You are on page 1of 1

Archaeology techniques

There are two types of chronologies to determine a statement that


happened along time. There is absolute chronology and relative
chronology.

The absolute chronology is the one in which we can know the specifically
moment in time were the statement happened. The relative chronology
is the one in which we can know approximately when it happened in
relation with other statements. Now, knowing this, there are many
techniques used in archaeology to date a fossil or anything founded.
These are some of them:

• Dendrochronology: is the study of the rings founded inside the


stem of a tree. The archaeologists see how much close are the
rings or how much separated. This can tell us if there was a
drought or a raining period. It gives us an absolute chronology.

• Thermoluminescence: It is based on the fact that almost all natural


minerals are thermoluminescent. Energy absorbed from ionizing
radiation frees electrons to move through the crystal lattice and
some are trapped at imperfections. Later heating releases the
trapped electrons, producing light. Measurement of the intensity of
the luminescence can be used to determine how much time has
passed since the last time the object was heated.

Sandra Muñoz Sources:


http://www.mnsu.edu/emuseum/archaeology/dating/