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AYUSHI JANGALWA 111110208 IV Sem, B. Arch, 2011-2016
JAISALMER Era of influence of -water and electricity supply.provides for more than just the basic needs of the inhabitants. . Builders of the medieval Indian town of Jaisalmer -creating an urban environment that is in tune with nature . -mechanised transport -modern building technology.
The town and buildings in it overcome the problem of the severe desert summer by special passive design features. Its climates is hot and arid. .The town of Jaisalmer is located Thar desert of Rajasthan.
ARCHITECTURE OF JAISALMER The Golden Fort Havelis Mud Houses .
. called “Trikut” because of its triangular plan. Heat wave in the lower town is protected by the fort on hill. Residences on the leeward side of the hill.TOWN LAYOUT The fort was built on the hilltop.
Help against the dustorms which blow from the south-west. .ORIENTATION Major streets oriented East-West.
STREETS The streets are narrow while the building s are 2-3 floors high. Helps provide mutual shading Eliminates high velocity hot winds. .
. Floor are cantilevered to further provide shade to the streets. They have uneven built form to deflect the wind as much as possible. The houses are on a high plinth and it is used as outer sitting space.
and consist of earth fill over timber beams. Roofs are as thick as 45 cm.THERMAL LAG Thick plastered walls of sandstone are used. .
. The main living area are surrounded by buffer spaces like verandah. The purpose is to increase the the time for the heat to reach the interiors of the building.
. Helps achieve temperature difference between the interior and exterior of the building. Courtyard inside the house is a major element.
Openings like Jharokhas are provided. . Cross ventilation around the house is thus achieved.
They deflect the wind blowing down into the house. .VENTILATION Narrow vertical ducts or staircase shafts are used.
. Minimize the heat gain. Carved textured surfaces provide shade to the walls and windows.SHADING Chajjas or projecting eave provide shade to the carved jharokhas. Supported on large carved brackets.
Carved surfaces cooler than plain ones. Increased convective transfer of heat.SURFACE AREA Textured surfaces increase the surface area of the building. .
2. 4. 5. Dense clustering of buildings. Cooling of sunlit surfaces by use of fins. Courtyards and other air ducts for ventilation. Sun control through orientation and structural projections.CONCLUSION The natural cooling systems used at Jaisalmer include: 1. 3. . Massive construction for roofs and walls.
com/upload/rs0004.pdf) Natural cooling of buildings (www.inferences from past by Sheeba Valsson and Alka Bharat (http://www.pdf) Ecohouse.A Design Guide by Sue Roaf Climatic considerations in planning.gov.com/upload/rs0007.in/mag/feb08/Climatic%20Consideration-%2842-48%29.pdf) . Natural cooling Systems of Jaisalmer by Vinod Gupta (http://www.space-design.BIBLIOGRAPHY Architecture of the Indian desert by Kulbhushan & Minakshi Jain.space-design.coa.