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COPYRIGHT © 2005-2007 CARRIER CORPORATION
PRINTED IN USA
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Block Load Quick Reference Guide
Carrier Corporation Software Systems Network
Manual Published ............................ 08/2005 First Revision................................... 02/2007
Copyright © 2005-2007 Carrier Corporation
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ABOUT BLOCK LOAD Carrier’s Block Load Program is a computer tool which assists users in the design of HVAC systems for commercial buildings. The on-line help system also includes extensive information about program inputs. Chapter 2 (Block Load Tutorial) provides step-by-step instructions for using the program to design systems. Ultimately. This tutorial is designed for readers who are already familiar with Block Load terminology and concepts. WHAT THIS REFERENCE GUIDE CONTAINS The Block Load Quick Reference Guide is divided into four chapters plus four appendices: • Chapter 1 (Getting Started) discusses basic program concepts . as well as operating principles for Windows software. Block Load Quick Reference Guide 1 . Appendix B (“Performing Common Project Management Tasks”) provides short descriptions of procedures used to work with project data. Block Load calculates the design cooling and heating loads for commercial buildings in order to determine required sizes for HVAC system components. the program provides information needed for selecting and specifying equipment. editing data and generating reports.Preface ABOUT THIS REFERENCE GUIDE The Block Load Quick Reference Guide provides instructional information for users of Carrier’s Block Load Program. This Guide also contains a program tutorial. and how to use the program to design HVAC systems. how to work with projects and perform common tasks. program reports and program calculation procedures. Appendix D (“Input Sheets”) provides input forms for zone data. Appendix C (“Index”) contains an index for this manual. The Guide serves as a supplement to the program's on-line help system which provides additional information including descriptions of all input items. Chapters 4 (System Design Applications) provide a series of short discussions on how to use Block Load to design common types of HVAC systems. Chapters 3 (Example Problem) contains a simple example problem illustrating how the software is used to design an HVAC system. It describes how to use key features of the user interface. Appendix A (“Performing Common Tasks with Block Load”) contains step-by-step procedures for performing common tasks in Block Load such as entering data. • • • • • • • All information in this Guide is also available in the Block Load on-line help system.how to use Block Load to design systems. example problem and discussions of common applications. reports and calculation procedures. how to operate the program.
.........9 Generating System Design Reports ..........................................1-12 Chapter 2 Block Load Tutorial 2....................................................................................................1-4 1......2 Defining the Problem .......................................................................2 Creating a New Item...........................................................................................................................................................................................................................4-1 4..............................................................Table of Contents Chapter 1 Getting Started 1............1 Welcome to the Block Load Program ........1-3 1...........................................................................................................................................................4-3 4..A-4 A..........................3 Editing an Existing Item............................................................10 Using the Report Viewer .................................................................................................................. B-2 B....................................8 Generating Input Data Reports .........................2 Using Block Load to Design Systems ..........2 Opening an Existing Project ...........................7 Working With Projects.................11 Setting User Options..............2 Applications Involving Single-Zone HVAC Units ......................A-5 A...................................................1 Creating a New Project..............................................................................4 Entering Data.........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................4-1 4............................................................3-5 3..........1 Basic Procedures for Common Tasks................................. B-2 B...............................................3 Saving a Project ........................................A-3 A.................................................................................................................................A-5 A.....................................................1 Block Load System Design Tutorial ...............................................5 Deleting a Project .3 Applications Involving Terminal Units......................A-9 Appendix B Performing Common Project Management Tasks B.......5 Working With Block Load Input Forms ..........................................................................................4-2 4.................................................................................................3-1 3................................................6 Rotating Spaces ...................................3-1 3..................5 Troubleshooting Strategies.................................................... B-3 2 Block Load Quick Reference Guide ........1 Overview for the Example Problem ........................................................1-1 1....................................3 Fundamental Terminology .......................................................................4 Duplicating an Existing Item...........................................A-3 A.................................................................................................................... B-2 B..............4-4 Appendix A Performing Common Tasks with Block Load A............................3-8 3............................................................4 Applications Involving Multiple-Zone (VAV) Systems ..........................................................................................................................................................................1-10 1............................................................................................................5 Generating System Design Reports........................8 Using the Help System in Block Load ........................9 Windows Software Basics............................................................................................................................................................3-10 3................................................4 Saving a Project as a New Project ........................................................................................................................................................................7 Archiving a Project ......................................................................................................... B-1 B................................................................5 Replacing Zone Data ............................................................................................................6 Performing Common Tasks With Block Load ..................................................6 Editing Project Properties ......7 Deleting Items ..........................1 Application Information Overview ..............................................2-1 Chapter 3 System Design Example Problem 3.................................................................................3-11 Chapter 4 Design Applications 4...............................................................A-2 A.....................................................................................................1-8 1..........................................6 Selecting Equipment.........3 Gathering Data ...........................................................................A-6 A.....................................................................................................A-1 A.......................................................................................................................4 Working with the Block Load Main Program Window ..1-11 1...................................................A-7 A....... B-1 B.......................... B-1 B.............................................................................................1-10 1.....................................................................................................................................A-6 A......................................1-1 1..........................................................................................................................................................
....10 Publishing Equipment Sizing Requirements for use in E-CAT....................................8 Retrieving a Project ........................................... B-3 B.......................Table of Contents Appendix B (continued) B.11 Sending Email to your Sales Engineer ................................................................. B-7 Appendix C Appendix D Index Input Sheets Block Load Quick Reference Guide 3 .............................................................. B-5 B.............................................................. B-4 B........................................................................................................9 Converting Data From Previous Versions ................................
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Block Load estimates design cooling and heating loads for commercial buildings in order to determine required sizes for HVAC system components. exterior shading devices and floors.2 USING BLOCK LOAD TO DESIGN SYSTEMS This section briefly describes. roofs. 1. Determines required airflow rates for zones and the system. Specifically. Before design calculations can be performed. Construction material data for walls. Application of these concepts will be demonstrated both in the Block Load tutorial in Chapter 2 and in the example problem in Chapter 3. Block Load is a computer tool which assists designers and engineers in the design of HVAC systems for commercial buildings. First define the scope and objectives of the design analysis. Gather Data. information about the building. exposure orientations and external shading features.utc. roof.1 WELCOME TO THE BLOCK LOAD PROGRAM Welcome to Block Load. the program provides information needed for selecting and specifying equipment. This step involves extracting data from building plans. doors. Building size and layout data including wall. The Block Load Quick Reference Guide provides a comprehensive guide to program operation and may be used as a tutorial or as a reference guide. how to use Block Load to design systems. Sizes cooling and heating coils.com In other countries. in conceptual terms. and for interior partitions between conditioned and non-conditioned regions. Sizes air circulation fans Performs a complete air system psychrometric analysis. what type of building is involved? How many thermostatic control zones will there be? What type of systems and equipment are required? What special requirements will influence system features? 2. the program performs the following tasks: • • • • • Calculates design cooling and heating loads for zones and coils in the HVAC system. Specific types of information needed include: • • • Climate data for the building site. Define the Problem. evaluating building usage and studying HVAC system needs. its environment and its HVAC equipment must be gathered. please call 1-800-253-1794 or email: software.Chapter 1 Getting Started This chapter explains what Carrier’s Block Load Program does. 1-1 Block Load Quick Reference Guide . 1. Ultimately. please contact your local Carrier sales office or local Carrier distributor. windows. door and floor areas. All design work requires the same general five step procedure: 1. We encourage you to read this chapter before using Block Load. window. how to use the software to design HVAC systems and how to operate the software. Block Load System Design Features. For example.systems@carrier. If you have questions about the program: In the United States or Canada.
doors. all elements which affect heat flow in the zone must be described. Next. A system is the equipment used to provide cooling and heating to a region of a building. This creates an exact copy of the existing zone and places a number in parentheses directly after the zone name. When using Block Load. A zone may be a single room. the system also includes associated ductwork. Enter Weather Data. The spreadsheet view allows fast viewing and changes to be made to any zone input data. first create a new project or open an existing project. Zones may be entered separately and independently as “Unattached Zones”. occupants. Data is entered using the Zone Input Form. similar to an existing zone. office equipment. and partitions. or alternately can be defined prior to entering zone data. To activate the spreadsheet view click on the Spreadsheet Input icon at the top in the toolbar or select Edit > Spreadsheet Input from the Menu bar at the top. building and HVAC equipment data. or by right-mouse clicking on the Unattached Zones item in the tree on the left side and then choosing. by System or Unattached Zones. right-mouse click on the existing zone then click on “Duplicate”. A system serves one or more zones. Enter System Data. roofs. The spreadsheet view changes depending on what category of zone data is selected in the tree on the left side. as well as information about the unoccupied percentage of internal heat gains present. To create a new zone. or weather parameters can be directly entered. b. Zone display choices are: All.4). In all cases. VAV terminals. To define weather data. a city can be chosen from the program's weather database. windows. windows. lighting. a group of rooms or even an entire building. Data concerning HVAC equipment. “Add a New Zone”. Block Load’s “Duplicate” feature may be used to create additional zones. Block Load contains a powerful new spreadsheet control feature that allows all existing zone data to be quickly viewed and modified. Elements include walls. Weather data is entered using the weather input form. Enter Data Into Block Load. appliances and machinery within the building. then choosing. Each level in the tree represents one of the tabs in the Data view. While defining a zone. A new zone may also be created by right-mouse clicking directly on an existing System. Once one or more zones have been entered. A zone is a region of the building comprised of one or more heat flow elements. floors. “Add a New Zone”. From the main program window. information about the construction of walls.Chapter 1 • • Getting Started Internal load characteristics determined by quantities and occupied usage schedules for people. Weather data defines the temperature. Zones entered as Unattached Zones remain unattached until they are assigned to a particular System (also see Entering System Data and Assigning Zones to Systems). Enter Zone Data. served by one or more air distribution terminals. Construction data can be specified directly from the zone input form (via links to the construction form). use Block Load to enter climate. and served by a single thermostat. To define a zone. by clicking on the icon in the toolbar at the top of the screen. roofs. doors and external shading devices is needed. electrical equipment. These conditions play an important role in influencing loads and system operation. infiltration. lighting. The number changes sequentially as this process is repeated. skylights. Examples of systems include packaged rooftop units. your base of operation is the main program window (described in greater detail in Section 1. controls and components to be used. supply terminals and controls. 3. split systems. zone data may be viewed and modified in the spreadsheet and if desired you may also view or print a report of the spreadsheet data c. if so desired. miscellaneous heat sources. To edit the zone names for the new zones simply click on the zone in the tree and edit the zone name in the Data view on the right side of the screen. hydronic fan coils and water source heat pumps. Then define the following types of data which are needed for system design work: a. There is a drop-down box at the top of the spreadsheet input window that allows filtering of which zone data is displayed in the spreadsheet. Once selected. 1-2 Block Load Quick Reference Guide . humidity and solar radiation conditions the building encounters during the course of a year.
and then after final sizing results are known you might decide that a particular zone fits best with a particular system. people. for example. d. miscellaneous heat sources and infiltration. Block Load can be used to generate system design reports. to assign the same zone to more than one system. When you attempt to drop a Zone onto a System a dialog box appears with the following choices: Duplicate Here. the system also includes associated ductwork. a group of rooms or even an entire building. Carrier can provide a wide variety of electronic catalog computer programs to make selecting equipment quick and easy. You could then delete the zone from the inappropriate system. supply terminals and controls. The key terms for each component category are defined below. These are arranged in a hierarchy that permits you to assemble the description of your building and its HVAC equipment in a flexible manner. To generate design reports. partitions. the components and zones associated with the system must be defined as well as the system sizing criteria. For Single Zone CAV systems. is described by its area. WSHP units. a single thermostat controls the temperature in all zones connected to the system. This data is entered on the System Input Form. use data from the reports you generated to select the appropriate cooling and heating equipment from product catalogs or electronic catalog software. Select Equipment. split systems. doors. Unless done so previously. Use Block Load to Generate Design Reports. In all cases. A wall. hydronic fan coils and water source heat pumps. It is possible. sending directly to a printer or viewing on the screen. beginning with the lowest in the hierarchy and working upward. The program will automatically run the calculations before generating the reports. skylights. 1-3 • • Block Load Quick Reference Guide . Unattached zones may be assigned to the system(s) by clicking on either the left or right mouse buttons then dragging them to the appropriate System. In this case you could assign the zone to more than one system. or pop-up menu option. toolbar button. A System is the equipment used to provide cooling and/or heating to a region of a building. Care should be taken when assigning the same zone to multiple systems as this can have the effect of duplicating the zone in the building. and served by a single thermostat. User has the option of printing the reports to a file. Finally. electric equipment. 1. a separate thermostat exists in each zone which controls the temperature in each zone independently. Elements include walls. windows. zone and system data has been entered. Select the desired report options on this form. An example of when you might assign the same zone to multiple systems is if you were not sure which system a particular zone should be assigned to. A Zone is a region of the building comprised of one or more heat flow elements. Please contact your local Carrier sales office or Carrier distributor for details. There are three different types of systems available in Block Load: Single Zone CAV.3 FUNDAMENTAL TERMINOLOGY Block Load organizes information about a building and its HVAC equipment into the three categories shown below. Examples of typical systems include: packaged rooftop units. roofs. fan coils. served by one or more air distribution terminals. supply terminals and duct systems. VAV and Fan Coils/WSHP. which may overstate the design loads. For VAV and Fan Coils/WSHP systems. Once weather. 5. although not common. orientation. This displays the System Design Reports Form. A system serves one or more zones. Assigning Zones to Systems. Move Here or Cancel.Getting Started Chapter 1 To define a system. go to the Main Program Window and select the desired system or systems. A zone may be a single room. lighting. System design reports provide information necessary to select all the components of your HVAC system including packaged equipment. 4. An element is described by its characteristics which affect heat transfer. and the materials from which it is constructed. floors. Unassigned Zones must be assigned to a system or systems prior to performing load calculations. Next choose the “Print/View Load Results” menu bar option. • An Element is a component of the building structure or building use associated with heat gain or loss. packaged DX fan coils.
and a program tutorial for system design. Related information which may be useful can be found in separate topics dealing with input forms. To use menu options. Key elements and features of the main program window are discussed below. The menu bar contains five pull-down menus used to perform common program tasks.4 WORKING WITH THE BLOCK LOAD MAIN PROGRAM WINDOW Getting Started This topic discusses Block Load’s main program window which appears when you start the program. The Title Bar lists the program name and the name of the current project.Chapter 1 1. At the right-hand end of the title bar are command buttons for minimizing and maximizing the program window and for exiting from the program.1: 1. Main Program Window The Block Load main program window consists of seven components used to operate the program. project management. Title Bar Menu Bar Toolbar Tree View Pane Data or List View Pane Status Bar Figure 1. The Menu Bar lies immediately below the title bar.1. first click on the menu name to “pull1-4 Block Load Quick Reference Guide . 2. Much of the work you will perform defining data and generating reports is done using features of the main program window. Working from top to bottom in Figure 1.
simply place the mouse cursor over a button. 4. Section 1. To display a summary list of items in one of the categories. walls. These tasks duplicate many of the options found on the pull-down menus. Depending on which item is selected in the tree view some toolbar items are disabled that are not applicable. Once entered you may also use the Spreadsheet Input to edit existing zone data. Then click on the name of the desired option. Options in this menu are applicable to one or more items in the list. Clicking once on the plus (+) sign expands the list under each category. If desired you can then click on individual items in the expanded list in the tree to open the input screens for each item allowing you to view or edit input data. Appendix A describes how these menu options are used in greater detail. The Tree View is the left-hand panel of the main program window. • Directly beneath the Project name a list of the major data categories (weather. systems and libraries) appears in the tree. This includes tasks such as creating. This includes changing the user preference for the units of measure format of data shown in the data view window. click once on the category name. To determine the function of a toolbar button. right-click on one of the category items. The View Menu offers options used to change the functionality or appearance of the main program window. • • • • 3.8 discusses the help system in more detail. turning on or off the validation audible or error message indicators and setting advanced settings such as displaying libraries.Getting Started Chapter 1 down” its list of options. Section 1. A “tooltip” will appear listing the function of that button. Doing so displays a table of items on the right side (Data View) included in the category. advanced report options and generating and saving equipment tag information on the project save command. It contains a tree image of the major categories of data used by Block Load. zones. saving. For example if you double-click on the Unattached Zones category name. The five pull down menus are as follows: • The Project Menu provides options for manipulating project data. Each button contains an icon which represents the task it performs. The tree view acts as the “control panel” when working with program data. the System category pop-up menu will 1-5 • • Block Load Quick Reference Guide . To display and/or edit the items in the category double-click on the category item. archiving and retrieving projects. a list of zones you have entered will appear (expand) in the tree and also appear in the Data View panel on the right side of the main program window. if you right-click on one of the Systems. depending on how many items have been highlighted. Readers should note that on-line help can also be obtained by pressing F1 at any point during program operation. opening. roofs. systems. The Toolbar lies immediately below the menu bar and contains a series of buttons used to perform common program tasks. etc… Appendix A provides more information about how options on the Edit Menu are used to perform specific tasks. The Reports Menu provides options for generating reports containing input data and design load results. The table cannot be edited. For example. The “category pop-up menu” will then appear. The Edit Menu contains options used to work with individual data items such as zones. The Help Menu contains options used to launch Block Load’s on-line help system. Once the category has been expanded the plus sign (+) changes to a minus sign (-). rather it is shown for informational purposes only. To display a pop-up menu of options available for the category items.7 and Appendix B discuss projects in greater detail. deleting. You may also expand the list by double-clicking on the name of the category.
If the “details” format is used for the list view. At this point you may Duplicate. Searching and replacing existing zone data. Delete. Example: Change lighting W/sq. an option on the Edit or Report Menu can be selected. plants) will appear. shades) along with a brief summary of the input data for each will appear in the table in the Data View. Example: Editing a wall assembly you previously defined. or a button on the Toolbar can be pressed. View or print input data. windows. Example: Rotate the orientation of 12 zones by 45 degrees clockwise all at one time. which will perform the action on all highlighted items. click once on the Libraries category name. click once on the Project category name. Example: Printing input data for four window assemblies you previously entered.0 to 1. If you click on one of the items in the tree under the category (a zone for instance) the Data View window will display the input screen for that item. or an item pop-up menu can be displayed by right-clicking on the selected items. A list of the major data categories (weather. Example: Viewing design reports for two systems you defined. number of people and lighting watts. Clicking on a particular item under the category opens the input screen for that item. • By selecting items in the Tree View you can: • • • Add new items. The Systems and Libraries categories work the same way. the input data for this one system will be printed. when the Unattached Zones category is selected. from 2. Example: Adding a new zone. If you highlight one system then select the Print Input Data option. For example. Print Inputs. 1-6 Block Load Quick Reference Guide .8 for 10 zones all at one time. doors. the summary shows the number of spaces and systems which have been defined. Delete existing items. Print/View Load Results (system only)”.ft. Should you wish to perform an action on multiple items you may hold down the [Shift] or [Ctrl] keys and highlight multiple items. It changes appearance depending on which item in the tree category has been selected. roofs. after selecting items in the tree view. To display a summary of project library contents. View or print system design reports. systems. The Data View is the right-hand panel of the main program window. For example. spaces. the quantity of items you have defined for each category will also be shown.Chapter 1 Getting Started appear. Duplicate an existing item. then select the desired option in the pop-up menu. • To display a summary of project contents. For example. 5. the Data View shows a list of zones you have entered along with the floor area. • • • • • There are usually at least two or three ways of performing each task. View Inputs. A list of the library categories (walls. Edit existing items. that is by clicking on the category in the tree a list of items appears in the Data View table. If a main category level in the tree is selected the Data View displays a table of data items in the order that they were entered in your project. Rotating the orientation of existing zones. Example: Creating a new system using defaults from an existing system. Example: Deleting three systems you previously entered.
Data View Screen 6. The zone name is the only zone input item that cannot be edited in the spreadsheet. You may display all zones.Getting Started Chapter 1 Figure 1. Once zones have been entered. Another small tree appears on the left side of the spreadsheet input screen with categories corresponding to the tabs in the zone input screen.2. zones by system or the unattached zones. To edit a zone name you must click on the tree view and select the zone then edit the zone name on the zone input screen.3 below illustrates the spreadsheet input screen for the zone internal loads. A drop-down filter at the top of the screen allows you to designate which zones are displayed in the spreadsheet. Figure 1. While in the spreadsheet view you may also view or print the zone input report in spreadsheet format. The Spreadsheet Input is an optional method of viewing and/or editing zone input data. the spreadsheet input screen may be opened either by clicking on the Spreadsheet Input icon on the toolbar or by selecting Edit > Spreadsheet Input on the Menu bar. Block Load Quick Reference Guide 1-7 .
1. The current date and time appear at the right-hand end of the status bar. the actual entry of data is done using input forms.4. Pertinent messages appear at the left-hand end of the status bar. These simple kinds of input forms contain only one component: 1-8 Block Load Quick Reference Guide . A Simple Input Form Simple Input Forms. Further information on program operation can be found in separate sections of this guide dealing with input forms. While much of your work with the program is done on the main program window.5 WORKING WITH BLOCK LOAD INPUT FORMS This section discusses the basic operating principles of Block Load’s input forms. The Status Bar is the final component of the main program window and appears at the bottom of the window. and basic Windows program operating principles. project management. Many input forms have a simple appearance as shown in Figure 1. Spreadsheet Input Screen 7. A separate input form is provided for each category of Block Load data. Chapter 3 contains a sample tutorial project example and Appendix A provides detailed information on using main program window features to enter data and generate reports.Chapter 1 Getting Started Figure 1. Figure 1. An input form appears when you choose to create a new item or edit an existing item in the main program list view.3.4 above.
Figure 1. to switch to the “Walls.Getting Started Chapter 1 1. This feature is useful for learning about the program while you work. click on the “Walls. Block Load Quick Reference Guide 1-9 . Doors” category of data. A Tabbed Input Form Tabbed Input Forms. data for a window assembly named “4x6 Double Glazed” is being edited. The Data Area is the entire form. the input form has a more complex appearance as shown above. In the example above. This input form contains a data area similar to the simple input forms. The data area of this form contains information describing a window assembly: its dimensions. data for a zone is shown. however the data area contains multiple categories of information rather than a single set of information. For example. While entering information in the data area. Zone data is divided into seven categories: • • • • • • • General data Internal load data Wall. Categories of data are represented as tabs in a notebook. overall U-Value and Shade Coefficient. Skylight data Outdoor Airflow Floor data Partition data To switch between the different categories of data. For the Zone and System categories of Block Load data. Window. To close an input form click on any other category or item on the tree. Doors” tab. Windows. For example. you can display explanations of each input item by pressing the F1 key. In the figure above. It contains all the data describing the current item. Door data Roof. Windows. the help topic for “Overall U-Value” will appear automatically. simply click on the tab title.5. if you press F1 while the cursor is on the “Overall U-Value” item in the figure above.
there are typically two or more ways of performing each task. Using Projects. 3. Block Load Quick Reference Guide 1-10 . • • • • • • • Create a new project by using the New option on the Project Menu. and air terminal selection data from the Carrier Air Terminal Selection program. Edit descriptive data for the project. Common project-related tasks are listed below. Keeping this data together in a single container is often more efficient than keeping the data in several separate locations. A common set of procedures is used in Block Load to perform these tasks. Spreadsheet View = Items may be edited directly in the spreadsheet view. project manager and miscellaneous notes using the Properties option on the Project Menu. Edit data in an existing project by using the Open option on the Project Menu. zones or systems. A Project is simply a container for your data. What is a Project? All the data you enter and calculate in Block Load is stored together within a “project”. such as the project name. 5.1 lists common program tasks along with alternate ways of performing each. Archive project data for safe keeping using the Archive option on the Project Menu. Menu Bar = One of the menus on the menu bar contains an option for performing this task. Table 1. 1. Further information on each feature can be found in Appendix B. for example. contact type. and this makes the program easier to learn and use.7 WORKING WITH PROJECTS While using Block Load you will need to create and manage project data. Block Load provides a variety of features for working with project data.1 Common Operating Tasks in Block Load Task Menu Bar Tool Bar Button X X X X X Tree View Tree View Pop-Up Menu X X X X X X X X X X X X Data View Spreadsheet View Creating a New Item Editing an Existing Item Duplicating an Existing Item Deleting Items Generating Input Data Reports Generating Design Load Reports Key: X 1. air handler selection data from the Carrier AHUBuilder program. This section discusses projects and features provided for managing project data. Tool Bar Button = One of the toolbar buttons can be used to perform this task. Save changes in a project by using the Save option on the Project Menu Save changes to a new project using the Save As option on the Project Menu Delete an existing project using the Delete option on the Project Menu. Tree View = Selecting items in the tree allow this task to be performed 4. Data View = Task can be performed by directly manipulating items in the data view. Whether you are working with walls. project number. Tree View Pop-Up Menu = The pop-up menu displayed from the tree view contains an option for this task.6. More extensive information on each task is provided in Appendix A and in Block Load’s on-line help system. However. you will need to enter data. Table 1. 2. the same basic procedures are used. if you create a project for a building design job. For example. edit data and generate reports. contact name. So you can choose the approach that you find most convenient. Further.Chapter 1 1. PERFORMING COMMON TASKS WITH BLOCK LOAD Getting Started In order to use Block Load. it might contain load estimating and system design data from Block Load. 4. a project can hold data for other programs as well as Block Load.
1-11 Block Load Quick Reference Guide . undoing a mistake may cause you to lose 4 hours worth of work. ‘time is money’. Use a descriptive name for the project so you can quickly recognize what it contains. In Block Load you can obtain information from the help system by: • • Using options on the Help menu in the main program window. When you re-open the project. Save early and often. Because the selection list for projects is arranged alphabetically it is useful to use a consistent naming convention. Project data represents an important investment of your time and effort. and this project becomes damaged. your data loss will be greater than if you keep data for separate jobs in separate projects.8 USING THE HELP SYSTEM IN BLOCK LOAD Block Load provides extensive on-line documentation via its help system to assist users in learning.g. This folder is the permanent storage location of project data. For example. P2003-47 Lincoln School). if you ever need to undo changes you’ve made to a project. Further information on procedures used to manage project data is found in Appendix B and the program’s on-line help system. at most you will have lost one day’s worth of work. or for files on the hard disk to be damaged or erased. Recommended Project Management Practices. Archive your data periodically for safekeeping. Pressing the Help button on any input form. If you keep data for all jobs in a single project. you designate the folder which will hold the project files (either by accepting the default folder \E20-II\Projects\ProjectName or by specifying a folder yourself). On the other hand. Only when you use the Save option on the Project Menu are the changes you’ve made are copied to permanent storage. if the last time you saved the data was 4 hours ago. if you archive data for a large project at the end of each day and your hard disk drive fails. all this data is stored in the temporary copy of the data files. When you open the project to work with its data. all the project data would be lost. Publish equipment sizing data for use in E-CAT using the Publish Equipment Sizing Requirements option on the Project Menu. How Project Data is Stored. Data can be archived to a separate location on your hard disk. However. We recommend adopting the following practices when working with projects: • Create a separate project for each job you work on. Therefore it is important to safeguard your investment in project data. • • • Further Information. undoing your mistake will only cause you to lose 15 minutes of work. Many firms begin the project name with their internal project number followed by descriptive text (e. Archive a project and email it to your sales engineer using the Send Email to Sales Engineer option on the Project Menu. Convert data from a previous version of Block Load using the Convert Block Load 3. It is also safer to store data in smaller. These days data on hard disks is relatively safe. Therefore. If the last time you saved the project was 15 minutes ago. temporary copies of the project’s data files are made. While entering data. it is still possible for hard disk drives to become damaged. When a new project is saved for the first time. As you enter data. simply re-open the project without saving the changes you’ve made. Therefore it is a good practice to periodically archive your project data.0 Data option on the Project Menu. understanding and using the software. changing data and generating reports. as the saying goes. This practice is useful in the event that you make a mistake and need to undo changes.Getting Started • • • • Chapter 1 Retrieve data that you earlier archived using the Archive option on the Project Menu. save the project periodically. and data from your last project/save is restored. both now and when you need to refer to the project in the future. the changes stored in the temporary copy of the data files are discarded. It is usually more efficient to keep data for separate jobs in separate projects. to a different hard disk drive or to removable media such as a zip drive or floppy disks. And. focused units. On the other hand. make changes and perform calculations. if data for the same large project was never archived and your hard disk drive fails. 1..
About Block Load displays the Block Load title screen which lists the program name and version number. the overview help for the zone input form defines the term “zone” and explains how it is used in the program. contains two options. You can then display any topic in the list. Double click on a book icon to display its contents. and provides links to information about the input items found on the form. For example. For example.Using The Help Button on Input Forms. • • 2. Mouse Input. pressing F1 will display the help topic for building weight.Using F1 Help Context sensitive help can be obtained at any time by pressing the [F1] key. The overview help explains the data you are entering. A mouse has two or three buttons designated button #1. briefly explains the zone input form and its seven tabs. Please note that this introduction is by no means a comprehensive guide. This feature is very useful when using a form for the first time. Readers who feel more information is needed are encouraged to consult one of the many Windows training guides which are available in bookstores. if you learn how to operate one Windows program. 1. the index is scrolled to the help topic whose title most closely matches your word or phrase. which in turn implies the operating rules. One of the basic principles involved with Windows software is that all software programs should use common elements with standard operating rules. Understanding the principles discussed below will make it much easier to learn and use Block Load. When a search word or phrase is entered. Learn Once. When you press this button. It also permits you to enter a search word or phrase. Index and Find. Topics represented by page icons are organized into chapters represented by book icons. This introduction is intended for readers who are new to Windows software. “Find” allows you to enter a word or phrase. gives a quick orientation of the form and its features. button #2 and button #3. Method 2 . The help system then lists all help topics which use the word or phrase. which is found in the menu bar in the main program window. a help topic appears which provides an overview of the form and its use. The help system is presented in a dialog that contains three tabs: Contents. All Block Load input forms contain a Help button.Using The Help Menu. The table of contents operates as a tree view. Use Anywhere. Each of method of obtaining help is discussed below in greater detail.Chapter 1 • Getting Started Pressing F1 at any time during program operation. Method 1 . Contents and Index launches the help system. The Help menu.9 WINDOWS SOFTWARE BASICS This section provides a brief introduction explaining how to use Windows programs. Method 3 . you will know the basic techniques of using any Windows program. Your mouse can be used to navigate. Therefore. choose options. • “Contents” provides a table of contents representation of the help system. For example. The successful application of this principle relies on using standard interface elements which operate according to standard rules. It also relies on users of the software recognizing visual cues which indicate which kind of interface element is being used. if your search word is “wall”. select items and press buttons in a Windows program. This feature is very useful for obtaining explanations and answering questions which arise as you enter data. if you are entering zone data and you highlight the input radio button for building weight. 1-12 Block Load Quick Reference Guide . 1. “Index” contains an alphabetical list of help topics that you can browse through. and provides links to all inputs found on the form. Double click on a page icon to display its help topic. the help system will list all topics which use the word “wall”. This launches the help system and displays the topic most closely related to the current position of the cursor.
on the Block Load main program window. For example. if the letter “P” in the name of the Project menu is underlined. DO NOT press [ENTER]. When finished. To move the cursor from one item to the previous item. the left-hand panel in the center part of the window is a “tree view” control which is used to switch between different categories of Block Load data. or use press [ALT] and the menu’s access key. Efficient use of Windows programs relies on quickly recognizing different kinds of controls and understanding how each kind of control is used. Common tasks you can perform with your mouse are as follows: • • • To choose a menu option or an item on a list. input data and press buttons in a Windows program: • • • • • To move the cursor from one item to the next. For example. the main program window is an example of one kind of form which is used to perform basic tasks. Block Load input forms are another example of a kind of form which is used to enter information. Pull-down menus typically appear toward the top of a form in the “menu-bar”. Keys on your keyboard can also be used to navigate. • Pull-Down Menus. Individual items which appear on a form. choose options. information is presented on one or more “forms”. To display the menu’s options. Right-Click means to press the right-hand mouse button once. To press a button (such as an OK button). In Block Load. simply type the numeric or text information using the keyboard. we will use the following common notation when referring to use of the mouse: • • • Click means to press the left-hand mouse button once. In all subsequent discussions. An example showing Block Load’s Project menu appears below. Again. Using Forms and Controls. use the [Tab] keys to navigate to the button and then press the [ENTER] key. To select a menu option. When the desired item is highlighted. click on the button. [ENTER] very often will execute the default command button which may cause you to exit to a different part of the program. use the up and down arrow keys to move the cursor through the list. click on the menu name.Getting Started Chapter 1 Mouse button #1 is typically the left-hand button and button #2 is the right-hand button. first press [Alt] and the access key for the menu. click on the option name or use the arrow keys to move the highlight bar to the desired item and then press [ENTER]. Keyboard Input. Press [ALT][P] to display the Project menu’s options. To choose an option on a menu. press the [ENTER] key. To display a pop-up menu. This sub-section summarizes the controls most frequently used in Block Load. Block Load Quick Reference Guide 1-13 . we assume left-hand button = button #1. To choose a menu option. select items. We assume right-hand button = button #2. press the access key for the desired item. We assume left-hand button = button #1. Double-Click means to press the left-hand mouse button twice in quick succession. To select an item on a list. “P” is the access key for this menu. right-click on an item. A particular type of control always operates according to one consistent set of rules. press [Shift] and [Tab] together. To enter data. click on the option or item. and throughout the Block Load help system. Instead use the TAB key or the mouse to move to another input item. press the [Tab] key. In Windows programs. To press a button (such as an OK button). or entire regions of a form are referred to as “controls”.
For example.a short description of the button’s function . A [+] sign next to the tree category indicates the category may be expanded to reveal the contents at the next sublevel in the tree. For example. In the Block Load main program window. Toolbar buttons typically appear toward the top of a form and are used to perform common program operating tasks. a tree view is used to organize and show the categories of program data. To press the button.Chapter 1 Getting Started • Toolbar Buttons. In Windows Explorer you use the tree view to locate a specific folder. in Windows Explorer. When the top level items in the tree are selected the control window on the right side will contain a List view of the items contained within that category. When a sub-level category item is selected in the tree the control window displays the Data view allowing you to enter data for that particular category. A tree view control is often accompanied by either a List view or a Data view control. Each toolbar button contains a picture which indicates its function. If you are uncertain of a button’s function. An example showing Block Load’s toolbar appears below. You can perform the following tasks with the Block Load tree view: • Click on the tree category name to display its data in the List view. and the accompanying list view displays the files in that folder. Clicking on a [-] sign will collapse a tree category. Branches of the tree represent folders on your hard drive and sub-folders beneath each of these folders. • Tree View.will appear. use the mouse to click on the button. 1-14 Block Load Quick Reference Guide . A “tooltip” . A [-] sign next to a tree category indicates the category has been completely expanded to reveal all sub-levels under it. position the mouse cursor over the button. clicking on the Systems category name displays a list of systems in your project in the List view. the folder structure of your hard disk is shown in a tree view control. A tree view displays the relationships between data items in the form of a tree.
• List View. Some highlevel categories such as Weather have only one option available in the pop-up menu. This data table is not editable. As its name implies. or alternatively you may use the Spreadsheet view to edit zone data after it has already been entered using the Data view. Systems or Libraries item in the tree category allows you to add a new zone. the List view contains a list of items contained within the highlighted tree category. For the Systems only right-clicking also allows you to Print/View Load Results. such as a particular system or zone. Right-clicking on the Unattached Zones. which is to Print/View Inputs. Right-clicking on a sub-category level. allows you to Duplicate. The pop-up menu choices available changes depending on which categories in the tree are selected. Block Load Quick Reference Guide 1-15 . system or library item.Getting Started Chapter 1 • Right-click on the category name to display the pop-up menu for the category. View or Print inputs or Add a new item. The graphic below shows the List view containing library elements. Delete. rather is shown for informational purposes only. To edit the data you may click on a sub-category level in the tree and open the Data view.
Systems and Library elements. • Check Boxes. To open the Spreadsheet view you may either select the menu item Edit > Spreadsheet Input or click on the icon on the toolbar. click on the text box a second time or press the right or left arrow key.Chapter 1 • Getting Started Data View. you can select from a list of pre-defined cities. The example shown below is a drop-down list used to choose the overhead lighting fixture type in Block Load. The Spreadsheet view is an alternate method for viewing and editing zone input data previously entered using the Data view. If you begin typing. click on the down arrow at the right-hand end of the control. Once the list appears. In the example below. as indicated in the graphic below. When you move to the text box by clicking on it or using the [Tab] key. the existing value will be replaced with the new information you enter. This feature is covered in detail in Appendix A. Rather than [ENTER] moving you to the next input item. • Spreadsheet View. In addition to choosing from a list of items. A check box is typically used to indicate on/off or yes/no selections. The example shown below is a combo box for the city name from the Weather form in Block Load. a combo box allows you to enter your own item. A similar control is used for Weather. A check box is changed by clicking on the box. To modify individual characters or numerals in the text box. A text box is used to enter numeric or text data. click on the desired item or use the arrow keys to move the highlight bar to the desired item and then press [ENTER]. For example. A blinking cursor will appear. it will send you elsewhere in the program. Text Boxes. The Data view is the primary input form used to enter or view input data for any of the sub-category elements in the tree. Instead. With this combo box. In Windows software the [ENTER] key has no effect on a text box. • • Drop-Down Lists. Block Load Quick Reference Guide 1-16 . or you can type in a city name of your own. the box should be checked if you want the program to calculate the loads for the zone reheat coils on a VAV system and should be left unchecked if zone reheat coils are not used. Instead it will often execute the default command button. the existing value in the text box will be highlighted indicating you are in replace mode. In edit mode you can move the cursor to a desired position in the box and insert or delete individual characters or numerals. if you click on one of the zones in the Unattached Zones list the control window displays the Data view for that particular zone allowing you to see or edit all input values. To display the list. use your mouse or the [Tab] key to move to the next input item. • Combo Boxes. Its appearance is shown below. Drop-down lists are used to choose from a list of items. DO NOT press the [ENTER] key. A combo box is a modified version of a drop-down list. When finished entering data.
only one of the four floor types can be selected at one time. In the example below. A detailed explanation of working with projects appears in Appendix B.Getting Started Chapter 1 • Radio Buttons. To save the project you must still select Project > Save or Save As. In some situations. the OK button has a darkened outline indicating it is the default. saves the current data and returns to the Block Load main program window. use your mouse to click the button. It should be noted that most data input screens in Block Load do not contain command buttons. Radio buttons are used for selecting one item from a group of mutually exclusive choices. Command buttons are used to perform various tasks in a Windows programs. Pressing [ENTER] from anywhere on the form has the same effect as pressing the default button. Pressing the OK button. for example. To press a command button. a command button is highlighted in some manner to show it is the default for a form. The example below shows the four command buttons which appear in the Spreadsheet input form. or use the [Tab] key to navigate to the button and then press [ENTER]. • Command Buttons. click on the button opposite the desired name or on the name itself. which saves all input data. rather to exit the screen and save the input data you simply select or click another item or category in the tree. Block Load Quick Reference Guide 1-17 . A black dot will be placed next to the item you choose. In the example below. This opens the new item and saves the input data on the form that closes. and the dot for the prior selection will be removed automatically. To select an item using radio buttons.
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Block Load Tutorial
This chapter provides a quick tutorial about how to use the Block Load Program to design systems. This tutorial is designed for readers who want a quick description of how to use the program and are already familiar with the design process, Block Load terminology and basic principles of program operations.
2.1 BLOCK LOAD SYSTEM DESIGN TUTORIAL
This tutorial explains how to use Block Load to perform design calculations for systems. When Block Load is started, the main program window appears. At this point the system design process involves the following five steps to design systems. Note that this tutorial assumes the reader is prepared to enter his or her own building and system data. For a complete example problem, please refer to Chapter 3. 1. Create a New Project
Choose New on the Project menu. This creates a new project. A project is the container which holds your data. Choose Save on the Project menu. You’ll be asked to name the project. From here on, save the project periodically to prevent data loss in the event of a power interruption or other computer problem.
2. Enter Weather Data
Click on the “Weather” item in the tree view in the main program window. The Weather input form will appear. Enter weather data by selecting the appropriate Region, Location and City. The default weather data displayed is the ASHRAE weather data, as indicated in the lower right corner of the Weather properties window. You may use this data as is or modify it to meet your specific requirements. If you do modify the default weather data the data source dialog message in the lower right corner of the screen changes from “ASHRAE Handbook” to “User Modified” indicating that it is no longer ASHRAE data. Modified weather data is project-specific, that is the next time you run Block Load and select the same city it will again display the ASHRAE default data. Should you want to use the user modified weather data each time and not have to re-enter it each time you should consider creating a “template” project, which is a blank project containing only weather and library elements. That way each time to you start a new project all you have to do is open the template project, save it with a new name then add the zones and system information. To save the data and exit the Weather input screen click on another item in the tree.
3. Enter Zone Data
Right-click on the “Unattached Zones” item in the tree view in the main program window and select “Add a New Zone”. This opens the Zone input form where default Zone information will appear. Alternatively, if you already have a System entered, you may also create a new zone under the existing system by right-clicking on the System category and selecting the pop-up menu option, “Add a New Zone”. Enter data for your first zone. A zone represents an area of thermostatic control. A zone can be a singe room, an entire exposure or in the case of large open areas (e.g. auditorium) it could be a
Block Load Quick Reference Guide
Block Load Tutorial
single area for the entire building. However it is a good design strategy to subdivide the building into separate control areas which will improve the calculation accuracy and eventually allow you to properly size HVAC systems and equipment for each separate control area. This is referred to as “zoning”. Properly zoning techniques applied up-front require a bit more time initially but will save time and improve accuracy later during final equipment selection and sizing of terminals and ductwork. While entering zones, you must determine the percentage of internal loads (such as lights, equipment and people) present during the unoccupied time period. You will also need to create walls, roofs, windows, doors or external shades in the Libraries category. You may do this first before entering zones or systems or directly from within the zone input form by choosing the “create new …” item in drop-down selection lists. For example, when entering Wall data for Exposure 1 in the zone input screen, you must choose a Wall Type. In the Wall Type input field there is a drop-down list. From this list choose the “create new wall” item to create a new wall and automatically assign it to the exposure. Similar procedures are used for windows, doors, roofs and external shades. An alternate approach is to create library items (walls, roofs, windows, doors and external shading) prior to entering zone data. To do this go directly to the Libraries area in the tree view and right-click on any of the items and select “Add a new …”. Once you have completed data entry on all tabs of the zone input form simply click on any other item on the tree to save the zone input data and close the zone input screen. To enter another zone, in the tree view right-click on the name of the zone you just created. The zone pop-up menu appears. Choose the Duplicate option on the pop-up menu. An exact copy of the original zone will be created and its input form will appear. The zone name will be the same but with a number in parentheses after the name. This is a quick way of generating new zones based on defaults from an existing zone. Enter data for the new zone. You may change the name on the first field and any other data necessary. Once data entry is complete once again click on any other item in the tree to save the zone data and exit the input screen. Repeat the previous steps to enter data for as many zones as required. If you wish to modify or review all the zone input data side-by-side you may open the Spreadsheet Input screen two different ways: either from the toolbar or from the menu bar under Edit > Spreadsheet Input. This saves significant time over opening each zone separately and making changes inside the data view input screens.
• • • •
4. Enter System Data
Right-click on the “Systems” item in the tree view in the main program window. Select the “Add a New System” from the pop-up dialog box. Default System information will appear in the data view and the System input form will now be open. Enter data for your first system. Block Load uses a system-based design approach such that all required system components are sized automatically for you, therefore you must specify the system type in the input screen. If entering data for a VAV system, you will need to specify the desired ventilation sizing method. The choices are: “Sum of zone OA Airflows” and “ASHRAE Std 62-2001”. The first method simply adds the ventilation rate specified for each zone together to arrive at the total ventilation airflow quantity for the system. The ASHRAE Std 62-2001 method is also known as the “Multiple Space” or “Critical Space” method. It determines the total outdoor airflow rate necessary to ensure that all zones receive the required amount of fresh outdoor air. It is also important to enter the system start-up time and duration of system operation. This works in conjunction with the occupied and unoccupied thermostat setpoints to properly calculate the effects of night setback and setup and to accurately determine required pull-down and warm-up loads.
Block Load Quick Reference Guide
5. Generate System Design Reports • • • • • • • • Click on the “System” item in the tree view in the main program window. There are three ways to create design reports for systems. Before generating reports. The third way is to click on the toolbar icon “Report/Print/View Load Results”. Block Load will check to see if system design calculations have been performed. Repeat the previous steps to enter data for as many systems as required. provided successive systems are similar. Duplicating systems is a quick way of creating new systems based on defaults from the previous system. system type and whether or not the system calculations have been performed yet or not. Block Load Quick Reference Guide 2-3 .Block Load Tutorial • Chapter 2 • • • • • • For VAV systems utilizing reheat coils you will need to also specify the minimum airflow rate supplied to the zones. A copy of the original system will be created and its input form will appear. press the Print To File button. This is so Block Load can properly size the zone reheat coils and also to ensure a minimum ventilation rate is delivered to the zones during occupied periods. press the Print button. The system pop-up menu appears. Choose the Duplicate option on the pop-up menu. After highlighting the system(s) either right-click on the system(s) and select “Print/View Load Results” from the pop-up menu or alternatively click on the “Print/View Load Results” under the Reports menu option. On the System Design Reports form. System summary information will appear in the data view on the right. If not. Any zones currently attached to the original system will also be duplicated under the new system. choose the desired reports. Once finished select any other item in the tree view to save your data and return to the main program window. Block Load automatically runs these calculations before generating the reports. In the tree view select and highlight the system(s) for which you want reports. use the "Add a New System" option to create each new system. which can be opened in most word processing software. To generate and save an output report in Rich Text File (RTF) format. To print the reports directly. Enter data for each new system. press the Preview button. Once finished entering system data click on any other item in the tree view to save your data and return to the main program window. in the tree view right-click on the name of the system you just created. This includes the system name. To view the reports before printing. If they are not. To enter another system.
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1 OVERVIEW FOR THE EXAMPLE PROBLEM The procedure for designing HVAC systems in Block Load involves five steps. Select Equipment. 2. Enter Data Into Block Load. In the remainder of this chapter a separate section will deal with each step. 3. Louis. 3.1 Architectural Rendition of Manufacturing Office Block Load Quick Reference Guide 3-1 .2 DEFINING THE PROBLEM The objective of this example problem is to design an HVAC system which serves a manufacturing office located in St. 3. The example problem presented in this chapter will demonstrate each step in this process.Chapter 3 System Design Example Problem This chapter contains a simple example problem which demonstrates how to use Block Load to design an HVAC system. Gather Data. as discussed in Chapter 1: 1. 5. Use Block Load to Generate Design Reports. Figure 3. Define the Problem. The example builds on concepts and procedures discussed in Chapters 1 and 2. Missouri. 4.
The east. a conference room and two restrooms located in the general office (zone 7).2 below. The building is comprised of six offices.Chapter 3 System Design Example Problem The floor plan for the office is shown in Figure 3. The north wall adjoins the manufacturing plant which is kept no warmer than 80 F in summer and no colder than 65 F in winter. Zones 1-6 all have outside perimeter exposures. To save time the building has already been zoned into seven separate control zones.2 Floor Plan for Manufacturing Office 3-2 Block Load Quick Reference Guide . This north wall is considered a partition since it is not directly exposed to ambient conditions. Figure 3. south and west walls are exposed to ambient.
3. Additional details appear in the zone data table that follows.System Design Example Problem Chapter 3 Building information including construction details and other design parameters is shown in Figure 3.3 Manufacturing Office Details & Building Data Block Load Quick Reference Guide 3-3 .3 below. Fig.
VAV box minimum airflow rates. 3. one per zone as indicated in the system layout in Figure 4 below. A cooling-only VAV rooftop unit will be used in conjunction with electric resistance heating coils in the VAV box terminals to provide heat. Block Load Quick Reference Guide 3-4 .4 HVAC System Layout for Manufacturing Office Block Load will be used to model the heat transfer processes in the building in order to determine the following seven equipment sizing values: • • • • • • Rooftop unit required cooling capacity.Chapter 3 System Design Example Problem This office building will be air conditioned by one variable-air-volume (VAV) packaged rooftop unit serving VAV boxes. Fig. Rooftop unit preheat coil capacity VAV box (zone) design airflow rates. Rooftop unit required fan airflow Rooftop unit required outdoor airflow rate.
2” of board insulation (R=13. Louis are such that peak loads are most likely to occur during the summer or fall months.55 BTU/(hr-sqft-F) with a SHGC of 0.3 GATHERING DATA The second step in the design process is to gather information necessary to model heat transfer processes in the building and to analyze operation of the HVAC equipment which heats and cools the building. Lighting. Louis. Walls. The windows have a 6” reveal. This involves gathering data for the building. The window units measure 6 feet in height by 2 feet in width and are double glazed.1 Gathering Weather Data ASHRAE design weather conditions for St.9 lb/sqft. This will save a lot of time for data entry.46 BTU/(hr-sqft-F) and a shade coefficient (SC) of 0. No internal shades are used. Doors.4 lb/sqft. All zones have identical internal loads for lights and equipment.79. This means cooling sizing calculations will only be performed for this range of months. Thus. Note that in Block Load the roof assembly must include all material layers from the exterior surface to the interior surface adjacent to the conditioned space. gathering of weather data.054 BTU/(hr-sqft-F). Lighting levels during the unoccupied time period are 10% (unoccupied use). Manufacturer’s ratings indicate the door U-value is 0. Recessed. So we can reduce the set of calculation months to May through November to save calculation time without sacrificing reliability. except for the size. In addition to the ASHRAE data. One common wall construction is used for all exterior walls. Zones 1 & 2 along the east exposure are similar.3. For reference. The overall weight is 8. 3. Roofs. 22 gauge steel deck. R=1. data for zones in the building and data for the HVAC system will be discussed.System Design Example Problem • Chapter 3 VAV box terminal reheat coil capacities. The wall will have to be entered as a custom wall and each layer defined separately from the inside to the outside to arrive at the total overall U-value. Doors contain a double-glazing in an aluminum frame. We could use January through December as the calculation period. One type of casement window unit is used for all windows in this building. density = 23.88).5 W/sqft. The outside surface color is “light”. 3. The overall weight is 44. the overall U-value is 0. specific heat = 0.071 BTU/(hr-sqft-F). Each door measures 7 feet in height by 3. R-11 batt insulation. a 36” plenum air space and acoustic ceiling tiles (3/4” thick. the ceiling plenum is considered part of the overall roof assembly. design weather conditions in St. Windows & External Shading. The outside surface color is “light”. Manufacturer’s NFRC ratings indicate the window has a U-value of 0.14 Btu/lb/F. The construction consists of 4-inch face brick. The door is not assumed to be shaded all day.3. However. unvented fluorescent lighting fixtures are used for all zones in the building. The overall U-value is 0. which is the only external shading for the windows. Missouri will be used for this analysis. number of people and partition. there are 7 zones in this office building. 3.0 lb/sqft. There are enough similarities between zones that we may enter one zone and then use Block Load’s Duplicate function to copy the zone. The south zone has a double glass door. and then make any necessary changes. a 1” air space and 5/8” gypsum board finish. One uniform flat (horizontal) roof construction is used for this building. Block Load Quick Reference Guide 3-5 . As mentioned previously.2 Gathering Zone Data In this example problem we will model the heat transfer of each zone separately so peak loads and required airflow rates can be determined for each zone.5 feet in width. we will: • Use the period May through November as the design cooling months. Below. The roof construction consists of 1” built-up roofing. Lighting density for all zones is 1. Characteristics of these zones were derived from architectural plans and from information about the use of the building and are described below.42. its environment and its HVAC equipment.75.
All zones have the same electrical equipment heat gains at 0. The floor slab is constructed of heavy weight concrete with an overall U-value of 0. Zones. The building weight is medium. One set of common wall. One common roof construction is used for the building. For all zones an “office work” activity level will be used (245 BTU/hr/person sensible. Zone 7 (General Core Office) does not have any external walls. For all rooms we will use design day occupancy levels of 100% for 0700 through 1700. R-11 edge insulation is used for the slab. The maximum number of occupants varies by space and will be discussed later in this section. 205 BTU/hr/person latent). This occupancy profile applies for days the school is in session. The average ceiling height is 8. wall areas. For the music room the “office work” activity level will be used due to the higher level of activity in this room (245 BTU/hr/person sensible.Chapter 3 System Design Example Problem Occupants.35 W/sqft. 205 BTU/hr/person latent). a “seated at rest” activity level will be used (230 BTU/hr/person sensible. The occupant schedule is shown in Figure 3. For weekends and holidays 0% occupancy is used for all hours. 120 BTU/hr/person latent). Infiltration is assumed to occur uniformly in all perimeter zones at a rate of 0. Zone data is shown in Table 3.5. A total of 7 zones will be defined.1 below. therefore there is no infiltration for this zone. Ventilation airflow rates will be defaulted by choosing the appropriate ASHRAE Standard 62-2001 space usage type in the zone input screen (zone 1 is a conference room. Lighting fixture characteristics and schedules were discussed earlier in this topic. Electric equipment usage during the unoccupied time period is 10% (unoccupied use). For the summer shutdown period from late June to early August these 0% occupancy values will be used.5 feet for all zones. Occupant heat gains and schedules were discussed earlier in this topic. Electric Equipment. One type of lighting fixture is used in all zones. Occupants per zone are listed in the table below.03 CFM/sqft during the design heating season only. the normal hours of operation for the school. Occupants. Thus. occupancy levels of 0% will be used for all other hours of the day. and window and door quantities for each zone are summarized in the table below. Roof areas are shown in the table below. For all rooms except the music room. Wall orientations. The maximum number of occupants varies by zone and will be discussed later in this section. all other zones are offices). Occupancy levels during the unoccupied time period are 0% (unoccupied use). Details as follows: • • • • Floor areas are shown in the table below. window and external shading constructions are used for the building. door. Infiltration occurs only when the fan is off because the building remains positively pressurized from the outside air when the system is running This building uses slab floor on grade construction.10 BTU/(hr-sqft-F). Occupancy during the period 1800 through 2100 is very infrequent and will be ignored. • • • • • • • 3-6 Block Load Quick Reference Guide .
Manager 20 x 15 2 E: (20x12). The bypass factor for the cooling coil is 0. Block Load assumes a “proportional” control for ventilation air. This will ensure that all zones receive a minimum air change and a base ventilation rate during occupied periods. Exhaust Air. we will define one Block Load system to represent this equipment.000 CFM) the outdoor air fraction will remain at 35%.0 in wg. 5 win / 0 doors Partition: 127.0 7 – General Core Office 70 x 45 30 Partition: 595 sqft. 0 win / 0 doors (neglect) 70 x 45 70 x 45 0 3. Door Data Exp:(W x H).450 CFM (35% of 7. Supply Fan.Conference Room 25 x 15 12 E: (25x12).0 4 – General Perimeter 5 – Chief Engineer 70 x 15 15 x 15 10 2 S: (70x12). Each zone will be sized on a per person basis per the ASHRAE Standard values based on the input values entered for each zone.5 sq. Outdoor ventilation airflow will be calculated using the ASHRAE Standard 62-2001 method. 3 win / 0 doors 20 x 15 20 x 15 35. (L x W) Slab Floor Dimen. The supply fan in the rooftop unit will be sized for a total static pressure estimated to be 2./#door Roof Data Dimen. All zone VAV boxes contain electric resistance heat except for zone 7.000 CFM).1 Summary of Zone Characteristics Zone Name Floor Dimen. A VAV packaged rooftop unit with VAV boxes serving the zones will be used. These will not be conditioned directly with supply air. Zone exhaust air is entered in the zone input screen under the “airflow” tab. 3 win / 0 doors 15 x 15 15 x 15 25. Ventilation.3 Gathering Air System Data One VAV packaged rooftop unit with separate VAV boxes for each zone will provide cooling and heating to the seven zones in this building. The DX cooling coil is permitted to operate in all months.0 2 – Asst.. 9 win / 0 doors Partition: 127. Cooling Coil.System Design Example Problem Table 3. say a system with 10.500 CFM of ventilation air will be introduced into the building.0 3 . # win.Engineering 45 x 15 6 W: (45 x12). Therefore.5 sq. Details: • Equipment Type. The system provides a constant 56 F supply air temperature to the zone terminals. The minimum total supply airflow to the zones will be set at 20 CFM/person. 3-7 • • • • Block Load Quick Reference Guide . 25 x 15 25. An exhaust rate of 100 CFM per restroom (200 CFM total) will be assumed. rather they will be ventilated only with transfer air provided from the office area. At off-peak conditions when the VAV fan speed is reduced to say 70% of full capacity (7. (L x W) 25 x 15 Chapter 3 Slab Exposed Perimeter (ft) 1 .3. Manager 15 x 15 2 E: (15x12). Window. The coil configuration is draw-thru. 4 win / 0 doors S: (15x12).000 CFM of total supply air is calculated to require an outdoor air fraction at design of 35%.0 30. 12 win / 2 doors S: (15x12). This means that at design 3. For instance. that is the design outdoor air fraction is maintained at all central fan speeds. resulting in a ventilation rate of 2.ft. 3 win / 0 doors 70 x 15 15 x 15 70 x 15 15 x 15 70. 3 win / 0 doors W: (15x12).100 which is representative of the type of equipment we expect to select. which is an interior zone served by two VAV boxes controlled in parallel. 45 x 15 45 x 15 45.ft. (L x W) People Wall.0 6 . The general core area (zone 7) contains two restrooms.
zone and HVAC system data has been gathered.E3A file after it has been copied. A project is the container which holds your data. right-click on the Manufacturing Office Example. The system uses a ducted return air system. Use “Manufacturing Office Example” as the project name. Create a New Project • (Optional) If you only wish to view this example rather than entering all the data yourself.Chapter 3 • System Design Example Problem Return Air. • If you will be entering example problem data yourself. Thermostat settings of 75 F occupied cooling. Enter Weather Data • Click the “Weather” item in the tree view in the main program window. The system startup time will be 7 am with 12 hour occupied duration. Required zone airflow rates will be based on the peak sensible load in each zone. This means that at 7 pm the system will go into setup or setback and maintain the unoccupied setpoints. Finally use the Save option on the Project Menu to save the project. Thermostats. Use the project name “Manufacturing Office Example”. choose New on the Project menu. 85 F unoccupied cooling. Zone 7 has no direct exposure to ambient conditions so it may be a cooling-only VAV box. uncheck the “Read-Only” check box. See the floor plan for zone designations. Zoning. Then press OK. 70 F occupied heating and 60 F unoccupied heating will be used in all zones. From here on. 1. The procedure for entering data into Block Load is presented below in a tutorial format.4 ENTERING DATA After weather. because this is a single story building and the ceiling plenum is located directly under an exposed roof. Because you are saving the project for the first time.E3A file from the \Example folder on the CD to the \E20-II\Archives folder on your computer. All other VAV boxes contain integral electric heaters. All seven VAV zones use single-duct VAV boxes. Supply Terminals. Then choose Save on the Project menu. This is the third step in the design process. Select the “Properties” option on the pop-up menu that appears. Run Block Load. To use this archive file: Copy the Manufacturing Office Example. Safety factors will not be used in this example. On the Properties dialog that appears.E3A archive. Skip to step 3 below. Using Windows Explorer. it is entered into Block Load. you can use archive data for the example problem which is provided on the Block Load CD. The heating coils will be sized to handle both the zone heating loads plus any heat necessary to heat the ventilation air that mixes with the return air at the central unit. The default weather data appears in the list view. The minimum total supply airflow to the zones (min. Sizing Criteria. Use the New option on the Project Menu to create a new untitled project. Block Load Quick Reference Guide 3-8 . A zone is a region of the building with one thermostatic control. without electric heat. This creates a new project. One zone will be created for each office for a total of seven zones. VAV box setting) will be 20 CFM/person. save the project periodically. The new project you create will contain data for the example problem. • 3. Then use the Retrieve option on the Project Menu to retrieve the data from the Manufacturing Office Example. you will be asked to specify a name for the project. • • • • 3.
Then from the pop-up menu select “Add a New Zone”. As you enter internal load data it will be necessary to define the unoccupied use % for lights. By using the program’s “duplicate” feature input effort can be minimized. After you have completed entering zone data click on any other branch on the tree to save the zone data and return you back to the main program window. The OA Ventilation requirements may be set from the drop-down list of ASHRAE space usage categories. choose data for U. First enter data for the “1 – Conference Room” zone: • Right-click on the “Unattached Zones” item in the tree view in the main program window. then drag-and-drop them to the system later.S. Doors” tab on the zone input form and enter data. Click on the “Roofs. Rather than creating a new zone each time it is more efficient to use Block Load’s “duplicate” feature to minimize input effort: • Right-click the “1 – Conference Room” zone item in the tree view portion under the unattached zones category. window and door constructions. Skylights” tab on the zone input form and enter data. The infiltration rate should also be entered for heating only at 0. Enter Zone Data Entering zone data is the most labor-intensive phase of data entry. select the “duplicate” option. Enter data on the “General” tab of the zone input form. Finally. Click on the “Internals” tab on the zone input form and enter data. This will open the zone input form in the list view. the zone input form will be launched and data for the new zone will be displayed. Louis. With the desired exposure column in the table highlighted. A duplicate copy of “1 – Conference Room” will be created. equipment and people. Click on the “Walls. For example. As you enter this data it will be necessary to create a roof construction. Zone 1 is a conference room.System Design Example Problem • Chapter 3 From the drop-down lists on the Weather form. Lights and equipment will be on 10% during unoccupied times to accommodate janitorial and security usage. you may first enter the VAV system then add zones directly to the system. Also select design cooling months of May through November. which contains the restrooms. click on the “Partitions” tab on the zone input form and enter partition data for the zones that are adjacent to the north wall. Alternatively. However for this tutorial we will create all zones in the Unattached Zones category. Similar procedures are used for creating window and door constructions. / Missouri / St. Because this new zone is a copy of 1 – Conference Room. You might want to save your project at this point if you haven’t already done so.A. Direct exhaust is zero for all zones except for zone 7. • • • • • • • • As mentioned previously many of the zone input values are similar. On the “General” tab of the zone input form change the zone name to “2 – Assistant Manager” and specify its dimensions or floor area.03 CFM/sqft and should occur only when the fan is off. Windows. All other zones are offices. Click on the “Floors” tab on the zone input form and enter data. 4. On the pop-up menu that appears. when you select the Wall Type input field you can create the wall construction for that exposure by choosing the “<create new wall>” item in the wall type drop-down list. you can create a roof construction for that exposure by choosing the “<create new roof>” item in the roof type drop-down list. As you enter this data it will be necessary to create wall. Click on the “Outdoor Airflow” tab on the zone input form and enter data. The partition input data is contained in the zone data table. since you already know we are only using one system. • Block Load Quick Reference Guide 3-9 . we will only need to modify items which differ..
When finished entering system data. The procedure for doing this is as follows: • Double click the Systems item in the tree view portion of the main program window. Procedures for generating system design reports will be discussed in Section 3. Since design load results have not yet been calculated. “System Load Summary” and “Zone Load Summary” report options. Enter data for the “VAV Rooftop Unit” system. print or save the reports as Rich Text Format (RTF). select the “System Sizing Summary”. Note that many of the default values for this zone will not need to be changed since much of the zone data is common to all zones. The Report Viewer can be used to browse. on the “Plenum. cooling and heating coil sizing criteria. Use the scroll bar to browse each report document or use the “next page” and “previous page” buttons on the Report Viewer toolbar to move from one report to the next. Should you also want advanced reports such as ventilation sizing. ventilation sizing method. The System Sizing Summary and Block Load Quick Reference Guide • • • • 3-10 .5. the program will determine whether system design data exists for the system. On the pop-up menu which appears. 3. On the System Design Reports dialog. the number of items which need to be modified will be minimized. The System Design Reports dialog will appear. 5. click on any other item in the tree view to save your system data and return to the main program window.Chapter 3 • System Design Example Problem Switch to each of the other tabs on the zone input form in succession and enter data. A status monitor will appear to help you track the progress of the calculation. When you press the Preview button. Finally. When finished modifying data for zone 2 – Assistant Manager. Enter System Data • Right click on the “Systems” item in the tree view in the main program window. startup time and duration of operation.5 GENERATING SYSTEM DESIGN REPORTS The fourth step in the design process is to use the data entered in step 3 to perform system design calculations and generate system design reports. On the “General” tab of the system input screen you will define the system type. the reports you requested will appear in the Block Load Report Viewer. This will expand the list of systems to show the VAV Rooftop Unit system. make frequent use of the help button or the on-line help features (F1 key) to learn about form operation. By making duplicates of successive zones. This will place you in the system input screen in the data view. Right click the “VAV Rooftop Unit” item in the list view. supply fan design criteria and also thermostat setpoints. Finally press the Preview button to see the reports. the program will run design calculations automatically. click on any item in the tree to save the zone data and return to the main program window. If you are new to the system form. Then select “Add a New System” in the pop-up dialog box that appears. select the “Print/View Load Results” item. Once the calculation is finished. • Enter data for the remaining zones using a procedure similar to that used for 2 – Assistant Manager: Use the “duplicate” feature to create successive copies of zones and modify the data for each new zone you create in this manner. • • • • At this point all input data has been entered and we’re ready to calculate the system sizing results. hourly zone and system loads and system psychrometrics you may select them as well. Safety Factors” tab you will define the return air type and any safety factors necessary.
The Sizing Data table lists the peak load for the preheat coil as well as entering and leaving conditions. VAV Box Minimum Airflow Rates 7.20. At the beginning of this example.19) can be used to meet all seven of these objectives. Together this data can be used in packaged rooftop unit selection software offered by Carrier and other manufacturers to select a rooftop unit which meets the sizing requirements. seven equipment sizing objectives were listed. VAV Box Reheat Coil Capacities Central Cooling Coil Sizing Data Supply Fan Sizing Data Outdoor Ventilation Air Data Preheat Coil Sizing Data Zone Sizing Data (see “Design Air Flow”) Zone Sizing Data (see “Minimum Air Flow”) Zone Sizing Data (see “Reheat Coil Load”) Table Block Load Quick Reference Guide 3-11 . Information in these reports can be used to size the various components of the HVAC system as explained in section 3. Together with the reheat coil loads this data can be used in air terminal selection software offered by Carrier and other manufacturers to select terminal components which meet the sizing requirements.19) contains data used to select terminal equipment. Data provided on the System Sizing Summary report (see Figure 3. The Zone Sizing Data table located at the bottom of the System Sizing Summary report (Figure 3. 3. The zone reheat coils are then sized to heat the supply air to the temperature necessary to heat the zones to their heating thermostat setpoints. The System Sizing Summary report contains data used to select the packaged rooftop unit and the VAV boxes.6.19 and 3. Rooftop Unit Cooling Capacities 2. 3.6 SELECTING EQUIPMENT The final step in the design process is to use system design reports to select HVAC equipment. coil entering and leaving conditions and a number of useful check figures. Rooftop Unit Preheat Coil Capacity 5. The Supply Fan Sizing Data table provides the required airflow rates and motor data for the supply fan. Location of System and Zone Sizing Data on Design Reports Objective: Report: Air System Sizing Summary (Fig.20) provides supplemental information about component system loads. Rooftop Unit Supply Fan Airflow 3. The table below lists the sizing objectives and the report and table which contains data needed to meet each objective. The Outdoor Ventilation Air Data section lists the total outdoor air requirement for the system. Table 3. The Zone Sizing Data table also lists the zone peak load time along with the required sizes for the zone reheat coils. The peak zone airflow rates can also be used to size ductwork and supply diffusers for the seven zones. Rooftop Unit Outdoor Airflow Rate 4. This table lists the required airflow rate for each zone terminal and also lists the minimum airflow rate.System Design Example Problem Chapter 3 System Design Load Summary reports are shown in Figures 3. The Central Cooling Coil Sizing Data table lists the peak coil capacities. which can be used to set minimum damper positions for the VAV boxes. based on the system input value. VAV Box (zone) Design Airflow Rate 6. For VAV systems Block Load assumes that there is a preheat coil located in the central unit to temper the ventilation air during winter ambient conditions to a temperature near to the cooling coil leaving air temperature.19) 1.2. The System Design Load Summary report (see Figure 3.
Chapter 3 System Design Example Problem Figure 3.5 Design Weather Parameters Figure 3.6 Wall Construction Data 3-12 Block Load Quick Reference Guide .
System Design Example Problem Chapter 3 Figure 3.7 Window Construction Data Figure 3.8 Door Construction Data Block Load Quick Reference Guide 3-13 .
Chapter 3 System Design Example Problem Figure 3.9 Roof Construction Data Figure 3.10 External Shading Geometry 3-14 Block Load Quick Reference Guide .
System Design Example Problem
Figure 3.11a Zone 1 – Conference Room
Block Load Quick Reference Guide
System Design Example Problem
Figure 3.11b Zone 1 – Conference Room (continued)
Block Load Quick Reference Guide
System Design Example Problem
Figure 3.12 Zone 2 – Assistant Manager
Block Load Quick Reference Guide
13a Zone 3 – Manager 3-18 Block Load Quick Reference Guide .Chapter 3 System Design Example Problem Figure 3.
System Design Example Problem Chapter 3 Figure 3.13b Zone 3 – Manager (continued) Block Load Quick Reference Guide 3-19 .
14a Zone 4 – General Perimeter 3-20 Block Load Quick Reference Guide .Chapter 3 System Design Example Problem Figure 3.
System Design Example Problem Chapter 3 Figure 3.14b Zone 4 – General Perimeter (continued) Block Load Quick Reference Guide 3-21 .
15a Zone 5 – Chief Engineer 3-22 Block Load Quick Reference Guide .Chapter 3 System Design Example Problem Figure 3.
15b Zone 5 – Chief Engineer (continued) Block Load Quick Reference Guide 3-23 .System Design Example Problem Chapter 3 Figure 3.
Chapter 3 System Design Example Problem Figure 3.16a Zone 6 – Engineering 3-24 Block Load Quick Reference Guide .
16b Zone 6 – Engineering (continued) Block Load Quick Reference Guide 3-25 .System Design Example Problem Chapter 3 Figure 3.
Chapter 3 System Design Example Problem Figure 3.17a Zone 7 – General Core 3-26 Block Load Quick Reference Guide .
System Design Example Problem Chapter 3 Figure 3.17b Zone 7 – General Core (continued) Block Load Quick Reference Guide 3-27 .
Chapter 3 System Design Example Problem Figure 3.18 VAV Rooftop Unit System Inputs 3-28 Block Load Quick Reference Guide .
19 Air System Sizing Summary Report Block Load Quick Reference Guide 3-29 .System Design Example Problem Chapter 3 Figure 3.
Chapter 3 System Design Example Problem Figure 3.20 System Design Load Summary Report 3-30 Block Load Quick Reference Guide .
it is assumed input data has been gathered and weather. wall. By definition. When calculations are performed. Chapter 1 contained a general discussion of how to use the program to design systems. the program can be used in design work involving a variety of different types of HVAC systems and equipment. 4.3. It also provides advice on how to troubleshoot problem jobs. These include small buildings with open areas that can be properly air-conditioned with one single-zone unit. the last section in the chapter discusses troubleshooting strategies required when investigating program results. it could also involve applications with split DX units and central station air handlers. Analysis Strategy. especially for new program users. Therefore. DX fan coils. Sizing multiple-zone HVAC systems. Finally.Chapter 4 Design Applications This chapter provides application information describing how to use the program to perform different types of system design analyses. entry of this data will not be covered in the application discussions. Material in this chapter is written assuming the reader is familiar with the program operating principles discussed in Chapter 1. the unit fan and any system ductwork. However. 4. Sizing terminal HVAC units such as fan coils and water-source heat pumps. Analysis of terminal units will be described in Section 4. In other words each separate area or zone in the building is served by a separate and dedicated Block Load Quick Reference Guide 4-1 . Many design applications involve single-zone HVAC equipment. To size single-zone HVAC units with the program. this chapter summarizes how the program can be used for three common categories of design applications: • • • Sizing single-zone HVAC units. 1. window. schedule. each HVAC unit must be defined as a separate air system. reports will be generated with sufficient information to size the cooling and heating coils. packaged terminal air conditioners (PTACs) and water source heat pumps (WSHPs). These applications generally fall into two categories: • • Applications involving rooftop or vertical packaged equipment. Discussions will dwell on modeling strategies and procedures for generating sizing information. roof. Considerations for this analysis are discussed below. or regions of a building served by separate single-zone units. Applications involving terminal units such as hydronic fan coils. Applications in the first category will be discussed in this section. Therefore. Zoning Considerations. However.1 APPLICATION INFORMATION OVERVIEW This chapter explains how to use the program for common system design applications. In each case it is assumed the reader is familiar with the basic program operating procedures outlined in Chapter 1. Further. a single-zone system in Block Load may contain only one zone. Procedures for using the program for these applications are not always obvious. door and shading data has already been entered.2 APPLICATIONS INVOLVING SINGLE-ZONE HVAC UNITS Introduction.
). ventilation. The program provides capabilities for doing this. 4. each HVAC terminal unit will serve a single room. as described in section 4. The "Single Zone CAV" system option should be used and the appropriate system attributes defined. This category of equipment includes packaged and split terminal air conditioners.3 APPLICATIONS INVOLVING TERMINAL UNITS Introduction.2. Applications involving these types of equipment typically require that a large number of units be sized. However if you do so you will receive an error message when you attempt to perform sizing calculations. Should your design require room-by-room load calculations you must use either the Fan Coil/WSHP or VAV system types. Generating System Design Reports. The System Sizing Summary provides data for sizing and selecting the supply fan and the central cooling and heating coils plus useful check figures. The program also produces streamlined output for sizing this equipment. the System Psychrometrics Table report is very useful for verifying that the system is maintaining the zone temperature at both cooling and heating design conditions as well as indicating the state points for all points in the air system. both of which allow you to attach multiple zones to the system.Chapter 4 Design Applications HVAC unit. To batch calculate multiple systems simply hold down the [Ctrl] key and select (left mouse click) individual systems to be calculated. zone floor area and zone total airflow per unit floor area. First choose the system or systems to be sized. hydronic fan coil units. it may be more efficient to enter the system data for all the HVAC units. Examples include units serving separate offices in an office building. then the entire building or area may be defined as one large zone in order to determine the block load for the entire area or building. If you have multiple zones you will have to define a separate system for each zone. A zone should represent a single room when your design analysis requires roomby-room sizing data. This will allow load and airflow sizing data to be calculated for each dedicated system. The Zone Sizing Data table at the bottom of this report lists the maximum zone sensible load. such as a fan coil in a hotel room. This feature is available when using the Fan Coils/WSHP air system type. 4-2 Block Load Quick Reference Guide . When a single zone is used to represent the entire building or the entire region served by the unit. Defining Zones. Defining the System. 3. To assist in this task. In addition. This will highlight all systems indicating that they have all been selected. separate guest rooms in a hotel. Analysis Strategy. each zone can represent the entire area served by one HVAC unit. 2. maximum zone heating load. Rather than defining one air system per single-zone HVAC unit as was done in Section 4. the system will include only the one zone. the program allows one "system input" to represent multiple HVAC units. In cases where multiple single-zone units are involved. Select the System Sizing Summary and the System Load Summary reports. or classrooms in a school building. glass. One system must be defined for each single-zone HVAC unit to be sized. The Block Load program will allow you to attach more than one zone to a single system. people. and water source heat pumps (WSHPs) which are used to condition separate rooms or groups of rooms. These features help minimize input effort and the quantity of output produced. the program provides special features for efficiently entering system information and producing sizing data. zone design airflow. In many applications. time of peak zone load. When this is not necessary. During system inputs. etc. so the zone must represent a single room in these cases. select the first system then select the last system. If your objectives for the design calculation do not require a detailed zone-by-zone sizing analysis.2. This is sometimes referred to as “zoning by system”. This section discusses applications involving the second category of single-zone HVAC units. This opens the System Design Reports selection screen. 1. and then generate reports all in one batch. The System Load Summary provides additional detailed system sizing results broken-down by component loads (wall transmission. To select all systems hold down the [Shift] key. Then either click the Print/View Load Results icon in the toolbar or choose Reports > Print/View Load Results from the menu bar. the zone served by the unit is specified. You should get in the habit of printing this report as it is most useful for verification and troubleshooting of system sizing calculations. Considerations for the analysis are summarized in the following paragraphs.
This table contains the total and sensible cooling coil loads plus coil selection parameters and the coincident peak load times. Zoning usually depends on the building use and layout. For rooms with the same sizes and patterns of loads. 4. The zone design airflow quantity is determined based on the calculated zone sensible loads. since only one has a roof exposure. Considerations for this analysis are described below. These systems comprise the third category of design applications. 1. One zone input and system sizing calculation for a typical guest room might suffice for selecting units for 10 or even 100 guest rooms in this situation. How to zone the system is one of the first decisions required when organizing the analysis. Organizing & Defining Zones. First choose the system containing the terminal unit data and select the System Sizing Summary report. The System Sizing Summary contains three main tables. use the same wall and window construction and experience the same internal loads.4 APPLICATIONS INVOLVING MULTIPLE-ZONE (VAV) SYSTEMS Introduction. each packaged unit or AHU must be defined as a separate system. In most applications it is not necessary to define one zone and one HVAC unit for every terminal unit in the building. Many design projects involve a central packaged unit or a built-up air handling unit which provides conditioned air to many different regions in a building. One possible workaround is to specify no ventilation air in the zones and instead calculate the ventilation load manually. Each of these regions has its own VAV terminal and thermostat making this a multiple-zone VAV system. With Block Load it is not possible to design a terminal system with pre-conditioning of the ventilation air. To design multiple-zone HVAC systems with the program. With this system type outdoor ventilation air is assumed to be supplied directly to the terminal units and as such the ventilation load is treated by the coils in the terminal units. This system type allows multiple terminal HVAC units (zones) to be defined and assigned to a single system input.Design Applications Chapter 4 A more important consideration in this analysis is minimizing the number of zones and units that are defined in order to save time and effort. The time of peak load is the time coinciding with the largest peak zone load. fan motors and airflow for each unit plus design ventilation airflow for zones served by the terminal units. If you frequently perform these types of system calculations you should consider using Carrier’s System Design Loads or Hourly Analysis Program (HAP). The maximum zone heating load is also provided. The Terminal Unit Sizing Data – Heating. For example. it may be possible to size an HVAC unit once. These loads include all system cooling loads such as ventilation air. 3. When design calculations are performed. and then use the same unit in multiple rooms. plus useful check figures for zone floor area and zone airflow per unit of floor area. choose the Fan Coil/WSHP system type. fans. When entering system data. When considering how to reduce the number of units analyzed. that is loads imposed on the zones themselves including envelope loads such as from walls. coil bypass factor and fan heat. 2. The goal is to provide a thermostat for each region of the building requiring specific Block Load Quick Reference Guide 4-3 . calculated at the winter design condition. The Terminal Unit Sizing Data – Cooling table contains sizing results for the terminal cooling coils. The fan design airflow may be used to size ductwork for the zones. which is designed specifically for these more complex system types. remember to evaluate all factors that affect loads. Defining the System. For example. Fan. output data will provide sizing information for all cooling and heating coils. guest rooms on the same exposure of a hotel might all be the same size. separate calculations must be performed for two rooms of the same size on the same exposure if one is on the top floor and the other is on an intermediate floor. Analysis Strategy. Generating System Design Reports. glass and roofs plus internal loads from occupants and equipment. fans and terminals in the system. Ventilation table contains sizing results for the terminal heating coils. This results in zone load calculations without ventilation air loads. and the HVAC system controls. The Zone Sizing Data table contains the zone loads.
coil selection parameters. it may be more efficient to define all the systems and then generate reports for all in one batch. 4-4 Block Load Quick Reference Guide . When each zone represents a single room. The program provides options for defining and sizing different types of variable volume multiplezone HVAC systems.Chapter 4 Design Applications or individual temperature control. Another important consideration when entering zones is how to minimize input effort. Then either click the Print/View Load Results icon in the toolbar or choose Reports > Print/View Load Results from the menu bar. north and south offices in a building would typically be assigned to separate zones since offices on each exposure experience significantly different patterns and magnitudes of loads.5 TROUBLESHOOTING STRATEGIES This section describes general strategies used to investigate load calculation and system sizing results. Further. First choose the system to be sized. select the first system then select the last system. Defining the System. 3. These investigations may be necessary when diagnosing problems with results or simply learning more about results generated by the program. When designing multiple systems in a large building. One system must be entered to represent the multiple-zone HVAC system. in many cases series of identical rooms (same size. A conference room on the same exposure might have a separate thermostat since its pattern of loads will differ from those of the offices on the same exposure. To select all systems hold down the [Shift] key. all areas included in each zone must be defined. 4. In these situations. the entire group of identical rooms can be entered as a single zone. it is not possible to discuss troubleshooting procedures for specific applications. However. On the report selection screen. Since the program defines a zone as the region served by one thermostat. This reduces input effort. If you have multiple systems and later decide that a particular zone best fits with a system other than it was originally assigned to you may easily drag-and-drop zones from one system to another using the mouse. When a room-by-room sizing analysis is not required. Generating System Design Reports. and useful check figures. the brute force approach is to define a separate zone for every room in the building. 2. This includes the use of reheat coils and a minimum airflow setting for the VAV boxes. Once zoning decisions have been made. The program provides capabilities for doing this. Define the appropriate attributes for the system being designed. Zones may be entered either as Unattached Zones then later assigned to the particular system or alternatively zones may be added directly to the system in the tree view by right-clicking on the system and selecting “Add a New Zone”. The Zone Sizing Data table provides data for sizing zone terminals such as VAV boxes and zone reheat coils as well as air diffusers and ductwork. The System Sizing Summary lists maximum coil loads for all central cooling and heating coils in the system. each zone should represent a separate room when room-by-room load and airflow sizing data is required.g. the location of thermostats in the system dictates how areas of the building will be grouped into zones. Due to the wide range of situations requiring diagnosis. To batch calculate multiple systems simply hold down the [Ctrl] key and select (left mouse click) individual systems to be calculated. general strategies useful in a variety of situations will be described below. This will highlight all systems indicating that they have all been selected. This data can be used to select coils and fans for the system.: one floor or west wing of a building). You may also use the duplicate function to create new zones that are similar to existing zones by right-clicking on the zone you want to copy then select “Duplicate”. then later you can pro-rate or allocate the calculated loads on a per-unit of floor area basis. choose the System Sizing Summary. Rather. Examples: Offices on a south exposure of a building might be included in one zone since they are of similar size and experience the same patterns of loads. As discussed in previous sections. same pattern and magnitude of loads) will exist in a zone. Entering system data also requires defining the zones served by the system. required airflow rates for central supply and return fans. each zone can represent an entire area of a building (e.
Perform Comparative Analysis. Research Input Definitions and Calculation Procedures. A comparison of results between these two systems should demonstrate the individual effect of the component control. When it does not. Frequently. unusual results found on the System Sizing Summary or Zone Load Summary reports can be successfully diagnosed by comparing data with full 24-hour load profiles. From the copy remove the reheat coils by un-checking the box on the system input form. Documentation topics in the help system explain calculation procedures. Such results could be due to legitimate system behavior or could be due to errors in modeling building heat gains or system controls. 2. and knowledge of the program. Sometimes unusual sizing results are caused by inadvertent input errors. Example: Suppose the System Sizing Summary report shows that the peak central cooling coil load occurs at 7am. a user can gain insight into why the maximum load occurs in the early morning. • System Variations. Inspect and compare data on the different printouts. Since peak cooling coil loads usually occur in the mid to late afternoon. Topics in the on-line help system provide definitions of all program inputs and explain how inputs are used by the program. Run sizing calculations for both of the systems. The original system will represent the base case and the duplicate system will represent the alternative. Two common applications for comparative analysis are provided below to serve as examples. By comparing coil loads at different times of day. a useful diagnostic strategy is to run calculations for variations of the system to determine the effect of each component or control. In many cases. The success of this technique depends on the user's ingenuity. • Single-Hour vs Multiple Hour Data. Block Load Quick Reference Guide 4-5 . Example: An air system including reheat coils yields unusual sizing results. first generate reports of all input data and pertinent load calculation results.Design Applications Chapter 4 1. When a more detailed investigation is needed various types of comparative analyses can be helpful. To diagnose this problem. When a question about results arises. this is an unexpected result. When a system containing several components and accessory controls yields unusual sizing results. Investigate Input and Output Data. knowledge of system and load behavior. a thorough knowledge of how the program uses certain inputs and performs its load and sizing calculations is necessary to understand program results. Sometimes this type of result will be due to an unusually large pulldown load which causes loads during the first few hours of operation in the occupied period to exceed coil loads during the mid-afternoon hours. 3. One way to diagnose this result is to generate the Hourly Air System Design Day Loads report which lists cooling coil loads for all hours in a specific month. make a copy of the system. Often this points out the reason for the original results that were questioned. it may be necessary to use 24-hour load profile reports to evaluate differences in system performance.
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a. In many cases one of the buttons or icons on the main window toolbar can be used to perform the task. editing or deleting data use the same basic procedure which is explained in this section. Selecting Multiple. when working with zones. Item Pop-Up Menus. c. Selecting a Single Item . For example. Right-clicking on the group of selected items will display the item pop-up menu which usually will contain an option for performing the task. This will cause a list of zones in your project to appear in the tree view panel on the left side of the Block Load main window. This information may be useful for new users learning the program and for occasional users who need a refresher on operating procedures. a common set of procedures is used to enter data. Particular tasks such as entering or editing data can usually be performed by several different methods. The names of all items in the group will be highlighted to indicate they are selected. Non-Consecutive Items . Consecutive Items . Which methods can be used for each task will be explained in subsequent sections of this appendix.1 BASIC PROCEDURES FOR PERFORMING COMMON TASKS Common tasks such as entering. if you need to work with zone data. Selecting Multiple. A. Whether you are working with walls. zones or systems.While pressing the [Ctrl] key on the keyboard. These methods include the following. Each name will be highlighted to indicate it is selected. b. 3. Block Load Quick Reference Guide A-1 . Users are free to choose the method that is most convenient.While pressing the [Shift] key on the keyboard.Appendix A Performing Common Tasks with Block Load This appendix describes procedures used to perform common tasks in Block Load such as entering or editing data and generating reports. Select the Data Category by clicking on the desired item in the tree view panel on the left-hand side of the Block Load main window. The name will be highlighted indicating is has been selected. click on the name of the first and last items in the group you wish to select. The procedure for performing many common tasks involves the following steps. Toolbar. select one or more zone items from the list of zones in your project. click on the name of each item in the group you wish to select. double-click on the "Unattached Zones" or “Systems” item in the tree view panel. c. for example. Often an option on the Edit Menu or Report Menu on the main window menu bar can be used to perform the task. modify data and generate reports. b. 2. the same basic procedures are used. There are three ways to select items: a. 1.Click once on the name of the item you wish to select. Select One or More Items from the list view panel on the Block Load main window. This basic procedure will be applied to each common task discussed in the subsequent sections in this Appendix. Menu Bar. While designing and analyzing HVAC systems with Block Load. Perform the Task on the selected items. For example. Using common procedures to operate the program makes the program easier to learn and simpler to use.
Right-click on the Project name in the tree view. The example below deals with library data. which creates a new item based on the old item. For example. f. This opens a pop-up menu allowing you to Add a New Zone or Add a New System. 2.Appendix A Performing Common Tasks with Block Load d. Note that selecting an option on this pop-up menu will perform the task only on selected items in the category.2 CREATING A NEW ITEM There are multiple ways to create new items in Block Load. you can create a new wall as follows: 1. Windows Doors” tab. 3. A. however there are a couple of additional ways available to create new zones and systems. This opens a pop-up dialog box allowing you to add the new item. Special Feature. Special Features. This opens the pop-up menu allowing you to select Duplicate. There are also cases where special additional methods are provided for performing tasks. The wall input form will then appear. while entering zone data on the zone form. Category Pop-Up Menus. To create a new zone or system: 1. Note that this method can only be used to create the following kinds of new items: A-2 Block Load Quick Reference Guide . e. the wall you created will automatically be selected for use in the zone. 2. This will open the input form for the item. To create a new library item: 1. Select the Libraries category in the tree view pane on the left side of the main window. Depending on what item you want to create there are slightly different procedures used for each. Right-click on the Unattached Zones item or on an existing System. Then select the "New" option in this pop-up menu. Click the OK button to save the wall and return to the zone input form. 2. While editing data in the Zone Input Form on the “Walls. The procedure for creating new zones and systems is similar to creating library items. Right-clicking on the selected category in the tree view panel will display the category pop-up menu. In some cases the keyboard keys can be used to directly perform a task. These will be explained in the subsequent sections where they apply. choose the “create new wall” item in the wall drop-down list. Enter the desired wall data including the wall name. Right-click on an existing zone or space. Enter data for the item then click on another item in the tree to save and close the input screen. Certain categories of data can be created from within other input forms. 4. Right click on the Library item in the tree view panel to display the category pop-up menu. 3. When you return to the zone form. Direct Use of the Keyboard. A list of library items in the project will appear in the right-hand data view screen. Click on the icon in the toolbar representing the new item that you wish to create.
Then click on the plus sign [+] next to “Walls” or double-click on the particular wall that you wish to edit. 3. a new zone is created using input data from the original zone as defaults. Simply substitute your category name for "zone" in the following description. select the drop-down list for Wall Type. The new library item will already be selected when you return to the zone input form. While editing data in the Zone Input Form on the "Walls. when you duplicate a zone. Windows. You only need to change a handful of zone inputs for each successive zone. 2. but the procedure can be used for any category of data in Block Load. To edit an existing wall item: Select the Libraries category in the tree view pane on the left side of the main window by clicking once on the plus sign [+] or double-click on the category name to display a list of library items in the project. Many readers will be familiar with the Copy and Paste features commonly offered in Windows software. Click the OK button to save the changes and return to the zone input form. you can edit data for any library item linked to that zone as follows: 1. Block Load Quick Reference Guide A-3 . Note that this method can also be used to enter Windows. Duplicate lets you make a copy of an item and paste it into your project. This opens the wall input form allowing you to make changes. Shading and Doors within the zone input screen. Defining this series of zones with each new zone based on the last zone’s data can yield a tremendous increase in productivity. rather than specifying every input item for each zone. The Duplicate feature in Block Load is used for this purpose.3 EDITING AN EXISTING ITEM There are multiple ways to edit existing items in Block Load.Performing Common Tasks with Block Load Appendix A While Entering Data In the Following Form: Zones Zones Zones Zones Zones You Can Create the Following Kinds of New Data Items: Walls Roofs Windows Doors External Shading A. Make changes to the wall type. in this case an existing wall. Certain categories of data can be edited from within the zone input form. Depending on what item you want to edit there are slightly different procedures used for each. Simply substitute your item type for "wall" in the following description. This opens the wall input screen and allows you to input a new wall type. Special Feature.4 DUPLICATING AN EXISTING ITEM While entering data. There are three ways to make a duplicate of an existing item in Block Load. For example. but the same procedure can be used for any library item in Block Load. For example. So in one step. In the list select <create new wall>. While entering zone data on the zone form. it is often useful to create new items using defaults from an existing item. A. Block Load’s Duplicate feature combines Copy and Paste into one function. The example below deals with duplicating an existing zone. Doors" tab. The example below deals with editing library data. a series of zones in a building might use the same wall and window constructions and the same lighting levels.
For example.0 and a "replace with" value of 1. regardless of what the original overhead lighting values are. 3. 6. A list of zones will appear in the list view pane. Press the "Replace" button on the Toolbar. Select the desired zone in the list view pane by clicking on it once. A list of zones will appear in the list view pane. the program will replace all overhead lighting inputs in the zones you designate with 1. After the zone has been duplicated its data will be displayed in the zone input form. 4. if the “value to replace” is blank and the “replace with” value is 1. 3. Right-click on the group of selected zones to display its pop-up menu. After the Replace option is selected. the Replace Data form will appear. 1.0 W/sqft of overhead lighting in the zones you choose. specifications for the building sometimes change. b. The program will notify you of the number of zones searched and the number of items replaced before returning to the Block Load main window. Right-click on the selected space item to display its pop-up menu. The example below deals with changing the overhead lighting W/sqft in a group of zones from 2.8 W/sqft. specify a "value to replace" of 2. This provides a vast time savings over modifying the 15 zones one at a time. c.Appendix A To duplicate an existing zone: Performing Common Tasks with Block Load 1. In the list view pane select the zones whose data is to be modified.5 REPLACING ZONE DATA During the course of a design project. For example. Select the Unattached Zones or Systems category in the tree view pane on the left side of the main window. A Replace can be performed in two ways: • The first is using a “search and replace” approach in which you define a “value to replace” and a “replace with” value. it’s useful to be able to globally change all zone data rather than modifying the zones one at a time. the wall construction characteristics change or lighting levels are adjusted. • There are three methods for globally replacing zone data in Block Load.0 W/sqft of overhead lighting. 2. A-4 Block Load Quick Reference Guide . Select and open the Unattached Zones or Systems category in the tree view pane on the left side of the main window.0 to 1. and will replace these with 1. 2.8 W/sqft of overhead lighting. b. In such a situation. Edit data as necessary and then exit the screen to save the changes and return to the Block Load main window. the program will search for all occurrences of 2. The same general procedure can be used for replacing many other types of zone input data. the “value to replace” specification is left blank in this case. Use one of the following three methods to duplicate a zone: a.8. if “value to replace” is 2.8. 5. Then click on the OK button to run the search and replace process. The second is using a “replace all” approach in which you only specify a “replace with” value. and “replace with” is 1.8 W/sqft. Use one of the following three methods to replace the data: a. The Replace feature in Block Load is used for this purpose. Use the "Duplicate" option on the Edit Menu.8 W/sqft. Then select the "Replace" item on this menu. On the Internals tab of this form choose "Overhead Lighting W/sqft" as the category to be changed. the Replace feature can be used to change the overhead lighting wattage for 15 zones all in one step. Use the "Replace" option on the Edit Menu. For example. Then select the "Duplicate" item on this menu. c. A. Press the "Duplicate" button on the Toolbar. For example. 4.
In the list view pane select the two air systems to be deleted. suppose a building contains 25 zones. Then select the "Delete" item on this menu.Performing Common Tasks with Block Load A. it is useful to be able to globally change the orientations of wall exposures and roof exposures in all your zones rather than modifying the zones one at a time. How to Undo Accidental Deletion of Data: When data is deleted. After the Rotate option is selected. A. Use the "Rotate" option on the Edit Menu. c.6 ROTATING ZONES Appendix A During the course of a design project. 4. Use the Open option on the Project Menu. the Rotate Data form will appear. Select the System category in the tree view pane on the left side of the main window. Make sure you DO NOT save the project data at this point. Note: If you ever accidentally delete data. b. A paragraph at the end of this section explains how. Press the "Rotate" button on the Toolbar. Block Load will display a warning message listing the number of systems to be deleted and asking you to confirm the deletion before it erases the data. Use one of the following three methods to rotate the zones: a. if you ever mistakenly delete data and have not yet saved the project. the orientation of the building is sometimes adjusted by the architect. Midway through the design process.7 DELETING ITEMS There are four ways to delete existing items in Block Load. Right-click on the selected systems in the list view pane to display the item pop-up menu. Use one of the following three methods to delete the air systems: a. 1. Use the Delete button on the Toolbar. For example. Simply substitute your category name for "system" in the following description. Then press the OK button to begin the rotation. Then reopen the project. 3. 2. The example below deals with deleting systems. 2. 3. The rotate feature can be used to adjust the wall and roof orientations in one step. it is permanently erased from the working copy of your project. This provides a vast time savings over modifying the 25 zones one at a time. The Rotate feature in Block Load is used for this purpose. Then select the "Rotate" item on this menu. The program will report the number of wall and roof exposures that were rotated before returning to the Block Load main window. you can often undo the deletion. The example below deals with rotating the orientation of wall and roof exposures by 45 degrees clockwise. Block Load will ask if you want to save changes to your current project data. In the list view pane select the zones to be rotated. c. There are three ways to rotate zone data in Block Load. the architect changes the building orientation by shifting it 45 degrees clockwise. The same general procedure can be used for rotation by other amounts. Right-click on the group of selected zones to display its pop-up menu. A list of systems in the project will appear in the list view pane. When you choose the Open option. Data Block Load Quick Reference Guide A-5 . 4. On this form specify the amount of rotation (45 degrees in this example). To delete two air systems from a project: 1. you can undo the deletion by re-opening the project. Select the Unattached Zones or Systems category in the tree view pane on the left side of the main window. However. but the procedure can be used for any category of data in Block Load. In such a situation. Use the Delete option on the Edit Menu. b. A list of zones will appear in the list view pane.
the reports will be displayed immediately. To view or print input data for a group of zones: 1. the reports will be printed immediately. b.9 GENERATING SYSTEM DESIGN REPORTS System design reports provide information about loads and the required sizes of system components such as coils. Block Load will run these calculations automatically. 3.10). information appears in the Block Load Report Viewer. Press the "View Input Data" button on the Toolbar. To view the reports on the screen.Appendix A Performing Common Tasks with Block Load from your most recent project/save will be restored. The System Design Reports Selection dialog will appear. Further information on the Report Viewer can be found in section A. In the list view pane select the zones whose input data is to be viewed or printed. fans. c. 3. To print the reports directly. A list of systems in the project will appear in the tree view pane. If system design calculations must be run before the reports can be generated. Select the System category in the tree view pane on the left side of the main window. press the Print button on the System Design Reports dialog. any other changes you made to the project since the last project/save will also be lost. c. 4. When printing data. If system design calculations must be run before the reports can be generated.8 GENERATING INPUT DATA REPORTS Block Load provides three ways to print or view input data for your project. 1. The example below deals with viewing or printing input data for a group of zones. A-6 Block Load Quick Reference Guide . Right-click on the System category in the tree view pane to display the pop-up menu for the system category. If no calculations are needed.10. Block Load will run these calculations automatically. Use one of the following three methods to view or print the input data: a. Choose the "Print/View Load Results" option on the Reports Menu. While this will successfully undo your accidental deletion of data. b. 5. but the procedure can be used for any category of data in Block Load. Simply substitute your category name for "zone" in the following description. A list of zones will appear in the list view pane. and supply terminals. The Viewer also provides a button for printing the data. Right-click on the System category in the tree view pane to display the pop-up menu for the system category. After viewing the reports you can print the reports by pressing the Print button on the Report Viewer. it is sent directly to your printer. Press the "Report/Print/View Load Results" button on the Toolbar. Select the reports to be generated. press the Preview button on the System Design Reports dialog. Block Load provides three ways to generate these reports. If no calculations are needed. 2. all utilizing the same basic procedure. Select the Unattached Zones or Systems category in the tree view pane on the left side of the main window. Reports are displayed in the Block Load Report Viewer (see section A. A. Then select the "Print/View Load Results" option on this menu. When viewing data. Choose the "View Inputs" or "Print Inputs" options on the Reports Menu. The Viewer allows you to quickly browse the data. A. 2. Then select the "Print Inputs" option on this menu. 6. In the tree view select the desired system(s). Use one of the following three methods to view or print system design reports: a.
Working from left to right across the toolbar the buttons perform the following functions: • The Save button is used to save the report as a disk file. The report is saved in Rich Text Format (RTF). The First Page button is used to display the first report in a batch of reports. This option is useful for incorporating report material in other documents. It appears when you press the Preview button on any of the Report Selection dialogs in the program. It contains buttons for performing useful tasks with the reports.Performing Common Tasks with Block Load A. RTF files can be read by many popular word processor programs. The Next Page button is used to display the next report in a batch of reports. which may then be pasted into another application such as a word processor or presentation document. Zoom Out decreases the magnification for the page. For more information about error messages. Overview of Layout and Features. The Toolbar appears beneath the title bar. The Report Viewer is also used to display calculation error messages.10 USING THE REPORT VIEWER Appendix A The Report Viewer is used to display all input. The Last Page button is used to display the last report in a batch of reports. The Print button opens the printer selection dialog allowing the user the option of printing all pages or specific ranges of pages. All reports included in the report viewer are saved in the disk file. refer to the on-line Help system inside Block Load. • • • • • • • Block Load Quick Reference Guide A-7 . The Report to Clipboard button copies the contents of the report to the clipboard. The Previous Page button is used to display the preceding page in the batch of reports. At the right-hand end of the title bar is a close button which is used to close the viewer and return to the Block Load main window. Zoom In increases the magnification for the page. 2. The Zoom In and Zoom Out buttons are used to enlarge or reduce the magnification for the currently displayed page. The Report Viewer consists of three key components. design and simulation reports in Block Load. The Title Bar appears across the top of the Report Viewer window. 1.
It displays all pages for the current report. You will also need to scroll to view additional pages in the report if a report contains multiple pages.Appendix A Performing Common Tasks with Block Load Figure A. The Report Viewing Area appears below the toolbar.1 Block Load Report Viewer 3. A-8 Block Load Quick Reference Guide . you will need to use the scroll bar or the [PgUp] and [PgDn] keys to view all portions of that page. Since only a portion of one page of the current report is visible at one time.
Choose whether program input data and results are displayed using English units or SI Metric units. Depending on the program version. Validation Options – Block Load continually checks for input errors to determine if input values entered are within an expected range of values. Choices include the ASHRAE Transfer Function Method (TFM) and Radiant Time Series (RTS). the Options form appears. Show Advanced Report Options. only one calculation method may be available. The General data and the Advanced options. A-9 Block Load Quick Reference Guide .Performing Common Tasks with Block Load A. When the Options item is selected. Calculation Method – Allows you to choose the calculation method used by Block Load. Changing Validation Options provides a complete description of these features. When errors occur the program may notify the user in two different ways: the first method is an audible beep and the other an error message on the screen. The form contains two separate areas. The section that follows. Each item on the form is described below: Figure A. • • The Advanced area of the options screen contains the following options: • • Displaying Libraries.11 SETTING USER OPTIONS Appendix A The Options item on the View Menu is used to assign a variety of settings influencing program operation.2 Block Load User Options The General area contains the following settings: • Measurement Units .
Command Buttons. Block Load will display a message box describing the problem. these settings are adjusted because a user finds the audible signal. Block Load will ask you to correct the problems before exiting from the input form. When the box is not checked. highlighting the input item in red and/or a message box. • Audible Beep on Validation Error . Block Load will inform you of the problem in a number of ways: a beep. Block Load checks the input value to make sure it is within maximum and minimum limits. The settings in this section govern how problems are communicated. no message box will appear.Appendix A Performing Common Tasks with Block Load The Email area allows you to enter the email address of your local Carrier sales engineer. If it is not.” Please note that any problems identified while you are entering data do not have to be corrected right away. When the box is not checked. the highlighting or the message boxes to be distracting. Typically. Finally. Press the Help button to display information about the Options form and its input items. When you exit from an input form.When this box is checked. Press the Cancel button to exit without applying changes you’ve made to the settings. Each time you enter a value on an input form. If problems still exist. the form contains three buttons in the lower right-hand corner: • • • Press the OK button to exit and apply any changes you’ve made to the settings. Always Show Error Message & Require “OK” on Validation Error . Block Load will beep when a problem with an input value is found.00)”. which saves your input data. there will be no audible signal when a problem is found. • A-10 Block Load Quick Reference Guide . or other individual to whom you’d like to email your Block Load data for equipment selection. Example: “Value too high (max 32. Changing Validation Options Validation Options.When this box is checked. Block Load rechecks all the data on the form.
B. Saving the project copies your new data and your modified data to permanent storage. Block Load provides a wide variety of options for managing this data.Appendix B Performing Common Project Mgt Tasks This appendix describes procedures used to perform various project management tasks. when you save the project data will be saved under this project name automatically. It contains a list of all existing projects arranged in alphabetical order. To save a project.2 OPENING AN EXISTING PROJECT Before you can enter data. • • B. data for the project you selected will be displayed. Note that when you save a new project for the first time. Then a new “Untitled” project will be created. Block Load will ask you if you want to save the current project before opening another one. Select the desired project from this list.1 CREATING A NEW PROJECT A new project is typically created when starting a design job. • • B. Block Load will ask you if you want to save the current project before creating a new one. you will be asked to name the project.3 SAVING A PROJECT The Save option on the Project Menu is used to permanently store data you entered or changes you’ve made to a project. Many users elect to accept this storage convention. The Open Project dialog will appear. simply choose the Save option on the Project Menu. While working with a project. The project will serve as the container for all your input and calculation data for the job. a project is a container for data from Block Load and other Carrier programs. To create a new project: • • Choose the New option on the Project Menu. When you are returned to the Block Load main program window. If changes to the current project have not yet been saved. you first need to open the project: • • Choose the Open option on the Project Menu. Then the project you selected will be loaded into memory. By default the program will save data under \E20-II\PROJECTS in a folder whose name is the same as the project name. the software provides a feature to save the project in any folder on any drive Block Load Quick Reference Guide B-1 . for those who wish to save the data elsewhere. As noted in Chapter 1. its data is stored in temporary copies of the project data files. edit data and generate reports for an existing project. However. If changes to the current project have not yet been saved. you’ll be asked to name the project. Thereafter. No data for this project will be permanently stored until the first time you use the Save option on the Project Menu. When you choose the Save option on the Project Menu.
undoing a mistake will only cause a small amount of data to be lost. It appears on all Block Load reports. The Project/Delete option should be used with care. Typically this feature is used when making a copy of a project. It contains the descriptive items listed below. Note that after a project has been saved for the first time its project name cannot be changed. but any changes made since the last save will be lost. To save a project as a new project: • • First choose the Save As option on the Project Menu. Users often enter the internal billing number or company reference number for the project here. Block Load then saves your current project data in the new project folder and closes the old project. Of these the Project Name is the only item that must be defined since it is used throughout Block Load for various purposes. you can re-open the project without saving it. if the project contained data from other programs. When this menu option is selected the Project Properties dialog appears. By default the project will be saved under \E20-II\PROJECTS in a folder whose name is the same as the project name. in the title bar of the Block Load main program window and on selection lists when opening and deleting projects. It is important to use a descriptive name for the project so you can easily determine what data the project contains. The only requirement is that when the project is first saved the folder must be empty. • Project Name: A reference name for the project. All subsequent changes to project data and saving of project data will affect the new project you created. Only the Block Load data will be erased. However.5 DELETING A PROJECT To delete a project: • • • First.4 SAVING A PROJECT AS A NEW PROJECT The Save As option on the Project Menu is used to store changes to your current project data in a new project rather than the existing project. choose the Delete option on the Project Menu. Block Load Quick Reference Guide • B-2 . However. On the Delete Project dialog choose the project you wish to delete. we recommend saving the project periodically as you work with it. The only requirement is that when the project is first saved the storage folder must be empty. Example: A project contains Block Load and AHUBuilder data. If the project only contained Block Load data. The project will continue to exist and will contain only data for AHUBuilder. This restores the project data from your last project save. B. You will be asked to specify a name for the new project. You choose the Project/Delete option from within Block Load. If you ever need to undo a mistake you’ve made. the project will remain in existence along with the data from these other programs.Appendix B Performing Common Project Management Tasks accessible to your computer. except by using the Save As option on the Project Menu.6 EDITING PROJECT PROPERTIES The Properties option on the Project Menu is used to enter or change the descriptive information for a project. Number: A reference number for the project. Block Load data files for the selected project will then be erased. users may override this default and save the data in any other folder. When project data is deleted it is permanently lost and cannot be recovered. The Delete Project dialog will appear. If project data is saved frequently. All of the other items are for the user’s own reference and are therefore optional. B. • B. the project itself will be erased. As a sound data management practice.
Often users create a new project to receive retrieved data so existing data will not be overwritten. A project is typically retrieved when receiving archive data from another computer. Press the Cancel button on the Project Properties dialog to exit without saving changes.E3A file extension. The Retrieve Block Load 4. When you choose the Archive Block Load 4.0 data uncompresses the archive data and makes it available for use again.0 option on the Project Menu. The program then compresses the Block Load data files for the current project. Some users specify the date the project was created. if the current project contains Block Load data. Contact Name: The name of the client or a person in the client’s firm who is the contact for this project. In order to retrieve data for a project: • First create a new project or open the project you want to retrieve data into. • • • Note: Archiving data does not remove it from the project. A project is typically archived when saving it for backup storage. when you retrieve archived Block Load data it will replace all of the current data. the program will display its vital statistics. You can continue working with the current project data after it has been archived.0 option. data for the currently open project will be archived. B. etc. Thus. or when restoring backup data after a hard disk failure. Once a file name and folder has been specified. placing the data in a single ZIP-format file in the destination folder you specified. B. when referring to an old project that was archived for safekeeping. • • • • Press the OK button on the Project Properties dialog to exit and save the changes you made. The Archive option saves project data in one compressed file for safekeeping. Once a file is identified. you must create a new project before retrieving. owner.8 RETRIEVING A PROJECT The Retrieve option on the Project menu restores data that was previously archived using the Project/Archive option. The destination folder you specify can be on a local or network hard disk drive or on removable media such as a CD-ROM or flash drive.7 ARCHIVING A PROJECT The Archive option on the Project menu saves project data in one compressed file for safekeeping. for future reference. Data is always retrieved into the currently open project. These statistics include the name of the archived project and the data contained in the archive. press the Save button. Use a descriptive name for the archive file so you will be able to recognize it easily when you need to use it in the future. For example.Performing Common Project Management Tasks • Appendix B Date: A significant date for the project. Others specify the contract date or a delivery date. You are asked to confirm that this is the B-3 • • Block Load Quick Reference Guide . It merely stores a copy of the data for safekeeping. Contact Type: An item that defines who the client for the project is: a contractor. The program will display a dialog asking you to identify the archive file you wish to retrieve data from. Project Manager: The name of the person working with you on the project to supply HVAC equipment information. You will then be asked to specify the name of the archive file and the destination drive and folder where the archive file will be written. architect. Choose the Archive option on the Project Menu. if you do not want to lose data in the current project. or when transferring data from one computer to another. In order to archive data for a project: • First open the project you wish to archive. Notes: Notes concerning the status of the project or any other pertinent information. Choose the Retrieve Block Load 4. The archive file name has an *.
0 Data” on the Project Menu. none of your existing v4. all of the v4. In the Open Project dialog. This old version data will be converted to Block Load v4. By choosing an existing project which already contains Block Load v4. it is “translated” rather than “transferred”. b. An archive file is an .0 data.2 How Previous Version Data is Converted When data from a previous version of Block Load is converted to be compatible with the current version. or the Browse button to select a different archive file.0 into a format compatible with the current version of Block Load. Start the conversion process by choosing “Convert Block Load v3. B.0 data is in an active project or an archive file. you can select the same project containing the v3.mdb file you produced using the “Archive” option in Block Load 3. At the end of the conversion a message will appear summarizing any issues or problems encountered in the conversion process. choose the desired project from the list. A message will appear warning that v4. • The selected data will then be retrieved from the archive file and placed in the current project.0 project data that you want to convert. An active project is one that would appear on the Open Project dialog if you set the project filter to “Block Load 4.0 format. B. the Block Load data you retrieved will be displayed.0 to store project data for backup or archival purposes.0 format and saved in the same project folder as the original data.0 Data option on the Project Menu is used to convert data from Block Load v3.Appendix B Performing Common Project Management Tasks archive data you want to retrieve. It is important to make a distinction between “translation” of data and “transfer” of data: B-4 Block Load Quick Reference Guide . By setting the filter to “Block Load v3.0 data will be overwritten.0 data in the current project will be overwritten by converted data. Press “No” if you wish to terminate the conversion process without losing your current v4. c.0. Run Block Load 4.0 data will be stored. Old version data in the project will then be converted to Block Load v4.9. as long as a project of the same name does not already exist.0 data will be overwritten. You can assign any valid name to this project. Things to consider: a. 4. Procedures for converting data from each source are identical.0” or “Show All Projects”. choose the file containing the v3.0”.9.0 data. This is done by choosing the Open option on the Project Menu. After inspecting the converted data. B. Press the Retrieve button to begin retrieval.1 Converting Data From a v3.0 Project This procedure applies for the case where v3. By choosing a new project. 6. Select the v4. By doing so.0 data in the same project. 2. 5 On the “Retrieve Previous Version” dialog. use the Save option on the Project Menu to save the data. 3. 7.9 CONVERTING DATA FROM PREVIOUS VERSIONS The Convert Block Load v3.0 data. Data can be converted from either an active project or an archive file. Typically this option is used when you started a project with an earlier version and want to complete the work using the current version of Block Load. you can keep both the v3. When you return to the Block Load main program window.0 project into which the v3.0 and the v4. 1.
3. choose the "E-mail Sales Engineer" option on the Project Menu or click the corresponding button on the toolbar. To select an item in the list. 4. The traditional process for equipment selections involves first running a system design tool like Block Load to generate equipment sizing requirements. The result of “Data Translation” is the original data with missing items added. Note that you should always check with your Carrier sales engineer before sending e-mail. B.10 Publishing Equipment Sizing Requirements for use in E-CAT The Publish Equipment Sizing Requirements option on the Project Menu is used to electronically link Block Load sizing results with Carrier Electronic Catalog (E-CAT) to make selecting equipment faster and easier. select the systems whose sizing requirements you wish to publish. This procedure is described in part A below. This feature is used to send an archive of your project to your Carrier sales engineer so he or she can use the data to perform equipment selections. In the Publish Equipment Sizing Requirements window (Figure 1). With the Publish in Block Load the printing and manual data entry steps are eliminated. Use Block Load to perform sizing calculations for your air systems. When the design is finished and you're ready for equipment selection. The first is the collaboration scenario where you are doing the design work and your Carrier sales engineer is assisting you with selections. and finally manually entering the requirements into an equipment selection tool like E-CAT.Performing Common Project Management Tasks • Appendix B “Data Transfer” refers to the simple copying of data. This procedure is described in part B below. The second is the do-it-yourself scenario where you are doing both the design work and the equipment selections. Block Load Quick Reference Guide B-5 . deleted or modified. 2. A. press the Help button in the status message window that appears at the end of the translation process. There are two ways to use the Publish feature to make equipment selections easier. unusable items discarded and other items reorganized. Once you Publish equipment sizing requirements. press the OK button. then printing the requirements. This window consists of a list of all systems in the current project for which sizing calculations have been run. check the box to the left of the item. select the "Publish Equipment Sizing Requirements" option on the Project Menu. To view information about items adjusted during translation and about which categories of data are converted. When finished choosing items to publish. A toolbar button is also provided for this purpose. the data is immediately available to drive equipment selections in E-CAT. No data is added. Next. Collaboration Scenario 1. • Fortunately translation of data from one version of Block Load to the next preserves the vast majority of your data. The result of a data transfer is an exact copy of the original data. or click the corresponding toolbar button.
Use Block Load to perform sizing calculations for your air systems. 7. When finished choosing items to publish. For each system selected one or more equipment tags will be generated. To select an item in the list. In the project tree on the left side of the X Builder main window. The list of tags will include all those tags you created with the Publish option in steps 2-4. Double-click on an equipment tag item to launch the product wizard which allows you to perform a select-by-performance calculation. Then click the "+" symbol next to the Tags item in this project to display the equipment tags in the project. Publish Equipment Sizing Requirements B. two equipment tags will be created . for a 45-zone water-source heat pump system. 4. Or. 8. Block Load will then publish data for the systems you selected. Next. Finally. 6. B-6 Block Load Quick Reference Guide . 45 equipment tags would be created one for each heat pump unit. or click the corresponding toolbar button. This window consists of a list of all systems in the current project for which sizing calculations have been run. In the Publish Equipment Sizing Requirements window (Figure 1). select the "Publish Equipment Sizing Requirements" option on the Project Menu. When the design is finished and you're ready for equipment selection. 2. For example. select the systems whose sizing requirements you wish to publish.Appendix B Performing Common Project Management Tasks Figure 1. Do-It-Yourself Scenario 1. choose the equipment unit you wish to use. press the OK button. for a single-zone constant volume rooftop unit.one for the rooftop unit and one for the constant volume diffuser air terminal. 3. from the list of candidate selections meeting your requirements. click the "+" symbol next to the project containing your design data to open the project (the same project used in steps 1-4). check the box to the left of the item. run Carrier X Builder Framework. Many of the equipment sizing requirements displayed in the product wizard screens default using data obtained from Block Load. Single click on an equipment tag item to display information about the tag. 5.
Now this data can flow electronically between programs. Finally press the Send button to send the e-mail. 4. You will need to add the subject for the e-mail and write the e-mail message asking your sales engineer to select equipment against the systems in your project. steps in the process are as follows: 1. you will need to create Block Load Quick Reference Guide B-7 . This is typically due to security settings that prevent a software program from remotely launching your e-mail program or from remotely creating e-mail messages. 5.. Integration features that link Block Load with the Carrier Electronic Catalog (E-CAT) Builder programs are steadily being added. Use the Publish Equipment Sizing Requirements button on the Block Load toolbar to generate the requirements needed by E-CAT programs for making selections.. If this problem exists. an error message will appear when you try to use the "Send Email. In addition the software must comply with the Microsoft MAPI standard for email messaging.use the archive option on the Project Menu to archive your project and then compose an e-mail to your sales engineer and attach your archive file. When collaborating with your Carrier sales engineer. 2.. or e-mail software will prevent the "Send Email. if necessary. Notes: a. the feature will not work." feature: • • • • Contact your Carrier sales engineer to make sure he or she is able to assist you with equipment selections. In the latter case.11 Sending Email to your Sales Engineer Appendix B The Send Email to Sales Engineer option on the Project Menu is used to automatically archive the current project and e-mail it to your Carrier sales engineer so the sales engineer can perform equipment selections against your data. Block Load will automatically save your current project." button on the toolbar. Select the "Send Email to Sales Engineer" option on the Project Menu or press the "Send Email. computer networks. b.. create an e-mail addressed to your Carrier sales engineer and attach the archive file to the e-mail. Block Load will then launch your e-mail software. The "Send Email. Some configurations of computers. These electronic links between Block Load and Builder programs can increase your productivity.Performing Common Project Management Tasks B." feature. You can use Block Load sizing results in a Carrier E-CAT Builder to select equipment yourself. In that case you use an the alternate approach ." feature from working. Once you're ready to send data.. 3.. Or you collaborate with your sales engineer to have the sales engineer do the selections. If this does not resolve the problem. Make sure you have finished running system design calculations for your systems in your project. Block Load will then automatically archive the project. Make sure you have specified the e-mail address of your Carrier sales engineer via the Options option on the View Menu...." feature requires that you use e-mail software installed on your computer hard disk. It is no longer necessary to print the sizing results and manually enter the data into a Builder program to run selections. Most client-based e-mail software does comply. Examples include Microsoft Outlook and Eudora. Note that if you use web-based e-mail like Yahoo or Hotmail.. it’s important to do four things before using the "Send Email. This is called "client-based" e-mail. You'll be asked to name the archive file. the "Send Email to Sales Engineer" feature helps with this collaboration. One possible solution is to make sure your e-mail software is running before you use the feature in Block Load.
B-8 Block Load Quick Reference Guide . creating a message and attaching the Block Load archive file.Appendix B Performing Common Project Management Tasks and send the e-mail yourself by running your e-mail software.
.............. 3-8 Fan Coils ......... 2-3.....................A-5 Duplicating Data ................. 3-10 Packaged DX Equipment......1-3. 3-7 Generating Reports .............4-4 VAV Systems........4-2 Common Program Tasks Changing Units of Measure ....................1-2......A-6 Application Information Entering Data .............. 1-2.......A-5 Selecting Items in List View.................. 4-3 Selecting Equipment ........ 2-5..... 3-1 Troubleshooting Strategies ..................1-3 Deleting Data ......... 2-3.................................... 4-5 Definition ..............A-3 Entering Data ..........A-6 Index Block Load Quick Reference Guide C-1 .. 4-2............................4-2 Gathering Data .............................................4-1..........2-1..A-9 Copying Items.....................................A-7 Doors Deleting Data .......1-2.............1-10 Replacing Zone Data.........4-1....... 3-11 Single-Zone Units ...............................A-2 Deleting an Existing Item .....1-3....4-1 Split DX Equipment........................ 3-3... 2-1.....A-6 System Design Reports ....................................A-3 Entering Data .............4-1......... 3-5..........A-9 Using the Report Viewer .....................4-3 Water Source Heat Pumps .. A-2 Input Data Report........... 4-3 System Design ..........A-3 Editing Data ....... 2-2........A-3 Generating Input Data Reports ...............A-1 Setting User Options ...A-5 Duplicating Data ........A-3 Editing an Existing Item ...... 4-3.............. A-2 Input Data Report............A-5 Duplicating an Existing Item ....A-6 Generating Design Reports ...... 3-5........1-1........................A-3 Editing Data ..A-3 Creating a New Item ................................... 4-4......A-4 Rotating Zones................A-6 Overview........... 3-7.2-2..... 2-3...Appendix C Air Systems Design Applications..................................
.................. 3-3.............................................1-4 Main Program Window. B-4 Creating......B-1 Retrieving............................................2-1 Tutorial System Design ..B-2 Reports Input Data .....A-5 Duplicating Data ................................ A-7 Tutorial.........A-3 Editing Data ......1-7............. 1-6 Projects Archiving ............B-2 Editing Properties .......................A-9 Example Problems System Design ........ 1-7 Input Forms...............1-2 Reports ...............................................................................................B-3 Saving .A-6 Help System.............................A-3 Editing Data ...............................A-5 C-2 Index Block Load Quick Reference Guide ...................................1-5 Tree View ..........2-1 Units of Measurement .......................................................................... 3-5........................................................ 3-8............... A-2 Input Data Report...........1-4 Menu Bar ......1-10 Definition ...........1-10 Deleting..................A-3 Entering Data ......3-1 Procedure ...........Appendix C English Units ....................A-6 SI Metric Units................................A-9 System Design Example ....................................................................................................................................................................................... A-2 Input Data Report.................1-5................................A-6 System Design ......1-5 Spreadsheet View.....3-1 External Shades Deleting Data ......A-5 Duplicating Data .......1-11 Program Operation Data View .........................................................B-3 Converting from Previous Vrsn...... 3-3.... 1-9 List View........................................ B-1 Data Management .........1-8......A-6 Roofs Deleting Data ..........A-6. 1-8 Toolbar.........A-9 Walls Deleting Data ....A-3 Entering Data .............................B-2 Opening........... 3-5......2-2............................................................2-1.........................2-2.......1-6. 3-7...............
.............................A-5 Duplicating Data ..........A-3 Editing Data ...........................A-3 Editing Data ....................................2-2........ 2-2.........................................................A-8 Replacing Zone Data......................... 2-2..A-3 Entering Data ........A-4 Rotating Zone Data .................. A-2 Input Data Report................ 3-7.......A-5 Appendix C Block Load Quick Reference Guide C-3 .......A-3 Entering Data ....... 3-7.. A-2 Input Data Report.....A-5 Duplicating Data .. 3-5..A-8 Windows Deleting Data ........A-6 Windows Software Basics .2-1.... A-2 Input Data Report........2-1......................A-3 Entering Data ..1-12 Zones Definition .................................. 1-3 Deleting Data ....A-3 Editing Data ....................................... 3-5............. 2-3..........2-2...... 3-3...... 3-8....... 3-9........1-2 Entering Data .........1-2.......................A-6 Weather Data Definition ................................... A-2 Input Data Report....... 3-3......................Index Duplicating Data ..................................
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(3 pages) . Zone Input Sheet .This sheet provides entries for all possible zone inputs. Zone Input Sheet . Two different input sheets are provided which are useful for different applications: 1. Block Load Quick Reference Guide D-1 .SI Metric Units . 2.English Units .Same as #1 but in SI Metric units.(3 pages) . Input prompts and headings are provided using English Units.Appendix D Input Sheets This appendix contains input sheets used to organize input data for zones.
EQUIP. Ceil. ft. Heavy Work. Fixture Types: Recessed Unvented (RU). % ELEC. % Latent. Use. Office Work. W/ft2) Unocc. % MISC. -----------Avg. Sens. Medium Work. ft2 ------Length. Activity Levels: User-defined. W/ft2) Unocc. % PEOPLE Occupancy (P. Btuh/P Latent. Wattage (W. Use. Dancing. Ht. ft2/P) Activity Level b Sensible. LOADS Sensible.Project Name: Project Number: Date: By: ZONE INPUT SHEET GENERAL Zone Name --------Floor Area. Weight --------- 1 of 3 (ENGLISH UNITS) L M H L M H L M H L M H INTERNALS LIGHTING Fixture Type a Wattage (W. Recessed Vented (RV). ---Bldg.. % NOTES: a. ft. ft. Use. Btuh Unocc. Latent. Btuh/P Unocc. Sedentary Work. ----------Width. Seated at Rest. Free-Hanging (FH) b. Athletics . Btuh Unocc.
Roof Exposure Choices: N. S. --------Skylight Type ------- OUTDOOR AIRFLOW Space Usage e -----OA Reqm’t 1 f ------OA Reqm’t 2 f ------Infiltration g ----------Design Cooling ---Design Heating --Occurs When: ------. E. Addenda n. ft. OA Requirement 1 & 2: Based on ASHRAE Std. SE. or ACH . ft.Fan is off Direct Exhaust. WNW. DOORS Zone Name --------Exposure(s) c -------Wall Area. Infiltration: CFM. SKYLIGHTS Exposure(s) d ------Roof Area. SW. SSE. W. 62-2004. SE. ESE. ----Wall Height. WNW. -----Window 1 Type ----Window 1 Shading Window 2 Qty. NE. NW & NNW d. ENE. -----Window 2 Type ----Window 2 Shading Window 2 Type ----Door Qty. ESE. cfm All hrs. SSW. Fan is off All hrs. CFM/sqft. Space Usage: User-Defined or Other Type (see software for complete list) f. CFM/person or % of supply air g. W. S. WSW. E. ---Wall Type -----------Window 1 Qty. ft2 (gross) Wall Width. SSW. SSE. ft. ------------Door Type ------------ 2 of 3 (ENGLISH UNITS) ROOFS. ft2 (gross) Roof Width. NOTES: c. NNE. NNE. NE. NNW & H e. SW. WSW. Fan is off All hrs. Fan is off All hrs. NW. Wall Exposure Choices: N. CFM/sqft. ENE. ---Roof Length. --Roof Slope (deg) -Roof Type ----------Skylight Qty. WINDOWS. CFM.Project Name: Project Number: Date: By: ZONE INPUT SHEET WALLS. ft.
ft. ft. ft2 ------------U-value ------------Max. Temp. of Uncond. ft. Wall 1 Ceil. Wall . ----------Floor U-value -----Max. Slab Floor Below Grade N Y N Y N Y N N Y N Y N Y N Y N Y N Y N Y N Slab Floor Below Grade Y Carpeted. Temp. Space Min. -----------Floor U-value -----Exposed Perim. Wall 2 Ceil. of Uncond. Wall Area. Edge Insul. Wall 1 Ceil. --------Width. ft. -----------Floor Depth. Wall 1 Ceil. Wall 2 Ceil. R ------Wall Insul.Project Name: Project Number: Date: By: ZONE INPUT SHEET TYPES: 3 of 3 1. Y or N? Above Unconditioned Space Carpeted.Ceil. ft2 -----Length. Space Min. Depth.. Slab Floor On Grade 4. Y or N? Y Floor Area. of Uncond. Y or N? Floor Area. ft. Above Conditioned Space 2. ft. Wall 2 Ceil. Y or N? Floor Area. R ------ 3. ft2 -----Length. Space NOTES: 2 Ceil. of Uncond.ft Floor U-value -----Basement Wall U Wall Insul.ft N Y N Y N Y N PARTITIONS Partition: 1 Type: ---------------. ---Exposed. Perim. Space Slab Floor On Grade Carpeted. Temp. ft.ft. Above Unconditioned Space (ENGLISH UNITS) FLOORS Zone Name --------Above Conditioned Space Y Carpeted. ----------Width. ft2 -----Length.. Temp. ----------Width.
Project Name: Project Number: Date: By: ZONE INPUT SHEET GENERAL Zone Name --------Floor Area. Athletics . m. Watts/P Unocc. Sedentary Work. m. m2 -----Length. Ht. Office Work. Heavy Work. Use. Wattage (W. LOADS Sensible. W/m2) Unocc. Watts Unocc.. Weight --------- 1 of 3 (SI METRIC UNITS) L M H L M H L M H L M H INTERNALS LIGHTING Fixture Type a Wattage (W. EQUIP.---Bldg. Free-Hanging (FH) b. % PEOPLE Occupancy (P.m2/P) Activity Level b Sensible. W/m2) Unocc. % NOTES: a. Dancing. Recessed Vented (RV). % Latent. ----------Avg. m. % ELEC. Use. % MISC. Use. ---------Width. Latent. Medium Work. Seated at Rest. Ceil. Fixture Types: Recessed Unvented (RU). Watts/P Latent. Watts Unocc. Sens. Activity Levels: User-defined.
---Roof Length. SSE. SE. ------------Door Type ------------ 2 of 3 (SI METRIC UNITS) ROOFS. ---Wall Type -----------Window 1 Qty. DOORS Zone Name --------Exposure(s) c -------Wall Area. SE. NNE. L/(s-m2) or ACH . Wall Exposure Choices: N. --Roof Slope (deg) -Roof Type ----------Skylight Qty. Addenda n. m. S. Roof Exposure Choices: N. L/s/person or % of supply air g. SSW. m. WNW. W. ENE. E. WNW. ----Wall Height. ESE. NOTES: c. 62-2004. WINDOWS. m. L/(s-m2). ESE. Fan is off All hrs. SW. S. NW & NNW d. m2 (gross) Roof Width. WSW.Fan is off Direct Exhaust. SSW. NE. NNW & H e. Space Usage: User-Defined or Other Type (see software for complete list) f. m2 (gross) Wall Width. Fan is off All hrs. NE.Project Name: Project Number: Date: By: ZONE INPUT SHEET WALLS. m. NW. L/s. -----Window 2 Type ----Window 2 Shading Window 2 Type ----Door Qty. WSW. NNE. Infiltration: L/s. E. SKYLIGHTS Exposure(s) d ------Roof Area. W. OA Requirement 1 & 2: Based on ASHRAE Std. Fan is off All hrs. ENE. --------Skylight Type ------- OUTDOOR AIRFLOW Space Usage e -----OA Reqm’t 1 f ------OA Reqm’t 2 f ------Infiltration g ----------Design Cooling ---Design Heating --Occurs When: ------. L/s All hrs. SSE. SW. -----Window 1 Type ----Window 1 Shading Window 2 Qty.
Depth. Y or N? Floor Area.m N Y N Y N Y N PARTITIONS Partition: 1 Type: ---------------. Temp.Project Name: Project Number: Date: By: ZONE INPUT SHEET TYPES: 3 of 3 1. m. Y or N? Y Floor Area. m2 ----Length. Wall Area. Y or N? Floor Area. Wall 2 Ceil. Above Conditioned Space 2. Wall . Space Min. m. ----------Floor Depth. m2 ------------U-value ------------Max.m Floor U-value -----Basement Wall U Wall Insul. ---------Width. Temp. of Uncond. m. ----------Floor U-value -----Exposed Perim. R ------ 3. ---------Width. R ------Wall Insul. of Uncond. Space NOTES: 2 Ceil. Wall 1 Ceil.. m. Wall 2 Ceil. Slab Floor Below Grade N Y N Y N Y N N Y N Y N Y N Y N Y N Y N Y N Slab Floor Below Grade Y Carpeted. Y or N? Above Unconditioned Space Carpeted. Space Slab Floor On Grade Carpeted. Wall 1 Ceil. Wall 1 Ceil. --Exposed. m. Temp. Wall 2 Ceil. ---------Floor U-value -----Max. Temp. Space Min.m Edge Insul. m2 ----Length. m2 ----Length. Above Unconditioned Space (SI METRIC UNITS) FLOORS Zone Name --------Above Conditioned Space Y Carpeted. Perim. -------Width. m.Ceil. of Uncond. Slab Floor On Grade 4. m. of Uncond.
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