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# The Effect Of Heat On

Matter
~Melting and Freezing~
Member :
Farah Dinah
Hafizhah
Susan
Zee Kee
Hijan
Rahmatullah
Apr 11, 2009
Ain Hassanah
Farah Dinah
Melting...
Freezing...
Experiment...

## Apr 11, 2009 Farah Dinah

Apr 11, 2009 Farah Dinah
Melting...

## The process of changing a solid to

liquid is called melting.
The change in the state of matter
takes place at a certain
temperature.
The temperature at which a solid
changes and becomes liquid is it
melting point.
Apr 11, 2009 Farah Dinah
As an example, the melting point for
ice is 0 °C. This means that at 0 °C,
the ice melts and becomes water.
When heated, solid particles absorb
energy and vibrate faster.

## Apr 11, 2009 Farah Dinah

The particles move further apart from
each other.
The process of melting takes place,
that means solid melts to form liquids.

## Apr 11, 2009 Farah Dinah

heated or heated or

absorbtion absorbtion
of heat of heat

Particles move
heat and energy a fixed place.Solid
and vibrate melts.
faster.
Apr 11, 2009 Farah Dinah
Freezing...
The process of changing a liquid to
a solid is called freezing.
The temperature at which a liquid
changes and becomes solid is called
freezing point.
As an example, the freezing point
for water is 0 °C. This means that
at 0 °C, water freezes and
becomes ice.
Apr 11, 2009 Farah Dinah
During the cooling process,
energy is given out or released
from liquid.
The particles move very slowly
and group closer together and
the process of freezing takes
place.

## Apr 11, 2009 Farah Dinah

cooling
or

release
heat

Particles move
Energy is slowly and become
released from closer to each
the particles. other. Liquid
freezes.

## Apr 11, 2009 Farah Dinah

Apr 11, 2009 Farah Dinah
Experiment...
Aim...
To study the process of melting and freezing...
Statement of problem...
How does the change of states of matter take place in the
Process of meling and freezing?
Hypothesis...
Solids melt when heated while liquids freeze when cooled.
Variable that...
is kept constant : quantity of wax.
is manipulated : heating or cooling.
respond : change in the state of matter by physical
means.
Apr 11, 2009 Farah Dinah
Method...
b) A test tube is held with a test holder.
c) Some wax is added into test tube.
d) The wax is heated with a bunsen burner.
e) The observation is recorded.
f) The apparatus is left to cool to room temperature.
g) The observation is recorded again.
Observation...
Solid wax changed to liquid form went heated. Solid
wax melted.
Liquid wax changed to solid wax when cooled. Liquid
wax froze.
Analysis...
l) The process of melting takes place when solid wax
changes to a liquid form.
m) The process of freezing takes place when liquid wax
changes to a solid form.

## Apr 11, 2009 Farah Dinah

Conclusion...
b) Solid melt when heated while liquids
freez when cooled.
c) The hypothesis accepted.
Discussion...
e) Heat absorbed by solid wax enables it
to melt to form liquid wax.
f) Heat released by liquid wax enables it
to freeze to fom solid wax.

## Apr 11, 2009 Farah Dinah

Apr 11, 2009 Farah Dinah
By
Farah Dinah & Hafizhah