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Gendzier, Irene. Managing Development Change: Social
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- Rawls, J. A Theory of Justice. Oxford: Clarendon Press,
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- Smith, D.M. “Human Welfare and Social Justice”,
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- Ellin, N. Postmodern Urbanism. Oxford: Blackwell, 1996.
- Caves, R. (ed). “Postmodernism”, Encyclopedia of the City.
London: Routledge, 2005.
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the Origen of Culture Change. Oxford: Blackwell, 1995.
- Theories of Moderenity and Postmodernity. Turner, S. (ed).
London, 1990.
- Woods,T. Beginning postmodernism. Manchester: Manchester
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Theory, Interpreting Modernity and Postmodernity. Oxford and
Cambridge: Blackwell, 1997.
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Geography and Spatial Analysis”, Urban Geography. 16,
1995.
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Cambridge: Blackwell, 1994.
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and New York: Edward Arnold, 1972.
- Hartshorne, R. “The Concept of Geography as a Science of
Space”, Annals of the Association of American Geographers.
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London and New York: Edward Arnold, 1997.
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London: Routledge, 1993.
- Lefebvre, H. The Production of Space. Oxford and
Cambridge: Blackwell, 1991.
- Thrift, N. Spatial Formations. London: Sage, 1996.

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- Andersen, E. S. Evolutionary Economics: Post-Schumpeterian
Contributions. London: Printer, 1994.
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1969, 178-190), 1955.
- Perroux, Francois. “Economic Space: Theory and
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Canadian Journal of Economics and Political Science. Vol. 29,
1963.
- Witt, U. (ed). Evolutionary Economics. Aldershot: Elgar,
1993.

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- Anderson & Dunkelberg. Entrepreneurship Starting a New
Business. Harper & Row, 1990
- Bygrave, William. “The Entrepreneurial Process”, The
Protable MBA in Entrepreneurship. New York: John Wiley &
Sons, 1994.
- Echols, ana and Neck, Christopher. “The Impact of
Behaviors and Structure on Corporate Entrepreneurial
Success”, Journal of Managerial Psychology. Vol. 13, No. 1,
1998.
- Fry, Fred. Entrepreneurship: A Planning Approach. New
York: West Publishing Company, 1993.
- Hodgetts, Richard and Kuratko, Donald, F. Effective Small
Business Management. Philadelphia Harcourt College, 2001.
- Holt, David. Entrepreneurship: New Venture Creation. New
Delhi: Prentice-Hall, 2002.
- Kuratko, Donald and Hodgetts, Richard. Entrepreneurship: A
Contemporary Approach. Philadelphia: Harcourt College
Publishers, 2001.
- Prokopenko, Joseph and Pavlin, Igor. Entrepreneurship
Development in Public Entreprises. International Labor
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- Echols and Neck Christopher. “The Impact of Behaviors
and Structure on Corporate Entrepreneurial Success”,
Journal of Managerial psychology. Vol. 13, N. 1, 1998.
- Kuratko, Donald and Hodgetts, Richard. Entrepreneurship: A
contemporary Approach. Philadelphia: Harcourt College
Publishers, 2001.
- Prokopinko, Joseph and Pavlin, Igor. Entrepreneurship
Development in Public Entreprises. International labor
Organization, 1991.
- Dess, Gregory & Hass Miriamand peter. The Meaning of
Social Entrepreneurship. kaffiman Center for Entrepreneurial
leasership, 1998.
- Point Park College. Social Entrepreneurship Resources.
Carnegie library of Pittsburgh, 2001.
- Parbhu Ganesh. “Social Entrepreneurial Leadership”, Career
Development Internationa. Vol. 4, No. 3, 1999.
- Spear Roger. The Nature of Social Entrepreneurship: Some
Findings, ISTR Conference, Dublin: 2000.
- Thompson, John; Geoff, Alvy and Lees, Ann. “Social
Entrepreneurship: A New Look at the People and the

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- Khanka, S.S. Entrepreneurial Development. New Dilhi: Chand
and Company Itd., 2003.
- Stathopoulou, Sophia; Psaltopoulos, Demetrios & Skuras,
Dimitris. “Rural Entrepreneurship in Europe: A Research
Framework and Agenda”, International Journal of
Entrepreneurial Behaviour & Research. Vol. 10, No. 6,
Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2004.
- Kuratko, Donald and Hodgetts, Richard. Entrepreneurship: A
Contemporary Approach. Philadelphia: Harcourt College
Publishers, 2001.
- Prokopenko, Joseph and Pavlin, Igor (eds). Entrepreneurship
Development
in
Public
Enterprises.
Management
Development Series. No. 29, International Labour
Organization. 1991.
- Keeble, D. and Tyler, P. “Enterprising behaviour and the
Urban-Rural shift”, Urban Studies. Vol. 32, No. 2, 1995.

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- Bellows, Anne C. et al. “Urban Livestock Agriculture in
State of New Jersey”, Urban Agriculture Magazine. No. 2,
Leusden (The Netherlands), 2000.
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Understanding Rural-Urban Linkages and Their
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Districts, Uttar Pradesh (North India)”, Small and

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Intermediate Urban Centres; Their Role in Regional and
National Development in the Third World. Hardoy, J. E. and

Satterthwaite, D. (eds.). USA, 1986.
- Rabinovitch, J. Placing Rural-Urban Linkages in the
Developing Abate. UNDP, 2001.
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Recognizes Rural- Urban Differences and Rural- Urban
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Reduction in the 21st Century. April 2000.
- Schiere, Hans & Gera den Dikken. Urban farming and animal
Production, a Synthesis. IAC, Wageningen (the Netherlands),
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Growth. IIED, Hesinki Workshop, 2004.
- Van Veenhuizen. The Rural Urban Interface. Leusden (The
Netherlands), 2003.

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Settlement Typology

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Ajami, E. “Agrarian Reform, Modernisation and
Agricultural Deveopment in Iran”, Aspen- Persepolis
Symposium: Iran, Past, Present and Future, 1975.

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- United Nations. Indicators of Sustainable Development.
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- Alexander, D. E. Principles of Emergency Planning and
Management. UK: Terra Publishing, Harpenden, 2002.
- Asgary, Ali. “Theorizing Disaster and Emergency
Management”, Tsunami and Disaster Management. Roj
Kumar and Srivastava, D.K. (eds), Hong Kong: Thomson,
2006.
- Davis Ian. “Problems with Principles of Emergency
Management”, 2nd CRHNet Annual Symposium, Nov 17-19,
2005.
- FEMA. Integrating Historic Property and Cultural Resource
Considerations into Hazard Mitigation Planning. USA, 2005.
- Fred Cuny. Disaster and Development. New York: Oxford UN
Press, 1983.
- Prabhas, C. Sinha. Disaster Management Process. New Delhi:
SBS Publisher, 2007.
- UNDP. Reducing Disaster Risk: a Global Report, New York:
Bureau for Crisis Prevention and Recovery, 2004.

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Can Help,” Personnel Journal. June 1993.
- Ulrich, Dave. Delivering Results: A New Mandate for HR
Professionals. Harvard Business School Press, 1998.

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- Bernstein. Evolutionary Socialism. New York: Schocken,
1961.
- Campble, A. and Right T. (eds). The New Social Democracy.
Oxford: Blackwell, 1999.
- Caves, Roger (ed). Encyclopedia of the City. London & New
York: Routledge, 2005.
- Clark (ed). Encyclopedia of Democratic Thought. London:
Routledge, 2001.
- Huntington, S. The Third Wavee: Democratization in the later
Twentieth Century. Oclahoma: Oclahoma University Press,
1991.
- Pateman, C. Participation and Democratic Theory. Cambridge:
Cambridge University Press, 1974.
- Schumpeter, J. Capitalism, Socialism and Democracy. New
York: Harper, 1991.

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- American Planning Association (APA), Planning and Urban
Design Standards. Wiley, 2006.
- Caves, Roger W. (ed). Encyclopedia of the City. London:
Routledge, 2005.
- Gallion, Arthur; Eisern, Simon and Eisner, Stanley. The
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Urban Pattern. 6 ed. VNR, 1993.
- Watson, D. ; Plattus, A. and Shibley, R. Standards for Urban
Design. McGraw-Hill, 2003.

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Hauptflursysteme
Irans,
Grundzüge
einer
sozialgeographischen Theorie”, Mitteil. Der österreichischen
georgr. Gesellschaft, Bd. II u. III, 1976.
- English, P.W. City and Village in Iran. Wisconsin, 1966.
- Hudson, F.S. A Geography of Settlements. London, 1970.
- Lienau, C. Ländlichen Siedlungen. Braunschweig, 1986.
- Niemeier, G. Siedlungsgeographie. Braunschweig, 1977.
- Uhlig, H. U. C. Lienau: Die Siedlungen des ländlichen
Raumes. Giessen, 1972.

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Chambers, Robert. “Participatory Rural Approach
Challenge”, World Development. Vol. 22, No. 10, 1994.
Kelley, K. et al. “Participation Processes in Community
Development”, Evaluation and Program Planning. Vol. 18,
No. 4, 1995.
Sammuel, Paul. Community Participation in Development
Projects. World Bank, 1987.
Story, David. “Issue of Integrated Participation and
Empowerment, The Case of Republic Ireland”, Journal of
Rural Studies. Vol. 15, No. 3, 1999.
Uma Lete. The Design of Rural Development. Baltimore:
Johns Hopkins University Press, 1975.
United Nation. Participatory Rural Development in Selected
Countries, Emergency Committee on Integrated Rural
Development for Asia & Pacific. United Nation, 1990.

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Development Planning and Project Management. EDI, World
Bank, 1988.
- Bass, Stephen. Participation in Strategies for Sustainable
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- Weber, Max. “Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft”, Grundriss der
Sozialokonomik. III, 2. Auflage, Tubingen, 1925.
-Ullman, E.L. “A Theory of Location for Cities”, American
Journal of Sociology. 46, 1940-41.
-Weber, Adna Ferrin. The Growth of Cities in the Nineteenth
Century. New York and London, 1899.
-Weber, Alfred. “Industrielle Standortlehre (Allgemeine und
Kapitalistische Theorie des Standorts)”, Grundriss der
Sozialokonomik. 6. Abt. Tubingen, 1914.

2" &

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- Chisholm, M. Rural Settlements and Land Use. London, 1962.
- Christaller, Walter. Die zentralen Orte in Suddeutschland.
Jena, 1933.
- Galpin, Charles J. “The Social Anatomy of Agricultural
Community”, Agricultural Experiment Station, Reserarch
Bulletin. 34, Madison, 1915.
- Gradmann, Robert. “Das Landliche Siedlungswesen des
Konigsreichs Wurttemberg”, Forschungen zur Deutschen
Landes- und Volkeskunde. 21. Bd., Heft. 1. 2. Auflage,
Stuttgart, 1925.
- Haggett, P. Locational Analysis in Human Geography. New
York, 1971.
- Ibid. Allgemeine Wirtschaftsgeschichte. Munchen und Leipzig,
1923.
- Isard, D.W. Methods of Regional Analysis. MIT Press, 1960.
- Lienau, C. Laendliche Siedlungen. Braunschweig, 1977.
- Loyd, P. & Dicken, P. Location in Space. London, 1972.
- Sombart, Werner. “Einige Anmerkungen zur Lehre von
standort der Industrien”, Archive fur Sozialwissenschaften und
Sozialpolitik. 30, 1910.
- Von Thunen; Johann Heinrich. Der Isolierte Staat in
Beziehung

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- Chisholm, M. Rural Settlements and Land Use. London, 1962.
- Christaller, walter. Die zentralen Orte in Suddeutschland. Jena,
1933.
- Galpin, charles J. The Social Anatomy of Agricultural
Community. Agricultural Experiment Station, Research
Bulletin 34, Madison, 1915.
- Haggett, p. Geography, A Modern Synthesis. London, 1971.
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York, 1971.
- Isard, D.W. Methods of Regional Analysis. MIT Press, 1960.
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- Mezer, I.R. & Huggett, R.J. Settlement. London, 1981.
- Ullman, E.L. “A Theory of Location for Cities”, American
Journal of Sociology. 46, 1940-41.

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- Hough, Micheal. City Form and Nutural Process. Routledge,
1989.
- Marsh, W. M. Landscape Planning. Environmental
Applications, Wiley, 2005.

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Urban Migration”, Geographical Analysis. Vol. 2, No. 1,
1970.
- Mangalam, J.J. & Schwarzweller, H.K. Some Theoretical
Guidelines Toward a Sociology of Migration, Working Paper.
USA. Virginia: University of West Virginia, 1968.
- Nikolinakos, Marios. “Notes Towards a Theory of
Migration in Late Capitalism”, Race and Class. Vol. 16, No.
1, 1975.
- Richmond, Anthony H. & Ravi P. Verma. “The Economic
Adaptation of Immigrants: A New Theorical Perspective”,
International Migration Review. Vol. 12, No. 1, 1978.

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- Amin, Samir. “Modern Migration in Western Africa”,
Samir Amin (ed), Modern Migration in Western Africa.
Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1974.
- Lahsaeizadeh, Abdolali. Migration and Urbanization. Shiraz:
Zar Publication, 2002.
- Lee, Evertts. “A Theory of Migration”, Demography. Vol. 3,
No. 1, 1966.
- Mabogunje, Akin I. “System Approach to a Theory of Rural

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- Amin, Samir. Modern Migration in Western Africa. Oxford:
Oxford University Press, 1974.
- Bacon, Llyod. “Poverty Among Interregional Rural-toUrban Migrants”, Rural Soviology. Vol. 36, No. 2, 1971.
- Castles, S. and Kosack, Godula. “The Function of Labor
Immigration in Western European Capitalism”, New Left
Review. May-June, 1972.
- Castles, S. and Kosack, Godula. Immigrant Workers and Class
Structure in Western Europe. London: Oxford University
Press, 1973.
- Eisenstadt, S. N. The Absorption of Immigrants. Glenco, The
Free Press, 1954.
- Lahsaeizadeh, Abdolali. Migration and Urbanization. Shiraz:
Zar Publication, 2002.
- Lec, Everett S. “A Theory of Migration”, Demography. Vol.
3, No. 1, 1966.
- Mabogunje, Akin L. “System Approache to a Theory of
Rural-Urban Migration”, Geographical Analysis. Vol. 2,
No.1, 1970.
- Nikolinakos, Marios. “Notes Toward a General Theory of
Migration in Late Capitalism”, Race and Class. Vol. 16, No.
1, 1975.
- Petersen, W. “A General Typology of Migration”, Reading
in the Sociology of Migration. C. J. Jansen (ed), New York:
Pergamon Press, 1970.
- Portes, Aleyandro. “Migration and Underdevelopment”,
Politics and Society. Vol. 8, No. 1, 1978.

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- Almond, G. and Coleman, J.(ed). The Politics of Developing
Areas. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1960
- Apter, D. The Politics of Modernization. Chicago: University
of Chicago Press, 1965.
- Apter, D. Rethinking Development: Modernization, Dependency
and Post-Modern Politics. New York: Cambridge University
Press, 1987.
- Brown, L. R. et al. State of World: A Wordwatch Institute
Report on Progres Toward Sustanable Society. New York:
W.W. Norton and Co., 1990.
- Chilcote, R. “Development”, Encyclopedia of Gevernment and
Politics. M. Hawkesworth and M. Kogan (eds), London:
Routledge, 1992.
- Foster-Carter, Aidan. “The Modes of Production
Controversy”, New Left Review.Vol. 107, 1978.
- Frank, A. G. “The Development of Underdevelopment”,
Monthly Review. 18, 1966.
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Press, 1960.
- Wallerstein, I. The Modern World System. Vol. I, New York:
Academic Press, 1974.

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Niedersachsen, 2003.
- Gaia Trust & The Global Eco-Village Network: The Earth Is
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June 1996.
- Institut für Kommunalwissenschaften der Konrad
Adenauer-Stiftung e.V., Für das Dorf, Gestaltung des
ländlichen Lebensraums durch Dorfentwicklung, Bonn, 1983.
- United Nations, Indicators of Sustainable Development,
Guidelines and Methodology, New York, 2001.
- United Nations, The Earth Is Our Habitat, 1996.
- Wahlen, J.P. Some Considerations for Developing Village
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Modernity. London: Verso, 1989.
- Brosseau, M. “The City in Textual Form, Manhattan
Tranfers New York”, Ecumene. Vol I, 1993.
- Caves, Roger (ed). Encyclopedia of The City. London:
Routledg, 2005.
- Harvey, D. The Condition of Postmodernity: an Equiry Into the
Origin of Cultural Chang. Oxford: Blackwell, 1989.

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Nagoya, 1972.
- Prebisch, R. “Commerical Policy in the Underdeveloped
Countries”, American Economics Review. May 1959.
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Community. McGraw Hill, Inc., 1994.
- Lord Rogers of Riverside. Towards an Urban Renaissance.
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London and New York: Spon Press, 2003.
- Stein, C.S. Towards New Tows for America. Massachusetts:
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