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Y R A L U B VOC A
EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS
◆ Health and Safety ◆ Car and Driver ◆ Responsible Citizenship ◆ Nutrition and Cooking
VOCABULARY in context
VOCABULARY iin nc o n te x t context
EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS HISTORY MEDIA
GEOGRAPHY WORDS LITERATURE WORDS CAREER WORDS
MUSIC, ART, SCIENCE
Three Watson Irvine, CA 92618-2767 E-Mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: www.sdlback.com Development and Production: Laurel Associates, Inc. Cover Design: Elisa Ligon Interior Illustrations: Katherine Urrutia, Debra A. LaPalm, C. S. Arts Copyright © 2002 by Saddleback Educational Publishing. All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without the written permission of the publisher. ISBN 1-56254-392-X Printed in the United States of America 07 06 05 04 03 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1
............ 6 2 Are You “Test-Wise”? .............. 65 4 Keep Your Cool! ..................... 43 6 Good Mental Health .... 84 3 Tools and Tasks ............. 96 7 Vocabulary Stretch ................... 40 5 How to Paint a Room .... 31 2 Computers and Health ....................... 34 3 Easy Biscuits .................... 27 UNIT 4 Preview .................. 5 LESSON 1 Glossary ...................... 74 ▼ Unit 3 Review ..................... 21 5 Practicing Conservation ........... 46 7 Vocabulary Stretch ...................... 49 ▼ Unit 2 Review ............................................ 105 109 3 ........... 62 1 Glossary ........ 87 4 Communities Against Graffiti ................ 90 1 Glossary ................. 59 3 Megavitamins: A Good Idea? ............................................. 93 6 Safe Driving Quiz ... 68 6 Washing Your Car ....................... 12 4 Understanding Mass Mailings ............................................... 37 4 Will You Lend a Hand? ..................... 9 3 Beware of Telephone Scams .......................... 30 LESSON 1 Glossary ................ 71 7 Vocabulary Stretch .................................................. 99 ▼ Unit 4 Review .......... 55 LESSON UNIT 1 Preview ............. 80 LESSON UNIT 2 Preview .............................................. ▼ Word List .... 18 6 A Car’s Safety Features ................... 81 2 Reading Food Labels .............................. 52 ▼ End-of-Book Test ........................ 56 2 Buying Life Insurance .... 77 7 Vocabulary Stretch ................................................... 24 ▼ Unit 1 Review .............EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS CONTENTS ▼ Introduction ..... 102 5 A Gardening Project ......... 15 5 Controlling Pests ............... 4 UNIT 3 Preview ...............................
the vocabulary you use when you speak or write always significantly adds or detracts from what you have to say. and suffixes. Media and Marketplace. and the efficient use of a dictionary and thesaurus. History and Geography.INTRODUCTION Welcome to VOCABULARY IN CONTEXT! A well-developed vocabulary pays off in many important ways. A first-class vocabulary must be constantly renewed! In order to earn a reputation as a firstrate communicator. Thinking skills. word roots. and Music. Think about it: As far as other people are concerned. your ideas are only as convincing as the words you use to express them. and Literature. Follow-up exercises provide a wide variety of practice activities to help you unlock the meanings of unfamiliar words. connotations. A word of advice: Don’t stop “thinking about words” when you finish this program. 4 . Science and Technology. such as drawing conclusions and completing analogies. VOCABULARY IN CONTEXT was written especially for you. And word power obviously increases your effectiveness as a communicator. In other words. Better-than-average “word power” makes it easier to understand everything you read and hear—from textbook assignments to TV news reports or instructions on how to repair a bicycle. Art. These strategies include the study of synonyms and antonyms. you must incorporate the new words you learn into your everyday speech and writing. Each worktext presents topic-related readings with key terms in context. The program was designed to enrich your personal “word bank” with many hundreds of high-frequency and challenging words. grammatical word forms. There are six thematic books in the series—Everyday Living. Workplace and Careers. are included as reinforcement. prefixes.
_____ Adjectives are words that describe adverbs. and skills you will study in this unit. 5. T 8.EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS UNIT 1 PREVIEW Here’s an introduction to the vocabulary terms. 7. 1. en- ANSWERS: TRUE OR FALSE: 1. T 6. 4. 3. ELEMENTS OF VOCABULARY Draw a line to match each item on the left with an appropriate example on the right. prefix 3. _____ Solicitors are important safety features in your car. Answers are upside down on the bottom of the page. _____ Road rage is usually an effect of excessive stress. 2. F 4. pronoun c. compound word 4. part of speech 2. _____ Pesticide is an antonym of insecticide. F 7. _____ Soap and toilet paper are two staples that people keep in their homes. cide d. _____ Analogies are statements of relationship. concepts. T ELEMENTS OF VOCABULARY: 1. c 5 . T 2. a 4. barnyard b. 1. 6. F 5. d 3. _____ Gullible people are sometimes known as con artists. 8. b 2. F 3. TRUE OR FALSE Write T or F to show whether each statement is true or false. _____ It can be dangerous to recline your seat-back while you are driving. Latin root a.
glossary entries are drawn from the various activities of everyday life. In this book. healthy way WORDS IN CONTEXT Use words from the glossary to complete the sentences. 2. often forbidden by law schedule a plan showing dates and times when parts of a project should be completed. Driving the wrong way on a one-way street is _________________________ by law. academic having to do with formal schooling analyze to study something part by part. 6 . 1. a timetable staples common articles or food items kept in readiness for use thrive to grow in a strong. You show consideration for other people when you follow the rules of _________________________. good manners obligation a legal or moral duty or responsibility passage a section of a speech or a piece of writing pedestrians people who are walking instead of driving or riding prohibited describes something not allowed. to examine it carefully ballot paper or card on which a voter marks his or her choice bank account money deposited in a bank where it is held ready for withdrawal by the depositor consumer person who buys products or services cultivate to prepare soil and grow crops detour route used when the regular route is blocked or closed to traffic entrée the main dish of a meal etiquette rules of proper conduct.UNIT 1 Lesson 1 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS GLOSSARY A glossary is an alphabetical list of useful terms.
6. you will be given a _________________________. Your _________________________ history is an important part of your résumé. 7. 11.3. Sugar and flour are _________________________ found in most people’s kitchen cupboards. you will need a shovel. 7 . 10. you might be asked to _________________________ the causes of America’s Civil War. 13. a trowel. When you sign a contract. you take on a legal _________________________. At most intersections. On an essay test. Roast beef is the most popular _________________________ served at this restaurant. Seedlings need plenty of sunshine and water if they are to _________________________. 4. 9. A customer in a store can also be called a _________________________. 8. a crosswalk is provided for _________________________. In order to establish a _________________________. 12. 5. and a hoe. When you arrive at a polling place. you must fill out a form and deposit some money. To _________________________ a garden plot.
______________________________________________________________ b. ______________________________________________________________ 7. drivers usually have to make a _________________________.14. The noun form of academic is __________________________. The noun form of analyze is ____________________. Two different meanings of the word passage are: a. Two different meanings of the word staples are: a. When roads are being repaired. LOOK IT UP! Check a dictionary to find the information you need to complete the sentences. 5. 3. 16. ______________________________________________________________ 6. The adjective form of obligation is __________________________. The verb form of consumer is __________________________. Check the bus _________________________ to see where you will have to transfer to another route. ______________________________________________________________ b. 15. 1. 4. 2. The noun form of prohibit is __________________________. 8 . The teacher asked Tim to read a _________________________ from Romeo and Juliet.
If you still can’t answer a question. try these strategies: • For a multiple-choice item. Then try to recall some examples. 5. even if you have to guess blindly. always. 3. 4. Glance over the test. never. Then choose among the remaining alternatives. • If you have time. check over the exam before you turn it in.UNIT 1 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS Lesson 2 Are You “Test-Wise”? Here are some useful strategies to help you improve your performance on objective tests at school. WORD SEARCH 1. What five-letter verb in the reading means “to make a judgment without having enough facts to be certain”? _______________________ g r 3. Underline key words and qualifiers such as all of the above. What seven-letter adjective in the reading means “requiring the least effort”? _______________________ e 2. eliminate those choices you know are not correct. noting the types of questions and the number of points each section is worth. After you answer the questions you know. Read the questions and all possible answers carefully. 2. answer all the questions. Change an answer only if you have a good reason to do so. reread the questions you didn’t answer the first time. and so on. 1. • Try paraphrasing the question. Budget your time. none of the above. Start with the easiest questions. Allow most of your time for questions that are worth the most points. What nine-letter adjective in the reading means “left over”? _______________________ 9 . • If there is no penalty for guessing.
techniques used to accomplish something ANALOGIES b. Adjective is to blind as adverb is to __________________________. tutor 2. r Opinion is to fact as subjective is to __________________________. One is to several as single is to __________________________. hiring a tutor to coach you Analogies are statements of relationship. Skillful test-takers know how to budget their time. equate time with money b. a. work very quickly c. Never change a test answer unless you have a good reason for doing so. review b. Paraphrasing a test question sometimes helps you to understand it better. justification c. b m Affirm is to reaffirm as read is to __________________________. Employing certain strategies can help you get better test grades. reading it backward 5. 1. If you have time. revise c. a. o 10 . 3. 4. Then complete each analogy with a word from the reading. a. budget b. restating it in your own words c. studying during peak hours c. check over your exam before you turn it in. reading it aloud b. Find the relationship between the first two words. plan how to best use 4.WORDS IN CONTEXT Circle a letter to show the meaning of the boldface word or phrase as it is used in each sentence. a. 2. a. 1. add check marks 3.
remember DOWN 3 K C C 4 E 5 I 6 1.SYNONYMS Complete the crossword puzzle with words from the reading. ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 3. ACROSS 1 2 3. select 4. part 9. 1. ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 4. reject 5. use each word in two original sentences. ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 2. ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 11 . begin SYLLABLES 9 S 7 8 T S A 10 R Find the two words in the crossword puzzle that have four syllables (word parts spoken with a single sound). exams 8. The clue words are synonyms (words with similar meanings) of the answer words. choices 10. On the lines below. upgrade 7. finalize 6. important 2.
or arrange for someone to pick it up?) WORD SEARCH 1. 3. (This rule applies to any unknown persons seeking information in person or by mail as well as by telephone. or credit card number. What seven-letter verb in the reading means “disturbs or pesters in an annoying way”? ______________________ b s 3.UNIT 1 Lesson 3 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS Beware of Telephone Scams Some con artists swindle gullible people over the telephone. What seven-letter verb in the reading means “to cheat or trick someone for financial gain”? ______________________ s 2. 2.) Particularly. If the call includes just about any promise of sudden riches. If a solicitor bothers you with requests for money or tries to argue. note the following details and include them in your report to the police: • the name or title the caller used to identify himself or herself • what the person said about the firm that he or she claimed to represent • what the caller promised or offered • what the caller told you to do (Give personal information? Mail money. simply hang up. What seven-letter verb in the reading means “to guess that something might be true”? ______________________ 12 . do not reveal your address. bank account number. follow these tips provided by the police: 1. Never give a stranger any personal information. Social Security number. call the police. If you suspect the telephone offer is a fraud. To avoid becoming a victim of telephone fraud.
Clue words are antonyms (words with opposite meanings) of the answer words. 2. 6. sophisticated 3. Explain is to clarify as debate is to __________________________.ANTONYMS Complete the crossword puzzle with words from the reading. Answer is to reply as ask is to __________________________. withhold 7 P ANALOGIES Analogies are statements of relationship. ACROSS 1 1. Then complete the analogy with a word from the reading that shows the same relationship. aggressor 6. Write is to keyboard as speak is to __________________________. Identification is to identify as application is to __________________________. familiar 4. public DOWN 5 G 2 U 3 A 4 V S 6 R 2. 1. 3. customer 7. 4. Deceive is to mislead as cheat is to __________________________. Climb is to climber as call is to _________________________. Figure out the relationship between the first two words. 5. to seek 5. c t r a a s 13 .
especially. __________________________ 4. 1. fraud bargain SYNONYMS reputable criminal convincing compassionate outsider nonacquaintance mentor unidentified trickery hoax opportunity scheme Unscramble the words from the reading. __________________________ 2. inexperienced. LURE ________________________ ERCHIS ______________________ LUGBILEL ____________________ NOINIFORTAM ______________________ LUCYTARPRAIL ______________________ NUDSYLED _________________________ 1. stranger sibling 3. con artists charming 2. unexpectedly. standard. Use a dictionary if you’re not sure of a word’s meaning. fortune. Then write each unscrambled word next to its synonyms (words with similar meanings). __________________________ 5. wealth. facts. __________________________ 14 .DESCRIPTIVE WORDS Cross out two words that could not be used to describe each boldface item. specifically. __________________________ 3. immediately. __________________________ 6. guideline. innocent. data.
and contribute to strokes.” but that doesn’t excuse your own bad behavior. ulcers. Ask yourself what mistake you are making. Someone else may have “started it. Stop attracting trouble by tailgating. Here are some expert tips on how to “simmer down”: Be honest. do you follow other cars too closely? Work on it. Decide to change your behavior. Do you really want to give other people the power to make you upset? Try counting to 10 or taking deep breaths for a minute or two. Such behaviors also raise blood pressure. and then practice new ways of behaving. for example. and digestive problems. Watch your intake of caffeine and alcohol. getting mad doesn’t solve problems. trigger heart attacks. admit it. If you have a problem with anger. Don’t set yourself up for anger. WORD SEARCH 1. When you’re driving. for example.UNIT 1 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS Lesson 4 Keep Your Cool! Anger affects your health. Practice saying “Be my guest” if another driver cuts you off or gives you a rude gesture. Responding quietly—instead of blowing your top—alters your breathing pattern and slows the damaging physical effects of stress. What eight-letter noun in the reading names a substance that stimulates the heart and nervous system? _______________________ c 15 . Alcohol slows your thinking and spurs you to act out. Besides. What ten-letter noun in the reading names the practice of driving too closely to the car ahead of you? _______________________ t 2. Distract yourself. People who habitually yell and argue create much unhappiness and cause a lot of trouble. Caffeine promotes anxiety and irritability. And road rage—uncontrolled anger while driving—can be deadly.
dull aches 2. Caffeine and alcohol can play a big part in uncontrolled anger. results DOWN T 4 S 5 A 7 1. legally prohibited c. Phrases such as “simmer down” and “blow your top” are examples of a. food groups 16 b. lethal 8. c. ACROSS 1 2 R A 3 2. a. elevate suggestions tension confess shout 6 D Y 8 E WORDS IN CONTEXT Circle a letter to complete the sentence or show the meaning of each boldface word or words. figurative language. changes 6. open sores c. What seven-letter noun in the reading means “a motion made with some part of the body to express a feeling or idea”? _______________________ g 4. 3. 3. violent tremors b. bad grammar. 7.3. b. 4. Severe frustration and stress can result in stomach ulcers. formal speech. Clue words are synonyms (words with similar meanings) of the answer words. chemical substances . 1. What eight-letter verb in the reading means “to divert or draw away one’s attention to something else”? _______________________ d SYNONYMS Complete the crossword puzzle with words from the reading. a. 5.
4. drowsy. focus 6. 17 . agree ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ CHANGING PARTS OF SPEECH Complete each sentence with the correct form of the boldface word from the reading. A person who is suffering from anxiety feels a. uneasy. Answer words are antonyms (words with opposite meanings) of the clue words. 3. b. habitual. Find the mystery words (reading from top to bottom) by filling in the blanks with words from the reading. 1. c. nervous. ____________________ is the noun form of the verb alter. polite ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ 5. If you need help. happy 4. c. halt 8. 5. incurable. A behavior that is consistently repeated without thinking about it has become a. 2. check a dictionary. deceitful 3. bored. destroy 2. ____________________ is the noun form of the adjective digestive. expert. confident. ANTONYMS b. The adjective form of the noun behavior is ____________________. distressed. deny 7. dominant. lethargic. sure. 1.
like any pests. What nine-letter adjective in the reading means “delicate or easily injured”? 4. To keep things dry as well as clean. That’s why ants are often found crawling around the bathroom sink and tub. Put the sugar bowl—and every other sweet thing—in the refrigerator. WORD SEARCH 1. If you must use an insecticide. Also make sure that food is stored in tightly sealed containers. What four-letter verb in the reading means “to go out in search of ”? ______________________ s 2. Using a pesticide spray should be your last resort. What five-letter adjective in the reading could be used to describe a dripping faucet? 18 ______________________ ______________________ l . You can clean up ants with a vacuum or spray them with soapy water and wipe them up with a sponge. need food and water. Don’t forget that ants. That’s why you should wipe down counters thoroughly after preparing food. What seven-letter noun names the long. flat surface on top of your lower kitchen cabinets? ______________________ c s 3. choose the least toxic one. Remember that even small traces of pesticides washed down the sink drain into waterways and harm sensitive aquatic life. ants come indoors to seek warmth. Soap washes away the chemical trail that ants follow. fix leaky faucets and pipes. Break up ant trails.UNIT 1 Lesson 5 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS Controlling Pests Have you ever been surprised to see a long line of ants parading across your kitchen counter? When the outside temperature falls. The first line of defense is cleanliness. And empty the kitchen trash can every day. How do you get rid of ants? Try to control them with the least toxic products. Ant baits are usually less toxic than sprays. Even tiny crumbs attract ants.
reject 5. attract 8.ANTONYMS Solve the crossword puzzle with words from the reading. ____________________: spigots. rubbish 4. ITCOX ______________________ HARTS _____________________ CAUFTES MURBSC ______________________ _________________________ 1. Then write each unscrambled word next to its synonyms (words with similar meanings). particles 2. short 8 7 6 C L R 6. loosely 3. carelessly 3 H T 7. filthy SYNONYMS T Unscramble the words from the reading. sizable DOWN C 5 4 T L 1. ____________________: scraps. ACROSS 1 2 4. ____________________: dabs. taps 19 . Clue words are antonyms (words with opposite meanings) of the answer words. poisonous 3. ____________________: contaminating. foster 2.
An ____________________ is a poison especially formulated to kill insects. 1. MULTIPLE-MEANING WORDS Use each of the boldface words in two sentences of your own. fall (verb) ______________________________________________________ fall (noun) ______________________________________________________ 2. 3. 2. 4. 2. for example. Figure out the relationship between the first two words. d Scrub is to brush as wipe is to _________________________. The root cide. Tub is to bathroom as sink is to _________________________. Any illegal killing of one human being by another is called a ____________________. A ____________________ is a chemical substance used to kill a wide range of plant and animal pests. Then complete each analogy with a word from the reading that shows the same relationship. s THE LATIN ROOT cide Many English words are based on Latin roots. 1. 1. People who kill themselves commit the act of ____________________.ANALOGIES Analogies are statements of relationship.” Use words that end in cide to complete the sentences below. 4. 6. 3. means “kill. Milk is to pitcher as sugar is to _________________________. 5. p k f b Attack is to offense as repel is to _________________________. Drink is to water as eat is to _________________________. Welcome is to guest as unwelcome is to _________________________. counter (noun) _________________________________________________ counter (verb) __________________________________________________ 20 .
• keep you from being thrown around the inside of the vehicle and against other occupants. be sure to adjust your front seats properly. They provide a cushion to help restrain and protect the head and chest. • prevent your ejection from the vehicle. They won’t interfere with the driver’s visibility. resulting in serious injury. When worn correctly. WEAR SAFETY BELTS To get maximum protection from seat belts and airbags. • hold you in the best position in case the airbags deploy. An inflating front airbag can strike with enough force to seriously injure—or even kill—a small child. Reclining a seat-back too far can allow a person to slide under a seat belt in a crash. • Airbags can be hazardous to children. airbags deflate immediately. • After inflating. AIRBAGS Airbags supplement the protection that seat belts give to the torso and legs. Here are some important facts about airbags: • If you have a moderate to severe frontal collision. a seat belt can prevent serious injury or death in a crash. When properly worn. • Most occupants of the vehicle will not realize that the airbags deployed until they see them lying deflated on their laps. the airbags will instantly inflate. 21 . seat belts: • keep you connected to the vehicle. Move both seats as far back as possible from the steering wheel and dashboard. including frontal. keep adjustable seat-backs in an upright position.UNIT 1 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS Lesson 6 A Car’s Safety Features SEAT BELTS Seat belts are the single most effective safety device in your automobile. • help protect you in almost any type of crash. side. This allows you to take advantage of the vehicle’s built-in safety features. and rear impacts as well as rollovers. Whenever the car is moving.
1. What six-letter noun in the reading means an “instrument” or “mechanism”? 2. What eight-letter verb in the reading means to “control” or “hold back”? 3. What eight-letter noun in the reading means “forced departure”?
d r e
Complete the crossword puzzle with words from the reading. Clues are synonyms (words with similar meanings) of the answer words.
1. significant 5. activate
2. crash 3. trunk 4. power
Many words can be written in different forms to become different parts of speech. The noun danger, for example, can be rewritten as an adjective (dangerous) or a verb (endanger). On the lines below, write sentences of your own, using the word forms indicated.
1. noun form of the verb adjust ______________________________________ ________________________________________________________________
2. adjective form of the noun vision __________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 3. verb form of the noun inflation ___________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 4. verb form of the noun collision ____________________________________ ________________________________________________________________
First unscramble the boldface words from the reading. Then draw a line to match each word with its antonym (word with the opposite meaning).
1. NOTRALF 2. FIVEFECET 3. RIFTEENER 4. TRADEMOE
________________________ ________________________ ________________________ ________________________
a. extreme b. assist c. rear d. useless
WORDS IN CONTEXT
Read the sentences. Then use words from the reading to complete the sentences.
1. When you drive, you and your passengers are ____________________ of the vehicle. 2. Your seat-back should be kept in an ____________________ position. 3. A safety device called an ____________________ can protect your head and chest. 4. A head-on crash into another car would be called a ____________________ collision.
EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS
Get out your dictionary and thesaurus! The challenging words in this lesson were especially chosen to stretch the limits of your vocabulary.
LOOK IT UP!
Circle the word that correctly completes each sentence. Before selecting a word, (1) read the dictionary definitions of all the boldface words, and (2) check out the context clues in each sentence.
1. Some people who lose their jobs become ( indigent / impeccable ). 2. Brad’s solution to the problem may not be ( malleable / viable ). 3. Rita’s ( profligate / requisite ) spending makes us worry. 4. Steven’s ( austere / vapid ) remarks in class are annoying to the teacher. 5. In a materialistic society, ( decorum / avarice ) is common.
Now write sentences of your own, using the boldface words you did not use to complete the sentences above.
5. Because copper can be easily hammered or reshaped. 25 .SYNONYMS 1 2 3 W Complete the crossword puzzle with synonyms (words with similar meanings) of the clue words. profligate 1. If you need help. vapid 4. avarice 5 W WORDS IN CONTEXT Unscramble the words you studied on the previous page. 4. indigent 5. LAMEBALEL ____________________ MOREDUC ______________________ EASERUT _______________________ CAMPECLIBE ____________________ ETISIUQER ______________________ 1. it is not a _______________________ for graduation. Her ____________________ room has no decoration at all. Art class is optional at our school. Loud laughter in the library shows a lack of _______________________. viable 2. check a thesaurus. 2. ACROSS DOWN F P 4 G 3. Work that is faulty or imperfect in some way could never be called ______________________. 3. it is a very __________________________ material. Then use one of the unscrambled words to correctly complete each sentence.
by warming the bench c. brag or boast about yourself IDIOMS IN CONTEXT Circle a letter to show the meaning of each boldface idiom. scolded 2. that cannot be understood literally. a. in spite of falling 3. a. warned c. by sheer luck and little skill b. praised b. or expressions. 1. _____ to hold your tongue 2. 1. Gary got raked over the coals by the shift supervisor. Amy made the all-star team by the seat of her pants. suddenly b. under pressure c. _____ to pull up stakes 3. deceive you c.EVERYDAY IDIOMS Every language has idioms. surprise you 26 . Write a letter to match each idiom on the left with its meaning on the right. a. Would a friend try to lead you down the garden path? a. That’s why understanding idioms is an important part of vocabulary development. _____ to blow your own horn 4. _____ to keep a stiff upper lip a. disappoint you b. refrain from speaking d. We decided to go out on the spur of the moment. hold your emotions in check c. English has many thousands of idiomatic expressions. move to another place b. arrive early 4.
Spreads is to widens as flattens is to _________________________. ANALOGIES Analogies are statements of relationship. Soap washes away the _ h ________________________ to small children. 1. 3. Airbags can be _ i of 7. A t heart attacks. Find the relationship between the first two words. 4.EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS UNIT 1 REVIEW Here’s your chance to show what you’ve learned in this unit! SENTENCE COMPLETION Use words from the unit to correctly complete the sentences. 6. 2. An _________________________ i person cannot afford to buy groceries. Jaywalking is _________________________ p on most city streets. 8. Carrots are to rabbits as crumbs are to _________________________. Then complete the analogy with a word from the unit. 27 a c s d . Device is to mechanism as crash is to _________________________. 4. Uncontrolled anger can _________________________ c ________________________ trail left by ants. Frustrated people should watch their _________________________ caffeine and alcohol. Library is to libraries as strategy is to _________________________. 2. 3. _________________________ are words with opposite meanings. One _________________________ s for answering a multiple-choice question is to eliminate wrong answers first. 5. 1.
intake _________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 5.HIDDEN WORDS PUZZLE Find and circle the words in the puzzle. backward. aquatic ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 2. fraud __________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 4. ___ OBJECTIVE ___ ALTERNATIVES ___ SWINDLE ___ DISTRACT ___ TOXIC ___ DEPLOY ___ GULLIBLE ___ INTAKE ___ EJECTION ___ AQUATIC ___ ANXIETY ___ FRAUD E J E C T I O N J H E A I S F O T F R I U E L Q N T R D R I C K P T B U T H O A O D O R E L I A A C U N C A U R M Z L T K D A E O F N E D A L I E S A R E A T X E Y U C M E W C T T H D I B G H O T L I M S Q F O E M D C I V X N H I O R Y T A W E L O O D U D E U A Y S M G T H E L X V R R L D E O U A I D E P L O Y E V I T C E J B O D Y L Now use each puzzle word in a sentence of your own. Check off each word as you find it. 1. Be sure that your sentence makes the word’s meaning clear. deploy _________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 28 . or diagonally. down. Words may go up. distract ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 3. across.
words with four syllables pedestrians information identify irritability 29 . words with suffixes average sensitive protection attendance 2.6. 1. compound words dashboard supplement airbags bathroom 3. ejection ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ CATEGORIES Cross out one word that does not fit in each category. alternatives ___________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 11. anxiety ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 9. gullible ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 10. objective _______________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 7. toxic ___________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 8. swindle ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 12.
sly 30 ANSWERS: TRUE OR FALSE: 1. 1. private. T 4. 4. counsel. very. crisis.” 7.UNIT 2 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS PREVIEW Here’s an introduction to the vocabulary terms. _____ A tomato plant grows best if it is tied to a steak. belong. T 8. F 6. _____ A consortium is a partnership of groups making a joint effort. F 3.” ELEMENTS OF VOCABULARY Draw a line to match each boldface item on the left with appropriate examples. F 5. 3. F ELEMENTS OF VOCABULARY: 1. _____ The suffix -ology means “the study of. _____ The word volunteer can be used either as a noun or a verb. verbs 3. concepts. d 4. TRUE OR FALSE Write T or F to show whether each statement is true or false. require. temporary. scraggly. yesterday. _____ The prefix en. 2. _____ There are silent letters in the words mortgage and autumn. adjective 4. _____ A mentally healthy person always feels contentment. 1. 5. engulf d. Answers are upside down on the bottom of the page. you must knead the flour. T 7. lightly. sensitivity. 6. c 3. bereavement c. adverb a. _____ Before baking biscuits. noun 2. b 2. a . T 2. now b. and skills you will be studying in this unit.means “not. 8.
stock on hand junction the place where highways. relevant to the point. permit. loss. What three-letter abbreviation in the reading means “and so forth”? 2. having to do with the subject being discussed restriction a limiting condition such as a rule revoke to cancel or repeal a license. electricity.UNIT 2 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS Lesson 1 GLOSSARY A glossary is an alphabetical list of useful terms. join or cross lease agreement to use something for a certain amount of time and for a certain amount of money mortgage agreement in which a borrower gives the lender a claim to property as a pledge that the debt will be paid property a person’s belongings. glossary entries are drawn from various activities of everyday life. etc. utilities public services such as gas. law. comfort. etc. such as an insurance agent. accessories extra things added for convenience. etc. In this book. water. who takes care of business for you curriculum the course or plan of study in a school delegate one who officially represents others estimate a quoted price for goods or services inference a conclusion reached by careful reasoning interstate between or among the states of a federal government inventory a complete list of goods possessed. etc. especially land or real estate reimburse to pay back money owed for services. expenses. What five-syllable word in the reading names something provided by a public utility? ___________________________ e ___________________________ 31 e . WORD SEARCH 1. or decoration agent someone. railroads.
3. You can drive from Seattle to Boston on ________________________ 90. What eight-letter adjective in the reading is a synonym of pertinent? 4. That real estate _________________________ has sold three houses this month.3. Her scarf and pin are perfect _________________________ for her new suit. 7. _________________________ payments on a car are usually less expensive than purchase payments. What _________________________ can you draw from the broken door lock and the empty safe? 32 . The judges may _________________________ that law if they decide it is unfair. Our warehouse workers are busily doing the end-of-year _________________________. 9. What eight-letter noun in the reading has a silent letter? WORDS IN CONTEXT ___________________________ r ___________________________ m Use entry words in the glossary to complete the sentences. 5. The company will _________________________ you for all of your out-of-pocket expenses. Is French included in your school’s _________________________? 6. 8. 1. 4. 10. Is there a _________________________ on pets in your apartment house? 2.
The mechanic’s STEAMTIE _________________________ for overhauling the engine seems very high. nonessential 6 2.SYNONYMS Complete the crossword puzzle with words from the glossary. topic 4. They qualified for a low interest rate on their GROMGATE _________________________ loan. 4. owned DOWN 4 J S C 5 L 1. creditor P MYSTERY WORDS Unscramble the words from the reading to correctly complete the sentences. specific 5. 1. 33 . The wealthy investor purchased a lot of TRYPROPE _________________________ along the coastline. 2. Clue words are synonyms (words with similar meanings) of the answer words. Our LEADTEEG _________________________ to the United Nations is a former senator. 1 ACROSS E 2 3 3. 3. crossroads 4. eliminate 6.
Most people blink less often when they are using a computer. • Make sure the monitor is positioned 20 to 28 inches away from your eyes. If necessary. What seven-letter noun in the reading means “a video device that displays data or images generated by a computer”? 34 _________________________ s _________________________ m . Computer users are now being warned about another computerrelated malady. • Remember to blink. Using the same hand motions over and over again causes nerves in the wrist to swell and become pinched. and difficulty in focusing. Some may need special glasses designed for computer use. Have you ever heard of carpal tunnel syndrome? This painful condition is quite common. It can be relieved by frequent. place a filter over the screen. blurred vision. This one is called computer vision syndrome.UNIT 2 Lesson 2 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS Computers and Health Your computer can have adverse effects on your health. • Rest your eyes regularly. light sensitivity. Symptoms include headaches. It is a consequence of working at a computer for long periods of time. Experts also recommend that people who work long hours on a computer should get more frequent eye exams. or CVS. Here are some preventive measures to help alleviate CVS: • Position the monitor to avoid glare from windows and other light sources. WORD SEARCH 1. After two hours of computer use. short breaks from staring at the computer screen. CVS is a temporary condition. Look out the window every 20 minutes. take a 15-minute break. What eight-letter noun in the reading means “a number of symptoms that occur together and make up a particular disease or condition”? 2.
signs c. What three-word name in the reading describes a condition caused by repetitive compression of a nerve that passes through the wrist into the hand? ___________________ c ___________________ t ___________________ s 4. experts 2. permanent 5. 1.3. authorities 35 . Clue words are antonyms (words with opposite meanings) of the answer words. attract O 2 6. symptoms a. rarely 3. movements b. helpful 7 S SYNONYMS Draw a line to match each boldface word from the reading with its synonym (word with similar meaning). motions 4. pinched 3. different DOWN T 3 P 4 A 5 6 A L 1. short 7. What nine-letter adverb in the reading means “happening often enough to form a kind of pattern”? _________________________ r ANTONYMS Complete the crossword puzzle with words from the reading. pleasurable 4. ACROSS 1 2. squeezed d.
SLEWL _________________________ • to bulge or become larger _______________________________________________________________ • a very large rolling wave _______________________________________________________________ 36 .MULTIPLE-MEANING WORDS Some words have entirely different meanings when they’re used in different contexts. ROSEDIP _________________________ • dots used to punctuate the end of statements _______________________________________________________________ • repeating cycles of time _______________________________________________________________ 3. REKAB _________________________ • to split or crack into pieces _______________________________________________________________ • a recess or interruption _______________________________________________________________ 4. amount. or extent of something _______________________________________________________________ • actions intended to bring about a desired result _______________________________________________________________ 2. using the words as defined. SURESAME _________________________ • finds out size. First unscramble the words from the reading. 1.) Then write sentences of your own. (Read the definitions for help.
Use a fork or a pastry blender to “cut in” shortening WORD SEARCH 1. Add shortening to the dry ingredients. Serve piping hot. place biscuits close together on an ungreased baking sheet.UNIT 2 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS Lesson 3 Easy Biscuits Years ago—before commercially made bread was widely available— many homemakers made biscuits every day. The following recipe makes about 20 flaky biscuits. vegetable oil. and salt in a large bowl. Pressing gently with a rolling pin. To ensure a fine texture. Dough is just the right consistency when it is soft and puffy and will roll out easily. meaning “coarsely ground grain”? _______________________ m 2. knead lightly about six times. Place on middle rack of oven. What ten-letter noun in the reading means “butter. Add a bit more milk if the dough isn’t pliable. What four-letter noun in the reading developed from the Old English word melu.) Round up the dough on a lightly floured board. not enough makes the biscuits dry. place biscuits one inch apart. For biscuits with soft sides. baking powder. Cut biscuits close together with a 11/2-inch round biscuit cutter. Stir in almost all the milk. (Too much milk makes the dough sticky. EASY BISCUITS 2 cups flour 3 teaspoons baking powder 1 teaspoon salt until the mixture looks like meal. For biscuits with crusty sides. or another fat used in baked goods”? _______________________ s 37 . Mix well. roll dough until it is about 1 /2 -inch thick. and bake for 10 to 12 minutes. /4 cup shortening 3 /4 cup milk 1 Heat oven to 450 degrees.Combine flour.
blend 4. crumbly 5. better than homemade. crisp DOWN 6 P 5 M F 1. What tool named in the reading is a heavy.3. 2 1 C C 3 4 ACROSS F 2. 38 . smooth cylinder made of wood or some other material? _____________ _______________ r p SYNONYMS Complete the crossword puzzle with words from the reading. What ingredient in the recipe contains baking soda and an acid that makes dough rise? _____________ _______________ b p 4. delicate 7. for sale in stores. b. firmness 3. flexible 6. Clue words are synonyms (words with similar meanings) of the answer words. stir WORDS IN CONTEXT 7 C Notice the boldface words. Then circle a letter to show how each sentence should be completed. 1. Commercially available foods are a. c. advertised on television.
r Inch is to width as degree is to _________________________. 5. Then show the same relationship by completing the analogy with a word from the reading. b. c. 1. pressing.2. dense and rich. and squeezing it. biscuit receipt solemn nuisance science slick knee knead ANALOGIES Analogies are statements of relationship. rolling. Skillet is to fry as oven is to _________________________. SILENT LETTERS Many English words have letters that are not pronounced when the words are spoken out loud. b Soft is to crusty as together is to _________________________. allowing it to rise. light and airy. The first one has been done for you. 6. m Sticky is to adhesive as stretchy is to _________________________. 3. The texture of a perfect biscuit should be a. baking it homemade. Cross out the silent letters in the words below. Dry is to flour as wet is to _________________________. p 2. t 39 . rough and grainy. The cook will knead the dough by a. Figure out the relationship between the first two words. b. c. Part is to whole as ingredient is to _________________________. 4. a 3.
A commitment of two hours per week for six months is required. The food bank is open from Mon. WORD SEARCH 1. FOOD BANK The Emergency Consortium needs assistance with warehouse and office activities. Bilingual a plus. Trainees must be over 21. HAVE A HEART The American Heart Association needs volunteers to help with office work. 1. Here’s a list of typical organizations and agencies that are looking for helping hands. What eleven-letter noun in the reading means “sadness or loneliness as a result of loss or death”? ___________________________ 40 . The docent training workshop begins Sept. HOSPICE VOLUNTEERS We need individuals to provide emotional and practical support to terminally ill patients and their families. SUICIDE PREVENTION The Health Dept. and special fundraising events. ART LOVERS WANTED The Uptown Museum needs docents to give weekday tours to fourth and fifth graders. FOSTER HOMES FOR ANIMALS Can you care for puppies and kittens in your home until they reach adoptable age? The Humane Society provides volunteer training and covers food and medical expenses. What nine-letter noun in the reading names an unpaid worker? ___________________________ v b 2. Bereavement volunteers are also needed.UNIT 2 Lesson 4 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS Will You Lend a Hand? Do you have a little time to give to a worthy cause? There are many ways for volunteers to get involved in any community. through Sat. will train you to answer its crisis hotline. health fairs. PARTNERS IN READING needs one-on-one tutors for adults who read below eighth-grade level. BE A MENTOR Turning Point Counseling Center needs adult volunteers to counsel at-risk youth.
Clue words are antonyms (words with opposite meanings) of the answer words. What seven-letter word in the reading means “a homelike place where dying people are cared for and made comfortable”? 4. closed WHO’S WHO? M Unscramble the words to correctly complete the sentences. 3. A NETARIE _________________________ is one who is being prepared to perform a task. child 4. 2. extraordinary 7.3. optional 2. useless 7 T 5. 41 . take 6. 1. ACROSS 1 2 R P 3 A 3. A TREELOVNU _________________________ is one who gives time freely. What seven-letter adjective in the reading describes something that is “a true representative example of its kind”? ANTONYMS ___________________________ h ___________________________ t Use words from the reading to complete the crossword puzzle. A TREMON _________________________ is one who advises wisely. few DOWN 6 5 4 G O 1.
donate your money b. Hint: Some of the spellings are tricky! Check a dictionary before you write your answers. sign a binding contract 42 . a. gift shop clerks c. 3. Someone you can always rely on is _________________________. You must make a six-month commitment to volunteer as a tutor. a. cluster of apartment buildings 2. has very little funding b. 1. An explanation that can be understood is ________________________. promise or pledge c. 1. a. maintenance workers b. A project that can be managed is _________________________.” In the reading. financial sponsors b. adding the suffix -able. The Downtown Housing Consortium works to provide shelter for the homeless. a. private teachers c. meeting of church officials c. deserves help for good work 5. Docents are needed at the art museum. 2. Tutors are needed to help people learn to read better.THE SUFFIX -able The suffix -able means “capable of being. is worth a fortune c. trumpet players 3. tour guides and lecturers 4. a. Something that has great value is _________________________. 4. I support the Food Bank because it is a worthy cause.” Rewrite the boldface words below. the word adoptable means “capable of being adopted. partnership of several organizations b. WORDS IN CONTEXT Circle a letter to show the meaning of each boldface word or phrase.
After the last frost.UNIT 2 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS Lesson 5 A Gardening Project Growing tomatoes is a good project for a beginning gardener. Avoid buying plants with thin. These plants have been stuck in their pots for too long. Be sure to give your plants a steady supply of water. yellow stems. and garden supplies? 2. WORD SEARCH 1. The easiest way to get started is to buy young plants from a nursery. Support each plant with a wire cage or a stake. juicy fruit from early summer to early fall. Before planting. scraggly. The average plant—which spreads about three feet across and reaches about four feet in height— will yield a crop of about four pounds of tomatoes. Check the plant regularly as it grows. Tomato plants bear delicious. Don’t let them dry out. plant each tomato in a large hole. What nine-letter noun in the reading means “a very great amount or supply of something”? ____________________ n ____________________ a 43 . Look for pot-grown tomatoes with healthy green leaves and no flower bunches. enrich the soil there with compost or well-rotted manure. seedlings. Find a spot in your yard that gets an abundance of sunshine but is sheltered from gusting winds. This will help flower and fruit production by keeping tomatoes off the ground and away from insects. That will allow the plant to stop growing taller and use its energy to ripen its fruit instead. What seven-letter noun in the reading names a store that sells seeds. The plants should be about eight inches tall. Pinch off the top of a plant once it has grown four bunches of yellow flowers.
dark secrets. 1. Police officers ENCROFE ____________________ the law when they issue speeding tickets. 6. Check a dictionary if you need help. What eight-letter adjective in the reading means “uneven. Unscramble the words beginning with the prefix en-. What two seasons of the year are named in the reading? ___________________ ___________________ 4. (2) “to make” (enrich—to make richer). A huge wave can easily ENFULG ____________________ a swimmer. you give them new confidence and hope. nursery _____________________ 2. 1. bunch ______________________ 3. tomato ______________________ 44 . ragged. You ENRANES ____________________ an animal when you catch it in a trap.3. When you ENGEAROUC ____________________ people. 2. or irregular”? ____________________ s PREFIX en- The prefix en. 4. insect _______________________ 4. You ENSURTT ____________________ only your closest friends with your deep. 3. 5.at the beginning of a word can mean: (1) “to put into or on” (enthrone—put on a throne). Sunny weather will ENRUSE ____________________ large attendance at the fair. PLURALS Write the plural form (names more than one) of each noun below. or (3) “in or into” (entangle—to tangle in).
to mature The boldface words listed below are synonyms (words with similar meanings) of words from the reading. describes fruits containing lots of liquid Y 8. tasty ______________________ 2. blossoms __________________ 6. the amount of something produced DOWN 1.MATCHING WORDS AND MEANINGS Use the definitions to help you complete the crossword puzzle with words from the reading. Write the correct word from the reading on each line. bugs _______________________ 3. squeeze between thumb and forefinger 6. rotted vegetable matter SYNONYMS 3. At what time of year does the “last frost” occur? ____________________ 45 . clusters ___________________ THINKING ABOUT THE READING 4. How many pounds of tomatoes might you get from three plants? ________ pounds 2. location ___________________ 1. blowing suddenly and strongly 5. 1. 1 ACROSS C 3 2. decayed animal waste 2 C 4 P G 5 M 6 R 7 J 8 7. cone-shaped wire support for a plant 2. protected __________________ 5. farm product grown in the soil 4.
UNIT 2 Lesson 6 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS Good Mental Health There is no single definition of “good mental health” that everyone accepts. simply having peace of mind. Generally speaking. a majority of people would agree that a mentally healthy person feels content—most of the time. Self-control (the ability to discipline your own emotions and behavior) 4. Self-acceptance (admitting your own limitations as inescapable conditions of being human) 3. satisfaction. it means many things: feeling love. Their studies of mentally healthy people show four important causes. Awareness of others (understanding that. and wants to feel worthwhile) The words “most of the time” are crucial. freedom from worry or overwhelming hardships. Still. What nine-letter compound word in the reading means “troubling circumstances that are not easy to bear”? ___________________________ h 46 . But their realistic understanding of themselves and other people provides contentment most of the time. Mentally healthy people do have troubling emotions that cause them problems. that make contentment possible: 1. Self-respect (liking and honoring yourself as a good and worthy person) 2. So it isn’t surprising that there is no foolproof formula for good mental health. or conditions. everyone else has strengths and weaknesses. Psychologists tell us that contentment is a result rather than a cause. and joy. like you. What eight-letter noun in the reading means “more than half ”? ___________________________ m 2. But even “being content” is hard to define. WORD SEARCH 1.
A person shows self-control when _______________________________ ________________________________________________________________. THE SUFFIX -ology The suffix -ology means “the science of” or “the study of. Musicology is the study of ____________________. 3. the Greek root psych (meaning “mind”) plus -ology creates the word psychology. To me.” For example. 2. 1. A person shows self-acceptance when ___________________________ _______________________________________________________________. A person shows awareness of others when ______________________ ________________________________________________________________.3. 4. meaning “the study of the mind. What seven-letter noun in the reading is a synonym for recipe? ___________________________ a f ___________________________ GIVING EXAMPLES Complete the sentences with appropriate examples of the boldface terms. 1.” You will probably need a dictionary to help you find the correct words to complete the sentences. What seven-letter noun in the reading means “the power or skill required to do something”? 4. 47 . “contentment” means ___________________________________ ________________________________________________________________. 5. A person shows self-respect when _______________________________ ________________________________________________________________.
important. liberty 5. abides by DOWN 6 1 S 2 F 3 F 4 C 5 R 1. only 4. 3. unfailing 3. 4. The scientific study of crime and criminals is called _________________________. SYNONYMS Complete the crossword puzzle with words from the reading. ACROSS 1. one. Seismology is the study of _________________________. restraint or control 7. Clue words are synonyms (words with similar meanings) of answer words. The study of animals is called _________________________. Paleontology is the study of _________________________. 6. actual D 7 A 48 . critical 6. truthful. recognizes. 5. astonishing 2.2. A doctor who specializes in cardiology works with diseases of the _________________________.
You might ( mollify / encroach ) a barking dog by throwing it a bone. The ( acute / timorous ) kitten hid under the couch. 5.UNIT 2 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS Lesson 7 VOCABULARY STRETCH WORDS IN CONTEXT Read the dictionary definitions of the ten boldface word choices. They say that a robin is the ( harbinger / siege ) of spring. Now write five original sentences. WORD: _______________________ SENTENCE: ______________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 5. 1. 4. WORD: _______________________ SENTENCE: ______________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 2. 3. On a clear night. WORD: _______________________ SENTENCE: ______________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 4. Then circle the word that best completes each sentence. 2. The senator’s opponents will try to ( stymie / embellish ) the passage of his bill. you can see a ( paucity / myriad ) of stars in the sky. 1. WORD: _______________________ SENTENCE: ______________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 49 . WORD: _______________________ SENTENCE: ______________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 3. using the boldface words you did not circle above.
After a bloody ______________________. harbinger 5. stymie 2. We may be faced with an _____________________ shortage of gasoline. CHORENAC _____________________ BIMESHELL _____________________ CAUTIFPY ______________________ ESIGE __________________________ TUCEA _________________________ 1. ACROSS 2 3 1 H 3. 3. 2. They don’t want censors to ______________________ on free speech. Then use the unscrambled words to correctly complete the sentences.SYNONYMS Complete the crossword puzzle with synonyms (words with similar meanings) of the clue words. 50 . Use a thesaurus to find synonyms that fit. She will ______________________ her speech with humorous stories. mollify 4. 4. myriad DOWN S F 4 F 1. 5. timorous 5 P SENTENCE COMPLETION Unscramble the words you studied on the previous page. the troops captured the fort. The ______________________ of their harvest was very disappointing.
English has many thousands of idiomatic expressions. makes a mistake 4. causes trouble c. she made that cake from scratch. ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 4. that cannot be understood literally. a. to beat the odds 2. over the campfire b. be as skillful and powerful b. a. That rookie can’t hold a candle to the seasoned veteran. 1. in small towns b. That’s why understanding idioms is an important part of vocabulary development. • Circle a letter to show the meaning of each boldface idiom. a. Instead of using a prepared mix. ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 51 .IDIOMS IN CONTEXT All languages have certain expressions. with professional help c. gets nervous b. using basic ingredients • Now use each of the above idioms in an original sentence. ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 3. ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 2. have confidence and trust in c. or idioms. earn as much money 3. 1. We’ll be all right as long as no one rocks the boat. a. into poverty c. Make sure the context of your sentence makes the idiom’s meaning clear. Some very successful people were born on the wrong side of the tracks.
1. Years ago. WORDS IN CONTEXT Complete the sentences with appropriate words from the reading. The store manager must try to ____________________ the angry customer. CATEGORIES u s b c n m r -a Cross out the item that does not fit in each category. Computer vision syndrome (CVS) may include a ____________________ to light. 1. Your ____________________ bills may go up if there is an energy shortage. Volunteers are sometimes required to make a ____________________ for a certain time period. 4.UNIT 2 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS REVIEW Here’s your chance to show what you know about the material you studied in this unit. Tomato plants bought at a ____________________ should be about eight inches tall. 2. 3. 8. prefixes 52 -ibility hotline pre- sunshine un- crossword inter- bereavement . 5. many homemakers made ____________________ every day. compound words 2. 6. 7. Adding the suffix ____________________ can turn a verb or noun into an adjective. Psychologists say that contentment is a ____________________ rather than a cause.
s 2. or diagonally. m HIDDEN WORDS PUZZLE Find and circle the words in the puzzle. ___ EMBELLISH ___ ADOPTABLE ___ REIMBURSE ___ CONSISTENCY ___ FOOLPROOF ___ CRUCIAL ___ ADVERSE ___ ACUTE ___ CRISIS ___ YIELD ___ CONTENT ___ COUNSEL C O N S I S T E N C Y A G B C R U C I A L K D H P E D H T Z P E P O X E Y N S G R W S D P L T F I S U R A N Y T T U T O E G Y P U E A F C J N O L P T O S B C A R G E R D O C U L R M N Q F T P A D V E R S E I S A N L O I L Y D I V B E W O O H A K T F S I S I R C O N T H S I L L E B M E F 53 . down.3. Hands are to keyboard as eyes are to ________________________. 1. suffixes 4. plural 5. backward. people ANALOGIES -less stems delegates -ment lens introdeer -ance causes hospices mentors docents Analogies are statements of relationship. Find the relationship between the first two words. Words may go up. across. Single is to several as symptom is to _________________________. Then show the same relationship by completing the analogy with a word from the unit. 3. d s 6. Scrambled is to unscrambled as tencod is to _________________________. Buy is to rent as purchase is to _________________________. Check off each word as you find it.is to prefix as -ology is to _________________________. 5. Synonym is to thesaurus as definition is to _________________________. en. d l 4.
counsel ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 2. Be sure that your sentence makes the word’s meaning clear. adverse ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 3. content _______________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 5. 1. consistency ____________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 9. yield ___________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 10. adoptable ______________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 7. reimburse _____________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 12. acute __________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 6. foolproof ______________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 8. crisis __________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 11. crucial ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 54 . check a dictionary. embellish ______________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 4. If you need help.ORIGINAL SENTENCES Now use each word from the hidden words puzzle in a sentence of your own.
circle the correctly spelled word in each pair. solicit. adjective. _____ Someone who does a heinous deed deserves punishment. and skills you will study in this unit. _____ The suffix -ant means “one who does something. T 5. concepts. F 7. 7. adverb 55 . or adverb to show that word’s part of speech. 8. anully / annually ______________________ ANSWERS: TRUE OR FALSE: 1. Then write noun. 1. 6. _____ The word supplement can be used as a noun or a verb. T 6. _____ The words reprocessed and recycled are antonyms. annually. vitemin / vitamin ______________________ 4. _____ One kind of megavitamin is called a chamois. vitamin. Answers are upside down on the bottom of the page. massive. adjective 3. _____ The words feasible and unrealistic are synonyms.” 2. TRUE OR FALSE Write T or F to show whether each statement is true or false.” 5. verb 2. F 2. F 8.EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS UNIT 3 PREVIEW Here’s an introduction to the vocabulary terms. T 4. _____ The prefix mega. _____ A customer’s regular payments to an insurance company are called premiums. massave / massive ______________________ 3. ELEMENTS OF VOCABULARY First. solicit / solisit ______________________ 2.means “one thousand. noun 4. T ELEMENTS OF VOCABULARY: 1. 1. F 3. verb. 3. 4.
stubbornly held opinions expunge to erase completely or remove lackluster dull. or teammates feasible possible.UNIT 3 Lesson 1 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS GLOSSARY A glossary is an alphabetical index of useful terms. unyielding bigot a prejudiced. glossary entries are drawn from the various activities of everyday life. capable of being done under conditions as they are gross total. seeming to have been born in a person jettison to throw away or get rid of WORDS IN CONTEXT Use words from the glossary to complete the sentences. Jennifer’s plan isn’t ______________________. that ability is ______________________. often secretly innate given by nature. to help someone or something grow and develop permeate to pass through or spread through every part roster a list naming members of a group. because it would cost too much. not bright. In this book. with nothing taken away hoard to collect and stow away. interesting. 1. soldiers. entire. or forceful libel the crime of printing something that unfairly damages a person’s reputation net what is left after certain amounts have been subtracted nostalgia a wishing for something that happened long ago or is now far away nurture to care for. firm. such as students. adamant not giving in easily. 56 . narrowminded person with strong. You can’t teach someone to jump as high as Harry does. 2.
If you ______________________ the seedlings. the scoutmaster called roll from his ______________________. 8. 14.” 4. The judge has the power to ______________________ the criminal record of a rehabilitated person. The congresswoman was ______________________ about her refusal to run for reelection. 6. Only a ______________________ would make such a hateful remark. Your ______________________ salary is also called “take-home pay. a wonderful aroma will ______________________ the air. As the bread bakes. 10. 12. 7. When remembering their youth.3. Sherry’s ______________________ salary is about 30 percent higher than her net pay. 57 . The famous actor’s performance was strangely ____________________. 9. older people may get carried away with ______________________. 5. your flowerbed will be filled with blooms. 15. The outraged celebrity sued the newspaper for ____________________. As the campers entered the bus. They had to ______________________ cargo to keep their sinking ship afloat. 13. 11. My brother likes to ______________________ candy in a coffee can hidden under his bed.
neglect 6. Two different definitions of the word net are: • ______________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________ • ______________________________________________________________ 58 . uncertain DOWN 5 4 J N 1. The words nurture. 2. The condition or state of being a bigot is called ____________________. The adjective forms of bigot and nostalgia are ____________________ and ______________________. 4. salvage 6 H 7 A LOOK IT UP! Check a dictionary to find the information you need to complete the sentences. 3. and hoard can be used as _________________ as well as verbs. Clue words are antonyms (words with opposite meanings) of the answer words. libel. brilliant 3. acquired 5. 1. distribute 7.ANTONYMS Complete the puzzle with words from the glossary. engrave 4. ACROSS 1 2 L I 3 E 2.
Level death benefit to age 95.43 56.25 54.03 19.24 14.000. AFFORDABLE LIFE INSURANCE NON-TOBACCO RATES (MONTHLY) ISSUE AGE TOBACCO RATES (MONTHLY) FEMALE ISSUE AGE $101.13 18.07 17.98 16.77 11.24 11.43 56.75 78.43 28.71 17.71 17.12 12.15 14.33 14.25 56.43 56.78 28.93 25.87 42.12 56.50 11.68 34.37 32.90 27.21 18.86 11.62 60.00 56.56 35.81 33.15 25.81 19. Premiums may be paid by bank draft.62 98.00 42.90 20.12 55. Premiums are based on applicant’s age at nearest birthday.33 11.12 55.03 26.43 28.000 MALE FEMALE $250. POLICY NOT AVAILABLE IN ALL STATES WORD SEARCH 1.87 105.12 55.42 17. Premiums increase annually.37 32.46 19.87 57.000 MALE FEMALE $250.06 31.12 55.00 49.87 56.12 49.98 17.000 MALE FEMALE $1.93 24.78 17.75 58.UNIT 3 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS Lesson 2 Buying Life Insurance How much do you know about the vocabulary of insurance? The chart below lists life insurance rates for people of various ages.62 81.33 11.06 31.00 56.87 49.06 31.62 31.37 71.87 50.00 49.87 57.07 17.87 Other amounts available upon request.43 56.41 11.75 136.93 32.37 24.71 31.94 11. What seven-letter noun in the reading means “the dried leaves of a plant prepared for smoking.72 16.31 44.25 17.50 31.50 31.33 11.37 62.68 19. All policies are issued and subject to underwriting by ABC Insurance Company.25 113.06 31.12 64.71 17.71 17.50 110.71 17.03 19.62 79.86 11.93 24.75 117.25 19.06 46.98 16. or amount of coverage desired.77 11.93 24.25 19.000 MALE $101.50 32.57 19.03 19.75 106.43 56.94 12.33 14.65 29.31 29.75 79.87 49.07 14.62 52.12 86.000 MALE FEMALE $500.93 31.62 31.75 51.33 11.00 28.75 30.03 19.71 24.86 11.87 105.000 MALE FEMALE $500.87 78.12 55.24 14.06 31.75 78.86 11.71 17.75 42.87 49. semiannually.12 56.50 77.75 78.59 11.15 18.93 32.50 24.25 19.43 28. Policies are non-cancelable as long as premiums are paid.71 31.62 30.33 11.71 17.78 18.93 24.43 28.00 28.31 43.51 14.87 42.62 20–25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 16.34 20. annually. chewing.87 49.24 11.15 25.56 11.81 54.33 11.50 54.18 39.81 33.03 19.04 15.96 55.21 12.86 11.39 15.62 90.07 14.71 17.37 62.87 49.31 52.27 31.87 42.68 15.86 11.75 78.03 19.87 42. or as snuff”? ________________________ t 59 .87 56.50 17.43 28.87 29.000 MALE FEMALE $1.65 37.62 127. Read the explanatory notes under the chart.93 18.50 108.25 55. health.31 67.98 16.24 14. or monthly.68 34. (A no-cost medical exam may be required depending on age.90 30.56 50.81 48.37 18.24 14.00 77.75 78.59 26.71 31.33 11.75 58.93 103.71 31.77 11.12 55.33 11.06 31.81 19.07 17.37 83.62 60.000.43 28.87 49.98 16.50 17.24 14.93 31.56 28.87 49.94 12.24 14.87 43.71 31.18 45.87 105.03 19.43 28.19 20.03 12.06 31.43 28.12 93.86 11.43 42.74 16.25 105.39 12.06 31.87 106.00 58.93 24.75 108.) Above premiums are preferred rates.25 121.87 105.81 18.87 42.000 MALE FEMALE 20–25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 11.
non-smoking woman pay for a $250. meaning “one who. Does the chart list monthly premium rates for 15-year-olds? ______________ ______________ ______________ 5.2.000 life insurance policy? ______________ 2. one who immigrates ________________________ 4. What eight-letter noun in the reading means “payments made by an insurance company”? 4. one who serves ________________________ 60 3. one who participates ________________________ 2. Add -ant to the following verbs to show “one who” takes that action. What eight-letter noun in the reading means “regular payments made to keep an insurance policy in force”? READING A CHART ________________________ u ________________________ b p ________________________ Use information from the chart on the previous page to answer the questions. 1. What monthly rate would a 38-year-old.000 life insurance policy? ______________ THE SUFFIX -ant The suffix -ant. Are monthly life insurance rates higher for males or females? 4. one who assists ________________________ . for example. 1. is an applicant. What monthly premium would a 30-year-old.” is used to make a noun of a verb. How much more would the same woman have to pay each month if she were a smoker? 3. non-smoking male pay for a $500. What twelve-letter verb in the reading means “officially assuming liability to the amount of a specified sum”? 3. One who applies.
1. the date you were born. sums 5. yearly 3. b. An insurance company considers your issue age to be a. inexpensive 6 4. 2. Check a dictionary if you need help. 61 . Hint: Pay attention to the boldface words. b. b. Insurance rates are a. your age at death. subject to underwriting. wanted N WORDS IN CONTEXT Circle a letter to show how each sentence should be completed. prices charged per unit of coverage. Clues are synonyms (words with similar meanings) of the answer words. twice a year. every two years. c. c. your age when the policy is written.SYNONYMS Complete the crossword puzzle with words from the reading. Payments made semiannually are paid a. ACROSS 1 A 2 A 1. obtainable 6. closest 5 4 3 A D DOWN A 2. c. 3. also called death benefits. one-half at a time.
What ten-letter verb in the reading describes something that has been ordered for you by a doctor? 4. WORD SEARCH 1. Studies by the American Medical Association. People who do take dietary supplements without a prescription should read the precautions on the label carefully. What five-letter plural noun in the reading means “amounts of medicine to be taken at one time”? 3. Vitamins should be stored away from heat and direct light—and out of the reach of children. • are currently using any other prescribed or over-the-counter (OTC) medicine. What ten-letter verb in the reading means “pinpointed or detected”? 62 __________________________ o __________________________ d __________________________ p i __________________________ . Outdated dietary supplements—or those no longer needed—should be promptly discarded. • have any other medical problems. They should be especially guarded if they: • are allergic to any prescription or nonprescription medicine. however. Heat or moisture can break down vitamin supplements. • are pregnant or breastfeeding. Vitamins in an oral liquid form should be kept from freezing. What four-letter adjective in the reading means “by mouth”? 2. The AMA warns that large doses should be taken only after a specific need has been identified by your doctor.UNIT 3 Lesson 3 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS Megavitamins: A Good Idea? Have you read anything about megavitamin therapy ? Some people believe that taking massive doses (called megadoses) of vitamins can cure certain medical problems. have not proven this.
use a dictionary to find the mega word that correctly completes each sentence. ACROSS 1 3 D 2 W L 4 3. A person who has illusions of grandeur. eventually DOWN P M 1. debunked 6 7 P 5 O 6. power. 3. 1. A ______________________ is a funnel-shaped device designed to greatly increase the sound of a person’s voice. you might use the slang expression: “That guy has ______________________!” 2. solid 4. A ______________________ of something has the explosive power of one million tons of TNT. 4. 63 . and so on has a mental disorder called ______________________.means “large. great.means “one million.ANTONYMS Complete the crossword puzzle with words from the reading. tiny THE PREFIX mega- Literally.” In a figurative sense (nonliteral). Clues are antonyms (words that mean the opposite) of the answer words. saved 2. mega. mega.” If you need help. or powerful. fresh 7. wealth. invites 5. To describe a wealthy man.
ABBREVIATIONS Write out the complete words represented by the abbreviations from the reading. meaning “other. 1. Use context clues for help. OTC ___________________________________________________________ 64 . AMA ___________________________________________________________ 2. The quality of a vitamin supplement can be reduced by exposure to heat or ______________________. The NAMREG _________________ word was coined from the ancient KEGER _________________ adjective allos. 1.WORD HISTORY Unscramble the words to complete the word history below. The ______________________ on a dietary supplement usually lists certain precautions. your vitamin needs will be met without taking a ______________________. 2. 3. If you eat a well-balanced diet. 4.” The combination was meant to give the ADIE _________________ of a reaction to a GORENIF _________________ substance. The word GYLREAL _________________ is an Americanism that came into English from the NAMREG _________________ language. WORDS IN CONTEXT Use words from the reading to complete the sentences.” and another KEGER _________________ word meaning “work” or “action. but your own ______________________ does. A manufacturer of vitamins does not know your personal medical history.
Enter the authorization number as the associate number. Have you ever received a flyer like the one below? Read the details carefully to figure out the terms and conditions of this sales promotion. co-pay on prescriptions. or special order merchandise. gift certificates. No sales to dealers or distributors for purpose of resale. tobacco. layaway purchases. FEBRUARY 1 THROUGH SATURDAY. deli foods. This promotion is limited to on-hand. THIS COUPON REDEEMABLE AT STARMART LOCATIONS ONLY PREFERRED CUSTOMER SAVINGS m WORD SEARCH 1. 2001 © StarMart Corporation REGISTER OPERATOR: Ring purchase as an Associate Discount. or alcoholic beverages. the portrait studio. What eleven-letter noun in the reading means “things that are bought and sold”? _________________________ 65 . The 10% discount may not be applied to sale or clearance merchandise. Quantities are limited.UNIT 3 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS Lesson 4 Understanding Mass Mailings Retailers sometimes solicit business through a mass mailing. STARMART CERTIFICATE VALID THURSDAY. FEBRUARY 10 10 OFF MERCHANDISE % 10 DAYS ONLY! ALL REGULAR-PRICED 003199105010 12-DIGIT Authorization Number Consumer: Present this certificate to the StarMart register operator for your 10% discount on eligible merchandise prior to processing your purchase. State and local taxes due on StarMart purchases may not be discounted. in-stock merchandise only.
people who pay cash 66 . 1. regular buyers at the store b. ACROSS 1 3 Q 2 P C 4 5 D 3. colorfully illustrated b. DOWN buyer seek restricted to buy S 6 L 1. 5. Clues are synonyms (words with similar meanings) of the answer words. holiday specials c. numeral WORDS IN CONTEXT 7 P Circle a letter to show the meaning of the boldface word or words. amounts 2. credit card shoppers c. in great numbers 2. What eight-letter adjective in the reading means “qualified for”? 4. Retail stores often send out mass mailings. a. 7.2. a. 6. The discount certificates are sent to preferred customers. What nine-letter plural noun in the reading means “sellers of goods in small amounts to customers who will use them”? _________________________ r e 3. What six-letter noun in the reading means “part of a printed ad that gives the holder certain rights”? SYNONYMS _________________________ _________________________ c Complete the crossword puzzle with words from the reading. previous 4.
legal c. a. campaign c. 67 . 1. You can get your picture taken at the _______________________ _________________________. The register operator will ring up your purchase. business 4. operations manager 6. bedding items such as sheets Complete the chart. An item put on layaway is not eligible for the 10 percent discount. authorization b. The discount coupon is valid only until February 10. a. Write either the noun form or the verb form of the boldface words. charged on a debit card c. purchasable b. On this certificate. a. This sales promotion does not provide a discount on tobacco products. a. the word delicatessen has been shortened to _________________________. repair person b. VERB FORM NOUN FORM _________________________ solicit _________________________ _________________________ authorization _________________________ distributors promotion UNDERSTANDING THE READING Use information from the reading to help you complete the sentences. to be paid in full at a later date WORD FORMS b. in effect 5.3. sales clerk c. 2.
recycle. Each gallon of gas your car burns creates 20 pounds of a gas called carbon dioxide— which contributes to global warming. Walk. don’t leave the light on. What nine-letter compound word in the reading means “to make a piece of ground more attractive by adding trees. • Set your thermostat at 68 ° maximum. Protect and save water. 1. • Use energy-efficient light bulbs and appliances. Producing one pound of beef consumes up to 30 times more energy than producing one pound of vegetables.500 gallons of water to produce one pound of meat.”? _______________________ l 68 . • Insulate doors and windows. Buy only what you need. Don’t dump waste into storm drains. • Light only the room you are using at the moment. 3. so does the need for conservation—the wise use of Earth’s resources.) If you’re watching TV. or use public transit instead. Trees do more than provide oxygen. 2. Plant more trees. and purchase used goods when you can. Be “energy smart” at home. Drive less. Here are some simple steps you can take to create a sustainable future. 5. 4. carpool. They also cool buildings naturally—saving the energy required for air conditioning.UNIT 3 Lesson 5 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS Practicing Conservation As the world’s population grows. Use non-toxic cleaning and garden products. Eat more vegetables. Eat fewer meat and dairy products. • Turn down your refrigerator and hot water heater settings to the lowest recommended temperature. etc. shrubs. Look for recyclable and minimal packaging. 6. Compost organic waste. WORD SEARCH 1. use drought-resistant plants. bike. reuse. It takes 16 pounds of grain and 2. Reduce. When you landscape. (A dim light in the living room will keep you from running into things. Buy in bulk. Sleep with socks on.
artificially 4. sand. more 1. What six-letter noun in the reading names a clear gas that has no odor and is a chemical element? ANTONYMS ________________________ r ________________________ p o ________________________ Complete the crossword puzzle with words from the reading. b. comfortably warm weather conditions 2.? 4. highest 5 4 L G 6 L WORDS IN CONTEXT Circle a letter to show the meaning of the boldface word or words. leftover rocks. ACROSS DOWN 1 3 D 2 N M 3. What eight-letter adjective in the reading describes something that has been reprocessed to be used again? 3.2. local 6. dirt. What nine-letter noun names a category that includes things like cardboard boxes. Decayed organic waste can be used to improve the soil in your garden. production of energy c. worldwide increase in temperatures b. a. Excessive carbon dioxide contributes to the greenhouse effect and global warming. bright 2. cellophane wrapping. a. etc. etc. unwanted plant and animal matter c. maximal 5. byproducts of synthetic chemicals 69 . Clue words are antonyms (words that mean the opposite) of the answer words. 1.
a _____fatal heart attack 2. your ear will tell you. ECRUDE _____________________________ 6. suggested 70 . an _____confirmed appointment 6. a _____resident Unscramble the words from the reading. check a dictionary. _____cooked foods 3. you reduce waste and save money. cereal b.AND un- b.3. multiple small packages The prefixes non. slumber c. TORPTEC ____________________________ 5.) If you’re still not sure after saying the words aloud. feeling _____welcome SYNONYMS 4. For example. MODERNMEDEC ____________________ a. PEELS _______________________________ 3. a. replace wood with steel b.” How do you know which one to use? Often. When you buy in bulk. a _____fiction book 5. a. very bulky items THE PREFIXES non. carefully clean and paint c. large amounts of something c. lessen f. which word sounds right—unviolent or nonviolent? (Nonviolent is the correct word.and un. INRAG _______________________________ 4.both mean “not. 1. 1. hosiery e. safeguard d. Your house will be more energy-efficient if you insulate your doors and windows. seal cracks to prevent drafts 4. SCOSK _______________________________ 2. Then draw a line to match each word with its synonym (word with similar meaning).
Remove these stains with turpentine. • Wash the car in a shady area rather than in direct sunlight. WORD SEARCH 1. Be sure to use a quality liquid or paste wax. tree sap. etc. and rinse off immediately. and follow the directions on the container. • Use only solvents and cleaners recommended in your car’s Owner’s Manual. • Check the car for road tar. What seven-letter noun in the reading names a piece of soft leather used as a polishing cloth? ________________________ 71 c . using this solution and a soft-bristle brush. it’s time to wax the car—including the metal trim. If the car has been parked in the sun. metal. use cool water to rinse the car thoroughly (from the top down) to remove loose dirt. dry the car with a chamois or soft towel.) • If water doesn’t form into beads or droplets on the car’s surface. sponge. air pollution. remember to rewax these areas. or soft cloth. protecting it from damage by exposure to sunlight. (Letting it air-dry will cause dulling and water spots. working from the top down. Rinse frequently. • After rinsing the whole exterior.UNIT 3 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS Lesson 6 Washing Your Car Cleaning your car frequently helps preserve its beauty and protect your investment. • Fill a bucket with cool water and add a mild detergent (such as dishwashing liquid). Even if the rest of the car does not need waxing. Here are some helpful dos and don’ts about the proper way to wash and wax your car. move it into the shade so it can cool down before you start. and plastic on your car. • First. and so on. A wax coats the finish. Wash the car. Some strong cleaners and chemical solvents can damage the paint.
package 4. but ______________________ is made from chemicals. pail 5. but ______________________ wax comes in a can. use context clues (hints given by the other words in the sentence). Soap is made from fats and lye. droplet 3. Liquid wax usually comes in a bottle. 3. What ten-letter noun in the reading names a colorless oil made from tree sap that’s used as a paint remover? 3. 2. permitting WORDS IN CONTEXT I 6 S Complete the sentences with words from the reading. The ______________________ on a brush may come from animals or be artificially made. promptly 6. 1. For help. Clues are synonyms (words with similar meanings) of the answer words. certain DOWN 5 1. 72 . What eight-letter plural noun in the reading means “substances that can be used to dissolve another substance”? SYNONYMS ________________________ t ________________________ s Complete the crossword puzzle with words from the reading.2. ACROSS 4 1 F 2 B 3 C L 2. often 2.
finish (to complete) _____________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ 4. Write an original sentence for each definition given. GLUDNIL 2. solution (liquid combination of substances) _______________________ _________________________________________________________________ 3. EVMORE ________________________ MULTIPLE-MEANING WORDS Some words have entirely different meanings when they’re used in different contexts. sunny d. apply b. You protect your ______________________ in your car when you maintain its appearance. Daily ______________________ to blazing sunshine can fade your car’s paint.4. brightening ____________________________ 3. solution (answer to a problem) __________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ 2. Tree sap and road tar can put ______________________ on your car’s finish. Then draw a line to match each unscrambled word with its antonym (word that means the opposite). DAYSH ________________________ a. interior c. 1. 1. OTERIXER ________________________ 4. 5. 6. finish (a type of surface) _________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ 73 . ANTONYMS First unscramble the words from the reading.
his confident appearance was only a ( façade / enigma ). Then circle the word that correctly completes each sentence. WORD: _______________________ SENTENCE: ______________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 74 . WORD: _______________________ SENTENCE: ______________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 4. The mountain climber had a ( heinous / precarious ) foothold on the steep slope. LOOK IT UP! Read the dictionary definitions of the ten boldface words. 5. WORD: _______________________ SENTENCE: ______________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 2. 1. Now write sentences of your own. use context clues. 2. Hint: For additional help. 1. Samantha tried to ( cajole / inundate ) her brother into doing some of her chores. Making the All-Star team was the ( gamut / acme ) of Katy’s softball career. 3. WORD: _______________________ SENTENCE: ______________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 3. To win the debate. Ricky was frightened. 4. using the boldface word choices you did not use to complete the sentences above.UNIT 3 Lesson 7 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS VOCABULARY STRETCH Get out your dictionary and thesaurus! The challenging words in this lesson were especially chosen to stretch the limits of your vocabulary. Carl had to successfully ( exhort / refute ) his opponent’s argument.
3. That actor can portray the TAGUM ______________________ of emotions.5. wicked overwhelm peak unsecure 1. 3.) 1. urge 5. flatter 7 P WORDS IN CONTEXT Unscramble the boldface words to correctly complete the sentences. from joy to grief. 4. The location of the stolen painting is still an NIMAGE ______________________. WORD: _______________________ SENTENCE: ______________________________ ________________________________________________________________ SYNONYMS 1 2 R Complete the crossword puzzle with some of the words you studied on the previous page. The Holocaust is a NUOSHIE ______________________ chapter in human history. 5. 75 . ACROSS DOWN H 3 5 6 I 4 E C A 2. Clues are synonyms (words with similar meanings) of the answer words. We hope the teacher doesn’t NUTNADIE ______________________ us with homework this weekend. 7. (Answers are words you studied on the previous page. 2. disprove 4. The coach will THROXE ______________________ the players to try harder in the second half. 6.
When we eat at an expensive restaurant. acme 4. my friends and I always go Dutch. berate c. firm d. _____ to gild the lily 4. in a good c. take turns c. 1. English has many thousands of idiomatic expressions. use our b. proceed very cautiously d. poultry was were ruined enhanced roasted 3. heinous 2. future was c. Tricia isn’t happy unless she’s in the limelight. prospects b. _____ to wear more than one hat IDIOMS IN CONTEXT a. Hint: Use context clues for help. Bob’s goose was cooked the day he insulted the boss.ANTONYMS Draw a line to match each boldface word with its antonym (word that means the opposite). or idioms. ask the wrong person. a. cajole 3. a. precarious EVERYDAY IDIOMS a. with close of attention mood friends 76 . 1. nadir b. holy All languages have certain expressions. the center b. _____ to bark up the wrong tree 2. have many responsibilities c. that cannot be understood literally. Write a letter to match each idiom on the left with its meaning on the right. _____ to walk a tightrope 3. split the charge cards paying check equally 2. That’s why understanding common idioms is an important part of vocabulary development. a. make the wrong choice Circle a letter to show the meaning of each boldface idiom. improve what doesn’t need improvement b. 1. check a dictionary. If you need help.
EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS
Here’s your chance to show what you’ve learned in this unit!
WORDS IN CONTEXT
Complete the sentences with words you studied in Unit 3. Use context clues for help.
1. A ______________________ is a group of letters added at the end of a word to change its meaning. 2. Life insurance rates are higher for people who use ______________________ than for people who don’t. 3. Massive doses of vitamins are called ______________________. 4. If you have a ______________________ that entitles you to a store discount, you will save money. 5. As the world’s population grows, so does the need for ______________________ of Earth’s resources. 6. To keep drafts out and heat in, you should ______________________ your doors and windows. 7. It takes 16 pounds of ______________________ to produce one pound of beef. 8. Car wax comes in two forms—______________________ and ______________________.
SYNONYMS AND ANTONYMS
Unscramble the words to correctly complete each sentence.
1. An antonym of acquire is SNOITTEJ _________________________. 2. A synonym of precaution is ARNWING _________________________. 77
3. An antonym of enter is TIXE _________________________. 4. An antonym of interior is REXRIOTE _________________________. 5. A synonym of pail is TECKUB _________________________.
Analogies are statements of relationship. Find the relationship between the first two words. Then complete the analogy with a word from the unit that shows the same relationship.
1. More is to less as gross is to _______________________. 2. Child is to children as bigot is to _______________________.
HIDDEN WORDS PUZZLE
3. Premium is to benefit as life is to _______________________. 4. “Again” is to reas “not” is to _______________________.
Find and circle the words in the puzzle. Words may go up, down, across, backward, or diagonally. Check off each word as you find it.
___ NONTOXIC ___ ENERGY ___ APPLICANT ___ THERAPY ___ ELIGIBLE ___ BULK ___ INSURANCE ___ EXPOSURE ___ REFUTE ___ FAÇADE ___ WAX ___ CONSUMER
A N O N T O X I C E R X
Y P A R E H T C X U T I
G B P C M A P P A P N B
R F G L Y J O B W S O C
E E Z V I S K M U A P O
N D W B U C L R E S E N
E A R R O K A D R D T S
O C E A L N L N Y F U U
L A J S C B O U T E F M
I F H E L I G I B L E E
F M X R P V C E P U R R
Now use each puzzle word in a sentence of your own. Be sure that your sentence makes the word’s meaning clear.
1. nontoxic _______________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________
2. consumer ______________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 3. bulk ___________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 4. insurance ______________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 5. eligible ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 6. wax ____________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 7. exposure _______________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 8. energy _________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 9. applicant ______________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 10. refute __________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 11. façade _________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 12. therapy ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________
4. ANSWERS: TRUE OR FALSE: 1. Write T or F to show whether each statement is true or false. _____ The words indispensable and essential are synonyms. prevalent 4. WORDS IN CONTEXT Complete each sentence with a word from the box. T 6. F 8. redundant 80 . and skills you will study in this unit. 3. 8. _____ Cheese and lettuce are two popular condiments used in sandwiches. T WORDS IN CONTEXT: 1. Repair projects usually require ____________________ measurements. T 5. 2. 2. Speeding is a ____________________ factor in auto accidents. 1. _____ Two multiple-meaning words are saw and coat. 6. F 3. F 4. F 7. T 2. tenacious prevalent lucrative inclement negligible precise redundant multitudinous 1.UNIT 4 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS PREVIEW Here’s an introduction to the vocabulary terms. _____ Every language has exactly the same idioms. 7. precise 2. 3. _____ The abbreviation mg stands for milligram. Her ____________________ recording contract made her wealthy. I crossed out the ____________________ words in my paragraph. lucrative 3. Answers are upside down on the bottom of the page. Use context clues to help you select the right word. 5. _____ The words vandal and tagger are antonyms. _____ Most traffic fatalities occur on Friday and Saturday nights. concepts. _____ You will need a drill to repair a leaky faucet. 4.
____________________ weather could spoil their plans for an outdoor wedding. very harmful or poisonous waive to give up a right. gratuity a tip. claim. care in what one says or does divulge to reveal or make known efficiency the quality or fact of accomplishing a task with the least waste of time. The president’s ____________________ kept that bill from becoming law. etc.UNIT 4 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS Lesson 1 GLOSSARY A glossary is an alphabetical index of useful terms. glossary entries are drawn from the various activities of everyday life. solid. 1. money given in return for some service inclement rough or stormy liability the condition of being obliged by law to pay physique the form or shape of a person’s body recipient a person or thing that receives something redundant unnecessary. corroborate to confirm or add proof to a supposed fact discretion prudence. In this book. or privilege of some kind WORDS IN CONTEXT Use words from the glossary to correctly complete the sentences. more than enough status rank or standing. 81 . able to be touched or felt transaction task or piece of business carried out or completed veteran someone who has served in the armed forces veto to prevent or forbid something to be done virulent deadly. state or condition tangible real. effort. 2.
9. Melissa wouldn’t ____________________ her secret. 82 . Every debt must be considered a ____________________. 16. 4. 11. that scientist soon became a celebrity. 13. Will you track the ____________________ of my rush order? 6. 12. Currier leaves a generous ____________________ when she gets especially good service. Joe appreciated everyone’s thanks. It’s wise to use ____________________ when dealing with strangers. 15. Jonathan’s dad is a ____________________ of the Vietnam War.3. AIDS is a ____________________ disease on the African continent. Will the suspect ____________________ his right to call a lawyer? 8. Can anyone ____________________ your whereabouts on June 10? 5. If you’re wearing suspenders. No matter how much we begged her. but he had hoped for a ____________________ reward. The ____________________ was finalized when all parties signed the contract. Mrs. 17. Charlene never wastes materials. her boss is impressed with her ____________________. 7. Barry’s ____________________ was greatly improved by long hours of exercise and lifting weights. 10. 14. a belt is ____________________. As the ____________________ of a Nobel prize.
What four verbs are used as answers in the crossword puzzle? ______________________________ ______________________________ ______________________________ ______________________________ 2. What are the two silent letters in the word waive? __________________ 3. withhold 7. claim 8. necessary 4. use a dictionary to find the information you need to answer the questions.ANTONYMS 1 V Complete the puzzle with words from the glossary. ACROSS 2 C 3 R 4 I 5 2. donor DOWN D 6 7 V W 1. fine 6. 1. the accent is placed on which syllable? 5. How many syllables are in the word recipient? _____________________ When recipient is pronounced. What is the noun form of the adjective virulent? ____________________ 4. What crossword puzzle answer can be used as either a verb or a noun? _____________________ _____________________ 83 . approve LOOK IT UP! R If you need help. wholesome 8 3. Clue words are antonyms (words with opposite meanings) of the answer words. disprove 5.
DO NOT FREEZE. ketchup.000 calorie diet. (946 ml) REFRIGERATE AFTER OPENING. and other sauces. 84 .UNIT 4 Lesson 2 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS Reading Food Labels Most of us use condiments every day. Size 1 Tsp (5g) Servings About 113 Amount Per Serving *Percent Daily Values (DV) are based on a 2. KETCHUP Nutrition Facts Serv. or relishes we use to make foods taste better. Study the product labels below to learn more about the ingredients and nutritional value of three condiments. (566g) SATISFACTION 100% GUARANTEED 1 qt. Calories 100 Calories from Fat 100 % Daily Values* INGREDIENTS: soybean oil. Size 1 Tbsp (14g) Servings Per Container 64 Amount Per Serving MUSTARD Nutrition Facts Serv. Fat 0g Cholest. NATURAL FLAVORING 40 oz. CORN SYRUP. NO. ONION POWDER. Total Fat 0g Sodium 65mg Total Carb. 1 GRADE MUSTARD SEED. TURMERIC. egg yolks.13kg) MAYONNAISE Nutrition Facts Serv. INGREDIENTS: DISTILLED VINEGAR AND WATER. 0mg 0% 0% 0% Total Carb. sugar. salt. HIGH FRUCTOSE CORN SYRUP. 4g Fiber 0g Sugars 4g Protein 0g 1% 0% Sodium 190mg 8% Vitamin A 6% • Vitamin C 0% • Calcium 0% • Iron 0% INGREDIENTS: TOMATO CONCENTRATE MADE FROM RED RIPE TOMATOES. spices. These are the seasonings. Some familiar condiments are pepper. 0 *Percent Daily Values (DV) are based on a 2. distilled vinegar. lemon juice. Size 1 Tbsp (17g) Servings about 66 Calories 15 Fat Cal. (1.000 calorie diet. 0g Protein 0g 0% 3% 0% 20 oz. and calcium disodium EDTA added to protect flavor QUALITY COMMITMENT If not 100% satisfied. dressings. SPICE. PAPRIKA. SALT. Amount/serving %DV* Amount/serving %DV* Total Fat 0g Sat. SALT. mayonnaise. Calories 0 % Daily Values* Total Fat 11g 17% Saturated Fat 1. water. mustard. return unused product to your store for a prompt and cheerful refund.000 calorie diet. DISTILLED VINEGAR.5g 8% Cholesterol 10mg 3% Sodium 85mg 4% Total Carbohydrate 0g 0% Protein 0g *Percent Daily Values (DV) are based on a 2. whole eggs.
with a product can return it for a refund. Notice that the italicized word in each sentence is a synonym (word with similar meaning) of the scrambled word. 5. 8. Bran muffins contain the BRIFE ____________________. What five-letter noun in the reading means “coarse foods. your body needs to stay healthy. 6. 85 . What five-letter verb in the reading means “to examine for the purpose of learning”? 2. ACROSS 3 1 P 2 R W 4 5 N A 6 1. DOWN delayed subtracted boil strange 8 C 7 D R 2. 1. 2. 3. 7. green partial artificial irritable nightly 9 F SYNONYMS Unscramble the words from the reading to complete the sentences. 9. What seven-letter noun in the reading names a sour. that help move waste products through the intestines”? ______________________ f ANTONYMS Complete the crossword puzzle with words from the reading. fermented liquid used to flavor or pickle foods? ______________________ s ______________________ v 3. or content. such as cereals. 4. or roughage. Customers who are not SIDEFASTI ____________________.WORD SEARCH 1. Clues are antonyms (words that mean the opposite) of the answer words.
3. Why is a form of calcium added to mayonnaise? ____________________ SPELLING 1. mg _________________________ 4. or spices. __________________________ 7. kg __________________________ 3. milligram kilogram gram quart megaliter milliliter ounce teaspoon quantity tablespoon grain ozone 1. ABBREVIATIONS Choose the word from the box that matches each abbreviation. Which of the three condiments has a small vitamin content? ____________________ ____________________ ____________________ 3. 1. Which condiment has the highest number of calories per serving? Which has the lowest? 2. Hint: You will not use all the words in the box. How is the plural form of tomato spelled? 86 ____________________ . tsp _________________________ Use information from the labels on page 84 to answer the questions. ml _________________________ 2. What is another acceptable spelling of ketchup? ____________________ 2. oz. Packaged food labels provide INRUINTOT ____________________ facts about your body’s daily requirements for nourishment. tbsp ________________________ 8. 4. to make their foods tastier. _________________________ 6. qt. People use GINSASENOS ____________________. g __________________________ COMPARING LABELS 5.
from fixing leaks to adjusting a toilet seat. But independent living carries new responsibilities as well as new freedoms. You’re going to require some basic tools for routine repairs (leaky faucets. When you need more power. bolt. loose doorknobs) as well as for everyday projects (hanging a picture. because it works for any size nut. Adjustable wrench This basic tool is indispensable for many projects. or piece of pipe or wood. What sixteen-letter noun in the reading means “obligations or duties”? __________________________ r 87 . Drill A handheld drill is perfect for drilling holes in wood or metal. A 10-foot tape measure is fine for most basic projects.UNIT 4 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS Lesson 3 Tools and Tasks Most young people look forward to moving out on their own. You’ll need more than a bed and a few groceries to be self-sufficient. Pliers Reach for the pliers to get a firm grasp on a nut. WORD SEARCH 1. Most drills come with screwdriver bits. Who will do simple building projects and fix things that break? Every young adult—male and female alike—should be prepared to deal with simple household tasks. Following is a list of essential tools that everyone should own and learn how to use: Hammer A basic claw hammer is a necessity for most projects from hanging pictures to tacking down loose carpet. Saws An old-fashioned hacksaw is great for cutting through pipe and plastic. a circular saw is your best option. putting up shelves). Needle-nose pliers are best for gripping small items or fitting in tight spots. Tape measure Few projects can be accomplished without precise measurement. Screwdrivers Both a standard and a Phillips-head screwdriver are necessary for most assembly work as well as for tightening loose screws.
more / ______________________ MULTIPLE-MEANING WORDS 3. or undertakings”? ANTONYMS ___________________________ Write an antonym (word that means the opposite) of each boldface word from the reading. Then circle the compound words. and underline the words that have a silent letter. best / _______________________ Many words have entirely different meanings when they’re used in different contexts. household screwdriver people everyday simple wrench independent doorknob 88 . Hint: You will make both marks on two words.2. Make sure the word’s meaning is entirely different in each sentence. tasks. What eight-letter plural noun in the reading means “organized activities. male /_______________________ 4. Write two sentences for each boldface word from the reading. new / _______________________ 2. threaded pin used with a nut to hold parts together? ___________________________ b p 3. 1. nut nut ______________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________ bits ______________________________________________________________ bits ______________________________________________________________ ANALYZING WORDS Study the words in the box. What four-letter noun in the reading names a heavy metal.
7. 6. ACROSS E 3 T 4. Clues are synonyms (words with similar meanings) of the answer words. 89 . choice 6. 2. The solid metal head on a REMAHM ____________________ can be used to shape metal.SYNONYMS 1 G 2 Complete the crossword puzzle with words from the reading. If you’re trying to put together the parts of something. 4. A WAKCASH ____________________ has a narrow blade and fine teeth. uncomplicated DOWN 5 4 P 1. you are doing SALYMEBS ____________________ work. grip 2. a tool like small pincers. exact 5. to bend wire. 1. indispensable 3. To tighten a loose doorknob. jobs WORDS IN CONTEXT 6 O S Unscramble the words from the reading to correctly complete the sentences. 3. 5. You can use RESLIP ____________________. you will need to use a REDWERCVIRS ____________________. you will have to use a PEAT RUESAME ___________ ___________________. To find out exactly how big a room is. A plumber usually uses a CHEWRN ____________________ to hold and turn a pipe.
Enforcement teams are now being made up of police officers and community volunteers. You Lose. Many communities are demanding harsher penalties for those who commit graffiti vandalism. Graffiti vandals can lose their driver’s licenses for one year. 4. Juvenile offenders are now required to complete more community service hours than ever. These “graffiti artists” usually work together as a “tagging crew. A second offense will impose 132 hours of graffiti cleanup. and fences. taggers will be held responsible for restitution to property owners. First time offenders—and their parents—are required to attend a class taught by a police officer. One large city in California has come up with a program called Tag. and apprehension. Enforcement team members are hopeful that the tougher penalties will deter taggers from taking the risk. If they don’t yet have a license. What nine-letter noun in the reading means “the deliberate destruction of property”? 2. 3. A minimum of 66 weekend hours removing graffiti.UNIT 4 Lesson 4 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS Communities Against Graffiti Some young people make a sport of defacing structures like buildings. 2. investigation. This program mandates the following new penalties for taggers who have been caught in the act: 1. They are multiplying their efforts at surveillance. WORD SEARCH 1. What seven-letter noun in the reading means “the smallest amount possible or allowed”? 90 ____________________ ____________________ m v . their eligibility to get one will be delayed for one year. street signs. walls. Like all vandals.” They go on “bombing runs” with the express purpose of putting their tag names on both public and private property.
u) to write a word from the reading next to its antonym listed below. 1. o. advanced / _____________________ • Now add vowels (a. What eleven-letter noun in the reading means “the act of paying back for what has been lost or damaged”? ANTONYMS ____________________ e ____________________ r • First. e. EVILJUNE _____________________ EDGAFNIC _______________________ EYELADD ______________________ TRAPVIE _________________________ 1. i. enhancing / ____________________ 4. win / L ___ S ___ LOOK IT UP! Look up graffiti in the dictionary.3. Use information from the entry to answer the questions. What eleven-letter noun in the reading means “the condition of being qualified for something”? 4. 5. public / ___________________ 2. What is the singular form of the word? ____________________ ____________________ 91 . rarely / ___ S ___ ___ L L Y 8. adult / ____________________ 3. apart / T ___ G ___ T H ___ R 6. From what foreign language have English speakers borrowed the word graffiti? 2. Then write each unscrambled word next to its antonym (word with the opposite meaning). unscramble the words from the reading. less / M ___ R ___ 7.
watched over closely c. The police kept the suspect under surveillance for several nights. discourage b. determine c. fully informed of his rights 2.SYNONYMS Complete the crossword puzzle with words from the reading. increasing 4. Clues are synonyms (words with similar meanings) of the answer words. ACROSS 1 S 2 T 3 M 4 5 H A 1. being repeatedly questioned b. arrest 6. 1. lay on as a burden 92 . a. more punitive P WORDS IN CONTEXT Circle a letter to show the meaning of the boldface word or words. a. suggest to a jury c. terrify 3. a. punishments DOWN 6 2. take into consideration b. Fear of being caught will deter some vandals from striking. graffiti artists 3. A judge could impose a high fine on taggers. game 5.
Then roll across the V to fill in the section. Use a nylon scrub brush to remove paint from brush bristles. Roll from dry areas into wet. Use a scrub sponge to thoroughly clean paint trays and brush handles. Allow the paint to dry four hours between coats. If necessary. Fill cracks and holes with spackling paste to smooth uneven areas. 3.UNIT 4 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS Lesson 5 How to Paint a Room The following instructions appear on a one-gallon can of paint. Go on to the other walls. 7. What six-letter noun in the reading is a unit of measurement meaning “four quarts”? ______________________ g 93 . When dry. Use the V technique to finish painting the ceiling. Paint trim and woodwork last. square section. Then fill a lint-free roller with paint. Wash your hands and tools with warm. Do not place objects on windowsills or shelves for 30 days (until paint is cured). but do not thin. 8. bottom. Prepare the surface. Use a 2-inch brush. Paint the walls. apply a second coat. sand and cover repairs with a primer. 4. Clean to remove dirt and dust. by 2-ft. 5. 6. A full roller should cover a 2-ft. Sand lightly to brush off loose paint and dull any shine on the surface. 2. soapy water. Wait to decorate. 1. It is important to follow the directions in order. area in one coat. Mix paint thoroughly. Roll a V over a 2-ft. Paint the ceiling first. Clean up. WORD SEARCH 1. Begin by brushing a 3-inch border around the edges. Then use your roller and the V technique to finish the job. and sides of one wall. Stir. Brush a 3-inch border around the top.
first quality wall paint Unscramble the words from the reading. a. special lubricating compound c. special paint used for a first coat c. etc. wooden workbench c. patching substance made of powder and water 4. PYPAL ________________________ OTHMOS ______________________ SHIFIN ___________________________ RAWM ___________________________ 1. chronologically 2. sand and cover the area with a primer. What seven-letter noun in the reading means “the top part of a room opposite the floor”? ______________________ c WORDS IN CONTEXT Circle a letter to show the meaning of each boldface word or phrase. doors.2. flour-based paste that sparkles b. remove / _____________________ . 1. What nine-letter noun in the reading means “a method or procedure for rendering art or carrying out an operation”? ______________________ t 3. begin /_______________________ 4. things like picture frames 3. alphabetically c. liquid glue or adhesive ANTONYMS b. a. b. one at a time b. After painting the walls. Use spackling paste to fill cracks and holes. uneven /_____________________ 94 3. After spackling. Follow the directions in order. a. paint the woodwork. cool /________________________ 2. a. window moldings. Then write each unscrambled word next to its antonym (word with the opposite meaning).
Placement is to place as removal is to _________________________. Prepare is to verb as shelf is to _________________________. 1. ACROSS 1 2 1. required 3.SYNONYMS Complete the crossword puzzle with words from the reading. c 4. 6. 3. r h 95 . Baker is to bake as painter is to _________________________. Outside is to roof as inside is to _________________________. to dilute 5. eradicate 6. n h 2. Clue words are synonyms (words with similar meanings) of the answer words. to complete 7. directions 8. implements ANALOGIES H Analogies are statements of relationship. cavities DOWN 6 4 3 5 T N C R F I 7 T 2. crevices 8 4. First figure out the relationship between the first two words. Then show the same relationship by completing the analogy with a word from the reading. p 5. Inches are to feet as minutes are to _________________________. Foot is to pedal as hand is to _________________________.
Most serious accidents occur during two blocks of time: between 8 P. and driver exhaustion. and between midnight and 4 A. Q If the light changes while you’re in a crosswalk. what should you do? A If you can’t avoid getting caught in a crosswalk. 96 . If you back the car up. Speeding was the second most prevalent factor. unexpected road conditions. you might hit a pedestrian crossing behind you. on Saturdays. stay put. and midnight on Fridays. Q What’s the most dangerous time of the week to drive? A Saturdays. Don’t allow a driving trip to become a mad rush. alcohol contributed to 38. Q Which contributes more to accidents—alcohol or speeding? A In a recent review of traffic fatalities.6% of all accidents. Your courtesy and caution may prevent a collision. it’s best to be prepared to yield—regardless of your position. but the law doesn’t give the right-of-way to anyone.M. how many miles should you plan to drive in a single day? A Under optimum driving conditions. the driver on the left should yield. plan to drive about 350 miles. When you reach an intersection.M. If you must drive late at night.UNIT 4 Lesson 6 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS Safe Driving Quiz Here’a a quick quiz to test your “safe driving” knowledge. If you go forward. The following factors must always be taken into account: bad weather. More than 18% of all fatal accidents occur on this first day of the weekend. About three in every ten Americans will be involved in an alcohol-related crash at some time in their lives. you may obstruct traffic and cause an accident. Q Who has the right-of-way when two cars approach an intersection at the same time? A No one has the right-of-way! According to the law. be sure to wear your seat belt and stay alert! Q When you’re taking a trip.
What ten-letter noun in the reading names a person who is traveling around town on foot? 2. An (inattentive) ____________________ person rarely misses out on a good opportunity. What ten-letter plural noun in the reading means “deaths”? _________________________ p c f _________________________ _________________________ ANTONYMS First unscramble the words from the reading. NECTER _______________________ DIOVA ________________________ LATER ____________________________ FELT _____________________________ 1. Hanson tried to (pursue) ____________________ a conversation with her nosy neighbor. 2. Mrs. Then complete each sentence by writing an unscrambled word next to its boldface antonym (word that means the opposite). 3. west is on the (right) ____________________ side. 97 . 4. What nine-letter compound word in the reading means “a lane marked off for people to use while crossing a street”? 3. An (ancient) ____________________ weather report predicted fair weather for this coming weekend.WORD SEARCH 1. When you’re looking at a map.
a. in regard to 2. examination 3. fatigue 3. weighed and considered b. 1. common 2. ACROSS 1 3 2 P E O 3. ideal WORDS IN CONTEXT 5 F Circle a letter to show the meaning of each boldface word or phrase. deadly DOWN 4 D 1. Clues are synonyms (words with similar meanings) of the answer words.SYNONYMS Complete the crossword puzzle with words from the reading. without sending regards b. Regardless of your position. be prepared to yield the right-of-way. commentary c. Alcohol contributed to almost 39 percent of all car accidents. in spite of c. A recent review of fatalities listed the main causes of deadly traffic accidents. tallied. a. perilous 5. a. written in a ledger 4. criticism b. a. managed to avoid c. added up c. Several factors must be taken into account before you decide to keep driving. impede 4. played a part in 98 . gave money to b.
rambling story was not very ( sporadic / coherent ). WORD: _______________________ SENTENCE: ______________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 4. WORD: _______________________ SENTENCE: ______________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 3. Hint: For additional help. Think about the definitions.UNIT 4 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS Lesson 7 VOCABULARY STRETCH Get out your dictionary and thesaurus! The challenging words in this lesson were especially chosen to stretch the limits of your vocabulary. WORD: _______________________ SENTENCE: ______________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 99 . 3. 4. LOOK IT UP! First. Now write sentences of your own. That ( impetuous / lucrative ) boy often takes dangerous risks. use context clues. Hector’s long. 5. His ( tenacious / furtive ) behavior should have aroused our suspicions. WORD: _______________________ SENTENCE: ______________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 5. using the boldface word choices you did not use to complete the sentences above. Then circle the word that correctly completes each sentence. 1. 2. 1. WORD: _______________________ SENTENCE: ______________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 2. The big crowd at the championship game was unusually ( raucous / emaciated ). look up the ten boldface words in your dictionary. Brittany’s explanation of the problem was quite clear and ( voracious / succinct ).
constant. The ____________________ teenagers asked for more pizza. Use context clues for help. sporadic 100 a. emaciated 2. hasty 6. plump. Clue words are synonyms (words with similar meanings) of the answer words. wordy . robust c. ACROSS DOWN S 4 F 5 1. Kelly’s business has grown and become ____________________. rash. 1. noisy 3. sly. ongoing b. 4. ANTONYMS Draw a line to match each boldface word with its antonyms (words with the opposite meaning). clear. 3. brief. determined 2. sensible 5. persistent. concise 4. 5. rowdy. bewildering. ____________________ bursts of laughter could be heard from the playground. sneaky I 6 T WORDS IN CONTEXT Complete the sentences with some of the words you studied on the previous page. The faces of the starving people were pitifully ____________________. Over the years. coherent 3. The frightened child had a ____________________ grip on his mother’s hand.SYNONYMS 1 2 C 3 R Complete the crossword puzzle with words you studied on the previous page. 1. 2.
smooth surface 3. _____ to let your hair down 4. we could see the writing on the wall. knew what was coming b. English has many thousands of idiomatic expressions. a. doesn’t stop. Sandy never lets any grass grow under her feet. Hint: Use context clues for help. a. wanted you to follow him c. _____ to blow the whistle on 3. _____ to climb on the bandwagon IDIOMS IN CONTEXT a. speak frankly and intimately d. your little sister said b. giving you a secret signal b. A little bird told me that I could find you here. or idioms. 1. learned from a secret source c. report someone’s wrongdoing Circle a letter to show the meaning of each boldface idiom. read about it in the paper c.EVERYDAY IDIOMS All languages have certain expressions. a. that cannot be understood literally. teasing 101 . fooling around. join others in supporting someone or something b. keeps her yard well-mowed b. a. 1. keeps moving c. That’s why understanding common idioms is an important part of vocabulary development. watch someone closely c. Even before the lay-offs. a prophet predicted 2. Bob was pulling your leg when he told you that wild story. prefers a flat. not believe what we heard 4. _____ to breathe down someone’s neck 2. Write a letter to match each idiom on the left with its meaning on the right.
WORD FORMS s n p v c a c t Complete the sentences with different forms of the boldface words. 2. must make restitution for the damage they’ve done. Nearly one-third of all Americans will one day be involved in an ____________________-related car accident. 4.UNIT 4 EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS REVIEW Here’s your chance to show what you’ve learned in this unit! WORDS IN CONTEXT Use words you studied in Unit 4 to complete the sentences. If you need help. 3. 102 . Art’s ____________________ explanation of the water cycle earned him an A in science. 1. You can grip a very tiny item with needle-nosed ___________________. like all ____________________. Information about a canned food’s ____________________ value can be found on the label. Paint the ____________________ of the room before you paint the walls. 8. His fingerprints were ____________________ evidence that he had been in that room. 7. 6. 5. That patient’s ____________________ has recently been upgraded from poor to fair. check a dictionary! 1. Taggers. The adjective form of the noun necessity is ______________________.
5. 2. 4. HIDDEN WORDS PUZZLE 3. down. _____ PREVALENT _____ GRAFFITI _____ ASSEMBLY _____ PROMPT _____ TANGIBLE _____ DISCRETION _____ ELIGIBILITY _____ WAIVE _____ OBSTRUCT _____ IMPOSE _____ WRENCH _____ FIBER E L I G I B I L I T Y D S A D Y J Q S D X L I P D W C P T C U R T S B O T E Q S W U P Z C G H T A S C D O R O R A J A N N O W A S S E M B L Y E G P X A P T U N Z E D L I M R F I B E R C W S A B I B O S V Y G O H F V L X N H M J E F P S G E E C U G A P T H P D N R G R A F F I T I E F C P 103 . Then complete the analogy with a word from the reading to show the same relationship. c d d a Find and circle the words in the puzzle. Confirm is to corroborate as reveal is to _________________________. Ham is to meat as mustard is to _________________________. The noun form of the adjective tenacious is ______________________. First figure out the relationship between the first two words. The plural form of the noun fatality is ______________________. Sandpaper is to remove as roller is to _________________________. Words may go up. The adverb form of the adjective prompt is ______________________. or diagonally. 4. 3. 1. The noun form of the verb impose is ______________________. The verb form of the noun transaction is ______________________. Apprehension is to apprehend as deterrence is to _________________________.2. backward. Check off each word as you find it. ANALOGIES Analogies are statements of relationship. across. 6.
graffiti _________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 6. obstruct _______________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 104 . discretion _____________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 3. wrench ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 9. prevalent ______________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 4. To get ideas. eligibility ______________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 5. impose ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 11. assembly _______________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 12. waive __________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 7. 1. Be sure that your sentence makes the word’s meaning clear. prompt ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 10.Now use each puzzle word in a sentence of your own. tangible _______________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 8. check the dictionary definitions. fiber ___________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 2.
6. never wave your right to see an attorney. Should you paint the sealing before or after you paint the walls? _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ 105 . Hint: Check the Word List to find the homonyms. 8. Then rewrite the sentence. relevant NOUN: __________ ADJECTIVE: necessity ADJECTIVE: __________ NOUN: 5. 1. Answer words are the part of speech shown. If you’re accused of a crime. _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ 2. analyze NOUN: __________ VERB: 7.EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS END-OF-BOOK TEST WORD FORMS 1 2 Complete the crossword puzzle with a different form of each boldface word from the readings. DOWN promotion VERB: __________ NOUN: V abundance ADJECTIVE: __________ NOUN: 7 F vandalize NOUN: __________ VERB: sensitive NOUN: __________ ADJECTIVE: 8 S 2. 3. 4. ACROSS P R 3 4 A 5 N A 6 1. cross out the incorrect word in each sentence. frost ADJECTIVE: __________ NOUN: HOMONYMS First. replacing the crossed-out word with its homonym.
Hint: Answer words combine one word from Box A and one word from Box B. curicculum / curriculum 106 4. you can put that coat on ____________________. 3. If you knead more writing paper. 2. just ask for it. The brochure claims that the assembly instructions are so easy they’re ____________________. 1. Who will council me about which classes to take next year? _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ COMPOUND WORDS Write a compound word to complete each sentence. Our country’s ____________________ are endangered by chemical pollutants. you must not ____________________ the driver in front of you. To be a safe driver. utilities / utilitys . prevalent / prevelant 5. bereavement / bereavment 2. 4. Paint the trim and ____________________ after you paint the walls. strategys / strategies 3. Stop if you see a pedestrian entering the ____________________. restaraunt / restaurant 6.3. BOX A BOX B ways work gate away proof walk cross fool lay tail water wood 1. If you don’t have the whole purchase price. 5. _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ 4. SPELLING Circle the correctly spelled word in each pair. 6.
permanent / _________________ 4. Even small ( formulas / traces ) of insecticide can harm aquatic life. prevent / ____________________ 6. deflate / _____________________ 5. write each word next to its synonym or antonym. down. punctual / ___________________ WORDS IN CONTEXT 1. wither / _____________________ Circle the word that correctly completes each sentence. across. flexible / ____________________ 5. 1. Use context clues for help. 107 . or diagonally. Check off each word as you find it. backward. 2. ragged / ____________________ 2. healthful / ___________________ 6. Words may go up. When you have circled all the words. undeserving / ________________ 3. ___ TOXIC ___ TEMPORARY ___ PLIABLE ___ DETER ___ ROSTER ___ WORTHY ___ THRIVE ___ OPTIMISM ___ REFUTE ___ SCRAGGLY ___ PROMPT ___ INFLATE T H R I V E A S R G O O S P O M N C H E P B X C U T E I E T T O S I R O C V L R I E G Y C A T E B O M S D R H H G M A A I R P A H T W G I N S N A R L C R O L N M I X O O A A O P Y F Q C P N M M P W O O L O M Y D P O U M R C A E R O S T E R P S N T C L U N V B S H A E E T U F E R D O D SYNONYMS ANTONYMS 1. list / ________________________ 4. disprove / ___________________ 3. Hospice volunteers support ( terminally / habitually ) ill patients and their families. pessimism / __________________ 2.SYNONYMS AND ANTONYMS Find and circle the hidden words.
6. 5. Psychologists say that ( contentment / vandalism ) is a result rather than a cause. try to ( distract / inundate ) yourself by taking deep breaths. 4. WORD: ______________________ 1: SENTENCE __________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________ SENTENCE 2: __________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________ 2. Some telephone ( solicitors / applicants ) may be clever con artists. using each word in two different ways. When you’re angry. MULTIPLE-MEANING WORDS Find two multiple-meaning words in the box.3. WORD: ______________________ 1: SENTENCE __________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________ SENTENCE 2: __________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________ 108 . 7. Everyone should know how to use a few ( viable / essential ) tools. 8. Your car’s airbag will ( encroach / deploy ) if you have a collision. Your insurance ( gratuities / premiums ) may increase annually. Then write four original sentences. tenacious inference organic resort cajole etiquette desert precarious 1.
EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS WORD LIST Abbreviation abundance academic accessories acme acquired acute adamant adjustable adverse affects agencies agent aggressor allergy alleviate alter alternatives analyze anxiety applicant apprehension aquatic artificial assembly austere authorization avarice average awareness Ballot bandwagon behavior benefits berate bereavement bewildering bigot bilingual biscuits bolt bristle budget Caffeine cajole campaign carbohydrate ceiling certificate chamois chemical chronologically coherent collision commercially commitment community compost compression concise conclusion condiments consequence conservation consistency consortium consumer contentment corroborate counsel coupon crevice crosswalk crucial crusty cultivate curriculum cylinder Debunked deceitful decorum defacing deflated delegate deploy deter detergent detour digestive discard discipline discount 109 .
EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS WORD LIST discretion disprove divulge docents Efficiency ejection eligibility eligible eliminate emaciated embellish encroach enforce engulf enigma enrich ensnare ensure entangle enthrone entrée entrust essential estimate etiquette exhort exposure expunge exterior fatalities feasible fiber filter firm flatter foolproof forerunner formula foster fraud frequent frontal frost fructose furtive hinder hoard hospice Identify impact impeccable impetuous impose inclement independent indigent indispensable inference inflated ingredients injury innate insecticide insulate insurance intake intersection interstate inundate inventory investment irritability Gamut gesture graffiti grain grasp gratuity gross gullible gusting Habitually hacksaw hammer harbinger hardships heinous Jettison junction justification juvenile Façade factor familiar 110 .
EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS WORD LIST Ketchup knead Nadir necessity negligible net nontoxic nostalgia nursery nurture nutritional Lackluster layaway lease liability libel limitations lucrative Objective Majority malady malleable mandate manure marital mass massive maximum megadose megavitamins mental mentor merchandise moderate mollify monitor mortgage multitudinous myriad obligation obstruct occupants offense optimism optimum organic overwhelming policy precarious precautions precise premium prescribed prevalent preventive primer production profligate profusion prohibited promotion prompt property prudence psychologists punitive Paraphrase particularly passage pastry paucity pedestrian pedestrians penalty permeate pesticide physique pliable pliers Raucous realistic reasoning recall recipient recline recommend redundant refute regardless reimburse relevant repeal 111 .
EVERYDAY LIVING WORDS WORD LIST repetitive requisite responsibilities restitution restrain restriction résumé revoke right-of-way robust roster roughage routine Salvage scam schedule scraggly seasonings self-acceptance self-control self-respect self-sufficient sensitive severe shortening siege solicit solicitor solution solvents sophisticated spackling paste sporadic spurs staples status strategies stymie succinct suicide supplement support surveillance suspenders sustainable swindle symptoms syndrome turpentine tutors typical Ulcers underwriting upright utilities Vandalism vapid vehicle veteran veto viable vinegar virulent visibility volunteer voracious Tagger tailgating tangible technique temporary tenacious terminally texture therapy thrive timorous torso toxic traces trainee transaction transit trigger Waive waterways wax whereabouts woodwork worthwhile worthy wrench wrongdoing Yield 112 .
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