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Contoh Soal Subnetting

Contoh Soal Subnetting

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Contoh Soal Subnetting 1.

SOAL MENANYAKAN SUBNETMASK DENGAN PERSYARATAN JUMLAH HOST ATAU SUBNET Soal yang menanyakan subnetmask apa yang sebaiknya digunakan dengan batasan jumlah host atau subnet yang ditentukan dalam soal. Untuk menjawab soal seperti ini kita gunakan rumus menghitung jumlah host per subnet, yaitu 2y - 2, dimana y adalah banyaknya binari 0 pada oktet terakhir subnetmask. Dan apabila yang ditentukan adalah jumlah subnet, kita menggunakan rumus 2x (cara setelah 2005) atau 2x - 2 (cara sebelum 2005), dimana x adalah banyaknya binari 1 pada oktet terakhir subnetmask.

Soal: A company is planning to subnet its network for a maximum of 27 hosts. Which subnetmask would provide the needed hosts and leave the fewest unused addresses in each subnet? Jawab: Karena kebutuhan host adalah 27, kita tinggal masukkan ke rumus 2y - 2, dimana jawabannya tidak boleh kurang dari (atau sama dengan) 27. Jadi 2y - 2 >= 27, sehingga nilai y yang tepat adalah 5 (30 host). Sekali lagi karena y adalah banyaknya binari 0 pada oktet terakhir subnetmask, maka kalau kita susun subnetmasknya menjadi 11111111.11111111.11111111.11100000 atau kalau kita desimalkan menjadi 255.255.255.224. Itulah jawabannya

Soal: You have a Class B network ID and need about 450 IP addresses per subnet. What is the best mask for this network? Jawab: 2y - 2 >= 450. Nilai y yang tepat adalah 9 (510 host). Jadi subnetmasknya adalah: 11111111.11111111.11111110.00000000 atau kalau didesimalkan menjadi 255.255.254.0

• Soal: Which type of address is 223. yaitu 160 dan 168.168 223. Kalau kita susun seperti yang dulu kita lakukan di penghitungan subnetting adalah seperti di bawah. …. alias urutan subnetnya adalah kelipatan 8 yaitu 0. Tidak perlu mencari semu subnet (kelipatan blok subnet). 16.17.17. 24. What would be the appropriate subnet mask to maximize the number of networks available for future growth? Jawab: Cari jumlah host per subnet yang paling besar.168.255.174 223. 248.17.167 adalah alamat broadcast. Dari situ ketahuan bahwa 223.168. jadikan itu rujukan karena kalau kita ambil terkecil ada kemungkinan kebutuhan host yang lebih besar tidak tercukupi.168.168.2 >= 850. The internetwork in the exhibit has been assigned the IP address 172. yang penting kita cek kelipatan 8 yang paling dekat dengan 167 (sesuai soal). Nilai y yang paling tepat adalah 10 (1022 host).175 … … … … Subnet Host Pertama Host Terakhir Broadcast .161 … 223. 8.166 … 223.168. Blok subnet= 256-248 = 8.255.11111111.17.17.0.168.168.20. 248.17.00000000 atau 255.168. Jadi subnetmasknya adalah 11111111. 32.• Soal: Refer to the exhibit.17.11111100.169 223.167 223.17.160 … 223.255.252.17.168.17. SOAL MENGIDENTIFIKASI JENIS ALAMAT IP Soal mengidentifikasi jenis alamat IP bisa kita jawab dengan menghitung blok subnet dan mencari kelipatannya blok subnet yang paling dekat dengan alamat IP yang ditanyakan.0 2.168. … 223.0.167/29? Jawab: Subnetmask dengan CIDR /29 artinya 255. Jadi untuk soal ini 2y .

224. Artinya di bawah Router 1.255.166.64 dan bukan 198.18. 64.255. 86.32. Apakah alamat IP tersebut masuk diantara host pertama dan terakhir. Dari sini kita tahu bahwa isian netmask di host adalah berbeda.65 masuk di alamat subnet 198. 224).166.18. Alamat gateway sudah benar. Hanya alamat IP hostnya salah karena 198. Biasanya alamat host pertama digunakan untuk alamat IP di router untuk subnet tersebut • Soal: Host A is connected to the LAN.166. masuk di subnet 198. Perlu dicatat bahwa alamat subnet dan broadcast tidak bisa digunakan untuk alamat IP host 3. but it cannot connect to the Internet.18. The host configuration is shown in the exhibit. karena biasa digunakan alamat host pertama.166.3. gateway dan netmasknya apakah sudah bener. Apakah subnetmask yang digunakan di host dan di router sudah sama 2. What are the two problems with this configuration? Jawab: CIDR /27 artinya netmask yang digunakan adalah 255. Yang kedua blok subnet = 256-224 = 32. …. jadi salah setting di netmask. Sudah benar ini artinya: 1. . jadi subnetnya adalah kelipatan 32 (0. SOAL MENGIDENTIFIKASI KESALAHAN SETTING JARINGAN Teknik mengerjakan soal yang berhubungan dengan kesalahan setting jaringan adalah kita harus menganalisa alamat IP. 32.18. 128.32.

host terakhir dan broadcastnya.16.255.10. 32.5.64. yaitu 64 dan 72.72.16.66.16.94 200. baik di ujian CCNA akademi (CNAP) atau CCNA 604-801.16.80 200.71.64. 240).5.81 200.0/21?Jawab: CIDR /21 berarti 255. Jadi alamat IP 200.0.5. … 200.10. kita hanya perlu cari kelipatan 8 yang paling dekat dengan 66 (sesuai dengan soal).16.0 itu masuk di subnet 172.16.0 … 172.16.65 … 200. 16.72. serta yang terakhir mencocokkan susunan alamat tersebut dengan soal ataupun jawaban yang dipilih.240. 40. Blok subnet = 256.78 … 200.248 = 8. 48.1 … 172.5.10. Jadi pertanyaan bisa dijawab bahwa 172.254 … … … Subnet Host Pertama Host Terakhir Broadcast … 172.64.79.10.72.10. netmasknya adalah kelipatan 8 (0. Blok subnet = 256240 = 16.1 172.255 172.255.255 … • Soal: What is the subnetwork address for a host with the IP address 200.10.255. host pertama.0 adalah seperti di bawah.254 172. 80 …. SOAL MENGIDENTIFIKASI ALAMAT SUBNET DAN HOST YANG VALID Termasuk jenis soal yang paling banyak keluar. 8.0 172.64 … 200. blok subnet kita “goyang” di oktet ke 3.10.16. Jadi susunan alamat IP khusus untuk subnet 172. …. 24. menyusun alamat subnet.16.16.79.16.71.68/28?Jawab: CIDR /28 berarti 255. netmasknya adalah kelipatan 16 (0.0 dan 172.5.64. Teknik mengerjakan soal yang menanyakan alamat subnet dan host yang valid dari suatu subnetmask adalah dimulai dengan mencari blok subnetnya. • Soal: What is the subnetwork number of a host with an IP address of 172. 16. 248) dan karena ini adalah alamat IP kelas B.10.10. 32. 48.16.10.5.5.5. Kelipatan 16 yang paling dekat dengan 68 (sesuai soal) adalah 64 dan 80. Tidak perlu kita list semuanya.10.68 masuk di alamat subnet 200.4.66.64.248.5.79 200.5.95 … … … … Subnet Host Pertama Host Terakhir Broadcast .0 … 172.16.5. 64.

159. sambil saya analisa lagi soal-soal subnetting yang lain lagi • Soal: Which combination of network id and subnet mask correctly identifies all IP addresses from 172.16.0 dan 172.16.16.16. Jadi kalau kita gambarkan seperti di bawah: … … … 172.0.0 … … … … Masih bingung? Atau malah tambah pusing? Tarik nafas dulu.16. sepertinya sulit meskipun sebenarnya mudah.5.128. Nah sekarang jadi ketahuan blok subnetnya adalah 160-128 = 32 (kelipatan 32).128.159.0 through 172.16.16. Amiin .255 adalah satu blok subnet.255.159. sholat yang khusuk dan baca lagi artikel ini pelan-pelan Insya Allah akan paham.0.0 … … … Subnet Host Pertama Host Terakhir Broadcast … 172.159.128. Saya coba sajikan secara bertahap soal-soal tersebut di sini.255?Jawab: Teknik paling mudah mengerjakan soal diatas adalah dengan menganggap 172. karena rumus alamat broadcast adalah satu alamat sebelum alamat subnet berikutnya. Artinya subnetmasknya adalah 255.0 … … … 172.16. SOAL-SOAL LAIN YANG UNIK Selain 4 pola soal diatas.128. istirahat cukup.160. Kok tahu kalau letak 224 di oktet ketiga? Ya karena yang kita kurangi (”goyang”) tadi adalah oktet ketiga.160.255 … Dari sini berarti kita bisa lihat bahwa alamat subnet berikutnya pasti 172.16.16.255 172. terus otomatis juga ketahuan subnetmasknya karena rumus blok subnet adalah 256-oktet terakhir netmask. kadang muncul soal yang cukup unik.224. Subnet Host Pertama Host Terakhir Broadcast … 172.

192. CCNA 1 and 2 Companion Guide.0 b.255.65 http://romisatriawahono. A company has the following addressing scheme requirements: -currently has 25 subnets -uses a Class B IP address -has a maximum of 300 computers on any network segment -needs to leave the fewest unused addresses in each subnet What subnet mask is appropriate to use in this company? a. Cisco Press. Address . 255.33 d. Address .192.255. 255.1. 2 .168.192.33 b.1.168. 2005 Todd Lammle.0 d.168.192. 2005.) a. Cisco Press.63 Gateway .255. CCNA Study Guide 5th Edition.SOAL LATIHAN SUBNETTING http://romisatriawahono.255.192. CCNA 1 and 2 Companion Guide.248.192.168.192.168.net Sumber: Cisco Networking Academy Program. Which two addressing scheme combinations are possible configurations that can be applied to the host for connectivity? (Choose two.255.192. 255. 255.192.1. Address .0 c. Address .0 e.255.168.1.1. 255.168.192. Sybex.1. 255.1.65 e. Refer to the exhibit.1.168.45 Gateway .255. Host A is being manually configured for connectivity to the LAN.14 Gateway .net Sumber: Cisco Networking Academy Program.255.1.1. CCNA Study Guide 5th Edition.82 Gateway .192. 1 Soal Subnetting 1.70 Gateway . Sybex.1.192. 2005 Todd Lammle.255.33 c.168. Address .65 f.32 Gateway .168.240.168. 2005.1.168.248 2.128 f.254. Address .

255.0.255. Which type of address is 223.128. 172.3.128.192.255.31.16.0 e.0 c.0. 62 networks / 2 hosts 8.255.0 d.255. 172.0 and 255.255.0 b. 172. 6 networks / 32 hosts b. 172.128.192 6.0.0 d.0 f.224 b. 172.255. 255. 172.0 c.31.0 c. multicast address c.168.0 and 255.224.0 through 172.0 e. 30 . 172. 172.255.0.159.4.0.255. 30 networks / 6 hosts d. What is the correct number of usable subnetworks and hosts for the IP network address 192.0 subnetted with a /29 mask? a.0 and 255.252.16.128.0.16.160. 255.192.255.192.31.255? a.224 to create subnets.0 and 255.168. 172. What is the maximum number of usable hosts in each subnet? a.255. A NIC of a computer has been assigned an IP address of 172.0 b.16.192 5.17.0. 14 c. Which subnet masks would be valid for a subnetted Class B address? (Choose two.167/29? a.248 4. subnetwork address 7. To which subnet does the IP address belong? a.0.0 e.248. 255.0 and 255.31. 6 b.16.31. 255. 255.255.192. host address b. 14 networks / 14 hosts c.0 d.224.248. 255. It uses the mask of 255.255. Company XYZ uses a network address of 192.192.) a. 172.254. 172.255.99.31. broadcast address d.16.255.16. Which combination of network id and subnet mask correctly identifies all IP addresses from 172.168.128.31.166 with a mask of 255.160 f.128.

255. 255.16.32.65. 172.255.32.net Sumber: Cisco Networking Academy Program.255.192 c. A company is planning to subnet its network for a maximum of 27 hosts.224 c. 172.248 e. What is the appropriate subnet mask for the newly created subnetworks? a. 255.210.255.16.0 b.255.0. 172.16.255.255.0.254.32. 255.255.255.248 10. 255. 255.0 b.255.254.255.0 c. 172.192 12. CCNA 1 and 2 Companion Guide. 172.16. Which subnet mask would provide the needed hosts and leave the fewest unused addresses in each subnet? a.107.255.0 b.255. 172.255.255.255.42.208. 255.0 13.0 e. 255. 172. 255. 2005.0 .65.240 e. A company is using a Class B IP addressing scheme and expects to need as many as 100 networks.32.16.32 c. 3 9.255.255.0 d.13 and a default subnet mask.255.32. 255. 172. 255. An IP network address has been subnetted so that every subnetwork has 14 usable host IP addresses.d.255. Given a host with the IP address 172. Sybex. 172.255.255.240.255.252 11.255.128 b.255.0 d. 255.224 d. 255.255. CCNA Study Guide 5th Edition.32.65.255.16. What is the correct subnet mask to use with the network configuration? a.0/22? a.0 b.255.255. 255. 255.240 d.128 f. Cisco Press. 2005 Todd Lammle. 255.252. to which network does the host belong? a.0 c.0 e.255.0 d. 62 http://romisatriawahono. What is the subnetwork number of a host with an IP address of 172.

2046 hosts each c.255.128 f.7.8.5.5.0/21? a. 2046 hosts each f. 7 subnets.16.0. 255. CCNA Study Guide 5th Edition.255.0 c.0 18. 115.64.66.0/19 provides how many subnets and hosts? a. each with about 100 usable host addresses per subnet. 2005. 8190 hosts each 17.64. 172. 255. 115. 172.32 c.64 d.16. 200.64.0.14 Which of the following IP addresses fall into the CIDR block of 115.252 b. 4 15.255.16.255. 255. 200.56 b.0 16. 7 subnets.10.255.5.64.5.0/22? (Choose three.10.255.5. 8 subnets.0 .3.16. CCNA 1 and 2 Companion Guide.net Sumber: Cisco Networking Academy Program. What is the subnetwork address for a host with the IP address 200. 115.64.255 d.128 http://romisatriawahono.68/28? a. The network address of 172. Sybex.0 b. 172.36.255.254.64. Cisco Press. 172.255 e. 115. 200.128 c. 200. 2005 Todd Lammle.0 d. 115. 255.0 d.16. 30 hosts each e.64. 8 subnets. 30 hosts each b.48. 8 subnets.32 b.12.64. What is the subnetwork number of a host with an IP address of 172.10. 115.10.) a.16.10.6.4.5. What mask will you assign using a Class B network address? a. You need 500 subnets.64 c. 7 subnets. 8190 hosts each d.

172. 255.252.16.255.31 255.26 255.255.240 21.34 255. 255.0. 255.24/29. What would be the appropriate subnet mask to maximize the number of networks available for future growth? a.0 .168.0 c.16.0 e.1/25.) a.248 e. 5 22. Cisco Press.128 c.0 http://romisatriawahono.255.255.255.0 if you needed about 100 subnets with about 500 hosts each? a. 255.112.255.19.0 d. Which of the following masks will support the business requirements? (Choose two. You need to configure a server that is on the subnet 192.255.19. 255.255. The router has the first available host address.255.255. 255.96.255.25.net Sumber: Cisco Networking Academy Program.16.252.19.19.168.33 255.255.255.0 c.224.168. CCNA Study Guide 5th Edition.254.255.255.255.168. 255. 172.168.255. 192.255.240.128.0 255.255. What mask would you assign to the network ID of 172.0 b. 172. CCNA 1 and 2 Companion Guide. 172. Sybex.19. 255.248 d.255.0 d.192 f.19.255.255.0 20.248.255.16.255.20. 2005.16. 192.0. 255.255. Refer to the exhibit. 192.0 d.19. 255.252. The internetwork in the exhibit has been assigned the IP address 172. what would be the valid subnet address of this host? a.0 b.255. 255.255. 2005 Todd Lammle.224 e. 192.0 b.240 c. 255. 172.255.0 b.255.0.16. 192.0 23.0. Which of the following should you assign to the server? a.16.112.0.168.0 d.0 b. You need a minimum of 300 subnets with a maximum of 50 hosts per subnet. 255.248. If an Ethernet port on a router were assigned an IP address of 172. 255.0 c.

11.240.240 e.0 d.18.0 c.0 b.255. The host is not configured for subnetting.0 d.16.0 f. Which of the following are valid hosts? (Choose three. 90. 172.255.16. d.255.10. but it cannot connect to the Internet.255.252 b.1 255.255.255. 143.0 28.1 255. 172.56 d.16. b.0.11.0 25 Your router has the following IP address on Ethernet0: 172. The default gateway is on a different network than the host. .255.net Sumber: Cisco Networking Academy Program. 2005.159 f. 4096 e. 255. The host IP address is on a different network from the Serial interface of the router. The default gateway is a network address. 255. The host subnet mask is incorrect. You have a /27 subnet mask. What is the best mask for this network? a.254.1 255.0 24. You have a network with a subnet of 172.112.255. Sybex.248.254. Host A is connected to the LAN.244.255.252. 255. 172. The host configuration is shown in the exhibit.1/20. 8190 http://romisatriawahono.16.15.115. You have a Class B network ID and need about 450 IP addresses per subnet.) a.0/22.0 c.16. 2046 c.170. 172. Cisco Press.255.1 255.e. 4094 d.168.255. 2005 Todd Lammle.187.1 255.192 27.20.0.17.255. How many hosts can be accommodated on the Ethernet segment? a. c. e.255 255. 172.18. 1024 b.255. 172. 6 26. 255.17.16. 192. CCNA Study Guide 5th Edition.45.93 c.87 e. 255.66.63 b.255. Which are valid host addresses? a.16. 216.16.255. CCNA 1 and 2 Companion Guide.254.16.240.) a. What are the two problems with this configuration? (Choose two. 200.16.

2. Module CCNA 1 Chapter 9-10. Dikutip dari :http://romisatriawahono.REFERENSI 1. 2005. Cisco Router. Sybex. CCNA Study Guide 5th Edition. Cisco Systems. Elex Media Komputindo. Todd Lamle. 3. 2004. Hendra Wijaya. Cisco Networking Academy Program (CNAP).net .

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