Project

Spreadsheets to BS 8110etc

Client

Advisory Group

Location

Grid line 1

REINFORCED CONCRETE COUNCIL
Made by

Date

rc

RETAINING WALL design to BS 8110:1997, BS 8002:1994. BS 8004:1986 etc.
Checked
Originated from 'RCC62.xls' on CD

Page

14-May-2013
Revision

chg

© 1999 BCA for RCC

-

L in e L o a d L G K , L Q K in k N / m

IDEALISED STRUCTURE and FORCE DIAGRAMS

101
Job No

R68

DESIGN STATUS:

NOT VALID

X
WARNING :
Passive pressure should
only be considered if it
can be guaranteed that
there will be no future
excavation in front of
the wall.

S u r c h a r g e S G K , S Q K in k N / m

2

T W

H n

H P

T b

L W

L E

H W

L S

L L

H

W A TE R

B 1

L P

B N

T N
B

DIMENSIONS (mm)
H=
4400
Hw =
0
Hp =
0
Hn =
0
MATERIAL PROPERTIES
fcu =
30
fy =
460

B=
BI =
BN =

3200
800
0

Tw =
Tb =
TN =

γm =
N/mm²
γm =
N/mm²
cover to tension steel =
Max allowable design surface crack width (W) =
Concrete density =
SOIL PROPERTIES
Design angle of int'l friction of retained mat'l (Ø) =
Design cohesion of retained mat'l (C ) =
Density of retained mat'l (q ) =
Submerged Density of retained mat'l (qs ) =
Design angle of int'l friction of base mat'l (Øb) =
Design cohesion of base material (Cb ) =
Density of base material (qb ) =
Allowable gross ground bearing pressure (GBP) =
LOADINGS

Surcharge load -- live (SQK)
Surcharge load -- dead (SGK)
Line load -- live (LQK)
Line load -- dead (LGK)
Distance of line load from wall (X)

LATERAL FORCES (unfactored)

Force

PE
PS(GK)
PS(QK)
PL(GK)
PL(QK)

=
=
=
=
=

PW =
Total
PP =

(kN)
56.98
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

Ka
Kp
Kpc
Kac
Lever arm

LE
LS
LS
LL
LL

(m)
= 1.467
= 2.20
= 2.20
= 4.40
= 4.40

LW = 0.00

56.98

0.00

1.5
1.05
50
0.3
24

400
400
0

concrete
steel
mm
mm
kN/m³
Wall Geometry

30
0
17.658
24.228
0
17.658
250

=
=
=
=
=

0
0
0
0
0

=
=
=
=

0.33
3.00
3.46
1.15

degree
kN/m²
kN/m³
kN/m³
degree
kN/m²
kN/m³
kN/m²
kN/m²
kN/m
kN/m
mm
[
[
[
[

(Only granular backfil considered, "C" = zero)
[default=2/3*q (only apply when Hw
11.77
>0) ] =
ASSUMPTIONS

a) Wall friction is zero
b) Minimum active earth pressure = 0.25qH
c) Granular backfill
d)Does not include check of rotational slide/slope failure
e)Does not include effect of seepage of ground
water beneath the wall.
f)Does not include deflection check of wall due to
lateral earth pressures
h) Design not intended for walls over 3.0 m high

default ka = (1-SIN Ø)/(1+SIN Ø)0.33
]
=
default kp = (1+SIN Øb)/(1-SIN Øb)
2.39] =
3.46
default kpc = 2kp0.5 ] =
2ka0.5 ]

Moment about TOE

γf

(kNm)
83.57
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

1.40
1.40
1.60
1.40
1.60

0.00

1.40

83.57

(LP-HN) = 0.00

0.00

1.00

Fult

Mult

(kN)
79.77
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

(kNm)
116.99
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00

0.00

79.77

116.99

0.00

0.00

MAXIMUM Gross Bearing Pressure (GRP) = 100 < 250 OK .00 310.00 0.xls' on CD PE = PS(GK) = PS(QK) = PL(GK) = PL(QK) = PW = ∑P = Pp = 56. Moment (kNm) 1.50 Red'n factor for passive force = 1.33 210.00 0.60 -0.00 0.00 0. M / V = Therefore.50 OK GROUND BEARING FAILURE Taking moments about centre of base (anticlockwise "+") : Vertical FORCES (kN) Lever arm (m) Wall = Base = Nib = Earth = Water = Surcharge= Line load = ∑V = 38.Project Spreadsheets to BS 8110etc Client Advisory Group Location Grid line 1 REINFORCED CONCRETE COUNCIL Made by rc RETAINING WALL design to BS 8110:1997.302.00 0.693.60 0.60 0.67 4.00 0. Pr = 56. P = PASSIVE FORCE.57 Warning: Under some conditions.00 0.40 Moment (kNm) BEARING PRESSURE (KN/m²) 0.15 0.771.00 0.00 83.00 0. Checked Originated from 'RCC62. Mr / Mo = SLIDING 102 Job No 56. Pr / P = 1.72 0.00 0.77 F.00 0.380. BS 8002:1994.72 0.00 Vertical FORCE (kN) Wall = Base = Nib = Earth = Water = Surcharge = Line load = ∑V = Moments - R68 OK F.00 -84.00 ∑ Mv = -61.20 2.S = 2.10 79 m kN/m² Eccentricity from base centre.541.67 kN kN kN -94.00 1.66 > 1.922.00 0.00 0.47 2.38 Factor of Safety.72 50 Moment due to LATERAL FORCES.S = > 2.00 0.00 = 83.00 0.20 38.00 Lever arm (m) 38.00 0.O.60 -0.60 -0.00 141.98 0.00 141.98 kN 0.26 0.O.surcharge & line loads may have stabilising effects on the structure.00 Lever arm (m) LE LS LS LL LL LW = = = = = = Moment (kNm) 1.07 0 23.00 0.151.20 4.00 0. M = Mv + Mo = 21.40 4.40 49. and it is recommended that stability checks should also be carried out without these loads.00 ∑ Mr = 398.40 0.00 2.20 2. Mo = 83.40 30.98 ∑ Mo Restoring 14-May-2013 STABILITY CHECKS : OVERTURNING about TOE (using overall factor of safety instead of partial safety factor) Lateral FORCE (kN) Page Revision chg © 1999 BCA for RCC EXTERNAL STABILITY Overturning Moments Date (using overall factor of safety instead of partial safety factor) Sum of LATERAL FORCES.00 1.60 0.57 0.00 LOADING OPTION (select critical load combination) EARTH ✘ PS(GK) ✘ ✘ PS(QK) PL(GK) PL(QK) ✘ PW ✘ (LP-HN) = 0.00 OK 1. BS 8004:1986 etc.20 2.00 0.40 30.85 kNm 0. Pp x Reduction factor (1) = BASE FRICTION ( ∑ V TANØb + B Cb ) = Sum of FORCES RESISTING SLIDING.00 210.38 0.26 0.00 Factor of Safety.04 0.76 0.20 1.000.57 kNm Resultant Moment.78 0.00 -94.

7(b) OK OK OK OK 3.4.7(b) OK 3. B.25 < 766 > 520 OK 3.16% 0.2.30 OK App.81 mm mm = = = = Table 3.5.48 OK 100 As/bd = vc = Vres = 0.97 mm mm mm2 kNm > 74.67 OK BOTTOM REINFORCEMENT : φ= centres = Asprov = MOMENT of RESISTANCE : SHEAR RESISTANCE: reference Table 3. As φ centres Asprov 520 16 150 1340 mm2 mm mm mm2 d= z= As' = Mres = 342 320.2.42 N/mm2 kN > 70.48 kN kNm (TENSION .12.30 OK REINFORCEMENT SUMMARY for BASE TOP (DESIGN) BOTTOM (DESIGN) TRANSVERSE Type φ Centers As Min.4.xls' on CD Date Page 14-May-2013 Revision chg © 1999 BCA for RCC Job No - R68 OUTER BASE ( per metre length ) γf = V ult = M ult = 1.51 104 BS8110 (default = ult mt / non-factored mt. As T T T mm 16 12 12 mm 150 200 200 mm2 1340 565 565 mm2 520 520 520 3.03 mm < 0.88 108.38 131.8 (Temperature and shrinkage effects not included) εm = 0.5.2 CHECK CRACK WIDTH IN ACCORDANCE WITH BS8007 : X= Acr = 70.24 86.40 )= kN kNm (TENSION .39% 0.80 0 80.5.TOP FACE) Min. 1.2 .61 εm = -0. Checked Originated from 'RCC62.77 OK TOP REINFORCEMENT : MOMENT RESISTANCE : SHEAR RESISTANCE: CHECK CRACK WIDTH wrt BS8007 : X= Acr = 102.11.4 Table 3. BS 8002:1994.12.4 Table 3.40 70.2 BS8007 App.80 N/mm2 kN > 49. B.2 INNER BASE ( per metre length ) V ult = M ult = 49.000111 W= 0.11. BS 8004:1986 etc.4.25 < 762 > 520 OK 3.001042 mm mm W= -0.51 174.BOTTOM FACE) Min.51 OK 100 As/bd = vc = Vres = 0.77 74.96 mm mm mm2 kNm > 42.5.09 0 187.4.67 42.8 3.Project Spreadsheets to BS 8110etc Client Advisory Group Location Grid line 1 REINFORCED CONCRETE COUNCIL Made by rc RETAINING WALL design to BS 8110:1997.25 BS8007 mm < 0. As = 520 12 200 565 mm2 mm mm mm2 d= z= As' = Mres = 344 326.

78 SUMMARY Approx total reinforcement per metre length of wall (kg) 105 Job No 187.888 0.Project Spreadsheets to BS 8110etc Client Advisory Group Location Grid line 1 REINFORCED CONCRETE COUNCIL Made by rc RETAINING WALL design to BS 8110:1997.) 2 T T T 12 12 12 96 96 1000 0.Internal face TRANSVERSE (Ext.578 0.888 0. Checked Originated from 'RCC62.888 0.888 0.46 37.888 36. BS 8002:1994.42 NIB (assume same reinforcement as wall) INTERNAL FACE (MAIN) 6 EXTERNAL FACE (MAIN) 7 TRANSVERSE (EXT.) 6 7 42 T T T 12 12 12 4096 4096 1000 0. Type Dia Length Unit Wt Weight WALL VERTICAL .56 30.) 7 6 34 6 7 T T T T T 16 12 12 12 12 3328 3296 1000 1355 1355 1.External face VERTICAL .888 21.888 0.29 BASE TOP (MAIN) BOTTOM (MAIN) TRANSVERSE ( T & B ) WALL STARTERS (Ext.xls' on CD Date Page 14-May-2013 Revision chg © 1999 BCA for RCC - R68 APPROXIMATE WEIGHT OF REINFORCEMENT No.82 25.888 0.+ INT.19 7.51 0.888 0.888 0.60 1.) WALL STARTERS (Int.77 17.22 8.& Int.6 . BS 8004:1986 etc.

528 44 2.450 50 9 0.798 2.90 71.000 0.000 0.000 0.064 0.000 0.51 74.865 70.000 0.000 0.00 0 IF(ECCY<0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.37 59.745 65.402 71.000 0.28 68.000 0.69 3.968 53.75 56.064 0.000 0.377 15 0.064 0.000 0.961 4.889 14 0.113 37 2.000 0.000 0.75 3 1.58 73.99 3 0.69 57.06 3 2.000 0.55 3 BEARING PRESSURE DIAGRAM 0.914 72.000 0.000 0.000 0.96 70.938 73.546 1 0.11 61.161 61.000 0.855 4.000 0.88 55.000 0.000 0.55 0 78.209 29 1.000 0.000 0.601 59.000 0.000 0.233 27 1.13 77.22 68.000 0.137 35 2.817 BPI 1.968 49 3.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.769 66.173 4.000 0.32 75.673 62.000 0.000 0.B/1000-B/1000/50*B24.504 54.034 BEARING PRESSURE DIAGRAM 2 0.000 0.000 0.064 41 2.000 0.817 68.000 0.000 0.000 0.232 0.064 0.000 0.016 45 2.000 0.000 0.000 0.14 0 5 0.522 M 3 0.2 KN/M^2 KN/M^2 1 70.426 11 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.486 4.000 0.000 0.06 78.24 60.94 54.000 0.34 67.000 0.064 0.962 8 0.82 56.32 75.798 4.00 1.000 0.480 48 3.040 56.961 4.79 64. sheet 1 of 2 Originated from 'RCC62.000 0.865 16 1.016 55.986 6 0.26 76.000 0.88 55.60 65.000 0.480 53.50 3 100.000 0.000 0.992 47 3.87 3 0 1 2 3 4 1.546 78.064 0.2 0.938 10 0.000 0.000 0.064 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.20 52.000 0.064 0.000 0.010 4 0.86 63.000 0.000 0.168 4.697 63.515 4.769 24 1.000 0.6 65.765 2.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.257 65.000 0.000 0.000 0.426 72.50 58.281 66.113 59.000 58.41 67.732 1.944 0.625 60.000 0.673 32 2.47 66.825 4.000 0.305 BPZ 3.000 0.552 57.994 4.56 58.000 0.IF(XX>(B/1000/2-ECCY)*3.522 77.000 0.000 0.185 31 1.000 0.040 43 2.000 58.450 73.552 42 2.98 62.000 0.474 74.000 0.05 62.000 0.866 4.576 58.000 0.000 0.896 3.699 1.2 68.914 100 12 0.000 0.73 64.000 0.30 60.000 0.IF(ABS(ECCY)>(B/1000)/6.495 4.064 0.353 70.000 0.000 0.146 19 1.745 26 1.000 0.697 30 1.Diagrams Project Location Spreadsheets to BS 8110etc DATA FOR DIAGRAMS I Grid line 1 RETAINING WALL design to BS 8110:1997.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.027 4.64 73.83 71.000 0.28 68.498 75.064 0.000 0.064 0.944 Page 5 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 78.24 60.000 0.000 0.92 63.09 69.000 0.160 36.000 0.000 0.18 61.0.649 61.000 0.45 74.986 75.000 0.000 0.000 0.601 38 2.55 17 1.000 0.000 0.56 58.000 0.000 5.064 0.00 78.(VL/(B/1000)*(1+(6*ABS(ECCY))/(B/1000))))) IF(ECCY>(B/1000)/6.000 0.34 1.863 4.000 0.528 56.000 0.233 64.000 0.127 0.151 4.064 0.000 0.064 0.377 70.14 53.962 74.498 0.54 66.929 3.24 2.793 67.000 0.064 0.064 0.000 0.00 0.064 0.01 54.000 0.000 0.000 0.088 39 2.000 0.000 0.064 57.64 73.765 4.944 21 1.000 0.00 2.945 20 1.62 57.793 22 1.(((B/1000/2-ECCY)*3-XX)/((B/1000/2-ECCY)*3))*BP).92 63.000 0. BS 8004:1986 etc.000 0.000 0.504 46 2.821 4.000 0.889 71.000 0.19 77.064 0.000 0.992 54.000 0.000 0.896 4.000 0.000 0.2 52.000 0.649 34 2.721 28 1.000 0.000 0.000 0.456 50 3.064 0.281 23 1.576 40 2.B/1000/50*B24) 70.000 0.96 70.474 7 0.830 4.8 72.027 4.000 0.541 4.000 0.329 68.000 0.000 5.721 64.000 0.064 0.000 0.863 3.000 0.000 0.732 4.034 77.79 2.55 0 0.329 BPE 0.000 0.064 0.000 0.000 0.15 69.000 0.000 0.625 36 2.000 0.000 0.62 3 2.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.402 13 0.02 70.699 4.31 3 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.38 75.010 76.2 52.000 0.257 25 1. BS 8002:1994.000 0.18 3 50.456 52.209 63.77 72.353 69.000 0.841 69.666 0.000 0.(2*VL)/(3*((B/1000)/2-ABS(ECCY)))."BEARING FAIL".xls' on CD Made by rc Job No R © 1999 BCA for RCC DESIGN STATUS: NOT VALID IF(ABS(ECCY)>B/1000/2.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.830 2.000 0.305 67.000 0.000 0.000 0.43 59.000 0.000 0.000 0.137 60.000 0.94 3 3.994 4.45 0.000 0.160 .000 0.161 33 2.000 0.((VL/(B/1000)*(1-(6*ECCY)/(B/1000))))+(B/1000-XX)/(B/1000)*(BP-(VL/(B/1000)* (6*ECCY)/(B/1000))))) 3.66 65.929 4.546 18 1.000 0.064 0.088 58.43 3 M 0.000 0.90 1.70 72.000 0.000 0.185 62.064 0.666 1.00 3.064 0.07 53.000 0.000 0.841 BP 0 78.000 0.

729 4.359 2.64 2. BS 8004:1986 etc.80 2.2 0.92 4.5556 1.0527 0.84 77.068 0.12 41.5953 0.16 2.96 1.00 4400 3200 0 MOMENT DIAGRAM 0.68 3.00 0.948 2.24 0.445 3.72 1.00 87.76 1.04 3.44 1.80 0.64 25.60 1.44 55.211 0.898 2000 YY= 4 © 1999 BCA for RCC 1000 Location WALL (mm) Project BASE ( mm) Page 6 1 Made by rc Job No R .618 3.00 WALL GEOMETRY 4000 3500 3000 2500 2000 1500 1000 500 0 4000 0 400 400 4400 4400 400 400 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 800 800 1200 1200 3200 3200 0 0 0 0 0 0.27 2.32 ULT.00 0 0.36 3.32 2.92 9.72 2.08 0. BS 8002:1994.28 48.766 3.92 2.88 3.5 0.96 3.56 23.04 3.40 2.04 1.44 3.36 1.1187 0.08 0.042 2.6 0.20 45.88 1.00 10.96 35.08 2.72 0.88 2.60 WALL (M) 1.24 15.92 2.84 1.44 4.44 1.36 3.9665 1.1 0.00 2.16 0.8 0.76 3.12 1.48 20.7 0.68 1.76 1.097 3.28 3.20 3.90 87.4746 0.16 13.84 3.5122 1.40 0.32 0.6254 1.56 2.04 2.78 MTLG= 0.077 3.80 30.60 3.68 3.90 0.60 64.004 3.20 3.12 1.8438 0.24 0.16 0.20 2.464 3.00 0.48 0. sheet 1 of 2 Originated from 'RCC62.585 3.00 3000 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 UTM= 87.638 2.88 32.76 7.00 MTLQ= 0.48 0.Diagrams Spreadsheets to BS 8110etc DATA FOR DIAGRAMS II Grid line 1 RETAINING WALL design to BS 8110:1997.56 0.80 1.3 0.52 3.96 1.56 2.646 0.08 12.xls' on CD MTE= 62.28 3.28 1. MT (KNM) 0.40 18.76 73.72 2.96 1.68 6.36 52.56 0.80 0.00 MTSG= 0 MTSQ= 0.15 2.92 82.3296 0.84 8.436 2.04 38.3185 0.2718 1.32 17.986 2.32 0.9 0.16 0.9 3.52 59.60 5.5842 1.36 3.52 1.48 0.7208 2.8986 1.28 1.40 2.149 2.64 0.84 4.908 3.8231 1.64 0.8104 1.00 MTW= 0.3753 1.52 4.2282 1.24 2.0132 0.40 0.006 3.4 0.712 3.808 2.08 2.24 2.987 2.64 0.52 3.88 0.841 2.48 2.12 2.12 3.68 68.72 27.4875 1.20 1.

064 0.ade by rc Diagrams Job No R68 Date 14-May-13 000)*(BP-(VL/(B/1000)*(1- 0.000 0.000 0.064 0.634 4.699 4.000 0.000 0.000 0.064 0.000 0.000 0.064 0.064 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.535 4.896 4.064 0.000 0.000 0.064 0.000 0.064 0.863 4.666 4.000 0.929 4.000 0.064 0.064 0.064 0.064 0.798 4.471 Page 7 .000 0.568 4.000 0.000 0.000 85.503 4.000 0.064 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 5.064 0.000 0.000 0.470 0.765 4.994 4.000 0.064 0.064 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.830 4.064 0.000 0.000 0.961 4.732 4.064 0.000 0.601 4.000 0.000 0.027 4.000 0.

ade by rc Diagrams Job No R68 Date 14-May-13 Page 8 .

26 0.Project Location Spreadsheets to BS 8110etc Grid line 1 CRACK WIDTH CALCULATIONS RETAINING WALL design to BS 8110:1997.0016 0.3919 . BS 8002:1994. Originated from 'RCC62.0008 0.71Asprov%= 0. BS 8004:1986 etc.94 ASBBreq =0.01 ASBTreq = 531.0006 0.26 0.24 1.002 80.0013 0.03E+009 0.0016 70.0006 0.0012848 87.51Asprov%= 0.1644 fs = 121.0054Asprov%= 0.25 -0.2192 fs = 0.26 0.0003 MIN SPACING= MSBB= MSBT= 16.40 1.xls' on CD WALL MR= As/bd= X= Ic= STS= ST1= ST2= Acr= W= εm= MR= AsBB/bd= X= Ic= STS= ST1= ST2= Acr= W= εm= 16.12 16.0001 Page 9 Job No R68 Date 14-May-13 fs = 249.0006897 86.61239 -0.0039 102.0007 0.03 0.600214 0.88 804681743 0.61E+009 0.0010 MR= AsBB/bd= X= Ic= STS= ST1= ST2= Acr= W= εm= Made by rc © 1999 BCA for RCC 762 762 766 ASreq = 613.0017534 108.810337 0.07 0.

Notes Disclaimer All advice or information from the British Cement Association and/or Reinforced Concrete Coun will evaluate the significance and limitations of its contents and take responsibility for its use a (including that for negligence) for any loss resulting from such advice or information is accepte subcontractors. Users should note that all BCA software and publications time to time and should therefore ensure that they are in possession of the latest version. This spreadsheet should be used in compliance with the accompanying publication 'Spreadshe 8110 and EC2' available from British Cement Association. suppliers or advisors. Includes β version comments Page 10 . Berkshi Status of spreadsheet Public release version. Crowthorne. Revision history RCC62 Retaining Wall.xls Date Version Action 06-Aug-99 RCC62 v1.0 First public release. Telford Avenue.

Notes Page 11 .

Crowthorne. Size (kB) 398 Page 12 . No liability vice or information is accepted by the BCA. RCC or their CA software and publications are subject to revision from on of the latest version. nying publication 'Spreadsheets for concrete design to BS Avenue.Notes or Reinforced Concrete Council is intended for those who ke responsibility for its use and application. Berkshire RG45 6YS.

Notes Page 13 .

Notes Page 14 .

Notes Page 15 .