Outdoor Environmental Quality Energy & Atmosphere Materials & Resources Indoor Environmental Quality Innovation in Design/Operations Soil & Groundwater Quality . In determining water usage by building occupants. what is the standard ratio of male to female occupants? (Choose 1) A B C D Two-to-one One-to-two One-to-one One-to-three 34. All but which of the following are regional issues for a design team to be aware of in implementing a rainwater harvesting system? (Choose 1) A B C D Native vegetation Local precipitation levels throughout the year Local health codes Supply water quality 35.32. What are the primary functions of the LEED AP.

What are some benefits of having a vegetated roof? (Choose 3) A B C D E Reduce stormwater runoff Provide habitat Comply with code Reduce heat-island effect Treat stormwater to tertiary standards 153 .S. Which of the following is required in order to obtain LEED certification? (Choose 1) A B C D Project has to be registered with U. Green Building Council Project has to be registered with Green Building Certification Institute Project has to be registered with local lead agency Project has to be privately funded 38. Light Pollution is defined as: (Choose 1) A B C D Waste light from building site that produces glare Waste light from building site which is directed upward to the sky Waste light from building site which is directed off-site All 3 of the answers are correct 40. To achieve LEED certification. Which of the following are methods of reducing stormwater runoff quantity as well as improving stormwater quality? (Choose 3) A B C D E Shading Permeable Paving Retention Ponds High SRI Roofs Bioswales 41.37. a building must meet a minimum of: (Choose 1) A B C D 26 points 40 points 21 points 50 points 39.

HCFCs & Halons in fire suppression systems Use recycled CFCs instead of new CFCs 46. The irrigation factor related to the difference in water needs between plant types is called what? (Choose 1) A B C D Landscape factor Species factor Density factor Micro-climate factor 44. Which of the following is not an option when considering refrigerants? (Choose 1) A B C D CFC phase-out plan Use no refrigerants Avoid CFCs.42. The use of the following non-potable water sources for irrigation can reduce the strain on the potable water supply. What are some benefits to commissioning a building? (Choose 3) A B C D E Reduce contractor callbacks Better building documentation System performance verification Increases renewable energy potential Eliminates CFC production 45. What are three ways that waste can be sustainably diverted from the landfill? (Choose 3) A B C D E Reuse on-site Bury it under the property Burn it Donate to charity Send to a recycling center 154 . (Choose 2) A B C D E Well water Captured rainwater Toilet water Bottled water Graywater from showers 43.

to bypass otherwise required submittals? (Choose 1) A B C D Licensed Professional Declaration Form Licensed Professional Exemption Form Licensed Professional Registration Form Licensed Professional Certification Form 155 . Which form listed below can be used by a project team’s registered professional engineer. registered architect.1-2007 Energy Star GreenGuard Green Label Plus FloorScore 49. Which of the following is not considered a rapidly renewable material? (Choose 1) A B C D E Linoleum Wool Recycled steel Cork flooring Strawboard 48. or registered landscape architect as a streamlined path to certain credits in the LEED rating system.47. what chemical is best to be avoided? (Choose 1) A B C D E Asbestos Urea-formaldehyde Mold Lead ETS 50. When choosing composite wood. What are two standards used to certify flooring/carpeting? (Choose 2) A B C D E ASHRAE 62.

LEED 2009 has Regional Priority Credits. and to streamline the application and certification process. A LEED Accredited Professional is best described as which one of the following? (Choose 1) A An individual who has passed the exam and possess the knowledge and skills to understand and support green design. D An individual who has passed the exam and possess the knowledge and skills to understand and support green design. to support and encourage integrated design. 52. construction and operations. and to streamline the application and certification process. C An individual who meets the USGBC prerequisites and is a registered member of the USGBC.P.A. Regional Priority Credits are project specific relative to the projects geographic location and are not contained in any reference guide. C An individual who meets the USGBC prerequisites and is a registered member of the USGBC. C Regional priority credits are assigned by the local governmental agencies within 200 miles of the project. B Regional priority credits are assigned by the local chapter of the E. B An individual who has passed the exam and possess the knowledge and skills necessary to participate in the design process. to support and encourage integrated design. This individual must also be a registered member or the USGBC. to support and encourage integrated design. D Upon project registration. LEED online automatically determines a project’s regional priority credits based on zip code. This individual must also be a registered member or the USGBC. and to streamline the application and certification process. Agencies are consulted at the project team discretion.51. 156 . Regional Priority Credits provide incentive for projects to address geographically specific environmental issues. D An individual who has passed the exam and possess the knowledge and skills necessary to participate in the design process. B An individual who has passed the exam and possess the knowledge and skills necessary to participate in the design process. construction and operations. construction and operations. A LEED Green Associate is best described as which one of the following? (Choose 1) A An individual who has passed the exam and possesses the knowledge and skills to understand and support green design. 53. How are Regional Priority Credits created / determined? (Choose 1) A Regional priority credits are created by the project team and submitted to the GBCI for review and approval.

A project owner would like to register her building with the USGBC to pursue LEED certification. Use of pervious paving for the parking lot Vegetated roof Solar hot water system Stormwater harvesting 56.gbci.org Register by phone with the USGBC automated project registration system Print out the online registration form and mail it to the USGBC 57.54. If you receive a score of 170 or higher on the Green Associate exam you earn the LEED Green Associate designation. Which four of the below are considered environmental benefits of green building? (Choose 4) A B C D E F G Enhancement and protection of ecosystems and biodiversity Reduction in operating costs Improvement in air and water quality Minimization of strain on local infrastructure Optimization of lifecycle economic performance Reduction in solid waste Conservation of natural resources 157 . Upon receipt of that notification you are then authorized to use “LEED Green Associate” as a professional designation on / in which two of the below? (Choose 2) A Business cards B Business names C Website URLs D Signatures 55. LEED projects are registered with the USGBC by which one of the following? (Choose 1) A B C D Setting up a pre-registration meeting with a USGBC representative Register the project online at www. Which three of the below design technologies can have a direct positive impact on stormwater quantity control? (Choose 3) A B C D E Use of high albedo concrete in parking areas.

The Energy Performance of LEED for New Construction Buildings: Final Report found through three separate views of building performance that LEED buildings consistently show average energy use 25-30% better than the national average.S. Which one of the below best describes the U. Green Building Council? (Choose 1) A B C D It is a branch of the U. Which four of the below are considered economic benefits of green building? (Choose 4) A B C D E F Reduction in operating costs Improvement in air. Gold and platinum buildings average Energy Use Intensity (EUI) is on average what percentage better than non-LEED buildings? (Choose 1) A B C D 32% 35% 45% 50% 61. 158 .58. thermal and acoustical environments Enhanced asset value and profits Optimization of life cycle economic performance Increase in business profits Improvement in employee productivity and satisfaction 59. C The CIR and ruling process was developed to set precedents in the LEED rating systems that apply across all rating system versions. D As a way to constantly update the LEED rating systems as new technologies become available. B The CIR and ruling process was established for project that cannot meet one of the LEED prerequisites and would like to have that prerequisite waved for the project. Environmental Protection Agency It is a nonprofit member organization It is a for profit organization formed by environmental interest groups 60. Government It was created by the U.S. a level similar to that anticipated by LEED modeling and that average savings increase as performance goals increase with higher LEED certification levels. Which one of the following best describes why the credit interpretation request (CIR) process was established? (Choose 1) A The CIR and ruling process was established for project applicants seeking technical and administrative guidance on how LEED credits apply to their projects and vice versa.S.

E Once and ID credit has been awarded the project owner must commit to a two year program for ongoing measurement and verification of the innovative design.62. E The CIR inquiry and ruling must be submitted with the LEED application. consider contacting LEED customer service to look into it and confirm that it warrants a new CIR. CIR submission text must be limited to 600 words. C Innovation credits are not awarded for the use of a particular product or design strategy if the technology aids in the achievement of an existing LEED credit. or if there are relevant CIRs that can help you deduce the answer. B Consult the LEED Reference Guide for more detailed explanation. F If the answer is not found in previous CIRs. Which three of the below are true in regard to LEED Innovation and Design (ID) Credits? (Choose 3) A The award of an ID Credit for one project at a specific point in time does not constitute automatic approval for a similar strategy in a future project. E Submit an inquiry form to your project LEED representative. If a new CIR is needed the request is made using the LEED online form. D Review the CIR pages to see if the same inquiry has been answered previously. 64. B Succinct background and or supporting information that provides relevant project details should be submitted with the CIR. Which three of the below is true about a CIR request? (Choose 3) A The credit name and your contact information should be submitted with the CIR. D ID credits for innovative performance are awarded for comprehensive strategies which demonstrate quantifiable environmental benefits. which four of the below should be done first? (Choose 4) A Review the intent of the credit or prerequisite in question and self-evaluate whether the project meets this intent. 63. calculations and guidance. Before submitting a CIR. 159 . C Write a project narrative and send it the USGBC Technical Advisory Group (TAG) for a ruling on whether or not the issue warrants a new CIR. F Approved CIRs guarantee credit award. (4000 characters including spaces) C The USGBC data base automatically tracks the credit name and the project contact information with the submission of a CIR. B ID credits set precedence meaning that once an ID credit is approved this will guarantee approval of an ID credit for future projects that utilize similar strategies. instructions. D Credit thresholds can be changed through the CIR process.

the proposed requirement(s) for compliance. F The idea that green is an added feature continues to be a problem. B Identifying the proposed innovation credit intent. Which one of the below most accurately lists what the credit equivalent process includes? (Choose 1) A Identifying the proposed innovation credit intent. C Identifying the proposed innovation credit intent. B Many projects can achieve LEED with only 5 to 10% increases in their budgets. 66. (Choose 3) A Many projects are achieving LEED within their budgets and in the same cost range as non-LEED projects. but the project team must sufficiently document the achievement using the LEED credit equivalent process. How many points will a project be awarded if there are four LEED APs on the project team? (Choose 1) A B C D 4 3 2 1 67. project narrative. There are three major findings in the publication Cost of Green Revisited by: Davis Langdon (2007). project contact information. the proposed submittal(s) to demonstrate compliance. and a summary of potential design approaches that may be used to meet the requirements. project contact name and overall project narrative. design drawings of innovative design. the proposed submittal(s) to demonstrate compliance. and a summary of potential design approaches that may be used to meet the requirements. but projects are still achieving LEED. Include the project name. Approval of Innovation and Design (ID) credits may be pursued by any LEED project. E With the continued rise of construction costs the number of projects achieving LEED is declining. D ID credit background.65. and a summary of potential design approaches that may be used to meet the requirements. Choose the three findings out of the list below. C The idea that green is an added feature is gradually disappearing with many in the design and construction industry embracing green designs. 160 . and quantifiable evidence of the positive environmental impact made by the innovation. the proposed requirement(s) for compliance. D Construction costs have risen dramatically. the proposed requirement(s) for compliance. ID credit 2 awards a point for having a LEED AP as a principle participant of the project team.

When considering cost and feasibility for pursuing LEED certification for any building. What are some common measures used for building Energy Load Reduction? Choose three from the list below. C There is a very large variation in costs of buildings. C Sun shading and day lighting harvesting. (Choose 4) A There is a very large variation in costs of buildings. reduced air infiltration. G There are low cost and high cost non-green buildings. 70. In the cost of Green Revisited (2007) by: David Langdon a common strategy used for Optimizing Building Energy Performance is Energy Load Reduction. (Choose 3) A Envelope improvements. F There are low cost and high cost green buildings. E Decoupling of thermal and ventilation demands. F Minimal glazing on the east and west sides of buildings. According to Davis Langdon in Cost of Green Revisited (2007) four key conclusions can be drawn from the analysis of construction costs for LEED seeking verses non-LEED seeking projects. including improved insulation and glazing performance. even within the same building program category. including radiant heating and cooling. according to Davis Langdon. D Cost differences between buildings are due primarily to program type. however buildings within the same building program category are consistently within 10 to 15% of each other for total construction cost. reduced lighting power density. and on the cost to build a sustainable building. B Use of renewable energy to offset standard energy costs.68. E Most green buildings have a 10 to 15% cost increase from non-green buildings with a similar program type. Choose the four key conclusions out of the list below. B Institutional buildings are most often the program type buildings seeking LEED certification. 69. According to Davis Langdon in Cost of Green Revisited (2007) there are a number of factors which can have a significant impact on both the ability to achieve specific LEED points. D Coupling of thermal and ventilation demands. it is extremely important that the owner understand which two of the below? (Choose 2) A B C D The feasibility of each point for the project The local zoning laws The entitlement conditions of approval project cost implications The factors affecting cost and feasibility 161 .

The LEED 2009 Minimum Program Requirements (MPRs) define the minimum characteristics that a project must possess in order to be eligible for certification under LEED 2009. Which of the following is not considered a potential technology to reduce surface runoff? (Choose 1) A B C D Vegetated swales Pervious pavements Impervious pavements Vegetated roofs 74. expectations & expertise Eco-charrettes Cost-benefit analysis Including specific goals in the program Aligning budget with program Simple payback calculation Staying on track through design and construction 72. Which of the following are Minimum Program Requirements for Existing Buildings: Operations and Maintenance? (Choose 1) A B C D E The building has been fully occupied for at least 12 continuous months The building has a vacant tenant space of 25 percent or less of building floor area 100 percent of the total floor area has to be included as a part of the certification The building has to be in compliance with federal. Integrating budget with design for a LEED building must be done as early as possible in the project and it must be considered at every step of design and construction. According to Davis Langdon in Cost of Green Revisited (2007). When establishing a design and a budget for a LEED building. integrating budget with design can be done through which four of the following? (Choose 4) A B C D E F G Establishing team goals. state and local environmental laws and regulations All 4 answers are correct 73. the point to remember is that sustainability is a program issue.71. The replacement of a chiller is considered not economically feasible if the simple payback of the replacement is greater than: (Choose 1) A B C D 5 years 10 years 15 years 20 years 162 . rather than an added requirement.

or Maine Stewardship Council’s Blue Eco-Label B Food is purchased at a Certified Farmer’s Market C Food is produced within 100-mile radius of the site D Food is purchased through local food distributor 77. which of the following should be included in a battery recycling program? (Choose 2) A The program must have a target of diverting at least 80% of discarded batteries from the trash. Rainforest Alliance Certified. and actual diversion performance must be verified at least annually B The program must have a target of diverting at least 75% of discarded batteries from the trash. Fair Trade. With regard to building interiors.000 square feet (100 square feet per person) C An area with a design occupant density greater than or equal to 50 people per 1. Which of the following are included in on-site renewable energy technology? (Choose 4) A B C D E Solar Geothermal Wind Stormwater harvesting Tidal/wave 76. For LEED purposes. Protected Harvest Certified.000 square feet (20 square feet per person) D An area with a design occupant density greater than or equal to 5 people per 1. Which of the following are considered sustainably harvested food? (Choose 2) A Food is labeled USDA Certified Organic. what is a Densely Occupied Space as defined by LEED? (Choose 1) A An area with a design occupant density greater than or equal to 25 people per 1.000 square feet (200 square feet per person) 163 .000 square feet (40 square feet per person) B An area with a design occupant density greater than or equal to 10 people per 1. and actual diversion performance must be verified at least semiannually C The program must cover all portable dry-cell types of batteries D All portable dry-cell types of batteries should be excluded from the program 78. Food Alliance Certified.75.

Which of the following is true regarding sustainable cleaning products? (Choose 1) A Sustainable cleaning products and materials are not as effective as conventional cleaning products B Sustainable cleaning products and materials are less toxic to the environment than conventional cleaning products C Sustainable cleaning products and materials are not competitively priced D Sustainable cleaning products are not widely available E Sustainable cleaning products and materials are not as effective as conventional cleaning products 82. D LEED accredited professionals are employed by the Green Building Certification Institute 164 . and packaging. disposal. In terms of LEED. Which of the following is true regarding LEED Accredited Professionals? (Choose 1) A Individuals who practice LEED and follow guidelines of the U.79. C Individuals who successfully complete the LEED professional accreditation exam are LEED Accredited Professionals. dispensing equipment. Which of the following would not be included in group multi-occupant spaces? (Choose 2) A B C D Reception area Conference room Classroom Open office area 80. C Building cleaning schedule D Use of chemical concentrates with appropriate dilution systems E Cleaning product order and stocking schedule F Use of sustainable cleaning materials. maintenance. and recycling of chemicals. which of the following should be included in a high-performance cleaning program? (Choose 6) A An appropriate staffing plan B Training of personnel in the hazards. Green Building Council are LEED Accredited Professionals. B Individuals who complete the LEED professional exam or work under direct supervision of the individual who successfully completed the LEED professional exam are LEED Accredited Professionals. etc. equipment. G Use of sustainable cleaning and flooring care products H Use of cleaning equipment meeting the sustainability criteria 81. use.S. products.

1-2007 Appendix 165 . Which of the following measures can reduce site water consumption? (Choose 3) A B C D E Monitor water consumption performance Identify alternative sources of water Reduce indoor potable water consumption Practice water-efficient landscaping Promote surface water runoff 86. prospective employer or client It encourages the growth of knowledge and understanding of the LEED Certification process A LEED AP will be required on all public projects by 2020 It supports and facilitates the transformation of the built environment 84. Which of the following is not a benefit of LEED Professional Accreditation? (Choose 1) A B C D It provides a marketable credential to an employer.1-2007 ASHRAE 62.1-2007 ASHRAE 90.83. Which of the following would not be considered a component of sustainable building site operations? (Choose 1) A B C D E F G Practice low impact hardscape strategies Plant sustainable landscapes Reduce emissions associated with transportation Protect surrounding habitats Manage stormwater runoff Implement effective grounds management Site remediation of groundwater contamination 85. what is the energy code referenced within the LEED reference guides? (Choose 1) A B C D ASHRAE 55-2007 ASHRAE 90. In terms of energy efficiency and lighting power density. Practice water-efficient landscaping (Choose 1) A B C D Reduction in traditional building operating costs Reduction or elimination of the negative environmental impact by development Increase worker’s productivity Reduction of potential liabilities arising from indoor air quality degradation 87.

What is the thermal comfort code referenced within the LEED reference guides? (Choose 1) A B C D ASHRAE 62. What is the minimum timeframe. Which best describes how On-Site Renewable Energy and Green Power are related? (Choose 1) A On-Site Renewable Energy can reduce the amount of Green Power needed B Green Power can help reduce the amount of On-Site Renewable Energy needed C The amount of On-Site Renewable Energy equals the amount of Green Power needed D Green-e Providers can provide both Green Power credits as well as On-Site Renewable Energy Generation 92. that a new construction project can apply for LEED for Existing Buildings: Operations and Maintenance? (Choose 1) A B C D 6 Months 8 Months 10 Months 12 Months 90.1-2007 ASHRAE 55-2004 ASHRAE 90. Which of the following refrigerant types is banned in several states and is not allowed to be used on a project under LEED? (Choose 1) A B C D Chlorofluorocarbons Hydrochlorofluorocarbons Hydrofluorocarbons Chlorohydrofluorocarbons 166 .2-1999 89. measured from first occupancy. Which best describes how emittance and albedo are related? (Choose 1) A B C D Emittance is a function of a calculated albedo Albedo and emittance are combined to achieve an SRI value Albedo is subtracted SRI to achieve emittance Emittance is multiplied by albedo to achieve an SRI value 91.88.1-2007 ASHRAE 52.

What are the two types of application submittals under LEED? (Choose 2) A B C D E F Planning Construction Architectural Design Construction Management Completion 167 . What is the minimum score need to comply with the ACEEE vehicle rating guide? (Choose 1) A B C D 40 50 80 90 97. Which of the following window types is the best at mitigating the effects of earth bound radiation and solar radiation? (Choose 1) A B C D Spectrally Selective Low-E High SHG Coefficients Low emissivity and low albedo 95. Post-Industrial material is: (Choose 1) A B C D The same as Post-Consumer The same as Pre-Consumer Pre-Consumer subtracted from Post Consumer equal Post-Industrial Post-Consumer subtracted from Pre-Consumer equals Post-Industrial 96. Which of the following window values is the most important to mitigate the effects of solar radiation? (Choose 1) A B C D Low-E U-Value NFRC SHGC 94.93.

1-2007 more difficult The two codes have no effect on each other Exceeding ASHRAE 90.1-2007 interact or conflict with exceeding the requirements of ASHRAE 90. What type of building cost is often improved with sustainable design strategies? (Choose 1) A B C D Hard costs Soft costs Assessment costs Life-cycle costs 99. and asphalt increases ambient temperatures 168 .1-2007 easier Exceeding ASHRAE 62.1-2007? (Choose 1) A B C D Exceeding ASHRAE 62. How does exceeding the requirements of ASHRAE 62.98. A heat island is best defined as a: (Choose 1) A An area where the solar radiation is increased as a result of global warming B An area where earth bound radiation is suppressed because of proper landscaping C An area where earth bound radiation and solar radiation are higher as a result of pollution caused by cars and buildings D An area where the retention of heat by buildings. concrete.1-2007 makes exceeding ASHRAE 90.1-2007 makes exceeding ASHRAE 62.1-2007 easier 100.1-2007 makes exceeding ASHRAE 90.

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1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 A, C, D A E A, C, D, E D B, C A C B B, C, F B A, B, D A C C E A, D, E B C B B A, B, D A, C, E B B 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 C B A D A, D A, D, F A, C, E A, E, F C A, D E D A, C, F A B C A B, E, F A, B, D A B A, B A, C D D 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 B A, C B C A, B C D A, C, D A, C , E A C C A, B, F C A, C A, B, C D A,C,E C B A A B A E 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 86 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 B A A, C, D B A, E, F B D A, D, F A, B, C, E D C,D A A B C C A C C A B D B, C, E C, D A, D, E

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1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 D B, C, F B B B, C A, C, D, F B A, C, E B, D, E A, F B, C, D C A, D, E, G C, F D A D D B, D, E A C A, D, E E C, D, E D 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 B, C, F C A A, E A, B, D A B, C, D C A A, C, D, E A, B, D, E, F, G A B D B, C, E A, B, D B, E B A, B, C D A, B, E C D, E B 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 B D A B A, D B, C, E B A, C, F, G A, C, D, F C C A A, B, D, F B, C, E A, C, D A D A, D, F A, D, F, G A, C, E A, D A, D, E, G E C B 75 76 77 78 79 A, B, C, E A, C A, C A A, C A, B, D, F, 80 G, H 81 B 82 C 83 C 84 G 85 A, C, D 86 B 87 B 88 B 89 D 90 B 91 A 92 A 93 D 94 A 95 B 96 A 97 B, D 98 D 99 B 100 D

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