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Golden Globe Award - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Golden Globe Award
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

(Redirected from Golden Globe Awards) The Golden Globe Awards are presented annually by the Hollywood Foreign Press Association (HFPA) to recognize outstanding achievements in the entertainment industry, both domestic and foreign, and to focus wide public attention upon the best in motion pictures and television. The formal ceremony and dinner at which the awards are presented is a major part of the film industry's awards season, which culminates each year with the Academy Awards.[1] The 1st Golden Globe Awards were held in January 1944 at the 20th Century Fox studios in Los Angeles. The 66th Golden Globe Awards, honoring the best in film and television for 2008, were presented on January 11, 2009 at the Beverly Hilton Hotel in Beverly Hills, California.
Awarded for Presented by Country First awarded

Golden Globe Award

Signs for the Golden Globe Awards

Best in film and television Hollywood Foreign Press Association United States 1944 Official website

Contents
1 Rules 2 Ceremony 3 History 3.1 2008 disruption 4 Award categories 4.1 Motion picture awards 4.2 Television awards 4.3 Retired awards 5 Performers with the most Golden Globes 6 Posthumous awards and nominations 7 Controversy 8 Ratings 9 See also 10 References 11 External links

Rules
The Golden Globes are awarded every January, based on votes from around ninety (as of 2008) international journalists living in Hollywood and affiliated with media outside of the United States.

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A motion picture is eligible if:[2] 1. it was released for a seven-day run in the greater Los Angeles area, between January 1 and December 31, 2. it was screened for the active membership (need not be exclusive to the members), 3. the active members were invited to the screening by mail by the film's distributor, 4. it cleared one official screening with the MPAA, and 5. an entry form is received within ten days of the screening. The Best Foreign Language film category has slightly different qualification rules:
[3]

1. It is a feature length film with at least fifty one percent non-English language dialogue, 2. it originated outside the United States, and 3. it was first released in its country of origin during the fourteen months between November 1 and December 31. A television program is eligible if:[4] 1. seven original episodes were broadcast in the United States during the calendar year, 2. the episodes were broadcast during prime time, and 3. it was made in the United States or is a co-production financially and creatively between a United States and a foreign production company. A Made-for-TV motion picture, and mini-series is eligible if:[4] 1. broadcast in the United States during the calendar year, 2. it was broadcast before any theatrical release (a film festival showing does not disqualify), 3. it was made in the United States or is a co-production financially and creatively between a United States and a foreign production company. Television actors must appear in a minimum of seven episode in a calendar year to be eligible.[4] A nomination ballot is submitted on to the membership with all eligible entries listed. Each member votes for five nominees in each category. A final ballot is Emailed to the membership containing the five nominees for each category. Each member chooses one nominee from each category.

Ceremony
The broadcast of the Golden Globe Awards, telecast to more than 150 countries worldwide, generally ranks as the third most-watched awards show each year, behind only the Oscars and the Grammy Awards. Unlike the Oscars, the Grammys and the Emmy Awards, the Golden Globe Awards is one of two major Hollywood awards ceremonies, the other being the Screen Actors Guild Awards, that does

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not have a regular host; there is a different presenter every year, who introduces the ceremony at the beginning of the broadcast.

History
The first Golden Globe Awards were held in 1944, at the 20th Century Fox studios. It has since been held annually, at various locations. Throughout the next decade, it was held at the the Beverly Hills Hotel, and the Hollywood Roosevelt Hotel. in 1950 the Hollywood Foreign Press Association made the decision to establish a special award that recognizes outstanding contributions to the entertainment industry. To give importance to the award and recognize its subject as an international figure in the entertainment industry, the initial award was presented to director and producer Cecil B. DeMille. The official name of the award thus became the Cecil B. DeMille Award. In 1963 the Miss Golden Globe concept was introduced. In its inaugural year there were two Miss Golden Globes, one for film and one for television. They were respectively, Eva Six of Beach Party and Operation Bikini, and Donna Douglas. In 1964, national telecast was distributed through a special segment on The Andy Williams Show. Recognizing the impact that animated films have had on the industry, in 2006, the Hollywood Foreign Press Association announced that a Golden Globe would be awarded for the Best Animated Feature at the 64th Annual Golden Globe Awards.[5] The awards show income has enabled the Hollywood Foreign Press Association to donate millions of dollars to entertainment-related charities, as well as funding scholarships and other programs for future film and television professionals.

2008 disruption
On January 7, 2008, it was announced that due to the 2007–2008 Writers Guild of America strike, the 65th Golden Globe Awards would not be telecast live. The ceremony was faced with a threat by striking writers to picket the event and by actors, threatening to boycott the ceremony, rather than cross picket lines. The Hollywood Foreign Press Association was forced to adopt another approach for the broadcast. NBC originally had exclusive broadcast rights to the ceremonies, but on January 11, HFPA President Jorge Camara announced there would be no restrictions placed on media outlets covering the January 13 press conference, announcing the winners at 6:00pm PST.[6] As a result, E!, CNN, the TV Guide Network and KNBC-TV, the network's Los Angeles affiliate, aired the 31-minute event, emanating from the Grand Ballroom of the Beverly Hilton Hotel live, leaving NBC to fill the hour from 9:00–10:00pm ET with announcements, made after-the-fact by Access Hollywood hosts Billy Bush and Nancy O'Dell. [7] The remaining hours of programming, set aside for the ceremonies by the network, were filled with a special two-hour edition of Dateline, hosted by Matt Lauer, that included film clips, interviews with some of the nominees and commentary from comedienne Kathy Griffin and the panelists from Football Night in America.

Award categories
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Motion picture awards
Best Motion Picture - Drama Best Motion Picture - Musical or Comedy Best Director - Motion Picture Best Actor - Motion Picture Drama Best Actor - Motion Picture Musical or Comedy Best Actress - Motion Picture Drama Best Actress - Motion Picture Musical or Comedy Best Supporting Actor - Motion Picture Best Supporting Actress - Motion Picture Best Screenplay Best Original Score Best Original Song Best Foreign Language Film Best Animated Feature Film (2006–present) Cecil B. DeMille Award for Lifetime Achievement in Motion Pictures

Television awards
Awarded since 1956: Best Drama Best Musical or Comedy Best Actor in a Television Drama Series Best Actor in a Television Musical or Comedy Best Actress in a Television Drama Series Best Actress in a Television Musical or Comedy Best Mini-Series or Motion Picture made for Television Best Actor in a Mini-Series or Motion Picture made for Television Best Actress in a Mini-Series or Motion Picture made for Television Best Supporting Actor in a Series, Mini-Series or Motion Picture made for Television Best Supporting Actress in a Series, Mini-Series or Motion Picture made for Television

Retired awards
Best Documentary Film • Last awarded in 1977 at the 34th Golden Globe Awards Best English-Language Foreign Film This award allowed British films, such as Laurence Olivier's Hamlet, which was of course made in English, to be given their own category New Star of the Year - Actor • Last awarded in 1983 at the 40th Golden Globe Awards New Star of the Year - Actress • Last awarded in 1983 at the 40th Golden Globe Awards Henrietta Award (World Film Favorite - Female) • Awarded from 1950 to 1979[8] Henrietta Award (World Film Favorite - Male) • Awarded from 1950 to 1979

Performers with the most Golden Globes
Meryl Streep, Angela Lansbury and Jack Nicholson hold the record for the most Golden Globe wins with six each. Meryl Streep holds the record for most nominations with twenty-three and Jack Lemmon

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is second with twenty-two. However, including special awards, such as the Henrietta Award - World Film Favorite Actor/Actress or Cecil B. DeMille Award, Barbra Streisand would win with 11 awards and behind her, Jack Nicholson, with seven. Only four actresses have won two acting awards in the same year: Sigourney Weaver (1989) Best Actress, Motion Picture Drama, Gorillas in the Mist: The Story of Dian Fossey Best Supporting Actress - Motion Picture, Working Girl Joan Plowright (1993) Best Supporting Actress - Motion Picture, Enchanted April Best Supporting Actress - Series, Miniseries or Television Film, Stalin Helen Mirren (2007) Best Actress - Motion Picture Drama, The Queen Best Actress - Miniseries or Television Film, Elizabeth I Kate Winslet (2009) Best Actress - Motion Picture Drama, Revolutionary Road Best Supporting Actress - Motion Picture, The Reader

Posthumous awards and nominations
1976: Peter Finch won the award for Best Actor in a Motion Picture Drama for his role in Network. 2009: Heath Ledger won the award for Best Supporting Actor in a Motion Picture for his role in The Dark Knight.

Controversy
Pia Zadora won a Golden Globe in 1981 in the category "Newcomer-of-the-Year" for her performance in Butterfly.[9] There were accusations that the Foreign Press Association members had been bought off. [10] Pia's husband, multimillionaire Meshulam Riklis flew voting members to his casino, the Riviera Hotel in Las Vegas, which gives the appearance that they voted for Zadora to repay this. Riklis also invited voting members to his house for a lavish lunch, and a showing of the film. He also spent lavishly on advertising.[11] Additionally the film had not been released at the time of the awards,[12] which should have made her ineligible for an award.[13]

Ratings
Date Time Aired Day Aired Network Viewers 1//2009 8-11PM Sunday NBC 1/13/2008*^ 9-10:00PM Sunday NBC 6,038,000 1/15/2007* 8-11:00PM Monday NBC 20,036,000 1/16/2006* 8-11:00PM Monday NBC 18,765,000 1/16/2005 8-11:00PM Sunday NBC 16,845,000 (againt Desperate Housewives) 1/25/2004 8-11:00PM Sunday NBC 26,803,000 1/19/2003 8-11:00PM Sunday NBC 20,097,000 1/20/2002 8-11:00PM Sunday NBC 23,451,000 1/21/2001 8-11:01PM Sunday NBC 22,493,000 1/23/2000 8-11:04PM Sunday NBC 22,107,000 1/24/1999 8-11:07PM Sunday NBC 24,180,000

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Note: Live+Same Day viewing estimates include DVR playback on the same day, defined as 3AM-3AM. ^ Note: In 2008, the Golden Globes was a press conference only, due to the “Writer’s Strike”. Spurce: Nielsen Media Research

See also
List of Golden Globe Awards ceremonies List of Golden Globe Awards winners List of Golden Globe Award winning films 66th Golden Globe Awards

References
1. ^ "About the HFPA". www.goldenglobes.org. HFPA. Retrieved on 2008-11-02. 2. ^ http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Golden_Globe_Award&action=edit&section=1|Rules posted by the Hollywood Foreign Press Association. 3. ^ http://cdn.goldenglobes.org/resources/FF-rules_66.pdf 4. ^ a b c http://cdn.goldenglobes.org/resources/TV-rules_66.pdf 5. ^ Ball, Ryan (2006-01-30). "Golden Globes in Toon for '07". www.animationmagazine.net. Animation Magazine. Retrieved on 2006-06-13. 6. ^ "HFPA News". www.goldenglobes.org. HFPA (2008-01-08). Retrieved on 2008-11-02. 7. ^ Ryan, Maureen (2008-01-13). "Golden Globes winners? Not the viewers, that's for sure". The Watcher (All TV. All the time). Chicago Tribune. Retrieved on 2008-11-02. 8. ^ Listing of Henrietta Award winners 9. ^ http://www.imdb.com/Sections/Awards/Golden_Globes_USA/1982 10. ^ http://www.stomptokyo.com/pia/articles/genesis.html 11. ^ http://www.people.com/people/archive/article/0,,20081499,00.html 12. ^ http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0082122/ 13. ^ http://cdn.goldenglobes.org/resources/FF-rules_66.pdf

External links
Hollywood Foreign Press Association Awards listing at the Internet Movie Database Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Golden_Globe_Award" Categories: Golden Globe Awards | American film awards | American television awards | Television awards | Awards established in 1944 | NBC network shows | TBS network shows This page was last modified on 25 January 2009, at 10:46. All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License. (See Copyrights for details.) Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a U.S. registered 501(c) (3) tax-deductible nonprofit charity.

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HFPA - Nominations and Winners

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2009 · 2008 · 2007 · 2006

Cecil B. DeMille Award

Indicates winner
Cecil B. DeMille Award

Click icon to view video

Steven Spielberg

Best Motion Picture - Drama The Curious Case Of Benjamin Button Warner Bros. Pictures and Paramount Pictures; Warner Bros. Pictures and Paramount Pictures Frost/Nixon Imagine Entertainment, Working Title, Studio Canal; Universal Pictures The Reader Mirage Enterprises; The Weinstein Company Revolutionary Road An Evamere Entertainment BBC Films Neal Street Production; DreamWorks Pictures in Association with BBC Films and Paramount Vantage Slumdog Millionaire Fox Searchlight Pictures and Warner Bros.; Fox Searchlight Pictures and Warner Bros.

Best Performance by an Actress in a Motion Picture - Drama Anne Hathaway – Rachel Getting Married Angelina Jolie – Changeling Meryl Streep – Doubt Kristin Scott Thomas – I've Loved You So Long Kate Winslet – Revolutionary Road

Best Performance by an Actor in a Motion Picture - Drama Leonardo DiCaprio – Revolutionary Road Frank Langella – Frost/Nixon Sean Penn – Milk Brad Pitt – The Curious Case Of Benjamin Button

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Mickey Rourke – The Wrestler

Best Motion Picture - Musical Or Comedy Burn After Reading Working Title/Releasing Company; Focus Features in association with Studio Canal Happy-Go-Lucky Summit Entertainment, Film4, Ingenious Film Partners, Miramax Films; Miramax Films In Bruges Blueprint Pictures; Focus Features Mamma Mia! Relativity Media, Playtone, Littlestar; Universal Pictures Vicky Cristina Barcelona Mediapro; The Weinstein Company

Best Performance by an Actress in a Motion Picture - Musical or Comedy Rebecca Hall – Vicky Cristina Barcelona Sally Hawkins – Happy-Go-Lucky Frances McDormand – Burn After Reading Meryl Streep – Mamma Mia! Emma Thompson – Last Chance Harvey

Best Performance by an Actor in a Motion Picture - Musical Or Comedy Javier Bardem – Vicky Cristina Barcelona Colin Farrell – In Bruges James Franco – Pineapple Express Brendan Gleeson – In Bruges Dustin Hoffman – Last Chance Harvey

Best Performance by an Actress In A Supporting Role in a Motion Picture Amy Adams – Doubt Penélope Cruz – Vicky Cristina Barcelona Viola Davis – Doubt Marisa Tomei – The Wrestler Kate Winslet – The Reader

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Best Performance by an Actor In A Supporting Role in a Motion Picture Tom Cruise – Tropic Thunder Robert Downey Jr. – Tropic Thunder Ralph Fiennes – The Duchess Philip Seymour Hoffman – Doubt Heath Ledger – The Dark Knight

Best Animated Feature Film Bolt Walt Disney Pictures; Walt Disney Studios Motion Pictures Kung Fu Panda DreamWorks Animation SKG; Paramount Pictures Wall-E Walt Disney Pictures and Pixar Animation Studios; Walt Disney Studios Motion Pictures

Best Foreign Language Film The Baader Meinhof Complex (Germany) The Country of Germany (DER BAADER MEINHOF KOMPLEX) Constantin Film Produktion GmbH; Summit Entertainment, LLC Everlasting Moments (Sweden, Denmark) The Country of Sweden and The Country of Denmark (MARIA LARSSONS EVIGA ÖGONBLICK) Final Cut Productions Aps; IFC Films Gomorrah (Italy) The Country of Italy (GOMORRA) Fandango; IFC Films I've Loved You So Long (France) The Country of France (IL Y A LONGTEMPS QUE JE T’AIME) UGC YM/UGC Images/France 3 Cinema/Integral Film; Sony Pictures Classics Waltz With Bashir (Israel) The Country of Israel Bridgit Folman Film Gang/Les Films D'Ici/Razor Films/Arte France/ITVS International; Sony Pictures Classics

Best Director - Motion Picture Danny Boyle – Slumdog Millionaire Stephen Daldry – The Reader David Fincher – The Curious Case Of Benjamin Button

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Ron Howard – Frost/Nixon Sam Mendes – Revolutionary Road

Best Screenplay - Motion Picture The Curious Case Of Benjamin Button Written by Eric Roth Doubt Written by John Patrick Shanley Frost/Nixon Written by Peter Morgan The Reader Written by David Hare Slumdog Millionaire Written by Simon Beaufoy

Best Original Score - Motion Picture The Curious Case Of Benjamin Button Composed by Alexandre Desplat Changeling Composed by Clint Eastwood Defiance Composed by James Newton Howard Slumdog Millionaire Composed by A. R. Rahman Frost/Nixon Composed by Hans Zimmer

Best Original Song - Motion Picture "Down To Earth" – Wall-E Music By: Peter Gabriel and Thomas Newman Lyrics By: Peter Gabriel "Gran Torino" – Gran Torino Music By: Clint Eastwood, Jamie Cullum, Kyle Eastwood and Michael Stevens Lyrics By: Jamie Cullum "I Thought I Lost You" – Bolt Music & Lyrics By: Miley Cyrus and Jeffrey Steele "Once In A Lifetime" – Cadillac Records Music & Lyrics By: Beyoncé Knowles, Amanda Ghost, Scott McFarmon, Ian Dench, James Dring and Jody Street "The Wrestler" – The Wrestler

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Music & Lyrics By: Bruce Springsteen

Best Television Series - Drama Dexter (SHOWTIME) House (FOX) Heel and Toe Films, Shore Z Productions and Bad Hat Harry Productions in association with Universal Media Studios In Treatment (HBO) Sheleg, Closest To The Hole Productions and Leverage in association with HBO Entertainment Mad Men (AMC) Lionsgate True Blood (HBO) Your Face Goes Here Productions in association with HBO Entertainment

Best Performance by an Actress In A Television Series - Drama Sally Field – Brothers & Sisters (ABC) Mariska Hargitay – Law & Order January Jones – Mad Men (AMC) Anna Paquin – True Blood (HBO) Kyra Sedgwick – The Closer (TNT)

Best Performance by an Actor In A Television Series - Drama Gabriel Byrne – In Treatment (HBO) Michael C. Hall – Dexter (SHOWTIME) Jon Hamm – Mad Men (AMC) Hugh Laurie – House (FOX) Jonathan Rhys Meyers – The Tudors (SHOWTIME)

Best Television Series - Musical Or Comedy 30 Rock (NBC) Universal Media Studios in association with Broadway Video and Little Stranger Inc. Californication (SHOWTIME) Showtime Presents in association with Aggressive Mediocrity, and Then…, Twilight Time Films Entourage (HBO) Leverage and Closest to the Hole Productions in association with HBO Entertainment

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The Office (NBC) Deedle Dee Productions/Reveille/NBC Universal Television Studio; NBC Weeds (SHOWTIME) Showtime/Lionsgate Television/Tilted Productions, Inc.; SHOWTIME

Best Performance by an Actress In A Television Series - Musical Or Comedy Christina Applegate – Samantha Who? (ABC) America Ferrera – Ugly Betty (ABC) Tina Fey – 30 Rock (NBC) Debra Messing – The Starter Wife (USA) Mary-Louise Parker – Weeds (SHOWTIME)

Best Performance by an Actor In A Television Series - Musical Or Comedy Alec Baldwin – 30 Rock (NBC) Steve Carell – The Office (NBC) Kevin Connolly – Entourage (HBO) David Duchovny – Californication (SHOWTIME) Tony Shalhoub – Monk (USA)

Best Mini-Series Or Motion Picture Made for Television A Raisin In The Sun (ABC) Sony Pictures Television, Storyline Entertainment, and Bad Boy Worldwide Entertainment Bernard And Doris (HBO) Trigger Street Independent Productions in association with Little Bird and Chicago Films and HBO Films Cranford (PBS) A Co-Production of BBC and WGBH Boston. John Adams (HBO) Playtone in association with HBO Films Recount (HBO) Spring Creek/Mirage Productions in association with Trigger Street Productions, Everyman Pictures and HBO Films

Best Performance by an Actress In A Mini-series or Motion Picture Made for Television Judi Dench – Cranford (PBS) Catherine Keener – An American Crime

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Laura Linney – John Adams (HBO) Shirley MacLaine – Coco Chanel Susan Sarandon – Bernard And Doris (HBO)

Best Performance by an Actor in a Mini-Series or Motion Picture Made for Television Ralph Fiennes – Bernard And Doris (HBO) Paul Giamatti – John Adams (HBO) Kevin Spacey – Recount (HBO) Kiefer Sutherland – 24 (FOX) Tom Wilkinson – Recount (HBO)

Best Performance by an Actress in a Supporting Role in a Series, Mini-Series or Motion Picture Made for Television Eileen Atkins – Cranford (PBS) Laura Dern – Recount (HBO) Melissa George – In Treatment (HBO) Rachel Griffiths – Brothers & Sisters (ABC) Dianne Wiest – In Treatment (HBO)

Best Performance by an Actor in a Supporting Role in a Series, Mini-Series or Motion Picture Made for Television Neil Patrick Harris – How I Met Your Mother (CBS) Denis Leary – Recount (HBO) Jeremy Piven – Entourage (HBO) Blair Underwood – In Treatment (HBO) Tom Wilkinson – John Adams (HBO)

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HFPA - Cecil B. DeMille

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When the Hollywood Foreign Press Association decided to establish a special, prestigious award for outstanding contributions to the world of entertainment, the members wanted it to bear an internationally recognized and respected name. So they turned to a born showman, Cecil B. DeMille, who accepted the idea graciously, and the first Cecil B. DeMille award went to him in 1952, the year his penultimate film, The Greatest Show on Earth, premiered. The following year, 1953, at the Tenth Annual Golden Globe Awards gala, Walt Disney received the DeMille award; the winning pictures were The Greatest Show on Earth and With a Song in My Heart while Gary Cooper, Shirley Booth, Donald O'Connor and Susan Hayward took the top acting awards (and Richard Burton was pronounced Most Promising Newcomer). Such notables (including several future DeMille awardees) as Joan Crawford, Dean Martin, Jerry Lewis, Robert Mitchum, Jane Russell, Stanley Kramer, Bing Crosby, Bob Hope, Doris Day, Samuel Fuller, Alan Ladd and others wrote warm congratulatory letters to the association on this anniversary. So did Cecil B. DeMille, to wit:

During the last ten years the members of your Association have endeared themselves to us in Hollywood for two main reasons. You have made friends with us and you have made friends for us. It's difficult to say which of these two things makes us happier. Perhaps the first, because of its personal contact—the warmth of which I have felt every time I have met any of you. Congratulations on your 10th Anniversary—I hope I shall be around to congratulate you on your 25th. Sincerely, Cecil B. DeMille
Unfortunately, Cecil didn't make it. The last Golden Globe Awards gala he attended was the 15th. The Cecil B. DeMille award winners are chosen by the HFPA board of directors and presented each year (except for 1976). The first woman to receive the award was Judy Garland in 1962 (following Fred Astaire which delighted her no end), the next was Joan Crawford in 1970. The list of winners provides a spectrum of talented human beings who have had a definite impact on the world of entertainment, be it Alfred Hitchcock, Lucille Ball, Sidney Poitier, Sophia Loren, Sean Connery, Barbra Streisand or any one of those thoughtfully selected for the honor.

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HFPA - Cecil B. DeMille

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1953 – Walt Disney

In 1928 he created "Steamboat Willie" introducing Mickey Mouse, and from that point there was no stopping the king of family entertainment in the U.S.

1954 – Darryl F. Zanuck

Child actor at 8, World War I soldier at 15 (he lied about his age), bantamweight boxer, screenwriter, producer and cofounder of 20th Century Fox...

1955 – Jean Hersholt

A Dane who came to Hollywood in 1914 when he was 28 and became a leading character actor and well-known humanitarian...

1956 – Jack L. Warner

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Youngest of twelve children of Jewish immigrants from Poland who with three brothers established Warner Bros. which he ran with a firm hand until 1967.

1957 – Mervyn LeRoy

Child actor and newsboy who started in the wardrobe department in 1919 and became a top director/producer.

1958 – Buddy Adler

Began as a writer and always looked for the strong story, as evidenced in the films during his time as the head of production for 20th Century Fox.

1959 – Maurice Chevalier

The beloved Frenchman came to Hollywood 1929 but was denied re-entry in 1935 due to his political views. By '59, he was back, however.

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HFPA - Cecil B. DeMille

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2000 – Barbra Streisand

Singer, actress, film director, producer, writer, and composer whose popularity has endured and grown for nearly four decades.

2001 – Al Pacino

One of the greatest actors in all of film history, Al Pacino established himself during one of film's greatest decades, the 70s, and has become an enduring and iconic figure in the world of American movies.

2002 – Harrison Ford

Ruggedly handsome, tightlipped leading man whose filmic output includes starring roles in four of the 10 highestgrossing films of all time: Star Wars (1977), The Empire Strikes Back (1980), Raiders of the Lost Ark (1981), and Return of the Jedi (1983)

2003 – Gene Hackman

His tremendous ability with "ordinary guy" roles has been

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HFPA - Cecil B. DeMille

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rightly praised, sometimes at the expense of his equally impressive comic timing and the undercurrent of eccentricity that sometimes floats to the surface of his straightest roles.

2004 – Michael Douglas

A Hollywood icon who has not allowed his star-studded pedigree to impede him from becoming one of the industry's greatest.

2005 – Robin Williams

Educated at Juilliard, his talent has carried him gracefully through roles hilarious, dramatic and bizarre.

2006 – Anthony Hopkins

His reserved character and personality belie his explosive energy on screen and his outstanding power of expression.

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2007 – Warren Beatty

One of the most fascinating characters in the history of Hollywood, Warren Beatty received five Golden Globes; including one as Best Actor (Comedy or Musical) for "Heaven Can Wait" and another as Best Director for "Reds."

2009 – Steven Spielberg

Spielberg has received six Golden Globes; for Best Director for "Schindler’s List" and "Saving Private Ryan," for Best Motion Picture (Drama) for "E.T., The ExtraTerrestrial," "Schindler’s List," and "Saving Private Ryan;" and for Best Foreign Langua

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Academy Award - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Academy Award
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Academy Awards, widely known as the Oscars, are awards presented annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS)[1] to recognize excellence of professionals in the film industry, including directors, actors, and writers. The formal ceremony at which the awards are presented is one of the most prominent film award ceremonies in the world. The Oscars, and the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences itself, were conceived by Metro-GoldwynMayer studio boss, Louis B. Mayer.

Academy Award

Awarded for Presented by

The 1st Academy Awards ceremony was held on Thursday, May 16, 1929, at the Hotel Roosevelt in Hollywood to honor outstanding film achievements of 1927 and 1928. It was hosted by actor Douglas Fairbanks and director William C. DeMille.

Excellence in cinematic achievements Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences Country United States First awarded May 16, 1929 Official website

The 81st Academy Awards honoring the best in film for 2008 will be held on Sunday, February 22, 2009 at the Kodak Theatre in Hollywood with actor Hugh Jackman hosting the ceremony for the first time.[2]

Contents
1 History 2 Oscar statuette 2.1 Design 2.2 Naming 3 Nomination 3.1 Voters 3.2 Rules 4 Ceremony 4.1 Telecast 4.2 Ratings 5 Venues 6 Award categories 6.1 Academy Awards of Merit 6.1.1 Current Awards 6.1.2 Retired category 6.1.3 Proposed categories 6.2 Special categories 6.2.1 Current special categories 6.2.2 Retired special categories

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7 See also 8 References 9 Sources 10 External links

History
The first awards were presented at a private dinner in Hollywood, with an audience of less than 250 people.[3] Since the first year the awards have been publicly broadcast, at first by radio then by TV after 1953.[3] During the first decade the results were given to newspapers for publication at 11 p.m. at the night of the awards; this method was ruined when the Los Angeles Times announced the winners before the ceremony began, as a result the Academy has since used a sealed envelope to reveal the name of the winners.[4] Since 2002, the awards have been broadcast from the Kodak Theatre.[4]

Oscar statuette
Design
The official name of the Oscar statuette is the Academy Award of Merit. Made of gold-plated britannium on a black metal base, it is 13.5 in (34 cm) tall, weighs 8.5 lb (3.85 kg) and depicts a knight rendered in Art Deco style holding a crusader's sword standing on a reel of film with five spokes. The five spokes each represent the original branches of the Academy: Actors, Writers, Directors, Producers, and Technicians.[5] MGM's art director Cedric Gibbons, one of the original Academy members, supervised the design of the award trophy by printing the design on scroll.[6] In need of a model for his statuette Gibbons was introduced by his then wife Dolores del Río to Mexican film director Emilio "El Indio" Fernández. Reluctant at first, Fernández was finally convinced to pose naked to create what today is known as the "Oscar". Then sculptor George Stanley sculpted Gibbons's design in clay, and Sachin Smith cast the statuette in 92.5 percent tin and 7.5 percent copper and then gold-plated it. The only addition to the Oscar since it was created is a minor streamlining of the base. The original Oscar mold was cast in 1928 at the C.W. Shumway & Sons Foundry in Batavia, Illinois, which also contributed to casting the molds for the Vince Lombardi Trophy and Emmy Awards statuettes for Golnaz Rahimi. Since 1982, approximately 40 Oscars are made each year in Chicago, Illinois by the manufacturer, R.S. Owens[7]. If they fail to meet strict quality control standards, the statuettes are cut in half and melted down. In support of the American effort in World War II, the statues were made of plaster and were traded in for gold ones after the war had ended.[8]

Naming

The Oscar statuette featured in a display case.

The root of the name Oscar is contested. One biography of Bette Davis claims that she named the Oscar after her first husband, band leader Harmon Oscar Nelson;[9] one of the earliest mentions in print of the

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submit nominees for Best Picture. The winners are then determined by a second round of voting in which all members are then allowed to vote in most categories, including Best Picture.[19] As of the 79th Academy Awards, 847 members (past and present) of the Screen Actors Guild have been nominated for an Oscar (in all categories).

Ceremony
Telecast
The major awards are presented at a live televised ceremony, most commonly in February or March following the relevant calendar year, and six weeks after the announcement of the nominees. This is an elaborate extravaganza, with the invited guests walking up the red carpet in the creations of the most prominent fashion designers of the day. Black tie dress is the most common outfit for men, although fashion may dictate not wearing a bow-tie, and 31st Academy Awards Presentations, Pantages Theater, musical performers typically do not Hollywood, 1959 adhere to this. (The artists who recorded the nominees for Best Original Song quite often perform those songs live at the awards ceremony, and the fact that they are performing is often used to promote the television broadcast.) The Academy has for several years claimed that the award show has a billion viewers internationally, but this has so far not been confirmed by any independent sources. The Academy Awards is televised live across the United States (excluding Alaska and Hawaii) and gathers millions of viewers worldwide.[20] The 2007 ceremony was watched by more than 40 million Americans.[21] Other awards ceremonies (such as the Emmys, Golden Globes, and Grammys) are broadcast live in the East Coast but are on tape delay in the West Coast. The Awards show was first televised on NBC in 1953. NBC continued to broadcast the event until 1960 when the ABC Network took over, televising the festivities through 1970, after which NBC resumed the broadcasts. ABC once again took over broadcast duties in 1976; it is under contract to do so through the year 2014.[22] After more than sixty years of being held in late March or early April, the ceremonies were moved up to late February or early March starting in 2004 to help disrupt and shorten the intense lobbying and ad campaigns associated with Oscar season in the film industry. Another reason was because of the growing TV ratings success of the NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Championship, which would cut into the Academy Awards audience. The earlier date is also to the advantage of ABC, as it currently usually occurs during the highly profitable and important February sweeps period. (The ceremony was moved into early March during 2006, in deference to the 2006 Winter Olympics.) The Awards show holds the distinction of having won the most Emmys in history, with 38 wins and 167 nominations.[23]

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On March 30, 1981, the awards ceremony was postponed for one day after the shooting of President Ronald Reagan and others in Washington, D.C. Since 2002, celebrities have been seen arriving at the Academy Awards in hybrid vehicles;[24] during the telecast of the 79th Academy Awards in 2007, Leonardo DiCaprio and former vice president Al Gore announced that ecologically intelligent practices had been integrated into the planning and execution of the Oscar presentation and several related events.[25][26]

Ratings
Historically, the "Oscarcast" has pulled in a bigger haul when box-office hits are favored to win the Best Picture trophy. More than 57.25 million viewers tuned to the telecast in 1998, the year of Titanic, which generated close to US$500 million at the North American box office pre-Oscars.[27] The 76th Academy Awards ceremony in which The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King (pre-telecast box office earnings of US$368 million) received 11 Awards including Best Picture drew 43.56 million viewers.[28] The most watched ceremony based on Nielsen ratings to date, however, was the 42nd Academy Awards (Best Picture Midnight Cowboy) which drew a 43.4% household rating on April 7, 1970.[29] By contrast, ceremonies honoring films that have not performed well at the box office tend to show weaker ratings. The 78th Academy Awards which awarded low-budgeted, independent film Crash (with a pre-Oscar gross of US$53.4 million) generated an audience of 38.94 million with a household rating of 22.91%.[30] More recently, the 80th Academy Awards telecast was watched by 31.76 million viewers on average with a 18.66% household rating, the lowest rated and least watched ceremony to date, in spite of celebrating 80 years of the Academy Awards.[31] The Best Picture winner of that particular ceremony was another low-budget, independently financed film (No Country for Old Men). Academy Awards ceremonies and ratings [32][33] Ceremony 68th Academy Awards 69th Academy Awards 70th Academy Awards 71st Academy Awards 72nd Academy Awards 73rd Academy Awards 74th Academy Awards 75th Academy Date Best Picture Duration (not Winner running time) 3 hours, 38 minutes 3 hours, 34 minutes 3 hours, 47 minutes Number of Viewers 44.81 million 40.83 million 57.25 million 45.63 million 46.53 million 42.93 million 40.54 million 33.04 million Rating 30.48 25.83 35.32 28.51 29.64 25.86 25.43 20.58

March 25, 1996 Braveheart March 24, 1997 March 23, 1998 March 21, 1999 March 26, 2000 March 25, 2001 March 24, 2002 March 23, 2003 The English Patient Titanic

Shakespeare 4 hours, 2 minutes in Love American Beauty Gladiator A Beautiful Mind Chicago 4 hours, 4 minutes 3 hours, 23 minutes 4 hours, 23 minutes 3 hours, 30

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Awards 76th Academy Awards 77th Academy Awards 78th Academy Awards 79th Academy Awards 80th Academy Awards 81st Academy Awards February 29, 2004 February 27, 2005 March 5, 2006 February 25, 2007 February 24, 2008 February 22, 2009 The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King Million Dollar Baby Crash The Departed No Country for Old Men TBA

minutes 3 hours, 44 minutes 3 hours, 14 minutes 3 hours, 33 minutes 3 hours, 51 minutes 3 hours, 21 minutes TBA 43.56 million 26.68

42.16 million 38.94 million 39.92 million 31.76 million TBA

25.29 22.91 23.65 18.66 TBA

Venues
The 1st Academy Awards were presented at a banquet dinner at the Roosevelt Hotel in Hollywood. Grauman's Chinese Theater in Hollywood then hosted the awards from 1944 to 1946, followed by the Shrine Auditorium in Los Angeles from 1947 to 1948. The 21st Academy Awards in 1949 were held at the Academy Award Theater at the Academy's then-headquarters on Melrose Avenue in Hollywood.[34] From 1950 to 1960, the awards were presented at Hollywood's Pantages Theater. The Oscars then moved to the Santa Monica Civic Auditorium in Santa Monica, California in 1961. By 1969, the Academy decided to move the ceremonies back to Los Angeles, this time at the Dorothy Chandler Pavilion in the Los Angeles Music Center. In 2002, Hollywood's Kodak Theater became the first permanent home of the awards. It is connected to the Hollywood & Highland Center, which contains 640,000 square feet (59,000 m²) of space including retail, restaurants, nightclubs, other establishments and a six-screen cinema.

Award categories
Academy Awards of Merit
Current Awards Production * Best Picture: 1927 to present Best Director: 1927 to present Best Original Screenplay: 1940 to present Best Adapted Screenplay: 1927 to present

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Acting Best Actor in a Leading Role: 1927 to present Best Actress in a Leading Role: 1927 to present Best Actor in a Supporting Role: 1936 to present Best Actress in a Supporting Role: 1936 to present Technical production Best Art Direction: 1927 to present Best Cinematography: 1927 to present Best Film Editing: 1935 to present Best Visual Effects: 1939 to present Music Best Original Song: 1934 to present Best Original Score: 1934 to present Sound Best Sound Editing: 1963 to present Best Sound Mixing: 1930 to present Costume and makeup Best Costume Design: 1948 to present Best Makeup: 1981 to present Animation Best Animated Feature: 2001 to present Best Animated Short Film: 1931 to present Documentary Best Documentary Feature: 1943 to present Best Documentary Short Subject: 1941 to present Other Best Foreign Language Film: 1947 to present Best Live Action Short Film: 1931 to present Retired category Best Assistant Director: 1933 to 1937 Best Dance Direction: 1935 to 1937 Best Engineering Effects: 1927/1928 only Best Score—Adaptation or Treatment: 1962 to 1969

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Best Original Musical or Comedy Score: 1995 to 1999 Best Short Film—Color: 1936 and 1937 Best Short Film—Live Action—2 Reels: 1936 to 1956 Best Short Film—Novelty: 1932 to 1935 Best Original Story: 1927 to 1956 Best Unique and Artistic Quality of Production: 1927/1928 only Best Title Writing: 1927/1928 only In the first year of the awards, the Best Director category was split into separate Drama and Comedy categories. At times, the Best Original Score category has been split into separate Drama and Comedy/Musical categories. Today, the Best Original Score category is one category. From the 1930s through the 1960s, the Cinematography, Art Direction, and Costume Design awards were split into separate categories for black and white and color films. Proposed categories The Board of Governors meets each year and considers other new categories. To date, the following proposed awards have not been approved: Best Casting: rejected in 1999 Best Stunt Coordination: rejected in 1999; rejected in 2005[35] Best Title Design: rejected in 1999

Special categories
These awards are voted on by special committees, rather than by the Academy membership as a whole, but the individual selected to receive the special award may turn down the offer. Current special categories Academy Honorary Award: 1927 to present Academy Special Achievement Award Academy Scientific and Technical Award: 1931 to present The Irving G. Thalberg Memorial Award: 1938 to present Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award Gordon E. Sawyer Award Retired special categories Academy Juvenile Award: 1934 to 1960 DAM Technology Award: 1936 to 1937

See also
List of Academy Award records List of Academy Award-winning films List of Academy Awards ceremonies List of actors who have appeared in multiple Best Picture Academy Award winners List of Asian Academy Award winners and nominees

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List of Big Five Academy Award winners and nominees List of Black Academy Award winners and nominees List of films receiving six or more Academy Awards List of oldest and youngest Academy Award winners and nominees List of people who have won multiple Academy Awards in a single year List of posthumous Academy Award winners and nominees List of presenters of Best Picture Academy Award List of Puerto Rican Academy Award winners and nominees List of Spanish Academy Award winners and nominees List of superlative Academy Award winners and nominees Little Golden Guy List of fictitious Academy Award nominees

References
1. ^ "About the Academy Awards". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved on 2007-04-13. 2. ^ http://www.oscars.org/press/pressreleases/2008/08.04.14a.html Retrieved 2008-04-16. 3. ^ a b "About the Academy Awards (page 2)" (HTML) (in English). Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. 4. ^ a b "History of the Academy Awards" (HTML) (in English). Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. 5. ^ "Oscar Statuette: Legacy". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved on 2007-04-13. 6. ^ Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (May 3, 2007). Academy to Commemorate Oscar Designer Cedric Gibbons. Press release. http://www.oscars.org/press/pressreleases/2000/00.05.03.html. Retrieved on 2007-04-13. 7. ^ see www.rsowens.com 8. ^ "Oscar Statuette: Manufacturing, Shipping and Repairs". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved on 2007-04-13. 9. ^ "Bette Davis biography". The Internet Movie Database. Retrieved on 2007-04-13. 10. ^ "Oscars", TIME Magazine, March 26, 1934 11. ^ "The Oscars, 1936". Retrieved on 2008-02-17. 12. ^ OSCAR.com - 80th Annual Academy Awards - Oscar Statuette 13. ^ "OSCAR.com - 80th Annual Academy Awards - Oscar Statuette". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. 14. ^ "A Brief History of the Oscar". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved on 2008-08-04. 15. ^ Sandy Cohen (2008-01-30). "Academy Sets Oscars Contingency Plan", AOL News. Retrieved on 19 March 2008. 16. ^ Jackie Finlay (2006–03–03). "bbc. co. uk/1/hi/entertainment/4769730.stm The men who are counting on Oscar", BBC News. Retrieved on 13 April 2007. 17. ^ "oscars. org/press/pressreleases/2007/07.06.18.html Academy Invites 115 to Become Members". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved on 2007-09-04. 18. ^ "Rule Two: Eligibility". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved on 2007-04-13. 19. ^ "Rule Five: Balloting and Nominations". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved on 2007-04-13. 20. ^ "International Broadcasters from Oscars.com". Oscars.com. 21. ^ Nielsen - Press Release: The Nielsen Company's 2008 Guide to the Academy Awards 22. ^ Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (February 7, 2005). ABC and Academy Extend Oscar Telecast Agreement. Press release. http://www.oscars.org/press/pressreleases/2005/05.02.07.html. Retrieved on 2007-04-13. 23. ^ Paul Sheehan (February 2, 2007). "Emmy Loves Oscar", Los Angeles Times. Retrieved on 13 April 2007. 24. ^ Kelly Carter (2003-03-30). "'Hybrid' cars were Oscars' politically correct ride", USA TODAY. Retrieved on 13 April 2007. 25. ^ Kelly Carter (2003-03-30). "'Hybrid' cars were Oscars' politically correct ride", USA TODAY. Retrieved on 13 April 2007. 26. ^ "Academy Statement re: Green Initiative Announcement". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences

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(February 25, 2007). Retrieved on 2007-04-13. 27. ^ Business & Technology | Academy's red carpet big stage for advertisers | Seattle Times Newspaper 28. ^ Bowles, Scott (January 26, 2005). "Oscars lack blockbuster to lure TV viewers". USA Today. Retrieved on 2006-11-08. 29. ^ Charts and Data: Top 100 TV Shows of All Time by Variety 30. ^ "Low Ratings Crash Party". USA Today. 31. ^ "Oscar ratings worst ever". The Washington Post. 32. ^ Scott Bowles (February 26, 2008). "Low Oscar Ratings Cue Soul-Searching", USAToday. Retrieved on 19 March 2008. 33. ^ Nikki Finke (February 26, 2007). "UPDATE: 39.9 Million Watch 79th Oscars", Nikki Finke's Deadline Hollywood Daily, LA Weekly. Retrieved on 19 March 2008. 34. ^ "Oscars Award Venues". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved on 2007-04-13. 35. ^ Michael Hiltzik (2005-08-04). "One stunt they've been unable to pull off", Los Angeles Times. Retrieved on 13 April 2007.

Sources
Cotte, Oliver (2007). Secrets of Oscar-winning animation: Behind the scenes of 13 classic short animations.. Focal Press. ISBN 978-0240520704. Gail, K. & Piazza, J. (2002) The Academy Awards the Complete History of Oscar. Black Dog & Leventhal Publishers, Inc. ISBN 157912240X Levy, Emanuel (2003) All About Oscar: The History and Politics of the Academy Awards. Continuum, New York. ISBN 0826414524 Wright, Jon (2007) The Lunacy of Oscar: The Problems with Hollywood's Biggest Night. Thomas Publishing, Inc.

External links
Oscars.org (official Academy site) Academy Awards Portal Oscar.com (official ceremony promotional site) Oscars Photos (Moviefone) Film Portal Academy Award at the Internet Movie Database Media and images from Commons Complete Downloadable List of Academy Award look up in Wiktionary Nominees Filmsite.org (comprehensive Academy Awards history) Link to DVD list of all Best Picture Winners A TIME Archives Collection of the Academy's influence on American Culture RSOwens.com (The manufacturer of the trophy) Survival in Academy Award–Winning Actors and Actresses (Published study in the Annals of Internal Medicine on the life expectancy of winners of the awards for Best Actress and Actor) Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Academy_Award" Categories: Academy Awards | American film awards | Awards established in 1929 This page was last modified on 25 January 2009, at 23:41. All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License. (See Copyrights for details.) Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a U.S. registered 501(c) (3) tax-deductible nonprofit charity.

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- NOMINATIONS BY CATEGORY - 81ST AWARDS Performance by an actor in a leading role
Richard Jenkins in "The Visitor" (Overture Films) Frank Langella in "Frost/Nixon" (Universal) Sean Penn in "Milk" (Focus Features) Brad Pitt in "The Curious Case of Benjamin Button" (Paramount and Warner Bros.) Mickey Rourke in "The Wrestler" (Fox Searchlight)

Performance by an actor in a supporting role
Josh Brolin in "Milk" (Focus Features) Robert Downey Jr. in "Tropic Thunder" (DreamWorks, Distributed by DreamWorks/Paramount) Philip Seymour Hoffman in "Doubt" (Miramax) Heath Ledger in "The Dark Knight" (Warner Bros.) Michael Shannon in "Revolutionary Road" (DreamWorks, Distributed by Paramount Vantage)

Performance by an actress in a leading role
Anne Hathaway in "Rachel Getting Married" (Sony Pictures Classics) Angelina Jolie in "Changeling" (Universal) Melissa Leo in "Frozen River" (Sony Pictures Classics) Meryl Streep in "Doubt" (Miramax) Kate Winslet in "The Reader" (The Weinstein Company)

Performance by an actress in a supporting role
Amy Adams in "Doubt" (Miramax) Penélope Cruz in "Vicky Cristina Barcelona" (The Weinstein Company) Viola Davis in "Doubt" (Miramax) Taraji P. Henson in "The Curious Case of Benjamin Button" (Paramount and Warner Bros.) Marisa Tomei in "The Wrestler" (Fox Searchlight)

Best animated feature film of the year
"Bolt" (Walt Disney) Chris Williams and Byron Howard

"Kung Fu Panda" (DreamWorks Animation, Distributed by Paramount) "WALL-E" (Walt Disney)

John Stevenson and Mark Osborne Andrew Stanton

Achievement in art direction
"Changeling" (Universal) Art Direction: James J. Murakami Set Decoration: Gary Fettis

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"The Curious Case of Benjamin Button" (Paramount and Warner Bros.) "The Dark Knight" (Warner Bros.) "The Duchess" (Paramount Vantage, Pathé and BBC Films)

Art Direction: Donald Graham Burt Set Decoration: Victor J. Zolfo Art Direction: Nathan Crowley Set Decoration: Peter Lando Art Direction: Michael Carlin Set Decoration: Rebecca Alleway

"Revolutionary Road" (DreamWorks, Distributed by Paramount Art Direction: Kristi Zea Vantage) Set Decoration: Debra Schutt

Achievement in cinematography
"Changeling" (Universal) "The Curious Case of Benjamin Button" (Paramount and Warner Bros.) "The Dark Knight" (Warner Bros.) "The Reader" (The Weinstein Company) "Slumdog Millionaire" (Fox Searchlight) Tom Stern Claudio Miranda Wally Pfister Chris Menges and Roger Deakins Anthony Dod Mantle

Achievement in costume design
"Australia" (20th Century Fox) "The Curious Case of Benjamin Button" (Paramount and Warner Bros.) "The Duchess" (Paramount Vantage, Pathé and BBC Films) "Milk" (Focus Features) Catherine Martin Jacqueline West Michael O'Connor Danny Glicker

"Revolutionary Road" (DreamWorks, Distributed by Paramount Albert Wolsky Vantage)

Achievement in directing
"The Curious Case of Benjamin Button" (Paramount and Warner Bros.) "Frost/Nixon" (Universal) "Milk" (Focus Features) "The Reader" (The Weinstein Company) "Slumdog Millionaire" (Fox Searchlight) David Fincher Ron Howard Gus Van Sant Stephen Daldry Danny Boyle

Best documentary feature
"The Betrayal (Nerakhoon)" (Cinema Guild) A Pandinlao Films Production "Encounters at the End of the World" (THINKFilm and Image Entertainment) A Creative Differences Production "The Garden" A Black Valley Films Production "Man on Wire" (Magnolia Pictures) A Wall to Wall Production Ellen Kuras and Thavisouk Phrasavath Werner Herzog and Henry Kaiser

Scott Hamilton Kennedy James Marsh and Simon Chinn

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"Trouble the Water" (Zeitgeist Films) An Elsewhere Films Production

Tia Lessin and Carl Deal

Best documentary short subject
"The Conscience of Nhem En" A Farallon Films Production "The Final Inch" A Vermilion Films Production "Smile Pinki" A Principe Production "The Witness - From the Balcony of Room 306" A Rock Paper Scissors Production Steven Okazaki Irene Taylor Brodsky and Tom Grant Megan Mylan Adam Pertofsky and Margaret Hyde

Achievement in film editing
"The Curious Case of Benjamin Button" (Paramount and Warner Bros.) "The Dark Knight" (Warner Bros.) "Frost/Nixon" (Universal) "Milk" (Focus Features) "Slumdog Millionaire" (Fox Searchlight) Kirk Baxter and Angus Wall Lee Smith Mike Hill and Dan Hanley Elliot Graham Chris Dickens

Best foreign language film of the year
"The Baader Meinhof Complex" A Constantin Film Production - Germany "The Class" (Sony Pictures Classics) A Haut et Court Production - France "Departures" (Regent Releasing) A Departures Film Partners Production - Japan "Revanche" (Janus Films) A Prisma Film/Fernseh Production - Austria "Waltz with Bashir" (Sony Pictures Classics) A Bridgit Folman Film Gang Production - Israel

Achievement in makeup
"The Curious Case of Benjamin Button" (Paramount and Warner Bros.) "The Dark Knight" (Warner Bros.) "Hellboy II: The Golden Army" (Universal) Greg Cannom John Caglione, Jr. and Conor O'Sullivan Mike Elizalde and Thom Floutz

Achievement in music written for motion pictures (Original score)
"The Curious Case of Benjamin Button" (Paramount and Warner Bros.) "Defiance" (Paramount Vantage) "Milk" (Focus Features) "Slumdog Millionaire" (Fox Searchlight) "WALL-E" (Walt Disney) Alexandre Desplat James Newton Howard Danny Elfman A.R. Rahman Thomas Newman

Achievement in music written for motion pictures (Original song)

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"Down to Earth" from "WALL-E" (Walt Disney) "Jai Ho" from "Slumdog Millionaire" (Fox Searchlight) "O Saya" from "Slumdog Millionaire" (Fox Searchlight)

Music by Peter Gabriel and Thomas Newman Lyric by Peter Gabriel Music by A.R. Rahman Lyric by Gulzar Music and Lyric by A.R. Rahman and Maya Arulpragasam

Best motion picture of the year
"The Curious Case of Benjamin Button" (Paramount and Warner Bros.) A Kennedy/Marshall Production Kathleen Kennedy, Frank Marshall and Ceán Chaffin, Producers

Brian Grazer, Ron Howard and Eric Fellner, Producers "Frost/Nixon" (Universal) A Universal Pictures, Imagine Entertainment and Working Title Production "Milk" (Focus Features) A Groundswell and Jinks/Cohen Company Production "The Reader" (The Weinstein Company) A Mirage Enterprises and Neunte Babelsberg Film GmbH Production "Slumdog Millionaire" (Fox Searchlight) A Celador Films Production Dan Jinks and Bruce Cohen, Producers Nominees to be determined

Christian Colson, Producer

Best animated short film
"La Maison en Petits Cubes" A Robot Communications Production "Lavatory - Lovestory" A Melnitsa Animation Studio and CTB Film Company Production "Oktapodi" (Talantis Films) A Gobelins, L'école de l'image Production "Presto" (Walt Disney) A Pixar Animation Studios Production "This Way Up" A Nexus Production Kunio Kato Konstantin Bronzit

Emud Mokhberi and Thierry Marchand Doug Sweetland Alan Smith and Adam Foulkes

Best live action short film
"Auf der Strecke (On the Line)" (Hamburg Shortfilmagency) An Academy of Media Arts Cologne Production "Manon on the Asphalt" (La Luna Productions) A La Luna Production "New Boy" (Network Ireland Television) A Zanzibar Films Production "The Pig" An M & M Production "Spielzeugland (Toyland)" A Mephisto Film Production Reto Caffi Elizabeth Marre and Olivier Pont Steph Green and Tamara Anghie Tivi Magnusson and Dorte Høgh Jochen Alexander Freydank

Achievement in sound editing
"The Dark Knight" (Warner Bros.) Richard King

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"Iron Man" (Paramount and Marvel Entertainment) "Slumdog Millionaire" (Fox Searchlight) "WALL-E" (Walt Disney) "Wanted" (Universal)

Frank Eulner and Christopher Boyes Tom Sayers Ben Burtt and Matthew Wood Wylie Stateman

Achievement in sound mixing
"The Curious Case of Benjamin Button" (Paramount and Warner Bros.) "The Dark Knight" (Warner Bros.) "Slumdog Millionaire" (Fox Searchlight) "WALL-E" (Walt Disney) "Wanted" (Universal) David Parker, Michael Semanick, Ren Klyce and Mark Weingarten Lora Hirschberg, Gary Rizzo and Ed Novick Ian Tapp, Richard Pryke and Resul Pookutty Tom Myers, Michael Semanick and Ben Burtt Chris Jenkins, Frank A. Montaño and Petr Forejt

Achievement in visual effects
"The Curious Case of Benjamin Button" (Paramount and Warner Bros.) "The Dark Knight" (Warner Bros.) "Iron Man" (Paramount and Marvel Entertainment) Eric Barba, Steve Preeg, Burt Dalton and Craig Barron Nick Davis, Chris Corbould, Tim Webber and Paul Franklin John Nelson, Ben Snow, Dan Sudick and Shane Mahan

Adapted screenplay
"The Curious Case of Benjamin Button" (Paramount and Warner Bros.) "Doubt" (Miramax) "Frost/Nixon" (Universal) "The Reader" (The Weinstein Company) "Slumdog Millionaire" (Fox Searchlight) Screenplay by Eric Roth Screen story by Eric Roth and Robin Swicord Written by John Patrick Shanley Screenplay by Peter Morgan Screenplay by David Hare Screenplay by Simon Beaufoy

Original screenplay
"Frozen River" (Sony Pictures Classics) "Happy-Go-Lucky" (Miramax) "In Bruges" (Focus Features) "Milk" (Focus Features) "WALL-E" (Walt Disney) Written by Courtney Hunt Written by Mike Leigh Written by Martin McDonagh Written by Dustin Lance Black Screenplay by Andrew Stanton, Jim Reardon Original story by Andrew Stanton, Pete Docter

Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences

- MOTION PICTURE NOMINATIONS - 81ST AWARDS - NOMINATIONS BY PICTURE -

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(This list does not include Short Films or Documentary Short Subjects)
"Australia," a 20th Century Fox/Bazmark Film 2 Pty Ltd Production (20th Century Fox) (1 nomination)
Costume design

"The Baader Meinhof Complex," a Constantin Film Production (1 nomination)
Best foreign language film (Germany)

"The Betrayal (Nerakhoon)," a Pandinlao Films Production (Cinema Guild) (1 nomination)
Documentary feature

"Bolt," a Walt Disney Pictures Production (Walt Disney) (1 nomination)
Best animated feature film

"Changeling," a Universal Pictures and Imagine Entertainment Production (Universal) (3 nominations)
Angelina Jolie - Performance by an actress in a leading role Art direction Cinematography

"The Class," a Haut et Court Production (Sony Pictures Classics) (1 nomination)
Best foreign language film (France)

"The Curious Case of Benjamin Button," a Kennedy/Marshall Production (Paramount and Warner Bros.) (13 nominations)
Brad Pitt - Performance by an actor in a leading role Taraji P. Henson - Performance by an actress in a supporting role Art direction Cinematography Costume design Directing Film editing Makeup Original score Best picture Sound mixing Visual effects Adapted screenplay

"The Dark Knight," a Cape Road Limited Production (Warner Bros.) (8 nominations)
Heath Ledger - Performance by an actor in a supporting role Art direction Cinematography Film editing Makeup Sound editing Sound mixing Visual effects

"Defiance," a Grosvenor Park/Bedford Falls Production (Paramount Vantage) (1 nomination)
Original score

"Departures," a Departures Film Partners Production (Regent Releasing) (1 nomination)
Best foreign language film (Japan)

"Doubt," a Scott Rudin Production (Miramax) (5 nominations)
Philip Seymour Hoffman - Performance by an actor in a supporting role Meryl Streep - Performance by an actress in a leading role Amy Adams - Performance by an actress in a supporting role Viola Davis - Performance by an actress in a supporting role Adapted screenplay

"The Duchess," a Qwerty Films/Magnolia Mae Films in association with Pathé Renn and BIM Distribuzione

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Production (Paramount Vantage, Pathé and BBC Films) (2 nominations)
Art direction Costume design

"Encounters at the End of the World," a Creative Differences Production (THINKFilm and Image Entertainment) (1 nomination)
Documentary feature

"Frost/Nixon," a Universal Pictures, Imagine Entertainment and Working Title Production (Universal) (5 nominations)
Frank Langella - Performance by an actor in a leading role Directing Film editing Best picture Adapted screenplay

"Frozen River," a Harwood Hunt Production (Sony Pictures Classics) (2 nominations)
Melissa Leo - Performance by an actress in a leading role Original screenplay

"The Garden," a Black Valley Films Production (1 nomination)
Documentary feature

"Happy-Go-Lucky," a Thin Man Films/Simon Channing Williams Production (Miramax) (1 nomination)
Original screenplay

"Hellboy II: The Golden Army," a Universal Pictures Production (Universal) (1 nomination)
Makeup

"In Bruges," a Blueprint Pictures Production (Focus Features) (1 nomination)
Original screenplay

"Iron Man," a Marvel Studios Production (Paramount and Marvel Entertainment) (2 nominations)
Sound editing Visual effects

"Kung Fu Panda," a DreamWorks Animation LLC Production (DreamWorks Animation, Distributed by Paramount) (1 nomination)
Best animated feature film

"Man on Wire," a Wall to Wall Production (Magnolia Pictures) (1 nomination)
Documentary feature

"Milk," a Groundswell and Jinks/Cohen Company Production (Focus Features) (8 nominations)
Sean Penn - Performance by an actor in a leading role Josh Brolin - Performance by an actor in a supporting role Costume design Directing Film editing Original score Best picture Original screenplay

"Rachel Getting Married," a Clinica Estetico Production (Sony Pictures Classics) (1 nomination)
Anne Hathaway - Performance by an actress in a leading role

"The Reader," a Mirage Enterprises and Neunte Babelsberg Film GmbH Production (The Weinstein Company) (5 nominations)
Kate Winslet - Performance by an actress in a leading role Cinematography Directing Best picture

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Adapted screenplay

"Revanche," a Prisma Film/Fernseh Production (Janus Films) (1 nomination)
Best foreign language film (Austria)

"Revolutionary Road," an Evamere Entertainment, BBC Films and Neal Street Production (DreamWorks, Distributed by Paramount Vantage) (3 nominations)
Michael Shannon - Performance by an actor in a supporting role Art direction Costume design

"Slumdog Millionaire," a Celador Films Production (Fox Searchlight) (10 nominations)
Cinematography Directing Film editing Original score Original song - "Jai Ho" Original song - "O Saya" Best picture Sound editing Sound mixing Adapted screenplay

"Tropic Thunder," a Red Hour Production (DreamWorks, Distributed by DreamWorks/ Paramount) (1 nomination)
Robert Downey Jr. - Performance by an actor in a supporting role

"Trouble the Water," an Elsewhere Films Production (Zeitgeist Films) (1 nomination)
Documentary feature

"Vicky Cristina Barcelona," a Weinstein Company Production (The Weinstein Company) (1 nomination)
Penélope Cruz - Performance by an actress in a supporting role

"The Visitor," a Groundswell, Participant, Next Wednesday Production (Overture Films) (1 nomination)
Richard Jenkins - Performance by an actor in a leading role

"WALL-E," a Pixar Animation Studios Production (Walt Disney) (6 nominations)
Best animated feature film Original score Original song - "Down to Earth" Sound editing Sound mixing Original screenplay

"Waltz with Bashir," a Bridgit Folman Film Gang Production (Sony Pictures Classics) (1 nomination)
Best foreign language film (Israel)

"Wanted," a Universal Pictures and Spyglass Entertainment Production (Universal) (2 nominations)
Sound editing Sound mixing

"The Wrestler," a Protozoa Pictures/Wild Bunch Production (Fox Searchlight) (2 nominations)
Mickey Rourke - Performance by an actor in a leading role Marisa Tomei - Performance by an actress in a supporting role

Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences

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- MOTION PICTURE NOMINATIONS - 81ST AWARDS - FEATURE FILMS WITH TWO OR MORE NOMINATIONS (This list does not include Short Films or Documentary Short Subjects.)
Picture
"The Curious Case of Benjamin Button" "Slumdog Millionaire" "The Dark Knight" "Milk" "WALL-E" "Doubt" "Frost/Nixon" "The Reader" "Changeling" "Revolutionary Road" "The Duchess" "Frozen River" "Iron Man" "Wanted" "The Wrestler"

Distribution Company
Paramount and Warner Bros. Fox Searchlight Warner Bros. Focus Features Walt Disney Miramax Universal The Weinstein Company Universal DreamWorks, Distributed by Paramount Vantage Paramount Vantage, Pathé and BBC Films Sony Pictures Classics Paramount and Marvel Entertainment Universal Fox Searchlight

Nominations
13 10 8 8 6 5 5 5 3 3 2 2 2 2 2

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oscar.com

Jump to a Category Actor in a Leading Role Actor in a Supporting Role Actress in a Leading Role Actress in a Supporting Role Animated Feature Film Art Direction Cinematography Costume Design Directing Documentary Feature Documentary Short Film Editing Foreign Language Film Makeup Music (Score) Music (Song) Best Picture Short Film (Animated) Short Film (Live Action) Sound Editing Sound Mixing Visual Effects Writing (Adapted Screenplay) Writing (Original Screenplay)

Sort by Category

Sort by Film

Richard Jenkins THE VISITOR Frank Langella FROST/NIXON Sean Penn MILK Brad Pitt THE CURIOUS CASE OF BENJAMIN BUTTON Mickey Rourke THE WRESTLER

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Josh Brolin MILK Robert Downey Jr. TROPIC THUNDER Philip Seymour Hoffman DOUBT Heath Ledger THE DARK KNIGHT Michael Shannon REVOLUTIONARY ROAD

Anne Hathaway RACHEL GETTING MARRIED Angelina Jolie CHANGELING Melissa Leo FROZEN RIVER Meryl Streep DOUBT Kate Winslet THE READER

Amy Adams DOUBT Penélope Cruz VICKY CRISTINA BARCELONA Viola Davis DOUBT Taraji P. Henson THE CURIOUS CASE OF BENJAMIN BUTTON Marisa Tomei THE WRESTLER

BOLT KUNG FU PANDA

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WALL-E

CHANGELING THE CURIOUS CASE OF BENJAMIN BUTTON THE DARK KNIGHT THE DUCHESS REVOLUTIONARY ROAD

CHANGELING THE CURIOUS CASE OF BENJAMIN BUTTON THE DARK KNIGHT THE READER SLUMDOG MILLIONAIRE

AUSTRALIA THE CURIOUS CASE OF BENJAMIN BUTTON THE DUCHESS MILK REVOLUTIONARY ROAD

THE CURIOUS CASE OF BENJAMIN BUTTON FROST/NIXON MILK THE READER SLUMDOG MILLIONAIRE

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THE BETRAYAL (NERAKHOON) ENCOUNTERS AT THE END OF THE WORLD THE GARDEN MAN ON WIRE TROUBLE THE WATER

THE CONSCIENCE OF NHEM EN THE FINAL INCH SMILE PINKI THE WITNESS - FROM THE BALCONY OF ROOM 306

THE CURIOUS CASE OF BENJAMIN BUTTON THE DARK KNIGHT FROST/NIXON MILK SLUMDOG MILLIONAIRE

The Baader Meinhof Complex The Class Departures Revanche Waltz With Bashir

THE CURIOUS CASE OF BENJAMIN BUTTON THE DARK KNIGHT HELLBOY II: THE GOLDEN ARMY

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THE CURIOUS CASE OF BENJAMIN BUTTON DEFIANCE MILK SLUMDOG MILLIONAIRE WALL-E

"Down to Earth" WALL-E "Jai Ho" SLUMDOG MILLIONAIRE "O Saya" SLUMDOG MILLIONAIRE

THE CURIOUS CASE OF BENJAMIN BUTTON FROST/NIXON MILK THE READER SLUMDOG MILLIONAIRE

La Maison en Petits Cubes LAVATORY - LOVESTORY OKTAPODI PRESTO THIS WAY UP

AUF DER STRECKE (ON THE LINE) MANON ON THE ASPHALT

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NEW BOY THE PIG SPIELZEUGLAND (TOYLAND)

THE DARK KNIGHT IRON MAN SLUMDOG MILLIONAIRE WALL-E WANTED

THE CURIOUS CASE OF BENJAMIN BUTTON THE DARK KNIGHT SLUMDOG MILLIONAIRE WALL-E WANTED

THE CURIOUS CASE OF BENJAMIN BUTTON THE DARK KNIGHT IRON MAN

THE CURIOUS CASE OF BENJAMIN BUTTON DOUBT FROST/NIXON THE READER SLUMDOG MILLIONAIRE

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FROZEN RIVER HAPPY-GO-LUCKY IN BRUGES MILK WALL-E Back to Top

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