1 System Overview .......................................................................................... 1.1 Introduction............................................................................................. 1.2 System Architecture .............

.................................................................. 1.2.1 NE Structure .................................................................................. 1.2.2 NM System .................................................................................... 1.3 Features ................................................................................................. 1.4 Functionality ........................................................................................... 2 Functionality ................................................................................................. 2.1 Overview ................................................................................................ 2.2 Functional Units ...................................................................................... 2.2.1 ATM Interface Unit ......................................................................... 2.2.2 Ethernet Interface Unit ................................................................... 2.2.3 SDH Interface Unit ......................................................................... 2.2.4 PDH Interface Unit ......................................................................... 2.2.5 DDN Interface Unit ......................................................................... 2.2.6 Tone and Data Access Unit & RS- 232/ RS- 422 Interface Unit .... 2.2.7 SDH Cross-Connect Matrix Unit .................................................... 2.2.8 Synchronous Timing Unit ............................................................... 2.2.9 SCC ............................................................................................... 2.2.10 Overhead Processing Unit ........................................................... 2.2.11 Auxiliary Interface Unit ................................................................. 2.2.12 Power Backup Unit ...................................................................... 2.3 Equipment-Level Protection ................................................................... 2.3.1 Protection of Processing Boards .................................................... 2.3.2 SDH Cross-Connect Matrix and Synchronous Timing Unit ........... 2.3.3 Power Unit ..................................................................................... 2.3.4 Abnormality-Specific Service Protection ........................................ 2.4 Network-Level Protection ....................................................................... 2.4.1 SDH Trail Protection ...................................................................... 2.4.2 SNCP ............................................................................................. 2.4.3 Service Protection of Interconnected Networks ............................. 2.4.4 Virtual Optical Fiber Protection Ring .............................................. 2.4.5 ATM Layer Service Protection ....................................................... 2.4.6 STP Protection of Ethernet Service ............................................... 2.5 Clock Synchronous Network Technology ............................................... 2.6 In-Service Upgrade of Unit Functions .................................................... 3 Configuration and Networking .................................................................... 3.1 Configuration .......................................................................................... 3.1.1 Access Capability...........................................................................

1-1 1-1 1-3 1-4 1-5 1-6 1-9 2-1 2-1 2-8 2-8 2-9 2-13 2-16 2-19 2-20 2-22 2-25 2-26 2-29 2-31 2-31 2-32 2-32 2-33 2-34 2-34 2-35 2-35 2-36 2-36 2-37 2-37 2-38 2-39 2-44 3-1 3-1 3-1

3.1.2 Configuration Mode........................................................................ 3.2 Networking ............................................................................................. 3.2.1 Basic Networking Modes of PDH Service ...................................... 3.2.2 ATM Service .................................................................................. 3.2.3 Ethernet Service Basic Networking Modes .................................... 3.2.4 Basic Networking Mode for DDN Service Transmission ................ 3.2.5 Self-Healing Protection .................................................................. 4 Mechanical Structure ................................................................................... 4.1 Overview ................................................................................................ 4.2 Cabinet Structure ................................................................................... 4.3 Subrack Structure ................................................................................... 4.4 Fan Box .................................................................................................. A Multiplexing Structure, Frame Structure, and Overhead Bytes............... A.1 Levels of SDH ........................................................................................ A.2 Multiplexing Structure ............................................................................ A.3 Basic Frame Structure ........................................................................... A.4 SOH ....................................................................................................... A.4.1 STM-1 SOH ................................................................................... A.4.2 STM-4 SOH ................................................................................... A.4.3 STM-16 SOH ................................................................................. A.4.4 SOH Byte....................................................................................... A.5 POH ....................................................................................................... A.5.1 Higher-order POH VC-3/VC-4/VC-4-xc POH Bytes ...................... A.5.2 Lower-order POH VC-12 POH Bytes ............................................ B ATM Cell Structure ....................................................................................... B.1 ATM Cell Structure................................................................................. C Features ........................................................................................................ C.1 Types of Interface .................................................................................. C.1.1 ATM Interface ................................................................................ C.1.2 Ethernet Interface .......................................................................... C.1.3 SDH Optical Interface .................................................................... C.1.4 PDH and SDH Electrical Interfaces ............................................... C.1.5 DDN Interface Type ....................................................................... C.1.6 Clock Interface .............................................................................. C.1.7 Auxiliary Interface .......................................................................... C.2 Types of Applications ............................................................................. C.3 Cross-Connection and Access Capacity ............................................... C.4 Power Source Requirements .................................................................

3-3 3-12 3-12 3-17 3-21 3-36 3-40 4-1 4-1 4-2 4-4 4-6 A-1 A-1 A-2 A-3 A-4 A-4 A-4 A-6 A-6 A-8 A-8 A-8 B-1 B-1 C-1 C-1 C-2 C-2 C-2 C-2 C-3 C-4 C-4 C-5 C-5 C-6

C.5 Power Consumption of Boards .............................................................. C.6 Mechanical Structure ............................................................................. C.7 EMC ....................................................................................................... C.8 Environmental Requirements ................................................................ C.8.1 Environmental Index ...................................................................... C.8.2 Environment for Storage ............................................................... C.8.3 Transportation Environment .......................................................... C.8.4 Operation Environment ................................................................. D Major Specifications .................................................................................... D.1 Performance Specifications of Optical Interface .................................... D.1.1 SDH Optical Interface Parameters ................................................ D.1.2 Mean Launched Power ................................................................. D.1.3 Extinction Ratio (EX) ..................................................................... D.1.4 Receiver Sensitivity (BER=1x10EXP-10) ...................................... D.1.5 Receiver Overload Optical Power (BER=1 x10EXP-10)................ D.1.6 Allowable Frequency Deviation at Optical Input Port .................... D.1.7 AIS Rate at Optical Output Port .................................................... D.2 Specifications for Electrical Interface ..................................................... D.2.1 Signal Bit Rate at Output Port ....................................................... D.2.2 Attenuation Tolerance at Input Port ............................................... D.2.3 Allowable Frequency Deviation at Input Port ................................ D.2.4 Anti-Interference Capability at Input Port ...................................... D.2.5 Electrical Interface Protection Switching Time .............................. D.3 ATM Interface Specifications ................................................................. D.4 Ethernet Interface Specifications ........................................................... D.5 Timing and Synchronization Specifications ........................................... D.5.1 Output Jitter ................................................................................... D.5.2 Output Frequency of Internal Oscillator in Free- run Mode ........... D.5.3 Long-Term Phase Variation in Locked Mode ................................ D.6 Jitter Performance Specifications .......................................................... D.6.1 Output Jitter of STM-N Interface ................................................... D.6.2 Jitter Tolerance of SDH STM-N Input Port .................................... D.6.3 Input Jitter Tolerance at PDH Tributary Interface .......................... D.6.4 Mapping Jitter at PDH Tributary Interface ..................................... D.6.5 Combined Jitter at PDH Tributary Interface .................................. D.7 EMC Test Specifications........................................................................ D.8 Environmental Test ................................................................................ D.9 Vibration Test ......................................................................................... E Alarm Signal Flow Diagrams .......................................................................

C-6 C-7 C-8 C-9 C-9 C-9 C-12 C-14 D-1 D-1 D-1 D-10 D-11 D-12 D-13 D-14 D-14 D-15 D-15 D-15 D-16 D-16 D-17 D-18 D-19 D-20 D-20 D-20 D-20 D-22 D-22 D-23 D-23 D-24 D-25 D-28 D-29 D-30 E-1

F Acronyms and Abbreviations ...................................................................... G Traverse Compatibility ................................................................................

F-1 G-1

HUAWEI OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) Multi-service Optical Transmission System Technical Manual V100R006 .

provides customers with comprehensive technical support and service.OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) Multi-service Optical Transmission System Technical Manual Manual Version Product Version BOM T2-040282-20040928-C-1. Huawei Technologies Co. Address: Administration Building.huawei. customer care center or company headquarters. P.. China Postal Code: 518129 Website: http://www.com Email: support@huawei. Shenzhen. Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd.. Longgang District. Ltd. Ltd. Please feel free to contact our local office..62 V100R006 31026182 Huawei Technologies Co. Bantian.com . R..

ETS. Tellwin. EAST8000. Ltd. Quidway. Every effort has been made in the preparation of this manual to ensure accuracy of the contents. . HUAWEI OptiX. information. Radium. All Rights Reserved No part of this manual may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means without prior written consent of Huawei Technologies Co. INtess. Netkey. M900/M1800. DMC. DOPRA. Quidview. OptiX. iSite.. All other trademarks mentioned in this manual are the property of their respective holders. Ltd. and recommendations in this manual do not constitute the warranty of any kind. U-SYS.. Ltd. TopEng are trademarks of Huawei Technologies Co. Lansway.Copyright © 2004 Huawei Technologies Co. SYNLOCK. OpenEye. TELESIGHT. Airbridge. SmartAX. . express or implied. iTELLIN. VRP. C&C08 iNET. InfoLink. Musa. ViewPoint. iMUSE. infoX. TELLIN. but all statements.. Trademarks . HONET. C&C08. NETENGINE. Notice The information in this manual is subject to change without notice. HUAWEI. Inmedia.

board. specifications. Guides the on-site installation of the product and provides the information of the structural parts. Related Manuals The manual package for an optical network product is shipped with the product. The table below lists the manual for the products. Introduces the hardware of the product. including cabinet.1 About This Manual Release Notes This manual is for the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) Multi-Service Transmission System (referred to as OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) hereinafter). OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) Multi-Service Optical Transmission System Technical Manual OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) Multi-Service Optical Transmission System Hardware Description Manual OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) Multi-Service Optical Transmission System Installation Manual . structure. power. subrack. and theory of the product. Manual Manuals shipped with the product Volume Usage Introduces the functionality. and a variety of interfaces. fan. performance.

subrack. illustrated with a few application examples. line unit.About This Manual Manuals shipped with the product Volume Usage Troubleshooting Examples OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) Multi-Service Optical Transmission System Maintenance Manual Alarm and Performance Event Routine Maintenance Guides the analysis and troubleshooting of common faults. clock. cross-connect matrix. Provides the technical specifications and indices of the functional units as well as the abbreviations for a quick reach of useful information on site. and overhead processing of the product. and fan. Chapter 3 Configuration and Networking Chapter 4 Mechanical Structure Appendix A–Appendix G Intended Audience This manual is for: „ „ „ Network planner Network designer Network administrator . Manual Organization Chapter Chapter 1 System Overview Chapter 2 Functionality Description Provides an overall description of the architecture and features of the product for the quick understanding of the product by the reader. It also introduces in detail the protection of tributary interface. including cabinet. Introduces the networking and protection of the product. and cross-connect matrix. Talks about the mechanical structure of the product. clock unit. In the end it briefly talks about the synchronous network theory based on synchronous status message (SSM). Describes the O/E interface. optical amplifier.

Release Upgrade Description Release T2-040282-20040105-C-1.About This Manual Conventions The following conventions are used throughout this publication. Means reader be careful. Means reader be careful. Means reader take notice. Modify the description of cabinet in chapter 4. Add the description of EGT2 and EFTboards. In this situation.60 T2-040282-20040528-C-1. . the high voltage could result in harm to yourself or others. The equipment is static-sensitive. Modify the description of EMS1/EFS0. In this situation.61 T2-040282-20040928-C-1.62 Release upgrade description This manual is the first release. you might do something that could result in equipment damage or loss of data. Means reader be careful. Symbol Description Means reader be careful. Notes contain helpful suggestions or useful background information. the strong laser beam could result in harm to yourself or others. In this situation.

OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM

Contents

1

System Overview
1.1 Introduction 1.2 System Architecture 1.2.1 NE Structure 1.2.2 NM System 1.3 Features 1.4 Functionality 1-1 1-3 1-4 1-5 1-6 1-9

2

Functionality
2.1 Overview 2.2 Functional Units 2.2.1 ATM Interface Unit 2.2.2 Ethernet Interface Unit 2.2.3 SDH Interface Unit 2.2.4 PDH Interface Unit 2.2.5 DDN Interface Unit 2.2.6 Tone and Data Access Unit & RS-232/RS-422 Interface Unit 2.2.7 SDH Cross-Connect Matrix Unit 2.2.8 Synchronous Timing Unit 2.2.9 SCC 2.2.10 Overhead Processing Unit 2.2.11 Auxiliary Interface Unit 2.2.12 Power Backup Unit 2.3 Equipment-Level Protection 2.3.1 Protection of Processing Boards 2.3.2 SDH Cross-Connect Matrix and Synchronous Timing Unit 2.3.3 Power Unit 2.3.4 Abnormality-Specific Service Protection 2-33 2-34 2-34 2-20 2-22 2-25 2-26 2-29 2-31 2-31 2-32 2-32 2-1 2-8 2-8 2-9 2-13 2-16 2-19

i

OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM

Contents

2.4 Network-Level Protection 2.4.1 SDH Trail Protection 2.4.2 SNCP 2.4.3 Service Protection of Interconnected Networks 2.4.4 Virtual Optical Fiber Protection Ring 2.4.5 ATM Layer Service Protection 2.4.6 STP Protection of Ethernet Service 2.5 Clock Synchronous Network Technology 2.6 In-Service Upgrade of Unit Functions

2-35 2-35 2-36 2-36 2-37 2-37 2-38 2-39 2-44

3

Configuration and Networking
3.1 Configuration 3.1.1 Access Capability 3.1.2 Configuration Mode 3.2 Networking 3.2.1 Basic Networking Modes of PDH Service 3.2.2 ATM Service 3.2.3 Ethernet Service Basic Networking Modes 3.2.4 Basic Networking Mode for DDN Service Transmission 3.2.5 Self-Healing Protection 3-36 3-40 3-1 3-1 3-3 3-12 3-12 3-17 3-21

4

Mechanical Structure
4.1 Overview 4.2 Cabinet Structure 4.3 Subrack Structure 4.4 Fan Box 4-1 4-2 4-4 4-6

ii

OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM

Contents

A

Multiplexing Structure, Frame Structure, and Overhead Bytes
A.1 Levels of SDH A.2 Multiplexing Structure A.3 Basic Frame Structure A.4 SOH A.4.1 STM-1 SOH A.4.2 STM-4 SOH A.4.3 STM-16 SOH A.4.4 SOH Byte A.5 POH A.5.1 Higher-order POH VC-3/VC-4/VC-4-xc POH Bytes A.5.2 Lower-order POH VC-12 POH Bytes A-1 A-2 A-3 A-4 A-4 A-4 A-6 A-6 A-8 A-8 A-8

B

ATM Cell Structure
B.1 ATM Cell Structure B-1

C

Features
C.1 Types of Interface C.1.1 ATM Interface C.1.2 Ethernet Interface C.1.3 SDH Optical Interface C.1.4 PDH and SDH Electrical Interfaces C.1.5 DDN Interface Type C.1.6 Clock Interface C.1.7 Auxiliary Interface C.2 Types of Applications C.3 Cross-Connection and Access Capacity C.4 Power Source Requirements C.5 Power Consumption of Boards C-1 C-2 C-2 C-2 C-2 C-3 C-4 C-4 C-5 C-5 C-6 C-6

iii

OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM

Contents

C.6 Mechanical Structure C.7 EMC C.8 Environmental Requirements C.8.1 Environmental Index C.8.2 Environment for Storage C.8.3 Transportation Environment C.8.4 Operation Environment

C-7 C-8 C-9 C-9 C-9 C-12 C-14

D

Major Specifications
D.1 Performance Specifications of Optical Interface D.1.1 SDH Optical Interface Parameters D.1.2 Mean Launched Power D.1.3 Extinction Ratio (EX) D.1.4 Receiver Sensitivity (BER=1 x 10-10) D.1.5 Receiver Overload Optical Power (BER=1 x 10-10) D-13 D.1.6 Allowable Frequency Deviation at Optical Input Port D.1.7 AIS Rate at Optical Output Port D.2 Specifications for Electrical Interface D.2.1 Signal Bit Rate at Output Port D.2.2 Attenuation Tolerance at Input Port D.2.3 Allowable Frequency Deviation at Input Port D.2.4 Anti-Interference Capability at Input Port D.2.5 Electrical Interface Protection Switching Time D.3 ATM Interface Specifications D.4 Ethernet Interface Specifications D.5 Timing and Synchronization Specifications D.5.1 Output Jitter D.5.2 Output Frequency of Internal Oscillator in Free-run Mode D.5.3 Long-Term Phase Variation in Locked Mode D-20 D-20 D-14 D-14 D-15 D-15 D-15 D-16 D-16 D-17 D-18 D-19 D-20 D-20 D-1 D-1 D-10 D-11 D-12

iv

6.9 Vibration Test D-22 D-22 D-23 D-23 D-24 D-25 D-28 D-29 D-30 E Alarm Signal Flow Diagrams F Acronyms and Abbreviations G Traverse Compatibility v .6.1 Output Jitter of STM-N Interface D.8 Environmental Test D.3 Input Jitter Tolerance at PDH Tributary Interface D.2 Jitter Tolerance of SDH STM-N Input Port D.OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM Contents D.6.4 Mapping Jitter at PDH Tributary Interface D.7 EMC Test Specifications D.6 Jitter Performance Specifications D.6.6.5 Combined Jitter at PDH Tributary Interface D.

As one of the OptiX Metro series product family of Huawei. In addition. and dense wavelength division multiplexing (DWDM) technologies. Ethernet. and features flexible networking and high traffic grooming capabilities (for example. and can implement effective management of the user access and transmission bandwidth. It can accomplish dynamic allocation of the bandwidth for ATM services by implementing VP-Ring technology. The system integrates SDH. the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) can serve as the backbone transmission equipment.1 Introduction The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) is a multi-service transmission platform (MSTP) developed by Huawei Technologies Co. A networkwide solution using the OptiX Metro series products is as shown in Figure 1-1. it can also be used as access layer transmission equipment. 1-1 . For the Ethernet services. (hereinafter referred to as Huawei) based on the current and future development trends of metropolitan area networks (MANs). or MADM) of the SDH equipment. transmitting and grooming ATM/Ethernet services by implementing the Layer 2 processing. it can accomplish the sharing of the entire bandwidth by means of VLAN control and Layer 2 switching technologies. it is used for the service convergence of the convergence layer in the data communication networks. it has a uniform user bandwidth management platform. It achieves the transmission and processing of multiple services (for example. configured as multiple add/drop multiplexer. Ltd. In the network applications. voice and data services) on one single MSTP. ATM.. It is also capable of accessing. processing.OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM 1 System Overview 1. with relatively light traffic at the backbone layer. At the access layer with heavy traffic. It can expand the ring transmission bandwidth at a low cost with built-in DWDM technology.

1-2 . A single subrack of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) provides 128 × 128 VC-4 cross-connect capability. The OptiX series equipment use a unified network management platform to provide a centralized operation. administration and maintenance (OA&M). Its flexible and multiple equipment configuration functions and abundant tributary interfaces strengthen the service configuration and networking capabilities of the equipment. It features enormous cross-connect capacity. achieve automatic service configuration and grooming . abundant tributary access capacity and excellent performance.System Overview OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM MSTP Backbone Layer Services STM-64/16/4/1 GE/POS/10M/100M STM-16C STM-4C Fiber Channel ESCON FICON STM-16/4/1 GE/POS/10M/100M STM-16C STM-4C 2M/34/45M Fiber Channel FICON OptiX 10G/Metro 6100 SNCP/MSP/VP Ring TDM ATM IP OptiX Metro MSTP Multi-service Transmission Platform Convergence Layer OptiX 2500+ SNCP/MSP/VP Ring 2M/10M/ 100M STM-4C STM-4/1 10M/100M 2M/34/45M Access Layer 2M/10M/ 100M OptiX 155/622H SNCP/MSP/VP Ring Business Group PON/APON Transmission for Mobile Enterprise Group Business Group Enterprise Group Ethernet Intelligent Residential Area Figure 1-1 A total network solution with the OptiX Metro series products The OptiX 2500+ (Metro3000) inherits the advantages of the Huawei OptiX series optical transmission equipment. and ensure the safe operation of the network. It takes advantage of the scientific research in the SDH field and the experience in developing data communication products of Huawei. which enhances the integrity of the equipment. It adopts a series of proprietary application specific integrated circuits (ASICs).

The SDH cross-connect matrix and synchronous timing unit comprises two sub-units: the SDH cross-connect matrix unit has the cross-connect capacity of 128 × 128 VC-4 (2016 × 2016 VC-12). PDH interface unit (E1/T1/E3/T3). It consists of: „ „ „ „ Interface units SDH cross-connect matrix unit and synchronous timing unit System control & communication unit Overhead processing unit The architecture of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) is shown in Figure 1-2. SDH cross-connect matrix unit and synchronous timing unit (128 x128 VC-4) System control & communication unit and Overhead processing unit SDH interface unit (STM-1/4/16) PDH interface unit (E1/T1/E3/ T3/E4) Ethernet interface unit (10/100BASE-T 100BASE-FX. DDN interface unit (N × 64K/E1). Ethernet interface. the SDH overhead byte processing and NM interfaces. and orderwire telephone interface). RS-232 interface.2 System Architecture The kernel of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) is the SDH cross-connect matrix and synchronous timing unit. 1-3 . The system control & communication and overhead processing unit (SCC) provides the system internal control and communication interfaces. which traces the external clock source or the line clock source to provide the clock source to the system. and the timing unit. The auxiliary interface unit provides various maintenance interfaces of the system (for example. ATM interface unit (STM-1) and Ethernet interface unit (10/100BASE-T/100BASE-FX/1000BASE-SX/LX).System Overview OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM 1. 1000BASE-SX/LX) DDN interface unit (64K/E1) ATM interface unit (STM-1) Figure 1-2 System architectureof the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) The system interface units include the SDH interface unit (STM-16/STM-4/STM-1).

In the multi-system mode. the ADM NE structure is similar to a back-to-back combination of the TMs. the network elements make the entire system to work in that mode (like systems 1# and 2#) by distributing the concerned line interface units and tributary interface units to different sub-systems. These functional units interwork with each other. The TM network element consists of line interface unit (SDH interface unit).2. system control & communication. The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) can also work in a multi-system mode. The multi-system NE system structure is as shown in Figure 1-4. tributary interface units (including the PDH. cross-connect matrix and synchronous timing unit. Ethernet. SDH. 1-4 . overhead processing unit. add/drop multiplexer (ADM). while the cross-connection of services can be accomplished among different systems.1 NE Structure The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) network elements (NEs) can be configured as multi-add/drop multiplexer (MADM). ATM and DDN interface units). SDH Crossconnect Matrix and Synchronous Timing Unit (high-order and low-order) PDH Interface Tributary interface unit SDH Interface ATM Interface Ethernet Interface DDN Interface Optical amplifier (optional) STM-4/16 Line interface unit Control Bus System Control and Communication Unit Switch Control Sync Timing Figure 1-3 TM NE architecture In some way. terminal multiplexer (TM) and regenerator (REG). The TM NE system structure is as shown in Figure 1-3.System Overview OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM 1.

performance management. ATM PVC management. the Huawei NMS also has the transmission network monitoring and control capabilities. regional or national networks. alarm management. ATM flow management. the transmission network management system provides a lot of management functions. NE management system. and OptiX Metro equipment. the transmission network management system provides a unified management of the multi-service transmission equipment. single service network to the large-scale. These products cover the applications of the TMN network management model. Based on the features of the OptiX 2500+ (Metro3000) and the requirements for multi-service transmission. and provide telecom operators with complete network management solutions from a single equipment unit. With all of these functions and features. the transmission network management systems of Huawei have the local maintenance terminal. local NMS. reduces the maintenance cost.System Overview Tributary-side service access Line-side service transmit Optical amplifier (optional) SDH Cross-connect Matrix and Synchronous Timing Unit (high-order and loworder) OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM Tributary-side service access Optical amplifier (optional) Line-side service transmit 1# System 2# System Control Bus Sync Timing System Control and Communication Unit Switch Control Figure 1-4 Multi-system Network Element architecture 1. and ensures an efficient use of the network resources. DWDM. security. The NM system enhances the quality of network services. In addition to these basic operation and maintenance functions. configuration. SDH service management. The transmission network management systems have a uniform network management platform provided by Huawei. that is. ATM VP protection. performance. and also facilitates the testing of the entire optical transmission system. They support the SDH.2. The OptiX iManager manages the faults. It provides an end-to-end management function according to the requirements of customers. Ethernet access.2 NM System The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) is managed by the OptiX iManager network management system in a unified way. maintenance. 1-5 . system management. and NMS. Huawei provides telecom operators with a series of optical transmission network management systems that are applied in the networks of different levels. thus implementing effective management of sub-networks. multi-service networks. To adapt to the network management of different scales and levels. from the network element layer and subnet layer to the network layer. and have also some service management layer functions. and the equipment maintenance management.

16 N × 64 K and 16 SHDSL DDN services. The introduction of the Ethernet ring technology into the system optimizes the transmission network. The carriers can smoothly upgrade the legacy infrastructure to maintain the previous investment and yield maximized profits. E1/T1. and provides a maximum of the following external interfaces: (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) 64 × STM-1 ATM standard optical interface 64 x 10/100Base-T Ethernet electrical/optical interfaces 12 x 1000Base-SX/LX Gigabit Ethernet interfaces 504 x E1/T1 standard interfaces 24 x E3/T3 standard interface 32 x E4 standard interface 48 x STM-1 standard optical interfaces 1-6 . which increases the integration degree of the equipment. and STM-16) (2) Plesiochronous digital hierarchy (PDH) interfaces (E1. and the 64 K service cross-connect grooming capability is 60 × 32. abundant tributary access capability. 100BASE-FX. It has powerful cross-connect capacity. E3/T3. The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) that incorporates the Ethernet ring functional module is able to transmit one particular type of service in the most appropriate and efficient way.System Overview OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM 1. It adopts a series of proprietary ASICs. It features the following: „ A lot of service interfaces The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) provides: (1) SDH interfaces (STM-1. Huawei has a built-in Ethernet ring transmission solution. and E4) (3) 64K/E1-rate DDN interfaces (4) STM-1 ATM O/E interfaces (5) 10/100BASE-T. 1000BASE-SX/LX Ethernet interface „ Built-in Ethernet ring technology To bring higher transmission efficiency.3 Features The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) inherits the strengths of the OptiX series optical transmission equipment of Huawei. „ DDN service access and grooming One subrack of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) can simultaneously access a maximum of 64 E1. and excellent performance. STM-4. less complexity. and lower cost to the Ethernet service transmission. „ Large access capacity One subrack of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) equipment has a maximum access capacity of 96 × STM-1. It draws on the technological achievements in the SDH field and the experiences in the development of data communication products.

or 1-7 . and L-16. „ A complete series of STM-16 optical interfaces The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) provides STM-16 series optical interfaces based on ITU-T G. It provides the Le-16.692-compliant. including ITU-T S-16. „ Direct access of signals through PDH interfaces The main subrack of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) directly provides PDH interfaces. or as an MADM with STM-1. In addition it provides the G. The OFA includes booster amplifier (BA) and preamplifier (PA).2 and U-16.2. standard wavelength optical interface to access the optical signals into the DWDM system for a flexible configuration of the transmission bandwidth. In addition it can also provide different combinations of the above interfaces. In addition. „ Multiple ultra long-haul transmission solutions The transmission distance of the system can be extended by using optical fiber amplifier (OFA). (5) F&f interface. (7) Analog telephone ports connection to establish orderwire communication. (2) Four customer-defined asynchronous RS-232/RS-422 data interfaces. „ A lot of auxiliary interfaces Several data interfaces are available for the user with its powerful overhead processing capability: (1) Three 2-wire analog telephone interfaces for the orderwire communication in the regenerator section and the multiplex section.2 optical interfaces through EDFA. STM-4 and/or STM-16 ADMs of a multi-system cross-connect capability. (6) OAM interface.1 optical interfaces. L-16. One NE (Network Element) can be configured either as a single STM-16 TM or ADM. (4) Two (transmit & receive) 2MHz or 2Mbit/s external synchronous clock interfaces. Each NE can be accessed with 504 x E1 or E1/T1 standard interfaces or 24 x E3/T3 standard interfaces. (3) One 64 kbit/s equidirectional data interface for accessing F1 byte.2 optical interface that can achieve repeaterless transmission distance of 100 km. The needs for different transmission distances are satisfied. „ Flexible service configuration The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) can be flexibly configured as TM (Terminal Multiplexer) or ADM (Add/Drop Multiplexer).652 fiber. It also provides ITU-T V-16.1. more PDH interfaces can be provided through extended subracks.System Overview OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM (8) 32 x STM-1 standard electrical interfaces (9) 16 x STM-4 standard optical interfaces (10) 6 x STM-16 standard optical interfaces The above is the maximum number of interfaces that the equipment can provide.

and asynchronous data interfaces (RS-232. It is possible to have a processing capability of up to 20 channels of ECC. and has passed 1-8 . In the network planning. and RS-422) provided through TDA (box-shaped audio data access equipment). D7–D9. the line. and other types of traffic with a high QoS. The monitoring and management information of other vendors can be transmitted transparently with the D4–D12 bytes. Besides. „ Network development oriented capacity expansion capability PDH/SDH interface board of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) adopts a compatibility. SS7. and upgrade and capacity expansion can be made in the future on a demand basis. „ Outstanding interface jitter performance The superb performance of the 2048kbit/s interface is attributable to the proprietary mapping/demapping chip. data communication. ATM and Ethernet services can be added to the system to realize transmission on a multi-service platform.System Overview OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM Ethernet interfaces connection to establish DCC communication. „ Excellent EMC performance OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) is designed based on the ETS 300 386 series and the ETS 300 127 of the European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI). It supports the transmission of the ECC management information by the D1–D12 bytes with three modes available.and integration-based design. and D4–D12. It makes the mapping jitter and combined jitter of the 2048kbit/s interfaces far better than the indices designated in ITU-T Recommendation G. The timing system adopts digital signal processor (DSP) and autosensing digital filter algorithm that ensures the full compliance of the specifications with ITU-T Recommendation G. „ Powerful ECC processing capability The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) is equipped with powerful processors. The timing system can work under locked mode. holdover mode and free-run mode. for two networks without fiber connection. The clock selection function of various priorities and the use of S1 byte ensure the reliable operation of the network timing system. D1–D3. In addition to the original SDH service. The equipment can be configured into STM-4 or STM-16 system. It is adequate for complex networking. The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) transports GSM. tributary or external clock source can be selected as reference clock source. When it works under the locked mode. users can be concerned only with the initial capacity of the system and minimize the initial investment. (8) Analog audio interface. bit leakage technology and autosensing filtering algorithm of Huawei.813. while the STM-4 system can be upgraded to the STM-16 system. „ Outstanding clock synchronization performance The state-of-the-art high precision crystals are used as the internal oscillation source. the timing system also provides synchronous status message (SSM) function.783.

it can be used as a medium-capacity local cross-connect system. and UBR services The UNI/NNI interfaces The CAC function The PVC and switching of VP The point-to-point and point-to-multipoint connections. OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM 1. It makes the system fit for medium and small-sized local network with its ideal prize/performance ratio. it can for multiple TMs or ADMs on a single subrack. When it is inserted with the XCL cross-connect board with a 48 x 48 VC-4 higher-order cross-connect matrix (1008 x 1008 VC-12 lower-order cross-connect matrix). With powerful cross-connect capability. spatial multicast (for different ports).4 Functionality 1. The cross-connect matrix of equipment includes a higher-order cross-connect matrix of 128 x 128 VC-4 and a lower-order cross-connect matrix of 2016 x 2016 VC-12.System Overview the EMC tests. ATM Service Processing Capability The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) processes the STM-1 ATM services at the ATM layer. with the 1+1 one-ended protection of the ATM layer VP-Ring The VPG function. 2. and logical multicast (for the same port). Powerful Multi-System Capability The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) has a powerful cross-connect capability. It enhances the networking and inter-network service grooming capabilities of the equipment considerably. It supports service grooming and protection between the multiple systems. nrt-VBR. Supported by the large-capacity cross-connect matrix and software functions. F4 flows The layered protection at the ATM layer and the SDH layer. with maximum 2 k VPGs „ „ „ „ 1-9 . and supports the bandwidth convergence function of multiple ports and statistical multiplexing of the transmission bandwidth to improve the transmission bandwidth utility. with maximum 4k connections Maximum five multicast groups The OAM cell based CC. It supports: „ „ „ „ „ The access and processing of the CBR. It provides maximum 64 x STM-1 ATM optical interfaces (single-mode and multi-mode). supports ATM service protection through VP-Ring. rt-VBR. one single subrack has 48 x STM-1 access capability.

The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) provides 12 1000BASE-SX/LX (optical interface). 1-10 .3X flow control (possible to set the flow control function of the port) The alarm and the traffic statistics of the Ethernet interface The convergence function The SDH multiplex section and path protection The alarm and performance monitoring of VC-12 The statistics function of the Ethernet interface RMON „ „ „ „ „ „ „ „ „ For an EMS1 board. and to possibly bring about connection backup The configuration and query of user priority with the IP TOS byte and VLAN The IEEE 802. the Ethernet service can be mapped to 48 x E1.System Overview „ OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM The line transmission at the STM-1 level maximum when it is 1+1 VP-Ring protection at the ATM layer The performance and alarm at the SDH layer and the ATM layer. the performance and alarm at ATM ports „ 3.3. or 18 x VC-3 plus 126 x VC-12. 4. and the flexible bandwidth configuration of VLAN-based users The static route setting according to ports and VLAN label. and the secondary switching of VLAN and MAC (8 k MAC addresses supported). and the number can be configured flexibly. and the number can be configured flexibly. It supports: „ Access for 1 channel of 1000BASE-SX/LX Ethernet service and 8 channels of 10BASE-T/100BASE-TX or 100BASE-FX. For an ET1 board. It supports: „ „ „ IEEE 802. with the self-learning and manual configuration functions of the MAC address table Spanning tree protocol (STP) to avoid broadcast storm for closed-loop network connections. The interfaces characteristics in compliance with IEEE 802. the Ethernet service can be mapped to 24 x VC-3. Ethernet Service Processing Capability The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) provides the Layer 2 processing and switching function of the Ethernet service and realizes the convergence of the Ethernet ports and the sharing of the ring bandwidth. It provides maximum 64 x 10/100BASE-T (electrical interfaces) or 64 x 100BASE-FX (optical interfaces).1Q standards The configuration of 4 k virtual local area networks (VLANs) The service isolation with ports and VLAN label.

point-to-multi-point transparent transmission and multi-point-to-multi-point transmission (bridge service). it can provide two 1000BASE-SX/LX ports. the most of its functionality is largely the same with the EMS1. Maximum of 24 x VC-Trunk. Each port has a fixed corresponding VC-trunk. The differences are as following: „ „ EFS0 board can not access Gigabit Ethernet service. Each interface can configure 1–8 VC-4s or 1–24 VC-3 with the smallest granularity of one VC-3 in maximum. which realizes the transparent transmission of fast Ethernet service by adopting technologies like HDLC/LAPS/GFP-F encapsulation/decapsulation protocol and concatenation. It supports the virtual concatenation at VC-3 or VC-12 level. Ethernet private LAN (EPLn/EPLAN) service and Ethernet virtual private LAN (EVPLn/EVPLAN) service. the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) can provide powerful networking capability to meet the requirements of complex networking in the 1-11 . MPLS encapsulated datagram processing and common Ethernet datagram processing. the EGT board. it can provide 2 x 1000Base-LX/SX multimode/single-mode optical interface. The maximum bandwidth is 1.25 Gbit/s. For the Gigabit Ethernet VC-4 processing board. with each comprising a maximum of 12 x VC-3 or 63 x VC-12.7041 Standard. Flexible Networking Capability With the large-capacity cross-connect matrix. For the 100 M Ethernet VC-3/VC-12 transparent transmission board. the EFT board. namely Ethernet private line (EPL) service. The addition of the bandwidth of the two interfaces does not exceed 8 VC-4s. „ „ „ „ For an EFS0 board. 5. it can access 8 channels of fast Ethernet services. monitoring and alarming Supporting transparent transmission of the Ethernet service For the Gigabit Ethernet VC4/VC-3 transparent transmission process board. Mapping a maximum of 12 x VC-3 or 6 x VC-3 plus 126 x VC-12 for EFS0 board.System Overview „ OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM Point-to-point transparent transmission. L2 VPN function. the EGT2 board. GFP encapsulation is compliant with ITU-T G. Encapsulation/decapsulation of GFP. Ethernet virtual private line (EVPL) service. with each port: „ „ „ „ Supporting the LAPS protocol to encapsulate the data frame Having the flow control function for the Ethernet port and SDH side Providing the functions of data frame flow statistics. It supports 12 x VC-e or 63 x VC-12 in maximum with capacity of 622 Mbit/s. Support a maximum of 8 x VC-trunk.

E3 and T3). 6.630-compliant VP Ring protection mechanism is adopted. it also supports multiple TPS protection groups (a maximum of 4) protected simultaneously by the E1/T1. and mesh. Based on the SDH layer protection mechanism. Under abnormal working conditions (power overvoltage/undervoltage or excessively high working temperature). For the ATM service that needs shared transmission bandwidth. It provides 1:8 equipment level protection for PDH processing boards (E1. T1. the ITU-T I. the data link layer protection is added. Ideal Protection Mechanism The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) provides both the equipment level and network level protections. It supports multiple topologies. the conventional SDH transmission layer protection system can be used to protect data services and the Ethernet ring technology can also be used for corresponding protection to improve the security of the Ethernet service. and cross-connect units. The protection at the network level includes SDH layer protection and ATM layer protection. and E4/STM-1 interfaces. the Ethernet ring networking protection mode is used to realize double protection. E3/T3. On a subrack. that is. hub. chain. and Ethernet service. timing. the equipment provides related protective measures. including point to point. ring. 1-12 . The layered protection of the services is formed to meet the requirements of different networking applications. For the Ethernet service.System Overview OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM central office. ATM service monopolizing VC-4 and cascaded VC-4-4c bandwidth. 1:7 equipment level protection for the STM-1 SDH electrical interface boards and 1:8 equipment level protection for DDN service boards. The SDH layer protection includes: „ „ „ „ „ „ „ „ 1+1 and 1:N linear multiplex section protection Two-fiber unidirectional multiplex section dedicated protection ring Two-fiber bidirectional multiplex section shared protection ring Four-fiber bidirectional multiplex section shared protection ring Two-fiber unidirectional path protection ring Two-fiber bidirectional path protection ring Subnetwork connection multi-path protection (SNCMP) Shared fiber virtual trail protection The mature and completed SDH protection mechanism is still used for the PDH service. The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) can provide the equipment level protection through redundancy hot backup of the tributary.

the downstream nodes can switch over the input clock source or change into holdover working status timely. and the alarm output function realizes the centralized monitoring of alarms in various devices by connecting to the alarm interface of the centralized alarm system.System Overview OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM 7. charging information. 9. minor undervoltage. It provides alarm input/output function. The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) protects the board power supply system through centralized backup and dispersed power supply to improve the safety of equipment operation. minor overvoltage. The clock output by the synchronous clock output interface also has the SSM function and can set flexibly the bits where SSM in 2048 kbit/s is located. serious overvoltage). RS-422. when the synchronous timing signal traced by the system degrades. It is not necessary that the downstream nodes respond only when the synchronous timing signals are detected to be over the deterioration threshold. Network Management System with Perfect Functions The transport network management system OptiX iManager perform integrated OAM for the complex network constructed with the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) systems to realize the configuration and grooming of circuits and ensure the normal running of the network. With this function. Besides. The alarm input function realizes the remote monitoring of the user environment. and RS-232. power environment monitoring information. and other asynchronous data interfaces apart from the PDH interface. Additionally the SSM management function can simplify the planning and design of the synchronous network. It helps the system to avoid timing loop during the clock switching. it can set SSM thresholds of various NEs. saving data. Ideal SSM Management Function The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) provides SSM management function of the synchronous clock. Power Supply and Environment Monitoring Function It inputs 2 x –48 V/–60 V power supplies and monitors the specific values of voltage as well as the overvoltage and undervoltage (serious undervoltage. Its external synchronous clock input interface can directly receive the synchronous information of the external timing equipment. 1-13 . microwave equipment monitoring information to the NM information of the transmission equipment of other vendors. In this way the synchronous operation quality of the entire network is improved. and facilitates the management of the synchronous network. They provides the users with functions to directly transmit SDH transmission network based subrate services that range extensively from paging. Tone and Asynchronous Data Processing Ability The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) provides analog tone interface. 8. The NE clock also has perfect SSM management function. 10. The interconnection with the equipment of other manufacturers is convenient.

1 Overview The functional architecture of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) is shown in Figure 2-1. The IU processing board is slot compatible with SDH & PDH processing boards. The LTU interface board is slot compatible with the interface board and bridge board corresponding to the IU processing board slot (for TPS function).OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM 2 Functionality 2. 2-1 . and the broadband service processing board (ATM/Ethernet processing board).

the interfacing of circuit boards of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) has two modes.Functionality OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM LTU1 LTU2 LTU3 LTU4 IU1 IU2 IU3 IU4 IU5 IU6 SDH cross-connect and synchronous timing units (XCS board) IU7 IU8 IU9 IU10 IU11 IU12 IU slot processing board Auxiliary interface unit (AIU board) Auxiliary interfaces System control & communitations processing unit (SCC board) Switch control unit LTU9 LTU10 LTU11 LTU12 LTU slot interface board LTU slot interface board IU slot processing board Timing unit External timing interface Manageme nt interface External unit Figure 2-1 Functional architecture of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) The slot assignment of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) is shown in Figure 2-2. and ATM processing board). and the other is with the assistance of LTU slot (PDH processing board. The numbers of slots for different boards are listed as follows: „ System control & communication and overhead processing board (SCC) slot: 1 Cross-connect and synchronous timing boards (XCS) slot: 2. part of the Ethernet processing boards. One is through the blank panels on the IU processing boards (such as most of the SDH processing boards). 2-2 . IU processing board slot: 12 LTU interface board slot: 8 Equipment protection slot (IUP): 1 Protection switching driving slot (LPDR): 1 Protection switching control slot (EIPC): 1 Power backup slot (PBU): 1 Fan box (FAN): 1 „ „ „ „ „ „ „ „ For cable outlet.

Functionality OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM I I I I I I X X I I U U U U U U C C U U 1/P 2 3 4 5 6 S S 7 8 I I I I S I U U U U C U 9 10 11 12 C P (1) F B 1 / L P D R L T U 12 L T U 11 L T U 10 L T U 9 L T U 4 L T U 3 L T U 2 L T U 1 / F B 2 E I P C P B U (2) (1) Slot assignment in the front view in the subrack front compartment (2) Interface area in the subrack back compartment Figure 2-2 Slot layout of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) Circuit boards to be plugged in the slots of IU processing boards are listed in Table 2-1. Table 2-1 Circuit boards to be plugged in the slots of IU processing board Board S16 SD4 SL4 SL1 SD1 SQ1 Function description STM-16 optical interface unit 2 x STM-4 optical interface board STM-4 optical interface unit STM-1 optical interface unit 2 x STM-1 optical interface board 4 x STM-1 optical interface board Available slot IU4-9 IU4-9 IU1-12 IU1-12 IU1-12 IU3-10 Transfer mode IU IU IU IU IU IU Processing ability 16 x STM-1 8 x STM-1 4 x STM-1 1 x STM-1 2 x STM-1 4 x STM-1 2-3 .

IU9 IU1-4. IU9-12 IU1-4. IU9-12 IU1-4. IU9-12 IU4-9 IU4-9 Even-numbered slots Transfer mode IU LTU LTU LTU LTU LTU LTU LTU LTU LTU LTU LTU and IU LTU LTU IU IU IU Processing ability 2 x STM-1 4 x STM-1 4 x STM-1 1 x STM-1 32 x E1 63 x E1 32 x E1/T1 63 x E1/T1 48 x E1 4 x STM-1 48 x E1 8 x STM-1 4 x STM-1 4 x STM-1 8 x STM-1 8 x STM-1 0 x STM-1 Circuit boards to be plugged in the slots of LTU interface board are listed in Table 2-2.Functionality Board SDE SQE SPQ4 PL3 PD1 PQ1 PM1 PQM DX1 AL1 ET1 EMS1 EFS0 EFT EGT2 EGT BA2/BPA OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM Function description Dual STM-1 electrical interfaces unit 4 x STM-1 electrical interface board 4 x E4&STM-1 electrical interface board 3 x E3/T3 interfaces unit 32 x E1 interfaces unit 63 x E1 interfaces unit 32 x E1/T1 interfaces unit 63 x T1/E1 interfaces unit DDN processing unit 155 M ATM process unit Ethernet transparent transmission unit Fast Ethernet/Gigabit Ethernet VC-12/VC-3 switching processing board Fast Ethernet VC-12/VC-3 switching processing board Fast Ethernet VC-12/VC-3 transparent transmission board Gigabit Ethernet VC-12/VC-3 transparent transmission board Gigabit Ethernet transparent transmission board Optical booster amplifier unit/optical booster & pre-amplifier unit Available slot IU1-12 IU1-4. IU9-12 IU1-4. IU9-IU12 IU1-4. IU9-12 IU1-4. IU9-12 IU4. Table 2-2 Circuit boards to be plugged in the slots of LTU transfer board Board E75S E12S C34B Function description 63 x 75 ohm E1 connecting switching unit 63 x 120 ohm E1 connecting switching unit 3 x E3/T3 electrical interface board Available slot LTU1-8 LTU1-8 LTU1-8 Supporting board PD1/PQ1 PM1/PQM PL3 2-4 . IU9-12 IU1-IU4. IU9-12 IU1-4. IU9-12 IU1-4. IU9-12 IU1-4. IU9-12 IU1-4.

2-5 .Functionality Board C34S LPSW LPDR DM12 AOO1 AOQ1 EMT8 EMF8 EMF4 FB1 FB2 OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM Function description 3 x E3/T3 PDH interface switching board 4 x 75 ohm E4/STM-1 electrical connecting switching unit 4 x 75 ohm E4/STM-1 electrical drive unit DDN 12-port mixed access unit Octuple 155 M ATM optical interface unit Quadruple 155 M ATM optical interface unit 10/100 M BaseT Ethernet interface unit 8-Port 10 M/100 M BaseFx fast Ethernet interface unit 4-Port 10 M/100 M BaseFx fast Ethernet interface unit Internal connection unit-type I Internal connection unit-type II Available slot LTU1-8 LTU1-8 FB1/LPDR LTU1-LTU8 LTU1-8 LTU1-8 LTU1-8 LTU1-8 LTU1-8 FB1/LPDR LTU1/FB2 Supporting board PL3 SQE/SPQ4 SQE/SPQ4 DX1 AL1 AL1 ET1/EMS1/EFS0 ET1/EMS1/EFS0 ET1/EMS1/EFS0 The functional units with the boards of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) and their features are listed in Table 2-3.

and groom the 64 K services on a cross-connect basis Access and process the ATM optical/electrical signals of STM-1 rate. EMF8. SDE. and E4 rates. DX1 DM12 AL1 AOQ1. T3. PQ1. EMF4 2-6 . Access and process the 1000BASE-SX/LX Ethernet optical signal. LPSW EIPC Access and process STM-1 electrical signal Interface unit PDH interface unit Electrical interface switching control board Backplane E1 cable connection board DDN processing board DDN interface board ATM processing board ATM interface board Gigabit Ethernet VC-4 processing board 100 Mbit/s Ethernet VC-12 processing board 100 Mbit/s Ethernet interface board Access and process the electrical signals of E1. PL3. Access and process the 10/100BASE-T Ethernet electrical signal or the 100 BASE-FX optical signal. PQM. Interface unit 75 Ω line protection drive board 75 Ω line protection switching board PDH processing board PDH interface board LPDR LPSW PD1. SQE. 64 K and SHDSL. AOO1 EGT DDN interface unit ATM interface unit Interface unit Ethernet transparent transmission interface unit ET1. SPQ4 Unit function Access and process the optical signals of STM-1/STM-4/STM-16 rates and the VC-4-4c concatenated optical/electrical signal. PM1. T1. SD1. E3. C34B. E12S. SPQ4 E75S. SL4. FB1. SQ1. Access and process the DDN signals of Frame E1. ET1S EMT8. FB2 Support TPS function by leading the signals to the protection bus. SL1.Functionality Table 2-3 Functional units of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM Unit function Included boards SDH processing board SDH interface unit S16. SD4.

EMF8. and switch the 10BASE-T/100BASE-TX Ethernet electrical signals. PIU 2-7 . and provide clock reference to the system. and COA is built externally. Supply backup power for the boards with the power module failed Implement the software and hardware control function for the electrical interface protection. EMS1 Interface unit Ethernet switching processing interface unit EFS0 EMT8. XCL Synchronous timing unit System control & communication unit Overhead processing unit Power backup unit PBU OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM Unit function Access. TPS protection available for 10 BASE-T /100BASE-TX and 100 BASE-FX Ethernet signals. Provide interface between the system and the NM. Implement the cross-connect of SDH and PDH signals. process.Functionality Unit function Included boards Fast Ethernet /Gigabit Ethernet VC-12/VC-3 switching processing Board Fast Ethernet VC-12/VC-3 switching processing Board 100 Mbit/s Ethernet interface board Tone and asynchronous data interface unit Optical amplification unit SDH cross-connect matrix unit XCS. BA2 and BPA are board-shaped. COA SCC Switching control unit EIPC Auxiliary interface unit SFU. Provide maintenance and power supply interfaces (for example. 4 x RS-232 signal. EMF4 Support the accessing of 12 x tone signals. 100BASE-FX Ethernet and 1000BASE-SX/LX optical signals. and process the SDH signal overhead. and 4 x RS-422 signal. RS-232 and orderwire) TDA BA2. BPA.

Support spatial multicast (different optical interfaces) and logical multicast (identical ports). The hold-off time should be from 6s to 10s when MSP and VP-ring are configured simultaneously. In virtual channel connection (VCC). Provide synchronous timing source for the synchronous timing unit. It also enables the VP Ring protection.2. The hold-off time can be a value from 0s to 10s. and 2-8 . Support UNI/NNI interface. This unit can be adopted to enable the convergence of transmission bandwidth from eight STM-1 ATM services to a single STM-1. The hold-off time is set to be 0 when MSP and VP-ring are not coexisting. rt-VBR. nrt-VBR.1 ATM Interface Unit ATM interface unit comprises the ATM processing board (AL1) plugged in the IU slot and ATM interface board (AOO1 and AOQ1) plugged in the LTU slot. „ „ „ „ „ „ „ „ „ 2. Supports both the outloop and inloop at SDH side.2 Functional Units 2. Support the following CBR. In virtual path connection (VPC). UBR services. Protection can be realized by MSP or VP-ring. Support the point-to-point & point-to-multipoint link connection. the value of VPI ranges from 0 to 255. Support CAC function. It provides the following functions: „ Support the processing of eight STM-1 ATM services as well as the convergence of transmission bandwidth from eight STM-1 ATM services to a single STM-1 (bidirectional service protection available). Support PVC and PVP/PVC switching. Support VP-Ring shared bandwidth protection function at ATM layer. ATM Interface Board (AOO1. Support VPG function. 1. The maximum point-to-point link connection number: 4K and the supported multi-cast branch number: 5. ATM Processing Board (AL1) AL1 is an ATM service processing board of ATM interface unit. AOQ1) The AOO1 and AOQ1 boards are the service interface board of the ATM unit. Support the ATM layer VP-Ring 1+1 single-end and dual-end protection switching function.Functionality OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM 2. the value of VPI ranges from 0 to 63 and that of VCI ranges from 32 to 127.

Gigabit Ethernet VC-4 processing board (EGT). It isolates subscribers through Ethernet port and VLAN labels so that multiple subscribers can share the same VC-Trunk channel. It supports internet group management protocol (IGMP) and the dynamic „ „ „ „ 2-9 . AOQ1 provides eight ATM single-mode/multimode optical interface (LC/PC connector).Functionality they have the following functions respectively. fast Ethernet VC-12/VC-3 switching processing board (EFS0). 2 Mbit/s.2. It supports Layer 2 switching based on VLAN and MAC. AOO1 and AOQ1 support single-mode interface automatic shutdown function. EMF8.2 Ethernet Interface Unit The Ethernet interface unit consists of the 100 Mbit/s Ethernet processing board (ET1) plugged in the IU slot. Each 10/100 Mbit/s Ethernet service of the ET1 board can be mapped into N i „ „ It supports the flexible distribution of bandwidth based on VLAN and enables multiple VLANs to share 1–48 2 Mbit/s channels through the VC Trunk mode. „ OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM AOO1 supports eight ATM single-mode/multimode optical interface (LC/PC connector). 100 Mbit/s Ethernet VC-12 Processing Board (ET1) The ET1 board is the Ethernet service processing board in the Ethernet VC-12 interface unit. 100 Mbit/s Ethernet VC-3/VC-12 transparent transmission board (EFT) and the 100 Mbit/s Ethernet interface boards (EMT8. 1. Number of supported Ethernet address routes: 8 K. „ „ „ „ 2. Gigabit Ethernet VC4/VC-3 transparent transmission process board (EGT2). AOQ1can access 4 x STM-1 ATM services. and EMF4) that can be plugged in the LTU slot. ET1 provides the following functions: „ It supports the accumulation and concentration of 8 x 10/100 Mbit/s Ethernet services and maps the concentrated Ethernet frames into the specified 2 Mbit/s for transmission through the VC Trunk mode. It supports the distribution of 4 K VLAN and 16 VC-Trunk channels. It adopts ML-PPP and bundles multiple physical channels (VC-12) into a single logic channel (VC-Trunk channel) for service transmission. and "i” ranges from 1 to 8). AOO1 can access 8 x STM-1 ATM services. fast Ethernet/Gigabit Ethernet VC-12/VC-3 switching processing board (EMS1). The ET1 board supports the mapping of N i [ 48 2 Mbit/s (where ‘i’ is the number of interfaces on the fast Ethernet interface board corresponding to ET1. and N i [ 48.

It adopts GFP-F/LAPS/HDLC and bundles multiple physical channels (VC-12/VC-3) into a single logic channel (VC-Trunk channel) for service transmission. „ „ „ 2. It supports point-to-point transparent transmission. namely forbids the services of the subscriber listed in the blacklist to forward. In the case of service cut. the normal transmission of important data is maintained.3u protocol. The EMS1 board has the following functions: „ It accesses 1 x 1000 Mbit/s Ethernet service and 8 x 10/100 Mbit/s Ethernet services which occupy 8 x VC-4. It supports the function of auto-negotiation in the physical layer complying with IEEE 802.86 Standard. It implements Layer 2 VPN function. The maximum SDH-side bandwidth available is 1. It supports the STP. It supports Layer 2 switch of Ethernet data. GFP encapsulation is compliant with ITU-T G.Functionality OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM multicast route learning function. including DA and SA). „ It supports the path protection for multiple VC-12s that bound with Ethernet services through VC trunk. In this way. It supports multicast and broadcast. LAPS protocol is compliant with ITU-TX. It supports the IEEE802. Fast Ethernet/Gigabit Ethernet VC-12/VC-3 Switching Processing Board (EMS1) The EMS1 board is the fast Ethernet/Gigabit Ethernet switching processing board in the Ethernet VC-12/VC-3 interface unit. and enables MAC address learning and item updating. and it is able to set the flow control and the attributes of the port. point-to-multipoint transparent transmission and multipoint-to-multipoint transmission (bridge service). It supports MPLS encapsulated datagram processing and common Ethernet datagram processing. Ethernet private LAN (EPLn/EPLAN) service and Ethernet virtual private LAN (EVPLn/EVPLAN) service. It dynamically configures the multicast function. It supports the LAPS/GFP-F encapsulation/ decapsulation of packets. It supports MAC address filtering (blacklist function. It provides link pass through (LPT). it can detect such fault and instruct the connected equipment (such as router) to open the standby trail.7041 Standard. namely Ethernet private line (EPL) service. „ „ „ „ „ „ „ „ 2-10 .3X flow control. Ethernet virtual private line (EVPL) service.25 Gbit/s.

1q and IEEE 802.25 Gbit/s. IU9 EFS0 4 × VC4 No Null EMT8/EMF8/EMF4 IU1–IU4. It Supports IEEE 802. It provides link pass through (LPT). Supports a maximum of 24 x VC-Trunk. Fast Ethernet VC-12/VC-3 Switching Processing Board (EFS0) EFS0 board is also Ethernet board as EMS1 board. The minimum granularity is one VC-4. Table 2-4 Comparison of EFS0 and EMS1 Comparison Uplink bandwidth Can it access Gigabit Ethernet? Optical interface in the front panel Interface board Slot EMS1 8 × VC4 Yes 1 x 1000 Mbit/s optical interface EMT8/EMF8/EMF4 IU4. Gigabit Ethernet VC-4 Processing Board (EGT) The EGT is responsible for the accessing of the Gigabit Ethernet service and the point-to-point transparent transmission. „ „ „ „ „ 3. The maximum transmission bandwidth of each port can be flexibly configured as 1–8 VC-4. In this way. It supports a maximum of 24 x VC-3. Totally 4096 VLANs can be made available. The differences between them are compared in Table 2-4. The functions are as follows: „ Each EGT board provides two 1000Base-LX/SX optical interfaces (which supports hot swappable and single-mode/multimode). IU9–IU12 4. it can detect such fault and instruct the connected equipment (such as router) to open the standby trail. In the case of service cut. offering a total capacity of 1. which is compliant with IEEE 802. the normal transmission of important data is maintained. „ 2-11 . It supports VLAN divided by port-based.Functionality „ OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM It supports VC-3-level or VC-12-level concatenation. and the sum of the bandwidth of the two ports is not larger than eight VC-4. which implements the access and convergence of the Ethernet service.3x-compliant flow control. The functionality of the EFS0 board is largely the same with that of the EMS1 board. Each VC-Trunk comprises a maximum of 12 x VC-3 or 63 x VC-12. It offers a port-based committed access rate (CAR) of 64 kbit/s.1p. or 126 x VC-12 plus 18 x VC-3(VC-3 and VC-12 can be configured).

It realizes the point-to-point transparent transmission of Gigabit Ethernet service by adopting technologies like HDLC/LAPS/GFP-F encapsulation/decapsulation protocol and concatenation. The optical interface of the EGT board adopts front access. 100 Mbit/s Ethernet Interface Board (EMT8. It does not need an assistant interface board and can be used directly. It supports the IEEE 802. It provides multi-mode optical interfaces . and they have the following functions: „ EMT8 supports the access of 8 x 10/100BASE-T Ethernet services. „ „ 6. EMF8. EMF8 and EMF4 boards are the Ethernet service interface board of the Ethernet interface unit.3X-compliant flow control by setting such function at the port. report. The maximum bandwidth is 1. Each EGT board has a RMON module that can provide the statistics. Support the point-to-point pure transparent transmission based on Gigabit „ „ 2-12 . It provides traffic control function on the Ethernet access side for the accessed Gigabit Ethernet service. The electrical characteristics of the Ethernet interfaces of the EGT board comply with IEEE 802. It also provides a swappable GE optical interface with a GigaBit interface converter (GBIC). Each EGT board can serve maximally two independent user groups (IUGs). Each interface can configure 1–8 VC-4s or 1–24 VC-3 with the smallest granularity of one VC-3 in maximum. The addition of the bandwidth of the two interfaces does not exceed 8 VC-4s.3. EMF8 supports the access of 8 x 100Base-FX Ethernet services.Functionality „ „ „ OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM The LAPS parameter setting is supported. It supports port autosensing as well as port full-duplex and half-duplex. and alarm functions of the frame traffic. Gigabit Ethernet VC4/VC-3 Transparent Transmission Process Board (EGT2) The EGT2 board accesses 2 channels of Gigabit Ethernet services. „ Provides 2 x 1000Base-LX/SX multimode/single-mode optical interface (adopt the hot swappable GBIC optical module). It provides single-mode/multi-mode optical interfaces and supports the automatic shutdown function of the single-mode optical interface. and EMF4) The EMT8. It supports the transparent transmission of the IP/IPX network layer protocols.25 Gbit/s. EMF4 supports the access of 4 x 100Base-FX Ethernet services. „ „ „ „ „ 5.

Support testing frame. 1. pointer justification. Realize the port-based Ethernet point-to-point transparent transmission. realize the capacity adjustment in concatenated links.692 (in conformity with 2-13 . Support 12 x VC-3 or 9 x VC-3 and 63 x VC-12 in maximum with capacity of 622 Mbit/s. Support the isolation of data port.1. that is.3 SDH Interface Unit SDH interface units provided by the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) include STM-16. „ „ „ „ „ „ „ „ 2. the concatenation at VC-4 and VC-3 level. S-16. Support link pass through (LPT). SDH interface units are engaged in the receiving and sending of the optical/electrical signals at the STM-1.1 and L-16.2. section overhead and higher-order path overhead processing. and realize the capacity adjustment in concatenated links.2. S-16. All the signals of the SDH optical interface unit are led out from the optical interface of the front panel installed in the circuit board. They also have functions as defined in ITU-T Recommendation G. STM-4. Each port has a fixed corresponding VC-trunk. Support a maximum of 8 x VC-trunk. Encapsulate/Decapsulate the Ethernet data with standard HDLC/LAPS/GFP-F encapsulation/decapsulation protocol. Support G.Functionality Ethernet (GE) interfaces. Support the JUMBO frame with 9600 bytes in maximum. and STM-16 levels. It also provides optical interfaces that satisfy the wavelength requirement specified in ITU-T Recommendation G. „ OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM Encapsulate/Decapsulate the Ethernet data with standard HDLC/LAPS/GFP-F encapsulation/decapsulation protocol.783. „ „ 7. and meanwhile provide a timing source for the synchronous timing unit. Support LCAS protocol. Support the virtual concatenation at VC-3 or VC-12 level. L-16. STM-4 and STM-1 optical interfaces. Support LCAS protocol. STM-16 Synchronous Optical Interface Unit (S16) „ This unit provides optical interfaces defined in ITU-T I-16.2. 100M Ethernet VC-3/VC-12 Transparent Transmission Board (EFT) „ „ Process 8 channels of fast Ethernet services.707 VC-4 concatenation protocol.

S-16. It supports the transmission of STM-4c. the wavelength conversion unit of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) can be saved.1. and SQ1 board for the quad STM-1 optical interface unit. SC/PC . 2-14 . 2. which can expand the repeater less transmission distance to 90 km.2 . L-16. Therefore.2 . „ „ The interface characteristics of STM-16 synchronous optical interface unit are shown in Table 2-5.2 . Table 2-7 Characteristics of STM-1 optical interface unit Ie-1 SD1 .1 .1 .2 and Ve-4. STM-4 Synchronous Optical Interface Unit (SD4. L-16. . L-4. V-16. L-1. STM-1 Synchronous Optical Interface Unit (SQ1. It can provide SL1 board for the single STM-1 optical interface unit.2 . It provides one STM-4 optical interface unit (SL4) and a dual STM-4 optical interface unit (SD4).1 .2 . Le-16. L-4. „ It provides Le-16. Table 2-5 Characteristics of STM -16 optical interface unit I-16 S16 . L-1. SD1 board for the dual STM-1 optical interface unit. in accessing the DWDM system.2 .2 interface. SD1) „ „ Interface characteristics of STM-1 optical interface unit are listed in Table 2-7.1 . S-1. SD1. U-16. It supports the transmission of STM-4c. : L-4. : Ve-4.1.Functionality OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM DWDM transmission requirements). 3. SL4) „ „ It provides four types of optical interfaces: ITU-T S-4. S-16. „ The interface characteristics of STM-4 optical interface unit are listed in Table 2-6. . Table 2-6 Characteristics of STM-4 optical interface unit S-4.2 . S16 is a single STM-16 optical interface unit. : SC/PC . L-4.1 SL4 SD4 . SC/PC .1 . I-1 .2.2 .

703. SPQ4 provides 75 Ω unbalanced interface. The working mode of SPQ4 can be set through software. When SQE works as the redundant board in the equipment protection. with the interface characteristics in compliance with ITU-T Recommendation G. with maximum transmission distance reaching 70 m (the attenuation of the 155 Mbit/s signals on it is 12. it is inserted in the IUP slot. SPQ4 provides electrical interface through the coaxial connector on the LPSW board in the LTU slot. „ „ „ SQE implements the 1:N (N≤7) equipment protection through the protection function of the electrical interfaces. and SDE provides electrical interface through the coaxial connector on the front panel. SQE provides electrical interface through the coaxial connector on the LPSW board in the LTU slot in the back of the subrack.7 dB). with the interface characteristics in compliance with ITU-T Recommendation G. it is inserted in the IUP slot. . OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM : : . : . The coaxial cables provided along with the equipment are used. 2-15 . . : : . SPQ4 supports 1:7 TPS function (E4 and STM-1 protected at the same time) „ „ „ „ „ SPQ4 implements the 1:N (N≤7) equipment protection through the protection function of the electrical interfaces. with the default working mode being E4. SQE) „ SDE provides dual STM-1 electrical interface. When SQE works as the redundant board in the equipment protection. and the LPDR board should be configured as a drive to fulfill the protection. E4/STM-1 Electrical Unit (SPQ4) „ „ SPQ4 provides 4 x E4/STM-1 electrical interface.703. and SQE provides 4 x STM-1 electrical interface. . STM-1 Electrical Interface Unit (SDE. The coaxial cables provided along with the equipment are used.7 dB). It provides 75 Ω unbalanced interface.Functionality SQ1 SL1 . 4. with maximum transmission distance reaching 70 m (the attenuation of the 155 Mbit/s signals on it is 12. SPQ4 can protect SQE as protection board. Each channel can be set separately. 5. and the LPDR board should be configured as a drive to fulfill the protection.

Functionality OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM 6.2 V-16. and E4s by concatenating the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000). E1s/T1s. which has diverse PDH interfaces. such as E1/T1.1 L-4. Each single subrack of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) supports the direct adding/dropping of a maximum of 504 E1s. 2-16 .2.1 L-4.1 L-1. Table 2-8 Optical interface parameter check characteristics Optical interface type S-1. or 24 E3s/T3s. When it is used as the redundant unit for equipment protection. STM-1/STM-4 optical interface is used for expansion to expand the redundant E1s.2 S-4.2 Launched power monitoring Not supported Not supported Not supported Not supported Not supported Not supported Supported Supported Supported Supported Supported Supported Receiving power monitoring Not supported Not supported Not supported Not supported Not supported Not supported Supported Supported Supported Supported Supported Supported Automatic laser shutdown Supported Supported Supported Supported Supported Supported Supported Supported Supported Supported Supported Supported Bias current monitoring Not supported Not supported Not supported Not supported Not supported Not supported Supported Supported Supported Supported Supported Supported 2. All these interface units can be inserted in the corresponding slots in LTU of the subrack according to the interface type.2 S-16. E1). When the number of E1s or E1s/T1s added/dropped on the subrack is above 504. In addition to the network-level protection of the PDH service (T1. Optical Interface Physical Parameter Checking Functions The physical interface parameter checking functions that are supported by different types of optical interfaces are listed in Table 2-8. and E4 PDH electrical interfaces.1 L-1.1 L-16.4 PDH Interface Unit The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) provides the PDH interface unit. the PDH interface unit is accessed from the protection slot.1 L-16.2 V-4. E3/T3. E3s/T3s. or the number of E3s/T3s is above 24.2 U-16. 1:N (N≤8) tributary board equipment protection can also be provided by the electrical interface protection function. E1s/T1s.

703. In order to coordinate with E1 and T1 interface units of different specifications.Functionality OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM Table 2-9 lists the protection characteristics of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) PDH interface. It maps E1 or T1 signals into VC-12 in an asynchronous manner. If all IU1–IU4 and IU9–IU12 slots are inserted with PQM. „ „ „ Electrical interfaces of E1/T1 interface unit are accessed through the interface board or protection interface board on LTU slot. .703. and PQM) The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) supports E1 and T1 asynchronous mapping modes defined in ITU-T Recommendation G. When used as the redundant unit for equipment protection. Specific functions provided by E1 and T1 interface units are mentioned below: „ Two types of E1 interface units. PM1. Table 11 lists the selection principle for interface boards or protection interface boards and the transmission distances for different interfaces. It processes the VC-12 path overhead. configures. If all IU1–IU4 and IU9–IU12 slots are inserted with PQ1. . PQ1 board enables the configuration of 63 E1 interfaces. . . Both PQ1 and PD1 provide 75 Ω unbalanced and 120 Ω balanced interfaces (different boards are used in different interfaces). . the single subrack enables the adding/dropping of a maximum of 504 E1s. the single subrack enables the adding/dropping of a maximum of 504 E1s. . 1. PD1 and PQ1. When used as the redundant unit for equipment protection. monitors the alarms as well as performance on a per path basis and communicates with the SCC unit. PM1 can be configured to have 32 E1 or T1. different types of interface boards or protection interface boards should be adopted. PQ1. are provided. and the interface characteristics completely comply with the indices as per ITU-T Recommendation G. E1 Interface Unit (PD1. Table 2-9 Protection characteristics of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) PDH tributary interface Interface rate T1 E1 E3/T3 E4 Interface types Unbalanced Balanced : . and PQM can be configured to have 63 E1 or T1 interfaces. : : Tributary protection . PM1 and PQM provide 120 Ω balanced E1 interface and 100 Ω balanced T1 interface. . PD1/PQ1 is inserted in protection slot IUP or IU1/P. PQM is inserted in protection slot IUP or IU1/P. PD1 board enables the configuration of 32 E1 interfaces. 2-17 . PM1 and PQM that have T1 and E1 compatible interfaces are provided.

and is responsible for the configuration of each service channel.703. The interface type of E3/T3 is 75 Ω unbalanced interface. and one single subrack can provide maximum 24 E3/T3 interfaces. and the communication with the SCC. it needs to 2-18 . E3/T3 Interface Unit (PL3) The PL3 board provides the following functions: „ PL3 supports the G. and its characteristics comply with ITU-T Recommendation G. The E3/T3 working mode of the PL3 can be set through software. the monitoring of alarm and performance.703-compliant asynchronous mapping from E3/T3 to VC-3.Functionality Table 2-10 75 Ω unbalanced and 100/120 Ω balanced interface board OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM Interface type Interface board type (without equipment protection) 32 x E1 interface board 63 x E1 interface board 32 x E1 interface board 63 x E1 interface board E75S E75S E12S E12S Interface board type with equipment protection E75S E75S E12S E12S Transmission distance (cable associated with the equipment) Less than 300 m Less than 300 m Less than 180 m Less than 180 m 75 Ω unbalanced 100/120 Ω balanced Note: For the functions of E75S and E12S. PL3 supports 1:8 TPS function. PL3 as protection board can be inserted in the IUP slot. PL3 processes the VC-3 channel overhead. the transmission distance reaches 140 m maximally (the attenuation of the E3/T3 signal on the cable of the said length is 12 dB). PL3 can use the outloop and inloop functions to test the quality of the E3/T3 service. „ „ „ „ „ „ The PL3 board can be inserted in the IU1–IU4 and IU9–IU12 slots. refer Figure 2-2 2. or locate faults. If the coaxial cables that are provided with the equipment are used. One single PL3 board can process 3 x E3/T3 simultaneously. When used as redundant unit for equipment protection. If the attenuation range of the input E3/T3 signal exceeds 6 dB in actual practice. The related electrical interfaces are connected with the transfer and switching board in the LTU slot in the subrack.

and provides 75 Ω unbalanced interface and 120 Ω balanced interface. 2 x N x 64 kbit/s signals and 2 x SHDSL signals of the access side and 48 x E1 signals of the cross-connect side. DTE internal. please refer to Table 2-2. V. supporting a single cable pair (2 cables) and double cable pairs (4 cables) with the maximum transmission distance of 3 km. The DM12 can simultaneously access the Frame E1. The SHDSL interface uses the RJ-11 connector to connect the copper twisted pair cables. CCS and CRC4. N x 64 kbit/s supports the following six types of interfaces: V. RS-530 and RS-530A. DCE external. DTE slave and DTE external. and the DX1 can provide 64 K service grooming on a cross-connect basis. the “equalizer” is shut down. DCE slave. For the cables of different lengths. N x 64 kbit/s interface and SHDSL interface all support inloop/outloop for the convenience of fault locating.Functionality OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM activate the input “equalizer” on the PL3 board. 2. The N x 64 kbit/s interface supports the following six clock working modes: DCE internal. CAS.2.24. N x 64 K and SHDSL services. supporting simultaneous access of 8 x Frame E1 signals. The DDN interface unit supports E1 level 1+1 path protection. If it is less than 6 dB. Table 2-11 Description of E3/T3 electrical interface configuration Interface type Transfer board type Transmission distance (provided with the equipment) 0–70 m Attenuation value 0–6 dB 6–12 dB Configuration description Shut down the equalizer Activate the equalizer 75 Ω unbalanced C34B/C34S 70–140 m Note: For the functions of C34B and C34S. „ „ „ „ „ „ „ 2-19 . X. 2 x N x 64kbit/s signals and 2 x SHDSL signals.5 DDN Interface Unit The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) provides DDN service access and processing through the DX1 processing board and DM12 interface board. RS-449.35. The Frame E1 interface. The DDN interface unit has the following functions: „ The DDN interface unit supports the Frame E1 format of the FAS. The DM12 provides the access of multiple DDN services.21. the corresponding configurations are listed in Table 2-11. The DX1 board achieves 64 kbit/s cross connection and grooming of 8 x Frame E1 signals.

Function of TDA „ Each multi-interface tone and data access board can simultaneously process 12 2-wire tone dedicated line signals. If eight multi-interface tone and data access boards are concatenated. the TDA board also provides the following 2-20 . The type of the tone interface is the 600 Ω balanced interface.6 Tone and Data Access Unit & RS-232/RS-422 Interface Unit The tone and data access unit (TDA) of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) series equipment is an external board. with maximum transmission rate at 19. TDA communicates with the host through the RS-232 serial port (marked “RS232-1”) through the F&f interface on the subrack to report performance and alarms.Functionality „ OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM The DDN interface unit provides a lot of alarm and performance events and supports reporting of service alarms and abnormal performance events. four RS-232 interface signals. 2. It features flexible networking. „ „ „ Table 2-12 lists the interface transfer boards used by the tone and data interface units as well as the transmission distances. When TDA concatenation is needed to add/drop service. the default setting being the non-feed mode. and mixed configuration of 4-wire and 2-wire interfaces is supported. each single station can add/drop up to 96 tone interface signals. Data interfaces RS-232 and RS-422 are asynchronous interfaces. the RS-232 interface marked “RS232-2” of TDA No. and four RS-422 interface signals. 32 RS-232 interface signals. 1 and the RS-232 interface marked “RS232-1” of TDA No. 1. and 32 RS-422 interface signals. The two TDAs communicate with the SCC through the RS-232 interface marked “RS232-1” of TDA No. 2 are concatenated. Feed mode and non-feed mode are provided to the user equipment. It provides 2-wire/4-wire audio interfaces as well as standard asynchronous RS-232 and RS-422 interfaces. and possible external clock reference.2 kbit/s. Table 2-12 Tone and data interface transfer boards Interface type tone interface RS-232 asynchronous interface RS-422 asynchronous interface Transfer board type NA B64 Transmission distance 4000 m 15 m 1000 m In addition to the above functions.1 and the F&f interface on the subrack. subrack slot-independent. Each two 2-wire interfaces can be configured as a 4-wire interface.2.

It converts logic level into level difference through the driver. The RS-422 serial interface adopts the Electric Specifications Standard for Balanced Voltage Digital Interface and adopts the twisted pair lines in signal transmission. one logic "1" and the other logic "0". and converts the level difference into logic level.2 kbit/s. and the default setting is the non-feed mode. As the TDA is used in the dedicated line mode. The tone interfaces of the TDA do not contain signaling. and hook-off check information. and receives the commands issued by the NM. TDA services can be configured as tone point-to-point bidirectional dedicated line mode. it can stop communicating with the host and the NM after it saves the commands. „ E1 75 Ω unbalanced interface 2-21 . „ Data interface One TDA provides four RS-232 and four RS-422 asynchronous serial interfaces. and data point-to-point bidirectional mode. The signals of the RS-422 interface include Rx+. and the transmission rate is less than 19. The tone transmission features are in compliance with relevant standards. The RS-232 interface signals of the TDA are Rx (receive). the tone interfaces can apply one of the two modes. The input frequency of the tone signal ranges 300–3400 Hz. Any voltage within +3 to +15V indicates logic "0". with the interface specifications the same as those of the 2-wire tone interfaces.Functionality functions: „ OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM It can trace and access the external timing signals or service clock as the reference timing source. All services are configured through the NM to set up semi-permanent connection. That is. feed and non-feed. and any voltage within –3 to –15 V indicates logic "1". and the transmission rate is less than 19. Tx+ and Tx-. The level of the RS-232 signals adopts negative logic. Features of TDA „ Tone interface One TDA has 12 tone signal interfaces. The configurations can be saved. It can also report the clock state periodically. Rx-. Tx (transmit) and GND (ground). „ „ 2. with the specifications in compliance with relevant standards. Currently RS-232 is the most widely used standard serial interface. tone point-to-multipoint unidirectional broadcasting mode. It communicates through the RS-232/RS-422 interfaces with the host and the NM of the Huawei transmission equipment. transmits the level difference signals to the receiver through the transmission lines. The transmission distance of the RS-232 signals is within 15 m. Each RS-422 channel uses two signal lines. It also reports the tributary alarms and performance events. The transmission distance of RS-422 signals can reach 1000 m. The feed mode is software controlled. It provides software-activated inloop and outloop of the tributary path. Two 2-wire tone interfaces can be concatenated as a 4-wire interface. and do not support telephone calls. ringing. The matching impedance of the tone interface is 600 Ω.2 kbit/s.

and VC-12 on the interface side.2.Functionality OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM The interface is in compliance with the ITU-T Recommendation G. XCL has a 48 x 48 VC-4 higher-order matrix and a 1008 x 1008 VC-12 (48 x 48 VC-3) lower-order cross-connect matrix. The XCS board is used in the large-capacity NEs that have a line rate of STM-16. The E1 signal format is HDB3 code. Meanwhile it has grooming capability for the VC-4. 2. 1. 2-22 . with 128 x 128 VC-4 level higher-order cross-connect matrix and 32 x 32 VC-12 level lower-order cross-connect matrix to provide grooming capability for VC-4. Direct Connection As illustrated in Figure 2-4.703. the line side service enters the cross-connect matrix from one side and is output in the same timeslot on the other side.7 SDH Cross-Connect Matrix Unit The cross-connect matrix of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) can be the XCS or XCL board. The SDH cross-connect unit enables the interworking and the exchanging of interface side services at VC-4. and can realize the interconnection and exchange at the levels of VC-4. VC-3 and VC-12 levels as shown in Figure 2-3. VC-3. VC-3 and VC-12 services.048 Mbit/s. and the rate is 2. and VC-12 services. the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) provides the following cross-connection methods. The XCL board is used in the small-capacity NEs that have a line rate of STM-4. VC-3. 32 x VC-4 32 x 32 VC-4 Time-division crossconnect 96 x STM-1 access 128 x 128 VC-4 cross-connect 32 x 32 VC-12 Space-division crossconnect 32 x VC-4 32 x 32 VC-4 Time-division crossconnect SDH cross-connect matrix unit Figure 2-3 The cross-connect function of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) For the services at interface side that enter the cross network.

Add/Drop As illustrated in Figure 2-5. Figure 2-6 (b) shows that the tributary services are assigned to a number of tributary timeslots. and the service from the tributary is added into the line in the configured timeslots. Figure 2-6 (c) shows the broadcasting of line services to a number of line timeslots. as shown in Figure 2-6 (a). Figure 2-6 (d) shows the broadcasting of line services within the internal timeslots. Broadcast OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) can drop line services simultaneously to a number of tributary timeslots. The timeslots added and dropped to the tributary by the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) are random. The above methods can be done at the same time. 2-23 . W E Line Line Tributary Figure 2-5 Add/Drop mode 3. while all available timeslots can be distributed on the line. The timeslots and the direction of the services added and dropped can be the same or different. the service from the line is dropped to the tributary in the specified timeslots. or add the tributary services to a number of line timeslots simultaneously.Functionality OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM W E Line Line Figure 2-4 Direct connection mode 2. ADM NE provides service access in this mode.

Loopback Loopback can be a line loopback or a tributary loopback.Functionality OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM ( a) Line-tributary ( b) Tributary-tributary ( c) Line-line ( d) Inter-TS in the line Figure 2-6 Broadcast mode 4. W E Line Line Figure 2-7 Line loopback W E Line Line Tributary Figure 2-8 Tributary Loopback 2-24 . As shown Figure 2-7. line loopback refers to the process that line services go in the cross-connect matrix and go out in the same line timeslots. As shown in Figure 2-8. tributary loopback refers to the process that tributary services go in the cross-connect matrix and go out in the same tributary timeslots.

The 2 Mbit/s synchronous clock output interface also 2-25 . 2.8 Synchronous Timing Unit The synchronous timing function of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) is achieved by fully following the ITU-T recommendations G. It is provided by the XCS and XCL boards.2.048 MHz or two 2. The cross-connection between line and tributary is used in equipment configuration.813. the synchronous output interface of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) can output any line timing signal directly to provide upstream timing information for the network node clock. It enhances network capability and network survival capability. Cross-Connect OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM As illustrated in Figure 2-9. W E Line Line Tributary Figure 2-9 Service cross-connect 2. The characteristic impedance of all these interfaces is 75 Ω. service grooming and path selection. All interfaces provided are G.703-compliant. Interface OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) provides two 2. path selection and complex network topology as well. which effectively provides automatic protection switching of the network clock and avoids the formation of a “timing loop”. service adding/dropping. This greatly improves network reliability and simplifies the planning & design of the synchronous networks. supporting the low-level network topology and tributary service testing. the inter-line cross-connection is used in protection switching.Functionality 5.048 Mbit/s input interfaces. The external 2 Mbit/s synchronous interface of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) is equipped with SSM function. In order to coordinate with the construction of the synchronization network. 120 Ω input or output is provided by cables with the impedance switching function. The cross-connection between tributary and line is used in service grooming and testing.783 and G. Synchronous Status Message (SSM) Function The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) synchronous timing unit employs S1 byte for the SSM function with standard interface. 1.

For the working principles of the SSM function. The NE can trace the timing sources from all lines. Functionality and Principle The system control & communication unit of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) enables the management of the synchronous equipment and communication function. According to the ITU-T Recommendation G. NM can set the SSM thresholds of respective NEs of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000).9 SCC 1. Furthermore. Rich in Timing Sources When the equipment is operating under the tracking mode. It provides the interface between the equipment and the network management system (NMS). „ 2. 2-26 .46 ppm.813.703-compliant external synchronous timing sources.783. Any of the output timing reference source from the12 interface units in the IU slots (each interface board can provide four timing sources). which is in compliance with relevant phase standard of Recommendation G. 4.Functionality OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM has SSM function. the NE uses the frequency information saved just before the timing reference loss as its timing reference. (3) Free-run mode: The NE works with the inherent frequency of its internal crystal oscillator. tributaries and from the two external timing sources. refer to section 2. facilitating the management of synchronous networks. which can be interconnected with external timing equipment or the equipment from other vendors as well.2. the main functions accomplished by the SCC board and its specific structure are as illustrated in Figure 2-10. Working Mode The synchronous timing unit of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) has three working modes: (1) Tracking mode: It is the normal working mode.5 “Clock Synchronous Network Technology”. the following synchronous timing sources can be selected as reference: „ Two 2048 kHz or two 2048 kbit/s (with SSM) G. 3. The accuracy is not less than ±0. There are altogether 51 clock input units. (2) Holdover mode: Upon the loss of timing reference. All the functions are provided by SCC board.

or transmission in both the DCC and Qx interfaces. Normally. the management Circuit boards Highspeed serial port and mailbox F interface Q interface Data communi cations network NM terminal Memory 2-27 . SEMF also converts the objective-oriented messages related to other management functions. there is an enormous amount of original data received from the various functional blocks. so that the filtered data are sent to the proxy through the management target. For this purpose. The SEMF functional block exchanges management information with other functional blocks through the reference point “Sn”. In addition. (1) Synchronous equipment management function (SEMF) SEMF is engaged in converting performance data and hardware alarm actually realized into object oriented messages.Functionality S17 S16 OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM S14 S13 S12 S11 S10 S9 S8 S7 S6 S5 S4 S3 S2 S1 S18 S19 SEMF S15 V F interface MCF P D4~D12 ( DCCm ) N D1~D3 (DCC R ) Q interface Figure 2-10 Functional block diagram of SCC board The principle block diagram of the SCC board is as shown in Figure 2-11. Simultaneously. for transferring through reference point “Sn”. Ethernet interface CPU Sn DCC interface N Interface board SOH Figure 2-11 Principle block diagram of the SCC board The two functional modules shown in the figures are explained below. for transmission in DCC or Qx interfaces. which may lead to overload if it is sent directly to the network management system without filtering. the SEMF functional block has provided several internal filters.

It consists of communication module (CM) and administration module (AM). and the function of transferring OAM&P messages between the transmission network management system and the NE. and accomplishes the communication between the synchronous equipment and the NMS. (2) Message communication function (MCF) MCF is engaged in the communication of various messages. including configuration management. SCC board software process is as shown in Figure 2-12. The AM employs the SDH management information model as described in ITU-T Recommendation G. Management targets support transaction and memory. as described in ITU-T Recommendation G. which are continuously positioned in D4–D12 bytes in MSOH to enable the communication function with the maintenance & management messages of the MST function. On the other hand. the proxy converts the information into common management information protocol service unit (CMISE) messages and responds to the CMISE messages sent from the manager. 2. the CPU accomplishes the board configuration. switching control by the mailboxes of respective boards. and between NEs. In Figure 2-11. accomplishes the realtime monitoring. The proxy output and input information is sent to the message communication function (MCF) unit through the “V” reference point. The MCF provides nine data communication channels through “P” reference point. In Figure 2-11. and the DCC bytes exported from the MCF of reference point “N” are placed at D1–D3 byte positions within RSOH. and expresses information in a uniform way. In the meantime.774 series. performance management and user management. performance & alarm data collection. alarm management. SCC Software Function The SCC software. 2-28 .Functionality OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM targets also send other management information to the proxy or receive the management control information from the proxy. the MCF also provides F and Q interfaces to connect with the NMS. realizing information exchange with respective boards and synchronous equipment management function. the SCC board communicates with respective NEs through the DCC path to manage the entire network and it provides standard Q and F interfaces to accomplish the communication function between equipment and the NMS.783. with the NM and the SCC board as hardware.783. The CM provides MCF as described in ITU-T Recommendation G. The messages are exchanged with SEMF through the “V” reference point. maintenance and management of the SDH NEs and the SDH network. accomplishing synchronous equipment management function (SEMF). and serves as a single 192kbit/s message oriented path to provide the function of maintenance & management message communication between RST functional blocks.

inserting. switching and processing of orderwire byte E1 and E2. The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) is compatible and interworks with the OptiX 155/622 and the OptiX Metro 3100 through the F2 interface with the said byte. Serial 1 interface uses X1 byte. one 64k bit/s equidirectional data interface (F1 interface) that is in conformity with ITU-T Recommendation G. Serial 3 uses X3 byte or F2 byte in the higher-order channel (through software setup).703 and four serial ports (Serial 1–Serial 4 may be used as either RS-422 interface or RS-232 interface).2.10 Overhead Processing Unit The overhead processing unit of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) implements extraction & processing of overhead bytes and the provision of orderwire functions. Serial 2 interface uses X2 byte.Functionality OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM NM Other NE F Ethernet OAM ECC Communication service Command explanation and feedback processing Operation system Performance management Configuration management Alarm management User management Initialization Command issuing and response receiving Board software Figure 2-12 SCC board software process 2. The overhead processing and orderwire part of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) provides three ordinary two-wire telephones. Serial 4 interface uses X4 byte. user path byte F1 and the four unused bytes. The SCC board provides these functions. The overhead processing and orderwire functions are mainly used for the retrieving. 2-29 .

2 kbit/s 2-30 . OptiX 155/622(Metro2050). Functions supported by serial data ports are as follows: „ „ „ Point-to-point data transmission Point-to-multipoint data transmission Data transparent transmission mode with a maximum rate of 19. X3/F2 and X4 in the frame structure are as shown in Figure 2-13. A1 B1 D1 AU-PTR B2 D4 D7 D10 S1 A1 A1 A2 E1 D2 A2 A2 J0 F1 D3 X1 X2 B2 X4 B2 K1 D5 D8 D11 M1 K2 D6 D9 D12 E2 X3 Figure 2-13 Undefined section overhead bytes corresponding the serial port of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) The functions provided by orderwire telephone are as follows: „ „ „ „ Support dual-tone dialing Provide site selection call Conference call Subnetwork interconnection function: Provide the interconnection between the orderwire telephones of two adjacent subnetworks without optical fiber connection.Functionality OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM The positions of X1.703-compliant 64 kbit/s equidirectional data interfaces and RS-232 & RS-422 interfaces) can be interconnected with the OptiX equipment at other data rates through overhead processing (for example. OptiX 2500+(Metro3000). OptiX 155/622H(Metro1000) and OptiX BWS 320G). X2. The orderwire telephones for equipment operations & maintenance and data terminal equipment (with the G. Different access modes are provided.

one Ethernet interface. Alarm output: Two sets of alarm outputs are offered.5 degree centigrade. Alarm access: Alarm input from six external systems can be connected. The PBU board is hot swappable. Report the power failure alarm of the PBU board and monitor the power output voltage. The alarm signals are sent by the opening/closing of a relay.Functionality OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM 2. whose specific functions are as mentioned below: „ Voltage monitoring: The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) employs the power supply in two protection modes. The monitoring precision is about 0. either in TTL level mode or in relay Open/Close mode. one for normal alarms and the other for high-level alarms.12 Power Backup Unit It is to provide backup power supply for the board with power module failure through the PBU board.2.2. which features the following functions: „ „ Provide backup power supply for the board with power module failure. „ „ „ „ „ 2. two external clock input/output interfaces. four RS232/RS422 serial interfaces.25 interface. temperature monitoring.11 Auxiliary Interface Unit The auxiliary interface unit of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) enables voltage monitoring. one F1 codirectional data interface. alarm access and alarm outputting functions. Driving of subrack alarm indicator: The driving interface for subrack alarm indicators is provided. „ 2-31 . The following external maintenance interfaces are provided: Three orderwire telephone interfaces. and the driving signals of alarm indicators sent from other subracks may also be accessed. It also enables the outlets of maintenance interfaces. with which under-voltage and over-voltage of the two –48 V/–60 V power supply voltages can be monitored. Temperature monitoring: The temperature within the cabinets of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) is monitored. and two intra-equipment alarm output interfaces. six external alarm input interfaces. one X.

3 Equipment-Level Protection The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) provides the redundancy standby protection to key functional blocks. 2-32 . This active/standby mode can be either 1+1 hot standby or 1:N protection.1 Protection of Processing Boards OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) provides TPS protections for processing boards are shown in Figure 2-15. the system will automatically switch the services preset to be protected to the standby module. SDH cross-connect matrix and synchronous timing unit Abnormality-specific service protection mode 2. When a fault occurs to the working module. Figure 2-14 shows the two modes: Active Standby Active Active Active Standby 1+1 active/standby protection 1:N protection Figure 2-14 1+1 and 1:N protection The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) supports the equipment-level service protection for the following functional modules: „ „ „ „ PDH processing board SDH processing board.3.Functionality OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM 2.

the standby SDH cross-connect matrix and the synchronous timing unit are in the standby working mode with the service cross-connection function inactivated. When the active SDH cross-connect matrix and the synchronous timing unit are in normal working. PQM. PQ1. that is. E4.Functionality OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM switching bridge board PDH interface board PDH processing board IU1 Figure 2-15 TPS protection mode of PDH processing board With the electrical interface protection function OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) supports 1:N interface protection of T1.3. When the standby units receive the information PDH interface board Service signals and power provided by protection processing boards PDH processing board …… PDH processing board IU2 IUP 2-33 . E1. PL3. T3. and the cross-connect matrix setup and clock configuration are the same as the active unit. The standby unit does not provide timing reference to the system. DX1. One of the following protections is implemented: „ „ „ „ 1:N (N[8) protection of one set of E1/T1 1:N (N[8) protection of one set of E3/T3 1:N (N[7) protection of one set of E4/STM-1 electrical interfaces Simultaneously 1:N protection of one set of E1/T1 and 1:M protection of one set of STM-1 electrical interface. N + M [ 6 2. The XCS and XCL boards employ 1+1 hot standby to protect the cross-connect unit and the timing unit simultaneously. E3. PM1. the electrical interface protection of the PD1. and STM-1 electrical interfaces. SPQ4 and SQE boards is supported.2 SDH Cross-Connect Matrix and Synchronous Timing Unit Both of the SDH cross-connect matrix and the synchronous timing unit of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) are provided by the XCS and XCL boards.

3. when the voltage is too low. 2. the working boards are powered by the secondary power module of the boards themselves. they will immediately take over the job of the active units. setting themselves into the active working mode and sending out a switchover alarm.3. 4. an alarm is generated to alert the maintenance personnel to check up the fans and clean them up. the other enters into the working state. When the secondary power module of a board is faulty. The power supply reliability is guaranteed. The software will re-initialize the chips. In addition. In the case when the loading is interrupted. In case of low voltage. if necessary. In the case when one fails. the values can be recovered to normalcy. In this way. it adopts separate power supply. 2-34 . When the ambient temperature detected is too high. The two power supplies are in mutual backup condition. the board is powered by the PBU. Providing Over-Voltage and Under-Voltage Protection The power board is designed with a lightning protection mechanism to effectively reduce the damages that may possibly be caused by transient high-voltage (such as lightning). the BIOS will not start the unfinished software until it is successfully loaded. the power system will automatically cut off the active power so that the system is protected. Providing Board Temperature Check Function Temperature detection circuit is provided on important boards that generate more heat. Power Failure in Software Loading Process Application programs and data have the check function. this board will automatically reset the CPU. separate power supply and central power supply. it ensures that the equipment is normally powered without any interruption. 2. that is. 3.Functionality OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM indicating abnormal performance of the active units or a switching command is sent by the NM.3 Power Unit The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) can access two –48 V/–60 V DC working power supplies through the power box.4 Abnormality-Specific Service Protection 1. 2. Providing Power Backup Function The working boards adopt a mixed way of power supply. In the case when the voltage is not stable resulting in memory value changes. When the system operates normally. The software will provide a mirror protection on important memories that may affect the services.

The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) completely supports the networking application of the two-fiber multiplex section shared protection rings. and hence of little 2-35 .1 SDH Trail Protection The trail protection in the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) can occur at the section layer or the path layer so as to enable the linear multiplex section (MS) protection (MSP). it needs the complicated APS protocol to support it. Multiplex section ring is able to transmit low-level extra service on protection timeslots. In all the application modes. The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) fully supports the two-fiber. and the path protection (PP). 2. the multiplex section protection ring. the bearing of additional services on protection system is supported. Low-level extra services can be carried on the protection timeslot. The protection switching time is less than 50ms. the switching time is less than 50ms as specified in ITU-T recommendations. the two-fiber unidirectional multiplex section protection ring is not advantageous to the two-fiber unidirectional channel switching ring and the two-fiber bidirectional multiplex section shared protection ring. SDH ring interworking service protection and shared optical fiber virtual path protection. in terms of ring capacity and switching speed. 2. multiplex section switching ring.Functionality OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM 2. In 1:1 mode. high-security transmission networks. unidirectional. Under the 1+1 protection mode. each working system is protected by an exclusive standby system.4. multiplex section protection ring. 1. The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) supports the 1+1 and 1:N (1≤N≤14) protection modes in the point-to-point linear networking mode. Chain Multiplex Section Protection Line multiplex section protection is mainly used in linear networking mode. For the latter protection mode when the systems run smoothly the protection system can be used to transmit extra services in order to achieve higher efficiency than offered by a 1+1 protection mode system. It can provide multiple service protection modes in the SDH layer. The switching condition and switching time are similarly set as the two-fiber. the service protection can be activated. which increases the utilization efficiency of the optical fiber resources and enhances the flexibility in allocating services on the network. bidirectional. circuit board failure or site failure. N systems share one protection system. There are two kinds of protection modes: 1+1 protection mode and 1:N protection mode.4 Network-Level Protection The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) has a powerful network self-healing protection capability. Multiplex Section Protection Multiplex section protection ring is an ideal protection mode for modern large-capacity. including path protection. However. In the case of fiber cut at one or more points. Under the 1:N protection mode. subnetwork connection protection. However.

With no protection rings. Even in the presence of multiple service switchovers. The main advantage of path protection is this. the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) can meet the stipulated switching time of less than 50ms. the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) can also support the working mode of the two independent two-fiber MS switching rings. This working mode enhances the reliability of the system significantly. ITU-T Recommendation G.4. 2. internetwork service protection can be enabled. SNCP is a protection of path layer and is used to protect the service between the two points in any complicated networks (for example. subnetwork connection protection (SNCP) is the only applicable service protection mode. but the difference is that the returned signals move in a reverse direction. TU-LOP) and the bit error status of the path signals. For the two ring networks in the dual node Interconnection (DNI) mode. The 1+1 mode of the two-fiber bidirectional path protection ring is basically similar to that of the unidirectional protection ring. which is rather important for delay sensitive services (such as video services). one broken fiber will result in the switching of one two-fiber bidirectional MS switching ring without affecting the working of the other ring. or with the same ADM equipment used in a chain network. The switchover time of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) is better than the 50ms switching time as stipulated in the ITU-T recommendations.3 Service Protection of Interconnected Networks When there are more than one interworking routes between the ring networks. The shorter switching time is attributable to the optimization of the system hardware and software for the path protection. Added/dropped services can be increased by choosing protection for some or all of the paths (the capacity ranges from N STM-1s to 2N STM-1s for the STM-N path rings). This protection mode ensures route consistency for bidirectional services. two-fiber path protection ring in the ring network). It is applicable for various network topologies and it features a faster switching speed.Functionality usage in reality. This is of great importance to the traffic such as signaling.842 specifies the 2-36 . data. which is bit error sensitive. 3. In this mode. 2.2 SNCP In the case of very complicated networks. OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM Based on a dual-system design. This increases the total added/dropped services.841. the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) supports the four-fiber bidirectional MS shared protection ring. The quality of the path signals is evaluated by the path alarm signals (for example TU-AIS. The support of OptiX 2500+(Metro2050) to SNCP is in conformity with the requirements of ITU-T Recommendation G. In the four-fiber working mode. the paths can be re-used. It also provides the ring switching as well as span switching functions.4. and video. Path Protection The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) supports both the two-fiber unidirectional path protection ring and the two-fiber bidirectional path protection ring and provides protection on a per path basis.

2-37 . as shown in Figure 2-16. one physical optical fiber can be divided into a number of logical fibers by using the proprietary shared optical fiber virtual path protection technology. Thus. one optical fiber can support multiple protection modes or the combinations of them.5 ATM Layer Service Protection To improve the transmission efficiency in the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000). At the same time. ADM ADM STM-1Channel protection ring ADM STM-4 Multiplex section protection ring ADM ADM Figure 2-16 Application of virtual optical fiber shared path protection 2. the ATM service is transferred to the shared ring network mode to enhance the bandwidth utilization. VC-3 or VC-4 to implement any classified service protection and protection for complicated networks.Functionality OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM modes of protecting the inter-network services (SNCP and MSP). The other part can be used for the virtual optical path. With the introduction of logical subsystem.4. This results in a valuable saving on the optical fibers and optical boards.4. the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) provides the VC/VP/VPG 1+1 linear protection. When two rings intersect. The protection levels can be set at VC12. 2. The support of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) to the DNI mode fully conforms to ITU-T Recommendation G. It is implemented by detecting the signal quality in the receive-end and adopts the “dual fed signal selection” mode.630) can be provided for the ATM services to enhance the network security. Currently. and adopts working and protection paths similar to the SDH path protection mechanism. the ATM ring network protection (based on the VP-Ring complying with ITU-T Recommendation I.4 Virtual Optical Fiber Protection Ring The virtual ring is enabled through the sharing of the optical path.842. one ring can share the optical fiber of the other ring at the intersected part.

1d). diverging the impact on the Ethernet service from the network fault. For this reason the STP protection of the Ethernet service is only supplementary to the SDH protection. When there is a fault. making a “tree” delivery of the Ethernet service.4. „ With the ET1 board. Concerning complicated network.6 STP Protection of Ethernet Service STP is part of the Spanning Tree Bridge Protocol (IEEE 802. the longer execution time (compared with the SDH protection) of the STP will affect the Ethernet service. and its functions are as follows: „ STP eliminates the network loop due to mistakes or unexpected events to avoid the otherwise network multicast storm.Functionality OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM 2. 2-38 . the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) realizes the execution of the STP at each Ethernet port in a transmission network-wide context. the transmission tree for the transmission of Ethernet service will be recreated with the application of each Ethernet port and recalculation of the topology. The application of the STP makes it possible to have a backup connection in a time when there is a network fault or a change of the topology.

811 timing signal Reserved G.5 Clock Synchronous Network Technology In a synchronous network. Table 2-13 Coding of synchronous status information S1 (b5–b8) 0000 0001 0010 0011 0100 0101 0110 0111 1000 1001 1010 1011 1100 1101 Quality grade of SDH synchronization Synchronization quality unknown (for existing synchronous networks) Reserved G. S1 byte defined by the ITU-T is used to transmit the clock source and the quality information. it is very importance to keep the clocks synchronous in all NEs. the automatic protection switching function for the synchronous clock can be fulfilled on the synchronous network. It uses the higher four bits (b5–b8) in S1 byte of the section overhead (SOH) to express 16 types of synchronous source quality information. By utilizing this information and complying with a certain switching protocol. there are a number of clock reference sources available for one NE. the quality information of respective clock reference sources is needed. Table 2-13 shows the synchronous status message codes defined by the ITU-T recommendations. To accomplish the automatic protection switching function of the synchronous clock sources.812 transit exchange clock signal Reserved Reserved Reserved G. They may come from the same primary clock source or from the clock reference sources of different quality.Functionality OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM 2. Usually.812 local exchange clock signal Reserved Reserved Synchronous equipment timing source (SETS) Reserved Reserved 2-39 .

external timing source and built-in timing source East timing source. When the S1 byte information contained in multiple clock sources in the NE is the same. west timing source. the clock of NE B is an unusable synchronous source for NE A. east timing source. Start the S1 bytes and set the timing source protection. west timing source and built-in timing source 2-40 . The synchronous sources of each NE and their priorities are shown in Table 2-14. In addition. the automatic protection switching of the timing is based on the following protocols: „ Among the currently available clock sources. the timeslot (given by the BITS provider) where the S1 bytes of the external BITS clock are located needs to be set for NE1 and NE4. On the transmission network shown in Figure 2-17. the BITS clock signals are introduced to both NE1 and NE4 through the external timing interfaces.Functionality S1 (b5–b8) 1110 1111 Quality grade of SDH synchronization Reserved Not used for synchronization purpose OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM In the SDH optical transmission system. east timing source and built-in timing source West timing source. „ „ The following is an example of the execution process of the automatic protection switchover of the synchronous clocks. east timing source and built-in timing source West timing source. satisfy the requirements in ITU-T Recommendation G. the system will select the clock source of the higher priority level (as per the priority order in the priority level table) as the synchronous source. which are in mutual backup. an NE first selects a clock source at the highest level of S1 byte as the synchronous source.812 for the quality of the local timing reference source. These two external BITS clocks. east timing source and built-in timing source West timing source. It sends the quality information (or S1 byte) of the synchronous source to the downstream NE. It then transmits the quality information of this synchronous source to the downstream NE If NE B (at site B) currently traces the clock synchronous source of NE A. Table 2-14 Configuration of NE synchronous sources and clock source levels NE NE1 NE2 NE3 NE4 NE5 Synchronous source External clock source West timing source West timing source West timing source East clock source Priority External timing source.

west timing source and built-in timing source Normally. As per the above switching protocol. the clock tracking in the entire transmission network will be as shown in Figure 2-18. the east timing source of NE3 becomes usable. east timing source. So. After receiving the information. There are four clock sources available for NE4: west timing source. NE4 should select the clock reference source that satisfies the quality requirement. only the east timing source and external BITS timing source meet the quality requirement here. Among all the clock sources for NE3. since NE4 is tracking the clock of NE3. the clocks of the entire transmission network are synchronized with the external BITS clock reference source of NE1 as shown in Figure 2-17. for which the higher four bits of the S1 byte are “1000”). the timing source quality message that NE4 sends to NE3 is "Timing Source Unusable".812 local office clock”. In such a case. and the synchronous source is not of high quality. NE4 will find that the quality of the tracked synchronous source has deteriorated (the original quality is the “G. the most significant four bits of the S1 byte are 1011. the synchronous clock automatic protection switchover will occur. When detecting the loss of the west synchronous timing source.Functionality NE NE6 OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM Synchronous source East clock source Priority East timing source. Obviously. NE3 chooses the east clock source as the local synchronous source. BITS E W E NE1 NE6 W W E NE2 E BITS NE5 W W NE3 E W NE4 E Figure 2-17 Clock tracking in normal state During normal operation. NE3 can only use its own built-in timing source instead of the east timing source as reference. meaning "synchronous equipment timing source" (SETS). When the synchronous source that NE4 tracks is switched from the west to the east. NE4 eventually selects the east timing source as its own synchronous source. that is. if the optical fibers between NE2 and NE3 are broken. the most significant four bits of the S1 byte are 1111. NE3 will transmit this message to NE4 through the S1 byte. 2-41 . As the east timing source configured in NE4 has a higher priority than the external BITS timing source. As a result. the east clock source has the highest quality. external BITS timing source and built-in timing source. that is.

Functionality OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM BITS E W E NE1 NE6 W W E NE2 E BITS NE5 W NE3 E W NE4 E Figure 2-18 Clock tracking in case of optical fiber breakage between NE2 and NE3 If the external BITS clock of NE1 fails. In the light of the switching protocol. in normal working. 2-42 . it is easy to see that the clock of each NE on the network is still synchronized with the clock of NE4. though the entire network is still synchronous with a reference timing source. each NE will select the one with the highest priority from the usable timing sources as its synchronous source. we can see that the final clock tracking of the transmission network will be as shown in Figure 2-19. external BITS clocks of NE1 and NE4 fail.812 recommendation for local to synchronous equipment timing source (SETS). then according to the switchover protocol and by the method of the above analysis. as shown in Figure 2-20. E NE1 W E NE6 W W E NE2 E BITS NE5 W W NE3 E W NE4 E Figure 2-19 Clock tracking in case of External BITS failure of NE1 Suppose that. Assume that each NE on the network is synchronous with the clock of NE4 before the failure of both the BITS. But the synchronous timing of the entire transmission network declines in quality from the original recommended in ITU-T G. Through the analysis.

Functionality E NE1 W E NE6 W OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM W NE2 E NE3 W E W Internal clock NE4 E NE5 E W Figure 2-20 Clock tracking in case both the external BITSs fail The automatic protection switchover of synchronous clocks has greatly enhanced the reliability of the synchronous network. 2-43 .

In the process of switching. performance management and configuration management (3) The update and revision of ITU-T recommendations about information model (4) The setting and modification of intermediate system ECC route table For the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000). (4) The inversion of software upgrading is also supported so that the software can be recovered to the original state after the upgrading fails. the in-service upgrade of unit functions has the following features: (1) Supports the software in-service loading. 2-44 . and version matching check. in order to support: (1) The upgrade of future OSI communication protocol (2) The in-service upgrade of the functional modules of alarm management. (2) Supports the software error prevention loading. The SCC board also enables manual switching between the two sets of software. (3) The SCC board can be configured with two sets of SCC software to support the loading of new software without affecting the current software running. breaking point continuous transmission. the new software will replace the old software.6 In-Service Upgrade of Unit Functions In-service upgrading is available for board software (including CPU executable program and hardware loadable files) and the SCC software. the set configuration information will not be damaged and the services of NE equipment will not be interrupted.Functionality OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM 2. remote loading and loading progress indication. After the correctness is confirmed.

As far as the transmission service is concerned.1 Access Capability The access capability of a single OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) system is determined jointly by the capacity of the SDH cross-connect matrix unit as well as the capacity of the processing boards in the IU slots. 3-1 . and the maximum access capacity is 96 x STM-1. The processing capacity of the SDH cross-connect matrix unit in the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) is 128 x 128 VC-4. the equipment is capable of offering the access and transmission for PDH services (when configured as PDH interface unit). 3. In the same subrack.1. This enables the smooth evolution from the low-level network to the high-level network. and for ATM/Ethernet services (when configured as broadband service interface units).1 Configuration 3. the equipment can be configured as TM or ADM single-system or a system of combination at the STM-1. The access capacity of the processing boards in the IU slots is listed in the Table 3-1. This enables a smooth evolution from the narrowband service transmission network to a broadband service transmission network.OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM 3 Configuration and Networking The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) adopts the hierarchical compatibility design. featuring easy replacement and changeability. STM-4 and STM-16 level.

Configuration and Networking Table 3-1 Access capacity occupied by the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) interface boards OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM Board S16 SD4 SL4 SD1 SQ1 SL1 SQE SDE SPQ4 DX1 BA2/BPA PD1 PQ1 PM1 PQM PL3 AL1 ET1 EMS1 EFS0 EGT EFT EGT2 Description STM-16 optical interface board Dual STM-4 optical interface unit STM-4 optical interface board Dual STM-1 optical interface board Quad-STM-1 optical interface board STM-1 optical interface board 4 x STM-1 electrical interface board 2 x STM-1 electrical interface board 4 x E4&STM-1 electrical interface board DDN processing board Optical booster amplifier unit/optical booster & pre-amplifier unit 32 x E1 interfaces unit 63 x E1 interfaces board 32 x E1/T1 interfaces unit 63 x E1/T1 interfaces board 3 x E3/T3 interfaces unit 155M ATM process unit Ethernet transparent transmission board Fast Ethernet /Gigabit Ethernet VC-12/VC-3 switching processing board Fast Ethernet VC-12/VC-3 switching processing board Gigabit Ethernet transparent transmission board Fast Ethernet VC-12/VC-3 transparent transmission board Gigabit Ethernet VC-12/VC-3 transparent transmission board Processing capability 16 x STM-1 8 x STM-1 4 x STM-1 2 x STM-1 4 x STM-1 1 x STM-1 4 x STM-1 2 x STM-1 4 x STM-1 48 x E1 1 x STM1 x STM1 x STM-1 1 x STM1 x STM-1 4 x STM-1 48 x E1 8 x STM-1 4 x STM-1 8 x STM-1 4 x STM-1 8 x STM-1 Note: TDA. TDA and COA do not occupy slots. BPA. 3-2 . and BA2 do not occupy the capacity of the bus. COA.

Configuration and Networking

OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM

3.1.2 Configuration Mode
The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) can be configured as terminal multiplexer (TM), add/drop multiplexer (ADM), regenerator (REG) and the combination of TM, ADM and REG. The configuration is done on the basis of equipment type and capacity, and with the consideration of the actual situation and needs. 1. Basic Principal for Board Slot Assignment The slot assignment on the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) follows these principles:
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As the number of total slots available is fixed, and every board may offer different access capacity and reside in different slot, board slots should be assigned in a flexible way, so as to maximize the utilization of slot resources.. The IU slots can hold processing boards for SDH, PDH, DDN and broadband service (AL1, ET1, EMS1, EFS0, EGT, EGT2 and EFT ). As slot IU1–4 and IU9–12 provide interfaces for slot LTU, the assignment priority goes to the PDH and broadband service processing board. When the EGT board is inserted in the IU4 slot, the IU3 slot cannot hold other boards (except the EDFA optical amplification board which occupies no access capacity) due to bus multiplexing. Similarly, when the EGT is plugged in the IU9 slot, the IU10 slot cannot hold other boards. Since SDE board does not need interface board for service output, it can be inserted in any IU slot. Besides S16 board, slots IU4–9 are also be assignable for the EGT board. Due to the width of the front panel of the BA2 and BPA boards, they can only be inserted in even-numbered slots. When offering TPS protection for E1/T1, the protection board can be inserted in slot IU1 and IUP. But when offering TPS protection for E3/T3 and E4/STM-1 (electrical interface) processing board, only slot IUP can the protection board be inserted in. Each OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) subrack supports the adding/dropping of maximum 504 x E1/T1s or 24 x E3/T3s. If the service access capacity is near or above these limits, concatenation of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) systems or extended subrack may be considered For key nodes or service hubs, we recommend to apply hot standby protection to the important boards (for example, XCS/XCL and PD1/PQ1/PM1/PQM/SQE)

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2. Cabinet Configuration Principles Table 3-2 lists the cabinets to be configured of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000). The 2000 mm cabinet supports one OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) subrack, and the 2200 mm and 2600

3-3

Configuration and Networking

OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM

mm cabinets support two OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) subracks respectively.
Table 3-2 OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) configuration resources

OptiX optical synchronous transmission equipment
Primary subrack Extended subrack

Specifications
OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) single subrack OptiX 155/622(Metro2050) or OptiX 2500+(Metro3000)

Table 3-3 OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) cabinet and components

OptiX cabinet and components
ETSI cabinet (including alarm, power, and ring current units) OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) standard subrack Extended subrack

Specifications
2000 mm (height) x 600 mm (width) x 600 mm (depth) 2200 mm (height) x 600 mm (width) x 600 mm (depth) 2600 mm (height) x 600 mm (width) x 600 mm (depth) 668 mm (height) x 530 mm (width) x 542 mm (depth) 500 mm (height) x 530 mm (width) x 264 mm (depth) -OptiX 155/622(Metro2050) 668 mm (height) x 530 mm (width) x 542 mm (depth) -OptiX 2500+(Metro3000)

Fan box (indispensable)

74 mm (height) x 530 mm (width) x 282 mm (depth)

3. Typical Board Configurations The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) adopts MADM/MSTP architecture design to incorporate multiple systems, allowing you to enable the functions of several equipment on single subrack. In addition to single TM, ADM and REG configuration at STM-1, STM-4, and STM-16 level, the equipment can also be configured into a hybrid system at the STM-1, STM-1, STM-4 and STM-16 level. In the following description about various configurations, GIU stands for line interface board and IU for tributary interface board.

(1) Configuration of TM
STM-4/STM-16 single TM system configuration is shown in Figure 3-1.

3-4

Configuration and Networking

OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM

I U I I I I G 1 U U U U I / 2 3 4 5 U P

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I I I I I U U U U U 1 1 7 8 9 0 1

I S I U C U 1 C P 2

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Figure 3-1 STM-4/STM-16 single TM system configuration

Configuration description:
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To configure into an STM-16 TM system, the GIU slot houses S16 board, and the XCS slot houses the XCS board. To configure into an STM-4 TM system, the GIU slot houses the SD4 board, or the IU1–12 slot houses the SL4 board. The XCS slot houses the XCS/XCL board. The IU slot can house PDH interface board (for example, PQ1, PD1, PL3, PM1, and PQM), and SDH board (for example, SL1, SD1, SDE, SQ1, SD4, SL4, and SQE) to access low-speed PDH/SDH service. The IU slot can also house AL1 and ET1 optionally to access ATM and Ethernet services. The IU slot is also assignable for DX1 to offer interface for DDN service. When the received traffic exceeds the add/drop capacity of the single subrack, you can use the IU slot to house SDH boards (for example, SD1, SQ1, SD4, SL4, SDE, SQE, and SPQ4) to concatenate the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) or adopt an extended subrack to enlarge the access capacity. The IUP slot can house PQ1, PD1, PM1, PQM, PL3, SQE, DX1 and SPQ4 to implement 1:N protection scheme of the electrical interface boards. The IU1/P slots can house PQ1, PD1, PM1, DX1 and PQM to implement 1:N protection scheme of the electrical board. Single OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) subrack can access 504 x E1/T1 service or 24 x E3/T3 services. Single extended subrack can support the access of 504 x E1/T1 service or 24 x E3/T3 services at most. The cross-connect slot can house the XCS and XCL board, providing cross-connect and timing functions. Backup XCS is optionally used to provide hot backup for key circuit boards.

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(2) Configuration of ADM (dual TM)
The configuration of single ADM system at the STM-4/STM-16 level is shown in Figure 3-2.

3-5

Configuration and Networking

OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM

I U I I I G G 1 U U U I I / 2 3 4 U U P

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I I I I I U U U U U 1 1 7 8 9 0 1

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Figure 3-2 Configuration of STM-4/STM-16 single ADM (dual TM) system

Configuration description:
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To configure an STM-16 ADM system, the GIU slot houses S16 board, and the XCS slot houses the XCS board. To configure an STM-4 ADM system, the GIU slot houses SD4 board, or the IU1–12 houses the SL4 board. The XCS slot houses the XCS/XCL board. The IU slots can house optionally PDH interface boards (for example, PQ1, PD1, PL3, PM1, and PQM), and SDH boards (for example, SL1, SD1, SDE, SQ1, SD4, SL4, and SQE) to access low-speed PDH/SDH service. The IU slots can also house AL1 and ET1 optionally to access ATM and Ethernet services. Additionally, the IU slot is also assignable to DX1 board to offer access for DDN interface. When the received traffic exceeds the add/drop capacity of the single subrack, you can assign the IU slot to SDH boards (for example, SD1, SQ1, SD4, SL4, SDE, SQE, and SPQ4) to concatenate the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) or adopt an extended subrack to enlarge the access capacity. The IUP slot houses PQ1, PD1, PM1, PQM, PL3, SQE, or SPQ4 to implement 1:N protection scheme of the electrical interface boards. The IU1/P slots house PQ1, PD1, PM1, DX1 or PQM to implement 1:N protection scheme of the electrical board. Single OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) subrack can access 504 x E1/T1 service or 24 x E3/T3 service. Single extended subrack can offer access for 504 x E1/T1 service or 24 x E3/T3 service at most. The system can implement 1+1, 1:1 protection scheme when configured as a dual ADM system. The cross-connect slot can house the XCS or XCL board, providing cross-connect and timing functions. Backup XCS is optional, and used for hot backup for key circuit boards.

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(3) Extended subrack configuration
(a) Using the OptiX 155/622(Metro2050) subrack as extended subrack

3-6

SL2. PD1. „ „ „ „ „ „ (b) Adopting the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) subrack as extended subrack The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) extended subrack system configuration is shown in Figure 3-4. and is not allowed to be used for long distance transmission. you can adopt STG board.Configuration and Networking OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM The configuration of OptiX 155/622(Metro2050) extended subrack system is shown in Figure 3-3. The standby GTC is optional. Tributary unit TU can hold a mixture of various tributary boards in any of the tributary slot 1–8. Tributary unit TU can house board TDA. Depending on the volume of the traffic to be added/dropped through the subrack. I U I I I I G 1 U U U U I / 2 3 4 5 U P X C E X C E I I I I I U U U U U 1 1 7 8 9 0 1 I S I U C U 1 C P 2 FAN Figure 3-4 Extended subrack system configuration (the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000)) Configuration description: 3-7 . To provide timing function. To provide cross-connect functions. T T T T T T T T G G L L L L S S S O U U U U U U U U T T U U U U T T C H 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 C C 1 2 3 4 G G C P FAN Figure 3-3 The configuration of extended subrack system (OptiX 155/622(Metro2050)) Configuration description: „ Extension subrack is used only to add/drop services. and is used for the hot standby of the cross-connect board. the line unit of LU1–4 can be assigned to SL4 (top priority). with total board number not exceeding 2. you can adopt GTC board. PL3 and PL4 optionally. SL1 or SE2.

I G G G I U I I I I U 1 U U U U 4 / 2 7 1 2 P X C S X C S G I U 3 G I G I I U I U U 1 U 9 4 0 5 G S I I C U U C P 6 FAN Figure 3-5 Typical STM-1. The GIU3 and GIU4 house S16s to form system two: ADM at the STM-16 level. DX1 or PQM to implement 1:N protection scheme of electrical interface boards. Single extended subrack can offer access for 504 x E1/T1 service or 24 x E3/T3 service at most. „ „ „ 3-8 . and STM-16 Typical STM-1. Figure 3-5 illustrates the typical implementation of an STM-1. SQE. PD1. SL4. PD1. The GIU1 and GIU2 house S16s to form system one: ADM at the STM-16 level.Configuration and Networking „ OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM The IU board slot houses PDH interface boards (for example. PD1. The IU1/P slot houses the PQ1. STM-4 and STM-16 hybrid configuration Configuration description: „ Refer to the parts describing the configuration of TM and ADM systems for tributary slot assignment. SDE. STM-4. PL3. and are used for hot standby for the key boards. PD1. the IU slot is also assignable to the DX1 board to interface with DDN service. DX1 or SPQ4 to implement 1:N protection scheme of electrical interface boards. It is also assignable to AL1 and ET1 boards to provide access for ATM/IP services. The IUP slot houses the PQ1. and STM-16 hybrid configuration is shown in Figure 3-5. STM-4 and STM-16 TM hybrid system in one single subrack. SQ1. Additionally. PQ1. PM1. Four subsystems can share several tributary boards. PM1. The GIU5 and GIU6 house SL4s to form system three: ADM at the STM-4 level. PL3. The IU board slot houses PDH interface boards (for example. SL1. PQ1. SD1. and PQM) and SDH interface boards (for example. STM-4. PM1. SD4. „ „ „ „ (4) Hybrid configuration of STM-1. and the services can be groomed from one subsystem to another. The IU slot can house the AL1 or ET1 board to access ATM/IP service. PL3. and PQM) to access low-rate PDH service. The GIU7 houses SL4 to form system four: TM at the STM-1 level. PQM. Additionally. PM1. SPQ4 and SQE) to access low-rate PDH/SDH service. the IU slot can also house the AL1 or ET1 board to access ATM and Ethernet services and DX1 board to access DDN service. Backup XCS and XCL are optional.

the electrical interface boards are protected to improve the survivability. SQE. two XCS/XCL boards should be adopted to implement 1+1 hot standby.Configuration and Networking „ OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM When the received traffic exceeds the add/drop capacity of the single subrack. E1/T1/E3/T3) are protected. Single OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) subrack can offer access for 504 x E1/T1 service or 24 x E3/T3 service. SDE. Assign the FB1 board in the FB1/LPTR slot at the back of the subrack. Normally one of them is enough. E12S. „ „ „ „ „ „ 4. SQ1. The protected interface boards are inserted into slots IU1–4 and IU9–12 to implement a maximum 1:8 protection scheme. Meanwhile. Single extended subrack can access 504 x E1/T1 service or 24 x E3/T3 service at most. and SPQ4) to concatenate the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) or adopt extended subrack to enlarge the access capacity. The protection scheme of various boards is shown in Table 3-4. Protection Configuration The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) supports 1+1 protection for the cross-connection and timing unit and 1:N protection for the electrical interface boards. you can use the IU slot to house SDH boards (for example. PD1. 3-9 . the configuration is as follows: „ „ Insert an appropriate PDH interface board into IUP slot as protection board. Backup XCS is optional. PD1. DX1 or SPQ4 to implement 1:N protection scheme of the electrical interface boards. and C34S) in the LTU slot corresponding to the protected interface boards. but for key nodes such as hub node. and is used as hot backup for key circuit boards. PM1. PL3. The cross-connect slot houses the XCS or XCL board to provide cross-connect and timing functions. SD4. SL4. The IUP slot houses PQ1. PM1. The IU1/P slot house PQ1. The cross-connection and timing unit is located in XCS/XCL board. the board slot assignment is as follows: „ Insert the appropriate STM-1 electrical interface board into the IUP slot as protection board. assign the switching and access boards (for example. DX1 or PQM to implement 1:N protection scheme of the electrical board. E75S. PQM. „ „ (2) When the protection is only available for STM-1 electrical interface board such as SQE. SQE. (1) When only the PDH interface boards (for example. For important services. SD1.

Configuration and Networking „ OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM The protected interface boards are inserted in slots IU1–4 or IU9–11 to implement 1:7 protection scheme. Meanwhile. E75S and E12S) in the LTU slot corresponding to the protected interface boards. The protection scheme of various boards is shown in Table 3-4. assign the LPSW board in the LTU slot corresponding to the protected interface boards. The protected STM-1 electrical interface board is inserted in slots IU1–4 or IU9–11 to implement 1:N protection scheme. The protection scheme of various boards is shown in Table 3-4. Meanwhile. Insert appropriate interface board into IU1/P slot to protect the PDH electrical interface board (E1/T1). The protected PDH interface boards are inserted in slots IU1–4 and IU9–11 to implement a maximum 1:M (M + N [ 6) protection scheme. Assign the LPDR board in the FB1/LPTR slot at the back of the subrack. „ „ (3) When the above two protection schemes exist at the same time. „ „ „ „ „ „ 3-10 . assign the transfer board with switching function (for example. Assign the FB2 board at the back of the subrack. Meanwhile. the board slot assignment is as follows: „ Insert the appropriate interface boards in the IUP slot to protect the STM-1 electrical interface boards. Assign the LPDR board in the FB1/LPTR slot at the back of the subrack. assign the LPSW board in the LTU slot corresponding to the protected interface boards.

„ The one-channel optical amplification in the BA2 board works with one S16 board to realize V-16. The blank grid indicates that the board in the row cannot protect the board the columns. One-channel optical amplification in the BA2 board works with one SL4 board with Ve-4. 5. One BPA board works with one S16 board to realize U-16. Configuration of Optical Amplification Board When the transmission distance of a single optical board is limited by the transmitting optical power or receiver sensitivity.2 interface to achieve up to 170 km transmission distance.2 interface.2 interface. Two COA boards work with one S16 board to realize U-16. They work with the S16 or SL4 board to realize long-haul transmission. it is necessary to use optical amplification board to amplify the optical power or to pre-amplify the receiving optical power. Each BA2 or BPA board occupies 2 IU slots. The optical amplification board includes the BA2 board (single-channel or two-channel configurable amplifier). and the COA board (external optical amplifier).Configuration and Networking Table 3-4 Protection scheme of various electrical interface boards OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM Protected board Protection board SQE PD1 PQ1 PM1 PQM PL3 DX1 E4 SPQ4 STM-1 E3 T3 PL3 SQE √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ SPQ4 T3 DX1 E4 STM-1 √ PD1 PQ1 PM1 PQM E3 √ Note: The grid with tick (√) indicates that the board in the row can protect the board in the column. „ „ „ 3-11 .2 interface. and the COA does not use the slot of the subrack. the BPA board (optical booster and pre-amplification integrated board).

one unit of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) may form up to six STM-16 chain networks. and Ethernet transparent transmission interface unit. The services between the chain networks can be dispatched as required. DDN interface unit. or a hub network combining multiple chain networks at the STM-16. and sophisticated and advanced software functions. or 20 STM-4 chain networks. or STM-1 level. or 40 STM-1 chain networks.1 Basic Networking Modes of PDH Service For PDH service. ATM and Ethernet services according to their features. a variety of complicated network architectures can be established in the actual applications.2 Networking With its powerful cross-connect capacity. it can achieve effective access and transmission of the PDH.2. chain and ring networks are the two basic networking architectures. the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) boasts very strong adaptability to complex networks is based on.Configuration and Networking OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM 3. 1. ATM interface unit. For the convergence point in Figure 3-6. Chain Network Based Hub Network Figure 3-6 is a hub network converging several chain networks at one point. TM ADM MADM Figure 3-6 Chain network based hub network 3-12 . STM-4. Since the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) incorporates PDH interface unit. on the basis of which. 3. rich and flexible interface functions.

also enhances the reliability of the equipment significantly. dual-ring interconnection network. The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) achieves tangent rings in two modes: the first one is the traditional way where the rings intercommunicate through a tributary bridge connection between two or more ADMs. as shown in Figure 3-7. two tangent rings. and hub network with ring and chain networks. STM-4 and STM-16 in numerous flexible networking modes. streamlines the equipment connection. The traffic on the ring can be protected. The possible combinations are shown in Table 3-6. These networking modes include the common ring network. as shown in Figure 3-8. two intersecting rings. the tangent rings can work at any rate and in any protection scheme. and the inter-ring traffic can also intercommunicate directly through the cross-connect matrix inside the equipment. the tangent rings can work at any rate and in any protection scheme. ring and chain hybrid network. Ring Network OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) enables a variety of ring networks at the rate of STM-1. The possible combinations are shown in Table 3-5. This mode not only utilizes no tributary resources. The second one is the hub mode where the tangent point is an OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) under the multi-system mode. In this working mode. In this working mode. boosts inter-ring communication. ADM Figure 3-7 Tangent rings network (bridge mode) 3-13 .Configuration and Networking 2.

. . . . STM-16 SNCP/MSP Figure 3-9 shows the structure of two intersecting rings. . STM-16 SNCP/MSP Table 3-6 Combination of protected schemes of all tangent rings under the hub mode Ring 2 STM-1 SNCP/MSP STM-4 SNCP/MSP Ring 1 STM-1 SNCP/MSP . . . STM-16 SNCP/MSP . . STM-4 SNCP/MSP . which can be taken as tangent rings with two tangent points. The possible combination of working modes of Ring 1 and Ring 2 is the same as that in Table 3-6. . 3-14 . The OptiX 2500+ (Metro3000) employs the subnetwork connection protection (SNCP) technology to activate this protection. . STM-16 SNCP/MSP . STM-4 SNCP/MSP . As there are two intersecting points between Ring 1 and Ring 2 (Dual hub mode).Configuration and Networking OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM ADM MADM Figure 3-8 Tangent rings network (hub mode) Table 3-5 Combination of protected schemes of all tangent rings under tributary bridge connection Ring 2 STM-1 SNCP/MSP STM-4 SNCP/MSP Ring 1 STM-1 SNCP/MSP . . . similar to the tangency structure as shown in Figure 3-11. the inter-network traffic is protected.

3-15 . . The ring can adopt SNCP. MSP. . STM-4 SNCP/MSP . . The possible protection schemes of hybrid configuration of ring and chain are listed in Table 3-7. .Configuration and Networking OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM ADM MADM Figure 3-9 Intersecting rings network 3. . Hybrid Network of Ring and Chain Figure 3-10 is a network structure that combines ring and chain networks. MADM ADM TM Figure 3-10 Integrated networking of an ordinary ring network and a chain network Table 3-7 Protection combinations for hybrid networking comprising ring network and chain network Chain STM-1 SNCP/MSP STM-4 SNCP/MSP STM-16 SNCP/MSP Ring STM-1 SNCP/MSP . STM-16 SNCP/MSP . . or other protection scheme.

The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) works in the mode of multiple ADMs to effect the application of the Hub points. 3-16 . ADM MADM Figure 3-11 Dual ring intercommunication network (DNI mode) Table 3-8 Table of combination of working modes of each ring in dual-ring intercommunication network Ring 2 Ring 1 STM-1 SNCP/MSP . .Configuration and Networking OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM Figure 3-11 shows a DNI network. Ring 1 at STM-16 and Ring 2 at STM-4). . The combinations of working modes of Ring 1 and Ring 2 are as shown in Table 3-8. STM-1 or STM-4) or can be different (for example. STM-1 SNCP/MSP STM-4 SNCP/MSP STM-16 SNCP/MSP Figure 3-12 shows a rather complex Hub network architecture that combines ring and chain networks. . STM-4 SNCP/MSP . . STM-16 SNCP/MSP . and the rates on the ring and the chain can be the same (for example. both at STM-16. . . in which the traffic goes between rings through a chain network.

it is necessary to choose different convergence ratios in view of the practical conditions. If the services of the important clients do not allow any congestion. In practical applications. it is necessary to transmit the services on priority basis. so that the probability of congestion is minimized. As the broadband transmission adopts the statistical multiplexing mode. it is required to guarantee the time delay and the bandwidth of transmission. the utilization ratio of the transmission bandwidth is improved. nrt-VBR and UBR services) to its minimum. nrt-VBR and UBR in four effective ways. service congestion will inevitably occur. it is necessary to configure it as CBR service or the convergence ratio should be reduced. it is necessary to adopt statistic multiplexing through the ATM Interface Unit to converge the bandwidth of its received services. However. transmission cost is the highest. The rt-VBR service (variable bit rate audio and video frequency services). the cost. While raising the convergence ratio.2. But in this mode the transmission efficiency will be the lowest. rt-VBR. that is. In this way. this will easily lead to service congestion. Characteristics „ Convergence of the ATM service access bandwidth The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) can achieve the access & transmission of the ATM services such as CBR. constant bit video. which is equally distributed to the 3-17 . UBR service (LAN emulation and file transmission) are characterized by the dynamic changes in transmission bandwidth.Configuration and Networking OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM MADM ADM TM Figure 3-12 Hub network combining ring network and chain network 3. For the CBR service (voice. thus enabling the transmission bandwidth less than the access bandwidth in respect of the service.2 ATM Service 1. and circuit emulation services). nrt-VBR service (data transmission). The ATM interface unit reserves and gives priority to the allocation of the related resources to ensure reliable transmission of the CBR service. In order to reduce the impact of congestion on the services (rt-VBR. Therefore.

But for transparent transmission mode in practical applications. the ATM service transmission mode of shared bandwidth may also reduce the probability of service congestion in the entire network. and the entire transmission network is optimized. This configuration mode of bandwidth sharing not only improves the utilization ratio of transmission bandwidth but also reduces to a minimum the service losses that arise from congestion. 8 x STM-1 ATM service access ATM interface unit 1 x STM-1 STM service to DH Cross-connect Matrix Unit Figure 3-13 Convergence modes of data services „ Sharing of bandwidth for the ATM service network transmission For the ATM services. As a result. while other unused VC-4 virtual containers can still bear the other services (PDH or Ethernet service). it enables transparent point-to-point transmission on the transmission equipment through concatenation mode. to use transmission equipment directly to provide transparent point-to-point transmission. the traditional transmission equipment provides the function of transmission bearer. the limited transmission bandwidth will be used up quickly. For example. As a result. 3-18 . in practical applications. they will choose a fixed convergence ratio to reduce the cost and increase the efficiency. as each station inside the entire network needs to use respective transmission bandwidth independently. such as the ATM STM-1 service. In addition. except for special clients such as banks. the ATM Interface Unit will converge and process them. and so it cannot support the applications in large-scale networking. resulting in no conflict in bandwidth utilization. As shown in Figure 3-13. For STM-4 or ATM services of higher rates. the ATM service of a company and the ATM service of a residential area can share the STM-1 transmission bandwidth. it is necessary to make use of the VP-Ring characteristic of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) to exercise a statistic multiplexing of bandwidth on the ATM services transmitted on the ring in view of the great dynamic changes in the actual flow of data services. The converged ATM services of the STM-1 are cross-connected to a certain VC-4 virtual container. will be very low. As the peak traffic volume of these two client groups may occur in either the daytime or at night respectively. In this way the utilization ratio of transmission bandwidth is improved. when 8 x STM-1 ATM services are routed to the ATM Interface Unit.Configuration and Networking OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM users.

the ATM services in each station share one STM-1 bandwidth in the STM-4 transmission ring network through the function of the network bandwidth sharing featured by the VP-Ring technology. the utilization ratio of transmission bandwidth is rather low. In this mode. As for traditional SDH equipment. As the traffic volume of the ATM services changes dynamically. The function of bandwidth sharing in the entire transmission for the ATM services is effected mainly by making use of the ATM service convergence function provided by the ATM processing board (AL1 board).Configuration and Networking OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM STM-1 STM-1 STM-1 MSTP ATM Switch DSLAM Figure 3-14 Sharing of the transmission bandwidth of the ATM service As shown in Figure 3-14. STM-1 STM-1 STM-1 STM-1 ATM Proess unit DSLAM SDH Cross Connect Unit SDH Inteface Unit ATM Cell Figure 3-15 Ways to achieve service convergence function of the AL1 board 3-19 . it is necessary to allocate an STM-1 bandwidth (regardless of the actual traffic volume) to each station. the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) receives the ATM services of the STM-1 transmitted by the DSLAM (Digital Subscriber Line Access Multiplexer) in each station. only the transparent point-to-point transmission of the ATM services is available.

and shares a bandwidth of one STM-1 with Station B. within the network. Station A uses a bandwidth of 2 x STM-1. 2. The bandwidth on the ring is divided into 4 x STM-1. STM-4 MSTP ATM Cell Figure 3-16 ATM service ring network bandwidth sharing transmission mode Figure 3-16 shows an SDH ring network at the rate of STM-4. the ATM service transmitted through the STM-1 bandwidth shared on the ring is groomed to the AL1 board through the SDH Cross Matrix Unit. the basic networking mode for the ATM service transmission is mainly ring network or chain network. The converged ATM cells are mapped onto a shared VC-4 container. As 3-20 .Configuration and Networking OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM As shown in Figure 3-15. the transmission mode of sharing the network bandwidth is subject to the limitation by the processing capability of the ATM layer and the cost. It should be noted that whether one AL1 board can share the bandwidth with other AL1 boards depends on whether the processed ATM cells are mapped onto the same VC-4 virtual container (not the same station). Each station effects the sharing of the entire transmission bandwidth through the ATM processing board. After the processing by the ATM layer on the AL1 board. where the SDH Cross Matrix Unit will uniformly groom them to the shared STM-1 bandwidth to be transmitted to the next station. the STM-1 bandwidth will be shared for the ATM services in each station. ATM Service Transmission Based Networking For the ATM services. As a result. Through the processing of ATM services by the AL1 board in each station. it converges the local ATM cells and the ATM cells on the ring transmitted from the SDH cross processing unit.

in a network where there exists Ring Network 1. the remote intranet interconnection was implemented through the mode of leasing N x 64 kbit/s or 2 Mbit/s dedicated lines. A complex network needs to share bandwidth of all networks respectively in a ring mode that achieve the purpose on a span sharing basis. This mode features high cost and inflexible bandwidth allocation. the remaining bandwidth of two STM-1 can be used to transmit other services.3 Ethernet Service Basic Networking Modes 1. so as to effect the sharing of bandwidth within their respective networks. Ring 1 Ring 2 Line 1 MSTP Figure 3-17 Sharing of bandwidth in a complex network 3.2. In this case. Ring Network 2 and a chain network as shown in the Figure 3-17. and the transmission mode of 2 Mbit/s leased line was used. In addition. For example. According to the RFC 1990 protocol. Previously. the increasing applications of Ethernet access in the MAN pose new requirements for the transmission of the Ethernet service on the transmission network. It requires service priority division and manageability of the MAN. the requirement of the Ethernet interconnection application within the enterprises is increasing. need to use different STM-1 as the shared bandwidth.Configuration and Networking OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM the ATM service is transmitted in a mode of shared bandwidth. The data equipment used 10/100Base-T Ethernet interface. the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) uses the ransparent Ethernet transmission interface unit to map 1–4/8 10/100Base-T or 100Base-FX 3-21 . a router is required to transform the Ethernet interface into the 2 Mbit/s interfaces for transmission. Characteristics of 10/100 M Ethernet Service „ Mapping mode of the 10/100 M Ethernet service VC-Trunk With the development of data service. which leads to high costs and bandwidth limitation.

while different sites in the entire transmission network do not. Furthermore. When the VC-Trunk mapping mode is used. Since the service convergence mode is used for transmission.Configuration and Networking OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM Ethernet services (in the mode of VC-trunk) into the 1–48 2 Mbit/s services to implement the Ethernet service transmission. As shown in Figure 3-18. in this case. For important subscribers (such as banks and Intranet). since the Ethernet service lacks a perfect priority guarantee. this may results in a certain subscriber occupying the bandwidth resources for a longer time. the cost will be less) but the transmission bandwidth cannot be guaranteed. the services should be set as the highest priority (of course. 3-22 . Therefore. „ VLAN-based flow control The characteristic of the Ethernet service is greater bandwidth change. This allows the transmission bandwidth of the Ethernet service to be flexibly allocated according to the specific requirements. the number of the Ethernet interfaces mapped into the 2Mbit/s interface can be set at will. since the services of multiple subscribers are converged to the same 100Base-T interface for access and transmission. when service congestion occurs. as long as the total number not exceeding 48 x 2Mbit/s interfaces. since the Ethernet service is mapped into multiple 2Mbit/s interfaces. this will be a costly proposition) and the bandwidth will be configured for them in priority. point-to-point non-transparent mode without bandwidth sharing). Therefore. Unlike the ATM service processing mode. Various protection schemes for the PDH service in the SDH system also exist for the Ethernet service. the different services of different users cannot be differentiated with respect to the physical interface. their services will be set at lower priority (of course. and other subscribers being unable to use the same. Ethernet service convergence is needed for both data equipment and transmission equipment. the Ethernet service transmission mode of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) can be described as different interfaces of the same Transparent Ethernet Transmission Interface Unit share the bandwidth. But for ordinary users (such as the intelligent residential area). service congestion will certainly occur. the mode of the PDH service transmission is adopted (that is. the received Ethernet services should be classified according to their priorities. making the service uplink transmission bandwidth be less than the service access bandwidth. The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) uses the transparent Ethernet transmission interface unit to allocate different subscribers to different VLAN groups with different bandwidths and priorities so as to implement the manageability of the Ethernet service. To improve the transmission bandwidth efficiency and to reduce the transmission cost.

Configuration and Networking OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM L2 Switch Router Figure 3-18 Problem concerning transparent Ethernet transmission As shown in Figure 3-19. 3-23 . the bandwidth for each subscriber can be pre-allocated according to the priority (the charges are based upon the bandwidth allocating priority). the out-of-order competition for the bandwidth resources among the users can be avoided. When service congestion occurs. if the VLAN-based flow control function is used.

they are allocated with different VLAN tags. the different Ethernet services upstream transmitted by the access layer equipment generally adopts the VLAN technology to converge to one or more interfaces for transmission. but due to the application of the VLAN tags. their services are isolated to guarantee the required security. a 100Base-T interface of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) will be used for the transmission. 3-24 . The corporations share the same transmission interface.Configuration and Networking OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM VLAN =1 VLAN=2 VLAN=3 L2 Switch Router Figure 3-19 VLAN-based flow control „ VLAN-based subscriber management and service security guarantee As a virtual LAN technology. For example. the VLAN adds a Tag Header to the source address of the standard Ethernet frame and allocates different VLAN tags to different subscribers at associated bytes to implement the service isolation between different subscriber groups and the broadcast storm suppression. Since the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) serves as the transmission equipment of the convergence layer. maybe there are multiple corporations in an office building. After the convergence of their different services through the Ethernet switch.

Since the interface and residual bandwidth of the transparent Ethernet Unit of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) can be continuously used by other corporations. In this case. LAPS provides a rate adapting capability that enables a mechanism transform in the Ethernet MII rate 3-25 . Characteristics of Gigabit Ethernet Service „ LAPS encapsulation In the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) scenario.3-compliant Ethernet MAC frames.86 describes that LAPS. an ET1 board is needed to be configured at these three sites respectively. Sites 1 and 3 are respectively configured with a bandwidth of 24 x 2 Mbit/s to Site 2. 2. The connection with the dedicated line of the headquarters of Company B at Site 4 is achieved. The specific bandwidth can be flexibly configured. The ITU-T X. is a frame-forming structure used to encapsulate the IEEE 802. the servers at sites 1 and 3 of Company A need to use the 10/100Base-T Ethernet interface for the access to the LAN based on the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) systems to exchange the data with the server at the headquarters of Site 2. the server of Company B at Site 1 can also use the VLAN technology and use the same 10/100Base-T Ethernet interface for the access to the MAN based on the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) systems. the Gigabit Ethernet service will be encapsulated based on the LAPS protocol.Configuration and Networking OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM 24 M x 2 24 x 2 M /1 0 0B AS ETX 10 24 x 2M MSTP Server for company A Server for company B Figure 3-20 Ethernet service transmission mode in the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) As shown in Figure 3-20. similar to the HDLC (high-level data link controller).

converges the Ethernet services transmitted by the data equipment of the access layer. Therefore. the possibility of cache overflow is high. Since the data equipment of the access layer may use different Ethernet service access modes. Networking of 10/100 M Ethernet Service Transmission For the Ethernet services. The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) incorporates flow control mechanism on both the Ethernet side and the SDH side.Configuration and Networking OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM and the SDH VC rate to erase the conflict between cyclical transmission of the SDH frame and the burst mode of the MAC frame. LAPS also enables the interconnection of equipments of different vendors that adopts this encapsulation protocol. as the transmission equipment of the convergence layer. „ SDH side flow control The MAC frame of the Gigabit Ethernet service is transmitted at the Gigabit level. 3. or the transmission line encounters transient cache congestion. the networking mode of the Ethernet service transmission is the same as that of the PDH service transmission. resulting in high frame loss ratio. If the flow control mechanism is not effective. and transmits them to the access layer or the backbone layer equipment at various sites. The source will stop temporarily the transmission after it receives the flow control frame. the appropriate transmission network can be constructed according to the PDH service transmission networking mode. the transmission equipment of the convergence layer should adopt different transmission modes to improve the Ethernet service transmission efficiency. The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000). „ Point-to-point Ethernet service transmission 3-26 . When the Ethernet service flow volume from the sink SDH side is larger than the flow volume the sink Ethernet side can receive. since the transmission mode of mapping into the 2 Mbit/s interfaces is used. As a standard encapsulation protocol. thus eliminating the congestion in the Ethernet service transmission. the sink will stuff in flow control frame in the traffic to the source to report the congestion to the sink side. based upon the characteristics of the Ethernet service over the access layer.

Configuration and Networking
LAN 15 LAN 16 LAN 17 LAN 18

OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM

LAN 11

LAN 12

LAN 13

LAN 14

1#
1 2M 0x

10

x2

M

2#
28 x 2M

4#

LAN 1

LAN 8

LAN 2

3#

LAN 7

LAN 3

LAN 4

LAN 5

LAN 6

L2 Switch

MSTP

Figure 3-21 Point-to-point Ethernet service transmission

As shown in Figure 3-21, the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) at sites 2, 3 and 4 receive respectively the Ethernet service transmitted by its own Ethernet switch, and converge the services to the corresponding Ethernet switch at the central site 1. In this way, the point-to-point transparent transmission between various LANs is achieved. Each site is configured with an Ethernet transparent transmission processing board (ET1), each LAN service is allocated with independent Ethernet access interface and each interface is configured with independent VC-Trunk (since different services are transmitted through different VC-Trunks, the VLAN tags of different LANs can be the same) to guarantee the independent bandwidth of each LAN. The relationship between the Ethernet services accessed by different sites is: LAN 1 <=> LAN 11, LAN 2 <=> LAN 12, LAN 3 <=> LAN 13, LAN 4 <=> LAN 14,

3-27

Configuration and Networking

OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM

LAN 5 <=> LAN 15, LAN 6 <=> LAN 16, LAN 7 <=> LAN 17 and LAN 8 <=> LAN 18. For Site 1, it is only configured with one Ethernet transparent transmission processing board, the maximum processing capability is 48 x 2 Mbit/s. So the total bandwidth of the eight point-to-point transparent transmission paths should not exceed 48 x 2 Mbit/s.
„

Point-to-multi-point Ethernet service transmission

With the VALN technology and the VLAN tags, multiple users can access the Ethernet interface of a site, and based upon the VLAN tags carried by the Ethernet data frames, the Ethernet services of different users can be sent to different sites, that is, the transmission of the point-to-multi-point Ethernet service.

3-28

Configuration and Networking
LAN 11 LAN 12 LAN 13 LAN 14 LAN 15

OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM

1#
10 M x2

10 x

2M

2#
28 x 2M

4#

LAN 1

LAN 5

3#

LAN 2

LAN 3

LAN 4

L2 Switch

MSTP

Figure 3-22 Point-to-multi-point Ethernet service transmission

As shown in Figure 3-22, Site 1 access the Ethernet service upstream transmitted by the LAN switch through an Ethernet interface of an Ethernet transparent transmission processing unit. This LAN switch divides the connected LAN into five Virtual LANs (both the LAN switch interface and the corresponding interface of the Ethernet transparent transmission processing unit should be set as the TAG interfaces so as to transparently transmit the VLAN tags). The Ethernet services of different VLANs are differentiated according to different VLAN tags. Based upon the

3-29

Configuration and Networking

OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM

TAG information, Site 3 sends the data sent by the LAN switch to Sites 2, 3 and 4 through different VC-Trunk paths. Site 3 also access the Ethernet services upstream, transmitted by the LAN switch through an Ethernet interface of an Ethernet transparent transmission processing unit. This LAN switch divides the connected LAN into three virtual LANs. The Ethernet services of different VLANs are differentiated according to the different VLAN tags. The relationship between the Ethernet services accessed by different sites is: LAN 1 <=> LAN 11, LAN 2 <=> LAN 12, LAN 3 <=> LAN 13, LAN 4 <=> LAN 14 and LAN 5 <=> LAN 15. The configuration mode of the transmission bandwidth is: The services between LAN 1 <=> LAN 11 and LAN 5 <=> LAN 15 are respectively allocated with a VC-Trunk, and the services between LAN 2 <=> LAN 12, LAN 3 <=> LAN 13 and LAN 4 <=> LAN 14 share the same VC-Trunk. In this application, the service between LAN 1 <=> LAN 11 and LAN 5 <=> LAN 15 is allocated with independent VC-Trunk, so it can guarantee the VLAN-based transmission bandwidth. But since the services between LAN 2 <=> LAN 12, LAN 3 <=> LAN 13 and LAN 4 <=> LAN 14 share the same VC-Trunk, that is, they share the same transmission bandwidth, the bandwidth resources are allocated through fair competition.

3-30

the user services from multiple Ethernet interfaces share the same VC-Trunk path. or the Ethernet transparent transmission processing unit at the receiving end cannot differentiate different services. Furthermore. that is. 3-31 . LAN 3 <=> LAN 13 and LAN 4 <=> LAN 14. The services between LAN 2 <=> LAN 12 and LAN 3 <=> LAN 13 share the same VC-Trunk. different services carry different VLAN tags. the transmission bandwidth of the corresponding Ethernet interface is allocated through fair competition. The relationship between the Ethernet services accessed by different sites is: LAN 1 <=> LAN 11. In the shared VC-Trunk path.Configuration and Networking LAN 11 LAN 12 LAN 13 LAN 14 OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM 1# 10 M x2 10 x2 M 2# 28 x 2M 4# LAN 1 LAN 4 3# LAN 2 L2 Switch MSTP LAN 3 Figure 3-23 The transmission mode of multiple Ethernet interfaces sharing the same VC-Trunk As shown in Figure 3-23 the Ethernet service of each site is accessed through the independent interface of the Ethernet transparent transmission processing unit. LAN 2 <=> LAN 12. The services between LAN 1 <=> LAN 11 and LAN 4 <=> LAN 14 are allocated respectively with a VC-Trunk. among multiple Ethernet interfaces sharing the same VC-Trunk path. The configuration mode of the transmission bandwidth is as follows.

In this networking application. different VLAN tags should be carried by different Ethernet service flows transmitted in the VC-Trunk paths so that the Ethernet transparent transmission processing boards of different sites can correctly differentiate and groom the Ethernet services according to the VLAN tags.Configuration and Networking LAN 11 LAN 12 LAN 13 OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM -1 2 VC T 1 nk ru 1# 2# 4# LAN 1 VC -1 2T ru nk 2 VC T -12 k3 run LAN 3 3# LAN 2 L2 Switch MSTP L 2 S w i t c h Figure 3-24 The transmission mode of multiple sites sharing the same VC-Trunk As shown in Figure 3-24. and the services between LAN 2 <=> LAN 12 and LAN 3 <=> LAN 13 share the transmission bandwidth of VC-Trunk 2 between Sites 2 and 3. different Ethernet services use the transmission modes of sharing VC-Trunk path. the services between LAN 1 <=> LAN 11. Since the path-sharing mode is adopted. This transmission mode can improve the utilization of the VC-Trunk path. The services between LAN 1 <=> LAN 11. 3-32 . LAN 2 <=> LAN 12 and LAN 3 <=> LAN 13 are interconnected through the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000). LAN 2 <=> LAN 12 and LAN 3 <=> LAN 13 share the transmission bandwidth of VC-Trunk 1 between Sites 1 and 2.

and different label switch paths (LSPs) are set up according to different addresses. From the angle of user.Configuration and Networking 4. which transfers the data to corresponding port according to the internal label. which will be discarded at the provider routers (P) equipment at the last hop. Data transfer in the network is based on the external label. VC Label 10 20 .. the system will check the Port + Vlan ID table and add the external label (Tunnel) and internal label (VC) it gets to the accessed Ethernet frames. and the destination address being MAC A. Then..... 3-33 . the system will check the Layer 2 transfer table and attach the internal label (VC Label) it gets to the frame. the data will be transmitted to the corresponding provider edges (PE) equipment. As shown in Figure 3-26. The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) integrates the function of P equipment and PE equipment. where it is attached with the external label (tunnel label). The Ethernet frame is detached from the tunnel label when leaving the P equipment. the EPLAN/EVPLAN network is a big Vlan where the user service can be converged.. Data . 20 20 Company A PE1 Port A Port B Tunnel label switching Company B Tunnel label switching Tunnel label stripped 10 20 Data Data P 50 50 10 20 Data Data P 10 20 Data Data PE2 Company A Port A Port B Frame transferred by PE2 according to Company B the VC label L2 MPLS network composed of OptiX 2500+ Company A B . .. B or C) enters the PE equipment. Then. and then transferred to corresponding PE equipment. where the VC Label is detached.. MPLS in Metro Optical Ethernet Network OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) adopts the CCC and Martini modes to construct the MPLS L2 VPN and provides EPL/EVPL service. the Ethernet frame is transferred to corresponding output port according to the Layer 2 transfer table. the frame is transferred to corresponding tunnel. .. Tunnel Label 20 20 .. As shown in Figure 3-25.. when the user’s Ethernet frame (with the source address being MAC H.. After that. Figure 3-25 Application of EPL/EVPL service The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) adopts the Martini mode to provide the EPLAN/ EVPLAN and implement the multipoint-to-multipoint connection of user sites .

Networking of Gigabit Ethernet Service Transparent Transmission Figure 3-27 shows the basic networking of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) in the scenario of Ethernet service transmission. 3-34 . which are connected to two nodes on the WAN on dual homing basis. and the Gigabit Ethernet service is further transmitted to the Gigabit Ethernet interfaces of the EGT board of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000).Configuration and Networking OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM P MPLS Core PE Address = MAC C P Address = MAC A PE Branch A LSP3 Branch C Address = MAC B PE Branch B LSP1 PE LSP2 Transferred to corresponding port via the Layer 2 route table Source MAC H MAC H MAC H Sink MAC A MAC B MAC C Tunnel Label 1 2 3 VC Label 10 10 10 LSP LSP1 LSP2 LSP3 Address = MAC H Headquarters Figure 3-26 Application of EPLAN/ EVPLAN 5. The 10/100 M Ethernet service at different LAN nodes are converged as Gigabit Ethernet service through the Layer 3 switches. It provides a solution to the extension of the Gigabit Ethernet service to the WAN. The Gigabit service accessed will be further transparently transmitted to the routers on the MAN.

Configuration and Networking

OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM

WAN

1#

2#

4#

3#

L3 Switch

L2 Switch

Router

MSTP

Figure 3-27 Networking of Gigabit Ethernet service transmission

3-35

Configuration and Networking

OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM

3.2.4 Basic Networking Mode for DDN Service Transmission
Though contributing greatly to the dedicated service development, DDN still encounters tremendous difficulties in its ever lasting development. On the one hand, we have to invest heavily in outdated DDN backbone equipment to meet service demands and to maintain original DDN network; on the other hand, the upgraded DDN network is very undesirable in term of cost-effectiveness owing to its inability to offer above-E1 broadband dedicated services. See Figure 3-28. Therefore, the construction of DDN network should be made with consideration of the future network development orientation and economic benefits. Based on the currently available resources, the DDN network should develop at modest speed, in line with service demands, and with networking reconstruction and optimization as emphasis.
DDN user

DDN
DDN multiplexer Update and expansion need to have more investment in the outdated DDN backbone equipment. The priceperformance ratio is not optimized.

?

Figure 3-28 DDN network development

Compared with DDN, the SDH network is developing rapidly with wider coverage area and longer transmission range. Besides the traditional PDH service, it also supports Ethernet service, ATM service transparent transmission and layer 2 switching. Additionally, the DDN service access and grooming is also available in optical transmission network. Optical transmission network is more a multi-protocol and multi-service based comprehensive service transmission network than a basic complementary network. The optical network transmission equipment also is developing into multi-service transmission platform (MSTP). Figure 3-29 shows the SDH network as basic complementary network. Figure 3-30 shows the development of SDH network into MSTP.

3-36

Configuration and Networking

OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM

Ethernet user

Ethernet switch DDN

DDN user

S
E1 Router

DDN multiplexer Ethernet user

Figure 3-29 Service access of traditional SDH network development

R R
S
SDH Router Ethernet DDN Node machine

DDN DDN user multiplexer DDN user E1 Ethernet user FE/GE

Nx64kbit/s Ethernet switch

Ethernet user

SDH (MSTP)

FE/GE

S

STM-1

ATM equipment

DDN

Figure 3-30 The development of SDH network into MSTP

3-37

Configuration and Networking 1. SDH (MSTP) Network Incorporating DDN Service

OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM

The DDN-incorporated SDH network provides good chance for the dedicated service development. SDH network becomes capable of accessing and grooming DDN service as long as the SDH equipment is configured with the associated modules. The accessed DDN service, after being cross-connected, is transmitted in the network in SDH frame. The DDN service featured by SDH network is not used to replace the current DDN network which has been very perfect and stable; instead, it serves as a complement for it. See Figure 3-31.
Node machine DDN Convergence layer (MSTP)

E1

DDN user DDN scheduling

Access layer (MSTP)

DDN access

N x 6kbit/s Frame E1 SHDSL

DDN user

Figure 3-31 DDN service featured by SDH (MSTP) network

To expand DDN through SDH not only save the investment which may otherwise be made in backward DDN backbone equipment, also meet the increasing demands in DDN services. Furthermore, the SDH (MSTP), with its capability in providing dedicated broadband service at N x 64 kbit/s, E1 and above E1, enables the independent operation of optical transmission network. 2. Implementation DDN is expandable through MSTP while maintaining its original network. To incorporate DDN network into optical transmission network, following optical transmission equipments should be configured with DDN modules:
„ „

NE accessing the DDN service NE grooming the DDN service

Figure 3-32 shows a service access layer using OptiX 155/622H. The equipment for

3-38

Connect to original node machine Scheduling and access User DDN Convergence Layer Frame E1 SHDSL Node machine DDN multiplexer NX64kbit/s Scheduling User OptiX 2500+ DDN module of OptiX 2500+ configuration OptiX 155/622H DDN module of OptiX 155/622H configuration Access Layer Frame E1 SHDSL Access NX64kbit/s DDN multiplexer Figure 3-32 Huawei DDN network solution Two routes available for point-to-point service subscribers: „ The two ends of the services are located in the MSTP network (refer to the services represented with red and green line in Figure 3-32 ). enable DDN dedicated service. The convergence layer and access layer are not only abundant in bandwidth. Frame E1 and SHDSL service. there is no need to configure the OptiX 155/622H with DDN module for saving investment. „ 3-39 . is very powerful in DDN service convergence and traffic consolidation. also capable of transmitting voice and other services (DDN dedicated service is just a portion of overall services). when configured with DDN module. Besides. The grooming capability of a module is equivalent to a medium-sized node.Configuration and Networking OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM accessing DDN service is configured with DDN modules to. The services to be accessed include N x 64 kbit/s. The equipment can also be configured with multiple DDN modules to meet the increasing customer demands. If no DDN service is to be accessed. The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) service convergence layer. the DDN module is also equipped with numerous external ports for access of N x 64 kbit/s. SHDSL can be used to transmit E1 and N x 64 kbit/s signals for a transmission distance of 3000 m. Frame E1 and SHDSL. One end of the service is the original DDN network (refer to the service represented with blue broken line in Figure 3-32).

So. converge and guide a portion of DDN service. regenerators and the line terminal interfaces (for example optical/electrical and electrical/optical conversion parts) of the TM and the ADM. The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) supports two protection schemes: 1+1 and 1:N (1≤N≤14). four-fiber bidirectional multiplex section shared protection ring) Shared ring DNI mode intercommunication protection Subnetwork connection protection (SNCP) VP Ring protection Subnet connection multiple protection (SNCMP) „ „ „ „ 1. after conversion. The SDH networks mainly rely on two different mechanisms of protection and restoration to ensure that services can be maintained in case of failure. two-fiber unidirectional multiplex section dedicated protection ring.Configuration and Networking OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM For the first service. With the increase of DDN service. and the entire transmission network will have the capacity to cope with network failures for a higher network running reliability. two-fiber bidirectional multiplex section shared protection ring. (1) 1+1 line protection 3-40 . Yet it is unable to offer protection against the TM or ADM node failures. so as to alleviate the pressure suffered by the repeater port at DDN backbone node. Line Protection Switching The working principle of the SDH line protection is as follows: in the case of transmission interrupted or degradation to a certain degree. Protection usually refers to a rather fast conversion process. Line protection switching primarily serves to protect the transmission media. DDN module is used for service access and dispatching. we can configure optical transmission equipment with DDN module to divert. The self-healing protection specified in the ITU-T recommendations and supported by the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) are as follows: „ „ 1+1. For the second service. paths have pre-determined routes. 1:N line protection Self-healing ring protection (two-fiber unidirectional/bidirectional path protection ring. After the protection is activated. which is as per the requirement of ITU-T recommendations. The switching completion time is less than 50ms. and the execution process is automatically determined by the switching switch components. some pre-specified capacity between various transmission nodes is occupied. when the DDN service is very small.2.5 Self-Healing Protection One of the major advantages of the synchronous digital networks is that they can use combinations of different network structures. 3. we still can use DDN backbone node for grooming in the mode of gateway. the switching equipment of the system will automatically switch the traffic to the standby system.

whereas the multiplex section switching is done for the entire multiplex section. Node C receives tributary signals of two directions simultaneously and chooses one 3-41 . or it will take place with external commands to force the switching or locking. the tributary signals (AC) that enter the ring with Node C as the destination are simultaneously fed into the fibers S1 and P1 in the sending direction. The same service signals are sent on the two fibers. in the non-restorative mode. and the protection system can also send extra services. the APS protocol must be used. At the receiving end. The main difference between them is the criterion for protection switching. called “fiber P”. but in opposite directions. by checking the quality of the signals on the line (multiplex section overhead) between network nodes. 2. When the 1: N line protection works in the dual-end switching mode. called “fiber S” and the other fiber works as protection fiber. (2) 1:N line protection In the 1:N protection scheme. either the active or the standby fiber is chosen to receive the service signals according to the signal quality. When the systems run normally. The sending ends of the active and standby systems are connected in parallel. Therefore. As shown in Figure 3-33 (a). there are N systems that share one protection system. Ring Network Protection Ring networks are also known as self-healing rings. The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) supports both the single-end switching mode and the dual-end switching mode. When one of the working systems fails. The two systems are in the active/standby mode for each other. It depends on the signal quality.Configuration and Networking OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM A standby system is provided for each working system in a 1+1 SDH line protection system. at Node A. its efficiency is higher than the 1+1 protection scheme. (1) Two-fiber unidirectional path protection rings Two-fiber unidirectional path protection rings use the 1+1 protection scheme and the structure of "initial end bridged. In case of single-end switching. The path protection ring decides whether to switch or not. One fiber works as service fiber. and it makes no difference whether the signals are received by the active or standby system. its services are transmitted to the protection system. based on the quality of the payload signals on the monitored low order path. The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) supports multiple 1:N line protection scheme at the interface side of various rate levels simultaneously. while the terminal end switching". The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) supports multiple 1+1 line protections at the interface side of various rate levels simultaneously. 1+1 line protection does not require the participation of the automatic protection switching protocol (APS). Besides. Instead. path switching is done for individual path. automatic switching will take place according to the signal quality. and the original extra services on the protection system will be discarded. The MS ring decides whether to switch or not. the 1:N line protection uses the restoration mode. the protection system can be used to send extra services. There are two types of ring networks: PP ring and MSP ring. Traffic is sent to Node C over the S1 optical fiber clockwise as working signal and over the P1 optical fiber counter-clockwise as protection signal. As the 1:N system allows one protection system to protect multiple working systems.

the working traffic between Node A and C is protected and will not be discarded. The switch will return to its original position when the fault is removed. The CA signals carried on fiber S1 (signal transmitted in the same direction as the AC signals) are branched as active signals at Node A. In this way.Configuration and Networking OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM to be dropped on a quality basis. CA AC S1 P1 A D C P1 S1 B CA AC (a) CA AC S1 P1 A D C P1 S1 B X CA AC Switching (b) Figure 3-33 Schematic diagram of the two-fiber unidirectional PP ring (2) Two-fiber bidirectional path protection ring The 1+1 protection scheme of the two-fiber bidirectional path protection ring is 3-42 . the switch transfers the traffic from the S1 optical fiber to the P1 optical fiber and receives the AC signals from Node A carried over the P1 optical fiber to be dropped. In the case of a fiber cut between Node B and Node C. Normally. At that moment. the AC signals from Node A carried over the S1 optical fiber are lost. the signal sent on the S1 fiber is taken as the active signal. tributary signals (CA) inserted at C into the ring that go towards Node A as destination are sent off in the same way. as shown in Figure 3-33 (b). Meanwhile.

or in case that the same ADM equipment is used in a chain network. CA AC S1 S2 A D C P1 P2 B CA AC (a) CA AC S1 S2 D A C B P1 P2 X CA AC Switching (b) Figure 3-34 Schematic diagram of the two-fiber bidirectional PP ring As suggested in Figure 3-34 (a). the signal sent on the S1 fiber is taken as the active signal.Configuration and Networking OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM basically the same as that in the unidirectional protection ring. tributary signals (CA) inserted at C into the ring that takes Node A as its destination 3-43 . The difference is that the returned signals move in a reverse direction. Its main advantage is that in case of no protection rings. Meanwhile. paths can be re-used. Node C receives tributary signals of two directions simultaneously and chooses one to be dropped according to the quality of the received signals. The traffic is sent to Node C over the S1 optical fiber clockwise as working signal and over the P1 optical fiber counter-clockwise as protection signal. Normally. the tributary signals destined for Node C enter the ring from Node A while being carried over the optical fiber S1 and P1 in the transmission direction. Moreover. It can increase the total add/drop services. this protection scheme can ensure route consistency for bidirectional services. for example. which is important for delay sensitive services (such as video services).

The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) supports both the two-fiber unidirectional path protection ring and the two-fiber bidirectional path protection ring. In this way. such as signaling. This permits bidirectional transmission of working traffic. the above mentioned capacities are doubled. and vice versa. The timeslots of the fibers counter-clockwise are similar. the switch transfers the traffic from the S1 optical fiber to the P1 optical fiber and receives the AC signals from Node A on the P1 optical fiber to be dropped. and video. The working capacity and protection capacity are both N/2 (indicating the number) AU-4. timeslots in the ring can be shared by all nodes. and the AU-4s numbered from N/2 + 1 to N shall be assigned as protection paths. the working traffic between Node A and C is protected and will not be lost. On each fiber. Only one overhead path is used on each fiber. that is. its capacity can reach up to 0.Configuration and Networking OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM are sent to Node A in the same way. Switching is effected by judging the quality of the path signals according to the path alarm signals (for example. the availability of the ring capacity is enhanced. 3-44 . where M is the quantity of nodes on the ring. etc. while in maximum. and provides protection on a per path basis. The total capacity is closely related to the service distribution mode and quantity of nodes on the ring. the STM-N can be viewed as a multiplex of N x AU-4s. The shorter switching time is attributable to the efforts to optimize the path protection in the system hardware and software and is of great significance to the traffic. as shown in Figure 3-34 (b). See Figure 3-35 (a) for the description of the working path and protection path in the two-fiber MS shared protection rings. The switching time of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) is less than the 50ms switching time as stipulated in the ITU-T recommendations. (3) Two-fiber bidirectional MS shared protection rings For two-fiber bidirectional MSP rings. data. one fiber can transport working path (S1) and protection path (P2) and the other fiber can transport working path (S2) and protection path (P1).) as well as the bit error status of the path signals. With the timeslot switching technology. half the paths are defined as working paths (S) and half are defined as protection paths (P). The switch will return to its original position when the fault is removed.5 x N x M x STM-1. TU-LOP. If low-level extra services are sent on the protection timeslots. When a fiber cut occurs between Node B and Node C. In the worst cases. TU-AIS. The working path (S1) in one fiber is protected by the protection path (P1) in the other optical fiber traveling in the opposite direction around the ring. as their services have consistent routes and are sent bidirectionally. its capacity is N x STM-1. In the case of a two-fiber ring. which is sensitive to the error codes. Added/dropped traffic can be increased by choosing protection for some of or all of the paths (The capacity can range from N STM-1 to ‘2N’ STM-1 for STM-N path rings). The working path AU-4 number m is protected by protection path AU-4 number (N/2 + m). The CA signals carried on fiber S1 (signal transmitted in the same direction as the AC signals) are branched as active signals at Node A. The AU-4s numbered from 1 to N/2 shall be assigned as working paths. where the AU-4s are numbered from 1 to N according to the order that they appear in the multiplex.

one path timeslot can be repeatedly used. the switches at Node B and Node C adjacent to the broken point will connect the S1/P2 fiber and S2/P1 fiber.Configuration and Networking CA AC S1/P2 S2/P1 A D C S2/P1 S1/P2 B OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM CA AC (a) CA AC S1/P2 S2/P1 A D C S2/P1 S1/P2 B X CA AC Switching (b) Figure 3-35 Two-fiber bidirectional multiplexer section shared protection ring The service path of any number can add at one node and drop at another. the AU-4 paths numbered 1 to m (working) in the S1/P2 fiber can be transferred to the AU-4s paths N/2+1 to N/2+m (protection) in the S2/P1 fiber. the switch will return to its original position. the working traffic carried over either the S1/P2 fiber or S2/P1 optical fiber can be transferred to the protection signal timeslot of the other optical fiber. For instance. In addition. That is to say. thus fulfilling the function of protection switching. When the fault is rectified. the path timeslots of the same number can be utilized by more than two nodes based on the traffic patterns (ring organization pattern). With the timeslot switching technology. as shown in Figure 3-35 (b). 3-45 . In the case that the optical fiber cable between Node B and Node C is cut.

CA AC S1 P1 A D P1 S1 C B CA AC CA AC (a) S1 P1 A D P1 S1 C B X CA AC Switching (b) Figure 3-36 Two-fiber unidirectional multiplexer section switching ring 3-46 . working paths and protection paths are carried over different optical fibers.Configuration and Networking OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) supports the two-fiber bidirectional MS protection ring and effects switching in the case of one-point optical fiber failure/degradation. NE failures (for example power-off condition or the unit getting plugged-out). the low-rate tributary payload is added/dropped only in the S1 optical fiber. while the protection fiber P1 is left idle. Generally. The switching time of the multiplex section of the OptiX equipment is less than 50ms as stipulated in the ITU-T recommendations. multi-point optical fiber failure/degradation. (4) Two-fiber unidirectional MS dedicated protection rings In a ring structure of this kind. as shown in Figure 3-36 (a). system unit failures. There is a protection switch on each line before the tributary signals are added/dropped at each node. It can avoid erroneous connection of traffic in case of multiple-point failure.

Generally. The two-fiber unidirectional multiplex section switching protection ring is seldom used in actual applications since it has no advantages over either the two-fiber unidirectional path protection ring or two-fiber bidirectional MS shared protection. which access the ring from Node A and goes to Node C. which is similar to the two-fiber bidirectional MS switching ring in switching condition. The protection fibers P1 and P2. 3-47 . configuration and switching time. the service signal AC on fiber S1 returns to fiber P1 through the switch. (5) Four-fiber MS shared protection rings Four-fiber MS shared protection ring demands 4 fibers at each section (between nodes). At Node B. which access the ring from Node C and targeted for Node A are transmitted to Node A counter-clockwise on the S2 fiber. Other nodes (for example Node A and Node D) function to ensure the service signals carried on fiber P1 to accomplish the normal bridging locally and to transmit to other branch nodes smoothly. as illustrated in Figure 3-37. The service fiber S1 forms a clockwise working traffic ring and the working fiber S2 creates a counterclockwise working traffic ring. The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) fully supports the two-fiber MS dedicated protection ring. the low-speed tributary signals. Switching time is similar to that of two-fiber bidirectional MSP ring. however. are transmitted clockwise in the S1 optical fiber. The loop-back function guarantees the continuity of the ring even in times of failure so that the working traffic on the low-rate tributaries will not be interrupted. gets to Node C through Node A and Node D counter-clockwise and then changes back to fiber S1 through switch at Node C for dropping. the protection switch at Node B and Node C adjacent to the broken point will start the loopback function specified in the APS protocol. form two protection signal rings in directions opposite to S1 and S2. When the fault is rectified. Whereas the returned low-speed tributary signals. the switch will return to its original position. Each fiber conducts protection switching through a switch. as shown in Figure 3-36 (b).Configuration and Networking OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM In the case of the two optical fibers between Node B and Node C getting cut. Service and protection paths are carried over different fibers: two service fibers (one receiving and the other transmitting) and two protection fibers (one transmitting and the other receiving).

there will be two switches executing the loopback functions respectively at Node B and Node C using the APS protocol to maintain the continuity of the ring as shown in Figure 3-38. The 3-48 . S1 connects with P1 and S2 with P2.Configuration and Networking CA AC S1 P1 S2 P2 A OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM D B C P2 S2 P1 S1 CA AC Figure 3-37 Schematic diagram of four-fiber bidirectional MS shared protection ring CA AC S1 P1 S2 P2 A D B C P2 S2 P1 S1 CA AC Switching Figure 3-38 Schematic diagram of four-fiber bidirectional MS shared protection ring In the case that there is a cable cut between Node B and Node C. Node C fulfills similar functions. At Node B.

3. by using the protection scheme specified by this recommendation. the electrical fault and fiber breakage of service path). After both Traffic Ts and Tp are compared. Four-fiber bidirectional MS shared protection ring has ring switchover (the traffic of the affected sections will be carried by the protection path of the longer path) and section switchover (a protection mechanism similar to 1:1 linear APS. During span switching. Ring 1 is under MS shared protection.Configuration and Networking OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM other nodes ensure that the working traffic on P1 and P2 can perform the normal bridging function at the node. Under this protection scheme. when the two switchovers occur simultaneously. the one with better quality is selected to be sent to Node A along the CBA optical path. Several span switchovers can coexist on one ring and only the protection paths will be used for each switched span. the section switchover will be used for full protection. In case of more than one failure. line protection scheme can be adopted to protect the services. for example.842. Recommendation G. It specifies the protection schemes of two interconnecting nodes respectively in the MS shared ring and path ring working modes. (only the service path of one section is impacted. Its service and protection paths are not transmitted over the same fiber so that when the fiber fails. the protection of inter-connecting services between two ring networks supported by different vendors and different protection schemes can be provided. For SNI.842 includes specific requirements for inter-ring service protections. However. as shown in Figure 3-39. only the protection path will be affected. whereas the traffic from Node J to Node A sent by Ring 2 enters Ring 1 through Node C and Node D respectively. any failure of the working Node C and the protection Node D. and cannot provide protection in case of failure of the interconnecting nodes. When the fault is rectified. The traffic from Node A to Node J is sent to Ring 2 through the intercommunication dual nodes C and D respectively by means of “Drop-Continue”. Protection of Interconnecting Traffic between Rings The inter-ring interconnection services can be classified into two types: single-node interconnection (SNI) and dual-node interconnection (DNI). support will be given to the one with higher priority. Therefore. The protection of OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) for inter-ring interconnection service under the DNI mode completely complies with Recommendation G. optical fibers in the rings and optical fibers between Nodes C and F or D and G will be protected. applied in four-fiber rings only). 3-49 . For DNI. Protection on both optical fiber and node failures is also activated. the same point where Traffic “Tp” enters Ring 1. but this protection scheme can only protect the optical fibers and optical transmitting/receiving ports. the protection path of the failed span will transmit the working traffic. the switch returns to its original position. (1) The interconnection service protection of DNI nodes in an MS shared protection ring The interconnection service between Node A of Ring 1 and Node J of Ring 2 is protected in the DNI mode. Traffic “Ts” from Node D (a protection node) entering Ring 1 travels along the DC optical path and arrives at Node C.

the traffic between Node A of Ring 1 and Node I of Ring 2 is protected in the DNI manner.Configuration and Networking A OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM B Ring 1:Multiplex section shared protection ring P SS E C S D Tp SS Ts J P F S G H Ring 2:Multiplex section shared protection ring P S SS End point Sub-node Service selection switch Protection path Working path I Figure 3-39 Interconnection service protection among MS shared protection rings (2) The interconnection service protection of DNI nodes in a path protection ring As shown in Figure 3-40. While the service from Node I of Ring 2 to Node A enters Ring 1 at Nodes C and D respectively. The service that enters Ring 1 from Node C (Working node) arrives at 3-50 . Ring 1 works in a unidirectional path protection scheme. The working and protection services from Node A to Node I are transmitted in the drop-and-continue mode to interconnecting nodes C and D respectively. The better one will be selected at nodes C and D and further sent off to Ring 2.

Subnetwork Connection Protection As network structures are becoming more and more complicated. Protection Node D. the subnetwork connection protection (SNCP) is the only service protection scheme that can be adapted to various network topological structures with a fast switching rate. Under this protection scheme.Configuration and Networking OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM Node A along the service path. LO/HO SNCP is the path layer protection. optical fibers in the rings and optical fibers between Nodes C and F or D and G will be protected. A B Ring 1:Channel protection ring E C F D G J Ring 2:Channel protection ring H I Channel selection switch Protection path Working path Figure 3-40 Interconnection service protection among PP rings 4. The better one will be selected and dropped at Node A for path optimization. At the same time. which can be used in different network structures: 3-51 . any failure of Working Node C. service that enters Ring 1 from Node D (Protection node) will arrive at Node A along the protection path.

The protected subnetworks can further result from the lower level subnetwork connections and concatenated link connections. TM ADM ADM ADM ADM . the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) has very powerful higher and lower order cross-connect and overhead processing abilities.. When the working subnetwork connection fails.. Figure 3-41 Schematic diagram of the subnetwork connections Supervision on subnetwork connection can be in two modes: Inherent supervision (SNC/I) and Non-interfering supervision (SNC/N).. and ring networks.. Switching usually takes the single-end switching mode. and sends the status message to the client layer in the form of the service layer signal failure (SSF) messages.. . It is able to achieve the high-order and low-order SNCP: Sending the services simultaneously to the working subnetwork connections and protection subnetwork connection by means of the broadcasting function of cross matrices. or when its performance deteriorates to a certain level. At the receiving end.. SNCP uses the 1+1 protection scheme........ Services are simultaneously sent on both the working and protection subnetwork connection. ADM ..... thus it needs no protocol. . The service layer completes the defect detecting process. Working SNC Subnetwork 1 STM-4 ADM SNC start point Protection SNC TM ADM Subnetwork 2 TM ADM STM-4 ADM SNC end point ADM ADM .. OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM As shown in Figure 3-41.. at the receiving end of the subnetwork connection. With the in-house developed and highly integrated SDH integrated chips with complete functions...Configuration and Networking chain networks.. network elements choose whether the working or the protection subnetwork connections to do the 3-52 . The protection handling process and the defect detecting processing are realized on two adjacent layers.. the signal from the protection subnetwork connection is selected according to the preference selection rule.. SNC/N protects the service layer against faults and the client layer against failure and deterioration..

and then make loop re-combination at path layer with other links respectively. As for the meshed networking mode. the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) not only meets Recommendation G. for example. 1:N or 1+1 protection scheme) will be exclusively set for the logical systems with MS protection attributes. The protection mechanism of PP ring network and SNCP is based on the path layer. That is why the VP Ring protection scheme is introduced. From this point of view. the HPC or LPC function does the LO/HO SNC switching. but in most cases. Shared Fiber Virtual Path Protection The SDH network protection mechanism specified by ITU-T is primarily based on ring networks. as they cannot be detached into a series of optical ring networks. At the crossing optical paths of meshes. or even STM-1 into multiple lower-order or higher-order paths. 6. VP Ring Protection (1) Protected objects The ATM services can still be protected by the conventional SDH-layer protection scheme. That is. and each effect the service adding/dropping of path rings. the mesh network can be considered as the addition of ring networks comprising multiple paths. SNCP. and NP. taking the advantages of the features of OptiX series products and the proprietary SDH cross-connect chip.841. an STM-16 or STM-4. In this case. such as PP. Huawei supports a ring network mode protection based on the path layer. If the single path on the ring is protected. The paths belonging to other logical systems will not be involved in the path switchover in MS switching. it allows the switching of multiple SNCP. and that of MSP ring is based on the fiber paths. corresponding protection schemes can be set. in view of the loops at path layer. but only on the paths set by users. Moreover. Thus. Huawei put forward a concept of logical system based division in order to implement path-layer-based MS protection. Furthermore. they are made into combinations of many paths logically. In view of such a design concept of loop division based on paths. Shared fiber virtual path protection involves division of the optical path logically. definitely they fail to enjoy satisfactory protection schemes. Huawei has developed the protection mechanism ideally suitable for the complicated networks at the access side. but is not enough. Each logical system uses an exclusive protection mechanism. but taken as the combination of a number of path-layer ADMs. namely the shared fiber virtual path protection. The division is to divide the network path resources by logical system unit as required by users and have path re-combination logically. the MS protection (for example.Configuration and Networking OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM receiving according to the status of the working subnetwork connection and the protection subnetwork connection. and the system can ensure that the switching time of such multiple SNCPs to be less than 50ms. it is easier to implement the protection of the mesh network. The logical systems with MS protection attributes will be protected separately. The service of other stations on the 3-53 . The ATM-layer protection is still necessary. the protection for ring networks is based on higher-order or lower-order paths. MSP. 5. its ADM mode is no longer based on optical paths completely. As for the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) at the crossing of meshes.

the services are indicated in single-fiber rings. And at the ATM layer.Configuration and Networking OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM ring will be influenced in case transmission at the ATM layer fails. in actual use. such failures may probably impact the services of other related sites. the cross-connect processing at SDH layer is performed to groom the bandwidth (STM-1) where the ATM shared services are located to the ATM layer. the services from upstream sites will be blended/merged with local services. ATM Layer SDH Layer ATM Layer SDH Layer SDH Layer ATM Layer SDH Layer ATM Layer Figure 3-42 VP Ring implementation As shown in Figure 3-42 (for the sake of simplicity. (2) VP Ring protection 3-54 . for the ATM layer failure. forwarded to downstream sites to enable the bandwidth sharing. the VP Ring protection scheme of the ATM layer can be introduced. it can have two-fiber rings). when the SDH layer cannot implement effective monitoring. To solve such problems. the protection at the SDH layer will be applied. This brings up the problem of protection. At each site. the ATM services take the point-to-point-forwarding mode to complete the service sharing. But. For the failures of optical path and the SDH layer.

the ATM layer function will be delayed in its startup. VPG protection functions to accelerate the ATM layer protection switching (to reach the rate of protection switching at SDH layer). 3-55 . In the relevant destination of protection domain. Individual VP protection refers to the end-to-end connection of the individual VP protection or one section of connection used as service entity and protection entity. the VP-AIS cell will be transmitted to relevant sites as soon as possible. When the AIS status goes on for X seconds (X number to be between 4 to 10 seconds. Individual VP protection switching is mainly used in cases where protection is not available at service layer. Sometimes. forced switching and locked protection) b) SF detected c) SD detected d) WTR timeout In the ATM layer.Configuration and Networking OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM The ATM layer VP Ring protection switching uses the theories and features of the SDH APS protection switching. which performs protection switching at the unit of group. not protected. and adopts the service and protection paths similar to the SDH path protection. In the following cases. The implementation of the ATM protection switching may be 1+1 or M:N. which requires high reliability in the VPC needs to be protected and other sections can be left. In case of failure. The preserved protection resources include the routes and the bandwidth. (3) The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) VP Ring protection implementation Currently the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) provides the VC/VP/VPG 1+1 linear protection. VPG protection mainly functions to recover the faults of then physical layer and to protect the ATM layer. VP Ring protection switching is a protection mechanism by taking advantage of the preserved protection resources. that is to make an overall protection available by connecting multiple VPs/VCs as a group. It is implemented by detecting the signal quality in the receive end and uses the ‘dual fed signal selection’ mode. the VP Ring protection switching will be triggered: a) Operator control (for example. manual switching. Such mode can also be used to protect the failures both at the ATM layer and the physical layer. The VP Ring protection falls into individual VP protection and group VP protection (VPG). as shown in Figure 3-43. The chances of protecting the failures at physical layer only are not eliminated. a certain section. the transmission layer protection and the ATM layer protection need to be coordinated for troubleshooting. which will help minimize the bandwidth necessary for protection. 500ms being the minimum). VPG protection can be used in combination with individual VP. Group protection refers to a logical VPG comprising one or more connected VPs. which can be applied in any physical topology. the ATM layer protection switching will be started. when the SF or SD alarm is detected.

The protection schemes at different layers require collaboration to ensure reliable protection. When fault occurs to the primary ring. In normal cases. the layered protection becomes a must. the layered protection brings about the complexity in protection coordination. However. the corresponding invalidity information will be detected at the receiving end and protection will be started to adjust the received traffic onto the protection paths to achieve the protection over ATM services.Configuration and Networking AC CA OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM P1 P1 A D C S1 S1 B CA AC (a) AC CA Switching P1 P1 A D C S1 S1 B CA AC Switching (b) Figure 3-43 Illustration of ATM layer VP/VPG 1+1 protection The ATM services between nodes A and C. two connections (service path and protection path) are established. (4) The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) VP Ring layered protection For the network invalidity of different levels. which can ensure the quickest and the most secure protection scheme for services. transmit-end chooses the services to be transmitted by service path. VP/VPG. 3-56 .

the service source and service sink can be in either the line direction or the tributary direction. with the adoption of the point-to-point-forwarding bandwidth sharing mode. the perfect SDH protection schemes can be availed.. it is complimented by the SDH layer protection. In this way. the point-to-point PDH services and Ethernet transparent transmission services do not involve the problems of bandwidth-sharing. and the PP can protect the line-to-tributary services only. the delayed mode will be used. Time delay Service recovery? Y No start N Start SDH layer protection Start ATM layer protection Start ATM layer failure ATM cell loss. which further improves the system security.. such modes as ‘bottom-to-top’ and ‘layered’ delay are used to enable the coordination of layered protection.. While. SDH layer failure LOS/LOF/B1/B2. ATM cell bit error). The SNCP can protect the line-to-line services only... the ATM layer protection will be cancelled. protection of the SDH layer will be started directly. + ATM layer failure ATM cell loss. For the invalidity at ATM layer (for example. the protection at the ATM layer. Figure 3-44 Implementation of layered protection 7. which provides multiple protection trails for services by sending multiple services from the service source and receiving selected services at the service sink. the ATM layer protection scheme is directly started as the SDH layer fails to detect such alarm information to ensure the quick startup of the protection switching. Thus. the merits of the SDH layer such as quickness and security are guaranteed and at the same time. both the SDH and the ATM layers protection are involved. 3-57 . For the ATM services. If it fails.. For such alarms that may be detected at the SDH layer as LOS caused by fiber invalidity. is a supplement to subnetwork connection protection (SNCP) and path protection (PP) that have been supported. In the case of multi-trail protection.Configuration and Networking OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM In the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000). Subnetwork Connection Multi-trail Protection (SNCMP) The SNCMP function. In the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000). In case the SDH protection succeeds. as illustrated in Figure 3-44. the ATM layer protection will be started.

3-58 . A Working B Service sink Sevice source Protection 1 Protection 2 Protection 3 Intermediate subnet Intermediate subnet Figure 3-45 Principle of SNCMP As shown in Figure 3-46. The service source broadcasts services to multiple service routes. of which the second protection trail “Protection 2” uses micro services as the transmission media. the service sink receives services of the working trail. the working and protection trails of SNCMP. Station C receives services from the higher level protection trail “Protection 1”.Configuration and Networking OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM The principle of SNCMP is as shown in Figure 3-45. station C receives services from the working trail. C D Protection 1 B A Working Microwave Radio Protection 2 Microwave Radio Figure 3-46 SNCMP networking When the transmission between Stations A and B fails. and then the service sink judges the priorities of the received services and selects the desired ones to receive according to their quality. When both the working and protection trails receive services correctly. as shown in Figure 3-47. In normal cases.

C D Protection 1 B Working A Microwave Radio Protection 2 Microwave Radio Figure 3-48 SNCMP service flow direction (multiple fault points) 3-59 .Configuration and Networking OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM C D Protection 1 B Working A Microwave Radio Protection 2 Microwave Radio Figure 3-47 SNCMP service flow direction (single fault point) When the transmissions between Stations A and B and between Stations A and D fail at the same time. Station C receives services from the second protection trail “Protection 2”. as shown in Figure 3-48.

subracks.1 Overview The mechanical structure of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) includes cabinet. and power supply frames.OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM 4 Mechanical Structure 4. 4-1 . circuit boards. The circuit boards are inserted into a subrack to configure various types of network elements. fan box. The cabinet holds various types of subracks.

Installation screw holes are evenly distributed on the vertical brackets of the rack in an interval of 25 mm. and side panels. doors. top cover. there are cable supports used to lay cables. 4-2 . Cabinet specifications: 2000 mm (height) x 600 mm (height) x 600 mm (height) (87 kg) 2200 mm (height) x 600 mm (height) x 600 mm (height) (95 kg) 2600 mm (height) x 600 mm (height) x 600 mm (height) (105 kg) The cabinet consists of rack. as shown in Figure 4-1. All types of subracks are fixed by such screw holes. On both sides of the cabinet. The skeleton supports and holds all components. Both the front door and the rear door can be opened.Mechanical Structure OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM 4. The distance between the cabinet and the wall shall be at least 600 mm. but their places of the subracks are adjustable up or down inside the cabinet.2 Cabinet Structure OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) uses standard ETSI cabinets that comply with the ETS 300-119-3 standards.

Cover plate of power box 5. Front door 4. Rear door 2. Slide rail Figure 4-1 The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) cabinet structure 4-3 .Mechanical Structure OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM 1. Side panel 6. Vertical bracket 3.

IUP 18. S16. SCC. and other boards. IU1/P 2.Mechanical Structure OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM 4. The power supply and the serial ports are within the rear compartment. The rear compartment is the cable connecting area. and the net weight of each subrack is 27 kg. XCS 14. The front view of the subrack is shown in Figure 4-2. IU8 15. The subrack consists of three parts. and other boards. The wiring area is for the routing and management of optical fibers. Jack for antistatic wrist strap 4. IU9 12. IU5 11. IU6 13. The back view of the subrack is shown in Figure 4-3. IU2 3. accommodating E75B. SCC 16. IU7 10. Grounding hole 6. Fiber clamp 19. The front compartment is used to accommodate XCS. 1. LPSW. IU11 7. IU10 17. IU3 8. E75S. IU12 Figure 4-2 The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) subrack structure (front view) 4-4 . IU4 5.3 Subrack Structure The dimensions of an OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) subrack is 668 mm(height) x 530 mm(width) x 542 mm (depth). XCS 9.

Binding-wire pole 7. PIU 15. LTU2 5. LTU1/FB2 Figure 4-3 The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) subrack structure (back view) 4-5 . LTU11 12.Mechanical Structure OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM 1. LTU12 11. PBU 9. Binding-wire support 8. SFU 2. LTU4 3. LTU10 13. FB1/LPDR 10. LTU9 14. Hanger 6. LTU3 4.

FAN board 4-6 . as shown in Figure 4-4. When it is inserted. Air filter 5.Mechanical Structure OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM 4.4 Fan Box The fan box consists of fan and air filter. The fan box is able to suppress the surge current in hot swapping and therefore supports the hot swappable mode. it is automatically powered off. Fan Figure 4-4 Fan box 3. When the fan box is drawn out. Indicator 4. 8PIN connector 2. it is automatically powered on. 1.

Table A-1 SDH/SONET transmission rates SDH STM-1 STM-4 STM-16 STM-64 STS-N OC-N STM-N Electrical signal STS-3 SONET Optical signal OC-3 OC-12 OC-48 OC-192 Synchronous Transport Signal Level-N Optical Carrier Level-N Synchronous Transport Module Level-N A-1 . See Table A-1..). and Overhead Bytes A Bit rate (kbit/s) 155520 622080 2488320 9953280 A.OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM A Multiplexing Structure.1 Levels of SDH The bit rate of the first SDH level is 155520 kbit/s.. Signals of higher levels can be generated by interleaving N signals at the first level (N= 4. 16. Frame Structure.

x 1 x 1 STM-16 AUG-16 x 4 AUG-4 x 4 AUG-1 x 3 AU-4-16c VC-4-16c C-4-16c STM-4 x 1 x 1 AU-4-4c VC-4-4c C-4-4c STM-1 x 1 x 1 AU-4 VC-4 x 3 TUG-3 x 1 C-4 139264 kbit/s TU-3 VC-3 AU-3 VC-3 x 7 TUG-2 x 1 x 3 x 4 TU-12 VC-12 TU-2 44736 kbit/s 34368 kbit/s C-3 6312 kbit/s VC-2 C-2 2048 kbit/s C-12 VC-Trunk 10/100 M 1544 kbit/s C-11 Section overhead processing N grade multiplexing (N=1. and Overhead Bytes OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM A.2 Multiplexing Structure The multiplexing of various services by the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) and the multiplexing modes are shown in Figure A-1.. Frame Structure.) Pointer processing Path overhead processing Code rate justification TU-11 VC-11 The multiplexing mapping structure of the OptiX Metro 3100 Mapping Alignment Multiplexing Figure A-1 Multiplexing structure A-2 .. 16. 4..Multiplexing Structure..

3 Basic Frame Structure The frame structure of an SDH frame is shown in Figure A-2. Frame Structure. and Overhead Bytes OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM A.Multiplexing Structure. 270 x N columns (byte) 9 x N columns (byte) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Multiplexer Section overhead M SOH Administration Unit pointer AU-PTR Generator section overhead RSO H Higher-order path overhead P O H 261 x N columns (byte) Transmission direction STM-N Payload 9 rows Frame n-1 Frame n Frame n+1 Information code flow 9 x 270 x N columns (byte) Frame cycle 125µs Scrambler: X7+X6+1 T=125 µ s Figure A-2 SDH frame structure A-3 .

1 STM-1 SOH The structure of STM-1 section overhead (SOH) is shown in Figure A-3.Multiplexing Structure. 9 columns ∗ A1 A1 A1 A2 A2 A2 J0 B1 D1 E1 D2 F1 D3 RSOH ∗ 9 rows Administrative unit pointer (s) B2 B2 B2 D4 D7 D11 S1 K1 D5 D8 D12 K2 D6 D9 D12 M1 E2 MSOH Reserved for national use ∗ Unscrambled bytes Bytes related to transmission media Note: All non-marked bytes are reserved for future international standard use Figure A-3 STM-1 SOH A.2 STM-4 SOH The structure of STM-4 SOH is shown in Figure A-4. Frame Structure.4 SOH A.4.4. A-4 . and Overhead Bytes OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM A.

Multiplexing Structure. Frame Structure and Overhead Bytes of OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) 36 bytes * * * * A1 A1 A1 A1 A1 A1 A1 A1 A1 A1 A1 A1 A2 A2 A2 A2 A2 A2 A2 A2 A2 A2 A2 A2 J0 Z0 Z0 Z0 B1 D 1 E1 D 2 Administration Unit pointer AU-PTR (H1. H3) F1 D3 * * * OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM * * * * RSOH 9 rows B2 B2 B2 B2 B2 B2 B2 B2 B2 B2 B2 B2 K1 D4 D7 D 10 S1 D5 D8 D 11 M 1 Reserved for national use * K2 D6 D9 D12 E2 MSOH Unscrambled bytes Note: All non-marked bytes are reserved for future international standard use Figure A-4 STM-4 SOH A-5 . H2.

and Overhead Bytes OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM A. A1=F6H. D3 D4–D12 E1 Description Framing bytes. 192 kbit/s Multiplexer section DCC path.4 SOH Byte Table A-2 Description of SOH byte Byte A1. A2 B1 B2 D1. A2=28H Regenerator section bit error monitoring BIP-8 Multiplexer section bit error monitoring BIP-24×N Regenerator section DCC path.3 STM-16 SOH The structure of STM-16 SOH is shown in Figure A-5.4.Multiplexing Structure. D2. Figure A-5 STM-16 SOH A. 144 rows A1 B1 D1 A1 A1 A1 A1 A1 A2 E1 D1 Administrative Unit Pointer (s) B1 D4 D7 D10 S1 Z1 Z1 Z1 Z1 Z1 B2 B2 B2 B2 B2 K1 D5 D8 D11 Z2 Z2 Z2 Z2 Z2 Z2 K2 D6 D9 D12 E2 A2 A2 A2 A2 A2 J0 F1 D3 Z0 * * * * * Bytes reserved for national use Z2 M1 … Z2 Z2 * Unscrambled bytes Note: All unmarked bytes are reserved for futureintemational additional national use and other purposes) ZO: TO be determined by future international standard standardization(for media dependent.4. Frame Structure. 576 kbit/s Regenerator section orderwire bytes 64 kbit/s A-6 .

Multiplexing Structure. Frame Structure. H2 H3 J0 K1. and Overhead Bytes Byte E2 F1 H1. K2 M1 S1 Others OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM Description Multiplexer section orderwire bytes 64 kbit/s Data/Voice channel provided by the network Administration unit pointer Management unit pointer adjustment byte Regenerator section trace byte Multiplexer section automatic protection switching (APS) byte Multiplexer section remote error indication Synchronization status byte: S1(b5–b8) To be determined in the future A-7 .

Frame Structure. The VC-4-xc POH is located in the first column of the (9-row by 261*X-column) VC-4-Xc structure.5 POH A.Multiplexing Structure.5. signal label and path status Lower-order path trace (access point identifier) Network operator Automatic protection switching (APS) path and lower-order path remote error indication A-8 . A.2 Lower-order POH VC-12 POH Bytes Table A-4 Description of VC-12 POH bytes V5 J2 N2 K4 Lower-order path error checking.5. and Overhead Bytes OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM A. The VC-4 POH is located in the first column of the (9-row by 261-column) VC-4 structure.1 Higher-order POH VC-3/VC-4/VC-4-xc POH Bytes Table A-3 Description of VC-3/VC-4/VC-4-xc path overhead (POH) bytes J1 B3 C2 G1 F2 H4 F3 K3 N1 Higher-order path trace byte Higher-order path BIP-8 error monitoring byte Higher-order path signal label byte Path status byte Higher-order path user channel byte Multiframe position indicator for payloads Higher-order path user channel byte Automatic protection switching (APS) channel Network operator Note: The VC-3 POH is located in the first column of the (9-row by 85-column) VC-3 structure.

8 Header (5 bytes) 7 6 5 4 3 VPI VCI 2 1 8 7 6 5 4 VPI 3 2 1 GFC VPI VCI VPI VCI VCI Payload (48 bytes) VCI PT HEC CLP VCI PT HEC CLP ATM cell UNI cell structure NNI cell structure GFC: Generic Flow Control PT: Payload Type Identifier Figure B-1 ATM cell structure VPI: Virtual Path Identifier CLP: Cell Loss Priority VCI: Virtual Channel Identifier HEC: Header Error Control B-1 .1 ATM Cell Structure The ATM cell structure is shown in Figure B-1.OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM B ATM Cell Structure B.

1 Types of Interface The types of interface provided by the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) are listed in Table C-1. 139264 kbit/s. 1000Base-SX/LX (single-mode/multimode) 1544 kbit/s.OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM C Features C. 34368 kbit/s. SHDSL 2048 kbit/s. orderwire and data interfaces SDH/PDH electrical interface SDH optical interface DDN interface Timing interface Auxiliary interface C-1 . 2048 kHz Administration. 622080 kbit/s. 100 Base-FX (single-mode/multimode). 2488320 kbit/s N x 4 K. 155520 kbit/s. Frame E1. 44736 kbit/s. 2048 kbit/s. 155520 kbit/s 155520 kbit/s. Table C-1 Types of interface Type of interface ATM interface Ethernet interface Interface rates and features 155520 kbit/s (single-mode/multimode) 10/100Base-T autosensing.

L-16. L-16. S-1. Table C-2 Types of ATM interface Type of interface Optical interface (LC/PC) Interface rates and features 155520 kbit/s (single-mode/multimode) C.2.1.1 ATM Interface The types of ATM interface are listed in Table C-2. as shown in Table C-5. L-1.2 C.2 Ethernet Interface The types of Ethernet interface are listed in Table C-3.1. S-16. Table C-5 Types of PDH electrical interface Transmission rate 1544 kbit/s Code type B8ZS code. AMI code Transmission line pair 100 Ω balanced wire C-2 .1.703.2. S-4.Features OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM C.1.1.1. Table C-4 Types of SDH optical interface STM-1 optical interface STM-4 optical interface STM-16 optical interface Ie-1. L-4.1.2. V-16.4 PDH and SDH Electrical Interfaces The types of PDH and SDH electrical interfaces provided by the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) are all in compliance with the ITU-T Recommendation G. L-1. Table C-3 Types of Ethernet interface Type of interface Electrical interface (RJ-45) Optical interface (LC/PC) Optical interface (SC) Interface rates and features 10/100Base-T autosensing 100Base-FX (single-mode/multi-mode). Ve-4.3 SDH Optical Interface The types of SDH optical interface are listed in Table C-4.1.1. 1000Base-SX/LX (single-mode/multi-mode) C. Le-16. U-16.2.2. L-4.2.2. I-1. S-16. Ie-4 I-16.1.

24 interface 2.2 Access 8 x Frame E1s V. C-3 . SHDSL interface Access 2 x SHDSL signals. In compliance with ITU-T Recommendation V.Features Transmission rate 2048 kbit/s 34368 kbit/s 44736 kbit/s 139264 kbit/s 155520 kbit/s OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM Code type HDB3 code HDB3 code B3ZS code CMI code CMI code Transmission line pair 120 Ω balanced cable (twisted pair cable). Frame E1 interface Interface description Standard The physical and electrical characteristics comply with ITU-T Recommendation G.5 DDN Interface Type The interface type of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) is listed in Table C-6. and the frame structure complies with ITU-T Recommendation G.991. 75 Ω cable unbalanced 75 Ω unbalanced cable 75 Ω unbalanced cable 75 Ω unbalanced cable 75 Ω unbalanced cable C.35 interface V. They comply with the ITU-T recommendations.704.703.1. transmission distance of 3000 m. with the max.35 In compliance with ITU-T Recommendation V.21 interface RS-449 interface RS-530 interface RS-530A interface 3.21 In compliance with EIA RS-449 (RS-423A and RS-422A) In compliance with EIA RS-530 In compliance with EIA RS-530A In compliance with ITU-T Recommendation G. Table C-6 DDN interface type Interface type 1.24 In compliance with ITU-T Recommendation X. N x 64 kbit/s interface X.

703 § 6) or 2048 kHz (G.Features OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM C.703 § 6) or 2048 kHz (G. 75 Ω C. 75 Ω 2 outputs.703 § 10).1.6 Clock Interface The clock interface features of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) are shown in Table C-7. 2048 kbit/s (G.703 § 10). Table C-8 Auxiliary interfaces Administration interface Orderwire telephone interface Data interface Ethernet 3 two-line (2 W) orderwire telephone interfaces One F1 concurrent data interface. Table C-7 Characteristics of Clock interface External synchronization source Synchronized outputs 2 inputs.7 Auxiliary Interface The types of auxiliary interface provided by the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) are shown in Table C-8. 2048 kbit/s (G.1. C-4 . four RS422/RS232 optional interfaces.

Features OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM C. TM or REG. C. The cross connection capacity provided by the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) is shown in Table C-9. Table C-9 SDH cross-connection capacity XCS Access capacity Cross-connect capacity Cross-connect category Method of cross-connection 96 x STM-1 HO: 128 x 128 VC-4 LO: 2016 x 2016 VC-12 VC-4/VC-3/VC-12 In any mode between the interfaces XCL 32 x STM-1 HO: 48 x 48 VC-4 LO: 1008 x 1008 VC-12 VC-4/VC-3/VC-12 In any mode between the interfaces C-5 .2 Types of Applications This equipment can be configured as ADM.3 Cross-Connection and Access Capacity The maximum SDH cross connection capacity of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) is 128 x 128 VC-4.

5 Power Consumption of Boards Type of board XCS XCL SCC PD1 PQ1 PM1 PQM PL3 PQ3 SDE SQE TDA DX1 EGT EFT BA2 BPA AOO1 FAN EMS1 Power consumption (W) 33 W 20 W 13 W 15 W 23 W 18 W 22 W 7.5 W 16 W 14 W 25 W 20 W 40 W 23 W 30 W(with EMT8) 40 W 40 W 12 W 20 W 34 W Type of board SL1 SD1 SQ1 SL4 SD4 S16 AL1 ET1 COA SPQ4 DM12 EMF4 EGT2 EMT8 EMF8 LPDR AOQ1 EIPC EFS0 Power consumption (W) 10 W 12 W 18 W 14 W 21 W 37 W 25 W 25 W 5W 23 W 15 W 8W 25 W 6W 14 W 10 W 6W 5 W/30 W (switching state) 32 W C-6 .Features OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM C.4 Power Source Requirements Voltage: –48 V/–60 V +/– 20%DC C.

3 kg (2600 mm high) 27 kg C-7 . Table C-10 Mechanical structural details Cabinet dimensions (ETSI standard cabinet) Subrack dimensions Cabinet weight Unequipped subrack weight 2000 mm (height) x 600 mm (width) x 600 mm (depth) 2200 mm (height) x 600 mm (width) x 600 mm (depth) 2600 mm (height) x 600 mm (width) x 600 mm (depth) 668 mm (height) x 530 mm (width) x 542 mm (depth) 92 kg (2000 mm high).6 Mechanical Structure The mechanical structural details of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) are shown in Table C-10. 112.Features OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM C. 101 kg (2200 mm high).

7 EMC The electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) complies with ETS300386 and ETS300127.Features OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM C. as shown in Table C-11. Table C-11 Electromagnetic compatibility Radiated emission Conducted emission Electrostatic discharge Inject current immunity Immunity to radiated electromagnetic fields EN55022 compliant EN55022 compliant EN61000-4-2 compliant ENV50141 compliant ENV50140 compliant C-8 .

8.Features OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM C. NEBS GR-63-CORE: Network Equipment-Building System (NEBS) requirement: Physical protection. Climate Table C-13 Climate requirement Item Sea level elevation Air pressure Temperature Temperature change rate Relative humidity Range ≤ 5000 m 70–106 kPa –40°C to +70°C ≤ 1°C/min 10%–100% C-9 .8. „ GF 014-95: room.8 Environmental Requirements The following ITU-T Recommendations are taken as the reference for framing the environment requirements.2 Environment for Storage 1.2 Partly temperature-controlled locations. Table C-12 Environmental indices Sea level elevation Air pressure Temperature Relative humidity Earthquake-proof performance ≤ 4000 m 70–106 kPa 0°C–40°C 10%–90% Capable of resisting 7–9 Richter scale earthquake C.1 Environmental Index The environmental indices required by the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) are listed in Table C-12. Environment conditions for the communication equipment „ „ ETS 300 019-1-3: Class 3. C.

Air Cleanness No explosion-conducting. Table C-14 Concentration requirements for mechanical active substances Mechanical active substance Suspending dust Precipitable dust Gravel Content ≤ 5. where there is no water on the floor and no water leakage on the packing boxes of the equipment. Waterproof Requirement (1) Equipment storage requirements at the customer site: Generally the equipment is stored indoors. Biological Environment Propagation of fungi and mould fungi should be suppressed. The packing boxes are not directly exposed to the sun. mice). the following four conditions should be met at the same time: „ „ The packing boxes are intact. No rodent animals (for example. The concentration of the mechanical active substances complies with the requirements listed in Table C-14. „ „ 3. (2) The equipment should not be stored in places where leakage is probable. and magnetic conductive and corrosive dust are allowed. Necessary rainproof measures should have been taken to prevent rainwater from entering the packing boxes. electricity.00 mg/m³ ≤ 20. let alone water entering into the packing boxes.Features Item Solar radiation Heat radiation Air speed OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM Range ≤ 1120 W/s² ≤ 600 W/s² ≤ 30 m/s 2. 4.0 mg/m²·h ≤ 300 mg/m³ C-10 . There is no water on the ground where the packing boxes are stored. (3) If the equipment is required to be stored outdoors. such as near the auto firefighting and heating facilities.

Collision response spectrum II implies the duration of the semisinusoidal collision response spectrum is 6ms. Static load: The downward pressure borne by the packaged equipment piled in a specified way.Features OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM The concentration of the chemical active substances complies with the requirements listed in Table C-15.10 mg/m³ ≤ 0. generated by the equipment at the strike of a specified collision. Table C-15 Concentration requirements for chemical active substances Chemical active substance SO2 H2S NO2 NH3 Cl2 HCl HF O3 Content ≤ 0.50 mg/m³ ≤ 1.30 mg/m³ ≤ 0.01 mg/m³ ≤ 0.0 m/s² 9–200 Hz ≤ 250 m/s² ≤ 5 kPa Astable collision Note: Collision response spectrum: A response curve of the highest accelerated speed. C-11 .0 mm 2–9 Hz Collision response spectrum II Static load ≤ 20.05 mg/m³ 5. Mechanical Stress Table C-16 Requirement for mechanical stress Item Sinusoidal vibration Sub-item Displacement Accelerated speed Frequency range Range ≤ 7.10 mg/m³ ≤ 0.00 mg/m³ ≤ 0.10 mg/m³ ≤ 0.

The concentration of the mechanical active substances complies with the requirements listed in Table C-18. Waterproof Requirement The following conditions should be met during the transportation: „ „ The packing boxes are intact. „ 3. 4. and corrosive dust are allowed.Features OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM C. Climate Table C-17 Climate requirement Item Sea level elevation Air pressure Temperature Temperature change rate Relative humidity Solar radiation Heat radiation Air speed Range ≤ 5000 m 70–106 kPa –40°C to +70°C ≤ 3°C/min 10%–100% ≤ 1120 W/s² ≤ 600 W/s² ≤ 30 m/s 2.8. electricity and magnetic conductive. Air Cleanness No explosion-conducting. No rodent animals (for example.3 Transportation Environment 1. There is no water in the means of transportation. Biological Environment Propagation of fungi and mould fungi should be suppressed. mice). C-12 . Necessary rainproof measures should be taken for the means of transport to prevent rainwater from entering the packing boxes.

10 mg/m³ ≤ 0. Table C-19 Concentration requirements for chemical active substances Chemical active substance SO2 H2S NO2 NH3 Cl2 HCl HF O3 Content ≤ 0.10 mg/m³ ≤ 0.50 mg/m³ ≤ 1.01 mg/m³ ≤ 0.00 mg/m³ ≤ 0.05 mg/m³ C-13 .10 mg/m³ ≤ 0.30 mg/m³ ≤ 0.0 mg/m²·h ≤ 100 mg/m³ The concentration of the chemical active substances complies with the requirements listed in Table C-19.Features OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM Table C-18 Concentration requirements for mechanical active substances Mechanical active substance Suspending dust Precipitable dust Gravel Content No requirement. ≤ 3.

generated by the equipment at the strike of a specified collision.0 m/s² 200–500 Hz 1 m²/s³ 200–500 Hz Random vibration Astable collision Collision response spectrum II Static load Note: Collision response spectrum: A response curve of the highest accelerated speed. C-14 .8.0 m/s² 9–200 Hz 3 m²/s³ 9–200 Hz ≤ 300 m/s² ≤ 10 kPa ≤ 40. Collision response spectrum II implies the duration of the semisinusoidal collision response spectrum is 6ms.Features 5. Mechanical Stress Table C-20 Requirement for mechanical stress OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM Item Sinusoidal vibration Sub-item Displacement Accelerated speed Frequency range Accelerated speed spectral density Frequency range ≤ 7. Short-term operation means the consecutive operating time of the equipment does not exceed 96 hours.5 m above the floor and 0.4 m ahead the equipment. and the operating time accumulated in one year does not exceed 15 days. Static load: The downward pressure borne by the packaged equipment piled in a specified way.5 mm 2–9 Hz 10 m²/s³ 2–9 Hz Range ≤ 20.4 Operation Environment 1. Climate Table C-21 Requirement for temperature and humidity Equipment name Temperature Long-term operation 0°C to 40°C Short-term operation -5°C to 45°C Relative humidity Long-term operation 10% to 90% Short-term operation 5% to 95% Note: The temperature and humidity values are those obtained 1. C.

Features Table C-22 Other climate requirements OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM Item Sea level elevation Air pressure Temperature change rate Solar radiation Heat radiation Air speed Range ≤ 4000 m 70–106 kPa ≤ 5°C/h ≤ 700 W/s² ≤ 600 W/s² ≤ 1 m/s 2. The concentration of the mechanical active substances complies with the requirements listed in Table C-23. Biological Environment Propagation of fungi and mould fungi should be suppressed. 3.4 mg/m³ ≤ 15 mg/m²·h ≤ 100 mg/m³ The concentration of the chemical active substances complies with the requirements listed in Table C-24.20 mg/m³ ≤ 0.006 mg/m³ ≤ 0. mice). No rodent animals (for example.05 mg/m³ C-15 . electricity and magnetic conductive. Air Cleanness No explosion-conducting. Table C-23 Concentration requirements for mechanical active substances Mechanical active substance Dust particle Suspending dust Precipitable dust Gravel Content ≤ 3 x 105 particles/m³ ≤ 0. Table C-24 Concentration requirements for chemical active substances Chemical active substance SO2 H2S NH3 Content ≤ 0. and corrosive dust are allowed.

01 mg/m³ ≤ 0. Mechanical Stress Table C-25 Requirement for mechanical stress Item Sinusoidal vibration Sub-item Displacement Accelerated speed Frequency range Range ≤ 3.10 mg/m³ ≤ 0.0 m/s² 9–200 Hz ≤100 m/s² 0 Astable collision Note: Collision response spectrum II Static load (1) Collision response spectrum: A response curve of the highest accelerated speed. (2) Static load: The downward pressure borne by the packaged equipment piled in a specified way.01 mg/m³ ≤ 0. generated by the equipment at the strike of a specified collision.5 mm 2–9 Hz ≤ 10.0 mg/m³ 4. C-16 . Collision response spectrum II implies the duration of the semisinusoidal collision response spectrum is 6ms.005 mg/m³ ≤ 5.Features Chemical active substance Cl2 HCl HF O3 CO OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM Content ≤ 0.

D-1 .1.1 Performance Specifications of Optical Interface D. The categorization of optical interfaces is shown in Table D-1. Optical Interface Classification Different optical transmitter powers and receiver sensitivities may lead to different possible transmission distances.1 SDH Optical Interface Parameters 1.OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM D Major Specifications D.

2 L-16. 2.2 L-4.2 S-16.1 L-16.652 1550 G.1 S-1.2 Le-16.2 L-1.1 S-4.652 1550 G.652 1310 G. Interface Parameters The specifications of various types of optical interface parameters are given in Table D-2. D-2 . Table D-3 and Table D-4.1 up to 80 L-1.652 ≤2 I-1 / AF-UNI011-047 I-4 up to 15 S-1.3 *Note: "Transmission distance" is used for categorization rather than normalization.652 G.2 L-4.1 L-4.Major Specifications Table D-1 Optical interface classification codes OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM Application Nominal wavelength (nm) Fiber type Transmission distance (km)* STM-1 STM level Ie-1 Intra-office 1310 Mutlimode optical fiber G.3 STM-4 STM-16 S-4.2 up to 40 L-1.1 S-16.3 L-16.652 Inter-office communication Short distance Long distance 1310 G.

2 10 10 dB ps/nm dB 0–7 25 N/A 1. extinction ratio Attenuation range Max. optical return loss of cable at S (including any connectors) Max. –20 dB width Min. side mode suppression ratio Max.2 1280– 1335 MLM 4 1480– 1580 SLM 1 30 –8 0 0 - - - - - - Characteristics of transmitter at point S –8 dBm –19 –20 –15 –15 –5 –5 dB 8.2 8. dispersion Optical path features between points S–R Min.7 L-1. discrete reflection coefficient between points S–R Unit kbit/s Ie-1 nm 1260– 1360 LED nm nm dB dBm –14 –14 80 AF-UNI011-047 1270– 1380 LED 200 Numerical value 155520 I-1 1260–1360 MLM 40 LED 80 S-1. RMS bandwidth (σ) Max.2 10% (no unit) 8. mean launched power Min.5 dB/km N/A 0–7 18 N/A 25 0–12 96 N/A 10–28 185 N/A 10– 28 N/A 20 dB N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 25 D-3 .Major Specifications Table D-2 Specifications of STM-1 optical interface parameters OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM Items Nominal bit rate Application code Operating wavelength range Source type Max. mean launched power Min.1 1261– 1360 MLM 7.

sensitivity Min. optical path penalty Max. overload point Receiver at reference point R Max.Major Specifications Items Nominal bit rate Min. reflectance of the receiver measured at R OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM Unit kbit/s dBm dBm dB dB –23 –13 1 N/A –29 –14 N/A –23 –8 1 N/A Numerical value 155520 –28 –8 1 N/A –34 –10 1 N/A –34 –10 1 –25 D-4 .

0 2 –3 10 10–24 92 20 –25 –27 –8 1 –14 L-4. overload point Max.5 –8 –15 8. mean launched power Min.1 1274– 1356 MLM 2. discrete reflection coefficient between points S–R Min. dispersion Min. extinction ratio Attenuation range Optical path features between points S–R Max.2 0–7 N/A N/A –23 –8 1 N/A Numerical value 622080 S-4. reflectance of the receiver measured at point R Unit kbit/s I-4 nm 1261– 1360 MLM nm nm dB dBm dBm dB dB ps/nm dB dB dBm dBm dB dB 14.2 1480– 1580 SLM <1 30 2 –3 10 10–24 1640 24 –27 –27 –8 1 –27 D-5 .2 0–12 74 N/A N/A –27 –8 1 N/A L-4. optical path penalty Max. sensitivity Receiver at reference point R Min. RMS bandwidth (σ) Characteristics of transmitter at point S Max. optical return loss of cable at S (including any connectors) Max.1 1300– 1325 MLM 2. mean launched power Min. –20 dB width Min.Major Specifications Table D-3 Specification of STM-4 optical interface parameters OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM Items Nominal bit rate Application code Operating wavelength range Source type Max. side mode suppression ratio Max.5 –8 –15 8.

Major Specifications Table D-4 Specifications of STM-16 (G. –20 dB width Characteristics of transmitter at point S Min.2 10–24 1200– 1600 24 24 Le-16. RMS bandwidth (σ) Max. dispersion Optical path features between points S–R Min. mean launched power Min.75 30 +3 –2 8.2 1530– 1560 SLM <0.1 1280– 1335 SLM 1 30 +3 –2 8.5 –9 1 –27 –27. side mode suppression ratio Max. extinction ratio Attenuation range Max.2 10–24 dB –27 –27 –27 –27 –27 –27 dBm dBm dB dB –18 –3 1 –27 –18 0 1 –27 –18 0 1 –27 –27. discrete reflection coefficient between points S–R Min.2 1500– 1580 SLM <0.5 –9 2 –27 –27.2 10–24 N/A 24 L-16.2 0–12 N/A 24 Numerical value 2488320 S-16. sensitivity Min.2 1430– 1580 SLM 1 30 0 –5 8. reflection coefficient of receiver measured at R Unit kbit/s I-16 nm 1266– 1360 MLM nm nm dB dBm dBm dB dB ps/nm dB 40 –3 –10 8.5 –9 2 –27 D-6 .2 0–7 N/A 24 S-16.75 30 +3 –2 8. optical path penalty Max.2 0–12 N/A 24 L-16. overload point Receiver at reference point R Max. optical return loss of cable at S (including any connectors) Max.1 1260– 1360 SLM 1 30 0 –5 8. mean launched power Min.957) optical interface parameters (a) OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM Items Nominal bit rate Application code Operating wavelength range Source type Max.

5 –9 2 –27 –27. reflection coefficient of receiver measured at point R Unit kbit/s U-16.2 nm 1530– 1565 SLM V-16. overload point Receiver at reference point R Max. optical return loss of cable at S (including any connectors) Max.6 30 5 8. optical path penalty Max. side mode suppression ratio Max. mean launched power Min.2 22–33 3200 Numerical value 2488320 S-16.2 0–12 NA L-16. extinction ratio Attenuation range Max.5 –9 2 dB –27 –27 –27 –27 –27 D-7 .2 28 2400 nm nm dB dBm dBm dB dB ps/nm <1 30 17 14 8. –20 dB width Characteristics of transmitter at point S Min. RMS bandwidth (σ) Max. discrete reflection coefficient between points S–R Min.2 10–24 1200– 1600 24 L-16.2JE (Type C) 1530– 1560 SLM <0.Major Specifications Table D-5 Specifications of STM-16 (G.2 33–44 7200 dB 24 24 24 24 dB dBm dBm dB –27 –34 –18 2 –27 –27. dispersion Optical path characteristics between points S–R Min.75 30 +3 –2 8.5 –9 2 –27 –18 0 1 –27 –27.2 (Type A) 1430– 1580 SLM 1 30 0 –5 8. sensitivity Min.2 1530– 1565 SLM <1 30 17 14 8. mean launched power Min.2 (Type B) 1500– 1580 SLM <0.957) optical interface parameters (b) OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM Items Nominal bit rate Application code Operating wavelength range Source type Max.

sensitivity Min. mean launched power Characteristics of transmitter at point S Min. RMS bandwidth (σ) Max. mean launched power Min.2 35 0 –10 10 0–12 12000 SLM 0. optical path penalty Max.82– 1560. optical return loss of cable at S (including any connectors) Max.61 (32 fixed 1560.61 (32 fixed wavelengths) wavelengths) wavelengths) SLM SLM 0.Major Specifications Table D-6 Specifications of STM-16 (G.61 (32 fixed 1560. dispersion Optical path characteristics between points S–R Min.957) optical interface parameters (c) OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM Items Nominal bit rate Application code Operating wavelength range Source type Max. discrete reflection coefficient between points S–R Min. overload point Receiver at reference point R Max.2 35 0 –10 10 0–7 12800 dB 24 24 24 dB dBm dBm dB –27 –25 –9 2 –27 –25 –9 2 –27 –25 –9 2 dB –27 –27 –27 D-8 . reflection coefficient of receiver measured at point R Unit Kbit/s 8 x 22 dB nm Numerical value STM-16 5 x 30 dB 2488320 3 x 33 dB 1535.2 35 0 –10 10 0–12 7200 Characteristics of transmitter at point S nm nm dB dBm dBm dB dB ps/nm 0.82– 1535. extinction ratio Attenuation range Max. –20 dB width Min.82– 1535. side mode suppression ratio Max.

dispersion Optical path characteristics between points S–R Min.61 (32 fixed wavelength) wavelength) wavelength) SLM SLM 0. discrete reflection coefficient between points S–R Min.2 35 0 –10 10 0–7 12800 dB 24 24 24 dB dBm dBm dB –27 –25 –9 2 –27 –25 –9 2 –27 –25 –9 2 dB –27 –27 –27 D-9 . mean launched power Min. sensitivity Min. reflection coefficient of receiver measured at point R Unit Kbit/s Numerical value STM-16 8 x 22 dB 2488320 5 x 30 dB 3 x 33 dB nm 1535.2 35 0 –10 10 0–12 7200 nm nm dB dBm dBm dB dB ps/nm 0. RMS bandwidth (σ) Max. –20 dB width Characteristics of transmitter at point S Min. overload point Receiver at reference point R Max.61 (32 fixed 1560. extinction ratio Attenuation range Max. side mode suppression ratio Max. mean launched power Min.82–1560.82– 1535. optical path penalty Max.2 35 0 –10 10 0–12 12000 SLM 0.61 1535.82– (32 fixed 1560.Major Specifications Table D-7 Specifications of STM-16 (G. optical return loss of cable at S (including any connectors) Max.692) optical interface parameters OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM Items Nominal bit rate Application code Operating wavelength range Source type Max.

2 L-16.1 S-4.2 U-16.1 L-1. Table D-8 Mean launched power STM levels Optical interface type Ie-1 I-1 Standard specs (dBm) –19 to –14 –15 to –8 –15 to –8 –5 to 0 –5 to 0 –15 to –8 –15 to –8 –3 to +2 –3 to +2 –3 to +2 +14 to +17 –5 to 0 –5 to 0 –2 to +3 –2 to +3 +5 to +7 +14 to +17 +14 to +17 Test result Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass STM-1 S-1.2 I-4 S-4.2 D-10 . The average transmission power specification of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) is given in Table D-8.2 Ue-4.2 S-16.1 L-1.1 S-16.1 L-4.1 L-4.1.2 Mean Launched Power Average launched power is the value of the pseudo-random data serial number coupled with the transmitter to the fiber measured at the referential point ‘S'.1 STM-16 L-16.Major Specifications OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM D.2 Ve-4.2 V-16.2 Le-16.

2 Ue-4.2 > 8.2 > 8.1 STM-16 L-16.1 L-1. or on.2 > 10 > 10 > 10 > 10 > 8.2 > 8. optical power level to the average high.1 S-16.2 > 8.2 U-16. or off. The extinction ratio specification of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) is given in Table D-9. optical power level.1 L-4.3 Extinction Ratio (EX) The extinction ratio of the SDH optical interface is the ratio of the average low.2 Le-16.2 L-16.1.2 > 10 > 10 > 8.2 > 8.2 > 8.2 D-11 .2 V-16.2 > 8.2 Ve-4.Major Specifications OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM D.2 > 10 Test result Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass STM-1 S-1.1 STM-4 L-4.2 > 8. Table D-9 Extinction ratio (EX) STM levels Optical interface type Ie-1 I-1 Standard specs (dB) > 8.1 L-1.2 I-4 S-4.2 S-16.

2 D-12 .2 L-16. The receiver sensitivity specification of OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) is given in Table D-10.2 V-16.1 STM-16 L-16.2 Ue-4. Table D-10 Receiver sensitivity STM levels Optical interface type Ie-1 I-1 Standard specs (dBm) < –23 < –23 < –28 < –34 < –34 < –28 < –28 < –28 < –28 < –35 < –35 < –18 < –18 < –27 < –28 < –28 < –25 < –34 Test result Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass STM-1 S-1.2 S-16.1 L-1.1 L-4.Major Specifications OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM D.1 S-16.2 I-4 S-4.1 STM-4 L-4.2 Ve-4.1.4 Receiver Sensitivity (BER=1 x 10-10) The receiver sensitivity refers to the minimum mean optical power received at the reference point “R” for achieving the stipulated bit error rate.2 U-16.2 Le-16.1 L-1.

1 L-1.2 S-16.5 Receiver Overload Optical Power (BER=1 x 10-10) The receiver overload optical power refers to the maximum average optical power received at referential point “R” for the specified BER.1 L-1.2 U-16.Major Specifications OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM D.2 Le-16.2 L-16.1 S-16.1 L-4.2 D-13 .2 Ve-4.1.1 STM-16 L-16. The receiver overload optical power specification of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) is given in Table D-11.2 I-4 S-4.1 STM-4 L-4.2 V-16. Table D-11 Receiver overload optical power STM levels Optical interface type Ie-1 I-1 Standard specs (dBm) > –13 > –8 > –8 > –10 > –10 > –8 > –8 > –8 > –8 > –18 > –18 >0 >0 > –9 > –9 > –9 > –9 > –18 Test result Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass STM-1 S-1.2 Ue-4.

6 Allowable Frequency Deviation at Optical Input Port Since the long-term frequency stability of the internal oscillator in the Regenerator cannot be worse than ± 20 x 10-6 (20 ppm).1.Major Specifications OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM D.1. The specification of allowable frequency deviation at the optical input port of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) is given in Table D-12. Table D-13 AIS rates at optical output port STM levels STM-1 STM-4 STM-16 Standard specs (ppm) ±20 ±20 ±20 Test result Pass Pass Pass D-14 . The specification of AIS rate at the optical output port of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) is given in Table D-13. the input port of the downstream SDH equipment should work properly with such signals. AIS should be sent from the output port to the downstream nodes. Table D-12 Allowable frequency deviation at optical input port STM levels STM-1 STM-4 STM-16 Standard specs (ppm) ±20 ±20 ±20 Test result Positive frequency Negative frequency variation variation Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass D.7 AIS Rate at Optical Output Port In case of faults such as loss of signal at the input port of the transmission equipment.

Table D-15 Attenuation tolerance at input port Types 1544 kbit/s 2048 kbit/s 34368 kbit/s 44736 kbit/s 139264 kbit/s Input attenuation tolerance (dB) specs Not specified 0–6 0–12 Not specified 0–12 Input attenuation tolerance test result Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass D-15 .2. Table D-14 Output port signal bit rate deviation Types 1544 kbit/s 2048 kbit/s 34368 kbit/s 44736 kbit/s 139264 kbit/s 155520 kbit/s Output port AIS bit rate specs (ppm) ±50 ±50 ±20 ±20 ±15 ±20 Output port AIS bit rate test result Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass D. The input port of the equipment should be able to receive the attenuated signal properly. The input port attenuation tolerance of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) is given in Table D-15.Major Specifications OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM D.2. The specifications of output port signal bit rate deviation of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) is given in Table D-14.2 Attenuation Tolerance at Input Port Cables (in compliance with the f attenuation law) connected to the equipment cause a certain degree of loss.1 Signal Bit Rate at Output Port It refers to the deviation between the actual output signal bit rate at the electrical interface and the nominal bit rate.2 Specifications for Electrical Interface D.

The allowable input port frequency deviation specifications of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) are given in Table D-16.3 Allowable Frequency Deviation at Input Port The allowable frequency deviation for the input port is the maximum range of allowable input signal bit rate for the digital input port. Table D-16 Allowable frequency deviation at input port Frequency (kbit/s) 1544 kbit/s 2048 kbit/s 34368 kbit/s 44736 kbit/s 139264 kbit/s 155520 kbit/s Allowable input frequency deviation (ppm) Index specs ±50 ±50 ±20 ±20 ±15 ±20 Allowable input frequency deviation test result Positive Negative frequency frequency variation variation Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass D.2.2. The specification of input port anti-jamming capability of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) is given in Table D-17.7 Input attenuation tolerance test result Pass D. Table D-17 Anti-jamming ability at input port Frequency (kbit/s) 1544 kbit/s 2048 kbit/s Input port anti-interference capability specs ≥ 18 dB 18 dB Input port anti-interference ability test result Pass Pass D-16 .Major Specifications Types 155520 kbit/s OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM Input attenuation tolerance (dB) specs 0–12.4 Anti-Interference Capability at Input Port The input port is required to possess the anti-interference capability to safeguard against the electromagnetic interference on the transmission cable.

Table D-18 Switching time Electrical interface type 1544 kbit/s 2048 kbit/s 34368 kbit/s 44736 kbit/s 139264 kbit/s 155520 kbit/s Specs (ms) 50 50 50 50 50 50 D-17 .2. as shown Table D-18.5 Electrical Interface Protection Switching Time The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) supports E1/T1/E3/T3 and STM-1 electrical interface protection.Major Specifications OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM D. The switching time refers to the time the switching takes when the protection mechanism is activated.

NA = 0. launched power Ie-1 Central wavelength S-1.275) –22.1 UI UI B1 ≤0.20) –15 –8 Ie-1 Optical power S-1. value Max. Table D-19 OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) ATM optical interface specification Interface parameters Optical interface type Scope Min.1 Receiver sensitivity Ie-1 S-1. launched power Unit dBm dBm Numerical value –19 (62.75 B2 ≤0. launched power Min.5/125µm.5 (50/125µm.Major Specifications OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM D.3 ATM Interface Specifications The specifications of the ATM interface unit comply with ATM FORUM (AF-UNI-011-047) standard.15 D-18 .20) –14 (62. value Min. NA = 0. as shown in Table D-19.275) –14 (50/125µm. launched power Max. value Min.1 Max.75 B2 ≤0.1 Ie-1 Extinction ratio Nominal value Nominal value Nominal value p0: p1 p0: Optical power when the digital signal is all 0s p1: Optical power when the digital signal is all 1s Nominal value Nominal value dBm dBm dBm Max.1 Ie-1 Overload optical power S-1.15 B1 ≤0. value Nominal value nm nm nm nm dBm 1380 1270 1360 1261 >–14 >–8 <–31 <–31 S-1. NA=0. NA=0.1 % <10% Ie-1 Output jitter S-1.5/125µm.

Table D-20 Gigabit Ethernet Optical Interface Specifications Optical interface parameters Interface type 1000BASE-SX Scope Min. value Min. value Max. value Overload optical power Receiver sensitivity Max. value Extinction ratio D-19 . value Min. value Min. value Min.5 –3 770 860 1355 1270 0 –3 –17 –19 9 9 Optical power 1000BASE-LX Min.3z. as listed in Table D-20. value Max. launched optical power Max. launched optical power Unit dBm dBm dBm dBm nm nm nm nm dBm dBm dBm dBm dB dB Numerical value –9. value Min. value Min. launched optical power Max. launched optical power 1000BASE-SX Central wavelength 1000BASE-LX 1000BASE-SX 1000BASE-LX 1000BASE-SX 1000BASE-LX 1000BASE-SX 1000BASE-LX Max.Major Specifications OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM D.5 –4 –11.4 Ethernet Interface Specifications The optical interface specifications of the EGT board comply with IEEE 802.

The output jitter specification of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) is given in Table D-21. which result in the gradual degradation of the output signal from the Master Clock.Major Specifications OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM D.6 ±4.05 Output jitter test result Pass Pass D.6 0 hours Pass Pass 4 hours Pass Pass Output frequency deviation test result 8 12 16 20 24 hours hours hours hours hours Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Max. values Pass Pass D.2 Output Frequency of Internal Oscillator in Free-run Mode It is the output frequency precision of the free-run timing source in the equipment at any time.1 Output Jitter Output jitter refers to the output jitter values under the situation when there is no input jitters for the equipment.05 0.5.5 Timing and Synchronization Specifications D. Table D-22 Clock output frequency Clock Specs (ppm) Interface 1 2 ±4. It is often indicated by the Maximum Time Interval Error (MTIE) and Time Deviation (TDEV). The specification of N internal clock output frequency precision of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) is given in Table D-22.3 Long-Term Phase Variation in Locked Mode The chronic phase variation is caused by factors such as temperature and ageing. D-20 . Table D-21 Output jitter Timing source interfaces 1 2 Index of output jitter (UIpp) 0.5. The chronic phase variation specification of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) is given in Table D-23 and Table D-24.5.

4ns Test result Pass Pass Test result Pass Pass Test result Pass Pass Test result Pass Pass D-21 .76ns 90.4ns 1000s Index specs 6.Major Specifications Table D-23 Long-term phase variation (MTIE) OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM Timing source Index interface specs MTIE 1 2 64.4ns 6.4ns 300s Index specs 6.4ns 6.4ns 600s Index specs 6.52ns Test result Pass Pass Test result Pass Pass Test result Pass Pass Table D-24 Long-term phase variation (TDEV) Timing source interface TDEV 1 2 100s Index specs 6.39ns 64.4ns 6.4ns 6.01ns 600s Index specs 90.01ns 79.52ns 100.39ns 100s Test result Pass Pass 300s Index specs 79.76ns 1000s Index specs 100.

2 I-4 S-4.1 L-1.10 0.1 L-4.10 0.50 0.10 0.10 0.6 Jitter Performance Specifications D.50 0. The STM-N interface output jitter specification of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) is given in Table D-25.10 0.50 0.1 STM-16 L-16.2 D-22 .50 0.10 0.10 Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass STM-1 S-1.10 0.50 0.10 0.50 Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass 0.2 S-16. The duration of the jitter-testing time is more than 60 seconds.50 0.50 0.1 STM-4 L-4.50 0.1 Output Jitter of STM-N Interface It is the inherent jitter from the STM-N optical output port without the input jitter at the synchronous input port involved.50 0.50 0.2 U-16. Table D-25 Output jitter of STM-N interface STM levels Optical interface type Ie-1 I-1 Optical output jitters (UIpp) B1 (f1–f4) B2 (f3–f4) Standard specs Test result Standard specs Test result 0.10 0.10 0.1 L-1.10 0.50 0.2 V-16.10 0.10 0.50 0.10 0.50 0.10 0.50 0.50 0.2 Le-16.Major Specifications OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM D.2 L-16.50 0.6.1 S-16.2 Ue-4.50 0.10 0.2 Ve-4.10 0.

D-23 .15 ≥ 0.5 ≥ 1. The specifications of input jitter tolerance at PDH tributary interface of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) is given in Table D-28 and Table D-29.5 Pass Pass Pass Jitter tolerance Jitters frequency f2 Jitters frequency f3 Index Index Test Test specs specs result result (UI) (UI) ≥ 1.Major Specifications OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM D.3 5 20 D.5 Pass Pass Pass ≥ 0.15 ≥ 0.5 ≥ 1.15 ≥ 0.5 ≥ 1.2 Jitter Tolerance of SDH STM-N Input Port The specifications of input jitter tolerance at STM-N interface of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) is given in Table D-26 and Table D-27.5 25 100 f3 (kHz) 65 250 1000 f4 (MHz) 1.3 Input Jitter Tolerance at PDH Tributary Interface It is the amount of the least input jitter that can be endured by the PDH input port without degrading the equipment performance.5 ≥ 1.15 Pass Pass Pass Table D-27 Frequency of the filter for jitter measurement STM level STM-1 STM-4 STM-16 f1 (Hz) 500 1000 5000 f2 (kHz) 6. Table D-26 Input jitter tolerance at STM-N interface STM level STM-1 STM-4 STM-16 Jitters frequency f1 Index Test specs result (UI) ≥ 1.15 Pass Pass Pass Jitters frequency f4 Index Test specs result (UI) ≥ 0.15 ≥ 0.6.6.

5 Pass Pass Pass Pass Jitter tolerance Jitters frequency f2 Jitters frequency f3 Index Index Test Test specs specs result result (UI) (UI) ≥ 1.5 Pass Pass Pass Pass ≥ 0.07 Pass Pass Pass Pass Table D-29 Frequency of the filter for jitter measurement Frequency (kbit/s) 1544 2048 34368 44736 139264 f1 (Hz) 1 20 100 100 200 f2 (kHz) 2. The specifications of mapping jitter at PDH tributary interface of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) is given in Table D-30.1 UI 2048 kbit/s 20 Hz 20 dB/dec 0. Table D-30 Mapping jitter at PDH tributary interface PDH interface type 1544 kbit/s f1 High-pass 10 Hz 20 dB/dec Filter characteristics f3 f4 High-pass Low-pass 8 kHz 40 kHz –20 dB/dec 18 kHz (700 Hz) 20 dB/dec 10 kHz 20 dB/dec 100 kHz –20 dB/dec 800 kHz –20 dB/dec Max.4 Mapping Jitter at PDH Tributary Interface The mapping jitter is caused mainly by factors such as the adjustment of the speed of the asynchronous mapping code.4 UI 0.5 ≥ 1.4 UI 0.5 f3 (kHz) 8 18 10 30 10 f4 (kHz) 40 100 800 400 3500 D.5 ≥ 1.5 ≥ 1.2 ≥ 0.075 UI D-24 .5 ≥ 1.6.4 1 1 0.4 UI 0.15 ≥ 0.Major Specifications Table D-28 Input jitter tolerance at PDH tributary interface OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM Frequency (kbit/s) 2048 34368 44736 139264 Jitters frequency f1 Index Test specs result (UI) ≥ 1.5 ≥ 1.15 ≥ 0.2 ≥ 0.15 ≥ 0.5 ≥ 1.15 ≥ 0. peak-peak jitter Mapping jitter f1–f4 f3–f4 0.075 UI 34368 kbit/s 100 Hz 20 dB/dec 0.07 Pass Pass Pass Pass Jitters frequency f4 Index Test specs result (UI) ≥ 0.

Major Specifications Filter characteristics f3 f4 High-pass Low-pass 30 kHz 400 kHz –20 dB/dec 139264 kbit/s 200 Hz 20 dB/dec 10 kHz 20 dB/dec 3500 kHz –20 dB/dec 0.4 0.4 To be studied 0.075 1.35 0.4 0.075 0.075 139264 kbit/s 0.075 0.075 0.4 To be studied Regular pointers plus one double pointer (pointer b) (UIpp) B1 B2 Standard Typical Standard Typical specs value specs value To be studied 0.4 0.35 0.075 0.075 0.075 0. peak-peak jitter Mapping jitter f1–f4 f3–f4 0. and Table D-33.4 UI 0.075 0.075 To be studied 0. Table D-31 Combined jitter at PDH tributary interface (a) PDH interface type 1544 kbit/s 2048 kbit/s 34368 kbit/s 44736 kbit/s Reverse polarity single pointer (point a) (UIpp) B1 B2 Standard Typical Standard Typical specs value specs value To be studied 0.075 0.4 D-25 . The specification of combined jitter at PDH tributary interface of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) is given in Table D-31.5 0.4 UI OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM Max.075 0.5 Combined Jitter at PDH Tributary Interface This refers to the jitter combination of the mapping jitter and the jitter caused by the pointer justification.4 0.4 To be studied 0.1 UI PDH interface type 44736 kbit/s f1 High-pass 10 Hz 0. Table D-32.075 0.4 0.075 UI D.4 1.6.4 To be studied 0.075 0.5 0.075 To be studied 0.075 0.4 0.

35 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.4 To be studied 1.075 0.4 To be studied 0.075 0.075 0.075 0.35 0.075 0.075 0.075 To be studied 0.075 Regular pointers plus one double pointer (pointer d) (UIpp) B1 B2 Standard Typical Standard Typical specs value specs value To be studied To be studied 0.075 139264 kbit/s 0.4 To be studied 0.075 0.5 0.075 To be studied 0.4 1.075 0.075 0.Major Specifications Table D-32 Combined jitter at PDH tributary interface (b) OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM PDH interface type 1544 kbit/s 2048 kbit/s 34368 kbit/s 44736 kbit/s Reverse polarity single pointer (point c) (UIpp) B1 B2 Standard Typica Standard Typical specs l value specs value To be studied 0.4 0.4 To be studied To be studied 0.4 D-26 .4 0.075 0.075 0.

075 0.4 1.3 0.07 To be studied To be studied To be studied 1.070 D-27 .3 0.35 To be studied To be studied To be studied To be studied 0.075 0.0 0.3 0.075 0.4 1.4 1.35 To be studied To be studied To be studied To be studied 0.075 0.35 To be studied To be studied To be studied To be studied 0.075 0.3 0.075 0.Major Specifications Table D-33 Combined jitter at PDH tributary interface (c) OptiX 2500+ TM PDH interface type 1544 kbit/s 2048 kbit/s 34368 kbit/s 44736 kbit/s 139264 kbit/s 87-3 cycle pointer (point G1) (UIpp) B1 B2 Standard Standard Typical Standard specs specs value specs To be studied To be studied To be studied 1.070 87-3 cycle pointers plus one double pointer 87-3 cycle pointers plus one double pointer (pointer G2) (UIpp) (pointer G3) (UIpp) B1 B2 B1 B2 Typical Typical Standard Typical Standard Typical Standard Typical value value specs value specs value specs value To be studied To be studied To be studied 1.0 0.

The EMC-related test specifications of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) are given in Table D-34.Major Specifications OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM D.Contact Discharge:6 kV) IEC1000-4-3 (10 V/m) IEC1000-4-4 (2 kV) IEC1000-4-6 (3 V) Test results PASS PASS PASS PASS PASS PASS D-28 . and has passed the EMC-related tests. Table D-34 EMC test result Test item Conducted emission Radiated emission Electrostatic discharge Immunity to radiated elecromagnetic fields Electrical transient/burst immunity Inject current immunity Reference Standard EN55022 Class A EN55022 Class A IEC1000-4-2 (Air Discharge:8 kV.7 EMC Test Specifications The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) is designed in accordance with the ETS300 386 series and ETS 300127 standards stipulated by the European Telecommunications Standard Institute (ETSI) .

Major Specifications OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM D.1 Average optical power S-4. Environmental adaptability: 24 hours of continuous operation at a high temperature of +45°C and subsequent 24 hours of continuous operation in a low temperature of 0°C.8 Environmental Test Under the environmental stress. The environmental test results of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) are listed in Table D-35.1 L-16.1 L-1. the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) is tested for environmental adaptability.1 L-16.1 Optical receiver sensitivity S-4.1 Clock frequency E1 E3 T3 24-hour bit error STM-1 (electrical) STM-1 (optical) STM-4 STM-16 Index specs <–34 dBm <–28 dBm <–27 dBm 0 to –5 dBm –15 to –8 dBm –2 to +3 dBm ±6 ppm None None None None None None None Test results Low temperature 0°C High temperature +45°C Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass D-29 . Table D-35 OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) high-temperature and low-temperature environmental test results Items L-1.

The vibration test result of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) is given in Table D-36. In accordance with the GB/T13543-92 of Environmental Test Methods For Digital Communications Equipment. After the test.9 Vibration Test The vibration test is intended to test the vibration adaptability of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000).1 L-16. Table D-36 Vibration test result Items AF-UNI-011-047 Optical receiver sensitivity L-1.1 AF-UNI-011-047 Average optical power L-1. The scan speed was 1 Oct/min in X. The test duration was 30 minutes.Major Specifications OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM D.1 S-4. the structure of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) equipment experienced no distortion.1 Clock frequency E1 E3 T3 24-hour bit error Index specs <–29 dBm <–34 dBm <–28 dBm <–27 dBm –20 to –14 dBm 0 to –5 dBm –15 to –8 dBm –2 to +3 dBm –2 to +3 dBm None None None X Vibration orientation Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Test results Y Vibration orientation Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Z Vibration orientation Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass STM-1 (electrical) None STM-1 (optical) STM-4 STM-16 None None None D-30 .1 L-16.1 S-4. the test was conducted with a 10–200 Hz sinusoidal scan vibration on the equipment. and the boards were well fixed and did not get loosened or fall off from their slots. Y and Z directions and the acceleration was 2 g.

OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM E Alarm Signal Flow Diagrams E-1 .

MS-REI MS-RDI "1" MST MSA HPT HPA LPT AIS "1" AIS AU-AIS AU-LOP HP-UNEQ HP-TIM "1" "1" AIS (C2) (J1) (B3) (G1) (G1) HP-BIP Errr.Alarm Signal Flow Diagrams OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM RST LOS/LOF (J0) (B1) (K2) (B2) (M1) (K2) RS-TIM BIP Err. LP-REI LP-RDI LP-SLM "1" AIS "1" AIS "1" (H4) (C2) (V5) (J2) (V5) (V5) (V5) (V5) Indicating that corresponding alarm or signal is generated Indicating that corresponding alarm is detected Figure E-1 SDH alarm signal flow diagram E-2 . HP-REI HP-RDI TU-AIS TU-LOP LOM HP-SLM LP-UNEQ LP-TIM LP-BIP Err. MS-AIS MS-BIP Err.

Alarm Signal Flow Diagrams OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM PHY PMD SECTION LOS/LOF "1" AIS LAIS ATM TC PATH VP VC LINE "1" AIS LRDI "1" LOP AIS AIS "1" PAIS AIS PRDI LCD VPAIS VPRDI VCAIS AIS AIS F1 F2 F3 F4 F5 Figure E-2 ATM alarm signal flow diagram E-3 .

Integrated Services Digital Networks Built -In Timing System Connection Admission Control Constant Bit Rate F-1 .OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM F Acronyms and Abbreviations Acronym and Abbreviation ADM AIS APS ATM AU AU-AIS AU-LOP AU-NPJE AU-PPJE AUG AUP B-ISDN BITS CAC CBR Meaning Add/Drop Multiplexer Alarm Indication Signal Automatic Protection Switching Asynchronous Transfer Mode Administration Unit AU .Pointer Negative Justification AU .Alarm Indication Signal AU .Pointer Positive Justification Administration Unit Group Administration Unit Pointer Broadband .Loss Of Pointer AU .

Acronyms and Abbreviations Acronym and Abbreviation CC CDV CDVT CER CLP CLR CRC CSES CTD DCC DCN DLP DXC ECC EMC EMI EMS EPD ESD ESR ETSI FEBE FECN FR GE GFC GNE HCS OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM Meaning Connectivity Check Cell Delay Variation Cell Delay Variation Tolerance Cell Error Ratio Cell Loss Priority Cell Loss Ratio Cyclic Redundancy Check Continuous Severely Errored Second Cell Transfer Delay Data Communication Channel Data Communication Network Delay Priority Digital Cross-Connect Embedded Control Channel Electro-Magnetic Compatibility Electro-Magnetic Interference Electro-Magnetic Susceptibility Early Packet Discard Electro-Static Discharge Errored Second Ratio European Telecommunication Standards Institute Far End Block Error Forward Explicit Congestion Notification Frame Relay Gigabit Ethernet Generic Flow Control Gateway Network Element Higher order Connection Supervision F-2 .

Acronyms and Abbreviations Acronym and Abbreviation HDB3 HDLC HEC HFC HP-RDI HP-REI HPA HPC HPT HRDS IP ISDN ISO ISUP ITU ITU-T OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM Meaning High Density Bipolar of order 3 code High Level Data Link Control Header Error Control Hybrid Fiber/Coaxial Cable Higher order Path Remote Defect Indication Higher order Path Remote Error Indication Higher-order Path Adaptation Higher-order Path Connection Higher-order Path Termination Hypothetical Reference Digital Section Internet Protocol Integrated Services Digital Networks International Organization for Standardization ISDN User Part International Telecommunication Union International Telecommunication Union-Telecommunication Standardization Sector Local Area Network Link Access Protocol-Balanced Light Emitting Diode Loss Of Frame Loss Of Pointer Loss Of Signal Lower-order Path Adaptation Lower-order Path Connection Lower-order Path Termination Line Processing Unit Laser Bias Current Monitor LAN LAPB LED LOF LOP LOS LPA LPC LPT LPU LSBCM F-3 .

Alarm Indication Signal Multiplexer Section .Remote Defect Indication Multiplexer Section Adaptation Multi-Section Alarm Insertion Signal Multiplexer Section Overhead Multiplexer Section Protection Multiplexer Section Termination Maximum Time Interval between Errors Message Transfer Part Maximum Transmission Unit Narrow-band Integrated Services Digital Network Narrowband Access Server Network Element Network Management System Network Node Interface (Network-to-Network) Network Parameter Control F-4 .Acronyms and Abbreviations Acronym and Abbreviation LU MAC MBS MC MCF MCR MIB MID MLM MN-NES MN-RMS MPU MS-AIS MS-RDI MSA MSAIS MSOH MSP MST MTIE MTP MTU N-ISDN NAS NE NMS NNI NPC OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM Meaning Line Unit Media Access Control Maximum Burst Size Maintenance Control Message Communication Function Minimum Cell Rate Management Information Base Message Identification Multi-Longitudinal Mode MN-Network Element System MN-Regional Management System Main Processing Unit Multiplexer Section .

Administration and Maintenance Operation. Maintenance & Provisioning Overhead Access Optical Network Unit Out Of Frame Operating System Oscillator Open Systems Interconnection Peak Cell Rate Plesiochronous Digital Hierarchy Performance Management Point to Multi-Point Path Overhead Packet Over SDH/SONET Partial Packet Discard PDH Physical Interface Point to Point Protocol Point To Point Permanent Virtual Channel Permanent Virtual Path Quality of Service Remote Defect Indication Regenerator Routing Information Protocol Root Mean Square Regenerator Section Overhead F-5 .Variable Bit Rate Operations. Administration.Acronyms and Abbreviations Acronym and Abbreviation NSAP nrt-VBR OAM OAM&P OHA ONU OOF OS OSC OSI PCR PDH PM PMP POH POS PPD PPI PPP PTP PVC PVP QoS RDI REG RIP RMS RSOH OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM Meaning Network Service Access Point non-real time .

level N Signaling Transfer Point Synchronous Transport Signal level N Switched Virtual Channel Switched Virtual Path F-6 .Acronyms and Abbreviations Acronym and Abbreviation RST Rt-VBR SAR SCC SCR SD SDH SDLC SEC SECBR SEMF SES SESR SETPI SETS SMS SNMP SOH SONET SPI SPVC SPVP STG STM-N STP STS-N SVC SVP OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM Meaning Regenerator Section Termination real time .Variable Bit Rate Segmentation And Reassembly System Control & Communication Sustainable Cell Rate Signal Degradation Synchronous Digital Hierarchy Synchronous Data Link Control SDH Equipment Clock Severely Errored Cell Block Ratio Synchronous Equipment Management Function Severely Errored Second Severely Errored Second Ratio Synchronous Equipment Timing Physical Interface Synchronous Equipment Timing Source SDH Management Sub-Network Simple Network Management Protocol Section Overhead Synchronous Optical Network SDH Physical Interface Switched Permanent Virtual Channel Switched Permanent Virtual Path Synchronous Timing Generator Synchronous Transport Module.

Acronyms and Abbreviations Acronym and Abbreviation TPS TC TCP/IP TDEV TDM TF TIM TM TMN TS TSI TU TU-LOM TUG TUP UAT UBR UITS UNEQ UNI UPC UTOPIA VBR VC VC VC VC OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM Meaning Tributary Protection Switching Transmission Convergence Sub-layer Transmission Control Protocol / Internet Protocol Time Deviation Time Division Multiplexing Transmit Failure Trace Identifier Mismatch Termination Multiplexer Telecommunication Management Network Traffic Shaping Time Slot Interchange Tributary Unit TU-Loss Of Multi-frame Tributary Unit Group Tributary Unit Pointer Unavailable Time Unspecified Bit Rate Unacknowledged Information Transfer Service Unequipped User Network Interface Usage Parameter Control Universal Test & Operations Physical Interface for ATM Variable Bit Rate Virtual Connection Virtual Circuit Virtual Container Virtual Channel F-7 .

Acronyms and Abbreviations Acronym and Abbreviation VCC VCI VCL VLAN VP VPC VPI VPL VPN VPU WAN XC OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM Meaning Virtual Channel Connection Virtual Channel Identifier Virtual Channel Link Virtual Local Area Network Virtual Path Virtual Path Connection Virtual Path Identifier Virtual Path Link Virtual Private Network Virtual Process Unit Wide Area Network Cross-Connection Unit F-8 .

707 ITU-T G.OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM G Traverse Compatibility The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) is designed completely in accordance with the ITU-T recommendations and standards for SDH stipulated by the ATM Forum. Table G-1 Recommendations and standards with which the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) complies Standards and protocols ITU-T G. Therefore.784 ITU-T G. as shown in Table G-1.691 ITU-T G. it features good traverse compatibility. 2048. 8448 and 44736 kbit/s hierarchical levels Network node interface for the synchronous digital hierarchy (SDH) Digital multiplex equipments operating at the third order bit rate of 34 368 kbit/s and the fourth order bit rate of 139 264 kbit/s and using positive justification Characteristics of synchronous digital hierarchy (SDH) equipment functional blocks Synchronous digital hierarchy (SDH) management Architecture of transport networks based on the synchronous digital hierarchy (SDH) Timing characteristics of SDH equipment slave clocks (SEC) ITU-T G.751 Description Optical interfaces for single channel STM-64.803 ITU-T G. STM-256 systems and other SDH systems with optical amplifiers Physical/electrical characteristics of hierarchical digital interfaces Synchronous frame structures used at 1544.783 ITU-T G.813 G-1 . 6312.703 ITU-T G.704 ITU-T G.

903 ITU-T X.721 ITU-T X.823 ITU-T G.822 ITU-T Q. stage 2 and stage 3 description for the Q3 interface .3400 ITU-T M.Traverse Compatibility Standards and protocols ITU-T G.732(1996) ITU-T I.957 ITU-T G.821 ITU-T Q.Performance management Stage 2 and stage 3 description for the Q3 interface-Alarm surveillance Upper layer protocol profiles for the Q3 interfaces Lower layer protocol profiles for the Q3 and X interfaces TMN management functions Generic network information model Principles for a Telecommunications Management Network ATM equipment functional features Types and general features of ATM equipment G-2 .811 ITU-T M.921 ITU-T G.722 ITU-T X.826 ITU-T G.825 ITU-T G.958 TMF509 Sif99025 ITU-T X.3100 ITU-T M.3010 ITU-T I.720 ITU-T Q.731(1996) OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM Description The control of jitter and wander within digital networks which are based on the 2048 kbit/s hierarchy The control of jitter and wander within digital networks which are based on the synchronous digital hierarchy (SDH) Error performance parameters and objectives for international.812 ITU-T Q.Reference Model: Architecture Technical requirements for transmitting LAPS on Ethernet on Synchronous Digital Hierarchy (SDH) Data network fault management Guidelines for the definition of managed objects Definition of management information Management information model Stage 1.86(2001) ITU-T X. constant bit rate digital paths at or above the primary rate Types and characteristics of SDH network protection architectures Interworking of SDH network protection architectures Digital sections based on the 2048 kbit/s hierarchy Optical interfaces for equipments and systems relating to the synchronous digital hierarchy Digital line systems based on the synchronous digital hierarchy for use on optical fibre cables EML-NML interface sub-network model EML-NML interface models Open distributed processing .841 ITU-T G.842 ITU-T G.733 ITU-T X.

3 ITU-T G.Enterprise viewpoint for simple subnetwork connection management Management of the transport network .150(1999) ITU-T G.852.853.1 ITU-T G.853.853.Traverse Compatibility Standards and protocols ITU-T I.6 ITU-T G.2 ITU-T G.3 ITU-T G.computational viewpoint Management of the transport network .773 IETF RFC2615 IETF RFC1662 IETF RFC1661 IEEE802.854.2 ITU-T G.852.852.1 ITU-T G.3 ITU-T G.854.1 ITU-T G.852.1q(1998) IEEE802.6 ITU-T G.854.361(1999) ITU-T I.1d(1998) OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM Description Specification of User-Network Interface layer of B-ISDN B-ISDN ATM layer specification Functional features of B-ISDN Asynchronous Transfer Mode Route management .432(1999) ITU-T I.6 ITU-T G.851.computational viewpoint Topology management.Computational interfaces for basic transport network model Trail management Information viewpoint Topology management Information viewpoint Subnetwork connection management information viewpoint Common elements of the information viewpoint for the management of a transport network Enterprise viewpoint for route management Enterprise viewpoint for topology management Enterprise viewpoint description of transmission network resource model Management of the transport network .853.Application of the RM-ODP framework Protocol suites for Q-interfaces for management of transmission systems PPP over SONET/SDH PPP in quasi-HDLC frame Point-to-Point Protocol (PPP) LAN protocol standard Virtual bridge-connection LAN Media Access Control (MAC) protocol G-3 .2/3(1998) IEEE802.1 ITU-T G.

3-18 auxiliary interface. 2-42 normal state. 2-33 1+1 protection 1+1 line protection. 2-41 optical fiber breakage. 3-26 mapping mode. 1-7 Numerics 1:N protection 1:N line protection. 2-8 AOQ1. 2-42 configuration access capability. 2-40 synchronous status information. 2-39 clock tracking external BITS failure. 3-20 sharing bandwidth. D-18 ATM interface unit AL1. C-6 built-in Ethernet ring. 1-6 access layer. F-1 ADM. 3-5 extended subrack configuration. 3-11 A abbreviation. 1-8 clock synchronous network technology clock tracking. 3-24 B backbone layer. 1-1 acronym.power consumption. E-3 cell structure. 3-22 VLAN-based subscriber management. 3-41 electrical interface. 3-3 cabinet configuration principle. 1-1 board configuration ADM. B-1 ATM interface specification. 3-3 configuration mode board configuration. 3-1 configuration mode. 2-37 ATM service access bandwidth convergence. 2-8 AOO1. see also structure ATM alarm signal. 3-4 board. 1-4 appearance. 3-21 service security guarantee. 1-6 C cabinet dimensions. 3-4 board slot assignment. 1-8 clock synchronization performance. F-1 access capacity. 3-24 VLAN-based flow control. 3-40 cross-connect unit. 3-17 Huawei Technologies Proprietary i-1 . 3-3 optical amplification board. C-7 capacity expansion capability. 4-2. 2-8 ATM layer protection. 3-6 hybrid configuration. 3-8 TM. 2-33 10/100M Ethernet service Ethernet service transmission. C-7 weight. 4-2. 2-33 synchronous timing unit.Index OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM Index network transmission.

C-7 subrack. 3-50 interface ATM interface. D-17 signal bit rate. 2-20 E electrical interface allowable frequency deviation. C-7 F functional architecture. 2-12 EMF8. C-1 interface jitter performance. 2-44 interconnecting service protection DNI nodes in MSP ring. 3-9 OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM ET1. 1-8 environment for storage air cleanness. 2-1 Huawei Technologies Proprietary i-2 . D-25 input jitter tolerance. D-16 anti-interference capability. C-2 auxiliary interface. 3-33 point-to-multi-point. capacity. C-9 operation environment. 3-49 DNI nodes in PP ring. C-2 SDH electrical interface. 2-29 PDH interface unit. D-15 electromagnetic compatibility. C-10 environmental requirement environment for storage. Gigabit Ethernet service. D-23 mapping jitter. 3-34 I in-service upgrade. 2-12 EMS1. 2-33 specific service protection. 3-26 transparent transmission. 2-11 EGT2. 2-19 Ethernet interface unit. 2-22 SDH interface unit. 3-7 D DDN interface unit DM12. 2-32 SDH cross-connect matrix protection. 2-32 power unit protection. C-10 biological environment. 2-19 DX1. 2-26 SDH cross-connect matrix unit. 2-9 overhead processing unit. 2-33 TPS protection. C-2 PDH interface. 2-19 DDN service. 2-25 tone&data access unit. C-2 type. 2-11 EFT. C-4 DDN interface. 2-13 EGT. 3-38 implementation. 3-38 dimensions cabinet. C-3 Ethernet interface. 2-13 synchronous timing unit. Ethernet service transmission multi-point-to-multi-point. C-11 waterproof requirement. 2-32 Ethernet interface unit EFS0. D-24 protection switching time. 3-26 expansion. 3-6 OptiX 2500+(Metro3000). 2-1 functional unit ATM interface unit. 3-28 point-to-point. 2-12 EMF4. C-10 climate. C-9 mechanical stress. 2-12 G GE optical interface specification. 2-34 synchronous timing protection. 2-8 auxiliary interface unit. C-14 transportation environment. C-4 clock interface. 2-19 function. 1-8 IU processing board. D-15 combined jitter. 2-34 processing board protection.Index protection configuration. 4-4. 2-31 DDN interface unit. 4-2. D-19 Gigabit Ethernet service LAPS encapsulation. C-9 environmental index. D-16 attenuation tolerance. 3-25 SDH size flow control. 1-8 extended subrack OptiX 155/622(Metro2050). C-8 EMC performance. C-2 SDH optical interface. 2-31 auxiliary power backup unit. 2-16 SCC. 1-6 DDN-incorportated SDH network. 2-9 Ethernet service 10/100M Ethernet service. 2-10 EMT8. C-12 equipment-level protection 1+1 and 1:N protection.

3-44 two-fiber bidirectional PP ring. 1-7 PDH interface unit E1/T1 interface board. 1-4 MANs. D-14 allowable frequency deviation. 3-47 two-fiber bidirectional MSP ring. 3-12 hybrid network.Index OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM STM-1 interface parameters. D-12 R REG. 3-11 STM-1 electrical interface board. 3-41 1+1 line protection. 3-42 two-fiber unidirection PP ring. 3-46 MSTP. 1-4 ring network protection four-fiber MSP ring. 2-18 PM1. 1-4 N networking ATM service. C-16 optical interface AIS rate. 3-42 two-fiber unidirectional MSP ring. 3-9 protection mechanism. C-15 biological environment. 1-11 EFT. 3-40 LTU processing board. 3-12 self-healing protection. 1-13 protection configuration existing two protection scheme. 1-9 ECC. 1-13 power source requirement. 1-11 EMS1. 1-8 EFS0. 2-17 protection characteristic. 1-2 operation environment air cleanness. 3-9 protection scheme. 3-44 two-fiber unidirectional MSP ring. 3-40 networking capability. 2-36 SDH trail protection. D-10 output jitter. 1-11 network-level protection ATM layer service protection. C-15 climate. 2-1 P PDH interface access capacity. 1-13 PP ring introduction. 2-17 PQM. 1-12 M MADM. C-14 mechanical stress. C-6 power supply. 1-9 multi-system NE structure. D-14 classification. D-3 STM-4 interface parameters. 1-10 ET1. 2-17 PL3. 1-13 ATM service. D-13 receiver sensitivity. 2-35 two-fiber bidirectional MSP ring. D-1 extinction ratio. D-22 receiver overload optical power. 2-37 O OA&M. D-23 mean launched power. 2-36 virtual optical fiber protection ring. 2-17 PQ1. 3-10 PDH interface board. A-8 VC-3/VC-4/VC-4-xc POH byte. 2-18 E3/T3 interface board. 2-17 PDH service chain network. 1-10 tone&data. D-11 jitter tolerance. 3-17 DDN service. 1-11 EGT2. 1-11 EGT. 3-13 POH VC-12 POH byte. 2-38 interconnected network protection. 3-15 ring network. 3-47 introduction. A-8 power monitoring function. 2-35 SNCP. 2-36 two-fiber bidirection PP ring. 3-41 processing capability asynchronous data. 1-1 multi-system capability. 2-37 Ethernet service protection. 3-36 Ethernet service. 1-10 Ethernet service. 2-35 MSP ring four-fiber MSP ring. 3-21 PDH service. 2-19 PD1. 1-1 MSP chain. 3-46 Huawei Technologies Proprietary i-3 . D-5 L line protection switching 1:N line protection.

A-2 transmission rate. 2-38 structure cabinet structure. 2-35 MSP ring. 2-34 T Test EMC. D-30 timing and synchronization interface internal oscillator output frequency. 1-3 auxiliary interface. 2-20 tone interface. A-4 specific service protection checking board temperature. 4-4 subrack back view. E-2 cross-connection capacity. C-12 climate. 1-4 TM NE system. 3-51 subnetwork connection multi-trail protection. 2-26 system architecture. C-7 synchronous timing unit interface. 1-3 features. 1-1 NM structure. D-20 output jitter. 1-3 cross-connect capacity. 1-4 networkwide solution. 3-41 shared fiber virtual path protection. 3-49 line protection switching. C-12 Huawei Technologies Proprietary i-4 . 2-23 cross-connect. 2-21 function. 2-28 synchronous equipment management function. 2-2 SNCP. C-7 dimensions. 1-13 STM-16 optical interface. 4-4 front view. 2-20 TPS protection. 1-4 tone&data accesss unit data interface. 4-4 weight. A-1 SDH cross-connect matrix unit add/drop. 4-2 fan box structure. 1-3 introduction. 2-24 SDH interface unit checking physical interface parameter. 2-21 E1 interface. 3-53 SNCP. 2-15 SQE. 1-5 overhead processing. A-3 level. A-1 multiplexing structure. 3-57 VP ring protection. 2-25 timing source. 4-4. D-28 environment. 2-34 software loading protection. 2-22 loopback. 2-28 software function. 2-16 S16. 4-6 subrack structure. 2-36 self-healing protection interconnecting service protection. 3-53 service configuration. 2-27 SDH alarm signal. D-29 vibration. 2-22 direct connection. A-6 STM-4. 2-13 SDE. 2-21 tone&data interface transfer board. 2-15 SPQ4. 2-32 transportation environment air cleanness. 1-6 functionality. 2-35 PP ring. D-20 long-term phase variation.Index two-fiber unidirectional PP ring. 1-3 S SCC functionality and principle. 1-7 STM-16 optical interface parameter. 3-51 SOH byte. 2-34 over-voltage and under-voltage protection. 3-40 ring network protection. 4-5 dimension. 1-9 interface. 3-41 OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM SSM management function. 1-3 control&communication. 2-23 broadcast. A-4 STM-16. 1-1 NE structure. D-20 TM. D-6 STP. 1-7 service interface. C-5 frame structure. 2-34 power backup function. 2-26 message communication function. 2-25 cross-connect function. 2-36. A-6 STM-1. C-12 biological environment. 2-15 SDH trail protection MSP chain. 2-25 SSM function. 1-6 slot assignment. 2-26 working mode.

3-53 VP ring layered protection. 4-2.in-service. C-12 traverse compatibility.Index mechanical stress. G-1 OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM protected object. 3-56 VP ring protection. 3-54 VP ring protection implementation. C-7 subrack. 1-7 upgrade. 3-55 U ultra long-haul transmission solution. 4-4. 2-44 W weight cabinet. C-14 waterproof requirement. C-7 V VP ring protection Huawei Technologies Proprietary i-5 .

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