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Earth’s Shape and

Dimensions
Part Deux!
Field
• An area where measurements can be made.
Isolines
• Connects points of equal value.
Isolaws…… not to be broken!
1. Use a pencil.
2. Look over the entire map and find the
highest numbers and the lowest
numbers.
3. Find a pattern.
4. Know the interval to be used.
5. Connect the points of equal value
Isobars
• Lines that connect points of equal pressure.
Isotherms
• Lines that connect points of equal temperatures.
Gradient
• Gradient = change in field value/distance
• This is on the front for you earth science
reference table
• This tells you how fast the change in the
field value is occuring.
Contour Lines
• Connects lines of equal elevation.
Every point on a contour line is the
exact same elevation.
Contour line close to form an
irregular circle but sometimes part
of the line extends beyond the map
so that you can’t see the complete
circle
Other rules
• Contour lines never cross each other.
• The closer the contour lines the steeper
the slope.
A bunch of closed contours
represents a hill.
Depression contours have hachure
marks on the down hill side.
Contour lines form a “V” when crossing streams &
the “V” always points upstream or uphill. Contour
lines point in the opposite direction that the water
flows.
Contour Interval
• The difference in the elevation between
two adjacent contour lines.

• Gradient is the steepness of the slope.


• Gradient=change in field value/distance.
– Can be found on page 1 of your ESRT.
– Ex:
• Change in elevation/distance between two points.
Profile
• Relief of land
• Made on a vertical
scale with the points
plotted where the
contours cross the
profile
• The closer the lines,
the steeper the slope,
the more space
between the lines, the
flatter the slope