Quiz 4 Miksis

November 4, 2010
1. Find a particular solution of the equation y + 9y = 2 cos(3x) + 3 sin(3x) (1)

Solution The characteristic polynomial of (1). r2 + 9 = 0 Therefore, r = ±3i. The homogenous solution for y is yh (t) = A cos(3t) + B sin(3t) The form of the particular solution is yP = x [C sin(3x) + D cos(3x)] yP = x [3C cos(x) − 3D sin(3x)] + C sin(3x) + D cos(3x) yP = cos(3x)[6C − 9Dx] + sin(3x)[−9Cx − 6D] Plug the derivatives into (1) to find the constants C and D. 2 cos(3x) + 3 sin(3x) =yP + 9yp =6C cos(3x) − 6A sin(3x) Find that C =
1 3

(2)

(3)

(4) (5) (6)

and D = − 1 2 , so that the particular solution is yP = x 1 1 cos(3x) − sin(3x) 3 2 (7)

2. Solve the initial value problem y − 2y + 2y = x + 1, y (0) = 3, y (0) = 0 (8)

Solution The characteristic polynomial of (8). r2 − 2r + 2 = 0 √ 2± 4−8 r= 2 1 (9) (10)

y (x) = yH + yp = ex (A cos(t) + B sin(t)) + 1 + x 2 (15) Use the initial conditions to determine A and B. r = 1 ± i. y (0) = 3 = A + 1 → A = 2 1 5 y (0) = 0 = 2 + B + → B=− 2 2 The final answer is y (t) = ex 2 cos(t) − x 5 sin(t) + 1 + 2 2 (16) (17) (18) 2 . The homogenous solution for y is yh (t) = ex (A cos(t) + B sin(t)) The form of the particular solution is yP = a + bx yP = b yP = 0 Plug the derivatives into (8) to find the constants C and D.Therefore. so that the particular solution is yP = 1 + x 2. x + 1 =yP − 2yp + 2yp = − 2b + 2a + 2bx Find that b = 1 2 (11) (12) (13) (14) and a = 1.

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